# Datasets:gooaq

Languages: en
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 1M<n<10M
Language Creators: machine-generated
Annotations Creators: expert-generated
Source Datasets: original
Dataset Preview
2
0800 da natura do brasil?
1 (720) 408-2293
2 (knowledge)
8
0800 da unilever do brasil?
1 (800) 298-5018
2 (knowledge)
11
0800 da xerox do brasil?
1 (800) 835-6100
2 (knowledge)
92
0800 do cartao american express?
1 (800) 528-4800
2 (knowledge)
138
0800 do sac da chevrolet?
1 (800) 222-1020
2 (knowledge)
143
0800 do sac da electrolux?
1 (877) 435-3287
2 (knowledge)
144
0800 do sac da ford?
1 (800) 392-3673
2 (knowledge)
146
0800 do sac da honda?
1 (800) 999-1009
2 (knowledge)
151
0800 do sac da microsoft?
1 (800) 642-7676
2 (knowledge)
154
0800 do sac da natura?
1 (720) 408-2293
2 (knowledge)
155
0800 do sac da netflix?
1 (866) 579-7172
2 (knowledge)
156
0800 do sac da nike?
1 (800) 806-6453
2 (knowledge)
160
0800 do sac da renault?
1 (888) 532-1221
2 (knowledge)
164
0800 do sac da toyota?
1 (800) 331-4331
2 (knowledge)
165
0800 do sac da tramontina?
1 (800) 221-7809
2 (knowledge)
182
0800 mastercard banco do brasil?
1 (800) 307-7309
2 (knowledge)
196
0800 visa banco do brasil?
1 (800) 847-2911
2 (knowledge)
198
09 am est to ist?
6:30 PM Wednesday, Indian Standard Time (IST)
4 (time_conv)
199
0w 20 what does it mean?
In fact, it stands for Winter. In the case of synthetic 0W-20 oil, this means that it flows as easily as a 0 Weight oil in Winter temperatures, but is as thick and viscous as a 20 Weight oil once normal engine temperature has been reached.
0 (feat_snip)
200
1 000 calories is how many pounds?
Because 3,500 calories equals about 1 pound (0.45 kilogram) of fat, it's estimated that you need to burn about 3,500 calories to lose 1 pound. So, in general, if you cut about 500 to 1,000 calories a day from your typical diet, you'd lose about 1 to 2 pounds a week. It sounds simple.
0 (feat_snip)
201
1 000 characters is how many words?
A thousand characters should be ≈140 - 150 words, or 143 words precisely.
0 (feat_snip)
202
1 000 days is how many years?
2.73973 Calendar year
3 (unit_conv)
203
1 000 feet is how many miles?
0.189394 Mile
3 (unit_conv)
204
1 000 grams is how many kilograms?
1 Kilogram
3 (unit_conv)
205
1 000 hours is how many days?
41.6667 Day
3 (unit_conv)
206
1 000 iu equals how many mg?
From IU to mg: IU * 0.67 = mg.
0 (feat_snip)
207
1 000 kilograms equals how many pounds?
2204.62 Pound
3 (unit_conv)
208
1 000 l is how many kl?
1 Kiloliter
3 (unit_conv)
210
1 000 mcg equals how many ml?
micrograms to milliliters Weight of 1 milliliter (ml) of pure water at temperature 4 °C = 1000 microgram (mcg or µg) = 1 cubic centimeter (cc, cm3) = 0.0338140227 US fluid ounces (fl. oz) = 0.001 L (Liter, the official SI unit of volume).
0 (feat_snip)
211
1 000 mcg is how many mg?
1 Milligram
3 (unit_conv)
212
1 000 meters equals how many kilometers?
1 Kilometer
3 (unit_conv)
213
1 000 mg equals how many grams?
1 Gram
3 (unit_conv)
215
1 000 mg is how many grams?
1 Gram
3 (unit_conv)
216
1 000 mg is how many iu?
From mg to IU: mg * 1.5 = IU see less In the metric system, 1000 milligrams (mg) is a unit of mass equal to 1 gram and 1000 micrograms (mcg) is equal to 1 milligram (mg).
0 (feat_snip)
219
1 000 ml equals how many liters?
1 Liter
3 (unit_conv)
220
1 000 ml equals how many ounces?
33.81 ounces
1000 ml equals 33.81 ounces, or there are 33.81 ounces in 1000 milliliters.
0 (feat_snip)
221
1 000 ml is how many cups?
4.22675 US cup
3 (unit_conv)
222
1 000 pennies is how many dollars?
So 1000 “pennies” is 10 dollars.
0 (feat_snip)
225
1 000 steps is how many calories?
Your calories per step will depend on your weight and height. A typical 160-pound person of average height will burn about 40 calories per 1,000 steps. This is the equivalent of 0.04 calories per step.
0 (feat_snip)
226
1 000 steps is how many miles?
