Datasets:
xlwic

Task Categories: text-classification
Languages: en bg zh
Multilinguality: multilingual
Size Categories: 10K<n<100K
Language Creators: found
Annotations Creators: expert-generated
Source Datasets: original
Dataset Preview Go to dataset viewer
id (string)context_1 (string)context_2 (string)target_word (string)pos (string)target_word_location_1 (json)target_word_location_2 (json)language (string)label (int)
EN_0
Approach a task.
To approach the city.
approach
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 8 }
{ "char_start": 3, "char_end": 11 }
EN
0
EN_1
We like to summer in the Mediterranean.
We summered in Kashmir.
summer
V
{ "char_start": 11, "char_end": 17 }
{ "char_start": 3, "char_end": 11 }
EN
1
EN_2
The company agrees to meet the cost of any repairs.
This proposal meets my requirements.
meet
V
{ "char_start": 22, "char_end": 26 }
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 19 }
EN
1
EN_3
The organism has reached a crucial stage in its development.
Our news team brings you the latest developments.
development
N
{ "char_start": 48, "char_end": 59 }
{ "char_start": 36, "char_end": 48 }
EN
0
EN_4
The problem with achievement tests is the narrowness they impose on students.
Frustrated by the narrowness of people's horizons.
narrowness
N
{ "char_start": 42, "char_end": 52 }
{ "char_start": 18, "char_end": 28 }
EN
1
EN_5
The governor should act on the new energy bill.
Think before you act.
act
V
{ "char_start": 20, "char_end": 23 }
{ "char_start": 17, "char_end": 20 }
EN
1
EN_6
Port the helm.
Port arms!
port
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
EN
0
EN_7
The boat had a metallic finish.
He applied a coat of a clear finish.
finish
N
{ "char_start": 24, "char_end": 30 }
{ "char_start": 29, "char_end": 35 }
EN
1
EN_8
Dress the windows.
Marlene dressed herself.
dress
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 15 }
EN
0
EN_9
Strike a medal.
The boxer struck the attacker dead.
strike
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 6 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 16 }
EN
0
EN_10
It is important to use flux when soldering or oxides on the metal will prevent a good bond.
His opinions are in flux.
flux
N
{ "char_start": 23, "char_end": 27 }
{ "char_start": 20, "char_end": 24 }
EN
0
EN_11
You can create the color orange by mixing yellow and red.
The company was created 25 years ago.
create
V
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 16, "char_end": 23 }
EN
1
EN_12
The United Nations must have the power to propose and organize action without being hobbled by irrelevant issues.
Recent federal action undermined the segregationist position.
action
N
{ "char_start": 63, "char_end": 69 }
{ "char_start": 15, "char_end": 21 }
EN
1
EN_13
Spill the milk.
The former employee spilled all the details.
spill
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 20, "char_end": 27 }
EN
0
EN_14
Beat one's foot rhythmically.
I beat the traffic.
beat
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 6 }
EN
0
EN_15
The voice of the law.
Conservatism has many voices.
voice
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
{ "char_start": 22, "char_end": 28 }
EN
1
EN_16
He knocked lightly on the closed door of the study.
He is a quick study.
study
N
{ "char_start": 45, "char_end": 50 }
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 19 }
EN
0
EN_17
She was vice-presidential material.
He was university material.
material
N
{ "char_start": 26, "char_end": 34 }
{ "char_start": 18, "char_end": 26 }
EN
1
EN_18
He was suffering from museum fatigue.
The American public is experiencing scandal fatigue.
fatigue
N
{ "char_start": 29, "char_end": 36 }
{ "char_start": 44, "char_end": 51 }
EN
1
EN_19
The shark is a large fish.
In the living room there was a tank of colorful fish.
fish
N
{ "char_start": 21, "char_end": 25 }
{ "char_start": 48, "char_end": 52 }
EN
1
EN_20
Begin a new chapter in your life.
Begin a cigar.
begin
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
EN
0
EN_21
The solution took three hours.
They were trying to find a peaceful solution.
solution
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 12 }
{ "char_start": 36, "char_end": 44 }
EN
0
EN_22
They stopped at an open space in the jungle.
The astronauts walked in outer space without a tether.
space
N
{ "char_start": 24, "char_end": 29 }
{ "char_start": 31, "char_end": 36 }
EN
0
EN_23
He is still recovering from a shot to his leg.
I caught him with a solid shot to the chin.
shot
N
{ "char_start": 30, "char_end": 34 }
{ "char_start": 26, "char_end": 30 }
EN
1
EN_24
Do school counselors subvert young children?
We must not let our civil liberties be subverted by the current crisis.
subvert
V
{ "char_start": 21, "char_end": 28 }
{ "char_start": 39, "char_end": 48 }
EN
0
EN_25
A riding academy.
Academies of literature and philology.
academy
N
