id
int32
2
8.87M
question
stringlengths
16
101
short_answer
stringlengths
0
100
answer
stringlengths
0
430
answer_type
class label
5 classes
2
0800 da natura do brasil?
1 (720) 408-2293
null
2knowledge
8
0800 da unilever do brasil?
1 (800) 298-5018
null
2knowledge
11
0800 da xerox do brasil?
1 (800) 835-6100
null
2knowledge
92
0800 do cartao american express?
1 (800) 528-4800
null
2knowledge
138
0800 do sac da chevrolet?
1 (800) 222-1020
null
2knowledge
143
0800 do sac da electrolux?
1 (877) 435-3287
null
2knowledge
144
0800 do sac da ford?
1 (800) 392-3673
null
2knowledge
146
0800 do sac da honda?
1 (800) 999-1009
null
2knowledge
151
0800 do sac da microsoft?
1 (800) 642-7676
null
2knowledge
154
0800 do sac da natura?
1 (720) 408-2293
null
2knowledge
155
0800 do sac da netflix?
1 (866) 579-7172
null
2knowledge
156
0800 do sac da nike?
1 (800) 806-6453
null
2knowledge
160
0800 do sac da renault?
1 (888) 532-1221
null
2knowledge
164
0800 do sac da toyota?
1 (800) 331-4331
null
2knowledge
165
0800 do sac da tramontina?
1 (800) 221-7809
null
2knowledge
182
0800 mastercard banco do brasil?
1 (800) 307-7309
null
2knowledge
196
0800 visa banco do brasil?
1 (800) 847-2911
null
2knowledge
198
09 am est to ist?
6:30 PM Wednesday, Indian Standard Time (IST)
null
4time_conv
199
0w 20 what does it mean?
null
In fact, it stands for Winter. In the case of synthetic 0W-20 oil, this means that it flows as easily as a 0 Weight oil in Winter temperatures, but is as thick and viscous as a 20 Weight oil once normal engine temperature has been reached.
0feat_snip
200
1 000 calories is how many pounds?
null
Because 3,500 calories equals about 1 pound (0.45 kilogram) of fat, it's estimated that you need to burn about 3,500 calories to lose 1 pound. So, in general, if you cut about 500 to 1,000 calories a day from your typical diet, you'd lose about 1 to 2 pounds a week. It sounds simple.
0feat_snip
201
1 000 characters is how many words?
null
A thousand characters should be ≈140 - 150 words, or 143 words precisely.
0feat_snip
202
1 000 days is how many years?
2.73973 Calendar year
null
3unit_conv
203
1 000 feet is how many miles?
0.189394 Mile
null
3unit_conv
204
1 000 grams is how many kilograms?
1 Kilogram
null
3unit_conv
205
1 000 hours is how many days?
41.6667 Day
null
3unit_conv
206
1 000 iu equals how many mg?
null
From IU to mg: IU * 0.67 = mg.
0feat_snip
207
1 000 kilograms equals how many pounds?
2204.62 Pound
null
3unit_conv
208
1 000 l is how many kl?
1 Kiloliter
null
3unit_conv
210
1 000 mcg equals how many ml?
null
micrograms to milliliters Weight of 1 milliliter (ml) of pure water at temperature 4 °C = 1000 microgram (mcg or µg) = 1 cubic centimeter (cc, cm3) = 0.0338140227 US fluid ounces (fl. oz) = 0.001 L (Liter, the official SI unit of volume).
0feat_snip
211
1 000 mcg is how many mg?
1 Milligram
null
3unit_conv
212
1 000 meters equals how many kilometers?
1 Kilometer
null
3unit_conv
213
1 000 mg equals how many grams?
1 Gram
null
3unit_conv
215
1 000 mg is how many grams?
1 Gram
null
3unit_conv
216
1 000 mg is how many iu?
null
From mg to IU: mg * 1.5 = IU see less In the metric system, 1000 milligrams (mg) is a unit of mass equal to 1 gram and 1000 micrograms (mcg) is equal to 1 milligram (mg).
0feat_snip
219
1 000 ml equals how many liters?
1 Liter
null
3unit_conv
220
1 000 ml equals how many ounces?
33.81 ounces
1000 ml equals 33.81 ounces, or there are 33.81 ounces in 1000 milliliters.
0feat_snip
221
1 000 ml is how many cups?
4.22675 US cup
null
3unit_conv
222
1 000 pennies is how many dollars?
null
So 1000 “pennies” is 10 dollars.
0feat_snip
225
1 000 steps is how many calories?
null
Your calories per step will depend on your weight and height. A typical 160-pound person of average height will burn about 40 calories per 1,000 steps. This is the equivalent of 0.04 calories per step.
0feat_snip
226
1 000 steps is how many miles?
null
