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https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p23/m10.txt
ื—ืฆื™-ื ื—ืžื”
ืื—ื“ ื”ืขื
380425
ื—ืฆื™-ื ื—ืžื” 1 ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืฆืจื•ืช ืฉื ืชื—ื“ืฉื• ืขืœื™ื ื• ื‘ืขืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืชืขืฉื‚ื” ื‘ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืจื•ืฉื ืžืขืฆื™ื‘ ื‘ืœื‘ ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื”ืชื—ื“ืฉื•ืช โ€˜ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ืโ€™. ื”ืขืœื™ืœื” ื”ื ืชืขื‘ื” ื”ื–ืืช, ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ึธืฉื ื”, ื”ื™ืชื” ื•ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื ื• ื›ื—ื“ืฉื”, ื•ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืขืชื” ืชืฆื˜ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืขื•ืœืชื” ื”ื—ื–ืงื” ืขืœ ืจื•ื— ืขืžื ื•, ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื”, ื›ื™ ืื ื’ื ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืืœื™ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉืžื•ืขื”. ืืžืจืชื™: โ€˜ืขืœ ืจื•ื— ืขืžื ื•โ€™, ื›ื™ ืืžื ื ืจื•ืื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ื—ื–ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื–ื” ืœื ื‘ืกื‘ึผื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ื›ื™ ืื ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืจื•ื— ื”ืขื. ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื, ืฉื”ื™ื” ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ื›ืืœื” ืจื’ื™ืœ ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืžืฉืคื˜ ื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื•ืชื ื”ืื•ืžืœืœื™ื ืฉืขืœื” ืขืœื™ื”ื ื”ื’ื•ืจืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืคึผืจื•ืชื•, โ€“ ื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืืžื ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ื–ื” ืจืง ืชื•ืฆืืช ื”ืกื›ื ื” ื”ื’ืฉืžื™ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื›ืœืœ ื›ื•ืœื•, ืฉื”ื™ืชื” ื›ืจื•ื›ื” ืื– ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ ื›ืœ ืขืœื™ืœื” ื›ื–ื•. ื’ื ืœืคื ื™ ื—ืžืฉื™ื ืฉื ื”, ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืžื ื•ื—ื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื”, ืฉืขื•ืจืจื” ืขืœื™ืœืช ื“ืžืฉื‚ืง ืจืขืฉ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ืœึพื›ืš ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืœืืžืจ, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ื–ื”, ืœื”ืคืš, ื™ื“ ื”ืงื ืื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืœื›ื‘ื•ื“ื ื•ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉืฉื‚ืจืจื” ืื– ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืช ืื—ื™ื ื• ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื–ื” ืžืขื˜ ื™ืฆืื• ืžืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืœื—ืจื•ืช. ืืš ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ืืœื” ื”ืจื™ ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืกื›ื ื” ื”ื’ืฉืžื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื‘ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืœืงื”ืœื•ืช ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช, ื•ืžืฆื“ ืื—ืจ ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ืจื’ืœื ื• ืœืฉืžื•ืข ื—ืจืคืชื ื• ื‘ืงื•ืจ ืจื•ื— ื•ืงื ืืช ื›ื‘ื•ื“ื ื• ืœื ืชืื›ืœื ื• ืขื•ื“, ื•ืื ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื’ื ืขืชื” ืขื•ื“ื ื• ืžืชืขื•ืจืจื™ื ื•ืžืชื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื—ื–ืงื” ืœืฉืžืข โ€˜ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื“ืโ€™, ื•ืจื’ืฉ ื”ื›ืœืœ ื™ืชืคืจืฅ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืžื›ืœ ืขื‘ืจื™ื ืœื”ืฉืœื™ืš ืžืขืœื™ื• ืืช ื”ื—ืœืื” ื”ื–ืืช, โ€“ ืื•ืช ื”ื•ื, ื›ื™ ืœื ื”ืคื—ื“ ื•ืœื ื”ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ื”ื ื”ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืœื–ื”, ื›ื™ ืื ืจื•ื— ื”ืขื ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืคื” ืืช ืงืœื•ื ื• ื•ื”ื•ื ื–ื” ื”ืžืชืขื•ืจืจ ื•ื”ืžืขื•ืจืจ; ื›ื™ ืืขืค"ื™ ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืชืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืื•ื ื• ืฆืจื•ืชื™ื ื• ืœืื•ืชื• ื”ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืืžืจ ื”ื ืฉื‚ื™ื ื”ื—ื›ื ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืงื“ื: โ€˜ืื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉื‚ืจ ื”ืžืช ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืื™ื–ืžืœโ€™, โ€“ ื”ื ื” ืคื” ืื™ืŸ โ€˜ื”ืื™ื–ืžืœโ€™ ื—ื•ืชืš ืืช โ€˜ื”ื‘ืฉื‚ืจโ€™ ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ื›ื™ ืื ืขื“ ื”ื ืคืฉ ื™ื’ืขโ€ฆ ืื‘ืœ โ€“ โ€˜ืื™ืŸ ืจืข ื‘ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘โ€™, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื‘ืœื ืœืงื— ื˜ื•ื‘. ื’ื ื”ืจืข ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื–ื” ืฉืื ื• ืขืกื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื• ืื™ื ื• ืจื™ืง ืžืœืงื— ื˜ื•ื‘, ื•ืื ื—ื ื•, ืืฉืจ ืœื ืื“ื•ื ื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื’ื•ืจืœื ื• ื•ื’ื ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื’ื ืืช ื”ืจืข ื ืงื‘ืœ ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืฅ ืฉืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื‘ืชื ื•, ืจืื•ื™ ืœื ื• ืœื‘ืงืฉ ื‘ืจืขื•ืชื™ื ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืขืœืช ื”ืœืžื•ื“ื™ืช ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ, ื•ื”ื™ืชื” ืœื ื• ื–ืืช, ืœืคื—ื•ืช, ื—ืฆื™ ื ื—ืžื”. ืื—ื“ ื”ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื•ื โ€“ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™. ื”ื™ื• ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื’ื ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ืจืื• ื‘ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื–ื• ืžื•ืคืช ื ืืžืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืกื›ื ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœื” ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ืฉืืจ ืžื•ืคืชื™ื”ื ืขืœ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ืืœื”ื•ืช. ืขืชื” ืืžื ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื , ืฉืื™ืŸ ืฉืงืจ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืื•ืœืช ืืฉืจ ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื•ื ืขืœื™ื• โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™, ืื ืืš ืชื ืื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื ืื•ืชื™ื ืœื–ื”. ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื–ืืช, ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื’ื ืขืชื” ืื™ืŸ ืึทื‘ื˜ื•ึนืจื™ื˜ื˜ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™: ืื โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืŸ, ื‘ื•ื“ืื™ ื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื; ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืื™ื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ื ื•, ืื—ืจื™ื ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื; ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ื›ืขื™ืŸ ืกืชื™ืจื” ืœื•, ื”ืจื™ โ€˜ื”ื›ืœโ€™ ืจื•ืื™ื ื’ื ื›ืŸ ื•ืืขืค"ื› ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ ื—ื›ื ืื ื™ ืžื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื? โ€“ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ื‘ ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜, ื‘ื“ืขืช ืื• ื‘ืœื™ ื“ืขืช ื‘ืจื•ืจื”, ื•ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืš ื”ื•ื ืžืกื›ื™ื ื’ื ืžืฆื“ื• ื•ื ืขืฉื‚ื” ื‘ืขืฆืžื• ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™. ื•ื›ืœึพื›ืš ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ื•ื— โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™, ืขื“ ืฉืขืœ ื”ืจื•ื‘ ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืื“ื ืœืžึทืœื˜ ื ืคืฉื• ืžืคืขื•ืœืชื” ื’ื ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืขืฆืžื• ื”ื•ื โ€˜ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืกื›ืโ€™. ืื โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ืคืœื•ื ื™ ืฉื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื›ืžื” ืื• ื‘ื™ืจืื”, ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื• ืžื“ื” ืคืœื•ื ื™ืช, ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืื• ืจืขื”, โ€“ ืกื•ืคื• ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ืœื–ื” ื’ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื•, ืืข"ืค ืฉืžืชื—ืœื” ืœื ืžืฆื ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืื•ืชื• ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืื• ื”ื—ืกืจื•ืŸ ืฉืื—ืจื™ื ืžื™ื—ืกื™ื ืœื•. ื•ืœื ื–ื• ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืืœื ืฉื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื–ืืช ืžืฆื“ โ€˜ื”ืžื•ืกื›ืโ€™ ืขืฆืžื• ืคื•ืขืœืช ืžืขื˜ ืžืขื˜ ืขืœ ืชื›ื•ื ืช ืจื•ื—ื• ืขื“ ืฉืžืงืจื‘ืชื• ื‘ืืžืช (ืื•, ืœืคื—ื•ืช, ืžื•ืœื™ื“ื” ื‘ื• ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘) ืืœ ื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื”ื•ื ืฉืจื•ืื” ื‘ื• โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™. ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ื™ื–ื”ื™ืจื• ื”ืคื“ื’ื•ื’ื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ืง, ืœื‘ืœืชื™ ืขื•ืจืจ ืืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื’ืจืขื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชืŸ, ื•ื›ืœ ืฉื›ึผืŸ ืœื‘ืœืชื™ ื™ื—ืก ืœื”ื ืžื’ืจืขื•ืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ื, ื›ื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ืืคืฉืจ ืฉื ื—ื–ืง ื‘ืœื‘ื ืืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื ื•ืœื™ื“ ื‘ื ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช. ื•ืื•ืœื, ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ื›ื™ โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืื™ื ื• ืื—ื“ ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“. ื”ืื“ื ืจื•ืื” โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžื•โ€™ ืจืง ื‘ืื•ืชื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืฆืžื• ืœื—ืœืง ืžืžื ื” ื•ืจื•ืื” ื‘ืื™ืฉื™ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื• ืžืื™ื–ื” ืฆื“; ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืŸ ืื“ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืœืžืื•ืžื” ื”ืกื›ืžืช ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืจื•ื—ื ื–ืจื” ืœื• ืœื’ืžืจื™, ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืฉื•ื ื™ื—ืก ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื‘ื™ื ื• ื•ื‘ื™ื ื. ื›ื›ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ึนืจืชื•ึนื“ื•ึนื›ึผืกื™ื ื•ื”ืžืฉื‚ื›ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืฉื‚ืžื™ื ืœื‘ ื›ืœืœ ืืœื• ืœื”ืกื›ืžืชื ืฉืœ ืืœื•, ืืฃ ื‘ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ืœืืžื•ื ื” ื•ื“ืช, ื•ืฉื‚ื—ืงื ื•ืœืขื’ื ืฉืœ ืืœื• ืขืœ ืืœื• ืื™ื ื• ืขื•ืฉื‚ื” ืฉื•ื ืจื•ืฉื ื‘ืœื‘ื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ื”ื, ืœืคื™ ืฉื›ึผืœ ืื—ืช ืžืฉืชื™ ื”ื›ึผืชึผื•ืช ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื” ื›ืืœื• ืื™ื ื”. ื•ืื•ืœื ื›ืฉืชื ืื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืžื›ืจื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ื‘ื ื™ ื”ื›ืชื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืฉื‚ื ื•ืžืชืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ืขื ื–ื” ื•ื”ื ืžืชืจื’ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื–ื” ื‘ื–ื” ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ ืืช ื”ืื“ื, โ€“ ืื– ื™ืชืจื—ื‘ โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžืโ€™ ื•ื”ืฉืงืคื•ืชื™ื”ื ืกื•ื‘ืœื•ืช ืฉื ื•ื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืกื›ืžืช โ€˜ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ื‘ืžื•ื‘ื ื• ื”ื—ื“ืฉ. ืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื‘ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืขื‘ืจื•, ื›ืฉื”ื™ื• ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื ื• ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืคืฉื˜ื• ืฉืœ โ€˜ืืชื” ื‘ื—ืจืชื ื•โ€™, ืœื ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ื—ืจืคึผื” ืฉื—ืจืคื•ื ื”ืื•ืžื•ืช ืคื•ืขืœืช ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ื˜ื•ื”ืจ ื ืคืฉื ืคื ื™ืžื”. ื”ื ื™ื“ืขื• ืืช ืขืจื›ื ื•ืœื ื”ืชืคืขืœื• ืขื“ ืžื” ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ืืฉืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื”ื, ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื—ื‘ืจืช โ€˜ื”ืžืกื›ื™ืžื™ืโ€™ ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื ืœืžื™ืŸ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื•ืช ื–ืจื•ืช ืœื”ื ื•ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื ืฉื ื•ื™ ืขืฆืžื™, ื‘ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื™ื—ืก ื•ื›ืœ ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื ื ื•ื‘ื™ื ืŸ. ืื– ื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ื‘ืžื ื•ื—ืช ืœื‘ ื›ืœ ื”ืžื’ืจืขื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ื˜ืื™ื ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื™ื ืฉื˜ืคืœื” ืขืœื™ื• ื”ืกื›ืžืช ื”ืขืžื™ื, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืฉื•ื ื‘ื•ืฉื” ืื• ืฉืคืœื•ึผืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช. ื›ื™ ืžื” ืœื• ื•ืœืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช โ€˜ื”ื ื›ืจื™ืโ€™ ืขืœื™ื• ื•ืขืœ ืขืจื›ึผื•ึน? ืœื•ึผ ืจืง ื™ืชื ื• ืœื• ืœื™ืฉื‘ ื‘ืฉืœื•ื”! โ€“ ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืŸ, ืขืชื” โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžื ื•โ€™ ื ืชืจื—ื‘ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื•ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคึผื™ืช ืคื•ืขืœืช ืขืœื™ื ื• ื‘ื—ื–ืงื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืขื ืคื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื•ืœืคื™ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืขื•ื“ ืืช โ€˜ื”ื›ืœโ€™ ืžืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ, ืœื›ืŸ ื ืชืคืขืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื›ืจื—ื ื• ืžืžื” ืฉโ€™ื”ื›ืœ' ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืžืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ, ืกื•ืคืจ ืื—ื“ ืจื•ืกื™ ืฉืืœ ื‘ืืœื• ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืชืžื™ืžื•ึผืช: ืื—ืจ ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉื‚ื•ื ืื™ื ืืช ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืืžื•ืจ, ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื? โ€“ ื•ืฉืืœื” ื›ื–ื• ืžืชื’ื ื‘ืช ืขืชื” ื’ื ืืœ ืœื‘ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืื—ื™ื ื•: ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืืžื•ืจ, ืฉื›ืœ ืื•ืชืŸ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืฉื—ืชื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื ื”ืจืขื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžื™ื—ืก ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืืœื โ€˜ื‘ื“ื•ืชืโ€™? ื•ื”ืกืคืง ื”ื–ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื ืชืขื•ืจืจ, ืžื•ืฆื ืœื• ืžื—ื™ื” ื‘ื ืงืœ ื‘ืื•ืชื ื”ื”ื™ืงืฉื™ื ื”ืžื•ื˜ืขื™ื โ€˜ืžืŸ ื”ืคืจื˜ ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœโ€™ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืžืื“ ืืฆืœ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื. ื”ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ืขืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื ื•ืกืข ืื—ื“, ืฉื‘ื ืœืื—ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ื•ื ื–ื“ืžืŸ ืœืื›ืกื ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื” ื‘ื” ืžืฉืจืช ื›ื‘ื“ึพืคื”, ื•ื›ืชื‘ ื‘ืคื ืงืกื•: ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืคืœื•ื ื™ืช ืžืฉืจืชื™ ื”ืื›ืกื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ึพืคื”, โ€“ ื”ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ืžืฆื™ื™ืจ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ึผืœ ื“ืจื›ื™ึพื”ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื• ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื. ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื–ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืจืื™ื ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื“ื‘ืจ ืคืจื˜ื™ ืจื’ื™ืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืœื™ื—ืก ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ืฉื‘ ืขืœื™ื• ืœืคื™ ืฉืžื• ื”ืชืžื™ื“ื™, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ, ื›ื™ โ€˜ืคืจื˜โ€™ ืื—ื“ ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ืขืœ โ€˜ื›ืœืœื™ืโ€™ ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื—ื“, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ึผืชืฃ ื‘ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ืื—ืช ืขื ืคืจื˜ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ื‘ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืื—ืจืช ืขื ืคืจื˜ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœ ืื—ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืฉื ื”ื ืงืจื ืขืœื™ื• ืžืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืจืง ืืช ื”ืชื™ื—ืกื•ืชื• ืœืื—ื“ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžืฆื“ื“ื™ื•, ืœื ื‘ื›ื•ืœื. โ€“ ืขืœ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื ืžืžื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฉืขืŸ, ื•ื’ื ืชืฉืขืŸ ื‘ืืžืช, ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ื‘ื™ื—ื•ืกื” ืืœื™ื ื•: ืคืœื•ื ื™ ื•ืคืœื•ื ื™ ื”ื ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืœืคื™ ืฉืžื ื•ืจืžืื™ื ืœืคื™ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืชื; ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื”, ืฉื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื ืœืคื™ ืชื›ื•ื ืชื ืจืžืื™ื. ื”ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืืžืชื™ ื™ืฉื™ื‘ ืืžื ื ืขืœ ื–ื”, ื›ื™ ืืฃ ืื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืืžืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื“ื•ืจื ื• ืจืžืื™ื, ืื™ืŸ ืžื–ื” ืขื•ื“ ืจืื™ื”, ืฉื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื ืจืžืื™ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืฉืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช ื”ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื• ืžืฆื“ ื”ืชื™ื—ืกื•ืชื• ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™ ื•ืœื ืžืฆื“ ืื™ื–ื” ื›ืœืœ ืื—ืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ืกื•ื—ืจื™ืโ€™), ืฉื’ื ืืœื™ื• ืžืชื™ื—ืก ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืคืจื˜, ื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื—ืจื™ื ืืฉืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื ืขื ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™. ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืจืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื“ื•ึนืง ืชื—ืœื” ืื•ืชื โ€˜ื”ืื—ืจื™ืโ€™ ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื•ืจืง ืื—ืจ ืฉื ืžืฆื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื•, ืฉืื™ืŸ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื•ื โ€˜ื›ืœืœโ€™ ืื—ืจ ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืœืื—ืจื™ื, โ€“ ืจืง ืื– ืชื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ืฆื“ืงื” ืœื—ืจื•ืฅ ืžืฉืคื˜, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืึตื ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช. โ€“ ืื‘ืœ, ื›ืืžื•ืจ, ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจื›ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ื‘ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ื›ื–ืืช ื’ื ืžื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ ืขืžื ื•. ื”ื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ื—ืจื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ื•ืจื•ืื™ื ืขื ื–ื”, ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืงืจื‘ึผื ื•ึผ ื›ืš ื”ื ื‘ืืžืช ื›ืžื• ืฉืื•ืžืจืช ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”, ื•ื‘ื–ื” ื“ื™ ืœื”ื, ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ื’ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื. ื•ื›ื›ื” ืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช โ€˜ืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™ ื›ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื›ืฉืจื” ืžื™ื“ ืœื™ื“, ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืžื™ื ืืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืขืžื ื•, ืจืง ืขื ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื”ื–ื”, ืฉื”ืขืžื™ื ืžื•ื ื™ื ืืช ืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืชื™ื ื• ื”ืจืขื•ืช ืื—ืช ืœืื—ืช ื‘ืงื•ืœ ืขื ื•ึนืช ื’ื‘ื•ึผืจื” ื•ืœืขื’ ื”ืฉืื ื ื™ื, ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื”ื ืžืœื” ื‘ืžืœื” ื‘ืงื•ืœ ื“ืžืžื” ื“ืงื” ื•ื”ืฆื˜ื“ืงื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืฉื”; ื”ื ืžืžืฉื™ืœื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก, ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืชืงื ื” ืืœื ืฉื‘ื™ืจื”, ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืžืฉื™ืœื™ื ืขืฆืžื ื• ืœื›ืœื™ ืžืชื›ืช, ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœื• ื‘ื”ื’ืขืœื” ื•ืœื‘ึผื•ึผืŸโ€ฆ ื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื–ื”, ืื ื™ืืจื™ืš ื™ืžื™ื, ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื• ื ื–ืง ืžื•ืกืจื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื›ึผืŸ ืœื’ื•ื™ ื•ืœืื“ื ื›ื”ื•ื“ืื” ืขืœ ื—ื˜ืื™ื ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื•. ืžื™ ืฉื—ื˜ื ื‘ืืžืช, ื”ืจื™ ืฉืขืจื™ ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื ื ื ืขืœื•, ื•ื‘ืจืฆื•ื ื• ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื—ืœืืชื• ืžืขืœื™ื•. ืื‘ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ืื•ื”ื• ืœื—ืฉื•ึนื“ ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ืžื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื•, ืื™ืš ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื˜ื”ืจ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ืขืฆืžื•? ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืžืืžื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœื“ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื•: ื˜ื•ืœ ืงื•ืจื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ื ื™ืš, ื•ืžืฆื“ ืื—ืจ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื”ื•ื, ืฉืื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื˜ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืงื•ืจื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ื ื™ื•, ืื—ืจ ืฉืื™ื ื” ื‘ืืžืช ืืœื ื‘ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืื•ืชื ื”ืžื•ื ื•ืžึทื ื™ื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื, ืฉืžืื™ื–ื• ืกื‘ึผื” ื‘ืื• ืœื™ื“ื™ ืืžื•ื ื”, ื›ื™ ืžืฉื‚ื ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ ืœื”ื ื‘ื—ื•ื˜ืžื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืกื™ืจื•. ื•ืœื ืขื•ื“ ืืœื ืฉืœืคืขืžื™ื ืชื‘ื™ื ืืžื•ื ื” ื–ื• ืืช ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ืื•ืชื” ื”ืžื“ื” ื”ืžื’ื•ึผื ื” ืฉืœืคื™ ืืžื•ื ืชื• ื”ื™ื ืงื ื™ืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ ื›ื•ืœื•, ืืขืคโ€œื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืขืฆืžื• ืžืฆื“ ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืชื• ืื™ื ื• ื ื•ื˜ื” ื›ืœืœ ืœื–ื”. ืื™ืŸ ืกืคืง, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ื™ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื”ืขื ืฉื™ืฆืื• ืžืชื•ื›ื• ืื ืฉื™ื ื›ื”ืจืžื‘โ€ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื’ื ืขืชื” ื‘ืขืœื™ ื“ืขื” ืžื™ื•ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ืกื“ืจ ื•ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื•ื”ื, ื‘ืงื—ืชื ื—ืœืง ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”ืฆื‘ึผื•ึผืจ, ื”ื™ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืชืช ื‘ื” ืืช ืจื•ื—ื ื•ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื’ื ืขืœ ื™ืชืจ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ื ืขืฉื‚ื”, ื•ื›ืœ ื’ื–ืจื” โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™, ืฉืฉื‚ื ืืช ื”ืกื“ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช, ื•ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ืกื›ืžื ื• ื’ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื”ืกื›ืžื” ื–ื• (ืืขืค"ื™ ืฉืขื•ื“ ืœื ื ืชื‘ืจืจ, ืื ื”ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ื”ื–ืืช, ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื” ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืขืžื ื•, ืžืชื™ื—ืกืช ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™, ืื• ืื•ืœื™ โ€“ ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืœื‘ โ€“ ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื—ื ื™ื›ื™ึพื”ื—ื“ืจโ€™). ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ืชืจืคื™ื ื” ื™ื“ื™ ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ื”ืกื“ืจ, ื‘ื”ืืžื™ื ื, ื›ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืขืฆื” ื•ืื™ืŸ ืชื‘ื•ื ื” ื ื’ื“ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืขื. ื•ืื ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ื˜ื™ื ื”ื, ื™ืขืงืจื• ื’ื ืžืœื‘ื ืืช ื”ืื”ื‘ื” ืœืกื“ืจื™ื, ื”ืžืชื ื’ื“ืช ืœืจื•ื— ืขืžื, ื•ื™ืขืฉื‚ื• ื’ื ื”ื ืืช ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื”ื ื›ืจืื•ื™ ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืืžืชื™ื™ืโ€ฆ ืฆืจื™ืš ืื™ืคื•ื ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืื™ื–ื” ืืžืฆืขื™, ืื™ืš ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื• ืžืชื—ืช ื”ืฉืคืขืช โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืช ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื•ืขืจื›ื• ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื–ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ืขืฆืžื ื• ื•ืœื ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ืฉื‘ืืžืช ื’ืจื•ืขื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื›ืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื ืชื—ืช ื”ืฉืžืฉ, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื ื‘ื•ื ืขื™"ื– ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ืขืชื” ืืœื ื‘ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ. ื•ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื–ื” ื ื•ืชื ืช ืœื ื• โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ืขืฆืžื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื. ื”ืขืœื™ืœื” ื”ื–ืืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ืจืขื•ืชื™ื” ืืฉืจ ื‘ื” ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื’ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื™ื“ื™ ืกืคืง, ืื ื‘ืืžืช โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ื›ืื™ืโ€™, ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืชื” ืžื™ื•ืกื“ืช ื›ื•ืœื” ืขืœ ืฉืงืจ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืœื” ืžืฉืขืŸ ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื”ื™ืงืฉ ืžื•ื˜ืขื” โ€˜ืžืŸ ื”ืคืจื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืœืœโ€™. ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ืฉื ืชื—ื ืš ื‘ืชื•ืš ืขืžื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื’ืžื•ืจ, ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ืืฃ ืคืจื˜ ืื—ื“ ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื“ื ืื“ื ืœืฉื ืฉืžื™ื. ื•ืืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ื”ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื”ื–ืืช ืžืฉื’ื™ืืช โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™, ื”ืžืชื—ื“ืฉืช ื‘ืœื‘ื ื• ืžื–ืžืŸ ืœื–ืžืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื, ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืื ื• ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื–ื›ืจื•ื ื ื•, ื•ื”ื™ื ืชืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื• ืœืขืงื•ืจ ืžืœื‘ื ื• ืืช ื”ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ื›ึผื ืข ืžืคื ื™ ื”ืึทื‘ื˜ื•ึนืจื™ื˜ื˜ ืฉืœ โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ื’ื ื‘ื™ืชืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื. ื™ืืžืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžื” ืฉื™ืืžืจ ืขืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืคื—ื™ืชื•ึผืช ืขืจื›ึผื ื•ึผ ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™, โ€“ ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื, ื›ื™ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™ ื”ื–ืืช ื ืฉืขื ืช ืจืง ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื ื™, ื‘ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžื“ืขื™ ืืžืชึผื™. ื›ื™ ืžื™ ื‘ื ื‘ืกื•ื“ ืขืžืงื™ ืจื•ื—ื ื• ื•ืจืื” ืืช โ€˜ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™โ€™ ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืฆื“ ืขืฆืžื•? ืžื™ ืฉืงืœ ื–ื” ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื“ื•ืžื™ื ืืœื• ืœืืœื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืชืจ โ€˜ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืโ€™: ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื, ื ืจื“ืคื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ื ืจื“ืคื™ื, ืจืขื‘ื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ืจืขื‘ื™ื ื•ื›ื•'. โ€“ ืžื™ ืฉืงืœ ื›ืœ ืืœื” ื‘ืžืื–ื ื™ ื”ื—ื›ืžื” ื”ืืžืชึผื™ืช ื•ืžืฆื ืืช ื”ื›ืฃ ืžึทื›ืจืขืช ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื? โ€˜ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืฉื›ึผืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื?โ€™ ืืคืฉืจ ื•ืืคืฉืจ, ื•ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื ืชื•ื›ื™ื—. ืคื” ื”ืจื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื ื•ื˜ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืžืœืื›ื™ ื”ืฉืจืช: ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื•ื“ื! ื”ื™ืฉ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืคื›ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืžืืœื•? โ€“ ื•ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื›ืŸโ€ฆ ื”' ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืจื "ื’ ื ื“ืคืก ื‘โ€˜ื”ืžืœื™ืฅโ€™ ื™โ€œื“ ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืจื โ€ื’. ย โ†ฉ ืืช ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืœืขื™ืœ ื”ืคื™ืงื• ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืŸึพื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜. ื”ื•ื ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ืื”:https://benyehuda.org/read/10
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https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p31/m11.txt
ืึฒื’ึธื“ึทืช ื”ึทื”ึตื™ื›ึธืœ
ืื™ืจื” ื™ืืŸ
4203038
ืึฒื’ึธื“ึทืช ื”ึทื”ึตื™ื›ึธืœ (ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœืžื•ืกื“ ืื—ื“ ื‘ื™ืจื•ืฉืœื™ื) ื›ืžืžืœื›ืช-ืกืชืจื™ื, ื‘ืืจืฅ-ืคืœืื•ืช ื”ื™ืชื” ืขื™ืจ ืžืœืื” ื’ืœื™ ืงื‘ืจื•ืช. ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืœื” ื”ืฉืชืจืขื• ืจื›ืกื™-ื”ืจื™ื ืืจื•ื›ื™ื, ืฉื™ืจื“ื• ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ืžื“ืจื’ื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ืคื•ืช; ืฉืœืฉืœืช-ื”ื”ืจื™ื ื”ืขื™ืงื” ืขืœื™ื” ื•ืฉืžื” ืœื” ืžื—ื ืง. ืขืœ ืฆื—ื™ื—-ืกืœืข ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ื ื•ื™ื”. ื•ื™ื ื—ื•ืจ, ื™ื ื‘ืœื™ ื“ื’ื™ื, ื™ื ืžืช ืžื“ื•ืจื™ ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื˜ืฃ ื‘ืœื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉื‘ืจื™ ื’ืœื™ื• ืœืจื’ืœื™ ืฆื—ื™ื— ื”ืกืœืข ื”ืจื—ื‘ ื”ื”ื•ื. ื•ื™ื”ื™ื• ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื–ืจื™ื ื•ืžื•ื–ืจื™ื. ื‘ืžืžืœื›ื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื•ืช ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื”ื’ื™ื“ื•, ื›ื™ ืืฉื” ืžืชื” ื™ืœื“ืชื. ื•ืžื“ื•ืจ ืœื“ื•ืจ ื—ืฉื‘ื• ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื ื•ื™ืฉืืœื•, ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ื”ื, ืื ืžืชื™ื, ืื• ืจืง ืฆืœืžื™-ื‘ืœื”ื•ืช? ื•ืื™ืฉ ืœื ื™ื“ืข ืคืฉืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื–ื”. ื‘ืœื™ืœ ืงืจ ืงืคืื• ื•ืžื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื ื—ื‘ืื•, ื›ื™ ืื›ืœื ื‘ืจืง ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืฉืžืฉ ื•ื™ื—ืจื™ื‘ ืืช ืœืฉื“ ืขืฆืžื•ืชื™ื”ื. ื•ืจืง ื‘ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžืฆืื• ืžื ื•ื—ื”; ื›ืœ ืขืฉืชื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ืขืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืขื•ืœื; ื‘ื—ื–ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืงืžื• ืœืชื—ื™ื” ื•ื™ื ื™ื“ื• ื™ื“ ื•ืจื’ืœ; ื‘ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืขืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืื•ืจื• ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื ื•ื™ื ื™ืขื• ืฉืคืชื•ืชื™ื”ื. ื•ืืœื•ื”ื™ื”ื ื”ื™ื” ืืœ ืื“ื™ืจ, ื–ื•ืขื, ืžืœื ื—ืจื•ืŸ; ื•ื‘ืื™ืžื” ื•ื—ื™ืœ ืขืžื“ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืจืฆื•ื ื• ื”ืจื•ืžื. ืฉืงืจ ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ื ื”ื—ืŸ ื•ื”ื‘ืœ โ€” ื”ื™ื•ืคื™; ื•ืืช ืื–ื ื™ื”ื ืื˜ืžื• ืžืฉืžืข ืงื•ืœ ืจื ื ืช ื”ื™ืงื•ื ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘; ื•ืœื‘ื ื˜ื— ืžื”ื‘ื™ืŸ โ€” ืกื•ื“ ืฉื™ื— ืฉืจืคื™ ื”ืงื“ืฉ ื”ืžืžืœืื™ื ืืช ื—ืœืœ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื”. ื•ื™ื”ื™ ื”ื™ืคื™ ืฉืคื•ืš ืขืœ ื›ืœ, ื•ืื™ืฉ ืœื ืฉื ืœื‘ ืืœื™ื•; ื”ื“ืจ ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ืงืกื ื›ืœ ื–ืจ, ื•ืจืง ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืชื” ืœื ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ื”ื•. ื›ื™ ืืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ื”ื™ื• ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื ื ืฉื•ืื•ืช. ื•ื™ื”ื™ ื‘ืœื™ืœ ื™ืจื—. ื•ืชืจื—ืฅ ืžืœื›ืช-ื”ืœื™ืœ ืขื’ื•ืœืช ื”ืคื ื™ื, ื”ื–ื•ืจื—ืช, ื”ื ื”ื“ืจื”, ื”ืจื›ื”, ื‘ืชื›ืœืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื. ื•ื™ื ื•ืฆืฆื• ื‘ื ื™ื” ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื, ื”ืจื‘ื™ื