# Datasets: biglam /atypical_animacy

Languages: English
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: n<1K
Language Creators: machine-generated
Annotations Creators: expert-generated
Source Datasets: original
ArXiv:
Dataset Preview
id (string)sentence (string)context (string)target (string)animacy (float32)humanness (float32)offsets (list)date (string)
"002732647_02_180_7"
"Poetic RMS OF THE CITY OF MANCHESTEI legends might seem out of place in a great commercial city ‚Äî the spinning-jenny and the steam- engine have been long known to be inimical to nymphs and fairies ‚Äî but Man chester, for all that, existed when there were giants in the land, and has its place in the life of a hero no less doughty than Sir Launcelot of the Lake."
"That there was a Roman camp on Castlefield, with- in the area of the city, there is no doubt ; that it occupied the site of an earlier British settlement historians have asserted; that it may claim to have been inhabited for nearly eighteen hundred years cannot be disputed ; but this is not all. Poetic RMS OF THE CITY OF MANCHESTEI legends might seem out of place in a great commercial city ‚Äî the spinning-jenny and the steam- engine have been long known to be inimical to nymphs and fairies ‚Äî but Man chester, for all that, existed when there were giants in the land, and has its place in the life of a hero no less doughty than Sir Launcelot of the Lake. To quote from a ballad"
"engine"
0
0
[ 134, 140 ]
"1891"
"003176106_01_278_2"
"Immured in a convent, debarred from life-giving air and light, and the beauty of life, we cease to be living, feeling, thinking girls and women, we become mere machines who blindly obey the head that directs us."
"and sounds of His creation. Immured in a convent, debarred from life-giving air and light, and the beauty of life, we cease to be living, feeling, thinking girls and women, we become mere machines who blindly obey the head that directs us. I have often tried to solve this mystery — but I suppose I am too ignorant, for I cannot make it come right."
"machines"
1
0
[ 160, 168 ]
"1880"
"001028082_01_132_8"
"Still, before these moral stumps are removed, both time and " stumping machine " will have to do their respective work."
"The re moval of the former, however, is much easier than the overthrow of the latter, and when removed they are not so likely to return. Still, before these moral stumps are removed, both time and " stumping machine " will have to do their respective work. In a conversation I had with an old friend of our cause, Mr Naismith of Toronto, he said, " I was one of the first who stood by John Dunlop, when he began to advocate the cause in Glasgow."
"machine"
1
0
[ 71, 78 ]
"1871"
"002757962_01_184_16"
"100 shows a Cornish boiler improperly seated with one small side flue and a bottom flue."
"Fig. 100 shows a Cornish boiler improperly seated with one small side flue and a bottom flue. The effect of this on a long boiler is to cause springing and leakage of the seams from the heat being applied to one side of the boiler only."
"boiler"
0
1
[ 20, 26 ]
"1893"
"002932979_02_121_10"
"Laws are too apt to be regarded as if intended to supply an income for lawyers, to keep in existence a complicated mass of law courts and legal machinery ."
"What a deal of time, trouble, expense, and misery would have been saved to mankind if our legislators had considered more what they were legislating about, those for whom they were legislating, and the effect upon society of their work ! Laws are too apt to be regarded as if intended to supply an income for lawyers, to keep in existence a complicated mass of law courts and legal machinery . Instead of adding to our laws, the greatest boon to mankind would be for a committee to examine every existing law and cancel all those that are obsolete, or impede the progress, or are detrimental to the interests and freedom, of the individual."
"machinery"
0
0
[ 144, 153 ]
"1883"
"000748965_01_98_11"
"Now that we were free from all fear of encountering bad cha racters in the house, the boom-boom of the little man's big voice went on unintermittingly, like a machine at work in the neigh bourhood."
"This settled, the one last embarrass ment left to deal with, was the embarrassment of Mr. Finch. Now that we were free from all fear of encountering bad cha racters in the house, the boom-boom of the little man's big voice went on unintermittingly, like a machine at work in the neigh bourhood. I had another of my inspirations — sitting on the floor with Oscar's head on my lap."
"machine"
1
0
[ 159, 166 ]
"1873"
"000634584_03_78_5"
"‚Äî It would be ruinous to the engines to let them stand idle too long.'"
"dear no, Count Nugent, — she is to remain here whilst I remain — I am to live in her — and, in fine weather, I hope to have the pleasure of taking you and all here on little voyages up and down the coast. ‚Äî It would be ruinous to the engines to let them stand idle too long.' ' I should so much like to see the steamer,' said Mrs. Harding, eagerly, — ' I am told she is beautifully fitted up.'"
"engines"
0
0
[ 31, 38 ]
"1887"
"003842724_03_49_15"
"In October 1829 four different inventors sent engines to compete for the prize."
"for the best locomotive that could be made. In October 1829 four different inventors sent engines to compete for the prize. Stephenson and his son Robert con structed the ' Rocket ' to take part in the competition."
"engines"
1
0
[ 46, 53 ]
"1878"
"001563717_01_75_9"
"This cabin, situated on one side of the deck, is much more airy than the saloons below, and the machines work so quietly that I can write without any difficulty."
"I have a very convenient wide sofa with steel springs, a tolerably large table, upon which I can very well arrange my portfolio, and, over the dressing-table, even the luxury of a mirror. This cabin, situated on one side of the deck, is much more airy than the saloons below, and the machines work so quietly that I can write without any difficulty. This I never could do before in any steamer; and it is a great satisfaction to me, because it will materially shorten the unavoidable ennui of the voyage."
"machines"
0
0
[ 96, 104 ]
"1845"
"003053567_01_138_4"
"It proves, also, that the Western people are not disposed to accept the destiny kindly offered them by their Eastern brethren, of confining themselves to tbe hand work of agriculture ‚Äî leaving to the old States the whole field of machine labor."
"It proves that our fertile fields, after supplying food to everybody in foreign lands who will buy, and feeding the cities and towns of the Atlantic States, have sufficed to feed a rapidly growing town population at home. It proves, also, that the Western people are not disposed to accept the destiny kindly offered them by their Eastern brethren, of confining themselves to tbe hand work of agriculture ‚Äî leaving to the old States the whole field of machine labor. Although the land on which the people of the great valley have but recently entered is new, the civil, social, and economical condition of this people is advanced nearly to the highest point of tho oldest communities."
"machine"
0
0
[ 232, 239 ]
"1869"
"001846073_01_52_11"
"After much exertion, by means of anchors and poles, with the aid of the engine , and all the men, who were under the necessity of jumping into the river, we at length succeeded in getting her off, and ran down to the Cave, where we laid by for the night."
"We left Shawaneetown at twelve o'clock on the 28th, and stopped three miles below, to take in wood ; then proceeding forward, at four P. M. we ran aground on a sand bar, seven miles above the " Cave Inn," or " House of Nature." After much exertion, by means of anchors and poles, with the aid of the engine , and all the men, who were under the necessity of jumping into the river, we at length succeeded in getting her off, and ran down to the Cave, where we laid by for the night. Early the next morning, we went to visit the cave, of the entrance to which two views were sketched by Mr. Sey mour."
"engine"
0
0
[ 72, 78 ]
"1823"
"003853499_01_238_2"
"The mules have more vim and malicious energy than the steam- engine ."
"For we went thundering on, regardless of beast or bird. The mules have more vim and malicious energy than the steam- engine . Here and there a poor plantation was passed, and the house was invariably an open-work struc ture of cane, with a heavily thatched roof."
"engine"
0
0
[ 61, 67 ]
"1888"
"003316905_02_617_24"
"Under this point of view, Ma ret, who was a true official machine , was the very man whom the Emperor wanted."
"Napo leon did not think himself secure in confiding the weight of affairs so important to any other person than Maret, the chief of his secretariat— that is to say, all foreign affaire were, from that moment, concentrated in his cabinet, and received no other impulse than from him. Under this point of view, Ma ret, who was a true official machine , was the very man whom the Emperor wanted. He really admired his master, with whose thoughts, secrets, and inclinations he was acquainted."
"machine"
1
0
[ 58, 65 ]
"1847"
"002671148_01_87_8"
"On passing Cleckheaton Branch junction at Mirfield the engine driver of a goods train from the branch overran the junction stop signal, and failed to bring his train to a stand before his engine fouled the up main line."
"On the night of the 7th January, 1861, a serious accident occurred to the Bangor mail train, due to leave Normanton at 10-30 p.m. for Huddersfield, Crewe, and Bangor. On passing Cleckheaton Branch junction at Mirfield the engine driver of a goods train from the branch overran the junction stop signal, and failed to bring his train to a stand before his engine fouled the up main line. At the time snow was falling very heavily, and covered the ground to the depth of some eight or ten inches."
"engine"
0
0
[ 55, 61 ]
"1898"
"003734531_01_292_8"
"But how is it when the engine itself breaks down, or the locomotive is embedded in a snow bank, as is sometimes the case ?"
"The lack of water at a station when waiting for a train, obliges the engineer to run back and forth upon the road ; and if a boat stops at a wharf, or is enveloped in a fog, the power that works the pump ceases with the engine. But how is it when the engine itself breaks down, or the locomotive is embedded in a snow bank, as is sometimes the case ? Why, the engineer must draw his fires to avoid ruining his boiler."
"locomotive"
0
0
[ 57, 67 ]
"1868"
"002319808_01_154_2"
