Task Categories: question-answering
Languages: English
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 1K<n<10K
Language Creators: crowdsourced
Annotations Creators: crowdsourced
Source Datasets: original
Licenses: mit
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id (string)question (string)question_concept (string)choices (sequence)answerKey (string)
"The sanctions against the school were a punishing blow, and they seemed to what the efforts the school had made to change?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "ignore", "enforce", "authoritarian", "yell at", "avoid" ] }
"Sammy wanted to go to where the people were. Where might he go?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "race track", "populated areas", "the desert", "apartment", "roadblock" ] }
"To locate a choker not located in a jewelry box or boutique where would you go?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "jewelry store", "neck", "jewlery box", "jewelry box", "boutique" ] }
"Google Maps and other highway and street GPS services have replaced what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "united states", "mexico", "countryside", "atlas", "oceans" ] }
"The fox walked from the city into the forest, what was it looking for?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "pretty flowers.", "hen house", "natural habitat", "storybook", "dense forest" ] }
"What home entertainment equipment requires cable?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "radio shack", "substation", "cabinet", "television", "desk" ] }
"The only baggage the woman checked was a drawstring bag, where was she heading with it?"
"drawstring bag"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "garbage can", "military", "jewelry store", "safe", "airport" ] }
"The forgotten leftovers had gotten quite old, he found it covered in mold in the back of his what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "carpet", "refrigerator", "breadbox", "fridge", "coach" ] }
"What do people use to absorb extra ink from a fountain pen?"
"fountain pen"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "shirt pocket", "calligrapher's hand", "inkwell", "desk drawer", "blotter" ] }
"Where is a business restaurant likely to be located?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "town", "at hotel", "mall", "business sector", "yellow pages" ] }
"Where do you put your grapes just before checking out?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "mouth", "grocery cart", "super market", "fruit basket", "fruit market" ] }
"Before getting a divorce, what did the wife feel who was doing all the work?"
"getting divorce"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "harder", "anguish", "bitterness", "tears", "sadness" ] }
"Johnny sat on a bench and relaxed after doing a lot of work on his hobby. Where is he?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "state park", "bus depot", "garden", "gym", "rest area" ] }
"James was cooling off two quickly. He would die if he didn't find some way to stop what?"
"cooling off"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "loss of heat", "revenge", "expansion", "relaxation", "calm down" ] }
"Of all the rooms in a house it was his favorite, the aromas always drew him to the what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "yard", "basement", "kitchen", "living room", "garden" ] }
"Bill is stuck in marsh when a man comes up to him peaking Cajun, where is he?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "low lands", "new york", "forest", "louisiana", "everglades" ] }
"What is it called when you slowly cook using a grill?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "backyard", "restaurant", "crockpot", "neighbor's house", "barbeque" ] }
"What type of person typically contracts illness?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "hospital", "head", "sick person", "elderly person", "doctor's office" ] }
"Where would you expect to find a pizzeria while shopping?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "chicago", "street", "little italy", "food court", "capital cities" ] }
"When eating everything on the tasting menu, what does one tend to feel?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "full stomach", "getting full", "gaining weight", "sick", "satisfaction" ] }
"What does playing soccer for a long time lead to?"
"playing soccer"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "excitement", "fatigue", "anger", "hurting", "getting tired" ] }
"Which entrance would you use if you do not want to use the back entrance?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "side", "main", "anterior", "current", "front" ] }
"You can share files with someone if you have a connection to a what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "freeway", "radio", "wires", "computer network", "electrical circuit" ] }
"The accelerator was controller via a hand throttle, and the foot pedals controlled the steering in the small what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "car", "fuel system", "accelerate", "boat", "airplane" ] }
"Sean was lying about the body, but he was very scared. He constantly worried about what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "the reward money", "hurt feelings", "being found out", "problems", "trouble" ] }
"The drug kingpin told his man to run errands, this was code to go to all the dealers to do what they had?"
"run errands"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "park", "make time for", "receive instructions", "take money", "leave work" ] }
"Though he could've kept going his body appreciated the rest, it had been constantly what during the day?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "walk", "lay down", "working", "moving", "exercise" ] }
"Too many people want exotic snakes. The demand is driving what to carry them?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "ditch", "shop", "north america", "pet shops", "outdoors" ] }
"Joe suffered many consequences from stabbing a stranger to death. Among them, the family of the victim did something to him. What was that?"
"stabbing to death"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "knife wounds", "buy a gun", "bleeding", "jail time", "law suit" ] }
"To prevent any glare during the big football game he made sure to clean the dust of his what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "television", "attic", "corner", "they cannot clean corner and library during football match they cannot need that", "ground" ] }
"I have something in my head I want to share, what ways can I do that?"
"express information"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "write an essay", "organize thoughts", "speak information", "summarize main points", "have information" ] }
