# Datasets:refresd

Multilinguality: translation
Size Categories: 1K<n<10K
ArXiv:
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sentence_pair (translation)label (class label)all_labels (class label)rationale_en (sequence)rationale_fr (sequence)
{ "en": "The invention of farming some 10,000 years ago led to the development of agrarian societies , whether nomadic or peasant , the latter in particular almost always dominated by a strong sense of traditionalism .", "fr": "En quelques décennies , l' activité économique de la vallée est passée d' une mono-activité agricole essentiellement vivrière , à une quasi mono-activité touristique , si l' on excepte un artisanat du bâtiment traditionnel important , en partie saisonnier ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
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{ "en": "For thicker tube walls it is necessary to prepare the edges more carefully , for example using a U-groove cross-section .", "fr": "Par contre , les grandes mandoles ténor nécessitent une utilisation plus importante de l' auriculaire , l' espacement entre les frettes étant plus important ." }
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0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The rookie that comes first in the challenge will become weekly captain , they also cannot be cut from the competition during that week .", "fr": "Le candidat éliminé dans le prime du jeudi soir sera également chroniqueur dans Le Mag pour la semaine qui suit son élimination ." }
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0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 1, 2, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "To encourage economic growth , the Sui government issued a new currency to replace those issued by its predecessors , Northern Zhou and Chen .", "fr": "Il renverse le jeune dalaï-lama promu par le régent et fait nommer à sa place un nouveau dalaï-lama plus enclin à respecter les princes Qohsots et l' Empereur de Chine Kangxi ." }
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0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "They initially had the sole right to publish copies of Alexander Muir 's \" The Maple Leaf Forever \" that for many years served as an unofficial Canadian national anthem .", "fr": "Alexander Muir compose The Maple Leaf Forever ( en ) qui est un chant patriotique pro canadien anglais ." }
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[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "Several critics asserted she was unjustly overlooked in the Grammy 's three major categories : Record of the Year , Song of the Year and Album of the Year .", "fr": "Cette même année , Annie est en nomination dans trois catégories au gala de l' Adisq soit : l' album de l' année , chanson de l' année et la révélation de l' année ." }
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[ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
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{ "en": "1952 relates that Cahill was a very proper woman who didn 't tolerate naughty behavior or salaciousness .", "fr": "En 1942 , Agostino Gemelli reconnut que l' affaire Galilée fut une erreur grave , qui ne mettait en cause ni l' infaillibilité du pape ni l' autorité de l' Église ." }
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[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
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{ "en": "A few decades later , much of the local population left as well , emigrating to Canada , where in 1785 they founded Arisaig , Nova Scotia .", "fr": "Certains d' entre eux se sont rendus par la suite à Livourne puis ont émigré à Londres en 1740 , aux Antilles ou en Australie Les Montefiore ont fait souche en Angleterre ." }
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{ "en": "In 2018 the Defence Secretary announced that the proposed new Type 26 frigates would all to be based at Devonport .", "fr": "En 2017 , solidaritéS annonce la création d' une nouvelle section dans le canton de Fribourg ." }
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[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Since the end of the Cold War , Russia has remained an important partner , but Algeria has increasingly sought additional sources for equipment as well as building its own shipbuilding capacity .", "fr": "A contrario , la Russie est avant tout une puissance terrestre , qui n' a cependant jamais cessé de chercher de nouveaux accès maritimes et à devenir elle aussi une grande puissance maritime ." }
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{ "en": "The opinions of the committee and those who submitted evidence to it on what should be banned were somewhat wide .", "fr": "La jurisprudence , qui a dû fixer les limites à ces atteintes , est vaste ." }
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[ 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "After Caesar 's death , he joined the party of Gaius Cassius Longinus , who sent him to plunder Tarsus .", "fr": "Après la mort du dictateur il est accusé par Caius Cassius Longinus de conspiration contre Rome ; il est mis à mort par la suite ." }
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[ 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "All are considered separate letters , and have their own place in the alphabet : á , é , í , ó , ú , ý , and ö .", "fr": "On les trouve toujours rangés dans cet ordre et ce quel que soit leur nombre : si , mi , la , ré , sol , do , fa ." }
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{ "en": "After the Monday deadline , Chinese police announced on loudspeakers that anyone who took part in the violence and gave themselves up would be treated with leniency .", "fr": "Dans les années qui suivirent la Révolution d' Octobre , les architectes qui avaient refusé d' émigrer , rejoints par ceux de la nouvelle génération , se mirent à dénoncer l' héritage bourgeois et adoptèrent un parti-pris formaliste ." }
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{ "en": "Computing power had become sufficiently powerful by the middle of the 20th century to allow mass and energy flow models on a vertical and horizontally resolved grid .", "fr": "Ce style de jeu apparu vers le milieu des années 1990 peut être considéré comme l' évolution des shoot them up à défilement vertical et horizontal ." }
