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P178
Neverwinter Nights 2
Obsidian Entertainment
Neverwinter Nights 2: Storm of Zehir
Neverwinter Nights 2: Storm of Zehir is an expansion pack for the role-playing video game Neverwinter Nights 2, developed by Obsidian Entertainment and published by Atari. It was released in late 2008 in North America, Europe, and Australia. Like previous entries in the Neverwinter Nights series, Storm of Zehir is based on the paper and pencil fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons, and uses the game's 3.5 edition ruleset. Storm of Zehir was inspired by older video games like the Baldur's Gate and Icewind Dale franchises. The storyline foreshadows the events of the fourth edition of Dungeons & Dragons and follows the adventures of a group of merchants in the Samarach and Sword Coast areas of the Forgotten Realms campaign setting. Storm of Zehir received mixed reviews from critics. Reviewers were pleased with new features introduced in the game, like more options for party customization and an overland map, but were not impressed with the game's storyline and technical achievements.
P279
Minuteman III
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
Vandenberg Air Force Base
Vandenberg Air Force Base (IATA: VBG, ICAO: KVBG, FAA LID: VBG) is a United States Air Force Base located 9.2 miles (14.8 km) northwest of Lompoc, California. It is under the jurisdiction of the 30th Space Wing, Air Force Space Command (AFSPC). Vandenberg AFB is a Department of Defense space and missile testing base, with a mission of placing satellites into polar orbit from the West Coast using expendable boosters (Pegasus, Taurus, Minotaur, Atlas V, Delta IV and now SpaceX's Falcon). Wing personnel also support the Service's LGM-30G Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Force Development Evaluation program. In addition to its military mission, the base also leases launch pad facilities to SpaceX (SLC-4E), as well as 100 acres (40 ha) leased to the California Spaceport in 1995. The base is named in honor of former Air Force Chief of Staff General Hoyt S. Vandenberg.
P735
Daniel Ferreyra
Daniel
Daniel Ferreyra
Daniel Andres Ferreyra (born 22 January 1982 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine football goalkeeper. He currently plays for FBC Melgar in the Peruvian Primera División. Ferreyra began his career with Argentine giants River Plate, but shortly after making his first team debut he was transferred to Rosario Central in 2003, by 2004 he had been released from his contract and found himself playing for Club Athlético Candalaria in the regionalised 3rd division of Argentine football. In 2006 Ferreyra, left Argentine football to join Coquimbo Unido in the top flight of Chilean football.
P641
Royal Engineers
football
1874 FA Cup Final
The 1874 FA Cup final was a football match between Oxford University and Royal Engineers on 14 March 1874 at Kennington Oval in London. It was the third final of the world's oldest football competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup (known in the modern era as the FA Cup). Both teams had previously reached the final but been defeated by Wanderers. The Engineers had reached the final with comparative ease, scoring sixteen goals and conceding only one in the four previous rounds. Oxford's opponents in the earlier rounds had included two-time former winners Wanderers. The final was decided by two goals from Oxford in the first twenty minutes. Their opponents had spent two weeks training for the match, an innovative concept at the time, but were repeatedly thwarted by Charles Nepean, the Oxford goalkeeper. The Engineers were said to have missed their best back, Lieut. Alfred Goodwyn, who had been posted overseas.
P272
Rocky IV
United Artists
Glory of Love
"Glory of Love" is a 1986 Billboard Hot 100 #1 hit song written and composed by Peter Cetera, David Foster, and Cetera's then wife Diane Nini, and recorded by Cetera shortly after he left the band Chicago to pursue a solo career. Featured in the 1986 film The Karate Kid, Part II, it was Cetera's first hit single after he left the team, and it was included on his 1986 album, Solitude/Solitaire, which Michael Omartian produced. (Cetera released this album to coincide with the theatrical release of The Karate Kid, Part II.) According to Cetera, he originally wrote and composed "Glory of Love" as the end title for the 1985 film Rocky IV, but was passed over by United Artists, and instead it was used as the theme for The Karate Kid, Part II. "Glory of Love" peaked at number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart on August 2, 1986, remaining in that spot for two weeks. It also spent five weeks atop the U.S. adult contemporary chart. The song achieved similar success in the UK, peaking at number three on the UK Singles Chart, where it was the 26th best-selling single of 1986. The version released as a single and featured on Cetera's album Solitude/Solitaire is edited, missing the beginning eight-second section of the song's bridge which is heard in The Karate Kid, Part II. He performed a shortened version of the song live at the 59th Academy Awards ceremony, which took place on Monday, March 30, 1987 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.
P144
The Garden of Eden with the Fall of Man
Genesis
The Garden of Eden with the Fall of Man
The Garden of Eden with the Fall of Man or The Earthly Paradise with the Fall of Adam and Eve is a 1617 painting by Peter Paul Rubens (figures) and Jan Brueghel the Elder (flora and fauna). It is housed in the Mauritshuis, Netherlands. The painting depicts the moment just before the consumption of forbidden fruit and the fall of man. Adam and Eve are depicted beneath the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, where various fruits grow. On the opposite side the tree of life is depicted, also laden with fruits. The scene is a reference to Genesis 2:8–14. A monkey biting an apple to the left symbolizes sin. The sanguine monkey next to Adam is the hotspur who cannot resist temptation, while the choleric cat near Eve's heels represents cruel cunning. In Christian symbolism, several grapes in the foliage behind Adam and Eve represent Christ's death on the cross, as wine represents his blood.
P177
Victoria Falls Bridge
Zambezi River
Victoria Falls Bridge
The Victoria Falls Bridge crosses the Zambezi River just below the Victoria Falls and is built over the Second Gorge of the falls. As the river is the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia, the bridge links the two countries and has border posts on the approaches to both ends, at the towns of Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe and Livingstone, Zambia.
P31
Gila River
river
Agua Fria River
The Agua Fria River is a 120-mile (190 km) long intermittent stream that flows generally south from 20 miles (32 km) east-northeast of Prescott in the U.S. state of Arizona. Prescott draws much of its municipal water supply from the upper Agua Fria drainage. The Agua Fria runs through the Agua Fria National Monument. The river then flows through a small canyon called "Black Canyon" into Lake Pleasant, a popular recreation area near Peoria, Arizona.(There is a large "Black Canyon" on the Colorado River along the Arizona–Nevada border.) During rainy times when water flows in the intermittent Agua Fria River, it discharges into the Gila River, which is also a river that flows only during wet periods of the year. The Central Arizona Water Conservation District of the Central Arizona Project operates the Agua Fria Recharge Project, which is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the New Waddell Dam. It serves to recharge underground aquifers in this area, and ends at Lake Pleasant in Phoenix.
P945
Bowe Bergdahl
American
Sangeen Zadran
Mullah Sangeen Zadran was an Afghan militant and shadow governor of Paktika province. Zadran was an operational commander of the Haqqani network, an Islamist insurgent group. He was held responsible for the capture of American soldier Bowe Bergdahl. In 2011, he was added to the list of specially designated global terrorists by the United States of America. According to the USA military, Zadran was the leader of one of the most resilient militant groups based in Afghanistan. He was killed by CIA drones on 5 September 2013. His younger brother, Bilal Zadran, was nominated as the new official commander of the Haqqani group. A photo of Sangeen's corpse was published on a jihadist forum in October 2013.
P123
Mega Man 5
Capcom
Mega Man 5
Mega Man 5, known as Rockman 5 Blues no Wana!? (ロックマン5 ブルースの罠!? lit. "Rockman 5 Blues' Trap!?") in Japan, is an action-platform video game developed by Capcom for the Nintendo Entertainment System. It is the fifth game in the original Mega Man series and was released in Japan on December 4, 1992. It saw a release during the same month in North America and in 1993 in Europe. Taking place after the events of Mega Man 4, Mega Man's brother and ally Proto Man uncharacteristically leads a group of menacing robots in attacks on the world and kidnaps his own creator Dr. Light, leaving the titular character little choice but to take up arms in a fight against his once trusted sibling. Mega Man 5 carries over the same graphical style and action-platforming gameplay as the four preceding chapters in the series. The game introduces a new character, Beat, a robotic bird that the player can use as a weapon once a series of eight collectable letters are found. Keiji Inafune, co-designer of the Mega Man character, had to re-illustrate the bosses several times but described his work as fun. Mega Man 5 was met with a positive critical reception for its graphics and music, while receiving criticism for its lack of innovation in its plot or gameplay. Like other NES games in the series, Mega Man 5 has been re-released in Japan on the PlayStation, PlayStation Network, and mobile phones; in North America as part of the Mega Man Anniversary Collection; and in both regions on the Wii Virtual Console. It has also been released in North America, Europe, and Japan on the 3DS and Wii U Virtual Console.
P57
The Last Grenade
Gordon Flemyng
The Last Grenade
The Last Grenade is a 1970 British war film directed by Gordon Flemyng and starring Stanley Baker and Alex Cord as two soldiers of fortune, formerly comrades, who now find themselves on opposite sides. The cast also includes Richard Attenborough, Honor Blackman, Rafer Johnson, John Thaw, Andrew Keir, and Julian Glover. It was the final feature film directed by Flemyng. Filmed in Hong Kong and Spain, the film only uses names of the characters from John Sherlock's 1964 novel The Ordeal of Major Grigsby that was set in the Malayan Emergency in 1948. Sherlock co-wrote the original screenplay that was rewritten by James Mitchell. The working title of the film was Grigsby.
P27
Tommy Dunderdale
Australia
Tommy Dunderdale
Thomas Dunderdale (6 May 1887 – 15 December 1960) was a professional ice hockey forward. Born in Australia, he moved to Canada at the age of 6, in 1894. He played in Winnipeg for three seasons, from 1906 to 1910. In 1910, he joined the Montreal Shamrocks of the National Hockey Association (NHA), before moving on to the Quebec Bulldogs the following season. In 1911–12, he joined the Victoria Aristocrats of the newly formed Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), playing nine seasons in total in Victoria. He split his seasons in Victoria with a three-season stint with the Portland Rosebuds between 1915 and 1918. After the PCHA folded in 1923, Dunderdale played one season in the West Coast Hockey League (WCHL), splitting the season between the Saskatoon Crescents and the Edmonton Eskimos. In 1974, he became the only Australian-born player to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Dunderdale is credited with scoring the first penalty shot goal in ice hockey history.
P161
Some Came Running
Dean Martin
Some Came Running
Some Came Running is a novel by James Jones, published in 1957. This was Jones' second published novel, following his award-winning debut From Here to Eternity. It is the story of a war veteran with literary aspirations who returns in 1948 to his hometown of Parkman, Indiana, after a failed writing career. It was a thinly disguised autobiographical novel of Jones's experiences in his hometown of Robinson, Illinois immediately after returning from World War II. A film version starring Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Shirley MacLaine and Martha Hyer (filmed on location in historic Madison, Indiana) was nominated for five Academy Awards.
P106
Jean Henri van Swinden
mathematician
Jean Henri van Swinden
Jean Henri van Swinden (The Hague, 8 June 1746 – Amsterdam, 9 March 1823) was a Dutch mathematician and physicist who taught in Franeker and Amsterdam.
P19
Masato Yoshihara
Fukuoka
Masato Yoshihara
Masato Yoshihara (吉原 正人 Yoshihara Masato, born October 27, 1991 in Nishi-ku, Fukuoka) is a Japanese football player who is currently playing for Cambodia Tiger in Cambodian League. A tall but technical striker, he has played for Japan at U-15 level before being called into the Avispa Fukuoka first team at age 18. Has experienced European football during a short study period at FC Girondins de Bordeaux, he is considered good with his feet for someone his size.
P17
Delvin
Irish
Clonmellon
Clonmellon (Irish: Ráistín) is a small town in County Westmeath, Ireland situated between Kells in County Meath and Delvin in Westmeath.
P161
Colt 38 Special Squad
Ivan Rassimov
Colt 38 Special Squad
