# Datasets:medical_questions_pairs

Languages: English
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 1K<n<10K
Language Creators: other
Annotations Creators: expert-generated
Source Datasets: original
ArXiv:
License: unknown
Dataset Preview
dr_id (int32)question_1 (string)question_2 (string)label (unknown)
1
"After how many hour from drinking an antibiotic can I drink alcohol?"
"I have a party tonight and I took my last dose of Azithromycin this morning. Can I have a few drinks?"
1
1
"After how many hour from drinking an antibiotic can I drink alcohol?"
"I vomited this morning and I am not sure if it is the side effect of my antibiotic or the alcohol I took last night..."
0
1
"Am I over weight (192.9) for my age (39)?"
"I am a 39 y/o male currently weighing about 193 lbs. Do you think I am overweight?"
1
1
"Am I over weight (192.9) for my age (39)?"
"What diet is good for losing weight? Keto or vegan?"
0
1
"Aspirin allergy - is it worth getting a bracelet?"
"How much Aspirin can I take for my headache without causing any side effects?"
0
1
"Aspirin allergy - is it worth getting a bracelet?"
"My friend told me about this bracelet for Aspirin allergy. Does it work the way they say it does?"
1
1
"At a doctor's visit, I hit my head against a box on the wall containing hazardous materials (used syringes, used needles...). Will I get infected?"
"Is it okay if I use the same syringe for my insulin shot? I need to take it thrice a day."
0
1
"At a doctor's visit, I hit my head against a box on the wall containing hazardous materials (used syringes, used needles...). Will I get infected?"
"Today morning, I had an appointment with the doctor. After that, I saw the nurse for a shot. As I got up, her box of tools fell all over me. She sent me home saying all is okay. But I am worried about an infection. Should I schedule another appointment for any blood tests?"
1
1
"Been on antibiotics 4 5wks top high tooth dentist cld not get needle 2 freeze 2 extract in gum really hurt she said its the tissues hve 2 go bk? Plz"
"I am unable to get tooth extraction, my dentist is unable to give me anesthesia. Wouldn't antibiotics help with this since it has been going on for about 4-5 weeks? Should I go to ER?"
1
1
"Been on antibiotics 4 5wks top high tooth dentist cld not get needle 2 freeze 2 extract in gum really hurt she said its the tissues hve 2 go bk? Plz"
"Why do I have black teeth? Should I take antibiotics? Is this an infection?"
0
1
"Can Adderall (dextroamphetamine and racemic amphetamine) cause ear pressure and slight headaches at the end of the day?"
"What are the side effects of Adderall? Can it cause ear problems or headache?"
1
1
"Can Adderall (dextroamphetamine and racemic amphetamine) cause ear pressure and slight headaches at the end of the day?"
"What is the maximum dose of Adderall that anybody can take?"
0
1
"Can coarctation of the aorta cause poor growth in height?"
"ECHO done today, PA says there could be a problem. I am waiting for the specialist's appointment tomorrow. What should I ask him?"
0
1
"Can coarctation of the aorta cause poor growth in height?"
"I am 4' 8". My mom said that I have a birth defect (coarctation of aorta). Are the two related?"
1
1
"Can doxycycline treat an ear infection?"
"What are the side effects of Doxycycline?"
0
1
"Can doxycycline treat an ear infection?"
"Which antibiotic is best for an ear infection? I have an old course of Doxycycline. Would it work?"
1
1
"Can vinegar help drain the sinus? I've been eating balsamic vinegar dressing with my salads and I feel them draining is that normal??"
"I have had sinus issues for a while now. My mom says vinegar would help with them. Is it true? I sort of tried it today..."
1
1
"Can vinegar help drain the sinus? I've been eating balsamic vinegar dressing with my salads and I feel them draining is that normal??"
"Which is the best antibiotic for sinusitis?"
0
1
"Could chiari malformation cause pituitary problems or diabetes insipidus?"
"Can I take insulin for my diabetes?"
0
1
"Could chiari malformation cause pituitary problems or diabetes insipidus?"
"What are the effects of Chiari Malformation? My cousin has diabetes and his recent reports show pitutary issues. Is that related?"
1
1
"Could homeopathy for acne help?"
