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The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, <extra_id_0>, Nepal and the southern border of China.
<extra_id_0> Bangladesh
Q902
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Q33199-0-Q902-Q668-0;Q33199-0-Q668-Q902-1
Q33199
The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout <extra_id_0>, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of China.
<extra_id_0> India
Q668
subject
P31,Q25295,Q33199;P47,Q902,Q668;P47,Q837,Q668;P47,Q148,Q668;P47,Q668,Q902;P47,Q668,Q837;P47,Q148,Q837;P47,Q668,Q148;P47,Q837,Q148
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Q33199
The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, <extra_id_0> and the southern border of China.
<extra_id_0> Nepal
Q837
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Q33199
The Austroasiatic languages, in recent classifications synonymous with Mon–Khmer, are a large language family of continental Southeast Asia, also scattered throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal and the southern border of <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> China
Q148
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Q33199
The name Austroasiatic comes from the Latin words for "south" and "<extra_id_0>", hence "South Asia".
<extra_id_0> Asia
Q48
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Q33199
The name Austroasiatic comes from the Latin words for "south" and "Asia", hence "<extra_id_0>".
<extra_id_0> South Asia
Q771405
subject
P361,Q48,Q771405;P30,Q48,Q771405
8
Q33199-1-Q48-Q771405-1
Q33199
Of these languages, only Vietnamese, Khmer, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only Vietnamese and Khmer have official status (in Vietnam and <extra_id_0>, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Cambodia
Q424
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Q33199
Of these languages, only Vietnamese, <extra_id_0>, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only Vietnamese and Khmer have official status (in Vietnam and Cambodia, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Khmer
Q9205
subject
P17,Q424,Q9205;P37,Q9199,Q881;P47,Q424,Q881;P37,Q9205,Q424
10
Q33199-2-Q424-Q9205-1;Q33199-2-Q9205-Q424-0
Q33199
Of these languages, only Vietnamese, Khmer, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only Vietnamese and <extra_id_0> have official status (in Vietnam and Cambodia, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Khmer
Q9205
subject
P17,Q424,Q9205;P37,Q9199,Q881;P47,Q424,Q881;P37,Q9205,Q424
11
Q33199-2-Q424-Q9205-1;Q33199-2-Q9205-Q424-0
Q33199
Of these languages, only <extra_id_0>, Khmer, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only Vietnamese and Khmer have official status (in Vietnam and Cambodia, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Vietnamese
Q9199
object
P17,Q424,Q9205;P37,Q9199,Q881
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Q33199
Of these languages, only Vietnamese, Khmer, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only Vietnamese and Khmer have official status (in <extra_id_0> and Cambodia, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Vietnam
Q881
subject
P17,Q424,Q9205;P37,Q9199,Q881;P47,Q424,Q881;P37,Q9205,Q424;P47,Q881,Q424
13
Q33199-2-Q9199-Q881-1;Q33199-2-Q424-Q881-1;Q33199-2-Q881-Q424-0
Q33199
Of these languages, only Vietnamese, Khmer, and Mon have a long-established recorded history, and only <extra_id_0> and Khmer have official status (in Vietnam and Cambodia, respectively).
<extra_id_0> Vietnamese
Q9199
object
P17,Q424,Q9205;P37,Q9199,Q881
14
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Q33199
In addition to <extra_id_0> and statistics, the arithmetic mean is used frequently in fields such as economics, sociology, and history, and it is used in almost every academic field to some extent.
<extra_id_0> mathematics
Q395
object
P361,Q395,Q11205
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Q19033
In addition to mathematics and statistics, the <extra_id_0> mean is used frequently in fields such as economics, sociology, and history, and it is used in almost every academic field to some extent.
<extra_id_0> arithmetic
Q11205
subject
P361,Q395,Q11205
26
Q19033-3-Q395-Q11205-1
Q19033
She was sharply critical of most philosophers and philosophical traditions known to her, except for <extra_id_0> and some Aristotelians, and classical liberals.
<extra_id_0> Aristotle
Q868
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Q132524
She was sharply critical of most philosophers and philosophical traditions known to her, except for Aristotle and some <extra_id_0>, and classical liberals.
<extra_id_0> Aristotelians
Q263307
subject
P737,Q868,Q132524;P138,Q868,Q263307
46
Q132524-12-Q868-Q263307-1
Q132524
<extra_id_0> was sharply critical of most philosophers and philosophical traditions known to her, except for Aristotle and some Aristotelians, and classical liberals.
<extra_id_0> She
Q132524
subject
P737,Q868,Q132524;P138,Q868,Q263307
47
Q132524-12-Q868-Q132524-1
Q132524
Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of <extra_id_0> that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.
<extra_id_0> biology
Q420
object
