Datasets:

Languages: en fr
Multilinguality: translation
Size Categories: 1K<n<10K
Licenses: unknown
Language Creators: found

Dataset Card Creation Guide

Dataset Summary

From the homepage:

This shared task (part of WMT20) will build on its previous editions to further examine automatic methods for estimating the quality of neural machine translation output at run-time, without relying on reference translations. As in previous years, we cover estimation at various levels. Important elements introduced this year include: a new task where sentences are annotated with Direct Assessment (DA) scores instead of labels based on post-editing; a new multilingual sentence-level dataset mainly from Wikipedia articles, where the source articles can be retrieved for document-wide context; the availability of NMT models to explore system-internal information for the task.

The goal of this task 3 is to predict document-level quality scores as well as fine-grained annotations.

Each document has a product title and its description, and is annotated for translation errors according to the MQM framework. Each error annotation has:

  • Word span(s). Errors may consist of one or more words, not necessarily contiguous.
  • Severity. An error can be minor (if it doesn't lead to a loss of meaning and it doesn't confuse or mislead the user), major (if it changes the meaning) or critical (if it changes the meaning and carry any type of implication, or could be seen as offensive).
  • Type. A label specifying the error type, such as wrong word order, missing words, agreement, etc. They may provide additional information, but systems don't need to predict them.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

From the homepage:

Submissions will be evaluated as in Task 1, in terms of Pearson's correlation between the true and predicted MQM document-level scores. Additionally, the predicted annotations will be evaluated in terms of their F1 scores with respect to the gold annotations. The official evaluation scripts are available.

Languages

There is a single language pair in the dataset: English (en) - French (fr).

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

An example looks like this:

{
  'document_id': 'B0000568SY',
  'source_segments': ['Razor Scooter Replacement Wheels Set with Bearings', 'Scooter Wheels w/Bearings-Blue'],
  'source_tokenized': ['Razor Scooter Replacement Wheels Set with Bearings', 'Scooter Wheels w / Bearings-Blue'],
  'mt_segments': ['Roues de rechange Razor Scooter sertie de roulements', 'Roues de scooter w/roulements-bleu'],
  'mt_tokenized': ['Roues de rechange Razor Scooter sertie de roulements', 'Roues de scooter w / roulements-bleu'],
  'annotations': {
    'segment_id': [[0], [1], [1], [0, 0], [0], [1], [1]],
    'annotation_start': [[42], [19], [9], [0, 32], [9], [17], [30]],
    'annotation_length': [[10], [10], [7], [5, 6], [8], [1], [4]],
    'severity': [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0],
    'severity_weight': [1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 5.0, 1.0]
    'category': [3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 36, 3],
  },
  'token_annotations': {
    'category': [3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 36, 3],
    'first_token': [[7], [5], [2], [0, 5], [2], [3], [5]],
    'last_token': [[7], [5], [2], [0, 5], [2], [3], [5]],
    'segment_id': [[0], [1], [1], [0, 0], [0], [1], [1]],
    'severity': [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0],
    'token_after_gap': [[-1], [-1], [-1], [-1, -1], [-1], [-1], [-1]]
  },
  'token_index': [[[0, 5], [6, 2], [9, 8], [18, 5], [24, 7], [32, 6], [39, 2], [42, 10]], [[0, 5], [6, 2], [9, 7], [17, 1], [18, 1], [19, 15]]],
  'total_words': 16
}

Data Fields

  • document_id: the document id (name of the folder).
  • source_segments: the original source text, one sentence per line (i.e. per element of the list).
  • source_tokenized: a tokenized version of source_segments.
  • mt_segments: the original machine-translated text, one sentence per line (i.e. per element of the list).
  • mt_tokenized: a tokenized version of mt_segments. Default value is [] when this information is not available (it happens 3 times in the train set: B0001BW0PQ, B0001GS19U and B000A6SMJ0).
  • annotations: error annotations for the document. Each item of the list corresponds to an error annotation, which in turn may contain one or more error spans. Error fields are encoded in a dictionary. In the case of a multi-span error, multiple starting positions and lengths are encoded in the list. Note that these positions points to mt.segments, not mt_tokenized.
    • segment_id: List of list of integers. Id of each error.
    • annotation_start: List of list of integers. Start of each error.
    • annotation_length: List of list of intergers. Length of each error.
    • severity: List of one hot. Severity category of each error.
    • severity_weight: List of floats. Severity weight of each error.
    • category: List of one hot. Category of each error. See the 45 categories in _ANNOTATION_CATEGORIES_MAPPING.
  • token_annotations: tokenized version of annotations. Each error span that contains one or more tokens has a "first token" and "last token". Again, multi-span errors have their first and last tokens encoded in a list. When a span is over a gap between two tokens, the "first" and "last" positions are -1 (encoded as - in the original data), and instead the token_after_gap column points to the token immediately after the gap. In case of a gap occurring at the end of the sentence, this value will be equal to the number of tokens.
    • segment_id: List of list of integers. Id of each error.
    • first_token: List of list of integers. Start of each error.
    • last_token: List of list of intergers. End of each error.
    • token_after_gap: List of list of integers. Token after gap of each error.
    • severity: List of one hot. Severity category of each error.
    • category: List of one hot. Category of each error. See the 45 categories in _ANNOTATION_CATEGORIES_MAPPING.
  • token_index: a mapping of tokens to their start and ending positions in mt_segments. For each token, a start and end value are encoded in a list of length 2, and all tokens represent one item in the list.
  • total_words: total number of words in the document
_ANNOTATION_CATEGORIES_MAPPING = {
  0: 'Addition',
  1: 'Agreement',
  2: 'Ambiguous Translation',
  3: 'Capitalization',
  4: 'Character Encoding',
  5: 'Company Terminology',
  6: 'Date/Time',
  7: 'Diacritics',
  8: 'Duplication',
  9: 'False Friend',
  10: 'Grammatical Register',
  11: 'Hyphenation',
  12: 'Inconsistency',
  13: 'Lexical Register',
  14: 'Lexical Selection',
  15: 'Named Entity',
  16: 'Number',
  17: 'Omitted Auxiliary Verb',
  18: 'Omitted Conjunction',
  19: 'Omitted Determiner',
  20: 'Omitted Preposition',
  21: 'Omitted Pronoun',
  22: 'Orthography',
  23: 'Other POS Omitted',
  24: 'Over-translation',
  25: 'Overly Literal',
  26: 'POS',
  27: 'Punctuation',
  28: "Shouldn't Have Been Translated",
  29: "Shouldn't have been translated",
  30: 'Spelling',
  31: 'Tense/Mood/Aspect',
  32: 'Under-translation',
  33: 'Unidiomatic',
  34: 'Unintelligible',
  35: 'Unit Conversion',
  36: 'Untranslated',
  37: 'Whitespace',
  38: 'Word Order',
  39: 'Wrong Auxiliary Verb',
  40: 'Wrong Conjunction',
  41: 'Wrong Determiner',
  42: 'Wrong Language Variety',
  43: 'Wrong Preposition',
  44: 'Wrong Pronoun'
}

Data Splits

The dataset contains 1,448 documents for training, 200 documents for validation and 180 for (blind) test (all English-French).

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

The data is dervied from the Amazon Product Reviews dataset.

Source Data

[More Information Needed]

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[More Information Needed]

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

[More Information Needed]

Annotation process

[More Information Needed]

Who are the annotators?

[More Information Needed]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

Unknown

Citation Information

Not available.

Contributions

Thanks to @VictorSanh for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on wmt20_mlqe_task3

None yet