Task Categories: question-answering
Languages: en
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 10K<n<100K
Licenses: unknown
Language Creators: crowdsourced
Annotations Creators: crowdsourced
Source Datasets: original
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Dataset Card for HybridQA

Dataset Summary

Existing question answering datasets focus on dealing with homogeneous information, based either only on text or KB/Table information alone. However, as human knowledge is distributed over heterogeneous forms, using homogeneous information alone might lead to severe coverage problems. To fill in the gap, we present HybridQA, a new large-scale question-answering dataset that requires reasoning on heterogeneous information. Each question is aligned with a Wikipedia table and multiple free-form corpora linked with the entities in the table. The questions are designed to aggregate both tabular information and text information, i.e., lack of either form would render the question unanswerable.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]


The dataset is in English language.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

A typical example looks like this

    "question_id": "00009b9649d0dd0a",
    "question": "Who were the builders of the mosque in Herat with fire temples ?",
    "table_id": "List_of_mosques_in_Afghanistan_0",
    "answer_text": "Ghurids",
    "question_postag": "WP VBD DT NNS IN DT NN IN NNP IN NN NNS .",
    "table": {
        "url": "",
        "title": "List of mosques in Afghanistan",
        "header": [
        "data": [
                "value": "Kabul",
                "urls": [
                        "summary": "Kabul ( Persian : کابل , romanized : Kābol , Pashto : کابل , romanized : Kābəl ) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan...",
                        "url": "/wiki/Kabul"
    "section_title": "",
    "section_text": "",
    "uid": "List_of_mosques_in_Afghanistan_0",
    "intro": "The following is an incomplete list of large mosques in Afghanistan:"

Data Fields

  • question_id (str)
  • question (str)
  • table_id (str)
  • answer_text (str)
  • question_postag (str)
  • table (dict):
    • url (str)
    • title (str)
    • header (list of str)
    • data (list of dict):
      • value (str)
      • urls (list of dict):
        • url (str)
        • summary (str)
  • section_title (str)
  • section_text (str)
  • uid (str)
  • intro (str)

Data Splits

The dataset is split into train, dev and test splits.

train validation test
N. Instances 62682 3466 3463

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

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Initial Data Collection and Normalization

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Who are the source language producers?

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Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

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  title={HybridQA: A Dataset of Multi-Hop Question Answering over Tabular and Textual Data},
  author={Chen, Wenhu and Zha, Hanwen and Chen, Zhiyu and Xiong, Wenhan and Wang, Hong and Wang, William},
  journal={Findings of EMNLP 2020},


Thanks to @patil-suraj for adding this dataset.

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