Datasets:
GEM
/
viggo

Tasks: unknown
Task Categories: data-to-text
Languages: English
Multilinguality: unknown
Size Categories: unknown
Language Creators: unknown
Annotations Creators: none
Source Datasets: original
Dataset Preview
Go to dataset viewer
gem_id (string)meaning_representation (string)target (string)references (list)
"viggo-train-0"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], release_year[2012], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[driving/racing, sport], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Dirt: Showdown from 2012 is a sport racing game for the PlayStation, Xbox, PC rated E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older). It's not available on Steam, Linux, or Mac."
[ "Dirt: Showdown from 2012 is a sport racing game for the PlayStation, Xbox, PC rated E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older). It's not available on Steam, Linux, or Mac." ]
"viggo-train-1"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], release_year[2012], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[driving/racing, sport], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Dirt: Showdown is a sport racing game that was released in 2012. The game is available on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, and it has an ESRB Rating of E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older). However, it is not yet available as a Steam, Linux, or Mac release."
[ "Dirt: Showdown is a sport racing game that was released in 2012. The game is available on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, and it has an ESRB Rating of E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older). However, it is not yet available as a Steam, Linux, or Mac release." ]
"viggo-train-2"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], release_year[2012], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[driving/racing, sport], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Dirt: Showdown is a driving/racing sport game released in 2012. It is rated E 10+, and is available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC, but not on Steam, Mac, or Linux."
[ "Dirt: Showdown is a driving/racing sport game released in 2012. It is rated E 10+, and is available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC, but not on Steam, Mac, or Linux." ]
"viggo-train-3"
"request(release_year[2014], specifier[terrible])"
"Were there even any terrible games in 2014?"
[ "Were there even any terrible games in 2014?" ]
"viggo-train-4"
"request(release_year[2014], specifier[terrible])"
"What's the most terrible game that you played in the year 2014?"
[ "What's the most terrible game that you played in the year 2014?" ]
"viggo-train-5"
"request(release_year[2014], specifier[terrible])"
"What's a truly terrible game released in 2014 that you know of?"
[ "What's a truly terrible game released in 2014 that you know of?" ]
"viggo-train-6"
"give_opinion(name[Little Nightmares], rating[good], genres[adventure, platformer, puzzle], player_perspective[side view])"
"Adventure games that combine platforming and puzzles can be frustrating to play, but the side view perspective is perfect for them. That's why I enjoyed playing Little Nightmares."
[ "Adventure games that combine platforming and puzzles can be frustrating to play, but the side view perspective is perfect for them. That's why I enjoyed playing Little Nightmares." ]
"viggo-train-7"
"give_opinion(name[Little Nightmares], rating[good], genres[adventure, platformer, puzzle], player_perspective[side view])"
"Little Nightmares is a pretty cool game that has kept me entertained. It's an adventure side-scrolling platformer with some puzzle elements to give me a bit of a challenge."
[ "Little Nightmares is a pretty cool game that has kept me entertained. It's an adventure side-scrolling platformer with some puzzle elements to give me a bit of a challenge." ]
"viggo-train-8"
"give_opinion(name[Little Nightmares], rating[good], genres[adventure, platformer, puzzle], player_perspective[side view])"
"Little Nightmares is a good little adventure platforming puzzle game, I particularly enjoy what they did with the side view too."
[ "Little Nightmares is a good little adventure platforming puzzle game, I particularly enjoy what they did with the side view too." ]
"viggo-train-9"
"inform(name[Super Bomberman], release_year[1993], genres[action, strategy], platforms[Nintendo, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Super Bomberman is an action and strategy game from 1993 for Nintendo consoles and PC only. It's an older console game that is, unfortunately, not available to play on Steam and does not offer support for Mac or Linux."
[ "Super Bomberman is an action and strategy game from 1993 for Nintendo consoles and PC only. It's an older console game that is, unfortunately, not available to play on Steam and does not offer support for Mac or Linux." ]
"viggo-train-10"
"inform(name[Super Bomberman], release_year[1993], genres[action, strategy], platforms[Nintendo, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Super Bomberman is an action strategy game that came out in 1993 for Nintendo and PC only. This title is not available on either Steam, Linux, or Mac."
[ "Super Bomberman is an action strategy game that came out in 1993 for Nintendo and PC only. This title is not available on either Steam, Linux, or Mac." ]
"viggo-train-11"
"inform(name[Super Bomberman], release_year[1993], genres[action, strategy], platforms[Nintendo, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Super Bomberman was released in 1993 on Nintendo and PC only. It is not available on Steam, Linux or Mac. It is an action strategy game."
[ "Super Bomberman was released in 1993 on Nintendo and PC only. It is not available on Steam, Linux or Mac. It is an action strategy game." ]
"viggo-train-12"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], genres[driving/racing, sport], player_perspective[first person, third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"The multiplayer sport racing game, Dirt: Showdown, offers both first and third person perspectives. The game is available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC but not on Steam."
[ "The multiplayer sport racing game, Dirt: Showdown, offers both first and third person perspectives. The game is available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC but not on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-13"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], genres[driving/racing, sport], player_perspective[first person, third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"Dirt: Showdown is a multiplayer sport racing game for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC only. There is no Steam release. You can play from both the first and third person perspective."
[ "Dirt: Showdown is a multiplayer sport racing game for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC only. There is no Steam release. You can play from both the first and third person perspective." ]
"viggo-train-14"
"inform(name[Dirt: Showdown], genres[driving/racing, sport], player_perspective[first person, third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"Dirt: Showdown is a sport racing game that is available for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It is not available on Steam. The game has multiplayer available, and can be played either from a first person or a third person perspective."
[ "Dirt: Showdown is a sport racing game that is available for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It is not available on Steam. The game has multiplayer available, and can be played either from a first person or a third person perspective." ]
"viggo-train-15"
"confirm(name[Layers of Fear], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Are you referring to Layers of Fear, the first person indie point-and-click adventure game?"
[ "Are you referring to Layers of Fear, the first person indie point-and-click adventure game?" ]
"viggo-train-16"
"confirm(name[Layers of Fear], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Is the Layers of Fear you mentioned the first person indie point-and-click adventure game?"
[ "Is the Layers of Fear you mentioned the first person indie point-and-click adventure game?" ]
"viggo-train-17"
"confirm(name[Layers of Fear], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Layers of Fear, the indie first person point-and-click adventure game?"
[ "Layers of Fear, the indie first person point-and-click adventure game?" ]
"viggo-train-18"