"It was amusing to watch this rough and novel species of tournament, the sturdy engines sometimes nearly breaking a lance with the enemy, and at others disappearing for a moment, amid a cloud of snowy fragments, scattered about in all directions, as if a mine had been sprung."
"were sometimes thrown "all of a heap " by these ope rations into the fore-part of their respective carriages, the train would be detached, and the locomotives set at it themselves, taking a good race, so as to strike with the more effect. It was amusing to watch this rough and novel species of tournament, the sturdy engines sometimes nearly breaking a lance with the enemy, and at others disappearing for a moment, amid a cloud of snowy fragments, scattered about in all directions, as if a mine had been sprung. The breach at length made, back they would come for the train, which they tugged along like so many camp followers, until a fresh obstacle had to be stormed."
"engines"
1
1
[ 79, 86 ]
"1849"
"002606645_01_70_5"
"A general idea may be conveyed of him when I say that ho lives like a machine ."
"Hence if you wish to form a more accurate estimate of the English character, you must see John Bull more specially when he is not involved in the meshes of party politics. A general idea may be conveyed of him when I say that ho lives like a machine . At home or in society you find that he has so much artificialised life as to carry the science of etiquette to something like absolute, though tiresome perfection."
"machine"
1
0
[ 70, 77 ]
"1887"
"002378387_01_506_11"
"2 With the assistance of this little apparatus the snuff-taker may himself provision his nostrils, but the large apparatus , each tube of which is more than six inches long, cannot be used without the help of a comrade, who introduces one of the tubes into each nostril of the snuff-taker in turn."
"All these species, as the learned Humboldt has well observed, are confined to certain regions which they never leave, and which are so clearly defined, that a league before reaching the territory of the Conibos, one may pass the night under the sky without feeling a single zancudo, whilst the instant we set foot among those indigenes it is impossible to sleep without a mosquito-curtain. 2 With the assistance of this little apparatus the snuff-taker may himself provision his nostrils, but the large apparatus , each tube of which is more than six inches long, cannot be used without the help of a comrade, who introduces one of the tubes into each nostril of the snuff-taker in turn. The operation is of course performed turn and turn about, and the active r&le of insuffleur is exchanged by each of the two individuals for the passive one of insuffle."
"apparatus"
0
0
[ 37, 46 ]
"1875"
"000699753_01_238_2"
"To the former, that he is no mere machine , warranted to feed another machine with a certain amount of Latin and Greek per diem ‚Äî but a living, acting, thinking man, whose experience of hfe must be brought to bear upon those young hearts with which he had to deal."
"graduates, who could talk sweetly of irresistible grace, original sin, and the inward call, and were usually the greatest dunces in the University ; the Broad Church party has manfully stepped for ward, teaching tutor and tutored alike. To the former, that he is no mere machine , warranted to feed another machine with a certain amount of Latin and Greek per diem ‚Äî but a living, acting, thinking man, whose experience of hfe must be brought to bear upon those young hearts with which he had to deal. And to the latter, that the University system is one of education, not mere cramming, education and development of all powers, both of mind and body, and that it is the due union of both these which makes the true man."
"machine"
1
1
[ 34, 41 ]
"1866"
"002796286_01_33_3"
"Safe to assist at the entertainment ‚Äî for it had never entered her head that Safe, whom she looked upon as a mere legal machine , could venture to look upon her with other eyes than those befitting a junior partner ‚Äî of the firm, nothing more."
"29 Thus re-assured, Miss Garnish announced her intention of asking Mr. Seebright to dinner, as soon as he arrived — and of requesting Mr. Safe to assist at the entertainment ‚Äî for it had never entered her head that Safe, whom she looked upon as a mere legal machine , could venture to look upon her with other eyes than those befitting a junior partner ‚Äî of the firm, nothing more. The sealing-wax, thereupon, retired from the august presence, together with the ex-clerk ; whose customary habit3 abandoned him utterly during the remainder of the day."
"machine"
1
0
[ 122, 129 ]
"1892"
"001861480_02_273_13"
"Where it is desired to drive from both sides, this arrangement is less powerful than that in the belt locomotive ."
"In this form also we have line contacts, and two paths for the discs and rod. Where it is desired to drive from both sides, this arrangement is less powerful than that in the belt locomotive . In the South American locomotive I drive from one side only, leaving the off-side roller free to revolve as it pleases."
"locomotive"
0
0
[ 102, 112 ]
"1887"
"000897836_01_83_8"
"The parish or municipality pays no rates and taxes, buys its raw material as cheap as the con tractor, uses its engineers and staff engaged for control without extra payment, but it is hampered by the system of accounts, has to pay its staff at the depots, the rent of same, and interest on cost of machinery plus repairs, whether work is going on or not, and in case of failure has no one to hold"
"In Paris the city lays its own wood, rolls its own macadam, does its own paving repairs, though not those for kerbs, does its street-cleaning, but not the carting away of dung, detritus, rubbish, and snow. The parish or municipality pays no rates and taxes, buys its raw material as cheap as the con tractor, uses its engineers and staff engaged for control without extra payment, but it is hampered by the system of accounts, has to pay its staff at the depots, the rent of same, and interest on cost of machinery plus repairs, whether work is going on or not, and in case of failure has no one to hold 72 NATURAL ASPHALT."
"machinery"
0
0
[ 299, 308 ]
"1893"
"001165041_02_42_10"
"The fullest account," writes the late Mr. Disraeli, " I have found of one of these entertainments ‚Äî which at once shew the curiosity of the scenical machinery , and the fancy of the poet, the richness of the crimson habits of the gentlemen, and the white dresses, the white herons' plumes and jewelled head dresses and ropes of pearl of the ladies ‚Äî was in a manu script letter of the time, with which I supplied the editor * " Embassy to England " in 1G26."
"* The magnificent masques which were represented at Whitehall under the auspices of Charles will be remem bered as long as Milton, Ben Jonson, Fletcher, and Inigo Jones shall continue to be classic names. " The fullest account," writes the late Mr. Disraeli, " I have found of one of these entertainments ‚Äî which at once shew the curiosity of the scenical machinery , and the fancy of the poet, the richness of the crimson habits of the gentlemen, and the white dresses, the white herons' plumes and jewelled head dresses and ropes of pearl of the ladies ‚Äî was in a manu script letter of the time, with which I supplied the editor * " Embassy to England " in 1G26. WHITEHALL IN CHARLES THE FIRST'S TIME."
"machinery"
0
0
[ 151, 160 ]
"1861"
"003163747_01_70_6"
"One fine sunny morning, when Miss Owen and Miss Saville were sauntering to and fro on the lawn, Llew ellyn walked leisurely up to them, puffing away at his cigar like a veritable locomotive ."
"They now exchanged cards and giving each other a short resume of their respective positions and status in this world of conventionalities, which appeared satisfactory to both sides, separated for the time. One fine sunny morning, when Miss Owen and Miss Saville were sauntering to and fro on the lawn, Llew ellyn walked leisurely up to them, puffing away at his cigar like a veritable locomotive . "Boreu da, (good morning) fafr sylphs of the wood ; may I make a third in your consultations?""
"locomotive"
1
0
[ 179, 189 ]
"1879"
"003120574_02_55_11"
"3 Co., by one of the engines running over him, and steps were thereupon immedia tely taken to put a stop to the practice."
"This resulted early in the year, in the death of Terence Meehan, fireman, of No. 3 Co., by one of the engines running over him, and steps were thereupon immedia tely taken to put a stop to the practice. For this purpose a penalty of £5 was to be imposed upon any company which was constructed for the use of No."
"engines"
0
0
[ 21, 28 ]
"1894"
"002816150_01_196_3"
"The worst of it was, the people were surly ; not one would get out of our way until the last minute, and many pretended not to see us coming, though the machine , held in by the brake, squeaked a pitiful warning."
"Sometimes one man followed half-a-dozen cows, sometimes one cow was followed by half-a-dozen men.— In donkey-carts women rode alone, the men, whip in hand, walking by their side ; and in waggons drawn by oxen were young pigs, or else an old woman and a refractory calf sitting together on the straw.— On footpaths across the fields, or on distant roads, more peasants were walking away, cattle at their heels.— The nearer we came to the town, the greater was the crowd. The worst of it was, the people were surly ; not one would get out of our way until the last minute, and many pretended not to see us coming, though the machine , held in by the brake, squeaked a pitiful warning. Finally, in the street of La Palisse, we could hardly get on for the cows and oxen, and donkeys and people. ""
"machine"
1
1
[ 153, 160 ]
"1893"
"002491363_01_681_18"
"That was well, said I ; " No, not so well," said he ; " For I and her own brother This live automaton, who seem'd To move by clockwork, ever keen To live upon the saving plan, Had soon the honour to be deem'd That selfish, heartless, cold machine , Call'd in the city ‚Äî a warm man."
"No, not so bad," said he ; " for, with her true I had both house and land, and money too." That was well, said I ; " No, not so well," said he ; " For I and her own brother This live automaton, who seem'd To move by clockwork, ever keen To live upon the saving plan, Had soon the honour to be deem'd That selfish, heartless, cold machine , Call'd in the city ‚Äî a warm man. A Bank Director once, who dwelt at Chigwell, Prim to a turtle feast invited, And as the reader knows the prig well, I need not say he went delighted !"
"machine"
