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Helpful Utilities

Below are a variety of utility functions that πŸ€— Accelerate provides, broken down by use-case.

Data Classes

These are basic dataclasses used throughout πŸ€— Accelerate and they can be passed in as parameters.

class accelerate.DistributedType

< >

( value names = None module = None qualname = None type = None start = 1 )

Represents a type of distributed environment.

Values:

  • NO β€” Not a distributed environment, just a single process.
  • MULTI_CPU β€” Distributed on multiple CPU nodes.
  • MULTI_GPU β€” Distributed on multiple GPUs.
  • DEEPSPEED β€” Using DeepSpeed.
  • TPU β€” Distributed on TPUs.

class accelerate.utils.LoggerType

< >

( value names = None module = None qualname = None type = None start = 1 )

Represents a type of supported experiment tracker

Values:

  • ALL β€” all available trackers in the environment that are supported
  • TENSORBOARD β€” TensorBoard as an experiment tracker
  • WANDB β€” wandb as an experiment tracker
  • COMETML β€” comet_ml as an experiment tracker

class accelerate.utils.PrecisionType

< >

( value names = None module = None qualname = None type = None start = 1 )

Represents a type of precision used on floating point values

Values:

  • NO β€” using full precision (FP32)
  • FP16 β€” using half precision
  • BF16 β€” using brain floating point precision

Data Manipulation and Operations

These include data operations that mimic the same torch ops but can be used on distributed processes.

accelerate.utils.broadcast

< >

( tensor from_process: int = 0 )

Parameters

  • tensor (nested list/tuple/dictionary of torch.Tensor) — The data to gather.
  • from_process (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The process from which to send the data

Recursively broadcast tensor in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of tensors to all devices.

accelerate.utils.concatenate

< >

( data dim = 0 )

Parameters

  • data (nested list/tuple/dictionary of lists of tensors torch.Tensor) — The data to concatenate.
  • dim (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The dimension on which to concatenate.

Recursively concatenate the tensors in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of lists of tensors with the same shape.

accelerate.utils.gather

< >

( tensor )

Parameters

  • tensor (nested list/tuple/dictionary of torch.Tensor) — The data to gather.

Recursively gather tensor in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of tensors from all devices.

accelerate.utils.pad_across_processes

< >

( tensor dim = 0 pad_index = 0 pad_first = False )

Parameters

  • tensor (nested list/tuple/dictionary of torch.Tensor) — The data to gather.
  • dim (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The dimension on which to pad.
  • pad_index (int, optional, defaults to 0) — The value with which to pad.
  • pad_first (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to pad at the beginning or the end.

Recursively pad the tensors in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of tensors from all devices to the same size so they can safely be gathered.

accelerate.utils.reduce

< >

( tensor reduction = 'mean' )

Parameters

  • tensor (nested list/tuple/dictionary of torch.Tensor) — The data to reduce.
  • reduction (str, optional, defaults to "mean") — A reduction method. Can be of “mean”, “sum”, or “none”

Recursively reduce the tensors in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of lists of tensors across all processes by the mean of a given operation.

accelerate.utils.send_to_device

< >

( tensor device )

Parameters

  • tensor (nested list/tuple/dictionary of torch.Tensor) — The data to send to a given device.
  • device (torch.device) — The device to send the data to.

Recursively sends the elements in a nested list/tuple/dictionary of tensors to a given device.

Environment Checks

These functionalities check the state of the current working environment including information about the operating system itself, what it can support, and if particular dependencies are installed.

accelerate.utils.is_bf16_available

< >

( ignore_tpu = False )

Checks if bf16 is supported, optionally ignoring the TPU

accelerate.utils.is_torch_version

< >

( operation: str version: str )

Parameters

  • operation (str) — A string representation of an operator, such as ">" or "<="
  • version (str) — A string version of PyTorch

Compares the current PyTorch version to a given reference with an operation.

accelerate.utils.is_tpu_available

< >

( check_device = True )

Checks if torch_xla is installed and potentially if a TPU is in the environment

Environment Configuration

accelerate.utils.write_basic_config

< >

( mixed_precision = 'no' save_location: str = '/github/home/.cache/huggingface/accelerate/default_config.yaml' )

Parameters

  • mixed_precision (str, optional, defaults to “no”) — Mixed Precision to use. Should be one of “no”, “fp16”, or “bf16”
  • save_location (str, optional, defaults to default_json_config_file) — Optional custom save location. Should be passed to --config_file when using accelerate launch. Default location is inside the huggingface cache folder (~/.cache/huggingface) but can be overriden by setting the HF_HOME environmental variable, followed by accelerate/default_config.yaml.

