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uuid (string)lineid (int)obj_uri (string)obj_label (string)sub_uri (string)sub_label (string)template (string)language (string)predicate_id (string)
3fe3d4da-9df9-45ba-8109-784ce5fba38a
0
Q142
Frankryk
Q191954
President van Frankryk
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
466cc8c6-8770-4e5f-82e2-096816f17f71
1
Q16
Kanada
Q839078
Kategorie:Eerste Ministers van Kanada
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
5af6c1de-aa70-4290-abab-69115409a939
9
Q155
Brasilië
Q5176750
President van Brasilië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
e1b02028-d626-4e46-b8df-1e933acd4dc4
12
Q408
Australië
Q319145
Eerste Minister van Australië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
7e4e5c27-b5f0-414c-82d2-1f2689c23e58
15
Q16
Kanada
Q475689
Parlement van Kanada
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
0061461b-f8f1-413e-b4c9-00be4e06c405
24
Q801
Israel
Q133396
Knesset
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
23f0c357-bcae-4f69-8c9e-6830430ea558
26
Q38
Italië
Q796897
Eerste minister van Italië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
eae3a145-23dc-4239-8fe4-e05cea9b484c
32
Q27
Republiek van Ierland
Q191827
Taoiseach
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
e97e884a-3ed6-4933-8665-29e8834ae811
34
Q17
Japan
Q274948
Eerste Minister van Japan
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
0270f683-5afb-42e2-a214-4a57a866fb32
39
Q36
Pole
Q98964
Sejm
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
63266dd8-b0ab-430f-beb7-fb99dbc82262
40
Q27
Republiek van Ierland
Q213702
President van Ierland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
8af9009f-e17a-4233-a3d7-a449bc8216e1
41
Q408
Australië
Q259502
Australiese dollar
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
e18d3aa0-bb54-48c8-95a7-7afa1f29dbab
125
Q37
Litaue
Q374152
Seimas
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c7d7d091-3a74-496f-86a3-00191dd2ccb2
140
Q22
Skotland
Q207365
Samhain
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
b9896a47-cf30-4b54-9281-2d25e7f12256
146
Q142
Frankryk
Q43192
Vlag van Frankryk
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c8a39133-fcba-4353-9386-ef4f92a7e9f8
155
Q924
Tanzanië
Q7241291
President van Tanzanië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
fd5b0cba-6878-443b-a506-de2948ceadde
186
Q183
Duitsland
Q154797
Bundestag
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
f439a2d1-83af-448e-8023-659c9f18b50e
192
Q405
Maan
Q256608
Ruimteverdrag
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
ea75a81c-dd9b-441c-b4af-e8b84f4283db
196
Q39
Switserland
Q688230
President van die Switserse Konfederasie
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
13e13dee-49f8-4f99-8e22-1457456a78df
204
Q183
Duitsland
Q25223
President van Duitsland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
dce28929-5b9e-44e9-9d4d-7d538af93ba7
218
Q55
Nederland
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
59fb9fb3-841f-428f-8b43-a83d66d8b453
219
Q1030
Namibië
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
3c79dc0f-8760-4681-a211-619021a2f6b3
220
Q963
Botswana
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
2fbe9c20-86e6-4490-95b6-9b0c1d5297bc
221
Q954
Zimbabwe
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
e961a70f-dbe4-4262-a87b-16b62c9c5872
222
Q734
Guyana
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
87c7b70a-63c0-455b-b8d0-66736c00f17c
223
Q252
Indonesië
Q2395172
Romeins-Hollandse reg
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
69ad5da9-fa9a-458b-aab4-1ff59b0f8b29
261
Q869
Thailand
Q12376089
Eerste Minister van Thailand
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
9677d23b-1d8e-4579-ad07-cdc5834464a7
271
Q39
Switserland
Q124020
Vlag van Switserland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
95b45098-2eab-42c1-b54c-a5a195a85d1d
291
Q334
Singapoer
Q483659
Vlag van Singapoer
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
6ec741de-22f0-448b-83c5-7f6cf3a2b988
300
Q159
Rusland
Q16611
Vlag van Rusland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
67d359ee-5894-4f57-b77f-781f333fda9c
304
Q16
Kanada
Q80110
Vlag van Kanada
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
ff41bf94-c205-4bf8-9f00-b33c1b1db01d
321
Q782
Hawaii
Q219726
Vlag van Hawaii
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
a3e1f557-973f-4ab5-b396-a5b47ff89d26
327
Q55
Nederland
Q46585