1
0
[ 239, 246 ]
"1891"
"002817290_01_51_10"
"It is more like the oil which enables a machine to run glibly : or it maybe said to act like the fly-wheel in mechanics, which is employed to accumulate and distribute a 1 See Part ii."
"Habit is not a motive power, though it greatly facilitates all operations. It is more like the oil which enables a machine to run glibly : or it maybe said to act like the fly-wheel in mechanics, which is employed to accumulate and distribute a 1 See Part ii. • Horsley, Sermon xxviii."
"machine"
0
0
[ 40, 47 ]
"1820"
"002932979_02_430_2"
"Tfie words of tfie founder on fianding over the new statutes to the members in 1864 are well worthy of citation here : ‚Äî " ' The members of the Mutual Aid Society are no longer mere journeymen who act like machines and quit their work before the clock has sounded its last stroke."
"registered as an incorporated society, and made a perpetual sleeping partner ( commanditairc ) in tfie firm of 'Leclaire et Compagnie.' Tfie words of tfie founder on fianding over the new statutes to the members in 1864 are well worthy of citation here : ‚Äî " ' The members of the Mutual Aid Society are no longer mere journeymen who act like machines and quit their work before the clock has sounded its last stroke. All have become partners working on their own account : in virtue of this, nothing in the workshop ought to be indifferent to tfiem ; all sliould attend to the preservation of the tools and materials as if they were the special keepers of them If you wish that I should leave this world with a contented heart, it is necessary that you shoidd have realized the dream of my whole life ; it is necessary that, after regular conduct and assiduous labour, a workman and his wife should have the wherewithal to live in peace witfiout being a burden upon any one.'"
"machines"
1
0
[ 208, 216 ]
"1883"
"002333296_01_65_7"
"The girl was very angry, she was more than angry, for she suddenly understood her position ; the Marquise wanted to use her like a machine . ""
"She went out without waiting for Liline's answer, and it was as well. The girl was very angry, she was more than angry, for she suddenly understood her position ; the Marquise wanted to use her like a machine . " Unkind old woman," she said to herself; " does she suppose that any one so young and so beautiful as I am can like to be cooped up only to write down ridiculous verses ? ""
"machine"
1
0
[ 131, 138 ]
"1890"
"001988615_01_115_12"
"It is a gross mistake to imagine the British soldier a mere machine , as some Gallicized writers have been pleased to represent him."
"The spirit of improvement has since the Peace, and more especially within the last ten years, been working a wonderful change in the character of this army. It is a gross mistake to imagine the British soldier a mere machine , as some Gallicized writers have been pleased to represent him. But yet much remains to be accomplished."
"machine"
1
0
[ 60, 67 ]
"1851"
"003316959_01_283_9"
"Portals they passed, where, deep within, Spoke prisoner's moan ar.d fetters' din ; Through ragged vaults, where, loosely stored Lay wheel, and axe, and headsman's sword, And many an hideous engine grim, For wrenching joint, and crushing limb, By artists formed, who deemed it shame And sir to give their work a name."
"— Then, from a rusted iron hook, A bunch of ponderous keys he took, Lighted a torch, and Allan led Through grated arch and passage dread. Portals they passed, where, deep within, Spoke prisoner's moan ar.d fetters' din ; Through ragged vaults, where, loosely stored Lay wheel, and axe, and headsman's sword, And many an hideous engine grim, For wrenching joint, and crushing limb, By artists formed, who deemed it shame And sir to give their work a name. They halted at a low-browed porch, And Brent to Allan gave the torch, While bolt and chain he backward rolled, And made the bar unhasp its hold."
"engine"
1
1
[ 190, 196 ]
"1878"
"000585731_01_424_5"
"The same engines Avhich Lamont describes have been at work for 200 years at least in Spitzbergen."
"A great deal has been added by later Avriters, but very little of this account has been contradicted. The same engines Avhich Lamont describes have been at work for 200 years at least in Spitzbergen. The best-know-n book, and perhaps the best wliich treats of arctic ice, is Scoresby's first volume* It contains, in a con densed form, the experience of a shrewd, scientific, practical observer, who had made seventeen voyages to the Spitzbergen or " Greenland whale-fishery ;" and who seems, also, to have read all that had then been written about his subject."
"engines"
0
0
[ 9, 16 ]
"1867"
"002666158_01_281_3"
"215 leur, which the Russian never learns, for he is nothing but a machine ."
"HISTORY OF THE WAR AGAINST RUSSIA. 215 leur, which the Russian never learns, for he is nothing but a machine . The Turkish soldier defends walls and entrenchments with a love of the sport, in which he is only probably sur passed by the Spaniards ; while the Russian is perfectly helpless in an attack on strong places."
"machine"
1
0
[ 66, 73 ]
"1855"
"001360987_01_159_7"
"Happy is the Kerry maiden, who, having no dog-menial, like her Dutch sister, plays the part of machine for no more than an hour at furthest."
"Little does that dairymaid know her own bliss, unless she has known what it is to stand churning three, four, five hours, obtaining nothing but froth, fancying she feels the thickening ofthe milk, and finding, like Dr. Johnson, 'nothing ensue,' till she hopes that nobody will speak to her because, hot, tired, worried as she is, she does not think she could speak without crying. Happy is the Kerry maiden, who, having no dog-menial, like her Dutch sister, plays the part of machine for no more than an hour at furthest. The 'butter never fails to be good, she says: a marvel full as great as the gliding of a scarlet coat and a 'three-cocked hat' over the lake."
"machine"
1
0
[ 95, 102 ]
"1867"
"000811462_06_879_19"
"There had been launched at Glasgow, two years before, a small steamer of seventy tons burthen, called the ' Argyle,' with seventy-nine feet keel, sixteen feet beam, engines of fourteen horse-power, paddle-wheels of nine feet diameter, two cabins, a funnel that served also as a mast, and a projecting gallery upon which the cabin-windows looked out ‚Äî altogether a vessel of very superior build for those days."
"Having served in the royal navy, and being in London in 1815, an application was made to him to navigate a steamer from the Clyde to the Thames — an enterprise in steaming far beyond anything that had been up to that time attempted. There had been launched at Glasgow, two years before, a small steamer of seventy tons burthen, called the ' Argyle,' with seventy-nine feet keel, sixteen feet beam, engines of fourteen horse-power, paddle-wheels of nine feet diameter, two cabins, a funnel that served also as a mast, and a projecting gallery upon which the cabin-windows looked out ‚Äî altogether a vessel of very superior build for those days. After running for more than a year on the Clyde, the 'Argyle' was purchased by a London com pany to ply on the Margate route ; and it was to bring this steamer from Glasgow to London that Dodd's services were required."
"engines"
0
0
[ 165, 172 ]
"1855"
"003051910_03_23_6"
"And the money-making machine rose and dismissed them as he had received them with a short sharp business conge."
"Good morning, gentlemen.' And the money-making machine rose and dismissed them as he had received them with a short sharp business conge. Ye fair, who turn a shop head over heels, maul sixty yards of ribbon and buy six, which being sent home insatiable becomes your desire to change it for other six which you had fairly, closely, and with all the powers of your mind compared with it during the seventy minutes the purchase occupied, let me respectfully inform you that the above business took just eight minutes, and that ' when it was done 'twas done ' {Shakespeare). '"
"machine"
1
1
[ 21, 28 ]
"1856"
"001318282_01_45_1"
"25 distinction of officer and private is broadly drawn, where the private soldier is little more than a machine in the hands of his commander, the effect may even be the other way."
"I.I THE ENGLISH CONQUEST. 25 distinction of officer and private is broadly drawn, where the private soldier is little more than a machine in the hands of his commander, the effect may even be the other way. But in an earlier state of things, where victory depends on the individual prowess of each man, nothing can be more levelling than warfare."
"machine"
1
0
[ 104, 111 ]
"1890"
"000806472_01_240_1"
"In his professional as well as in his political life he has worked with the regularity and steadiness of a machine ."
"228 and heard. In his professional as well as in his political life he has worked with the regularity and steadiness of a machine . With the exception of a trip to England, made five-and-thirty years ago or more, I don't think he has even taken a long holiday, and he certainly looks as if he had never needed one."
"machine"
1
0
[ 107, 114 ]
"1884"
"003051826_01_311_6"
"Here is a stranger seeks to know what we are doing,' and the two machines were tickled that there should be a man who did not know something they happened to know."
"AATiy we — Dost hear, Jacques? Here is a stranger seeks to know what we are doing,' and the two machines were tickled that there should be a man who did not know something they happened to know. In all ages this has tickled."
"machines"
1
1
[ 65, 73 ]
"1862"
"002703881_01_255_13"
"They did not dare to speak even to each other, but signed to each other for things they wanted, and worked like so many machines , fearing even to turn their eyes to- wards her."
"The presence among them of this one tragic face, perfectly colourless, self-com- manded, silent, wrapped in an abstraction which nobody could penetrate, had the strangest impressive effect upon them. They did not dare to speak even to each other, but signed to each other for things they wanted, and worked like so many machines , fearing even to turn their eyes to- wards her. Miss Jean, quite unable to control herself after this mysterious blow which she had given without knowing, had retired to the parlour, where she sat alone and cried, she knew not why."
"machines"
1
0
[ 120, 128 ]
"1891"
"001973093_01_81_12"
"and they both laughed al most as loudly as the machinery roared, and mopped their foreheads. ""
