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Couldn't get the size of external files in `_split_generators` because a request failed: HTTPSConnectionPool(host='raw.githubusercontent.com', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=10.0) Please consider moving your data files in this dataset repository instead (e.g. inside a data/ folder).
Error code:   ExternalFilesSizeRequestTimeoutError
Exception:    ReadTimeout
Message:      HTTPSConnectionPool(host='raw.githubusercontent.com', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=10.0)
Traceback:    Traceback (most recent call last):
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 466, in _make_request
                  six.raise_from(e, None)
                File "<string>", line 3, in raise_from
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 461, in _make_request
                  httplib_response = conn.getresponse()
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/http/client.py", line 1377, in getresponse
                  response.begin()
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/http/client.py", line 320, in begin
                  version, status, reason = self._read_status()
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/http/client.py", line 281, in _read_status
                  line = str(self.fp.readline(_MAXLINE + 1), "iso-8859-1")
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/socket.py", line 704, in readinto
                  return self._sock.recv_into(b)
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/ssl.py", line 1242, in recv_into
                  return self.read(nbytes, buffer)
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/ssl.py", line 1100, in read
                  return self._sslobj.read(len, buffer)
              socket.timeout: The read operation timed out
              
              During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:
              
              Traceback (most recent call last):
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/requests/adapters.py", line 486, in send
                  resp = conn.urlopen(
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 798, in urlopen
                  retries = retries.increment(
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/util/retry.py", line 550, in increment
                  raise six.reraise(type(error), error, _stacktrace)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/packages/six.py", line 770, in reraise
                  raise value
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 714, in urlopen
                  httplib_response = self._make_request(
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 468, in _make_request
                  self._raise_timeout(err=e, url=url, timeout_value=read_timeout)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/urllib3/connectionpool.py", line 357, in _raise_timeout
                  raise ReadTimeoutError(
              urllib3.exceptions.ReadTimeoutError: HTTPSConnectionPool(host='raw.githubusercontent.com', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=10.0)
              
              During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:
              
              Traceback (most recent call last):
                File "/src/services/worker/src/worker/job_runners/config/parquet_and_info.py", line 488, in _is_too_big_from_external_data_files
                  for i, size in enumerate(pool.imap_unordered(get_size, ext_data_files)):
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/multiprocessing/pool.py", line 870, in next
                  raise value
                File "/usr/local/lib/python3.9/multiprocessing/pool.py", line 125, in worker
                  result = (True, func(*args, **kwds))
                File "/src/services/worker/src/worker/job_runners/config/parquet_and_info.py", line 386, in _request_size
                  response = http_head(url, headers=headers, max_retries=3)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/utils/file_utils.py", line 429, in http_head
                  response = _request_with_retry(
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/datasets/utils/file_utils.py", line 328, in _request_with_retry
                  response = requests.request(method=method.upper(), url=url, timeout=timeout, **params)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/requests/api.py", line 59, in request
                  return session.request(method=method, url=url, **kwargs)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/requests/sessions.py", line 589, in request
                  resp = self.send(prep, **send_kwargs)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/requests/sessions.py", line 703, in send
                  r = adapter.send(request, **kwargs)
                File "/src/services/worker/.venv/lib/python3.9/site-packages/requests/adapters.py", line 532, in send
                  raise ReadTimeout(e, request=request)
              requests.exceptions.ReadTimeout: HTTPSConnectionPool(host='raw.githubusercontent.com', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=10.0)

