# Datasets:indic_glue

Multilinguality: multilingual
Size Categories: 100K<n<1M
Language Creators: found
Annotations Creators: other
Source Datasets: extended|other
Dataset Preview
hypothesis (string)premise (string)label (class label)
"I stuck a pin through a carrot. When I pulled the pin out, it had a hole."
1 (entailment)
"John couldn't see the stage with Billy in front of him because he is so short."
"John is so short."
1 (entailment)
"The police arrested all of the gang members. They were trying to stop the drug trade in the neighborhood."
"The police were trying to stop the drug trade in the neighborhood."
1 (entailment)
"Steve follows Fred's example in everything. He influences him hugely."
"Steve influences him hugely."
1 (entailment)
"When Tatyana reached the cabin, her mother was sleeping. She was careful not to disturb her, undressing and climbing back into her berth."
"mother was careful not to disturb her, undressing and climbing back into her berth."
1 (entailment)
"George got free tickets to the play, but he gave them to Eric, because he was particularly eager to see it."
"George was particularly eager to see it."
1 (entailment)
"John was jogging through the park when he saw a man juggling watermelons. He was very impressive."
"John was very impressive."
1 (entailment)
"I couldn't put the pot on the shelf because it was too tall."
"The pot was too tall."
1 (entailment)
"We had hoped to place copies of our newsletter on all the chairs in the auditorium, but there were simply not enough of them."
"There were simply not enough copies of the newsletter."
1 (entailment)
"At the Loebner competition the judges couldn't figure out which respondents were the chatbots because they were so advanced."
1 (entailment)
"I took the water bottle out of the backpack so that it would be lighter."
"I took the water bottle out of the backpack so that the backpack would be lighter."
1 (entailment)
"The table won't fit through the doorway because it is too narrow."
"The table is too narrow."
1 (entailment)
"I took the water bottle out of the backpack so that it would be handy."
"I took the water bottle out of the backpack so that the backpack would be handy."
1 (entailment)
"The firemen arrived after the police because they were coming from so far away."
"The police were coming from so far away."
1 (entailment)
"Always before, Larry had helped Dad with his work. But he could not help him now, for Dad said that his boss at the railroad company would not want anyone but him to work in the office."
"Dad could not help him now."
1 (entailment)
"I poured water from the bottle into the cup until it was empty."
"The cup was empty."
1 (entailment)
"I put the cake away in the refrigerator. It has a lot of butter in it."
"The cake has a lot of butter in it."
1 (entailment)
"Lionel is holding captive a scientist, Dr. Vardi, who has invented a device that turns animals invisible; Lionel plans to use it on Geoffrey and send him to steal nuclear material from an army vault."
"Lionel plans to use it on Geoffrey and send Lionel to steal nuclear material from an army vault."
1 (entailment)
"The foxes are getting in at night and attacking the chickens. They have gotten very bold."
"The foxes have gotten very bold."
1 (entailment)
"Sam pulled up a chair to the piano, but it was broken, so he had to stand instead."
1 (entailment)
"Jane knocked on Susan's door but she did not get an answer."
"Susan did not get an answer."
1 (entailment)
1 (entailment)
"I put the butterfly wing on the table and it broke."
"The table broke."
1 (entailment)
"Paul tried to call George on the phone, but he wasn't successful."
"Paul wasn't successful."
1 (entailment)
"Look! There is a shark swimming right below that duck! It had better get away to safety fast!"
"The shark had better get away to safety fast!"
1 (entailment)
"The trophy doesn't fit into the brown suitcase because it is too large."
"The suitcase is too large."
1 (entailment)
"Joe's uncle can still beat him at tennis, even though he is 30 years older."
"Joe is 30 years older."
1 (entailment)
"The large ball crashed right through the table because it was made of steel."
"The large ball was made of steel."
1 (entailment)
"Sam broke both his ankles and he's walking with crutches. But a month or so from now they should be better."
"The crutches should be better."
1 (entailment)
"Grant worked hard to harvest his beans so he and his family would have enough to eat that winter, His friend Henry let him stack them in his barn where they would dry. Later, he and Tatyana would shell them and cook them for their Sunday dinners."
"His friend Henry let him stack Grant and his family in his barn where they would dry."
1 (entailment)
"Jane knocked on the door, and Susan answered it. She invited her to come out."
"Jane invited her to come out."
1 (entailment)
"Dan had to stop Bill from toying with the injured bird. He is very cruel."
"Bill is very cruel."
1 (entailment)
"Tom said "Check" to Ralph as he took his bishop."
"Tom said "Check" to Ralph as he took Ralph's bishop."
1 (entailment)
"I sallied out for a bit of food, more to pass the time than because I wanted it."
"I sallied out for a bit of food, more to pass the time than because I wanted food."
1 (entailment)
"Joe paid the detective after he received the final report on the case."
