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description (string)image_index (string)image_set (string)
"a mom holding her babies in the middle of the picture, no other image intervenes with the image."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2044-shot1_0"
"The image is fading between a woman holding a baby and a woman sitting with a red background. The hands of the woman sitting aren't visible."
"7"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2044-shot1_0"
"the man on the left is walking away with his right foot lifting from the floor, the girl in green looking at her right with her mouth shut"
"2"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas_56Nm66j-i5Q-shot14_2"
"The girl in the light blue shirt is looking down to the couch. Her left hand is open and it is blurry. Her right hand is to her side on the side of her stomach. The girl with the curly hair has her mouth slightly open and her head facing her right."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas_56Nm66j-i5Q-shot14_2"
"The girl in green has her knee over the back of the couch; the girl in gray's hand is pointing straight at the knee"
"4"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas_56Nm66j-i5Q-shot14_2"
"a round china bowl filled with untouched green pepper, tomato, meat and rice"
"7"
"open-images-1283_0f0565064ea964f8"
"Blonde woman has cut thru to write paper and daughter looking down paying with hands."
"2"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_5NyDtpFnEHA-shot19_21"
"the mom holds the paper with her left hand, and the scissor with her right hand,"
"3"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_5NyDtpFnEHA-shot19_21"
"The wrapping paper is not unrolled and the woman is not touching the toy"
"4"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_5NyDtpFnEHA-shot19_21"
"A young girl's nose is barely touching the hair on the head of a person facing them."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hpqkfq1-f70-shot58_2"
"The child's head is behind and to the left of the adults. Both eyes are blocked."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hpqkfq1-f70-shot58_2"
"Women with short red hair and two brown necklaces posing with man with white hair and glasses."
"1"
"open-images-2668_02b0a8f3a25f8d72"
"A woman with gray hair and a pink bow stands next to a man in a tuxedo."
"5"
"open-images-2668_02b0a8f3a25f8d72"
"The back wall is purple with a black and blue abstract painting hanging behind the couple."
"9"
"open-images-2668_02b0a8f3a25f8d72"
"The woman's mouth is closed, and the man's face is pointing directly at the camera, with his eyes centered."
"6"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_-TV0spQGAnM-shot59_0"
"The woman looks straight ahead with her mouth open while the man turns his head and looks directly at her. "
"8"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_-TV0spQGAnM-shot59_0"
"The woman's eyes are widely open, her mouth is open and you can clearly see silver items on a coffee table behind."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas__bugNLgmCHs-shot25_0"
"The woman's eyes are partially closing in this image. "
"4"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas__bugNLgmCHs-shot25_0"
"the woman on the left with her eyes closed and her mouth shut"
"5"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas__bugNLgmCHs-shot25_0"
"One of the three words has yellow text. The tiger's body covers the entire top of the teal beach ball behind it."
"2"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2453-shot1_1"
"The girl in pink on the left has her elbow, most fully exposed forward, the tiger completely covers the center woman's face."
"4"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2453-shot1_1"
"Then kneecap is barely shown in the image and it's hovering directly above the person shoe"
"4"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_av4OdEdoI7A-shot23_0"
"The left knee and toe of the shoe are visible. "
"5"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_av4OdEdoI7A-shot23_0"
"You can fully see the woman's head "
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video1445-shot1_0"
"Single male deer standing in the foreground of a wheat colored grass field with red-leaved trees in the background."
"5"
"open-images-1463_0c658a40338b7a50"
"The deer is standing alone in a field and is turned to the left. "
"1"
"open-images-1463_0c658a40338b7a50"
"two deer on the yellow grass with one deer burying its head deep in the grass while the other one looking at the left "
"7"
"open-images-1463_0c658a40338b7a50"
"A thin boy in a dark baseball cap turned backwards, wearing loose black shorts and a purple bluish shirt leads the race."
"0"
"open-images-2088_3011602a2e6d1c5b"
"Two men riding on roller skates with one having roller skates on green wheels and the other having roller skates on blue wheels."
"5"
"open-images-2088_3011602a2e6d1c5b"
"a mom and her kids roller skating on the street, the mom is on the right and her kids are standing in a line on the left"
"4"
"open-images-2088_3011602a2e6d1c5b"
"The woman in the red dress is standing straight with her arm sticking up to the sky. The dance partner in pink also has their legs straight and right arm pointing to the right."
"8"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2453-shot1_3"
"The outstretched left arm of the woman in red is almost facing straight upwards."
"9"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2453-shot1_3"
"the bride is holding a brunch of flower, with half of the flowers out of the pic, only some decorative balls available in the pic "
"7"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hvwKOBVVO-M-shot38_0"
"The woman's smile on the left side is slightly cut off"
"3"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas_9pMCYohnRYM-shot141_9"
"Wine glass is slightly over woman's face, is not covering her eye, but is very close to."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videochristmas_9pMCYohnRYM-shot141_9"
