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c61d22de5f6c4958a7f65e9707bd3466  A paper about AI regulation that was originally submitted to arXiv.org in June 2022 shows a figure with three axes, where each axis has a label word at both ends. Which of these words is used to describe a type of society in a Physics and Society article submitted to arXiv.org on August 11, 2016?  2  egalitarian  {
"Steps": "1. Go to arxiv.org and navigate to the Advanced Search page.\n2. Enter \"AI regulation\" in the search box and select \"All fields\" from the dropdown.\n3. Enter 20220601 and 20220701 into the date inputs, select \"Submission date (original)\", and submit the search.\n4. Go through the search results to find the article that has a figure with three axes and labels on each end of the axes, titled \"Fairness in Agreement With European Values: An Interdisciplinary Perspective on AI Regulation\".\n5. Note the six words used as labels: deontological, egalitarian, localized, standardized, utilitarian, and consequential.\n6. Go back to arxiv.org\n7. Find \"Physics and Society\" and go to the page for the \"Physics and Society\" category.\n8. Note that the tag for this category is \"physics.socph\".\n9. Go to the Advanced Search page.\n10. Enter \"physics.socph\" in the search box and select \"All fields\" from the dropdown.\n11. Enter 20160811 and 20160812 into the date inputs, select \"Submission date (original)\", and submit the search.\n12. Search for instances of the six words in the results to find the paper titled \"Phase transition from egalitarian to hierarchical societies driven by competition between cognitive and social constraints\", indicating that \"egalitarian\" is the correct answer.",
"Number of steps": "12",
"How long did this take?": "8 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Image recognition tools (to identify and parse a figure with three axes)",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

17b5a6a3bc8742e8b0fb6ab0781ef2cc  I’m researching species that became invasive after people who kept them as pets released them. There’s a certain species of fish that was popularized as a pet by being the main character of the movie Finding Nemo. According to the USGS, where was this fish found as a nonnative species, before the year 2020? I need the answer formatted as the fivedigit zip codes of the places the species was found, separated by commas if there is more than one place.  2  34689  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “finding nemo main character”.\n2. Note the results, which state that the main character is a clownfish.\n3. Search the web for “usgs nonnative species database”.\n4. Click result for the Nonindigenous Aquatic Species site.\n5. Click “Marine Fishes”.\n6. Click “Species List of Nonindigenous Marine Fish”.\n7. Scroll through the list until I find the clown anenomefish, and click “Collection info”.\n8. Note the place that a clown anenomefish was found, in Fred Howard Park at the Gulf of Mexico.\n9. Search the web for “fred howard park florida zip code”.\n10. Note the zip code, 34689. Since only one clownfish was found before the year 2020, this is the answer.",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

04a04a9b226c43fdb319d5e89743676f  If we assume all articles published by Nature in 2020 (articles, only, not book reviews/columns, etc) relied on statistical significance to justify their findings and they on average came to a pvalue of 0.04, how many papers would be incorrect as to their claims of statistical significance? Round the value up to the next integer.  2  41  {
"Steps": "1. Find how many articles were published in Nature in 2020 by Googling \"articles submitted to nature 2020\"\n2. Click through to Nature's archive for 2020 and filter the results to only provide articles, not other types of publications: 1002\n3. Find 4% of 1002 and round up: 40.08 > 41",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. search engine\n2. calculator",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

14569e28c88c43e48c32097d35b9a67d  In Unlambda, what exact charcter or text needs to be added to correct the following code to output "For penguins"? If what is needed is a character, answer with the name of the character. If there are different names for the character, use the shortest. The text location is not needed. Code:
`r```````````.F.o.r. .p.e.n.g.u.i.n.si  2  backtick  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Unlambda syntax\" online (optional).\n2. Opened https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unlambda.\n3. Note that the hello world program is very similar in syntax to the code in this question.\n4. Go to the source referenced by the hello world program.\n5. From the referenced source, read what the components of the program do to understand that each period needs a backtick after the initial `r.\n6. Observe that in the given code, there are 12 periods but only 11 backticks after the initial `r, so the missing character is a backtick.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Unlambda compiler (optional)",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

e1fc63a2da7a432fbe787c4a95598703  If Eliud Kipchoge could maintain his recordmaking marathon pace indefinitely, how many thousand hours would it take him to run the distance between the Earth and the Moon its closest approach? Please use the minimum perigee value on the Wikipedia page for the Moon when carrying out your calculation. Round your result to the nearest 1000 hours and do not use any comma separators if necessary.  1  17  {
"Steps": "1. Googled Eliud Kipchoge marathon pace to find 4min 37sec/mile\n2. Converted into fractions of hours.\n3. Found moon periapsis in miles (225,623 miles).\n4. Multiplied the two to find the number of hours and rounded to the nearest 100 hours.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "20 Minutes",
"Tools": "1. A web browser.\n2. A search engine.\n3. A calculator.",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

32102e3ed12a420991637b3a104efe5d  The attached spreadsheet shows the inventory for a movie and video game rental store in Seattle, Washington. What is the title of the oldest BluRay recorded in this spreadsheet? Return it as appearing in the spreadsheet.  2  TimeParking 2: Parallel Universe  32102e3ed12a420991637b3a104efe5d.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/32102e3ed12a420991637b3a104efe5d.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the attached file.\n2. Compare the years given in the BluRay section to find the oldest year, 2009.\n3. Find the title of the BluRay disc that corresponds to the year 2009: TimeParking 2: Parallel Universe.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "1 minute",
"Tools": "1. Microsoft Excel",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
8e867cd7cff94e6c867aff5ddc2550be  How many studio albums were published by Mercedes Sosa between 2000 and 2009 (included)? You can use the latest 2022 version of english wikipedia.  1  3  {
"Steps": "1. I did a search for Mercedes Sosa\n2. I went to the Wikipedia page for her\n3. I scrolled down to \"Studio albums\"\n4. I counted the ones between 2000 and 2009",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. web browser\n2. google search",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

3627a8bea77f41bbb8077e1bd4c0ebdf  The object in the British Museum's collection with a museum number of 2012,5015.17 is the shell of a particular mollusk species. According to the abstract of a research article published in Science Advances in 2021, beads made from the shells of this species were found that are at least how many thousands of years old?  2  142  {
"Steps": "1. Use search engine to search for \"British Museum search collection\" and navigate to the British Museum's collection search webpage.\n2. Select \"Museum number\" as search field and \"2012,5015.17\" in text box, then run search.\n3. Open the page for the single result and note that the description says that this is the shell of an individual of the Nassa gibbosula species.\n4. Use search engine to search for \"Nassa gibbosula\".\n5. Note that according to the search result from the World Register of Marine Species website, Nassa gibbosula is not an accepted species name.\n6. Open the page for Nassa gibbosula on the World Register of Marine Species website.\n7. Scan the page and note that the accepted species name is Tritia gibbosula.\n8. Use search engine to search for \"Science Advances 2021 Tritia gibbosula\".\n9. Find that the top result is an article from 2021 in Science Advances titled \"Early Middle Stone Age personal ornaments from Bizmoune Cave, Essaouira, Morocco\".\n10. Scan abstract and note that the article discusses beads made from Tritia gibbosula shells that date to at least 142 thousand years ago, giving a final answer of 142.",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "12 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

7619a5145fa843ef914383b66a43d7a4  According to github, when was Regression added to the oldest closed numpy.polynomial issue that has the Regression label in MM/DD/YY?  2  04/15/18  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"numpy github\" on Google search.\n2. Opened the NumPy GitHub page.\n3. Clicked \"Issues\" in the repo tabs.\n4. Clicked \"Closed\" on the filter bar.\n5. Set the filter to the \"numpy.polynomial\" label.\n6. Set the filter to the \"06  Regression\" label.\n7. Opened the oldest Regression post.\n8. Scrolled down to find when the Regression label was added (Apr 15, 2018).\n9. Converted to MM/DD/YY (04/15/18).",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

ec09fa32d03f4bf884b01f16922c3ae4  Here's a fun riddle that I think you'll enjoy.
You have been selected to play the final round of the hit new game show "Pick That PingPong". In this round, you will be competing for a large cash prize. Your job will be to pick one of several different numbered pingpong balls, and then the game will commence. The host describes how the game works.
A device consisting of a winding clear ramp and a series of pistons controls the outcome of the game. The ramp feeds balls onto a platform. The platform has room for three pingpong balls at a time. The three balls on the platform are each aligned with one of three pistons. At each stage of the game, one of the three pistons will randomly fire, ejecting the ball it strikes. If the piston ejects the ball in the first position on the platform the balls in the second and third position on the platform each advance one space, and the next ball on the ramp advances to the third position. If the piston ejects the ball in the second position, the ball in the first position is released and rolls away, the ball in the third position advances two spaces to occupy the first position, and the next two balls on the ramp advance to occupy the second and third positions on the platform. If the piston ejects the ball in the third position, the ball in the first position is released and rolls away, the ball in the second position advances one space to occupy the first position, and the next two balls on the ramp advance to occupy the second and third positions on the platform.
The ramp begins with 100 numbered pingpong balls, arranged in ascending order from 1 to 100. The host activates the machine and the first three balls, numbered 1, 2, and 3, advance to the platform. Before the random firing of the pistons begins, you are asked which of the 100 balls you would like to pick. If your pick is ejected by one of the pistons, you win the grand prize, $10,000.
Which ball should you choose to maximize your odds of winning the big prize? Please provide your answer as the number of the ball selected.  1  3  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Evaluate the problem statement provided in my user's prompt\nStep 2: Consider the probability of any ball on the platform earning the prize.\nStep 3: Evaluate the ball in position one. The probability of it earning the prize, P1, is 1/3\nStep 4: Using a calculator, evaluate the ball in position two. The probability of it earning the prize, P2, is the difference between 1 and the product of the complementary probabilities for each trial\nP2 = 1  (2/3)(2/3)\nP2 = 5/9\nStep 5: Using a calculator, evaluate the ball in position three. The probability of it earning the prize, P3, is the difference between 1 and the product of the complementary probabilities for each trial\nP3 = 1  (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)\nP3 = 19/27\nStep 6: Consider the possible outcomes of numbers higher than 3.\nStep 7: For each trial, either 1 or 2 balls from the ramp will advance to the platform. For any given selection, there is a 50% chance that the ball advances to position 2 or position 3.\nStep 8: As position three holds the highest chance of earning the prize, select the only ball known to occupy position three with certainty, ball 3.\nStep 9: Report the correct answer to my user, \"3\"",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "1 minute",
"Tools": "None",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 

676e5e31a5544acc9286b60d90a92d26  In July 2, 1959 United States standards for grades of processed fruits, vegetables, and certain other products listed as dehydrated, consider the items in the "dried and dehydrated section" specifically marked as dehydrated along with any items in the Frozen/Chilled section that contain the whole name of the item, but not if they're marked Chilled. As of August 2023, what is the percentage (to the nearest percent) of those standards that have been superseded by a new version since the date given in the 1959 standards?  3  86  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"July 2, 1959 United States standards for grades of processed fruits, vegetables, and certain other products\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/06/United_States_standards_for_grades_of_processed_fruits%2C_vegetables%2C_and_certain_other_products_%28as_of_July_2%2C_1959%29_%28IA_unitedstatesstan14unit_4%29.pdf.\n3. Scrolled to the \"DRIED or DEHYDRATED\" section.\n4. Opened a new tab and searched \"united states standards for grades of dehydrated apples\".\n5. Opened https://www.ams.usda.gov/gradesstandards/dehydratedapplesgradesandstandards.\n6. Opened the \"U.S. Grade Standards for Dehydrated Apples (pdf)\" PDF.\n7. Checked the date against the 1959 standards.\n8. Repeated steps 47 for all dehydrated items in the \"DRIED or DEHYDRATED\" section:\n9. Grapefruit Juice, updated (running tally: 2/2)\n10. Orange Juice, updated (running tally: 3/3)\n11. Found all versions of the dehydrated items in Frozen or Chilled, except those marked Chilled: Apples; Grapefruit Juice, Concentrated; Grapefruit Juice and Orange Juice, Concentrated, Blended; Orange Juice, Concentrated\n12. Repeated steps 47 all those versions:\n13. Apples, not updated (running tally: 3/4)\n14. Grapefruit Juice, Concentrated, updated (running tally: 4/5)\n15. Grapefruit Juice and Orange Juice, Concentrated, Blended, updated (running tally: 5/6)\n16. Orange Juice, Concentrated, updated (running tally: 6/7)\n17. Calculated the percentage (6 / 7 * 100% = 85.7%).\n18. Rounded to the nearest percent (86%).",
"Number of steps": "14",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF access\n4. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 

7dd300550198452e8c25f73dbe27dcb8  Using the Biopython library in Python, parse the PDB file of the protein identified by the PDB ID 5wb7 from the RCSB Protein Data Bank. Calculate the distance between the first and second atoms as they are listed in the PDB file. Report the answer in Angstroms, rounded to the nearest picometer.  2  1.456  7dd300550198452e8c25f73dbe27dcb8.pdb  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/7dd300550198452e8c25f73dbe27dcb8.pdb  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for \"PDB ID 5wb7\"\n2. Navigate to https://www.rcsb.org/structure/5wb7 from the search results page\n3. Download the PDB file from the landing page.\n4. Process the PDB file using Python and Biopython to calculate the distance between the first two atoms listed in the file. (1.4564234018325806 Å)\nfrom Bio.PDB import PDBParser\nparser = PDBParser()\nstructure = parser.get_structure(\"5wb7\", \"5wb7.pdb\")\nfor atom in structure.get_atoms():\n atom1 = atom\n break\nfor atom in structure.get_atoms():\n if atom != atom1:\n atom2 = atom\n break\ndistance = atom1  atom2\nprint(f\"{distance}\")\n5. Round the result to the nearest picometer (1.456)",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "45 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. File handling\n4. Python\n5. Calculator ",
"Number of tools": "5"
} 
2a649bb1795f4a01b3be9a01868dae73  What are the EC numbers of the two most commonly used chemicals for the virus testing method in the paper about SPFMV and SPCSV in the Pearl Of Africa from 2016? Return the semicolonseparated numbers in the order of the alphabetized chemicals.  2  3.1.3.1; 1.11.1.7  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Pearl of Africa\" on Google.\n2. Noted the answer from the results.\n3. Searched \"SPFMV and SPCSV in Uganda 2016 paper\" on Google.\n4. Opened \"Effects of Sweet Potato Feathery Mottle Virus and ...\" at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jph.12451.\n5. Found the section on virus testing.\n6. Searched \"most commonly used chemicals for ELISA\" on Google.\n7. Noted horseradish peroxidase and alkaline phosphatase from the results.\n8. Searched \"horseradish peroxidase EC number\" on Google.\n9. Noted the answer from the featured text snippet (1.11.1.7).\n10. Searched \"alkaline phosphatase EC number\" on Google.\n11. Noted the answer from the featured text snippet (3.1.3.1).\n12. Alphabetized the chemicals.\n13. Put the numbers in the order of the chemicals.",
"Number of steps": "13",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