P279,Q420,Q3606845;P279,Q11451,Q3606845;P361,Q11451,Q3606845
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Q3606845-0-Q420-Q3606845-0
Q3606845
<extra_id_0> is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.
<extra_id_0> Agricultural science
Q3606845
subject
P279,Q420,Q3606845;P279,Q11451,Q3606845;P361,Q11451,Q3606845
49
Q3606845-0-Q420-Q3606845-1;Q3606845-0-Q11451-Q3606845-1
Q3606845
Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> agriculture
Q11451
object
P279,Q420,Q3606845;P279,Q11451,Q3606845;P361,Q11451,Q3606845
50
Q3606845-0-Q11451-Q3606845-0
Q3606845
Seoul City Hall is a governmental building for the Seoul Metropolitan Government in <extra_id_0>, in charge of the administrative affairs of Seoul.
<extra_id_0> South Korea
Q884
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Q623908
Animal Farm is an allegorical and dystopian <extra_id_0> by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
<extra_id_0> novella
Q149537
object
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Q1396889
<extra_id_0> is an allegorical and dystopian novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
<extra_id_0> Animal Farm
Q1396889
subject
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Q1396889-0-Q149537-Q1396889-1;Q1396889-0-Q3335-Q1396889-1;Q1396889-0-Q1396889-Q3335-0
Q1396889
Animal Farm is an allegorical and dystopian novella by <extra_id_0>, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
<extra_id_0> George Orwell
Q3335
object
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Q1396889
<extra_id_0> City Hall is a governmental building for the Seoul Metropolitan Government in South Korea, in charge of the administrative affairs of Seoul.
<extra_id_0> Seoul
Q8684
subject
P17,Q884,Q623908;P17,Q884,Q8684;P131,Q884,Q8684;P1376,Q884,Q8684;P36,Q8684,Q884;P150,Q8684,Q884
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Q623908-0-Q884-Q8684-1;Q623908-0-Q8684-Q884-0
Q623908
Seoul City Hall is a governmental building for the Seoul Metropolitan Government in South Korea, in charge of the administrative affairs of <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Seoul
Q8684
object
P17,Q884,Q623908;P17,Q884,Q8684;P131,Q884,Q8684;P1376,Q884,Q8684;P36,Q8684,Q884;P150,Q8684,Q884
4194363
Q623908-0-Q8684-Q884-0;Q623908-0-Q884-Q8684-1
Q623908
657, 2004 SCC 78 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of <extra_id_0> wherein the Court ruled that government funding for non-core medically necessary treatments is not protected under section 15(1) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
<extra_id_0> Canada
Q16
object
P1001,Q16,Q4826757;P17,Q16,Q196615;P1001,Q16,Q196615;P209,Q196615,Q16
12582988
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Q4826757
657, 2004 SCC 78 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of Canada wherein the Court ruled that government funding for non-core medically necessary treatments is not protected under section 15(1) of the <extra_id_0> Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
<extra_id_0> Canadian
Q16
object
P1001,Q16,Q4826757;P17,Q16,Q196615;P1001,Q16,Q196615;P209,Q196615,Q16
12582989
Q4826757-1-Q16-Q4826757-0;Q4826757-1-Q16-Q196615-0;Q4826757-1-Q196615-Q16-1
Q4826757
657, 2004 SCC 78 is a leading decision of the <extra_id_0> of Canada wherein the Court ruled that government funding for non-core medically necessary treatments is not protected under section 15(1) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
<extra_id_0> Supreme Court
Q196615
subject
P1001,Q16,Q4826757;P17,Q16,Q196615;P1001,Q16,Q196615;P209,Q196615,Q16
12582990
Q4826757-1-Q16-Q196615-1;Q4826757-1-Q196615-Q16-0
Q4826757
Margaret Lilian Flockton (29 September 1861 Sussex – 12 August 1953 Sydney), was an Australian botanical artist, particularly noted for her illustrating of "The Forest Flora of <extra_id_0>" (some 300 plates), "A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus" (88 plates), and the genus Opuntia, all by the botanist and forester, Joseph Henry Maiden.
<extra_id_0> New South Wales
Q3224
object
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Q6759412-0-Q3224-Q3130-0;Q6759412-0-Q3130-Q3224-1
Q6759412
The Paraset was a small, low-power, thermionic valve CW (i.e., morse code) radio transmitter-receiver supplied to the resistance groups in France, <extra_id_0> and the Netherlands during World War II.
<extra_id_0> Belgium
Q31
object
P47,Q31,Q142;P47,Q142,Q31;P47,Q31,Q55
4194391
Q1653019-0-Q31-Q142-0;Q1653019-0-Q142-Q31-1;Q1653019-0-Q31-Q55-0
Q1653019
The Paraset was a small, low-power, thermionic valve CW (i.e., morse code) radio transmitter-receiver supplied to the resistance groups in <extra_id_0>, Belgium and the Netherlands during World War II.
<extra_id_0> France
Q142
subject
P47,Q31,Q142;P47,Q142,Q31
4194392
Q1653019-0-Q31-Q142-1;Q1653019-0-Q142-Q31-0
Q1653019
Margaret Lilian Flockton (29 September 1861 Sussex – 12 August 1953 Sydney), was an Australian botanical artist, particularly noted for her illustrating of "The Forest Flora of New South Wales" (some 300 plates), "A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus" (88 plates), and the <extra_id_0> Opuntia, all by the botanist and forester, Joseph Henry Maiden.
<extra_id_0> genus
Q34740
object
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5835571