"My doctor prescribed me Doxycycline for my pimples. How long would it take for it to work?"
0
1
"Could homeopathy for acne help?"
"My sister sent me Dr. Reckeweg R53 Acne Vulgaris And Pimples Drop for my zits. Are you aware if this works?"
1
1
"Could this med cause anxiety in a 12 year old?"
"Can I give some Aspirin to my kid for his headache?"
0
1
"Could this med cause anxiety in a 12 year old?"
"What are the side effects of this? Can it cause anxiety in children?"
1
1
"Could you tell me why my husband has been sweating and vomiting after injecting 30 units of lantis insulin? What should I do?"
"I was recently detected with high blood sugars. Do you think the doctor will prescribe me insulin? Can I request him to give me pills instead?"
0
1
"Could you tell me why my husband has been sweating and vomiting after injecting 30 units of lantis insulin? What should I do?"
"My husband is a Type 2 Diabetic on Lantus Insulin and Actrapid (to be taken as per his blood sugar readings. About an hour back, he took his usual 30 units of Lantus and vomited. He was sweating as well. Should we be worried?"
1
1
"Does age increase the severity of eds symptoms/problems?"
"I have a small penis. How to increase it in size?"
0
1
"Does age increase the severity of eds symptoms/problems?"
"I think I have ED. Would this worsen as I grow old?"
1
1
"Does dermonu work for acne scars?"
"Hey! I have been using Dermonu for about a week now. How soon should I see the results?"
1
1
"Does dermonu work for acne scars?"
"I have acne ever since I was a teen. Will these go away on their own?"
0
1
"Extension from my last question. There's vaginal discharge too so ce I'm ovulating. Could that cause the itching?"
"Hey quick question. Is it normal to have itching during ovulation? Esp if there is a vaginal discharge?"
1
1
"Extension from my last question. There's vaginal discharge too so ce I'm ovulating. Could that cause the itching?"
"I have a white vaginal discharge for 2 days now, do I have an STD? Should I get an appointment?"
0
1
"Feeling frequent deja vu. I've had maybe 3 panic attack with in the past couple months that has left me a bit anxious and was wondering if it's that?"
"Recurrent panic attacks, feeling of deja vu, anxiety. Lasting fora few months now. Is this something to worry about?"
1
1
"Feeling frequent deja vu. I've had maybe 3 panic attack with in the past couple months that has left me a bit anxious and was wondering if it's that?"
"Why do I have anxiety when I go in an elevator?"
0
1
"Have neck/back issues for months & had muscle cramps in calves. Stressed. Have (anxiety) BP is somewhat healthy. Yesterday felt tingly in both hands & shaky. In 20s .. Now it's off & on . Any ideas?"
"I have neck pain and fever. Is this meningitis?"
0
1
"Have neck/back issues for months & had muscle cramps in calves. Stressed. Have (anxiety) BP is somewhat healthy. Yesterday felt tingly in both hands & shaky. In 20s .. Now it's off & on . Any ideas?"
"Previous medical issues: anxiety, stress, backache, neck pain, muscle cramps for months. Normal blood pressure. Is it normal to have some tingling in the hands?"
1
1
"Hello, I have had an ultra sound of the testicles and the inguinal area. No trace of hernia or adenopthy. The results came back completely normal. My doctor looked at it and felt it twice. He said it is definitely not a hernia and it is just slightly bigg"
"I had my routine appointment yesterday and my doctor said the swelling near the crotch is not hernia. Ultrasound did not show anything. Is it possible to still have hernia or lymph node swelling if the ultrasound is negative for it?"
1
1
"Hello, I have had an ultra sound of the testicles and the inguinal area. No trace of hernia or adenopthy. The results came back completely normal. My doctor looked at it and felt it twice. He said it is definitely not a hernia and it is just slightly bigg"
"What is the treatment for hernia repair? Is an ultrasound necessary for it? Asking for a friend."
0
1
"How can someone's happiness level affect someone's health?"
"Can staying happy improve my health? What specific steps should I take?"
1
1
"How can someone's happiness level affect someone's health?"
"Hey following up on this. Doctor says the results are normal and it could be stress. Should I take another opinion?"
