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timeline_id (unknown)headline_a (string)headline_b (string)date_a (string)date_b (string)url_a (string)url_b (string)label (class label)
9
"Seven bodies found after dam burst at Brazil mine, hundreds missing"
"Fears rise for 300 missing in Brazil dam disaster; 9 bodies recovered"
"2019-01-25"
"2019-01-26"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-disaster/seven-bodies-found-after-dam-burst-at-brazil-mine-hundreds-missing-idUSKCN1PJ1WT?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/rest-of-world/fears-rise-for-300-missing-in-brazil-dam-disaster-9-bodies-recovered/articleshow/67702088.cms"
0 (same_event)
9
"Dam collapses in Brazil: mud sludge leaves over 200 miners missing"
"Brazil dam collapse: At least seven dead and hundreds missing after disaster triggers mudslides"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-26"
"http://en.mercopress.com/2019/01/26/dam-collapses-in-brazil-mud-sludge-leaves-over-200-miners-missing?utm_source=feed&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=brazil&utm_campaign=rss"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-dam-collapse-latest-update-mine-missing-death-toll-vale-minas-gerais-mariana-a8747201.html"
1 (different_event)
2
"Remember Savita': father's plea for voters to end Ireland's abortion ban"
"Ireland referendum could lift strict ban on abortion"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/23/ireland-abortion-referendum-savita-father-galway"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/05/25/ireland-referendum-could-lift-strict-ban-on-abortion.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Whistleblower Snowden can apply for Russian passport next year: RIA cites lawyer"
"Barack Obama commutes sentence of Puerto Rican independence fighter Oscar López Rivera"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-snowden-russia-idUSKBN1520I9?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews"
"http://www.independent.co.uk/news/us-president-barack-obama-oscar-lopez-river-commutes-sentence-puerto-rican-independence-activist-a7533191.html"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazilian despair turns to anger as toll from Vale dam disaster hits 60"
"Brazil dam: Startling pictures of Brumadinho collapse"
"2019-01-28"
"2019-02-01"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/brazilian-despair-turns-to-anger-as-toll-from-vale-dam-disaster-hits-60-idUSKCN1PM0AP?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-47096011"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland Votes to End Abortion Ban in Rebuke to Catholic Church"
"Sturgeon takes Brexit concerns to Brussels"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-28"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/26/world/europe/ireland-abortion-yes.html"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-44278439"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland votes resoundingly to repeal abortion ban"
"Irish abortion referendum: Ireland overturns abortion ban"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/26/europe/ireland-count-abortion---intl"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44256152"
1 (different_event)
4
"Facebook Loses EU Friends as Bloc's Lawmakers Weigh Break Up"
"EU privacy watchdog: Big tech firms are 'blackmailing' users into agreeing with their new data terms"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-23/facebook-loses-eu-friends-as-bloc-s-lawmakers-weigh-break-up"
"https://www.businessinsider.in/EU-privacy-watchdog-Big-tech-firms-are-blackmailing-users-into-agreeing-with-their-new-data-terms/articleshow/64320586.cms?utm_source=ten_minutes_with&utm;_medium=Referral&utm;_campaign=Content_Patnership"
0 (same_event)
2
"What is the eighth amendment and what happens if Ireland repeals it?"
"Ireland to start abortion law reform after historic vote"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-27"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/repeal-eighth-amendment-what-is-vote-ireland-abortion-referendum-ban-a8341111.html"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/27/ireland-to-start-abortion-law-reform-after-historic-vote"
0 (same_event)
4
"EU Parliament grills Zuckerberg - but Facebook CEO slips away without giving solid answers"
"EU data protection regulation comes into force"
"2018-05-22"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.rt.com/news/427470-mark-zuckerberg-eu-parliament-apology/"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44248448"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland exit polls show landslide victory in vote to end abortion ban"
"Ireland ends abortion ban as 'quiet revolution' transforms country"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-27"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180526-ireland-exit-polls-show-landslide-victory-vote-end-abortion-ban"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ireland-abortion/ireland-ends-abortion-ban-as-quiet-revolution-transforms-country-idUSKCN1IR089?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
1
"Chelsea Manning to walk free in May after Barack Obama commutes 35-year prison sentence for WikiLeaks disclosure"
"Obama commutes sentence of intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/01/17/barack-obama-commutes-chelsea-mannings-35-year-prison-sentence/"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-justice-manning-idUSW1N16G02D"
1 (different_event)
1
"Russia extends Edward Snowden's asylum 'until 2020'"
"Whistleblower Snowden can apply for Russian passport next year: RIA cites lawyer"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/01/18/russia-extends-edward-snowdens-asylum-2020/"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-snowden-russia-idUSKBN1520I9?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Search on for up to 200 missing after Brazil dam collapse"
"Brumadinho dam collapse: Hope fades for hundreds missing in Brazil"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-27"
"https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/rest-of-world/search-on-for-up-to-200-missing-after-brazil-dam-collapse/articleshow/67699043.cms"
"https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-47017551"