Colt 38 Special Squad, also known as Those of the 38 Caliber (in original Italian, Quelli della Calibro 38), is a 1976 poliziottesco film. This film by Massimo Dallamano stars Ivan Rassimov and Marcel Bozzuffi.
P17
Cincinnati Art Museum
African American
Carl Owens
Carl Owens (1929 in Detroit, Michigan – December 11, 2002) was an American artist. His professional experience in the Art began as an illustrator in the U.S. Army. Later, he taught art in the Detroit Public Schools and served as staff artist for the school system. He was a member of the National Conference of Artists and worked as a self-employed artist from 1968 until his death. In addition to numerous private collections, his fine art has been on exhibition at: The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; The Minneapolis Institute of Arts; The Art Institute of Chicago; the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco; the Detroit Institute of Arts; the Cincinnati Art Museum; the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC; the North American Black Historical Museum, Ontario, Canada; the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, Detroit, Michigan; and the Detroit Historical Museum. In the early 1990s Carl Owens relocated to Atlanta. Eventually, he held regular "life drawing" classes during the evening in his studio with other African-American artists. The informal class grew to become an important monthly event which now continues at Spelman College. Carl Owens died December 11, 2002. He was survived by his two sons Duane and Brian R. Owens, a professional sculptor and painter with a studio based near Orlando, Florida.
P136
Tweaker
alternative rock
Tweaker (band)
Tweaker is an American alternative rock collaboration founded by Chris Vrenna in the late 1990s. Tweaker's musical style incorporates synthpop, progressive rock, modern jazz and electronica genres, and is characterized by a generally melancholy and sombre sound with distinctive artwork to match. The album The Attraction to All Things Uncertain was Vrenna's "solo" debut and it was not until the follow-up album, 2 a.m. Wakeup Call, that Clint Walsh was announced as a permanent fixture to the band. While Vrenna and Walsh supply most instruments and electronics, many other famous musicians have lent their voices and talents to Tweaker, including Robert Smith, David Sylvian, Burton C. Bell, Craig Wedren, Will Oldham, Hamilton Leithauser, Buzz Osborne, Jonathan Bates and Johnny Marr. The albums that have been released follow a central theme that was planned out and this was given to the collaborators. Both albums' cover art were paintings by Joe Sorren. Tweaker wrote and performed the Soundtrack to Doom 3, Of which the theme song was released via the band's website. The rest of the soundtrack is accessible from the game's files. As Chris Vrenna and Clint Walsh, Tweaker did music for the animated television show Xiaolin Showdown. While the Doom 3 theme was Heavy Metal-oriented (to the point of often being misattributed to Tool), most of Tweaker's music presents a unique combination of synthpop, shoegaze, modern jazz, Dark Ambient and industrial. It was rumored for a while that Tweaker would release a new album in 2008, although no new material surfaced, possibly due to Vrenna's duties towards Marilyn Manson, as he worked with Manson on his 2009 album The High End of Low.
P27
Alekhine
Soviet Russia
Alexander Alekhine
Alexander Aleksandrovich Alekhine (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, [ɐlʲɪkˈsandr ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ ɐˈlʲexʲɪn]; October 31 [O.S. October 19] 1892 – March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess grandmaster and the fourth World Chess Champion. He is widely considered one of the greatest chess players ever. By the age of 22, Alekhine was already among the strongest chess players in the world. During the 1920s, he won most of the tournaments in which he played. In 1921, Alekhine left Soviet Russia, he represented France since 1925. In 1927, he became the fourth World Chess Champion by defeating José Raúl Capablanca. In the early 1930s, Alekhine dominated tournament play and won two top-class tournaments by large margins. He also played first board for France in five Chess Olympiads, winning individual prizes in each (four medals and a brilliancy prize). Alekhine offered Capablanca a rematch on the same demanding terms that Capablanca had set for him, and negotiations dragged on for years without making much progress. Meanwhile, Alekhine defended his title with ease against Efim Bogoljubov in 1929 and 1934. He was defeated by Max Euwe in 1935, but regained his crown in the 1937 rematch. His tournament record, however, remained uneven, and rising young stars like Paul Keres, Reuben Fine, and Mikhail Botvinnik threatened his title. Negotiations for a title match with Keres or Botvinnik were halted by the outbreak of World War II in Europe in 1939. Negotiations with Botvinnik for a world title match were proceeding in 1946 when Alekhine died in Portugal, in unclear circumstances. Alekhine is known for his fierce and imaginative attacking style, combined with great positional and endgame skill. He is highly regarded as a chess writer and theoretician, producing innovations in a wide range of chess openings and giving his name to Alekhine's Defence and several other opening variations. He also composed some endgame studies.
P47
Ivrea
Chiaverano
Chiaverano
Chiaverano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Turin. Chiaverano borders the following municipalities: Donato, Andrate, Borgofranco d'Ivrea, Sala Biellese, Torrazzo, Montalto Dora, Burolo, Ivrea, and Cascinette d'Ivrea. Sights include the Romanesque church of Santo Stefano di Sessano (11th century) and the remains of the Castle of San Giuseppe.
P131
Pratt County
Kansas
K-64 (Kansas highway)
K-64 is a 3.574-mile-long (5.752 km) state highway in Pratt County, Kansas. The highway is a partial bypass of Pratt that runs from U.S. Route 281 (US-281) just south of the city limits to US-54/US-400 east of them. The route is maintained by the Kansas Department of Transportation and is not part of the National Highway System. K-64 was designated at around 1932 and paved in 1937.
P137
miscellaneous auxiliary
United States Navy
USS Granville S. Hall (YAG-40)
Granville S. Hall was a liberty ship named after Granville S. Hall. She was built at the J. A. Jones Construction Company in Florida and launched in 1944 to serve as a civilian cargo ship. In 1953 she was acquired by the United States Navy for use as a miscellaneous auxiliary service craft under the designation YAG-40. As YAG-40 she took part in Operation Castle before being laid up again in 1957. Reactivated in 1962, she was commissioned as USS Granville S. Hall (YAG-40) and participated in Project SHAD and Project 112. She was scrapped in 1972.
P38
NASDAQ
USD
Allegiant Air
Allegiant Air is an American low-cost airline owned by Allegiant Travel Co. that operates scheduled and charter flights. Allegiant Travel Company (NASDAQ: ALGT) is a publicly traded company with 2,848 employees and over $2.6 billion USD market capitalization. The corporate headquarters are in Summerlin, Nevada, a suburban neighborhood in Las Vegas.
P131
Ponte Sisto
Trastevere
Lake Bracciano
Lake Bracciano (Italian: Lago di Bracciano) is a lake of volcanic origin in the Italian region of Lazio, 32 km (20 mi) northwest of Rome. It is the second largest lake in the region (second only to Lake Bolsena) and one of the major lakes of Italy. It has a circular perimeter of approximately 32 km (20 mi). Its inflow is from precipitation runoff and percolation, and from underground springs, and its outflow is the Arrone. The lake owes its origin to intense volcanic activity from 600,000 to 40,000 years before present, which created many small volcanoes in the Sabatino territory. The main magma chamber was situated under the present lake of Bracciano. Its collapse created the caldera now occupied by the lake, which is a crater lake. Some small craters are still recognisable around the lake and in the immediate vicinity. Three towns border the lake, Bracciano, Anguillara Sabazia and Trevignano Romano. The lake is an important tourist attraction situated near Rome. As it serves as a drinking water reservoir for the city of Rome it has been under control since 1986 in order to avoid pollution of its waters. The use of motorboats is strictly forbidden (exceptions being made for a few professional fisherman and the authorities), and a centralised sewer system has been built for all the bordering towns in order to avoid any spoiling of the water quality. This makes Bracciano one of the cleanest lakes of Italy. The absence of motorized navigation (apart from police boats) favours sailing, canoeing and swimming. In the last few years the lake and its surroundings have been brought under further protection by the creation of a regional park, the Parco Regionale del complesso lacuale di Bracciano Martignano. Under Pope Paul V, water was brought from Lake Bracciano to the Trastevere region of Rome and (via the Ponte Sisto) to the Rione of Regola.
P27
Irina Shlemova
Uzbek
Irina Shlemova
Irina Shlemova (Uzbek: Ирина Шлемова; born March 3, 1984) is an Uzbek former swimmer, who specialized in sprint freestyle events. She is a two-time Olympian (2004 and 2008) and a member of Oltin Suv Swimming Club, under the tutelage of her personal coach Daniya Galandinova. Shlemova made her first Uzbek team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where she competed in the women's 100 m freestyle. Swimming in heat two, she picked up a sixth seed and forty-fifth overall by three hundredths of a second (0.030 behind Chinese Taipei's Sung Yi-chieh in 59.21. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Shlemova qualified for the second time in the women's 100 m freestyle. She cleared a FINA B-standard entry time of 57.13 (100 m freestyle) from the Russian Championships in Saint Petersburg. Shlemova challenged five other swimmers on the same heat as Athens, including 15-year-old Quah Ting Wen of Singapore, and fellow two-time Olympian Nieh Pin-chieh of Chinese Taipei. She rounded out the field to last place by more than a second behind Nieh in 58.77 seconds. Shlemova failed to advance into the semifinals, as she placed forty-sixth overall in the prelims.
P17
Gap
American
Harry Leon Wilson
Harry Leon Wilson (May 1, 1867 – June 28, 1939) was an American novelist and dramatist best known for his novels Ruggles of Red Gap and Merton of the Movies. His novel Bunker Bean helped popularize the term flapper.
P131
Prachinburi Province
Thai
Prachin Buri River
The Prachin Buri River (Thai: แม่น้ำปราจีนบุรี, rtgs: Maenam Prachin Buri, [mɛ̂ːnáːm praː.tɕiːn buriː]) begins at the confluence of the Phra Prong, Hanuman, and Prachantakham rivers in amphoe Kabin Buri, Prachinburi Province. It passes amphoe Si Maha Phot, Mueang Prachinburi, and Ban Sang. The river merges with the Nakhon Nayok River to become the Bang Pakong River at the border of amphoe Ban Sang and amphoe Bang Nam Priao, Chachoengsao Province.
[Person] creates [Work]
Rilke
Duino Elegies
Sonnets to Orpheus
The Sonnets to Orpheus (German: Die Sonette an Orpheus) are a cycle of 55 sonnets written in 1922 by the Bohemian-Austrian poet Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926). It was first published the following year. Rilke, who is "widely recognized as one of the most lyrically intense German-language poets," wrote the cycle in a period of three weeks experiencing what he described a "savage creative storm." Inspired by the news of the death of Wera Ouckama Knoop (1900–1919), a playmate of Rilke's daughter Ruth, he dedicated them as a memorial, or Grab-Mal (literally "grave-marker"), to her memory.:481 At the same time in February 1922, Rilke had completed work on his deeply philosophical and mystical ten-poem collection entitled Duino Elegies which had taken ten years to complete. The Sonnets to Orpheus and the Duino Elegies are considered Rilke's masterpieces and the highest expressions of his talent.
P54
Asa Hall
Aldershot Town
Asa Hall
Asa Philip Hall (born 29 November 1986) is an English professional footballer who plays for Cheltenham Town. Hall, who plays as a midfielder, turned professional with Birmingham City, but never played for their first team. He went on to play in the Football League for Boston United, Shrewsbury Town (on loan), Luton Town and Oxford United before rejoining Shrewsbury Town in 2012. He went on to spend time on loan at Aldershot Town and back at Oxford United in 2013. He represented England at under-19 and under-20 level.
P31
Flamstead
village
Flamstead F.C.
Flamstead F.C. was a football club based in the village of Flamstead, Hertfordshire, England connected to the village Sports & Social Club. They joined the South Midlands League Division One in 1990. For the 2006–07 season, they were members of the Spartan South Midlands League Division Two, but withdrew from the competition shortly after a bad tempered 1–3 home defeat to fellow strugglers Padbury United in April 2007. They were not listed as a registered Football Club in the Hertfordshire FA handbook for season 2007–08 or 2008–09, and subsequently appear to have folded. However, although the club had planned to form a new football section and enter a local league for the 2009–10 season, this never came to fruition and it now appears that these plans have been shelved indefinitely.
P39
Pope Benedict XIV
papacy
Pope Benedict XIV