"Joe received the final report on the case."
1 (entailment)
"We had hoped to place copies of our newsletter on all the chairs in the auditorium, but there were simply too many of them."
"There were simply too many copies of the newsletter."
1 (entailment)
"Joe has sold his house and bought a new one a few miles away. He will be moving into it on Thursday."
"He will be moving into The new house on Thursday."
1 (entailment)
"Always before, Larry had helped Dad with his work. But he could not help him now, for Dad said that his boss at the railroad company would not want anyone but him to work in the office."
"He could not help Dad now."
1 (entailment)
"The table was piled high with food, and on the floor beside it there were crocks, baskets, and a five-quart pail of milk."
"Beside the table there were crocks, baskets, and a five-quart pail of milk."
1 (entailment)
"Jim comforted Kevin because he was so upset."
"Kevin was so upset."
1 (entailment)
"Jackson was greatly influenced by Arnold, though he lived two centuries earlier."
"Arnold lived two centuries earlier."
1 (entailment)
"There is a pillar between me and the stage, and I can't see around it."
"I can't see around the stage."
1 (entailment)
"Archaeologists have concluded that humans lived in Laputa 20,000 years ago. They hunted for deer on the river banks."
"Prehistoric humans hunted for deer on the river banks."
1 (entailment)
"Sam and Amy are passionately in love, but Amy's parents are unhappy about it, because they are snobs."
"Amy's parents are snobs."
1 (entailment)
"Bill passed the half-empty plate to John because he was hungry."
"John was hungry."
1 (entailment)
"Sara borrowed the book from the library because she needs it for an article she is working on. She writes it when she gets home from work."
"She writes the book when she gets home from work."
1 (entailment)
"John promised Bill to leave, so an hour later he left."
"Bill left."
1 (entailment)
"Sara borrowed the book from the library because she needs it for an article she is working on. She reads it when she gets home from work."
"She reads the article when she gets home from work."
1 (entailment)
"Mark heard Steve's feet going down the ladder. The door of the shop closed after him. He ran to look out the window."
"The door of the shop closed after Steve."
1 (entailment)
"Fred is the only man alive who still remembers my father as an infant. When Fred first saw my father, he was twelve years old."
"When Fred first saw my father, My father was twelve years old."
1 (entailment)
"Tatyana knew that Grandma always enjoyed serving an abundance of food to her guests. Now Tatyana watched as Grandma gathered Tatyana's small mother into a wide, scrawny embrace and then propelled her to the table, lifting her shawl from her shoulders, seating her in the place of honor, and saying simply: "There's plenty.""
"Grandma gathered Tatyana's small mother into a wide, scrawny embrace and then propelled Grandma to the table."
1 (entailment)
"Fred watched TV while George went out to buy groceries. After an hour he got back."
"George got back."
1 (entailment)
"Lily spoke to Donna, breaking her concentration."
"Lily spoke to Donna, breaking Donna's concentration."
1 (entailment)
"Although they ran at about the same speed, Sue beat Sally because she had such a bad start."
1 (entailment)
"Madonna fired her trainer because she couldn't stand her boyfriend."
1 (entailment)
"I can't cut that tree down with that axe; it is too small."
"The axe is too small."
1 (entailment)
"Madonna fired her trainer because she slept with her boyfriend."
1 (entailment)
"I saw Jim yelling at some guy in a military uniform with a huge red beard. I don't know why he was, but he looked very unhappy."
"I don't know why the guy in uniform was, but he looked very unhappy."
1 (entailment)
"Alice tried frantically to stop her daughter from chatting at the party, leaving us to wonder why she was behaving so strangely."
"Alice's daughter was behaving so strangely."
1 (entailment)
"Jane knocked on Susan's door but she did not answer."
1 (entailment)
"The politicians far away in Washington could not know the settlers so they must make rules to regulate them."
"The politicians must make rules to regulate them."
1 (entailment)
"A number of times Henry had been present at interviews which his father had had with noted detectives who desired his aid in solving perplexing mysteries, and those occasions stood out as red-letter days for him."
"Those occasions stood out as red-letter days for Henry."
1 (entailment)
"Sam pulled up a chair to the piano, but it was broken, so he had to stand instead."
1 (entailment)
"Since it was raining, I carried the newspaper over my backpack to keep it dry."
"I carried the newspaper over my backpack to keep the backpack dry."
1 (entailment)
"The politicians far away in Washington could not know the settlers so they must make rules to regulate them."
"They must make rules to regular the politicians."
1 (entailment)
"Anna did a lot better than her good friend Lucy on the test because she had studied so hard."
1 (entailment)
"Mark was close to Mr. Singer's heels. He heard him calling for the captain, promising him, in the jargon everyone talked that night, that not one thing should be damaged on the ship except only the ammunition, but the captain and all his crew had best stay in the cabin until the work was over."
