source
stringclasses
6 values
term
stringlengths
1
42
quantifier_frequency
stringclasses
6 values
quantifier_number
stringclasses
17 values
generic_sentence
stringlengths
7
100
score
float64
0.01
1
Waterloo
a.active replication
A.Active replication requires all members to execute the same invocation.
0.024261
Waterloo
a.net income
A.Net income is divided by net sales.
0.139061
Waterloo
a.p.e motorcycle
A.P.E motorcycle babes specializes in bondage videos.
0.117522
ARC
a.sound wave
A.sound waves can reflect.
0.120108
ARC
a.their image
A.their images are inverted.
0.028758
Waterloo
a.this chapter
A.This chapter begins with some wonderful images.
0.025673
Waterloo
a.your question
A.Your question is a little bit tricky.
0.035358
Waterloo
aa battery
AA batteries are definitely cheaper and more convenient.
0.093978
Waterloo
aa battery
AA batteries are most common.
0.191413
Waterloo
aa battery
AA batteries maintain the settings if the power ever goes off.
0.350923
Waterloo
aa battery
AA batteries mean lower power and also more frequent replacement.
0.197366
Waterloo
aa battery
AA battery is included.
0.035293
Waterloo
aa degree
AA degree is a plus.
0.05836
Waterloo
aa degree
AA degrees are limited to community colleges and two-year transfer institutions.
0.081797
Waterloo
aa gun
AA guns are out.
0.061185
Waterloo
aa lava
AA lava is rough, jagged lava that has a spiny surface.
0.680501
Waterloo
aa meeting
AA meetings are free but time consuming.
0.032356
Waterloo
aa meeting
AA meetings take place many nights of the week.
0.053601
Waterloo
aa thing
Aa things haes an end, an a pudden haes twa.
0.069651
Waterloo
aa
AA allows coating both sides of the new board with tongues oil.
0.048227
Waterloo
aa
AA alone has the answer.
0.048691
Waterloo
aa
AA asks what drugs people use, when they do really silly stuff - like extreme sports.
0.067871
Waterloo
aa
AA begins working on timesheets and comes across an employee that has TWO batches.
0.059756
Waterloo
aa
AA calls that denial.
0.043735
Waterloo
aa
AA claims one bomber confirmed in above totals.
0.038424
Waterloo
aa
AA comes in and racks Hennig with the tire iron.
0.040991
Waterloo
aa
AA fits nicely between the large national glossies and the local club newsletter.
0.043913
Waterloo
AA
AA never endorses or condemns the work of other organizations.
0.0951
Waterloo
aa
AA offers peer support groups for individuals who have a drinking problem and want to stop drinking.
0.141406
Waterloo
aa
AA presents one way to understand what is important in life, and one way to connect with it.
0.12569
Waterloo
Aa
Aa suppose aa shuddent hev cum withoot a wamin.
0.048975
Waterloo
aa
AAs address the skills and abilities needed to perform actual tasks.
0.242755
ConceptNet
aa
Aas are people.
1
ConceptNet
aa
Aas are plants.
1
Waterloo
aa
AAs are responsible for having a thorough knowledge of resources and services on campus.
0.078081
ConceptNet
aa
Aas are rivers.
1
Waterloo
aa
AAs can get insular and smug.
0.078901
Waterloo
aa
AAs can understand effects of policy.
0.17414
Waterloo
aa
AAs contain attribute certificates tied to users' public certificates.
0.108807
Waterloo
aa
AAs have explicit recognition in only a handful of states.
0.162298
Waterloo
aa
AAs have no power, they use informal persuasion.
0.129167
Waterloo
aa
AAs initiate multiparameter monitoring prior to anesthesia or in other acute care settings.
0.1316
Waterloo
aa
AAs result in additional charges.
0.029176
Waterloo
aa
AAs seem to require parallel implementation.
0.076797
WordNet3.0
aa
An aa is a lava
1
Waterloo
aa
often
AA often provides information about available beds.
0.063939
Waterloo
aaas service
AAAS service offers science news releases and experts.
0.061696
Waterloo
aabspec product
Aabspec products come with a five-year parts and labor warranty.
0.062141
Waterloo
aac building
AAC buildings are very energy efficient.
0.146879
Waterloo
aac meeting
AAC meetings are open to the public unless closed by a two-thirds vote.
0.042115
Waterloo
aaca member
every
Every AACA member is invited to join the judging ranks.
0.024421
Waterloo
aacc policy
AACC policy prohibits the sharing of submitted information with third parties.
0.107726
Waterloo
aadd member
AADD members give people a free ride home if they've had too much to drink.
0.098652
Waterloo
aanr club
AANR clubs are uniquely qualified to share the message that our sexual roles are complementary.
0.087919
Waterloo
aanr club
some