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claim
string
evidence
sequence
label_before
string
label_after
string
type
string
removed
sequence
text_orig
string
agreement
string
Unison (Celine Dion album) was originally released by Atlantic Records.
[ [ "Unison (Celine Dion album)", "The album was originally released on 2 April 1990 ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "by Columbia Records" ]
[[Unison (Celine Dion album)]] The album was originally released on 2 April 1990 <span style="color:red;">by Columbia Records</span> .
agree_ei
Nina Jacobson worked for Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group until July.
[ [ "Nina Jacobson", "Nina Jacobson ( born 1965 ) is an American film executive ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "who , until July 2006 , was president of the Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group , a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company" ]
[[Nina Jacobson]] Nina Jacobson ( born 1965 ) is an American film executive <span style="color:red;">who , until July 2006 , was president of the Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group , a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company</span> .
all_nei
Hezbollah received a type of training from Iran.
[ [ "Hezbollah", "Hezbollah receives military training , weapons , and financial support , and political support from Syria ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "from Iran" ]
[[Hezbollah]] Hezbollah receives military training , weapons , and financial support <span style="color:red;">from Iran</span> , and political support from Syria .
all_nei
Alexandria is the largest seaport in Egypt.
[ [ "Alexandria", "Alexandria is Egypt 's seaport , serving approximately 80 % of Egypt 's imports and exports ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "largest" ]
[[Alexandria]] Alexandria is Egypt 's <span style="color:red;">largest</span> seaport , serving approximately 80 % of Egypt 's imports and exports .
disagree
Gray Matters is a horror film.
[ [ "Gray Matters", "Gray Matters is a 2006 comedy film directed by Sue Kramer , starring Heather Graham , Tom Cavanagh and Bridget Moynahan ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- REPEATED
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "romantic" ]
[[Gray Matters]] Gray Matters is a 2006 <span style="color:red;">romantic</span> comedy film directed by Sue Kramer , starring Heather Graham , Tom Cavanagh and Bridget Moynahan .
disagree
Alvin and the Chipmunks is a film.
[ [ "Alvin and the Chipmunks (film)", "The first film in the film series , Alvin and the Chipmunks was followed by sequels : Alvin and the Chipmunks : The Squeakquel , released on December 23 , 2009 , Alvin and the Chipmunks : Chipwrecked , released on December 16 , 2011 and Alvin and the Chipmunks : The Road Chip , released on December 18 , 2015 ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Num-mod-CARDINAL
[ "three" ]
[[Alvin and the Chipmunks (film)]] The first film in the film series , Alvin and the Chipmunks was followed by <span style="color:red;">three</span> sequels : Alvin and the Chipmunks : The Squeakquel , released on December 23 , 2009 , Alvin and the Chipmunks : Chipwrecked , released on December 16 , 2011 and Alvin and the Chipmunks : The Road Chip , released on December 18 , 2015 .
agree_ei
Granular is granite.
[ [ "Granite", "Granite ( [ pronˈɡrænᵻt ] ) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "that is granular and phaneritic in texture" ]
[[Granite]] Granite ( [ pronˈɡrænᵻt ] ) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock <span style="color:red;">that is granular and phaneritic in texture</span> .
disagree
Designated Survivor (TV series) is a show that is televised.
[ [ "Designated Survivor (TV series)", "Designated Survivor is an American political series created by David Guggenheim , starring Kiefer Sutherland , airing on ABC ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "drama television" ]
[[Designated Survivor (TV series)]] Designated Survivor is an American political <span style="color:red;">drama television</span> series created by David Guggenheim , starring Kiefer Sutherland , airing on ABC .
agree_ei
Stephen Moyer acted in a film adaptation of a the Prince Valiant comic.
[ [ "Stephen Moyer", "In 1997 , Moyer made his big-screen debut landing the lead role in the film adaptation of the long-running strip Prince Valiant by Hal Foster , working alongside Ron Perlman and Katherine Heigl ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "comic" ]
[[Stephen Moyer]] In 1997 , Moyer made his big-screen debut landing the lead role in the film adaptation of the long-running <span style="color:red;">comic</span> strip Prince Valiant by Hal Foster , working alongside Ron Perlman and Katherine Heigl .
agree_ei
Balibo (film) is about an investigation of crimes.
[ [ "Balibo (film)", "Balibo is a 2009 Australian war film that follows the story of the Balibo Five , a group of journalists who were captured and killed while reporting on activities ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "just prior to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor of 1975" ]
[[Balibo (film)]] Balibo is a 2009 Australian war film that follows the story of the Balibo Five , a group of journalists who were captured and killed while reporting on activities <span style="color:red;">just prior to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor of 1975</span> .
disagree
Stephen Moyer was in Prince Valiant.
[ [ "Stephen Moyer", "In 1997 , Moyer made his big-screen debut landing the lead role , working alongside Ron Perlman and Katherine Heigl ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the film adaptation of the long-running comic strip Prince Valiant by Hal Foster" ]
[[Stephen Moyer]] In 1997 , Moyer made his big-screen debut landing the lead role <span style="color:red;">in the film adaptation of the long-running comic strip Prince Valiant by Hal Foster</span> , working alongside Ron Perlman and Katherine Heigl .
all_nei
Spider-Man 2 was released in 2004.
[ [ "Spider-Man 2", "Spider-Man 2 is a American superhero film directed by Sam Raimi and written by Alvin Sargent from a story by Alfred Gough , Miles Millar , and Michael Chabon ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Num-mod-DATE
[ "2004" ]
[[Spider-Man 2]] Spider-Man 2 is a <span style="color:red;">2004</span> American superhero film directed by Sam Raimi and written by Alvin Sargent from a story by Alfred Gough , Miles Millar , and Michael Chabon .
disagree
Fuller House (TV series) is a river.
[ [ "Fuller House (TV series)", "Most of the original series ensemble cast have reprised their roles on Fuller House , either as cast members or in guest appearances , with the exception of Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen , who alternated in the role of Michelle Tanner on Full House ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "regular" ]
[[Fuller House (TV series)]] Most of the original series ensemble cast have reprised their roles on Fuller House , either as <span style="color:red;">regular</span> cast members or in guest appearances , with the exception of Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen , who alternated in the role of Michelle Tanner on Full House .
agree_ei
On Mount Olympus, Hebe was a server of nectar and ambrosia.
[ [ "Hebe (mythology)", "Hebe was the cupbearer , serving their nectar and ambrosia , until she was married to Heracles ( Roman equivalent : Hercules ) ; her successor was the divine hero Ganymede ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus" ]
[[Hebe (mythology)]] Hebe was the cupbearer <span style="color:red;">for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus</span> , serving their nectar and ambrosia , until she was married to Heracles ( Roman equivalent : Hercules ) ; her successor was the divine hero Ganymede .
all_nei
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is ranked 3rd all-time in blocks and rebounds.
[ [ "Kareem Abdul-Jabbar", "He is ranked 3rd all-time ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in both rebounds and blocks" ]
