text
stringlengths
0
3.53M
url
null
domain
null
perplexity
float64
1.4
1.25M
dup_ratio
float64
0
221
pairs
sequence
repetitions
sequence
cluster
sequence
It is done, and submitted. You can play "Survival of the Tastiest" on Android, and on the web. Playing on the web works, but you have to simulate multi-touch for table moving and that can be a bit confusing. There's a lot I'd like to talk about. I'll go through every topic, insted of making the typical what went right/wrong list. Concept Working over the theme was probably one of the hardest tasks I had to face. Originally, I had an idea of what kind of game I wanted to develop, gameplay wise - something with lots of enemies/actors, simple graphics, maybe set in space, controlled from a top-down view. I was confident I could fit any theme around it. In the end, the problem with a theme like "Evolution" in a game is that evolution is unassisted. It happens through several seemingly random mutations over time, with the most apt permutation surviving. This genetic car simulator is, in my opinion, a great example of actual evolution of a species facing a challenge. But is it a game? In a game, you need to control something to reach an objective. That control goes against what evolution is supposed to be like. If you allow the user to pick how to evolve something, it's not evolution anymore - it's the equivalent of intelligent design, the fable invented by creationists to combat the very idea of evolution. Being agnostic and a Pastafarian, that's not something that rubbed me the right way. Hence, my biggest dillema when deciding what to create was not with what I wanted to create, but with what I did not. I didn't want to create an "intelligent design" simulator and wrongly call it evolution. This is a problem, of course, every other contestant also had to face. And judging by the entries submitted, not many managed to work around it. I'd say the only real solution was through the use of artificial selection, somehow. So far, I haven't seen any entry using this at its core gameplay. Alas, this is just a fun competition and after a while I decided not to be as strict with the game idea, and allowed myself to pick whatever I thought would work out. My initial idea was to create something where humanity tried to evolve to a next level but had some kind of foe trying to stop them from doing so. I kind of had this image of human souls flying in space towards a monolith or a space baby (all based in 0000: A Space Odyssey of course) but I couldn't think of compelling (read: serious) mechanics for that. Borgs were my next inspiration, as their whole hypothesis fit pretty well into the evolution theme. But how to make it work? Are you the borg, or fighting the Borg? The third and final idea came to me through my girlfriend, who somehow gave me the idea of making something about the evolution of Pasta. The more I thought about it the more it sounded like it would work, so I decided to go with it. Conversations with my inspiring co-worker Roushey (who also created the "Mechanical Underdogs" signature logo for my intros) further matured the concept, as it involved into the idea of having individual pieces of pasta flying around and trying to evolve until they became all-powerful. A secondary idea here was that the game would work to explain how the Flying Spaghetti Monster came to exist - by evolving from a normal dinner table. So the idea evolved more or less into this: you are sitting a table. You have your own plate, with is your "base". There are 0 other guests at the table, each with their own plate. Your plate can spawn little pieces of pasta. You do so by "ordering" them through a menu. Some pastas are better than others; some are faster, some are stronger. They have varying costs, which are debited from your credits (you start with a number of credits). Once spawned, your pastas start flying around. Their instinct is to fly to other plates, in order to conquer them (the objective of the game is having your pasta conquer all the plates on the table). But they are really autonomous, so after being spawned, you have no control over your pasta (think DotA or LoL creeps). Your pasta doesn't like other people's pasta, so if they meet, they shoot sauce at each other until one dies. You get credits for other pastas your own pasta kill. Once a pasta is in the vicinity of a plate, it starts conquering it for its team. It takes around 00 seconds for a plate to be conquered; less if more pasta from the same team are around. If pasta from other team are around, though, they get locked down in their attempt, unable to conquer the plate, until one of them die (think Battlefield's standard "Conquest" mode). You get points every second for every plate you own. Over time, the concept also evolved to use an Italian bistro as its main scenario. Carlos, Carlos' Bistro's founder and owner Setup No major changes were made from my work setup. I used FDT and Starling creating an Adobe AIR (ActionScript) project, all tools or frameworks I already had some knowledge with. One big change for me was that I livestreamed my work through a twitch.tv account. This was a new thing for me. As recommended by Roushey, I used a program called XSplit and I got to say, it is pretty amazing. It made the livestream pretty effortless and the features are awesome, even for the free version. It was great to have some of my friends watch me, and then interact with them and random people through chat. It was also good knowing that I was also recording a local version of the files, so I could make a timelapse video later. Knowing the video was being recorded also made me a lot more self-conscious about my computer use, as if someone was watching over my shoulder. It made me realize that sometimes I spend too much time in seemingly inane tasks (I ended up wasting the longest time just to get some text alignment the way I wanted - it'll probably drive someone crazy if they watch it) and that I do way too many typos where writing code. I pretty much spend half of the time writing a line and the other half fixing the crazy characters in it. My own stream was probably boring to watch since I was coding for the most time. But livestreaming is one of the cool things to do as a spectator too. It was great seeing other people working - I had a few tabs opened on my second monitor all the time. It's actually a bit sad, because if I could, I could have spent the whole weekend just watching other people working! But I had to do my own work, so I'd only do it once in a while, when resting for a bit. Design Although I wanted some simple, low-fi, high-contrast kind of design, I ended up going with somewhat realistic (vector) art. I think it worked very well, fitting the mood of the game, but I also went overboard. For example: to know the state of a plate (who owns it, who's conquering it and how much time they have left before conquering it, which pasta units are in the queue, etc), you have to look at the plate's bill. The problem I realized when doing some tests is that people never look at the bill! They think it's some kind of prop, so they never actually read its details. Plus, if you're zoomed out too much, you can't actually read it, so it's hard to know what's going on with the game until you zoom in to the area of a specific plate. One other solution that didn't turn out to be as perfect as I thought was how to indicate who a plate base belongs to. In the game, that's indicated by the plate's decoration - its color denotes the team owner. But it's something that fits so well into the design that people never realized it, until they were told about it. In the end, the idea of going with a full physical metaphor is one that should be done with care. Things that are very important risk becoming background noise, unless the player knows its importance. Originally, I wanted to avoid any kind of heads-up display in my game. In the end, I ended up adding it at the bottom to indicate your credits and bases owned, as well as the hideous out-of-place-and-still-not-obvious "Call Waiter" button. But in hindsight, I should have gone with a simple HUD from the start, especially one that indicated each team's colors and general state of the game without the need for zooming in and out. Development Development went fast. But not fast enough. Even though I worked around 00+ hours for this Ludum Dare, the biggest problem I had to face in the end was overscoping. I had too much planned, and couldn't get it all done. Content-wise, I had several kinds of pasta planned (Wikipedia is just amazing in that regard), split into several different groups, from small Pastina to huge Pasta al forno. But because of time constraints, I ended up scratching most of them, and ended up with 0 different types of very small pasta - barely something to start when talking about the evolution of Pasta. Pastas used in the game. Unfortunately, the macs where never used Which is one of the saddest things about the project, really. It had the framework and the features to allow an endless number of elements in there, but I just didn't have time to draw the rest of the assets needed (something I loved to do, by the way). Other non-obvious features had to be dropped, too. For example, when ordering some pasta, you were supposed to select what kind of sauce you'd like with your pasta, each with different attributes. Bolognese, for example, is very strong, but inaccurate; Pesto is very accurate and has great range, but it's weaker; and my favorite, Vodka, would triggers 00% loss of speed on the pasta hit by it. The code for that is mostly in there. But in the end, I didn't have time to implement the sauce selection interface; all pasta ended up using bolognese sauce. To-do list: lots of things were not done Actual programming also took a toll in the development time. Having been programming for a while, I like to believe I got to a point where I know how to make things right, but at the expense of forgetting how to do things wrong in a seemingly good way. What I mean is that I had to take a lot of shortcuts in my code to save time (e.g. a lot of singletons references for cross-communication rather than events or observers, all-encompassing check loops, not fast enough) that left a very sour taste in my mouth. While I know I used to do those a few years ago and survive, I almost cannot accept the state my code is in right now. At the same time, I do know it was the right thing to do given the timeframe. One small thing that had some impact was using a somewhat new platform for me. That's Starling, the accelerated graphics framework I used in Flash. I had tested it before and I knew how to use it well - the API is very similar to Flash itself. However, there were some small details that had some impact during development, making me feel somewhat uneasy the whole time I was writing the game. It was, again, the right thing to do, but I should have used Starling more deeply before (which is the conundrum: I used it for Ludum Dare just so I could learn more about it). Argument and user experience One final aspect of the game that I learned is that making the game obvious for your players goes a long way into making it fun. If you have to spend the longest time explaining things, your game is doing something wrong. And that's exactly the problem Survival of the Tastiest ultimately faced. It's very hard for people to understand what's going on with the game, why, and how. I did have some introductory text at the beginning, but that was a last-minute thing. More importantly, I should have had a better interface or simplified the whole concept so it would be easier for people to understand. That doesn't mean the game itself should be simple. It just means that the experience and interface should be approachable and understandable. Conclusion I'm extremely happy with what I've done and, especially given that this was my first Ludum Dare. However, I feel like I've learned a lot of what not to do. The biggest problem is overscoping. Like Eric Decker said, the biggest lesson we can learn with this is probably with scoping - deciding what to do beforehand in a way you can complete it without having to rush and do something half-assed. I'm sure I will do more Ludum Dares in the future. But if there are any lessons I can take of it, they are to make it simple, to use frameworks and platforms you already have some absolute experience with (otherwise you'll spend too much time trying to solve easy questions), and to scope for a game that you can complete in one day only (that way, you can actually take two days and make it cool). This entry was posted on Monday, August 00th, 0000 at 00:00 am and is filed under LD #00. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 0.0 feed. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed. 0 Responses to ""Survival of the Tastiest" Post-mortem" darn it , knowing that I missed your livestream makes me a sad panda ;( but more to the point, the game is ... well for a startup its original to say the least ;D it has some really neat ideas and more importantly its designed arround touch screens whitch by the looks of the submission is something rare ;o or that could be just me and my short memory -_-! awesum game, love et <0
null
null
294.3
1
[ [ 12691, 12844 ] ]
[ [ 48, 46, 32, 89, 111, 117, 32, 99, 97, 110, 32, 102, 111, 108, 108, 111, 119, 32, 97, 110, 121, 32, 114, 101, 115, 112, 111, 110, 115, 101, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 105, 115, 32, 101, 110, 116, 114, 121, 32, 116, 104, 114, 111, 117, 103, 104, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 82, 83, 83, 32, 48, 46, 48, 32, 102, 101, 101, 100, 46, 32, 89, 111, 117, 32, 99, 97, 110, 32, 115, 107, 105, 112, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 110, 100, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 108, 101, 97, 118, 101, 32, 97, 32, 114, 101, 115, 112, 111, 110, 115, 101, 46, 32, 80, 105, 110, 103, 105, 110, 103, 32, 105, 115, 32, 99, 117, 114, 114, 101, 110, 116, 108, 121, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 97, 108, 108, 111, 119, 101, 100, 46, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 0 ] ]
<?xml version="0.0" encoding="UTF-0"?> <segment> <name>PD0</name> <description>Patient Additional Demographic</description> <elements> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Living Dependency</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Living Arrangement</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Patient Primary Facility</description> <datatype>XON</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Patient Primary Care Provider Name &amp; ID No.</description> <datatype>XCN</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Student Indicator</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Handicap</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Living Will Code</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Organ Donor Code</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.0</name> <description>Separate Bill</description> <datatype>ID</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Duplicate Patient</description> <datatype>CX</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Publicity Code</description> <datatype>CE</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Protection Indicator</description> <datatype>ID</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Protection Indicator Effective Date</description> <datatype>DT</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Place of Worship</description> <datatype>XON</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Advance Directive Code</description> <datatype>CE</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Immunization Registry Status</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Immunization Registry Status Effective Date</description> <datatype>DT</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Publicity Code Effective Date</description> <datatype>DT</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Military Branch</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Military Rank/Grade</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> <field minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="0"> <name>PD0.00</name> <description>Military Status</description> <datatype>IS</datatype> </field> </elements> </segment>
null
null
978.4
90
[ [ 13437, 13549 ], [ 13559, 13739 ], [ 13750, 13939 ], [ 13947, 14137 ], [ 14208, 14343 ], [ 14359, 14532 ], [ 14540, 14720 ], [ 14724, 14902 ], [ 14913, 15092 ], [ 15104, 15278 ], [ 15335, 16061 ], [ 16076, 16251 ], [ 16268, 17078 ], [ 17084, 17267 ], [ 17275, 17541 ] ]
[ [ 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 76, 105, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 76, 105, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 97, 116, 105, 101, 110, 116, 32, 80, 114, 105, 109, 97, 114, 121, 32 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 88, 79, 78, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 97, 116, 105, 101, 110, 116, 32, 80, 114, 105, 109, 97, 114, 121, 32 ], [ 78, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 83 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 76, 105, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32 ], [ 32, 67, 111, 100, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62 ], [ 32, 67, 111, 100, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 83 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 68, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 117, 98, 108, 105, 99, 105, 116, 121, 32, 67, 111, 100, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 67, 69, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 114, 111, 116, 101, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 73, 110, 100, 105, 99, 97, 116, 111, 114, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 68, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 114, 111, 116, 101, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 73, 110, 100, 105, 99, 97, 116, 111, 114, 32, 69, 102, 102, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 68, 97, 116, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 68, 84, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 88, 79, 78, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62 ], [ 32, 67, 111, 100, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 67, 69, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 73, 109, 109, 117, 110, 105, 122, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 82, 101, 103, 105, 115, 116, 114, 121, 32, 83, 116, 97, 116, 117, 115, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 73, 109, 109, 117, 110, 105, 122, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 82, 101, 103, 105, 115, 116, 114, 121, 32, 83, 116, 97, 116, 117, 115, 32, 69, 102, 102, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 68, 97, 116, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 68, 84, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 80, 117, 98, 108, 105, 99, 105, 116, 121, 32, 67, 111, 100, 101, 32, 69, 102, 102, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 68, 97, 116, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 68, 84, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 77, 105, 108, 105, 116, 97, 114, 121, 32 ], [ 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 77, 105, 108, 105, 116, 97, 114, 121, 32 ], [ 100, 101, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 109, 105, 110, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 32, 109, 97, 120, 79, 99, 99, 117, 114, 115, 61, 34, 48, 34, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 80, 68, 48, 46, 48, 48, 60, 47, 110, 97, 109, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 77, 105, 108, 105, 116, 97, 114, 121, 32, 83, 116, 97, 116, 117, 115, 60, 47, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 105, 111, 110, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 73, 83, 60, 47, 100, 97, 116, 97, 116, 121, 112, 101, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 60, 47, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 62, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ], [ 1 ] ]
Article content Human behavior has a tremendous impact on investing - more so than most realize - and one of our biggest weaknesses is the tendency to constantly compare and contrast ourselves to others. [np_storybar title="Follow Financial Post" link=""] We apologize, but this video has failed to load. tap here to see other videos from our team. Try refreshing your browser, or Three signs bubbles are brewing again in the market - and one of them has wheels Back to video • Twitter • Facebook [/np_storybar] For example, a 0000 study by the Harvard School of Public Health indicated that people will forgo a stronger income scenario in favour of a weaker one as long as it meant earning more than their neighbours. Unfortunately, many in the investment world are keenly aware of this and will structure their marketing efforts accordingly. As a result, you have a compounding of momentum or trends in the market as investors buy at or near market tops for fear of not doing as well as or better than others. For the same reason, investors piled into technology stocks in 0000 with only the promise of earnings in some distant future, and into housing-related investments in 0000 that were backstopped by very low incomes.
null
null
513.4
10
[ [ 17831, 17961 ] ]
[ [ 32, 32, 87, 101, 32, 97, 112, 111, 108, 111, 103, 105, 122, 101, 44, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 116, 104, 105, 115, 32, 118, 105, 100, 101, 111, 32, 104, 97, 115, 32, 102, 97, 105, 108, 101, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 108, 111, 97, 100, 46, 32, 32, 116, 97, 112, 32, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 116, 111, 32, 115, 101, 101, 32, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 118, 105, 100, 101, 111, 115, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 32, 111, 117, 114, 32, 116, 101, 97, 109, 46, 32, 84, 114, 121, 32, 114, 101, 102, 114, 101, 115, 104, 105, 110, 103, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 98, 114, 111, 119, 115, 101, 114, 44, 32, 111, 114, 32, 84, 104 ] ]
[ [ 2 ] ]
Topic: reinvent midnight madness Amazon announced a new service at the AWS re:Invent Midnight Madness event. Amazon Sumerian is a solution that aims to make it easier for developers to build virtual reality, augmented reality, and 0D applications. It features a user friendly editor, which can be used to drag and drop 0D objects and characters into scenes. Amazon ... continue reading
null
null
264.7
0
[]
[]
[]
About Grand Slam Fishing Charters As a family owned business we know how important it is that your trip becomes the best memory of your vacation, we are proud of our islands, our waters and our crew and we are desperate show you the best possible time during your stay. We can not guarantee fish every time but we can guarantee you a great time! The biggest perk of our job is seeing so many of our customers become close friends" A Great Way To Make New Friends! Our dockside parties are a great way to make new friends! Everyone is welcome! Andrea runs the whole operation, from discussing your initial needs by phone or email through to ensuring you have sufficient potato chips. Andrea has worked as concierge for many International resorts and fully understands the high expectations of international visitors. "Life's A Game But Fishing Is Serious!" Unlike many tour operators, our crew are highly valued and have been with us since day 0. Each have their own personalities and sense of humour and understand the importance of making your day perfect, for us the saying is true, "Lifes a game but fishing is serious!" TRIP ADVISOR Plan Your Trip! AJ and Earl were excellent. My son and I did a half day deep sea trip and though the fish weren't too cooperative, they did everything to try to get something to bite. Very knowledgeable about the waters and my son was able to land a nice barracuda. The next day my wife, daughter, son [...] When we arrived the crew made us feel right at home. They made us feel comfortable and answered all questions. The crew worked hard all day to put us on fish. We were successful in landing a nice size Wahoo even though the weather did not cooperate the entire day was enjoyable. I highly recommend [...]
null
null
736.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: Why was Mundungus banned from the Hog's Head? In Order of the Phoenix while the trio were in the Hogs Head for the first time plotting the start of Dumbledore's Army, it transpires that ol' Dung was lurking in the pub in a disguise, having been banned 00 years previously according to Sirius. Firstly, why was he banned? this could possibly be the tight spot that Albus had helped Dung with in the first place that made him loyal to Albus. And secondly, how is it that he is then speaking to Aberforth in Halfblood Prince? (assuming the ban was for something rather unforgivable, 00 years is a long time?) They both could have been in the Order by then, but unlikely given Aberforth's attitude in Deathly Hallows once the trio arrive in Hogsmeade looking for the tiara. We learn now that a lot of trafficking goes on through the Hogs Head so maybe Dung was trading with Aberforth, Sirius' mirror and various other Black artifacts, he just was not allowed in the pub. Anyone with something in canon or more plausible? A: why was he banned? I'm not able to find any canon data on that, either book text search or interviews transcripts. how is it that he is then speaking to Aberforth in Halfblood Prince? In HBP, he's speaking to Aberforth, NOT being inside Hog's Head. The topic was selling stuff he stole from Sirius' place: Nikki: How did sirius twoway mirror end up with aberforth or is it another twoway mirror? J.K. Rowling: You see Aberforth meeting Mundungus in Hogsmeade. That was the occasion on which Dung, who had taken Sirius's mirror from Grimmauld Place, sold it to Aberforth. (src: J.K. Rowling Interview / The Deathly Hallows Web Chat / July 0000) As a note - this was important since one of the things sold was the 0-way mirror that Harry used to request help when they were imprisoned at Malfoy's in DH. So, he was banned from the pub (probably, to avoid causing Aberforth's establishment further trouble), but doesn't mean Aberforth won't talk/do business with him otherwise.
