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The number of new cases of shingles per year extends from 1.2–3.4 per 1,000 among healthy individuals.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Shingles", "31", "The number of new cases per year ranges from 1.2 -- 3.4 per 1,000 among healthy individuals to 3.9 -- 11.8 per 1,000 among those older than 65 years of age ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Gabrielle Union was in a movie.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Gabrielle_Union", "8", "She co-starred in film The Birth of a Nation -LRB- 2016 -RRB- , and next appeared in Almost Christmas -LRB- 2016 -RRB- and Sleepless -LRB- 2017 -RRB- ." ] ]
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Eleveneleven was founded by a chef.
REFUTES
[ [ "Eleveneleven", "0", "eleveneleven is a record label founded in 2010 by Mike Hamlin , Ellen DeGeneres and her production company , A Very Good Production , in association with longtime affiliate Warner Bros. ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey secured studio support thanks to Seth MacFarlane.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Seth_MacFarlane", "21", "MacFarlane served as executive producer of Cosmos : A Spacetime Odyssey , an update of the 1980s Carl Sagan -- hosted Cosmos series , hosted by Neil deGrasse Tyson ." ] ]
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The World According to Paris starred Hilton's then-girlfriend.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "The_World_According_to_Paris", "4", "It was filmed from November 2010 , with Hilton 's court-ordered community service stemming from her arrest in Las Vegas , Nevada for cocaine possession , to February 2011 , with her birthday party , the series co-starred Brooke Mueller , Lexi Dreyfus , Jennifer Rovero , Allison Melnick , Brooke Brinson -LRB- daughter of Kim Richards -RRB- , Hilton 's then-boyfriend Cy Waits , and Kathy Hilton ." ] ]
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The Germanic peoples are also called Gothic.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Germanic_peoples", "0", "The Germanic peoples -LRB- also called Teutonic , Suebian , or Gothic in older literature -RRB- are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Margot Kidder is a person.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Margot_Kidder", "15", "In 2005 , Kidder became a naturalized U.S. citizen ." ] ]
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Chokher Bali was nominated for a Golden Leopard in 2003.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Chokher_Bali_-LRB-film-RRB-", "10", "Chokher Bali won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali and was nominated for the Golden Leopard -LRB- Best Film -RRB- award at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2003 ." ] ]
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Usain Bolt won at the Olympics.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Usain_Bolt", "9", "Bolt is the only sprinter to win Olympic 100 m and 200 m titles at three consecutive olympics -LRB- 2008 , 2012 and 2016 -RRB- , a feat referred to as the `` triple double . ''" ] ]
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The industry that the company The New York Times is part of is declining.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "The_New_York_Times", "0", "The New York Times -LRB- sometimes abbreviated NYT and The Times -RRB- is an American daily newspaper , founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18 , 1851 , by The New York Times Company ." ], [ "Newspaper", "31", "The late 2000s -- early 2010s global recession , combined with the rapid growth of free web-based alternatives , has helped cause a decline in advertising and circulation , as many papers had to retrench operations to stanch the losses ." ] ]
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Life After Death is by Eminem.
REFUTES
[ [ "Life_After_Death", "1", "A double album , it was released posthumously following his death on March 9 , 1997 ." ], [ "Eminem", "0", "Marshall Bruce Mathers III -LRB- born October 17 , 1972 -RRB- , known professionally as Eminem -LRB- often stylized as EMINƎM -RRB- , is an American rapper , record producer , and actor ." ] ]
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The Coen brothers were the directors of Fargo.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Coen_brothers", "7", "They have been nominated for thirteen Academy Awards together , and individually for one award each , winning Best Original Screenplay for Fargo and Best Picture , Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for No Country for Old Men ." ], [ "Fargo_-LRB-film-RRB-", "4", "Fargo premiered at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival , where Joel Coen won the festival 's Prix de la mise en scène -LRB- Best Director Award -RRB- and the film was nominated for the Palme d'Or ." ] ]
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Bob Arum is from New York.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Joseph_Serrano", "14", "Serrano then awaited a relatively long time to make a decision as far as to which promoter he would sign with as a professional fighter , but he finally decided to sign with Bob Arum and Arum 's Top Rank company ." ] ]
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Lance Armstrong had a puppy.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "L.A._Confidentiel", "0", "L.A. Confidentiel : Les secrets de Lance Armstrong -LRB- L.A. Confidential : Lance Armstrong 's Secrets -RRB- is a book by sports journalist Pierre Ballester and The Sunday Times sports correspondent David Walsh ." ] ]
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Sparta won the Peloponnesian War at the great cost of five billion lives.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Peloponnesian_War", "0", "The Peloponnesian War -LRB- 431 -- 404 BC -RRB- was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta ." ] ]