0 (same_event)
6
"Tunisia crisis: 'Social costs of austerity not on government's radar'"
"Tunisia vows increase in aid to poor in response to protests"
"2018-01-14"
"2018-01-14"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180114-tunisia-austerity-protests-economic-crisis-arab-spring-anniversary"
"http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/tunisia-vows-increase-aid-poor-response-protests-929470374"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil dam burst death toll rises to 99, with 259 unaccounted for"
"Brazil dam disaster: mourning and dead fish along river of mud"
"2019-01-30"
"2019-01-30"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-casualties/brazil-dam-burst-death-toll-rises-to-99-with-259-unaccounted-for-idUSKCN1PO2US?feedType=RSS&feedName;=environmentNews"
"https://www.france24.com/en/20190130-brazil-dam-disaster-mourning-dead-fish-along-river-mud"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama's parting message: We're going to be OK"
"On Obama's last day, a low-key end to fast-paced presidency"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-19"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-18-US--Obama-The%20Moment/id-c04fb7eb60654af981ff7c1bdd8e84cf"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-19-US-Obama's-Last-Day/id-201ca13a81ab408b8e9ce6a3506cf6f9"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil dam collapse: Search for survivors resumes as death roll reaches 37"
"As death toll in Brazil nears 100, Vale dam disaster relatives lose hope"
"2019-01-27"
"2019-01-30"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-dam-collapse-latest-dead-brumadinho-mine-evacuations-rescue-a8749501.html"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/as-death-toll-in-brazil-nears-100-vale-dam-disaster-relatives-lose-hope-idUSKCN1PN0CS?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil dam collapse: Death toll jumps to 58"
"Australia's BHP Group says no agreement reached on Samarco debt"
"2019-01-27"
"2019-01-28"
"https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/27/americas/brazil-dam-collapse"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-samarco/australias-bhp-group-says-no-agreement-reached-on-samarco-debt-idUSKCN1PM2O1?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
4
"A flaw-by-flaw guide to Facebook's new GDPR privacy changes"
"Facebook to start asking permission for facial recognition in GDPR push"
"2018-04-18"
"2018-04-18"
"https://techcrunch.com/2018/04/17/facebook-gdpr-changes/"
"https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/apr/18/facebook-facial-recognition-gdpr-targeted-advertising"
0 (same_event)
2
"UK Supreme Court backs N Ireland women's right to abortion"
"May opens door to allowing MPs vote on overturning Northern Ireland abortion ban"
"2018-06-07"
"2018-06-08"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/06/uk-supreme-court-backs-ireland-womens-abortion-180607180118021.html"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/northern-ireland-abortion-latest-law-vote-mps-theresa-may-free-vote-g7-a8390331.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland abortion referendum: Country votes on easing strict law"
"Northern Ireland under pressure after historic abortion vote"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-27"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/05/ireland-abortion-referendum-country-votes-easing-strict-law-180524120647728.html"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180527-northern-ireland-under-pressure-after-historic-abortion-vote"
0 (same_event)
4
"EU Parliament grills Zuckerberg - but Facebook CEO slips away without giving solid answers"
"European tech firms struggle with new data protection law"
"2018-05-22"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.rt.com/news/427470-mark-zuckerberg-eu-parliament-apology/"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/05/gdpr-european-tech-firms-struggle-data-protection-law-180525124403631.html"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil dam collapse: five arrested including three mining firm staff"
"Brazil's Lethal Environmental Negligence"
"2019-01-29"
"2019-01-31"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/29/brazil-dam-collapse-brumadinho-five-arrested-including-three-mining-firm-staff"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/31/opinion/brazil-dam-break-environment-bolsonaro.html"
0 (same_event)
6
"One person killed during protests in Tunisia: state news agency"
"Tunisian protester killed in clashes with police over price hikes, unemployment"
"2018-01-08"
"2018-01-08"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-economy-protests/one-person-killed-during-protests-in-tunisia-state-news-agency-idUSKBN1EX2DD?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-economy-currency/tunisian-protester-killed-in-clashes-with-police-over-price-hikes-unemployment-idUSKBN1EX2FK?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
1 (different_event)
2
"First exit poll suggests Ireland votes to relax abortion laws"
"Abortion referendum exit poll results trigger calls for Northern Ireland to follow suit"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/25/ireland-votes-to-relax-abortion-laws"
"https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/05/26/abortion-referendum-exit-poll-results-trigger-calls-northern/"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland votes to overturn 35-year-old constitutional ban on abortion"
"Northern Ireland under pressure after historic abortion vote"
"2018-05-27"
"2018-05-27"
"https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Ireland_votes_to_overturn_35-year-old_constitutional_ban_on_abortion"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180527-northern-ireland-under-pressure-after-historic-abortion-vote"
0 (same_event)
1
"Julian Assange's conditions for extradition to US 'not met', say lawyers"
"Commuting Chelsea Manning's sentence is not enough"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-19"
"http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/01/18/julian-assanges-conditions-extradition-us-not-met-say-lawyers/"
"http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2017/01/commuting-chelsea-manning-sentence-170119135111886.html"