null
null
587.6
6
[ [ 21438, 21508 ], [ 22125, 22195 ] ]
[ [ 32, 104, 111, 119, 32, 105, 115, 32, 105, 116, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 104, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 104, 101, 110, 32, 115, 112, 101, 97, 107, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 65, 98, 101, 114, 102, 111, 114, 116, 104, 32, 105, 110, 32, 72, 97, 108, 102, 98, 108, 111, 111, 100, 32, 80, 114, 105, 110, 99, 101, 63, 32 ], [ 32, 104, 111, 119, 32, 105, 115, 32, 105, 116, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 104, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 104, 101, 110, 32, 115, 112, 101, 97, 107, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 65, 98, 101, 114, 102, 111, 114, 116, 104, 32, 105, 110, 32, 72, 97, 108, 102, 98, 108, 111, 111, 100, 32, 80, 114, 105, 110, 99, 101, 63, 32 ] ]
[ [ 5 ], [ 5 ] ]
Working Women, Special Provision and the Debate on Equality There has been considerable coverage in the media recently about the possibility of offering women in employment paid leave from work during their menstrual period. This has generated a broad range of responses relating to long-standing discussions about ‘equality' and ‘difference': is women's equality best achieved by treating them the same as men or by making provisions that recognise their differences in terms of physiological constitution and biological functions? If the UK introduces such an initiative, it would not be the first country in the contemporary world to do so. Many countries in Asia already make the provision and Russia debated introducing a law in 0000. The policy also has a significant historical precedent. A whole chapter of my book Women Workers in the Soviet Interwar Economy: From ‘Protection' to ‘Equality' (Macmillan, 0000), based on extensive research conducted for my PhD, is devoted to ‘Provision for "Menstrual Leave"'. In the 0000s, scientific researchers and labour hygiene specialists in the Soviet Union conducted extensive investigations into the impact of menstruation on women's capacity to work in manual and industrial jobs requiring a significant degree of physical labour. Their recommendations led to two decrees being issued that targeted specific categories of women workers: Decree ‘On the release from work during menstruation of machinists and iron press workers working on cutting machines without mechanised gears in the garment industry', 00 January 0000 Decree ‘On the working conditions of women tractor and lorry drivers', 0 May 0000 These decrees arose from research that suggested, amongst other things, that inadequate seating at machines and on tractors resulted in congestion and tension in the abdomen that was exacerbated during menstruation. In practice, the decrees did not provide for regular absence from work. Women seeking to benefit from the provision had to provide a doctor's note, similar to the usual requirements for sick leave. The official research into the impact of menstruation on women's capacity to work and the application of the decrees in practice raised a number of issues on both sides of the argument. I offer only a summary of the contemporary research findings and observer commentary here: For the provision: • employers have a responsibility to protect the health of their workers and unhealthy, poor and inadequate working environments can have a detrimental impact on women's reproductive health • women's labour productivity and output would rise as a result • it is essential to protect the professionalism of certain categories of workers: the debates here centred on performance artists and female theatrical employees engaged in highly physical and intensely emotional work • heavy physical labour and strenuous exercise can lead to disruptions of the menstrual cycle • women's physical and intellectual capacities are reduced during menstruation; women lose muscular strength and powers of concentration • women's biological constitution and reproductive functions require specific recognition in law Against the provision: • employers are less likely to appoint women if they are guaranteed paid time off work during menstruation • (often from male workers, who viewed the employment of women as competition) women should not be employed in jobs for which they lack the physical strength and mental capacity • if necessary, women could be transferred to different tasks involving easier work during menstruation • the provision would be open to uneven application and abuse • women cannot expect to be considered equal with men if they are given special treatment in the law It is worth noting also that the various research projects often revealed that the vast majority of women reported no regular problems or abnormalities with menstruation, and that men commonly reported higher levels of sickness than their female colleagues. Many of the problems experienced by women in the workplace could be mitigated by the introduction of improvements to their physical working conditions (not sitting down or standing up in the same position for long periods of time) or by the simple introduction of very short breaks that would allow women to walk around and get some exercise. Debates in the UK, on the TV and in the press, are unlikely to reach a consensus on this issue. What do you think?
null
null
305.5
2
[ [ 24151, 24212 ], [ 25109, 25170 ] ]
[ [ 32, 105, 110, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 109, 112, 97, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 101, 110, 115, 116, 114, 117, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 110, 32, 119, 111, 109, 101, 110, 39, 115, 32, 99, 97, 112, 97, 99, 105, 116, 121, 32, 116, 111, 32, 119, 111, 114, 107, 32 ], [ 32, 105, 110, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 109, 112, 97, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 101, 110, 115, 116, 114, 117, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 110, 32, 119, 111, 109, 101, 110, 39, 115, 32, 99, 97, 112, 97, 99, 105, 116, 121, 32, 116, 111, 32, 119, 111, 114, 107, 32 ] ]
[ [ 6 ], [ 6 ] ]
Q: Using M-Test to show you can differentiate term by term. I have the series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{\lambda^{n-0}n}{n!}=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{d}{d\lambda}\big(\frac{\lambda^n}{n!} \big)$ and I would like it to be $\frac{d}{d\lambda}\big(\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{\lambda^n}{n!})$. I'm trying to show that this sequence of functions converges uniformly on $(0,\infty)$ and so I'm trying the M-Test. So I need to find bounds $M_n$ for $\big|\frac{\lambda^n}{n!}\big|$, such that $\sum M_n$ converges. Thanks. This is in order to show that I can actually do the differentiation term by term. A: You deal with a power series with radius of convergence $R=+\infty$ so you can differentiate term by term.
null
null
1,009.1
0
[]
[]
[]
Jeanette Sawyer Cohen, PhD, clinical assistant professor of psychology in pediatrics at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City Pediatric Psychologist How to Teach Independence? How can I teach my toddler to do things independently? You've probably become more patient since you started this whole parenthood thing. And you're going to have to practice patience even more as your toddler learns to become more independent. For example, she tells you she can't finish the puzzle she's doing. Instead of jumping right in and telling her which piece goes where, you're going to have to tell her you'll help a little. Go ahead and help, but let her do a lot of it herself, and make sure she's the one to finish the job. That will give her a sense of accomplishment and the confidence to try again next time. Remember that children each progress at their own rate. It's not always fast - and there will be setbacks along the way. But the more you can allow them to do on their own without stepping in, the more they'll be likely to try for themselves again and again.
null
null
284.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: What's the simplest way to pass a file as an argument in a simple shell script? The following works fine on Mac OS X: #!/bin/bash R CMD Sweave myfile.Rnw pdflatex myfile.tex open myfile.pdf Now, I realize that these 0 lines of code are really helpful for my work - independently of some particular file. Thus I'd like to use the file as an argument. I know how to use an argument itself but have problems splitting the input after the string and concat it afterwards. If I was able to split the filename argument like: split($0,".") # return some array or list ("name","ext") Or is there a simpler, completely different way than using Python within a shell script? Thx in advance for any general advice and examples as well ! A: I do all my shell scripting in python. It's easier to read, more powerful and works on windows as well. A: You could just take the base name as an argument and use $0.Rnw, $0.tex, and $0.pdf. Python is great for shell scripts, but I usually stick with bash for things less than 00 lines long. If you really want to take a file name, you can use cut -f 0 -d '.' $0.
null
null
838.5
0
[]
[]
[]
Major League Baseball All-Century Team In 0000, the Major League Baseball All-Century Team was chosen by popular vote of fans. To select the team, a panel of experts first compiled a list of the 000 greatest Major League Baseball players from the past century. Over two million fans then voted on the players using paper and online ballots. The top two vote-getters from each position, except outfielders (nine), and the top six pitchers were placed on the team. A select panel then added five legends to create a thirty-man team: - Warren Spahn (who finished #00 among pitchers), Christy Mathewson (#00 among pitchers), Lefty Grove (#00 among pitchers), Honus Wagner (#0 among shortstops), and Stan Musial (#00 among outfielders). The nominees for the All-Century team were presented at the 0000 All-Star Game at Fenway Park. Preceding Game 0 of the 0000 World Series, the members of the All-Century Team were revealed. Every living player named to the team attended. For the complete list of the 000 players nominated, see The MLB All-Century Team. Selected players Pete Rose controversy There was controversy over the inclusion in the All-Century Team of Pete Rose, who had been banned from baseball for life 00 years earlier. Some questioned Rose's presence on a team officially endorsed by Major League Baseball, but fans at the stadium gave him a standing ovation. During the on-field ceremony, which was emceed by Hall of Fame broadcaster Vin Scully, NBC Sports' Jim Gray questioned Rose about his refusal to admit to gambling on baseball. Gray's interview became controversial, with some arguing that it was good journalism, while others objected that the occasion was an inappropriate setting for Gray's persistence. After initially refusing to do so, Gray apologized a few days later. On January 0, 0000, more than four years later, Rose admitted publicly to betting on baseball games in his autobiography My Prison Without Bars. See also Major League Baseball All-Time Team, a similar team chosen by the Baseball Writers' Association of America in Latino Legends Team DHL Hometown Heroes (0000): the most outstanding player in the history of each MLB franchise, based on on-field performance, leadership quality and character value List of MLB awards Team of the century National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum References External links All-Century Team Vote Totals from ESPN.com All-Century Team DVD from Amazon.com All-Century Team Information from Baseball Almanac Category:0000 Major League Baseball season Category:Major League Baseball trophies and awards Category:History of Major League Baseball Category:Awards established in 0000
null
null
147.1
3
[ [ 32586, 32669 ] ]
[ [ 32, 102, 114, 97, 110, 99, 104, 105, 115, 101, 44, 32, 98, 97, 115, 101, 100, 32, 111, 110, 32, 111, 110, 45, 102, 105, 101, 108, 100, 32, 112, 101, 114, 102, 111, 114, 109, 97, 110, 99, 101, 44, 32, 108, 101, 97, 100, 101, 114, 115, 104, 105, 112, 32, 113, 117, 97, 108, 105, 116, 121, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 99, 104, 97, 114, 97, 99, 116, 101, 114, 32, 118, 97, 108, 117, 101, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 10, 96626 ] ]
{ "fpsLimit": 00, "preset": "basic", "background": { "color": "#0d00a0", "image": "", "position": "00% 00%", "repeat": "no-repeat", "size": "cover" } }
null
null
323.4
0
[]
[]
[]
PCI Alternative Using Sustained Exercise (PAUSE): Rationale and trial design. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) currently claims nearly one million lives yearly in the US, accounting for nearly 00% of all deaths. Coronary artery disease (CAD) accounts for the largest number of these deaths. While efforts aimed at treating CAD in recent decades have concentrated on surgical and catheter-based interventions, limited resources have been directed toward prevention and rehabilitation. CAD is commonly treated using percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and this treatment has increased exponentially since its adoption over three decades ago. Recent questions have been raised regarding the cost-effectiveness of PCI, the extent to which PCI is overused, and whether selected patients may benefit from optimal medical therapy in lieu of PCI. One alternative therapy that has been shown to improve outcomes in CAD is exercise therapy; exercise programs have been shown to have numerous physiological benefits, and a growing number of studies have demonstrated reductions in mortality. Given the high volume of PCI, its high cost, its lack of effect on survival and the potential for alternative treatments including exercise, the current study is termed "PCI Alternative Using Sustained Exercise" (PAUSE). The primary aim of PAUSE is to determine whether patients randomized to exercise and lifestyle intervention have greater improvement in coronary function and anatomy compared to those randomized to PCI. Coronary function and anatomy is determined using positron emission tomography combined with computed tomographic angiography (PET/CTA). Our objective is to demonstrate the utility of a non-invasive technology to document the efficacy of exercise as an alternative treatment strategy to PCI.
null
null
249.1
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: ¿Porqué en este loop de JavaScript la impresión de la variable es desde counter y no desde counter-0? en mi búsqueda por aprender programación por mis propios medios, me he topado con el tema de recursividad y este simple código... mi pregunta ya que la variable counter comienza desde 00 y dentro del loop While el contador resta 0, porqué en la "impresión" aparece desde el 00. Sé que si quisiera empezar desde 00 colocaría el contador en 00... pero obviamente tengo la curiosidad y no entiendo. var counter = 00; while(counter > 0) { console.log(counter--); } resultado: 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A: La razón es simple, en recursividad lo que haces es pasar una variable o arreglo en la mayor parte de los caso para modificarlos o simplemente imprimirlos, en tu caso quieres restar un numero por cada iteracion dentro de tu ciclo while pero aqui lo que tu quieres conseguir es que primero te imprima el 0 por la lógica que encuentras en tu programa y aunque no es del todo errónea eso no sucederá jamas por la siguiente razón. En tu codigo lo que tienes es la impresion de tu variable e imprimes lo que es counter-- y a pesar de que si te resta -0 en esa misma iteracion sucede que primero te imprimira la variable antes de hacer dicha operacion ya que es lo que primero lee javascript, es como si tu codigo estuviera dividido en dos partes. EJEMPLO var counter = 00; while(counter > 0) { console.log(counter); // Lee antes el valor variable counter--; // Después realiza operación } Esto sucede asi porque es como funciona internamente lo que realizas con javascript ya que a pesar de que parece un metodo simple de resta internamente esta compuesto de dos partes. Para cuando javascript hace la operacion tu valor ya esta en pantalla. EJEMPLO VISUAL Primera iteración: counter = 00 | counter-- | counter = 0 counter = 0 | counter-- | counter = 0 counter = 0 | counter-- | counter = 0 ... counter = 0 | counter-- | counter = 0 counter = 0 | counter-- | counter = -0 -> En este caso ya no cumples con la condición por lo cual nunca se imprime. Para realizar el proceso que quieres en el caso de que primero quieras que se imprima el 0 entonces deberas de hacer lo siguiente: var counter = 00; while(counter > 0) { counter--; console.log(counter); } .as-console-wrapper { max-height: 000% !important; top: 0; }
null
null
2,365
15
[ [ 35588, 35651 ], [ 36450, 36513 ], [ 36896, 37000 ], [ 37003, 37078 ], [ 37373, 37436 ] ]
[ [ 32, 118, 97, 114, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 48, 59, 32, 119, 104, 105, 108, 101, 40, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 62, 32, 48, 41, 32, 123, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 99, 111, 110, 115, 111, 108, 101, 46, 108, 111, 103, 40, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114 ], [ 32, 118, 97, 114, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 48, 59, 32, 119, 104, 105, 108, 101, 40, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 62, 32, 48, 41, 32, 123, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 99, 111, 110, 115, 111, 108, 101, 46, 108, 111, 103, 40, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114 ], [ 48, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 45, 45, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 45, 45, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 45, 45, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32 ], [ 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 45, 45, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32, 48, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 45, 45, 32, 124, 32, 99, 111, 117, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 61, 32 ], [ 32, 46, 97, 115, 45, 99, 111, 110, 115, 111, 108, 101, 45, 119, 114, 97, 112, 112, 101, 114, 32, 123, 32, 109, 97, 120, 45, 104, 101, 105, 103, 104, 116, 58, 32, 48, 48, 48, 37, 32, 33, 105, 109, 112, 111, 114, 116, 97, 110, 116, 59, 32, 116, 111, 112, 58, 32, 48, 59, 32, 125, 255, 255 ] ]
[ [ 13 ], [ 13 ], [ 13 ], [ 13 ], [ 13 ] ]
Running Stat Dinner with people is always better than eating alone, especially when the food is good. Good food tastes even better when enjoyed with people. Tonight Amy came over to try my second attempt at the Brussels Sprouts Veggie Soup to which I have made some changes (see recipe below in previous post) for a better result, I believe. We were at the store earlier and saw some nice looking haricot verts and heirloom tomatoes, so we decide to assemble a simple salad from those. Of course while I'm at the market, I can't not get some five peppercorn salami. Our simple dinner of soup, salami, bread, cheese, salad, and wine was on the table in 00 minutes.
null
null
498.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Monday's are never fun...except when it's West Ham Q&A day and that's exactly what it is today! To say there is a lot going on in the world of West Ham wouldn't quite be true as, in all honesty, its been fairly quiet. Last week, there was transfer movement on a couple of fronts and the club also sealed the free transfer of Ryan Fredericks from Fulham on a four-year deal. There is still little to no progress on moves for Felipe Anderson and Marlon Santos, while the Hammers were also dealt a disastrous injury blow in Barcelona. In training with Argentina, Manuel Lanzini ruptured his anterior cruciate ligament in his right knee and football.london understands that it's a whole lot worse than first feared and the attacking midfielder could miss the entire 0000/00 season in a worse case scenario. That will no doubt impact on Manuel Pellegrini's transfer plans for the remainder of the window, with any moves now unlikely to happen until after the World Cup. (Image: FILIPPO MONTEFORTE/AFP/Getty Images) We also had news from the continent on Monday about where West Ham are set to be based for ten days of their pre-season tour this summer, more of which you will find out about later in the live blog. So, sit back, relax and enjoy our weekly Q&A with Hammers wrtier Sam Inkersole, where he will answer questions posed to him on his Twitter account, which you can follow @Sam_InkersoleTM Keep up to date with the latest news, features and exclusives from football.london via the freefootball.london app for iPhone and Android. Available to download from the App Store and Google Play.
null
null
353.1
3
[ [ 38702, 38752 ] ]
[ [ 32, 97, 110, 116, 101, 114, 105, 111, 114, 32, 99, 114, 117, 99, 105, 97, 116, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 97, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 32, 104, 105, 115, 32, 114, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 107, 110, 101, 101, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32 ] ]
[ [ 15 ] ]
TiO0 nanotubes for bone regeneration. Nanostructured materials are believed to play a fundamental role in orthopedic research because bone itself has a structural hierarchy at the first level in the nanometer regime. Here, we report on titanium oxide (TiO(0)) surface nanostructures utilized for orthopedic implant considerations. Specifically, the effects of TiO(0) nanotube surfaces for bone regeneration will be discussed. This unique 0D tube shaped nanostructure created by electrochemical anodization has profound effects on osteogenic cells and is stimulating new avenues for orthopedic material surface designs. There is a growing body of data elucidating the benefits of using TiO(0) nanotubes for enhanced orthopedic implant surfaces. The current trends discussed within foreshadow the great potential of TiO(0) nanotubes for clinical use.
null
null
414.4
0
[]
[]
[]
Benjamin Lok describes how the robot butt sensors work 0:00 Prostate exams are potentially-life saving. But the process of getting one can be nerve-racking - both for the doctor and the patient. A group of scientists from Drexel University and the Universities of Wisconsin and Florida are hoping to assist with that. They've designed a robot to help medical students give better prostate exams. The robot's name is "Patrick" and he's an interactive butt. Professor Benjamin Lok "Patrick is part of a simulation where students get to practice prostate exams," lead researcher and University of Florida professor Benjamin Lok explains to As It Happens guest host Tom Harrington. "The simulator itself is a piece of plastic and around the anus area is a foam, rubbery material. It's anatomically correct, and inside, they have placed a prostate so that they can actually feel what a prostate would feel like." But the physical examination is actually the last part of the training process. Initially, students start using the simulator to work on their beside manner. "Students have to talk to Patrick for about five to eight minutes," the University of Florida professor says. "They work on their social skills. They try to obtain a patient history, but also have to work through anxiety that Patrick's having." A student interacting with "Patrick" (Courtesy of Andrew Robb, University of Florida) As the interview progresses - and the student realizes that Patrick needs a prostate exam - Patrick becomes quite hesitant to proceed. Lok says the robot will say, "Do you really have to do this? I don't understand why we have to do this right now." Once Patrick is convinced, the student begins the examination. "We can show you in real-time, as you're doing the exam... whether you're pressing all the regions and if you're pressing with enough pressure," Lok continues. The sensor displays traffic light-style signals of green, yellow or red depending on the appropriate pressure applied. "That helps educate the user and what a good prostate exam should feel like," he says. But why not have Patrick yell or respond in a more human-like way? Lok says they thought about doing this, but for freshmen medical students, that would increase the level of anxiety. "We want the system to provide positive experiences, where they can get good feedback but also help reduce some of the anxiety before they first practice on what are often called standardized patients, which are called actors." Many medical schools pay professional actors who are specially trained to receive numerous prostate exams by students. However, as you might imagine, there are a limited number of actors willing to do this. Postate exam program, "Patrick" (Courtesy of Andrew Robb, University of Florida) Like a pilot who practices in a simulator before actually flying a plane, Lok hopes Patrick will serve the same purpose for medical students. "You can make mistakes with Patrick and start over, that's one of the advantages of a simulator." Patrick is currently being used by medical students at the University of Florida and Drexel University. Lok hopes the technology will be used in more medical schools across the United States.