An average person has a stride length of approximately 2.1 to 2.5 feet. That means that it takes over 2,000 steps to walk one mile and 10,000 steps would be almost 5 miles. A sedentary person may only average 1,000 to 3,000 steps a day.
0feat_snip
228
1 000 yards is how many miles?
0.568182 Mile
null
3unit_conv
230
1 1 2 3 5 8 what is the pattern?
null
Fibonacci Sequence. The Fibonacci Sequence is the series of numbers: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, ...
0feat_snip
231
1 1 2 3 5 8 what is the rule?
null
The order goes as follows: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 and on to infinity. Each number is the sum of the previous two. This series of numbers is known as the Fibonacci numbers or the Fibonacci sequence.
0feat_snip
233
1 1 2 cup egg beaters equals how many eggs?
null
One egg equals 1/4 cup egg substitute. You can almost always replace substitute with real eggs, but the reverse is not necessarily true. Some egg substitutes are egg whites with added ingredients for color or texture.
0feat_snip
235
1 1 2 cup how many ounces?
4
How many fluid ounces in 1/2 cup? There are 4 fluid oz in 1/2 cup.
0feat_snip
236
1 1 2 cup how many tablespoons?
8 tablespoons
0feat_snip
237
1 1 2 cup is how many ounces?
4 ounces
0feat_snip
239
1 1 2 cups dried beans equals how much cooked?
null
A heaping 1/2 cup of dried beans = one 15-ounce can of beans. 1 1/2 cups of cooked beans, drained = one 15-ounce can of beans. 1 1/2 pounds dried beans = one #10 can of cooked beans (109 ounces)
0feat_snip
240
1 1 2 cups dry pasta equals how much cooked pasta?
null
Elbow Macaroni Two ounces of dry pasta is equal to 1/2 cup dry, which boils up to be 1 1/2 cup cooked, or a heaped 1 cup.
0feat_snip
241
1 1 2 cups equals how many fluid ounces?
null
Cups to Fluid Ounces Conversion 1 Cup is equal to 8 fluid ounces (oz). To convert cups to fluid ounces, multiply the cup value by 8. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 8, that makes 12 fluid ounces in a cup and a half.
0feat_snip
242
1 1 2 cups equals how many sticks of butter?
null
A standard stick of butter measures 4 ounces, which is equivalent to 1/2 cup of butter. It takes two full sticks of butter to equal 1 cup. Using tablespoons as a unit of measurement, one stick of...
0feat_snip
243
1 1 2 cups equals how many tablespoons?
null
3/8 cup = 6 tablespoons. 1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons. 2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons.
0feat_snip
244
1 1 2 cups equals how many teaspoons?
null
Cups to Teaspoons Conversion There are 48 teaspoons in a cup. To convert cups to teaspoons, multiply the cup value by 48. For example, to find out how many teaspoons there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 48, that makes 72 teaspoons in a cup and a half.
0feat_snip
245
1 1 2 cups grated cheese equals how many ounces?
null
When measuring semi-hard cheeses, such as cheddar, Swiss or mozzarella, by weight, it is generally accepted that 4 ounces yields 1 cup shredded cheese, or in answer your question, yes, 8 ounce of shredded cheese will fit into a 2-cup volume measuring cup.
0feat_snip
246
1 1 2 cups how many ounces?
null
Cups to Fluid Ounces Conversion For example, to find out how many fluid ounces there are in a cup and a half, multiply 1.5 by 8, that makes 12 fluid ounces in a cup and a half. How many fluid ounces in 1/2 cup? There are 4 fluid oz in 1/2 cup.
0feat_snip
247
1 1 2 cups is equal to how many tablespoons?
null
1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons. 2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons. 1 cup = 16 tablespoons.
0feat_snip
249
1 1 2 cups lemon juice how many lemons?
null
How many lemons for 1/2 cup juice (and more): You need 4 medium lemons or 3 large lemons to get 1/2 cup of juice (4 ounces). You need 3 medium lemons or 2 large lemons to get 1/3 cup of juice (2.66 ounces).
0feat_snip
251