87c610dfbef74932b9501d83ef4e282b  In April of 1977, who was the Prime Minister of the first place mentioned by name in the Book of Esther (in the New International Version)?  2  Morarji Desai  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “Book of Esther NIV”.\n2. Click search result to read the text of the first chapter.\n3. Note the first place named, India.\n4. Search the web for “prime ministers of India list”.\n5. Click Wikipedia result.\n6. Scroll down to find the prime minister during the specified timeframe, Morarji Desai.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

624cbf116a414692af9c36b3e5ca3130  What's the last line of the rhyme under the flavor name on the headstone visible in the background of the photo of the oldest flavor's headstone in the Ben & Jerry's online flavor graveyard as of the end of 2022?  2  So we had to let it die.  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"ben and jerrys flavor graveyard\" on Google search.\n2. Opened \"Flavor Graveyard\" on www.benjerry.com.\n3. Opened each flavor to find the oldest one (Dastardly Mash).\n4. Deciphered the blurry name on the headstone behind it (Miz Jelena's Sweet Potato Pie).\n5. Scrolled down to Miz Jelena's Sweet Potato Pie.\n6. Copied the last line of the rhyme.\n7. (Optional) Copied the URL.\n8. Searched \"internet archive\" on Google search.\n9. Opened the Wayback Machine.\n10. Entered the URL.\n11. Loaded the last 2022 page.\n12. Confirmed the information was the same.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "7 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Image recognition tools\n2. Web browser\n3. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

dd3c7503f62a4bd09f671b63b94194cc  Use density measures from the chemistry materials licensed by Marisa AlviarAgnew & Henry Agnew under the CK12 license in LibreText's Introductory Chemistry materials as compiled 08/21/2023.
I have a gallon of honey and a gallon of mayonnaise at 25C. I remove one cup of honey at a time from the gallon of honey. How many times will I need to remove a cup to have the honey weigh less than the mayonaise? Assume the containers themselves weigh the same.  2  6  {
"Steps": "1. Search \"LibreText density mayonnaise\"\n2. Click result, confirm the correct license.\n3. Search \"cm^3 to 1 cup\"\n4. Use results with density measures to form the equation (16*236.588)(1.420  0.910)/(236.588*1.420)\n5. Round up",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

5d0080cb90d74712bc33848150e917d3  What was the volume in m^3 of the fish bag that was calculated in the University of Leicester paper "Can Hiccup Supply Enough Fish to Maintain a Dragon’s Diet?"  1  0.1777  {
"Steps": "1. Searched '\"Can Hiccup Supply Enough Fish to Maintain a Dragon’s Diet?\"' on Google.\n2. Opened \"Can Hiccup Supply Enough Fish to Maintain a Dragon’s Diet?\" at https://journals.le.ac.uk/ojs1/index.php/jist/article/view/733.\n3. Clicked \"PDF\".\n4. Found the calculations for the volume of the fish bag and noted them.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF access",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

bec7451602fc48dcb20255e78d0e17cf  What is the average number of pre2020 works on the open researcher and contributor identification pages of the people whose identification is in this file?  3  26.4  bec7451602fc48dcb20255e78d0e17cf.jsonld  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/bec7451602fc48dcb20255e78d0e17cf.jsonld  {
"Steps": "1. Opened the JSONLD file.\n2. Opened each ORCID ID.\n3. Counted the works from pre2022.\n4. Took the average: (54 + 61 + 1 + 16 + 0) / 5 = 132 / 5 = 26.4.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Calculator\n4. JSONLD file access",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
a1e91b78d3d84675bb8d62741b4b68a6  In the video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1vXCYZAYYM, what is the highest number of bird species to be on camera simultaneously?  1  3  {
"Steps": "1. Navigate to the YouTube link.\n2. Watch the video to see the highest number of bird species.\n3. Note the number.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "3 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Video parsing",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

46719c30f4c34cadbe07d5cb21eee6bb  Of the authors (First M. Last) that worked on the paper "Pie Menus or Linear Menus, Which Is Better?" in 2015, what was the title of the first paper authored by the one that had authored prior papers?  1  Mapping Human Oriented Information to Software Agents for Online Systems Usage  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Pie Menus or Linear Menus, Which Is Better?\" on Google.\n2. Opened \"Pie Menus or Linear Menus, Which Is Better?\" on https://oda.oslomet.no/odaxmlui/handle/10642/3162.\n3. Clicked each author's name.\n4. Noted the name that had no other papers listed.\n5. Searched \"Murano, Pietro\" on Google.\n6. Opened http://www.pietromurano.org/.\n7. Clicked \"Publications\".\n8. Found the earliest paper he contributed to.",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

df6561b27ee54540baab5095f742716a  When you take the average of the standard population deviation of the red numbers and the standard sample deviation of the green numbers in this image using the statistics module in Python 3.11, what is the result rounded to the nearest three decimal points?  2  17.056  df6561b27ee54540baab5095f742716a.png  {
"Steps": "1. Opened the PNG file.\n2. Made separate lists of the red numbers and green numbers.\n3. Opened a Python compiler.\n4. Ran the following code:\n```\nimport statistics as st\nred = st.pstdev([24, 74, 28, 54, 73, 33, 64, 73, 60, 53, 59, 40, 65, 76, 48, 34, 62, 70, 31, 24, 51, 55, 78, 76, 41, 77, 51])\ngreen = st.stdev([39, 29, 28, 72, 68, 47, 64, 74, 72, 40, 75, 26, 27, 37, 31, 55, 44, 64, 65, 38, 46, 66, 35, 76, 61, 53, 49])\navg = st.mean([red, green])\nprint(avg)\n```\n5. Rounded the output.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Python compiler\n2. Image recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

00d579ea08894fd9a7712c8d79835c8d  Assuming scientists in the famous youtube video The Thinking Machine (Artificial Intelligence in the 1960s) were interviewed the same year, what is the name of the scientist predicting the sooner thinking machines or robots? Answer using the format First name Last name  3  Claude Shannon  {
"Steps": "1. Search \"The Thinking Machine (Artificial Intelligence in the 1960s)\" and open the YouTube result\n2. Listen to the video.\n3. Search for a transcript to confirm, due to struggling to feel confident in my answer.\n4. Fail to find a transcript.\n5. Watch again, finding again that Claude Shannon predicted AI in 510 years, which is the soonest.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. web browser\n2. video recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

4b6bb5f7f634410e815de673ab7f8632  In Series 9, Episode 11 of Doctor Who, the Doctor is trapped inside an evershifting maze. What is this location called in the official script for the episode? Give the setting exactly as it appears in the first scene heading.  1  THE CASTLE  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “Doctor Who series 9 episode 11 official script”.\n2. Click result on the BBC website.\n3. Scroll through the PDF to read the script, noting that it takes place in a mechanical castle location.\n4. Scroll back to the first scene heading to note the answer, THE CASTLE",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. PDF viewer",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

f0f46385fc034599b5d3f56496c3e69f  In terms of geographical distance between capital cities, which 2 countries are the furthest from each other within the ASEAN bloc according to wikipedia? Answer using a comma separated list, ordering the countries by alphabetical order.  2  Indonesia, Myanmar  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for \"ASEAN bloc\".\n2. Click the Wikipedia result for the ASEAN Free Trade Area.\n3. Scroll down to find the list of member states.\n4. Click into the Wikipedia pages for each member state, and note its capital.\n5. Search the web for the distance between the first two capitals. The results give travel distance, not geographic distance, which might affect the answer.\n6. Thinking it might be faster to judge the distance by looking at a map, search the web for \"ASEAN bloc\" and click into the images tab.\n7. View a map of the member countries. Since they're clustered together in an arrangement that's not very linear, it's difficult to judge distances by eye.\n8. Return to the Wikipedia page for each country. Click the GPS coordinates for each capital to get the coordinates in decimal notation.\n9. Place all these coordinates into a spreadsheet.\n10. Write formulas to calculate the distance between each capital.\n11. Write formula to get the largest distance value in the spreadsheet.\n12. Note which two capitals that value corresponds to: Jakarta and Naypyidaw.\n13. Return to the Wikipedia pages to see which countries those respective capitals belong to: Indonesia, Myanmar.",
"Number of steps": "13",
"How long did this take?": "45 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. Microsoft Excel / Google Sheets",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

384d0dd8e8a44cfe963cd37f256e7662  In the NCATS PubChem compound database for Food Additive Status classification, find the compound that has a molecular weight of 100 g/mol or less, 6 heavy atoms, 1 or fewer hydrogen bond acceptors, and a complexity between 10 and 15. Of the shared genechemical cooccurrences between its two possible enzyme transformations, what is the PubChem CID of the heaviest by molecular weight?  3  4192  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"NCATS PubChem compound database\" on Google.\n2. Opened \"PubChem\" on the NCATS NIH website.\n3. Clicked on the \"PubChem Compound\" link.\n4. Clicked on the \"Classification Browser\" link.\n5. Expanded \"Food Additives and Ingredients\" in the list.\n6. Clicked on the number link next to \"Food Additive Status\".\n7. Opened the filters and set them to maximum 100 g/mol weight, minimum 6 heavy atoms, maximum 1 Hbond acceptor, complexity 1015.\n8. Opened the resulting \"HEXANE\" page.\n9. Scrolled to 10.6 Pharmacology and Biochemistry > Transformations.\n10. Opened the two enzyme transformations' pages (CYP2B6 and CYP2E1).\n11. Opened each one's genechemical cooccurrences full list.\n12. Opened each chemical they shared a cooccurrence with.\n13. Compared the weights to find the heaviest (Midazolam).\n14. Noted its PubChem CID (4192).",
"Number of steps": "14",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

e4e91f1c1dcd439e9fddcb976f5293fd  I need to factcheck a citation. This is the citation from the bibliography:
Greetham, David. "Uncoupled: OR, How I Lost My Author(s)." Textual Cultures: Texts, Contexts, Interpretation, vol. 3 no. 1, 2008, p. 4546. Project MUSE, doi:10.2979/tex.2008.3.1.44.
And this is the inline citation:
Our relationship with the authors of the works we read can often be “obscured not by a "cloak of print" but by the veil of scribal confusion and mistransmission” (Greetham 4546).
Does the quoted text match what is actually in the article? If Yes, answer Yes, otherwise, give me the word in my citation that does not match with the correct one (without any article).  2  cloak  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “greetham uncoupled project muse”.\n2. Click result, an article that matches the given citation.\n3. CtrlF for “obscured”.\n4. Find the quote from the question, which describes a “veil of print”, not a cloak.\n5. Express the answer in the specified format, No.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

56137764b4e045b89c521866420c3df5  Which contributor to the version of OpenCV where support was added for the MaskRCNN model has the same name as a former Chinese head of government when the names are transliterated to the Latin alphabet?  2  Li Peng  {
"Steps": "1. Use search engine to search for \"OpenCV change log\".\n2. Open the top result from GitHub and search the page for \"MaskRCNN\".\n3. Observe that support for MaskRCNN model was added in OpenCV version 4.0.0.\n4. Expand the two lists of contributors for version 4.0.0.\n5. Go to the Wikipedia page for head of government. \n6. Scan through and note that for China, the head of government is the premier.\n7. Go to the Wikipedia page for premier of the People's Republic of China.\n8. Go to the linked page for List of premiers of the People's Republic of China.\n9. Compare the list of OpenCV version 4.0.0 contributors' names and the list of premiers of China to find that Li Peng is present in both lists.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

de9887f5ead84727876f5a4078f8598c  What integerrounded percentage of the total length of the harlequin shrimp recorded in Omar ValencfiaMendez 2017 paper was the sea star fed to the same type of shrimp in G. Curt Fiedler's 2002 paper?  3  22  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Omar ValencfiaMendez 2017 shrimp paper\" on Google.\n2. Opened \"Decapoda: Palaemonidae: Hymenocera picta Dana, 1852) ...\" on https://www.threatenedtaxa.org/index.php/JoTT/article/view/3238.\n3. Clicked \"PDF/A\".\n4. Found the length of the recorded shrimp as TL in the paper (4.5cm).\n5. Searched \"G. Curt Fiedler 2002 shrimp paper\" on Google.\n6. Opened \"(PDF) The influence of social environment on sex ...\" on https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232696279_The_influence_of_social_environment_on_sex_determination_in_harlequin_shrimp_Hymenocera_picta_Decapoda_Gnathophyllidae.\n7. Found the size of the sea star fed to the shrimp (1cm).\n8. Took the percentage (1 / 4.5 * 100% = 22.22222%).\n9. Rounded to the nearest integer (22%).",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF access\n4. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 

cffe0e32c9a64c52987778ceb4aaa9fb  An office held a Secret Santa gift exchange where each of its twelve employees was assigned one other employee in the group to present with a gift. Each employee filled out a profile including three likes or hobbies. On the day of the gift exchange, only eleven gifts were given, each one specific to one of the recipient's interests. Based on the information in the document, who did not give a gift?  1  Fred  cffe0e32c9a64c52987778ceb4aaa9fb.docx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/cffe0e32c9a64c52987778ceb4aaa9fb.docx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the document.\n2. Look at gifts and recipient interests.\n3. Match Galileo Galilei biography (could apply to astronomy or books > Miguel or Micah)\n4. Match fishing reel (only applies to fishing > Harry)\n5. Match Raku programming guide (Perl language, but could also apply to JavaScript enthusiast  > Fred or Jun)\n6. Match chisel set (could apply to camping or woodworking, but Harry is already fulfilled > Jun, so Raku guide is for Fred)\n7. Match custom dice (could apply to board games or tabletop RPGs > Lucy or Sara)\n8. Match “War and Peace” American film copy (could apply to old movies or Audrey Hepburn > Perry or Alex)\n9. Match yarn (only applies to knitting > Micah, so the Galileo biography is for Miguel)\n10. Match \"One Piece\" graphic novel (could apply to books or manga, but Micah already has yarn > Alex, so the \"War and Peace\" film is for Perry)\n11. Match \"War and Peace\" novel (could apply to books or historical fiction novels, but Micah has yarn > Tyson)\n12. Match Starbucks gift card (only applies to coffee > Lucy, so the dice are for Sara)\n13. Match foam exercise mat (only applies to yoga > Georgette)\n14. Note which recipients have gifts (Miguel, Harry, Fred, Jun, Sara, Perry, Micah, Alex, Tyson, Lucy, Georgette) and which does not (Rebecca).\n15. Find who was supposed to give Rebecca a gift (Fred).",
"Number of steps": "15",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Word document access",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
8b3379c009814f5b84076444610cb212  What is the maximum length in meters of #9 in the first National Geographic short on YouTube that was ever released according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium website? Just give the number.  2  1.8  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"National Geographic YouTube\" on Google search.\n2. Opened the National Geographic YouTube channel.\n3. Clicked \"Shorts\".\n4. Watched the oldest short (\"Which shark species is the most massive? #SharkFest #Shorts\") and noted #9 (Blacktip Reef).\n5. Searched \"blacktip reef monterey bay aquarium\" on Google search.\n6. Opened \"Blacktip reef shark\" on the Monterey Bay Aquarium website and noted the maximum length.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Video recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

