Unsupervised LLM Adaptation for Question Answering

Published on Feb 16


Large language models (LLM) learn diverse knowledge present in the large-scale training dataset via self-supervised training. Followed by instruction-tuning, LLM acquires the ability to return correct information for diverse questions. However, adapting these pre-trained LLMs to new target domains, such as different organizations or periods, for the question-answering (QA) task incurs a substantial annotation cost. To tackle this challenge, we propose a novel task, unsupervised LLM adaptation for question answering. In this task, we leverage a pre-trained LLM, a publicly available QA dataset (source data), and unlabeled documents from the target domain. Our goal is to learn LLM that can answer questions about the target domain. We introduce one synthetic and two real datasets to evaluate models fine-tuned on the source and target data, and reveal intriguing insights; (i) fine-tuned models exhibit the ability to provide correct answers for questions about the target domain even though they do not see any questions about the information described in the unlabeled documents, but (ii) they have difficulties in accessing information located in the middle or at the end of documents, and (iii) this challenge can be partially mitigated by replacing input tokens with random ones during adaptation.


Sign up or log in to comment

Models citing this paper 0

No model linking this paper

Cite in a model to link it from this page.

Datasets citing this paper 0

No dataset linking this paper

Cite in a dataset to link it from this page.

Spaces citing this paper 0

No Space linking this paper

Cite in a Space to link it from this page.

Collections including this paper 0

No Collection including this paper

Add this paper to a collection to link it from this page.