1 1 2 gallons how many quarts?
null
Gallons to Quarts Conversion There are 4 quarts in a gallon. To convert gallons to quarts, multiply the gallon value by 4. For example, to find out how many quarts there are in a gallon and a half, multiply 1.5 by 4, that makes 6 quarts in a gallon and a half.
0feat_snip
252
1 1 2 how many tenths?
null
Therefore there are 15 tenths in 1 1/2.
0feat_snip
255
1 1 2 lbs equals how many ounces?
null
Pounds to Ounces conversion 1 pound (lb) is equal to 16 Ounces (oz).
0feat_snip
256
1 1 2 lbs is how many ounces?
null
Pounds to Ounces conversion 1 pound (lb) is equal to 16 Ounces (oz).
0feat_snip
258
1 1 2 lbs of potatoes how many?
null
Generally, three medium russet potatoes or eight to 10 small new white potatoes equal one pound. One pound of russet potatoes equals approximately 3-1/2 cups chopped or 2 to 3 cups mashed.
0feat_snip
259
1 1 2 lbs of powdered sugar is how many cups?
null
The answer to how many cups are in one pound of powdered sugar will vary depending on if your powdered sugar is sifted or unsifted. In general: 1 pound = 3 1/2 to 4 cups unsifted powdered sugar. 1 pound = 4 1/2 cups sifted powered sugar.
0feat_snip
261
1 1 2 ounces equals how many tablespoons?
null
1 US Fluid Ounce = 2 US Tablespoons 1 US fluid ounce is equal to 2 tablespoons and 1 Imperial fluid ounce is equal to 1.6 imperial tablespoons.
0feat_snip
263
1 1 2 oz equals how many tablespoons?
null
1 US Fluid Ounce = 2 US Tablespoons 1 US fluid ounce is equal to 2 tablespoons and 1 Imperial fluid ounce is equal to 1.6 imperial tablespoons.
0feat_snip
265
1 1 2 pints is how many ounces?
null
Pints to Fluid Ounces Conversion For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a pint and a half, multiply 1.5 by 16, that makes 24 fluid ounces in a pint and a half.
0feat_snip
266
1 1 2 pounds of apples how many apples?
null
As a general rule, 1 pound of apples is equal to: 3 medium apples. 2 large apples. 3 cups diced.
0feat_snip
267
1 1 2 pounds of confectioners sugar is how many cups?
null
1 pound = 3 1/2 to 4 cups unsifted powdered sugar. 1 pound = 4 1/2 cups sifted powered sugar.
0feat_snip
269
1 1 2 qt equals how many cups?
null
Quarts to Cups Conversion For example, to find out how many cups in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 4, that makes 6 cups in a quart and a half. What is a Quart? Quart is an imperial and United States Customary systems volume unit. 1 Quart is equal to 4 cups.
0feat_snip
270
1 1 2 qt is how many ounces?
null
Quarts to Fluid Ounces Conversion To convert quarts to fluid ounces, multiply the quart value by 32. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 32, that makes 48 fluid ounces in a quart and a half.
0feat_snip
271
1 1 2 quarts is how many ounces?
null
Quarts to Fluid Ounces Conversion To convert quarts to fluid ounces, multiply the quart value by 32. For example, to find out how many fluid ounces in a quart and a half, multiply 1.5 by 32, that makes 48 fluid ounces in a quart and a half.
0feat_snip
273
1 1 2 tablespoons is how many cups?
null
Tablespoon and cup conversions 1/16 cup = 1 tablespoon. 1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons. 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons.
0feat_snip
274
1 1 2 tablespoons is how many teaspoons?
null
Kitchen Fact: 1 tablespoon equals exactly 3 teaspoons If you're scaling a recipe up or down, going from tablespoons to teaspoons isn't as straightforward as say, scaling from cups.
0feat_snip
275
1 1 2 teaspoon equals how many tablespoons?
null
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0feat_snip
277
1 1 2 teaspoons how many tablespoons?
null
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0feat_snip
279
1 1 2 tsp equals how many tablespoons?
null
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0feat_snip
282
1 1 2 tsp is how many tablespoons?
null