"the second one said : " So it is ! " and they both laughed al most as loudly as the machinery roared, and mopped their foreheads. " We see there was a light burning across the road and we were sleeping in that ditch there for coolness, and I said to my friend here : ' The office is open."
"machinery"
0
0
[ 47, 56 ]
"1890"
"003009540_01_111_38"
"In thick and foggy weather a bell will be tolled by machinery , night and day, at intervals of half a minute."
"The coloured light, being less powerful, may not he seen when the bright light is first noticed ; but the periodical revolution of the bright light will hi sufficiently distinguishable. In thick and foggy weather a bell will be tolled by machinery , night and day, at intervals of half a minute. At Arbroatb each of the light keepers has a house provided for his family."
"machinery"
0
0
[ 52, 61 ]
"1855"
"003410617_01_95_20"
"That is a most singular young man, soliloquised Frere, as he took down and unrolled a Persian manuscript ; " very hke an excitable steam- engine with an ill-regulated safety-valve, in disposition ; I only hope he won't blow up bodily while I have the care of him."
"Well, good-bye till dinner-time," responded Lewis, leaving the room ; " I won't punish your carpet any longer ; — Come, Faust !" That is a most singular young man, soliloquised Frere, as he took down and unrolled a Persian manuscript ; " very hke an excitable steam- engine with an ill-regulated safety-valve, in disposition ; I only hope he won't blow up bodily while I have the care of him. He is a fine fellow, too, and it's impossible not to be very fond of him, — but he's an awful responsibility for a quiet man to have thrust upon him.""
"engine"
0
0
[ 138, 144 ]
"1852"
"000822638_01_132_2"
"‚Äî tho' I never was there, An account most exact have I heard of your kitchen ; Brown roast meat the cook would continually bear ; The black boilers were never without a good flitch in, The cock of the beer barrel never ceased flowing, And should there of strangers walk in a whole score No person would ask them, whence coming, where going ?"
"My love and my darling ! ‚Äî tho' I never was there, An account most exact have I heard of your kitchen ; Brown roast meat the cook would continually bear ; The black boilers were never without a good flitch in, The cock of the beer barrel never ceased flowing, And should there of strangers walk in a whole score No person would ask them, whence coming, where going ? But place them at table without a word more ; And there they might eat of whatever they pleased, Nor would they in the morning be with a bill teazed."
"boilers"
0
0
[ 142, 149 ]
"1844"
"000084719_02_311_4"
"Utilizing among others the inventions of Dr. C. W. Siemens, Mr. Charles G. Brush, of Cleveland, O., gave to the Avorld in 1875 his remarkably efficient dynamo or genera tor, and from that time the illumination of streets and squares by electricity began to be somewhat common."
"The possibility of producing a brilliant light Avith this fluid had been Avell known to physicists ever since Sir Humphry Davy's experiments in 1813, but no method of generating the electricity cheaply had hitherto been invented. Utilizing among others the inventions of Dr. C. W. Siemens, Mr. Charles G. Brush, of Cleveland, O., gave to the Avorld in 1875 his remarkably efficient dynamo or genera tor, and from that time the illumination of streets and squares by electricity began to be somewhat common. There Avas, to be sure, another difficulty to be overcome, even for lighting on a gi'and scale, that of maintaining a stead}- and continuous light."
"dynamo"
0
0
[ 152, 158 ]
"1895"
"000173480_01_418_15"
"), surrounded by the dwellings of the officers and men, offices, workshops, sheds for the engines , etc., and stables for the horses required."
"In January 1865 the chief fire-station was removed thence to extensive and well-arranged premises in .lack son's Row, Albert Square, erected for the purpose, consisting of a spacious court-yard (for drilling the firemen, etc. ), surrounded by the dwellings of the officers and men, offices, workshops, sheds for the engines , etc., and stables for the horses required. Next the street are the outer gates of the yard and the office of the chief superintendent, Mr. Alfred Tozer, with his residence adjoining."
"engines"
0
0
[ 90, 97 ]
"1868"
"000370570_01_55_18"
"It may be conceded that Mr. Sommeiller has constructed au inge- nious machine which fulfills the following conditions: 1."
"Then the clutch box, impelled by the spring, catches and turns the screw, and the striking cylinder advances till the fork is caught by the following tooth of the rack, and thus disengages the clutch. It may be conceded that Mr. Sommeiller has constructed au inge- nious machine which fulfills the following conditions: 1. It strikes hard and rapid blows upon the rock."
"machine"
1
1
[ 70, 77 ]
"1871"
"001484578_01_231_8"
"And I assure your lordship, it will be no small encouragement to the subject to see justice done upon that great engine , the Lord Strafford, who hath in a manner battered down their laws and liberties, and levelled ‚Ä¢In the forty-first EUzabeth, the Attorney- General prosecuted, in the Duchy Court, Thomas Matthew, Robert Matthew, John Benson, and others, for intrusion thereon, and for the felling and destruction of timber."
"Writing to Lord Fairfax, with whom he appears to have been in close intimacy, he thus expresses himself, in reference to the trial of Lord Strafford: — "April 10th, 1641. And I assure your lordship, it will be no small encouragement to the subject to see justice done upon that great engine , the Lord Strafford, who hath in a manner battered down their laws and liberties, and levelled ‚Ä¢In the forty-first EUzabeth, the Attorney- General prosecuted, in the Duchy Court, Thomas Matthew, Robert Matthew, John Benson, and others, for intrusion thereon, and for the felling and destruction of timber. — Cal."
"engine"
1
1
[ 113, 119 ]
"1882"
"003617125_01_35_20"
"This steamer was owned by some Montreal and Hawkesbury mer chants ; she had two heavy marine engines , side levers that had been imported by the Hon."
"Previous to 1833, the steamer " Union " plied on the route between Hawkesbury and Ottawa ; this boat was built in the year 181 9 and was commanded by Captain Grant ; Thomas Johnson, afterwards M.P., an extensive merchant at Vankleek Hill, was the purser. This steamer was owned by some Montreal and Hawkesbury mer chants ; she had two heavy marine engines , side levers that had been imported by the Hon. John Molson, grandfather to J. H. R. Molson of this city (Montreal)."
"engines"
0
0
[ 93, 100 ]
"1896"
"002207645_01_473_2"
"These machines are specially designed for use in countries where there is exceptional difficulty or expense in transporting heavy weights."
"425 Robert Broadbent & Sons, Phœnix Iron Works, Stalybridge. These machines are specially designed for use in countries where there is exceptional difficulty or expense in transporting heavy weights. They are so constructed that they are readily put together by unskilled labour on arrival at their destination, and, being built up of steel plates and angle-iron, give the maximum of strength with the minimum of weight."
"machines"
0
0
[ 6, 14 ]
"1889"
"001437857_01_36_29"
"Arguments, followed by the story of the Kickapoo Indian who saw a locomotive approach ing upon the plains, and thinking it was a superior breed of buffalo, determined to capture it, so that he could take the first prize at the Kickapoo agricultural fair."
"Let this serve to illustrate the point that our political enemies have deceived us with promises to reduce the debt, to institute reforms, &c. &c, uone of which they have kept, and now we must have the government separated from them by such a divorce as will be decreed to morrow, &c. &c. 3. Arguments, followed by the story of the Kickapoo Indian who saw a locomotive approach ing upon the plains, and thinking it was a superior breed of buffalo, determined to capture it, so that he could take the first prize at the Kickapoo agricultural fair. He tied his lasso to his waist and threw the other end over the smoke-stack."
"locomotive"
0
0
[ 66, 76 ]
"1882"
"001220010_01_174_5"
"He lost one arm by the premature discharge of a Fourth-of-July cannon, and within three months he got the other pulled out by a carding- machine ."
"And again misfortune overtook the unhappy youth. He lost one arm by the premature discharge of a Fourth-of-July cannon, and within three months he got the other pulled out by a carding- machine . Aurelia's heart was almost crushed by these latter calamities."
"machine"
0
0
[ 137, 144 ]
"1897"
"002510322_01_308_11"
"A moment later the shrill shriek of a locomotive pierced the air."
"He next heard the clock in the adjoining apart ment chime the hour of nine. A moment later the shrill shriek of a locomotive pierced the air. It was the train departing for Calcutta."
"locomotive"
1
1
[ 38, 48 ]
"1896"
"000456592_01_193_11"
"Having seen the works, and received a curious and in teresting collection of copper ore, as a remembrance of our visit, we started in a little car, lined with crimson cloth, and drawn by a locomotive , to visit the various coal mines."
"Our afternoon, spent amid smoke, and heat, and dirt, and half-naked work men, manipulating with dexterous skill the glowing streams of molten ore, was a great contrast to our morning ramble. Having seen the works, and received a curious and in teresting collection of copper ore, as a remembrance of our visit, we started in a little car, lined with crimson cloth, and drawn by a locomotive , to visit the various coal mines. First we went through the park, and then along a valley near the sea, full of wild flowers and ferns, and trees festooned with 'copigue,' the Chilian name for a creeper which is a speciality of this country, and which imparts a character of its own to the landscape during the month of"
"locomotive"
0
0
[ 189, 199 ]
"1878"
"002466675_01_333_4"
"Luke FitzHenry was on the bridge from eight o'clock till midnight, motionless at his post ‚Äî a mere navigating machine , respected and feared by all who worked with him, understood of none."
"The decks were deserted, for many of these people were returning to England after long years in India, and the first chill northern breeze they met made them shiver while it delighted them. Luke FitzHenry was on the bridge from eight o'clock till midnight, motionless at his post ‚Äî a mere navigating machine , respected and feared by all who worked with him, understood of none. When midnight came he exchanged a few words with the first officer, and together they superintended the shaking out of the foresails before the watch went below."
