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example_id (int)title_text (string)url (string)question (string)paragraph_text (string)sentence_starts (json)original_nq_answers (json)annotation (json)
9,174,646,170,831,579,000
Webbed toes
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Webbed_toes&oldid=801229780
what is the medical term for webbed toes
Webbed toes is the common name for syndactyly affecting the feet . It is characterised by the fusion of two or more digits of the feet . This is normal in many birds , such as ducks ; amphibians , such as frogs ; and mammals , such as kangaroos . In humans it is considered unusual , occurring in approximately one in 2,000 to 2,500 live births .
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-2,107,885,038,276,326,000
The Great Gilly Hopkins (film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Great_Gilly_Hopkins_(film)&oldid=852574057
who plays mr randolph in the great gilly hopkins
Sophie Nélisse as Gilly Hopkins Kathy Bates as Maime Trotter Glenn Close as Nonnie Hopkins Julia Stiles as Courtney Rutherford Hopkins Zachary Hernandez as W.E. ( William Ernest ) Bill Cobbs as Mr. Randolph Octavia Spencer as Miss Harris Billy Magnussen as Ellis Clare Foley as Agnes Sammy Pignalosa as Rajeem Toby Turner as Ticket Agent
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5,607,680,827,669,553,000
Reactive oxygen species
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Reactive_oxygen_species&oldid=826568034
where are reactive oxygen species produced in the body
In aerobic organisms the energy needed to fuel biological functions is produced in the mitochondria via the electron transport chain . In addition to energy , reactive oxygen species ( ROS ) with the potential to cause cellular damage are produced . ROS can damage lipid , DNA , RNA , and proteins , which , in theory , contributes to the physiology of aging .
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-8,543,578,632,950,228,000
Nix v. Hedden
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Nix_v._Hedden&oldid=851957702
is tomato a fruit or vegetable us supreme court
Nix v. Hedden , 149 U.S. 304 ( 1893 ) , was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that , under U.S. customs regulations , the tomato should be classified as a vegetable rather than a fruit . The Court 's unanimous opinion held that the Tariff Act of 1883 used the ordinary meaning of the words `` fruit '' and `` vegetable , '' instead of the technical botanical meaning .
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[ { "start": 174, "end": 183, "string": "vegetable" } ]
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-6,607,007,734,190,887,000
Union Public Service Commission
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Union_Public_Service_Commission&oldid=854119062
who appoints the chairman of union public service commission in india
As per Art . 316 , the Chairman and other members of Union Public Service Commission shall be appointed by the President . In case the office of the Chairman becomes vacant his duties shall be performed by one of the other members of the Commission as the President may appoint for the purpose .
[ 0, 13, 123 ]
[ { "start": 107, "end": 120, "string": "the President" } ]
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133,994,981,817,850,400
Love Is in the Air (song)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Love_Is_in_the_Air_(song)&oldid=820234304
who wrote the song love is in the air
`` Love Is in the Air '' is a 1977 disco song sung by John Paul Young . The song was written by George Young and Harry Vanda and it became a worldwide hit in 1978 , peaking at No. 3 on the Australian charts and No. 5 in the UK Singles Chart . In the United States , the song peaked at No. 7 on the pop chart and spent two weeks at No. 1 on the adult contemporary chart , his only US top 40 hit .
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904,035,272,333,474,300
Abhi
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Abhi&oldid=850830173
what is the meaning of abhi in hindi
The meaning of the Hindi word `` abhi , '' if translated to English , would be ( ab + hi ) `` just now '' or `` now itself '' ( ab meaning now ) .
[ 0 ]
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-4,980,452,301,598,266,000
Minister for Defence (Ireland)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Minister_for_Defence_(Ireland)&oldid=822638725
who is the minister for defence in ireland
The Minister for Defence ( Irish : An tAire Cosanta ) is the senior minister at the Department of Defence in the Government of Ireland . The current Minister for Defence is Leo Varadkar , TD .
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[ { "start": 173, "end": 190, "string": "Leo Varadkar , TD" } ]
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3,551,964,985,183,574,000
Little Witch Academia
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Little_Witch_Academia&oldid=807291997
how many episodes of little witch academia will there be
An anime television series of Little Witch Academia was announced on June 24 , 2016 following the final episode of Space Patrol Luluco . The series aired in Japan between January 9 , 2017 and June 26 , 2017 . For the first cour , the opening theme is `` Shiny Ray '' by YURiKA while the ending theme is `` Hoshi o Tadoreba '' ( 星 を 辿れ ば , If You Follow the Stars ) by Yuiko Ōhara . For the second cour , the opening theme is `` Mind Conductor '' by YURiKA while the ending theme is `` Tōmei na Tsubasa '' ( 透明 な 翼 , Invisible Wings ) by Ōhara . The series ran for 25 episodes released across nine BD / DVD volumes . Netflix began streaming the first 13 episodes with an English dub as of June 30 , 2017 . The remaining 12 episodes began streaming as of August 15 ; but they were labeled as the show 's second season .
