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Stable Diffusion XL Turbo

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Stable Diffusion XL Turbo

SDXL Turbo is an adversarial time-distilled Stable Diffusion XL (SDXL) model capable of running inference in as little as 1 step.

This guide will show you how to use SDXL-Turbo for text-to-image and image-to-image.

Before you begin, make sure you have the following libraries installed:

# uncomment to install the necessary libraries in Colab
#!pip install -q diffusers transformers accelerate

Load model checkpoints

Model weights may be stored in separate subfolders on the Hub or locally, in which case, you should use the from_pretrained() method:

from diffusers import AutoPipelineForText2Image
import torch

pipeline = AutoPipelineForText2Image.from_pretrained("stabilityai/sdxl-turbo", torch_dtype=torch.float16, variant="fp16")
pipeline = pipeline.to("cuda")

You can also use the from_single_file() method to load a model checkpoint stored in a single file format (.ckpt or .safetensors) from the Hub or locally. For this loading method, you need to set timestep_spacing="trailing" (feel free to experiment with the other scheduler config values to get better results):

from diffusers import StableDiffusionXLPipeline, EulerAncestralDiscreteScheduler
import torch

pipeline = StableDiffusionXLPipeline.from_single_file(
    torch_dtype=torch.float16, variant="fp16")
pipeline = pipeline.to("cuda")
pipeline.scheduler = EulerAncestralDiscreteScheduler.from_config(pipeline.scheduler.config, timestep_spacing="trailing")


For text-to-image, pass a text prompt. By default, SDXL Turbo generates a 512x512 image, and that resolution gives the best results. You can try setting the height and width parameters to 768x768 or 1024x1024, but you should expect quality degradations when doing so.

Make sure to set guidance_scale to 0.0 to disable, as the model was trained without it. A single inference step is enough to generate high quality images. Increasing the number of steps to 2, 3 or 4 should improve image quality.

from diffusers import AutoPipelineForText2Image
import torch

pipeline_text2image = AutoPipelineForText2Image.from_pretrained("stabilityai/sdxl-turbo", torch_dtype=torch.float16, variant="fp16")
pipeline_text2image = pipeline_text2image.to("cuda")

prompt = "A cinematic shot of a baby racoon wearing an intricate italian priest robe."

image = pipeline_text2image(prompt=prompt, guidance_scale=0.0, num_inference_steps=1).images[0]
generated image of a racoon in a robe


For image-to-image generation, make sure that num_inference_steps * strength is larger or equal to 1. The image-to-image pipeline will run for int(num_inference_steps * strength) steps, e.g. 0.5 * 2.0 = 1 step in our example below.

from diffusers import AutoPipelineForImage2Image
from diffusers.utils import load_image, make_image_grid

# use from_pipe to avoid consuming additional memory when loading a checkpoint
pipeline_image2image = AutoPipelineForImage2Image.from_pipe(pipeline_text2image).to("cuda")

init_image = load_image("https://huggingface.co/datasets/huggingface/documentation-images/resolve/main/diffusers/cat.png")
init_image = init_image.resize((512, 512))

prompt = "cat wizard, gandalf, lord of the rings, detailed, fantasy, cute, adorable, Pixar, Disney, 8k"

image = pipeline_image2image(prompt, image=init_image, strength=0.5, guidance_scale=0.0, num_inference_steps=2).images[0]
make_image_grid([init_image, image], rows=1, cols=2)
Image-to-image generation sample using SDXL Turbo

Speed-up SDXL Turbo even more

  • Compile the UNet if you are using PyTorch version 2.0 or higher. The first inference run will be very slow, but subsequent ones will be much faster.
pipe.unet = torch.compile(pipe.unet, mode="reduce-overhead", fullgraph=True)
  • When using the default VAE, keep it in float32 to avoid costly dtype conversions before and after each generation. You only need to do this one before your first generation:

As an alternative, you can also use a 16-bit VAE created by community member @madebyollin that does not need to be upcasted to float32.