Pope Benedict XIV (Latin: Benedictus XIV; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, was Pope from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758. In life, Benedict XIV was loved by the people of the Papal States who praised him. He was incredibly intelligent and witty, had a sense of humour and was dubbed the "Pope of Concordats" during his papacy. He was known to be a proud patron of the arts and of science. He was well known for visiting major edifices and monuments in Rome by carriage and sedan chair to make public appearances. Perhaps one of the greatest scholars in Christendom, yet often overlooked, he promoted scientific learning, the baroque arts, reinvigoration of Thomism, and the study of the human form. Firmly established with great devotion and adherence to the Council of Trent and authentic Catholic teaching, Benedict removed changes previously made to the Breviary, sought to peacefully reverse growing secularism in certain European courts, invigorated ceremonies with great pomp, and throughout his life and his reign, published numerous theological treatises. In terms of the governance of the Papal States, he reduced taxation and also encouraged agriculture. He also supported free trade. A scholar, he laid the groundwork for the present Vatican Museum. Benedict XIV, to an extent can be considered a polymath due to his numerous studies of ancient literature, the publishing of ecclesiastical books and documents, the study of the human body, and his great devotion to art and theology.
P27
Jacob Bruce
Russia
Jacob Bruce
Count Jacob or James Daniel Bruce (Russian: Граф Яков Вилимович Брюс, Graf Yakov Vilimovich Brus; 11 May 1669 - 30 April 1735) was a Russian statesman, military leader and scientist of Scottish descent (Clan Bruce), one of the associates of Peter the Great. According to his own record, his ancestors had lived in Russia since 1649. He was the brother of Robert Bruce, the first military governor of Saint Petersburg. He participated in the Crimean (1687, 1689) and Azov campaigns (1695–1696) of Peter the Great against the Ottoman Empire during the Russo–Turkish War. During the Great Northern War Bruce was appointed major-general of artillery. He was involved in the revival of Russian artillery, which had been lost to the Swedish forces along with its commander, Prince Alexander of Imereti at Narva in 1700. He was commander of artillery in the Battle of Poltava (1709), for which he was made a knight of the Order of St Andrew. In 1721, he became one of the first Russian counts. Bruce was one of the best educated people in Russia at the time, a naturalist and astronomer. In 1702, he founded the first Russian observatory; it was located in Moscow in the upper story of the Sukharev Tower. Bruce's scientific library of more than 1,500 volumes, compiled in the 1730s, became a substantial part of the Russian Academy of Sciences library. Among Muscovites, Bruce gained fame as an alchemist and magician, due in part to the innovative design of the Sukharev Tower, which was very unusual in 18th century Moscow. It was rumored that the greatest Black Magic grimoires of his collection had been bricked up into the walls of the Sukharev Tower.
P54
Liam Ridgewell
Wigan Athletic
Liam Ridgewell
Liam Matthew Ridgewell (born 21 July 1984) is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender for Major League Soccer club Portland Timbers. He is primarily a centre back but can also play at left back. Ridgewell began his senior career with Aston Villa, spending a spell on loan at A.F.C. Bournemouth in 2002, before moving to Villa's local rivals Birmingham City in 2007, where he was part of the 2011 Football League Cup Final-winning team. He spent two and a half seasons with West Bromwich Albion, who released him at the end of 2013–14. He then joined the Portland Timbers, whom he captained to victory in MLS Cup 2015. During the MLS off-season, he spent time on loan in England with Wigan Athletic and Brighton & Hove Albion. Internationally, he has eight caps for England at under-21 level.
P610
British Isles
Ben Nevis
Ben Nevis Township
Ben Nevis Township is an unincorporated geographic township in the Unorganized North part of Cochrane District in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. The township is named for Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles. Sullivan Lake and Little Misema Lake, the sources of the Misema River and Little Misema River respectively, are located in the township, as is Pushkin Lake, further along the Misema River. Also located in the township are the Pushkin Hills, part of the Blake River Megacaldera Complex. The southern border of the township forms part of the border between Cochrane District and Timiskaming District.
P641
Derek Brazil
football
Derek Brazil
Derek Michael Brazil (born 14 December 1968 in Dublin) is an Irish former footballer who played for the Republic of Ireland B team. A defender he began his career with Rivermount Boys Club before being signed by Manchester United where he played under both Ron Atkinson and Alex Ferguson, making two first team appearances against Everton and Millwall. Raised in Finglas, the Brazil family were keen sportsmen. His father was a champion boxer and footballer. His younger brother Stephen won numerous titles with Home Farm and played League of Ireland for Bohs. However a knee injury ended his career prematurely. His brother Geoffrey, also played ball for Dunsink YC, but an Achilles tendon injury put him out of the game. During his time at Old Trafford, he played on loan with Oldham Athletic and Swansea City before joining Cardiff City in 1992 for £85,000. Brazil then spent four years at Cardiff and was part of the side that won the division three title in 1993. In October 2006 Brazil was appointed team manager of Haverfordwest. He was dismissed in November 2010 following disappointing results at the start of the 2010 season. However, in a strange turn of events, his successor as manager, Gavin Chesterfield, resigned due to complicated work commitments. The Haverfordwest board were thus left with no alternative than to reinstate Brazil in late February 2011. Brazil expressed his amazement at his reinsation. Regarding the whole debacle, he added in a Western Telegraph article: "in hindsight, it was probably the right one for both parties. It has given me valuable time to spend with my family and I have certainly been able to recharge my batteries. I now feel determined and with unfinished business to complete I have much more to give as a manager." His second spell as manager of the club ended in May 2011 after the relegation of the club from the Welsh Premiership. He also runs his own business teaching physical education and coaching football around the Cardiff area. In July 2008, Brazil wore the United jersey again, when he took part in the Legends XI tournament in Northern Ireland. Brazil has enjoyed a successful career in football and is still playing today.
[Person] belongs to [Record Label]
Steve Williamson
Verve
A Waltz for Grace
A Waltz for Grace is the debut album by English saxophonist Steve Williamson that was released on the Verve label in 1990.
P22
Lord Ganesh
Lord Shiva
Pandalam Mahadeva Temple
Pandalam Mahadeva Temple is situated in between Thottakkonam and Mulampuzha villages of Pandalam in Kerala, India. Yearly Kettukazhcha festival is one of the attractions for tourists. 10 days major festival is celebrated for Lord Sivain 'Dhanu masa' November–December every year. the festival start by hosting traditional flag names 'kodiettu' and ends by 'aarattu'. the administration of this temple held by Mahadeva Seva Samithi participated by 12 villages '12 karakal'in Pandalam. It is believed that Lord Parasuram has installed the main idol of the Garbhagriha in this temple. Pandalam Mahadeva Temple is one of the oldest temples out of the 108 Shiva temples consecrated by the great 'Sanayasin Khara Muni'. The sacred and world famous temple is located on the left banks of the Achenkovil river, one side of this temple is in the banks of Achankovil river so this temple also known as 'Mukkal Vattom' 3 km away from Pandalam town in Kerala State. Pandalam is also world famous as the home town of Lord Ayyappan. The temple is unique with its natural procession route around the Sanctorum. The river flows touch the feet of Mahadeva Sanctorum, just like Ganges flows from Shiva's 'Jada' (hair). In addition to Lord Shiva the idols of Lord Ganesh (Ganapathy), 'Maya- Ekshi Amma', Lord Ayyappa, Nagaraja (Lord Snake), Lord Subramanian, Brahma Rakshas and Rakshas are also worshipped here. In effect the temple acts as the symbol and replica of 'KAILASAM'. Millions of devotees experienced the blessings from this holy place.
P495
A Beautiful Lie
American
A Beautiful Lie Tour
The A Beautiful Lie Tour was a worldwide concert tour by American rock band Thirty Seconds to Mars, in support of their second studio album A Beautiful Lie (2005).
P31
Man and His Soul
silent
Man and His Soul
Man and His Soul is a 1916 American silent melodrama film produced by Quality Pictures and distributed by Metro Pictures. The film was directed by Metro's resident director John W. Noble and starred Francis X. Bushman and Beverly Bayne. Much of the film was shot in Jacksonville, Florida. The film is now considered a lost film.
P105
Eulophia
genus
Eulophia
Eulophia is a genus of approximately 165 species of orchids. It was first described by John Lindley in 1821. The name "Eulophia" was derived from the Greek words "eu" (well) and "lophos" (plume), referring to the crested ridges of the labellum (lip) in most species. This genus is abbreviated Eupha in horticultural trade. These are usually terrestrial or ground orchids, although some are epiphytes, and rarely, lithophytes. They are distributed in shady rainforests or in open scrub or woodland in the tropics and subtropics of Africa, India, Asia, Queensland (Australia), and the Americas, although most are found in Africa. Many can survive the dry season through their large bulbous ‘corms’. Some species, such as Eulophia petersii, have adapted to very arid environments and are among the few orchids to have truly evolved desert living species. In the frost-free, semi-arid areas of Southern California, many Eulophia species, such as E. macra, E. petersii, E. plantaginea, and E. speciosa, can be grown outdoors year-round in well-drained pots with cactus/succulent potting mix (although E. speciosa prefers being grown in pure white sand), as long as they are given ample light through the winter and a drier winter resting period. Warmer growers, such as E. pulchra and possibly even the extremely rare and difficult E. cucullata (the foxglove orchid), can probably be grown outdoors in the warmer areas of Florida and Hawaii, also. The deciduous or evergreen leaves are usually pleated, with longitudinal veins. They are green and sheathed at the base. But in some species, the leaves may be reduced or have become brown scales. Some are leafless myco-heterotrophs. The generally large, underground, fleshy rhizome indicates a sympodial growth habit, and this makes Eulophias fairly easy to divide and propagate, provided the grower is gentle. The inflorescence arises from the base. It grows into a raceme. It is sometimes branched, as in the cases of E. macra and E. petersii. The inflorescences on the species with non-branching spikes can support as many as 50 flowers; but in species with branching inflorescences, up to 150 blooms can occur per spike. While most Eulophia flowers rarely exceed 2" in width, this is often made up for by the sheer abundance of interesting blooms they produce. The sepals and the petals are alike. The lip usually has three lobes. As for most orchids, there are two pollinia for each flower. Eulophias (in bloom) can reach a height of 1.6 m (6 ft.).
P58
The Purple Rose of Cairo
Woody Allen
The Purple Rose of Cairo
The Purple Rose of Cairo is a 1985 American romantic fantasy comedy film written and directed by Woody Allen, and starring Mia Farrow, Jeff Daniels, and Danny Aiello. Inspired by Sherlock, Jr., Hellzapoppin', and Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author, it is the tale of a film character named Tom Baxter who leaves a fictional film of the same name and enters the real world. The film was released on March 1, 1985 to critical acclaim. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Film, while Allen received several screenwriting nominations, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award and a Writers Guild of America Award. Allen has ranked it among his best films, along with Stardust Memories and Match Point.
[City] is in [Country]
Dehaj District
Kerman Province
Dehaj
Dahaj (Persian: دهج, also Romanized as Dahaj; also known as Dehīj) is a city in and the capital of Dehaj District, in Shahr-e Babak County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,756, in 1,600 families.
P611
Aloysius Varsi
SJ
Aloysius Varsi
Rev. Aloysius Varsi, SJ, (9 March 1830 - 27 November 1900) was an American educator and college president. Varsi was born in Cagliari, Sardinia, and entered the Society of Jesus, an order of the Roman Catholic Church, on May 2, 1845. He was educated at St. Teresa's College in Cagliari, and he went to Turin, Toulouse and Vals for advanced training in literature and philosophy. Shortly afterward, he continued studies of physics and higher mathematics at the University of Paris. In 1861, Varsi sailed to the United States and studied theology in Boston, Massachusetts, where he also taught physics and chemistry. He moved to California in 1865 and took up a professorship in physics at Santa Clara College; two years thereafter he was assigned the presidency (1868–1876). During his tenure, the original chapel was destroyed in an earthquake, and a large new theatre building, Exhibition Hall, replaced the old edifice. After 1876, Varsi was assigned to St. Ignatius College in San Francisco, where he became the superior of the California Mission, (similar to a province), and constructed the first college buildings, including St. Ignatius Church, many of which were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. He died in San Francisco in 1900 making front-page news all around the world.