[[Kareem Abdul-Jabbar]] He is ranked 3rd all-time <span style="color:red;">in both rebounds and blocks</span> .
all_nei
Live Nation Entertainment is a worldwide entertainment company.
[ [ "Live Nation Entertainment", "Live Nation Entertainment is an entertainment company , formed from the merger of Live Nation and Ticketmaster ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "American global" ]
[[Live Nation Entertainment]] Live Nation Entertainment is an <span style="color:red;">American global</span> entertainment company , formed from the merger of Live Nation and Ticketmaster .
disagree
Battle of the Bastards is not a television episode.
[ [ "Battle of the Bastards", "`` Battle of the Bastards '' is the episode of the sixth season of HBO 's fantasy television series Game of Thrones , and its 59th episode overall ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "ninth" ]
[[Battle of the Bastards]] `` Battle of the Bastards '' is the <span style="color:red;">ninth</span> episode of the sixth season of HBO 's fantasy television series Game of Thrones , and its 59th episode overall .
agree_ei
Bonaire was part of the Netherlands Antilles until the country's dissolution.
[ [ "Bonaire", "Bonaire was part of the Netherlands Antilles ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "until the country 's dissolution in 2010 , when the island became a special municipality within the country of the Netherlands" ]
[[Bonaire]] Bonaire was part of the Netherlands Antilles <span style="color:red;">until the country 's dissolution in 2010 , when the island became a special municipality within the country of the Netherlands</span> .
all_nei
Jenny McCarthy appeared as a model in Playboy magazine.
[ [ "Jenny McCarthy", "She began her career in 1993 as a nude model for Playboy magazine and was named their Playmate of the Year ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adv-VERB
[ "later" ]
[[Jenny McCarthy]] She began her career in 1993 as a nude model for Playboy magazine and was <span style="color:red;">later</span> named their Playmate of the Year .
agree_ei
Anxiety can heighten other mental health illnesses such as OCD and panic disorder.
[ [ "Anxiety", "Furthermore , anxiety has been linked with physical symptoms such as IBS and can heighten other mental health illnesses ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "such as OCD and panic disorder" ]
[[Anxiety]] Furthermore , anxiety has been linked with physical symptoms such as IBS and can heighten other mental health illnesses <span style="color:red;">such as OCD and panic disorder</span> .
all_nei
Tye Sheridan is an American actor.
[ [ "Tye Sheridan", "Tye Kayle Sheridan ( born November 11 , 1996 ) is an actor ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "American" ]
[[Tye Sheridan]] Tye Kayle Sheridan ( born November 11 , 1996 ) is an <span style="color:red;">American</span> actor .
disagree
Chris Bosh is incapable of playing in the National Basketball Association.
[ [ "Chris Bosh", "In the 2006 -- 07 season , Bosh led the Raptors to their first NBA Playoffs berth in five years , and their division title ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "first ever" ]
[[Chris Bosh]] In the 2006 -- 07 season , Bosh led the Raptors to their first NBA Playoffs berth in five years , and their <span style="color:red;">first ever</span> division title .
agree_ei
A near-Earth object is not a solar body.
[ [ "Near-Earth object", "A near-Earth object ( NEO ) is any small Solar System body ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
WHNP
[ "whose orbit brings it into proximity with Earth" ]
[[Near-Earth object]] A near-Earth object ( NEO ) is any small Solar System body <span style="color:red;">whose orbit brings it into proximity with Earth</span> .
agree_ei
Goldie Hawn was a bankable star.
[ [ "Goldie Hawn", "Hawn maintained star status for more than three decades thereafter , appearing in numerous films such as There 's a Girl in My Soup ( 1970 ) , Butterflies Are Free ( 1972 ) , The Sugarland Express ( 1974 ) , Shampoo ( 1975 ) , Foul Play ( 1978 ) , Seems Like Old Times ( 1980 ) , and the title role in Private Benjamin ( 1980 ) , for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "bankable" ]
[[Goldie Hawn]] Hawn maintained <span style="color:red;">bankable</span> star status for more than three decades thereafter , appearing in numerous films such as There 's a Girl in My Soup ( 1970 ) , Butterflies Are Free ( 1972 ) , The Sugarland Express ( 1974 ) , Shampoo ( 1975 ) , Foul Play ( 1978 ) , Seems Like Old Times ( 1980 ) , and the title role in Private Benjamin ( 1980 ) , for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress .
all_nei
Charles Howard Hinton was a math expert from Britain.
[ [ "Charles Howard Hinton", "Charles Howard Hinton ( 1853 , United Kingdom -- April 1907 , Washington D.C. , United States ) was a British mathematician and writer of science fiction works titled Scientific Romances ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Date-day
[ "30" ]
[[Charles Howard Hinton]] Charles Howard Hinton ( 1853 , United Kingdom -- <span style="color:red;">30</span> April 1907 , Washington D.C. , United States ) was a British mathematician and writer of science fiction works titled Scientific Romances .
disagree
Unison (Celine Dion album) was originally released in May 1990.
[ [ "Unison (Celine Dion album)", "The album was originally released on 1990 by Columbia Records ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Date-day-month
[ "2 April" ]
[[Unison (Celine Dion album)]] The album was originally released on <span style="color:red;">2 April</span> 1990 by Columbia Records .
all_nei
The Block (album) was released by the band the New Kids on the Block.
[ [ "The Block (album)", "The Block is the fifth studio album ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "by New Kids on the Block" ]
[[The Block (album)]] The Block is the fifth studio album <span style="color:red;">by New Kids on the Block</span> .
disagree
Konidela Production Company is a film production company.
[ [ "Konidela Production Company", "Konidela Production Company is an Indian company established by actor Ram Charan , son of Chiranjeevi ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "film production" ]
[[Konidela Production Company]] Konidela Production Company is an Indian <span style="color:red;">film production</span> company established by actor Ram Charan , son of Chiranjeevi .
all_nei
Species distribution can be understood through factors such as speciation and continental drift.
[ [ "Species distribution", "It is very useful in understanding species distribution through factors such as speciation , extinction , drift , glaciation , variation of sea levels , river capture and available resources ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "continental" ]
[[Species distribution]] It is very useful in understanding species distribution through factors such as speciation , extinction , <span style="color:red;">continental</span> drift , glaciation , variation of sea levels , river capture and available resources .
all_nei
The Siege of Fort Stanwix took place in 2000.
[ [ "Siege of Fort Stanwix", "The Siege of Fort Stanwix ( also known at the time ) began on August 2 , 1777 , and ended August 22 ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "as Fort Schuyler" ]
[[Siege of Fort Stanwix]] The Siege of Fort Stanwix ( also known at the time <span style="color:red;">as Fort Schuyler</span> ) began on August 2 , 1777 , and ended August 22 .
agree_ei
Samsung entered the electronics industry in the late 1960s.
[ [ "Samsung", "Samsung entered the industry in the late 1960s and the construction and shipbuilding industries in the mid-1970s ; these areas would drive its subsequent growth ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "electronics" ]
[[Samsung]] Samsung entered the <span style="color:red;">electronics</span> industry in the late 1960s and the construction and shipbuilding industries in the mid-1970s ; these areas would drive its subsequent growth .
disagree
Nina Jacobson was president of a Walt Disney Company subsidiary.