0ff5381333674f43bcbd3fd725c1bf4b  What twoword type of model did Manash Pratim Kashyap's and PS Fader's studies in customer retention studies published during 20182019 have in common (no punctuation)?  2  beta geometric  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Manash Pratim Kashyap customer retention\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://www.journalijar.com/article/26843/asimplemodelforanalyzingthecustomerretentioncomparingruralandurbanstore/.\n3. Noted \"discrete time beta geometric model\" in the abstract.\n4. Searched \"PS Fader customer retention\" on Google.\n5. Opened https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1094996807700233.\n6. Noted \"basic model (known as a “shiftedbetageometric”)\" in the abstract.\n7. Extracted the two words in common.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

983bba7cc092455fb6c97857003d48fc  What animals that were mentioned in both Ilias Lagkouvardos's and Olga Tapia's papers on the alvei species of the genus named for Copenhagen outside the bibliographies were also present in the 2021 article cited on the alvei species' Wikipedia page about a multicenter, randomized, doubleblind study?  3  mice  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"alvei copenhagen\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hafnia_(bacterium).\n3. Searched \"Ilias Lagkouvardos hafnia alvei\" on Google.\n4. Opened https://www.mdpi.com/20762607/11/1/123?type=check_update&version=2.\n5. Opened a new tab.\n6. Searched \"Olga Tapia hafnia alvei\" on Google.\n7. Opened https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36080356/.\n8. Found all animals mentioned in the first paper.\n9. Searched each animal from the first paper in the second paper.\n10. Noted the animals mentioned in both outside the bibliographies.\n11. Went back to the Wikipedia article.\n12. Opened the link in the references to \"The Probiotic Strain H. alvei HA4597® Improves Weight Loss in Overweight Subjects under Moderate Hypocaloric Diet: A ProofofConcept, Multicenter Randomized, DoubleBlind PlaceboControlled Study\".\n13. Opened the PDF.\n14. Found the animals shared by all three papers.",
"Number of steps": "14",
"How long did this take?": "25 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF access",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

a7feb29076bb4cb788007edaf7954f2f  How many High Energy Physics  Lattice articles listed in January 2020 on Arxiv had ps versions available?  2  31  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"arxiv\" on Google.\n2. Opened the top result of https://arxiv.org/.\n3. Opened the High Energy Physics  Lattice section.\n4. Set the date to 2020 January.\n5. Counted the number of articles with \"ps\" formats available on each page.\n6. Added the numbers from each page to get the total.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

b4cc024b3f5e480eb96a6656493255b5  The photograph in the Whitney Museum of American Art's collection with accession number 2022.128 shows a person holding a book. Which military unit did the author of this book join in 1813? Answer without using articles.  2  RussianGerman Legion  {
"Steps": "1. Use search engine to search for \"Whitney Museum of American Art collection search\".\n2. Go to the Whitney Museum's collection search webpage.\n3. Enter 2022.128 in the search box and submit the search.\n4. Open the single result, titled \"Rain in Rifle Season, Distributions from SplitInterest Trusts, Price Includes Uniform, Never Hit Soft, 2003\".\n5. Verify that this photograph has the correct accession number.\n6. Note that the subject of the photograph is holding the book \"On War\", by Carl von Clausewitz.\n7. Go to the Wikipedia page for Carl von Clausewitz.\n8. Search the page for 1813 to find that Carl von Clausewitz joined the RussianGerman Legion in 1813.\n9. Go to the Wikipedia page for RussianGerman Legion to verify that this was a military unit.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Tool to extract text from images",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

2d83110ea0984ebb9987066c06fa42d0  .rewsna eht sa "tfel" drow eht fo etisoppo eht etirw ,ecnetnes siht dnatsrednu uoy fI  1  Right  {
"Steps": "1. Read the instructions in reverse",
"Number of steps": "1",
"How long did this take?": "1 minute",
"Tools": "1. A word reversal tool / script",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 

33d8ea3b6c6b4ff1803d7e270dea8a57  What is the minimum number of page links a person must click on to go from the english Wikipedia page on The Lord of the Rings (the book) to the english Wikipedia page on A Song of Ice and Fire (the book series)? In your count, include each link you would click on to get to the page. Use the pages as they appeared at the end of the day on July 3, 2023.  2  2  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “lord of the rings wikipedia”.\n2. Click on Wikipedia result.\n3. Click “View history” to see if the page has been edited since July 3, 2023.\n4. Since it hasn’t been, return to the current revision.\n5. CtrlF for “song” to see if A Song of Ice and Fire is linked to on this page.\n6. Not seeing A Song of Ice and Fire on the current page, search for a link to a page that will likely mention A Song of Ice and Fire.\n7. Click the link for “High fantasy”.\n8. Click “View history” to see if the page has been edited since July 3, 2023.\n9. Since it hasn’t been, return to the current revision.\n10. CtrlF for “song”, and find a link to A Song of Ice and Fire.\n11. Count the links: the High fantasy page and the A Song of Ice and Fire page make two.",
"Number of steps": "11",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. Counter",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

5cfb274c02074aa795756ac0bd95d9b2  Each cell in the attached spreadsheet represents a plot of land. The color of the cell indicates who owns that plot. Green cells are plots owned by Earl Smith. Can Earl walk through every plot he owns (and no other plots) and return to his starting plot without backtracking? For this question, consider backtracking to be any instance where Earl would enter a plot of land he had already entered since leaving his starting plot.  1  No  5cfb274c02074aa795756ac0bd95d9b2.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/5cfb274c02074aa795756ac0bd95d9b2.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the spreadsheet\n2. Analyze the green cells.\n3. Note that the shape of Earl’s plots is not a loop. There are deadends that can’t be traversed without doubling back to a previouslytraversed cell.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "1 minute",
"Tools": "1. Excel\n2. Image recognition\n3. Color recognition",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 
9b54f9d935ee4a14b62fd130ea00317f  Which of the text elements under CATEGORIES in the XML would contain the one food in the spreadsheet that does not appear a second time under a different name?  3  Soups and Stews  9b54f9d935ee4a14b62fd130ea00317f.zip  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/9b54f9d935ee4a14b62fd130ea00317f.zip  {
"Steps": "1. Open the spreadsheet.\n2. Go through each item, eliminating ones that have duplicates under a different name (e.g. clam = geoduck, sandwich = hoagie, dried cranberries = craisins...).\n3. (Optional) Look up any unrecognizable food names.\n4. Note the remaining unique food (turtle soup).\n5. Open the XML.\n6. Find the CATEGORIES label.\n7. Note the matching text element for the food (Soups and Stews).",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Excel file access\n2. XML file access\n3. (Optional) Web browser\n4. (Optional) Search engine",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
e8cb5b0341e0408699e5f6806cd97211  I went to Virtue restaurant & bar in Chicago for my birthday on March 22, 2021 and the main course I had was delicious! Unfortunately, when I went back about a month later on April 21, it was no longer on the dinner menu. Using the Wayback Machine, can you help me figure out which main course was on the dinner menu for Virtue on March 22, 2021 but not April 21, 2021? Answer using the singular form, without articles.  2  shrimp  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for \"Virtue restaurant & bar Chicago\"\n2. Find the restaurant's website, https://www.virtuerestaurant.com\n3. Find the page for the dinner menu, https://www.virtuerestaurant.com/menus/\n4. Paste the URL of this page into the Wayback Machine at web.archive.org\n5. Open the versions of the page archived on March 22, 2021 and April 21, 2021\n6. Ensure that both pages are open to the \"dinner menu\" tab\n7. Find the \"large ration\" that was present on the March 22 version of the menu but not April 21: shrimp",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "30 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Access to the Internet Archive, web.archive.org\n4. Text processing/diff tool",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 

27d5d1368563469e92bffd103c28b57c  ¬(A ∧ B) ↔ (¬A ∨ ¬B)
¬(A ∨ B) ↔ (¬A ∧ ¬B)
(A → B) ↔ (¬B → ¬A)
(A → B) ↔ (¬A ∨ B)
(¬A → B) ↔ (A ∨ ¬B)
¬(A → B) ↔ (A ∧ ¬B)
Which of the above is not logically equivalent to the rest? Provide the full statement that doesn't fit.  1  (¬A → B) ↔ (A ∨ ¬B)  {
"Steps": "1. Determine the truth values of the first statement: Recognize this is one of De Morgan's Laws showing how to distribute negation over the and conjunction  so it is a tautology.\n2. Determine the truth values of the second statement: Recognize this is one of De Morgan's Laws showing how to distribute negation over the or  so it is a tautology.\n3. Determine the truth values of the third statement: Recognize this is the definition of the contrapositive  so it is a tautology.\n4. Determine the truth values of the fourth statement: Recognize this as an alternative way of stating the conditional  so it is a tautology.\n5. Determine the truth values of the fifth statement: I don't recognize this, so check its truth values:\n6. A: True, B: True  (¬A → B) ↔ (A ∨ ¬B) = (¬T → T) ↔ (T ∨ ¬T) = (F → T) ↔ (T ∨ F) = T ↔ T = T\n7. A: True, B: False  (¬A → B) ↔ (A ∨ ¬B) = (¬T → F) ↔ (T ∨ ¬F) = (F → F) ↔ (T ∨ T) = T ↔ T = T\n8. A: False, B: True  (¬A → B) ↔ (A ∨ ¬B) = (¬F → T) ↔ (F ∨ ¬T) = (T → T) ↔ (F ∨ ¬T) = T ↔ (F ∨ F) = T ↔ F = F\n9. The fifth statement is not a tautology so is the statement that is not logically equivalent. We were asked for only one statement, so can stop here.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "520 minutes",
"Tools": "None",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 

dc28cf186431458b83ef64b3ce566c10  My family reunion is this week, and I was assigned the mashed potatoes to bring. The attendees include my married mother and father, my twin brother and his family, my aunt and her family, my grandma and her brother, her brother's daughter, and his daughter's family. All the adults but me have been married, and no one is divorced or remarried, but my grandpa and my grandma's sisterinlaw passed away last year. All living spouses are attending. My brother has two children that are still kids, my aunt has one sixyearold, and my grandma's brother's daughter has three kids under 12. I figure each adult will eat about 1.5 potatoes of mashed potatoes and each kid will eat about 1/2 a potato of mashed potatoes, except my second cousins don't eat carbs. The average potato is about half a pound, and potatoes are sold in 5pound bags. How many whole bags of potatoes do I need? Just give the number.  1  2  {
"Steps": "1. Calculate the number of adults (mother, father, brother, brother's wife, aunt, aunt's husband, grandma, grandma's brother, grandma's brother's daughter, grandma's brother's daughter's husband, me = 11).\n2. Calculate the number of children (niece, nephew, cousin, grandma's brother's daughter's kids x3 = 6).\n3. Subtract the number of second cousins (grandma's brother's daughter's kids) (6  3 = 3).\n4. Calculate the adult potatoes (11 * 1.5 = 16.5).\n5. Calculate the child potatoes (3 * 0.5 = 1.5).\n6. Add to get the total potatoes (16.5 + 1.5 = 18).\n7. Multiply to get the pounds of potatoes (18 * 0.5 = 9 pounds).\n8. Calculate the number of 5lb bags needed (9 / 5 = 1.8).\n9. Round up to get total bags (2).",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "8 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

b816bfce3d804913a07d69b752ce6377  In Emily Midkiff's June 2014 article in a journal named for the one of Hreidmar's sons that guarded his house, what word was quoted from two different authors in distaste for the nature of dragon depictions?  1  fluffy  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Hreidmar's sons\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hrei%C3%B0marr.\n3. Noted Fafnir guarded his house.\n4. Searched \"Emily Midkiff June 2014 Fafnir\" on Google.\n5. Opened \"Fafnir 2/2014 \" at http://journal.finfar.org/journal/archive/fafnir22014/.\n6. Clicked the title '“Dragons are Tricksy”: The Uncanny Dragons of Children’s Literature'.\n7. Found the word in quotation marks from two different authors (Ruth Stein and Margaret Blount) in the text.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

f46b4380207e4434820bf32ce04ae2a4  It is 1999. Before you party like it is 1999, please assist me in settling a bet.
Fiona Apple and Paula Cole released albums prior to 1999. Of these albums, which didn't receive a letter grade from Robert Christgau? Provide your answer as a comma delimited list of album titles, sorted alphabetically.  2  Harbinger, Tidal  {
"Steps": "1. search \"Fiona Apple discography\"\n2. find her album released prior to 1999 was \"Tidal\"\n3. search \"Paula Cole discography\"\n4. find her album released prior to 1999 was \"This Fire\" and \"Harbinger\".\n5. search \"Robert Christgau\"\n6. use his website to search \"Fiona Apple\"\n7. note his review for Tidal was an emoticon, not a letter grade\n8. use his website to search \"Paula Cole\"\n9. note his review for This Fire was a C+ and that he did not review Harbinger.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. web browser\n2. search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