0 (same_event)
4
"U.S. News Outlets Block European Readers Over New Privacy Rules"
"U.S. news sites are ghosting European readers on GDPR deadline"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/25/business/media/europe-privacy-gdpr-us.html"
"https://techcrunch.com/2018/05/25/gdpr-tronc-us-media-companies/"
1 (different_event)
2
"Ireland abortion referendum: PM hails 'quiet revolution'"
"Ireland Votes to End Abortion Ban in Rebuke to Catholic Church"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44265492"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/26/world/europe/ireland-abortion-yes.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"We will make history': hopes grow in Ireland ahead of abortion vote count"
"Irish abortion: the legal landscape"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/26/hopes-grow-ireland-abortion-vote-count"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180526-irish-abortion-legal-landscape"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama commutes sentence of Chelsea Manning, soldier convicted for leaking classified information"
"Obama commutes Manning sentence"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/obama-largely-commutes-sentence-of-chelsea-manning-us-soldier-convicted-for-leaking-classified-information/2017/01/17/f3205a1a-dcf8-11e6-ad42-f3375f271c9c_story.html"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-38659068"
1 (different_event)
9
"Brazilians furious with mining company and regulators: 58 dead confirmed and 300 missing"
"Brazilian despair turns to anger as toll from Vale dam disaster hits 60"
"2019-01-28"
"2019-01-28"
"http://en.mercopress.com/2019/01/28/brazilians-furious-with-mining-company-and-regulators-58-dead-confirmed-and-300-missing?utm_source=feed&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=brazil&utm_campaign=rss"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/brazilian-despair-turns-to-anger-as-toll-from-vale-dam-disaster-hits-60-idUSKCN1PM0AP?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
1 (different_event)
9
"Hopes dim in search for survivors after Brazil dam collapse"
"Waste unleashed from Brazil dam on its way to a larger river"
"2019-01-27"
"2019-01-30"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/hopes-dim-in-search-for-survivors-after-brazil-dam-collapse-idUSKCN1PL0DN?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/190130061704406.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland abortion referendum: Repeal the eighth campaign maintains lead as Irish are urged to come Home To Vote"
"Ireland set to end abortion ban in landslide vote: exit polls"
"2018-05-24"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/ireland-abortion-referendum-live-updates-repeal-eighth-amendment-vote-latest-poll-a8334956.html"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ireland-abortion/ireland-set-to-end-abortion-ban-in-landslide-vote-exit-polls-idUSKCN1IP3TJ?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazilian despair turns to anger as toll from Vale dam disaster hits 60"
"Vale stock plunges after Brazil disaster; $19 billion in market value lost"
"2019-01-28"
"2019-01-28"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/brazilian-despair-turns-to-anger-as-toll-from-vale-dam-disaster-hits-60-idUSKCN1PM0AP?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-stocks/vale-stock-plunges-after-brazil-disaster-19-billion-in-market-value-lost-idUSKCN1PM1JP?feedType=RSS&feedName;=businessNews"
0 (same_event)
3
"U.S. confirms avian influenza in Tennessee chicken flock"
"U.S. reports low pathogenic bird flu outbreak in Wisconsin: OIE"
"2017-03-05"
"2017-03-07"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-usa-idUSKBN16C0XL?feedType=RSS&feedName=domesticNews"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-usa-idUSKBN16E1D9?feedType=RSS&feedName=domesticNews"
0 (same_event)
2
"Irish abortion referendum: PM Varadkar to campaign for change"
"Ireland to greenlight referendum on abortion law reform"
"2018-01-27"
"2018-01-29"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-42843632"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/29/ireland-to-greenlight-referendum-on-abortion-law-reform"
0 (same_event)
9
"Hundreds feared dead as Brazil dam collapse releases mud tide"
"After Brazil dam disaster, Vale asks for forgiveness, gets fury"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-29"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/26/hundreds-feared-dead-brazil-dam-collapse-releases-mud-tide"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/after-brazil-dam-disaster-vale-asks-for-forgiveness-gets-fury-idUSKCN1PN0CS?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
6
"Tunisia escalates crackdown in effort to head off Sunday protest"
"Tunisia protests: Government announce reforms after unrest"
"2018-01-12"
"2018-01-14"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/12/tunisia-escalates-crackdown-sunday-protest-anti-government-demonnstrations"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-42679328"
0 (same_event)
1
"White House acknowledges Obama can't close Gitmo"
"Obama calls voter fraud claims 'fake news'"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-17-US--Obama-The%20Latest/id-d2f33cfbe7724bd2b81656b3c9c08f5c"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-18-US--Obama-The%20Latest/id-0261a322491e450e802ea624368b3aee"
0 (same_event)
1
"Republicans: Reducing Manning's sentence 'outrageous'"
"Manning to reportedly lose transgender benefits with dishonorable discharge"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-20"
"http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/republicans-reducing-manning-sentence-outrageous-170118041307098.html"
"http://www.foxnews.com/us/2017/01/19/manning-to-reportedly-lose-transgender-benefits-with-dishonorable-discharge.html"
0 (same_event)
4
"Apple chief pushes for US privacy law to stop 'weaponizing' data"
"Apple boss Tim Cook praises GDPR and wants tough US privacy law"
"2018-10-24"
"2018-10-24"
"https://www.france24.com/en/20181024-apple-chief-pushes-us-privacy-law-stop-weaponizing-data"
"https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-45963935"
1 (different_event)
2
"Ireland's abortion decision: a photo essay"