"He wanted a house that was gated off from other places, where should he start looking?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "neighborhood", "subdivision", "city", "suburbs", "street" ] }
"Where in Southern Europe would you find many canals?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "michigan", "new york", "amsterdam", "venice", "bridge" ] }
"What would a camper need to do before he or she can start cooking food?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "make breakfast", "go hiking", "pack or bag", "light fire", "grab a match" ] }
"What could happen to a paper if you leave it outside even if it does not move?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "one material often recycled", "ripped", "saturated with water", "one dimensional", "crumpled" ] }
"Mark's semen was very thick, but after his vasectomy it was also what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "blank", "sparse", "thin", "clear", "free flowing" ] }
"What is a great place to lay in the sun?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "in the basement", "west", "solar system", "beach", "beans" ] }
"Where would you find a seafood restaurant in the east coast of North America?"
"seafood restaurant"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "maine", "boston", "beach town", "coastal cities", "ocean" ] }
"The president is the leader of what institution?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "walmart", "white house", "country", "corporation", "government" ] }
"Sitting to close while watching TV can cause what sort of pain?"
"watching tv"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "brain problems", "laziness", "get fat", "headache", "laughter" ] }
"Where is a bald eagle safe?"
"bald eagle"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "pine tree", "open country", "in washington", "wildlife refuge", "sky" ] }
"The game promised it was free, but the child's parents soon found themselves doing what for microtransactions?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "costly", "captive", "contained", "paying", "caught" ] }
"What kind of driving leads to accidents?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "stressful", "dangerous", "fun", "illegal", "deadly" ] }
"What is eating too much dinner likely to result in?"
"eating dinner"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tiredness", "living longer", "stomach ache", "illness", "acid reflux" ] }
"What is a person chatting with friends likely hoping to accomplish?"
"chatting with friends"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "gathering of information", "communication", "feel relaxed", "kill boredom", "social bonding" ] }
"Jame's bare feet were burned as he walked, because the sunshine had made the surface hot. Where might he have been?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "disneyland", "snow", "windowsill", "street", "summer" ] }
"A fox was thirsty searching for water during the drought, where was he?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "painting", "hen house", "california", "virginia", "movie hall" ] }
"What might be the result of a season of successful skiing?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "finish line", "broken bones", "broken legs", "chapped lips", "healthy body" ] }
"The sensor would just the distance then set off an alarm, the installation expert explained it was called a what kind of sensor?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "near", "closeness", "here", "proximity", "this" ] }
"The man was eating lunch, but rushed when he looked at his watch, why did he rush?"
"eating lunch"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "gain weight", "late for work", "heartburn", "bad breath", "early for work" ] }
"The evacuation became mandatory, so what came on the TV?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "advisory", "mandate", "soap opera", "elective", "optional" ] }
"The person gave a good hands on what to show how to do the work?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "demonstration", "garage", "building", "barn", "synagogue" ] }
"Where would you see some people doing jumping jacks?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "military base", "opera", "water fountain", "bus stop", "church" ] }
"The body guard was good at his duties, he made the person who hired him what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "better job", "irritated", "feel safe", "save money", "headache" ] }
"Learning languages is difficult. Even in a full immersion environment you're likely to make mistakes, mistakes will cause misinterpretation, which will be uncomfortable, which will cause what?,"
"learning language"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "better communication", "overthinking", "frustration", "misunderstandings", "headaches" ] }
"Jim enjoyed killing people, but he did it too often and the cops found out. What might the cops do to him?"
"killing people"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "going to jail", "going to prison", "beat him up", "get arrested", "die" ] }
"Where is there usually a fiddle playing?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "music store", "dance hall", "orchestra", "symphony", "tennessee" ] }
"What is the only was to recover from exhaustion?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "mediate", "have rest", "stay in bed", "run out of steam", "go to sleep" ] }
"What would you do if you want to be able to earn money?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "apply for job", "stand in line", "take care of proposals", "pass course", "play the lottery" ] }
"What is a grumpy person likely to have?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "headache", "understand themselves", "compliments", "own house", "happiness" ] }
"What do drugs do?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "damage", "cloud mind", "lower i.q", "cause illness", "cause accidents" ] }
"A beaver can destroy a machines functionality if they build their dam in this?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "strip club", "pocket", "millpond", "ontario", "lake or river" ] }
"They decided to hash things out over drinks, after enough booze they were able to get close on a few things and what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "reach tentative agreement", "suicide", "examine thing", "commit murder", "stay in bed" ] }
"Where could a fungus grow and not be disturbed by sunlight?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "under rocks", "manhattan", "toenails", "grocery store", "fallen tree" ] }
"Can you name a good reason for attending school?"
"attending school"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "get smart", "boredom", "colds and flu", "taking tests", "spend time" ] }
