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label-coarse (class label)label-fine (class label)text (string)
DESC
manner
How did serfdom develop in and then leave Russia ?
ENTY
cremat
What films featured the character Popeye Doyle ?
DESC
manner
How can I find a list of celebrities ' real names ?
ENTY
animal
What fowl grabs the spotlight after the Chinese Year of the Monkey ?
ABBR
exp
What is the full form of .com ?
HUM
ind
What contemptible scoundrel stole the cork from my lunch ?
HUM
gr
What team did baseball 's St. Louis Browns become ?
HUM
title
What is the oldest profession ?
DESC
def
What are liver enzymes ?
HUM
ind
Name the scar-faced bounty hunter of The Old West .
NUM
date
When was Ozzy Osbourne born ?
DESC
reason
Why do heavier objects travel downhill faster ?
HUM
ind
Who was The Pride of the Yankees ?
HUM
ind
Who killed Gandhi ?
ENTY
event
What is considered the costliest disaster the insurance industry has ever faced ?
LOC
state
What sprawling U.S. state boasts the most airports ?
DESC
desc
What did the only repealed amendment to the U.S. Constitution deal with ?
NUM
count
How many Jews were executed in concentration camps during WWII ?
DESC
def
What is `` Nine Inch Nails '' ?
DESC
def
What is an annotated bibliography ?
NUM
date
What is the date of Boxing Day ?
ENTY
other
What articles of clothing are tokens in Monopoly ?
HUM
ind
Name 11 famous martyrs .
DESC
desc
What 's the Olympic motto ?
DESC
desc
What is the origin of the name ` Scarlett ' ?
ENTY
letter
What 's the second-most-used vowel in English ?
HUM
ind
Who was the inventor of silly putty ?
LOC
other
What is the highest waterfall in the United States ?
ENTY
other
Name a golf course in Myrtle Beach .
LOC
state
Which two states enclose Chesapeake Bay ?
ABBR
exp
What does the abbreviation AIDS stand for ?
ENTY
other
What does a spermologer collect ?
NUM
count
How many points make up a perfect fivepin bowling score ?
HUM
gr
Which company that manufactures video-game hardware sells the `` super system '' ?
NUM
count
How many Community Chest cards are there in Monopoly ?
DESC
desc
What do Mormons believe ?
NUM
date
When did the neanderthal man live ?
ENTY
religion
In what religion was Isis the nature goddess ?
LOC
other
Where do the adventures of `` The Swiss Family Robinson '' take place ?
ENTY
animal
What relative of the racoon is sometimes known as the cat-bear ?
DESC
manner
How can I register my website in Yahoo for free ?
ENTY
other
What was cash-conscious Colonel Edwin L. Drake the first to drill ?
NUM
count
How many people in the world speak French ?
NUM
count
How many inches over six feet is the Venus de Milo ?
DESC
manner
How do they find or choose witnesses to an execution ?
HUM
ind
What 1920s cowboy star rode Tony the Wonder Horse ?
ENTY
food
What cocktail inspired John Doxat to write the book Stirred-Not Shaken ?
HUM
gr
What ISPs exist in the Caribbean ?
DESC
manner
How do you ask a total stranger out on a date ?
ENTY
other
What weapon is the mythological character Apollo most proficient with ?
LOC
country
What country do the Galapagos Islands belong to ?
DESC
def
What is ethology ?
HUM
ind
Who was the prophet of the Muslim people ?
DESC
desc
Where did the term `` 86ed '' come from ?
HUM
ind
Who is Snoopy 's arch-enemy ?
DESC
def
What is the nature of learning ?
ENTY
color
What 's the only color Johnny Cash wears on stage ?
ENTY
termeq
What 's the term for a young fox ?
LOC
state
What U.S. state lived under six flags ?
DESC
def
What is the Kashmir issue ?
LOC
other
Where is the Loop ?
DESC
def
What does `` extended definition '' mean and how would one write a paper on it ?
LOC
country
What country 's capital is Tirana ?
DESC
def
What is titanium ?
HUM
ind
Who do Herb and Tootsie live next door to ?
LOC
city
Which city has the oldest relationship as a sister city with Los Angeles ?
DESC
def
What is a caldera ?
DESC
reason
Why do people get calluses ?
LOC
other
What are the names of the tourist attractions in Reims ?
DESC
reason
What are Cushman and Wakefield known for ?
LOC
other
What body of water does the Danube River flow into ?
HUM
ind
Who is the founder of Scientology ?
ENTY
other
What does the six-footed Musca domestica become when it enters a house ?
DESC
desc
What is the history of skateboarding ?
HUM
ind
Who starred in Singing in the Rain and The Singing Nun ?
DESC
manner
How do I make fuel bricks from recycled newspaper ?
HUM
ind
What 19th-century painter died in the Marquesas Islands ?
ENTY
body
The corpus callosum is in what part of the body ?
DESC
manner
How do I log on to home page at Headquarters U.S. European Command ?
LOC
country
What country did the Nazis occupy for 1 , CD NNS IN NNP NNP NNP .
ENTY
other
What is Nebraska 's most valuable resource ?
NUM
count
How many species of the Great White shark are there ?
DESC
desc
What is the origin of head lice ?
LOC
state
What is the nickname for the state of Mississippi ?
ENTY
animal
What was the first domesticated bird ?
NUM
count
How many villi are found in the small intestine ?
LOC
country
What country did King Wenceslas rule ?
ENTY
dismed
What is a fear of shadows ?
HUM
ind
Who were the five Marx brothers ?
NUM
date
In which year was New Zealand excluded from the ANZUS alliance ?
NUM
date
When did CNN begin broadcasting ?
DESC
reason
What causes the body to shiver in cold temperatures ?
DESC
def
What are bear and bull markets ?
ENTY
cremat
What J.R.R. Tolkien book features Bilbo Baggins as the central character ?
DESC
def
What is `` dew point '' ?
DESC
def
What is the meaning of Jesus ?
HUM
gr
What company 's logo is a `` W '' in a circle ?
DESC
def
What is the definition of a cascade ?
NUM
date
When did Rococo painting and architecture flourish ?
LOC
country
What country 's national passenger rail system is called Via ?