0
1
"How common is it to have physical anxiety symptoms without feeling anxious?"
"Breathing exercises are not helping with my anxiety. Should I go to the ER?"
0
1
"How common is it to have physical anxiety symptoms without feeling anxious?"
"I have tremors and chest pain. But I am not feeling anxious. Do you think that is normal?"
1
1
"How do add and ADHD differ?"
"Are ADD and ADHD the same? My sister is diagnosed with ADD. So looking out for some stuff to read through."
1
1
"How do add and ADHD differ?"
"What are the side effects of the treatment for ADHD?"
0
1
"How do I know if I have depression and anxiety?"
"Can CBT be used to treat anxiety?"
0
1
"How do I know if I have depression and anxiety?"
"What are the symptoms of depression and anxiety?"
1
1
"How long does it take for herpes to break out?"
"Can using condoms prevent transmission of herpes? I have a bump on the corner of my lip and I am a little worried. A little help please?"
0
1
"How long does it take for herpes to break out?"
"I had unprotected sex on the 7th of this month. Is there a specific time that the first outbreak occurs?"
1
1
"How many tylenol (acetaminophen) 3's are equal to a percocet?"
"I am allergic to Percocet. What else can the doctor prescribe me for my pain? Not sure if Tylenol would do the trick."
0
1
"How many tylenol (acetaminophen) 3's are equal to a percocet?"
"I am out of Percocet, how many Tylenol pills should I take to give a similar amount of pain relief?"
1
1
"How much time off work do I take after an ACL reconstruction?"
"I need ACL reconstructive surgery. What is the recovery process like? How much time should I take off?"
1
1
"How much time off work do I take after an ACL reconstruction?"
"I twisted my knee at work and it is very swollen but I can walk on it. Could I have torn my ACL?"
0
1
"How should the drug methotrexate affect the cells of the body regarding treatment of arthritis?"
"I fell down 2 months back and my knee is swollen even now. Is this arthritis?"
0
1
"How should the drug methotrexate affect the cells of the body regarding treatment of arthritis?"
"I have arthritis and have been prescribed with Methotrexate. How does it work? How long will it take to show its effects?"
1
1
"How to deal with someone acting childish?"
"My girlfriend is giving me a hard time. She throws tantrums literally every time we go out. It is embarassing. What do I do to make her see this?"
1
1
"How to deal with someone acting childish?"
"What are the different types of personalities? Is being immature one of them?"
0
1
"How to tell what I am having an allergic reaction to?"
"Can Benadryl help with an itching?"
0
1
"How to tell what I am having an allergic reaction to?"
"I have no idea what's causing these bumps on my body. Is there a specific test that can detect this?"
1
1
"I am currently on minocin (minocycline) to treat my acne but I think I am getting itchy hives?"
"Is hives a common side effect of Minocin? Not sure if this redness is something I should be concerned about?"
1
1
"I am currently on minocin (minocycline) to treat my acne but I think I am getting itchy hives?"
"What can I use for hives on my arm? Is Benadryl okay while taking antibiotics?"
0
1
"If I had hepatitis a, does that mean I can't drink alcohol for a certain number of weeks afterwards?"
"Can Hep A spread via sharing cigarettes or alcohol bottoes of an infected person?"
0
1
"If I had hepatitis a, does that mean I can't drink alcohol for a certain number of weeks afterwards?"
"How soon can I drink alcohol after being tested positive for Hep A?"
1
1
"I get one or two acne errupting each month.How do I prevent them?Also the acne leaves scars on my skin. Is there any off the shelf product i could try"
"I have a healed scar on my leg. Would lemon juice help with it?"
0
1
"I get one or two acne errupting each month.How do I prevent them?Also the acne leaves scars on my skin. Is there any off the shelf product i could try"
"What are some home remedies I can use for scars on my face. I have been struggling with acne for quite some time now. :( "
1
1
"I got my period twice within 3 weeks, for the second time within 4 months. Why? I haven't been stressed or changed my exercise plan or diet recently.."