1 ½ teaspoons = ½ tablespoon. 2 ¼ teaspoons = ¾ tablespoon. 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon.
0feat_snip
286
1 1 4 cup equals how many ounces?
2
How many fluid ounces in 1/4 cup? There are 2 fluid oz in 1/4 cup.
0feat_snip
287
1 1 4 cup how many ounces?
2
0feat_snip
289
1 1 4 cup is how many tablespoons?
4 tablespoons
Tablespoon and cup conversions 1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons. 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons plus 2 teaspoons. 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons. 1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon.
0feat_snip
291
1 1 4 quarts how many cups?
4 Cups
1 Quart = 4 Cups 1 Quart is equal to 4 cups. The symbol is "qt".
0feat_snip
292
1 1 4 quarts how many ounces?
32
Easy qts to fl oz conversion. A U.S. quart is equal to 32 U.S. fluid ounces, 1/4th of a gallon, or 2 pints. It should not be confused with the Imperial quart, which is about 20% larger.
0feat_snip
293
1 1 8 yard is how many inches?
412 inches
There are 412 inches in 18 yard.
0feat_snip
294
1 1 how many elements?
three elements
There are three elements . They are 1,{1},{1,{1}}.
0feat_snip
296
1 10 equals how many cm?
null
How much is 1/10″ in cm? 1/10 inches into cm: 1/10 inches are equal to 1/10 x 2.54 = 0.254 centimeters.
0feat_snip
297
1 10 litre how many ml?
1000 Milliliters
1 Liter = 1000 Milliliters Liter (litre) is a metric system volume unit. 1 L = 1000 mL .
0feat_snip
298
1 10 mile equals how many feet?
528 feet
Answer and Explanation: There are 528 feet in one-tenth of a mile.
0feat_snip
299
1 10 of a mile equals how many feet?
528 feet
There are 528 feet in one-tenth of a mile.
0feat_snip
300
1 10 of a mile equals how many yards?
null
Explanation: If 1 mile is 1760 yards, then 1 tenth of a mile is 1 divided by 10 which equals 0.1, if you multiply 0.1 by 1760 you get 176 which is the number of yards that are in 1 tenth of a mile.
0feat_snip
302
1 10 of a mile is how many yards?
null
Explanation: If 1 mile is 1760 yards, then 1 tenth of a mile is 1 divided by 10 which equals 0.1, if you multiply 0.1 by 1760 you get 176 which is the number of yards that are in 1 tenth of a mile.
0feat_snip
304
1 10 oz gold equals how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0feat_snip
305
1 10 oz gold is how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0feat_snip
306
1 10 oz how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0feat_snip
307
1 10 oz is how many grams?
3.393 grams
1/10 Ounce Gold Eagles have a face value of $10.00 and contain 1/10 troy ounce of pure gold. Each coin weighs 0.1091 troy oz. or 3.393 grams, has a diameter of 16.5 millimeters and are 1.19 millimeters thick.
0feat_snip
311
1 12 oz can to ml?
354.82 milliliters
A 12 fluid ounce soda can contains 354.82 milliliters.
0feat_snip
314
1 14 ounce can in ml?
414.04 ml
14 oz is equal to 414.04 ml, or there are 414.04 milliliters in 14 ounces.
0feat_snip
315
1 14 ounce can sweetened condensed milk substitute?
null
Use cream of coconut as a one-to-one substitute for sweetened condensed milk. Keep in mind that it will add a strong coconut flavor that may or may not be appropriate depending on the recipe. It should work just fine for cake fillings and pies.
0feat_snip
321
1 14 oz can in ml?
null
14 oz is equal to 414.04 ml, or there are 414.04 milliliters in 14 ounces.
0feat_snip
328
1 15 ounce can chickpeas?
null
Can sizes are fairly standard and about 400g/15 ounces which yields 250g (1 1/2 cups) of beans once drained. Chickpeas roughly double their weight once cooked. So to get 250g cooked chickpeas you need to cook 125g (3/4 cup) dried chickpeas.
0feat_snip
333
1 15 oz can chickpeas?
null
Can sizes are fairly standard and about 400g/15 ounces which yields 250g (1 1/2 cups) of beans once drained. Chickpeas roughly double their weight once cooked. So to get 250g cooked chickpeas you need to cook 125g (3/4 cup) dried chickpeas.
0feat_snip