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Sister Act grossed $231 million worldwide.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Sister_Act", "5", "One of the most financially successful comedies of the early 1990s , grossing $ 231 million worldwide , the film was rated # 83 on Bravo 's The 100 Funniest Movies list ." ] ]
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Tennis is not a sport.
REFUTES
[ [ "Tennis", "18", "Tennis is played by millions of recreational players and is also a popular worldwide spectator sport ." ] ]
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NSYNC was a vocal group that formed in 1998.
REFUTES
[ [ "NSYNC", "0", "NSYNC -LRB- sometimes stylized as * NSYNC or 'N Sync -RRB- was an American boy band formed in Orlando , Florida in 1995 and launched in Germany by BMG Ariola Munich ." ] ]
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Kick-Ass is a horror film.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Kick-Ass_-LRB-film-RRB-", "0", "Kick-Ass is a 2010 British-American superhero black comedy film based on the comic book of the same name by Mark Millar and John Romita , Jr. ." ] ]
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Boeing 737s served the same markets that 757 airliners filled previously.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Boeing_737", "20", "Many 737s serve markets previously filled by 707 , 727 , 757 , DC-9 , and MD-80 / MD-90 airliners , and the aircraft currently competes primarily with the Airbus A320 family ." ] ]
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Sindh borders Indian states and is in India.
REFUTES
[ [ "Sindh", "12", "Sindh is home to a large portion of Pakistan 's industrial sector and contains two of Pakistan 's commercial seaports -- Port Bin Qasim and the Karachi Port ." ] ]
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Jimmy Carter was a king.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Electoral_history_of_Jimmy_Carter", "24", "Chevene King - 70,424 -LRB- 8.82 % -RRB-" ] ]
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Sean Connery acted in a movie.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Sean_Connery", "4", "Connery was the first actor to portray the character James Bond in film , starring in seven Bond films between 1962 and 1983 ." ] ]
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Views had the album "Pop Style."
REFUTES
[ [ "Views_-LRB-album-RRB-", "7", "The album was supported by five singles : `` Hotline Bling '' -LRB- which was included as a bonus track -RRB- , `` One Dance '' featuring Wizkid and Kyla , `` Pop Style '' featuring The Throne -LRB- Jay Z and Kanye West -RRB- , `` Controlla '' and `` Too Good '' featuring Rihanna ." ] ]
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Joan Cusack was in a film.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Joan_Cusack", "2", "She is also known as the voice of Jessie in the Toy Story franchise ." ], [ "Jessie_-LRB-Toy_Story-RRB-", "0", "Jessie The Yodeling Cowgirl is a fictional character from the films Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 3 ." ] ]
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Gianluigi Buffon has won football titles.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Gianluigi_Buffon", "11", "After winning two more consecutive league titles in 2005 and 2006 , the club were later stripped of these titles and relegated due to their involvement in the 2006 Italian football scandal ." ] ]
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Basic Instinct only has a theatrical cut and a shorter cut for television viewing.
REFUTES
[ [ "Basic_Instinct", "11", "Several versions of the film have been released on videocassette , DVD , and Blu-ray including a director 's cut with extended footage previously unseen in North American cinemas ." ] ]
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Kazakhstan is in Central Asia and Eastern Indiana.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Indiana", "7", "Since its founding as a territory , settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States ; the state 's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York , Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio , and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states , particularly Kentucky and Tennessee ." ] ]
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Aaron Carter is solely Canadian.
REFUTES
[ [ "Aaron_Carter", "4", "Born in Tampa , Florida , Carter began performing at age seven and released his self-titled debut album in 1997 ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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As of June 2014, Eminem had sold 45.1 million albums.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Eminem", "3", "With US sales of 45.1 million albums and 42 million tracks as of June 2014 , Eminem is the second best-selling male artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era , the sixth best-selling artist in the United States and the best-selling hip-hop artist ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Nike had a revenue of over 24 billion dollars in 2012.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Nike,_Inc.", "2", "It is one of the world 's largest suppliers of athletic shoes and apparel and a major manufacturer of sports equipment , with revenue in excess of US$ 24.1 billion in its fiscal year 2012 -LRB- ending May 31 , 2012 -RRB- ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Qatar is a language.
REFUTES
[ [ "Qatar", "2", "A strait in the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain , as well as sharing maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates and Iran ." ] ]
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Quentin Tarantino makes movies.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Quentin_Tarantino", "7", "Its popularity was boosted by his second film , Pulp Fiction -LRB- 1994 -RRB- , a black comedy crime film that was a major success both among critics and audiences ." ] ]