P449
Brooke Knows Best
VH1
Brooke Knows Best
Brooke Knows Best is a VH1 reality series spin off from the hit VH1 reality program, Hogan Knows Best. The series first aired July 13, 2008. The show, shot in South Beach, Miami, centers on Brooke Hogan beginning adulthood independent from her parents, no longer living under their roof or being supported by them. The show has since been canceled.
P37
Serbian Orthodox Church
Serbian Cyrillic
Eparchy of Slavonia
Eparchy of Slavonia (Croatian: Eparhija slavonska, Serbian Cyrillic: Епархија славонска) is an eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church encompassing areas of western and central Slavonia in Croatia. The present bishop is called Jovan and his see is in Jasenovac. It was historically known as the Eparchy of Pakrac (Епархија Пакрачка).
P466
La Romareda
Zaragoza
1983 Copa del Rey Final
The 1983 Copa del Rey Final was the 81st final of the King's Cup. The final was played at La Romareda in Zaragoza, on 4 June 1983, being won by Barcelona, who beat Real Madrid C.F. 2–1.
P569
Giovanni Bia
24 October 1968
Giovanni Bia
Giovanni Bia (born 24 October 1968) is a former Italian footballer who played the role of defender. He made his debut in Serie A on April 5, 1992 for Parma against Cagliari in a 1-1 draw. He also played for Napoli, Inter, Bologna, Udinese and Brescia. In the 1992/93 season, he played in Serie B with Cosenza. It was a very successful season that proved to be a breakthrough for Bia when he was recruited by Napoli, whose manager at the time was Marcello Lippi. His most successful seasons were probably from 1995 to 1997 when he played for Udinese, under the guidance of Alberto Zaccheroni, and also the three seasons he played for Bologna. In his career he also wore the colours of Perugia (Serie C1 and C2), Trento (C1) and Reggiana (C1), in addition to that of Ligue 2 side Saint Etienne in France. In total, he made 194 appearances in Serie A, scoring 15 goals. He is currently the agent of players such as Luca Cigarini, Daniele Dessena and Federico Macheda.
[Person] plays in [Sport Team]
Shane Warne
Hampshire
Stratford-upon-Avon Cricket Club Ground
Startford-upon-Avon Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. The ground is next to the River Avon and also located next to the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, on Swans Nest Lane. The first recorded match on the ground was in 1880, when Stratford-upon-Avon played a United South of England Eleven. Warwickshire first used the ground for first-class cricket in 1951 when they played Oxford University. First-class cricket next returned to the ground in 2004 when Warwickshire played Lancashire. The final first-class match held at the ground to date came in the Stratford Festival of Cricket in 2005, when Warwickshire played Hampshire; a Hampshire team which featured such names as Shane Warne and Kevin Pietersen. The ground has also held 2 List-A matches. The first came in the 2000 NatWest Trophy when the Warwickshire Cricket Board played Kent. The second List-A match came in 2005 when Warwickshire played Scotland in the 2005 totesport League. Additionally, the ground has hosted 3 Women's One Day Internationals. The first came in 2005 and saw England women play Australia women. The second came in 2007 and was between England women and New Zealand women. The final Women's ODI to date came in 2009 and was between England women and Australia women. It also holds several high profile fixtures throughout the year including County Second XI Cricket, Summer Solstice Cricket and in June 2010 it hosted a match featuring the Lord's Taverners. In local domestic cricket, the ground is the home venue of Stratford-upon-Avon Cricket Club who play in the Birmingham and District Premier League Division One.
P17
Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
Israel
MPrest Systems
mPrest Systems is a private Israeli company, producing C4I applications. It serves commercial companies as well as military and law enforcement agencies. It is the developer of the Battle Management Control (BMC) system in Israel’s Iron Dome system, a mobile air defense system designed to intercept all kinds of short-range rockets, and of its weapons control system The BMC is informally known as "Iron Glow" mPrest is 50% owned by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, the prime contractor of Iron Dome. Its Chief Executive Officer is Natan Barak, a former director of C4I for the Israel Navy.
P54
Nadjim Abdou
Millwall
Nadjim Abdou
Nadjim "Jimmy" Abdou (born 13 July 1984) is a footballer who plays for Millwall as a midfielder and right back. He previously played for Martigues, Sedan and Plymouth Argyle. He has represented Comoros at international level.
[Town] is in [Location]
Beliatore
Bankura District
Beliatore
Beliatore is a census town in Bankura District in the state of West Bengal, India. Beliatore is the birthplace of the late artist Jamini Roy who was born here on 11 April 1887.
P641
Tim Swinson
rugby union
Tim Swinson
Tim Swinson (born 17 February 1987 in London, England) is a Scottish internationalist rugby union player. His preferred position is lock. He plays at club level for Glasgow Warriors in the Pro12. Swinson has played for Newcastle Falcons in the English Premiership. He made his Newcastle 1st XV debut against Bath during the 2007/8 season. Swinson ended a disappointing season for the Newcastle Falcons by being named the Falcons Player of the Year. Tim signed a deal with Glasgow Warriors to join them from Newcastle Falcons in the 2012–13 season. He has played for Scotland 'A' making his debut in 2013 against England Saxons
P57
Johnny Gaddaar
Sriram Raghavan
Neil Nitin Mukesh
Neil Nitin Mukesh Chand Mathur (born 15 January 1981) better known as Neil Nitin Mukesh is an Indian actor who appears in Hindi-language films. He is the son and grandson of singers (Nitin Mukesh and Mukesh, respectively). After brief roles as a child in Vijay (1988) and Jaisi Karni Waisi Bharnii (1989), Mukesh decided to venture into acting after graduating from HR College with a bachelor's degree in commerce. Neil made his debut as an adult in Sriram Raghavan's 2007 critically acclaimed thriller Johnny Gaddaar, which earned him a Filmfare Best Male Debut Award nomination. He subsequently earned critical praise for his performance in New York (2009) and Jail (2009); the former earned him a nomination for the Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award. The actor was later noted for his performances in Lafangey Parindey (2010), 7 Khoon Maaf (2011) and David (2013). He debuted in Tamil cinema with his negative role in Kaththi (2014), for which he learned Tamil from scratch.
P641
SC Heerenveen
defender
Gérard de Nooijer
Gérard de Nooijer (born 4 April 1969 in Oost-Souburg, Zeeland) is a retired football (soccer) defender from the Netherlands, who played for Sparta Rotterdam (1988–1998), SC Heerenveen (1998–2003), Feyenoord Rotterdam (2003–2004) and FC Dordrecht (2004–2005). He is the twin brother of striker Dennis de Nooijer, who also played professional football during the late 1980s and 1990s.
P150
Cuneo
Santo Stefano Belbo
Santo Stefano Belbo
Santo Stefano Belbo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of Turin and about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Cuneo. It is the birthplace of 20th century author Cesare Pavese. On its hill are a medieval castle and a Benedictine convent, most likely built on the ruins of a temple of Jupiter. The village of Santo Stefano Belbo of medieval origin stands between the Langhe hills. Around 1300 it was first a fief of the Marquises of Monferrato, then the Marchesi of Saluzzo,and then the family of Scarampi. The land was often a conflict as a demonstration of the ancient medieval tower, destroyed in the war between Spain and Austria in 1600. The economy of Santo Stefano Belbo relies mainly on the production of wine, especially the Moscato d'Asti and Asti Spumante.
P449
Sine Novela
GMA
Rhian Ramos
Rhian Denise Ramos Howell, who is better known by her stage name Rhian Ramos is a Filipino actress, commercial model and singer. She was known previously successful big break in the network GMA, landed in the Major Roles Captain Barbell, Lupin, Sine Novela: My Only Love, Lalola, Zorro, Stairway to Heaven, Indio, Genesis, My Destiny and The Rich Man's Daughter.
P641
Alexandre Despatie
synchronized diving
Philippe Comtois
Philippe Comtois (born August 25, 1976) is a Canadian diver. He was born in Montreal, Quebec. He began diving at age 9 and stopped diving in 2005. He finished his studies in accountancy at the Université du Québec à Montréal in April 2008. He won a gold medal at the Canada Cup in the 3-metre springboard synchro in 2003. Comtois, who trains at Club de Plongeon CAMO, at the Complexe sportif Claude-Robillard in Montreal, was Alexandre Despatie's synchronized diving partner at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. They finished in 3rd[citation needed] place in the 10 metre diving, after having won two gold the previous year at the 2003 Pan American Games. Since he has stopped diving, he now coaches in Laval, Québec at the "Club de plongeon Laval".
P175
Ritual of Battle
Demoz
Ritual of Battle
Ritual of Battle is the second studio album by underground hip hop collective Army of the Pharaohs. Released on September 25, 2007 under Babygrande Records, the album features group members Vinnie Paz, Jus Allah, OuterSpace, Chief Kamachi, Reef the Lost Cauze, Esoteric, Celph Titled, King Syze, Des Devious, Doap Nixon, Demoz, and King Magnetic. Although he was prominently featured on the group's debut album The Torture Papers, Apathy does not appear on Ritual of Battle. While still a member of the group, he explains on a MySpace blog that he was recording with Styles of Beyond in Los Angeles during the Army's album recording sessions. The rapper recorded for one song, titled "A.O.T.P.", produced by Snowgoons, but it was not included on the album.[citation needed] This song was included on the Apathy compilation Hell's Lost & Found: It's The Bootleg, Muthafu@kas! Volume 2. The album's first single is "Bloody Tears", featuring Planetary, Doap Nixon, Demoz and Vinnie Paz and based on the Castlevania tune of the same name.
P27
Tiffany
United States
Yogo sapphire
Yogo sapphires are a variety of corundum found only in Yogo Gulch, part of the Little Belt Mountains in Judith Basin County, Montana, United States, on land once inhabited by the Piegan Blackfeet people. Yogos are typically cornflower blue, a result of trace amounts of iron and titanium. They have high uniform clarity and maintain their brilliance under artificial light. Because Yogo sapphires occur within a vertically dipping resistive igneous dike, mining efforts have been sporadic and rarely profitable. It is estimated that at least 28 million carats (5.6 t or 5.5 long tons or 6.2 short tons) of Yogos are still in the ground. Jewelry containing Yogos was given to First Ladies Florence Harding and Bess Truman; in addition, many gems were sold in Europe, though promoters' claims that Yogos are in the crown jewels of England or the engagement ring of Princess Diana are dubious. Today, several Yogo sapphires are part of the Smithsonian Institution's gem collection. Yogo sapphires were not initially recognized or valued. Gold was discovered at Yogo Creek in 1866, and though "blue pebbles" were noticed alongside gold in the stream alluvium by 1878, it was not until 1894 that the "blue pebbles" were recognized as sapphires. Sapphire mining began in 1895 after a local rancher named Jake Hoover sent a cigar box of gems he had collected to an assay office, which in turn sent them to Tiffany's in New York, where an appraiser pronounced them "the finest precious gemstones ever found in the United States". Hoover then purchased the original mother lode from a sheepherder, later selling it to other investors. This became the highly profitable "English Mine", which flourished from 1899 until the 1920s. A second operation, the "American Mine", was owned by a series of investors in the western section of the Yogo dike, but was less profitable and bought out by the syndicate that owned the English Mine. In 1984, a third set of claims, known as the Vortex mine, opened. The term "Yogo sapphire" is the preferred wording for gems found in the Yogo Gulch, whereas "Montana sapphire" generally refers to gems found in other Montana locations. More gem-quality sapphires are produced in Montana than anywhere else in North America. Sapphires were first discovered in Montana in 1865, in alluvium along the Missouri River. Finds in other locations in the western half of the state occurred in 1889, 1892, and 1894. The Rock Creek location, near Phillipsburg, is the most productive site in Montana, and its gems inspired the name of the nearby Sapphire Mountains. In 1969, the sapphire was co-designated along with the agate as Montana's state gemstones. In the early 1980s, Intergem Limited, which controlled most of the Yogo sapphire mining at the time, rocked the gem world by marketing Yogos as the world's only guaranteed "untreated" sapphire, exposing a practice of the time wherein 95 percent of all the world's sapphires were heat-treated to enhance their natural color. Although Intergem went out of business, the gems it mined appeared on the market through the 1990s because the company had paid its salesmen in sapphires during its financial demise. Citibank had obtained a large stock of Yogos as a result of Intergem's collapse, and after keeping them in a vault for nearly a decade, sold its collection in 1994 to a Montana jeweler. Mining activity today is largely confined to hobby miners in the area; the major mines are currently inactive.