An average person has a stride length of approximately 2.1 to 2.5 feet. That means that it takes over 2,000 steps to walk one mile and 10,000 steps would be almost 5 miles. A sedentary person may only average 1,000 to 3,000 steps a day.
0 (feat_snip)
228
1 000 yards is how many miles?
0.568182 Mile
3 (unit_conv)
230
1 1 2 3 5 8 what is the pattern?
Fibonacci Sequence. The Fibonacci Sequence is the series of numbers: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, ...
0 (feat_snip)
231
1 1 2 3 5 8 what is the rule?
The order goes as follows: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 and on to infinity. Each number is the sum of the previous two. This series of numbers is known as the Fibonacci numbers or the Fibonacci sequence.
0 (feat_snip)
233
1 1 2 cup egg beaters equals how many eggs?
One egg equals 1/4 cup egg substitute. You can almost always replace substitute with real eggs, but the reverse is not necessarily true. Some egg substitutes are egg whites with added ingredients for color or texture.
0 (feat_snip)
235
1 1 2 cup how many ounces?
4
How many fluid ounces in 1/2 cup? There are 4 fluid oz in 1/2 cup.
0 (feat_snip)
236
1 1 2 cup how many tablespoons?
8 tablespoons
0 (feat_snip)
237
1 1 2 cup is how many ounces?
4 ounces
0 (feat_snip)
239
1 1 2 cups dried beans equals how much cooked?
A heaping 1/2 cup of dried beans = one 15-ounce can of beans. 1 1/2 cups of cooked beans, drained = one 15-ounce can of beans. 1 1/2 pounds dried beans = one #10 can of cooked beans (109 ounces)
0 (feat_snip)
240
1 1 2 cups dry pasta equals how much cooked pasta?
Elbow Macaroni Two ounces of dry pasta is equal to 1/2 cup dry, which boils up to be 1 1/2 cup cooked, or a heaped 1 cup.
0 (feat_snip)
241
1 1 2 cups equals how many fluid ounces?
Cups to Fluid Ounces Conversion 1 Cup is equal to 8 fluid ounces (oz). To convert cups to fluid ounces, multiply the cup value by 8. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 8, that makes 12 fluid ounces in a cup and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
242
1 1 2 cups equals how many sticks of butter?
A standard stick of butter measures 4 ounces, which is equivalent to 1/2 cup of butter. It takes two full sticks of butter to equal 1 cup. Using tablespoons as a unit of measurement, one stick of...
0 (feat_snip)
243
1 1 2 cups equals how many tablespoons?
3/8 cup = 6 tablespoons. 1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons. 2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons.
0 (feat_snip)
244
1 1 2 cups equals how many teaspoons?
Cups to Teaspoons Conversion There are 48 teaspoons in a cup. To convert cups to teaspoons, multiply the cup value by 48. For example, to find out how many teaspoons there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 48, that makes 72 teaspoons in a cup and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
245
1 1 2 cups grated cheese equals how many ounces?
When measuring semi-hard cheeses, such as cheddar, Swiss or mozzarella, by weight, it is generally accepted that 4 ounces yields 1 cup shredded cheese, or in answer your question, yes, 8 ounce of shredded cheese will fit into a 2-cup volume measuring cup.
0 (feat_snip)
246
1 1 2 cups how many ounces?
Cups to Fluid Ounces Conversion For example, to find out how many fluid ounces there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 8, that makes 12 fluid ounces in a cup and a half. How many fluid ounces in 1/2 cup? There are 4 fluid oz in 1/2 cup.
0 (feat_snip)
247
1 1 2 cups is equal to how many tablespoons?
1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons. 2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons. 1 cup = 16 tablespoons.
0 (feat_snip)
249
1 1 2 cups lemon juice how many lemons?
How many lemons for 1/2 cup juice (and more): You need 4 medium lemons or 3 large lemons to get 1/2 cup of juice (4 ounces). You need 3 medium lemons or 2 large lemons to get 1/3 cup of juice (2.66 ounces).