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A Wrinkle in Time was directed by Ava Duvernay.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "This_Is_the_Life_-LRB-2008_film-RRB-", "0", "This is the Life is a 2008 documentary film directed by Ava DuVernay , which chronicles the alternative hip hop movement that flourished in 1990s Los Angeles and its legendary center , the Good Life Cafe ." ] ]
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Tim Rice collaborated with members of ABBA and he was American.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Tim_Rice", "0", "Sir Timothy Miles Bindon `` Tim '' Rice -LRB- born 10 November 1944 -RRB- is an English author and Academy Award , Golden Globe Award , Tony Award , and Grammy Award-winning lyricist ." ] ]
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Ulysses S. Grant worked with George Washington.
REFUTES
[ [ "Ulysses_S._Grant", "0", "Ulysses S. Grant -LRB- born Hiram Ulysses Grant ; April 27 , 1822 -- July 23 , 1885 -RRB- was the 18th President of the United States -LRB- 1869 -- 77 -RRB- ." ], [ "George_Washington", "0", "George Washington -LRB- -LSB- ˈdʒɔɹdʒ_ˈwɒʃɪŋtən -RSB- -- , 1799 -RRB- was an American politician and soldier who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States ." ] ]
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Tokyo is Japan's seat of government.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Tokyo", "4", "Formerly known as Edo , it has been the de facto seat of government since 1603 when Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters ." ] ]
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The Formula (1980 film) is an American mystery film.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "The_Formula_-LRB-1980_film-RRB-", "0", "The Formula is a 1980 American mystery film directed by John G. Avildsen and released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer ." ] ]
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Anne Bancroft was the winner of an Oscar.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Anne_Bancroft", "6", "She won both an Oscar for her work in the film , and a Tony for the same role in the play ." ] ]
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Houston is located in Southeast Texas.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Houston", "2", "Located in Southeast Texas near the Gulf of Mexico , it is the principal city of the Greater Houston metro area , which is the fifth-most populated MSA in the United States ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Sportsman of the Year has been awarded to Michael Schumacher.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Michael_Schumacher", "2", "He was named Laureus World Sportsman of the Year twice ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Dileep acted in a film.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Dileep_-LRB-actor-RRB-", "8", "Films such as Sallapam -LRB- 1996 -RRB- , Ee Puzhayum Kadannu -LRB- 1997 -RRB- , Punjabi House -LRB- 1998 -RRB- , Udayapuram Sulthan -LRB- 1999 -RRB- , and Chandranudikkunna Dikhil -LRB- 1999 -RRB- established his status as a prominent actor during the late-1990s ." ] ]
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Justin Bieber's fourth album came out in 2017.
REFUTES
[ [ "Justin_Bieber", "11", "His fourth studio album Purpose was released in November 2015 , spawning three number one singles : `` What Do You Mean ? ''" ] ]
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Las Vegas is renowned in Europe and South America.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Las_Vegas", "2", "Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city known primarily for its gambling , shopping , fine dining , entertainment , and nightlife ." ] ]
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Michelle Williams received a film nomination.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Michelle_Williams_-LRB-actress-RRB-", "8", "She won a Golden Globe and an Independent Spirit Award for her portrayal of Marilyn Monroe in My Week with Marilyn -LRB- 2011 -RRB- , which also garnered her BAFTA , SAG , and Academy Award nominations ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Carmelo Anthony plays basketball.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Carmelo_Anthony", "14", "He is the United States Olympic men 's national basketball team all-time leading scorer , leader in rebounds and games played ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Scabies is an entity.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Scabies", "0", "Scabies , previously known as the seven-year itch , is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei ." ] ]
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Lincoln Motor Company was named by Henry M. Leland.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Lincoln_Motor_Company", "1", "Founded in 1917 by Henry M. Leland , Lincoln has been a subsidiary of Ford since 1922 ." ] ]
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Lily Collins won One to Watch.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Lily_Collins", "5", "In 2008 , she was named Newest Red Carpet Correspondent and One to Watch in 2008 ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Gimli was featured in a legendarium.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Gimli_-LRB-Middle-earth-RRB-", "0", "Gimli is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkien 's Middle-earth legendarium , featured in The Lord of the Rings ." ] ]
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Her was given a wide release on January 11, 1654.
REFUTES
[ [ "Her_-LRB-film-RRB-", "16", "It was later given a wide release at over 1,700 theaters in the United States and Canada on January 10 , 2014 ." ] ]