"inform(name[Driver], developer[Reflections Interactive], rating[average], genres[driving/racing, simulation], has_multiplayer[no], platforms[PlayStation, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"Driver is a driving simulator that was released on PlayStation and PC by the developer Reflections Interactive with average reviews. There's no multiplayer, and it's not available on Steam."
[ "Driver is a driving simulator that was released on PlayStation and PC by the developer Reflections Interactive with average reviews. There's no multiplayer, and it's not available on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-19"
"inform(name[Driver], developer[Reflections Interactive], rating[average], genres[driving/racing, simulation], has_multiplayer[no], platforms[PlayStation, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"Driver is a driving simulation game developed by Reflections Interactive which received average reviews. It has no multiplayer, but is available on PlayStation and PC. The game is not available on Steam."
[ "Driver is a driving simulation game developed by Reflections Interactive which received average reviews. It has no multiplayer, but is available on PlayStation and PC. The game is not available on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-20"
"inform(name[Driver], developer[Reflections Interactive], rating[average], genres[driving/racing, simulation], has_multiplayer[no], platforms[PlayStation, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"Driver, by Reflections Interactive, is a single-player driving simulator with average ratings. It is available on PlayStation and PC. It is not available on Steam."
[ "Driver, by Reflections Interactive, is a single-player driving simulator with average ratings. It is available on PlayStation and PC. It is not available on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-21"
"inform(name[SpellForce 3], release_year[2017], rating[poor], genres[real-time strategy, role-playing], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"SpellForce 3 is a poor real-time strategy that came out in 2017 for PC only. The role-playing game is also on Steam."
[ "SpellForce 3 is a poor real-time strategy that came out in 2017 for PC only. The role-playing game is also on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-22"
"inform(name[SpellForce 3], release_year[2017], rating[poor], genres[real-time strategy, role-playing], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"SpellForce 3 is a real-time strategy, role-playing PC game available on Steam. It was released in 2017 and is rated poorly."
[ "SpellForce 3 is a real-time strategy, role-playing PC game available on Steam. It was released in 2017 and is rated poorly." ]
"viggo-train-23"
"inform(name[SpellForce 3], release_year[2017], rating[poor], genres[real-time strategy, role-playing], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"SpellForce 3 is a poorly-rated role-playing real-time strategy game. It was released in 2017 for PC. You can get it through Steam."
[ "SpellForce 3 is a poorly-rated role-playing real-time strategy game. It was released in 2017 for PC. You can get it through Steam." ]
"viggo-train-24"
"verify_attribute(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], rating[excellent], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Is playing multiplayer games something you're always up to, or was Uncharted 4: A Thief's End an unusually good one?"
[ "Is playing multiplayer games something you're always up to, or was Uncharted 4: A Thief's End an unusually good one?" ]
"viggo-train-25"
"verify_attribute(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], rating[excellent], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"I know you thought that Uncharted 4: A Thief's End was a truly excellent game. Do you also love other games that have a multiplayer option?"
[ "I know you thought that Uncharted 4: A Thief's End was a truly excellent game. Do you also love other games that have a multiplayer option?" ]
"viggo-train-26"
"verify_attribute(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], rating[excellent], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"You've told me before that you love Uncharted 4: A Thief's End. Is that because you enjoy multiplayer games?"
[ "You've told me before that you love Uncharted 4: A Thief's End. Is that because you enjoy multiplayer games?" ]
"viggo-train-27"
"suggest(name[Worms: Reloaded], available_on_steam[yes])"
"I bet you like it when you can play games on Steam, like Worms: Reloaded, right?"
[ "I bet you like it when you can play games on Steam, like Worms: Reloaded, right?" ]
"viggo-train-28"
"suggest(name[Worms: Reloaded], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Have you ever played a game on Steam, such as Worms: Reloaded?"
[ "Have you ever played a game on Steam, such as Worms: Reloaded?" ]
"viggo-train-29"
"suggest(name[Worms: Reloaded], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Do you enjoy other games on Steam, I don't know, like Worms: Reloaded?"
[ "Do you enjoy other games on Steam, I don't know, like Worms: Reloaded?" ]
"viggo-train-30"
"verify_attribute(name[The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], platforms[Nintendo])"
"You said you loved The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Do you often tend to play similar Nintendo games that are also rated E?"
[ "You said you loved The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Do you often tend to play similar Nintendo games that are also rated E?" ]
"viggo-train-31"
"verify_attribute(name[The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], platforms[Nintendo])"
"I recall you saying that you really enjoyed The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Are you typically a big fan of games on Nintendo rated E (for Everyone)?"
[ "I recall you saying that you really enjoyed The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Are you typically a big fan of games on Nintendo rated E (for Everyone)?" ]
"viggo-train-32"
"verify_attribute(name[The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], platforms[Nintendo])"
"So since you mentioned that you absolutely loved The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, it got me curious about something. Do you also love Nintendo's lineup of other E rated games?"
[ "So since you mentioned that you absolutely loved The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, it got me curious about something. Do you also love Nintendo's lineup of other E rated games?" ]
"viggo-train-33"
"request_explanation(release_year[2005], rating[excellent])"
"So what is it about the games that were released in 2005 that you find so excellent?"
[ "So what is it about the games that were released in 2005 that you find so excellent?" ]
"viggo-train-34"
"request_explanation(release_year[2005], rating[excellent])"
"What is it about 2005's games that you think are so great?"
[ "What is it about 2005's games that you think are so great?" ]
"viggo-train-35"
"request_explanation(release_year[2005], rating[excellent])"
"What is it about games released in 2005 that makes you think it's such a fantastic year for video games?"
[ "What is it about games released in 2005 that makes you think it's such a fantastic year for video games?" ]
"viggo-train-36"
"inform(name[Need for Speed: Payback], release_year[2017], genres[driving/racing], player_perspective[third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Need for Speed: Payback was released in 2017 on PlayStation, Xbox and PC. It wasn't released on Linux or Mac. It is a third person driving racing game that you can be play together with your friends."
[ "Need for Speed: Payback was released in 2017 on PlayStation, Xbox and PC. It wasn't released on Linux or Mac. It is a third person driving racing game that you can be play together with your friends." ]
"viggo-train-37"
"inform(name[Need for Speed: Payback], release_year[2017], genres[driving/racing], player_perspective[third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"I have recently played Need for Speed: Payback, a third person racing game whose multiplayer mode allows you to play with your friends online. It was released for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC in 2017, but has no Linux or Mac release."
[ "I have recently played Need for Speed: Payback, a third person racing game whose multiplayer mode allows you to play with your friends online. It was released for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC in 2017, but has no Linux or Mac release." ]
"viggo-train-38"
"inform(name[Need for Speed: Payback], release_year[2017], genres[driving/racing], player_perspective[third person], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Need for Speed: Payback is a third person driving/racing game with a multiplayer mode. It came out in 2017 for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, but it is not available on Mac or Linux."
