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sentence (string)label (class label)
"According to Gran , the company has no plans to move all production to Russia , although that is where the company is growing ."
1 (neutral)
"For the last quarter of 2010 , Componenta 's net sales doubled to EUR131m from EUR76m for the same period a year earlier , while it moved to a zero pre-tax profit from a pre-tax loss of EUR7m ."
2 (positive)
"In the third quarter of 2010 , net sales increased by 5.2 % to EUR 205.5 mn , and operating profit by 34.9 % to EUR 23.5 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit rose to EUR 13.1 mn from EUR 8.7 mn in the corresponding period in 2007 representing 7.7 % of net sales ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit totalled EUR 21.1 mn , up from EUR 18.6 mn in 2007 , representing 9.7 % of net sales ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish Talentum reports its operating profit increased to EUR 20.5 mn in 2005 from EUR 9.3 mn in 2004 , and net sales totaled EUR 103.3 mn , up from EUR 96.4 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Clothing retail chain Sepp+ñl+ñ 's sales increased by 8 % to EUR 155.2 mn , and operating profit rose to EUR 31.1 mn from EUR 17.1 mn in 2004 ."
2 (positive)
"Consolidated net sales increased 16 % to reach EUR74 .8 m , while operating profit amounted to EUR0 .9 m compared to a loss of EUR0 .7 m in the prior year period ."
2 (positive)
"Foundries division reports its sales increased by 9.7 % to EUR 63.1 mn from EUR 57.5 mn in the corresponding period in 2006 , and sales of the Machine Shop division increased by 16.4 % to EUR 41.2 mn from EUR 35.4 mn in the corresponding period in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"HELSINKI ( AFX ) - Shares closed higher , led by Nokia after it announced plans to team up with Sanyo to manufacture 3G handsets , and by Nokian Tyres after its fourth-quarter earnings report beat analysts ' expectations , dealers said ."
2 (positive)
"Its board of directors will propose a dividend of EUR0 .12 per share for 2010 , up from the EUR0 .08 per share paid in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"MegaFon 's subscriber base increased 16.1 % in 2009 to 50.5 million users as of December 31 , while its market share by the number of customers amounted to 24 % as of late 2009 , up from 23 % as of late 2008 , according to TeliaSonera estimates ."
2 (positive)
"Net income from life insurance doubled to EUR 6.8 mn from EUR 3.2 mn , and net income from non-life insurance rose to EUR 5.2 mn from EUR 1.5 mn in the corresponding period in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales increased to EUR193 .3 m from EUR179 .9 m and pretax profit rose by 34.2 % to EUR43 .1 m. ( EUR1 = USD1 .4 )"
2 (positive)
"Net sales surged by 18.5 % to EUR167 .8 m. Teleste said that EUR20 .4 m , or 12.2 % , of the sales came from the acquisitions made in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Nordea Group 's operating profit increased in 2010 by 18 percent year-on-year to 3.64 billion euros and total revenue by 3 percent to 9.33 billion euros ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit for the nine-month period increased from EUR13 .6 m , while net sales increased from EUR394 .7 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit for the three-month period increased from EUR1 .2 m , while revenue increased from EUR20 .2 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"The company 's net profit rose 11.4 % on the year to 82.2 million euros in 2005 on sales of 686.5 million euros , 13.8 % up on the year , the company said earlier ."
2 (positive)
"The Lithuanian beer market made up 14.41 million liters in January , a rise of 0.8 percent from the year-earlier figure , the Lithuanian Brewers ' Association reporting citing the results from its members ."
2 (positive)
"Viking Line 's cargo revenue increased by 5.4 % to EUR 21.46 mn , and cargo volume increased by 2.4 % to 70,116 cargo units ."
2 (positive)
"The fair value of the property portfolio doubled as a result of the Kapiteeli acquisition and totalled EUR 2,686.2 1,259.7 million ."
2 (positive)
"10 February 2011 - Finnish media company Sanoma Oyj HEL : SAA1V said yesterday its 2010 net profit almost tripled to EUR297 .3 m from EUR107 .1 m for 2009 and announced a proposal for a raised payout ."
2 (positive)
"A Helsinki : ELIiV today reported EPS of EUR1 .13 for 2009 , an increase over EPS of EUR1 .12 in 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Commission income increased by 22 % to EUR 4.4 mn , and lending volume rose by 13.5 % ."
2 (positive)
"In January , traffic , measured in revenue passenger kilometres RPK , went up by 3.2 % and capacity , measured in available seat kilometres ASK , rose by 12.2 % ."
2 (positive)
"In January-September 2010 , Fiskars ' net profit went up by 14 % year-on-year to EUR 65.4 million and net sales to EUR 525.3 million from EUR 487.7 million ."
2 (positive)
"Net income from life insurance rose to EUR 16.5 mn from EUR 14.0 mn , and net income from non-life insurance to EUR 22.6 mn from EUR 15.2 mn in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Sales have risen in other export markets ."
2 (positive)
"Sales increased due to growing market rates and increased operations ."
2 (positive)
"The agreement strengthens our long-term partnership with Nokia Siemens Networks ."