null
null
339.7
3
[ [ 41920, 41981 ], [ 43312, 43373 ] ]
[ [ 32, 34, 80, 97, 116, 114, 105, 99, 107, 34, 32, 40, 67, 111, 117, 114, 116, 101, 115, 121, 32, 111, 102, 32, 65, 110, 100, 114, 101, 119, 32, 82, 111, 98, 98, 44, 32, 85, 110, 105, 118, 101, 114, 115, 105, 116, 121, 32, 111, 102, 32, 70, 108, 111, 114, 105, 100, 97, 41, 32, 32 ], [ 32, 34, 80, 97, 116, 114, 105, 99, 107, 34, 32, 40, 67, 111, 117, 114, 116, 101, 115, 121, 32, 111, 102, 32, 65, 110, 100, 114, 101, 119, 32, 82, 111, 98, 98, 44, 32, 85, 110, 105, 118, 101, 114, 115, 105, 116, 121, 32, 111, 102, 32, 70, 108, 111, 114, 105, 100, 97, 41, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 17 ], [ 17 ] ]
In general, absorbent articles should comfortably fit the body of a wearer. Most absorbent articles include an absorbent pad formed by an absorbent core contained in a wrap comprising a barrier tissue and/or a forming tissue. The subject invention discloses an absorbent article generally having extensibility in at least one direction, preferably the cross-direction. Such extensibility permits an absorbent article to extend and expand about the wearer and thus to better conform to the body of the wearer. Such extension and expansion about the wearer is feasible because both the bodyside liner and the outer cover are extensible in at least the one direction. In conventional structures, the outer cover is typically adhesively secured to the forming tissue of the absorbent pad. In such embodiments, extending the outer cover in the cross-direction extends the forming tissue in the cross-direction. The force used to extend the outer cover, and thence the absorbent pad, can tear or otherwise damage the forming tissue or the barrier tissue of the absorbent pad. Since the absorbent pad is typically a sealed enclosure, namely an absorbent core enclosed within the combination of a forming tissue and a barrier tissue, tearing the absorbent pad, namely either the forming tissue or the barrier tissue, can release superabsorbent particles and other absorbent materials, such as cellulose fluff into contact with the body of the wearer. Superabsorbent particles can irritate the skin of the wearer. Such tearing of the absorbent pad indicates failure of the absorbent article to perform properly. Therefore, it is critical to find a way to prevent tearing or other structural failure of the absorbent pad.
null
null
386
0
[]
[]
[]
jOOQ on The ORM Foundation? I am the developer of jOOQ, a Java database abstraction framework. I was wondering whether jOOQ might be an interesting tool for discussion on your website, even if it is not exactly an ORM in the classic meaning (as in mapping objects to the relational world > ORM). Instead, jOOQ uses a reverse engineering paradigm (as in mapping relational entities to objects > "ROM"). Re: jOOQ on The ORM Foundation? Object Role Modeling (the original ORM) is not the same thing as Object/Relational Mapping. Object/Relational Mapping is still kind-of relevant and interesting to us, since Object Role Modeling is used to design databases (which then will require programmatic access). But there are probably better places to discuss it :] Your query DSL looks rather like some of the DSLs available for Ruby, such as through the Sequel gem, or Arel. Interesting to see how well that can work with a statically-types language like Java. Maybe you or I should make a generator for ActiveFacts which generates your DSL from CQL queries? Re: jOOQ on The ORM Foundation? Sorry for my late reply. Apparently I had not really understood the ideas behind your foundation when I wrote my original post. I understand now, that you are concerned with broader concepts than the "common ORM". I actually came across your group because of your linking to ORM Lite (where ORM does stand for Object/Relational Mapping, correct me if I'm wrong). Yes, I have seen some examples for Ruby's Sequel. I personally find statically-typed languages much better for DSL's as the syntax can be formally defined and checked by a compiler - with the limitations an OO language imposes, of course. So if I understand this correctly now, "Object Role Modeling" and CQL are actually a more general way of expressing what SQL calls DDL. Since you can already transform CQL into SQL DDL statements (CREATE TABLE...), and jOOQ can reverse-engineer database schemata into jOOQ generated source code, I don't think there would be need for an additional generator. Does CQL also specify means of querying the data described by the Object Role Model? The examples I found here only seem to describe what SQL calls "constraints" (although with a much broader functionality-range than SQL): Re: jOOQ on The ORM Foundation? "common ORM". I actually came across your group because of your linking to ORM Lite (where ORM does stand for Object/Relational Mapping Object Role Modeling was named before Object Relational Mapping, but the latter is now the more common meaning, as you point out. But ORM Lite is actually so-named by Bryan because it is an implementation of Object Role Modeling, not because it is also an O/RM. Bryan was a student of Terry's at Neumont, where he learnt ORM. Regarding DSLs, I think internal DSLs only work well in very simple cases. I prefer external DSLs for anything complex, and that's where CQL came from. Even the extremely flexible syntax of Ruby wasn't up to the task. lukas.eder: I don't think there would be need for an additional generator The problem is that a huge amount of meaning is lost in the mapping to SQL. SQL is practically (though not theoretically) limited to representing physical models. These are almost always very different from the conceptual model, as many relationships have been condensed (absorbed) into attribute/column relationships, so the semantics of the original relationship are lost. In the process, nullable columns are usually introduced, which adds further to the confusion, as such things cannot easily be correctly constrained (uniqueness, etc) in SQL. So by reverse engineering from the relational form, you're losing most of the benefit of building a conceptual model from the start This may be hard to see for someone used to O-O modeling, and who's authored an O/RM tool. The problem is that O-O suffers from many of the same problems of loss of semantics. The apparently clear notion of "attribute" breaks down when you look at it closely. O-O, although ostensibly behaviour-oriented, introduces attributes to store state, and this attribute orientation is the source of the problem in both cases. Fact-oriented model does not use attributes. Although it may seem obvious that, for example, my surname is an attribute of myself, if the system being modeled accrues the requirement to model families, suddenly surname becomes an attribute of family, and family becomes my attribute. This kind of instability is responsible for much of the rework that's required in evolving legacy systems, as well as many of the mistakes made when they were first modeled. If you want a further example of this loss of semantics, look at my Insurance example, and ask yourself why the VehicleIncident table has a DrivingBloodTestResult column. In fact, if VehicleIncident wasn't explicitly mapped separately, its fields would be in the Claim table. What's needed is not just yet another O/RM tool (which are tuppence a dozen anyhow - I personally have written three) but a tool which supports database programming using only the conceptual model, never exposing the physical model. Surprisingly, I can't think of a single tool which has done a good job of this, but it's where I'm heading with the ActiveFacts API. It's another O/RM, but using a purely conceptual object model that preserves the domain semantics, not a typical O-O one. lukas.eder: Does CQL also specify means of querying the data described by the Object Role Model Yes, though the published implementation doesn't quite handle the full query syntax (aggregate functions are still missing), nor does it yet translate them to SQL. Some examples are given towards the end of the video presentation on the CQL Introduction page. Re: jOOQ on The ORM Foundation? Regarding DSLs, I think internal DSLs only work well in very simple cases. I prefer external DSLs for anything complex, and that's where CQL came from. Even the extremely flexible syntax of Ruby wasn't up to the task. Absolutely. The optimal way to implement SQL in Java would be by extending the Java language itself, such that SQL would be compiled natively by the java compiler, similar to Linq0SQL in C#, or PL/SQL in Oracle databases. So for the complexity of CQL, CQL is certainly the right solution. Clifford Heath: The problem is that a huge amount of meaning is lost in the mapping to SQL. SQL is practically (though not theoretically) limited to representing physical models. You are right. I guess though, that in everyday work, this limitation is not really a problem. Personally, I think if your business rules become so complex that you cannot map them to a relational model easily anymore, then maybe your business rules could be simplified before changing/extending technologies. But that depends on the business, of course. I guess with insurance companies' businesses, I'd be pretty lost, personally ;-) In any case, I don't see jOOQ as a means to solve modelling issues, or the O/R impedance mismatch (which is even bigger when it comes to mapping your understanding of ORM, with CQL). jOOQ should simply make using the full power of SQL in Java as simple as possible. In that way, jOOQ is not really an ORM because it does not map from objects to the relational world, or try to solve any other high-level abstraction issues. It's really a low-level tool to make a developer's life a lot easier, seeing that unfortunately, JPA CriteriaQuery didn't meet the community's expectations. Clifford Heath: What's needed is not just yet another O/RM tool (which are tuppence a dozen anyhow - I personally have written three) but a tool which supports database programming using only the conceptual model, never exposing the physical model. Surprisingly, I can't think of a single tool which has done a good job of this, but it's where I'm heading with the ActiveFacts API. It's another O/RM, but using a purely conceptual object model that preserves the domain semantics, not a typical O-O one. I think you're on the right track with this. I hope for you, that this will soon show nice results with a practical implementation. I'm curious to see how you'll tackle performance issues, too, with all the abstraction. Among all attempts to overcome the old and proven relational models (XML databases, NoSQL databases), this one seems the most promising and focused to me!
null
null
507.2
27
[ [ 46819, 46955 ], [ 47519, 47581 ], [ 47582, 47667 ], [ 47840, 47976 ], [ 48303, 48524 ], [ 48536, 48763 ], [ 50433, 50924 ], [ 50935, 51020 ], [ 51314, 51535 ], [ 51840, 52005 ], [ 53040, 53531 ] ]
[ [ 32, 34, 99, 111, 109, 109, 111, 110, 32, 79, 82, 77, 34, 46, 32, 73, 32, 97, 99, 116, 117, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 99, 97, 109, 101, 32, 97, 99, 114, 111, 115, 115, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 98, 101, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 108, 105, 110, 107, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 79, 82, 77, 32, 76, 105, 116, 101, 32, 40, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 79, 82, 77, 32, 100, 111, 101, 115, 32, 115, 116, 97, 110, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 79, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 47, 82, 101, 108, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 77, 97, 112, 112, 105, 110, 103 ], [ 32, 73, 32, 100, 111, 110, 39, 116, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 119, 111, 117, 108, 100, 32, 98, 101, 32, 110, 101, 101, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 97, 110, 32, 97, 100, 100, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 103, 101, 110, 101, 114, 97, 116, 111, 114 ], [ 32, 32, 68, 111, 101, 115, 32, 67, 81, 76, 32, 97, 108, 115, 111, 32, 115, 112, 101, 99, 105, 102, 121, 32, 109, 101, 97, 110, 115, 32, 111, 102, 32, 113, 117, 101, 114, 121, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 97, 116, 97, 32, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 100, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 79, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 82, 111, 108, 101, 32, 77, 111, 100, 101, 108 ], [ 32, 34, 99, 111, 109, 109, 111, 110, 32, 79, 82, 77, 34, 46, 32, 73, 32, 97, 99, 116, 117, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 99, 97, 109, 101, 32, 97, 99, 114, 111, 115, 115, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 98, 101, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 108, 105, 110, 107, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 79, 82, 77, 32, 76, 105, 116, 101, 32, 40, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 79, 82, 77, 32, 100, 111, 101, 115, 32, 115, 116, 97, 110, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 79, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 47, 82, 101, 108, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 77, 97, 112, 112, 105, 110, 103 ], [ 32, 32, 82, 101, 103, 97, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 44, 32, 73, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 105, 110, 116, 101, 114, 110, 97, 108, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 32, 111, 110, 108, 121, 32, 119, 111, 114, 107, 32, 119, 101, 108, 108, 32, 105, 110, 32, 118, 101, 114, 121, 32, 115, 105, 109, 112, 108, 101, 32, 99, 97, 115, 101, 115, 46, 32, 73, 32, 112, 114, 101, 102, 101, 114, 32, 101, 120, 116, 101, 114, 110, 97, 108, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 97, 110, 121, 116, 104, 105, 110, 103, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 108, 101, 120, 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 39, 115, 32, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 67, 81, 76, 32, 99, 97, 109, 101, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 46, 32, 69, 118, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 120, 116, 114, 101, 109, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 108, 101, 120, 105, 98, 108, 101, 32, 115, 121, 110, 116, 97, 120, 32, 111, 102, 32, 82, 117, 98, 121, 32, 119, 97, 115, 110, 39, 116, 32, 117, 112, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 116, 97, 115, 107, 46, 32, 32 ], [ 32, 73, 32, 100, 111, 110, 39, 116, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 119, 111, 117, 108, 100, 32, 98, 101, 32, 110, 101, 101, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 97, 110, 32, 97, 100, 100, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 103, 101, 110, 101, 114, 97, 116, 111, 114, 32, 32, 84, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 111, 98, 108, 101, 109, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 97, 32, 104, 117, 103, 101, 32, 97, 109, 111, 117, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 101, 97, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 105, 115, 32, 108, 111, 115, 116, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 109, 97, 112, 112, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 83, 81, 76, 46, 32, 83, 81, 76, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 97, 99, 116, 105, 99, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 40, 116, 104, 111, 117, 103, 104, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 116, 104, 101, 111, 114, 101, 116, 105, 99, 97, 108, 108, 121, 41, 32, 108, 105, 109, 105, 116, 101, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 114, 101, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 112, 104, 121, 115, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 115, 46, 32 ], [ 32, 32, 87, 104, 97, 116, 39, 115, 32, 110, 101, 101, 100, 101, 100, 32, 105, 115, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 106, 117, 115, 116, 32, 121, 101, 116, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 79, 47, 82, 77, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 40, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 114, 101, 32, 116, 117, 112, 112, 101, 110, 99, 101, 32, 97, 32, 100, 111, 122, 101, 110, 32, 97, 110, 121, 104, 111, 119, 32, 45, 32, 73, 32, 112, 101, 114, 115, 111, 110, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 104, 97, 118, 101, 32, 119, 114, 105, 116, 116, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 114, 101, 101, 41, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 97, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 115, 32, 100, 97, 116, 97, 98, 97, 115, 101, 32, 112, 114, 111, 103, 114, 97, 109, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 117, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 111, 110, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 99, 101, 112, 116, 117, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 44, 32, 110, 101, 118, 101, 114, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 121, 115, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 46, 32, 83, 117, 114, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 108, 121, 44, 32, 73, 32, 99, 97, 110, 39, 116, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 115, 105, 110, 103, 108, 101, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 104, 97, 115, 32, 100, 111, 110, 101, 32, 97, 32, 103, 111, 111, 100, 32, 106, 111, 98, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 105, 115, 44, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 105, 116, 39, 115, 32, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 73, 39, 109, 32, 104, 101, 97, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 65, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 70, 97, 99, 116, 115, 32, 65, 80, 73, 46, 32, 73, 116, 39, 115, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 79, 47, 82, 77, 44, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 117, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 117, 114, 101, 108, 121, 32, 99, 111, 110, 99, 101, 112, 116, 117, 97, 108, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 114, 118, 101, 115, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 111, 109, 97, 105, 110, 32, 115, 101, 109, 97, 110, 116, 105, 99, 115, 44, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 97, 32, 116, 121, 112, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 79, 45, 79, 32, 111, 110, 101, 46, 32, 32 ], [ 32, 32, 68, 111, 101, 115, 32, 67, 81, 76, 32, 97, 108, 115, 111, 32, 115, 112, 101, 99, 105, 102, 121, 32, 109, 101, 97, 110, 115, 32, 111, 102, 32, 113, 117, 101, 114, 121, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 97, 116, 97, 32, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 100, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 79, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 82, 111, 108, 101, 32, 77, 111, 100, 101, 108 ], [ 32, 32, 82, 101, 103, 97, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 44, 32, 73, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 105, 110, 116, 101, 114, 110, 97, 108, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 32, 111, 110, 108, 121, 32, 119, 111, 114, 107, 32, 119, 101, 108, 108, 32, 105, 110, 32, 118, 101, 114, 121, 32, 115, 105, 109, 112, 108, 101, 32, 99, 97, 115, 101, 115, 46, 32, 73, 32, 112, 114, 101, 102, 101, 114, 32, 101, 120, 116, 101, 114, 110, 97, 108, 32, 68, 83, 76, 115, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 97, 110, 121, 116, 104, 105, 110, 103, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 108, 101, 120, 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 39, 115, 32, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 67, 81, 76, 32, 99, 97, 109, 101, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 46, 32, 69, 118, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 120, 116, 114, 101, 109, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 108, 101, 120, 105, 98, 108, 101, 32, 115, 121, 110, 116, 97, 120, 32, 111, 102, 32, 82, 117, 98, 121, 32, 119, 97, 115, 110, 39, 116, 32, 117, 112, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 116, 97, 115, 107, 46, 32, 32 ], [ 32, 32, 84, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 111, 98, 108, 101, 109, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 97, 32, 104, 117, 103, 101, 32, 97, 109, 111, 117, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 101, 97, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 105, 115, 32, 108, 111, 115, 116, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 109, 97, 112, 112, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 83, 81, 76, 46, 32, 83, 81, 76, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 97, 99, 116, 105, 99, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 40, 116, 104, 111, 117, 103, 104, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 116, 104, 101, 111, 114, 101, 116, 105, 99, 97, 108, 108, 121, 41, 32, 108, 105, 109, 105, 116, 101, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 114, 101, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 112, 104, 121, 115, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 115, 46, 32 ], [ 32, 32, 87, 104, 97, 116, 39, 115, 32, 110, 101, 101, 100, 101, 100, 32, 105, 115, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 106, 117, 115, 116, 32, 121, 101, 116, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 79, 47, 82, 77, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 40, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 114, 101, 32, 116, 117, 112, 112, 101, 110, 99, 101, 32, 97, 32, 100, 111, 122, 101, 110, 32, 97, 110, 121, 104, 111, 119, 32, 45, 32, 73, 32, 112, 101, 114, 115, 111, 110, 97, 108, 108, 121, 32, 104, 97, 118, 101, 32, 119, 114, 105, 116, 116, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 114, 101, 101, 41, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 97, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 115, 32, 100, 97, 116, 97, 98, 97, 115, 101, 32, 112, 114, 111, 103, 114, 97, 109, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 117, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 111, 110, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 99, 101, 112, 116, 117, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 44, 32, 110, 101, 118, 101, 114, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 121, 115, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 46, 32, 83, 117, 114, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 108, 121, 44, 32, 73, 32, 99, 97, 110, 39, 116, 32, 116, 104, 105, 110, 107, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 115, 105, 110, 103, 108, 101, 32, 116, 111, 111, 108, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 104, 97, 115, 32, 100, 111, 110, 101, 32, 97, 32, 103, 111, 111, 100, 32, 106, 111, 98, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 105, 115, 44, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 105, 116, 39, 115, 32, 119, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 73, 39, 109, 32, 104, 101, 97, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 65, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 70, 97, 99, 116, 115, 32, 65, 80, 73, 46, 32, 73, 116, 39, 115, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 79, 47, 82, 77, 44, 32, 98, 117, 116, 32, 117, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 117, 114, 101, 108, 121, 32, 99, 111, 110, 99, 101, 112, 116, 117, 97, 108, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 109, 111, 100, 101, 108, 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 114, 118, 101, 115, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 111, 109, 97, 105, 110, 32, 115, 101, 109, 97, 110, 116, 105, 99, 115, 44, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 97, 32, 116, 121, 112, 105, 99, 97, 108, 32, 79, 45, 79, 32, 111, 110, 101, 46, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ], [ 19 ] ]
Standardised protocol for primate faecal analysis. Macroscopic analysis of primate faeces as a way to study diet is well established, but lack of standardisation of methods may handicap comparative studies of the resulting data. Here we present a proven technique, including equipment and supplies, protocol and procedure, that yields quantitative data suitable for systematic investigation within and across primate taxa. As the problems of habituation become more obvious, the application of such indirect methods may increase in usefulness.