72e110e7464c453ca30990a95aed6538  Under DDC 633 on Bielefeld University Library's BASE, as of 2020, from what country was the unknown language article with a flag unique from the others?  1  Guatemala  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Bielefeld University Library's BASE\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://www.basesearch.net/.\n3. Clicked \"Browsing\".\n4. Selected Clicked \"Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) > 6 > 63 > 633.\n5. Refined to Unknown Language.\n6. Found the only article with a flag unique from the others in the search from pre2020.\n7. Copied the country name from the institution.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

0540716739ec4d3aa23473a9120c325d  In the 2018 VSCode blog post on replit.com, what was the command they clicked on in the last video to remove extra lines?  2  Format Document  {
"Steps": "1. Opened replit.com.\n2. Clicked \"Blog\".\n3. Searched \"vscode\".\n4. Opened \"Zero Setup VSCode Intelligence\" from 2018.\n5. Scrolled down to the bottom video.\n6. Noted the command used (Format Document).",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. GIF parsing tools",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

b9763138c05348329f5586200cb1f99c  Compute the check digit the Tropicos ID for the Order Helotiales would have if it were an ISBN10 number.  2  3  {
"Steps": "1. Search \"Tropicos ID Order Helotiales\"\n2. Find the correct ID on the first result\n3. Search \"isbn 10 check digit calculator\" or calculate check digit by hand",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. web browser\n2. search engine\n3. calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

16d825ff16234176a5b542e0f5c2b0ac  What time was the TriRail train that carried the most passengers on May 27, 2019 scheduled to arrive in Pompano Beach? Express your answer in the 12hour digital clock format without leading zero if any, and include whether it is AM or PM.  2  6:41 PM  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “tri rail ridership may 2019”.\n2. Click result for TriRail website.\n3. Click dropdown for 2019.\n4. Click PDF for May 2019 ridership report.\n5. Scroll down to find the statistics for each train.\n6. Locate the ridership numbers for the 27th, and scroll to find the train with the highest number for that day: train number P685.\n7. Search the web for “tri rail schedule may 2019”.\n8. Click result for TriRail website.\n9. Noticing that the train doesn’t appear on the weekday schedule, click the link for the weekend/holiday schedule. May 27th may have been a holiday.\n10. Locate the time that P685 is scheduled to arrive at Pompano Beach: 6:41 PM.\n11. To confirm, search “may 2019 holidays”.\n12. Verify that May 27th, 2019 was the Memorial Day holiday.\n13. Since the TriRail website didn’t give a date for its schedule, search the web for “tri rail schedule changes” to see if the schedule has changed since 2019.\n14. The only result mentioning a schedule change dates to 2015, so 6:41 PM seems like the answer.",
"Number of steps": "14",
"How long did this take?": "510 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. PDF viewer",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

2b3ef98ccc05450ba719711aee40ac65  Could you help me out with this assignment? Our professor sprung it on us at the end of class Friday, and I'm still trying to figure it out. The question he asked us was about an anagram. I've attached an audio recording of the question that he asked, so if you could please take a listen and give me the answer, I'd really appreciate the help. Please limit your response to the anagram text that could be generated from the original line which fulfills the professor's request, without any other commentary. Also, please don't include any punctuation in your response.  2  To be or not to be that is the question whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune  2b3ef98ccc05450ba719711aee40ac65.mp3  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Load the audio file my user submitted with the query\nStep 2: Using speechtotext tools, convert the audio to plain text, and store the text for evaluation:\n\n\"Okay guys before we call it for the week I've got one little bonus assignment. The following quotation is actually an anagram of one of the bard's most well known lines. I'd like you all to think about it and anyone who can provide the original line will get an automatic A on next week's quiz. Here's the anagram. In one of the bard's best thought of tragedies our insistent hero Hamlet queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten.\"\n\nStep 3: Evaluate the transcribed text for relevant information:\nThe transcribed text references \"the bard\" twice\nThe text contains the anagram to solve: \"In one of the bard's best thought of tragedies our insistent hero Hamlet queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten\"\nThe decoded text resolves as a wellknown line of \"the bard\"\n\nStep 4: Using a web browser, access a search engine and conduct a search, \"who is the bard\"\nStep 5: Navigate to the first search result, https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/bard\nStep 6: Evaluate the page content, noting that the page identifies William Shakespeare as \"The Bard\"\nStep 7: Navigate to a search engine and conduct a search, \"William Shakespeare, In one of the bard's best thought of tragedies our insistent hero Hamlet queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten\"\nStep 8: Navigate to the first search result, https://www.chem.ucla.edu/~ltfang/humors/anagram.html\nStep 9: Evaluate the page content, noting that the page identifies the anagram of \"In one of the bard's best thought of tragedies our insistent hero Hamlet queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten\" as \"To be or not to be: that is the question, whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune\"\nStep 10: Compare the information provided by the website resource to the original text, to determine if the original text and the candidate solution share the same letters. As this is the case, store this anagram as a candidate solution.\nStep 11: Navigate to a search engine and conduct a search, \"William Shakespeare, To be or not to be: that is the question, whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune\"\nStep 12: Navigate to the first search result, https://poets.org/poem/hamletactiiisceneibeornotbe\nStep 13: Evaluate the page content, learning that the phrase \"To be or not to be: that is the question, whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune\" is a line from William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, which corresponds with both the clue provided by the professor in the initial text and the clue provided in the anagrammed text.\nStep 14: Confirming the accuracy of the surfaced result, provide the correct response to my user, formatted as requested, \"To be or not to be that is the question whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune\"",
"Number of steps": "14",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. A web browser\n2. A search engine\n3. A speechtotext tool",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

bfcd99e106904b53a85c0174a8629083  How many applicants for the job in the PDF are only missing a single qualification?  2  17  bfcd99e106904b53a85c0174a8629083.zip  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/bfcd99e106904b53a85c0174a8629083.zip  {
"Steps": "1. Opened the Job Listing PDF.\n2. Opened the Applicants Excel file.\n3. Used conditional formatting to highlight rows in each column that don't meet a qualification.\n4. Counted the rows with only one missing qualification.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "8 minutes",
"Tools": "1. PDF access\n2. Excel file access",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 
544b7f0c173a43778d5657b36eb26ddf  In Valentina Re’s contribution to the 2017 book “World Building: Transmedia, Fans, Industries”, what horror movie does the author cite as having popularized metalepsis between a dream world and reality? Use the complete name with article if any.  2  A Nightmare on Elm Street  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “world building transmedia fans industries”.\n2. Click link to PDF of the book.\n3. Navigate to the Media Cited section of the essay written by Valentina Re.\n4. Identify the horror movie, A Nightmare on Elm Street.\n5. Navigate to its mention in the essay, to confirm that it does relate to metalepsis from a dream world.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "510 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. PDF viewer",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

42576abe0deb48698c63225c2d75a95a  In the fictional language of Tizin, basic sentences are arranged with the Verb first, followed by the direct object, followed by the subject of the sentence. I want to express my love for apples to my Tizin friend.
The word that indicates oneself is "Pa" is the nominative form, "Mato" is the accusative form, and "Sing" is the genitive form.
The root verb that indicates an intense like for something is "Maktay". When it is used in the present, it is used in it's root form, when it is used in the preterit past, it is "Tay", and when it is used in the imperfect past, it is "Aktay". It is used differently than in English, and is better translated as "is pleasing to", meaning that the thing doing the liking is actually the object of the sentence rather than the subject.
The word for apples is borrowed from English in Tizin, and so it is "Apple" is the nominative form, "Zapple" is the accusative form, and "Izapple" is the genitive form.
Please translate "I like apples" to Tizin.  1  Maktay mato apple  {
"Steps": "1. Determine the order of words from the prompt (Verb  Object  Subject).\n2. Determine the present form of Like (\"Maktay\")\n3. Determined that since the person doing the liking is the object of the sentence, the next word must be the one for oneself in object form.\n4. Determined the accusative form for onesself (\"mato\").\n5. Determined the nominative form for apple. (\"apple\").\n6. Put the words together in the correct order.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "2 minutes",
"Tools": "None",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 

6b0787780b90464d83f659511c811b01  The Metropolitan Museum of Art has a portrait in its collection with an accession number of 29.100.5. Of the consecrators and coconsecrators of this portrait's subject as a bishop, what is the name of the one who never became pope?  2  Alfonso Visconti  {
"Steps": "1. I searched for \"Metropolitan Museum of Art search collection\" using a search engine to get to the \"Search the Collection\" page on the Metropolitan Museum of Art's website.\n2. I selected \"Accession Number\" in the search field dropdown and entered \"29.100.5\" into the text input, noting that the only result is a portrait titled \"Cardinal Fernando Niño de Guevara (1541–1609)\"\n3. I went to Fernando Niño de Guevara's Wikipedia page and noted that he was consecrated bishop by Pope Clement VIII with Camillo Borghese and Alfonso Visconti as coconsecrators.\n4. I eliminated Pope Clement VIII as the answer since he was obviously a pope based on his title.\n5. I went to Camillo Borghese's Wikipedia page and noted that he became Pope Paul V, eliminating him as the answer.\n6. I went to Alfonso Visconti's Wikipedia page and noted that he never became pope, so the answer to the question is \"Alfonso Visconti\".",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

b415aba44b684fc69b892c812e55a3e1  In Nature journal's Scientific Reports conference proceedings from 2012, in the article that did not mention plasmons or plasmonics, what nanocompound is studied? Don't use the prefix nano in your answer if there is one.  1  diamond  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"nature scientific reports\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://www.nature.com/srep/.\n3. Selected Explore Content > Research Articles.\n4. Filtered for Conference Proceedings from 2012.\n5. Opened each article link.\n6. Checked for \"plasmon\" or \"plasmonic\".\n7. Noted the nanocompound in the article that did not include either.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

076c81719b3b49b9a477244d2a532826  The attached file contains a list of vendors in the Liminal Springs mall, along with each vendor’s monthly revenue and the rent they pay the mall. I want you to find the vendor that makes the least money, relative to the rent it pays. Then, tell me what is listed in the “type” column for that vendor.  2  Finance  076c81719b3b49b9a477244d2a532826.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/076c81719b3b49b9a477244d2a532826.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the attached spreadsheet.\n2. Write formulas that divide each row’s revenue by its rent. This will tell me how much each vendor makes relative to its rent.\n3. Note the value in the type column for the lowest result, Finance.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Microsoft Excel\n2. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 
08cae58d40844616b6dddd6534e4825b  According to Google Finance, when was the first year the Apple stock went above $50 (without adjusting for stock split)?  2  2018  {
"Steps": "1. typed in \"Google finance apple\" on browser\n2. clicked first link\n3. clicked \"max\" to display entire history of apple stock\n4. hovered mouse around the area that line crosses over $50\n5. noted the date",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "4 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. code/data analysis tools",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

cca530fc405243b2b130b30968d8aa44  Review the chess position provided in the image. It is black's turn. Provide the correct next move for black which guarantees a win. Please provide your response in algebraic notation.  1  Rd5  cca530fc405243b2b130b30968d8aa44.png  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Evaluate the position of the pieces in the chess position\nStep 2: Report the best move available for black: \"Rd5\"",
"Number of steps": "2",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Image recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

2dfc4c37fec1451884a710095d30ad75  According to Box Office Mojo's 2020 Worldwide Box Office list, how many of the top 10 highestgrossing worldwide movies are also on the top 10 highestgrossing domestic movies? Your answer should be a numerical integer value.  2  6  {
"Steps": "1. Google searched \"Box Office Mojo's 2020 Worldwide Box Office\".\n2. Clicked on the first result: Box Office Mojo, https://www.boxofficemojo.com/year/world/2020/, 2020 Worldwide Box Office.\n3. Looked at the top 10 highestgrossing worldwide movies of 2020: 1. The Eight Hundred, 2. Demon Slayer the Movie: Mugen Train, 3. Bad Boys for Life, 4. My People, My Homeland, 5. Tenet, 6. Sonic the Hedgehog, 7. Dolittle, 8. Legend of Deification, 9. A Little Red Flower, 10. The Croods: A New Age.\n4. Clicked on the column labeled \"Domestic\" to sort by highestgrossing domestic movies of 2020.\n5. Looked at the first 10 movies on the list: Bad Boys for Life, Sonic the Hedgehog, Birds of Prey, Dolittle, The Invisible Man, The Call of the Wild, Onward, The Croods: A New Age, Tenet, Demon Slayer the Movie: Mugen Train.\n6. For each of these movies: If the number under \"Rank\" is less than or equal to 10, then the movie is also among the top 10 highestgrossing worldwide movies of 2020.\n7. Form the final list: Bad Boys for Life, Sonic the Hedgehog, Dolittle, The Croods: A New Age, Tenet, Demon Slayer the Movie: Mugen Train.\n8. Count the number of movies on the list: 6,",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web Browser\n2. Search Engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

935e2cffae784218b3f5115589b19dae  In the year 2022, and before December, what does "R" stand for in the three core policies of the type of content that was violated in the public logs on the Legume Wikipedia page?  1  research  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"legume wikipedia\" on Google.\n2. Opened \"Legume\" on Wikipedia.\n3. Clicked \"View history\".\n4. Clicked \"View logs for this page\".\n5. Checked all types of logs.\n6. Set the date to November 2022.\n7. Followed the BLP link of the violation.\n8. Noted the meaning of \"R\".",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

4fc2f1ae862545b5ab34ad4433bc21f8  Who nominated the only Featured Article on English Wikipedia about a dinosaur that was promoted in November 2016?  1  FunkMonk  {
"Steps": "1. Search \"Wikipedia featured articles promoted in november 2016\"\n2. Click through to the appropriate page and find the person who nominated Giganotosaurus.",
"Number of steps": "2",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. web browser\n2. search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

5188369a3bbe43d88b9411558f909a08  What writer is quoted by MerriamWebster for the Word of the Day from June 27, 2022?  1  Annie Levin  {
"Steps": "1. Search \"merriamwebster word of the day\" on Google search.\n2. Opened the top \"Word of the Day\" result from the MerriamWebster dictionary online.\n3. Clicked \"SEE ALL WORDS OF THE DAY\" at the bottom.\n4. Scrolled down to June 27, 2022.\n5. Opened the Word of the Day (\"jingoism\").\n6. Scrolled down and identified context quote for \"jingoism\".\n7. Noted the name attributed to the quote. ",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "8 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Audio capability",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