[ [ "Nina Jacobson", "Nina Jacobson ( born 1965 ) is an American film executive ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "who , until July 2006 , was president of the Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group , a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company" ]
[[Nina Jacobson]] Nina Jacobson ( born 1965 ) is an American film executive <span style="color:red;">who , until July 2006 , was president of the Buena Vista Motion Pictures Group , a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company</span> .
all_nei
Vera Wang was born in March.
[ [ "Vera Wang", "Vera Ellen Wang ( , [ u̯ɑ̌ŋ u̯éɪ̯u̯éɪ̯ ] ; born 1949 ) is an American fashion designer based in New York City ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Date-month-day
[ "June 27 ," ]
[[Vera Wang]] Vera Ellen Wang ( , [ u̯ɑ̌ŋ u̯éɪ̯u̯éɪ̯ ] ; born <span style="color:red;">June 27 ,</span> 1949 ) is an American fashion designer based in New York City .
disagree
Ice-T's final album was Rhyme Pays.
[ [ "Ice-T", "He began his career as a rapper in the 1980s and was signed to Sire Records ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in 1987 , when he released his debut album Rhyme Pays , one of the first hip-hop albums to carry an explicit content sticker" ]
[[Ice-T]] He began his career as a rapper in the 1980s and was signed to Sire Records <span style="color:red;">in 1987 , when he released his debut album Rhyme Pays , one of the first hip-hop albums to carry an explicit content sticker</span> .
disagree
Julie Bowen was born on March 3.
[ [ "Julie Bowen", "Julie Bowen Luetkemeyer ( born 1970 ) , known professionally as Julie Bowen , is an American actress ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Date-month-day
[ "March 3 ," ]
[[Julie Bowen]] Julie Bowen Luetkemeyer ( born <span style="color:red;">March 3 ,</span> 1970 ) , known professionally as Julie Bowen , is an American actress .
all_nei
The Baltic Sea borders Estonia.
[ [ "Estonia", "The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and islands and islets in the Baltic Sea , covering 45339 km2 of land and water , and is influenced by a humid continental climate ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Num-mod-CARDINAL
[ "2,222" ]
[[Estonia]] The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and <span style="color:red;">2,222</span> islands and islets in the Baltic Sea , covering 45339 km2 of land and water , and is influenced by a humid continental climate .
disagree
Freddie Highmore starred in the television series Bates Motel as Norman Bates.
[ [ "Freddie Highmore", "For five seasons , Highmore starred as Norman Bates in the A&E drama-thriller series Bates Motel ( 2013 -- 2017 ) ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
WHPP
[ ", for which he was twice nominated for the Critics ' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Drama Series" ]
[[Freddie Highmore]] For five seasons , Highmore starred as Norman Bates in the A&E drama-thriller series Bates Motel ( 2013 -- 2017 ) <span style="color:red;">, for which he was twice nominated for the Critics ' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Drama Series</span> .
agree_ei
Emperor Norton is the basis of characters in many authors' books.
[ [ "Emperor Norton", "Norton has been immortalized as the basis of characters ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the literature of writers Mark Twain , Robert Louis Stevenson , Christopher Moore , Morris and Goscinny , Selma Lagerlöf , and Neil Gaiman" ]
[[Emperor Norton]] Norton has been immortalized as the basis of characters <span style="color:red;">in the literature of writers Mark Twain , Robert Louis Stevenson , Christopher Moore , Morris and Goscinny , Selma Lagerlöf , and Neil Gaiman</span> .
all_nei
Stephen King wrote 7 novels under a pen name.
[ [ "Stephen King", "King has published 54 novels , including seven , and six non-fiction books ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "under the pen name Richard Bachman" ]
[[Stephen King]] King has published 54 novels , including seven <span style="color:red;">under the pen name Richard Bachman</span> , and six non-fiction books .
disagree
Guns N' Roses started in 1980.
[ [ "Guns N' Roses", "Guns N ' Roses , often abbreviated as GnR , is an American hard band from Los Angeles formed in 1985 ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "rock" ]
[[Guns N' Roses]] Guns N ' Roses , often abbreviated as GnR , is an American hard <span style="color:red;">rock</span> band from Los Angeles formed in 1985 .
agree_ei
A person afflicted with Parkinson's disease is Michael J. Fox.
[ [ "Parkinson's disease", "People who have increased the public 's awareness of the condition include actor Michael J. Fox , Olympic cyclist Davis Phinney , and late professional boxer Muhammad Ali ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "with parkinsonism" ]
[[Parkinson's disease]] People <span style="color:red;">with parkinsonism</span> who have increased the public 's awareness of the condition include actor Michael J. Fox , Olympic cyclist Davis Phinney , and late professional boxer Muhammad Ali .
disagree
The first woman to become the nominee of a major party for Governor of Maine was Susan Collins.
[ [ "Susan Collins", "Becoming the first woman to become the nominee of a major party , Collins finished third in a four way race with 23 % of the vote ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "for Governor of Maine" ]
[[Susan Collins]] Becoming the first woman to become the nominee of a major party <span style="color:red;">for Governor of Maine</span> , Collins finished third in a four way race with 23 % of the vote .
all_nei
Mandy Moore did not have a career in music.
[ [ "Mandy Moore", "Moore first came to prominence ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "with her 1999 debut single , `` Candy '' , which peaked at number 41 on the Billboard Hot 100" ]
[[Mandy Moore]] Moore first came to prominence <span style="color:red;">with her 1999 debut single , `` Candy '' , which peaked at number 41 on the Billboard Hot 100</span> .
disagree
Jon Hamm received 16 Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
[ [ "Jon Hamm", "Hamm has received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his performances in Mad Men , 30 Rock ( 2006 -- 2013 ) , and Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt ( 2015 -- present ) ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Num-mod-CARDINAL
[ "16" ]
[[Jon Hamm]] Hamm has received <span style="color:red;">16</span> Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his performances in Mad Men , 30 Rock ( 2006 -- 2013 ) , and Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt ( 2015 -- present ) .
all_nei
Barbarella is science fiction.
[ [ "Barbarella (film)", "Barbarella is a 1968 film directed by Roger Vadim based on the French comic Barbarella ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "science fiction" ]
[[Barbarella (film)]] Barbarella is a 1968 <span style="color:red;">science fiction</span> film directed by Roger Vadim based on the French comic Barbarella .
all_nei
The Independent Spirit Awards are held in Santa Monica, California.
[ [ "Independent Spirit Awards", "The show is held inside a tent on the beach in Santa Monica , California , usually on the day before the Academy Awards ( since 1999 ; originally the Saturday before ) ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- REPEATED
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "awards" ]
[[Independent Spirit Awards]] The <span style="color:red;">awards</span> show is held inside a tent on the beach in Santa Monica , California , usually on the day before the Academy Awards ( since 1999 ; originally the Saturday before ) .
agree_ei
Antigua is also known as Hawaii.
[ [ "Antigua", "Antigua ( [ ænˈtiːɡə ] ) , also known as Waladli or Wadadli by the native population , is an island ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "in the West Indies" ]
[[Antigua]] Antigua ( [ ænˈtiːɡə ] ) , also known as Waladli or Wadadli by the native population , is an island <span style="color:red;">in the West Indies</span> .
disagree
Ed Gein had exhumed corpses.