[ "Need for Speed: Payback is a third person driving/racing game with a multiplayer mode. It came out in 2017 for PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, but it is not available on Mac or Linux." ]
"viggo-train-39"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], release_year[2002], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], player_perspective[bird view], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos received excellent reviews when it was released in 2002. It really raised the bar for multiplayer bird's eye perspective RTS games."
[ "Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos received excellent reviews when it was released in 2002. It really raised the bar for multiplayer bird's eye perspective RTS games." ]
"viggo-train-40"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], release_year[2002], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], player_perspective[bird view], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is an excellent multiplayer real-time strategy game with a bird's eye perspective. It came out in 2002."
[ "Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is an excellent multiplayer real-time strategy game with a bird's eye perspective. It came out in 2002." ]
"viggo-train-41"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], release_year[2002], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], player_perspective[bird view], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is a real-time strategy game with bird's eye view player perspective and multiplayer. It was released in 2002 and received excellent reviews."
[ "Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is a real-time strategy game with bird's eye view player perspective and multiplayer. It was released in 2002 and received excellent reviews." ]
"viggo-train-42"
"request_explanation(developer[Ninja Theory], rating[excellent], genres[adventure, hack-and-slash, indie])"
"What is it about Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games that you find so unique?"
[ "What is it about Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games that you find so unique?" ]
"viggo-train-43"
"request_explanation(developer[Ninja Theory], rating[excellent], genres[adventure, hack-and-slash, indie])"
"Is there something special about Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games that makes you find them so appealing?"
[ "Is there something special about Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games that makes you find them so appealing?" ]
"viggo-train-44"
"request_explanation(developer[Ninja Theory], rating[excellent], genres[adventure, hack-and-slash, indie])"
"Why do you think that Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games are some of the best you ever played?"
[ "Why do you think that Ninja Theory's indie hack-and-slash adventure games are some of the best you ever played?" ]
"viggo-train-45"
"inform(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], release_year[2016], developer[Naughty Dog], rating[excellent], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation])"
"Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, by Naughty Dog came out 2016 with excellent ratings. It's an action-adventure third person shooter game exclusively for the PlayStation platform."
[ "Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, by Naughty Dog came out 2016 with excellent ratings. It's an action-adventure third person shooter game exclusively for the PlayStation platform." ]
"viggo-train-46"
"inform(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], release_year[2016], developer[Naughty Dog], rating[excellent], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation])"
"If you're looking for an excellent third person, action-adventure shooter, you should try Naughty Dog's Uncharted 4: A Thief's End from 2016. It's available on PlayStation."
[ "If you're looking for an excellent third person, action-adventure shooter, you should try Naughty Dog's Uncharted 4: A Thief's End from 2016. It's available on PlayStation." ]
"viggo-train-47"
"inform(name[Uncharted 4: A Thief's End], release_year[2016], developer[Naughty Dog], rating[excellent], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation])"
"Uncharted 4: A Thief's End is an excellent third person action-adventure with shooter elements that came out in 2016. It was released as a PlayStation exclusive by the developer, Naughty Dog."
[ "Uncharted 4: A Thief's End is an excellent third person action-adventure with shooter elements that came out in 2016. It was released as a PlayStation exclusive by the developer, Naughty Dog." ]
"viggo-train-48"
"suggest(name[The Sims], genres[simulation, strategy], platforms[PC])"
"I'm curious, have you ever played any strategy simulators for the PC, such as The Sims?"
[ "I'm curious, have you ever played any strategy simulators for the PC, such as The Sims?" ]
"viggo-train-49"
"suggest(name[The Sims], genres[simulation, strategy], platforms[PC])"
"Do you like to play strategy simulation games on PC, like The Sims?"
[ "Do you like to play strategy simulation games on PC, like The Sims?" ]
"viggo-train-50"
"suggest(name[The Sims], genres[simulation, strategy], platforms[PC])"
"Do you also like PC simulation strategy games like The Sims?"
[ "Do you also like PC simulation strategy games like The Sims?" ]
"viggo-train-51"
"request_explanation(rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"What about multiplayer games do you find enjoyable?"
[ "What about multiplayer games do you find enjoyable?" ]
"viggo-train-52"
"request_explanation(rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"You like multiplayer games quite a bit. Can you tell me why that is?"
[ "You like multiplayer games quite a bit. Can you tell me why that is?" ]
"viggo-train-53"
"request_explanation(rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"So I'm curious, why is it you seem to enjoy multiplayer games?"
[ "So I'm curious, why is it you seem to enjoy multiplayer games?" ]
"viggo-train-54"
"inform(name[Layers of Fear], developer[Bloober Team], rating[poor], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Layers of Fear is an adventure point-and-click indie game that the Bloober Team developed with first person support, though it's received some poor ratings."
[ "Layers of Fear is an adventure point-and-click indie game that the Bloober Team developed with first person support, though it's received some poor ratings." ]
"viggo-train-55"
"inform(name[Layers of Fear], developer[Bloober Team], rating[poor], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Layers of Fear is a poorly reviewed indie point-and-click, first person adventure game developed by Bloober Team."
[ "Layers of Fear is a poorly reviewed indie point-and-click, first person adventure game developed by Bloober Team." ]
"viggo-train-56"
"inform(name[Layers of Fear], developer[Bloober Team], rating[poor], genres[adventure, indie, point-and-click], player_perspective[first person])"
"Layers of Fear is a poor indie adventure game by Bloober Team. The point-and-click is in first person only."
[ "Layers of Fear is a poor indie adventure game by Bloober Team. The point-and-click is in first person only." ]
"viggo-train-57"
"confirm(name[Worms: Reloaded], player_perspective[side view], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Are you talking about the side view game Worms: Reloaded, the one that is available on Steam?"
[ "Are you talking about the side view game Worms: Reloaded, the one that is available on Steam?" ]
"viggo-train-58"
"confirm(name[Worms: Reloaded], player_perspective[side view], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Do you mean the Worms: Reloaded with a side view, released on Steam?"
[ "Do you mean the Worms: Reloaded with a side view, released on Steam?" ]
"viggo-train-59"
"confirm(name[Worms: Reloaded], player_perspective[side view], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Is the Worms: Reloaded you mentioned the one on Steam with the side view perspective?"
[ "Is the Worms: Reloaded you mentioned the one on Steam with the side view perspective?" ]
"viggo-train-60"
"inform(name[Super Mario World], release_year[1990], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], genres[platformer], player_perspective[side view], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[Nintendo])"
"Super Mario World is an excellent platformer that came out in 1990 for Nintendo only. This game is rated E (for Everyone) and has a side view perspective. You can also play multiplayer."
[ "Super Mario World is an excellent platformer that came out in 1990 for Nintendo only. This game is rated E (for Everyone) and has a side view perspective. You can also play multiplayer." ]