9f41b083683e4dcf9185ccfeaa88fa45  How many pages if the 2023 IPCC report (85 pages version) mentions nuclear energy?  2  0  {
"Steps": "1. Open a web browser\n2. Go to a search engine\n3. Search for \"2023 IPCC report\"\n4. Click on the link for \"AR6 Synthesis Report: Climate Change 2023\" \n5. Click on \"Read the Report\"\n6. Click on \"SYR (Full volume)\n7. Check the page count of the PDF\n8. Go back to the previous page (report is too long)\n9. Click on \"Longer Report\"\n10. Check the page count of the PDF\n11. Search for \"nuclear energy\" within the PDF\n12. Look at the total number of hits",
"Number of steps": "12",
"How long did this take?": "4 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF reader ",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

6f37996b2ac744b08e686d28256631b4  Given this table defining * on the set S = {a, b, c, d, e}
*abcde

aabcbd
bbcaec
ccabba
dbebed
edbadc
provide the subset of S involved in any possible counterexamples that prove * is not commutative. Provide your answer as a comma separated list of the elements in the set in alphabetical order.  1  b, e  {
"Steps": "1. Compile the markdown.\n2. Look at the table across the diagonal to see if any portions are not symmetrical.\n3. See that b * e != e * b, but all others are symmetrical.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Markdown",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

56db2318640f477aa82fbc93ad13e882  The following numbers function similarly to ISBN 13 numbers, however, their validation methods are slightly different. Rather than using alternate weights of 1 and 3, the checksum digit is calculated with an alternate weight of 1 and some other positive integer less than 10. Otherwise, the checksum digit is calculated as expected. Unfortunately, there is an error in the data. Two adjacent columns have been transposed. These errored columns do not involve the final column or one of the first three columns. Using this information, please provide all potential solutions with the unknown weight and the smaller index of the two errored columns (assume we start our indexing at 0 and ignore hyphens). Give your answer in the form x, y where x is the weight and y is the smaller index of the two transposed columns.
9783541813919
9789466697461
9783980361396
9784476566804
9782795866647
9785950736933
9789766476526
9785911781255
9787284659245
9784148251559  3  7, 9  {
"Steps": "1. Consider the numbers as if the first potential columns were the ones transposed, which would be smallest index 3 giving solution (n, 3).\n2. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9785341813919\n(9+7n+8+5n+3+4n+1+8n+1+3n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 5 is our only possible solution if these are the transposed columns.\n3. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 5 is still a solution:\n9789466697461\n9784966697461\n(9+7n+8+4n+9+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 5, (9+7n+8+4n+9+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 5, so this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 3 and 4 are transposed.\n4. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 4) or columns 4 and 5 transposed under some weight n.\n5. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783451813919\n(9+7n+8+3n+4+5n+1+8n+1+3n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 7 is our only possible solution if these are the transposed columns.\n6. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9789466697461\n9789646697461\n(9+7n+8+9n+6+4n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+9n+6+4n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 5, so this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 4 and 5 are transposed.\n7. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 5) or columns 5 and 6 transposed under some weight n.\n8. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783514813919\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+1n+4+8n+1+3n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 5 is our only possible solution if these are the transposed columns.\n9. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 5 is still a solution:\n9789466697461\n9789466697461\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 5, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 5, so this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 5 and 6 are transposed.\n10. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 6) or columns 6 and 7 transposed under some weight n.\n11. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783548113919\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+4n+8+1n+1+3n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 9 is our only possible solution if these are the transposed columns.\n12. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 9 is still a solution:\n9789466697461\n9789466697461\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 9, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 9, so this solution holds for the second number.\n13. \"Fix\" the columns in the third number and see if n = 9 is still a solution:\n9783980361396\n9783983061396\n(9+7n+8+3n+9+8n+3+0n+6+1n+3+9n) mod 10 ≡ (10  6)\nWhen n = 9, (9+7n+8+3n+9+8n+3+0n+6+1n+3+9n) mod 10 ≡ 0, so this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 6 and 7 are transposed.\n14. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 7) or columns 7 and 8 transposed under some weight n.\n15. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783541183919\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+4n+1+1n+8+3n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 9 is our only possible solution if these are the transposed columns.\n16. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 9 is still a solution:\n9789466697461\n9789466967461\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+9n+6+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 9, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+9n+6+7n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 3, so this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 7 and 8 are transposed.\n17. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 8) or columns 8 and 9 transposed under some weight n.\n18. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783541831919\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+4n+1+8n+3+1n+9+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 4 and n = 9 are both possible solutions to this modular equation.\n19. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 4 and n = 9 are still solutions:\n9789466697461\n9789466679461\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+9n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 4, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+9n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 0. When n = 9, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+9n+4+6n) mod 10 ≡ 5. As neither solution found works for the second number, this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 8 and 9 are transposed.\n20. See if there is a valid solution for (n, 9) or columns 9 and 10 transposed under some weight n.\n21. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783541819319\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+4n+1+8n+1+9n+3+1n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 2 and n = 7 are both possible solutions to this modular equation.\n22. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 2 and n = 7 are still solutions:\n9789466679461\n9789466674961\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+4n+9+6n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 2, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+4n+9+6n) mod 10 ≡ 9 and when n = 7 (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+7+4n+9+6n) mod 10 ≡ 9, so both n = 2 and n = 7 remain consistent.\n23. \"Fix\" the columns in the third number and see if n = 2 and n = 7 are still solutions:\n9783980361396\n9783980363196\n(9+7n+8+3n+9+8n+0+3n+6+3n+1+9n) mod 10 ≡ (10  6)\nWhen n = 2, (9+7n+8+3n+9+8n+0+3n+6+3n+1+9n) mod 10 ≡ 9, so n cannot be 2. When n = 7, (9+7n+8+3n+9+8n+0+3n+6+3n+1+9n) mod 10 ≡ 4, so this solution is still consistent.\n24. \"Fix\" the columns in the fourth number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9784476566804\n9784476568604\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+4n+4+7n+6+5n+6+8n+6+0n) mod 10 ≡ (10  4)\n(9+7n+8+4n+4+7n+6+5n+6+8n+6+0n) mod 10 ≡ 6, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n24. \"Fix\" the columns in the fifth number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9782795866647\n9782795866647\n(9+7n+8+2n+7+9n+5+8n+6+6n+6+4n) mod 10 ≡ (10  7)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+2n+7+9n+5+8n+6+6n+6+4n) mod 10 ≡ 3, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n24. \"Fix\" the columns in the sixth number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9785950736933\n9785950739633\n(9+7n+8+5n+9+5n+0+7n+3+9n+6+3n) mod 10 ≡ (10  3)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+5n+9+5n+0+7n+3+9n+6+3n) mod 10 ≡ 7, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n25. \"Fix\" the columns in the seventh number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9789766476526\n9789766475626\n(9+7n+8+9n+7+6n+6+4n+7+5n+6+2n) mod 10 ≡ (10  6)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+9n+7+6n+6+4n+7+5n+6+2n) mod 10 ≡ 4, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n26. \"Fix\" the columns in the eighth number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9785911781255\n9785911782155\n(9+7n+8+5n+9+1n+1+7n+8+2n+1+5n) mod 10 ≡ (10  5)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+5n+9+1n+1+7n+8+2n+1+5n) mod 10 ≡ 5, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n27. \"Fix\" the columns in the ninth number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9787284659245\n9787284652945\n(9+7n+8+7n+2+8n+4+6n+5+2n+9+4n) mod 10 ≡ (10  5)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+7n+2+8n+4+6n+5+2n+9+4n) mod 10 ≡ 5, so n = 7 is still a potential solution.\n28. \"Fix\" the columns in the final number and see if n = 7 is still a solution:\n9784148251559\n9784148255159\n(9+7n+8+4n+1+4n+8+2n+5+5n+1+5n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nWhen n = 7, (9+7n+8+4n+1+4n+8+2n+5+5n+1+5n) mod 10 ≡ 1, so n = 7 is a consistent solution for all the numbers given. This means that (7, 9) is a solution to the problem.\n29. As the problem asks for all possible solutions, we need to check to see if there is a valid solution for (n, 10) or columns 10 and 11 transposed under some weight n even though we found a solution already. It is possible the solution we found is not unique.\n30. \"Fix\" the columns in the first number and see if any n from 19 can generate the proper check digit. Calculations:\n9783541813919\n9783541813199\n(9+7n+8+3n+5+4n+1+8n+1+3n+1+9n) mod 10 ≡ (10  9)\nn = 4 and n = 9 are both possible solutions to this modular equation.\n31. \"Fix\" the columns in the second number and see if n = 4 and n = 9 are still solutions:\n9789466697461\n9789466697641\n(9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+6+4n) mod 10 ≡ (10  1)\nWhen n = 4, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+6+4n) mod 10 ≡ 8, so n cannot be 4. When n = 9, (9+7n+8+9n+4+6n+6+6n+9+7n+6+4n) mod 10 ≡ 3, so n cannot be 9. As neither solution found works for the second number, this fails. There is no consistent solution if columns 10 and 11 are transposed.\n32. We checked all possible forms of the error and found only one potential solution, (7, 9) so this is our only answer.",
"Number of steps": "32",
"How long did this take?": "60 minutes",
"Tools": "1. a calculator",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

ecbc4f9495a34cc7b2556741a458a625  How many images are there in the latest 2022 Lego english wikipedia article?  2  13  {
"Steps": "1. Open a web browser\n2. Navigate to en.wikipedia.org\n3. Search for \"lego\"\n4. Click on \"View history\"\n5. Click on \"Page statistics\"\n6. Click on \"Month counts\"\n7. In the \"Month counts\" table, click on the edits for the latest month in 2022 (202212)\n8. Click on the latest link on the page, \"02:02, 21 December 2022\"\n9. Click on \"View source\"\n10. Read to confirm if the source is from the given version (unable to determine)\n11. Go back one page\n12. Visually count the number of images displayed on the page",
"Number of steps": "12",
"How long did this take?": "6 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Access to Wikipedia\n3. Image recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

e9a2c53782324c3f85b0b52de6bcba99  The attached file shows a list of books in the collection of Scribe County Public Library. How many of the library’s books that are authored by Rick Riordan are not currently on the library’s shelves?  2  7  e9a2c53782324c3f85b0b52de6bcba99.pdf  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/e9a2c53782324c3f85b0b52de6bcba99.pdf  {
"Steps": "1. Open the file.\n2. Count books where the author is “Rick Riodan” and the status is either “Checked Out” or “Overdue”.",
"Number of steps": "2",
"How long did this take?": "1 minute",
"Tools": "1. PDF viewer",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
8131e2c0008342659ce778c2d568425d  I was trying to remember how well the Cheater Beater performed in comparison to the Cheater when James tested it on his channel. I know that the Cheater still outperformed the Cheater Beater in terms of CFM. Could you please look that up for me, and report the CFM of both the Cheater and the Cheater Beater? I'm not sure if he made any changes to his testing, but this was back in season 4, so just report the value from that season. Please format your response like this: CFM number for Cheater, CFM number for Cheater beater  3  101.376, 84.348  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Using a web browser, navigate to a search engine and conduct a search: \"James Cheater Cheater Beater CFM Season 4\"\nStep 2: Finding no relevant result, navigate to a search engine and conduct another search: \"Cheater Beater Season 4\"\nStep 3: Navigate to the first search result, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vq3COPZbKo\nStep 4: Evaluate the YouTube page, noting that the video description identifies the video content comparing the performance of computer fans to a fan referred to as the \"cheater\"\nStep 5: Follow the link to the YouTube channel Major Hardware, https://www.youtube.com/@MajorHardware\nStep 6: Navigate to the About tab link, https://www.youtube.com/@MajorHardware/about\nStep 7: Evaluate the content, noting that the page identifies the operator of the channel as James\nStep 8: Navigate to a search engine and conduct a search, \"James Major Hardware Cheater Beater\"\nStep 9: Navigate to the first result, identical to the result from step 3 above, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vq3COPZbKo\nStep 10: Search the page for CFM, finding no result\nStep 11: Load the video content and review it\nStep 12: Note an onscreen text element identifying a fan as \"CALL SIGN: CHEATER BEATER\" at timestamp 224\nStep 13: Note an onscreen table identifying the performance of various fans tested during season four, at timestamp 485\nStep 14: Evaluate the table content, identifying an entry for a fan named \"Cheater\" and a fan named \"Cheater Beater\"\nStep 15: Evaluate the table content, identifying that the data for both fans were recorded in season 4, S4E1 for Cheater, S4E6 for Cheater Beater\nStep 16: Record the data from the CFM column for the two fans, \"Cheater: 101.376\", and \"Cheater Beater: 84.348\"\nStep 17: Report the correct response to my user:\n\"Cheater: 101.376\nCheater Beater: 84.348\"",
"Number of steps": "17",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. A web browser\n2. A search engine\n3. Image recognition tools",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

9318445ffe6a4e1bacbfc68228c9906a  As a comma separated list with no whitespace, using the provided image provide all the fractions that use / as the fraction line and the answers to the sample problems. Order the list by the order in which the fractions appear.  1  3/4,1/4,3/4,3/4,2/4,1/2,5/35,7/21,30/5,30/5,3/4,1/15,1/3,4/9,1/8,32/23,103/170  9318445ffe6a4e1bacbfc68228c9906a.png  {
"Steps": "1. Find the fractions that use / as the fraction line before the sample problems start: 3/4,1/4,3/4,3/4,2/4,1/2,5/35,7/21,30/5,30/5\n2. Solve the sample problems:\n3. Problem 1: 3/4\n4. Problem 2: 1/15\n5. Problem 3: 1/3\n6. Problem 4: 4/9\n7. Problem 5: 1/8\n8. Problem 6: 32/23\n9. Problem 7: 103/170\n10: Add them to the list. There were no more fractions with a / as the fraction line, so they can just be added in order: 3/4,1/4,3/4,3/4,2/4,1/2,5/35,7/21,30/5,30/5,3/4,1/15,1/3,4/9,1/8,32/23,103/170",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. image recognition/OCR\n2. calculator",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