P54
Billy Cairns
Grimsby Town
Billy Cairns
William Hart "Billy" Cairns (7 October 1914 – 1988) was an English footballer who played as a Centre forward. Cairns started his career with non-league Stargate Rovers before signing for Newcastle United in 1934. He scored a total of 53 goals in 90 league & cup appearances for Newcastle before the outbreak of World War II. Cairns signed for Gateshead in 1944, appearing in the 1945–46 FA Cup. He scored 5 goals in 4 games during the competition before signing for Grimsby Town prior to The Football League resuming in 1946–47. He played over 220 games for Grimsby before retiring in 1954.
P161
Saw VI
Costas Mandylor
Saw VI
Saw VI is a 2009 Canadian-American horror film directed by Kevin Greutert from a screenplay written by Patrick Melton and Marcus Dunstan. It is the sixth installment in the seven–part Saw franchise and stars Tobin Bell, Costas Mandylor, Betsy Russell, Mark Rolston, Peter Outerbridge, and Shawnee Smith. It was produced by Mark Burg and Oren Koules of Twisted Pictures and distributed by Lionsgate. Saw VI continues the franchise's focus on the posthumous effects of the Jigsaw Killer and the progression of his successor, Mark Hoffman. In this film, Hoffman sets a series of traps for an insurance executive, William Easton, and his employees. Meanwhile the FBI trails Peter Strahm, now suspected of being Jigsaw's last accomplice, and Hoffman is drawn into motion to protect his secret identity. Greutert, who served as editor for all the previous Saw films, made his directorial debut with Saw VI. Melton and Dunstan, the writers for both Saw IV and Saw V, returned to write the screenplay and Charlie Clouser, who provided the score for all previous Saw films, composed the score. Filming took place in Toronto from March to May 2009 with a budget of $11 million. The film was released in New Zealand and Australia on October 22, 2009, and October 23, 2009 in the United States and Canada. In Spain it was the first film to receive a Película X rating for violence (a rating usually reserved for pornographic films); the rating restricted screenings to eight select theaters in that country. It was released almost a year later on October 8, 2010 in Spain with an "18" rating, after the producers had the offensive content edited out, according to the rating board. With gross receipts of $14 million in its opening weekend, Saw VI placed second to Paranormal Activity's $21 million. Saw VI went on to gross over $68 million worldwide, the lowest-grossing Saw film to date, but still a financial success compared to its small budget. were mixed, with some criticizing the acting and others praising Greutert's directing.
P27
Grigori Aleksandrov
Soviet Union
Grigori Aleksandrov
Grigori Vasilyevich Aleksandrov or Alexandrov (Russian: Григо́рий Васи́льевич Алекса́ндров; original family name was Мормоненко or Mormonenko; 23 January 1903 – 16 December 1983) was a prominent Soviet film director who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1947 and a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1973. He was awarded the Stalin Prizes for 1941 and 1950. Initially associated with Sergei Eisenstein, with whom he worked as a co-director, screenwriter and actor, Aleksandrov became a major director in his own right in the 1930s, when he directed Jolly Fellows and a string of other musical comedies starring his wife Lyubov Orlova. Though Aleksandrov remained active until his death, his musicals, amongst the first made in the Soviet Union, remain his most popular films. They rival Ivan Pyryev's films as the most effective and light-hearted showcase ever designed for the Stalin-era USSR.
P166
Nick Joaquin
National Artist
Francisco Arcellana
Francisco "Franz" Arcellana (September 6, 1916 – August 1, 2002) was a Filipino writer, poet, essayist, critic, journalist and teacher. He was born on September 6, 1916. Arcellana already had ambitions of becoming a writer during his years in the elementary. His actual writing, however, started when he became a member of The Torres Torch Organization during his high school years. Arcellana Grande continued writing in various school papers at the University of the Philippines Dieliman. He later on received a Rocketfeller Granted and became a follower in creative writing the University of Iowa and Breadloaf's writers conference from 1956- 1957. He is considered an important progenitor of the modern Filipino short story in English. Arcellana pioneered the development of the short story as a lyrical prose-poetic form within Filipino literature. His works are now often taught in tertiary-level-syllabi in the Philippines. Many of his works were translated into Tagalog, Malaysian, Russian, Italian, and German. Arcellana won 2nd place in 1951 Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature, with his short story, "The Flowers of May." 14 of his short stories were also included in Jose Garcia Villa's Honor Roll from 1928 to 1939. His major achievements included the first award in art criticism from the Art Association of the Philippines in 1954, the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan award from the city government of Manila in 1981, and the Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtas for English fiction from the Unyon ng mga Manunulat sa Pilipino (UMPIL) in 1988. On April 2, 1989, the University of the Philippines conferred upon Arcellana a doctorate in humane letters, honoris causa. Francisco Arcellana was proclaimed National Artist of the Philippines in Literature on 23, 1990 by then Philippine President Corazon C. Aquino. In 2009, or seven years after his death, his family came out with a book to pay tribute to National Artist for Literature Arcellana. The book entitled, "Franz," is a collection of essays gathered by the Arcellana family from colleagues, friends, students and family members, including fellow National Artist Nick Joaquin, Butch Dalisay, Recah Trinidad, Jing Hidalgo, Gemino Abad, Romina Gonzalez, Edwin Cordevilla, Divina Aromin, Doreen Yu, Danton Remoto, Jose Esteban Arcellana and others. Arcellana died in 2002. As a National Artist, he received a state funeral at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. His grandson Liam Hertzsprung performed a piano concert in 2006 dedicated to him. Arcellana's published books include:
P449
Neighbours
Network Ten
Declan Napier
Declan Napier is a fictional character from the Australian Network Ten soap opera Neighbours, played by James Sorensen from 2007 to 2010, and Erin Mullally from 2010 to 2011. In January 2010 it was announced that Sorensen had quit the role of Declan and the decision to recast was taken, with Mullally making his first on-screen appearance on 3 May 2010. In October 2010, it was announced the character was to leave Neighbours and he made his final appearance on 15 March 2011. The character was originally portrayed as a "teenage tearaway" but later settled down. He has been involved with some of the series' most controversial storylines including teenage pregnancy which caused an upset among conservative family groups, coping with his wife's death and a relationship with fellow character Kate Ramsay which was initially received as distasteful and unbelievable with Australian viewers. Declan has also been popularised whilst Sorensen played him for his 'good looks' and physical appearance, subsequently being branded as one of the show's most popular characters.
P54
Civard Sprockel
Excelsior
Civard Sprockel
Civard Sprockel (born 10 May 1983) is a Dutch-Curacaoan footballer who plays as a centre-back and is currently without a club. He formerly played for Feyenoord, Excelsior, Vitesse Arnhem, Cyprus Anorthosis Famagusta and Bulgarian CSKA Sofia and was a member of the Dutch team at the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship. Sprockel made his debut for Notts County on 8 August 2015 in the first match of the 2015–2016 season, a 2–0 victory at Stevenage, but was substituted at half-time due to injury.[citation needed]
P569
Brian May
19 July 1947
Brian May
Brian Harold May, CBE (born 19 July 1947) is an English musician, singer, songwriter and astrophysicist, best known as the lead guitarist of the rock band Queen. He uses a home-built electric guitar, called the Red Special. His compositions for the band include "We Will Rock You", "Tie Your Mother Down", "I Want It All", "Fat Bottomed Girls", "The Prophet's Song", "Flash", "Hammer to Fall", "Save Me", "Who Wants to Live Forever" and "The Show Must Go On". May was a co-founder of Queen with lead singer Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, having previously performed with Taylor in the band Smile, which he had joined while he was at university. Within five years of their formation in 1970 and the recruitment of bass player John Deacon completing the lineup, Queen had become established as one of the biggest rock bands in Britain with the album A Night at the Opera and its single "Bohemian Rhapsody". From the mid-1970s until the early 1990s, Queen were an almost constant presence in the UK charts and played some of the biggest venues in the world, most notably giving an acclaimed performance at Live Aid in 1985. As a member of Queen, May became regarded as a virtuoso musician and he was identified with a distinctive sound created through his layered guitar work. Following the death of Mercury in 1991, Queen were put on hiatus for several years but were eventually reconvened by May and Taylor for further performances featuring other vocalists. In 2005, a Planet Rock poll saw May voted the 7th greatest guitarist of all time. He was ranked at No. 26 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". In 2012, May was ranked the 2nd greatest guitarist of all time by a Guitar World magazine readers poll. He was appointed a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2005 for "services to the music industry and for charity work". May attained a PhD in astrophysics from Imperial College London in 2007 and was Chancellor of Liverpool John Moores University from 2008 to 2013. He was a "science team collaborator" with NASA's New Horizons Pluto mission. May has homes in London and Windlesham, Surrey. He is an active animal rights advocate, and was appointed a vice-president of animal welfare charity, the RSPCA, in September 2012.
P569
Bob Benny
18 May 1926
Bob Benny
Bob Benny (18 May 1926 – 29 March 2011), born Emilius Wagemans, was a Belgian singer and musical theatre performer, who participated in the Eurovision Song Contests of 1959 and 1961.
P17
US Civil War
American
Benjamin Franklin Tefft
Benjamin Franklin Tefft (1813–1885) was an American Methodist minister, author, newspaper editor, and diplomat. As the American Consul in Stockholm, Sweden during the US Civil War, he encouraged and facilitated Swedish emigration to the United States, particularly his native state of Maine. This eventually resulted, for example, in the founding of the northern Maine immigrant community of New Sweden and its satellite Stockholm, Maine. Tefft was born in Floyd, New York and attended Wesleyan University in Connecticut, graduating in 1835. In 1839-41, and again in 1858-61, he served as a Methodist pastor in Bangor, Maine, and later briefly in Portland. In between Tefft became a professor of Greek and Latin at DePauw University in Indiana, and then president of Genesee College in New York, which later became Syracuse University.
P31
Watchet
civil parish
Watchet
Watchet is a harbour town, civil parish and electoral ward in the English county of Somerset, with a population of 3,785. It is situated 15 miles (24 km) west of Bridgwater, 15 miles (24 km) north-west of Taunton, and 9 miles (14 km) east of Minehead. The parish includes the hamlet of Beggearn Huish. The town lies at the mouth of the Washford River on Bridgwater Bay, part of the Bristol Channel, and on the edge of Exmoor National Park. The original settlement may have been at the Iron Age fort Daw's Castle. It then moved to the mouth of the river and a small harbour developed, which was attacked by Vikings in the 10th century. Trade using the harbour gradually grew, despite damage during several severe storms, with import and exports of goods including those from Wansbrough Paper Mill until the 19th century when it increased with the export of iron ore, brought from the Brendon Hills via the West Somerset Mineral Railway, mainly to Newport for onward transportation to the Ebbw Vale Steelworks. The West Somerset Railway also served the town and port bringing goods and people from the Bristol and Exeter Railway. The iron ore trade reduced and ceased in the early-20th century. The port continued a smaller commercial trade until 2000 when it was converted into a marina. The church is dedicated to Saint Decuman who is thought to have died here around 706. An early church was built near Daw's Castle and a new church was erected in the 15th century. It has several tombs and monuments to Sir John Wyndham and his family who were the lords of the manor. Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner which was written in the area is commemorated by a statue on the harbourside.