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-4,578,658,203,905,833,500
Pure Michigan
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Pure_Michigan&oldid=813255638
who does the voice for the pure michigan ads
Pure Michigan began as an advertising campaign launched in 2008 by the state of Michigan , featuring the voice of actor and comedian Tim Allen . The Pure Michigan campaign , which aims to market the state of Michigan as a travel and tourism destination , received state and international attention beginning in 2008 when Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm approved $45 million in additional funding for the Pure Michigan campaign from the 21st Century Jobs Trust Fund . The unprecedented tourism fund amount for the state allowed the Pure Michigan campaign to be broadcast on a national level beginning in March 2009 . Annual funding for fiscal 2014 was $29 million .
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4,657,726,920,456,702,000
Clonal selection
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Clonal_selection&oldid=827074857
where does clonal selection of t cells happen
The theory states that in a pre-existing group of lymphocytes ( specifically B cells ) , a specific antigen only activates ( i.e. selection ) its counter-specific cell so that particular cell is induced to multiply ( producing its clones ) for antibody production . This activation occurs in secondary lymphoid organs such as the spleen and the lymph nodes . In short the theory is an explanation of the mechanism for the generation of diversity of antibody specificity . The first experimental evidence came in 1958 , when Gustav Nossal and Joshua Lederberg showed that one B cell always produces only one antibody . The idea turned out to be the foundation of molecular immunology , especially in adaptive immunity .
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[ { "start": 289, "end": 356, "string": "in secondary lymphoid organs such as the spleen and the lymph nodes" } ]
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3,542,596,469,291,220,000
Robot-assisted surgery
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Robot-assisted_surgery&oldid=799980818
when was the first robot used in surgery
The first robot to assist in surgery was the Arthrobot , which was developed and used for the first time in Vancouver in 1983 . Intimately involved were biomedical engineer , Dr. James McEwen , Geof Auchinleck , a UBC engineering physics grad , and Dr. Brian Day as well as a team of engineering students . The robot was used in an orthopaedic surgical procedure on 12 March 1984 , at the UBC Hospital in Vancouver . Over 60 arthroscopic surgical procedures were performed in the first 12 months , and a 1985 National Geographic video on industrial robots , The Robotics Revolution , featured the device . Other related robotic devices developed at the same time included a surgical scrub nurse robot , which handed operative instruments on voice command , and a medical laboratory robotic arm . A YouTube video entitled Arthrobot illustrates some of these in operation .
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-2,283,406,686,531,902,500
Cloud Gate
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Cloud_Gate&oldid=840317273
what is the bean made of in chicago
Cloud Gate is a public sculpture by Indian - born British artist Sir Anish Kapoor , that is the centerpiece of AT&T Plaza at Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago , Illinois . The sculpture and AT&T Plaza are located on top of Park Grill , between the Chase Promenade and McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink . Constructed between 2004 and 2006 , the sculpture is nicknamed The Bean because of its shape . Made up of 168 stainless steel plates welded together , its highly polished exterior has no visible seams . It measures 33 by 66 by 42 feet ( 10 by 20 by 13 m ) , and weighs 110 short tons ( 100 t ; 98 long tons ) .
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[ { "start": 431, "end": 473, "string": "168 stainless steel plates welded together" } ]
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7,692,398,815,301,295,000
Indian Accounting Standards
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Indian_Accounting_Standards&oldid=801858800
who is responsible for issuing accounting standard in india
Indian Accounting Standard ( abbreviated as Ind - AS ) is the Accounting standard adopted by companies in India and issued under the supervision and control of Accounting Standards Board ( ASB ) , which was constituted as a body in the year 1977 . ASB is a committee under Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ( ICAI ) which consists of representatives from government department , academicians , other professional bodies viz . ICAI , representatives from ASSOCHAM , CII , FICCI , etc .
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-6,693,707,497,900,986,000
Trade winds
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Trade_winds&oldid=857071338
winds that blow predominantly from the northeast and the southeast are the
The trade winds are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics , within the lower portion of the Earth 's atmosphere , in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth 's equator . The trade winds blow predominantly from the northeast in the Northern Hemisphere and from the southeast in the Southern Hemisphere , strengthening during the winter and when the Arctic oscillation is in its warm phase . Trade winds have been used by captains of sailing ships to cross the world 's oceans for centuries , and enabled colonial expansion into the Americas and trade routes to become established across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans .
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8,497,853,019,487,833,000
Dustin Pedroia
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Dustin_Pedroia&oldid=807115929
who plays second base for the boston red sox
Dustin Luis Pedroia ( born August 17 , 1983 ) is an American baseball second baseman for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball ( MLB ) . He is a four - time All - Star and an American League ( AL ) Most Valuable Player award winner , who has also received four Gold Glove Awards and a single Silver Slugger award .
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-5,482,679,126,481,864,000
United States Department of the Treasury
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=United_States_Department_of_the_Treasury&oldid=808080244
who handles the money in the us government
The Department of the Treasury is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government . Established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage government revenue , its responsibilities include : producing currency and coinage , collecting taxes and paying bills of the US government , managing the federal finances , supervising banks and thrifts , and advising on fiscal policy . The Department is administered by the Secretary of the Treasury , who is a member of the Cabinet . On February 13 , 2017 , the Senate confirmed Steven Mnuchin as Secretary of the Treasury .