0 (feat_snip)
251
1 1 2 gallons how many quarts?
Gallons to Quarts Conversion There are 4 quarts in a gallon. To convert gallons to quarts, multiply the gallon value by 4. For example, to find out how many quarts there are in a gallon and a half, multiply 1.5 by 4, that makes 6 quarts in a gallon and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
252
1 1 2 how many tenths?
Therefore there are 15 tenths in 1 1/2.
0 (feat_snip)
255
1 1 2 lbs equals how many ounces?
Pounds to Ounces conversion 1 pound (lb) is equal to 16 Ounces (oz).
0 (feat_snip)
256
1 1 2 lbs is how many ounces?
Pounds to Ounces conversion 1 pound (lb) is equal to 16 Ounces (oz).
0 (feat_snip)
258
1 1 2 lbs of potatoes how many?
Generally, three medium russet potatoes or eight to 10 small new white potatoes equal one pound. One pound of russet potatoes equals approximately 3-1/2 cups chopped or 2 to 3 cups mashed.
0 (feat_snip)
259
1 1 2 lbs of powdered sugar is how many cups?
The answer to how many cups are in one pound of powdered sugar will vary depending on if your powdered sugar is sifted or unsifted. In general: 1 pound = 3 1/2 to 4 cups unsifted powdered sugar. 1 pound = 4 1/2 cups sifted powered sugar.
0 (feat_snip)
261
1 1 2 ounces equals how many tablespoons?
1 US Fluid Ounce = 2 US Tablespoons 1 US fluid ounce is equal to 2 tablespoons and 1 Imperial fluid ounce is equal to 1.6 imperial tablespoons.
0 (feat_snip)
263
1 1 2 oz equals how many tablespoons?
1 US Fluid Ounce = 2 US Tablespoons 1 US fluid ounce is equal to 2 tablespoons and 1 Imperial fluid ounce is equal to 1.6 imperial tablespoons.
0 (feat_snip)
265
1 1 2 pints is how many ounces?
Pints to Fluid Ounces Conversion For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a pint and a half, multiply 1.5 by 16, that makes 24 fluid ounces in a pint and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
266
1 1 2 pounds of apples how many apples?
As a general rule, 1 pound of apples is equal to: 3 medium apples. 2 large apples. 3 cups diced.
0 (feat_snip)
267
1 1 2 pounds of confectioners sugar is how many cups?
1 pound = 3 1/2 to 4 cups unsifted powdered sugar. 1 pound = 4 1/2 cups sifted powered sugar.
0 (feat_snip)
269
1 1 2 qt equals how many cups?
Quarts to Cups Conversion For example, to find out how many cups in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 4, that makes 6 cups in a quart and a half. What is a Quart? Quart is an imperial and United States Customary systems volume unit. 1 Quart is equal to 4 cups.
0 (feat_snip)
270
1 1 2 qt is how many ounces?
Quarts to Fluid Ounces Conversion To convert quarts to fluid ounces, multiply the quart value by 32. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 32, that makes 48 fluid ounces in a quart and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
271
1 1 2 quarts is how many ounces?
Quarts to Fluid Ounces Conversion To convert quarts to fluid ounces, multiply the quart value by 32. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 32, that makes 48 fluid ounces in a quart and a half.
0 (feat_snip)
273
1 1 2 tablespoons is how many cups?
Tablespoon and cup conversions 1/16 cup = 1 tablespoon. 1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons. 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons.
0 (feat_snip)
274
1 1 2 tablespoons is how many teaspoons?
Kitchen Fact: 1 tablespoon equals exactly 3 teaspoons If you're scaling a recipe up or down, going from tablespoons to teaspoons isn't as straightforward as say, scaling from cups.
0 (feat_snip)
275
1 1 2 teaspoon equals how many tablespoons?
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0 (feat_snip)
277
1 1 2 teaspoons how many tablespoons?
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0 (feat_snip)
279
1 1 2 tsp equals how many tablespoons?
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0 (feat_snip)
282
1 1 2 tsp is how many tablespoons?
