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Table of Contents

  1. Model Details
  2. Uses
  3. Bias, Risks, and Limitations
  4. Training
  5. Evaluation
  6. Environmental Impact
  7. Technical Specifications
  8. Citation
  9. Model Card Authors
  10. How To Get Started With the Model

Model Details

Model Description

The XLM-RoBERTa model was proposed in Unsupervised Cross-lingual Representation Learning at Scale by Alexis Conneau, Kartikay Khandelwal, Naman Goyal, Vishrav Chaudhary, Guillaume Wenzek, Francisco Guzmán, Edouard Grave, Myle Ott, Luke Zettlemoyer and Veselin Stoyanov. It is based on Facebook's RoBERTa model released in 2019. It is a large multi-lingual language model, trained on 2.5TB of filtered CommonCrawl data. This model is XLM-RoBERTa-large fine-tuned with the CoNLL-2002 dataset in Dutch.


Direct Use

The model is a language model. The model can be used for token classification, a natural language understanding task in which a label is assigned to some tokens in a text.

Downstream Use

Potential downstream use cases include Named Entity Recognition (NER) and Part-of-Speech (PoS) tagging. To learn more about token classification and other potential downstream use cases, see the Hugging Face token classification docs.

Out-of-Scope Use

The model should not be used to intentionally create hostile or alienating environments for people.

Bias, Risks, and Limitations

CONTENT WARNING: Readers should be made aware that language generated by this model may be disturbing or offensive to some and may propagate historical and current stereotypes.

Significant research has explored bias and fairness issues with language models (see, e.g., Sheng et al. (2021) and Bender et al. (2021)).


Users (both direct and downstream) should be made aware of the risks, biases and limitations of the model.


See the following resources for training data and training procedure details:


See the associated paper for evaluation details.

Environmental Impact

Carbon emissions can be estimated using the Machine Learning Impact calculator presented in Lacoste et al. (2019).

  • Hardware Type: 500 32GB Nvidia V100 GPUs (from the associated paper)
  • Hours used: More information needed
  • Cloud Provider: More information needed
  • Compute Region: More information needed
  • Carbon Emitted: More information needed

Technical Specifications

See the associated paper for further details.



  title={Unsupervised Cross-lingual Representation Learning at Scale},
  author={Conneau, Alexis and Khandelwal, Kartikay and Goyal, Naman and Chaudhary, Vishrav and Wenzek, Guillaume and Guzm{\'a}n, Francisco and Grave, Edouard and Ott, Myle and Zettlemoyer, Luke and Stoyanov, Veselin},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.02116},


  • Conneau, A., Khandelwal, K., Goyal, N., Chaudhary, V., Wenzek, G., Guzmán, F., ... & Stoyanov, V. (2019). Unsupervised cross-lingual representation learning at scale. arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.02116.

Model Card Authors

This model card was written by the team at Hugging Face.

How to Get Started with the Model

Use the code below to get started with the model. You can use this model directly within a pipeline for NER.

Click to expand
>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoModelForTokenClassification
>>> from transformers import pipeline
>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("xlm-roberta-large-finetuned-conll02-dutch")
>>> model = AutoModelForTokenClassification.from_pretrained("xlm-roberta-large-finetuned-conll02-dutch")
>>> classifier = pipeline("ner", model=model, tokenizer=tokenizer)
>>> classifier("Mijn naam is Emma en ik woon in Londen.")

[{'end': 17,
  'entity': 'B-PER',
  'index': 4,
  'score': 0.9999807,
  'start': 13,
  'word': '▁Emma'},
 {'end': 36,
  'entity': 'B-LOC',
  'index': 9,
  'score': 0.9999871,
  'start': 32,
  'word': '▁Lond'}]
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