"viggo-train-61"
"inform(name[Super Mario World], release_year[1990], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], genres[platformer], player_perspective[side view], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[Nintendo])"
"Super Mario World is an excellent 1990 Nintendo platformer. It is a side view game game with multiplayer, and it is rated E (for Everyone)."
[ "Super Mario World is an excellent 1990 Nintendo platformer. It is a side view game game with multiplayer, and it is rated E (for Everyone)." ]
"viggo-train-62"
"inform(name[Super Mario World], release_year[1990], esrb[E (for Everyone)], rating[excellent], genres[platformer], player_perspective[side view], has_multiplayer[yes], platforms[Nintendo])"
"Super Mario World is an excellent platformer game that is played in the side view. It was released in 1990 on Nintendo and is rated E (for Everyone). It can be played multiplayer."
[ "Super Mario World is an excellent platformer game that is played in the side view. It was released in 1990 on Nintendo and is rated E (for Everyone). It can be played multiplayer." ]
"viggo-train-63"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is a multiplayer real-time strategy game that has received excellent ratings."
[ "Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is a multiplayer real-time strategy game that has received excellent ratings." ]
"viggo-train-64"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"For an excellent real-time strategy with multiplayer, check out Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos."
[ "For an excellent real-time strategy with multiplayer, check out Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos." ]
"viggo-train-65"
"inform(name[Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos], rating[excellent], genres[real-time strategy], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is an excellent multiplayer real-time strategy game, a must have for any gamer."
[ "Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is an excellent multiplayer real-time strategy game, a must have for any gamer." ]
"viggo-train-66"
"inform(name[Nightshade], developer[Red Entertainment Corporation], genres[text adventure], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Red Entertainment Corporation put out a text adventure game called Nightshade. It is a PC only release that can be found on Steam. It currently doesn't support Linux or Mac though."
[ "Red Entertainment Corporation put out a text adventure game called Nightshade. It is a PC only release that can be found on Steam. It currently doesn't support Linux or Mac though." ]
"viggo-train-67"
"inform(name[Nightshade], developer[Red Entertainment Corporation], genres[text adventure], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Red Entertainment Corporation developed Nightshade, a text adventure game for PC only. It is available on Steam, but there is no Linux or Mac release."
[ "Red Entertainment Corporation developed Nightshade, a text adventure game for PC only. It is available on Steam, but there is no Linux or Mac release." ]
"viggo-train-68"
"inform(name[Nightshade], developer[Red Entertainment Corporation], genres[text adventure], platforms[PC], available_on_steam[yes], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])"
"Nightshade is a text adventure by Red Entertainment Corporation for PC only. This game is available on Steam and is not available for Linux or Mac."
[ "Nightshade is a text adventure by Red Entertainment Corporation for PC only. This game is available on Steam and is not available for Linux or Mac." ]
"viggo-train-69"
"give_opinion(name[RollerCoaster Tycoon], rating[good], genres[simulation, strategy], has_mac_release[no])"
"RollerCoaster Tycoon is a pretty fun game. I enjoy strategy simulators like it and would even call it great, but its lack of a Mac release holds it back a tiny bit."
[ "RollerCoaster Tycoon is a pretty fun game. I enjoy strategy simulators like it and would even call it great, but its lack of a Mac release holds it back a tiny bit." ]
"viggo-train-70"
"give_opinion(name[RollerCoaster Tycoon], rating[good], genres[simulation, strategy], has_mac_release[no])"
"RollerCoaster Tycoon is a pretty good single-player strategy simulation game. My only tiny gripe with it is that it doesn't run on Mac, so I have to sit at my desktop computer to play it."
[ "RollerCoaster Tycoon is a pretty good single-player strategy simulation game. My only tiny gripe with it is that it doesn't run on Mac, so I have to sit at my desktop computer to play it." ]
"viggo-train-71"
"give_opinion(name[RollerCoaster Tycoon], rating[good], genres[simulation, strategy], has_mac_release[no])"
"I love strategy simulators, so RollerCoaster Tycoon would be a truly excellent game if only it had a Mac release. It's still pretty good without one though."
[ "I love strategy simulators, so RollerCoaster Tycoon would be a truly excellent game if only it had a Mac release. It's still pretty good without one though." ]
"viggo-train-72"
"inform(name[The Vanishing of Ethan Carter], release_year[2014], developer[The Astronauts], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, indie], player_perspective[first person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"The Vanishing of Ethan Carter is a game released on Steam in 2014 by The Astronauts. It is an indie adventure game viewed in first person. It is rated M (for Mature) by ESRB and available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC via Steam."
[ "The Vanishing of Ethan Carter is a game released on Steam in 2014 by The Astronauts. It is an indie adventure game viewed in first person. It is rated M (for Mature) by ESRB and available on PlayStation, Xbox and PC via Steam." ]
"viggo-train-73"
"inform(name[The Vanishing of Ethan Carter], release_year[2014], developer[The Astronauts], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, indie], player_perspective[first person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"You can get The Vanishing of Ethan Carter by The Astronauts on Steam, PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It is a first person, indie, adventure game rated M from 2014."
[ "You can get The Vanishing of Ethan Carter by The Astronauts on Steam, PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It is a first person, indie, adventure game rated M from 2014." ]
"viggo-train-74"
"inform(name[The Vanishing of Ethan Carter], release_year[2014], developer[The Astronauts], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, indie], player_perspective[first person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[yes])"
"The Vanishing of Ethan Carter is a decent first person adventure game from 2014, rated M (for Mature). It was developed by the indie studio The Astronauts for PlayStation, Xbox and PC. Oh, and you can get in on Steam."
[ "The Vanishing of Ethan Carter is a decent first person adventure game from 2014, rated M (for Mature). It was developed by the indie studio The Astronauts for PlayStation, Xbox and PC. Oh, and you can get in on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-75"
"request(player_perspective[first person], specifier[oldest])"
"What's the oldest first person game you know of?"
[ "What's the oldest first person game you know of?" ]
"viggo-train-76"
"request(player_perspective[first person], specifier[oldest])"
"What's the oldest game with a first person perspective that you ever played?"
[ "What's the oldest game with a first person perspective that you ever played?" ]
"viggo-train-77"
"request(player_perspective[first person], specifier[oldest])"
"I'm curious, what's the oldest game you ever played that had a first person perspective?"
[ "I'm curious, what's the oldest game you ever played that had a first person perspective?" ]
"viggo-train-78"
"inform(name[A Way Out], rating[good], genres[action-adventure], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"A Way Out is a good third person action-adventure game. It runs on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, but it is not on Steam."
[ "A Way Out is a good third person action-adventure game. It runs on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC, but it is not on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-79"
"inform(name[A Way Out], rating[good], genres[action-adventure], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"A Way Out is a good third person action-adventure game available on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It's not available on Steam."
[ "A Way Out is a good third person action-adventure game available on PlayStation, Xbox, and PC. It's not available on Steam." ]
"viggo-train-80"
"inform(name[A Way Out], rating[good], genres[action-adventure], player_perspective[third person], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, PC], available_on_steam[no])"