"Pro-abortion rights Irish PM confident amid high referendum turnout"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/25/irelands-abortion-decision-photo-essay"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ireland-abortion/pro-abortion-rights-irish-pm-confident-amid-high-referendum-turnout-idUSKCN1IP3TJ?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Vale CEO says some 200 workers missing after dam burst at Brazil mine"
"Hundreds missing after Vale dam burst at Brazil mine, seven bodies found"
"2019-01-25"
"2019-01-26"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-sa-disaster-ceo/vale-ceo-says-some-200-workers-missing-after-dam-burst-at-brazil-mine-idUSKCN1PJ2K9?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-disaster/hundreds-missing-after-vale-dam-burst-at-brazil-mine-seven-bodies-found-idUSKCN1PJ1WT?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
1 (different_event)
2
"The Latest: Anti-abortion Group Admits Defeat in Irish Vote"
"Irish abortion referendum: Ireland overturns abortion ban"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-26/urgent-the-latest-anti-abortion-group-admits-defeat-in-irish-vote"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44256152"
0 (same_event)
1
"Barack Obama commutes Chelsea Manning's prison sentence - video"
"Obama commutes whistleblower's sentence: Chelsea Manning to walk free in 120 days"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2017/jan/18/barack-obama-commutes-chelsea-mannings-prison-sentence-video"
"https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Obama_commutes_whistleblower%27s_sentence:_Chelsea_Manning_to_walk_free_in_120_days"
1 (different_event)
1
"Top Congressional Republicans condemn Chelsea Manning decision"
"Obama defends Manning commutation"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/01/18/top-congressional-republicans-condemn-chelsea-manning-decision.html"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/386c25518f464186bf7a2ac026580ce7/Article_2017-01-18-US--Obama-The%20Latest/id-8ef84bb9b6de4d9bbb7d2f32708884b5"
0 (same_event)
9
"With Hundreds Missing Following Burst Brazil Dam, a Frantic Search for Survivors"
"As death toll in Brazil nears 100, Vale dam disaster relatives lose hope"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-30"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/26/world/americas/brazil-dam-break.html"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/as-death-toll-in-brazil-nears-100-vale-dam-disaster-relatives-lose-hope-idUSKCN1PN0CS?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Nearly 24,000 ordered to evacuate after Brazil dam burst, 250 missing"
"Search for survivors, despair in Brazil amid dam collapse"
"2019-01-27"
"2019-01-27"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/nearly-24000-ordered-to-evacuate-after-brazil-dam-burst-250-missing-idUSKCN1PL0DN?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://apnews.com/ed94bfa5dcaa46ef96e22c786e3263b5"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama commutes sentence for Puerto Rico activist Oscar López Rivera"
"Obama calls voter fraud claims 'fake news'"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/17/barack-obama-commutes-sentence-oscar-lopez-rivera-puerto-rico-activist"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-18-US--Obama-The%20Latest/id-0261a322491e450e802ea624368b3aee"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland's abortion referendum could open a huge fault line in Theresa May's fragile government"
"Scotland uneasy about Northern Ireland gaining Brexit advantage"
"2018-05-27"
"2018-05-28"
"https://www.businessinsider.in/Irelands-abortion-referendum-could-open-a-huge-fault-line-in-Theresa-Mays-fragile-government/articleshow/64342006.cms?utm_source=ten_minutes_with&utm;_medium=Referral&utm;_campaign=Content_Patnership"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-eu-scotland/scotland-uneasy-about-northern-ireland-gaining-brexit-advantage-sturgeon-idUSKCN1IT0PN?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
6
"Tunisia imposes nationwide curfew amid spreading unrest"
"Tunisia holds emergency state meeting over unrest"
"2016-01-22"
"2016-01-23"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2016/01/22/tunisia-imposes-nationwide-curfew-amid-spreading-unrest.html"
"http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/tunisia-holds-emergency-state-meeting-over-unrest-267112370"
0 (same_event)
9
"7 People Killed and 200 Missing in Brazil After Dam Collapses, Officials Say"
"Funerals held for Brazil dam collapse victims"
"2019-01-25"
"2019-01-29"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/25/world/americas/brazil-dam-burst-brumadinho.html"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/funerals-held-brazil-dam-collapse-victims-190129103001876.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama heading to California after Trump sworn in"
"President Obama commutes Chelsea Manning sentence"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-17"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-17-US--Obama-The%20Latest/id-fb7664f81f9a41278e597d04e9d68835"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20170117-president-obama-commutes-chelsea-manning-sentence-wikileaks"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland could legalize abortion this year: A look at the referendum"
"Landslide Yes vote as Ireland referendum repeals tough abortion laws - what happens next?"
"2018-05-24"
"2018-05-26"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/05/24/ireland-could-legalize-abortion-this-year-look-at-referendum.html"
"https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/05/26/quiet-revolution-ireland-votes-repeal-tough-abortion-laws/"
0 (same_event)
4
"Zuckerberg didn't make any friends in Europe today"
"Google tries to ease tensions on eve of new EU privacy law"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-24"
"https://techcrunch.com/2018/05/22/zuckerberg-didnt-make-any-friends-in-europe-today/"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-privacy-alphabet/google-tries-to-ease-tensions-on-eve-of-new-eu-privacy-law-idUSKCN1IP3WI?feedType=RSS&feedName;=businessNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazils dam collapse seemed destined to happen -- and may happen again, experts say"