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The Bends is a fire hydrant.
REFUTES
[ [ "The_Bends", "2", "The Bends marked the beginning of a shift in aesthetics and themes for the band , with greater use of keyboards and more abrasive guitar tracks , while balancing them with subtler ones ." ] ]
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Buzz Aldrin was born in January in 1930.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Buzz_Aldrin", "0", "Buzz Aldrin -LRB- born Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. , January 20 , 1930 -RRB- is an American engineer and former astronaut ." ] ]
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Tamara Taylor is an actress.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Tamara_Taylor", "0", "Tamara Taylor -LRB- born September 27 , 1970 -RRB- is a Canadian actress ." ] ]
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Tesla, Inc. is an electric car maker.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Tesla,_Inc.", "7", "The Model S has been the world 's best-selling plug-in electric car for two years in a row , 2015 and 2016 ." ], [ "Tesla_Model_S", "0", "The Tesla Model S is a full-sized all-electric five-door , luxury liftback , produced by Tesla Inc. , and introduced on 22nd June 2012 ." ] ]
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Sharon Tate was an actress.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Sharon_Tate", "5", "She made her film debut in 1966 with the occult-themed Eye of the Devil ." ] ]
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Charles, Prince of Wales founded The Prince's Trust in 1976.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Charles,_Prince_of_Wales", "16", "Charles 's interests encompass a range of humanitarian and social issues : he founded The Prince 's Trust in 1976 , sponsors The Prince 's Charities , and is patron of numerous other charitable and arts organisations ." ] ]
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Bon Scott was the lead singer for a band.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Bon_Scott", "5", "Scott formed his first band , The Spektors , in 1964 and became the band 's drummer and occasional lead vocalist ." ] ]
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Rod Laver is a former athlete.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Rod_Laver", "0", "Rodney George `` Rod '' Laver -LRB- born 9 August 1938 -RRB- is an Australian former tennis player widely regarded as one of the greatest in tennis history ." ], [ "Tennis", "0", "Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent -LRB- singles -RRB- or between two teams of two players each -LRB- doubles -RRB- ." ] ]
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Live Your Life is by Miley Cyrus.
REFUTES
[ [ "Live_Your_Life_-LRB-T.I._song-RRB-", "0", "`` Live Your Life '' is a song by American rapper T.I. , from his sixth studio album , Paper Trail -LRB- 2008 -RRB- , and features Barbadian singer Rihanna ." ] ]
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Shraddha Kapoor acts.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Shraddha_Kapoor", "1", "The daughter of actor Shakti Kapoor , she began her acting career with a brief role in the 2010 heist film Teen Patti and followed it with her first leading role in the teen drama Luv Ka The End -LRB- 2011 -RRB- ." ] ]
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Neve Campbell starred in a Netflix drama series' fourth and fifth seasons.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Neve_Campbell", "4", "Campbell has also made guest appearances on several television series , such as Medium , Grey 's Anatomy and Mad Men , as well as a starring role in the fourth and fifth seasons of the critically acclaimed Netflix drama series House of Cards ." ] ]
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Bruno Mar's band plays different instruments.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Bruno_Mars", "20", "He is accompanied by his band , The Hooligans , who play a variety of instruments such as electric guitar , bass , piano , keyboards , drums and horns , and also serve as backup singers and dancers ." ] ]
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Melissa McCarthy is incapable of appearing in television.
REFUTES
[ [ "Melissa_McCarthy", "7", "She has also been nominated four times -LRB- in 2012 , 2013 , 2014 and 2016 -RRB- for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her five appearances as host on Saturday Night Live ." ] ]
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Tennis was a term used to refer to real tennis in the 19th century.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Tennis", "10", "During most of the 19th century , in fact , the term `` tennis '' referred to real tennis , not lawn tennis : for example , in Disraeli 's novel Sybil -LRB- 1845 -RRB- , Lord Eugene De Vere announces that he will `` go down to Hampton Court and play tennis . ''" ] ]
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Anderson Silva was born on the day of the 15th.
REFUTES
[ [ "Anderson_Silva", "0", "Anderson da Silva -LRB- -LSB- ˈɐ̃deʁsõ ˈsiwvɐ -RSB- ; born April 14 , 1975 -RRB- is a Brazilian mixed martial artist and former UFC Middleweight Champion ." ] ]
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Mike Tyson boxed Evander Holyfield in November 1996.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Mike_Tyson", "17", "After being stripped of the WBC title in the same year , Tyson lost the WBA title to Evander Holyfield by an eleventh-round stoppage ." ], [ "Mike_Tyson_vs._Evander_Holyfield", "0", "Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield , billed as `` Finally '' , was a professional boxing match fought between Evander Holyfield and Mike Tyson for the World Boxing Association heavyweight championship on November 9 , 1996 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Paradise , Nevada ." ] ]