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{ "en": "Terminal Services , previously only available as a separate edition of NT 4 , was expanded to all server versions .", "fr": "Les sources de toutes les branches depuis la version 2.2 jusqu' aux dernières expérimentations de CURRENT sont en permanence disponibles sur les serveurs ." }
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[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 0, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "His mom put him in the Children Chorus at the University of Costa Rica , where he was already studying piano .", "fr": "Il passe son enfance dans son pays natal , étudiant dans l' université de Grey High School ( en ) où il pratique déjà le rugby ." }
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[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Persea americana , or the avocado , possibly originated in the Tehuacan Valley in the state of Puebla , Mexico , although fossil evidence suggests similar species were much more widespread millions of years ago .", "fr": "La mise au jour à Tehuacán , dans la région mexicaine de Puebla , de metates datant du VIIe millénaire av. J.-C. permet de penser qu' on consommait peut-être déjà des tortillas à cette époque ." }
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{ "en": "Thus , the church ' should stress only what all Christians hold in common and should suppress all divisive doctrines and practices ' .", "fr": "Ce but étant un besoin de nos sociétés modernes qui centralisent tout et remplacent les familles chrétiennes par des masses d' individus \" ." }
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[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "He talks about Jay Gatsby , the most hopeful man he had ever met .", "fr": "Il côtoie notamment Giuseppe Meazza qui dira de lui Il fut le joueur le plus fantastique que j' aie eu l' occasion de voir ." }
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{ "en": "Total attendance for the series was 14,260 , out of a possible 22,500 ( including standing room ) capacity at the Arena .", "fr": "La capacité totale a été fixé à 25 144 places ( extensible à environ 34 000 sièges lors de manifestations extra-football ) ." }
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{ "en": "This outlook needs to be seen within the historical context of 18th-century Scotland .", "fr": "Il peut être intéressant de resituer ces réflexions dans le contexte historique de la Belgique à l' aube du XXe siècle ." }
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{ "en": "The CPA head office is situated in The Building Centre , on Store Street in central London opposite the College of Law .", "fr": "Le lycée Joffre est situé en centre-ville , près de la place de la Comédie , sur l' Esplanade , à côté du centre des congrès du Corum ." }
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{ "en": "In 1926 , Drexel drove the Flying Scotsman train from London to Edinburgh .", "fr": "Aussi , dans la première version , le train emprunté par les différents personnages est inspiré du Flying Scotsman , reliant Londres à Édimbourg ." }
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[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "In this capacity she also attends the Health and Wellbeing Board , Norfolk .", "fr": "Il a également eu des missions de conseil pour le Agence norvégienne de la santé et des services sociaux , . ↑ ." }
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[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 0 ]
{ "en": "After World War I , during which the community suffered aggravation , it was possible for the community to return to their homeland .", "fr": "Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale , période pendant laquelle ses actions ont été suspendues , la société a repris ses activités ." }
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[ 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "It also includes the defense of one 's honor , family and rights and establishing justice in the whole environment .", "fr": "Il rajoute son souhait de voir les États de la région bénéficier de la paix , la sécurité et la stabilité et il condamne le terrorisme sous toutes ses formes ." }
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{ "en": "\" Threads \" original airing was 63 mins long ; the original DVD version is cut to the standard 44 mins .", "fr": "Contient la version originale de \" Tristana \" : la version du DVD est raccourcie de 30 secondes après le générique ." }
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0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "Only up to five points matter as the resulting interval is { \\ displaystyle } if the interval includes at least two extrema .", "fr": "Les cinq arguments en faveur de la divisibilité de l' espace à l' infini sont les suivants : En admettant que la matière soit indivisible , cela signifie qu' on doit arriver , en divisant une petite étendue , à deux moitiés indivisibles qui se touchent ." }
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{ "en": "Rabbi Yosef Qafiḥ was a member of the Chief Rabbinate Council of Israel and president of the Yemenite community in Jerusalem .", "fr": "Mgr Algermissen est chevalier de l' ordre équestre du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem et membre du conseil du Forum Deutscher Katholiken ." }
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{ "en": "For this reason , particular parts of an object such as the headlights or tires of a car still have consistent appearances and relative positions .", "fr": "Le flou d' éléments urbains tels que les signaux lumineux ou les voitures contraste avec ses portraits d' alors , plus sobres ." }
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0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
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{ "en": "All this turns the Lightwood family into a laughing stock in the Shadow World and their prestige is only brought back by his well-behaved sons .", "fr": "Héros du dessin animé , c' est une petite boule rose qui doit sauver Cappyville , petite ville de la planète Popstar et accessoirement retourner chez lui ." }