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-8,464,915,571,535,251,000
Earth Angel
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Earth_Angel&oldid=842752583
who sang the original version of earth angel
`` Earth Angel '' ( occasionally referred to as `` Earth Angel ( Will You Be Mine ) '' ) is a song by American doo - wop group the Penguins . Produced by Dootsie Williams , it was released as their debut single in October 1954 on Dootone Records . The Penguins had formed the year prior and recorded the song as a demo in a garage in South Los Angeles . The song 's origins lie in multiple different sources , among them songs by Jesse Belvin , Patti Page , and the Hollywood Flames . Its authorship was the subject of a bitter legal dispute with Williams in the years following its release .
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-7,038,085,670,715,790,000
Princess Leia
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Princess_Leia&oldid=856437951
when is it revealed that luke and leia are siblings
Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan ( also Senator Leia Organa or General Leia Organa ) is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise , portrayed in films by Carrie Fisher . Introduced in the original Star Wars film in 1977 , Leia is princess of the planet Alderaan , a member of the Imperial Senate and an agent of the Rebel Alliance . She thwarts the sinister Sith Lord Darth Vader and helps bring about the destruction of the Empire 's cataclysmic superweapon , the Death Star . In The Empire Strikes Back ( 1980 ) , Leia commands a Rebel base and evades Vader as she falls in love with the smuggler , Han Solo . In Return of the Jedi ( 1983 ) , Leia leads the operation to rescue Han from the crime lord Jabba the Hutt , and is revealed to be Vader 's daughter and the twin sister of Luke Skywalker . The prequel film Revenge of the Sith ( 2005 ) establishes that the twins ' mother is Senator ( and former queen ) Padmé Amidala of Naboo , who dies after childbirth . Leia is adopted by Senator Bail and Queen Breha Organa of Alderaan . In The Force Awakens ( 2015 ) and The Last Jedi ( 2017 ) , Leia is the founder and General of the Resistance against the First Order . She and Han have a son named Ben , who adopted the name Kylo Ren after turning to the dark side of the Force .
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4,311,225,126,751,472,000
Ray Bolger
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Ray_Bolger&oldid=843541868
who played the scare crow in wizard of oz
Raymond Wallace Bolger ( January 10 , 1904 -- January 15 , 1987 ) was an American actor , singer , and dancer ( particularly of tap ) of vaudeville , stage ( particularly musical theatre ) and screen , who started in the silent film era . He is best known for his portrayal of the Scarecrow in MGM 's classic The Wizard of Oz ( 1939 ) . He was also the host of his own television show , The Ray Bolger Show .
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1,169,576,047,676,747,000
You've Really Got a Hold on Me
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=You%27ve_Really_Got_a_Hold_on_Me&oldid=856319257
who wrote the song you really got a hold on me
`` You 've Really Got a Hold on Me '' is a song written by Smokey Robinson which became a 1962 Top 10 hit single for The Miracles on Motown 's Tamla label . One of the Miracles ' most covered tunes , this million - selling song received a 1998 Grammy Hall of Fame Award . It has also been selected as one of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll . It was covered by English rock group the Beatles on their second album , With the Beatles and many other musicians .
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8,078,020,242,638,604,000
ICC World Twenty20
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=ICC_World_Twenty20&oldid=804716916
when did india win the first t20 world cup
Six tournaments have so far been played , and only the West Indies , who currently hold the title , has won the tournament on multiple occasions . The inaugural event , the 2007 World Twenty20 , was staged in South Africa , and won by India , who defeated Pakistan in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg . The 2009 tournament took place in England , and was won by the previous runner - up , Pakistan , who defeated Sri Lanka in the final at Lord 's . The third tournament was held in 2010 , hosted by the countries making up the West Indies cricket team . England defeated Australia in the final in Barbados , which was played at Kensington Oval . The fourth tournament , the 2012 World Twenty20 , was held in Asia for the first time , with all matches played in Sri Lanka . The West Indies won the tournament by defeating Sri Lanka in the final , winning its first international tournament since the 2004 Champions Trophy . The fifth tournament , the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 , was hosted by Bangladesh , and was won by Sri Lanka , who became the first team to play in three finals . West Indies are the current World T20I holders , beating England in the 2016 final , winning their second title .
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3,326,288,261,765,971,000
Publishers Clearing House
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Publishers_Clearing_House&oldid=822863512
where does publishers clearing house get their funding
PCH is a direct - marketing company that sells merchandise , magazine subscriptions and operates several prize - based websites . While best known for the sweepstakes and Prize Patrol it uses to promote its magazine subscriptions , the majority of the company 's revenue now comes from merchandise . The company has been selling books , media , jewelry and other consumer items since the 1980s . PCH operates eight websites , including PCH Search and Win , PCH Lotto , PCH Games , PCH Save and Win , and Candystand .