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 16 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 9 }
EN
0
EN_26
A bald spot.
A leopard's spots.
spot
N
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 17 }
EN
1
EN_27
Follow God's light.
Magoon's governorship in Cuba was viewed in a negative light by many Cuban historians for years thereafter.
light
N
{ "char_start": 13, "char_end": 18 }
{ "char_start": 55, "char_end": 60 }
EN
0
EN_28
The book wallah.
A kitchen wallah.
wallah
N
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 15 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 16 }
EN
1
EN_29
In the abdominal region.
The temperate regions.
region
N
{ "char_start": 17, "char_end": 23 }
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 21 }
EN
0
EN_30
These bonds carry warrants.
This new washer carries a two year guarantee.
carry
V
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 17 }
{ "char_start": 16, "char_end": 23 }
EN
1
EN_31
Raise the question of promotions.
Raise from the dead.
raise
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
EN
0
EN_32
Keep appointments.
We kept to the original conditions of the contract.
keep
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 3, "char_end": 7 }
EN
1
EN_33
It made a dent in my bank account.
The crash produced a dent in the left side of the car.
dent
N
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 21, "char_end": 25 }
EN
0
EN_34
After the fire a still small voice. -- 1 Kings 19:12.
The voice of the law.
voice
N
{ "char_start": 29, "char_end": 34 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
EN
0
EN_35
The cycle of the seasons, or of the year.
The never-ending cycle of the seasons.
cycle
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
{ "char_start": 17, "char_end": 22 }
EN
1
EN_36
I shall be writing to you soon.
3 times 5 is fifteen.
be
V
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 10 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 12 }
EN
1
EN_37
Paul laughed a cheerful laugh.
She laughed her excitement.
laugh
V
{ "char_start": 5, "char_end": 12 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 11 }
EN
1
EN_38
Our advertisements reach millions.
His hand reaches the river.
reach
V
{ "char_start": 19, "char_end": 24 }
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 16 }
EN
0
EN_39
A wall of prejudice.
The container's walls were blue.
wall
N
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 6 }
{ "char_start": 16, "char_end": 21 }
EN
0
EN_40
The change was intended to increase sales.
This storm is certainly a change for the worse.
change
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 10 }
{ "char_start": 26, "char_end": 32 }
EN
1
EN_41
This project is his baby.
Stand up for yourself-don't be such a baby!
baby
N
{ "char_start": 20, "char_end": 24 }
{ "char_start": 38, "char_end": 42 }
EN
0
EN_42
Settling a score.
The player with the highest score is the winner.
score
N
{ "char_start": 11, "char_end": 16 }
{ "char_start": 28, "char_end": 33 }
EN
0
EN_43
The owners decided to move and to close the factory.
My business closes every night at 8 P.M.
close
V
{ "char_start": 34, "char_end": 39 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 18 }
EN
1
EN_44
The connection between church and state is inescapable.
My headache has no connection with me going out last night.
connection
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 19, "char_end": 29 }
EN
1
EN_45
Go about the world in a certain manner.
We should go farther in this matter.
go
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 2 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 12 }
EN
1
EN_46
Do you know my sister?
I know him under a different name.
know
V
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 6 }
EN
1
EN_47
Rake gravel.
The gunfire raked the coast.
rake
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 17 }
EN
0
EN_48
"The quality of mercy is not strained" -- Shakespeare.
While being impulsive can be great for artists, it is not a desirable quality for engineers.
quality
N
{ "char_start": 5, "char_end": 12 }
{ "char_start": 70, "char_end": 77 }
EN
1
EN_49
The number 6 is the image of 3 under f that is defined as f(x) = 2*x.
The image of f(x) = x^2 is the set of all non-negative real numbers if the domain of the function is the set of all real numbers.
image
N
{ "char_start": 20, "char_end": 25 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
EN
1
EN_50
He could tell that she was unhappy.
She told him how he did it.
tell
V
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 13 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 8 }
EN
0
EN_51
The astronauts walked in outer space without a tether.
The space between his teeth.
space
N
{ "char_start": 31, "char_end": 36 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
EN
0
EN_52
It started to snow.
It is snowing.
snow
V
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 18 }