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0 (feat_snip)
286
1 1 4 cup equals how many ounces?
2
How many fluid ounces in 1/4 cup? There are 2 fluid oz in 1/4 cup.
0 (feat_snip)
287
1 1 4 cup how many ounces?
2
0 (feat_snip)
289
1 1 4 cup is how many tablespoons?
4 tablespoons
Tablespoon and cup conversions 1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons. 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons. 1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon.
0 (feat_snip)
291
1 1 4 quarts how many cups?
4 Cups
1 Quart = 4 Cups 1 Quart is equal to 4 cups. The symbol is "qt".
0 (feat_snip)
292
1 1 4 quarts how many ounces?
32
Easy qts to fl oz conversion. A U.S. quart is equal to 32 U.S. fluid ounces, 1/4th of a gallon, or 2 pints. It should not be confused with the Imperial quart, which is about 20% larger.
0 (feat_snip)
293
1 1 8 yard is how many inches?
412 inches
There are 412 inches in 18 yard.
0 (feat_snip)
294
1 1 how many elements?
three elements
There are three elements . They are 1,{1},{1,{1}}.
0 (feat_snip)
296
1 10 equals how many cm?
How much is 1/10″ in cm? 1/10 inches into cm: 1/10 inches are equal to 1/10 x 2.54 = 0.254 centimeters.
0 (feat_snip)
297
1 10 litre how many ml?
1000 Milliliters
1 Liter = 1000 Milliliters Liter (litre) is a metric system volume unit. 1 L = 1000 mL .
0 (feat_snip)
298
1 10 mile equals how many feet?
528 feet
Answer and Explanation: There are 528 feet in one-tenth of a mile.
0 (feat_snip)
299
1 10 of a mile equals how many feet?
528 feet
There are 528 feet in one-tenth of a mile.
0 (feat_snip)
300
1 10 of a mile equals how many yards?
Explanation: If 1 mile is 1760 yards, then 1 tenth of a mile is 1 divided by 10 which equals 0.1, if you multiply 0.1 by 1760 you get 176 which is the number of yards that are in 1 tenth of a mile.
0 (feat_snip)
302
1 10 of a mile is how many yards?
Explanation: If 1 mile is 1760 yards, then 1 tenth of a mile is 1 divided by 10 which equals 0.1, if you multiply 0.1 by 1760 you get 176 which is the number of yards that are in 1 tenth of a mile.
0 (feat_snip)
304
1 10 oz gold equals how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick. 0 (feat_snip) 305 1 10 oz gold is how many grams? 3.393 grams 1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of$10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0 (feat_snip)
306
1 10 oz how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick. 0 (feat_snip) 307 1 10 oz is how many grams? 3.393 grams 1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of$10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0 (feat_snip)
311
1 12 oz can to ml?
354.82 milliliters
A 12 fluid ounce soda can contains 354.82 milliliters.
0 (feat_snip)
314
1 14 ounce can in ml?
414.04 ml
14 oz is equal to 414.04 ml, or there are 414.04 milliliters in 14 ounces.
0 (feat_snip)
315
1 14 ounce can sweetened condensed milk substitute?
Use cream of coconut as a one-to-one substitute for sweetened condensed milk. Keep in mind that it will add a strong coconut flavor that may or may not be appropriate depending on the recipe. It should work just fine for cake fillings and pies.
0 (feat_snip)
321
1 14 oz can in ml?
14 oz is equal to 414.04 ml, or there are 414.04 milliliters in 14 ounces.
0 (feat_snip)
328
1 15 ounce can chickpeas?
Can sizes are fairly standard and about 400g/15 ounces which yields 250g (1 1/2 cups) of beans once drained. Chickpeas roughly double their weight once cooked. So to get 250g cooked chickpeas you need to cook 125g (3/4 cup) dried chickpeas.
0 (feat_snip)
333
1 15 oz can chickpeas?
Can sizes are fairly standard and about 400g/15 ounces which yields 250g (1 1/2 cups) of beans once drained. Chickpeas roughly double their weight once cooked. So to get 250g cooked chickpeas you need to cook 125g (3/4 cup) dried chickpeas.
0 (feat_snip)
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