Q6759412-0-Q34740-Q45669-0;Q6759412-0-Q34740-Q158991-0
Q6759412
The Paraset was a small, low-power, thermionic valve CW (i.e., morse code) radio transmitter-receiver supplied to the resistance groups in France, Belgium and the <extra_id_0> during World War II.
<extra_id_0> Netherlands
Q55
subject
P47,Q31,Q142;P47,Q142,Q31;P47,Q31,Q55
4194393
Q1653019-0-Q31-Q55-1
Q1653019
The University of La Guajira (Spanish: Universidad de La Guajira, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of Riohacha, La Guajira, <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Colombia
Q739
object
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4194403
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Q192537
The University of La Guajira (Spanish: Universidad de La Guajira, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of <extra_id_0>, La Guajira, Colombia.
<extra_id_0> Riohacha
Q826566
object
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4194404
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Q192537
The University of <extra_id_0> (Spanish: Universidad de La Guajira, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of Riohacha, La Guajira, Colombia.
<extra_id_0> La Guajira
Q272747
subject
P17,Q739,Q192537;P36,Q826566,Q272747;P17,Q739,Q272747;P131,Q739,Q272747;P131,Q272747,Q826566;P17,Q739,Q826566;P150,Q272747,Q739;P37,Q1321,Q739
4194405
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Q192537
The University of La Guajira (Spanish: Universidad de <extra_id_0>, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of Riohacha, La Guajira, Colombia.
<extra_id_0> La Guajira
Q272747
subject
P17,Q739,Q192537;P36,Q826566,Q272747;P17,Q739,Q272747;P131,Q739,Q272747;P131,Q272747,Q826566;P17,Q739,Q826566;P150,Q272747,Q739;P37,Q1321,Q739
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Q192537
The University of La Guajira (Spanish: Universidad de La Guajira, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of Riohacha, <extra_id_0>, Colombia.
<extra_id_0> La Guajira
Q272747
object
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Q192537
The University of La Guajira (<extra_id_0>: Universidad de La Guajira, Wayuu: Shikii Ekirajia Pulee Wajira), also known as Uniguajira, is a public, departmental, coeducational, university based primarily in the city of Riohacha, La Guajira, Colombia.
<extra_id_0> Spanish
Q1321
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Q192537
In <extra_id_0> texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the 1st century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215).
<extra_id_0> Latin
Q397
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Q37340
In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the 1st century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in <extra_id_0> XII (161–215).
<extra_id_0> Aeneid
Q60220
subject
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In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the 1st century, not even in the conjurations of <extra_id_0> and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215).
<extra_id_0> Aeneas
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object
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Q37340
Richard Hill (born 22 August 1942) is a British composer who studied trombone initially at the Royal College of Music in London <extra_id_0> in the 1960s, before moving into music production and composition.
<extra_id_0> England
Q21
object
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Q7326457
Richard Hill (born 22 August 1942) is a British composer who studied trombone initially at the Royal College of Music in <extra_id_0> England in the 1960s, before moving into music production and composition.
<extra_id_0> London
Q84
subject
P106,Q36834,Q7326457;P106,Q36834,Q42305;P1376,Q21,Q84;P36,Q84,Q21
4194429
Q7326457-0-Q21-Q84-1;Q7326457-0-Q84-Q21-0
Q7326457
Tamazight and other Berber varieties are spoken in Morocco, <extra_id_0>, Libya, Tunisia, northern Mali, and northern Niger by about 25 to 35 million people.
<extra_id_0> Algeria
Q262
object
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Q25268
Tamazight and other Berber varieties are spoken in Morocco, Algeria, <extra_id_0>, Tunisia, northern Mali, and northern Niger by about 25 to 35 million people.
<extra_id_0> Libya
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Tamazight and other Berber varieties are spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Libya, <extra_id_0>, northern Mali, and northern Niger by about 25 to 35 million people.
<extra_id_0> Tunisia
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Tamazight and other Berber varieties are spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, northern <extra_id_0>, and northern Niger by about 25 to 35 million people.
<extra_id_0> Mali
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Tamazight and other Berber varieties are spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, northern Mali, and northern <extra_id_0> by about 25 to 35 million people.
<extra_id_0> Niger
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950, 2000 SCC 37, was the leading decision by the Supreme Court of <extra_id_0> on section 15(2) of the Charter, which shields affirmative action programs from the equality requirement of section 15(1).