Vlag van Nederland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
0009473c-a993-457d-8460-420da07ad524
345
Q766
Jamaika
Q172517
Vlag van Jamaika
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
8527c1ce-9d16-45bc-bf73-2af256faab78
346
Q414
Argentinië
Q130774
vlag van Argentinië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
19597ee4-0197-4342-8c64-c062b5c673a1
350
Q1033
Nigerië
Q500282
President van Nigerië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
764075cc-4a15-4877-bfc4-814ba8dd8dd8
356
Q20
Noorweë
Q83149
Vlag van Noorweë
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
b41d42c3-cc77-4a1d-a2a2-42473353154b
389
Q17
Japan
Q208233
Keiser van Japan
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
12977c8c-1660-4037-8735-9034495cc294
415
Q22
Skotland
Q102392
Vlag van Skotland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
f2d51f89-c951-4b46-a63a-418c43859b14
433
Q43
Turkye
Q81952
Vlag van Turkye
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c49f42ff-5a91-4ccf-bdb7-6ad21d84a401
435
Q833
Maleisië
Q168935
Vlag van Maleisië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
fe87abfd-0ee4-484f-a4b5-5741b64a24c6
442
Q241
Kuba
Q163008
Vlag van Kuba
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c16906f5-412d-4453-b01e-2ddcb55acfaf
451
Q881
Viëtnam
Q131204
vlag van Viëtnam
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
93a951ef-dc6a-46ba-b93b-4ab11353bb6f
452
Q750
Bolivië
Q134874
Vlag van Bolivia
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
de9383c7-b3cf-4e75-b5af-783ddba9e21a
455
Q22
Skotland
Q1623403
Hogmanay
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
7d4a646a-f56e-4f5c-b9cb-cd5d85191820
456
Q668
Indië
Q41673
Vlag van Indië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
5b380644-2990-40c8-a30e-366595cbe765
468
Q114
Kenia
Q14784066
President van Kenia
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
82abc7f6-9d3e-49e8-93db-4fbab66f8bdc
484
Q142
Frankryk
Q1285463
Prefek
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
28deb10a-4867-4856-b611-266163044ec4
488
Q1045
Somalië
Q159538
Vlag van Somalië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
ecb8f657-5e27-4dba-a16f-79d274796bad
495
Q252
Indonesië
Q11755916
President van Indonesië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
3353f218-c192-4123-b91e-0c98409f4dde
496
Q649
Moskou
Q3339281
Regering van Moskou
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
bac0ecb8-d8d1-4762-9adc-6ef6bc88771e
528
Q865
Republiek van Sjina
Q173535
Vlag van die Republiek China
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
7ae7b5d1-735b-486e-8deb-b89e074c46c9
539
Q408
Australië
Q81676
Vlag van Australië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c2148de8-608e-475c-89c5-b92d314bc421
543
Q790
Haïti
Q102987
Vlag van Haïti
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
51a0f822-3049-4d95-8d40-47e585327096
604
Q222
Albanië
Q48409
Vlag van Albanië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
5140d1de-f53a-4c79-8fe2-0a331d6e1b1f
611
Q183
Duitsland
Q48160
Vlag van Duitsland
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
729e860d-d76f-4095-92d4-446d35e86a0b
616
Q1016
Libië
Q34599
Vlag van Libië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
0dc1aa38-c737-4f61-a7f8-a4cd3d9bbe06
631
Q1030
Namibië
Q647198
President van Namibië
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
6e822058-a0f6-4a29-8e21-e2ba6c5159cf
633
Q928
Filippyne
Q134627
Vlag van die Filippyne
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
8919032d-be82-417e-a8e6-dda030d717b7
635
Q183
Duitsland
Q37251
.de
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
cc87fd46-9d49-4c74-9308-e14b224c6fb2
636
Q1020
Malawi
Q15921529
President van Malawi
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
ca52a80b-b07a-44a8-bfba-566d1c9fe231
644
Q843
Pakistan
Q128347
Vlag van Pakistan
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
6890d213-3556-4f42-b345-db5b5cc94619
673
Q17252
Tibet
Q731338
Vlag van Tibet
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
4b395ee9-3165-44e8-8719-e962d41ec997
683
Q183
Duitsland
Q674827
Strafgesetzbuch
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
ca100d86-b674-4ac8-92df-4db651a07cf3
685
Q96
Meksiko
Q122462
Vlag van Meksiko
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
c345bd12-52f7-49d7-8591-80741d900214
690
Q17
Japan
Q43175
vlag van Japan
[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].
af
P1001
7d58f005-5166-4af7-a2e0-c960de153441