"machine"
1
1
[ 112, 119 ]
"1897"
"002666158_02_896_15"
"Their lordships and honourable members pro ceeded by rail to Southampton, and were de layed two hours by the breaking down of an engine ."
"It was a part of the pro gramme of this brilliant day that her majesty should be attended in passing through the fleet by the members of both houses of parliament. Their lordships and honourable members pro ceeded by rail to Southampton, and were de layed two hours by the breaking down of an engine . When they arrived at Southampton Water there was but one tender provided for so large a number of gentlemen."
"engine"
0
0
[ 129, 135 ]
"1855"
"002924135_01_123_1"
"He led his machine to the side of thi_ footpath. ""
"THE REDHILL SfSTERHOOD iu repress the thought how well he would look at the head of a troop of cavalry, giving the order to charge the enemy. He led his machine to the side of thi_ footpath. " You have the advantage of me," said Loveday ; " I haven't the remotest notion who you are.""
"machine"
0
0
[ 11, 18 ]
"1894"
"001275772_01_222_5"
"The drawing shows the machine ready to begin its forward stroke."
"201. communicate crosswise with the ends of the valve-chest; that is to say, D is connected with the end R', and D' with the end R. Bearing these details of construction in mind, the action of the drill can be followed. The drawing shows the machine ready to begin its forward stroke. The rear end of the valve-chest is con nected with D, which is closed by the piston, whdst the front R is open through D' and the annular recess S to the port F and the atmosphere."
"machine"
0
0
[ 22, 29 ]
"1894"
"001169479_01_374_20"
"I am not a machine ; I must use my judgment daily, and that on no small scale, over many hills and over many cattle."
"Forester — I say that the work is hard, but grand. I am not a machine ; I must use my judgment daily, and that on no small scale, over many hills and over many cattle. I am healthy, I am comfortable, and happy as most men."
"machine"
1
0
[ 11, 18 ]
"1885"
"001041504_01_44_5"
"The Charivari had already published an engraving in which a soldier, turning the handle of a mitrailleuse, was represented as sweeping the field of battle with his murderous machine , and looking in vain, after a few minutes' grinding, for one remaining enemy."
"At the beginning of the late war the French counted much on the superiority of their arms ; and one object of the highly demonstrative but practi cally ineffective attack made at Saarbrucken, on the 2nd of August, seemed to be to inspire the French army and France generally with confidence in the mitrailleuse. The Charivari had already published an engraving in which a soldier, turning the handle of a mitrailleuse, was represented as sweeping the field of battle with his murderous machine , and looking in vain, after a few minutes' grinding, for one remaining enemy. Spectators on the French side before Saarbrucken fancied that, through the smoke, they had really seen some such effect as this."
"machine"
1
1
[ 174, 181 ]
"1874"
"001022358_01_611_10"
"In the evening six wretches, who had been con victed of them, were burnt by means of a machine so constructed as to dip them repeatedly in the flames, till the fire having at length consumed the cords, they fell in and perished."
"Francis afterwards dined at the Eveche, where, in the presence of a numerous company, he declared in an animated speech, that he would sacrifice with his own hand any of his children who might be infected with the new heresies. In the evening six wretches, who had been con victed of them, were burnt by means of a machine so constructed as to dip them repeatedly in the flames, till the fire having at length consumed the cords, they fell in and perished. Others to the number of twenty-four were afterwards sacrificed in like manner."
"machine"
0
0
[ 87, 94 ]
"1861"
"001453860_01_46_2"
"We were told, that universal benevolence was what first cemented society ; we were taught to consider all the wants of mankind as our own ; to regard the human face divine with affection and esteem; he wound us up to be mere machines of pity, and rendered us incapable of withstanding the slightest impulse, made either by real or fic- titious distress; in a word, we were perfectly instructed in the art of giving away thousands before we were taught the more necessary quali- fications of getting a farthing."
"Instruct os himself; and took as much pains to form our morals, as to improve our understand- ing. We were told, that universal benevolence was what first cemented society ; we were taught to consider all the wants of mankind as our own ; to regard the human face divine with affection and esteem; he wound us up to be mere machines of pity, and rendered us incapable of withstanding the slightest impulse, made either by real or fic- titious distress; in a word, we were perfectly instructed in the art of giving away thousands before we were taught the more necessary quali- fications of getting a farthing. 'I cannot avoid imagining, that, thus refined by his lessons, out of all my suspicion, and di- vested of even all the little cunning which nature had given me, I resembled, upon my first entrance into the busy and insidious world, one of those gladiators who were exposed without armour in the amphitheatre at Rome."
"machines"
1
0
[ 225, 233 ]
"1841"
"001239899_03_177_4"
"He bowed, and I did not dispute the mandate, although I would rather have remained with her, and got to know something of the nature that lay behind those grey passionless fea tures, than turn to the society of that smug looking young gentleman who waited so respectfully, like a machine whose mainspring was awe."
"Having introduced us, she desired him to act as cicerone to me until I was tired. He bowed, and I did not dispute the mandate, although I would rather have remained with her, and got to know something of the nature that lay behind those grey passionless fea tures, than turn to the society of that smug looking young gentleman who waited so respectfully, like a machine whose mainspring was awe. I accompanied him nevertheless, and he showed me part of the Schloss, and en deavoured in the intervals of his tolerably arduous task of cicerone to make himself agreeable to me."
"machine"
1
1
[ 280, 287 ]
"1878"
"003256989_01_240_12"
"Brother spinners and weavers" — and Mr. Wolcombe looked round, for when he did joke he always liked others to enjoy it as much as he did himself — " who clothe the majesty of man, if not in purple and fine linen, then in excellent broadcloth and the best of calico, come, tell me what you think of this — my new machine — that this cunning chap"
"Why, it even made Miss Giffard smile; who if she has a fault But come, now to business for a few minutes. Brother spinners and weavers" — and Mr. Wolcombe looked round, for when he did joke he always liked others to enjoy it as much as he did himself — " who clothe the majesty of man, if not in purple and fine linen, then in excellent broadcloth and the best of calico, come, tell me what you think of this — my new machine — that this cunning chap THE MAN WITH THE MACHINE."
"machine"
0
0
[ 312, 319 ]
"1890"
"002539744_02_411_2"
"But in Germany, where the passions are an nihilated, and a man is modelled into a machine before he is thought a good soldier, where his blood is sold by the prince to the highest bidder, where he has no quarrel with the enemy he murders, and no allegiance to the monarch for whom he fights, the being liable to be forced into such a service, is one of the most dreadful of all calamities."
"and danger. But in Germany, where the passions are an nihilated, and a man is modelled into a machine before he is thought a good soldier, where his blood is sold by the prince to the highest bidder, where he has no quarrel with the enemy he murders, and no allegiance to the monarch for whom he fights, the being liable to be forced into such a service, is one of the most dreadful of all calamities. Yet a regiment of such compelled soldiers, dressed in gaudy uniform, and powdered sor a review, with music sounding and colours flying, makes a far more brilliant appearance than a cluster of peasants with their wives and children upon a holiday."
"machine"
1
0
[ 82, 89 ]
"1820"
"000181452_05_272_66"
"It is said to be a mixture of verdigris with milk : if so, it is a very clumsy engine of state policy, more probably a poison of more activity."
"When a man prepares coffee he drinks the first cup — the " Sharbat-i kajari" of the Persians, and the " Sulaymani of Egypt, render this precaution necessary The Sharbat-i-kajari is the " Acquetta" of Persia, and derives its name from the present royal family. It is said to be a mixture of verdigris with milk : if so, it is a very clumsy engine of state policy, more probably a poison of more activity. In Egypt and Mosul, Sulaymani (the common name for an Affghan) is used to signify " poison.""
"engine"
0
0
[ 79, 85 ]
"1871"
"000235786_01_14_14"
"And this soft fool could give that smile (he could appreciate it æsthetic ally, and knew that a painter might have died happy who had laid such a smile on canvas) because the little howling- machine had waked up !"
"Had he been rich enough to keep them in a nursery, and see them at intervals, picturesquely dressed, he would probably have liked them as well as he did all other pretty things ; but a poor man's baby, squalling at all houft, and dribbling over its wretched frock — growing up with an enormous appetite and no pockethandkerchief — pah ! And this soft fool could give that smile (he could appreciate it æsthetic ally, and knew that a painter might have died happy who had laid such a smile on canvas) because the little howling- machine had waked up ! "At all events, he won't give me much trouble if I am caught on his premises," thought he."
"machine"
1
1
[ 191, 198 ]
"1893"
"002462944_13_167_10"
"And now they took him for a crazy engine whose madness had infected the whole neighbourhood."
"His performance was the same. And now they took him for a crazy engine whose madness had infected the whole neighbourhood. Now was the moment to fight for sleep in contempt of him, and they began by simulating an entry into the fortress they were to defend, plunging on their pillows, battening down their eyelids, breathing with a dreadful regularity."
"engine"
1
1
[ 34, 40 ]
"1897"
"000528601_02_391_10"