[ [ "Ed Gein", "His crimes , committed around his hometown of Plainfield , Wisconsin , gathered widespread notoriety after authorities discovered that Gein had exhumed corpses and fashioned trophies and keepsakes from their bones and skin ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "from local graveyards" ]
[[Ed Gein]] His crimes , committed around his hometown of Plainfield , Wisconsin , gathered widespread notoriety after authorities discovered that Gein had exhumed corpses <span style="color:red;">from local graveyards</span> and fashioned trophies and keepsakes from their bones and skin .
agree_ei
Temple of the Dog is a church.
[ [ "Temple of the Dog", "Temple of the Dog was an American rock band ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
WHNP
[ "that formed in Seattle , Washington in 1990" ]
[[Temple of the Dog]] Temple of the Dog was an American rock band <span style="color:red;">that formed in Seattle , Washington in 1990</span> .
disagree
Scandal is a band.
[ [ "Scandal (American band)", "Scandal is an American band from the 1980s fronted by Patty Smyth ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "rock" ]
[[Scandal (American band)]] Scandal is an American <span style="color:red;">rock</span> band from the 1980s fronted by Patty Smyth .
agree_ei
William Howard Taft had personal ambition to become chief justice.
[ [ "William Howard Taft", "Despite his personal ambition to become chief justice , Taft declined repeated offers of appointment , believing his political work to be more important ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "to the Supreme Court of the United States" ]
[[William Howard Taft]] Despite his personal ambition to become chief justice , Taft declined repeated offers of appointment <span style="color:red;">to the Supreme Court of the United States</span> , believing his political work to be more important .
agree_ei
Mount Hood is in Hawaii.
[ [ "Mount Hood", "It is located about 50 mi east-southeast of Portland , on the border ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "between Clackamas and Hood River counties" ]
[[Mount Hood]] It is located about 50 mi east-southeast of Portland , on the border <span style="color:red;">between Clackamas and Hood River counties</span> .
disagree
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is ranked in blocks.
[ [ "Kareem Abdul-Jabbar", "He is ranked 3rd all-time ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in both rebounds and blocks" ]
[[Kareem Abdul-Jabbar]] He is ranked 3rd all-time <span style="color:red;">in both rebounds and blocks</span> .
all_nei
Robert Singer (producer) worked on Supernatural.
[ [ "Robert Singer (producer)", "He is best known for his work where he serves as an executive producer , director and occasional writer ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "on Supernatural" ]
[[Robert Singer (producer)]] He is best known for his work <span style="color:red;">on Supernatural</span> where he serves as an executive producer , director and occasional writer .
all_nei
Melbourne is where the latest ceremony of the Logie Awards was held at.
[ [ "Logie Awards", "The latest ceremony , the Logie Awards of 2017 , was held on 23 April 2017 ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "at the Crown Casino in Melbourne" ]
[[Logie Awards]] The latest ceremony , the Logie Awards of 2017 , was held on 23 April 2017 <span style="color:red;">at the Crown Casino in Melbourne</span> .
all_nei
Doxycycline may induce vomiting.
[ [ "Doxycycline", "Common side effects include diarrhea , nausea , vomiting , a rash , and an increased risk of a sunburn ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "red" ]
[[Doxycycline]] Common side effects include diarrhea , nausea , vomiting , a <span style="color:red;">red</span> rash , and an increased risk of a sunburn .
agree_ei
Aubrey Anderson-Emmons did not star on Modern Family.
[ [ "Aubrey Anderson-Emmons", "Aubrey Frances Anderson-Emmons ( born June 6 , 2007 ) is an American child actress , known for her role as Lily Tucker-Pritchett ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "on ABC 's Modern Family" ]
[[Aubrey Anderson-Emmons]] Aubrey Frances Anderson-Emmons ( born June 6 , 2007 ) is an American child actress , known for her role as Lily Tucker-Pritchett <span style="color:red;">on ABC 's Modern Family</span> .
all_nei
Night of the Living Dead is a 1990 American horror film.
[ [ "Night of the Living Dead", "Night of the Living Dead is a American independent horror film , directed by George A. Romero , starring Duane Jones and Judith O'Dea ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Num-mod-DATE
[ "1968" ]
[[Night of the Living Dead]] Night of the Living Dead is a <span style="color:red;">1968</span> American independent horror film , directed by George A. Romero , starring Duane Jones and Judith O'Dea .
disagree
Cthulhu is cosmic.
[ [ "Cthulhu", "Cthulhu ( [ - all ( k ) ʟ̝̊ʊlʔɬuː ] ) is a entity created by writer H. P. Lovecraft and first introduced in the short story `` The Call of Cthulhu '' , published in the American pulp magazine Weird Tales in 1928 ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "cosmic" ]
[[Cthulhu]] Cthulhu ( [ - all ( k ) ʟ̝̊ʊlʔɬuː ] ) is a <span style="color:red;">cosmic</span> entity created by writer H. P. Lovecraft and first introduced in the short story `` The Call of Cthulhu '' , published in the American pulp magazine Weird Tales in 1928 .
disagree
John Frusciante released eleven solo albums.
[ [ "John Frusciante", "Frusciante has an active solo career , having released solo albums and five EPs ; his recordings include elements ranging from experimental rock and ambient music to new wave and electronica ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Num-mod-CARDINAL
[ "eleven" ]
[[John Frusciante]] Frusciante has an active solo career , having released <span style="color:red;">eleven</span> solo albums and five EPs ; his recordings include elements ranging from experimental rock and ambient music to new wave and electronica .
all_nei
The Cyclades are a group of landlocked towns in Kentucky.
[ [ "Cyclades", "They are one of the island groups which constitute the archipelago ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "Aegean" ]
[[Cyclades]] They are one of the island groups which constitute the <span style="color:red;">Aegean</span> archipelago .
agree_ei
Betsy Hodges was never a candidate for an election.
[ [ "Betsy Hodges", "Hodges was reelected to the city council in the 2009 Minneapolis elections ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "municipal" ]
[[Betsy Hodges]] Hodges was reelected to the city council in the 2009 Minneapolis <span style="color:red;">municipal</span> elections .
disagree
No Strings Attached was released on January 21.
[ [ "No Strings Attached (film)", "The film was released in the United States on 2011 ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Date-month-day
[ "January 21 ," ]
[[No Strings Attached (film)]] The film was released in the United States on <span style="color:red;">January 21 ,</span> 2011 .
all_nei
ASAP Rocky has only directed music videos for others.
[ [ "ASAP Rocky", "Rocky has also directed videos for himself , Danny Brown and other A$ AP Mob members ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "music" ]
[[ASAP Rocky]] Rocky has also directed <span style="color:red;">music</span> videos for himself , Danny Brown and other A$ AP Mob members .
agree_ei
Tennessee was the last state to join the Confederacy.
[ [ "Tennessee", "Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "in 1861" ]
[[Tennessee]] Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War <span style="color:red;">in 1861</span> .
agree_ei
The United States dollar is not used in the Caribbean.
[ [ "United States dollar", "Besides the United States , it is also used as the sole currency ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in two British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean : the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands" ]