"Can birth control shot cause your period to become irregular? I have spotting and I'm not sure if it is related."
0
1
"I got my period twice within 3 weeks, for the second time within 4 months. Why? I haven't been stressed or changed my exercise plan or diet recently.."
"I am a 19 y/o woman who regularly exercises and has a balanced diet. I take multivitamins too. Not sexually active, not on any medications. Lately, my period has been more frequent. This is the 4th month since when it started. I'm a little worried."
1
1
"I had arthroscopic surgery on my left knee almost a month ago but it seems to be filling up with synovial fluid, shoulde i go back to work or wait until i see the dr.?"
"How much does it cost to get an arthroscopic knee surgery done? "
0
1
"I had arthroscopic surgery on my left knee almost a month ago but it seems to be filling up with synovial fluid, shoulde i go back to work or wait until i see the dr.?"
"How soon can I go to work after an arthroscopic knee surgery? Also, how long does the swelling last? Mine seems to be swelling more and more everyday. :("
1
1
"I have tinea versicolor in the testicles and tip of penis. It gets itchy and dry. The doctor sent me a salycilic acid wash. Makes sense?"
"I have itchy and dry discolored patches on the penis and testicles. Doctor thinks it is fungal infection (tinea) and prescribed with CeraVe’s Salicylic Acid Cleanser. Will it work?"
1
1
"I have tinea versicolor in the testicles and tip of penis. It gets itchy and dry. The doctor sent me a salycilic acid wash. Makes sense?"
"Salicylic acid washes did not help me with my cystic acne. Should I ask for antibiotics?"
0
1
"I'm 16 and my left testicle started having somewhat severe pain in it, it hurts more than extremely when I walk and it hits my pants I can't drive help?"
"Does redness of the testicles mean cancer?"
0
1
"I'm 16 and my left testicle started having somewhat severe pain in it, it hurts more than extremely when I walk and it hits my pants I can't drive help?"
"My left ball hurts and does more when I am walking or if it rubs against my shorts. I am only 16. What's going on?"
1
1
"I'm taking anxiety and depression medicine to avoid panic attacks mainly & avoid er. Can i take more than 0.5 if i feel panic and 0.5 mg doesn't work?"
"Can CBT be used to treat anxiety?"
0
1
"I'm taking anxiety and depression medicine to avoid panic attacks mainly & avoid er. Can i take more than 0.5 if i feel panic and 0.5 mg doesn't work?"
"I have been on medications for anxiety and depression for about 2 months now. I still have panic attacks. Does this mean I can take a higher dose than my usual 0.5 mg?"
1
1
"Is 4 mg intuniv & 2mgrisperdal too much for a 5 1/2 yr old, im worried..His neurologist prescibed for pddnos & adhd?"
"What is the maximum dose of Guanfacine and Risperidal in kids?"
1
1
"Is 4 mg intuniv & 2mgrisperdal too much for a 5 1/2 yr old, im worried..His neurologist prescibed for pddnos & adhd?"
"Which medications can Risperidal interact with? I started it 2 days back and I just want to be careful."
0
1
"Is aloe vera juice good for hypertension?"
"Hey! Visited the doctor today, he said my blood pressure is 150/90 mmHg. Did not prescribe anything, just told to exercise and diet. Wondering if aloe vera juice would help?"
1
1
"Is aloe vera juice good for hypertension?"
"Is aloe vera good for the acne on my face and arms?"
0
1
"Is fecal bacteria really unhealthy compared to other bacteria when you are pregnant?"
"Can I take prenatal pills for a healthier pregnancy?"
0
1
"Is fecal bacteria really unhealthy compared to other bacteria when you are pregnant?"
"I am 12 weeks pregnant and went to a beach yesterday. I have read that fecal bacteria in the beaches can be harmful in pregnancy. Is it so?"
1
1
"Is hypno-therapy dangeorus?"
"Are effects of hypno-therapy permanent? I heard they can be dangerous. Is it true?"
1
1
"Is hypno-therapy dangeorus?"
"I have anxiety and my doctor advised breathing exercises. I am considering hypno-therapy."
0
1
"Is it normal to have nausea and loss of appetite when on your period?"
"Can somebody be pregnant when on their period?"
0
1
"Is it normal to have nausea and loss of appetite when on your period?"
"Hey doctor! Started my period yesterday. I feel like puking all the time and don't have any appetite. How can I treat this?"