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In 1969, Yoko Ono and her husband John Lennon held two week-long Bed-Ins for Peace.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Bed-In", "0", "As the Vietnam War raged in 1969 , Yoko Ono and her husband John Lennon held two week-long Bed-Ins for Peace , one at the Hilton Hotel in Amsterdam and one at Fairmont The Queen Elizabeth in Montreal , each of which were intended to be non-violent protests against wars , and experimental tests of new ways to promote peace ." ] ]
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Princess Margaret had at least three championships.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Princess_Margaret_-LRB-disambiguation-RRB-", "0", "Princess Margaret may refer to :" ] ]
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Thirteen was written by Nikki Reed in 2001.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Thirteen_-LRB-2003_film-RRB-", "3", "The script was written in six days ." ] ]
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Pluto has moons.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Pluto", "19", "Pluto has five known moons : Charon -LRB- the largest , with a diameter just over half that of Pluto -RRB- , Styx , Nix , Kerberos , and Hydra ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Tyra Banks was an African American model.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Tyra_Banks", "1", "Born in Inglewood , California , she began her career as a model at age 15 , and was the first African American woman to be featured on the covers of GQ and the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue , on which she appeared twice ." ] ]
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Jordan Peele isn't a producer.
REFUTES
[ [ "Jordan_Peele", "3", "His directorial debut , the horror film Get Out , was released in 2017 to critical acclaim and box-office success ." ], [ "Get_Out_-LRB-film-RRB-", "0", "Get Out is a 2017 American horror film written , co-produced and directed by Jordan Peele , in his directorial debut ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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The Philippines were named after a King of Spain.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Philippines", "18", "In 1543 , Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain ." ], [ "Philip_II_of_Spain", "0", "Philip II of Spain -LRB- Felipe II 21 May 1527 -- 13 September 1598 -RRB- , called `` the Prudent '' -LRB- el Prudente -RRB- , was King of Spain -LRB- 1556 -- 98 -RRB- , King of Portugal -LRB- 1581 -- 98 , as Philip I , Filipe I -RRB- , King of Naples and Sicily -LRB- both from 1554 -RRB- , and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland -LRB- during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554 -- 58 -RRB- ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Bill Gates is a murderer.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Bill_Gates_-LRB-frontiersman-RRB-", "0", "`` Swiftwater '' Bill Gates -LRB- died 1935 -RRB- was an American frontiersman and fortune hunter , and a fixture in stories of the Klondike Gold Rush ." ] ]
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Black Panther is a five act play.
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[ [ "Mark_Comfort", "57", "In July 1967 , after the raid , the assembly passed the Mulford Act prohibiting the public carrying of loaded firearms ." ] ]
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Charlemagne was crowned by Pope Leo III.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Charlemagne", "10", "Charlemagne reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Old St. Peter 's Basilica ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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King Kong is a film.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "King_Kong_-LRB-2005_film-RRB-", "6", "Filming for King Kong took place in New Zealand from September 2004 to March 2005 ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Venus Williams plays tennis.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Venus_Williams", "28", "She is the only tennis player to have won a medal at four separate Olympic Games ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Alandi is in the southern Pune district.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Ambegaon_-LRB-Vidhan_Sabha_constituency-RRB-", "3", "It is a part of the Shirur -LRB- Lok Sabha constituency -RRB- in the Pune district along with five other assembly constituencies , viz Junnar , Khed Alandi , Shirur , Bhosari and Hadapsar ." ] ]
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Resident Evil is not a franchise built around survival horror video games.
REFUTES
[ [ "Resident_Evil", "1", "The franchise focuses around a series of survival horror video games , but has since branched out into comic books , novels , novelizations , sound dramas , live-action films , animated sequels to the games , and a variety of associated merchandise , such as action figures ." ], [ "Resident_Evil", "0", "Resident Evil , known as in Japan , is a survival horror video game-based media franchise created by Shinji Mikami and Tokuro Fujiwara and owned by the video game company Capcom ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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The Who's first single was "Look What You Made Me Do."
REFUTES
[ [ "The_Who", "6", "Their first single as the Who , `` I Ca n't Explain '' , reached the UK top ten , followed by a string of singles including `` My Generation '' , `` Substitute '' and `` Happy Jack '' ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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There are cultural, historical, and aesthetic significance with the film The Breakfast Club.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "The_Breakfast_Club", "14", "In 2016 , the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being `` culturally , historically , or aesthetically significant '' ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Andrew Garfield died on August 10, 1983.