"Nevertheless, the machine looks very large and suspicious; unloose Pom pey."
"The story is differently told in Virgil, quoth Ricca bocca, peeping out of the window. Nevertheless, the machine looks very large and suspicious; unloose Pom pey. "Father," said Violante, colouring, "it is your friend, Lord L'Estrange; I hear his voice.""
"machine"
1
1
[ 18, 25 ]
"1895"
"000543808_02_134_10"
"Now, there were brought warlike engines of all kinds, casting deadly missiles, in the shape of immense stones, leaden balls, and javelins; but for a time without effect."
"Sir William Oliphant, the governor, had been appointed by the guardian Soulis, and seemingly considering the defence hopeless, in face of the preparations making against him, he proposed that time should be allowed him for communicating with his superior ; but this was contemptuously refused. Now, there were brought warlike engines of all kinds, casting deadly missiles, in the shape of immense stones, leaden balls, and javelins; but for a time without effect. Then we see Edward stripping the roofs of the religious houses of St. Andrews and Brechin, "consecrated buildings" though they were, for lead to supply his engines,1 and writing 1 Edward's letter to his son, the prince of Wales, on this subject, is curious, and, we venture to think, characteristic. ""
"engines"
0
0
[ 32, 39 ]
"1874"
"002308364_01_483_1"
"459 for the most part, either vexatious or impossible ; that the strict ob servance of conditions can rarely be enforced ; that, if it were, it would reduce the occupiers to the condition of mere machines ; that it would prevent them from taking advantage of such discoveries as might be made during the currency of their leases ; and that, having no means of escaping from the prescribed mode of management, they would cease to interest themselves in the progress of agriculture, and would become indifferent to every sort of improvement."
"AGRICULTURE. 459 for the most part, either vexatious or impossible ; that the strict ob servance of conditions can rarely be enforced ; that, if it were, it would reduce the occupiers to the condition of mere machines ; that it would prevent them from taking advantage of such discoveries as might be made during the currency of their leases ; and that, having no means of escaping from the prescribed mode of management, they would cease to interest themselves in the progress of agriculture, and would become indifferent to every sort of improvement. But these objections, though enforced by some high authorities, are really entitled to very little weight."
"machines"
1
0
[ 196, 204 ]
"1847"
"000874596_01_202_2"
"There is also an^excellent set of Chemi cal apparatus ; but, only two courses of lectures have been delivered, since they were sent from London, about three years ago ; and they are now lying unemployed for want of a Lecturer."
"Paintings, which are a most interesting and in structive sight, and might be turned to great ad vantage. There is also an^excellent set of Chemi cal apparatus ; but, only two courses of lectures have been delivered, since they were sent from London, about three years ago ; and they are now lying unemployed for want of a Lecturer. Very lately, about fourteen hundred persons of all ages, and both sexes, were employed in the works; but, the number is diminishing, in conse quence of the late unfortunate reduction of their wages."
"apparatus"
0
0
[ 44, 53 ]
"1828"
"003122589_01_26_8"
"Elaine, like a machine , had busied herself in closing the piano and putting away her music."
"It is really quite exceptional weather; I am so glad for the hay-makers.' Elaine, like a machine , had busied herself in closing the piano and putting away her music. Now she rose, and followed her aunt to the table by the window."
"machine"
1
1
[ 15, 22 ]
"1889"
"000964257_02_17_1"
"To And that Clare was not a mere machine , who arranged wools and kept Augusta in good humour, was a perplexing discovery."
"ONLY CLARCHEN 9 future openly to show her displeasure. To And that Clare was not a mere machine , who arranged wools and kept Augusta in good humour, was a perplexing discovery. Mrs Folliott tried to restore her mental balance by telling herself that Clare was ungrateful, and that it was her duty as Augusta's mother and Austin's aunt to humble the foolish girl's pride, and to keep her in the subordinate position which befitted a poor rela tion."
"machine"
1
1
[ 33, 40 ]
"1891"
"000105428_01_48_12"
"Fire, however, might do what besiegers and engines of war failed to accomplish."
"Time after time the assailants attempted to scale the ramparts, but they were driven back head long and with slaughter. Fire, however, might do what besiegers and engines of war failed to accomplish. The burning brands flung into the enclosure wrapped in flames the northern portico."
"engines"
1
1
[ 43, 50 ]
"1878"
"001770870_02_68_11"
"Miners working in connection with pneumatic boring- machines are continually supplied with an abundance of fresh air."
"4. Miners working in connection with pneumatic boring- machines are continually supplied with an abundance of fresh air. 5."
"machines"
0
0
[ 52, 60 ]
"1884"
"000369555_02_51_3"
"I cannot let you go," said Louis, after a few minutes' delicious silence, as they ap proached the place where a dense crowd surrounded the now flaming building, where the engines were already busily at work. ""
"I promised the boy, and I may be of some help, perhaps, in getting the poor u woman away. " I cannot let you go," said Louis, after a few minutes' delicious silence, as they ap proached the place where a dense crowd surrounded the now flaming building, where the engines were already busily at work. " Indeed you must," answered Ruth. ""
"engines"
1
0
[ 171, 178 ]
"1873"
"003293989_01_298_1"
"The introduction of the steam engine into this section of country will form a new era in the mining of Missouri, and produce the same astonishing effects which have resulted in other places from this capital invention."
"288 TRAVELS IN THE CENTRAL PORTIONS come to be extensively worked in the rock, the efforts which are now scattered over an immense surface will be concentrated upon particular points, and the obser vations of the most eminent miners and geologists of Europe will be open before us, to guide our subter ranean operations. The introduction of the steam engine into this section of country will form a new era in the mining of Missouri, and produce the same astonishing effects which have resulted in other places from this capital invention. It is only a few years since this power was first employed in the South American mines."
"engine"
0
0
[ 30, 36 ]
"1825"
"003786954_02_220_5"
"— The Sons of Freedom Company after having been swamped out for two years, during which period they have had two engines almost constantly at work, have abandoned the present shaft and commenced sinking a new one."
"Napoleon Lead. — The Sons of Freedom Company after having been swamped out for two years, during which period they have had two engines almost constantly at work, have abandoned the present shaft and commenced sinking a new one. The object of this is to avoid the rock through which the water has percolated to such an extent, that all the efforts to drain the ground have hitherto been ren dered ineffectual."
"engines"
0
0
[ 113, 120 ]
"1859"
"001631486_01_159_14"
"The engine discharged the water, and the prediction in point of time was exactly verified."
"The en gineer came down and calculated the time which would be required to lay the Mere dry again. The engine discharged the water, and the prediction in point of time was exactly verified. CHAPTER IV."
"engine"
0
0
[ 4, 10 ]
"1876"
"000014653_03_97_4"
"Mudge could read the signs of the times for all that his master had described him as " a mere machine ," and, looking on the dial of his master's face, there descried "what o'clock it was;" in other words,"
"He stole about a-tiptoe, and when an unlucky copy ing-clerk in a corner of the outer room overset a folio, he turned upon him so threatening and wrathful a countenance that that unhappy one shrank into himself till the top of his head was all that was visible above the collar of his coat. Mudge could read the signs of the times for all that his master had described him as " a mere machine ," and, looking on the dial of his master's face, there descried "what o'clock it was;" in other words, 88 WINSTOAV^ recognised the fact that to interrupt the conference at present going on, would be to incur vast and unknown penalties."
"machine"
1
0
[ 94, 101 ]
"1877"
"002097337_01_28_1"
"A Baked-potato-man did homeward trudge, With engine , donkey, cart, and inward grudge, Because a gay Lothario, 'pon town, ."
"20 III. A Baked-potato-man did homeward trudge, With engine , donkey, cart, and inward grudge, Because a gay Lothario, 'pon town, . Had ventured to affirm that half-a-crown He tendered had, in payment for a meal Of mealy tubers and stewed peas."
"engine"
0
0
[ 45, 51 ]
"1880"
"001332510_01_208_4"
"This Wallanchoon is " a large village of painted wooden houses," con taining about a hundred houses and temples, which latter buildings contain rows of praying machines ."
"It was by that route that Doctor Hooker proceeded, and thence up the gorge of the Tambur river to the Wallan choon Pass to Thibet. This Wallanchoon is " a large village of painted wooden houses," con taining about a hundred houses and temples, which latter buildings contain rows of praying machines . These machines are supposed to be as efficacious as oral prayer."
"machines"
1
1
[ 160, 168 ]
"1884"
"001167195_01_312_10"
"Neither the grimness of Ellen's tone nor the gloom over her face had escaped Mr. Harden ; but they did not daunt him as they were meant to do, and the mere circumstance of Ellen's having deigned to address him, and having allowed her eyes to rest for a moment upon his face, filled him with a hope and happiness that sent him striding back to the station utterly regardless of what his sister called " the danger to life and limb wrought by one who walks with the callousness of a steam- engine .""
"The artistic temperament is sanguine, and the artistic eye is kind. Neither the grimness of Ellen's tone nor the gloom over her face had escaped Mr. Harden ; but they did not daunt him as they were meant to do, and the mere circumstance of Ellen's having deigned to address him, and having allowed her eyes to rest for a moment upon his face, filled him with a hope and happiness that sent him striding back to the station utterly regardless of what his sister called " the danger to life and limb wrought by one who walks with the callousness of a steam- engine ." " I should think, Edward, I am big enough to be seen," she said indignantly, as he collided with her in the entrance to the station."