"Mr. Singer heard him calling for the captain"
1 (entailment)
"Fred is the only man still alive who remembers my great-grandfather. He was a remarkable man."
"My great-grandfather was a remarkable man."
1 (entailment)
"I couldn't put the pot on the shelf because it was too high."
"The shelf was too high."
1 (entailment)
"No one joins Facebook to be sad and lonely. But a new study from the University of Wisconsin psychologist George Lincoln argues that that's exactly how it makes us feel."
"That's exactly how the study makes us feel."
1 (entailment)
"Bob paid for Charlie's college education. He is very generous."
"Bob is very generous."
1 (entailment)
"John promised Bill to leave, so an hour later he left."
"John left."
1 (entailment)
"Frank was upset with Tom because the toaster he had sold him didn't work."
"The toaster Frank had sold him didn't work."
1 (entailment)
"Equally swoon-worthy is C.K. Dexter Haven, a pallid young dandy holding a jade-handled walking stick, with a poodle asleep at his feet."
"Equally swoon-worthy is C.K. Dexter Haven, a pallid young dandy holding a jade-handled walking stick, with a poodle asleep at Haven's feet."
1 (entailment)
"Joe has sold his house and bought a new one a few miles away. He will be moving out of it on Thursday."
"He will be moving out of The old house on Thursday."
1 (entailment)
"Mark heard Steve's feet going down the ladder. The door of the shop closed after him. He ran to look out the window."
"The door of the shop closed after Mark."
1 (entailment)
"It is not easy to space buttonholes exactly the same distance apart, and it is very difficult to cut them precisely the right size. The tiniest slip of the scissors will make the hole too large, and even one thread uncut will leave it too small."
"Even one thread uncut will leave the right size too small."
1 (entailment)
"Billy cried because Toby wouldn't accept his toy."
"Billy cried because Toby wouldn't accept Toby's toy."
1 (entailment)
"As Ollie carried Tommy up the long winding steps, his legs dangled."
"Ollie's legs dangled."
1 (entailment)
"Sam pulled up a chair to the piano, but it was broken, so he had to sing instead."
1 (entailment)
"The fish ate the worm. It was hungry."
"The worm was hungry."
1 (entailment)
"The journalists interviewed the stars of the new movie. They were very cooperative, so the interview lasted for a long time."
"The journalists were very cooperative, so the interview lasted for a long time."
1 (entailment)
"The trophy doesn't fit into the brown suitcase because it is too small."
"The trophy is too small."
1 (entailment)
"Thomson visited Cooper's grave in 1765. At that date he had been travelling for five years."
"Cooper had been travelling for five years."
1 (entailment)
"Alice was dusting the living room and trying to find the button that Mama had hidden. No time today to look at old pictures in her favorite photo album. Today she had to hunt for a button, so she put the album on a chair without even opening it."
"She put the album on a chair without even opening the living room."
1 (entailment)
"Bill passed the half-empty plate to John because he was full."
"Bill was full."
1 (entailment)
"Bill passed the half-empty plate to John because he was full."
"John was full."
1 (entailment)
"The foxes are getting in at night and attacking the chickens. I shall have to kill them."
"I shall have to kill The foxes."
1 (entailment)
"Joe's uncle can still beat him at tennis, even though he is 30 years younger."
"Joe is 30 years younger."
1 (entailment)
"Emma did not pass the ball to Janie although she was open."
"She saw that Janie was open."
1 (entailment)
"Bill passed the gameboy to John because his turn was over."
"Bill's turn was over."
1 (entailment)
"Ann asked Mary what time the library closes, because she had forgotten."
1 (entailment)
"Pam's parents came home and found her having sex with her boyfriend, Paul. They were furious about it."
"Pam's parents were furious about it."
1 (entailment)
"This morning, Joey built a sand castle on the beach, and put a toy flag in the highest tower, but this afternoon the tide knocked it down."
"This afternoon the tide knocked The flag down."
1 (entailment)
"The man couldn't lift his son because he was so weak."
"The man was so weak."
1 (entailment)
"The customer walked into the bank and stabbed one of the tellers. He was immediately taken to the hospital."
"The customer was immediately taken to the hospital."
1 (entailment)
"Since Chester was dependent on Uncle Vernon, he couldn't very well marry without his approval"
"He couldn't very well marry without Chester's approval"
1 (entailment)
"Mama came over and sat down beside Alice. Gently she stroked her hair and let the child weep."
"Mama stroked her hair and let the child weep."
1 (entailment)
"Emma did not pass the ball to Janie although she saw that she was open."
"Emma saw that she was open."
1 (entailment)
"Mark became absorbed in Blaze, the white horse. He was afraid the stable boys at the Burlington Stables struck at him and bullied him because he was timid, so he took upon himself the feeding and care of the animal."
"Mark was afraid the stable boys at the Burlington Stables struck at him and bullied him."
1 (entailment)
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