"A Way Out is a good action-adventure game played in third person. It is playable on PlayStation, Xbox and PC but does not have a Steam release."
[ "A Way Out is a good action-adventure game played in third person. It is playable on PlayStation, Xbox and PC but does not have a Steam release." ]
"viggo-train-81"
"recommend(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], available_on_steam[yes])"
"I know you got some Steam credits for your birthday. Have you tried Sid Meier's Civilization V yet?"
[ "I know you got some Steam credits for your birthday. Have you tried Sid Meier's Civilization V yet?" ]
"viggo-train-82"
"recommend(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], available_on_steam[yes])"
"Since you like to play your games on Steam, have you heard of Sid Meier's Civilization V?"
[ "Since you like to play your games on Steam, have you heard of Sid Meier's Civilization V?" ]
"viggo-train-83"
"recommend(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], available_on_steam[yes])"
"If you like grabbing games on Steam, you should check out Sid Meier's Civilization V. Unless you've already played it?"
[ "If you like grabbing games on Steam, you should check out Sid Meier's Civilization V. Unless you've already played it?" ]
"viggo-train-84"
"verify_attribute(name[Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness], release_year[2003], developer[Core Design], rating[poor])"
"You said that you disliked Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Do you not really like to play games by Core Design from 2003 then?"
[ "You said that you disliked Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Do you not really like to play games by Core Design from 2003 then?" ]
"viggo-train-85"
"verify_attribute(name[Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness], release_year[2003], developer[Core Design], rating[poor])"
"If I remember correctly, you did not like Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Did Core Design let go off their high standard in 2003, you think?"
[ "If I remember correctly, you did not like Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Did Core Design let go off their high standard in 2003, you think?" ]
"viggo-train-86"
"verify_attribute(name[Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness], release_year[2003], developer[Core Design], rating[poor])"
"You said earlier that you dislike Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Are you just not a fan of games from 2003 by Core Design?"
[ "You said earlier that you dislike Tomb Raider: The Angel of Darkness. Are you just not a fan of games from 2003 by Core Design?" ]
"viggo-train-87"
"verify_attribute(name[Need for Speed: Most Wanted], rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"You said you thought Need for Speed: Most Wanted was a pretty good game, if I remember right. Do you like to play games with friends in multiplayer?"
[ "You said you thought Need for Speed: Most Wanted was a pretty good game, if I remember right. Do you like to play games with friends in multiplayer?" ]
"viggo-train-88"
"verify_attribute(name[Need for Speed: Most Wanted], rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"I know you liked Need for Speed: Most Wanted, but do you usually prefer games that offer multiplayer?"
[ "I know you liked Need for Speed: Most Wanted, but do you usually prefer games that offer multiplayer?" ]
"viggo-train-89"
"verify_attribute(name[Need for Speed: Most Wanted], rating[good], has_multiplayer[yes])"
"Are you usually a fan of multiplayer games, or was Need for Speed: Most Wanted just particularly well done?"
[ "Are you usually a fan of multiplayer games, or was Need for Speed: Most Wanted just particularly well done?" ]
"viggo-train-90"
"inform(name[Alan Wake's American Nightmare], release_year[2012], esrb[T (for Teen)], rating[poor], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person])"
"If you're looking for more third person action-adventure shooter games, there's Alan Wake's American Nightmare from 2012. It has a T (for Teen) rating. It has received poor reviews, but it could still be worth a try."
[ "If you're looking for more third person action-adventure shooter games, there's Alan Wake's American Nightmare from 2012. It has a T (for Teen) rating. It has received poor reviews, but it could still be worth a try." ]
"viggo-train-91"
"inform(name[Alan Wake's American Nightmare], release_year[2012], esrb[T (for Teen)], rating[poor], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person])"
"Alan Wake's American Nightmare was released in 2012 with a T (for Teen) rating. It is rated poor. It is a third person action-adventure shooter game."
[ "Alan Wake's American Nightmare was released in 2012 with a T (for Teen) rating. It is rated poor. It is a third person action-adventure shooter game." ]
"viggo-train-92"
"inform(name[Alan Wake's American Nightmare], release_year[2012], esrb[T (for Teen)], rating[poor], genres[action-adventure, shooter], player_perspective[third person])"
"Alan Wake's American Nightmare is a third person shooter from 2012. It is an action-adventure with a T (for Teen). Unfortunately, its reviews were pretty poor."
[ "Alan Wake's American Nightmare is a third person shooter from 2012. It is an action-adventure with a T (for Teen). Unfortunately, its reviews were pretty poor." ]
"viggo-train-93"
"inform(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], release_year[2010], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[simulation, turn-based strategy], player_perspective[bird view])"
"Sid Meier's Civilization V was released in 2010. It's rated E 10+ and is a simulation turn-based strategy with a bird view."
[ "Sid Meier's Civilization V was released in 2010. It's rated E 10+ and is a simulation turn-based strategy with a bird view." ]
"viggo-train-94"
"inform(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], release_year[2010], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[simulation, turn-based strategy], player_perspective[bird view])"
"Sid Meier's Civilization V was released in 2010 and redefined the traditional bird's eye turn-based strategy sim formula. It's rated E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)."
[ "Sid Meier's Civilization V was released in 2010 and redefined the traditional bird's eye turn-based strategy sim formula. It's rated E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)." ]
"viggo-train-95"
"inform(name[Sid Meier's Civilization V], release_year[2010], esrb[E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older)], genres[simulation, turn-based strategy], player_perspective[bird view])"
"Sid Meier's Civilization V is a turn-based strategy simulation game that was released in 2010. It is played in bird view. It is good for Everyone 10 and Older."
[ "Sid Meier's Civilization V is a turn-based strategy simulation game that was released in 2010. It is played in bird view. It is good for Everyone 10 and Older." ]
"viggo-train-96"
"inform(name[The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim], release_year[2011], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, role-playing])"
"The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is a mature adventure RPG from 2011."
[ "The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is a mature adventure RPG from 2011." ]
"viggo-train-97"
"inform(name[The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim], release_year[2011], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, role-playing])"
"The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an adventure, role-playing game developed by Bethesda Studios. The game was released in 2011 with a rating of M (for Mature)."
[ "The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an adventure, role-playing game developed by Bethesda Studios. The game was released in 2011 with a rating of M (for Mature)." ]
"viggo-train-98"
"inform(name[The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim], release_year[2011], esrb[M (for Mature)], genres[adventure, role-playing])"
"The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an adventure RPG that came out in 2011. It's rated M (for Mature)."
[ "The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an adventure RPG that came out in 2011. It's rated M (for Mature)." ]
"viggo-train-99"
"recommend(name[Super Mario World], genres[platformer], player_perspective[side view])"
"You know, if you want a side view platformer there's always Super Mario World. Have you played it before?"
[ "You know, if you want a side view platformer there's always Super Mario World. Have you played it before?" ]
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for GEM/viggo