"What state south of Kentucky and north of Alabama will you find people playing the fiddle?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "alabama", "tennessee", "violin case", "music store", "bow and strings" ] }
"Though she made the cut years ago, its figurative scars would never what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "joining", "put together", "stitch", "heal", "paste" ] }
"What does sex often make happen in people?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "making love", "feel good", "happyness", "wonderful thing", "cloud judgment" ] }
"Where would you see people in uniform playing with a ball?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "hole", "television", "sporting goods store", "pool table", "sporting event" ] }
"What kind of place could have a seafood restaurant?"
"seafood restaurant"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "new york", "coastal cities", "city", "coastal cities", "boston" ] }
"Who was the head of the branch yelling at?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "owner", "foot", "subordinate", "base", "point" ] }
"He made another call, he did this all day hoping people would what well to his offer?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "hang up", "respond", "contact", "answer", "attracting ducks" ] }
"She needs to visit a bookshop after buying the latest fashion, where should she look?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "student union", "mall", "department store", "library", "town or city" ] }
"Where could you see an advertisement while reading news?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "television", "bus", "email", "web page", "la ville" ] }
"What is required to be good at playing tennis?"
"playing tennis"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "tennis racket", "skill", "competition", "tennis court", "legs" ] }
"What state is the John Davis Lodge toll road found in?"
"toll road"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "new jersey", "eastern united states", "good repair", "connecticut", "arizona" ] }
"The man went to clown college, he had always want to run away with the what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "circus", "carnival", "surprise", "spoons", "party" ] }
"Jamie wanted to reduce her waist size, but all of her efforts failed miserably. She continued to do what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "gain weight", "augment", "dispare", "make larger", "expand" ] }
"James felt himself losing consciousness. He was frightened. He didn't want this. He was scared of what?"
"losing consciousness"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "death", "coma", "peace", "forgetfulness", "loss of life" ] }
"If someone is aloof and self-important, what is their experience when meeting people?"
"meeting people"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "stress", "nervousness", "smile", "being bored", "making new friends" ] }
"He was receiving workman's compensation, he had tripped over a metal rod while building where?"
"metal rod"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "factory", "construction site", "engine", "insides of skyscraper's walls", "shops" ] }
"John and James spent most of their time communicating with each other on their project. The time required to communicate slowed their what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "static", "train of thought.", "progress", "transfer of information", "collaboration" ] }
"When you play around with your dog they will have?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "alive", "health", "fun", "playing dead", "black" ] }
"Where would a person keep a book while it's being read?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "closet", "library of congress", "classroom", "in bed", "desk" ] }
"The student needed to get some new pencils, where did he go?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "store", "classroom", "backpack", "cabinet", "teacher" ] }
"She loved buying products, she was driven by her what to shop more than any practical needs?"
"buying products"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "desire", "money", "time", "credit", "spending money" ] }
"How does getting paid feel?"
"getting paid"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "income tax", "satisfaction", "sorrow", "ocean", "bill collectors to happy" ] }
"The fat man refused to accept what was possible, he complained that he what the simplest activities?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "no go", "unlikely", "unable", "cant do", "impossibility" ] }
"Where can meat last a long time?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "backery", "ham sandwich", "fridge", "butcher shop", "freezer" ] }
"What group of musicians will include someone playing the cello?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "ocean", "symphony", "band", "music store", "music shop" ] }
"Where do bees congregate with red flowerS?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "trash can", "honey", "bouquet of flowers", "rose garden", "field of flowers" ] }
"What is someone who gets angry after getting drunk likely to participate in?"
"getting drunk"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "violence", "falling down", "vomiting", "vomiting", "lower standards" ] }
"The teacher told all the students that listening was key, it was the main way they would gain what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "empathy", "anxiety", "knowlege", "falling down", "hear things" ] }
"Stanley had a dream that was very vivid and scary. He had trouble telling it from what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "reality", "imagination", "dreamworker", "nightmare", "awake" ] }
"The city's community garden was demolished for yet another what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "wasteland", "ocean", "desert", "parking lot", "flowers" ] }
"WHat do cats get into when they are ripping things apart?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "dog's mouth", "floor", "garage", "trouble", "nature" ] }
"What is a good result of losing weight?"
"losing weight"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "increased energy", "healthier", "loose skin", "beauty", "death" ] }
"A person lived in my what?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "demonstration", "conference", "building", "garage", "mouth" ] }
"The skin was cut while chopping onions, where was this skin likely cut?"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "good health", "finger", "meat", "body", "own family" ] }
"What might you feel after doing housework for hours?"
"doing housework"
{ "label": [ "A", "B", "C", "D", "E" ], "text": [ "anger", "not boredom", "stress", "boredom", "anxiety" ] }
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for "commonsense_qa"