P641
Slobo Ilijevski
goalkeeper
Slobo Ilijevski
Slobodan "Slobo" Ilijevski (Cyrillic: Слободан Илијевски Слобо) (October 24, 1949 in Skopje, Yugoslavia - July 14, 2008 in Bellingham, Washington) was a Macedonian Yugoslavian-American football (soccer) goalkeeper who played in the North American Soccer League and Major Indoor Soccer League. In 1977, Ilijevski moved to the United States and settled with extended family in Detroit, Michigan. In 1978, he signed with the Detroit Express of the North American Soccer League. After two seasons with the Express, Ilijevski moved to the Atlanta Chiefs for one season before moving to the indoor game with the St. Louis Steamers of the Major Indoor Soccer League in the fall of 1980. He would spend the rest of his professional career playing indoor soccer. He played seven seasons with the Steamers and was named the 1982 and 1984 MISL Goalkeeper of the Year. The Steamers folded after the 1987–1988 season and Ilijevski moved to the Baltimore Blast for one season before returning to St. Louis to sign with the St. Louis Storm in August 1989. In 1992, he moved to the St. Louis Ambush of the National Professional Soccer League. After his retirement from professional soccer, Ilijevski continued to play amateur soccer with St. Louis Kutis S.C. In December 1990, Ilijevski became an American citizen.
P641
Ivan Cavaleiro
footballer
Ivan Cavaleiro
Ivan Ricardo Neves Abreu Cavaleiro (born 18 October 1993) is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays for French club AS Monaco FC. Mainly a winger, he can also play as a forward. A product of Benfica's youth system, he was part of the club's domestic treble in the 2013–14 season. Cavaleiro gained 63 caps for Portugal at youth level all categories comprised, scoring 13 goals. He made his senior international debut in 2014.
P54
Jim Stannard
Gillingham
Jim Stannard
James David "Jim" Stannard (born Harold Hill, 6 October 1962) is an English retired football goalkeeper. Whilst playing for Gillingham he set a record for the lowest number of goals conceded in a 46-match season in the Football League, when he let in just 20 goals in the 1995–96 season. Until 18 January 2013, he was first-team goalkeeping coach at Southampton.
P20
Philippe Gille
Paris
Philippe Gille
Philippe Gille (10 December 1831 – 19 March 1901) was a French dramatist and opera librettist, who was born and died in Paris. He wrote over twenty librettos between 1857 and 1893, the most famous of which are Massenet's Manon and Delibes' Lakmé. Gille was elected to the Académie des beaux-arts in 1899. Although Gille studied law and was a clerk for a time at the Préfecture de la Seine, he became secretary of the Théâtre Lyrique then from 1869 an art and music for Le Figaro.
P54
Terry Lees
Roda JC Kerkrade
Terry Lees
Terence "Terry" Lees (born 30 June 1952) is an English former footballer who played in the Football League for Stoke City, Crewe Alexandra, Port Vale, Birmingham City, Newport County and Scunthorpe United, in the North American Soccer League for San Jose Earthquakes, and in the Eredivisie for Sparta Rotterdam, Roda JC Kerkrade and DS'79.
P177
Kinzie Street railroad bridge
Chicago River
Wells Street Station
Wells Street Station was a passenger terminal of the Chicago and North Western Railway, located at the southwest corner of Wells Street and Kinzie Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. It was replaced in 1911 by the Chicago and North Western Terminal on the other (west) side of the North Branch of the Chicago River, removing passenger trains from the Kinzie Street railroad bridge over the river. The Merchandise Mart opened in 1930 on the land formerly occupied by the station.
P22
Farouk
King Fuad
Kingdom of Egypt
The Kingdom of Egypt (Arabic: المملكة المصرية; Egyptian Arabic: المملكه المصريه al-Mamlakah al-Miṣrīyah, "the Egyptian Kingdom") was the independent Egyptian state established under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1922 following the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom. Until the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, the Kingdom was only nominally independent, since the British retained control of foreign relations, communications, the military and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Between 1936-52, the British continued to maintain military presence and political advisors, at a reduced level. The legal status of Egypt had been highly convoluted, due to its de facto breakaway from the Ottoman Empire in 1805, its occupation by Britain in 1882, and its transformation into a sultanate and British protectorate in 1914. In line with the change in status from sultanate to kingdom, the Sultan of Egypt, Fuad I, saw his title changed to King. The kingdom's sovereignty was subject to severe limitations imposed by the British, who retained enormous control over Egyptian affairs, and whose military continued to occupy the country. Throughout the kingdom's existence Sudan was formally united with Egypt. However, actual Egyptian authority in Sudan was largely nominal due to Britain's role as the dominant power in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. During the reign of King Fuad, the monarchy struggled with the Wafd Party, a broadly based nationalist political organization strongly opposed to British domination, and with the British themselves, who were determined to maintain control over the Suez Canal. Other political forces emerging in this period included the Communist Party (1925), and the Muslim Brotherhood (1928), which eventually became a potent political and religious force. King Fuad died in 1936 and Farouk inherited the throne at the age of sixteen. Alarmed by Italy's recent invasion of Abyssinia, he signed the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, requiring Britain to withdraw all troops from Egypt, except in the Suez Canal Zone (agreed to be evacuated by 1949). The kingdom was plagued by corruption, and its citizens saw it as a puppet of the British. This, coupled with the defeat in the 1948-1949 Palestine War, led to the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 by the Free Officers Movement. Farouk abdicated in favour of his infant son Fuad II. In 1953 the monarchy was formally abolished and the Republic of Egypt was established. The legal status of Sudan was only resolved in 1954, when Egypt and Britain agreed that it should be granted independence in 1956.
P1344
Johnny Logan
Eurovision Song Contest 1980
Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1980
Ireland entered the Eurovision Song Contest 1980, sending Johnny Logan to the contest with the song "What's Another Year", written by Shay Healy.
P106
Elihu Root
statesman
Elihu Root
Elihu Root (/ˈɛlᵻhjuː ˈruːt/; February 15, 1845 – February 7, 1937) was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the Secretary of War (1899–1904) under two presidents, including President Theodore Roosevelt. He moved frequently between high-level appointed government positions in Washington, D.C. and private-sector legal practice in New York City. He was elected by the state legislature as a US Senator from New York and served one term, 1909–1915. Root was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912. Root was a leading lawyer, whose clients included major corporations and such powerful players as Andrew Carnegie. Root served as president or chairman of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and the Carnegie Corporation of New York. As Secretary of War under McKinley and Roosevelt, Root designed American policies for the new colonial possessions, especially the Philippines and Cuba. His role in suppressing a Filipino revolt angered anti-imperialist activists at home. Root favored a paternalistic approach to colonial administration, emphasizing technology, engineering, and disinterested public service, as exemplified by the ethical standards of the Progressive Era. He helped design the Foraker Act of 1900, the Philippine Organic Act (1902), and the Platt Amendment of 1901, which authorized American intervention in Cuba in the future if needed to maintain a stable government. He was a strong advocate of what became the Panama Canal, and he championed the Open Door to expand world trade with China. Root was the leading modernizer in the history of the War Department, transforming the Army from a motley collection of small frontier outposts and coastal defense units into a modern, professionally organized, military machine comparable to the best in Europe. He restructured the National Guard into an effective reserve, and created the Army War College for the advanced study of military doctrine and most important set up a general staff. As Secretary of State under Theodore Roosevelt, Root modernized the consular service by minimizing patronage, promoted friendly relations with Latin America, and resolved frictions with Japan over the immigration of unskilled workers to the West Coast. He negotiated 24 bilateral treaties that committed the United States and other signatories to use arbitration to resolve disputes, which led to the creation of the Permanent Court of International Justice. In the United States Senate, Root was part of the conservative Republican support network for President William Howard Taft. He played a central role at the Republican National Convention in 1912 in getting Taft renominated. By 1916–17, he was a leading proponent of preparedness, with the expectation the United States would enter World War I. President Woodrow Wilson sent him to Russia in 1917 in an unsuccessful effort to establish an alliance with the new revolutionary government that had replaced the czar. Root supported Wilson's vision of the League of Nations, but with reservations along the lines proposed by Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge.
P17
Shanidar Cave
Iraq
Ralph Solecki
Ralph Stefan Solecki is an American archaeologist. (born October 15, 1917 in Brooklyn). He is a former member of the faculty at Columbia University (1959–1988), and his best-known excavations were at the Neanderthal site at Shanidar Cave in Iraq. His publications include early works on aerial photography and photo-interpretation as well as two volumes on Shanidar (1971, 1972). He is the father of American geographer William Solecki and UNHCR official John Solecki.
P17
Terminillo
Italy
Monte Terminillo
Monte Terminillo is a massif in the Monti Reatini, part of the Abruzzi Apennine range in central Italy. It is located some 20 km from Rieti and 100 km from Rome and has a highest altitude of 2,217 metres (7,274 ft). It is a typical Apennine massif, both for its morphology, articulated but not exceedingly sharp, and for the fauna and vegetation. Its slopes are separated by the neighbouring smaller massifs by deep valleys, including the Valle Leonina, leading to Leonessa, and the Ravara and Capo Scura valleys leading to that of the Velino River. On the opposite sides are the Valle dell'Inferno ("Hell's Valley") and Valle degli Angeli ("Angels' Valley") leading to Rieti's plain and the mounts of Cantalice. The Terminillo is an active ski resort.
P17
Big Run
United States
Big Run, Webster County, West Virginia
Big Run is an unincorporated community on the Right Fork of the Holly River in Webster County, West Virginia, United States.
P131
Corfu International Airport
Corfu
Corfu International Airport
Corfu International Airport, "Ioannis Kapodistrias" (Greek: Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Κέρκυρας, "Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας") or Ioannis Kapodistrias (Capodistrias) International Airport (IATA: CFU, ICAO: LGKR) is a government-owned airport on the Greek island of Corfu at Kerkyra, serving both scheduled and charter flights from European cities. Air traffic peaks during the summer season, between April and October. The Ioannis Kapodistrias International Airport, named after Ioannis Kapodistrias distinguished Corfiot European diplomat and first Governor of Greece, is located around 2 kilometres south of Corfu Town, half a kilometre north of Pontikonisi. The approach and landing, in a northeasterly direction, offer the flying passengers a spectacular aerial view of Pontikonisi and Vlaherna Monastery as well as the hills of Kanoni as the runway used for landing is actually a few hundred metres away from these landmarks.
P106
Tracy Griffith
actress
Tracy Griffith
Tracy Lee Griffith (born circa 1966) is an American actress and professional sushi chef.
P20
Meyerhold
Moscow
Valery Fokin
Valery Vladimirovich Fokin (Russian: Валерий Владимирович Фокин) (born February 28, 1946 in Moscow) is a Russian theatrical director and writer. He is the General and Artistic Director of The Meyerhold Centre in Moscow and the Artistic Director of the Alexandrinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg. Fokin is decorated with four honorary Russian state awards.
P641
Kevin Muscat
football
Kevin Muscat