"engine"
1
1
[ 488, 494 ]
"1895"
"002905575_01_179_7"
"Steam cultivators, ploughs, thrashing and reaping machines , and other useful inventions, are now in that probationary state which usually precedes adoption."
"Another great power is now waiting the command of agriculture. Steam cultivators, ploughs, thrashing and reaping machines , and other useful inventions, are now in that probationary state which usually precedes adoption. That steam has already done for agricul ture more than agriculturists themselves are aware, may soon be demonstrated."
"machines"
0
0
[ 50, 58 ]
"1858"
"003132450_01_243_7"
"We must confess we are happy that we were not there to hear them, for, notwithstanding, that each of the eight old youths worked away like a steam engine , the performance took three hours and six minutes."
"— yes, grandsire triples, in which peal there were no less than five thousand and forty changes. We must confess we are happy that we were not there to hear them, for, notwithstanding, that each of the eight old youths worked away like a steam engine , the performance took three hours and six minutes. The sound of cannon now boomed from the Tower walls ; this was the signal for all who were to participate in the gorgeous procession, to hasten to their respective stations."
"engine"
1
0
[ 147, 153 ]
"1848"
"003520514_01_206_32"
"This other — could it possibly be the repulsive young calculating- machine who called himself Kraaniff or Kranich ?"
"off from Carlsruhe by a mysterious sum mons : perhaps, with the illogical con clusions of young girls, she had allowed some less worthy suitor to bear her away from her dreams of Fortnoye. This other — could it possibly be the repulsive young calculating- machine who called himself Kraaniff or Kranich ? That would explain his quarrel with Fortnoye perhaps ; but I had seen him at Heidel berg, apparently alone."
"machine"
1
1
[ 67, 74 ]
"1875"
"003015993_01_201_6"
"Three steam engines , located in different parts of the building, are employed to work the bellows* The cost of the instrument, which was not completed at the time of writing, was over $60,000, and the ornately carved mahogany cases cost about$30,000 additional."
"The combi nation pedals are so arranged that the organist can change any combination to suit himself, small knobs being placed above the drawstops for this purpose. Three steam engines , located in different parts of the building, are employed to work the bellows* The cost of the instrument, which was not completed at the time of writing, was over $60,000, and the ornately carved mahogany cases cost about$30,000 additional. and debate, has been profoundly felt, and this necessity has been relieved by the cathedral."
"engines"
0
0
[ 12, 19 ]
"1882"
"003269703_01_353_11"
"Mr. Winans made the pile-driver, and also a locomotive , to be sent to St. Petersburg, and his son Thomas concluded to go there also and show the Russians SAILING-CAR " ÆOLUS.""
"One of the English engineers in the employ of the Czar wrote to Ross Winans, asking him to make an effec tive pile-driver to be used on these works. Mr. Winans made the pile-driver, and also a locomotive , to be sent to St. Petersburg, and his son Thomas concluded to go there also and show the Russians SAILING-CAR " ÆOLUS." the body of it fifty-three gun-barrel tubes are fixed vertically, through which, and also through the space between the inner and outer boilers, the flame and beat pass from the furnace, which is immediately beneath the inner boiler."
"locomotive"
0
0
[ 44, 54 ]
"1881"
"002903052_01_797_11"
"The false bottom furnishes the lower grinding surface of the machine ."
"On the inside of the pan is fixed a false bottom of iron, cast either in sections, called " dies," or in one piece which has a diameter somewhat less than that of the pan ; this has an aperture through which rises the central pillar. The false bottom furnishes the lower grinding surface of the machine . The muller, forming the upper grinding-surface, is a circular plate of cast-iron, corresponding in size with the false bottom, and having a fiat, conical, or conoidal surface, according to the shape of the pan bottom."
"machine"
0
0
[ 61, 68 ]
"1891"
"003874932_01_214_12"
"How she had had some dif ficulty in getting up-stairs ; how the overlooker had barely glanced at her when she presented herself, and, beckoning to her to follow, had walked up the long room to where a machine was standing idle, and said, " this is your machine .""
"Then she gave a detailed feminine account of all she had gone through. How she had had some dif ficulty in getting up-stairs ; how the overlooker had barely glanced at her when she presented herself, and, beckoning to her to follow, had walked up the long room to where a machine was standing idle, and said, " this is your machine ." Then to the workwoman at the next table, "Miss Matching, show Miss Vickers how to begin her work.""
"machine"
0
0
[ 201, 208 ]
"1868"
"000874833_03_204_10"
"The guard whistled, the engine replied, and the train rolled slowly out of the station."
"She held out her hand, which he took and pressed warmly. The guard whistled, the engine replied, and the train rolled slowly out of the station. Herbert returned to his dogcart, which he had left in charge of a porter, and drove rapidly back to Beachville."
"engine"
1
1
[ 24, 30 ]
"1890"
"000838882_01_237_17"
"The floor of the scaffold, from some previous misarrange ment, gave way, and precipitated into the area of the apparatus , Messrs " Vilette and Gaffy, the latter a Catholic priest, who attended Clinch, and thc two executioners; Mr. Sheriff Stains had himself a very narrow escape."
"An extremely disagreeable circumstance occurred shortly before the period which is usually allowed to men in their unfortunate situation. The floor of the scaffold, from some previous misarrange ment, gave way, and precipitated into the area of the apparatus , Messrs " Vilette and Gaffy, the latter a Catholic priest, who attended Clinch, and thc two executioners; Mr. Sheriff Stains had himself a very narrow escape. Mr. Gaffy being a lusty man was severely hurt, as were both the executioners : Mr Vilette escaped with a slight bruise."
"apparatus"
0
0
[ 111, 120 ]
"1871"
"002525572_01_126_21"
"Now, I've only got to dewote my faculties, to give that ere mulberry-painted, portable engine , Mr. Job Trotter, some compen sation for the trouble he took, to let me know, I didn't know so much as I thought I did-^-I"
"I've slipp'd that ere walentine into the post, so now it's off my mind — making love, for the first time, is like goin a svimmin, it's wery awk vard, the first plunge, but it's nothin vhen you're us'd to it. Now, I've only got to dewote my faculties, to give that ere mulberry-painted, portable engine , Mr. Job Trotter, some compen sation for the trouble he took, to let me know, I didn't know so much as I thought I did-^-I 113 SAM WELLER."
"engine"
0
0
[ 87, 93 ]
"1837"
"003914898_01_515_18"
"In other words, her engines and leading guns are protected, while the rest of her hull, though strong, is not armour-covered."
"She is armoured at the middle only, in the most exposed parts. In other words, her engines and leading guns are protected, while the rest of her hull, though strong, is not armour-covered. Now, whatever weight of armour this central, or " box-battery," as it has been termed, may have, there is always a continuous belt of iron extending from stem to stern, and protecting the region of the water-line and steering gear, the counter of the ship being carried below the water in order to screen the rudder-head."
"engines"
0
0
[ 20, 27 ]
"1882"
"000367057_02_125_3"
"Very soon you go,' he cried out to the bulkheads, or buffers, or whatever are the things that close the career of a land- engine . '"
"Major Hockin brought the only fly as yet to be found in Bruntsea, to meet me at Newport, where the railway ended at present, for want of further encouragement. Very soon you go,' he cried out to the bulkheads, or buffers, or whatever are the things that close the career of a land- engine . ' Station-master, you are very Avise in putting in your very best cabbage plants there."
"engine"
0
0
[ 122, 128 ]
"1877"
"003364107_02_532_6"
"The master of a manufactory no more doubts that he can purchase the human labour necessary for his purposes, than that his machinery wdl act as theyr have been accustomed to act."
"No farmer carrying his corn to market doubts the sale of it at the market price. The master of a manufactory no more doubts that he can purchase the human labour necessary for his purposes, than that his machinery wdl act as theyr have been accustomed to act. But, whilst none have scrupled to admit necessity as influencing matter, many have disputed its dominion over mind."
"machinery"
1
1
[ 123, 132 ]
"1882"
"002823952_02_76_8"
"the charm of home is destroyed, since our children, educated in distant seminaries, are strangers in the paternal mansion ; and our servants, like mere machines , move on their mercenary track without feeling or exciting one kind or generous sentiment."
"Alas ! the charm of home is destroyed, since our children, educated in distant seminaries, are strangers in the paternal mansion ; and our servants, like mere machines , move on their mercenary track without feeling or exciting one kind or generous sentiment. Home, thus despoiled of all its charms, is no longer the scene of any enjoyments but such as wealth can purchase."
"machines"
1
0
[ 152, 160 ]
"1850"
"002706355_01_156_4"
"Her prow was provided with a beak or ram of large dimensions ; and, as her engines had a force of 1,800 horse-power, she might have proved a dangerous enemy in an encounter."
"Of the three ironclad frigates owned by Russia, the oldest was the Sebastopol, which was the first ironclad constructed for Russia, and was launched at Cronstadt on the 24th of August, 1864. Her prow was provided with a beak or ram of large dimensions ; and, as her engines had a force of 1,800 horse-power, she might have proved a dangerous enemy in an encounter. Another of these frigates was built by English engineers at the naval yard of St. Petersburg, and was launched in September, 1866."
"engines"
0
0
[ 75, 82 ]
"1885"
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