"a black thinkpad laptop on a wooden table next to a window facing right, the lights are on the room"
"9"
"open-images-2921_0bc01c379163ca66"
"There are a series of stickers on the left side of the laptop's screen. The screen is turned off. There is light shining on the right half of the screen and it rests on a wooden table."
"5"
"open-images-2921_0bc01c379163ca66"
"The little girl is unfolding her shirt. The shirt is just covering the edge of her right eye."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot29_29"
"The little girl is holding the shirt in one hand and the other hand is hovering very closely to it"
"5"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot29_29"
"The t-shirt is scrunched up. Only one of the girl's eyes is visible. Both hands of the adult are up."
"6"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot29_29"
"Only four people are visible."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_4ctLEIuXrUA-shot30_2"
"The picture shows three girls in the middle, and a little boy in a Batman shirt leading them. The girl in the middle has her right leg bent."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_4ctLEIuXrUA-shot30_2"
"A clear view of the backside of the van without any obstructions"
"5"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4526-shot1_9"
"Only the back half of the white, parked vehicle in the background is visible."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4526-shot1_9"
"A elderly lady in a pink top is having a conversation with another elderly lady."
"5"
"open-images-2057_2fc6afbbb663b164"
"There are red and yellow flags hanging above the bar in the lounge. "
"7"
"open-images-2057_2fc6afbbb663b164"
" An auditorium is full of seated people, with a woman in a red cardigan standing up in the third row."
"2"
"open-images-2057_2fc6afbbb663b164"
"The hot dog is being put in batter but it looks slightly transparent"
"5"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video895-shot1_0"
"text on the left, corndog on the right, the corndog is slightly blurry and cocked to the right of the jar"
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video895-shot1_0"
"The man is holding the stick with both hands. A score box covers his right forearm and his left fist covers part of his abdomen. "
"5"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video7001-shot0_1"
"He is looking down and just to his right while holding the club at his waist."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video7001-shot0_1"
"The man is facing the camera; his right elbow is bent nearly 90 degrees; there is a gap with green space between his other arm and his body"
"7"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video7001-shot0_1"
"A man stands up straight on lava rocks while a rock falls into the lava."
"7"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video3000-shot1_0"
"The text on the back of the black hoodie is partially blocked on the left by a thin tree branch."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_6VPbwxFsO0g-shot70_0"
"On the left side there is a hole in the brush in which the white lettering on a black jacket is unobstructed."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_6VPbwxFsO0g-shot70_0"
"The kid with the pink boots is on the right. Her head just blocks the waist of the kid behind her."
"8"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_cBr1FeeNtFg-shot112_2"
"Both children are fully visible and you can see the boy's mouth forming an "0"."
"9"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_cBr1FeeNtFg-shot112_2"
"A woman on the left clapping obscures the view of the child's head, a woman in black is turned fully away from the picture"
"7"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_fzguPxHw7FQ-shot12_3"
"The woman in the black shirt's hair is swaying to the right while she turns. "
"8"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_fzguPxHw7FQ-shot12_3"
"The girl on the left covers part of her chin with her right arm. The middle girl's arms rests by her side but her left arm has some light shining on it. "
"1"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video6699-shot2_1"
"The man's thumb is furthest up, pointing most fully upward."
"2"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video6699-shot2_1"
"The woman in the middle is reaching to the right side of the screen with a disgusted look on her face"
"3"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video6699-shot2_1"
"The partly overcast sky is visible in the background as well as a brilliant reflection of the sun from a building behind the structure."
"2"
"open-images-74_13ecb782007c9c85"
"The Lego giraffe is facing to the right side and you can see the sunshine on it"
"1"
"open-images-74_13ecb782007c9c85"
"The man's right hand is in front of his midsection"
"5"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video1951-shot4_0"
"The mans legs are spread apart and he is next to the tip of the boat."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video1951-shot4_0"
"A girl looking at the camera with a princess shirt with her mouth in a smile."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_5VIQPJ8YOA-shot16_0"
"The little girl's mouth and part of her face is covered by her left arm."
"5"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_5VIQPJ8YOA-shot16_0"
"brides hand is right below other persons fist"
"3"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hmm2nn4PpI8-shot218_0"
"a new married couple walking on the lawn, with bride opening her mouth and looking at right, and groom having his left arm down and with no expression "
"4"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hmm2nn4PpI8-shot218_0"
"The mans abdomen, and suspenders are most fully visible as is more of his light colored shirt, which is least obscured by his jacket."
"5"
"video-storytelling-videowedding_hmm2nn4PpI8-shot218_0"
"A hairdresser has her right arm covering the middle of the right woman's face. The left woman's face is covered with the dresser's hair but no hands are visible."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video698-shot1_1"