2 (positive)
"The company 's order book stood at 1.5 bln euro $ 2.2 bln on September 30 , 2007 , up by 24.2 pct on the year , with international orders amounting to 365 mln euro $ 534.3 mln ."
2 (positive)
"The company said that paper demand increased in all of its main markets , including of publication papers , and that it increased average paper prices by 4 percent compared with last year ."
2 (positive)
"The world 's second largest stainless steel maker said net profit in the three-month period until Dec. 31 surged to euro603 million US$ 781 million , or euro3 .33 US$ 4.31 per share , from euro172 million , or euro0 .94 per share , the previous year ."
2 (positive)
"Shares of Standard Chartered ( STAN ) rose 1.2 % in the FTSE 100 , while Royal Bank of Scotland ( RBS ) shares rose 2 % and Barclays shares ( BARC ) ( BCS ) were up 1.7 % ."
2 (positive)
"Shares of Nokia Corp. rose Thursday after the cell phone maker said its third-quarter earnings almost doubled and its share of the global handset market increased ."
2 (positive)
"In its financial report , published on Friday , SEB said its net profit soared to SEK6 .745 bn in 2010 from a year-earlier SEK1 .114 bn and proposed a 50 % dividend increase to SEK1 .50 per share ."
2 (positive)
"At the request of Finnish media company Alma Media 's newspapers , research manager Jari Kaivo-oja at the Finland Futures Research Centre at the Turku School of Economics has drawn up a future scenario for Finland 's national economy by using a model developed by the University of Denver ."
1 (neutral)
"STOCK EXCHANGE ANNOUNCEMENT 20 July 2006 1 ( 1 ) BASWARE SHARE SUBSCRIPTIONS WITH WARRANTS AND INCREASE IN SHARE CAPITAL A total of 119 850 shares have been subscribed with BasWare Warrant Program ."
1 (neutral)
"A maximum of 666,104 new shares can further be subscribed for by exercising B options under the 2004 stock option plan ."
1 (neutral)
"Tiimari operates 194 stores in six countries -- including its core Finnish market -- and generated a turnover of 76.5 mln eur in 2005 ."
1 (neutral)
"The acquisition will considerably increase Kemira 's sales and market position in the Russian metal industry coatings market ."
2 (positive)
"In January-September 2007 , Finnlines ' net sales rose to EUR 505.4 mn from EUR 473.5 mn in the corresponding period in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Adjusted for changes in the Group structure , the Division 's net sales increased by 1.7 % ."
2 (positive)
"4 February 2011 - Finnish broadband data communication systems provider Teleste Oyj HEL : TLT1V saw its net profit jump to EUR2 .1 m for the last quarter of 2010 from EUR995 ,000 for the same period of 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish Aktia Group 's operating profit rose to EUR 17.5 mn in the first quarter of 2010 from EUR 8.2 mn in the first quarter of 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish Bank of +àland 's consolidated net operating profit increased from EUR 4.8 mn in the first quarter of 2005 to EUR 6.4 mn in the first quarter of 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish financial group Aktia reports operating profit of EUR 44.4 mn in January-September 2009 , up from EUR 37.3 mn in the corresponding period in 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish high technology provider Vaahto Group reports net sales of EUR 41.8 mn in the accounting period September 2007 - February 2008 , an increase of 11.2 % from a year earlier ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales of Finnish food industry company L+ñnnen Tehtaat 's continuing operations increased by 13 % in 2008 to EUR 349.1 mn from EUR 309.6 mn in 2007 ."
2 (positive)
"Biohit already services many current Genesis customers and the customer base is expected to expand as a result of this agreement ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and turnover for the three-month period increased , respectively from EUR0 .9 m and EUR8 .3 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Circulation revenue has increased by 5 % in Finland and 4 % in Sweden in 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Clothing chain Sepp+ñl+ñ 's net sales increased by 7.0 % to EUR 30.8 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Construction volumes meanwhile grow at a rate of 10-15 percent annually ."
2 (positive)
"However , Biohit estimates its total net sales will continue to grow in 2009 , and that favourable trends in net sales will lead to a profit in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"In 2009 , Fiskars ' cash flow from operating activities amounted to EUR121m , up from EUR97m in the previous year ."
2 (positive)
"In Lithuania , operating profit rose to EUR 190,000 from EUR 70,000 in the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"In the fourth quarter of 2008 , net sales increased by 2 % to EUR 1,050.7 mn from EUR 1,027.0 mn in the fourth quarter of 2007 ."
2 (positive)
"International sales rose by 59.8 % to EUR 1,244.4 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales grew in the period to x20ac 402 million $ 585US million from x20ac 401 million in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales increased to EUR655m in April to June 2010 from EUR438m a year earlier ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales rose by 25.5 % year-on-year to EUR59 .6 m , as the number of chargers delivered went up by 41 % to 65.9 million pieces ."