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{ "en": "It needed to have matters formally referred to it by the Minister for Public Transport before it could commence that work .", "fr": "Rien n' avait cependant été précisé pour la filière française du groupe , dont il a appris son départ avant l' officialisation ." }
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[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
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{ "en": "In 1836 , he was appointed judge in the Court of Vice-Admiralty for the Quebec district , serving as its president for 37 years .", "fr": "En 1733 il est nommé à l' inspection des Bâtiments du roi du château de Marly et dépendances en succession de son père qui y avait servi dans cette fonction pendant 50 ans ." }
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[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 ]
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{ "en": "He is known to lead successful IPOs while generating returns for investors .", "fr": "Elle enseigne au joueur des techniques de conduite et permet par la même occasion au joueur de s' entrainer , dans le but d' obtenir des récompenses en cas de bonne reproduction ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "In one of the play 's central lines , Elizabeth says to the actor , \" if you will teach me how to be a woman , I will teach you how to be a man . \"", "fr": "Dans son ouvrage Le Roman expérimental , Zola écrit : \" Si j' applaudis Victor Hugo comme poète , je le discute comme penseur , comme éducateur ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
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[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "To allow protection from the inherent risks of fighting fires , firefighters wear and carry protective and self-rescue equipment at all times .", "fr": "Cette protection passe par la formation aux risques liés au plomb et par l' utilisation systématique d' équipements de protection collective et individuelle ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "Borrowing Authority will be authorised to look into the performance of individuals with respect to the task so assigned to them .", "fr": "Le compte de conscience permet au supérieur de diriger de manière appropriée cette personne dans le choix des missions qui lui sont confiées ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "Green Arrow 's words also imply that they have done this on other occasions when their secret identities were threatened by magic or other means .", "fr": "Les carrés magiques d' Agrippa continuent à être utilisés lors de cérémonies magiques modernes selon ce qu' il a prescrit , ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Meera gets visions about how Vivaan was responsible for Paromita 's death and decides to expose him in front of the world for causing an innocent 's death and for hiding it .", "fr": "Noel se sent responsable de l' imminente destruction du monde , et sa culpabilité le pousse à fuir la société et à se cacher ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "For more information on main flags see article : Flag of Croatia This is a list of flags which have been , or are still today , used in Croatia or by Croats .", "fr": "Quant au croisillon nord , les formerets y font défaut , mais l' on y voit le bandeau torique qui est également présent dans les croisillons et les bas-côtés ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Due to issues with attendance , a 2014 tour was not set up , and it is unclear whether the tour will be back again in 2015 and as of March 2016 nothing yet has been announced .", "fr": "À la rentrée 2015 , il participe à la chronique \" Les Experts d' Europe 1 \" , mais ne figure plus à l' antenne depuis mars 2016 , alors qu' il est toujours crédité sur le site de la radio ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "His goal was to increase Guatemala 's economic and political independence , and he believed that to do this Guatemala needed to build a strong domestic economy .", "fr": "Il partage les vues conservatrices et nationalistes des partisans d' Adams et veut utiliser les ressources nationales pour construire une économie forte ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "Like traditional American skyscraper design , articulated setbacks are used to separate and taper the vertical shaft of the main body as it rises , similar to the Empire State Building .", "fr": "À la différence d' autres bâtiments les gratte-ciel Art déco ont des formes souvent effilés avec des parties en retraits pour les étages supérieurs comme c' est le cas de l' Empire State Building ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "The olive appears to come from the region of Persia and Mesopotamia , at least 6,000 years ago .", "fr": "La première présence humaine continue , en Abitibi-Témiscamingue , s' est déroulée il y a de ça plus ou moins 6 000 ans ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "Between 2002 and 2005 , the band released three studio albums with Walker to further growing popularity and critical acclaim .", "fr": "Entre 1992 et 1995 la FÉÉCUM accepte trois hausses des droits de scolarité afin de démontrer sa bonne foi et sa volonté de collaborer avec l' administration ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Hellhounds have been said to be as black as coal and smell of burning brimstone .", "fr": "Le noir animal fut utilisé de la même manière que le noir de fumée ou le charbon de bois comme colorant noir ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "The Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ( Fraunhofer ISI ) is part of the Fraunhofer Society for the promotion of Applied Research e.V. ( FhG ) , Europe 's largest application-oriented research organization .", "fr": "Le nom officiel est Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V. ( de l' allemand : \" Société Fraunhofer pour le soutien à la recherche appliquée \" ) ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "All live out their fantasies until Wolverine , who is inspired by the astral form of Jean