"The woman on the left is obscured by the hair of the make-up artist. The woman on the right has her hair done up and the stylist is moving her hands away from her hair. "
"7"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video698-shot1_1"
"The young girls left hand is touching the white towel on the ground."
"5"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_O5knGGSprLE-shot89_0"
"The picture has a orange line right in the middle of the left hand. The shirt cuff on the left hand is visible."
"2"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_4ctLEIuXrUA-shot12_4"
"A pair of hands holds white rocks and the top of their sleeve is not visible."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videocamping_4ctLEIuXrUA-shot12_4"
"Her eyes are closed, and she is leaning slightly forward."
"0"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4382-shot1_0"
"A hand id hovering in front of a blue background with their middle finger near the right middle of the image and their pinkie near the bottom."
"7"
"open-images-1009_0999be7f4397426a"
"A ring is in between the skin portion of the index finger and middle finger."
"3"
"open-images-1009_0999be7f4397426a"
"A right palm is spread out with a silver ring on the ring finger. "
"4"
"open-images-1009_0999be7f4397426a"
"The thumb is outside the frame and there is close to no white powder on the ingredients. You can see a small glimpse of the other hand."
"3"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video3470-shot1_1"
"A cutlery box accompanied with a bottle of wine on the right side"
"0"
"open-images-709_3fd9d5a838fd85ae"
"a bottle of wine, a glass of wine, and two apples and some cherries on a wooden board on a table"
"6"
"open-images-709_3fd9d5a838fd85ae"
"There are two red and white boxes, a bottle of white wine, and a bottle of red wine."
"7"
"open-images-709_3fd9d5a838fd85ae"
"A man looks to the camera as he is driving with his hand in a blur. "
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video3976-shot1_2"
"The man's left forefinger is most fully extended upwards, pointing up."
"7"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video3976-shot1_2"
"The pinata bottom is visible and the boy to the right eyes are barely open"
"2"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_H0IGc2sVXDg-shot22_27"
"The pinata is completely above the TV, with a gap between them. The shirt of the child behind the red-shirted boy is completely blocked."
"3"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_H0IGc2sVXDg-shot22_27"
"The player's racket in his right arm is blurry as he is about to strike the ball."
"1"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video6697-shot2_0"
"The tennis ball has just been hit back by the player in the white shorts."
"2"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video6697-shot2_0"
"The green arrow is pointing to the fourth heart from the left. "
"4"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4045-shot1_2"
"The Lego car is faced forward directly. The green arrow rests above the blue portrait on its right half. "
"5"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4045-shot1_2"
"5 neon green lights appear straight in front of the automobile."
"6"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video4045-shot1_2"
"The person is grasping the trigger with 2 fingers and the speedometer is barely visible"
"2"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2532-shot1_6"
"Fingerd on the left are holding a group of wires. The crack on the floor is burry"
"3"
"MSR-VTT-videoTrainValVideo_video2532-shot1_6"
"The girl's head covers about half of the bottom right window section. Her mouth is open and her nose is over the dots on the chair."
"7"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot0_7"
"The girls mouth can no longer be seen and the right side of the wooden table is blocked by her"
"8"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot0_7"
"the right side of a young girl, her eyes are closed and we cannot see her left shoulder"
"9"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot0_7"
"The pink band on the pants is next to, but not covering, the girl's face."
"4"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot29_15"
"The girls eyes are slightly open and her mouth is mostly closed. Her left hand is behind the woman's hair and you can only see a few of her fingers."
"5"
"video-storytelling-videobirthday_NWvTOHoShYk-shot29_15"
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for ImageCoDe

To get started quickly, load descriptions via:

from datasets import load_dataset
examples = load_dataset('BennoKrojer/ImageCoDe')

And download image_sets.zip for all images sets (each directory consisting of 10 images).

Dataset Summary

We introduce ImageCoDe, a vision-and-language benchmark that requires contextual language understanding in the form of pragmatics, temporality, long descriptions and visual nuances. The task: Given a detailed description, retrieve the target image among 10 minimally contrastive images. ImageCoDe contains 21K descriptions and 94K images. THe images are primarily frames based on video datasets.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

An instance contains a description, the corresponding image set name, and the target index:

{"image_set": "video-storytelling-videowedding_de8dLXvgV-I-shot6_0",
"image_index": "8",
"description": "The flowers the woman in the teal strapless dress is carrying are completely obscured by the man in the black shirt's head. "}

Data Splits

Dataset Split Number of Descriptions in Split
Train 16,594
Validation 2,302
Test 2,306

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The main goal of ImageCoDe is to highlight weaknesses of recent Vision-and-Language models regarding complex language and fine-grained visual representations. In addition, we found that the dataset offers plenty of pragmatic examples and is therefore suitable for studying pragmatics.

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