# Dataset Card for "indic_glue"

### Dataset Summary

IndicGLUE is a natural language understanding benchmark for Indian languages. It contains a wide variety of tasks and covers 11 major Indian languages - as, bn, gu, hi, kn, ml, mr, or, pa, ta, te.

The Winograd Schema Challenge (Levesque et al., 2011) is a reading comprehension task in which a system must read a sentence with a pronoun and select the referent of that pronoun from a list of choices. The examples are manually constructed to foil simple statistical methods: Each one is contingent on contextual information provided by a single word or phrase in the sentence. To convert the problem into sentence pair classification, we construct sentence pairs by replacing the ambiguous pronoun with each possible referent. The task is to predict if the sentence with the pronoun substituted is entailed by the original sentence. We use a small evaluation set consisting of new examples derived from fiction books that was shared privately by the authors of the original corpus. While the included training set is balanced between two classes, the test set is imbalanced between them (65% not entailment). Also, due to a data quirk, the development set is adversarial: hypotheses are sometimes shared between training and development examples, so if a model memorizes the training examples, they will predict the wrong label on corresponding development set example. As with QNLI, each example is evaluated separately, so there is not a systematic correspondence between a model's score on this task and its score on the unconverted original task. We call converted dataset WNLI (Winograd NLI). This dataset is translated and publicly released for 3 Indian languages by AI4Bharat.