0
Q8078
logika
Q7251
Alan Turing
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
0b4ba343-e8e2-468a-9b16-810b2d444d4c
3
Q5891
filosofie
Q83041
Anaxagoras
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
08931acc-cca1-46d2-a1e8-9a1cd36fe514
5
Q245068
Komediant
Q4119
Adam Carolla
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
02b93e45-cd80-42e8-9492-d8258c05fde5
6
Q1114448
spotprenttekenaar
Q2060191
Al Capp
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
afebc65d-e332-48cd-a2fe-b6ae8eeb7365
7
Q8162
taalwetenskappe
Q331853
Benjamin Lee Whorf
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
9c30b25e-4394-4ac1-844a-1dcc2a9c8c98
14
Q34178
teologie
Q37577
Johannes Calvyn
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
c03550ce-c038-480b-8ba8-3d0565f9e2e6
16
Q413
fisika
Q1454986
natuurkundige stelsel
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
363d0a28-28f6-406d-b2d8-8727287172f0
18
Q8162
taalwetenskappe
Q2621452
Charles F. Hockett
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
4bd7cfbb-cc28-4c9e-aeeb-e51e11d2a879
19
Q1114448
spotprenttekenaar
Q1340213
Garry Trudeau
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
e28de294-6d8a-4ccf-acc2-03ecc70033d1
20
Q8087
Meetkunde
Q41585
David Hilbert
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
27585f83-bfbf-4c4d-9297-b28d5829db25
21
Q1344
Opera
Q1511
Richard Wagner
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
b08d1f0f-8c73-4b08-9a8f-ffa83f39fb69
22
Q8087
Meetkunde
Q8747
Euklides
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
29fb052d-7ef6-4658-9172-cf7e508d2212
23
Q21201
sosiologie
Q9387
Max Weber
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
951dff35-940e-4076-a2b4-da20c78200fb
24
Q9418
sielkunde
Q58632
Hans Eysenck
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
10406c15-82a3-4fed-a532-3c8b59d96534
27
Q333
sterrekunde
Q183397
Fred Hoyle
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
7aa085f3-bc0a-4668-843f-46c65365387a
28
Q514
anatomie
Q8778
Galen
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
8db5e487-470f-4c19-a471-dfabc5591b8f
29
Q521
Fisiologie
Q93128
William Harvey
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
11286754-ad67-4a7c-b266-f1fee9c5c7af
30
Q9134
mitologie
Q295516
Joseph Campbell
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
ade647e5-ef1f-4285-a125-835ee2106c00
32
Q23498
argeologie
Q133682
Howard Carter
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
c1ea25b2-e7c9-4bc9-9f28-f2fe5747cf7b
33
Q23498
argeologie
Q57106
Heinrich Schliemann
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
a7d90645-9b70-450a-9b02-d3182c7382ae
36
Q395
wiskunde
Q935
Isaac Newton
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
b59f6666-daaf-4c90-a654-094dd9524478
37
Q2329
chemie
Q16571
Justus von Liebig
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
5a90a76e-cd1c-46d6-b6c1-8e25f2a465e5
40
Q21201
sosiologie
Q9061
Karl Marx
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
d6c292ef-07a2-4711-b71b-c306fe82b6cc
50
Q8134
ekonomie
Q9387
Max Weber
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
2a7b190a-b405-40ed-9ab1-1f681bce1734
52
Q2329
chemie
Q8750
Michael Faraday
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
e375212b-c9bb-40a2-9215-6af841a91549
53
Q5113
voël
Q44703
ornitologie
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
ebb0476e-df25-4594-b5be-164491f55530
55
Q395
wiskunde
Q214544
Bonaventura Cavalieri
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
110f05e1-2ccc-451b-8d77-fcad83f84cf7
56
Q395
wiskunde
Q307
Galileo Galilei
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
3822534d-f55c-4c3c-96fa-ab2d6623edd5
61
Q41425
Ballet
Q211513
Sergei Diaghilef
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
12f7f113-6d74-470c-8345-9ffb4ff952e1
66
Q333
sterrekunde
Q43027
Edwin Hubble
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
48fba4f0-e527-4418-aab8-c0d7da883745
71
Q413
fisika
Q935
Isaac Newton
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
0d31b202-a4dc-42e0-8067-13938039b7f3
77
Q336
Wetenskap
Q46857
wetenskaplike metode
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
2db8fa58-85d3-4b4d-aba9-cf9bd4a3dd00
80
Q11409
apartheid
Q214473
Steve Biko
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
6c9a2b0d-05a4-4ecd-83cc-6e3587e9058d
82
Q1114448
spotprenttekenaar
Q43994
Matt Groening
[X] werk op die gebied van [Y].
af
P101
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for [Dataset Name]