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Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Rockefeller_Center_Christmas_Tree&oldid=854068956
when do they light up the tree in rockefeller center
The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree is a large Christmas tree placed annually in Rockefeller Center , in Midtown Manhattan . The tree is erected in mid November and lit in a public ceremony in late November or early December . Since 1997 , the lighting has been broadcast live , to hundreds of millions , on NBC 's Christmas in Rockefeller Center telecast on a Wednesday after Thanksgiving . The tree lighting ceremony is aired at the end of every broadcast , following live entertainment and the tree is lit by the current Mayor of New York City and special guests . An estimated 125 million people visit the attraction each year .
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-5,982,178,932,963,527,000
Kaycee Stroh
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Kaycee_Stroh&oldid=814218590
who plays martha cox in high school musical
Kaycee Stroh ( born May 29 , 1984 ) is an American actress , singer and dancer , best known for her role as Martha Cox in the hit Disney Channel Original Movies , High School Musical ( 2006 ) , High School Musical 2 ( 2007 ) , and High School Musical 3 : Senior Year ( 2008 ) . She was a contestant in the VH1 reality show Celebrity Fit Club .
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American System (economic plan)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=American_System_(economic_plan)&oldid=806745023
what were the major components of clays american system
The American System was an economic plan that played a prominent role in American policy during the first half of the 19th century . Rooted in the `` American School '' ideas of Alexander Hamilton , the plan `` consisted of three mutually reinforcing parts : a tariff to protect and promote American industry ; a national bank to foster commerce ; and federal subsidies for roads , canals , and other ' internal improvements ' to develop profitable markets for agriculture '' . Congressman Henry Clay was the plan 's foremost proponent and the first to refer to it as the `` American System '' .
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Software asset management
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Software_asset_management&oldid=842521597
what is software asset management (sam)
Software asset management ( SAM ) is a business practice that involves managing and optimizing the purchase , deployment , maintenance , utilization , and disposal of software applications within an organization . According to the Information Technology Infrastructure Library ( ITIL ) , SAM is defined as `` ... all of the infrastructure and processes necessary for the effective management , control and protection of the software assets ... throughout all stages of their lifecycle . '' Fundamentally intended to be part of an organization 's information technology business strategy , the goals of SAM are to reduce information technology ( IT ) costs and limit business and legal risk related to the ownership and use of software , while maximizing IT responsiveness and end - user productivity . SAM is particularly important for large corporations in regard to redistribution of licenses and managing legal risks associated with software ownership and expiration . SAM technologies track license expiration , thus allowing the company to function ethically and within software compliance regulations . This can be important for both eliminating legal costs associated with license agreement violations and as part of a company 's reputation management strategy . Both are important forms of risk management and are critical for large corporations ' long - term business strategies .
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T.J. Miller
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=T.J._Miller&oldid=815863724
who does tj miller play in gravity falls
Miller appeared frequently as a member of the `` round table '' on Chelsea Lately . He appeared as Marmaduke Brooker in Carpoolers , which ran for 13 episodes on ABC in 2007 -- 2008 . In 2012 , he voiced Robbie Valentino on the Disney channel cartoon Gravity Falls . On December 13 , 2010 , October 28 , 2011 , and June 14 , 2012 , he performed stand - up on Conan . On November 15 , 2011 , his stand - up special No Real Reason premiered on Comedy Central . In 2011 , he hosted a special called Mash Up , which was picked up in 2012 for a full season by Comedy Central . He starred in the Fox TV series The Goodwin Games as Jimmy Goodwin .
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6,152,485,462,635,560,000
List of GLOW characters
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=List_of_GLOW_characters&oldid=798118519
who plays salty the sack johnson on glow
Salty `` The Sack '' Johnson ( John Morrison ) is a professional wrestler assigned as GLOW 's original trainer , but is fired by Sam due to creative differences . Carolyn ( Esther Anderson ) is Sam 's ex-wife . Sam divorced her after he caught her having sex with his steadicam operator . They share joint custody of their dog Lenny . Lorene ( Lisa Ann Walter ) is Debbie 's mother , who takes care of Debbie 's son Randy while she is out training for GLOW . Ron ( Allan Havey ) is Debbie 's stepfather . Dale ( Alex Riley ) is a professional wrestler who takes the persona of `` Steel Horse '' , a working - class hero . He admits to Debbie that his promotion 's storylines were inspired by soap operas , and that he has been a fan of hers since her days in Paradise Cove . Rick ( Joey Ryan ) is a professional wrestler who takes the persona of `` Mr. Monopoly '' , an arrogant business tycoon who is Steel Horse 's arch nemesis and half - brother . His gimmick is a parody of `` The Million Dollar Man '' Ted DiBiase , and he is accompanied by his valet and Steel Horse 's ex-girlfriend Crystal ( Laura James ) , a parody of Miss Elizabeth . Michael ( Daniel Polo ) is Gregory 's cousin and a young Russian Jewish chess champion who migrates to America . He undergoes bris during his welcome party , and upon overhearing Ruth talking about Yentl , he asks her to sing one of Barbra Streisand 's songs to ease his pain . Amber Fredrickson ( Brooke Hogan ) is the manager of a night club ( which looks like the Mayan Theater ) that Sam and Ruth see as a possible venue for GLOW shows . Birdie Howard ( Elizabeth Perkins ) is Bash 's mother . Upon discovering that Bash spent over $600,000 on investing on GLOW , she freezes his assets . After Bash brings in the GLOW wrestlers as mock speakers in Birdie 's anti-drug fundraiser , Birdie allows him to use the Hayworth Hotel 's ballroom for GLOW 's pilot episode . Regina Offal ( Christine Elliott ) is Billy 's mother .