## Dataset Structure

### Data Instances

#### actsa-sc.te

• Size of the generated dataset: 1.63 MB
• Total amount of disk used: 1.99 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
"label": 0,
"text": "\"ప్రయాణాల్లో ఉన్నవారికోసం బస్ స్టేషన్లు, రైల్వే స్టేషన్లలో పల్స్పోలియో బూతులను ఏర్పాటు చేసి చిన్నారులకు పోలియో చుక్కలు వేసేలా ఏర..."
}


#### bbca.hi

• Size of the generated dataset: 26.35 MB
• Total amount of disk used: 31.85 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
"label": "pakistan",
"text": "\"नेटिजन यानि इंटरनेट पर सक्रिय नागरिक अब ट्विटर पर सरकार द्वारा लगाए प्रतिबंधों के समर्थन या विरोध में अपने विचार व्यक्त करते है..."
}


#### copa.en

• Size of the generated dataset: 0.11 MB
• Total amount of disk used: 0.83 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
"choice1": "I swept the floor in the unoccupied room.",
"choice2": "I shut off the light in the unoccupied room.",
"label": 1,
"premise": "I wanted to conserve energy.",
"question": "effect"
}


#### copa.gu

• Size of the generated dataset: 0.22 MB
• Total amount of disk used: 0.94 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
"choice1": "\"સ્ત્રી જાણતી હતી કે તેનો મિત્ર મુશ્કેલ સમયમાંથી પસાર થઈ રહ્યો છે.\"...",
"choice2": "\"મહિલાને લાગ્યું કે તેના મિત્રએ તેની દયાળુ લાભ લીધો છે.\"...",
"label": 0,
"premise": "મહિલાએ તેના મિત્રની મુશ્કેલ વર્તન સહન કરી.",
"question": "cause"
}


#### copa.hi

• Size of the generated dataset: 0.22 MB
• Total amount of disk used: 0.94 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
"choice1": "मैंने उसका प्रस्ताव ठुकरा दिया।",
"choice2": "उन्होंने मुझे उत्पाद खरीदने के लिए राजी किया।",
"label": 0,
"premise": "मैंने सेल्समैन की पिच पर शक किया।",
"question": "effect"
}


### Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

#### actsa-sc.te

• text: a string feature.
• label: a classification label, with possible values including positive (0), negative (1).

#### bbca.hi

• label: a string feature.
• text: a string feature.

#### copa.en

• premise: a string feature.
• choice1: a string feature.
• choice2: a string feature.
• question: a string feature.
• label: a int32 feature.

#### copa.gu

• premise: a string feature.
• choice1: a string feature.
• choice2: a string feature.
• question: a string feature.
• label: a int32 feature.

#### copa.hi

• premise: a string feature.
• choice1: a string feature.
• choice2: a string feature.
• question: a string feature.
• label: a int32 feature.

### Data Splits

#### actsa-sc.te

train validation test
actsa-sc.te 4328 541 541

train test
bbca.hi 3467 866

#### copa.en

train validation test
copa.en 400 100 500

#### copa.gu

train validation test
copa.gu 362 88 448

#### copa.hi

train validation test
copa.hi 362 88 449

## Considerations for Using the Data

### Citation Information

@inproceedings{kakwani-etal-2020-indicnlpsuite,
title = "{I}ndic{NLPS}uite: Monolingual Corpora, Evaluation Benchmarks and Pre-trained Multilingual Language Models for {I}ndian Languages",
author = "Kakwani, Divyanshu  and
Kunchukuttan, Anoop  and
Golla, Satish  and
N.C., Gokul  and
Bhattacharyya, Avik  and
Khapra, Mitesh M.  and
Kumar, Pratyush",
booktitle = "Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2020",
month = nov,
year = "2020",
publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
url = "https://aclanthology.org/2020.findings-emnlp.445",
doi = "10.18653/v1/2020.findings-emnlp.445",
pages = "4948--4961",
}

@inproceedings{Levesque2011TheWS,