# Dataset Card for GooAQ

### Dataset Summary

GooAQ is a large-scale dataset with a variety of answer types. This dataset contains over 5 million questions and 3 million answers collected from Google. GooAQ questions are collected semi-automatically from the Google search engine using its autocomplete feature. This results in naturalistic questions of practical interest that are nonetheless short and expressed using simple language. GooAQ answers are mined from Google's responses to our collected questions, specifically from the answer boxes in the search results. This yields a rich space of answer types, containing both textual answers (short and long) as well as more structured ones such as collections.

### Languages

The dataset contains samples in English only.

## Dataset Structure

### Data Instances

Each row of the data file should look like this:

{
"id": 3339543,
"question": "what is the difference between collagen and whey protein?",
"answer": "The main differences between the amino acid profiles of whey and collagen are that whey contains all 9 essential amino acids, while collagen only has 8. ... Collagen is a fibrous protein found in the skin, cartilage, and bones of animals whereas whey comes from milk.",
}


where the questions question are collected via Google auto-complete. The answers responses (short_answer and answer) were collected from Google's answer boxes. The answer types (answer_type) are inferred based on the html content of Google's response. Here is the dominant types in the current dataset:

• feat_snip: explanatory responses; the majoriy the question/responses are of this type.
• collection: list responses (e.g., steps to accomplish something).
• knowledge: typically short responses for knowledge seeking questions.
• unit_conv: questions about converting units.
• time_conv: questions about converting times.
• curr_conv: questions about converting currencies.

Dataset instances which are not part of dominant types are marked with -1 label.

### Data Fields

• id: an int feature.
• question: a string feature.
• short_answer: a string feature (could be None as well in some cases).
• answer: a string feature (could be None as well in some cases).
• answer_type: a string feature.

### Data Splits

Number of samples in train/validation/test set are given below:

Split Number of samples
Train 3112679
Validation 2500
Test 2500

## Dataset Creation

### Curation Rationale

While day-to-day questions come with a variety of answer types, the current question-answering (QA) literature has failed to adequately address the answer diversity of questions. Many of the everyday questions that humans deal with and pose to search engines have a more diverse set of responses. Their answer can be a multi-sentence description (a snippet) (e.g., ‘what is’ or ‘can you’ questions), a collection of items such as ingredients (‘what are’, ‘things to’) or of steps towards a goal such as unlocking a phone (‘how to’), etc. Even when the answer is short, it can have richer types, e.g., unit conversion, time zone conversion, or various kinds of knowledge look-up (‘how much’, ‘when is’, etc.). Such answer type diversity is not represented in any existing dataset.

### Source Data

#### Initial Data Collection and Normalization

Construction this dataset involved two main steps, extracting questions from search auto-complete and extracting answers from answer boxes.

1. Query Extraction: To extract a rich yet natural set of questions they used Google auto-completion. They start with a seed set of question terms (e.g., “who”, “where”, etc.). They bootstrap based on this set, by repeatedly querying prefixes of previously extracted questions, in order to discover longer and richer sets of questions. Such questions extracted from the autocomplete algorithm are highly reflective of popular questions posed by users of Google. They filter out any questions shorter than 5 tokens as they are often in-complete questions. This process yields over ∼5M questions, which were collected over a span of 6 months. The average length of the questions is about 8 tokens.

They first scrape the search results for all questions. This is the main extraction bottleneck, which was done over a span of 2 months. Subsequently, they extract answer strings from the HTML content of the search results. Answer types are also inferred at this stage, based on the HTML tags around the answer.

### Annotations

#### Annotation process

Answered in above section.

#### Who are the annotators?

Since their task is focused on English, they required workers to be based in a country with a population predominantly of native English speakers (e.g., USA, Canada, UK, and Australia) and have completed at least 5000 HITs with ≥ 99% assignment approval rate. Additionally, they have a qualification test with half-a-dozen questions all of which need to be answered correctly by the annotators.

## Considerations for Using the Data

### Discussion of Biases

To prevent biased judgements, they also ask the annotators to avoid using Google search (which is what they used when mined GOOAQ) when annotating the quality of shown instances.

### Dataset Curators

List the people involved in collecting the dataset and their affiliation(s). If funding information is known, include it here.

### Licensing Information

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.

### Citation Information

@article{gooaq2021,
title={GooAQ: Open Question Answering with Diverse Answer Types},
author={Khashabi, Daniel and Ng, Amos and Khot, Tushar and Sabharwal, Ashish and Hajishirzi, Hannaneh and Callison-Burch, Chris},
journal={arXiv preprint},
year={2021}
}


### Contributions

Thanks to @bhavitvyamalik for adding this dataset.