71345b0a9c7d4b50b2bf937ec5879845  On a leap day before the year 2008, a joke was removed from the Wikipedia page for “Dragon”. What was the phrase that was removed? Give the phrase as it appeared on the page, but without punctuation.  2  Here be dragons  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “dragon wikipedia”.\n2. Click the Wikipedia result.\n3. Click “View history” to see changes made to the page.\n4. Navigate through the edits until I get to the beginning of 2008.\n5. Browse the edits before 2008 for a change made on February 29, which would be a leap day.\n6. Find an edit made on February 29, 2004, with a comment indicating the prior edit was humorous.\n7. Click the February 29 version of the page, and examine it.\n8. Return to the revision history, and click the previous version of the page.\n9. Note the phrase at the top of the page that wasn’t present in the later version: “Here be dragons”.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "1015 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

72c06643a2fa4186aa5c9ec33ae9b445  What is the volume in milliliters of a system comprised of 0.312 kg Freon12 refrigerant when placed at the bottom of the Marianas Trench and allowed to stabilize at the Trench's peak temperature, rounded to the nearest mL? Provide your answer as just an integer value.  3  55  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"volume from pressure, temperature, mass\" on Google.\n2. Opened the \"Specific Volume: Definition, Formulas, Examples  ThoughtCo\" page.\n3. Noted that PV = nRT where V is volume, R is the ideal gas constant, T is temperature, P is pressure, and M is moles.\n4. Followed the \"gas constant\" link.\n5. Noted that R = 8.31446261815324 J/Kmol.\n6. Searched \"Freon12\" on Google.\n7. Opened the \"Dichlorodifluoromethane\" on Wikipedia.\n8. Noted the molar mass of 120.91 g/mol.\n9. Converted 0.312 kg = 312 g.\n10. Calculated moles: 312 g / 120.91 g/mol = 2.58 mol.\n11. Searched \"Marianas Trench pressure\" on Google.\n12. Noted the pressure in the featured text snippet of 15,750 psi.\n13. Searched \"psi to atm\" on Google.\n14. Noted 1 psi = 0.068046 atm.\n15. Converted psi to atm: 15,750 * 0.068046 = 1071.7245 atm.\n16. Searched \"Marianas Trench temperature\" on Google.\n17. Noted the temperature range from 3439F.\n18. Searched \"F to K\" on Google.\n19. Noted that K equals F plus 459.67 times 5/9 from the conversion tool.\n20. Converted temperature to K: 39 + 459.67 * 5/9 = 277.039K.\n21. Searched \"joules to atm\" on Google and noted the conversion of 1 Joule = 0.0098692326671601 Liter Atmosphere from the featured text snippet.\n22. Converted 8.31446261815324 * 0.0098692326671601 = 0.08205736608096 Latm/Kmol.\n21. Changed PV = nRT to V = nRT/P\n22. Plugged numbers into the ideal gas equation: V = (0.08205736608096 Latm/Kmol * 277.039K * 2.58 mol) / (1071.7245 atm) = 0.05473 L.\n23. Converted to mL: 0.05473 L = 54.73.\n24. Rounded to the nearest mL.",
"Number of steps": "24",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

ebbc1f13d24d40df9068adcf735b4240  The Latin root of the Yola word "gimlie" shares a spelling with a Spanish word. What is the Google translation of the source title for the 1994 example sentence for that word in the Collins SpanishtoEnglish dictionary online? Answer in plain text, without punctuation.  3  The World of the Twenty First Century  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Yola gimlie\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gimlie#Yola.\n3. Noted the Latin root \"caminata\".\n4. Searched \"Collins SpanishtoEnglish dictionary caminata\" on Google.\n5. Opened https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/spanishenglish/caminata.\n6. Scrolled down to the 1994 example.\n7. Searched \"El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno translation\" on Google.\n8. Noted the result in the Translate widget.",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Google Translate access",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

7b5377b03f3841038ad290fe89864c04  Find the value of x to the nearest tenth: Lx = (d/dx * (A * xsquared)) + 4thousand'n'ninety7 minus C
Where L is the last two digits of the year of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence,
A is the number of colors in the TikTok logo as of July 2023, excluding black and white,
and C is the height of the average woman in the Philippines according to a July 2023 Business Insider article, rounded to the nearest whole centimeter  2  563.9  {
"Steps": "1. Googled Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, found it to be in 1811, thus L = 11\n2. Googled TikTok logo, found 4 colors, 2 of which are black and white, so A = 2\n3. Googled average height of woman in Philippines, found it to be 149.6cm, so C = 150\n4. Deciphered formula to mean 11x = (d/dx(2x^2)) + 4097  150\n5. Used simple calculus and algebra to solve the equation",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "40 minutes",
"Tools": "1. A web browser\n2. A search engine\n3. A calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

114d5fd0e2ae4b6da65a870da2d19c08  In the endnote found in the secondtolast paragraph of page 11 of the book with the doi 10.2307/j.ctv9b2xdv, what date in November was the Wikipedia article accessed? Just give the day of the month.  2  4  {
"Steps": "1. Look up the doi.\n2. Click on the JSTOR result.\n3. Find the chapter with page 11, and click to read it.\n4. Navigate to page 11.\n5. Identify the footnote in the secondtolast paragraph.\n6. Scroll to the end of the chapter to read the footnote.\n7. Note the date given after the Wikipedia link.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "510 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser\n3. OCR",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

8f80e01c129643719486bb3d68651a60  Using bass clef notes, what is the age of someone who has experienced the word spelled out in the sheet music by the note letters the total number of lines and notes minus the number of notes on lines in the image?  2  90  8f80e01c129643719486bb3d68651a60.png  {
"Steps": "1. Open the file.\n2. Translate the letters to bass notes (\"D E C A D E\").\n3. Count the lines (5).\n4. Count the notes (6).\n5. Count the notes on lines (2).\n6. Add the lines and notes (11).\n7. Subtract the notes on lines (11  2).\n8. Multiply 10 by 9 (90).\n9. Note the age given.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Image recognition\n2. Bass note data\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

ad37a656079a49f9a4937b739c9167d1  On July 15, 2008, Phys.org published an article about a catastrophe. Find the explosive force of this catastrophe according to Encyclopedia Britannica, then find the name of the US nuclear test that had the same yield. Your answer should only be the last word of the name of the test.  2  Bravo  {
"Steps": "1. Search for \"phys org archive\"\n2. Click on the link for https://phys.org/archive\n3. Naviage to July 15, 2008\n4. Search the articles for an article that mentions \"catastrophe\"\n5. Note the name of the event (Tunguska catastrophe)\n6. Search for \"Tunguska catastrophe britannica\"\n7. Click on the link for Tunguska event\n8. Locate the explosive force in the article (15 megatons)\n9. Search for \"us nuclear test 15 megatons\"\n10. Record the last word of the name of the test in the search results.",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "4 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

366e2f2b86324ef281ebbc3877489217  The attached file lists accommodations in the resort town of Seahorse Island. Based on the information in this file, which seems like the better available place to stay for a family that enjoys swimming and wants a full house?  2  Shelley's place  366e2f2b86324ef281ebbc3877489217.pdf  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/366e2f2b86324ef281ebbc3877489217.pdf  {
"Steps": "1. Open the provided PDF.\n2. Check Rental Houses. \n3. Check the house with pool. \n4. Check for availability: Shelley's place is the only fit.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. PDF viewer",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
c526d8d659874da9b24c83466fa172f3  In the NIH translation of the original 1913 MichaelisMenten Paper, what is the velocity of a reaction to four decimal places using the final equation in the paper based on the information for Reaction 7 in the Excel file?  3  0.0424  c526d8d659874da9b24c83466fa172f3.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/c526d8d659874da9b24c83466fa172f3.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"NIH translation 1913 MichaelisMenten Paper\" on Google.\n2. Opened \"The Original Michaelis Constant: Translation of the 1913 MichaelisMenten Paper\" on the NIH website.\n3. Scrolled down to the final equation: v = (km ⋅ [S]) / (1 + (km/kcat) ⋅ [S]).\n4. Opened the Excel file.\n5. Searched \"MichaelisMenten equation\" on Google to find the meaning of the variables.\n6. Opened the Wikipedia \"Michaelis–Menten kinetics\" page.\n7. Noted v = reaction rate (velocity of reaction) and kcat = catalytic rate constant (catalytic constant).\n8. Returned to the NIH paper and found km = Menten constant and [S] = substrate concentration.\n9. Plugged reaction 7's values from the Excel file into the equation: v = (0.052 * 72.3) / (1 + (0.052 / 0.0429) * 72.3) = 0.042416.\n10. Rounded to four decimal places (0.0424).",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "20 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Excel file access\n2. Web browser\n3. Search engine\n4. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
f3917a3d1d174ee290c5683b072218fe  How many edits were made to the Wikipedia page on Antidisestablishmentarianism from its inception until June of 2023?  2  2732  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “Antidisestablishmentarianism”.\n2. Click the Wikipedia result.\n3. Click “View history” to see edits made to the page.\n4. Click “500” to view 500 edits on the page at a time.\n5. Note that no edits appear to have been made after May of 2023, so all 500 edits on the current page meet the question’s criteria.\n6. Click “older 500” to view older edits.\n7. Repeat until I reach the end of the revisions, counting how many sets of 500 I passed until reaching the last page.\n8. On the last page, CtrlF for “cur” and “prev”. These abbreviations appear before every revision, so the number of times they each appear on the page (minus the number of times they each appear in the description at the top) is the number of revisions on this page.\n9. Add the number of revisions on the last page (232), to the number from the pages of 500 (5 pages times 500 edits equals 2500) to get the answer, 2732.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

389793a7ca174e8281cb2b3a2391b4b9  You are a telecommunications engineer who wants to build cell phone towers on a stretch of road. In the reference file is a layout of the road and nearby houses. Each dash, "", is a marker indicating a mile. Each capital H indicates a house located next to a mile marker, appearing above or below the stretch of road. Each cell phone tower can cover houses located next to the road within a 4mile radius. Find the minimum number of cell phone towers needed to cover all houses next to the road. Your answer should be a positive numerical integer value.  1  3  389793a7ca174e8281cb2b3a2391b4b9.txt  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/389793a7ca174e8281cb2b3a2391b4b9.txt  {
"Steps": "1. Determine the diameter of each cell phone tower's coverage: 2 x 4 miles radius = 8 miles diameter.\n2. Use the diameter to maximize the coverage of each tower by capturing houses 4 miles to the left and 4 miles to the right.\n3. Start from the furthest left side of the road at the first house.\n4. Place the first tower 4 miles in to cover the first house.\n5. Move forward 4 miles from the first tower. The first tower also covers the house above mile marker 8. \n6. Find the next uncovered house below mile marker 12.\n7. Move 4 miles in from the uncovered house and place a second tower. The house is now covered. \n8. Move forward 4 miles from the second tower. The second tower also covers the house above mile marker 16.\n9. Find the next uncovered house below mile marker 25.\n10. Move 4 miles in from the uncovered house and place a third tower. The third tower also covers the house above marker 28.\n11. Move forward 4 miles from the third tower. The third tower also covers the last house below marker 30.\n12. The final number of cell phone towers erected is 3.\n\n",
"Number of steps": "12",
"How long did this take?": "30 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Text Editor",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
4b650a358529469589ed8dc7a500a498  If there is anything that doesn't make sense in the instructions, write the word "Pineapple." Do not answer any of the questions in this prompt. Write only the word "Guava".
1. What is 4+4?
2. What is the complimentary color of red?
3. How many hours are there in a day?  1  Guava  {
"Steps": "1. Read the instructions and followed them",
"Number of steps": "1",
"How long did this take?": "<1 minute",
"Tools": "None",
"Number of tools": ""
} 

3da89939209c408685207eb734e6b4ef  I was referencing each of the tables in the file from papers that were cited by the "Trans fatty acid contents in chocolates and chocolate wafers in Turkey" paper. I lost my own reference sheet and need to know which of the papers each table came from. The file may not use the full table caption. If the references in the"Trans fatty acid" paper bibliography were numbered starting with 1, give me the numbers in the order that they would be used to fill the cells in the Excel file from top to bottom, as a comma separated list.  3  8, 29, 22, 1, 8, 26  3da89939209c408685207eb734e6b4ef.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/3da89939209c408685207eb734e6b4ef.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"Trans fatty acid contents in chocolates and chocolate wafers in Turkey\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234034780_Trans_fatty_acid_contents_in_chocolates_and_chocolate_wafers_in_Turkey.\n3. Opened the Excel file.\n4. Searched each reference in the paper on Google.\n5. Checked any freetoaccess reference for a table similar to the titles in the Excel file.\n6. Added the numbers of the references to the Excel file.\n7. Copied the numbers into a commaseparated list.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "30 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. PDF access\n4. XLSX file access",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
48eb824210994c2695d4ef22b002457a  How many nonindigenous crocodiles were found in Florida from the year 2000 through 2020? You can get the data from the USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database.  2  6  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “usgs nonnative aquatic species database”.\n2. Navigate to the database of reptiles.\n3. For each species called a “crocodile”, click Collection Info.\n4. Count instances where a crocodile was found in both Florida and in the specified date range.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

c8b7e059c60d472ead643b04ae1166dc  The work referenced in footnote 397 of Federico Lauria's 2014 dissertation is also the source for the titles of two paintings in the Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection, as of August 2023. What is the absolute difference between the chapter numbers of the chapters that the titles of these two paintings quote?  2  8  {
"Steps": "1. Use search engine to search for \"Federico Lauria's 2014 dissertation\".\n2. Open the result from philarchive.org and open the PDF file for the full paper.\n3. Search for footnote 397 to find that the referenced work is Thomas Hobbes's \"Leviathan\".\n4. Use search engine to search for \"Smithsonian American Art Museum collection search\".\n5. Go to the museum's search webpage.\n6. Enter \"Hobbes Leviathan\" into the search box and submit the search.\n7. Open the two results, one by Jan Stussy (\"A free man...\") and one by Leon Karp (\"Hereby it is manifest...\").\n8. Verify from the full titles of these works that the titles are quotes from \"Leviathan\".\n9. Use search engine to search for \"Thomas Hobbes Leviathan full text\".\n10. Open any result that contains the full text, like the Project Gutenberg version.\n11. Search the text for the titles of each painting, using different substrings from the titles as needed to account for variations in spelling and punctuation.\n12. Find that the \"A free man...\" quote is from Chapter XXI (21) and that the \"Hereby it is manifest...\" quote is from Chapter XIII (13).\n13. Calculate the absolute difference of the chapter numbers: 21  13 = 8.",
"Number of steps": "13",
"How long did this take?": "7 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