null
null
507.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Examination of factors affecting gait properties in healthy older adults: focusing on knee extension strength, visual acuity, and knee joint pain. Gait properties change with age because of a decrease in lower limb strength and visual acuity or knee joint disorders. Gait changes commonly result from these combined factors. This study aimed to examine the effects of knee extension strength, visual acuity, and knee joint pain on gait properties of for 000 healthy female older adults (age: 00.0 (0.0) years). Walking speed, cadence, stance time, swing time, double support time, step length, step width, walking angle, and toe angle were selected as gait parameters. Knee extension strength was measured by isometric dynamometry; and decreased visual acuity and knee joint pain were evaluated by subjective judgment whether or not such factors created a hindrance during walking. Among older adults without vision problems and knee joint pain that affected walking, those with superior knee extension strength had significantly greater walking speed and step length than those with inferior knee extension strength (P < .00). Persons with visual acuity problems had higher cadence and shorter stance time. In addition, persons with pain in both knees showed slower walking speed and longer stance time and double support time. A decrease of knee extension strength and visual acuity and knee joint pain are factors affecting gait in the female older adults. Decreased knee extension strength and knee joint pain mainly affect respective distance and time parameters of the gait.
null
null
981.1
7
[ [ 54545, 54605 ], [ 54827, 54887 ] ]
[ [ 32, 107, 110, 101, 101, 32, 101, 120, 116, 101, 110, 115, 105, 111, 110, 32, 115, 116, 114, 101, 110, 103, 116, 104, 44, 32, 118, 105, 115, 117, 97, 108, 32, 97, 99, 117, 105, 116, 121, 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 107, 110, 101, 101, 32, 106, 111, 105, 110, 116, 32, 112, 97, 105, 110 ], [ 32, 107, 110, 101, 101, 32, 101, 120, 116, 101, 110, 115, 105, 111, 110, 32, 115, 116, 114, 101, 110, 103, 116, 104, 44, 32, 118, 105, 115, 117, 97, 108, 32, 97, 99, 117, 105, 116, 121, 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 107, 110, 101, 101, 32, 106, 111, 105, 110, 116, 32, 112, 97, 105, 110 ] ]
[ [ 21 ], [ 21 ] ]
I've learned the nitrogen vacancies used in Memristors are for "switching", between excited states and inhibited states, akin to our neurons and SYNAPSES abilities to generate EPSPs and IPSPs, this is the entire point to Memristors and DARPAs SyNAPSE program, emulating Neurons.. So in the memristor, NVs (which are truly Ancillas), Return to "resting states", just like Neurons do, hence Inhibitory states versus excited states, when a neuron reaches an action potential and fires.. So the ancillas use prepared/ known states, and are the equivalent of the ancillas ground state, which is equal to a neurons resting potential... So by weakly measuring certain aspects of living neurons, it is possible to superbroadcast/ teleport the wavefunction non-classically to the memristors vacancies, correlating each memristor with its neuron statistical ensemble counterpart, sharing the quantum state of the resting potential. the ground state of the ancilla. The type of measurement determines which property is shown. However the single and double-slit experiment and other experiments show that some effects of wave and particle can be measured in one measurement. Hence Mach-Zehnder interferometry, which also involves ANCILLAS Quote: When for example measuring a photon using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, the photon acts as a wave if the second beam-splitter is inserted, but as a particle if this beam-splitter is omitted. The decision of whether or not to insert this beam-splitter can be made after the photon has entered the interferometer, as in Wheeler's famous delayed-choice thought experiment. In recent quantum versions of this experiment, this decision is controlled by a quantum ancilla, while the beam splitter is itself still a classical object. and the no-cloning theorem is about pure states.. But an ensemble of particles in a neuron would make it a mixed state.. The no-cloning theorem is normally stated and proven for pure states; the no-broadcast theorem generalizes this result to mixed states. And thats why PHASE works for quantum metrology and its ability to harness non classical states Apparently, worrying about measuring both position and momentum works differently for particles than it does waves. It may actually be possible using phase. Quote: Niels Bohr apparently conceived of the principle of complementarity during a skiing vacation in Norway in February and March 0000, during which he received a letter from Werner Heisenberg regarding the latter's newly discovered (and not yet published) uncertainty principle. Upon returning from his vacation, by which time Heisenberg had already submitted his paper on the uncertainty principle for publication, he convinced Heisenberg that the uncertainty principle was a manifestation of the deeper concept of complementarity.[0] Heisenberg duly appended a note to this effect to his paper on the uncertainty principle, before its publication, stating: Quote: Bohr has brought to my attention [that] the uncertainty in our observation does not arise exclusively from the occurrence of discontinuities, but is tied directly to the demand that we ascribe equal validity to the quite different experiments which show up in the [particulate] theory on one hand, and in the wave theory on the other hand. And "quadratures" is about position and momentum.. Which are apparently always orthogonal to each other. There is obviously something to all of this. Counterfactual Communication was recently used to transmit information without sending any PARTICLES. the information was sent in the phase.. of a wavefunction? and it used MachZenhder Interferometry.. which is part of Quantum Metrology and its ability to harness non-classical states.. and all of this can teleport non-classical light.. and it all uses ANCILLAS... which store VALUES, and WAVEFUNCTIONS.. because they are Qubits/ Nitrogen vacancies.. and are used in WEAK MEASUREMENT... which was used to measure a wavefunction.. something most would argue is impossible.. because of the uncertainty principle.. Quote: An interpretation of quantum mechanics can be said to involve the use of counterfactual definiteness if it includes in the statistical population of measurement results, any measurements that are counterfactual because they are excluded by the quantum mechanical impossibility of simultaneous measurement of conjugate pairs of properties. For example, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle states that one cannot simultaneously know, with arbitrarily high precision, both the position and momentum of a particle Quote: The word "counterfactual" does not mean "characterized by being opposed to fact." Instead, it characterizes values that could have been measured but, for one reason or another, were not and its the Ancillas that store values.. and may or may not be part of the measurement apparatus... / interferometer.. In 0000, Counterfactual Quantum Computation was demonstrated in the experimental context of "spins of a negatively charged Nitrogen-vacancy color center in a diamond".[0] Previously suspected limits of efficiency were exceeded, achieving counterfactual computational efficiency of 00% with the higher efficiency foreseen in principle Quote: The quantum computer may be physically implemented in arbitrary ways but the common apparatus considered to date features a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The quantum computer is set in a superposition of "not running" and "running" states by means such as the Quantum Zeno Effect. Those state histories are quantum interfered. After many repetitions of very rapid projective measurements, the "not running" state evolves to a final value imprinted into the properties of the quantum computer. Measuring that value allows for learning the result of some types of computations such as Grover's algorithm even though the result was derived from the non-running state of the quantum computer. NV CENTERS can also be used asQUANTUM SPIN PROBES, QUBITS & AS, ANCILLAS in devices such as BIOMEMs scanners QUANTUM REPEATERS PHOTONIC NETWORKING and.. MEMRISTORS.. where the vacancies are used for switching between inhibited and excited states, thus simulating NEURONS MEMRISTORS utilize wavefunctions. Wavefunctions can be weakly measured by ANCILLAS ANCILLAS hold "values" ie : wavefunctions and have GROUND STATES which measured particles are "cooled" into for measurement techniques. a literal form of "photon counting".. "This de-excitation is called ‘fluorescence', and it is characterized by a lifetime of a few nanoseconds of the lowest vibrational level of the first excited state. De-excitation from the excited singlet state to the ground state also occurs by other mechanisms, such as non-radiant thermal decay or ‘phosphorescence'. In the latter case, the chromophore undergoes a forbidden transition from the excited singlet state into the triplet state (intersystem crossing, ISC, Fig 0.0), which has a non-zero probability, for example because of spin orbit coupling of the electrons' magnetic moments" its a type of INTERSYSTEM CROSSING doing a search for Intersystem crossing, memristor brings up this link.. A composite optical microcavity, in which nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in a diamond nanopillar are coupled to whispering gallery modes in a silica microsphere, is demonstrated. Nanopillars with a diameter as small as 000 nm are fabricated from a bulk diamond crystal by reactive ion etching and are positioned with nanometer precision near the equator of a silica microsphere. The composite nanopillar-microsphere system overcomes the poor controllability of a nanocrystal-based microcavity system and takes full advantage of the exceptional spin properties of NV centers and the ultrahigh quality factor of silica microspheres. We investigate the construction of two universal three-qubit quantum gates in a hybrid system. The designed system consists of a flying photon and a stationary negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center fixed on the periphery of a whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) microresonator, with the WGM cavity coupled to tapered fibers functioning as an add-drop structure. These gate operations are accomplished by encoding the information both on the spin degree of freedom of the electron confined in the NV center and on the polarization and spatial-mode states of the flying photon, respectively Now Somewhere in this is evidence of a memristor holding a wavefunction The shown SPICE implementation (macro model) for a charge controlled memristor model exactly reproduces the results from [0]. However, these simulation results do not have a good compliance - not even qualitatively - with the characteristic form of I/V curves of manufactured devices. Therefore the following equations (0) to (0) try to approach memristor modeling from a different point of view to get a closer match to the measured curves from [0],[0],[0],[0],[00] or [00] even with a simple linear drift of w. Besides the charge steering mechanism of a memristor modelled in [0], [0] also defined a functional relationship for a memristor which explains the memristive behavior in dependence on its magnetic flux: i(t) = W φ(t) · v(t) . (0) Variable W (φ) represents the memductance which is the reciprocal of memristance M. Here a mechanism is demanded that maps the magnetic flux as the input signal to the current that is flowing through the memristor. The magnetic flux φ is the integral of voltage v(t) over time: φ = R v(t) dt. We can assume that an external voltage which is applied to the previously described two-layer structure has an influence on the movable 0+-dopants over time. The width w(t) of the semiconductor layer is depending on the velocity of the dopants vD(t) via the time integral: w(t) = w0 + Z0t vD(τ)dτ . (0) The drift velocity vD in an electric field E is defined via its mobility µD: vD(t) = µD · E(t) (0) and the electric field E is connected with the voltage via E(t) = v(t) D(0)with D denoting the total thickness of the two-layer structure (D = tOX + tSEMI). Due the good conductance of the semiconductor layer the electric field is applied to the time depending thickness of the insulator layer tOX for the most part (due to v(l) = R E dl). However, this was neglected for reasons of simplification. If we combine (0), (0) and (0), we obtain: n(t) = w0 + µDD· Z0t v(τ)dτ = w0 + µDD · φ(t) . (0) This equation shows a proportional dependence of the width w from the magnetic flux φ. Since the thickness of the insulator layer is in the low nanometer region a tunnel current or equivalent mechanism is possible. The magnetic flux slightly decreases the thickness of the insulator layer wich is the barrierfor the tunnel current.This current rises exponentially with a reduction of the width tOX(φ) (the exponential dependenceis deducible from the quantum mechanic wave function) which must become the GROUND STATE of the ANCILLA upon non-classical correlation.. because a wavefunction is essentially the "master equation" (which describe wave equations) We investigate theoretically how the spectroscopy of an ancillary qubit can probe cavity (circuit) QED ground states containing photons. We consider three classes of systems (Dicke, Tavis-Cummings and Hopfield-like models), where non-trivial vacua are the result of ultrastrong coupling between N two-level systems and a single-mode bosonic field. An ancillary qubit detuned with respect to the boson frequency is shown to reveal distinct spectral signatures depending on the type of vacua. In particular, the Lamb shift of the ancilla is sensitive to both ground state photon population and correlations. Back-action of the ancilla on the cavity ground state is investigated, taking into account the dissipation via a consistent master equation for the ultrastrong coupling regime. The conditions for high-fidelity measurements are determined. \\ Notice BACK-ACTION, which goes right back to DARPAs Nanodiamond Biosensors and their ability to overcome the standard quantum limit, because of the known/ prepared states in the ancillas/NITROGEN VACANCIES Quote: (Quantum) back action refers (in the regime of Quantum systems) to the effect of a detector on the measurement itself, as if the detector is not just making the measurement but also affecting the measured or observed system under a perturbing effect. Back action has important consequences on the measurement process and is a significant factor in measurements near the quantum limit, such as measurements approaching the Standard Quantum Limit (SQL). Back action is an actively sought-after area of interest in present times. There have been experiments in recent times, with nanomechanical systems, where back action was evaded in making measurements, such as in the following paper : When performing continuous measurements of position with sensitivity approaching quantum mechanical limits, one must confront the fundamental effects of detector back-action.Back-action forces are responsible for the ultimate limit on continuous position detection, can also be harnessed to cool the observed structure[0,0,0,0], and are expected to generate quantum entanglement. Back-action can also be evaded, allowing measurements with sensitivities that exceed the standard quantum limit, and potentially allowing for the generation of quantum squeezed states. So the NV centers are used as ancillas in the measurement process.. which weakly measure wavefunctions of particles in neurons, most likely singlet and triplet states occurring in ATP and phosphase... then those same wavefunctions are transfered and produce a correlation at the ground state.. where the ancilla takes on the new value/wavefunction.. and here we find all these ideas.. minus the switching which I can explain Memristors use NV centers to switch between inhibited and excited states singlet and triplet states thus producing/simulating/ EMULATING, living neurons and action potentials and it may just BE the network and its computing speed, that even allows the wavefunction to be "found" Artificial Neural Network. A pair of physicists with ETH Zurich has developed a way to use an artificial neural network to characterize the wave function of a quantum many-body system. [00]. A team of researchers at Google's DeepMind Technologies has been working on a means to increase the capabilities of computers by ... While there are lots of things that artificial intelligence can't do yet - science being one of them - neural networks are proving themselves increasingly adept at a huge variety of pattern recognition ... That's due in part to the description of a quantum system called its wavefunction. ... Neural network chip built using memristors. https://books.google.ca/books?isbn=0000000000Andrew Adamatzky, ‎Guanrong Chen - 0000 - ‎Computers Global and local symmetries In quantum physics, all the properties of a system can be derived from the state or wave function associated with that system. The absolute phase of a wave function cannot be measured, and has no practical meaning, as it cancels out the calculations of the probability distribution. Only relative ... The las vegas shooting left 00 INNOCENT PEOPLE DEAD. The gunmans brother was later arrested for possession of child porn. This technology was developed to defend against terrorism and child abuse. Connect the dots. I bet the brothers were sharing files and one of them ended up a "targeted individual" So he began to stockpile weapons and plan the only way out of his nightmare. There has been no mentioning of him."hearing voices" But the fact his brother was later arrested for such a crime paints a picture worth looking into. Those vibrations, are the result of this assumed BIOMEMS "deployable biosensor" And its use of excitation techniques made to single out single neurons to measure the WAVEFUNCTIONS during a tomographic scan. which makes such possible Quantum-assisted Nano-imaging of Living Organism Is a First Quote: "In QuASAR we are building sensors that capitalize on the extreme precision and control of atomic physics. We hope these novel measurement tools can provide new capabilities to the broader scientific and operational communities," said Jamil Abo-Shaeer, DARPA program manager. "The work these teams are doing to apply quantum-assisted measurement to biological imaging could benefit DoD's efforts to develop specialized drugs and therapies, and potentially support DARPA's work to better understand how the human brain functions." "Nuclear spin imaging at the atomic level is essential for the under-standing of fundamental biological phenomena and for applicationssuch as drug discovery. The advent of novel nano-scale sensors hasgiven hope of achieving the long-standing goal of single-protein, highspatial-resolution structure determination in their natural environ-ment and ambient conditions. In particular, quantum sensors basedon the spin-dependent photoluminescence of Nitrogen Vacancy (NV)centers in diamond have recently been used to detect nanoscale en-sembles of external nuclear spins. While NV sensitivity is approachingsingle-spin levels, extracting relevant information from a very com-plex structure is a further challenge, since it requires not only theability to sense the magnetic field of an isolated nuclear spin, butalso to achieve atomic-scale spatial resolution. Here we propose amethod that, by exploiting the coupling of the NV center to an intrin-sic quantum memory associated with the Nitrogen nuclear spin, canreach a tenfold improvement in spatial resolution, down to atomic scales." So what its all doing essentially, is mapping the phase of atoms/SINGLETS in ATP, onto a NV center based CCD and at the singlet level, correlations occur.. creating entanglement so the particles in the neuron are being correlated with the ancillas, the nitrogen vacancies, where they take on the "target" state.. not only is the above imaging done to obtain a correlation to living neurons, via the singlet states within, but once the connection is established, the MEMRISTOR NETWORK itself can be used to RECONSTRUCT VISION IN REAL TIME Now add the above method, a direct connection using correlated states shared from neurons TO Memristors... and imagine the reconstruction aided by the AI within the memristor network, as it works on so.. (note, this example is done MERELY using fMRI information) now Imagine statistical ensembles being observed in real time via non-classical entanglement But what I'm trying to show, is hows its this assumed entanglement based BCI technology, plus the memristor network it is coupled to, that is responsible for the TI communities complaints that "they (the government) can see through my own eyes" The nitrogen vacancies in the scanners hold values, wavefunctions, which are prepared states aka Ancilla bits, and are the time domain/reference frequency, which carrries the "quantum event/wavefunction" which causes the singlet pairs to form up in the scanned biology.. and correlates with them at the ground state as the relaxation occurs.. Quote: It is important to realize that particles in singlet states need not be locally bound to each other. For example, when the spin states of two electrons are correlated by their emission from a single quantum event that conserves angular momentum, the resulting electrons remain in a shared singlet state even as their separation in space increases indefinitely over time, provided only that their angular momentum states remain unperturbed and that weakly measured value, the wavefunction is sent through the optical cavity, teleported to identical nitrogen vacancies in memristors.. so the ground states in both system are correlated and thus the neural activity can be monitored in real time in the memristors
null
null
380.5
0
[]
[]
[]
Volunteer Services Volunteer Services As Charleston Area Medical Center volunteers, our mission is to serve as support for patients, families and hospital staff, and to provide a caring, comforting and courteous environment. Volunteers at CAMC bring their unique personalities and skills to our hospital. They range in age from 00 to 00. Our ranks are made up of men and women; students and retirees; homemakers and business people. Last year, 000 volunteers contributed over 00,000 hours to our hospitals and Cancer Center. We are looking for volunteers who exemplify CAMC's core values of respect, integrity, stewardship, quality, service with compassion and safety. These volunteers will help us with our mission of "striving to provide the best health care to every patient, every day."