Link to Main Data Card

You can find the main data card on the GEM Website.

Dataset Summary

ViGGO is an English data-to-text generation dataset in the video game domain, with target responses being more conversational than information-seeking, yet constrained to the information presented in a meaning representation. The dataset is relatively small with about 5,000 datasets but very clean, and can thus serve for evaluating transfer learning, low-resource, or few-shot capabilities of neural models.

You can load the dataset via:

import datasets
data = datasets.load_dataset('GEM/viggo')

The data loader can be found here.

website

Wesbite

paper

ACL Anthology

authors

Juraj Juraska, Kevin K. Bowden, Marilyn Walker

Dataset Overview

Where to find the Data and its Documentation

Webpage

Wesbite

Paper

ACL Anthology

BibTex

@inproceedings{juraska-etal-2019-viggo,
    title = "{V}i{GGO}: A Video Game Corpus for Data-To-Text Generation in Open-Domain Conversation",
    author = "Juraska, Juraj  and
      Bowden, Kevin  and
      Walker, Marilyn",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Natural Language Generation",
    month = oct # "{--}" # nov,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Tokyo, Japan",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/W19-8623",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/W19-8623",
    pages = "164--172",
}

Contact Name

Juraj Juraska

Contact Email

jjuraska@ucsc.edu

Has a Leaderboard?

no

Languages and Intended Use

Multilingual?

no

Covered Languages

English

License

cc-by-sa-4.0: Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International

Intended Use

ViGGO was designed for the task of data-to-text generation in chatbots (as opposed to task-oriented dialogue systems), with target responses being more conversational than information-seeking, yet constrained to the information presented in a meaning representation. The dataset, being relatively small and clean, can also serve for demonstrating transfer learning capabilities of neural models.