Dataset Summary

This dataset provides the data for mLAMA, a multilingual version of LAMA. Regarding LAMA see https://github.com/facebookresearch/LAMA. For mLAMA the TREx and GoogleRE part of LAMA was considered and machine translated using Google Translate, and the Wikidata and Google Knowledge Graph API. The machine translated templates were checked for validity, i.e., whether they contain exactly one '[X]' and one '[Y]'.

This data can be used for creating fill-in-the-blank queries like "Paris is the capital of [MASK]" across 53 languages. For more details see the website http://cistern.cis.lmu.de/mlama/ or the github repo https://github.com/norakassner/mlama.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

Language model knowledge probing.

Languages

This dataset contains data in 53 languages: af,ar,az,be,bg,bn,ca,ceb,cs,cy,da,de,el,en,es,et,eu,fa,fi,fr,ga,gl,he,hi,hr,hu,hy,id,it,ja,ka,ko,la,lt,lv,ms,nl,pl,pt,ro,ru,sk,sl,sq,sr,sv,ta,th,tr,uk,ur,vi,zh

Dataset Structure

For each of the 53 languages and each of the 43 relations/predicates there is a set of triples.

Data Instances

For each language and relation there are triples, that consists of an object, a predicate and a subject. For each predicate there is a template available. An example for dataset["test"][0] is given here:

{
'language': 'af',
'lineid': 0, 
'obj_label': 'Frankryk', 
'obj_uri': 'Q142', 
'predicate_id': 'P1001', 
'sub_label': 'President van Frankryk', 
'sub_uri': 'Q191954', 
'template': "[X] is 'n wettige term in [Y].", 
'uuid': '3fe3d4da-9df9-45ba-8109-784ce5fba38a'
}

Data Fields

Each instance has the following fields

  • "uuid": a unique identifier
  • "lineid": a identifier unique to mlama
  • "obj_id": knowledge graph id of the object
  • "obj_label": surface form of the object
  • "sub_id": knowledge graph id of the subject
  • "sub_label": surface form of the subject
  • "template": template
  • "language": language code
  • "predicate_id": relation id

Data Splits

There is only one partition that is labelled as 'test data'.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The dataset was translated into 53 languages to investigate knowledge in pretrained language models multilingually.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The data has several sources:

LAMA (https://github.com/facebookresearch/LAMA) licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) T-REx (https://hadyelsahar.github.io/t-rex/) licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License Google-RE (https://github.com/google-research-datasets/relation-extraction-corpus) Wikidata (https://www.wikidata.org/) licensed under Creative Commons CC0 License and Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

Who are the source language producers?

See links above.

Annotations

Annotation process

Crowdsourced (wikidata) and machine translated.

Who are the annotators?

Unknown.

Personal and Sensitive Information

Names of (most likely) famous people who have entries in Google Knowledge Graph or Wikidata.

Considerations for Using the Data

Data was created through machine translation and automatic processes.

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

Not all triples are available in all languages.

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

The authors of the mLAMA paper and the authors of the original datasets.

Licensing Information

The Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

Citation Information

@article{kassner2021multilingual,
  author    = {Nora Kassner and
               Philipp Dufter and
               Hinrich Sch{\"{u}}tze},
  title     = {Multilingual {LAMA:} Investigating Knowledge in Multilingual Pretrained
               Language Models},
  journal   = {CoRR},
  volume    = {abs/2102.00894},
  year      = {2021},
  url       = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2102.00894},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint    = {2102.00894},
  timestamp = {Tue, 09 Feb 2021 13:35:56 +0100},
  biburl    = {https://dblp.org/rec/journals/corr/abs-2102-00894.bib},
  bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, https://dblp.org},
  note      = {to appear in EACL2021}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @pdufter for adding this dataset.

Update on GitHub