"TUV SUD hires law firms to probe Vale dam disaster role"
"2019-02-03"
"2019-02-06"
"https://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-brazil-dam-collapse-20190203-story.html"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-t-v-s-d/tv-sd-hires-law-firms-to-probe-vale-dam-disaster-role-idUSKCN1PV2N0?feedType=RSS&feedName;=environmentNews"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama commutes Chelsea Manning's sentence for leaking Army documents"
"Puerto Ricans cheer commutation for nationalist Oscar Lopez"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-17"
"http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/01/17/obama-commutes-chelsea-mannings-sentence-for-leaking-army-documents.html"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/01/17/puerto-ricans-cheer-commutation-for-nationalist-oscar-lopez.html"
0 (same_event)
3
"U.S. reports bird flu outbreak in California: OIE"
"Vietnam reports outbreak of H5N6 bird flu virus: OIE"
"2015-03-19"
"2015-03-20"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-birdflu-california-idUSKBN0ME1UI20150318"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-birdflu-vietnam-idUSKBN0MF1AL20150319"
0 (same_event)
4
"EU privacy law heralds new era in online data protection"
"European tech firms struggle with new data protection law"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-privacy-gdpr/eu-privacy-law-heralds-new-era-in-online-data-protection-idUSKCN1IQ0K9?feedType=RSS&feedName;=technologyNews"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/05/gdpr-european-tech-firms-struggle-data-protection-law-180525124403631.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"What is the eighth amendment and what happens if Ireland repeals it?"
"Irish abortion result a seismic shift"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/repeal-eighth-amendment-what-is-vote-ireland-abortion-referendum-ban-a8341111.html"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44263853"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama's tough dilemma on Manning, Wikileaks"
"Pardon my whistleblower: Obama commutes Chelsea Manning sentence (part 1)"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/17/politics/chelsea-manning-barack-obama-commutation"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20170118-debate-obama-manning-part-one"
0 (same_event)
4
"Irish regulator readies draft decisions in first big tech privacy probes"
"EU privacy body warns of privacy risks in Google, Fitbit deal"
"2020-02-20"
"2020-02-20"
"http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/technologyNews/~3/35iADDwYoBo/irish-regulator-readies-draft-decisions-in-first-big-tech-privacy-probes-idUSKBN20E00H"
"http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/businessNews/~3/5kA2_AvjJ4U/eu-privacy-body-warns-of-privacy-risks-in-google-fitbit-deal-idUSKBN20E1J9"
0 (same_event)
6
"Tunisia will increase aid for poor in response to protests"
"Tunisia's Government Pledges Improvements After Protests"
"2018-01-13"
"2018-01-14"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-protests/tunisia-will-increase-aid-for-poor-in-response-to-protests-idUSKBN1F20I9?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/14/world/africa/tunisia-protests-economy.html"
1 (different_event)
1
"Mark Zuckerberg's first stop on his tour of the US is Dallas, Texas"
"Obama commutes Chelsea Manning's sentence for leaking Army documents"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-17"
"http://www.businessinsider.in/Mark-Zuckerbergs-first-stop-on-his-tour-of-the-US-is-Dallas-Texas/articleshow/56610482.cms?utm_source=ten_minutes_with&utm_medium=Referral&utm_campaign=Content_Patnership"
"http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/01/17/obama-commutes-chelsea-mannings-sentence-for-leaking-army-documents.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Idea of 'gifting' Snowden to Trump for inauguration is 'nonsense' - lawyer on ex-CIA chief proposal"
"Edward Snowden could soon be on the path to Russian citizenship"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"https://www.rt.com/news/373983-snowden-extradition-gift-trump/"
"http://www.businessinsider.in/Edward-Snowden-could-soon-be-on-the-path-to-Russian-citizenship/articleshow/56649607.cms?utm_source=ten_minutes_with&utm_medium=Referral&utm_campaign=Content_Patnership"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama celebrates World Series champion Chicago Cubs"
"On Obama's last day, a low-key end to fast-paced presidency"
"2017-01-16"
"2017-01-19"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/347875155d53465d95cec892aeb06419/Article_2017-01-16-US--Obama-Chicago%20Cubs/id-0965be4bdd3b4032a3b5e62e45113776"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-19-US-Obama's-Last-Day/id-201ca13a81ab408b8e9ce6a3506cf6f9"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil union says it urged Vale to move offices away from burst dam"
"Brazil's Lethal Environmental Negligence"
"2019-01-29"
"2019-01-31"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-union/brazil-union-says-it-urged-vale-to-move-offices-away-from-burst-dam-idUSKCN1PN2JM?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/31/opinion/brazil-dam-break-environment-bolsonaro.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Russia Extends Edward Snowden's Asylum"
"CORRECTED-UPDATE 1-Manning served tough prison term, commutation would not send wrong signal -Obama"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-19"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/18/world/europe/edward-snowden-asylum-russia.html?_r=0"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-justice-manning-obama-corrected-upda-idUSL1N1F821G"
0 (same_event)
1
"Russia extends residence permit for Snowden"
"Obama says reducing leaker Chelsea Manning's prison term serves justice"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-19"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/01/18/russia-extends-residence-permit-for-snowden.html"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-justice-manning-obama-idUSKBN1522U4"
0 (same_event)
9
"Toll in Brazil dam disaster rises to 115 dead, 248 missing"
"Journalist details mom's search for son in Brazil dam breach"