Kevin Vincent Muscat (born 7 August 1973) is a former Australian international association football player who has been head coach of Melbourne Victory since 2013. Muscat earned a reputation as a "hard man" during his playing career, with his aggression and passion occasionally boiling over into some violent incidents. After beginning his professional career in the Australian National Soccer League with Sunshine George Cross in 1989, Muscat forged a successful, albeit controversial career in the United Kingdom with Crystal Palace, Wolverhampton Wanderers, Rangers and Millwall. He returned to Australia in 2005 to captain Melbourne Victory in the inaugural season of the A-league. Kevin has won 3 titles with Melbourne Victory, and had a very successful year in 2015 winning the A-League title and minor premiership. He later won the FFA cup at the start of 2016. Muscat retired from professional football in March 2011 after Melbourne Victory's 2011 AFC Champions League campaign, citing his growing frustration at his inability to keep pace with the game. In June 2011 Muscat was reconfirmed as assistant coach at Melbourne Victory. Muscat briefly rejoined his former club Sunshine George Cross for part of the 2011 Victorian State League Division 1 season. During his international career, Muscat represented the Australia U-20 side at the 1991 FIFA World Youth Championship in Portugal and the 1993 FIFA World Youth Championship in Australia. He represented the Australia U-23 side at the 1996 Summer Olympics. After making his full international debut for Australia in September 1994 against Kuwait, Muscat represented the national side at the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2000 OFC Nations Cup, 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup.
P641
Molde
soccer
Ben Spencer (soccer)
Ben Spencer (born March 28, 1995) is an American soccer player who currently plays for Molde.
P106
Erna Tauro
pianist
Erna Tauro
Erna Tauro, née Pergament (16 August 1916 Viborg – 4 June 1993 Stockholm), was a Finnish-Swedish pianist and composer.
P54
Walter Bahr
US national team
Ed McIlvenny
Edward John "Ed" McIlvenny (21 October 1924 – 18 May 1989), also known as Eddie McIlvenny, was a Scottish soccer player who most notably captained the United States national team in their 1–0 upset of England in the 1950 FIFA World Cup. He learned the game as a youth and was selected to Scottish Junior League on a tour of the North of Scotland. In 1947 he signed with the Welsh club Wrexham A.F.C., then in the Third Division North of the English Football League, but he only played seven games for them before moving to the US in 1949 to stay with his sister. McIlvenny excelled with the Philadelphia Nationals of the American Soccer League, where he teamed up with US national team captain Walter Bahr, and was selected to join the national team during their 1950 World Cup appearance. He was given the honour of being captain for the game against England "because he was British", and in that game, it was his throw-in that led to the US goal. Although he was not a US citizen, he had declared his intention of becoming one and thus was eligible to play, according to the rules of the United States Soccer Football Association at the time. However, he never did gain citizenship. Earlier that same year, he had played in an All-Star game against Manchester United and his play attracted the attention of United manager Matt Busby, who offered him a spot on the team after the World Cup. Upon his return to England, the English press called him "The Yank from the Tail of the Bank" (a reference to the sand bank that finishes at Greenock). He only had two appearances for them, however, and transferred to Waterford United of the League of Ireland instead. He played for them for four years and then returned to England to play for Headington United, after which he retired from playing and ran a football school. In the movie The Game of Their Lives that depicted the US victory over England, McIlvenny (played by US soccer player John Harkes) was given a much smaller role and the captainship was given to Walter Bahr instead. McIlvenny's widow, Sheila, was reported as saying: "It's disappointing, but what do you expect from Hollywood?... It is not the true story, not at all. I think he would have accepted it, but I don't think he would have been happy with it because it wasn't the truth."[citation needed] He was enshrined in the US National Soccer Hall of Fame, along with the other members of the 1950 World Cup team, in 1976. He is also featured in the Scottish Football Museum.
P403
River Havel
River Elbe
Elbe–Havel Canal
The Elbe–Havel Canal is a 56-kilometre-long waterway in Germany. It links Magdeburg, on the River Elbe, with Brandenburg on the River Havel. Since 2003, the Elbe–Havel Canal has been connected to the Mittelland Canal by the unique Magdeburg Water Bridge, which crosses above the River Elbe. The Mittelland Canal provides a connection to the west of Germany. To the east, the River Havel connects to the Oder-Havel Canal, and the Elbe–Havel Canal thus forms part of a continuous waterway from the west to Berlin and Poland.
P131
Boca Grande
Florida
Charlotte Harbor (southwest Florida bay)
Charlotte Harbor (southwest Florida bay), the second largest bay in Florida is located on the Gulf of Mexico coast of west Florida, mostly (2/3) in Charlotte County, Florida with the remaining 1/3 in Lee County. The area is also identified as the Charlotte Harbor Estuary. The harbor's mouth is located behind Gasparilla Island, one of the many coastal barrier islands on the southwest coast of Florida, with access from the Gulf of Mexico through the Boca Grande Pass between Gasparilla Island on the north and Lacosta Island on the south. Charlotte Harbor covers about 270 sq mi (700 km2) The harbor is fed with fresh water from the Myakka River on its northwest corner and the Peace River on its northeastern corner. Charlotte Harbor is bordered by the communities of Boca Grande, Charlotte Beach, Port Charlotte, Charlotte Harbor, Punta Gorda, Pirate Harbor, and Bokeelia. Charlotte Harbor connects to San Carlos Bay to the south by way of the Pine Island Sound and the Matlacha Pass.
P641
LNB Pro B
basketball
Jonathan Kale
Jonathan Kale (born October 18, 1985) is an American-born Ivorian basketball player who currently plays for Lille Metropole in the French LNB Pro B. Kale was a four-year player for Providence College and started every game in his senior season, averaging a career best 10.1 PPG and 6.0 RPG. He finished in the top 15 on the Providence career list in offensive rebounds and field goal percentage. Kale was a member of the Côte d'Ivoire national basketball team at the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship. At the tournament, he helped the team to a surprise silver medal to qualify for the country's first FIBA World Championship in 24 years by averaging 5.6 PPG and 3.6 RPG. Following his performance at the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship, Kale signed his first professional contract with Anwil Włocławek of the Polish League on August 28, 2009. In July 2014, Kale signed with Lille Metropole in France.
P102
Ignaz Kiechle
Christian Social Union
Ignaz Kiechle
Ignaz Kiechle (23 February 1930 in Kempten im Allgäu, Bavaria – 2 December 2003 Reinharts near Kempten) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. From 1983 to 1993 he was Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry in Germany. From 1969 to 1994 he was a member of the Bundestag (German Parliament). Before he went in professional politics he was a farmer.
P831
Erie SeaWolves
Detroit Tigers
Niuman Romero
Niuman José Romero (born January 24, 1985) is a Venezuelan professional baseball infielder who is currently in the New York Mets organization. He made his major league debut on September 8, 2009, with the Cleveland Indians and also has played with the Boston Red Sox. Romero was originally signed by the Cleveland Indians as an amateur free agent in 2002. Three years later, he officially joined the Indians organization and played for the rookie-level Burlington Indians. Over the next four seasons, Romero played for the Lake County Captains, Kinston Indians, Akron Aeros, and Columbus Clippers. In late 2009, he made his major league debut and played in ten games. On May 1, 2010, Romero was acquired by the Boston Red Sox for cash considerations. On July 2, 2010, he was called up to replace Ángel Sánchez, who was traded to the Houston Astros for Kevin Cash. He only appeared in two games for the Red Sox in 2010 before he was designated for assignment and returned to the minors. He became a free agent after the season. On March 1, 2011 Romero signed a minor league contract with the Toronto Blue Jays. Romero was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies on May 25, 2011, for cash considerations. On July 16, 2011, Romero signed a minor league contract with the New York Mets and was assigned to the Double-A Binghamton Mets. He spent 2012 with the Erie SeaWolves of the Detroit Tigers organization, then joined the Baltimore Orioles organization for the 2013 season. Romero signed a minor league deal with the Colorado Rockies in January 2014, but was released shortly afterward. He signed with the Orioles in April 2014, and spent the season with the Bowie Baysox. With the Oakland Athletics organization in 2015, he played for the Triple-A Nashville Sounds before being released on August 5.
P570
Herbert Bunston
27 February 1935
Herbert Bunston
Herbert Bunston (15 April 1874 – 27 February 1935) was an English stage and screen actor. He is remembered for his role as Dr. John Seward in the Broadway and film versions of Dracula. Bunston was born in Dorset, and attended Cranleigh School in Surrey. He appeared on the British stage between 1896 and 1922, after which he emigrated to the United States. He first appeared on the Broadway stage in Arthur Wing Pinero's The Enchanted Cottage in 1923 alongside Katharine Cornell. Other roles included That Awful Mrs. Eaton! and Simon Called Peter in 1925. None of these plays ran as many as 100 performances. Bunston won strong critical notice for his next role in 1925's Young Woodley, which ran for 260 performances. On 5 October 1927, he debuted alongside Bela Lugosi and Edward Van Sloan in Dracula. Following his success in these last two plays, he signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Following a number of roles of greater and lesser significance, Bunston was cast to re-create his Broadway role in the film adaptation of Dracula (1931). Bunston continued to appear in character roles for the next four years until his death in Los Angeles in 1935.
P162
The Cocoanuts
Walter Wanger
The Cocoanuts
The Cocoanuts (1929) is the Marx Brothers' first feature-length film. Produced for Paramount Pictures by Walter Wanger, who is not credited, the musical comedy stars the four Marx Brothers, Oscar Shaw, Mary Eaton, and Margaret Dumont. It was the first sound film to credit more than one director (Robert Florey and Joseph Santley), and was adapted to the screen by Morrie Ryskind from the George S. Kaufman Broadway musical play. Five of the film's tunes were composed by Irving Berlin, including "When My Dreams Come True", sung by Oscar Shaw and Mary Eaton.
P749
Orange UK
EE Limited
T-Mobile UK
T-Mobile UK was a mobile network operator in the United Kingdom, owned by Deutsche Telekom since 1999, and originally launched as One2One. In 2009, Deutsche Telekom and Orange SA announced that the T-Mobile network was to be merged with Orange UK in a joint venture, EE Limited to form the UK's largest mobile network. EE continued to offer services under the T-Mobile brand until February 2015, when these were withdrawn in favour of EE plans.
P641
Gerardo Budowski
chess
Gerardo Budowski
Gerardo Budowski (10 June 1925 – 8 October 2014) was a German–Venezuelan chess master. He was born in Berlin into a family loving chess. His mother drew a game with José Raúl Capablanca in his simultaneous exhibition on 30 October 1925 in Berlin. His father had a friendly relationship with Alexander Alekhine who gave chess lessons to the child prodigy in Paris. Budowski left Nazi Germany for France, and then - during World War II - emigrated to Venezuela, where he obtained citizenship. Since 1952, he resided in Costa Rica. Dr. Budowski graduated in 1948 as an agricultural engineer from the Universidad Central in Caracas, Venezuela. He subsequently pursued a master's degree at the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA), located in Turrialba, Costa Rica. In 1962, he obtained his doctoral degree in Forestry from Yale University. He was Director General of IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) from 1970 to 1976, and Emeritus Professor of the University for Peace. He won the Campeón Absoluto de Venezuela title by beating by 6–0 Julio García (Campeón Nacional de Venezuela) in 1951. He also participated in other championships in Costa Rica in the 1950s. He won Costa Rican team championship, playing for Turrialba, in 1965. He represented Venezuela in the Chess Olympiad at Lugano 1968. He was awarded the International Master title. Dr. Budowski died of natural causes on October 8th, 2014 in San José, Costa Rica.
P19
Daniela Merighetti
Brescia
Daniela Merighetti
Daniela Merighetti (born 5 July 1981) is a World Cup alpine ski racer from Northern Italy. Born in Brescia, Lombardy, she has competed in the World Cup, three Winter Olympics, and five World Championships. In the 2010 Winter Olympics, Merighetti competed in the women's downhill, combined and super-G, but failed to finish. In the 2014 Winter Olympics, she competed in the women's downhill, where she came 4th, and super-G, where she failed to finish. She did not start in the combined. She won her first World Cup race in 2012 at age 30, in the downhill at Cortina d'Ampezzo in Italy on 14 January. It was her second World Cup podium, nearly nine years after her first in 2003.
P1344
Heidi Schmid
1968 Olympics
Heidi Schmid
Adelheid "Heidi" Schmid (after marriage Grundmann-Schmid, born 5 December 1938) is a retired German fencer who competed at the 1960, 1964 and 1968 Olympics in the individual and team foil events. She won an individual gold in 1960 and a team bronze medal in 1964.