Primary Task

Data-to-Text

Credit

Curation Organization Type(s)

academic

Curation Organization(s)

University of California, Santa Cruz

Dataset Creators

Juraj Juraska, Kevin K. Bowden, Marilyn Walker

Who added the Dataset to GEM?

Juraj Juraska

Dataset Structure

Data Fields

Each example in the dataset has the following two fields:

  • mr: A meaning representation (MR) that, in a structured format, provides the information to convey, as well as the desired dialogue act (DA) type.
  • ref: A reference output, i.e., a corresponding utterance realizing all the information in the MR.

Each MR is a flattened dictionary of attribute-and-value pairs, "wrapped" in the dialogue act type indication. This format was chosen primarily for its compactness, but also to allow for easy concatenation of multiple DAs (each with potentially different attributes) in a single MR.

Following is the list of all possible attributes (which are also refered to as "slots") in ViGGO along with their types/possible values:

  • name: The name of a video game (e.g., Rise of the Tomb Raider).
  • release_year: The year a video game was released in (e.g., 2015).
  • exp_release_date: For a not-yet-released game, the date when it is expected to be released (e.g., February 22, 2019). Note: This slot cannot appear together with release_year in the same dialogue act.
  • developer: The name of the studio/person that created the game (e.g., Crystal Dynamics).
  • genres: A list of one or more genre labels from a set of possible values (e.g., action-adventure, shooter).
  • player_perspective: A list of one or more perspectives from which the game is/can be played (possible values: first person, third person, side view, bird view).
  • platforms: A list of one or more gaming platforms the game was officially released for (possible values: PC, PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo, Nintendo Switch).
  • esrb: A game's content rating as determined by the ESRB (possible values: E (for Everyone), E 10+ (for Everyone 10 and Older), T (for Teen), M (for Mature)).
  • rating: Depending on the dialogue act this slot is used with, it is a categorical representation of either the game's average rating or the game's liking (possible values: excellent, good, average, poor).
  • has_multiplayer: Indicates whether a game supports multiplayer or can only be played in single-player mode (possible values: yes, no).
  • available_on_steam: Indicates whether a game can be purchased through the Steam digital distribution service (possible values: yes, no).
  • has_linux_release: Indicates whether a game is supported on Linux operating systems (possible values: yes, no).
  • has_mac_release: Indicates whether a game is supported on macOS (possible values: yes, no).
  • specifier: A game specifier used by the request DA, typically an adjective (e.g., addictive, easiest, overrated, visually impressive).

Each MR in the dataset has 3 distinct reference utterances, which are represented as 3 separate examples with the same MR.

Reason for Structure

The dataset structure mostly follows the format of the popular E2E dataset, however, with added dialogue act type indications, new list-type attributes introduced, and unified naming convention for multi-word attribute names.

Example Instance

{
    "mr": "give_opinion(name[SpellForce 3], rating[poor], genres[real-time strategy, role-playing], player_perspective[bird view])",
    "ref": "I think that SpellForce 3 is one of the worst games I've ever played. Trying to combine the real-time strategy and role-playing genres just doesn't work, and the bird view perspective makes it near impossible to play."
}

Data Splits

ViGGO is split into 3 partitions, with no MRs in common between the training set and either of the validation and the test set (and that after delexicalizing the name and developer slots). The ratio of examples in the partitions is approximately 7.5 : 1 : 1.5, with their exact sizes listed below:

  • Train: 5,103 (1,675 unique MRs)
  • Validation: 714 (238 unique MRs)
  • Test: 1,083 (359 unique MRs)
  • TOTAL: 6,900 (2,253 unique MRs)

Note: The reason why the number of unique MRs is not exactly one third of all examples is that for each request_attribute DA (which only has one slot, and that without a value) 12 reference utterances were collected instead of 3.

Splitting Criteria

A similar MR length and slot distribution was preserved across the partitions. The distribution of DA types, on the other hand, is skewed slightly toward fewer inform DA instances (the most prevalent DA type) and a higher proportion of the less prevalent DAs in the validation and the test set.

{
    "mr": "request_attribute(player_perspective[])",
    "ref": "Is there a certain player perspective that you prefer over others in games you play?"
},
{
    "mr": "inform(name[FIFA 12], esrb[E (for Everyone)], genres[simulation, sport], player_perspective[bird view, side view], platforms[PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo, PC], available_on_steam[no])",
    "ref": "Fifa 12 is a decent sports simulator. It's pretty cool how the game swaps from the bird's eye perspective down to a side view while you're playing. You can get the game for PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo consoles, and PC, but unfortunately it's not on Steam. Of course, as a sports game there's not much objectionable content so it's rated E."
},
{
    "mr": "inform(name[Super Bomberman], release_year[1993], genres[action, strategy], has_multiplayer[no], platforms[Nintendo, PC], available_on_steam[no], has_linux_release[no], has_mac_release[no])",
    "ref": "Super Bomberman is one of my favorite Nintendo games, also available on PC, though not through Steam. It came out all the way back in 1993, and you can't get it for any modern consoles, unfortunately, so no online multiplayer, or of course Linux or Mac releases either. That said, it's still one of the most addicting action-strategy games out there."
}

Dataset in GEM

Rationale for Inclusion in GEM

Why is the Dataset in GEM?

ViGGO is a fairly small dataset but includes a greater variety of utterance types than most other datasets for NLG from structured meaning representations. This makes it more interesting from the perspective of model evaluation, since models have to learn to differentiate between various dialogue act types that share the same slots.