{ "char_start": 6, "char_end": 13 }
EN
1
EN_53
I will join you watching the football game as soon as I have finished my work.
She joined him for a drink.
join
V
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 10 }
EN
1
EN_54
Steve is a boy of 16.
She made the boy brush his teeth every night.
boy
N
{ "char_start": 11, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 13, "char_end": 16 }
EN
1
EN_55
Give an excuse.
What will you give her for her birthday?
give
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 18 }
EN
0
EN_56
Take a scene.
Take a test.
take
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
EN
0
EN_57
Draw pulp from the fruit.
They saw that the night was quickly drawing in, so they pitched their tent.
draw
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 36, "char_end": 43 }
EN
0
EN_58
Energy can take a wide variety of forms.
Europeans often laugh at American energy.
energy
N
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 6 }
{ "char_start": 34, "char_end": 40 }
EN
0
EN_59
Brim a cup to good fellowship.
The room brimmed with people.
brim
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 16 }
EN
0
EN_60
Mineral origin.
Vegetable origins.
origin
N
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 17 }
EN
1
EN_61
You should see a lawyer.
We had to see a psychiatrist.
see
V
{ "char_start": 11, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 13 }
EN
1
EN_62
Strike a bargain.
Strike fire from the flintstone.
strike
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 6 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 6 }
EN
0
EN_63
A unit of wheat is a bushel.
He was a member of a special police unit.
unit
N
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 6 }
{ "char_start": 36, "char_end": 40 }
EN
0
EN_64
Shoot a movie.
Shoot a basket.
shoot
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
EN
0
EN_65
A good title to an estate, or an imperfect title.
His title to fame.
title
N
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 12 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
EN
0
EN_66
Shoot a basket.
Shoot a goal.
shoot
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
EN
1
EN_67
Now the conductor will couple the train cars.
I've coupled our system to theirs.
couple
V
{ "char_start": 23, "char_end": 29 }
{ "char_start": 5, "char_end": 12 }
EN
1
EN_68
The word "kerosine" is a variant of "kerosene".
A variant of the same word.
variant
N
{ "char_start": 25, "char_end": 32 }
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 9 }
EN
1
EN_69
The application of maximum thrust.
Massage has far-reaching medical applications.
application
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 15 }
{ "char_start": 33, "char_end": 45 }
EN
1
EN_70
He predicted that although it is of small account now it will rapidly increase in importance.
The account of his speech that was given on the evening news made the governor furious.
account
N
{ "char_start": 42, "char_end": 49 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 11 }
EN
0
EN_71
The story is false, so far as I can discover.
I discovered what to do.
discover
V
{ "char_start": 36, "char_end": 44 }
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 12 }
EN
1
EN_72
In the interest of safety.
Victorian furniture is an interest of mine.
interest
N
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 15 }
{ "char_start": 26, "char_end": 34 }
EN
0
EN_73
Come into the room.
He came from France.
come
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 4 }
{ "char_start": 3, "char_end": 7 }
EN
1
EN_74
He started the company in his garage.
He only invests in large well-established companies.
company
N
{ "char_start": 15, "char_end": 22 }
{ "char_start": 42, "char_end": 51 }
EN
1
EN_75
I can't remember saying any such thing.
I remember the concert clearly, but I can't recollect why I was there.
remember
V
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 16 }
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 10 }
EN
1
EN_76
The course of the river.
He took a course in basket weaving.
course
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 10 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 16 }
EN
0
EN_77
He had a bowel movement.
It was an expensive watch with a diamond movement.
movement
N
{ "char_start": 15, "char_end": 23 }
{ "char_start": 41, "char_end": 49 }
EN
0
EN_78
He wanted to live his own life without interference from others.
She's my love, my life.
life
N
{ "char_start": 26, "char_end": 30 }
{ "char_start": 18, "char_end": 22 }
EN
0
EN_79
He managed to multiply his profits.
He had been multiplying, but it occurred to him he needed to resolve the exponents, first.
multiply
V
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 22 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 23 }
EN
1
EN_80
It takes time to learn the setup around here.
The laboratory included an elaborate setup for measuring the energy.