1
1
"My child has low alkaline phosphatase level on his lab results. Why?"
"Can liver function tests detect cancer?"
0
1
"My child has low alkaline phosphatase level on his lab results. Why?"
"Hey! Jason's reports are back. It shows alkaline phosphatase level: 40 IU/L. Is it low for a child? Should we see the doctor sooner?"
1
1
"My husband has chronic itching w/ no rashes/hives.He has seen an allergist, dermatologist, acupuncturist, and therapist. Bloodwrk negative any ideas?"
"Not sure what this sounds like: Itching for 5+ years, no rashes, no hives. Blood tests normal. Seen all specialists including skin doctor, acupuncturist, allergy doctor AND a therapist."
1
1
"My husband has chronic itching w/ no rashes/hives.He has seen an allergist, dermatologist, acupuncturist, and therapist. Bloodwrk negative any ideas?"
"What is the treatment for psoariasis?"
0
1
"My six year old daughter has been on antibiotics over 48hours and started running a fever over 101 and she says her head hurts. Should I take her back in? Given antibiotics for sinus infection but has been getting stuff up when coughing. She has a hist"
"If there is persistent fever even after taking 4 doses of antibiotics (over 48 hours), does it mean it is not working? Cough is the same as it was earlier. Should we go back to the ER? She's 6, I can't see her like this. :( "
1
1
"My six year old daughter has been on antibiotics over 48hours and started running a fever over 101 and she says her head hurts. Should I take her back in? Given antibiotics for sinus infection but has been getting stuff up when coughing. She has a hist"
"Should antibiotics be prescribed to children below the age of 10 years?"
0
1
"Q. Hi, I am almost 12 weeks pregnant and my food had tiny particles of plastic (by mistake) so I am worried; in case I accidentally swallowed some : (?"
"I just realized I ingested some shreds of plastic film with my food. Would it harm my baby? I am due for my 3 month appointment tomorrow. Should I ask the doctor?"
1
1
"Q. Hi, I am almost 12 weeks pregnant and my food had tiny particles of plastic (by mistake) so I am worried; in case I accidentally swallowed some : (?"
"Is it healthy to eat fish during the first trimester of pregnancy? I just got some yesterday and opened the plastic foil. Though I should ask before eating it."
0
1
"Screaky voice. How can I get a more masculine voice?"
"My voice seems very high pitched as compared to the rest in my class. Is there a problem with me? What can I do to make it better? Are there any supplements to help?"
1
1
"Screaky voice. How can I get a more masculine voice?"
"When do puberty changes in men begin? I'm annoyed with my short height, short size of my penis and feminine voice. :("
0
1
"Since I was a child my joints have always clicked but over the years it has got very painful special when it rains or I am cold? How do I fix?"
"I am currently 17 y/o. I have no past history of joint issues. I have started experiencing pain in my joints during rainy or cold season. Is it related to my childhood habit of clicking my joints?"
1
1
"Since I was a child my joints have always clicked but over the years it has got very painful special when it rains or I am cold? How do I fix?"
"My fingers are very long and I think I can extend them abnormally. Is this something to be worried about. I have no pain or swelling."
0
1
"Was treated for PID caused by BV only with one dose of azythromyacin and injection of antibiotics. PID never went away. What should i do?"
"I have itching and vaginal discharge. Do I have yeast or is it something serious?"
0
1
"Was treated for PID caused by BV only with one dose of azythromyacin and injection of antibiotics. PID never went away. What should i do?"
"Is a single dose of Azithromycin helpful in treating PID? I already took it along with antibiotic injection. But I still have the symptoms. :( "
1
1
"What are the causes of perianal abscess?"
"Hey! Wondering if unprotected sex can cause abscess in the anal hole? What else could cause it?"
1
1
"What are the causes of perianal abscess?"
"I think I have a hemorrhoid. Not sure but I am having pus from the anus. Can it be an abscess?"
0
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