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227,878,627,167,846,820
Timeline of rocket and missile technology
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_rocket_and_missile_technology&oldid=855909545
when did the first rocket launched into space
1902 - French cinema pioneer Georges Méliès directs A Trip to the Moon , the first film about space travel . 1903 - Konstantin Tsiolkovsky begins a series of papers discussing the use of rocketry to reach outer space , space suits , and colonization of the solar system . Two key points discussed in his works are liquid fuels and staging . 1913 - Without knowing the work of Russian mathematician Konstantin Tsiolkovsky , French engineer Robert Esnault - Pelterie derived the equations for space flight , produced a paper that presented the rocket equation and calculated the energies required to reach the Moon and nearby planets . 1922 - Hermann Oberth publishes his scientific work about rocketry and space exploration : Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen ( `` By Rocket into Planetary Space '' ) . 1924 - Society for Studies of Interplanetary Travel founded in Moscow by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky , Friedrich Zander and 200 other space and rocket experts 1926 - Robert Goddard launches the first liquid fuel rocket . 1927 - Verein für Raumschiffahrt ( VfR - `` Spaceflight Society '' ) founded in Germany . 1929 - Woman in the Moon , considered to be one of the first `` serious '' science fiction films . 1931 - Friedrich Schmiedl attempts the first rocket mail service in Austria 1935 - Emilio Herrera Linares from Spain designed and made the first full - pressured astronaut suit , called the escafandra estratonáutica . The Russians then used a model of Herrera 's suit when first flying into space of which the Americans would then later adopt when creating their own space program . 1937 - Peenemünde Army Research Center founded in Germany 1938 - The Projectile Development Establishment founded at Fort Halstead for the United Kingdom 's research into military solid - fuel rockets . 1939 - Katyusha multiple rocket launchers ( Russian : Катюша ) are a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union . 1941 - French rocket EA - 41 is launched , being the first European liquid propellant working rocket 1941 - Jet Assisted Take Off JATO installed on US Army Air Corp Ercoupe aircraft occurred on 12 August in March Field , California . 1942 - Wernher von Braun and Walter Dornberger launch the first V - 2 rocket at Peenemünde in northern Germany . 1942 - A V - 2 rocket reaches an altitude of 85 km . 1944 - The V - 2 rocket MW 18014 reaches an altitude of 176 km , becoming the first man - made object in space . 1945 - Lothar Sieber dies after the first vertical take - off manned rocket flight in a Bachem Ba 349 `` Natter '' 1945 - Operation Paperclip takes 1,600 German rocket scientists and technicians to the United States 1945 - Operation Osoaviakhim takes 2,000 German rocket scientists and technicians to the Soviet Union 1946 - First flight of the Nike missile , later the first operational surface - to - air guided missile 1947 - Chuck Yeager achieves the first manned supersonic flight in a Bell X-1 rocket - powered aircraft 1949 - Willy Ley publishes The Conquest of Space 1952 - 22 May , French Véronique 1 rocket is launched from the Algerian desert . 1952 - Wernher von Braun discusses the technical details of a manned exploration of Mars in Das Marsprojekt . 1953 - Colliers Magazine publishes a series of articles on man 's future in space , igniting the interest of people around the world . The series includes numerous articles by Ley and von Braun , illustrated by Chesley Bonestell . 1956 - First launch of PGM - 17 Thor , the first US ballistic missile and forerunner of the Delta space launch rockets 1957 - Launch of the first ICBM , the USSR 's R - 7 ( 8K71 ) , known to NATO as the SS - 6 Sapwood . 1957 - The USSR launches Sputnik 1 , the first artificial satellite . 1958 - The U.S. launches Explorer 1 , the first American artificial satellite , on a Jupiter - C rocket . 1958 - US launches their first ICBM , the Atlas - B ( the Atlas - A was a test article only ) . 1961 - the USSR launches Vostok 1 , Yuri Gagarin reached a height of 327 km above Earth and was the first man to orbit Earth . 1961 - US , a Mercury capsule named Freedom 7 with Alan B. Shepard , spacecraft was launched by a Redstone rocket on a ballistic trajectory suborbital flight . 1962 - The US launches Mercury MA - 6 ( Friendship 7 ) on an Atlas D booster , John Glenn finally puts America in orbit . 1963 - The USSR launches Vostok 6 , Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman ( and first civilian ) to orbit Earth . She remained in space for nearly three days and orbited the Earth 48 times . 1963 - US X-15 rocket - plane , the first reusable manned spacecraft ( suborbital ) reaches space , pioneering reusability , carried launch and glide landings . 1965 - USSR Proton rocket , highly successful launch vehicle with notable payloads , Salyut 6 & Salyut 7 , Mir & ISS components 1965 - Robert Salked investigates various single stage to orbit spaceplane concepts 1966 - USSR Luna 9 , the first soft landing on the Moon 1966 - USSR launches Soyuz spacecraft , longest - running series of spacecraft , eventually serving Soviet , Russian and International space missions . 1969 - US Apollo 11 , first men on the Moon , first lunar surface extravehicular activity . 1981 - US space shuttle pioneers reusability and glide landings 1998 - US Deep Space 1 is first deep space mission to use an ion thruster for propulsion . 1998 - Russia launch Zarya module which is the first part of the International Space Station .