Dataset Summary

CommonsenseQA is a new multiple-choice question answering dataset that requires different types of commonsense knowledge to predict the correct answers . It contains 12,102 questions with one correct answer and four distractor answers. The dataset is provided in two major training/validation/testing set splits: "Random split" which is the main evaluation split, and "Question token split", see paper for details.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed


The dataset is in English (en).

Dataset Structure

Data Instances


  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 4.46 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 2.08 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 6.54 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows:

{'id': '075e483d21c29a511267ef62bedc0461',
 'question': 'The sanctions against the school were a punishing blow, and they seemed to what the efforts the school had made to change?',
 'question_concept': 'punishing',
 'choices': {'label': ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E'],
  'text': ['ignore', 'enforce', 'authoritarian', 'yell at', 'avoid']},
 'answerKey': 'A'}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.


  • id (str): Unique ID.
  • question: a string feature.
  • question_concept (str): ConceptNet concept associated to the question.
  • choices: a dictionary feature containing:
    • label: a string feature.
    • text: a string feature.
  • answerKey: a string feature.

Data Splits

name train validation test
default 9741 1221 1140

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed


Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

The dataset is licensed under the MIT License.


Citation Information

    title = "{C}ommonsense{QA}: A Question Answering Challenge Targeting Commonsense Knowledge",
    author = "Talmor, Alon  and
      Herzig, Jonathan  and
      Lourie, Nicholas  and
      Berant, Jonathan",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North {A}merican Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers)",
    month = jun,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Minneapolis, Minnesota",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/N19-1421",
    pages = "4149--4158",
    archivePrefix = "arXiv",
    eprint        = "1811.00937",
    primaryClass  = "cs",


Thanks to @thomwolf, @lewtun, @albertvillanova, @patrickvonplaten for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on commonsense_qa