Some AANR clubs have membership policies that focus on couples and families.
0.191635
Waterloo
aanr member
AANR members are people who feel good about themselves.
0.218276
Waterloo
aanr member
AANR members are welcome as guests anytime during the regular season.
0.033096
Waterloo
aap accreditation
AAP accreditation is valid for five years, after which reaccreditation is available.
0.028784
Waterloo
aap policy
AAP policy calls for at least one hour of such programming each day.
0.045276
Waterloo
aapa convention
AAPA conventions are truly family reunions.
0.139871
Waterloo
aapa membership
AAPA membership consists of operating, landlord and limited operating ports.
0.039675
Waterloo
aapa membership
AAPA membership is mandatory for all class officers.
0.044812
ARC
aardvark female
Aardvark females appear to come into season once per year.
0.570737
ARC
aardvark hole
Aardvark holes are used by small buck as a resting place to escape the midday sun.
0.574909
Waterloo
aardvark skin
Aardvark skin is thick and sparsely haired.
0.444273
WordNet3.0
aardvark
Aardvark isa mammal.
1
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks aare odd.
0.091117
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks also dig to get food.
0.590054
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks also eat locusts and a type of grasshopper.
0.724097
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks also require sandy soil, as opposed to rocks, so that they can dig for termites and ants.
0.708718
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are a blast from the past.
0.122966
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are a nocturnal creature.
0.712522
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are about the size of a small pig.
0.620401
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are an efficient termite eating machine.
0.242252
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are animals.
0.74508
ConceptNet
aardvark
Aardvarks are animals.
1
ConceptNet
aardvark
Aardvarks are capable of burrows.
1
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are carnivores as they feed upon termites.
0.846896
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are classified as omnivores, but they are far more specialized than that.
0.640863
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are cool.
0.149938
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are excellent burrowers, using their thick claws on their forefeet.
0.671951
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are excellent diggers.
0.127641
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are found in Africa, south of the Sahara desert.
0.657414
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are generally solitary but the young accompany the mother for a long time after birth.
0.558282
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are grey-brown in colour with a sparse pelage on the back and flanks.
0.662553
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are incredibly intelligent.
0.198244
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are known for their digging abilities.
0.461386
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are located throughout central and southern Africa, south of the Sahara Desert.
0.592936
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are mammals found in many parts of Africa.
0.770045
ConceptNet
aardvark
Aardvarks are mammals.
1
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are mostly solitary and nocturnal.
0.703297
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are native to Africa living mainly in the sub-Saharan areas.
0.667922
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are nocturnal , which means they are awake at night and asleep during the day .
0.750162
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are nocturnal and sleep during the day curled in a tight circle in the burrow.
0.763521
SimpleWikipedia
aardvark
Aardvarks are nocturnal, which means they are awake at night and asleep during the day.
0.750162
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are nocturnal.
0.725081
ARC
aardvark
Aardvarks are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plants and animals.
0.8303
ConceptNet
aardvark
Aardvarks are placentals.
1
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are powerful animals.
0.477063
Waterloo
aardvark
Aardvarks are predominantly solitary and nocturnal.
0.697329