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Freaky Friday (2003 film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Freaky_Friday_(2003_film)&oldid=841640517
what instrument does anna play in freaky friday
At the rehearsal dinner , Anna 's bandmates come to try to convince `` Anna '' to sneak off to the audition , but they are caught by security . Ryan surprises Tess and Anna by giving `` Anna '' permission to go . He explains that he just wants the kids to accept him , and he urges `` Tess '' to go support the band , finally winning her over . Since Tess can not play , Anna unplugs her guitar , and plays while Tess mimes along and enjoys doing so . Jake is in the audience , and he realizes that Anna is the one for him . Tess also realizes how fun music is , and promises to treat Anna 's band with more respect . Back at the rehearsal dinner , Tess tells Anna to ask Ryan to postpone the wedding , so that Anna will not have to go through marrying him in Tess 's body . Instead , she proposes a toast where she finally accepts him because of how happy he makes Tess . This is the final act of selfless love needed to break the spell , and another earthquake has them switch back to their own selves . On the wedding day , Tess and Ryan marry , and she and Anna finally make up after such long conflict by saying `` I love you '' to each other . Also , Anna and Jake start dating with Tess 's approval . Anna 's band also plays at the reception . Pei - Pei 's mother attempts to give Harry and Grandpa Alan the body switching fortune cookies when they argue , but her daughter confiscates them in the nick of time by tackling them to the ground .
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6,158,900,211,880,800,000
System of a Down
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=System_of_a_Down&oldid=800739501
where did system of a down come from
System of a Down , sometimes shortened to System and abbreviated as SOAD , is an Armenian - American heavy metal band from Glendale , California , formed in 1994 . The band currently consists of Serj Tankian ( lead vocals , keyboards ) , Daron Malakian ( vocals , guitar ) , Shavo Odadjian ( bass , backing vocals ) and John Dolmayan ( drums ) .
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The Beatles' rooftop concert
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Beatles%27_rooftop_concert&oldid=836267537
where did the beatles final live performance take place
The Beatles ' rooftop concert was the final public performance of the English rock band the Beatles . On 30 January 1969 , the band , with keyboardist Billy Preston , surprised a central London office and fashion district with an impromptu concert from the roof of the headquarters of the band 's multimedia corporation Apple Corps at 3 Savile Row . In a 42 - minute set , the Beatles were heard playing nine takes of five songs before the Metropolitan Police Service asked them to reduce the volume . Footage from the performance was later used in the 1970 documentary film Let It Be .
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-8,926,782,683,153,099,000
To Kill a Mockingbird (film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=To_Kill_a_Mockingbird_(film)&oldid=801560515
who played the judge in to kill a mockingbird
The local judge ( Paul Fix ) appoints Atticus to defend a black man , Tom Robinson ( Brock Peters ) , against an accusation of rape of a white girl , Mayella Ewell ( Collin Wilcox ) . Atticus accepts the case . Jem and Scout experience schoolyard taunts for their father 's decision . Later , as Atticus is sitting in front of the local jail to safeguard Robinson , a lynch mob arrives , which includes Mr. Cunningham . Scout , Jem and their friend , Dill ( John Megna ) , interrupt the confrontation . Scout , unaware of the mob 's purpose , recognizes Cunningham as the man who paid her father in hickory nuts and tells him to say hello to his son , who is her schoolmate . Cunningham becomes embarrassed and the mob disperses .
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Toilet paper
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Toilet_paper&oldid=840870972
when was the first roll of toilet paper invented
The use of paper for hygiene has been recorded in China in the 6th century AD , with specifically manufactured toilet paper being mass - produced in the 14th century . Modern commercial toilet paper originated in the 19th century , with a patent for roll - based dispensers being made in 1883 .
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-7,948,706,649,945,633,000
Milky Way
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Milky_Way&oldid=806409229
where is earth within the milky way galaxy
The Milky Way is a barred spiral galaxy with a diameter between 100,000 and 180,000 light - years . The Milky Way is estimated to contain 100 -- 400 billion stars . There are probably at least 100 billion planets in the Milky Way . The Solar System is located within the disk , about 26,000 light - years from the Galactic Center , on the inner edge of one of the spiral - shaped concentrations of gas and dust called the Orion Arm . The stars in the inner ≈ 10,000 light - years form a bulge and one or more bars that radiate from the bulge . The very center is marked by an intense radio source , named Sagittarius A * , which is likely to be a supermassive black hole .