REFUTES
[ [ "Andrew_Garfield", "0", "Andrew Russell Garfield -LRB- born 20 August 1983 -RRB- is a British-American actor ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Taylor Schilling is recognized for her portrayal of Piper Chapman.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Taylor_Schilling", "1", "She is known for her role as Piper Chapman on the Netflix original comedy-drama series Orange Is the New Black -LRB- 2013 -- present -RRB- , for which she received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actress -- Television Series Musical or Comedy and Best Actress -- Television Series Drama ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Ginger Baker is a musician.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Ginger_Baker", "0", "Peter Edward `` Ginger '' Baker -LRB- born 19 August 1939 -RRB- is an English drummer , best known as the founder of the rock band Cream ." ] ]
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VERIFIABLE
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Bradley Cooper appeared in a movie.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Bradley_Cooper", "7", "He first gained recognition as Will Tippin in the spy-action television show Alias -LRB- 2001 -- 2006 -RRB- , and achieved minor success with a supporting part in the comedy film Wedding Crashers -LRB- 2005 -RRB- ." ] ]
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Australia has a backchannel with both the United States and New Zealand to cooperate on military matters worldwide.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "United_States", "38", "Accounting for approximately a quarter of global GDP and a third of global military spending , the United States is the world 's foremost economic and military power ." ] ]
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The characters in Grey's Anatomy only evolve into seasoned chefs.
REFUTES
[ [ "Grey's_Anatomy", "1", "The series focuses on the fictional lives of surgical interns , residents and attending physicians , as they evolve into seasoned doctors while trying to maintain personal lives and relationships ." ] ]
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The Council on Foreign Relations is from the United States since 1921.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Council_on_Foreign_Relations", "0", "The Council on Foreign Relations -LRB- CFR -RRB- , founded in 1921 , is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs ." ] ]
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The English language isn't influenced by Germanic languages.
REFUTES
[ [ "English_language", "0", "English -LSB- ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ -RSB- is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the global lingua franca ." ] ]
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Edgar Allan Poe was a raven.
REFUTES
[ [ "Edgar_Allan_Poe", "25", "Poe died in Baltimore on October 7 , 1849 , at age 40 ; the cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to alcohol , brain congestion , cholera , drugs , heart disease , rabies , suicide , tuberculosis , and other agents ." ] ]
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Sunrise created Ghost in the Shell.
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[ [ "Eilean_Meadhonach", "0", "Eilean Meadhonach is the second largest of the Crowlin Islands , located in the Inner Sound off the island of Skye , Scotland ." ] ]
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Sriti Jha plays the lead role in an Hindi-language TV show.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Sriti_Jha", "3", "She is a currently playing the lead role of Pragya in Zee TV 's show Kumkum Bhagya ." ], [ "Kumkum_Bhagya", "0", "Kumkum Bhagya -LRB- English : Vermillion In My Fate -RRB- is a Hindi-language Indian soap opera which premiered on 15 April 2014 ." ] ]
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Tetris has sold zero copies.
REFUTES
[ [ "Tetris", "18", "In January 2010 , it was announced that the Tetris franchise had sold more than 170 million copies , approximately 70 million physical copies and over 100 million copies for cell phones , making it the best selling paid-downloaded game of all time ." ] ]
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Dragon is derived from the Sinhalese.
REFUTES
[ [ "Dragon", "4", "The European dragon , derived from European folk traditions and ultimately related to Balkans and Western Asian mythologies ." ] ]
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Octavia Spencer worked in the Divergent film franchise.
SUPPORTS
[ [ "Octavia_Spencer", "4", "Recently , Spencer has received acclaim for her work in the films Get on Up , Black or White , Smashed , Snowpiercer , The Divergent Series : Insurgent , and Zootopia ." ] ]
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FC Barcelona is a sports club.
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[ [ "FC_Barcelona", "4", "Unlike many other football clubs , the supporters own and operate Barcelona ." ] ]
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The Formosa Resolution lost congressional approval under Dwight D. Eisenhower.
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[ [ "Formosa_Resolution_of_1955", "0", "The Formosa Resolution was a bill enacted by the U.S. Congress on January 29 , 1955 that established an American commitment to defend Formosa -LRB- now called Taiwan -RRB- ." ] ]
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The Heart is Crazy stars Shah Rukh Khan.
NOT ENOUGH INFO
[ [ "Main_Hoon_Na", "2", "It stars Shah Rukh Khan , Sunil Shetty , Sushmita Sen , Zayed Khan and Amrita Rao in the main cast ." ] ]
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Dataset Card for fever_gold_evidence