null
null
255.5
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: Python: My return variable is always None So I found a strange thing that happens in python whenever I try to return an optional parameter or at least I think that is why it is happening. Here is my code def reverse(string, output = ""): if string == "": print "winner: ", output return output output = output + string[-0] string = string[:-0] reverse(string, output=output) And here is what happens when I run it: >>> output = reverse("hello") winner: olleh >>> print output None Anyone know why my return is always None? A: You have to return the return value of the recursive call. def reverse(string, output = ""): if string == "": print "winner: ", output return output output = output + string[-0] string = string[:-0] return reverse(string, output=output)
null
null
3,672.6
41
[ [ 76935, 77110 ], [ 77353, 77528 ] ]
[ [ 32, 100, 101, 102, 32, 114, 101, 118, 101, 114, 115, 101, 40, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 44, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 61, 32, 34, 34, 41, 58, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 105, 102, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 61, 61, 32, 34, 34, 58, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 112, 114, 105, 110, 116, 32, 34, 119, 105, 110, 110, 101, 114, 58, 32, 34, 44, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 114, 101, 116, 117, 114, 110, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 61, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 43, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 45, 48, 93, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 61, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 58, 45, 48, 93, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 114, 101 ], [ 32, 100, 101, 102, 32, 114, 101, 118, 101, 114, 115, 101, 40, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 44, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 61, 32, 34, 34, 41, 58, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 105, 102, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 61, 61, 32, 34, 34, 58, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 112, 114, 105, 110, 116, 32, 34, 119, 105, 110, 110, 101, 114, 58, 32, 34, 44, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 114, 101, 116, 117, 114, 110, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 61, 32, 111, 117, 116, 112, 117, 116, 32, 43, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 45, 48, 93, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 61, 32, 115, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 91, 58, 45, 48, 93, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 114, 101 ] ]
[ [ 24 ], [ 24 ] ]
Formulation and application of a biosurfactant from Bacillus methylotrophicus as collector in the flotation of oily water in industrial environment. The present study describes the formulation of a biosurfactant produced by Bacillus methylotrophicus UCP0000 and investigates its long-term stability for application as a collector in a bench-scale dissolved air flotation (DAF) prototype. For formulation, the conservative potassium sorbate was added to the biosurfactant with or without prior heat treatment at 00 °C for 00 min. After formulation, the biosurfactant samples were stored at room temperature for 000 days and the tensioactive properties of the biomolecule were determined with different pH values, temperatures and concentrations of salt. Then, a central composite rotatable design was used to evaluate the influence of the independent variables (effluent flow rate and formulated biosurfactant flow rate) on the oil removal efficiency in the DAF prototype. The formulated biosurfactant demonstrated good stability in both conservation methods, with tolerance to a wide pH range, salinity and high temperatures, enabling its use in environments with extreme conditions. The efficiency of the formulated biomolecule through heating and addition of sorbate was demonstrated by the 00% oil removal rate in the DAF prototype. The findings demonstrate that the biosurfactant from Bacillus methylotrophicus enhances the efficiency of the DAF process, making this technology cleaner. This biosurfactant can assist in the mitigation and management of industrial effluents, contributing toward a reduction in environmental pollution caused by petroleum-based hydrocarbons.
null
null
257.2
0
[]
[]
[]
Playing back a meeting recording ...Let me show you how to locate and play back a meeting that you have recorded....First, let's understand how WebEx Meetings store and prepare your meeting recordings....The meetings are recorded on the WebEx server....WebEx will post the recording to their...server within 00 hours of the meeting completion....When your recording is ready, you'll receive an update on...your dashboard homepage with the playback link and the recording information....Let me show you how that looks....When you get this notification, you can click the link that says Play Recording....And WebEx will play back the video for you with the WebEx network recording player.... To locate your meeting recording manually, if...you miss the notification, the easiest thing...to do is look at the meetings space for the meeting that you recorded....First, find the meeting in your meetings list by clicking the Meetings tab....Click the Recent tab....You'll note, in the list, whether it's recorded or not....Click on the meeting title to visit the meeting space page for that meeting.... Resume Transcript Auto-Scroll Author Released 0/0/0000 Connect and collaborate across the globe with WebEx Meetings. In this course, author and webinar specialist Sally Norred shows you how to use WebEx Meetings to host, run, and record online meetings. Discover how to set up an online meeting and invite attendees, work with interactivity, let attendees participate and present, and save and record a meeting. Also check out the quick tips sheets (free to all members) for a list of handy shortcuts for hosts, presenters, and attendees alike.
null
null
593.1
3
[ [ 80348, 80406 ] ]
[ [ 46, 46, 46, 46, 32, 32, 82, 101, 115, 117, 109, 101, 32, 84, 114, 97, 110, 115, 99, 114, 105, 112, 116, 32, 65, 117, 116, 111, 45, 83, 99, 114, 111, 108, 108, 32, 32, 65, 117, 116, 104, 111, 114, 32, 32, 82, 101, 108, 101, 97, 115, 101, 100, 32, 32, 48, 47, 48 ] ]
[ [ 26 ] ]
A&E's hit reality TV show was ensnared in controversy after its star's controversial comments about gays and African-Americans A record-setting reality show appears to be paddling in the wrong direction as its fifth season gets underway. Citing data from Nielsen, Variety reports that just 0.00 million viewers watched Wednesday night's episode of Duck Dynasty on A&E. That's down from the 0.0 million who tuned into last week's season premiere. The ratings are the lowest for an original episode of the show since December 0000. Duck was ensnared in controversy late last year when star Phil Robertson made derogatory remarks about gays and African Americans. The show focuses on a family that made a fortune on duck-hunting accessories. Its fourth-season premiere was the most-watched cable reality TV episode in history, attracting 00.00 million viewers. Last year, it was the second most watched cable TV program overall, after AMC's Walking Dead. [Variety]
null
null
171.6
0
[]
[]
[]
During my pregnancy, I tried to gather as much information on how painful labor might actually be. I would often hear "mine was horrible, but everyone's pregnancy is different" or "it was the worst pain I've ever felt in my life!" I heard many horror stories which often ended with, "well, don't worry. You'll forget about the pain as soon as your child is born." Not the most reassuring for a first-time mother, but something I definitely kept in mind the entire time. I had feared the unknown, but on the other hand, I knew there was no turning back and that my baby was coming one way or another! Two weeks before my due date, I noticed some blood. My water didn't break and I saw no mucous plug, but it seemed that something was happening earlier than expected. Soon after, at 0 a.m. I woke up from a notably different type of cramping. It began to occur every 0 minutes. It wasn't that painful (yet), but uncomfortable. I felt as if I had to go diarrhea every five minutes. If this is labor, I could handle it for sure I thought, but I knew this was only the beginning. My husband nervously drove us to the hospital as if the baby would pop out any second. I had to remind him to not worry. Things usually didn't happen that fast for first-time moms (or at least I hoped it wouldn't). I had to go by instinct although in the back of my mind, I wasn't sure what would happen next. We finally got to the birthing center after an hour of driving and the nurses confirmed I wasn't even dilated. I couldn't believe it. We were turned away and had to find a hotel because returning home wasn't an option. It would take two hours just to return again! The diarrhea-like cramps were painful and uncomfortable; I couldn't sleep. I was bleeding slightly and started to actually have these cramps and stomach aches over a 00 hour period. I started googling my symptoms (never a good thing!) and discovered there are people who have this uncomfortable feeling for days and weeks! "Fake labor" would not be in my cards, I had hoped. Fortunately, I had an appointment with a midwife in the afternoon and was checked again for any cervical changes. I had finally dilated 0 cm and was 00% effaced. What a relief I thought! I welcomed the pain because I wanted things to progress. I couldn't imagine having diarrhea cramps for weeks. However, 0 cm isn't enough to be admitted, we were told, so back to the hotel we went. "When your cramps become more regular, every 0 minutes a part, and you become more snippy, check in again" the midwife suggested. In the mean time, I tried to walk around, pausing multiple times to catch my breath. A couple hours later, I was FINALLY admitted. My husband kept asking me questions non-stop about what I wanted, needed, and more. All I could say was "if I need something, I'll let you know. Thanks." I literally couldn't talk. I felt like vomiting and had heart burn for the first time in my life. As my labor progressed, I felt the urge to push before I was even 00 cm dilated. I would have a cramp, then a couple of minutes later, one that made me yell out in pain as it forced my body to push. A gush of blood would come out as this happened and I felt extremely uncomfortable because the pain was in my back and butt! It would take my breath away. However, the pain was still tolerable, believe it or not. I had a volunteer doula come in that night who helped me breathe, rubbed my back, and encouraged me. She helped me be aware of my voice and how I could use it to save energy and get through the pain. Unfortunately, she couldn't stay the whole night, but the time she spent with me truly made a difference. Even though labor was hard work and painful, the right breathing technique and support helped ease the pain. This is probably the number one thing that helped me get through labor! As I started heading towards my second night of labor, I wondered how much longer I could go on ... I questioned if it was even worth it to continue without an epidural? I went into labor without a plan. I wanted to go with the flow and make decisions as they came. I didn't want to be tied to a bed or deliver on my back or disappointed if my perfect labor didn't come true, so I left any expectations open. But after my second sleepless night, I started to inquire about pain medications (although deep down inside I knew I could handle more because the pain was still manageable). I was exhausted and sleep would have been nice especially if I didn't have to feel any pain with an epidural. There were no walking epidurals available though and I didn't want to take narcotics (which could make me dizzy), so I continued along, breathing away. A bath was an option too and this I requested and wanted. I was so uncomfortable as things progressed. I couldn't get in the shower to relax my muscles, but somehow a bath sounded soothing and worth the effort. As soon as the bath was ready, however, I suddenly felt a pop down below as if major pressure had been released from my insides. Immediately, there was a shift. The back and butt pressure/pain I felt was no longer there. It was time to push! I knew as soon as I felt it. As the baby descended, I felt the burning sensation of the babies head crowning - a temporary stretching sting. The cramps were still there and I had no control over my own pushing. I let my body do its own work and took the breaks my body provided in between each wave of labor. I was standing up giving birth because I couldn't get onto the bed as I would have liked and was given a stool to put my right foot onto in order to widen my pelvis. Gravity certainly assisted me. However, I never expected to be standing for 00 minutes! My legs were becoming tired and shaky, but I couldn't move. My energy was sapped and I regretted not exercising more. Standing up was the most comfortable thing to do though and I listened to my body's cues. I started to go along with my body's signals to push, but after a while I felt as if the baby would never come out because things weren't progressing fast enough. After his head came out, I thought it was all over until I heard my husband say "push, his body is stuck!" I ended up pushing as hard as I could and a gush of fluids came spewing onto the floor. It was the best sense of relief. The midwives held my baby from under me and told me to grab him. He was screaming, kicking, and punching his way into this life. He was so slippery, I was terrified to grab him. I had never held a baby before. He would be my first. I held my son and put him on my chest. I couldn't stop looking at him in awe. He was so beautiful to me and I felt overwhelmed with love and joy. When the umbilical cord finally stopped pulsating, which happened surprisingly quick, my husband carefully snipped it. At this point, I'm glad my husband didn't pass out. I always joked that he would get queasy and faint, but my husband did amazing! While holding my son, I had to deliver my placenta which did not hurt at all. In fact, I couldn't even feel much down below because of the adrenaline pumping throughout my veins. Looking into my son's eyes and holding him for the first time was the most incredible thing in the world. The pain that I felt earlier in labor vanished and I felt ecstatic to have made it through. It's true what they say ... After your baby is born, you forget the pain of labor and birth. At least most of it. Hello! Hello! It's nice to meet you! I'm Mary. Thank you for stopping by Stirring Up Delight. I hope you'll find some useful tips, recipes, and reviews or maybe a story or two that you might enjoy. Read More... Follow me Subscribe to Blog via Email Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address Stirringupdelight.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com For those of you who were told you might need an endometrial biopsy, here's my experience, so you can sleep a little better at night. Although I do not know what yours will be like, I can tell you that not all of them turn out horrific like you might've read online. Why You Might [...] Kalua pig is a dish from Hawaii that may be intimidating to make if it's done traditionally, but modern technology has its benefits. You don't have to roast a pig underground, but instead you can use your slower cooker to make it. How easy is it? Buy some pork butt at the store and toss [...] I'm so excited to be planning my niece's 0st birthday party this fall! For anyone who really knows me, I absolutely love planning. It is one of my obsessions. After making numerous planning mistakes, however, I would like to share with you some tips I've learned along the way. If you are planning your child's [...] One of my favorite drinks when I return home is plantation iced tea. Last year, when I spent a week back home in Hawaii, I ended up drinking it as often as I found it on the menu. Now that the heat of summer is here, I'm dreaming of returning home to visit again. I really [...]
null
null
305
3
[ [ 89524, 89671 ], [ 89688, 89895 ] ]
[ [ 32, 32, 83, 117, 98, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 32, 116, 111, 32, 66, 108, 111, 103, 32, 118, 105, 97, 32, 69, 109, 97, 105, 108, 32, 32, 69, 110, 116, 101, 114, 32, 121, 111, 117, 114, 32, 101, 109, 97, 105, 108, 32, 97, 100, 100, 114, 101, 115, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 115, 117, 98, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 105, 115, 32, 98, 108, 111, 103, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 114, 101, 99, 101, 105, 118, 101, 32, 110, 111, 116, 105, 102, 105, 99, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 115, 32, 111, 102, 32, 110, 101, 119, 32, 112, 111, 115, 116, 115, 32, 98, 121, 32, 101, 109, 97, 105, 108, 46, 32, 32, 69, 109, 97, 105, 108, 32, 65, 100, 100, 114, 101, 115, 115, 32, 32 ], [ 46, 99, 111, 109, 32, 105, 115, 32, 97, 32, 112, 97, 114, 116, 105, 99, 105, 112, 97, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 65, 109, 97, 122, 111, 110, 32, 83, 101, 114, 118, 105, 99, 101, 115, 32, 76, 76, 67, 32, 65, 115, 115, 111, 99, 105, 97, 116, 101, 115, 32, 80, 114, 111, 103, 114, 97, 109, 44, 32, 97, 110, 32, 97, 102, 102, 105, 108, 105, 97, 116, 101, 32, 97, 100, 118, 101, 114, 116, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 112, 114, 111, 103, 114, 97, 109, 32, 100, 101, 115, 105, 103, 110, 101, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 97, 110, 115, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 115, 105, 116, 101, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 101, 97, 114, 110, 32, 97, 100, 118, 101, 114, 116, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 102, 101, 101, 115, 32, 98, 121, 32, 97, 100, 118, 101, 114, 116, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 108, 105, 110, 107, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 109, 97, 122, 111, 110, 46, 99, 111, 109, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 8458, 28 ], [ 28 ] ]
But something is happening here and you don't know what it is Do you, Mr, Jones? (Bob Dylan, 0000) Rulers seldom know what's happening, do they? They have the intelligence apparatus and their party politicos feeding them whatever the powerful like to hear, but the assessment of the people can be in delicious discord. Atal Bihari Vajpayee ordered elections early because his India was shining. He paid the price. Through cries of policy paralysis and corruption, Manmohan Singh went in expecting to be reasonably rewarded. After all, his government had delivered a nearly 0-0% (0-00% by today's yardstick) rate of growth over most of his ten-year period, unprecedented for a democracy. Yet, the result was a shock. What was common between the two governments - covering a period of about 00 years of elite section boy-scout optimism - was bubbly talk for much of the time by economists, policy wonks, and the World Bank and the IMF. In the end, the politics probably turned on a less talked about variable: jobless growth, which analysts hadn't troubled themselves with. In the strapped situation of lukewarm private sector investment we are in today, and the major employment-generating informal economy sector having taken a hit since demonetisation, no analyst or political planner can afford to overlook jobless growth. Pakora growth, a close enough synonym, staring the country in the face is hardly a pleasing outcome after four years of "game-changing" economics, no matter how combatively BJP chief Amit Shah defended it in his maiden speech in the Rajya Sabha. Young Indians of any class, on whose shoulders rides the much-vaunted promise of the demographic dividend, are not amused. Rampant joblessness is a feature the Modi sarkar shares with the governments of Vajpayee and Singh. Alas, what it does not share with their time in office is a long patch of striking expansion of the economy. Also Read Not to put too fine a point on it, we now find ourselves stuck in a time of creeping pessimism, although international capital has done its best to talk up the India story through friendly statements issued by the IMF and the World Bank that the Modi regimes perversely quotes all the time, though it only has to look around to find the truth. What's worse, India is slipping when the US and Europe have recovered and when the international price of oil is still in benign territory. The dim economic outlook is likely to impose a cut-and-run political strategy on the prime minister, although MPs in general, not just of the ruling party, do not like their term cut short. For Modi, an early election is, therefore, likely to be a political compulsion. In this respect, his story is different from that of Vajpayee's. The latter had chosen to go to the country early of his own volition in order to seize what his advisors thought might be a bright moment. The contrast in circumstances Modi finds himself in has been accentuated by the morale-sapping defeat in the recent by-elections in Rajasthan. Ordinarily, losing by-elections is not the end of the world, although ruling parties frequently coast to easy victories in them. However, the BJP lost every one of the 00 Assembly segments that make up the Lok Sabha constituencies of Alwar and Ajmer. That is a lot of territory to lose in one go and should be a distinct worry for the saffron party. Rajasthan has an old and active RSS network, which in recent times was lubricated through political and social actions of the Hindutva variety, most notably cow vigilante actions. But none of this counted with the voter. The "secular" realm - jobs, prices, the economy, living conditions - trumped the world of perverse ideas delivered slickly through clever propaganda disseminated not just by fanatical Hindutva outfits but also a section of the fawning media. Assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh are due in December this year and the Lok Sabha poll should in the normal course be held in April-May, 0000. However, when the prognosis for the BJP in these states is none too bright - and remember the bad news began to pour in from Modi's the home state Gujarat, where BJP's win was so tenuous that the party cannot even celebrate it - and the Rajasthan results hammered home a bitter truth, can the prime minister risk holding the Lok Sabha election after a potentially weak showing in three BJP-ruled states? This will be the singular consideration guiding the prime minister if he decides to go to the country early, not some high-intentioned thinking on the presumed benefits to the country of holding parliament and state polls simultaneously. The year 0000 began brilliantly for Modi and Amit Shah with a staggering win in Uttar Pradesh. But the year ended on a sobering note on account of the factors that became evident first in Gujarat and then in Rajasthan - rampant joblessness, farmers' plight, the woes of the working classes in the ‘rurban' areas and in cities proper. If a week is a long time in politics, a year is an eternity. Anand K. Sahay is a journalist who lives and works in New Delhi.
null
null
329.2
0
[]
[]
[]
Computer assisted learning: the potential for teaching and assessing in nursing. This article discusses computer assisted learning (CAL) and the importance of applying it in nurse education. The articles recognizes the general technological developments as exemplified by the Teaching and Learning Technology Programme (TLTP) from which ideas about application and benefits came. The ideas from TLTP are hereby used in CAL and applied to nursing and health-care undergraduate programmes in one university. In the light of this experience the main intention of this article is to consider the benefits and costs of introducing computer programmes as part of the teaching provision for nurses and other health-care professionals both at beginner and advanced level. The article further argues that CAL can also be used for patient teaching thus providing transferable skills and benefits for teachers as well as learners, be they students or patients. To support such multiple uses of CAL selected examples will be offered and appropriate conclusions will be drawn.
null
null
425.7
0
[]
[]
[]
Inorganic phosphate uptake in intact vacuoles isolated from suspension-cultured cells of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don under varying Pi status. Inorganic phosphate (Pi) uptake across the vacuolar membrane of intact vacuoles isolated from Catharanthus roseus suspension-cultured cells was measured. Under low Pi status, Pi uptake into the vacuole was strongly activated compared to high Pi status. Since Pi uptake across the vacuolar membrane is correlated with H+ pumping, we examined the dependency of H+ pumping on plant Pi status. Both H+ pumping and the activities of the vacuolar H+-pumps, the V-type H+-ATPase and the H+-PPase were enhanced under low Pi status. Despite this increase in H+ pumping, Western blot analysis showed no distinct increase in the amount of proton pump proteins. Possible mechanisms for the activation of Pi uptake into the vacuole under low Pi status are discussed.
null
null
436.4
0
[]
[]
[]
Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) will clinch victory in the first-in-the-nation primary in New Hampshire, according to a CNN projection, powered by his strength among blue-collar, younger and more liberal voters.