<extra_id_0> Canada
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Q6692135
950, 2000 SCC 37, was the leading decision by the <extra_id_0> of Canada on section 15(2) of the Charter, which shields affirmative action programs from the equality requirement of section 15(1).
<extra_id_0> Supreme Court
Q196615
subject
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Q6692135
His writings cover many subjects – including physics, <extra_id_0>, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy.
<extra_id_0> biology
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His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, <extra_id_0>, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy.
<extra_id_0> zoology
Q431
subject
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It is an approach for use in resource limited settings and is widely used in <extra_id_0> and Asia and has been a useful research tool in studies of progression to symptomatic HIV disease.
<extra_id_0> Africa
Q15
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It is an approach for use in resource limited settings and is widely used in Africa and <extra_id_0> and has been a useful research tool in studies of progression to symptomatic HIV disease.
<extra_id_0> Asia
Q48
subject
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Q7950345
The abacus (plural abaci or abacuses), also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool that was in use centuries before the adoption of the written modern numeral system and is still widely used by merchants, traders and clerks in Asia, <extra_id_0>, and elsewhere.
<extra_id_0> Africa
Q15
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The abacus (plural abaci or abacuses), also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool that was in use centuries before the adoption of the written modern numeral system and is still widely used by merchants, traders and clerks in <extra_id_0>, Africa, and elsewhere.
<extra_id_0> Asia
Q48
subject
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Q12806
The study of <extra_id_0> is known as agricultural science.
<extra_id_0> agriculture
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Elenydd is an upland area of west-central <extra_id_0>, extending across parts of northern and eastern Ceredigion and Powys between Aberystwyth and Rhayader.
<extra_id_0> Wales
Q25
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Q5359210
The study of agriculture is known as <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> agricultural science
Q3606845
subject
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Q11451
Elenydd is an upland area of west-central Wales, extending across parts of northern and eastern Ceredigion and Powys between Aberystwyth and <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Rhayader
Q1681386
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8388829
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Q5359210
Algeria is bordered to the northeast by <extra_id_0>, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Tunisia
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<extra_id_0> is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Algeria
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by <extra_id_0>, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Libya
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by <extra_id_0>, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Morocco
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by <extra_id_0>, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Western Sahara
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, <extra_id_0>, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Mauritania
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and <extra_id_0>, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Mali
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by <extra_id_0>, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.
<extra_id_0> Niger
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Merthyr Mawr Sand Dunes are sand dunes and a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Vale of Glamorgan, south <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Wales
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Merthyr Mawr Sand Dunes are sand dunes and a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Vale of <extra_id_0>, south Wales.
<extra_id_0> Glamorgan
Q844784
subject
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8388853
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East Aberthaw Coast is a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Vale of <extra_id_0>, south Wales.
<extra_id_0> Glamorgan
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Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Mediterranean Sea
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East Aberthaw Coast is a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Vale of Glamorgan, south <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Wales
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8388858