Dataset Summary

Dataset for training classification-only fact checking with claims from the FEVER dataset. This dataset is used in the paper "Generating Label Cohesive and Well-Formed Adversarial Claims", EMNLP 2020

The evidence is the gold evidence from the FEVER dataset for REFUTE and SUPPORT claims. For NEI claims, we extract evidence sentences with the system in "Christopher Malon. 2018. Team Papelo: Transformer Networks at FEVER. In Proceedings of the First Workshop on Fact Extraction and VERification (FEVER), pages 109113." More details can be found in https://github.com/copenlu/fever-adversarial-attacks

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[Needs More Information]

Languages

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Dataset Structure

Data Instances

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Data Fields

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Data Splits

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Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[Needs More Information]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[Needs More Information]

Who are the source language producers?

[Needs More Information]

Annotations

Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

[Needs More Information]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[Needs More Information]

Discussion of Biases

[Needs More Information]

Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

@inproceedings{atanasova-etal-2020-generating,
    title = "Generating Label Cohesive and Well-Formed Adversarial Claims",
    author = "Atanasova, Pepa  and
      Wright, Dustin  and
      Augenstein, Isabelle",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)",
    month = nov,
    year = "2020",
    address = "Online",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2020.emnlp-main.256",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/2020.emnlp-main.256",
    pages = "3168--3177",
    abstract = "Adversarial attacks reveal important vulnerabilities and flaws of trained models. One potent type of attack are universal adversarial triggers, which are individual n-grams that, when appended to instances of a class under attack, can trick a model into predicting a target class. However, for inference tasks such as fact checking, these triggers often inadvertently invert the meaning of instances they are inserted in. In addition, such attacks produce semantically nonsensical inputs, as they simply concatenate triggers to existing samples. Here, we investigate how to generate adversarial attacks against fact checking systems that preserve the ground truth meaning and are semantically valid. We extend the HotFlip attack algorithm used for universal trigger generation by jointly minimizing the target class loss of a fact checking model and the entailment class loss of an auxiliary natural language inference model. We then train a conditional language model to generate semantically valid statements, which include the found universal triggers. We find that the generated attacks maintain the directionality and semantic validity of the claim better than previous work.",
}
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Models trained or fine-tuned on copenlu/fever_gold_evidence