Dataset Card for "relbert/t_rex"

Dataset Summary

This is the T-REX dataset proposed in https://aclanthology.org/L18-1544/. The test split is universal across different version, which is manually checked by the author of relbert/t_rex, and the test split contains predicates that is not included in the train/validation split. The number of triples in each split is summarized in the table below.

Note: To make it consistent with other datasets (nell and conceptnet), we rename predicate/subject/object as relation/head/tail.

  • Number of instances
train validation test
number of triples 1,274,264 318,566 122
number of unique relation types (predicate) 759 676 34

Filtering to Remove Noise

We apply filtering to keep triples with named-entities in either of head or tail (named-entity filter). Then, we remove predicates if they have less than three triples (rare-predicate filter). After the filtering, we manually remove too vague and noisy predicate, and unify same predicates with different names (see the annotation here). Finally, we remove triples that contain enties that has frequency less than 5 (frequnecy).

Dataset raw named-entity filter rare-predicate unify-denoise-predicate frequnecy
Triples 20,877,472 12,561,573 12,561,250 12,410,726 1,616,065
Predicate 1,616 1,470 1,237 839 839

Dataset Structure

An example looks as follows.

{
  "tail": "Persian",
  "head": "Tajik",
  "title": "Tandoor bread",
  "text": "Tandoor bread (Arabic: \u062e\u0628\u0632 \u062a\u0646\u0648\u0631 khubz tannoor, Armenian: \u0569\u0578\u0576\u056b\u0580 \u0570\u0561\u0581 tonir hats, Azerbaijani: T\u0259ndir \u00e7\u00f6r\u0259yi, Georgian: \u10d7\u10dd\u10dc\u10d8\u10e1 \u10de\u10e3\u10e0\u10d8 tonis puri, Kazakh: \u0442\u0430\u043d\u0434\u044b\u0440 \u043d\u0430\u043d tandyr nan, Kyrgyz: \u0442\u0430\u043d\u0434\u044b\u0440 \u043d\u0430\u043d tandyr nan, Persian: \u0646\u0627\u0646 \u062a\u0646\u0648\u0631\u06cc nan-e-tanuri, Tajik: \u043d\u043e\u043d\u0438 \u0442\u0430\u043d\u0443\u0440\u0439 noni tanuri, Turkish: Tand\u0131r ekme\u011fi, Uyghur: ) is a type of leavened bread baked in a clay oven called a tandoor, similar to naan. In Pakistan, tandoor breads are popular especially in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab regions, where naan breads are baked in tandoor clay ovens fired by wood or charcoal. These tandoor-prepared naans are known as tandoori naan.",
  "relation": "[Artifact] is a type of [Type]"
}

Reproduce the Dataset

git clone https://huggingface.co/datasets/relbert/t_rex
cd t_rex
mkdir data_raw
cd data_raw
cd data_raw
wget https://figshare.com/ndownloader/files/8760241
unzip 8760241
cd ../
python process.py
python unify_predicate.py
python min_entity_filter.py
python create_split.py

Citation Information

@inproceedings{elsahar2018t,
  title={T-rex: A large scale alignment of natural language with knowledge base triples},
  author={Elsahar, Hady and Vougiouklis, Pavlos and Remaci, Arslen and Gravier, Christophe and Hare, Jonathon and Laforest, Frederique and Simperl, Elena},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year={2018}
} 
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