2 (positive)
"Net sales totaled EUR 93.6 mn , up from EUR 93.2 mn in the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit increased by 145.1 % to EUR 8.3 mn from EUR 3.4 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit margin increased from 11.2 % to 11.7 % ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit rose to EUR 3.11 mn from EUR 1.22 mn in the corresponding period in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit rose to EUR 5mn from EUR 2.8 mn in the fourth quarter of 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Operating profit was EUR 24.5 mn , up from EUR 23.0 mn ."
2 (positive)
"Ramirent 's net sales in the second quarterended June 30 were EURO 128.7 million about U.S. $ 163 million , a 3.3-percent increase compared with EURO 124.6 million for thesecond quarter last year ."
2 (positive)
"Revenue grew by 2 percent to x20ac 580 million $ 743 million , from x20ac 569 million ."
2 (positive)
"Ruukki 's delivery volumes and selling prices showed favourable development and the company 's comparable net sales grew by 50 % year-on-year to EUR647m , CEO Sakari Tamminen said ."
2 (positive)
"The company 's consolidated operating profit amounted to EUR 15.86 mn , up from EUR 4.14 mn year-on-year ."
2 (positive)
"The Department Store Division reported an increase in sales of 4 per cent ."
2 (positive)
"The fair value of the company 's investment properties grew to EUR 2.803 billion at the end of March 2009 from EUR 2.691 million a year ago ."
2 (positive)
"The last quarter was the best quarter of 2009 in net sales , and the operating margin rose to 12.2 % ."
2 (positive)
"The major breweries increased their domestic beer sales by 4.5 per cent last year , to 256.88 million litres from 245.92 million litres in 2004 ."
2 (positive)
"- Operating profit rose by 26.9 % to EUR 105.8 ( 83.4 ) million ."
2 (positive)
"21 October 2010 - Finnish fishing tackle company Rapala VMC Corp ( HEL : RAP1V ) said today its net profit rose to EUR18 .9 m for the first nine months of 2010 from EUR15 .1 m for the same period a year earlier ."
2 (positive)
"According to Finnish Metso Minerals , the value of the company 's orders has gone up to EUR 1.9 bn in 12 months ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish Bank of +àland reports its operating profit rose to EUR 21.3 mn in the second quarter of 2009 from EUR 6.1 mn in the corresponding period in 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish financial group Aktia 's operating profit for 2009 increased to EUR 47.0 mn from EUR 6.6 mn in 2008 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish forest machinery manufacturer Ponsse 's net sales grew to EUR 51.3 mn in the first quarter of 2010 from EUR 37.5 mn in the corresponding period in 2009 ."
2 (positive)
"Finnish KCI Konecranes has raised its net sales growth estimate for 2006 from over 25 % to over 35 % ."
2 (positive)
"According to HKScan Finland , the plan is to increase J+ñrvi-Suomen Portti 's net sales to EUR 80mn to EUR 100mn ."
2 (positive)
"Advertising and circulation revenues grew by 3.4 % and by 0.4 % , respectively ."
2 (positive)
"At the end of March 2007 , the group 's order book was at EUR 39.6 mn , up 42 % from the corresponding period in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"At the same time profit of the company increased by 10 % in H1 and reached Ls 79,000 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the 12-month period increased , respectively from EUR10 .5 m and EUR28 .8 m , as compared to the financial year 2004 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the 12-month period increased , respectively from EUR20 .8 m and EUR177 .7 m , as compared to the financial year 2004 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the 12-month period increased , respectively from EUR21 .5 m and EUR196 .1 m , as compared to 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the 12-month period increased , respectively from EUR4 .7 m and EUR26 .7 m , as compared to 2004 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the nine-month period increased , respectively by 26.6 % and 3.4 % , as compared to the corresponding period in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the six-month period increased , respectively , from EUR13 .8 m and EUR143 .6 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2007 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the six-month period increased , respectively from EUR0 .4 m and EUR3 .2 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the six-month period increased , respectively from EUR18 .1 m and EUR127 .6 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the six-month period increased , respectively from EUR7 .5 m and EUR655 .5 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the three-month period increased , respectively from EUR15 .1 m and EUR131 .5 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and net sales for the three-month period increased , respectively from EUR16 .0 m and EUR139m , as compared to the corresponding quarter in 2006 ."
2 (positive)
"Both operating profit and sales for the three-month period increased , respectively from EUR0 .3 m and EUR13 .1 m , as compared to the corresponding period in 2005 ."
2 (positive)
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for financial_phrasebank