Similar Datasets

yes

Unique Language Coverage

no

Difference from other GEM datasets

ViGGO's language is more casual and conversational -- as opposed to information-seeking -- which differentiates it from the majority of popular datasets for the same type of data-to-text task. Moreover, the video game domain is a rather uncommon one in the NLG community, despite being very well-suited for data-to-text generation, considering it offers entities with many attributes to talk about, which can be described in a structured format.

GEM-Specific Curation

Modificatied for GEM?

no

Additional Splits?

no

Getting Started with the Task

Pointers to Resources

Technical Terms

  • MR = meaning representation
  • DA = dialogue act

Previous Results

Previous Results

Metrics

BLEU, METEOR, ROUGE, BERT-Score, BLEURT, Other: Other Metrics

Other Metrics

SER (slot error rate): Indicates the proportion of missing/incorrect/duplicate/hallucinated slot mentions in the utterances across a test set. The closer to zero a model scores in this metric, the more semantically accurate its outputs are. This metric is typically calculated either manually on a small sample of generated outputs, or heuristically using domain-specific regex rules and gazetteers.

Previous results available?

yes

Relevant Previous Results

Dataset Curation

Original Curation

Original Curation Rationale

The primary motivation behind ViGGO was to create a data-to-text corpus in a new but conversational domain, and intended for use in open-domain chatbots rather than task-oriented dialogue systems. To this end, the dataset contains utterances of 9 generalizable and conversational dialogue act types, revolving around various aspects of video games. The idea is that similar, relatively small datasets could fairly easily be collected for other conversational domains -- especially other entertainment domains (such as music or books), but perhaps also topics like animals or food -- to support an open-domain conversational agent with controllable neural NLG.

Another desired quality of the ViGGO dataset was cleanliness (no typos and grammatical errors) and semantic accuracy, which has often not been the case with other crowdsourced data-to-text corpora. In general, for the data-to-text generation task, there is arguably no need to put the burden on the generation model to figure out the noise, since the noise would not be expected to be there in a real-world system whose dialogue manager that creates the input for the NLG module is usually configurable and tightly controlled.

Communicative Goal

Produce a response from a structured meaning representation in the context of a conversation about video games. It can be a brief opinion or a description of a game, as well as a request for attribute (e.g., genre, player perspective, or platform) preference/confirmation or an inquiry about liking a particular type of games.

Sourced from Different Sources

no

Language Data

How was Language Data Obtained?

Crowdsourced

Where was it crowdsourced?

Amazon Mechanical Turk

Language Producers

The paid crowdworkers who produced the reference utterances were from English-speaking countries, and they had at least 1,000 HITs approved and a HIT approval rate of 98% or more. Furthermore, in the instructions, crowdworkers were discouraged from taking on the task unless they considered themselves a gamer.

Topics Covered

The dataset focuses on video games and their various aspects, and hence the language of the utterances may contain video game-specific jargon.

Data Validation

validated by data curator

Data Preprocessing

First, regular expressions were used to enforce several standardization policies regarding special characters, punctuation, and the correction of undesired abbreviations/misspellings of standard domain-specific terms (e.g., terms like "Play station" or "PS4" would be changed to the uniform "PlayStation"). At the same time, hyphens were removed or enforced uniformly in certain terms, for example, "single-player". Although phrases such as "first person" should correctly have a hyphen when used as adjective, the crowdworkers used this rule very inconsistently. In order to avoid model outputs being penalized during the evaluation by the arbitrary choice of a hyphen presence or absence in the reference utterances, the hyphen was removed in all such phrases regardless of the noun vs. adjective use.

Second, an extensive set of heuristics was developed to identify slot-related errors. This process revealed the vast majority of missing or incorrect slot mentions, which were subsequently fixed according to the corresponding MRs. This eventually led to the development of a robust, cross-domain, heuristic slot aligner that can be used for automatic slot error rate evaluation. For details, see the appendix in Juraska and Walker, 2021.

Crowdworkers would sometimes also inject a piece of information which was not present in the MR, some of which is not even represented by any of the slots, e.g., plot or main characters. This unsolicited information was removed from the utterances so as to avoid confusing the neural model. Finally, any remaining typos and grammatical errors were resolved.

Was Data Filtered?

manually

Filter Criteria

Compliance with the indicated dialogue act type, semantic accuracy (i.e., all information in the corresponding MR mentioned and that correctly), and minimal extraneous information (e.g., personal experience/opinion). Whenever it was within a reasonable amount of effort, the utterances were manually fixed instead of being discarded/crowdsourced anew.

Structured Annotations

Additional Annotations?

none

Annotation Service?

no

Consent

Any Consent Policy?

no

Private Identifying Information (PII)

Contains PII?

no PII

Justification for no PII

Crowdworkers were instructed to only express the information in the provided meaning representation, which never prompted them to mention anything about themselves. Occasionally, they would still include a bit of personal experience (e.g., "I used to like the game as a kid.") or opinion, but these would be too general to be considered PII.

Maintenance

Any Maintenance Plan?

no

Broader Social Context

Previous Work on the Social Impact of the Dataset

Usage of Models based on the Data

no

Impact on Under-Served Communities

Addresses needs of underserved Communities?

no

Discussion of Biases

Any Documented Social Biases?

no

Considerations for Using the Data

PII Risks and Liability

Licenses

Known Technical Limitations

Technical Limitations

The dataset is limited to a single domain: video games. One caveat of using a language generator trained on this dataset in a dialogue system as-is is that multiple subsequent turns discussing the same video game would be repeating its full name. ViGGO was designed for generation without context, and therefore it is up to the dialogue manager to ensure that pronouns are substituted for the names whenever it would sound more natural in a dialogue. Alternately, the dataset can easily be augmented with automatically constructed samples which omit the name slot in the MR and replace the name with a pronoun in the reference utterance.

Edit dataset card
Evaluate models HF Leaderboard