[[United States dollar]] Besides the United States , it is also used as the sole currency <span style="color:red;">in two British Overseas Territories in the Caribbean : the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands</span> .
all_nei
The electric chair is an optional form of execution in Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, and Virginia.
[ [ "Electric chair", "As of 2014 , electrocution is an optional form of execution ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in Alabama , Florida , South Carolina and Virginia" ]
[[Electric chair]] As of 2014 , electrocution is an optional form of execution <span style="color:red;">in Alabama , Florida , South Carolina and Virginia</span> .
all_nei
Benjamin Walker (actor) was murdered in 1982.
[ [ "Benjamin Walker (actor)", "He may be best known for his title role , as well as his appearances in the films Kinsey and Flags of Our Fathers , and his critically acclaimed role as Andrew Jackson in the musical Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the 2012 film Abraham Lincoln : Vampire Hunter" ]
[[Benjamin Walker (actor)]] He may be best known for his title role <span style="color:red;">in the 2012 film Abraham Lincoln : Vampire Hunter</span> , as well as his appearances in the films Kinsey and Flags of Our Fathers , and his critically acclaimed role as Andrew Jackson in the musical Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson .
disagree
Spider-Man 2 is a store.
[ [ "Spider-Man 2", "The sequel to the 2002 film Spider-Man , it is the film in Raimi 's Spider-Man film trilogy based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "second" ]
[[Spider-Man 2]] The sequel to the 2002 film Spider-Man , it is the <span style="color:red;">second</span> film in Raimi 's Spider-Man film trilogy based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name .
agree_ei
Proponents of globalism tend to advocate for decreases in immigration.
[ [ "Globalism", "It tends to advocate for such policies ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "as increases in immigration , free trade , lowering tariffs , interventionism and global governance" ]
[[Globalism]] It tends to advocate for such policies <span style="color:red;">as increases in immigration , free trade , lowering tariffs , interventionism and global governance</span> .
all_nei
Paul von Hindenburg was a private man.
[ [ "Paul von Hindenburg", "Hindenburg retired again in 1919 , but returned to life in 1925 to be elected the second President of Germany ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "public" ]
[[Paul von Hindenburg]] Hindenburg retired again in 1919 , but returned to <span style="color:red;">public</span> life in 1925 to be elected the second President of Germany .
agree_ei
Leslie Alexander is a former bond trader.
[ [ "Leslie Alexander (businessman)", "He is a former trader from New Jersey who owns the National Basketball Association ( NBA ) team Houston Rockets ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "bond" ]
[[Leslie Alexander (businessman)]] He is a former <span style="color:red;">bond</span> trader from New Jersey who owns the National Basketball Association ( NBA ) team Houston Rockets .
all_nei
John Frusciante is a musician.
[ [ "John Frusciante", "He recorded studio albums with them ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Num-mod-CARDINAL
[ "five" ]
[[John Frusciante]] He recorded <span style="color:red;">five</span> studio albums with them .
agree_ei
Barbarella was directed by George Lucas.
[ [ "Barbarella (film)", "Barbarella is a 1968 film directed by Roger Vadim based on the French comic Barbarella ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "science fiction" ]
[[Barbarella (film)]] Barbarella is a 1968 <span style="color:red;">science fiction</span> film directed by Roger Vadim based on the French comic Barbarella .
agree_ei
The Winds of Winter is a historical novel.
[ [ "The Winds of Winter", "The Winds of Winter is the forthcoming sixth novel ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the epic fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire by George R. R. Martin" ]
[[The Winds of Winter]] The Winds of Winter is the forthcoming sixth novel <span style="color:red;">in the epic fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire by George R. R. Martin</span> .
disagree
Minor League Baseball provides player development opportunities.
[ [ "Minor League Baseball", "Minor League Baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball ( MLB ) and provide opportunities and a way to prepare for the major leagues ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "for player development" ]
[[Minor League Baseball]] Minor League Baseball is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball ( MLB ) and provide opportunities <span style="color:red;">for player development</span> and a way to prepare for the major leagues .
disagree
The wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana was in London, UK.
[ [ "Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer", "The wedding of Charles , Prince of Wales , and Lady Diana Spencer took place on Wednesday 29 July 1981 ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "at St Paul 's Cathedral , London , United Kingdom" ]
[[Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer]] The wedding of Charles , Prince of Wales , and Lady Diana Spencer took place on Wednesday 29 July 1981 <span style="color:red;">at St Paul 's Cathedral , London , United Kingdom</span> .
all_nei
Anna Nicole Smith had a modelling career.
[ [ "Anna Nicole Smith", "She modeled for fashion companies ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
PP
[ "including Guess , H&M , Heatherette , and Lane Bryant" ]
[[Anna Nicole Smith]] She modeled for fashion companies <span style="color:red;">including Guess , H&M , Heatherette , and Lane Bryant</span> .
agree_ei
Phoenix, Arizona is the most populous city in Arizona.
[ [ "Phoenix, Arizona", "Phoenix ( [ ˈfiːnᵻks ] ) is the capital and most city of the U.S. state of Arizona ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "populous" ]
[[Phoenix, Arizona]] Phoenix ( [ ˈfiːnᵻks ] ) is the capital and most <span style="color:red;">populous</span> city of the U.S. state of Arizona .
disagree
Innovation is viewed as the application of better solutions that meet market needs.
[ [ "Innovation", "However , innovation is often also viewed as the application of better solutions ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "that meet new requirements , unarticulated needs , or existing market needs" ]
[[Innovation]] However , innovation is often also viewed as the application of better solutions <span style="color:red;">that meet new requirements , unarticulated needs , or existing market needs</span> .
all_nei
Brazilian jiu-jitsu includes grappling.
[ [ "Brazilian jiu-jitsu", "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu ( [ dʒuːˈdʒɪtsuː ] [ ˈʒiw ˈʒitsu ] , [ ˈʒu ˈʒitsu ] , [ dʒiˈu dʒiˈtsu ] ) ( BJJ ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro ) is a martial art , combat sport system ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting" ]
[[Brazilian jiu-jitsu]] Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu ( [ dʒuːˈdʒɪtsuː ] [ ˈʒiw ˈʒitsu ] , [ ˈʒu ˈʒitsu ] , [ dʒiˈu dʒiˈtsu ] ) ( BJJ ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro ) is a martial art , combat sport system <span style="color:red;">that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting</span> .
all_nei
Salt River Valley is on a river.
[ [ "Salt River Valley", "The Salt River Valley is an extensive valley in central Arizona , which contains the Phoenix Metropolitan Area ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "on the Salt River" ]
[[Salt River Valley]] The Salt River Valley is an extensive valley <span style="color:red;">on the Salt River</span> in central Arizona , which contains the Phoenix Metropolitan Area .
disagree
Kung Fu Panda was released in 2006.
[ [ "Kung Fu Panda", "Kung Fu Panda premiered in the United States ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "on June 6 , 2008" ]
[[Kung Fu Panda]] Kung Fu Panda premiered in the United States <span style="color:red;">on June 6 , 2008</span> .
disagree