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5,560,261,091,535,633,000
2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=2017_FIFA_U-17_World_Cup&oldid=810591185
where is the final of u17 world cup
The 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup was the 17th FIFA U-17 World Cup , a biennial international football tournament contested by men 's under - 17 national teams . Organized by FIFA , the tournament took place in India between 6 and 28 October 2017 , after the country was awarded the hosting rights on 5 December 2013 . The tournament marked the first time India have hosted a FIFA tournament and the first Asian hosted U-17 World Cup since 2013 . The attendance for this World Cup was a record 1,347,133 surpassing China 's 1985 edition where it was 1,230,976 .
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Turtle Bay Resort
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Turtle_Bay_Resort&oldid=794708134
where did they stay in forgetting sarah marshall
Films and TV shows have been filmed on or near the Turtle Bay Resort . The hotel has been the setting for episodes of Hawaii 5 - 0 , Magnum P.I. , Full House , Cougar Town and the short - lived Fox TV series North Shore . The resort featured as the setting for the reunion - movie Baywatch : Hawaiian Wedding and for the 2008 film Forgetting Sarah Marshall . Preserving the undeveloped setting for film locations was one reason given by opponents to the expansion . The Hills cast have filmed at the Turtle Bay resort in Season 5 .
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T. R. Knight
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=T._R._Knight&oldid=832898145
actor who plays george in grey's anatomy
Theodore Raymond `` T.R. '' Knight ( born March 26 , 1973 ) is an American actor . He is best known for his role as Dr. George O'Malley on the ABC medical drama Grey 's Anatomy . Having acted on stage since the age of five , Knight had starred on Broadway , off - Broadway , and theatre productions in his home state of Minnesota . He received a Drama Desk Award nomination for his performance in MCC Theater 's Scattergood in 2003 .
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8,234,244,617,466,484,000
Head Above Water (Avril Lavigne song)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Head_Above_Water_(Avril_Lavigne_song)&oldid=866504618
where was avril lavigne's head above water video filmed
The music video for `` Head Above Water '' was filmed in Iceland ( Vík í Mýrdal ) and directed by Elliott Lester and it was released on September 27 , 2018 , on Lavigne 's 34th birthday . The music video ends with an important message to join Lavigne 's fight against Lyme disease by joining her namesake foundation , which supports Lyme disease prevention , treatment , and research .
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Withers
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Withers&oldid=835117216
where are the withers located on a horse
The withers is the ridge between the shoulder blades of an animal , typically a quadruped . In many species it is the tallest point of the body , and in horses and dogs it is the standard place to measure the animal 's height ( in contrast , cattle are normally measured to the top of the hips ) .
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952,171,663,479,727,700
College World Series
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=College_World_Series&oldid=797902265
which city and state hosts the annual college world series
The College World Series , or CWS , is an annual June baseball tournament held in Omaha , Nebraska . The CWS is the culmination of the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA ) Division I Baseball Championship tournament -- featuring 64 teams in the first round -- which determines the NCAA Division I college baseball champion . The eight participating teams are split into two , four - team , double - elimination brackets , with the winners of each bracket playing in a best - of - three championship series .
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Agra
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Agra&oldid=865498671
who established the city of agra at its present location
It is generally accepted that Agra was both an ancient city from the times of the Mahabharata ( see above ) and yet nevertheless Sultan Sikandar Lodī , the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate , founded Agra in the year 1504 . After the Sultan 's death , the city passed on to his son , Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodī . He ruled his Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to Mughal Badshah Bābar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526 .
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5,278,441,880,259,692,000
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=It%27s_Always_Sunny_in_Philadelphia&oldid=819398484
where does it always sunny in philadelphia take place
It 's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American television sitcom that premiered on FX on August 4 , 2005 . It moved to FXX beginning with the ninth season and has remained there since . It was created by Rob McElhenney who developed it with Glenn Howerton . It is executive produced and primarily written by McElhenney , Howerton , and Charlie Day , all of whom star alongside Kaitlin Olson and Danny DeVito . The series follows the exploits of `` The Gang '' , a group of debauched , self - centered friends who run the Irish bar Paddy 's Pub in South Philadelphia .
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History of the United States
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=History_of_the_United_States&oldid=866310014
when did america become the united states of america
Armed conflict began in 1775 . In 1776 , the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the colonies as the United States of America . Led by General George Washington , it won the Revolutionary War with large support from France . The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River ( except Canada and Florida ) . The Articles of Confederation established a central government , but it was ineffectual at providing stability , as it could not collect taxes and had no executive officer . A convention in 1787 wrote a new Constitution that was adopted in 1789 . In 1791 , a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights . With Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief adviser , a strong central government was created . Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 doubled the size of the United States . A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812 , which solidified national pride .
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Vint Cerf
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Vint_Cerf&oldid=853658512
who is known as the father of the internet
Vinton Gray Cerf ForMemRS , ( / sɜːrf / ; born June 23 , 1943 ) is an American Internet pioneer , who is recognized as one of `` the fathers of the Internet '' , sharing this title with TCP / IP co-inventor Bob Kahn . His contributions have been acknowledged and lauded , repeatedly , with honorary degrees and awards that include the National Medal of Technology , the Turing Award , the Presidential Medal of Freedom , the Marconi Prize and membership in the National Academy of Engineering .