"2019-02-02"
"2019-02-04"
"https://www.france24.com/en/20190202-toll-brazil-dam-disaster-rises-115-dead-248-missing"
"https://apnews.com/0481c0fc3e8744e2824a98033e6cc153"
0 (same_event)
1
"President Obama commutes Chelsea Manning sentence"
"Wikileaks' founder Assange says stands by U.S. extradition offer"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-19"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20170117-president-obama-commutes-chelsea-manning-sentence-wikileaks"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-justice-manning-assange-idUSKBN1532T6?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
2
"Irish abortion result a seismic shift"
"Ireland ends abortion ban as 'quiet revolution' transforms country"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-27"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44263853"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ireland-abortion/ireland-ends-abortion-ban-as-quiet-revolution-transforms-country-idUSKCN1IR089?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
1 (different_event)
4
"Facebook Loses EU Friends as Bloc's Lawmakers Weigh Break Up"
"Cambridge Analytica Whistle-Blower Decries Facebook's 'Non-Answers'"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-23"
"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-23/facebook-loses-eu-friends-as-bloc-s-lawmakers-weigh-break-up"
"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-23/cambridge-analytica-whistle-blower-decries-facebook-non-answers"
0 (same_event)
2
"Irish abortion result a seismic shift"
"Tory deputy chair attacks MPs over Northern Ireland abortion law"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-30"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44263853"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/30/tory-deputy-chair-attacks-mps-over-northern-ireland-abortion-law"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland to start abortion law reform after historic vote"
"Theresa May to oppose vote on Northern Ireland abortion law"
"2018-05-27"
"2018-05-27"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/27/ireland-to-start-abortion-law-reform-after-historic-vote"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/27/theresa-may-oppose-vote-northern-ireland-abortion-law"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama's final press conference: Chelsea Manning commutation is 'appropriate'"
"Forget Chelsea Manning. This is the Obama pardon you should be mad about."
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-19"
"https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/18/barack-obama-final-press-conference-chelsea-manning"
"https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/forget-chelsea-manning-this-is-the-obama-pardon-you-should-be-mad-about/2017/01/18/1b3c8b6a-ddb0-11e6-ad42-f3375f271c9c_story.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Obama's parting message: We're going to be OK"
"Obama's Chelsea Manning decision: President's dangerous move reveals scary take on our national security"
"2017-01-18"
"2017-01-18"
"http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2017-01-18-US--Obama-The%20Moment/id-c04fb7eb60654af981ff7c1bdd8e84cf"
"http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2017/01/18/obamas-chelsea-manning-decision-presidents-dangerous-move-reveals-scary-take-on-our-national-security.html"
0 (same_event)
3
"Biggest U.S. Bird Flu Outbreak Prompts Precautions by Producers"
"India reports outbreak of H5N1 bird flu in Uttar Pradesh: OIE"
"2015-03-16"
"2015-03-19"
"http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-03-16/biggest-u-s-bird-flu-outbreak-prompts-precautions-by-producers"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/us-birdflu-india-idUSKBN0ME1ZA20150318"
0 (same_event)
1
"Julian Assange under pressure to hand himself over for extradition following Chelsea Manning commutation"
"WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange says he'll come to US -- with caveat"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-19"
"http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/julan-assange-chelse-manning-commutation-pardon-clemency-a7532441.html"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/01/19/wikileaks-founder-julian-assange-says-hell-come-to-us-with-caveat.html"
0 (same_event)
9
"Vale hires law firm Skadden to run dam burst investigation"
"Brazils dam collapse seemed destined to happen -- and may happen again, experts say"
"2019-01-31"
"2019-02-03"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-lawyer/vale-hires-law-firm-skadden-to-run-dam-burst-investigation-idUSKCN1PP35B?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-brazil-dam-collapse-20190203-story.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"Pro-abortion rights Irish PM confident amid high referendum turnout"
"Exit polls predict win for repealing abortion ban"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ireland-abortion/pro-abortion-rights-irish-pm-confident-amid-high-referendum-turnout-idUSKCN1IP3TJ?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/05/26/ireland-exit-polls-predict-win-for-repealing-abortion-ban.html"
0 (same_event)
2
"Abortion decriminalisation bill tabled in Commons"
"MPs back bid to force government to reform abortion and marriage laws in Northern Ireland"
"2018-10-23"
"2018-10-24"
"https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-45955492"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/northern-ireland-abortion-laws-marriage-legal-government-reform-legalisation-vote-bill-a8600181.html"
0 (same_event)
1
"Chelsea Manning sentence commuted"
"Obama commutes whistleblower's sentence: Chelsea Manning to walk free in 120 days"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-18"
"http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/17/politics/chelsea-manning-sentence-commuted"
"https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Obama_commutes_whistleblower%27s_sentence:_Chelsea_Manning_to_walk_free_in_120_days"
1 (different_event)
9
"Brazilian miner Vale's dam breaks in Minas Gerais state"
"Brazilians evacuated as miner Vale's dam breaks, releases sludge"
"2019-01-25"