Grey to fight , does so .", "fr": "Après la destruction d' un soleil autour duquel gravitait une planète habitée , phœnix , qui a alors l' apparence de Jean Grey est jugé par les Shi' ar et condamné à mourir ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "It was founded in 1994 by the Indian Express group , offering only a print course .", "fr": "Il retrace la tournée en Argentine du groupe en 1994 , qui n' était auparavant illustrée que par un bootleg de piètre qualité ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "This confers the efficiency of running native code , at the cost of startup time and increased memory use when the bytecode or AST is first compiled .", "fr": "Cela tend à limiter - au niveau du système - sa vitesse effective de lecture , et à compliquer le démarrage direct à partir d' une mémoire NAND ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "Stephen Whitfield writes that the lack of attention paid to identifying or finding Till is \" strange \" compared to the amount of published discourse about his father .", "fr": "Exemples de proverbes L' histoire de la publication de l' ouvrage , généralement ignorée , est \" étrange et embrouillée \" , selon l' expression de Leslie Shepard ( en ) ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In season 2 episode 7 she takes down a man three times her size , after he insulted her father , before the man could get a hit on her .", "fr": "Puis dans l' épisode 13 de la première saison , il reçoit deux griffures au visage après que le Grand Inquisiteur ait lancé son sabre laser sur lui , avant de faire face à Kanan lors de leur dernier affrontement ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "A few hours after a storm event , the fabric can be \" disturbed \" in order to dislodge the fines , and allow clean water to flow through .", "fr": "Mais quelques mètres avant de percuter le sol , ils \" freinent \" et se retrouvent saufs , juste pour se moquer du public ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In 2006 , Goro Mizutani group developed a non-scanning SHG microscope that significantly shortens the time required for observation of large samples .", "fr": "En 2006 , le laboratoire de Zhuang a inventé le microscope STORM , un microscope à fluorescence en champ large à super résolution permettant de dépasser la limite de diffraction ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 0, 0, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 0, 0, 0, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The fundamental theorem of projective geometry says that all the collineations of PG ( 2 , K ) are compositions of homographies and automorphic collineations .", "fr": "Le théorème de la division euclidienne pour les entiers affirme qu' il existe un unique couple ( q , r ) d' entiers relatifs vérifiant ces deux propriétés ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Given that the Eastern Bloc countries and allies were at that time amongst the most competitive teams the tournament 's level was rather high .", "fr": "Les clubs autrichiens qui participèrent à la Gauliga Marches de l' Est , figurèrent parmi les meilleures équipes de cette période troublées ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The war all started , he argues , because of the abduction of three courtesans and it is continued by profiteers for personal gain .", "fr": "Celui-ci refuse d' abord , mais se laisse finalement convaincre après l' intervention de trois messagers et l' arrivée de nouveaux réfugiés qui supplient qu' on leur vienne en aide ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Following his retirement from active rallying , he has worked in the fields of business and politics .", "fr": "Depuis qu' il s' est retiré de sa carrière de hockeyeur , il entre dans le domaine de la construction et de l' immobilier ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The DAIA accused him of trivializing the holocaust , and Congressman Eduardo Amadeo demanded his resignation ; Boudou later stated that this was a badly chosen metaphor .", "fr": "Geagea a été accusé d' avoir ordonné ce meurtre ; Dory Chamoun , frère de la victime , a déclaré plus tard que les preuves contre lui n' était pas suffisantes ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Currently , they are not recognized as a separate breed by major registries and each breeder sets their own standards for size .", "fr": "Ce n' est rien d' autre qu' une suite de bits attribuée à chaque registre , chaque registre se voyant attribuer une suite de bits différente ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In November 2015 , a US air strike killed ISIL 's leader in Libya , Abu Nabil al Anbari .", "fr": "En novembre 2014 , Abou Nabil al-Anbari est envoyé en Libye afin de prendre la tête de la branche libyenne de l' État islamique ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Tasks that disclosure a failure and negative feedback are considered less important than tasks with an outcome of success or positive feedback .", "fr": "Les études à résultats positifs sont plus vite publiées que celles avec un résultat non significatif ou négatif ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "Some grinding stones are portable ; others are not and , in fact , may be part of a stone outcropping .", "fr": "Les cadoles en pierres sèches n' ont ni une grande ancienneté ni une grande longévité : leurs pierres calcaires sont gélives et , qui plus est , ne bénéficient pas du liaisonnement d' un quelconque mortier ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "One health-care issue is the problem that healthy people will go without insurance and then buy coverage only if they need it , such as after an accident or a diagnosis of serious illness .", "fr": "Le secret médical n' est pas partageable entre le médecin traitant et le médecin d' une compagnie d' assurance , c' est-à-dire que le médecin traitant doit refuser de répondre à une compagnie d' assurance qui lui demanderait un diagnostic ou des renseignements médicaux , même en cas de décès ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The meeting between Hafez Al-Assad and Saddam Hussein occurred at an airbase in Al-Jafr in the eastern Jordanian desert .", "fr": "Les massacres de Ghraneidj et d' al-Keshkeyyi ont eu lieu lors de la guerre civile syrienne dans le gouvernorat de Deir ez-Zor ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The Turks began converting to Islam after Muslim conquest of Transoxiana through the efforts of missionaries , Sufis , and merchants .", "fr": "Des mosquées ont été construites en dehors de la péninsule d' Arabie au fur et à mesure du déplacement des musulmans , à travers les conquêtes , le commerce et les flux migratoires ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "After seeing the interview , the two thought to themselves \" You know what ?", "fr": "Ils s' aperçoivent qu' ils ont eu tous deux l' idée d' écrire leur nom dans leur chapeau : \" Alors ils se considérèrent \" .." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "For a compressible gas , the pressure and volume are inversely proportional , by Boyle 's law .", "fr": "Dans un écoulement subsonique , la relation entre la vitesse , la pression et la masse volumique du fluide est caractérisée par le théorème de Bernoulli ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In 1962 the university had 1,500 students and two faculties of Arts and Sciences .", "fr": "Le collège , avec les Arts et la Théologie , compte 1600 étudiants en 1605 et les deux facultés de Droit et Médecine : 400 ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "With his eye on public opinion abroad , Hitler made a point of stressing that the remilitarization was not intended to threaten anyone else , but was instead only a defensive measure imposed on Germany by what he claimed were the menacing actions of France and the Soviet Union .", "fr": "Par contre sa ténacité contre les réseaux d' influence en place n' avait rien de révolutionnaire : il n' entendait pas lutter contre les réseaux en général mais uniquement contre ceux qui lui semblaient menacer le cœur de son combat : l' identité blanche de la nation française et de l' Europe ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "It now has the accession number 1999.31 and is on display in the Eiteljorg Suite of African and Oceanic Art .", "fr": "Au no 293 , après la porte Dorée , se trouve l' ancien musée des Arts africains et océaniens ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "She saved 11 men from the water , among them the commander of Riilahti , Captain Lieutenant Osmo Kivilinna , who later died of his injuries .", "fr": "Parmi eux , outre trois lieutenants tués , figure le capitaine Dziewanowski qui succombe peu après à ses blessures ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
{ "en": "He and his fellow officers were concerned about how their men would behave when finally called on to go over the top .", "fr": "Lui ou un de ses subordonnés devait sceller les portes avec son cachet personnel , et il fallait ensuite vérifier à l' aube qu' elles étaient restées fermées ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "This specimen came from a region with a continental climate where the proposed vegetation changes had not yet occurred .", "fr": "Ces espèces ont peuplé la vallée à une époque reculée , mais avec les variations du climat elles avaient déjà disparu lorsque le paysage religieux de l' Égypte antique s' est structuré ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Kepler-62f and the other Kepler-62 exoplanets are being specially targeted as part of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence ( SETI ) search programs .", "fr": "Leonov et le reste de l' équipage du T-62A sont tués alors qu' ils tentent de quitter le char immobilisé ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The exact date on which the title was lost is unknown , which means the title reign lasted between 1 and 13 days .", "fr": "La date de disparition du titre est non précisée , un numéro 90 existe ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
[ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The competition never happened , and the studio continued the development of the game until they froze it temporarily to work on another game that was easier to finish at the time , They Breathe It became the studio 's first finished game .", "fr": "Le programme ne fonctionnera cependant jamais avec ces derniers et le développement reste bloqué jusqu' à l' arrivée des premiers terminaux à écran , pour lesquels il décide finalement de concevoir le jeu ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The product meets many MIL-SPEC requirements , but is also available on the commercial civilian market .", "fr": "De nombreux logiciels sont présents dans la sphère des logiciels commerciaux , mais il en existe aussi dans celle des logiciels libres ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In 1969 , due to continuing accusations of racism , Music Music Music , a spin-off series in which the minstrels appeared without their blackface make-up , replaced The Black and White Minstrel Show .", "fr": "À partir de 1862 , face aux nombreuses tentatives de contrefaçon dues à la diffusion des techniques de gravure essentiellement par clichage photographique , l' Institut d' émission remplace l' encre noire par une teinte bleu céleste , cette couleur n' étant pas reproduisible par les émulsions ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The governor offered him amnesty but the House of Burgesses refused ; insisting that Bacon must acknowledge his mistakes .", "fr": "Cet office fut contesté plus tard à Simon : la comtesse de Champagne ne consentit à le reconnaître que forcée par de graves nécessités ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "In addition , some students lacked a sufficient secondary education that would allow them to succeed in college .", "fr": "En outre , très peu d' entre elles ont accès à une éducation universitaire qui leur permettrait d' être auteurs de travaux scientifiques , ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 0, 0, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "It was toll road but now you can run this road no charge from January 2004 .", "fr": "La caverne avait été découverte par un habitant en 1991 , mais il n' a pu se rappeler le chemin qui y menait avant janvier 2008 ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "They state that due to their