setup
N
{ "char_start": 27, "char_end": 32 }
{ "char_start": 37, "char_end": 42 }
EN
0
EN_81
Don't approach that house.
He was an admirable poet, and thought even to have approached Homer. -- Sir William Temple.
approach
V
{ "char_start": 6, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 51, "char_end": 61 }
EN
1
EN_82
A public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens.
The forces of evil.
force
N
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 10 }
EN
0
EN_83
Many deaf people communicate with sign language.
I feel I hardly know him; I just wish he'd communicate with me a little more.
communicate
V
{ "char_start": 17, "char_end": 28 }
{ "char_start": 43, "char_end": 54 }
EN
1
EN_84
I gather from Aunty May that you had a good day at the match.
Let's gather in the dining room.
gather
V
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 8 }
{ "char_start": 6, "char_end": 12 }
EN
0
EN_85
Float the plaster.
The balloon floated off into the distance.
float
V
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 5 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 19 }
EN
0
EN_86
In chess your should take care of your development before moving your queen.
Recent developments in Iraq.
development
N
{ "char_start": 39, "char_end": 50 }
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 19 }
EN
0
EN_87
The pursuit of love.
Unremitting pursuit of wealth doesn't bring happiness, particularly if successful.
pursuit
N
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 19 }
EN
0
EN_88
A filming session.
A gossip session.
session
N
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 17 }
{ "char_start": 9, "char_end": 16 }
EN
1
EN_89
He is an avid collector of nineteenth-century postage stamps.
That old piano is just a big dust collector.
collector
N
{ "char_start": 14, "char_end": 23 }
{ "char_start": 34, "char_end": 43 }
EN
1
EN_90
In the deep of winter.
In the deep of night.
deep
N
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 7, "char_end": 11 }
EN
1
EN_91
The idea of motion was always to the forefront of his mind and central to his philosophy.
That laboratory researches topics at the forefront of technology.
forefront
N
{ "char_start": 37, "char_end": 46 }
{ "char_start": 41, "char_end": 50 }
EN
1
EN_92
The medical resident finished a two-week rotation in pediatrics and began one in orthopaedics.
Crop rotation makes a balanced demand on the fertility of the soil.
rotation
N
{ "char_start": 41, "char_end": 49 }
{ "char_start": 5, "char_end": 13 }
EN
1
EN_93
We vaccinate against scarlet fever.
The nurse vaccinated the children in the school.
vaccinate
V
{ "char_start": 3, "char_end": 12 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 20 }
EN
1
EN_94
I'm really seeing you in a different light today.
The light of my life.
light
N
{ "char_start": 37, "char_end": 42 }
{ "char_start": 4, "char_end": 9 }
EN
1
EN_95
Don't go outside wearing just a t-shirt; you'll freeze!
Freeze the leftover food.
freeze
V
{ "char_start": 48, "char_end": 54 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 6 }
EN
0
EN_96
You can obtain a transcript of this radio program by sending a self-addressed envelope to the station.
He read a transcript of the interrogation.
transcript
N
{ "char_start": 17, "char_end": 27 }
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 20 }
EN
1
EN_97
You are trying my patience.
Try the yak butter.
try
V
{ "char_start": 8, "char_end": 14 }
{ "char_start": 0, "char_end": 3 }
EN
0
EN_98
The green party took 12% of the vote.
In 1992 Perot tried to organize a third party at the national level.
party
N
{ "char_start": 10, "char_end": 15 }
{ "char_start": 40, "char_end": 45 }
EN
1
EN_99
A formation of planes.
A defensive formation.
formation
N
{ "char_start": 2, "char_end": 11 }
{ "char_start": 12, "char_end": 21 }
EN
1
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

XL-WiC

Huggingface dataset for the XL-WiC paper https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/2020.emnlp-main.584.pdf. Please refer to the official website for more information.

Configurations

When loading one of the XL-WSD datasets one has to specify the training language and the target language (on which dev and test will be performed). Please refer to Languages section to see in which languages training data is available. For example, we can load the dataset having English as training language and Italian as target language as follows:

from datasets import load_dataset
dataset = load_dataset('pasinit/xlwic', 'en_it')

Languages

Training data

  • en (English)
  • fr (French)
  • de (German)
  • it (Italian)

Dev & Test data

  • fr (French)
  • de (German)
  • it (Italian)
  • bg (Bulgarian)
  • zh (Chinese)
  • hr (Croatian)
  • da (Danish)
  • nl (Dutch)
  • et (Estonian)
  • fa (Farsi)
  • ja (Japanesse)
  • ko (Korean)
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