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Monknash Coast is a coastal Site of Special Scientific Interest between Monknash and St Donats in the Vale of <extra_id_0>, south Wales.
<extra_id_0> Glamorgan
Q844784
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Monknash Coast is a coastal Site of Special Scientific Interest between Monknash and St Donats in the Vale of Glamorgan, south <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Wales
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (<extra_id_0>: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Catalan
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<extra_id_0> Andorra
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subject
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (<extra_id_0>: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Catalan
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object
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign <extra_id_0> microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> landlocked
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object
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by <extra_id_0> and France.
<extra_id_0> Spain
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object
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> France
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object
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It is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Spanish/Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the President of <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> France
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The official language is <extra_id_0>, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.
<extra_id_0> Catalan
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He remained there for 15 years, founding the organisation Aiki Kai Australia.At the request of Nobuyoshi Tamura, Sugano went to Europe and stayed in <extra_id_0>, Luxembourg and France.
<extra_id_0> Belgium
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He remained there for 15 years, founding the organisation Aiki Kai Australia.At the request of Nobuyoshi Tamura, Sugano went to <extra_id_0> and stayed in Belgium, Luxembourg and France.
<extra_id_0> Europe
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subject
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He remained there for 15 years, founding the organisation Aiki Kai Australia.At the request of Nobuyoshi Tamura, Sugano went to Europe and stayed in Belgium, <extra_id_0> and France.
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of <extra_id_0> (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Andorra
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subject
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Q228
Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of <extra_id_0> (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Andorra
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object
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in <extra_id_0>, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Southwestern Europe
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subject
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les <extra_id_0> d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Valls
Q825883
subject
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292
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It is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Spanish/Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the <extra_id_0> of France.
<extra_id_0> President
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subject
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<extra_id_0> is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Spanish/Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the President of France.
<extra_id_0> It
Q228
object
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern <extra_id_0> mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Pyrenees
Q12431
subject
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: <extra_id_0> d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Principat
Q289077
subject
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290
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Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/; [ənˈdorə], [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: <extra_id_0> de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
<extra_id_0> Principat
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subject
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Castell Coch Woodlands and Road Section is a Site of Special Scientific Interest to the north of <extra_id_0>, Wales, significant for both its biological and geological interest.
<extra_id_0> Cardiff
Q10690
object
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Castell Coch Woodlands and Road Section is a Site of Special Scientific Interest to the north of Cardiff, <extra_id_0>, significant for both its biological and geological interest.
<extra_id_0> Wales
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object