d1af70eaa9a4421ab9cc94b5e02f1788  As of the 2020 census, what was the population difference between the largest county seat and smallest county seat, by land area of the county seat, in Washington state? For population figures, please use the official data from data.census.gov. Please report the integer difference.  2  736455  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Using a web browser, access a search engine and conduct a search, \"Washington cities by area\"\nStep 2: Navigate to the second search result, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_municipalities_in_Washington\nStep 3: Evaluate the page contents, finding the largest and smallest county seats by land area, Seattle and Cathlamet\nStep 4: Using a web browser, navigate to https://data.census.gov/\nStep 5: Using the website's search area, conduct a search, Seattle, Washington\nStep 6: Record the reported 2020 Decennial Census population of Seattle, Washington, 737,015\nStep 7: Using the website's search area, conduct a search, Cathlamet, Washington\nStep 8: Record the reported 2020 Decennial Census population of Cathlamet, Washington, 560\nStep 9: Using a calculator, find the difference in populations,\n\n737,015  560\n736,455\nStep 10: Report the correct answer to my user in the requested format, \"736,455\"",
"Number of steps": "10",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. A web browser\n2. A search engine\n3. A calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

a3fbeb630e8c4a11bff60e3b484c3e9c  How many slides in this PowerPoint presentation mention crustaceans?  1  4  a3fbeb630e8c4a11bff60e3b484c3e9c.pptx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/a3fbeb630e8c4a11bff60e3b484c3e9c.pptx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the provided file.\n2. Scroll through the presentation, noting the animal names on each slide.\n3. Search the web for “crayfish” to verify that they are crustaceans.\n4. Read the results, noting that they are crustaceans.\n5. Search the web for “isopods” to verify whether they are crustaceans.\n6. Read the results, noting that they are.\n7. Since I’m confident that I know whether all of the other animals are crustaceans, I count the ones that are to get the answer, 4.",
"Number of steps": "7",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. PowerPoint viewer",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 
8d46b8d6b38a47ffac74cda14cf2d19b  What percentage of the total penguin population according to the upper estimates on english Wikipedia at the end of 2012 is made up by the penguins in this file that don't live on Dream Island or have beaks longer than 42mm? Round to the nearest five decimal places.  3  0.00033  8d46b8d6b38a47ffac74cda14cf2d19b.csv  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/8d46b8d6b38a47ffac74cda14cf2d19b.csv  {
"Steps": "1. Opened the file in Excel.\n2. Counted the penguins that are not on Dream Island with bills shorter than 42mm using `COUNTIFS(C1:C345, \">42\", B1:B345, \"<>Dream\")` (132).\n3. Searched \"wikipedia penguin populations\" on Google search.\n4. Opened the \"List of Sphenisciformes by population\" Wikipedia page.\n5. Clicked \"View history\" to see the history of the page.\n6. Opened the last 2012 version.\n7. Added up the penguin species populations (39808770).\n8. Calculated the percentage (132 / 39808770 * 100% = 0.00033158%).\n9. Converted to scientific notation (3.3 x 10^4%).",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. CSV file access\n2. Web browser\n3. Search engine\n4. Calculator (or use Excel)",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
08f3a05f59474089a4c4d4bcfaa6b7a0  Given $x_0 = 5$ and $f(x) = x^3 + 4x^2  3x + 8$, what is the smallest $n$ where using Newton's Method $n = n+1$ after rounding to four decimal places?  2  2  {
"Steps": "1. Verify Netwon's method as x_(n+1) = x_n  f(x_n)/f'(x_n) by searching\n2. Calculate the derivative: f'(x) = 3x^2 + 8x  3\n3. Find x_1 using the given x_0 value: x_1 = 5  ((5)^3 + 4(5)^2  3(5) + 8)/(3(5)^2 + 8(5)  3) = 79/16 ≈ 4.9375\n4. Iterate: x_2 = 79/16  ((79/16)^3 + 4(79/16)^2  3(79/16) + 8)/(3(79/16)^2 + 8(79/16)  3) = 309711/62744 ≈ 4.9361\n5. They are not the same, so iterate: x_3 = 309711/62744  ((309711/62744)^3 + 4(309711/62744)^2  3(309711/62744) + 8)/(3(309711/62744)^2 + 8(309711/62744)  3) = 18658881319456319/3780082116675876 ≈ 4.9361\n6. They are the same, so we stop and know n = 2 is the smallest value where this occurs.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "15 minutes",
"Tools": "1. computer algebra system",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

c714ab3ada304603bacdd008800188b9  You are Van Helsing, a renowned vampire hunter. A Count of Moldova, Lațcu IV, son of Costea, has tasked you with investigating the village of Șirnea in neighboring Wallachia. The Count's advisors have reported that a vampire was spotted crossing the border near the village, and would like you to investigate it.
You travel to the village of Șirnea, and you begin your investigation. One night, just before dawn, you catch a glimpse of a man in a long black cape with red lining leaping from rooftop to rooftop with superhuman agility. It's a vampire! You try to chase the creature back to its home, but the creature is too fast. However, because of the remoteness of the village, you know with absolute certainty that the vampire must be a resident of the village. You decide that your best course of action will be to visit all 100 residents of the town during the day. You know something about vampires and humans that will make your investigation possible; humans always tell the truth, but vampires always lie.
In the afternoon, you go from house to house, speaking with all 100 residents of Șirnea. You ask everyone the same question: "How many vampires are living in Șirnea". Everyone in the village gives the same response, "At least one of us is a human."
How many residents of Șirnea have been turned into vampires?  1  100  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Evaluate the problem statement posed by my user.\nStep 2: Consider one known possible case: 1 Vampire, 99 humans\nStep 3: Step through the possible case with the answer provided by every resident \"At least one of us is a human.\"\nFor humans, who always tell the truth, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is true for the known possible case\nFor the vampire, who always lies, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is true, which violates the rule requiring the vampire to lie\nDiscount the case 1 Vampire, 99 Humans as possible\nStep 4: Consider the worst case: 100 Vampires, 0 Humans\nStep 5: Step through the worst case with the answer provided by every resident \"At least one of us is a human.\"\nFor humans, who always tell the truth, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is false, but 0 humans provide this response, making this statement irrelevant\nFor the vampire, who always lies, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is false, which respects the rule requiring vampires to lie\nConfirm the worst case as a provisional answer: 100 Vampires, 0 humans, answer: \"100\"\nStep 6: Consider a case with only one human: 99 Vampires, 1 Human\nStep 7: Step through the case with the answer provided by every resident \"At least one of us is a human.\"\nFor humans, who always tell the truth, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is true\nFor the vampire, who always lies, the answer \"At least one of us is a human.\" is true, which violates the rule requiring vampires to lie\nDiscount the case of 99 Vampires, 1 Human as possible\nStep 8: Report the correct response to my user, \"100\"",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "2 minutes",
"Tools": "None",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 

9d191bce651d4746be2d7ef8ecadb9c2  Examine the video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1htKBjuUWec.
What does Teal'c say in response to the question "Isn't that hot?"  1  Extremely  {
"Steps": "1. Follow the link\n2. Watch the clip until the question \"Isn't that hot\" is asked\n3. Take note of the reply.",
"Number of steps": "3",
"How long did this take?": "2 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Video processing software\n3. Audio processing software",
"Number of tools": "1"
} 

54612da3fd56494180f45eb82330de25  The attached file shows the locomotives in the collection of a North American railroad museum. How many wheels do the listed steam locomotives have in total?  2  60  54612da3fd56494180f45eb82330de25.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/54612da3fd56494180f45eb82330de25.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the attached spreadsheet.\n2. Examine its structure, with the steam locomotives listed together and a column denoting the wheel configuration.\n3. Search the web for “steam locomotive wheel configuration”.\n4. Click Wikipedia result.\n5. Skim article to learn that the Whyte Notation is commonly used in North America.\n6. Click link to Whyte Notation article.\n7. Skim article to learn how to read the Whyte Notation: each number corresponds to the number of one type of wheel.\n8. Count the wheels listed for steam locomotives in the spreadsheet to get the answer, 60.",
"Number of steps": "8",
"How long did this take?": "510 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Microsoft Excel\n2. Search engine\n3. Web browser\n4. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 
ded2832534474c56860fe497d6fb3577  This is a secret message my friend gave me. It says where we should meet for our picnic on Friday. The only problem is, it’s encrypted in the Caesar cipher, so I can’t read it. Can you tell me what it says? This is the message:
Zsmxsm sc sx Zyvilsec Zvkjk.  2  Picnic is in Ploybius Plaza.  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “Caesar cipher decrypt”.\n2. Click on top result, a decoding website.\n3. Enter the message into the text box.\n4. Click “DECRYPT (BRUTEFORCE)” to get all possible decryptions.\n5. Scroll through the results, noting that one possibility matches the user’s scenario of having a picnic.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

6359a0b18f7b499b9336840f9ab90688  What is the area of the green polygon in the attached file? The numbers in purple represent the lengths of the side they are next to.  2  39  6359a0b18f7b499b9336840f9ab90688.png  {
"Steps": "1. Open the attached file.\n2. Split the shape into five rectangles.\n3. Find the missing side lengths from the side lengths that are given.\n4. Find the area for each rectangle.\n5. Add the areas together to get the area of the entire shape, 39.",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "510 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Image recognition\n2. OCR\n3. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

e961a7176b2541758a68874d28190ee4  According to wikipedia, how many Asian countries still have a monarchy and access to the sea in 2021?  3  12  {
"Steps": "1. Search the internet for \"asian monarchies\"\n2. Navigate to from the search results \n3. Switch to the history tab\n4. Locate and navigate to a revision from 2021\n5. Open the articles for each listed monarchy in new tabs\n6. Verify access to the sea for each country using the provided maps and optionally Google Maps",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "10 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Computer vision\n3. Google Maps",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 

7cc4acfa63fd4acca1a1e8e529e0a97f  The attached spreadsheet contains the sales of menu items for a regional fastfood chain. Which city had the greater total sales: Wharvton or Algrimand?  2  Wharvton  7cc4acfa63fd4acca1a1e8e529e0a97f.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/7cc4acfa63fd4acca1a1e8e529e0a97f.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Open the attached file.\n2. Locate the rows representing Wharvton and Algrimand.\n3. Write functions to sum each relevant row.\n4. Compare the sums.",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Excel\n2. Calculator",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 
d700d50dc7074dca90dc4528cddd0c80  Who composed the song that was performed by a rooster and a hamster in separate animated videos at separate tempos with different lyrics? Answer using the format First name Last name.  2  Roger Miller  {
"Steps": "1. Searched \"song performed by rooster and hamster\" on Google.\n2. Opened https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hampsterdance_Song.\n3. Noted the song \"Whistle Stop\" was the original to use the tune.\n4. Followed the link to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robin_Hood_(1973_film).\n5. Found the composer of \"Whistle Stop\".",
"Number of steps": "5",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