Creates and saves a basic cluster config to be used on a local machine with potentially multiple GPUs. Will also set CPU if it is a CPU-only machine.

When setting up πŸ€— Accelerate for the first time, rather than running accelerate config [~utils.write_basic_config] can be used as an alternative for quick configuration.

Memory

accelerate.utils.get_max_memory

< >

( max_memory: typing.Union[typing.Dict[typing.Union[int, str], typing.Union[int, str]], NoneType] = None )

Get the maximum memory available if nothing is passed, converts string to int otherwise.

accelerate.find_executable_batch_size

< >

( function: callable = None starting_batch_size: int = 128 )

Parameters

  • function (callable, optional) — A function to wrap
  • starting_batch_size (int, optional) — The batch size to try and fit into memory

A basic decorator that will try to execute function. If it fails from exceptions related to out-of-memory or CUDNN, the batch size is cut in half and passed to function

function must take in a batch_size parameter as its first argument.

Modeling

These utilities relate to interacting with PyTorch models

accelerate.utils.extract_model_from_parallel

< >

( model ) β†’ torch.nn.Module

Parameters

  • model (torch.nn.Module) — The model to extract.

Returns

torch.nn.Module

The extracted model.

Extract a model from its distributed containers.

accelerate.utils.get_max_layer_size

< >

( modules: typing.List[typing.Tuple[str, torch.nn.modules.module.Module]] module_sizes: typing.Dict[str, int] no_split_module_classes: typing.List[str] ) β†’ Tuple[int, List[str]]

Parameters

  • modules (List[Tuple[str, torch.nn.Module]]) — The list of named modules where we want to determine the maximum layer size.
  • module_sizes (Dict[str, int]) — A dictionary mapping each layer name to its size (as generated by compute_module_sizes).
  • no_split_module_classes (List[str]) — A list of class names for layers we don’t want to be split.

Returns

Tuple[int, List[str]]

The maximum size of a layer with the list of layer names realizing that maximum size.

Utility function that will scan a list of named modules and return the maximum size used by one full layer. The definition of a layer being:

  • a module with no direct children (just parameters and buffers)
  • a module whose class name is in the list no_split_module_classes

accelerate.utils.offload_state_dict

< >

( save_dir: typing.Union[str, os.PathLike] state_dict: typing.Dict[str, torch.Tensor] )

Parameters

  • save_dir (str or os.PathLike) — The directory in which to offload the state dict.
  • state_dict (Dict[str, torch.Tensor]) — The dictionary of tensors to offload.

Offload a state dict in a given folder.

Parallel

These include general utilities that should be used when working in parallel.

accelerate.utils.extract_model_from_parallel

< >

( model ) β†’ torch.nn.Module

Parameters

  • model (torch.nn.Module) — The model to extract.

Returns

torch.nn.Module

The extracted model.

Extract a model from its distributed containers.

accelerate.utils.save

< >

( obj f )

Save the data to disk. Use in place of torch.save().

accelerate.utils.wait_for_everyone

< >

( )

Introduces a blocking point in the script, making sure all processes have reached this point before continuing.

Make sure all processes will reach this instruction otherwise one of your processes will hang forever.

Random

These utilities relate to setting and synchronizing of all the random states.

accelerate.utils.set_seed

< >

( seed: int device_specific: bool = False )

Parameters

  • seed (int) — The seed to set.
  • device_specific (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to differ the seed on each device slightly with self.process_index.

Helper function for reproducible behavior to set the seed in random, numpy, torch.

accelerate.utils.synchronize_rng_state

< >

( rng_type: typing.Optional[accelerate.utils.dataclasses.RNGType] = None generator: typing.Optional[torch._C.Generator] = None )

accelerate.synchronize_rng_states

< >

( rng_types: typing.List[typing.Union[str, accelerate.utils.dataclasses.RNGType]] generator: typing.Optional[torch._C.Generator] = None )