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CommonAccent: Exploring Large Acoustic Pretrained Models for Accent Classification Based on Common Voice

German Accent Classifier

Abstract: Despite the recent advancements in Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), the recognition of accented speech still remains a dominant problem. In order to create more inclusive ASR systems, research has shown that the integration of accent information, as part of a larger ASR framework, can lead to the mitigation of accented speech errors. We address multilingual accent classification through the ECAPA-TDNN and Wav2Vec 2.0/XLSR architectures which have been proven to perform well on a variety of speech-related downstream tasks. We introduce a simple-to-follow recipe aligned to the SpeechBrain toolkit for accent classification based on Common Voice 7.0 (English) and Common Voice 11.0 (Italian, German, and Spanish). Furthermore, we establish new state-of-the-art for English accent classification with as high as 95% accuracy. We also study the internal categorization of the Wav2Vev 2.0 embeddings through t-SNE, noting that there is a level of clustering based on phonological similarity.

This repository provides all the necessary tools to perform accent identification from speech recordings with SpeechBrain. The system uses a model pretrained on the CommonAccent dataset in German (4 accents). This system is based on the CommonLanguage Recipe located here: https://github.com/speechbrain/speechbrain/tree/develop/recipes/CommonLanguage

The provided system can recognize the following 4 accents from short speech recordings in German (DE):

- DEUTSCHLAND DEUTSCH
- SCHWEIZERDEUTSCH
- OSTERREICHISCHES DEUTSCH
- ITALIENISCH DEUTSCH

GitHub Github repository link: https://github.com/JuanPZuluaga/accent-recog-slt2022

NOTE: due to incompatibility with the model and the current SpeechBrain interfaces, we cannot offer the Inference API. Please, follow the steps in "Perform Accent Identification from Speech Recordings" to use this German Accent ID model.

For a better experience, we encourage you to learn more about SpeechBrain. The given model performance on the test set is:

Release (dd/mm/yyyy) Accuracy (%)
01-08-2023 (this model) 75.5

Pipeline description

This system is composed of a fine-tuned XLSR model coupled with statistical pooling. A classifier, trained with NLL Loss, is applied on top of that.

The system is trained with recordings sampled at 16kHz (single channel). The code will automatically normalize your audio (i.e., resampling + mono channel selection) when calling classify_file if needed. Make sure your input tensor is compliant with the expected sampling rate if you use encode_batch and classify_batch.

Install SpeechBrain

First of all, please install SpeechBrain with the following command:

pip install speechbrain

Please notice that we encourage you to read our tutorials and learn more about SpeechBrain.

Perform Accent Identification from Speech Recordings

import torchaudio
from speechbrain.pretrained.interfaces import foreign_class

classifier = foreign_class(source="Jzuluaga/accent-id-commonaccent_xlsr-de-german", pymodule_file="custom_interface.py", classname="CustomEncoderWav2vec2Classifier")

# German Accent Example
out_prob, score, index, text_lab = classifier.classify_file('Jzuluaga/accent-id-commonaccent_xlsr-de-german/data/german.wav')
print(text_lab)

# Swiss Example
out_prob, score, index, text_lab = classifier.classify_file('Jzuluaga/accent-id-commonaccent_xlsr-de-german/data/switzerland.wav')
print(text_lab)

Inference on GPU

To perform inference on the GPU, add run_opts={"device":"cuda"} when calling the from_hparams method.

Training

The model was trained with SpeechBrain.

To train it from scratch follow these steps:

  1. Clone SpeechBrain:
git clone https://github.com/speechbrain/speechbrain/
  1. Install it:
cd speechbrain
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install -e .
  1. Clone our repository in https://github.com/JuanPZuluaga/accent-recog-slt2022:
git clone https://github.com/JuanPZuluaga/accent-recog-slt2022
cd CommonAccent/accent_id
python train_w2v2.py hparams/train_w2v2.yaml

You can find our training results (models, logs, etc) in this repository's Files and versions page.

Limitations

The SpeechBrain team does not provide any warranty on the performance achieved by this model when used on other datasets.

Cite our work: CommonAccent

If you find useful this work, please cite our work as:

@article{zuluaga2023commonaccent,
  title={CommonAccent: Exploring Large Acoustic Pretrained Models for Accent Classification Based on Common Voice},
  author={Zuluaga-Gomez, Juan and Ahmed, Sara and Visockas, Danielius and Subakan, Cem},
  journal={Interspeech 2023},
  url={https://arxiv.org/abs/2305.18283},
  year={2023}
}

Cite XLSR model

  title={Unsupervised cross-lingual representation learning for speech recognition},
  author={Conneau, Alexis and Baevski, Alexei and Collobert, Ronan and Mohamed, Abdelrahman and Auli, Michael},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2006.13979},
  year={2020}
}

Cite SpeechBrain

Please, cite SpeechBrain if you use it for your research or business.

@misc{speechbrain,
  title={{SpeechBrain}: A General-Purpose Speech Toolkit},
  author={Mirco Ravanelli and Titouan Parcollet and Peter Plantinga and Aku Rouhe and Samuele Cornell and Loren Lugosch and Cem Subakan and Nauman Dawalatabad and Abdelwahab Heba and Jianyuan Zhong and Ju-Chieh Chou and Sung-Lin Yeh and Szu-Wei Fu and Chien-Feng Liao and Elena Rastorgueva and François Grondin and William Aris and Hwidong Na and Yan Gao and Renato De Mori and Yoshua Bengio},
  year={2021},
  eprint={2106.04624},
  archivePrefix={arXiv},
  primaryClass={eess.AS},
  note={arXiv:2106.04624}
}
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