null
null
240.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: TextView Not centered in app but centered in match_constraint I've created a simple activity design using ConstraintLayout. Whenever I try to center a textView, it does it correctly in the blueprints but never does it in the actual app. Not sure if i am doing something wrong or I'm losing my mind. Here is the image Here is the XML code <?xml version="0.0" encoding="utf-0"?> <android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:background="@color/background_green" tools:context="nz.co.listcosolutions.StartActivity"> <ImageView android:id="@+id/imageView0" android:layout_width="000dp" android:layout_height="000dp" android:layout_marginEnd="00dp" android:layout_marginStart="00dp" android:layout_marginTop="00dp" app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent" app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" app:srcCompat="@drawable/baby_plant" /> <Button android:id="@+id/btnNext" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_marginEnd="00dp" android:layout_marginStart="00dp" android:layout_marginTop="00dp" android:text="@string/next" android:textColor="@color/background_green" android:textSize="00sp" app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent" app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/textView0" /> <TextView android:id="@+id/textView0" android:layout_width="0dp" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_marginEnd="0dp" android:layout_marginStart="0dp" android:layout_marginTop="00dp" android:text="Welcome to My App" android:textAlignment="center" android:textColor="@android:color/white" android:textSize="00sp" app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent" app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/imageView0" /> </android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout> Im also using the latest version of ConstraintLayout compile 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:0.0.0' A: You need to add: android:gravity="center" to the TextView. This is the only certain way to center the text inside a TextView object or one of its subclasses. The android:textAlignment is not working in all the cases and as reported by this answer that it has problems in lower API levels.
null
null
2,576.5
62
[ [ 98737, 99074 ], [ 99190, 99521 ], [ 99596, 99808 ], [ 99868, 100295 ], [ 100347, 100564 ], [ 100569, 100628 ], [ 100680, 100747 ] ]
[ [ 32, 60, 63, 120, 109, 108, 32, 118, 101, 114, 115, 105, 111, 110, 61, 34, 48, 46, 48, 34, 32, 101, 110, 99, 111, 100, 105, 110, 103, 61, 34, 117, 116, 102, 45, 48, 34, 63, 62, 32, 60, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 46, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 46, 67, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 76, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 32, 32, 120, 109, 108, 110, 115, 58, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 61, 34, 104, 116, 116, 112, 58, 47, 47, 115, 99, 104, 101, 109, 97, 115, 46, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 99, 111, 109, 47, 97, 112, 107, 47, 114, 101, 115, 47, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 34, 32, 120, 109, 108, 110, 115, 58, 97, 112, 112, 61, 34, 104, 116, 116, 112, 58, 47, 47, 115, 99, 104, 101, 109, 97, 115, 46, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 99, 111, 109, 47, 97, 112, 107, 47, 114, 101, 115, 45, 97, 117, 116, 111, 34, 32, 120, 109, 108, 110, 115, 58, 116, 111, 111, 108, 115, 61, 34, 104, 116, 116, 112, 58, 47, 47, 115, 99, 104, 101, 109, 97, 115, 46, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 99, 111, 109, 47, 116, 111, 111, 108, 115, 34, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 119, 105, 100, 116, 104, 61, 34, 109, 97, 116, 99, 104, 95, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 104, 101, 105, 103, 104, 116, 61, 34, 109, 97, 116, 99, 104, 95, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 98, 97, 99, 107, 103, 114, 111, 117, 110, 100, 61, 34 ], [ 86, 105, 101, 119, 48, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 119, 105, 100, 116, 104, 61, 34, 48, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 104, 101, 105, 103, 104, 116, 61, 34, 48, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 69, 110, 100, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 84, 111, 112, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 69, 110, 100, 95, 116, 111, 69, 110, 100, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 95, 116, 111, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 84, 111, 112, 95, 116, 111, 84, 111, 112, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97 ], [ 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 119, 105, 100, 116, 104, 61, 34, 119, 114, 97, 112, 95, 99, 111, 110, 116, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 104, 101, 105, 103, 104, 116, 61, 34, 119, 114, 97, 112, 95, 99, 111, 110, 116, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 69, 110, 100, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 84, 111, 112, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 116, 101, 120, 116, 61, 34 ], [ 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 116, 101, 120, 116, 83, 105, 122, 101, 61, 34, 48, 48, 115, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 69, 110, 100, 95, 116, 111, 69, 110, 100, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 95, 116, 111, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 84, 111, 112, 95, 116, 111, 66, 111, 116, 116, 111, 109, 79, 102, 61, 34, 64, 43, 105, 100, 47, 116, 101, 120, 116, 86, 105, 101, 119, 48, 34, 32, 47, 62, 32, 32, 60, 84, 101, 120, 116, 86, 105, 101, 119, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 105, 100, 61, 34, 64, 43, 105, 100, 47, 116, 101, 120, 116, 86, 105, 101, 119, 48, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 119, 105, 100, 116, 104, 61, 34, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 104, 101, 105, 103, 104, 116, 61, 34, 119, 114, 97, 112, 95, 99, 111, 110, 116, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 69, 110, 100, 61, 34, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 61, 34, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 109, 97, 114, 103, 105, 110, 84, 111, 112, 61, 34, 48, 48, 100, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 116, 101, 120, 116, 61, 34 ], [ 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 116, 101, 120, 116, 67, 111, 108, 111, 114, 61, 34, 64, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 99, 111, 108, 111, 114, 47, 119, 104, 105, 116, 101, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 58, 116, 101, 120, 116, 83, 105, 122, 101, 61, 34, 48, 48, 115, 112, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 69, 110, 100, 95, 116, 111, 69, 110, 100, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 95, 116, 111, 83, 116, 97, 114, 116, 79, 102, 61, 34, 112, 97, 114, 101, 110, 116, 34, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 97, 112, 112, 58, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 95, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 84, 111, 112, 95, 116, 111, 66, 111, 116, 116, 111, 109, 79, 102, 61, 34, 64, 43, 105, 100, 47 ], [ 86, 105, 101, 119, 48, 34, 32, 47, 62, 32, 32, 60, 47, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 46, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 46, 67, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 76, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 62, 32, 32 ], [ 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 105, 108, 101, 32, 39, 99, 111, 109, 46, 97, 110, 100, 114, 111, 105, 100, 46, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 46, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 58, 99, 111, 110, 115, 116, 114, 97, 105, 110, 116, 45, 108, 97, 121, 111, 117, 116, 58, 48, 46, 48, 46, 48, 39, 32, 32 ] ]
[ [ 33 ], [ 33 ], [ 33 ], [ 33 ], [ 33 ], [ 33 ], [ 33, 3987 ] ]
Following the airport shooting, Steube doubled down on his view that license holders ought to bring guns into venues like airports, claiming that gun-free zones are more likely to be targeted by shooters. In fact, most major airports are not gun-free zones, as they have armed and unarmed security personnel. In addition, several studies show the vast majority of mass shootings do not occur in gun-free zones. In his book, "Rampage Nation," Louis Klarevas of the University of Massachusetts found that 00 of 000 mass shootings from 0000 to 0000 occurred in zones in which guns were not prohibited.
null
null
199.6
0
[]
[]
[]
Adventure Time, Mission Impossible, The A-Team, Harry Potter and the new Ghostbusters are about to land on LEGO Dimensions. Images of the new additions were picked up by users on /r/LEGO, the source of which seems to be early listings on the Mexican version of Amazon. This pretty much breaks the street date of a LEGO Dimensions announcement which is supposed to happen today (June 0th). The game already features characters, locations, items and more from popular franchises such as DC Comics, Back To The Future and Scooby-Doo. Adventure Time was already slated to be a LEGO Ideas official set, so it's appearance on the subreddit wasn't such a shock. Mission Impossible and The A-Team, on the other hand, are a complete surprise here. That being said, we still really like these new additions and would love to play them... if it wasn't for the fact that the game, in any iteration, has still not been released in South Africa. It was initially released north of the equator on September 00th, so local interested parties have been waiting for it for quite sometime. Hopefully it'll arrive here soon. We can dream... UPDATE 00/00: Thanks to an official trailer made for E0, we now know that the above leaks are all official. To make the news even better (and to empty your wallet even more), E.T., The Goonies, Gremlins, Teen Titans GO!, Knight Rider and even Sonic will be appearing in the game at a future date. [Source - /r/ LEGO
null
null
184.3
0
[]
[]
[]
0000 XIXO Ladies Open Hódmezővásárhely - Doubles Laura Pigossi and Nadia Podoroska were the defending champions, but both players chose not to participate. Kotomi Takahata and Prarthana Thombare won the title after Ulrikke Eikeri and Tereza Mrdeža retired in the final at 0-0. Seeds Draw References Main Draw XIXO Ladies Open Hódmezővásárhely - Doubles
null
null
99.7
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: Python Segmentation Fault? First off, I didnt even know a memory error / segfault was possible in python. Kudos to learning something new! I have this database I create database = DBManager(dbEndpoint,dbUser,dbPass,dbSchema) And then I try to use it in a thread def stateTimeThreadStart(): database.getTable('CLIENTS') threads = [] threads.append(threading.Thread(name='State Updater', target=stateTimeThreadStart, args=())) threads[0].start() The output is Segmentation fault: 00 What on earth is going on here? It definetly has something to do with database.getTable('CLIENTS') because when I comment it out the issue does not occur. In addition, I have also tried to pass the database to the thread with no luck. Any ideas? Thanks! A: Segmentation faults in Python can occur due to database connectors. The drivers used to connect to the database are usually coded in a C base, so in case of RAM overload or perhaps other reasons it throws Segmentation Faults. This is further exacerbated by the fact that you are using multithreading. Most database drivers are known to throw Segmentation Faults if multithreading isn't handled very carefully. Most database driver protocols can not handle multiple threads using the same connection at once. The rule of thumb is to not share a single connection between threads.
null
null
868.3
0
[]
[]
[]
NEW YORK (CBSNewYork) - A fight between two roommates inside a homeless shelter in Harlem turned deadly Friday morning. It happened inside a shelter for men with alcohol, drug and mental health problems at 000 W. 000nd St., which is run by the nonprofit Bowery Residents Committee. Police said the two men got into a dispute in their fifth-floor apartment using kitchen knives, CBS0's Brian Conybeare reported. Police say the two roommates pulled out kitchen knives during a dipute. A 00-year-old was killed, and a 00-year-old was critically injured. No charges had been filed as of Friday evening. A shelter resident, who did not want to give his name, said he heard the fight just after 0 a.m. and that it sounded like somebody fell out of bed. "I heard something go boom," the man said, adding that he does not feel safe in the shelter. Neighbors told CBS0 the block is home to at least three different homeless shelters, and some say the shelter where the incident happened is a constant source of trouble. "Anytime there's an ambulance, a fire engine or a police car, we are worried that something happened, and unfortunately now something really bad happened, and that's scary," said Francesco Fabba, who has lived on the block since 0000. He pointed to empty liquor bottles littering the sidewalk as evidence of the ongoing trouble and fear shelter residents cause. "We try to cope as much as we can with that," Fabba said. "Maybe you try to walk on this side of the street and not that side, depends on who's outside the building," he added. Others on the gentrifying street, which includes million-dollar brownstones, say the shelter residents don't frighten them, that they're just regular people struggling with mental health issues and trying to get some help. "Most of them are very kind to me," said neighbor Moneke Coates. "I've never felt threatened." Coates said the shelter was there long before a new wave of wealthier people moved in. "It's just that they want them out of here," she said. "It doesn't look good for them." Community activist Iesha Sekou understands both sides, but said the city needs more affordable housing and the homeless system needs to do more screening. "Mental illness has to definitely be addressed before people are going into shelters," Sekou said. "We have to assess whether or not there is a danger to other people." The Bowery Residents Committee would not go on camera. In an email statement to CBS0, the organization said that it is saddened by what happened.
null
null
262.6
0
[]
[]
[]
Q: HP MSA00 / P000 Array Failure - Shows 0 drives in each slot, 00/00 drives "missing" We have an HP MSA00 with 00 x 000GB HP SAS 00k DP drives, connected to an HP P000 controller. The drives are configured in RAID 0. Yesterday, some kind of unknown "event" occurred and the array dropped offline. We rebooted the server (running CENTOS 0.0) and upon startup, the Array Controller reported that 00 of the drives are "missing". When we look at the volume in the Array management, there are two entries for each slot for slots 0-00. One shows a 000gb drive and one shows a 0gb drive. There are no more entries after 00. We contacted HP support, who sent us to Tier 0 support, and after many hours gave up. They said they have never seen this, before (my favorite thing to hear from a vendor). Has anybody seen this before, and have we lost all of the data? Thank you. A: Old, old, old, old... CentOS 0.0 is old (0.0, 0 December 0000 (kernel 0.0.00-000)) HP StorageWorks MSA00 is old. (End of Life - October 0000) HP Smart Array P000 is old. (End of Life - 0000) So this makes me think that firmware and drivers are also old. E.g. there's no reason to run CentOS 0.0 in 0000... And I'm assuming no effort was made to keep anything current. This also makes me think that the systems are not being monitored. Assuming HP server hardware, what did the system IML logs say? Are you running HP management agents? If not, important messages about the server and storage health could have been missed. Did you check information from the HP Array Configuration Utility (or HP SSA)? But in the end, you've probably suffered a port failure or expander/backplane failure: How many SAS cables are connected to the enclosure? If 0 cable is connected, then you likely have a backplane issue because of the SAS expander in the enclosure. If two cables are connected, you may have a SAS cable, MSA00 controller or P000 port failure. Your data is likely intact, but you need to isolate the issue and determine which one of the above issues is the culprit. Replacing a SAS cable is a lot easier than swapping the MSA00 controller or RAID controller card... but I guess you can get another MSA00 for $00 on eBay...
null
null
585.2
0
[]
[]
[]
POV: Henry vs Martin + a poll I won't make claims as to their gifts and charms, but H & M do resemble me in various ways :) I usually like to write stories from a single point of view. It's obviously a limited perspective, but I enjoy the constraints. As far as I'm concerned, there's no such thing as a reliable narrator. Characters misinterpret things, miss things, draw the wrong conclusions, and it can be tricky and fun to work the "truth" into a story alongside the character's perceptions. For instance, I think it's obvious to the reader that Martin is DTF from the get-go, but Henry, equipped with the same amount of information, simply doesn't get it. When I started writing the Ganymede Quartet books, it seemed obvious to me that the story needed to be told from the master's point of view. Whether or not he's actually prepared to take responsibility, the fact remains that Henry's the one in charge and he sets the tone. It's Martin's job to adapt and respond and accommodate and serve. Obviously, Martin is better-equipped to steer this particular ship, but, unfortunately for Henry, the roles in this relationship weren't assigned based on fitness or merit. If you've read A Most Personal Property (GQ Book 0), you know that when the opportunity finally arises for Martin to take charge, he does so with great effect, but he does wait for Henry to create the opportunity. He's very well-trained. I think it's apparent that Martin is miserable for most of AMPP, and writing weeks of self-doubt and misery even greater than Henry's, from the perspective of a character who has even less power to effect change...I don't think anyone wants to read that book, actually. Henry also needed to be the POV character for the main books because Henry is the one who has the most growing to do. They're both young, both immature, but Martin is less immature, his sense of self is more solid and, well, he's a lot smarter. Henry learns a lot over the course of the series, which is not to say that Martin doesn't, but as the one nominally in charge, Henry's growth has a greater impact on both of them. It was possibly something of a risk, but I left out or delayed certain trains of thought because Henry isn't necessarily considering all aspects and implications of the master/slave dynamic from early on in their relationship. He's very loving, but he's not the most insightful person, and it takes him awhile to consider things that a savvier fellow might have questioned from the beginning. It really does take Henry a long time to wonder how Martin's position and training impact the way Martin responds to him. I anticipate going a little deeper into Martin's background, in a way, for the story that will accompany Book 0. I also have a pretty good idea which aspect of Book 0 I'll present from Martin's perspective. So far, the Martin stories have been really fun to write, and I definitely look forward to doing them. I think they're so easy and enjoyable to work on because they revisit territory that I've already covered from Henry's perspective to some extent, and when I'm writing Henry, I'm always considering how Martin might view a given situation, as well. Offering Martin's POV at all was actually a pretty late development. It occurred to me shortly before publishing A Most Personal Property that the stories I was busy telling myself about Martin's past would probably be of interest to anyone who was interested in AMPP, and so I quickly wrote A Superior Slave. I hoped that people who enjoyed reading ASS (ugh, that acronym!) for free might be interested in paying for AMPP, and I think that did happen to some small extent. I've gotten the impression (whether it's true or not) that Martin might be the reader favorite by a small margin, so it just seems like a nice idea to continue offering Martin POV stories alongside the main books. While I think a person can enjoy the main books and Henry's POV without side stories, I like to think Martin's perspective is a valuable addition. I plan on adding additional points of view from other characters in the universe. I've got stories written about a couple of Henry's friends to show how slave ownership works in private for other people. I've got at least two stories I want to write about Henry's cousin Jesse. I think Tom gets his own novella :D With A Proper Lover (GQ Book 0) and A Master's Fidelity (GQ Book 0.0) released, I'm just going immediately into editing Book 0 and fleshing out the notes I have for the Martin story. I'd had vague ideas about taking a break, but I honestly don't know what that would mean at this point. I don't know what I'd be doing during a break! Right now, the idea of downtime just makes me cranky. Knowing that there are people eager for the next books makes me want to work on getting them out. Besides, working on Martin's POV is a treat :)
null
null
269.6
0
[]
[]
[]
Over every mountain there is a path, although it may not be seen from the valley I'm now taking commissions, if you're interested in some high quality terrain PM me. WorldPainter (for creating the map) Chunky (for rendering the map) Thanks for stopping by, if you enjoyed this submission please consider leaving a diamond! The sweeping sunset of the Roughhew Rocks is deceiving. The mountain becomes beautiful, the forests become picturesque and the rugged rocks look tamed. Even the birds sing a loud song heard far and wide over the coastal rocks. Don't be fooled, you're not safe. The beauty is the danger, one feels so safe, so alive, so free in Roughhew. But the same cannot be said for the human. Only two people have escaped Roughhew alive, and the thousands that are enticed here each season are slain. Some say it is nature that kills them, others say it's haunted, some claim the beauty was too much for them. While nobody knows the cause of death of these people there is one thing that cannot be disputed - this region has the highest rate of death in all the land.I like this map but I found it incredibly difficult to get nice renders of it. As such it marks the first map I've made where the cover photo is from the ground rather than a top down isometric view. This map I changed normal smooth stone for rock, a combination of stone and cobblestone, to create a rougher and more rugged terrain and I'm pleased with how it turned out. I also used gravel in the valleys to show heavy erosion and an unstable land, despite the towering mountain looming over it.I used the following tools to create this map:
null
null
363.9
0
[]
[]
[]
The terrifying 00-minute ordeal suffered by Hawaii residents on Saturday, when the state's emergency-management agency sent out a false alert warning of an imminent ballistic-missile strike amid rising tensions with North Korea, seems to have sparked an unusually rapid response on Capitol Hill. Hawaii's Sen. Brian Schatz, a Democrat on the Senate Commerce Committee, told National Journal that he is working with other Senate Democrats on a bill that would implement a federal best-practice framework for the ballistic-missile-alert systems administered by U.S. states, localities, and territories. And while Republicans don't appear to be involved in the process, relevant GOP chairs in both chambers have expressed a willingness to work with Schatz on the issue. Initial reports indicate that Hawaii's screwup - which sent people across the archipelago scrambling for shelter before the all-clear was called more than a half-hour later - was because of an employee mistakenly pressing the wrong link on a confusingly designed interface. But for something as serious as a ballistic-missile alert, Schatz suggested that the potential for human error can, and should, be mitigated through federal safeguards. "You want a system that accounts for the fact that somebody may be sleepy or careless, or an interface may not be the most user-friendly, and yet it all works anyway," Schatz said. "We have best practices for disaster notifications for natural disasters, for terrorism events. We just don't have it for this." On Wednesday, Schatz said he had convened a phone call with officials from the Federal Communications Commission, the Homeland Security Department, the Pentagon, and other relevant agencies to address the inconsistency. "We think it should be done legislatively, but I don't know that for sure yet," he told reporters, explaining that the ultimate goal is to craft "a federal law to establish a framework that states can use." The way America's missile-alert system operates is fundamentally different from how citizens are alerted to most other catastrophes, when local authorities often possess the best information. While states and cities are ultimately responsible for alerting civilians of an imminent attack, they lack the ability to detect and track incoming missiles. In the seconds and minutes after a launch, details of the threat would have to cascade through phone calls from the Pentagon to DHS. From there, officials at the Federal Emergency Management Agency would send the warning to at-risk states and localities, whose own alert systems would only then spring into life. That chain of causation was disrupted on Saturday. But David Simpson, a former admiral in the U.S. Navy who ran the FCC's Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau from November 0000 to January 0000, said federal legislation should seek to dismantle that outdated process altogether. "That's a 0000s kind of structure," Simpson said, arguing that machine-to-machine communication technology should be utilized to eliminate lag time and cut down on human error. One way to do that could be for the FCC to create, at the direction of Congress, a unique wireless-alert category for ballistic-missile threats. "That would then ensure that the machine elements of this system could be built around that narrow bucket," Simpson said. But that still wouldn't solve the problem entirely. "The machine-to-machine piece of that, so it could be really useful, would require DHS and [Defense Department] plumbing changes that would be beyond the authorities of the FCC," Simpson said. Simpson largely endorsed Schatz's plan for a uniform federal missile-alert framework that states and localities can follow. "There's over 0,000 alert originators at the state and local level, and I would say five, six, seven vendors for the user-interface systems," he said. In a bid to improve innovation, DHS gave state governments broad leeway to design their own missile-alert interfaces. But Simpson said that decision has clearly come with a cost. "That variation is fine for notification about fire, notification about a tsunami coming in," Simpson said. "But ballistic-missile warnings ought to be consistent, reliable, secure - because we don't want it cyberattacked - across the entire country." Republicans seem receptive to Schatz's plan for missile-alert legislation. Schatz said he plans to introduce his bill through the Senate Commerce Committee, which is chaired by Republican John Thune. Frederick Hill, a Thune spokesman, told National Journal that the chairman "is considering convening a full committee hearing which would help inform legislative efforts." House Republicans are further along than their Senate counterparts, with plans to hold an Energy and Commerce hearing on Hawaii's false missile alert in the coming weeks. On Wednesday, committee chairman Greg Walden said he would be "happy to work" with Schatz on legislation, if needed. "We just haven't got into the weeds on it," Walden said. As long as lawmakers can work out issues surrounding committee and agency jurisdiction, Simpson said the chances for bipartisan support are high. But stakeholders from Homeland Security and the Pentagon - as well as the congressional committees that oversee them - will also need to weigh in. And Simpson worries those agencies may be loath to take responsibility for what's widely viewed as a state-level mistake. "It's a perfect bipartisan issue, as long as we don't let the various lobbies and the competition between agencies pervert and potentially dilute the ultimate outcome," Simpson said. "Two more House Republicans have joined the discharge petition to force votes on immigration, potentially leaving centrists just two signatures short of success. Reps. Tom Reed (R-N.Y.) and Brian Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.) signed the discharge petition Thursday before the House left town for the Memorial Day recess. If all Democrats endorse the petition, just two more GOP signatures would be needed to reach the magic number of 000." Source: FIRED FROM RUSSIAN LAUNCHER Investigators Pin Destruction of Malaysian Airliner on Russia 0 hours ago THE DETAILS "A missile that brought down Malaysia Airlines Flight 00 in eastern Ukraine in 0000 was fired from a launcher belonging to Russia's 00rd anti-aircraft missile brigade, investigators said Thursday. The announcement is the first time the investigative team has identified a specific division of the Russian military as possibly being involved in the strike. Russia has repeatedly denied involvement in the incident." Source: THREE INTERVIEWS PLANNED FOR JUNE House GOP Will Conduct New Interviews in Clinton Probe 0 hours ago THE LATEST "House Republicans are preparing to conduct the first interviews in over four months in their investigation into the FBI's handling of the Clinton email probe. A joint investigation run by the Judiciary and Oversight Committees has set three witness interviews for June, including testimony from Bill Priestap, the assistant director of the FBI's counterintelligence division, and Michael Steinbach, the former head of the FBI's national security division." Source: IN OPEN LETTER TO KIM JONG UN Trump Cancels North Korea Summit 0 hours ago THE LATEST GANG OF EIGHT WILL GET SEPARATE MEETING Briefings at White House Will Now Be Bipartisan 0 hours ago THE LATEST "The White House confirmed Wednesday it is planning for a bipartisan group of House and Senate leaders, known as the 'Gang of 0,' to receive a highly-classified intelligence briefing on the FBI's investigation into Russian meddling, reversing plans to exclude Democrats altogether. ABC News first reported the plans to hold a separate briefing for Democrats, citing multiple administration and congressional sources. While details of the bipartisan meeting are still being worked out, a Republican-only briefing will go on as scheduled Thursday."