work : Every year over 2,500 nests are protected against human threats , predation and sea inundation .", "fr": "Elle estime que sur les 3000 accouchements qu' elle a réalisés , près de 2500 nouveau-nés n' ont pas survécu , victimes de la faim , du froid ou de la noyade ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The 28-year sub-cycle will break at a century year which is not divisible by 400 ( e.g. it broke at the year 1900 but not at the year 2000 ) .", "fr": "Ainsi , l' année 2000 serait représentée par 00 et ne suivrait pas 1999 ( 99 ) dans une séquence numérique ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Sixteen of these countries are specifically Commonwealth realms who recognise , individually , the same person as their Monarch and Head of State ; Tuvalu is one of these .", "fr": "Les Salomon étant l' un des seize royaumes du Commonwealth , le chef d' État est un monarque , le roi ou la reine des Salomon ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Came Home got his name after a series of failed attempts in the sales ring ; thus , he was always coming home .", "fr": "L' année suivante , il est réédité en un volume unique dans un format bon marché : c' est alors un succès de librairie , qui n' a jamais cessé d' être réédité depuis ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "From February to April 2008 , he presided over the trial of the police officers in the Sean Bell shooting incident .", "fr": "Au mois d' avril 2008 , The Game a écrit un morceau en réponse à la sentence qui a été prononcée contre les assassins de Sean Bell ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "Leonard Nimoy discussed the origin of the Vulcan salute in his autobiography I Am Spock .", "fr": "Selon Leonard Nimoy , son travail est à la base de la culture des Vulcains notamment en inventant le personnage de Sorak , le père de Spock ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "She also blamed incompetent management for infrastructural dilapidation of Mogadishu 's then two five-star hotels , establishments which had originally been built with public funds .", "fr": "Mais aussi au traitement inapproprié des déchets urbains dans les sept installations de production de combustible dérivé des déchets , initialement construits et gérés par des sociétés du Groupe Impregilo ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The operating principle was the same as that used in the Model 07 / 12 Schwarzlose machine gun used by Austria-Hungary during the First World War .", "fr": "Le Skoda 100 mm modèle 1916 était un obusier de montagne utilisé par l' Autriche-Hongrie pendant la Première Guerre mondiale ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]
{ "en": "The Fourth Congress , held in November 1922 , at which Trotsky played a prominent role , continued in this vein .", "fr": "La campagne électorale en vue des élections législatives du 14 août 1914 , dans laquelle Pašić est un acteur engagé , est marquée par cette confrontation ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "After staying at number two for another week , the song began to leave the chart , spending nine more weeks in the top 50 .", "fr": "Après une absence d' une semaine , la chanson est de retour dans le classement pour 20 autres semaines en prenant la 25e position ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "On April 17 , 2014 , Birnbaum co-authored an opinion editorial in The New York Times with Jacqueline Savitz titled \" The Deepwater Horizon Threat . \"", "fr": "Le 23 janvier 2013 il dépose avec son collègue PS Dominique Raimbourg , un rapport d' information intitulé \" Sur les moyens de lutte contre la surpopulation carcérale \" ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2 ]
{ "en": "For example , some people have more money than others , so they can pay to have their opinion put across better ( i.e. more advertising ) than the working class can .", "fr": "Certains auteurs considèrent que l' école enseigne plus aux élèves des contenus de cours qu' à raisonner correctement , alors qu' elle devrait faire le contraire ( ce qui expliquerait par exemple la prolifération actuelle des pseudo-sciences ) ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Grim is miserable in the first days of his servitude , and even fantasizes about killing them multiple times .", "fr": "Les mécanismes de thermorégulation des poussins sont loin d' être parfaits durant leurs tout premiers jours et donc , quand il fait chaud , ils profitent de l' ombre offerte par leurs parents , parfois en marchant entre leurs pattes ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "It was released in Japan during 2009 for the Sony PlayStation Portable and was released by XSEED Games in North America on August 17 , 2010 , in Europe on November 3 , 2010 and in Australia on February 20 , 2013 .", "fr": "Il a confirmé son rôle dans le téléfilm Shake It Up Destination Japon diffusé le 17 août 2012 aux États-Unis et 20 novembre 2012 en France ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "They must now find a way to undo what has been done , to save themselves from the power that will overwhelm them - and destroy the world .", "fr": "Il est possible de leur faire ce jour des offrandes afin qu' ils usent ensemble de leurs pouvoirs pour sauver les parents décédés , ou prolonger leur vie s' ils sont encore de ce monde ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "The huge gain was due to his holding company , SM Investments , which has interests in BDO , inter alia .", "fr": "La plus grande partie de sa fortune est placée dans une société d' investissement MSD Capital , qui a investi notamment dans le secteur bancaire ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
{ "en": "Gordon Keith , the owner and producer at Steeltown Records in Gary , Indiana , discovered the Jackson Five and signed them to their first contract in November 1967 .", "fr": "Coécrite par Keith Forsey et Steve Schiff , guitariste et auteur-compositeur du Nina Hagen Band , elle s' est classée 1re au Billboard américain en mai 1985 ." }
0 (divergent)
0 (unrelated)
[ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
[ 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3 ]
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