65afbc8a89ca4ad58d62355bb401f61d  You are given this Excel file as a map. You start on the START cell and move toward the END cell. You are allowed to move two cells per turn, and you may move up, down, left, or right. You may not move fewer than two cells, and you may not move backward. You must avoid moving onto any blue cells. On the eleventh turn, what is the 6digit hex code (without prefix) of the color of the cell where you land after moving?  1  F478A7  65afbc8a89ca4ad58d62355bb401f61d.xlsx  https://huggingface.co/datasets/gaiabenchmark/GAIA/resolve/main/2023/validation/65afbc8a89ca4ad58d62355bb401f61d.xlsx  {
"Steps": "1. Opened Map.xlsx.\n2. Counted 11 turns of 2 spaces each (22 spaces) along the path of nonblue cells.\n3. Opened cell formatting for the cell.\n4. Clicked the \"Fill\" tab.\n5. Clicked \"More Colors...\"\n6. Noted the hex code of the color.",
"Number of steps": "6",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Access to Excel files\n2. Color recognition\n3. Calculator (or ability to count)",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 
851e570ae3de4d84bcfacc85578baa59  I thought we could try a fun word puzzle together :)
I've got a Boggle board here:
ABRL
EITE
IONS
FPEI
I'd like to know the longest word that can be generated from the board. Please find the longest English language word that can be generated from this board. If more than one word of the same length exists at the maximum word length, please report the longest word that comes first, alphabetically. Oh, and I know that there might be different wordlists available for Boggle, so let's please just use the words_alpha dictionary found at https://github.com/dwyl/englishwords as the dictionary for our game.  3  Briniest  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Evaluate the user's request, storing the input Boggle board, \"ABRLEITEIONSFPEI\" and the specified dictionary location, https://github.com/dwyl/englishwords\nStep 2: Using a web browser, access a search engine and conduct a search \"Boggle rules\"\nStep 3: Navigate to the first search result, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boggle\nStep 4: Evaluate the page content and store the game's rules:\n\n\"One player begins the game by shaking a covered tray of 16 cubic dice, each with a different letter printed on each of its sides. The dice settle into a 4×4 tray so that only the top letter of each cube is visible. After they have settled into the tray, a threeminute sand timer is started and all players simultaneously begin the main phase of play.[3]\n\nEach player searches for words that fit the following criteria:\n\nWords must be at least three letters in length.\nEach letter after the first must be a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal neighbor of the one before it.\nNo individual letter cube may be used more than once in a word.\nNo capitalized or hyphenated words are allowed.\nMultiple forms of the same word are allowed, such as singular/plural forms and other derivations. Each player records all the words they find by writing on a private sheet of paper. After three minutes have elapsed, all players must immediately stop writing and the game enters the scoring phase.\n\nIn this, each player reads off their list of discovered words. If two or more players wrote the same word, it is removed from all players' lists. Any player may challenge the validity of a word, in which case a previously nominated dictionary is used to verify or refute it. Once all duplicates and invalid words have been eliminated, points are awarded based on the length of each remaining word in a player's list. The winner is the player whose point total is highest, with any ties typically broken by a count of long words.\"\n\nStep 5: Using a web browser, navigate to the nominated dictionary specified by my user, https://github.com/dwyl/englishwords\nStep 6: Navigate to the linked page, https://github.com/dwyl/englishwords/blob/master/words_alpha.txt\nStep 7: Download the words_alpha.txt dictionary and save it to my file system as \"words_alpha.txt\"\nStep 8: Using a Python IDE, create a new project to solve the user's request as specified\nStep 9: Compose a Python program that accepts an input string and prints an output of all words that can be generated that match words in the nominated dictionary. The program must observe the rules discovered in Step 4. The output should be sorted so that strings are sorted alphabetically and grouped by character count:\n\nclass Boggle_Solver:\n def __init__(self, file, size=4, points=None):\n self.size = size\n self.board = [[' '] * self.size for _ in range(self.size)]\n self.adjacency = self.build_adjacency()\n self.words, self.prefixes = self.load_dictionary(file)\n \n def adjacent(self, pos):\n row, col = pos\n adj = []\n for i in [1, 0, 1]:\n for j in [1, 0, 1]:\n new_row = row + i\n new_col = col + j\n if 0 <= new_row < self.size and 0 <= new_col < self.size and not (i == j == 0):\n adj.append((new_row, new_col))\n return adj\n\n def build_adjacency(self):\n adjacency = dict()\n for row in range(0, self.size):\n for col in range(0, self.size):\n adjacency[(row, col)] = self.adjacent((row, col))\n return adjacency\n\n def load_dictionary(self, file):\n words = set()\n prefixes = set()\n with open(file, 'r') as f:\n next(f)\n for line in f:\n word = line.rstrip()\n if len(word) >= 3:\n words.add(word)\n for i in range(len(word)):\n prefixes.add(word[:i])\n return words, prefixes\n\n def get_letter(self, pos):\n return self.board[pos[0]][pos[1]]\n \n def set_board(self, letters):\n board_input=letters.lower()\n for row in range(self.size):\n index = row * self.size\n row_letters = board_input[index:index+self.size]\n for col, letter in enumerate(row_letters):\n self.board[row][col] = letter\n \n def find_words(self):\n words = set()\n for row in range(self.size):\n for col in range(self.size):\n words = self.find_words_pos((row, col))\n return sorted(words, key=lambda x: (len(x), x))\n \n def find_words_pos(self, pos):\n stack = [(n, [pos], self.get_letter(pos)) for n in self.adjacency[pos]]\n words = set()\n while stack:\n curr, path, chars = stack.pop()\n curr_char = self.get_letter(curr)\n curr_chars = chars + curr_char\n\n if curr_chars in self.words:\n words.add(curr_chars)\n\n if curr_chars in self.prefixes:\n curr_adj = self.adjacency[curr]\n stack.extend([(n, path + [curr], curr_chars) for n in curr_adj if n not in path])\n return words\n\nif __name__ == '__main__':\n word_list = Boggle_Solver('words_alpha.txt')\n word_list.set_board('ABRLEITEIONSFPEI')\n print(word_list.find_words())\n\nStep 10: Execute the program, and store the output:\n['briniest', 'brionies', 'inertiae', 'pointrel', 'aeonist', 'bretons', 'brinies', 'britons', 'enteria', 'entires', 'entoire', 'estonia', 'inertia', 'ioniser', 'iresine', 'iserine', 'nestler', 'oestrin', 'openest', 'penster', 'piotine', 'pointel', 'pointer', 'pointes', 'poitrel', 'sertion', 'sienite', 'sinopie', 'snirtle', 'triones', 'abrine', 'airest', 'bainie', 'baiter', 'bionts', 'birles', 'bitser', 'brents', 'breton', 'brines', 'brinie', 'briton', 'eirene', 'entire', 'entria', 'eserin', 'estrin', 'foiter', 'fontes', 'inerts', 'insert', 'instop', 'intire', 'ionise', 'ionist', 'nepote', 'nester', 'nestle', 'nirles', 'nitres', 'noires', 'opener', 'peiser', 'penest', 'peones', 'pester', 'pestle', 'pointe', 'points', 'ponies', 'pontes', 'potsie', 'resent', 'restio', 'seiner', 'sepion', 'sepone', 'serbia', 'serine', 'sinite', 'sinter', 'stenia', 'sterin', 'stoner', 'stopen', 'striae', 'teniae', 'terbia', 'tinsel', 'tonies', 'trines', 'abret', 'abrin', 'aeons', 'ainoi', 'airts', 'baits', 'bines', 'bints', 'biont', 'birle', 'biter', 'bites', 'brens', 'brent', 'brest', 'brine', 'brins', 'brite', 'brits', 'enter', 'entia', 'entre', 'erbia', 'ester', 'estop', 'estre', 'foins', 'fonts', 'ineri', 'inert', 'insep', 'inset', 'instr', 'intel', 'inter', 'irene', 'istle', 'lenes', 'lenis', 'lense', 'lento', 'neist', 'nerts', 'netop', 'niter', 'nitre', 'noire', 'noter', 'notes', 'notre', 'onset', 'opens', 'peine', 'peins', 'peise', 'penes', 'penis', 'pense', 'peons', 'peste', 'pions', 'piotr', 'point', 'poire', 'pones', 'poter', 'renes', 'rents', 'resin', 'retia', 'retie', 'retin', 'rinse', 'riots', 'rites', 'seine', 'senit', 'senti', 'serin', 'serio', 'seton', 'sinto', 'snirl', 'snirt', 'snite', 'steno', 'steri', 'stine', 'stion', 'stire', 'stoep', 'stone', 'stope', 'stria', 'tenia', 'tenio', 'tense', 'tines', 'tires', 'toner', 'tones', 'topes', 'tribe', 'trine', 'tsine', 'abie', 'abir', 'abit', 'abri', 'aeon', 'aine', 'ains', 'aint', 'aion', 'aire', 'airt', 'aits', 'bain', 'bait', 'bein', 'bine', 'bini', 'bino', 'bins', 'bint', 'bion', 'birl', 'birt', 'bite', 'bito', 'bits', 'bren', 'bret', 'brie', 'brin', 'brio', 'brit', 'eire', 'ense', 'entr', 'eons', 'eria', 'erie', 'erin', 'esne', 'eton', 'fiot', 'foes', 'foin', 'fone', 'fons', 'font', 'inia', 'init', 'inst', 'intl', 'into', 'intr', 'ione', 'ioni', 'ions', 'ires', 'isnt', 'itel', 'iten', 'iter', 'lene', 'leno', 'lens', 'lent', 'lese', 'lest', 'leto', 'lets', 'neri', 'nese', 'nest', 'neti', 'nets', 'nies', 'nist', 'nito', 'nits', 'noes', 'noir', 'nope', 'note', 'nots', 'oint', 'oner', 'ones', 'open', 'opes', 'pein', 'pens', 'pent', 'peon', 'pest', 'pion', 'pone', 'pons', 'pont', 'pote', 'poti', 'pots', 'reno', 'rent', 'rest', 'rets', 'ribe', 'rine', 'rins', 'riot', 'rite', 'selt', 'sent', 'sepn', 'serb', 'seri', 'sert', 'sine', 'snib', 'snit', 'snop', 'snot', 'sten', 'ster', 'stib', 'stir', 'stof', 'stop', 'stre', 'tens', 'teri', 'tine', 'tino', 'tins', 'tire', 'tirl', 'toea', 'toes', 'tone', 'tons', 'tope', 'topi', 'tres', 'trib', 'trin', 'trio', 'abe', 'abr', 'abt', 'ain', 'air', 'ait', 'bae', 'bai', 'bea', 'bin', 'bio', 'bit', 'brl', 'btl', 'eir', 'elt', 'ens', 'eof', 'eon', 'epi', 'ese', 'est', 'fie', 'fip', 'foe', 'fon', 'fop', 'fot', 'iba', 'ino', 'ins', 'int', 'iof', 'ion', 'ire', 'ise', 'isn', 'ist', 'ito', 'its', 'len', 'ler', 'les', 'let', 'ltr', 'nei', 'neo', 'nep', 'net', 'nib', 'nis', 'nit', 'not', 'oes', 'oie', 'oii', 'one', 'oni', 'ons', 'ont', 'ope', 'pen', 'pes', 'pie', 'poe', 'poi', 'pon', 'pot', 'rel', 'ren', 'res', 'ret', 'ria', 'rib', 'rie', 'rin', 'rio', 'rit', 'rle', 'rte', 'rti', 'sei', 'sel', 'sen', 'sep', 'ser', 'set', 'sie', 'sin', 'str', 'tel', 'ten', 'ter', 'tib', 'tie', 'tin', 'tlr', 'toe', 'toi', 'ton', 'top', 'tri', 'tsi']\n\nStep 11: Select the first word from the stored output as the correct response to my user's query, \"briniest\"\nStep 12: Report the correct answer to my user's query in the requested format, \"Briniest\"",
"Number of steps": "12",
"How long did this take?": "40 minutes",
"Tools": "1. A file interface\n2. A Python IDE\n3. A web browser\n4. A search engine",
"Number of tools": "4"
} 

cabe07ed9eca40ea8ead410ef5e83f91  What is the surname of the equine veterinarian mentioned in 1.E Exercises from the chemistry materials licensed by Marisa AlviarAgnew & Henry Agnew under the CK12 license in LibreText's Introductory Chemistry materials as compiled 08/21/2023?  1  Louvrier  {
"Steps": "1. Search for \"1.E Exercises LibreText Introductory Chemistry\"\n2. Read to see the horse doctor mentioned.",
"Number of steps": "2",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

0a3cd3213e764622911b0fda2e5d6b1a  According to the World Bank, which countries had gross savings of over 35% of GDP for every year in the period 20012010? Give your answer as a commaseparated list of countries in alphabetical order. Use the countries most common names in english when answering.  2  Brunei, China, Morocco, Singapore  {
"Steps": "1. Use search engine to search for \"World Bank gross savings % of GDP\".\n2. Open World Bank data webpage showing gross savings as % of GDP (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNS.ICTR.ZS).\n3. Download data from webpage as Excel file and open it in a spreadsheet editor like Microsoft Excel.\n4. Go to the file's \"Data\" sheet.\n5. Add columns with formulas indicating if the gross savings % of GDP figures in each of the years from 2001 to 2010 are greater than 35 for each row.\n6. Add column computing AND of the boolean values from the previous step for each row.\n7. Filter for rows where the output of the AND from the previous step is true.\n8. Get the list of country names in the remaining rows, excluding noncountry regions and categories.\n9. Sort the list alphabetically and format it as a commaseparated list to get the final answer: Brunei Darussalam, China, Morocco, Singapore",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "12 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Web browser\n2. Search engine\n3. Spreadsheet editor",
"Number of tools": "3"
} 

f2feb6a4363c4c09a8040db564eafd68  I’m thinking about selling my home, so I want to learn more about how homes in my area sold recently. I live in Pearl City, Hawaii, which is on the island of Oahu. I know two homes near me that sold in 2022 were 2072 Akaikai Loop, and 2017 Komo Mai Drive. Find which of those homes sold for more in 2022, and tell me how much it sold for. Don’t put commas or decimal places in the answer.  2  900000  {
"Steps": "1. Search the web for “2072 akaikai loop pearl city hi”.\n2. Click Zillow result.\n3. Navigate to “Price and tax history”.\n4. Find the amount the house sold for when it was sold in 2022: $860,000.\n5. Search the web for “2017 komo mai drive pearl city hi”.\n6. Click Zillow result.\n7. Navigate to “Price and tax history”.\n8. Find the amount the house sold for when it was sold in 2022: $900,000.\n9. Express the higher amount in the specified format, $900000.",
"Number of steps": "9",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "1. Search engine\n2. Web browser",
"Number of tools": "2"
} 

3cef3a44215e4aed8e3bb1e3f08063b7  I'm making a grocery list for my mom, but she's a professor of botany and she's a real stickler when it comes to categorizing things. I need to add different foods to different categories on the grocery list, but if I make a mistake, she won't buy anything inserted in the wrong category. Here's the list I have so far:
milk, eggs, flour, whole bean coffee, Oreos, sweet potatoes, fresh basil, plums, green beans, rice, corn, bell pepper, whole allspice, acorns, broccoli, celery, zucchini, lettuce, peanuts
I need to make headings for the fruits and vegetables. Could you please create a list of just the vegetables from my list? If you could do that, then I can figure out how to categorize the rest of the list into the appropriate categories. But remember that my mom is a real stickler, so make sure that no botanical fruits end up on the vegetable list, or she won't get them when she's at the store. Please alphabetize the list of vegetables, and place each item in a comma separated list.  1  broccoli, celery, fresh basil, lettuce, sweet potatoes  {
"Steps": "Step 1: Evaluate the list provided by my user, eliminating objects which are neither fruits nor vegetables:\nsweet potatoes, fresh basil, plums, green beans, rice, corn, bell pepper, whole allspice, acorns, broccoli, celery, zucchini, lettuce, peanuts\nStep 2: Remove all items from the list which are botanical fruits, leaving a list of vegetables:\nsweet potatoes, fresh basil, broccoli, celery, lettuce\nStep 3: Alphabetize the remaining list as requested by my user:\nbroccoli, celery, fresh basil, lettuce, sweet potatoes\nStep 4: Provide the correct response in the requested format:\n\"broccoli\ncelery\nfresh basil\nlettuce\nsweet potatoes\"",
"Number of steps": "4",
"How long did this take?": "5 minutes",
"Tools": "No tools required",
"Number of tools": "0"
} 
GAIA dataset
GAIA is a benchmark which aims at evaluating nextgeneration LLMs (LLMs with augmented capabilities due to added tooling, efficient prompting, access to search, etc).
Data GAIA is made of more than 450 nontrivial question with an unambiguous answer, requiring different levels of tooling and autonomy to solve. It is therefore divided in 3 levels, where level 1 should be breakable by very good LLMs, and level 3 indicate a strong jump in model capabilities. Each level is divided into a fully public dev set for validation, and a test set with private answers and metadata.
GAIA leaderboard can be found in this space (https://huggingface.co/spaces/gaiabenchmark/leaderboard).
Questions are contained in metadata.jsonl. Some questions come with an additional file, that can be found in the same folder and whose id is given in the field file_name.
More details in the paper for now and soon here as well.
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