Dataset Summary

Polar sentiment dataset of sentences from financial news. The dataset consists of 4840 sentences from English language financial news categorised by sentiment. The dataset is divided by agreement rate of 5-8 annotators.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

Sentiment Classification

Languages

English

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

{ "sentence": "Pharmaceuticals group Orion Corp reported a fall in its third-quarter earnings that were hit by larger expenditures on R&D and marketing .",
  "label": "negative"
}

Data Fields

  • sentence: a tokenized line from the dataset
  • label: a label corresponding to the class as a string: 'positive', 'negative' or 'neutral'

Data Splits

There's no train/validation/test split.

However the dataset is available in four possible configurations depending on the percentage of agreement of annotators:

sentences_50agree; Number of instances with >=50% annotator agreement: 4846 sentences_66agree: Number of instances with >=66% annotator agreement: 4217 sentences_75agree: Number of instances with >=75% annotator agreement: 3453 sentences_allagree: Number of instances with 100% annotator agreement: 2264

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The key arguments for the low utilization of statistical techniques in financial sentiment analysis have been the difficulty of implementation for practical applications and the lack of high quality training data for building such models. Especially in the case of finance and economic texts, annotated collections are a scarce resource and many are reserved for proprietary use only. To resolve the missing training data problem, we present a collection of ∼ 5000 sentences to establish human-annotated standards for benchmarking alternative modeling techniques.

The objective of the phrase level annotation task was to classify each example sentence into a positive, negative or neutral category by considering only the information explicitly available in the given sentence. Since the study is focused only on financial and economic domains, the annotators were asked to consider the sentences from the view point of an investor only; i.e. whether the news may have positive, negative or neutral influence on the stock price. As a result, sentences which have a sentiment that is not relevant from an economic or financial perspective are considered neutral.

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The corpus used in this paper is made out of English news on all listed companies in OMX Helsinki. The news has been downloaded from the LexisNexis database using an automated web scraper. Out of this news database, a random subset of 10,000 articles was selected to obtain good coverage across small and large companies, companies in different industries, as well as different news sources. Following the approach taken by Maks and Vossen (2010), we excluded all sentences which did not contain any of the lexicon entities. This reduced the overall sample to 53,400 sentences, where each has at least one or more recognized lexicon entity. The sentences were then classified according to the types of entity sequences detected. Finally, a random sample of ∼5000 sentences was chosen to represent the overall news database.

Who are the source language producers?

The source data was written by various financial journalists.

Annotations

Annotation process

This release of the financial phrase bank covers a collection of 4840 sentences. The selected collection of phrases was annotated by 16 people with adequate background knowledge on financial markets.

Given the large number of overlapping annotations (5 to 8 annotations per sentence), there are several ways to define a majority vote based gold standard. To provide an objective comparison, we have formed 4 alternative reference datasets based on the strength of majority agreement:

Who are the annotators?

Three of the annotators were researchers and the remaining 13 annotators were master's students at Aalto University School of Business with majors primarily in finance, accounting, and economics.

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

All annotators were from the same institution and so interannotator agreement should be understood with this taken into account.

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.

If you are interested in commercial use of the data, please contact the following authors for an appropriate license:

Citation Information

@article{Malo2014GoodDO,
  title={Good debt or bad debt: Detecting semantic orientations in economic texts},
  author={P. Malo and A. Sinha and P. Korhonen and J. Wallenius and P. Takala},
  journal={Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology},
  year={2014},
  volume={65}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @frankier for adding this dataset.

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