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Cliff Wood – Golden Stairs is a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the Vale of Glamorgan, south <extra_id_0>.
<extra_id_0> Wales
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object
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YAML Metadata Warning: The task_categories "influence-attribution" is not in the official list: text-classification, token-classification, table-question-answering, question-answering, zero-shot-classification, translation, summarization, feature-extraction, text-generation, text2text-generation, fill-mask, sentence-similarity, text-to-speech, text-to-audio, automatic-speech-recognition, audio-to-audio, audio-classification, voice-activity-detection, depth-estimation, image-classification, object-detection, image-segmentation, text-to-image, image-to-text, image-to-image, image-to-video, unconditional-image-generation, video-classification, reinforcement-learning, robotics, tabular-classification, tabular-regression, tabular-to-text, table-to-text, multiple-choice, text-retrieval, time-series-forecasting, text-to-video, image-text-to-text, visual-question-answering, document-question-answering, zero-shot-image-classification, graph-ml, mask-generation, zero-shot-object-detection, text-to-3d, image-to-3d, image-feature-extraction, other
YAML Metadata Warning: The task_categories "information-retrieval" is not in the official list: text-classification, token-classification, table-question-answering, question-answering, zero-shot-classification, translation, summarization, feature-extraction, text-generation, text2text-generation, fill-mask, sentence-similarity, text-to-speech, text-to-audio, automatic-speech-recognition, audio-to-audio, audio-classification, voice-activity-detection, depth-estimation, image-classification, object-detection, image-segmentation, text-to-image, image-to-text, image-to-image, image-to-video, unconditional-image-generation, video-classification, reinforcement-learning, robotics, tabular-classification, tabular-regression, tabular-to-text, table-to-text, multiple-choice, text-retrieval, time-series-forecasting, text-to-video, image-text-to-text, visual-question-answering, document-question-answering, zero-shot-image-classification, graph-ml, mask-generation, zero-shot-object-detection, text-to-3d, image-to-3d, image-feature-extraction, other
YAML Metadata Warning: The task_categories "question-answering-retrieval" is not in the official list: text-classification, token-classification, table-question-answering, question-answering, zero-shot-classification, translation, summarization, feature-extraction, text-generation, text2text-generation, fill-mask, sentence-similarity, text-to-speech, text-to-audio, automatic-speech-recognition, audio-to-audio, audio-classification, voice-activity-detection, depth-estimation, image-classification, object-detection, image-segmentation, text-to-image, image-to-text, image-to-image, image-to-video, unconditional-image-generation, video-classification, reinforcement-learning, robotics, tabular-classification, tabular-regression, tabular-to-text, table-to-text, multiple-choice, text-retrieval, time-series-forecasting, text-to-video, image-text-to-text, visual-question-answering, document-question-answering, zero-shot-image-classification, graph-ml, mask-generation, zero-shot-object-detection, text-to-3d, image-to-3d, image-feature-extraction, other
YAML Metadata Warning: The task_ids "influence-attribution" is not in the official list: acceptability-classification, entity-linking-classification, fact-checking, intent-classification, language-identification, multi-class-classification, multi-label-classification, multi-input-text-classification, natural-language-inference, semantic-similarity-classification, sentiment-classification, topic-classification, semantic-similarity-scoring, sentiment-scoring, sentiment-analysis, hate-speech-detection, text-scoring, named-entity-recognition, part-of-speech, parsing, lemmatization, word-sense-disambiguation, coreference-resolution, extractive-qa, open-domain-qa, closed-domain-qa, news-articles-summarization, news-articles-headline-generation, dialogue-modeling, dialogue-generation, conversational, language-modeling, text-simplification, explanation-generation, abstractive-qa, open-domain-abstractive-qa, closed-domain-qa, open-book-qa, closed-book-qa, slot-filling, masked-language-modeling, keyword-spotting, speaker-identification, audio-intent-classification, audio-emotion-recognition, audio-language-identification, multi-label-image-classification, multi-class-image-classification, face-detection, vehicle-detection, instance-segmentation, semantic-segmentation, panoptic-segmentation, image-captioning, image-inpainting, image-colorization, super-resolution, grasping, task-planning, tabular-multi-class-classification, tabular-multi-label-classification, tabular-single-column-regression, rdf-to-text, multiple-choice-qa, multiple-choice-coreference-resolution, document-retrieval, utterance-retrieval, entity-linking-retrieval, fact-checking-retrieval, univariate-time-series-forecasting, multivariate-time-series-forecasting, visual-question-answering, document-question-answering