Dataset Card for GooAQ

Dataset Summary

GooAQ is a large-scale dataset with a variety of answer types. This dataset contains over 5 million questions and 3 million answers collected from Google. GooAQ questions are collected semi-automatically from the Google search engine using its autocomplete feature. This results in naturalistic questions of practical interest that are nonetheless short and expressed using simple language. GooAQ answers are mined from Google's responses to our collected questions, specifically from the answer boxes in the search results. This yields a rich space of answer types, containing both textual answers (short and long) as well as more structured ones such as collections.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

The dataset contains samples in English only.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

Each row of the data file should look like this:

{
  "id": 3339543,
  "question": "what is the difference between collagen and whey protein?",
  "short_answer": None,
  "answer": "The main differences between the amino acid profiles of whey and collagen are that whey contains all 9 essential amino acids, while collagen only has 8. ... Collagen is a fibrous protein found in the skin, cartilage, and bones of animals whereas whey comes from milk.",
  "answer_type": "feat_snip"
}

where the questions question are collected via Google auto-complete. The answers responses (short_answer and answer) were collected from Google's answer boxes. The answer types (answer_type) are inferred based on the html content of Google's response. Here is the dominant types in the current dataset:

  • feat_snip: explanatory responses; the majoriy the question/responses are of this type.
  • collection: list responses (e.g., steps to accomplish something).
  • knowledge: typically short responses for knowledge seeking questions.
  • unit_conv: questions about converting units.
  • time_conv: questions about converting times.
  • curr_conv: questions about converting currencies.

Dataset instances which are not part of dominant types are marked with -1 label.

Data Fields

  • id: an int feature.
  • question: a string feature.
  • short_answer: a string feature (could be None as well in some cases).
  • answer: a string feature (could be None as well in some cases).
  • answer_type: a string feature.

Data Splits

Number of samples in train/validation/test set are given below:

Split Number of samples
Train 3112679
Validation 2500
Test 2500

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

While day-to-day questions come with a variety of answer types, the current question-answering (QA) literature has failed to adequately address the answer diversity of questions. Many of the everyday questions that humans deal with and pose to search engines have a more diverse set of responses. Their answer can be a multi-sentence description (a snippet) (e.g., ‘what is’ or ‘can you’ questions), a collection of items such as ingredients (‘what are’, ‘things to’) or of steps towards a goal such as unlocking a phone (‘how to’), etc. Even when the answer is short, it can have richer types, e.g., unit conversion, time zone conversion, or various kinds of knowledge look-up (‘how much’, ‘when is’, etc.). Such answer type diversity is not represented in any existing dataset.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

Construction this dataset involved two main steps, extracting questions from search auto-complete and extracting answers from answer boxes.

  1. Query Extraction: To extract a rich yet natural set of questions they used Google auto-completion. They start with a seed set of question terms (e.g., “who”, “where”, etc.). They bootstrap based on this set, by repeatedly querying prefixes of previously extracted questions, in order to discover longer and richer sets of questions. Such questions extracted from the autocomplete algorithm are highly reflective of popular questions posed by users of Google. They filter out any questions shorter than 5 tokens as they are often in-complete questions. This process yields over ∼5M questions, which were collected over a span of 6 months. The average length of the questions is about 8 tokens.

  2. Answer Extraction: They rely on the Google answer boxes shown on top of the search results when the questions are issued to Google. There are a variety of answer boxes. The most common kind involves highlighted sentences (extracted from various websites) that contain the answer to a given question. These form the snippet and collection answers in GOOAQ. In some cases, the answer box shows the answer directly, possibly in addition to the textual snippet. These form theshort answers in GOOAQ.

They first scrape the search results for all questions. This is the main extraction bottleneck, which was done over a span of 2 months. Subsequently, they extract answer strings from the HTML content of the search results. Answer types are also inferred at this stage, based on the HTML tags around the answer.

Who are the source language producers?

Answered above.

Annotations

Annotation process

Answered in above section.

Who are the annotators?

Since their task is focused on English, they required workers to be based in a country with a population predominantly of native English speakers (e.g., USA, Canada, UK, and Australia) and have completed at least 5000 HITs with ≥ 99% assignment approval rate. Additionally, they have a qualification test with half-a-dozen questions all of which need to be answered correctly by the annotators.

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

To prevent biased judgements, they also ask the annotators to avoid using Google search (which is what they used when mined GOOAQ) when annotating the quality of shown instances.

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

List the people involved in collecting the dataset and their affiliation(s). If funding information is known, include it here.

Licensing Information

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.

Citation Information

@article{gooaq2021,
  title={GooAQ: Open Question Answering with Diverse Answer Types},
  author={Khashabi, Daniel and Ng, Amos and Khot, Tushar and Sabharwal, Ashish and Hajishirzi, Hannaneh and Callison-Burch, Chris},
  journal={arXiv preprint},
  year={2021}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @bhavitvyamalik for adding this dataset.

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