# Dataset Card for [medical_questions_pairs]

### Dataset Summary

This dataset consists of 3048 similar and dissimilar medical question pairs hand-generated and labeled by Curai's doctors. Doctors with a list of 1524 patient-asked questions randomly sampled from the publicly available crawl of HealthTap. Each question results in one similar and one different pair through the following instructions provided to the labelers:

• Rewrite the original question in a different way while maintaining the same intent. Restructure the syntax as much as possible and change medical details that would not impact your response. e.g. "I'm a 22-y-o female" could become "My 26 year old daughter"
• Come up with a related but dissimilar question for which the answer to the original question would be WRONG OR IRRELEVANT. Use similar key words.

The first instruction generates a positive question pair (similar) and the second generates a negative question pair (different). With the above instructions, the task was intentionally framed such that positive question pairs can look very different by superficial metrics, and negative question pairs can conversely look very similar. This ensures that the task is not trivial.

### Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

• text-classification : The dataset can be used to train a model to identify similar and non similar medical question pairs.

### Languages

The text in the dataset is in English.

## Dataset Structure

### Data Instances

The dataset contains dr_id, question_1, question_2, label. 11 different doctors were used for this task so dr_id ranges from 1 to 11. The label is 1 if the question pair is similar and 0 otherwise.

### Data Fields

• dr_id: 11 different doctors were used for this task so dr_id ranges from 1 to 11
• question_1: Original Question
• question_2: Rewritten Question maintaining the same intent like Original Question
• label: The label is 1 if the question pair is similar and 0 otherwise.

### Data Splits

The dataset as of now consists of only one split(train) but can be split seperately based on the requirement

train
Non similar Question Pairs 1524
Similar Question Pairs 1524

## Dataset Creation

Doctors with a list of 1524 patient-asked questions randomly sampled from the publicly available crawl of HealthTap. Each question results in one similar and one different pair through the following instructions provided to the labelers:

• Rewrite the original question in a different way while maintaining the same intent. Restructure the syntax as much as possible and change medical details that would not impact your response. e.g. "I'm a 22-y-o female" could become "My 26 year old daughter"
• Come up with a related but dissimilar question for which the answer to the original question would be WRONG OR IRRELEVANT. Use similar key words.

The first instruction generates a positive question pair (similar) and the second generates a negative question pair (different). With the above instructions, the task was intentionally framed such that positive question pairs can look very different by superficial metrics, and negative question pairs can conversely look very similar. This ensures that the task is not trivial.

### Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

### Source Data

1524 patient-asked questions randomly sampled from the publicly available crawl of HealthTap

#### Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[More Information Needed]

#### Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

### Annotations

[More Information Needed]

#### Annotation process

Doctors with a list of 1524 patient-asked questions randomly sampled from the publicly available crawl of HealthTap. Each question results in one similar and one different pair through the following instructions provided to the labelers:

• Rewrite the original question in a different way while maintaining the same intent. Restructure the syntax as much as possible and change medical details that would not impact your response. e.g. "I'm a 22-y-o female" could become "My 26 year old daughter"
• Come up with a related but dissimilar question for which the answer to the original question would be WRONG OR IRRELEVANT. Use similar key words.

The first instruction generates a positive question pair (similar) and the second generates a negative question pair (different). With the above instructions, the task was intentionally framed such that positive question pairs can look very different by superficial metrics, and negative question pairs can conversely look very similar. This ensures that the task is not trivial.

Curai's doctors

### Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

## Considerations for Using the Data

[More Information Needed]

### Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

### Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

### Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

## Additional Information

[More Information Needed]

### Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

### Licensing Information

[More Information Needed]

### Citation Information

@misc{mccreery2020effective,
title={Effective Transfer Learning for Identifying Similar Questions: Matching User Questions to COVID-19 FAQs},
author={Clara H. McCreery and Namit Katariya and Anitha Kannan and Manish Chablani and Xavier Amatriain},
year={2020},
eprint={2008.13546},
archivePrefix={arXiv},
primaryClass={cs.IR}
}


### Contributions

Thanks to @tuner007 for adding this dataset.

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