Edit model card

HiTZ/Aholab's Basque Speech-to-Text model Conformer-Transducer

Model Description

| Model architecture | Model size | Language

This model transcribes speech in lowercase Basque alphabet including spaces, and was trained on a composite dataset comprising of 548 hours of Basque speech. The model was fine-tuned from a pre-trained Spanish stt_es_conformer_transducer_large model using the Nvidia NeMo toolkit. It is an autoregressive "large" variant of Conformer, with around 119 million parameters. See the model architecture section and NeMo documentation for complete architecture details.


To train, fine-tune or play with the model you will need to install NVIDIA NeMo. We recommend you install it after you've installed latest PyTorch version.

pip install nemo_toolkit['all']

Transcribing using Python

Clone repository to download the model:

git clone https://huggingface.co/asierhv/stt_eu_conformer_transducer_large

Given NEMO_MODEL_FILEPATH is the path that points to the downloaded stt_eu_conformer_transducer_large.nemo file.

import nemo.collections.asr as nemo_asr

# Load the model
asr_model = nemo_asr.models.EncDecRNNTBPEModel.restore_from(NEMO_MODEL_FILEPATH)

# Create a list pointing to the audio files
audio = ["audio_1.wav","audio_2.wav", ..., "audio_n.wav"]

# Fix the batch_size to whatever number suits your purpouse
batch_size = 8

# Transcribe the audio files
transcriptions = asr_model.transcribe(audio=audio, batch_size=batch_size)

# Visualize the transcriptions


This model accepts 16000 kHz Mono-channel Audio (wav files) as input.


This model provides transcribed speech as a string for a given audio sample.

Model Architecture

Conformer-Transducer model is an autoregressive variant of Conformer model [1] for Automatic Speech Recognition which uses Transducer loss/decoding instead of CTC loss. You may find more info on the detail of this model here: Conformer-Transducer Model.


Data preparation

This model has been trained on a composite dataset comprising 548 hours of Basque speech that contains:

  • A processed subset of the validated split of the basque version of the public dataset Mozilla Common Voice 16.1: We have processed the validated split, which originally contains the train, dev and test splits, to create a subset free of sentences equal to the ones that are in the test split, to avoid leakage.
  • The train_clean split of the basque version of the public dataset Basque Parliament
  • A processed subset of the basque version of the public dataset OpenSLR: This subset has been cleaned from numerical characters and acronyms.

The composite dataset for training has been precisely cleaned from any sentence that equals the ones in the test datasets where the WER metrics will be computed.

Training procedure

This model was trained starting from the pre-trained Spanish model stt_es_conformer_transducer_large over several hundred of epochs in a GPU device, using the NeMo toolkit [3] The tokenizer for these model was built using the text transcripts of the composite train dataset with this script, with a total of 256 basque language tokens.


Performances of the ASR models are reported in terms of Word Error Rate (WER%) with greedy decoding in the following table.

Tokenizer Vocabulary Size MCV 16.1 Test Basque Parliament Test Basque Parliament Dev Train Dataset
SentencePiece Unigram 256 2.79 3.83 4.17 Composite Dataset (548 h)


Since this model was trained on almost publicly available speech datasets, the performance of this model might degrade for speech which includes technical terms, or vernacular that the model has not been trained on. The model might also perform worse for accented speech.

Aditional Information


HiTZ Basque Center for Language Technology - Aholab Signal Processing Laboratory, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU.


Copyright (c) 2024 HiTZ Basque Center for Language Technology - Aholab Signal Processing Laboratory, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU.

Licensing Information

Apache License, Version 2.0


This project with reference 2022/TL22/00215335 has been parcially funded by the Ministerio de Transformaci贸n Digital and by the Plan de Recuperaci贸n, Transformaci贸n y Resiliencia 鈥 Funded by the European Union 鈥 NextGenerationEU ILENIA and by the project IkerGaitu funded by the Basque Government. This model was trained at Hyperion, one of the high-performance computing (HPC) systems hosted by the DIPC Supercomputing Center.



Click to expand The models published in this repository are intended for a generalist purpose and are available to third parties. These models may have bias and/or any other undesirable distortions.

When third parties, deploy or provide systems and/or services to other parties using any of these models (or using systems based on these models) or become users of the models, they should note that it is their responsibility to mitigate the risks arising from their use and, in any event, to comply with applicable regulations, including regulations regarding the use of Artificial Intelligence.

In no event shall the owner and creator of the models (HiTZ Basque Center for Language Technology - Aholab Signal Processing Laboratory, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU.) be liable for any results arising from the use made by third parties of these models.

Downloads last month

Datasets used to train HiTZ/stt_eu_conformer_transducer_large

Collection including HiTZ/stt_eu_conformer_transducer_large

Evaluation results