Dataset Card for "trec"

Dataset Summary

The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) Question Classification dataset contains 5500 labeled questions in training set and another 500 for test set. The dataset has 6 labels, 47 level-2 labels. Average length of each sentence is 10, vocabulary size of 8700.

Data are collected from four sources: 4,500 English questions published by USC (Hovy et al., 2001), about 500 manually constructed questions for a few rare classes, 894 TREC 8 and TREC 9 questions, and also 500 questions from TREC 10 which serves as the test set.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

We show detailed information for up to 5 configurations of the dataset.

Data Instances

default

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 0.34 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 0.39 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 0.74 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

{
    "label-coarse": 1,
    "label-fine": 2,
    "text": "What fowl grabs the spotlight after the Chinese Year of the Monkey ?"
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

default

  • label-coarse: a classification label, with possible values including DESC (0), ENTY (1), ABBR (2), HUM (3), NUM (4).
  • label-fine: a classification label, with possible values including manner (0), cremat (1), animal (2), exp (3), ind (4).
  • text: a string feature.

Data Splits

name train test
default 5452 500

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

More Information Needed

Citation Information

@inproceedings{li-roth-2002-learning,
    title = "Learning Question Classifiers",
    author = "Li, Xin  and
      Roth, Dan",
    booktitle = "{COLING} 2002: The 19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics",
    year = "2002",
    url = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/C02-1150",
}
@inproceedings{hovy-etal-2001-toward,
    title = "Toward Semantics-Based Answer Pinpointing",
    author = "Hovy, Eduard  and
      Gerber, Laurie  and
      Hermjakob, Ulf  and
      Lin, Chin-Yew  and
      Ravichandran, Deepak",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the First International Conference on Human Language Technology Research",
    year = "2001",
    url = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/H01-1069",
}

Contributions

Thanks to @lhoestq, @thomwolf for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on trec