"2019-01-25"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-disaster/brazilian-miner-vales-dam-breaks-in-minas-gerais-state-report-idUSKCN1PJ1WT?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-disaster/brazilians-evacuated-as-miner-vales-dam-breaks-releases-sludge-idUSKCN1PJ1WT?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
9
"200 missing' in Brazil as Vale dam fails"
"Probe over Brazil dam disaster puts heat on mining company Vale"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-29"
"https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-47009118"
"https://www.france24.com/en/20190129-probe-over-brazil-dam-disaster-puts-heat-mining-company-vale"
0 (same_event)
2
"Ireland tipped to repeal abortion ban by a landslide"
"Irish PM: 'A quiet revolution has taken place' - video"
"2018-05-26"
"2018-05-26"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180526-ireland-tipped-repeal-abortion-ban-landslide"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2018/may/26/irish-pm-a-quiet-revolution-has-taken-place-video"
0 (same_event)
4
"How Europe's new Internet rules could change your life"
"EU Parliament grills Zuckerberg - but Facebook CEO slips away without giving solid answers"
"2018-05-22"
"2018-05-22"
"https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/countingthecost/2018/05/gdpr-europe-internet-rules-change-life-180520114258369.html"
"https://www.rt.com/news/427470-mark-zuckerberg-eu-parliament-apology/"
0 (same_event)
2
"Abortion referendum should be held in NI - Tory MP"
"The only Northern Irish woman with a choice about abortion? Arlene Foster"
"2018-05-28"
"2018-05-29"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-44272326"
"https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/29/northern-ireland-abortion-choice-arlene-foster-dup-rape-pregnancy"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazilians furious with mining company and regulators: 58 dead confirmed and 300 missing"
"Brazil dam collapse: 65 dead, 292 missing and anger still growing"
"2019-01-28"
"2019-01-28"
"http://en.mercopress.com/2019/01/28/brazilians-furious-with-mining-company-and-regulators-58-dead-confirmed-and-300-missing?utm_source=feed&utm_medium=rss&utm_content=brazil&utm_campaign=rss"
"https://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-brazil-dam-collapse-20190128-story.html"
0 (same_event)
9
"Hundreds missing in Brazil after Vale tailings dam breaks, area evacuated"
"Hundreds missing in Brazil after Vale tailings dam collapses - video report"
"2019-01-25"
"2019-01-28"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-vale-disaster/hundreds-missing-in-brazil-after-vale-tailings-dam-breaks-area-evacuated-idUSKCN1PJ1WT?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2019/jan/25/hundreds-missing-in-brazil-after-vale-tailings-dam-collapses-video-report"
1 (different_event)
2
"Irish abortion referendum: Undecided voters could be deciding factor as polls open in historic ballot"
"Irish abortion referendum voting opens"
"2018-05-25"
"2018-05-26"
"https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/irish-abortion-referendum-latest-voters-polls-repeal-eighth-amendment-a8368451.html"
"http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-44241521"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil dam collapses: 200 missing, deaths feared"
"Brazil union says it urged Vale to move offices away from burst dam"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-29"
"https://news.yahoo.com/brazil-dam-collapse-releases-huge-flow-mud-deaths-182434104.html"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-union/brazil-union-says-it-urged-vale-to-move-offices-away-from-burst-dam-idUSKCN1PN2JM?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
1
"Glenn Greenwald: "Very unlikely" Obama will pardon or commute Snowden's sentence"
"Manning served tough prison term, commutation would not send wrong signal -Obama"
"2017-01-17"
"2017-01-19"
"http://cnn.com/2017/01/17/politics/greenwald-says-obama-will-not-pardon-snowden-cnntv"
"http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-justice-manning-obama-idUSW1N1BQ005"
0 (same_event)
9
"Risk of new Brazil dam burst forces 24,000 to evacuate homes"
"Brazil eyes management overhaul for Vale after deadly dam disaster"
"2019-01-27"
"2019-01-28"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/risk-of-new-brazil-dam-burst-forces-24000-to-evacuate-homes-idUSKCN1PL0DN?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster/brazil-eyes-management-overhaul-for-vale-after-deadly-dam-disaster-idUSKCN1PM0AP?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
4
"Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg Gets an Earful From the E.U."
"Landmark EU law is new weapon for data protection campaigner Schrems"
"2018-05-22"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/technology/facebook-eu-parliament-mark-zuckerberg.html"
"http://www.france24.com/en/20180525-landmark-eu-law-new-weapon-data-protection-campaigner-schrems"
0 (same_event)
4
"GDPR, or Why Privacy Is Now Stronger in EU Than U.S."
"Liberation day! Don't email me. I sure won't be emailing you"
"2018-05-24"
"2018-05-25"
"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-24/gdpr-or-why-privacy-is-now-stronger-in-eu-than-u-s-quicktake"
"https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/25/eu-general-data-protection-regulation-gdpr"
0 (same_event)
4
"Zuckerberg didn't make any friends in Europe today"
"US websites blacked out in Europe on 'Happy GDPR Day'"
"2018-05-23"
"2018-05-26"
"https://techcrunch.com/2018/05/22/zuckerberg-didnt-make-any-friends-in-europe-today/"
"https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/international-business/us-websites-blacked-out-in-europe-on-happy-gdpr-day/articleshow/64331102.cms"
0 (same_event)
9
"Brazil fines Vale $66 million over mine dam burst"
"Rescuers confirm 58 dead in Brazil dam burst"
"2019-01-26"
"2019-01-27"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-fine/brazil-fines-vale-66-million-over-mine-dam-burst-idUSKCN1PK0LK?feedType=RSS&feedName;=environmentNews"
"https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vale-sa-disaster-casualties/rescuers-confirm-58-dead-in-brazil-dam-burst-idUSKCN1PL0T9?feedType=RSS&feedName;=worldNews"
0 (same_event)
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for Headline Grouping (HLGD)