# Dataset Card for REFreSD Dataset

### Dataset Summary

The Rationalized English-French Semantic Divergences (REFreSD) dataset consists of 1,039 English-French sentence-pairs annotated with sentence-level divergence judgments and token-level rationales. The project under which REFreSD was collected aims to advance our fundamental understanding of computational representations and methods for comparing and contrasting text meaning across languages.

semantic-similarity-classification and semantic-similarity-scoring: This dataset can by used to assess the ability of computational methods to detect meaning mismatches between languages. The model performance is measured in terms of accuracy by comparing the model predictions with the human judgments in REFreSD. Details about the results of a BERT-based model, Divergent mBERT, over this dataset can be found in the paper.

### Languages

The text is in English and French as found on Wikipedia. The associated BCP-47 codes are en and fr.

## Dataset Structure

### Data Instances

Each data point looks like this:

{
'sentence_pair': {'en': 'The invention of farming some 10,000 years ago led to the development of agrarian societies , whether nomadic or peasant , the latter in particular almost always dominated by a strong sense of traditionalism .',
'fr': "En quelques décennies , l' activité économique de la vallée est passée d' une mono-activité agricole essentiellement vivrière , à une quasi mono-activité touristique , si l' on excepte un artisanat du bâtiment traditionnel important , en partie saisonnier ."}
'label': 0,
'all_labels': 0,
'rationale_en': [1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1],
'rationale_fr': [2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3],
}


### Data Fields

• sentence_pair: Dictionary of sentences containing the following field.
• en: The English sentence.
• fr: The corresponding (or not) French sentence.
• label: Binary. Whether both sentences correspond. {0:divergent, 1:equivalent}
• all_labels: 3-class label {0: "unrelated", 1: "some_meaning_difference", 2:"no_meaning_difference"}. The first two are sub-classes of the divergent label.
• rationale_en: A list of integers from 0-3 indicating the number of annotators who highlighted the token of the text in the English sentence during annotation. Word-aligned rationale for the divergent/equivalent label, from English.
• rationale_fr: A list of integers from 0-3 indicating the number of annotators who highlighted the token of the text in the French sentence during annotation. Word-aligned rationale for the divergent/equivalent label, from French.