Mount Hood is the fourth highest point in the Atlantic.
[ [ "Mount Hood", "It is the highest point and the fourth highest in the Cascade Range ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in Oregon" ]
[[Mount Hood]] It is the highest point <span style="color:red;">in Oregon</span> and the fourth highest in the Cascade Range .
disagree
There is a spirit named Absinthe.
[ [ "Absinthe", "Although it is sometimes mistakenly referred to as a liqueur , absinthe is not traditionally bottled with added sugar ; it is classified as a spirit ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adv-VERB
[ "therefore" ]
[[Absinthe]] Although it is sometimes mistakenly referred to as a liqueur , absinthe is not traditionally bottled with added sugar ; it is <span style="color:red;">therefore</span> classified as a spirit .
agree_ei
Mount Hood is in the Andes.
[ [ "Mount Hood", "Mount Hood , called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe , is a potentially active stratovolcano ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the Cascade Volcanic Arc of northern Oregon" ]
[[Mount Hood]] Mount Hood , called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe , is a potentially active stratovolcano <span style="color:red;">in the Cascade Volcanic Arc of northern Oregon</span> .
all_nei
Pulmonary embolism is indicated by low blood oxygen levels.
[ [ "Pulmonary embolism", "Signs of a PE include low blood oxygen levels , rapid breathing , rapid heart rate , and sometimes a fever ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "mild" ]
[[Pulmonary embolism]] Signs of a PE include low blood oxygen levels , rapid breathing , rapid heart rate , and sometimes a <span style="color:red;">mild</span> fever .
agree_ei
The Cyclades are located to the southeast of Greece's mainland.
[ [ "Cyclades", "The Cyclades ( [ ˈsɪklədiːz ] Κυκλάδες , [ cikˈlaðes ] ) are an island group and a former administrative prefecture of Greece ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the Aegean Sea , southeast of mainland Greece" ]
[[Cyclades]] The Cyclades ( [ ˈsɪklədiːz ] Κυκλάδες , [ cikˈlaðes ] ) are an island group <span style="color:red;">in the Aegean Sea , southeast of mainland Greece</span> and a former administrative prefecture of Greece .
disagree
Mount Hood is in the Pyrenees.
[ [ "Mount Hood", "Mount Hood , called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe , is a potentially active stratovolcano ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in the Cascade Volcanic Arc of northern Oregon" ]
[[Mount Hood]] Mount Hood , called Wy'east by the Multnomah tribe , is a potentially active stratovolcano <span style="color:red;">in the Cascade Volcanic Arc of northern Oregon</span> .
disagree
Talulah Riley makes an appearance in The Boat That Rocked.
[ [ "Talulah Riley", "She has appeared in films such as Pride & Prejudice , St Trinian 's , The Boat St. Trinian 's 2 : The Legend of Fritton 's Gold and Inception ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
WHNP
[ "That Rocked ," ]
[[Talulah Riley]] She has appeared in films such as Pride & Prejudice , St Trinian 's , The Boat <span style="color:red;">That Rocked ,</span> St. Trinian 's 2 : The Legend of Fritton 's Gold and Inception .
all_nei
The Burj Khalifa is in Asia.
[ [ "Burj Khalifa", "However , the labour issues during construction were controversial , since the building was built primarily by migrant workers with several allegations of mistreatment ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "from South Asia" ]
[[Burj Khalifa]] However , the labour issues during construction were controversial , since the building was built primarily by migrant workers <span style="color:red;">from South Asia</span> with several allegations of mistreatment .
disagree
Shomu Mukherjee was born on April 10, 2008.
[ [ "Shomu Mukherjee", "Born in 1943 , he was the son of Sashadhar Mukherjee , the owner of Filmalaya studios , and Sati Rani Devi ." ] ]
REFUTES
ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "fourth" ]
[[Shomu Mukherjee]] Born in 1943 , he was the <span style="color:red;">fourth</span> son of Sashadhar Mukherjee , the owner of Filmalaya studios , and Sati Rani Devi .
disagree
PBS is a television program distributor.
[ [ "PBS", "The Public Broadcasting Service ( PBS ) is an American public broadcaster and distributor ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "television program" ]
[[PBS]] The Public Broadcasting Service ( PBS ) is an American public broadcaster and <span style="color:red;">television program</span> distributor .
disagree
The Icelandic Coast Guard is rarely responsible for Iceland's coastal defense.
[ [ "Icelandic Coast Guard", "The Icelandic Coast Guard ( , Landhelgisgæslan or simply Gæslan ) is the service responsible for Iceland 's defense and maritime and aeronautical search and rescue ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Adj-NOUN
[ "coastal" ]
[[Icelandic Coast Guard]] The Icelandic Coast Guard ( , Landhelgisgæslan or simply Gæslan ) is the service responsible for Iceland 's <span style="color:red;">coastal</span> defense and maritime and aeronautical search and rescue .
agree_ei
The Incredibles 2 is scheduled to be released on June 15, 2018.
[ [ "The Incredibles 2", "The movie is scheduled to be released on 2018 and will be given an IMAX release ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-Date-month-day
[ "June 15 ," ]
[[The Incredibles 2]] The movie is scheduled to be released on <span style="color:red;">June 15 ,</span> 2018 and will be given an IMAX release .
all_nei
Numenius of Apamea was a Greek philosopher who lived in Syria.
[ [ "Numenius of Apamea", "Numenius of Apamea was a Greek philosopher , who lived in Apamea and flourished during the latter half of the 2nd century AD ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "in Syria" ]
[[Numenius of Apamea]] Numenius of Apamea was a Greek philosopher , who lived in Apamea <span style="color:red;">in Syria</span> and flourished during the latter half of the 2nd century AD .
all_nei
Accessing email and the World Wide Web requires Internet Access.
[ [ "Internet access", "Internet access is ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals , computers , mobile devices ; and to access services ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "such as email and the World Wide Web" ]
[[Internet access]] Internet access is ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals , computers , mobile devices ; and to access services <span style="color:red;">such as email and the World Wide Web</span> .
disagree
Heath Ledger did not aspire to be a film director.
[ [ "Heath Ledger", "He also produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a director ." ] ]
REFUTES
NOT ENOUGH
Mod-NOUN-NOUN
[ "film" ]
[[Heath Ledger]] He also produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a <span style="color:red;">film</span> director .
agree_ei
Andrew Moray led an uprising against occupation in 1297.
[ [ "Andrew Moray", "He led the rising in north Scotland in the summer of 1297 successfully regaining control of the area for King John Balliol ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "against the occupation by King Edward I of England ," ]
[[Andrew Moray]] He led the rising in north Scotland in the summer of 1297 <span style="color:red;">against the occupation by King Edward I of England ,</span> successfully regaining control of the area for King John Balliol .
disagree
Charlotte, North Carolina is home to corporate headquarters of a bank.
[ [ "Charlotte, North Carolina", "Charlotte is home ." ] ]
SUPPORTS
NOT ENOUGH
PP
[ "to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo , which along with other financial institutions made it the second-largest banking center in the United States from 1995 to 2017 and the third-largest from 2017 to present" ]
[[Charlotte, North Carolina]] Charlotte is home <span style="color:red;">to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo , which along with other financial institutions made it the second-largest banking center in the United States from 1995 to 2017 and the third-largest from 2017 to present</span> .
all_nei
End of preview.