Dataset Summary

HLGD is a binary classification dataset consisting of 20,056 labeled news headlines pairs indicating whether the two headlines describe the same underlying world event or not. The dataset comes with an existing split between train, validation and test (60-20-20).

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

The paper (NAACL2021) introducing HLGD proposes three challenges making use of various amounts of data:

  • Challenge 1: Headline-only. Models must make predictions using only the text of both headlines.
  • Challenge 2: Headline + Time. Models must make predictions using the headline and publication date of the two headlines.
  • Challenge 3: Headline + Time + Other. Models can make predictions using the headline, publication date as well as any other relevant meta-data that can be obtained through the URL attached to the headline (full article content, authors, news source, etc.)

Languages

Dataset is in english.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

A typical dataset consists of a timeline_id, two headlines (A/B), each associated with a URL, and a date. Finally, a label indicates whether the two headlines describe the same underlying event (1) or not (0). Below is an example from the training set:

{'timeline_id': 4,
 'headline_a': 'France fines Google nearly $57 million for first major violation of new European privacy regime',
 'headline_b': "France hits Google with record EUR50mn fine over 'forced consent' data collection",
 'date_a': '2019-01-21',
 'date_b': '2019-01-21',
 'url_a': 'https://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-biz-france-fines-google-privacy-20190121-story.html',
 'url_b': 'https://www.rt.com/news/449369-france-hits-google-with-record-fine/',
 'label': 1}

Data Fields

  • timeline_id: Represents the id of the timeline that the headline pair belongs to (values 0 to 9). The dev set is composed of timelines 0 and 5, and the test set timelines 7 and 8
  • headline_a, headline_b: Raw text for the headline pair being compared
  • date_a, date_b: Publication date of the respective headlines, in the YYYY-MM-DD format
  • url_a, url_b: Original URL of the respective headlines. Can be used to retrieve additional meta-data on the headline.
  • label: 1 if the two headlines are part of the the same headline group and describe the same underlying event, 0 otherwise.

Data Splits

Train Dev Test
Number of examples 15,492 2,069 2,495

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The task of grouping headlines from diverse news sources discussing a same underlying event is important to enable interfaces that can present the diversity of coverage of unfolding news events. Many news aggregators (such as Google or Yahoo news) present several sources for a given event, with an objective to highlight coverage diversity. Automatic grouping of news headlines and articles remains challenging as headlines are short, heavily-stylized texts. The HeadLine Grouping Dataset introduces the first benchmark to evaluate NLU model's ability to group headlines according to the underlying event they describe.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The data was obtained by collecting 10 news timelines from the NewsLens project by selecting timelines diversified in topic each contained between 80 and 300 news articles.

Who are the source language producers?

The source language producers are journalists or members of the newsroom of 34 news organizations listed in the paper.

Annotations

Annotation process

Each timeline was annotated for group IDs by 5 independent annotators. The 5 annotations were merged into a single annotation named the global groups. The global group IDs are then used to generate all pairs of headlines within timelines with binary labels: 1 if two headlines are part of the same global group, and 0 otherwise. A heuristic is used to remove negative examples to obtain a final dataset that has class imbalance of 1 positive example to 5 negative examples.

Who are the annotators?

Annotators were authors of the papers and 8 crowd-workers on the Upwork platform. The crowd-workers were native English speakers with experience either in proof-reading or data-entry.

Personal and Sensitive Information

Annotators identity has been anonymized. Due to the public nature of news headline, it is not expected that the headlines will contain personal sensitive information.

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

The purpose of this dataset is to facilitate applications that present diverse news coverage.

By simplifying the process of developing models that can group headlines that describe a common event, we hope the community can build applications that show news readers diverse sources covering similar events.

We note however that the annotations were performed in majority by crowd-workers and that even though inter-annotator agreement was high, it was not perfect. Bias of the annotators therefore remains in the dataset.

Discussion of Biases

There are several sources of bias in the dataset:

  • Annotator bias: 10 annotators participated in the creation of the dataset. Their opinions and perspectives influenced the creation of the dataset.
  • Subject matter bias: HLGD consists of headlines from 10 news timelines from diverse topics (space, tech, politics, etc.). This choice has an impact on the types of positive and negative examples that appear in the dataset.
  • Source selection bias: 33 English-language news sources are represented in the dataset. This selection of news sources has an effect on the content in the timeline, and the overall dataset.
  • Time-range of the timelines: the timelines selected range from 2010 to 2020, which has an influence on the language and style of news headlines.

Other Known Limitations

For the task of Headline Grouping, inter-annotator agreement is high (0.814) but not perfect. Some decisions for headline grouping are subjective and depend on interpretation of the reader.

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

The dataset was initially created by Philippe Laban, Lucas Bandarkar and Marti Hearst at UC Berkeley.

Licensing Information

The licensing status of the dataset depends on the legal status of news headlines. It is commonly held that News Headlines fall under "fair-use" (American Bar blog post) The dataset only distributes headlines, a URL and a publication date. Users of the dataset can then retrieve additional information (such as the body content, author, etc.) directly by querying the URL.

Citation Information

@inproceedings{Laban2021NewsHG,
  title={News Headline Grouping as a Challenging NLU Task},
  author={Laban, Philippe and Bandarkar, Lucas and Hearst, Marti A},
  booktitle={NAACL 2021},
  publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
  year={2021}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @tingofurro for adding this dataset.

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