Dataset Card for "FTRACE"

Dataset Summary

[PAPER] FTRACE is a zero-shot infromation retrieval benchmark deviced for tracing a language model’s predictions back to training examples. In the accompanying paper, we evaluate commonly studied influence methods, including gradient-based (TracIn) and embedding-based approaches. The dataset contains two parts. First, factual queries for that we trace the knowledge are extracted from existing LAMA queries (Petroni et al., 2019). Second, Wikidata sentences are extracted from TREx corpus (Elsahar et al., 2018). We annotate the extracted sentences with their stated facts, and these facts can be mathed with the facts in query set. In both parts, we provide (input, target) pairs as a masked language modeling task -- see examples in the below. However, one can use the same data in other formalities for example auto-regressive completion via a processing of input_pretokenized and targets_pretokenized field.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

Abstracts

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 112 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 884 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 996 MB

An example of 'abstract' looks as follows.

{"inputs_pretokenized": "The name Austroasiatic comes from the Latin words for \"south\" and \"Asia\", hence \"<extra_id_0>\".", 
 "targets_pretokenized": "<extra_id_0> South Asia", 
 "page_uri": "Q33199", 
 "masked_uri": "Q771405", 
 "masked_type": "subject", 
 "example_uris": "Q33199-1-Q48-Q771405-1", 
 "facts": "P361,Q48,Q771405;P30,Q48,Q771405", 
 "id": 8}

Queries

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 1.7 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 8.9 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 10.6 MB

An example of 'query' looks as follows.

{"inputs_pretokenized": "Paul Ehrlich used to work in <extra_id_0> .", 
"targets_pretokenized": "<extra_id_0> Frankfurt", 
"uuid": "5b063008-a8ba-4064-9f59-e70102bb8c50", 
"obj_uri": "Q1794", 
"sub_uri": "Q57089", 
"predicate_id": "P937",
"obj_surface": "Frankfurt", 
"sub_surface": "Paul Ehrlich"}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

Abstracts

  • inputs_pretokenized: a string feature.
  • targets_pretokenized: a string feature.
  • masked_uri: a string feature.
  • masked_type: a string feature.
  • facts: a string feature.
  • id: a string feature.
  • example_uris: a string feature.
  • page_uri: a string feature.

Queries

  • inputs_pretokenized: a string feature.
  • targets_pretokenized: a string feature.
  • obj_surface: a string feature.
  • sub_surface: a string feature.
  • obj_uri: a string feature.
  • sub_uri: a string feature.
  • predicate_id: a string feature.
  • uuid: a string feature.

Data Splits

name train
Abstracts 1560453
Queries 31479

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

LAMA: https://github.com/facebookresearch/LAMA
TRex: https://hadyelsahar.github.io/t-rex/

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

The parts of this dataset are available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (CC BY-SA 4.0) and The Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License

Citation Information

The main paper should be cited as follow:

@misc{https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv.2205.11482,
  doi = {10.48550/ARXIV.2205.11482},
  url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.11482},
  author = {Akyürek, Ekin and Bolukbasi, Tolga and Liu, Frederick and Xiong, Binbin and Tenney, Ian and Andreas, Jacob and Guu, Kelvin},
  keywords = {Computation and Language (cs.CL), Information Retrieval (cs.IR), FOS: Computer and information sciences, FOS: Computer and information sciences},
  title = {Tracing Knowledge in Language Models Back to the Training Data},
  publisher = {arXiv},
  year = {2022}, 
}

Please also cite Petroni et al., 2019 for the query set, and Elsahar et al., 2018 for the abstract set.

@inproceedings{petroni2019language,
  title={Language Models as Knowledge Bases?},
  author={F. Petroni, T. Rockt{\"{a}}schel, A. H. Miller, P. Lewis, A. Bakhtin, Y. Wu and S. Riedel},
  booktitle={In: Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), 2019},
  year={2019}
}
@inproceedings{elsahar2018t,
  title={T-rex: A large scale alignment of natural language with knowledge base triples},
  author={Elsahar, Hady and Vougiouklis, Pavlos and Remaci, Arslen and Gravier, Christophe and Hare, Jonathon and Laforest, Frederique and Simperl, Elena},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)},
  year={2018}
}

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