### Data Splits

The dataset contains 1039 sentence pairs in a single "train" split. Of these pairs, 64% are annotated as divergent, and 40% contain fine-grained meaning divergences.

Label Number of Instances
Unrelated 252
Some meaning difference 418
No meaning different 369

## Dataset Creation

### Curation Rationale

The curators chose the English-French section of the WikiMatrix corpus because (1) it is likely to contain diverse, interesting divergence types since it consists of mined parallel sentences of diverse topics which are not necessarily generated by (human) translations, and (2) Wikipedia and WikiMatrix are widely used resources to train semantic representations and perform cross-lingual transfer in NLP.

### Source Data

#### Initial Data Collection and Normalization

The source for this corpus is the English and French portion of the WikiMatrix corpus, which itself was extracted from Wikipedia articles. The curators excluded noisy samples by filtering out sentence pairs that a) were too short or too long, b) consisted mostly of numbers, or c) had a small token-level edit difference.

#### Who are the source language producers?

Some content of Wikipedia articles has been (human) translated from existing articles in another language while others have been written or edited independently in each language. Therefore, information on how the original text is created is not available.

### Annotations

#### Annotation process

The annotations were collected over the span of three weeks in April 2020. Annotators were presented with an English sentence and a French sentence. First, they highlighted spans and labeled them as 'added', 'changed', or 'other', where added spans contain information not contained in the other sentence, changed spans contain some information that is in the other sentence but whose meaning is not the same, and other spans have some different meaning not covered in the previous two cases, such as idioms. They then assessed the relation between the two sentences as either 'unrelated', 'some meaning differences', or 'no meaning difference'. See the annotation guidelines for more information about the task and the annotation interface, and see the DataSheet for information about the annotator compensation.

The following table contains Inter-Annotator Agreement metrics for the dataset:

Granularity Method IAA
Sentence Krippendorf's α 0.60
Span macro F1 45.56 ± 7.60
Token macro F1 33.94 ± 8.24

#### Who are the annotators?

This dataset includes annotations from 6 participants recruited from the University of Maryland, College Park (UMD) educational institution. Participants ranged in age from 20–25 years, including one man and five women. For each participant, the curators ensured they were proficient in both languages of interest: three of them self-reported as English native speakers, one as a French native speaker, and two as bilingual English-French speakers.

### Personal and Sensitive Information

The dataset contains discussions of people as they appear in Wikipedia articles. It does not contain confidential information, nor does it contain identifying information about the source language producers or the annotators.

## Considerations for Using the Data

### Social Impact of Dataset

Models that are successful in the supported task require sophisticated semantic representations at the sentence level beyond the combined representations of the individual tokens in isolation. Such models could be used to curate parallel corpora for tasks like machine translation, cross-lingual transfer learning, or semantic modeling.

The statements in the dataset, however, are not necessarily representative of the world and may overrepresent one worldview if one language is primarily translated to, rather than an equal distribution of translations between the languages.

### Discussion of Biases

The English Wikipedia is known to have significantly more contributors who identify as male than any other gender and who reside in either North America or Europe. This leads to an overrepresentation of male perspectives from these locations in the corpus in terms of both the topics covered and the language used to talk about those topics. It's not clear to what degree this holds true for the French Wikipedia. The REFreSD dataset itself has not yet been examined for the degree to which it contains the gender and other biases seen in the larger Wikipedia datasets.

### Other Known Limitations

It is unknown how many of the sentences in the dataset were written independently, and how many were written as translations by either humans or machines from some other language to the languages of interest in this dataset.

### Dataset Curators

The dataset curators are Eleftheria Briakou and Marine Carpuat, who are both affiliated with the University of Maryland, College Park's Department of Computer Science.

### Citation Information

@inproceedings{briakou-carpuat-2020-detecting,
title = "Detecting Fine-Grained Cross-Lingual Semantic Divergences without Supervision by Learning to Rank",
author = "Briakou, Eleftheria and Carpuat, Marine",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)",
month = nov,
year = "2020",