Dataset Card for Generics KB

Dataset Summary

Dataset contains a large (3.5M+ sentence) knowledge base of generic sentences. This is the first large resource to contain naturally occurring generic sentences, rich in high-quality, general, semantically complete statements. All GenericsKB sentences are annotated with their topical term, surrounding context (sentences), and a (learned) confidence. We also release GenericsKB-Best (1M+ sentences), containing the best-quality generics in GenericsKB augmented with selected, synthesized generics from WordNet and ConceptNet. This demonstrates that GenericsKB can be a useful resource for NLP applications, as well as providing data for linguistic studies of generics and their semantics.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

The dataset is in English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

The GENERICSKB contains 3,433,000 sentences. GENERICS-KB-BEST comprises of GENERICSKB generics with a score > 0.234, augmented with short generics synthesized from three other resources for all the terms (generic categories) in GENERICSKB- BEST. GENERICSKB-BEST contains 1,020,868 generics (774,621 from GENERICSKB plus 246,247 synthesized). SimpleWikipedia is a filtered scrape of SimpleWikipedia pages (simple.wikipedia.org). The Waterloo corpus is 280GB of English plain text, gathered by Charles Clarke (Univ. Waterloo) using a webcrawler in 2001 from .edu domains.

Sample SimpleWikipedia/ Waterloo config look like this
{'source_name': 'SimpleWikipedia', 'sentence': 'Sepsis happens when the bacterium enters the blood and make it form tiny clots.', 'sentences_before': [], 'sentences_after': [], 'concept_name': 'sepsis', 'quantifiers': {}, 'id': 'SimpleWikipedia--tmp-sw-rs1-with-bug-fixes-initialprocessing-inputs-articles-with-clean-sentences-jsonl-c27816b298e1e0b5326916ee4e2fd0f1603caa77-100-Bubonic-plague--Different-kinds-of-the-same-disease--Septicemic-plague-0-0-039fbe9c11adde4ff9a829376ca7e0ed-1560874903-47882-/Users/chloea/Documents/aristo/commonsense/kbs/simplewikipedia/commonsense-filtered-good-rs1.jsonl-1f33b1e84018a2b1bfdf446f9a6491568b5585da-1561086091.8220549', 'bert_score': 0.8396177887916565}
Sample instance for Generics KB datasets look like this:
{'source': 'Waterloo', 'term': 'aardvark', 'quantifier_frequency': '', 'quantifier_number': '', 'generic_sentence': 'Aardvarks are very gentle animals.', 'score': '0.36080607771873474'}
{'source': 'TupleKB', 'term': 'aardvark', 'quantifier_frequency': '', 'quantifier_number': '', 'generic_sentence': 'Aardvarks dig burrows.', 'score': '1.0'}

Data Fields

The fields in GenericsKB-Best.tsv and GenericsKB.tsv are as follows:

  • SOURCE: denotes the source of the generic
  • TERM: denotes the category that is the topic of the generic.
  • GENERIC SENTENCE: is the sentence itself.
  • SCORE: Is the BERT-trained score, measuring the degree to which the generic represents a "useful, general truth" about the world (as judged by crowdworkers). Score ranges from 0 (worst) to 1 (best). Sentences with scores below 0.23 (corresponding to an "unsure" vote by crowdworkers) are in GenericsKB, but are not part of GenericsKB-Best due to their unreliability.
  • QUANTIFIER_FREQUENCY:For generics with explicit quantifiers (all, most, etc.) the quantifier is listed - Frequency contains values such as 'usually', 'often', 'frequently'
  • QUANTIFIER_NUMBER: For generics with explicit quantifiers (all, most, etc.) with values such as 'all'|'any'|'most'|'much'|'some' etc...

The SimpleWiki/Waterloo generics from GenericsKB.tsv, but expanded to also include their surrounding context (before/after sentences). The Waterloo generics are the majority of GenericsKB. This zip file is 1.4GB expanding to 5.5GB. There is a json representation for every generic statement in the Generics KB. The generic statement is stored under the sentence field within the knowledge object. There is also a bert_score associated with each sentence which is the BERT-based classifier's score for the 'genericness' of the statement. This score is meant to reflect how much generalized world knowledge/commonsense the statement captures vs only being contextually meaningful. Detailed description of each of the fields:

  • source_name: The name of the corpus the generic statement was picked from.
  • sentence: The generic sentence.
  • sentences_before: Provides context information surrounding the generic statement from the original corpus.Up to five sentences preceding the generic sentence in the original corpus.
  • sentences_after: Up to five sentences following the generic sentence in the original corpus.
  • concept_name: A concept that is the subject of the generic statement.
  • quantifiers: The quantifiers for the key concept of the generic statement. There can be multiple quantifiers to allow for statements such as "All bats sometimes fly", where 'all' and 'sometimes' are both quantifiers reflecting number and frequency respectively.
  • id: Unique identifier for a generic statement in the kb.
  • bert_score: Score for the generic statement from the BERT-based generics classifier.
    Additional fields that apply only to SimpleWiki dataset
    • headings: A breadcrumb of section/subsection headings from the top down to the location of the generic statement in the corpus. It applies to SimpleWikipedia which has a hierarchical structure.
    • categories:The listed categories under which the source article falls. Applies to SimpleWikipedia.

Data Splits

There are no splits.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

Data was crawled. SimpleWikipedia is a filtered scrape of SimpleWikipedia pages (simple.wikipedia.org). The Waterloo corpus is 280GB of English plain text, gathered by Charles Clarke (Univ. Waterloo) using a webcrawler in 2001 from .edu domains.

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

Annotation process

Bert was used to decide whether the sentence is useful or not. Every sentence has a bert score.

Who are the annotators?

No annotations were made.

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

The GenericsKB is available under the Creative Commons - Attribution 4.0 International - licence.

As an informal summary, from https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, you are free to:

Share 鈥 copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt 鈥 remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

under the following terms:

Attribution 鈥 You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and
    indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner,
    but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions 鈥 You may not apply legal terms or technological measures
    that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

For details, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ or the or the included file "Creative Commons 鈥 Attribution 4.0 International 鈥 CC BY 4.0.pdf" in this folder.

Citation Information

@InProceedings{huggingface:dataset,
title = {GenericsKB: A Knowledge Base of Generic Statements},
authors={Sumithra Bhakthavatsalam, Chloe Anastasiades, Peter Clark},
year={2020},
publisher = {Allen Institute for AI},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @bpatidar for adding this dataset.

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