ืœืื™ืŸ ืกืคื•ืจื•ืช, ื•ื™ืฆืœืœื• ืขืžื•ืง ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืชื›ืœืช ื”ืจื—ื•ืงื”, ื”ื—ืžื”, ื”ืฉืงื•ืคื”; ื•ื‘ืื•ื™ืจ ื”ืœื™ืœ ื”ืžื“ื•ืฉืŸ, ื›ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื ืฉื ืคืœื• ืžืฉืžื™ื, ืขืคื• ืฆืคื• ืชื•ืœืขื™ื ืžื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช. ื•ืชืฉื˜ ืื ื™ื” ืขืœ ืคื ื™ ื’ืœื™ ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืช. ื•ืชื“ื‘ืง ืืœ ื™ืจื›ืชื™ ื”ืื ื™ื” ืฉื›ื‘ืช ืžืœื— ืขื‘ื” ื•ื ื•ืฆืฆื” ื›ื‘ื“ืœื—. ื•ืžื›ืกื” ืขื‘ ื›ืกื” ืืช ืกืคื•ืŸ ื”ืื ื™ื” ื•ื™ื ื™ืขื•ื”ื• ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืงืœื™ืœื™ื ื•ื™ืจื™ืžื•ื”ื• ืคื” ื•ืฉื. ื•ื™ื”ื™ ื‘ื”ืจืžื•, ื•ื™ืชืคืจืฅ ืื•ืจ ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื›ื ื’ื” ื”ืงืฉืช ื•ื™ื’ื™ื” ืืช ืžืฉื‘ืจื™ ื”ื’ืœื™ื ื”ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื•ื”ืžืชื™ื. ื•ืชื•ืœื“ ืื– ื“ื’ื” ื—ื™ื” ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžืช, ื‘ืคืขื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœืžื™ื•ื ื”ื™ื•ืชื•. ื•ื™ื‘ืฉืจื• ืงื•ืœื•ืช ืžืžืจื•ืžื™ื ืืช ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ืœื“ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื; ื•ื™ืจื“ื• ื›ื ืคื™ ื–ื”ื‘ ืžืขืœ ื™ืจื›ืชื™ ื”ืื ื™ื” ืืœ ื”ื™ื ื•ื™ื˜ื‘ืœื• ื‘ืžื™ืžื™ื•; ื•ืชืžืœื ืฉื™ืจืช-ืงืกืžื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืจื—ื‘. ื•ื—ื™ืฉ ืžื”ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื– ื•ื”ื“ืจ, ื ื’ืฉื” ื”ืื ื™ื” ืขืœ ื”ื—ืฃ. ื•ื™ื”ื™ ื‘ื‘ืงืจ. ื•ื™ืชืžื”ื• ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื”ืžืงื•ื ื”ื”ื•ื ืœืžืจืื” ื”ื™ื›ืœ, ืฉืฆืžื— ื‘ืŸ ืœื™ืœื”, ื•ื™ื‘ืื• ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื ืืฆืœื™ื ืœืฉื›ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•. ื•ื™ืฉืžื™ืขื• ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ืืฆืœื™ื ืงื•ืœ ืžืฉืง ื–ื”ื‘ ื›ื ืคื™ื”ื. ื•ื™ืฉื™ืจื• ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ืืฆืœื™ื ืฉื™ืจ ืชืฉื‘ื—ื•ืช. ื•ื™ืจืงืžื• ื”ืจื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื ืืฆืœื™ื ืืช ืžืฉื‘ืฆืช ื—ื–ื™ื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื, ืžืฉื‘ืฆืช โ€”ืœื”ื˜ื™ื, ืฉืขื™ืŸ ืื™ืฉ ืœื ืจืืชื” ื›ืžื•ื” ืขื“ ื”ื™ื•ื. ื•ื™ื‘ืื• ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืชื” ื•ื™ืขืžื“ื• ืœืคื ื™ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื›ืœ ื•ื™ื˜ื• ืื–ืŸ ืงืฉื‘ืช ืืœ ืื‘ืŸ ื”ื—ื–ืงื”, ืœื“ืขืช: ื”ื™ืฉืžืข ืžืชื•ื›ื• ืฆืœืฆื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘? โ€” ื•ืžืื•ืžื” ืœื ืฉืžืขื•. ื•ื™ืขืžื“ื• ื•ื™ื‘ื™ื˜ื• ื–ื” ืืœ ื–ื” ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื ืชืžื”ื•ืช, ื•ืจืขื“ื” ืื—ื–ืชื. ื•ื›ืขืกื ื”ื™ื” ื›ืืฉ ืขืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืขืฆืžื•ืชื™ื”ื, ื•ื™ืฉืœื™ื›ื• ืืช ืจื™ืจ ืคื™ื”ื ื”ืžืจืขืœ ืขืœ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื›ืœ ื•ื™ืฆืขืงื• ื•ื™ื™ืœื™ืœื•: โ€œืฆืœืฆื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืื ื—ื ื• ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื! ืฆืœืฆื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืื ื—ื ื• ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื!โ€ ื•ืชืฉื ื‘ืช-ืงื•ืœื ืืช ื™ืœืœืชื ืœืžืจื—ื•ืง, ืœื›ืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ ืฆื—ื™ื—-ื”ืกืœืข, ื•ื”ื‘ื ื•ืชื’ื™ืข ืขื“ ื—ื•ืฃ ื”ื™ื ื”ืžืช. ื•ืชืฆื™ืฅ ื”ื“ื’ื” ื”ื—ื™ื” ืžืŸ ื”ื’ืœื™ื ื”ืžืชื™ื. ื‘ืœื™ ืืžืจ, ื‘ืœื™ ืงื•ืœ ื ืžืฉื›ื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืžื™ื โ€” ื•ืชืงืคื. ืฆืœืžื™-ื‘ืœื”ื•ืช ืจืืชื” ื”ื“ื’ื” ื•ืชื—ื‘ื ื‘ืจืขื“ื” ื‘ืงืจืงืข-ื”ื™ื. ื•ื›ืžื‘ืฆืจ-ืžืœืš ืขื•ืžื“ ื”ื”ื™ื›ืœ ื•ืžื—ื›ื” ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืžื”. ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืชื™ื• ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ืœืจื•ื—ื” ื‘ืขืœื™ื–ื•ืช; ื›ืœื‘ ืขืœื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื ื”ื ืœื—ื ื•ืœื–ื”ื‘ ื”ืฉืžืฉ. ื–ืจื•ืขื•ืชื™ื• ืคืชื•ื—ื•ืช ืœืงืจืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉื™ื. ื—ืœื•ืžื•ืช ืžืฉืขืฉืขื™ื ื˜ืžื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ืง ืื‘ื ื™ื•. ื•ืžื—ื›ื” ื”ื”ื™ื›ืœ ืœื“ื‘ืจ ืžื”, ืžื—ื›ื” ื”ื•ืโ€ฆ ื•ืžื” ื ืฉืžืข ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘? ืžืกื‘ื™ื‘ ืงื•ืœ ืจืขืฉ ื™ืฉืžืข, ืงื•ืœ ื™ืœืœืช ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืขื™ืจ ื”ืžืชื”: โ€œืฆืœืฆื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืื ื—ื ื• ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื! ืฆืœืฆื•ืœ ื”ื–ื”ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืื ื—ื ื• ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื!โ€ ื•ื›ืš ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื™ื•ืจืงื™ื, ื•ื™ื•ืจืงื™ื ืืช ืจื™ืจ ืคื™ื”ื ื”ืžืจืขืœ ืขืœ ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ื”ื™ื›ืœ. ืึดื™ืจึธื” ื™ึทืŸ. ืืช ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืœืขื™ืœ ื”ืคื™ืงื• ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืŸึพื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜. ื”ื•ื ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ืื”:https://benyehuda.org/read/11
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https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p46/m16.txt
ืœื™ื“ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืจื‘ ื”ื—ื›ื ืจื‘-ื”ืคืขืœื™ื
ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืœื™ื‘ ื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ
1376036
ืœื™ื“ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืจื‘ ื”ื—ื›ื ืจื‘-ื”ืคืขืœื™ื ืœึดื™ื“ึดื™ื“ึดื™ ื”ึธืจึทื‘ ื”ึถื—ึธื›ึธื ืจึทื‘-ื”ึทืคึผึฐืขึธืœึดื™ื ืžึทืฉื‚ื›ึผึดื™ืœ ื™ึฐืจึตื-ื—ึตื˜ึฐื, ืจึทื‘ ืจึธื—ื•ึนืง ืžึตื”ึฒื‘ึธืœึดื™ื, ื›โ€œืฉ ื”ืจโ€ืจ ืฉืึฐืœึนืžื” ื–ึทืœึฐืžึธืŸ ืคึผื•ึผื—ึถืจ ืจึทื‘ ื‘ืง"ืง ืžึดื™ื˜ึทื•ึผึตื™ ื•ึผืžึฐืจึปืฆึผึถื” ืœึธืขึธื, ื›ึผึดื™ ื›ึผึทื—ึฒืฆึดื™ ื™ื•ึนื‘ึตืœ ืฉืึธื ึดื™ื ื”ื•ึผื ื—ื•ึนื ึถื” ืฉืึธื ื•ึผืžึตืึธื– ื ึธื›ื•ึนืŸ ื›ึผึดืกึฐืื•ึน, ื•ึฐืชึธืžึดื™ื“ ื™ึฐื‘ึปื—ึทืจ. ืืช ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืœืขื™ืœ ื”ืคื™ืงื• ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืŸึพื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜. ื”ื•ื ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ืื”:https://benyehuda.org/read/16
17
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p87/m17.txt
ื™ืฆื—ืง ืžืื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื•
ืขื–ืจื™ืืœ ื ืชืŸ ืคืจื ืง
9251083
"\n\n\n\t\n\tื™ืฆื—ืง ืžืื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื•\n\t\n\n\n\n(ืžื—ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ).\n\n(...TRUNCATED)
18
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p66/m18.txt
ืคืช ืœื—ื
ื™ื•ืกืฃ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืจื ืจ
939732
"\n\n\n\t\n\tืคืช ืœื—ื\n\t\n\n\n\nืœืื—ืจ ืฉืฉื‚ื ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ื™ืงื•, ื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ, ื‘ื›ืœ (...TRUNCATED)
19
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p141/m19.txt
ื”ึฒืœึธืšึฐ ื ึถืคึถืฉื
ืจื—ืœ ื‘ืœื•ื‘ืฉื˜ื™ื™ืŸ
241180
"\n\n\n\t\n\tื”ึฒืœึธืšึฐ ื ึถืคึถืฉื\n\t\n\n\n\nืœื. ื“. ื’ื•ืจื“ื•ืŸ \n\n\n\n\nื”ึทื™ึผื•ึนื (...TRUNCATED)
20
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p89/m20.txt
ืืœ ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจ
ื—ื™ื™ื ื ื—ืžืŸ ื‘ื™ืืœื™ืง
359705
"\n\n\n\t\n\tืืœ ื”ืฆื™ืคื•ืจ\n\t\n\n\n\n\nืฉืึธืœื•ึนื ืจึธื‘ ืฉืื•ึผื‘ึตืšึฐ, ืฆึดืคึผึนืจึธื”(...TRUNCATED)
21
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p89/m21.txt
ืžึดืฉึผืื•ึผื˜ ื‘ึผึทืžึผึถืจึฐื—ึทืงึผึดื™ื
ื—ื™ื™ื ื ื—ืžืŸ ื‘ื™ืืœื™ืง
359705
"\n\n\n\t\n\tืžึดืฉึผืื•ึผื˜ ื‘ึผึทืžึผึถืจึฐื—ึทืงึผึดื™ื\n\t\n\n\n\n\nืžึดืฉึผืื•ึผื˜ ื‘ึผึทืž(...TRUNCATED)
22
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p67/m22.txt
ื‘ื•ืจื’ื ื™ ื•ื—ืœื•ืฅ ืขื ื™: ื–ืžืจ ืœืขื
ืงื“ื™ืฉ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืกื™ืœืžืŸ
12410952
"\n\n\n\t\n\tื‘ื•ืจื’ื ื™ ื•ื—ืœื•ืฅ ืขื ื™: ื–ืžืจ ืœืขื\n\t\n\n\n\nืœืฉื™ืจ ื‘ื ื’ื•ืŸ ืืงื“ืžื•(...TRUNCATED)
23
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p89/m23.txt
ื”ึดืจึฐื”ื•ึผืจึตื™ ืœึธื™ึฐืœึธื”
ื—ื™ื™ื ื ื—ืžืŸ ื‘ื™ืืœื™ืง
359705
"\n\n\n\t\n\tื”ึดืจึฐื”ื•ึผืจึตื™ ืœึธื™ึฐืœึธื”\n\t\n\n\n\n\nื™ึธื“ึทืขึฐืชึผึดื™ ื›ึผึดื™ ื‘ึดื›ึฐ(...TRUNCATED)