# Dataset Card for atypical_animacy

### Dataset Summary

Atypical animacy detection dataset, based on nineteenth-century sentences in English extracted from an open dataset of nineteenth-century books digitized by the British Library. This dataset contains 598 sentences containing mentions of machines. Each sentence has been annotated according to the animacy and humanness of the machine in the sentence.

• text-classification - This dataset can be used to determine if a mention of an entity in a document was humanlike or not
• entity-recognition - The dataset can be used to fine tune large models for NER, albeit for a very specific use case

### Languages

The text in the dataset is in English, as written by authors of books digitized by the British Library. The associated BCP-47 code in en

## Dataset Structure

The dataset has a single configuration

### Data Instances

An example data point

{'id': '002757962_01_184_16',
'sentence': '100 shows a Cornish boiler improperly seated with one small side flue and a bottom flue.',
'context': 'Fig.  100 shows a Cornish boiler improperly seated with one small side flue and a bottom flue.  The effect of this on a long boiler is to cause springing and leakage of the seams from the heat being applied to one side of the boiler only.',
'target': 'boiler',
'animacy': 0.0,
'humanness': 1.0,
'offsets': [20, 26],
'date': '1893'}


### Data Fields

• id: sentence identifier according to internal Living with Machines BL books indexing.
• sentence: sentence where target expression occurs.
• context: sentence where target expression occurs, plus one sentence to the left and one sentence to the right.
• target: target expression
• animacy: animacy of the target expression
• humanness: humanness of the target expression

Train | 598

## Dataset Creation

The dataset was created by manually annotating books that had been digitized by the British Library. According to the paper's authors,

"we provide a basis for examining how machines were imagined during the nineteenth century as everything from lifeless mechanical objects to living beings, or even human-like agents that feel, think, and love. We focus on texts from nineteenth-century Britain, a society being transformed by industrialization, as a good candidate for studying the broader issue"

### Curation Rationale

From the paper:

The Stories dataset is largely composed of target expressions that correspond to either typically animate or typically inanimate entities. Even though some cases of unconventional animacy can be found(folktales, in particular, are richer in typically inanimate entities that become animate), these accountfor a very small proportion of the data.6 We decided to create our own dataset (henceforth 19thC Machines dataset) to gain a better sense of the suitability of our method to the problem of atypical animacy detection, with particular attention to the case of animacy of machines in nineteenth-century texts.

### Source Data

#### Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The dataset was generated by manually annotating books that have been digitized by the British Library

#### Who are the source language producers?

The data was originally produced by British authors in the 19th century. The books were then digitzed whcih produces some noise due to the OCR method. The annotators are from The Alan Turing Institute, The British Library, University of Cambridge, University of Exeter and Queen Mary University of London

### Annotations

#### Annotation process

Annotation was carried out in two parts. For the intial annotation process, from the paper:

"For human annotators, even history and literature experts, language subtleties made this task extremely subjective. In the first task, we masked the target word (i.e. the machine) in each sentence and asked the annotator to fill the slot with the most likely entity between ‘human’, ‘horse’, and ‘machine’, representing three levels in the animacy hierarchy: human, animal, and object (Comrie, 1989, 185). We asked annotators to stick to the most literal meaning and avoid metaphorical interpretations when possible. The second task was more straightforwardly related to determining the animacy of the target entity, given the same 100 sentences. We asked annotators to provide a score between -2 and 2, with -2 being definitely inanimate, -1 possibly inanimate, 1 possibly animate, and 2 definitely animate. Neutral judgements were not allowed. "

For the final annotations, from the paper:

A subgroup of five annotators collaboratively wrote the guidelines based on their experience annotating the first batch of sentences, taking into account common discrepancies. After discussion, it was decided that a machine would be tagged as animate if it is described as having traits distinctive of biologically animate beings or human-specific skills, or portrayed as having feelings, emotions, or a soul. Sentences like the ones in example 2 would be considered animate, but an additional annotation layer would be provided to capture the notion of humanness, which would be true if the machine is portrayed as sentient and capable of specifically human emotions, and false if it used to suggest some degree of dehumanization.

#### Who are the annotators?

Annotations were carried out by the following people

• Giorgia Tolfo
• Ruth Ahnert
• Kaspar Beelen
• Mariona Coll Ardanuy
• Jon Lawrence
• Katherine McDonough
• Federico Nanni
• Daniel CS Wilson

### Personal and Sensitive Information

This dataset does not have any personal information since they are digitizations of books from the 19th century. Some passages might be sensitive, but it is not explicitly mentioned in the paper.

## Considerations for Using the Data

### Dataset Curators

The curators for this dataset are:

• Kaspar Beelen
• Mariona Coll Ardanuy
• Federico Nanni
• Giorgia Tolfo

### Licensing Information

CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain

### Citation Information

@article{DBLP:journals/corr/abs-2005-11140,
author    = {Mariona Coll Ardanuy and
Federico Nanni and
Kaspar Beelen and
Kasra Hosseini and
Ruth Ahnert and
Jon Lawrence and
Katherine McDonough and
Giorgia Tolfo and
Daniel C. S. Wilson and
Barbara McGillivray},
title     = {Living Machines: {A} study of atypical animacy},
journal   = {CoRR},
volume    = {abs/2005.11140},
year      = {2020},
url       = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.11140},
eprinttype = {arXiv},
eprint    = {2005.11140},
timestamp = {Sat, 23 Jan 2021 01:12:25 +0100},
biburl    = {https://dblp.org/rec/journals/corr/abs-2005-11140.bib},
bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, https://dblp.org}
}