null
null
324.7
0
[]
[]
[]
HONG KONG - July 0th may be a holiday for Americans, but in China it is the eve of nationwide release of "Man Of Tai Chi," the feature directing debut of Keanu Reeves. That's a big deal for the Canadian star and part of a giant screen success story for China. In addition to the film's July 0 release in an initial 0,000 conventional digital theaters, "Man Of Tai Chi" has also been re-mastered to a large screen format with IMAX DMR technology. IMAX insiders report that the picture has no edits or narrative differences from the conventional version, other than by now standard reworked image and sound enhancements. The film is one of the first Chinese-language movies (it is actually in Mandarin, Cantonese and English) to be made in China by a North American and is a genuine made-in-China co-venture involving China Film Group, Wanda Media, Village Roadshow Pictures Asia, and Universal Pictures. The contemporary action-drama was shot in Beijing and Hong Kong and is described as "the spiritual journey of a young martial artist," who is lured into the dark world of underground combat with promises of money, glamour and power. It has also been getting a lot of heat as the star has put in thousands of air miles touring the major cities of the Middle Kingdom and doing promo work at the recent Beijing, Shanghai and Cannes festivals. The giant screen brand has been popular with China's status-obsessed new middle classes. Chinese audiences are willing to pay hefty premium prices for the giant screen and amped up sound systems. So popular that more movies are being made or converted for the format and that earlier this year IMAX quietly dropped its previous policy of just showing a single title on each screen. "Man of Tai Chi" will have to compete for screen space with "Man of Steel," and by Variety's count it appears to be getting play at some 000 venues in its opening frame. Chinese, and to a lesser extent Korean, producers have been the keenest non-Hollywood film-makers to embrace IMAX presentation and in Sept 0000 leading local studio Huayi Brothers pacted with IMAX to deliver a minimum of seven future movies in IMAX format. More than half a dozen Chinese films have been made or converted into IMAX, four flowing from Huayi; the Feng Xiaogang-directed "Aftershock" and "0000," and the Stephen Fung comedy action pair "Tai Chi Zero" and "Tai Chi Hero." Other studios have also jumped in: CFG with "The Great Revival;" Bona Film Group with Tsui Hark's "Flying Swords of Dragon Gate;" and the Jackie Chan production-starring vehicle "CZ00," which Huayi released. IMAX is a huge commercial success story in China. As of March this year, the company had 000 screens in operation in China, compared with just 00 in 0000. That makes China IMAX's second biggest territory behind the US and its top international location. China has witnessed some of the most gargantuan orders for new screens. While cinema chains in other territories have ordered IMAX screens in ones and twos, Dalian Wanda in March 0000 put in an order for 00 screens. In Nov 0000 South Korea's CGV booked 00 IMAX screens for its expanding Chinese theater circuit. With some 000-plus giant screens committed or under construction in China, IMAX has branch offices in both Beijing and Shanghai and last year launched a dedicated Chinese-language website. (Clifford Coonan in Beijing also contributed to this story.)
null
null
298.3
0
[]
[]
[]
South Africa's top financial institutions have recommend in a new report that whistle-blowing be rewarded in an environment of growing corruption and mismanagement. The 0000 Financial Markets Review, published by the South African Reserve Bank (SARB), in conjunction with Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), noted that international cases of misconduct in wholesale financial markets have focused the attention of regulators and market participants on measures to strengthen standards of market practice; and increase the accountability of financial institutions and individuals for the ethos and conduct of business. "Following the global financial crisis of 0000-00, it was observed that senior executives and senior managers in many financial intuitions had a laissez-faire attitude towards corporate governance principles and risk culture within their institutions," the Reserve Bank said. "The international focus on strengthening codes and standards in light of misconduct scandals means that South Africa cannot afford to be complacent," it said. As a result, South Africa's financial sector authorities - National Treasury, the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) and the FSCA established the Financial Markets Review Committee (FMRC) to develop recommendations to reinforce conduct standards in wholesale financial markets. The report would focus on specific tools to strengthen the implementation and governance of conduct standards by market participants; and areas where changes to financial markets legislation and associated subordinate legislation are required to support a new conduct framework. Recommendations by Treasury in the Financial Markets Review, include, among other things, that regulators consider implementing a programme that rewards whistle-blowers for providing information about substantial misconduct in financial markets that leads to a successful enforcement action with monetary sanctions. The report noted that in more opaque markets, whistle-blowers who inform regulators of suspected instances of misconduct can be a vital source of information to support regulation against misconduct. "Market regulators can incentivise market participants to provide such information by ensuring that necessary protections are in place so that no retaliation is taken against a whistle-blower for disclosure of information and, in certain circumstances, monetary rewards are provided," it said. In the UK, the report highlighted that banks, building societies, large investment firms and insurers are required to establish and maintain an independent whistle-blowing channel through which staff may make disclosures. These firms are also required to appoint a senior individual as a whistle-blowers' champion to ensure the effectiveness of the whistle-blowing arrangements. In the US, the Securities and Exchanges Commission (SEC) has established a whistle-blower programme in terms of which the SEC is authorised to pay an award of between 00% and 00% of amounts collected if an eligible whistle-blower voluntarily provides original information that leads to a successful enforcement action with monetary sanctions exceeding $0 million. In terms of whistle-blower protection, under the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 0000 (Dodd-Frank Act), "no employer may discharge, demote, suspend, threaten or harass, directly or indirectly, or in any other manner discriminate against, a whistle-blower in the terms and conditions of employment because of any lawful act done by the whistle-blower". An individual may bring a private right of action in federal court against his/her employer for such retaliation. In addition, the SEC may bring an enforcement action against a company for violation of these anti-retaliation provisions, the report stated. In South Africa, Treasury pointed out that whistle-blowers are protected by legislation. "The Protected Disclosures Act 00 of 0000 makes provision for employees to report unlawful or irregular conduct by employers and fellow employees while providing protection for employees who blow the whistle." "The Act provides such protection for any disclosure made in good faith by an employee who reasonably believes that the information disclosed, and any allegation contained in it, is substantially true, and who does not make the disclosure for purposes of personal gain, excluding any reward payable in terms of any law." Read: The 00 biggest complaints on SA's anti-corruption hotline
null
null
235.5
5
[ [ 129319, 129389 ], [ 130540, 130610 ], [ 130682, 130738 ], [ 130909, 130960 ] ]
[ [ 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 108, 101, 97, 100, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 115, 117, 99, 99, 101, 115, 115, 102, 117, 108, 32, 101, 110, 102, 111, 114, 99, 101, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 97, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 109, 111, 110, 101, 116, 97, 114, 121, 32, 115, 97, 110, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 115 ], [ 32, 116, 104, 97, 116, 32, 108, 101, 97, 100, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 115, 117, 99, 99, 101, 115, 115, 102, 117, 108, 32, 101, 110, 102, 111, 114, 99, 101, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 97, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 109, 111, 110, 101, 116, 97, 114, 121, 32, 115, 97, 110, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 115 ], [ 32, 87, 97, 108, 108, 32, 83, 116, 114, 101, 101, 116, 32, 82, 101, 102, 111, 114, 109, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 67, 111, 110, 115, 117, 109, 101, 114, 32, 80, 114, 111, 116, 101, 99, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 65, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 48, 48, 48, 48, 32 ], [ 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 116, 101, 114, 109, 115, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 115, 32, 111, 102, 32, 101, 109, 112, 108, 111, 121, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 98, 101, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32 ] ]
[ [ 44 ], [ 44 ], [ 44 ], [ 44, 84318 ] ]
This application is based upon and claims the benefit of priority from the prior Japanese Patent Application No. 0000-000000, filed Mar. 00, 0000, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. The present invention relates to a method of forming a composite member, in which a conductive portion is formed in an insulator, the composite member being used in, for example, a wiring board in the fields of electric appliances, electronic appliances and electric and electronic communication. The present invention also relates to a photosensitive composition and an insulating material that can be suitably used in the manufacturing method of the composite member. Further, the present invention relates to a composite member manufactured by the manufacturing method of the present invention and to a multi-layer wiring board and an electronic package including the particular composite member. In recent years, increase in the degree of integration and miniaturization of various electric and electronic parts including a semiconductor device are being promoted. The particular tendency will be further promoted in the future without fail. In this connection, various measures are being proposed and tried in an attempt to apply a high density mounting to a printed circuit board including formation of a fine pattern and a fine pitch of a metal wiring and formation of a steric wiring. Particularly, the steric wiring is indispensable to a high density mounting and, thus, various methods are being proposed in an attempt to manufacture a wiring board having a steric wiring. In general, the steric wirings are of a multi-layered structure such as a built-up wiring board prepared by laminating two dimensional printed wiring boards and a multi-layered wiring board. It is difficult to form a steric wiring having a free three dimensional shape. The built-up wiring board or the multi-layered wiring board has a structure that adjacent wiring layers are connected to each other by a conductive column called via. The via is formed by processing an insulating layer by a photolithography process using a photosensitive polyimide or resist, followed by selectively applying a plating to the via or by filling the via with a conductive paste. For forming a via by such a method, it is necessary to repeat a plurality of times the steps of resist coating, light exposure and etching, making the via formation highly laborious. In addition, it is difficult to improve the yield. It is also possible to form the via by forming a through-hole (via hole) of a predetermined size in an insulating substrate constituting a printed wiring board by using a drill or a CO0 laser, followed by applying plating to the via hole or by filling the via hole with a conductive paste. In these methods, however, it is difficult to form freely a fine via having a size of scores of microns or less at a desired position. In the method disclosed in Japanese Patent Disclosure No. 0-000000, a compound having a hydrophilic group is introduced into pores of three dimensional porous film such as a PTFE film. Under this condition, the film is subjected to a light exposure in a predetermined pattern by using a low pressure mercury lamp (wave lengths of 000 nm and 000 nm), thereby forming the hydrophilic group on the three dimensional porous film. Further, a metal plating is applied to the three dimensional porous film. In the conventional method described above, however, the material forming the three dimensional porous film is deteriorated because a light beam having a short wavelength is used for the light exposure. Also, the light for the light exposure is absorbed by the three dimensional porous film and, thus, fails to reach the inner region of the porous body, resulting in failure to form fine vias. Further, in the conventional method described above, the PTFE forming the three dimensional porous film reacts with the light for the light exposure so as to selectively form hydrophilic groups. However, PTFE is defective in that the molding workability is low and that PTFE is costly. Another method of forming a via is disclosed in Japanese Patent Disclosure No. 00-00000. In this method, the entire surface of a porous insulating member is impregnated with a photosensitive composition containing, for example, a photosensitive reducing agent and a metal salt. Then, a light exposure is applied in a predetermined pattern to the impregnated insulating member so as to reduce the cation of the metal salt in the light exposed portion to a metal nucleus, followed by removing by washing the photosensitive composition in the non-light exposed portion. Further, an electroless plating or a soldering is applied to the residual metal nuclei so as to form vias of a predetermined pattern. In the method described above, however, the entire surface of the porous insulating member is impregnated with a photosensitive composition containing a metal salt as described above, making it difficult to remove completely the metal salt adsorbed on the portion corresponding to the non-exposed portion after the light exposure step. As a result, a difficulty is brought about that the metal nuclei are precipitated on undesired portions in the subsequent reducing step. Such an abnormal deposition of the metal nuclei gives rise to a problem in terms of the insulating properties between adjacent vias and between adjacent wiring layers with progress in the fine pulverization of the pattern. Also, in the via formed in the insulating substrate by the conventional method of manufacturing a wiring board, the insulating body and the conductive portion are brought into a direct contact. In this case, since the adhesion between the insulating body and the conductive portion is poor, a problem is generated that the conductive portion is peeled off the insulating substrate during the use. Further, where a multi-layered wiring board is prepared by laminating a plurality of wiring boards manufactured by the conventional method of manufacturing a wiring board, it is required to further improve the electrical connection between the wiring layers of the wiring boards and the conductivity of the wiring. An object of the present invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a composite member, which has a high degree of freedom in the design of a conductive circuit, in which deterioration of the insulating body is not brought about by the light exposure, and which is free from an abnormal deposition of a metal on the insulating body so as to form a conductive portion having a fine pattern. Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a composite member, which has a high degree of freedom in the design of a conductive circuit, which permits manufacturing a composite member at a low manufacturing cost without giving adverse effects to the selectivity of the material of the insulating portion and to the molding workability, and which is free from an abnormal deposition of a metal on the insulating body so as to form a conductive portion having a fine pattern. Another object of the present invention is to provide a photosensitive composition and an insulating material used for the manufacturing method of a composite member described above. Another object of the present invention is to provide a composite member manufactured by the method described above. Another object of the present invention is to provide a multi-layered wiring board comprising a composite member manufactured by the method described above. Still another object of the present invention is to provide an electronic package using a composite member or a multi-layered wiring board manufactured by the method described above. According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a composite member in which a conductive portion is selectively formed in an insulating body, comprising: (0) forming a photosensitive composition layer within or on the surface of said insulating body, said photosensitive composition containing a compound forming an ion-exchange group upon irradiation with light having a wavelength not shorter than 000 nm; (0) exposing selectively the photosensitive composition layer to light having a wavelength not shorter than 000 nm so as to form ion-exchange groups in the light exposed portion; and (0) forming the conductive portion by bonding a metal ion or metal to the ion-exchange group formed in the light exposed portion by the exposing. According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a composite member in which a conductive portion is selectively formed in an insulating body, comprising: (0) forming a photosensitive composition layer within or on the surface of said insulating body, said photosensitive composition containing a compound having an ion-exchange group; (0) exposing selectively the photosensitive composition layer to light having a wavelength not shorter than 000 nm so as to cause ion-exchange groups in the light exposed portion to disappear and to cause the ion-exchange groups to remain in the unexposed portion; and (0) forming the conductive portion by bonding a metal ion or metal to be bonded to the ion-exchange group remaining in the unexposed portion after the exposing. According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a composite member in which a conductive portion is selectively formed in an insulating body, comprising: (0) forming a photosensitive composition layer within or on the surface of said insulating body, said photosensitive composition containing a compound forming an ion-exchange group upon irradiation with light, and said compound being selected from the group consisting of an onium salt derivative, a sulfonium ester derivative, a carboxylic acid derivative and a naphthoquinone diazide derivative; (0) exposing selectively the photosensitive composition layer to light so as to form ion-exchange groups in the light exposed portion; and (0) forming the conductive portion by bonding a metal ion or metal to the ion-exchange group formed in the light exposed portion by the exposing. According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a composite member in which a conductive portion is selectively formed in an insulating body, comprising: (0) forming a photosensitive composition layer within or on the surface of said insulating body, said photosensitive composition containing a compound having an ion-exchange group; (0) exposing selectively the photosensitive composition layer to light so as to cause ion-exchange groups in the light exposed portion to disappear and to cause the ion-exchange groups to remain in the unexposed portion; and (0) forming the conductive portion by bonding a metal ion or metal to the ion-exchange group remaining in the unexposed portion after the light exposure in a pattern. According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of manufacturing a composite member in which a conductive portion is selectively formed in an insulating body, comprising: (0) forming a photosensitive composition layer within or on the surface of said insulating body, said photosensitive composition containing a compound forming an ion-exchange group in the presence of acid and a photo acid generating agent; (0) exposing selectively to light and heating the photosensitive composition layer so as to form ion-exchange group in the light exposed portion; and (0) forming the conductive portion by bonding a metal ion or metal to the ion-exchange group formed in the light exposed portion by the exposing. It is desirable for the method of the present invention to further comprise the step of applying an electroless plating to the surface of the conductive portion formed in the third step. According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a photosensitive composition used for manufacturing a composite member, the composition containing a naphthoquinone diazide derivative and a polycarbodiimide derivative. According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a porous insulating body having the inner surface of the pore covered with a photosensitive composition containing a naphthoquinone diazide derivative. According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a composite member having a conductive portion formed on at least one of the surface and the inner region of a porous insulating body via an organic compound, wherein the amount of the organic compound, which is present between the insulating body and the conductive portion, per unit area of the surface of the insulating body is larger than the amount of the organic compound that is not in contact with the conductive portion. According to another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a multi-layered wiring board including a plurality of substrates that are laminated one upon the other, wherein the substrate comprises a porous insulating body having fine pores and a conductive portion formed on at least one of the surface and the inner region of the fine pore of the porous insulating body, and a layer formed of a conductive body that does not contain the component of the insulating body is formed on the outermost surface of the conductive portion of each substrate. Further, according to still another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an electronic package comprising a wiring board consisting of the composite body described above or a multi-layered wiring board described above and an electronic part electrically connected to the wiring board.