Dataset Card for Hebrew Projectbenyehuda

Dataset Summary

This repository contains a dump of thousands of public domain works in Hebrew, from Project Ben-Yehuda, in plaintext UTF-8 files, with and without diacritics (nikkud), and in HTML files. The pseudocatalogue.csv file is a list of titles, authors, genres, and file paths, to help you process the dump.

The Releases tab contains a downloadable ZIP archive of the full release. The git repo can be used to track individual file changes, or for incremenetal updates. In the ZIPs, each format (plaintext, plaintext stripped of diacritics, and HTML) has a ZIP file containing one directory per author, with all the author's works under that directory.

To request changes or improvements to this dump, file an issue against this repository.

All these works are in the public domain, so you are free to make any use of them, and do not need to ask for permission.

If you would like to give credit, please credit "Project Ben-Yehuda volunteers", and include a link to the site. We'd also love to hear about the uses you've made of this dump, as it encourages us to keep producing the dump. E-mail us with a brief description (and links, if/as appropriate) of your re-use, at editor@benyehuda.org.

There are 10078 files, 3181136 lines

Data Annotation:

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

Hebrew

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

Sample:

{
  'id': 10,
  'url': 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump/master/txt/p23/m10.txt',
  'title': 'ื—ืฆื™-ื ื—ืžื”',
  'authors': 'ืื—ื“ ื”ืขื',
  'translators': '',
  'original_language': '',
  'genre': 'ืžืืžืจื™ื ื•ืžืกื•ืช',
  'source_edition': '',
  'text': '\n\n\n\t\n\tื—ืฆื™-ื ื—ืžื”\n\t\n\n\n\n1\n\nื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืฆืจื•ืช ืฉื ืชื—ื“ืฉื• ืขืœื™ื ื• ื‘ืขืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืชืขืฉื‚ื” ื‘ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืจื•ืฉื ืžืขืฆื™ื‘ ื‘ืœื‘ ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื”ืชื—ื“ืฉื•ืช โ€˜ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ืโ€™. ื”ืขืœื™ืœื” ื”ื ืชืขื‘ื” ื”ื–ืืช, ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ึธืฉื ื”, ื”ื™ืชื” ื•ืชื”ื™ื” ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื ื• ื›ื—ื“ืฉื”, ื•ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื ื•ืขื“ ืขืชื” ืชืฆื˜ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืขื•ืœืชื” ื”ื—ื–ืงื” ืขืœ ืจื•ื— ืขืžื ื•, ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื”, ื›ื™ ืื ื’ื ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช ืฉื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืืœื™ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉืžื•ืขื”.\n\nืืžืจืชื™: โ€˜ืขืœ ืจื•ื— ืขืžื ื•โ€™, ื›ื™ ืืžื ื ืจื•ืื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ื—ื–ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื–ื” ืœื ื‘ืกื‘ึผื•ืช ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ื›ื™ ืื ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืจื•ื— ื”ืขื. ื‘ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื, ืฉื”ื™ื” ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ื›ืืœื” ืจื’ื™ืœ ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืฆืžื• ื›ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืžืฉืคื˜ ื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื•ืชื ื”ืื•ืžืœืœื™ื ืฉืขืœื” ืขืœื™ื”ื ื”ื’ื•ืจืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืคึผืจื•ืชื•, โ€“ ื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืืžื ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ื–ื” ืจืง ืชื•ืฆืืช ื”ืกื›ื ื” ื”ื’ืฉืžื™ืช ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื›ืœืœ ื›ื•ืœื•, ืฉื”ื™ืชื” ื›ืจื•ื›ื” ืื– ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ ื›ืœ ืขืœื™ืœื” ื›ื–ื•. ื’ื ืœืคื ื™ ื—ืžืฉื™ื ืฉื ื”, ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืžื ื•ื—ื” ื•ืฉืœื•ื”, ืฉืขื•ืจืจื” ืขืœื™ืœืช ื“ืžืฉื‚ืง ืจืขืฉ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ืœึพื›ืš ื‘ืืจืฆื•ืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืžืงื•ื ืœืืžืจ, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ื–ื”, ืœื”ืคืš, ื™ื“ ื”ืงื ืื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืœื›ื‘ื•ื“ื ื•ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื”ื ืฉืฉื‚ืจืจื” ืื– ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืช ืื—ื™ื ื• ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ื–ื” ืžืขื˜ ื™ืฆืื• ืžืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืœื—ืจื•ืช. ืืš ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ืืœื” ื”ืจื™ ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืื™ืŸ ื”ืกื›ื ื” ื”ื’ืฉืžื™ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื‘ื™ื—ื•ื“ ืœืงื”ืœื•ืช ืจื—ื•ืงื•ืช, ื•ืžืฆื“ ืื—ืจ ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื•ืจื’ืœื ื• ืœืฉืžื•ืข ื—ืจืคืชื ื• ื‘ืงื•ืจ ืจื•ื— ื•ืงื ืืช ื›ื‘ื•ื“ื ื• ืœื ืชืื›ืœื ื• ืขื•ื“, ื•ืื ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื’ื ืขืชื” ืขื•ื“ื ื• ืžืชืขื•ืจืจื™ื ื•ืžืชื ื•ื“ื“ื™ื ื‘ื—ื–ืงื” ืœืฉืžืข โ€˜ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื“ืโ€™, ื•ืจื’ืฉ ื”ื›ืœืœ ื™ืชืคืจืฅ ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ืžื›ืœ ืขื‘ืจื™ื ืœื”ืฉืœื™ืš ืžืขืœื™ื• ืืช ื”ื—ืœืื” ื”ื–ืืช, โ€“ ืื•ืช ื”ื•ื, ื›ื™ ืœื ื”ืคื—ื“ ื•ืœื ื”ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ื”ื ื”ืžื ื™ืขื™ื ืœื–ื”, ื›ื™ ืื ืจื•ื— ื”ืขื ื”ื•ื ื”ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ืคื” ืืช ืงืœื•ื ื• ื•ื”ื•ื ื–ื” ื”ืžืชืขื•ืจืจ ื•ื”ืžืขื•ืจืจ; ื›ื™ ืืขืค"ื™ ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืชืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืื•ื ื• ืฆืจื•ืชื™ื ื• ืœืื•ืชื• ื”ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืืžืจ ื”ื ืฉื‚ื™ื ื”ื—ื›ื ื‘ื™ืžื™ ืงื“ื: โ€˜ืื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉื‚ืจ ื”ืžืช ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืื™ื–ืžืœโ€™, โ€“ ื”ื ื” ืคื” ืื™ืŸ โ€˜ื”ืื™ื–ืžืœโ€™ ื—ื•ืชืš ืืช โ€˜ื”ื‘ืฉื‚ืจโ€™ ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ื›ื™ ืื ืขื“ ื”ื ืคืฉ ื™ื’ืขโ€ฆ\n\nืื‘ืœ โ€“ โ€˜ืื™ืŸ ืจืข ื‘ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘โ€™, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ื‘ืœื ืœืงื— ื˜ื•ื‘. ื’ื ื”ืจืข ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื–ื” ืฉืื ื• ืขืกื•ืงื™ื ื‘ื• ืื™ื ื• ืจื™ืง ืžืœืงื— ื˜ื•ื‘, ื•ืื ื—ื ื•, ืืฉืจ ืœื ืื“ื•ื ื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื’ื•ืจืœื ื• ื•ื’ื ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื’ื ืืช ื”ืจืข ื ืงื‘ืœ ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืฅ ืฉืœื ื‘ื˜ื•ื‘ืชื ื•, ืจืื•ื™ ืœื ื• ืœื‘ืงืฉ ื‘ืจืขื•ืชื™ื ื• ืชืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืขืœืช ื”ืœืžื•ื“ื™ืช ื”ืฆืคื•ื ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ, ื•ื”ื™ืชื” ืœื ื• ื–ืืช, ืœืคื—ื•ืช, ื—ืฆื™ ื ื—ืžื”.\n\n\n\nืื—ื“ ื”ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื•ื โ€“ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™. ื”ื™ื• ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื’ื ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ืจืื• ื‘ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื–ื• ืžื•ืคืช ื ืืžืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืกื›ื ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœื” ืžืงื•ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ืฉืืจ ืžื•ืคืชื™ื”ื ืขืœ ืžืฆื™ืื•ืช ื”ืืœื”ื•ืช. ืขืชื” ืืžื ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื , ืฉืื™ืŸ ืฉืงืจ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืื•ืœืช ืืฉืจ ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื•ื ืขืœื™ื• โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™, ืื ืืš ืชื ืื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื ืื•ืชื™ื ืœื–ื”. ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ื”ืคืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื–ืืช, ื•ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื’ื ืขืชื” ืื™ืŸ ืึทื‘ื˜ื•ึนืจื™ื˜ื˜ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™: ืื โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืŸ, ื‘ื•ื“ืื™ ื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื; ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืื™ื ื™ ืžื‘ื™ื ื•, ืื—ืจื™ื ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื; ื•ืื ืื ื™ ืจื•ืื” ื›ืขื™ืŸ ืกืชื™ืจื” ืœื•, ื”ืจื™ โ€˜ื”ื›ืœโ€™ ืจื•ืื™ื ื’ื ื›ืŸ ื•ืืขืค"ื› ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ ื—ื›ื ืื ื™ ืžื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื? โ€“ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ื‘ ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ืคืฉื•ื˜, ื‘ื“ืขืช ืื• ื‘ืœื™ ื“ืขืช ื‘ืจื•ืจื”, ื•ืžืชื•ืš ื›ืš ื”ื•ื ืžืกื›ื™ื ื’ื ืžืฆื“ื• ื•ื ืขืฉื‚ื” ื‘ืขืฆืžื• ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™.\n\nื•ื›ืœึพื›ืš ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ื•ื— โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™, ืขื“ ืฉืขืœ ื”ืจื•ื‘ ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ื”ืื“ื ืœืžึทืœื˜ ื ืคืฉื• ืžืคืขื•ืœืชื” ื’ื ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืขืฆืžื• ื”ื•ื โ€˜ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืžื•ืกื›ืโ€™. ืื โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืขืœ ืคืœื•ื ื™ ืฉื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื—ื›ืžื” ืื• ื‘ื™ืจืื”, ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื• ืžื“ื” ืคืœื•ื ื™ืช, ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืื• ืจืขื”, โ€“ ืกื•ืคื• ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ืœื–ื” ื’ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื•, ืืข"ืค ืฉืžืชื—ืœื” ืœื ืžืฆื ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืื•ืชื• ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืื• ื”ื—ืกืจื•ืŸ ืฉืื—ืจื™ื ืžื™ื—ืกื™ื ืœื•. ื•ืœื ื–ื• ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืืœื ืฉื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื–ืืช ืžืฆื“ โ€˜ื”ืžื•ืกื›ืโ€™ ืขืฆืžื• ืคื•ืขืœืช ืžืขื˜ ืžืขื˜ ืขืœ ืชื›ื•ื ืช ืจื•ื—ื• ืขื“ ืฉืžืงืจื‘ืชื• ื‘ืืžืช (ืื•, ืœืคื—ื•ืช, ืžื•ืœื™ื“ื” ื‘ื• ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืงืจื‘) ืืœ ื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื”ื•ื ืฉืจื•ืื” ื‘ื• โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™. ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ื™ื–ื”ื™ืจื• ื”ืคื“ื’ื•ื’ื™ื ื‘ืฆื“ืง, ืœื‘ืœืชื™ ืขื•ืจืจ ืืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื’ืจืขื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชืŸ, ื•ื›ืœ ืฉื›ึผืŸ ืœื‘ืœืชื™ ื™ื—ืก ืœื”ื ืžื’ืจืขื•ืช ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ื, ื›ื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ืืคืฉืจ ืฉื ื—ื–ืง ื‘ืœื‘ื ืืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื ื•ืœื™ื“ ื‘ื ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช.\n\nื•ืื•ืœื, ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ื›ื™ โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ืื™ื ื• ืื—ื“ ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“. ื”ืื“ื ืจื•ืื” โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžื•โ€™ ืจืง ื‘ืื•ืชื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืฉื”ื•ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืขืฆืžื• ืœื—ืœืง ืžืžื ื” ื•ืจื•ืื” ื‘ืื™ืฉื™ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื• ืžืื™ื–ื” ืฆื“; ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืŸ ืื“ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืœืžืื•ืžื” ื”ืกื›ืžืช ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืจื•ื—ื ื–ืจื” ืœื• ืœื’ืžืจื™, ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืฉื•ื ื™ื—ืก ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื‘ื™ื ื• ื•ื‘ื™ื ื. ื›ื›ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ึนืจืชื•ึนื“ื•ึนื›ึผืกื™ื ื•ื”ืžืฉื‚ื›ื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืฉื‚ืžื™ื ืœื‘ ื›ืœืœ ืืœื• ืœื”ืกื›ืžืชื ืฉืœ ืืœื•, ืืฃ ื‘ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืื™ื ื ื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ืœืืžื•ื ื” ื•ื“ืช, ื•ืฉื‚ื—ืงื ื•ืœืขื’ื ืฉืœ ืืœื• ืขืœ ืืœื• ืื™ื ื• ืขื•ืฉื‚ื” ืฉื•ื ืจื•ืฉื ื‘ืœื‘ื ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ื”ื, ืœืคื™ ืฉื›ึผืœ ืื—ืช ืžืฉืชื™ ื”ื›ึผืชึผื•ืช ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื” ื›ืืœื• ืื™ื ื”. ื•ืื•ืœื ื›ืฉืชื ืื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืžื›ืจื™ื—ื™ื ืืช ื‘ื ื™ ื”ื›ืชื•ืช ื”ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืฉื‚ื ื•ืžืชืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ื™ ื–ื” ืขื ื–ื” ื•ื”ื ืžืชืจื’ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ื–ื” ื‘ื–ื” ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœ ืืช ื”ืื“ื, โ€“ ืื– ื™ืชืจื—ื‘ โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžืโ€™ ื•ื”ืฉืงืคื•ืชื™ื”ื ืกื•ื‘ืœื•ืช ืฉื ื•ื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ืกื›ืžืช โ€˜ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ื‘ืžื•ื‘ื ื• ื”ื—ื“ืฉ.\n\n\n\nืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื‘ื“ื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืขื‘ืจื•, ื›ืฉื”ื™ื• ืื‘ื•ืชื™ื ื• ืžืืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืคืฉื˜ื• ืฉืœ โ€˜ืืชื” ื‘ื—ืจืชื ื•โ€™, ืœื ื”ื™ืชื” ื”ื—ืจืคึผื” ืฉื—ืจืคื•ื ื”ืื•ืžื•ืช ืคื•ืขืœืช ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ื˜ื•ื”ืจ ื ืคืฉื ืคื ื™ืžื”. ื”ื ื™ื“ืขื• ืืช ืขืจื›ื ื•ืœื ื”ืชืคืขืœื• ืขื“ ืžื” ืžืŸ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ืืฉืจ ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื”ื, ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื—ื‘ืจืช โ€˜ื”ืžืกื›ื™ืžื™ืโ€™ ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื”ื ืœืžื™ืŸ ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจื™ื•ืช ื–ืจื•ืช ืœื”ื ื•ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืžื”ื ืฉื ื•ื™ ืขืฆืžื™, ื‘ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื™ื—ืก ื•ื›ืœ ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื ื ื•ื‘ื™ื ืŸ. ืื– ื”ื™ื” ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืข ื‘ืžื ื•ื—ืช ืœื‘ ื›ืœ ื”ืžื’ืจืขื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ื˜ืื™ื ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื™ื ืฉื˜ืคืœื” ืขืœื™ื• ื”ืกื›ืžืช ื”ืขืžื™ื, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ื ืคืฉื• ืฉื•ื ื‘ื•ืฉื” ืื• ืฉืคืœื•ึผืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช. ื›ื™ ืžื” ืœื• ื•ืœืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช โ€˜ื”ื ื›ืจื™ืโ€™ ืขืœื™ื• ื•ืขืœ ืขืจื›ึผื•ึน? ืœื•ึผ ืจืง ื™ืชื ื• ืœื• ืœื™ืฉื‘ ื‘ืฉืœื•ื”! โ€“ ืื‘ืœ ื‘ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ืŸ, ืขืชื” โ€˜ืขื•ืœืžื ื•โ€™ ื ืชืจื—ื‘ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ื•ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ืื™ืจื•ืคึผื™ืช ืคื•ืขืœืช ืขืœื™ื ื• ื‘ื—ื–ืงื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืขื ืคื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื•ืœืคื™ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืขื•ื“ ืืช โ€˜ื”ื›ืœโ€™ ืžืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ, ืœื›ืŸ ื ืชืคืขืœ ื‘ืขืœ ื›ืจื—ื ื• ืžืžื” ืฉโ€™ื”ื›ืœ\' ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืžืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ, ืกื•ืคืจ ืื—ื“ ืจื•ืกื™ ืฉืืœ ื‘ืืœื• ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืชืžื™ืžื•ึผืช: ืื—ืจ ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉื‚ื•ื ืื™ื ืืช ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื, ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืืžื•ืจ, ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื? โ€“ ื•ืฉืืœื” ื›ื–ื• ืžืชื’ื ื‘ืช ืขืชื” ื’ื ืืœ ืœื‘ ืจื‘ื™ื ืžืื—ื™ื ื•: ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืืžื•ืจ, ืฉื›ืœ ืื•ืชืŸ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืฉื—ืชื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื ื”ืจืขื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžื™ื—ืก ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืืœื โ€˜ื‘ื“ื•ืชืโ€™?\n\nื•ื”ืกืคืง ื”ื–ื”, ืžื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉื ืชืขื•ืจืจ, ืžื•ืฆื ืœื• ืžื—ื™ื” ื‘ื ืงืœ ื‘ืื•ืชื ื”ื”ื™ืงืฉื™ื ื”ืžื•ื˜ืขื™ื โ€˜ืžืŸ ื”ืคืจื˜ ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœโ€™ ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืžืื“ ืืฆืœ ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื. ื”ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ืขืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื ื•ืกืข ืื—ื“, ืฉื‘ื ืœืื—ืช ื”ืขืจื™ื ื•ื ื–ื“ืžืŸ ืœืื›ืกื ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื” ื‘ื” ืžืฉืจืช ื›ื‘ื“ึพืคื”, ื•ื›ืชื‘ ื‘ืคื ืงืกื•: ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืคืœื•ื ื™ืช ืžืฉืจืชื™ ื”ืื›ืกื ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ึพืคื”, โ€“ ื”ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื–ื” ืžืฆื™ื™ืจ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื•ึผืœ ื“ืจื›ื™ึพื”ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื• ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื. ื›ืœ ื”ื—ื–ื™ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื ืจืื™ื ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื“ื‘ืจ ืคืจื˜ื™ ืจื’ื™ืœ ื”ื”ืžื•ืŸ ืœื™ื—ืก ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ ืฉื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ืฉื‘ ืขืœื™ื• ืœืคื™ ืฉืžื• ื”ืชืžื™ื“ื™, ืžื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ, ื›ื™ โ€˜ืคืจื˜โ€™ ืื—ื“ ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ืฉื‘ ืขืœ โ€˜ื›ืœืœื™ืโ€™ ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื—ื“, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื•ึผืชืฃ ื‘ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ืื—ืช ืขื ืคืจื˜ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœ ืื—ื“ ื•ื‘ืชื›ื•ื ื” ืื—ืจืช ืขื ืคืจื˜ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœืœ ืื—ืจ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืฉื ื”ื ืงืจื ืขืœื™ื• ืžืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืจืง ืืช ื”ืชื™ื—ืกื•ืชื• ืœืื—ื“ ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžืฆื“ื“ื™ื•, ืœื ื‘ื›ื•ืœื. โ€“ ืขืœ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ื ืžืžื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฉืขืŸ, ื•ื’ื ืชืฉืขืŸ ื‘ืืžืช, ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ื‘ื™ื—ื•ืกื” ืืœื™ื ื•: ืคืœื•ื ื™ ื•ืคืœื•ื ื™ ื”ื ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืœืคื™ ืฉืžื ื•ืจืžืื™ื ืœืคื™ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืชื; ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื”, ืฉื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื ืœืคื™ ืชื›ื•ื ืชื ืจืžืื™ื. ื”ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืืžืชื™ ื™ืฉื™ื‘ ืืžื ื ืขืœ ื–ื”, ื›ื™ ืืฃ ืื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืืžืช ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื“ื•ืจื ื• ืจืžืื™ื, ืื™ืŸ ืžื–ื” ืขื•ื“ ืจืื™ื”, ืฉื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื ืจืžืื™ื, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืฉืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช ื”ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื ืžืฆืืช ื‘ื• ืžืฆื“ ื”ืชื™ื—ืกื•ืชื• ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™ ื•ืœื ืžืฆื“ ืื™ื–ื” ื›ืœืœ ืื—ืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ืกื•ื—ืจื™ืโ€™), ืฉื’ื ืืœื™ื• ืžืชื™ื—ืก ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืคืจื˜, ื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ืื—ืจื™ื ืืฉืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื ืขื ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™. ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืจืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื“ื•ึนืง ืชื—ืœื” ืื•ืชื โ€˜ื”ืื—ืจื™ืโ€™ ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื. ื•ืจืง ืื—ืจ ืฉื ืžืฆื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื•, ืฉืื™ืŸ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช ืžืฆื•ื™ื” ื‘ืฉื•ื โ€˜ื›ืœืœโ€™ ืื—ืจ ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืฃ ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืœืื—ืจื™ื, โ€“ ืจืง ืื– ืชื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ืฆื“ืงื” ืœื—ืจื•ืฅ ืžืฉืคื˜, ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืึตื ื”ืจืžืื•ึผืช. โ€“ ืื‘ืœ, ื›ืืžื•ืจ, ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจื›ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ื‘ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ื›ื–ืืช ื’ื ืžื”ืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื™ ืขืžื ื•. ื”ื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ื—ืจื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช ื•ืจื•ืื™ื ืขื ื–ื”, ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืงืจื‘ึผื ื•ึผ ื›ืš ื”ื ื‘ืืžืช ื›ืžื• ืฉืื•ืžืจืช ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”, ื•ื‘ื–ื” ื“ื™ ืœื”ื, ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ืกื›ื™ื ื’ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื. ื•ื›ื›ื” ืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช โ€˜ืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™ ื›ืžื˜ื‘ืข ื›ืฉืจื” ืžื™ื“ ืœื™ื“, ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืžื™ื ืืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืขืžื ื•, ืจืง ืขื ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื”ื–ื”, ืฉื”ืขืžื™ื ืžื•ื ื™ื ืืช ืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืชื™ื ื• ื”ืจืขื•ืช ืื—ืช ืœืื—ืช ื‘ืงื•ืœ ืขื ื•ึนืช ื’ื‘ื•ึผืจื” ื•ืœืขื’ ื”ืฉืื ื ื™ื, ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ื ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื”ื ืžืœื” ื‘ืžืœื” ื‘ืงื•ืœ ื“ืžืžื” ื“ืงื” ื•ื”ืฆื˜ื“ืงื•ืช ื—ืœื•ืฉื”; ื”ื ืžืžืฉื™ืœื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื›ืœื™ ื—ืจืก, ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืชืงื ื” ืืœื ืฉื‘ื™ืจื”, ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืžืฉื™ืœื™ื ืขืฆืžื ื• ืœื›ืœื™ ืžืชื›ืช, ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœื• ื‘ื”ื’ืขืœื” ื•ืœื‘ึผื•ึผืŸโ€ฆ\n\nื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื–ื”, ืื ื™ืืจื™ืš ื™ืžื™ื, ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื• ื ื–ืง ืžื•ืกืจื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ. ืื™ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžืกื•ื›ึผืŸ ืœื’ื•ื™ ื•ืœืื“ื ื›ื”ื•ื“ืื” ืขืœ ื—ื˜ืื™ื ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื•. ืžื™ ืฉื—ื˜ื ื‘ืืžืช, ื”ืจื™ ืฉืขืจื™ ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœื ื ื ืขืœื•, ื•ื‘ืจืฆื•ื ื• ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ื—ืœืืชื• ืžืขืœื™ื•. ืื‘ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ืื•ื”ื• ืœื—ืฉื•ึนื“ ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ืžื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื•, ืื™ืš ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื˜ื”ืจ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ืขืฆืžื•? ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ืžืืžื™ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืœื“ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื•: ื˜ื•ืœ ืงื•ืจื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ื ื™ืš, ื•ืžืฆื“ ืื—ืจ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื”ื•ื, ืฉืื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื˜ื•ืœ ืืช ื”ืงื•ืจื” ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื™ื ื™ื•, ืื—ืจ ืฉืื™ื ื” ื‘ืืžืช ืืœื ื‘ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ, ื•ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืื•ืชื ื”ืžื•ื ื•ืžึทื ื™ื ื”ื™ื“ื•ืขื™ื, ืฉืžืื™ื–ื• ืกื‘ึผื” ื‘ืื• ืœื™ื“ื™ ืืžื•ื ื”, ื›ื™ ืžืฉื‚ื ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ ืœื”ื ื‘ื—ื•ื˜ืžื ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืกื™ืจื•. ื•ืœื ืขื•ื“ ืืœื ืฉืœืคืขืžื™ื ืชื‘ื™ื ืืžื•ื ื” ื–ื• ืืช ื”ืื™ืฉ ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ ืœื”ืฉืชืชืฃ ื‘ืื•ืชื” ื”ืžื“ื” ื”ืžื’ื•ึผื ื” ืฉืœืคื™ ืืžื•ื ืชื• ื”ื™ื ืงื ื™ืŸ ื”ื›ืœืœ ื›ื•ืœื•, ืืขืคโ€œื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืขืฆืžื• ืžืฆื“ ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืชื• ืื™ื ื• ื ื•ื˜ื” ื›ืœืœ ืœื–ื”. ืื™ืŸ ืกืคืง, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ื™ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ื”ืขื ืฉื™ืฆืื• ืžืชื•ื›ื• ืื ืฉื™ื ื›ื”ืจืžื‘โ€ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื’ื ืขืชื” ื‘ืขืœื™ ื“ืขื” ืžื™ื•ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ืกื“ืจ ื•ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ, ื•ื”ื, ื‘ืงื—ืชื ื—ืœืง ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”ืฆื‘ึผื•ึผืจ, ื”ื™ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืชืช ื‘ื” ืืช ืจื•ื—ื ื•ืœืคืขื•ืœ ื’ื ืขืœ ื™ืชืจ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื. ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ื ืขืฉื‚ื”, ื•ื›ืœ ื’ื–ืจื” โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™, ืฉืฉื‚ื ืืช ื”ืกื“ืจื™ื ื”ื™ื ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืช, ื•ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ืกื›ืžื ื• ื’ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืœื”ืกื›ืžื” ื–ื• (ืืขืค"ื™ ืฉืขื•ื“ ืœื ื ืชื‘ืจืจ, ืื ื”ืชื›ื•ึผื ื” ื”ื–ืืช, ื”ืžืฆื•ื™ื” ื‘ืืžืช ื‘ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืขืžื ื•, ืžืชื™ื—ืกืช ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ืโ€™, ืื• ืื•ืœื™ โ€“ ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืœื‘ โ€“ ืืœ ื”ื›ืœืœ โ€˜ื—ื ื™ื›ื™ึพื”ื—ื“ืจโ€™). ื•ืขืœ ื›ืŸ ืชืจืคื™ื ื” ื™ื“ื™ ืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ื”ืกื“ืจ, ื‘ื”ืืžื™ื ื, ื›ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืขืฆื” ื•ืื™ืŸ ืชื‘ื•ื ื” ื ื’ื“ ืชื›ื•ึผื ืช ื”ืขื. ื•ืื ืคื˜ืจื™ื•ื˜ื™ื ื”ื, ื™ืขืงืจื• ื’ื ืžืœื‘ื ืืช ื”ืื”ื‘ื” ืœืกื“ืจื™ื, ื”ืžืชื ื’ื“ืช ืœืจื•ื— ืขืžื, ื•ื™ืขืฉื‚ื• ื’ื ื”ื ืืช ืžืขืฉื‚ื™ื”ื ื›ืจืื•ื™ ืœื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ืืžืชื™ื™ืโ€ฆ\n\n\n\nืฆืจื™ืš ืื™ืคื•ื ืœื‘ืงืฉ ืื™ื–ื” ืืžืฆืขื™, ืื™ืš ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื ื• ืžืชื—ืช ื”ืฉืคืขืช โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืชื›ื•ึผื ื•ืช ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ื•ืขืจื›ื• ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื–ื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ืขืฆืžื ื• ื•ืœื ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ืฉื‘ืืžืช ื’ืจื•ืขื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื›ืœ ื‘ื ื™ ื”ืื“ื ืชื—ืช ื”ืฉืžืฉ, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื ื‘ื•ื ืขื™"ื– ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ืื ื• ืขืชื” ืืœื ื‘ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ.\n\nื•ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ ื”ื–ื” ื ื•ืชื ืช ืœื ื• โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™ ืขืฆืžื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื. ื”ืขืœื™ืœื” ื”ื–ืืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ืจืขื•ืชื™ื” ืืฉืจ ื‘ื” ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื’ื ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื™ื“ื™ ืกืคืง, ืื ื‘ืืžืช โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ื›ืื™ืโ€™, ื‘ื”ื™ื•ืชื” ืžื™ื•ืกื“ืช ื›ื•ืœื” ืขืœ ืฉืงืจ ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืœื” ืžืฉืขืŸ ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื”ื™ืงืฉ ืžื•ื˜ืขื” โ€˜ืžืŸ ื”ืคืจื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืœืœโ€™. ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ืฉื ืชื—ื ืš ื‘ืชื•ืš ืขืžื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ื’ืžื•ืจ, ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ืฉื‚ืจืืœ ืืฃ ืคืจื˜ ืื—ื“ ื”ืื•ื›ืœ ื“ื ืื“ื ืœืฉื ืฉืžื™ื. ื•ืืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ืขื” ื”ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ื”ื–ืืช ืžืฉื’ื™ืืช โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืชโ€™, ื”ืžืชื—ื“ืฉืช ื‘ืœื‘ื ื• ืžื–ืžืŸ ืœื–ืžืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื, ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืื ื• ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื–ื›ืจื•ื ื ื•, ื•ื”ื™ื ืชืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื ื• ืœืขืงื•ืจ ืžืœื‘ื ื• ืืช ื”ื ื˜ื™ื” ืœื”ื›ึผื ืข ืžืคื ื™ ื”ืึทื‘ื˜ื•ึนืจื™ื˜ื˜ ืฉืœ โ€˜ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœืโ€™ ื’ื ื‘ื™ืชืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื. ื™ืืžืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืžื” ืฉื™ืืžืจ ืขืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืคื—ื™ืชื•ึผืช ืขืจื›ึผื ื•ึผ ื”ืžื•ืกืจื™, โ€“ ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื, ื›ื™ โ€˜ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื”โ€™ ื”ื–ืืช ื ืฉืขื ืช ืจืง ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื ื™, ื‘ืœื™ ื›ืœ ื™ืกื•ื“ ืžื“ืขื™ ืืžืชึผื™. ื›ื™ ืžื™ ื‘ื ื‘ืกื•ื“ ืขืžืงื™ ืจื•ื—ื ื• ื•ืจืื” ืืช โ€˜ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™โ€™ ื›ืžื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืฆื“ ืขืฆืžื•? ืžื™ ืฉืงืœ ื–ื” ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ื” ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื”ื“ื•ืžื™ื ืืœื• ืœืืœื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ืชืจ โ€˜ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืโ€™: ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ืกื•ื—ืจื™ื, ื ืจื“ืคื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ื ืจื“ืคื™ื, ืจืขื‘ื™ื ืœืขื•ืžืช ืจืขื‘ื™ื ื•ื›ื•\'. โ€“ ืžื™ ืฉืงืœ ื›ืœ ืืœื” ื‘ืžืื–ื ื™ ื”ื—ื›ืžื” ื”ืืžืชึผื™ืช ื•ืžืฆื ืืช ื”ื›ืฃ ืžึทื›ืจืขืช ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื?\n\nโ€˜ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืฉื›ึผืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื?โ€™\n\nืืคืฉืจ ื•ืืคืฉืจ, ื•ืขืœื™ืœืชึพื”ื“ื ืชื•ื›ื™ื—. ืคื” ื”ืจื™ ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื ื–ื›ืื™ื ื•ื˜ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื›ืžืœืื›ื™ ื”ืฉืจืช: ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ื•ื“ื! ื”ื™ืฉ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืคื›ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืžืืœื•? โ€“ ื•ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ื›ืŸโ€ฆ\n\n\n\nื”\' ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืจื "ื’\n\n\n\n\n\n\nื ื“ืคืก ื‘โ€˜ื”ืžืœื™ืฅโ€™ ื™โ€œื“ ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืจื โ€ื’. \xa0โ†ฉ\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nืืช ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืœืขื™ืœ ื”ืคื™ืงื• ืžืชื ื“ื‘ื™ ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืŸึพื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜.  ื”ื•ื ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื‘ืื”:https://benyehuda.org/read/10'
}

Data Fields

  • authors
  • genre
  • id
  • original_language
  • source_edition
  • text
  • title
  • translators
  • url

Data Splits

train
corpus 10078

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[More Information Needed]

Who are the source language producers?

Researchers.

Annotations

Annotation process

[More Information Needed]

Who are the annotators?

[More Information Needed]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Citation Information

@article{,
  author = {},
  title = {Public domain texts from Project Ben-Yehuda},
  journal = {},
  url = {https://github.com/projectbenyehuda/public_domain_dump},
  year = {2020},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @imvladikon for adding this dataset.

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