Dataset Card for sufficient_facts

Dataset Summary

This is the dataset SufficientFacts, introduced in the paper "Fact Checking with Insufficient Evidence", accepted at the TACL journal in 2022.

Automating the fact checking (FC) process relies on information obtained from external sources. In this work, we posit that it is crucial for FC models to make veracity predictions only when there is sufficient evidence and otherwise indicate when it is not enough. To this end, we are the first to study what information FC models consider sufficient by introducing a novel task and advancing it with three main contributions. First, we conduct an in-depth empirical analysis of the task with a new fluency-preserving method for omitting information from the evidence at the constituent and sentence level. We identify when models consider the remaining evidence (in)sufficient for FC, based on three trained models with different Transformer architectures and three FC datasets. Second, we ask annotators whether the omitted evidence was important for FC, resulting in a novel diagnostic dataset, SufficientFacts, for FC with omitted evidence. We find that models are least successful in detecting missing evidence when adverbial modifiers are omitted (21% accuracy), whereas it is easiest for omitted date modifiers (63% accuracy). Finally, we propose a novel data augmentation strategy for contrastive self-learning of missing evidence by employing the proposed omission method combined with tri-training. It improves performance for Evidence Sufficiency Prediction by up to 17.8 F1 score, which in turn improves FC performance by up to 2.6 F1 score.

Languages

English

Dataset Structure

The dataset consists of three files, each for one of the datasets -- FEVER, HoVer, and VitaminC. Each file consists of json lines of the format:

{
    "claim": "Unison (Celine Dion album) was originally released by Atlantic Records.", 
    "evidence": [
        [
            "Unison (Celine Dion album)", 
            "The album was originally released on 2 April 1990 ."
        ]
    ],
    "label_before": "REFUTES", 
    "label_after": "NOT ENOUGH", 
    "agreement": "agree_ei", 
    "type": "PP", 
    "removed": ["by Columbia Records"], 
    "text_orig": "[[Unison (Celine Dion album)]] The album was originally released on 2 April 1990 <span style=\"color:red;\">by Columbia Records</span> ."
}

Data Instances

  • FEVER: 600 consituent-level, 400 sentence-level;
  • HoVer - 600 consituent-level, 400 sentence-level;
  • VitaminC - 600 consituent-level.

Data Fields

  • claim - the claim that is being verified
  • evidence - the augmented evidence for the claim, i.e. the evidence with some removed information
  • label_before - the original label for the claim-evidence pair, before information was removed from the evidence
  • label_after - the label for the augmented claim-evidence pair, after information was removed from the evidence, as annotated by crowd-source workers
  • type - type of the information removed from the evidence. The types are fine-grained and their mapping to the general types -- 7 constituent and 1 sentence type can be found in types.json file.
  • removed - the text of the removed information from the evidence
  • text_orig - the original text of the evidence, as presented to crowd-source workers, the text of the removed information is inside <span style=\"color:red;\"></span> tags.

Data Splits

name test_fever test_hover test_vitaminc
test 1000 1000 600

Augmented from the test splits of the corresponding datasets.

Annotations

Annotation process

The workers were provided with the following task description:

For each evidence text, some facts have been removed (marked in red). You should annotate whether, given the remaining facts in the evidence text, the evidence is still enough for verifying the claim.

  • You should select 'ENOUGH -- IRRELEVANT', if the remaining information is still enough for verifying the claim because the removed information is irrelevant for identifying the evidence as SUPPORTS or REFUTES. See examples 1 and 2.
  • You should select 'ENOUGH -- REPEATED', if the remaining information is still enough for verifying the claim because the removed information is relevant but is also present (repeated) in the remaining (not red) text. See example 3.
  • You should select 'NOT ENOUGH' -- when 1) the removed information is relevant for verifying the claim AND 2) it is not present (repeated) in the remaining text. See examples 4, 5, and 6.

Note: You should not incorporate your own knowledge or beliefs! You should rely only on the evidence provided for the claim.

The annotators were then given example instance annotations. Finally, annotators were asked to complete a qualification test in order to be allowed to annotate instances for the task. The resulting inter-annotator agreement for SufficientFacts is 0.81 Fleiss'k from three annotators.

Who are the annotators?

The annotations were performed by workers at Amazon Mechanical Turk.

Additional Information

Licensing Information

MIT

Citation Information

@article{10.1162/tacl_a_00486,
    author = {Atanasova, Pepa and Simonsen, Jakob Grue and Lioma, Christina and Augenstein, Isabelle},
    title = "{Fact Checking with Insufficient Evidence}",
    journal = {Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics},
    volume = {10},
    pages = {746-763},
    year = {2022},
    month = {07},
    abstract = "{Automating the fact checking (FC) process relies on information obtained from external sources. In this work, we posit that it is crucial for FC models to make veracity predictions only when there is sufficient evidence and otherwise indicate when it is not enough. To this end, we are the first to study what information FC models consider sufficient by introducing a novel task and advancing it with three main contributions. First, we conduct an in-depth empirical analysis of the task with a new fluency-preserving method for omitting information from the evidence at the constituent and sentence level. We identify when models consider the remaining evidence (in)sufficient for FC, based on three trained models with different Transformer architectures and three FC datasets. Second, we ask annotators whether the omitted evidence was important for FC, resulting in a novel diagnostic dataset, SufficientFacts1, for FC with omitted evidence. We find that models are least successful in detecting missing evidence when adverbial modifiers are omitted (21\\% accuracy), whereas it is easiest for omitted date modifiers (63\\% accuracy). Finally, we propose a novel data augmentation strategy for contrastive self-learning of missing evidence by employing the proposed omission method combined with tri-training. It improves performance for Evidence Sufficiency Prediction by up to 17.8 F1 score, which in turn improves FC performance by up to 2.6 F1 score.}",
    issn = {2307-387X},
    doi = {10.1162/tacl_a_00486},
    url = {https://doi.org/10.1162/tacl\_a\_00486},
    eprint = {https://direct.mit.edu/tacl/article-pdf/doi/10.1162/tacl\_a\_00486/2037141/tacl\_a\_00486.pdf},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @apepa for adding this dataset.

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