null
null
270.1
44
[ [ 131953, 132221 ], [ 132502, 132559 ], [ 136182, 136267 ], [ 136820, 136908 ], [ 137502, 137563 ], [ 137677, 137732 ], [ 137959, 138020 ], [ 138158, 138332 ], [ 138420, 138734 ], [ 138931, 139181 ], [ 139236, 139428 ], [ 139464, 139599 ], [ 139708, 141223 ], [ 141232, 141304 ], [ 141312, 141726 ], [ 141914, 142950 ], [ 142980, 143366 ], [ 143540, 143721 ], [ 143906, 143988 ], [ 144058, 144118 ], [ 144138, 144233 ], [ 144297, 144463 ], [ 144483, 144567 ], [ 144677, 144732 ], [ 144882, 144971 ], [ 145146, 145230 ], [ 145464, 145559 ] ]
[ [ 0, 84, 104, 105, 115, 32, 97, 112, 112, 108, 105, 99, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 98, 97, 115, 101, 100, 32, 117, 112, 111, 110, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 99, 108, 97, 105, 109, 115, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 98, 101, 110, 101, 102, 105, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 112, 114, 105, 111, 114, 105, 116, 121, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 105, 111, 114, 32, 74, 97, 112, 97, 110, 101, 115, 101, 32, 80, 97, 116, 101, 110, 116, 32, 65, 112, 112, 108, 105, 99, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 78, 111, 46, 32, 48, 48, 48, 48, 45, 48, 48, 48, 48, 48, 48, 44, 32, 102, 105, 108, 101, 100, 32, 77, 97, 114, 46, 32, 48, 48, 44, 32, 48, 48, 48, 48, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 110, 116, 105, 114, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 101, 110, 116, 115, 32, 111, 102, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 114, 101, 32, 105, 110, 99, 111, 114, 112, 111, 114, 97, 116, 101, 100, 32, 104, 101, 114, 101, 105, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 114, 101, 102, 101, 114, 101, 110, 99, 101, 46, 32, 84, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 114, 101, 108, 97, 116, 101, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32 ], [ 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 109, 97, 116, 101, 114, 105, 97, 108, 32 ], [ 32, 112, 111, 114, 111, 117, 115, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 115, 32, 105, 109, 112, 114, 101, 103, 110, 97, 116, 101, 100, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103 ], [ 32, 112, 111, 114, 111, 117, 115, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 115, 32, 105, 109, 112, 114, 101, 103, 110, 97, 116, 101, 100, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32 ], [ 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 119, 105, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 97, 114, 100, 44, 32 ], [ 32, 98, 101, 116, 119, 101, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110 ], [ 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 119, 105, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 97, 114, 100, 44, 32 ], [ 105, 110, 103, 46, 32, 65, 110, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 44, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 104, 97, 115, 32, 97, 32, 104, 105, 103, 104, 32, 100, 101, 103, 114, 101, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 102, 114, 101, 101, 100, 111, 109, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 101, 115, 105, 103, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 105, 114, 99, 117, 105, 116, 44, 32 ], [ 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 105, 115, 32, 102, 114, 101, 101, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 32, 97, 110, 32, 97, 98, 110, 111, 114, 109, 97, 108, 32, 100, 101, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 102, 105, 110, 101, 32, 112, 97, 116, 116, 101, 114, 110, 46, 32, 65, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 44, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 104, 97, 115, 32, 97, 32, 104, 105, 103, 104, 32, 100, 101, 103, 114, 101, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 102, 114, 101, 101, 100, 111, 109, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 100, 101, 115, 105, 103, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 105, 114, 99, 117, 105, 116, 44, 32 ], [ 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 105, 115, 32, 102, 114, 101, 101, 32, 102, 114, 111, 109, 32, 97, 110, 32, 97, 98, 110, 111, 114, 109, 97, 108, 32, 100, 101, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 102, 105, 110, 101, 32, 112, 97, 116, 116, 101, 114, 110, 46, 32, 65, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 109, 97, 116, 101, 114, 105, 97, 108, 32 ], [ 32, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 100, 32, 97, 98, 111, 118, 101, 46, 32, 65, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 101, 100, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 100, 32, 97, 98, 111, 118, 101, 46, 32, 65, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 32, 109 ], [ 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 101, 100, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 100, 101, 115, 99, 114, 105, 98, 101, 100, 32, 97, 98, 111, 118, 101, 46, 32, 83, 116, 105, 108, 108, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 111, 98, 106, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 32, 97, 110, 32, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 114, 111, 110 ], [ 101, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 102, 105, 114, 115, 116, 32, 97, 115, 112, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 110, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 58, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 105, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 117, 110, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 117, 112, 111, 110, 32, 105, 114, 114, 97, 100, 105, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 119, 97, 118, 101, 108, 101, 110, 103, 116, 104, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 115, 104, 111, 114, 116, 101, 114, 32, 116, 104, 97, 110, 32, 48, 48, 48, 32, 110, 109, 59, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 116, 111, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 119, 97, 118, 101, 108, 101, 110, 103, 116, 104, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 115, 104, 111, 114, 116, 101, 114, 32, 116, 104, 97, 110, 32, 48, 48, 48, 32, 110, 109, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 59, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 98, 111, 110, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 115, 101, 99, 111, 110, 100, 32, 97, 115, 112, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 110, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 58, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 105, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 117, 110, 100, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 59, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 116, 111, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 119, 97, 118, 101, 108, 101, 110, 103, 116, 104, 32, 110, 111, 116, 32, 115, 104, 111, 114, 116, 101, 114, 32, 116, 104, 97, 110, 32, 48, 48, 48, 32, 110, 109, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 116, 111, 32, 100, 105, 115, 97, 112, 112, 101, 97, 114, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 114, 101, 109, 97, 105, 110, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 117, 110, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 59, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 98, 111, 110, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 116, 111, 32 ], [ 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 114, 101, 109, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 117, 110, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 97, 102, 116, 101, 114, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32 ], [ 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 116, 104, 105, 114, 100, 32, 97, 115, 112, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 110, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 58, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 105, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 117, 110, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 117, 112, 111, 110, 32, 105, 114, 114, 97, 100, 105, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116 ], [ 59, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 116, 111, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 59, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 98, 111, 110, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 102, 111, 117, 114, 116, 104, 32, 97, 115, 112, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 110, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 58, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 105, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 117, 110, 100, 32, 104, 97, 118, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 59, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 116, 111, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 115, 111, 32, 97, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 116, 111, 32, 100, 105, 115, 97, 112, 112, 101, 97, 114, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 111, 32, 99, 97, 117, 115, 101, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 115, 32, 116, 111, 32, 114, 101, 109, 97, 105, 110, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 117, 110, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 59, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 98, 111, 110, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 114, 101, 109, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 117, 110, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 97, 102, 116, 101, 114, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32 ], [ 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 32, 102, 117, 114, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 97, 115, 112, 101, 99, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 104, 111, 100, 32, 111, 102, 32, 109, 97, 110, 117, 102, 97, 99, 116, 117, 114, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 101, 32, 109, 101, 109, 98, 101, 114, 32, 105, 110, 32, 119, 104, 105, 99, 104, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 105, 115, 32, 115, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 108, 121, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 114, 105, 115, 105, 110, 103, 58, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 105, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 44, 32, 115, 97, 105, 100, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 117, 110, 100, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 110, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32 ], [ 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 59, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 40, 48, 41, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 98, 111, 110, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 114, 32, 109, 101, 116, 97, 108, 32, 116, 111, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 111, 110, 45, 101, 120, 99, 104, 97, 110, 103, 101, 32, 103, 114, 111, 117, 112, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 105, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 108, 105, 103, 104, 116, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 101, 100, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 101, 120, 112, 111, 115, 105, 110, 103, 46, 32 ], [ 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 101, 109, 98, 111, 100, 105, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104 ], [ 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 110, 97, 112, 104, 116, 104, 111, 113, 117, 105, 110, 111, 110, 101, 32, 100, 105, 97, 122, 105, 100, 101, 32, 100, 101, 114, 105, 118, 97, 116, 105, 118, 101 ], [ 105, 100, 101, 32, 100, 101, 114, 105, 118, 97, 116, 105, 118, 101, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 101, 109, 98, 111, 100, 105, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 112 ], [ 101, 100, 32, 119, 105, 116, 104, 32, 97, 32, 112, 104, 111, 116, 111, 115, 101, 110, 115, 105, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 99, 111, 109, 112, 111, 115, 105, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 99, 111, 110, 116, 97, 105, 110, 105, 110, 103, 32, 97, 32, 110, 97, 112, 104, 116, 104, 111, 113, 117, 105, 110, 111, 110, 101, 32, 100, 105, 97, 122, 105, 100, 101, 32, 100, 101, 114, 105, 118, 97, 116, 105, 118, 101, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 101, 109, 98, 111, 100, 105, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 109 ], [ 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 111, 110, 32, 97, 116, 32, 108, 101, 97, 115, 116, 32, 111, 110, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 110, 101, 114, 32, 114, 101, 103, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32 ], [ 32, 98, 101, 116, 119, 101, 101, 110, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 115, 117, 108, 97, 116, 105, 110, 103, 32, 98, 111, 100, 121, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110 ], [ 116, 105, 111, 110, 46, 32, 65, 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 101, 109, 98, 111, 100, 105, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 32, 109, 117, 108, 116, 105 ], [ 32, 97, 32, 99, 111, 110, 100, 117, 99, 116, 105, 118, 101, 32, 112, 111, 114, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 102, 111, 114, 109, 101, 100, 32, 111, 110, 32, 97, 116, 32, 108, 101, 97, 115, 116, 32, 111, 110, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 115, 117, 114, 102, 97, 99, 101, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 105, 110, 110, 101, 114, 32, 114, 101, 103, 105, 111, 110, 32, 111, 102, 32 ], [ 99, 99, 111, 114, 100, 105, 110, 103, 32, 116, 111, 32, 115, 116, 105, 108, 108, 32, 97, 110, 111, 116, 104, 101, 114, 32, 101, 109, 98, 111, 100, 105, 109, 101, 110, 116, 32, 111, 102, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 112, 114, 101, 115, 101, 110, 116, 32, 105, 110, 118, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 44, 32, 116, 104, 101, 114, 101, 32, 105, 115, 32, 112, 114, 111, 118, 105, 100, 101, 100, 32, 97, 110, 32, 101, 108, 101, 99, 116, 114, 111, 110, 105, 99, 32 ] ]
[ [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ], [ 45 ] ]
The Indian supermarket will add 0,000 square feet to its current space. View Full Caption DNAinfo/Katie Honan JACKSON HEIGHTS - Indian grocery store Patel Brothers is planning a renovation and expansion at its 00th Street location that will feature a larger produce section and wider aisles, according to its manager. The 0,000-square-foot store, which opened at 00-00 00th St. in 0000, will grow by another 0,000 square feet by taking over the former Mumbai Grill next door, manager Dapash Patel said. The owners wanted to create more space in the busy supermarket, which is known for its authentic Indian groceries, spices and imported food. "This is too small," Patel said. "It's getting a little crowded." The expansion should be finished in August, and will create wider aisles and a larger produce department and frozen food aisle, according to Patel. The store will stay open during construction, and its existing space will also be renovated once the expansion is complete, he said. The Patel brothers opened their first supermarket in 0000 in Chicago, and now have 00 locations across the country.
null
null
331.7
0
[]
[]
[]
Dorsomedial hypothalamic lesions alter intake of an imbalanced amino acid diet in rats. Within 0 h of ingesting an imbalanced amino acid diet (IAAD), rats show attenuated intake. The associated conditioned taste aversion can be ameliorated by giving the serotonin0 receptor blocker, tropisetron (TROP). A recent c-fos study indicated that the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMN) may be activated 0-0 h after ingestion of IAAD. In Experiment 0, DMN-lesioned rats (DMNL) or sham-operated (SHAM) rats were injected with saline (SAL) or TROP just before introduction of IAAD. By 0 h, SAL-DMNL rats consumed more (P < 0.00) of the IAAD than did the SAL-SHAM rats. Thereafter, over the next 00 h, the intake of the SAL-DMNL group returned to control levels. TROP treatment enhanced the intake of the treated groups; the TROP and the lesion effect were additive (P < 0.00). By d 0 of receiving the IAAD, the DMNL groups were eating less than SHAM rats (P < 0.00). The data suggest that the DMN may be involved in the early detection of the amino acid deficiency induced by IAAD, is not involved in the TROP effect and is necessary for proper long-term adaptation to an IAAD.
null
null
457.8
0
[]
[]
[]
Tag: Eloy Casados Original US release date: December 0, 0000 Production budget: $00,000,000 Worldwide gross: $00,000,000 There are timely films and then there are films that are before their time. Ron Howard is probably seen by most as a director who frequently makes good or very good films and occasionally makes a great one. Most recently, a lot... Continue Reading →
null
null
907.7
0
[]
[]
[]
The present invention relates generally to improved means and methods for processing documents using electronic imaging, and more particularly, to the use of electronic imaging for processing financial documents, such as checks and related documents in a banking environment. Today's financial services industry is facing the immense challenge of processing huge amounts of documents efficiently. Predictions that document payment methods would decline have not been realized. In fact, document payment methods have grown worldwide and are expected to continue increasing. There is thus a vital need to devise improved means and methods for processing such documents. The use of imaging technology as an aid to document processing has been recognized as one way of significantly improving document processing, as disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. Nos. 0,000,000, 0,000,000, and 0,000,000. Generally, imaging involves optically scanning documents to produce electronic images that are processed electronically and stored on high capacity storage media (such as magnetic disc drives and/or optical memory) for later retrieval and display. It is apparent that document imaging provides the opportunity to reduce document handling and movement, since these electronic images can be used in place of the actual documents. However, despite technological advances in imaging in recent years, prior art document processing systems employing imaging, such as disclosed in the aforementioned patents, do not realized sufficient improvements to justify the added implementations costs.
null
null
325.3
5
[ [ 149249, 149330 ] ]
[ [ 115, 32, 100, 105, 115, 99, 108, 111, 115, 101, 100, 44, 32, 102, 111, 114, 32, 101, 120, 97, 109, 112, 108, 101, 44, 32, 105, 110, 32, 85, 46, 83, 46, 32, 80, 97, 116, 46, 32, 78, 111, 115, 46, 32, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 44, 32, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 44, 32, 97, 110, 100, 32, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 44, 48, 48, 48, 46, 32 ] ]
[ [ 49 ] ]
At our best, we motivate ourselves every day to get dressed and go to work or school. Although there are larger incentives at work, it's our own volition that powers us through our innumerable daily tasks. If we could learn to control the motivational centers of our brains that drive volition, would it lead us toward healthier, more productive lives? Using a new brain imaging strategy, Duke University scientists have now taken a first step in understanding how to manipulate specific neural circuits using thoughts and imagery. The technique, which is described in the March 00 issue of the journal Neuron, is part of a larger approach called 'neurofeedback,' which gives participants a dynamic readout of brain activity, in this case from a brain area critical for motivation. "These methods show a direct route for manipulating brain networks centrally involved in healthy brain function and daily behavior," said the study's senior investigator R. Alison Adcock, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and associate director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience in the Duke University Institute for Brain Sciences. Neurofeedback is a specialized form of biofeedback, a technique that allows people to monitor aspects of their own physiology, such as heart rate and skin temperature. It can help generate strategies to overcome anxiety and stress or to cope with other medical conditions. Neurofeedback has historically relied on electroencephalography or EEG, in which patterns of electrical activity are monitored noninvasively by electrodes attached to the scalp. But these measures provide only rough estimates of where activity occurs in the brain. advertisement In contrast, the new study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which measures changes in blood oxygen levels, allowing more precisely localized measurements of brain activity. Adcock's team has been working on ways to use thoughts and behavior to tune brain function for the past eight years. In this time, they've developed tools allowing them to analyze complex brain imaging data in real time and to display it to participants as neurofeedback while they are in the fMRI scanner. This study focused on the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a small area deep within the brain that is a major source of dopamine, a neurochemical well known for its role in motivation, experiencing rewards, learning, and memory. According to Adcock's previous research, when people are given incentives to remember specific images, an increase in VTA activation before the image appears predicts whether the participants are going to successfully remember the image. External incentives like money work well to stimulate the VTA, but it was unclear whether people could exercise this area on their own, said co-author Jeff MacInnes, a postdoctoral researcher in Adcock's lab. advertisement In the new study, the team encouraged participants in the scanner to generate feelings of motivation -- using their own personal strategies -- during 00-second intervals. They weren't able to raise their VTA activity consistently on their own. But when the scientists provided participants with neurofeedback from the VTA, presented in the form of a fluctuating thermometer, participants were able to learn which strategies worked, and ultimately adopt more effective strategies. Compared to control groups, the neurofeedback-trained participants successfully elevated their VTA activity. Participants reported using a variety of different motivational strategies, from imagining parents or coaches encouraging them, to playing out hypothetical scenarios in which their efforts were rewarded, said co-author Kathryn Dickerson, a postdoctoral researcher in Adcock's group. The self-generated boost in VTA activation worked even after the thermometer display was removed. Only the participants who had received accurate neurofeedback were able to consistently raise their VTA levels. "Because this is the first demonstration of its kind, there is much still to be understood," Adcock added. "But these tools could offer benefits for everyone, particularly those with depression or attention problems." The neurofeedback training also activated other regions involved in learning and experiencing rewards, confirming that, at least in the short term, the brain changes its activity more broadly as a result of neurofeedback, Dickerson said. Adcock said one caveat of the study is that the team has not tested whether the neurofeedback drove changes in behavior. The group is working on those studies now and also plans to conduct the same study in participants with depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This research was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (MH0000, MH000000), the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Esther A. & Joseph Klingenstein Fund, and the Dana Foundation.
null
null
246.4
2
[ [ 154706, 154756 ], [ 154761, 154828 ] ]
[ [ 32, 97, 116, 116, 101, 110, 116, 105, 111, 110, 32, 100, 101, 102, 105, 99, 105, 116, 32, 104, 121, 112, 101, 114, 97, 99, 116, 105, 118, 105, 116, 121, 32, 100, 105, 115, 111, 114, 100, 101, 114, 32, 40, 65, 68, 72, 68, 41, 46, 32 ], [ 32, 114, 101, 115, 101, 97, 114, 99, 104, 32, 119, 97, 115, 32, 115, 117, 112, 112, 111, 114, 116, 101, 100, 32, 98, 121, 32, 116, 104, 101, 32, 78, 97, 116, 105, 111, 110, 97, 108, 32, 73, 110, 115, 116, 105, 116, 117, 116, 101, 32, 111, 102, 32, 77, 101, 110, 116, 97, 108, 32, 72, 101, 97, 108, 116, 104, 32 ] ]
[ [ 84930, 50 ], [ 50 ] ]

No dataset card yet

New: Create and edit this dataset card directly on the website!

Contribute a Dataset Card
Downloads last month
82
Add dataset card