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Perth Arena
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Perth_Arena&oldid=787205587
who did the government of western australia vest the ownership of perth arena to
Perth Arena is owned by VenuesWest ( which operates HBF Stadium , Bendat Basketball Centre , HBF Arena and others ) on behalf of The State Government of Western Australia and is managed by AEG Ogden .
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Arthur Blank
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Arthur_Blank&oldid=814940926
how did the atlanta falcons owner make his money
Arthur Max Blank ( born September 27 , 1942 ) is an American businessman and a co-founder of The Home Depot . Today he is known for his philanthropy , his ownership of the Atlanta Falcons in the National Football League , and Atlanta United in Major League Soccer .
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Nobel Peace Prize
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Nobel_Peace_Prize&oldid=845564789
who is the nobel peace prize given to
The Nobel Peace Prize ( Swedish : Nobels fredspris ) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist , inventor , and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel , along with the prizes in Chemistry , Physics , Physiology or Medicine , and Literature . Since March 1901 , it has been awarded annually ( with some exceptions ) to those who have `` done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations , for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses '' .
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-6,360,182,662,849,782,000
Fraser River
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Fraser_River&oldid=843519765
where is the fraser river located on a map
The Fraser River / ˈfreɪzər / is the longest river within British Columbia , Canada , rising at Fraser Pass near Blackrock Mountain in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1,375 kilometres ( 854 mi ) , into the Strait of Georgia at the city of Vancouver . It is the 10th longest river in Canada . The river 's annual discharge at its mouth is 112 cubic kilometres ( 27 cu mi ) or 3,550 cubic metres per second ( 125,000 cu ft / s ) , and it discharges 20 million tons of sediment into the ocean .
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-4,896,665,748,404,017,000
Ant & Dec
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Ant_%26_Dec&oldid=800818190
when did ant and dec join byker grove
McPartlin and Donnelly first met while working on the BBC children 's drama Byker Grove in 1989 . After a shaky start , they soon became best friends . They have achieved such popularity as a duo that they are hardly ever seen apart on screen . It is reported that they are each insured against the other 's death , with the amount reportedly being around £ 1,000,000 . Their inseparability has led to their receiving joint nominations for many awards . They are both managed by the James Grant Group .
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-452,410,260,886,485,600
Jack Haley
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Jack_Haley&oldid=866012079
who played the tin man in the wizard of oz 1939
John Joseph Haley Jr ( August 10 , 1897 -- June 6 , 1979 ) was an American vaudevillian , actor , radio host , comedian , singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and his farmhand counterpart Hickory in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz .
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-127,871,746,823,205,680
Sarah Hyland
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Sarah_Hyland&oldid=802198268
who is the girl that plays haley in modern family
Sarah Jane Hyland ( born November 24 , 1990 ) is an American actress . Born in New York City , Hyland attended the Professional Performing Arts School in Manhattan , followed by small roles in the films Private Parts ( 1997 ) , Annie ( 1999 ) , and Blind Date ( 2007 ) . She gained her first major role as Haley Dunphy on the ABC sitcom Modern Family , for which she has received critical acclaim and numerous accolades and nominations , sharing four Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series with her cast members and garnering a Critics ' Choice Television Award nomination Best Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series .
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-1,352,449,770,517,346,800
The Notorious Cherry Bombs
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Notorious_Cherry_Bombs&oldid=788430647
who sang it's hard to kiss the lips
Although they served as Crowell 's backing band for several years , The Cherry Bombs did not record an album of their own until a 2004 reunion ( at which point `` Notorious '' had been added to the band 's name ) . The album , also titled The Notorious Cherry Bombs , produced a hit on the country music charts in `` It 's Hard to Kiss the Lips at Night That Chew Your Ass Out All Day Long '' .
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3,792,947,412,433,604,000
List of Back to the Future characters
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=List_of_Back_to_the_Future_characters&oldid=856598929
who played the sister in back to the future
Lorraine Baines - McFly ( portrayed by Lea Thompson and voiced by Aimee Miles in Back to the Future : The Game ) is the wife of George McFly and the mother of Marty , Linda and Dave . She is the eldest daughter of Sam ( George DiCenzo ) and Stella ( Frances Lee McCain ) Baines , and sister of Milton ( Jason Hervey ) , Sally ( Maia Brewton ) , Toby , and Joey .
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Czech language
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Czech_language&oldid=800976938
what language do they speak in the czech republic
Czech ( / ˈtʃɛk / ; čeština Czech pronunciation : ( ˈt͡ʃɛʃcɪna ) ) , historically also Bohemian ( / boʊˈhiːmiən , bə - / ; lingua Bohemica in Latin ) , is a West Slavic language of the Czech -- Slovak group , which is extensively influenced by Latin and German . Spoken by over 10 million people , it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic . Czech is closely related to Slovak , to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree .
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5,940,265,242,441,765,000
Chris Griffin
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Chris_Griffin&oldid=818275514
who does chris griffin's voice on family guy
Christopher Cross `` Chris '' Griffin is a fictional character from the American animated television series Family Guy . He is the elder son and middle child of Peter and Lois Griffin and brother of Stewie and Meg Griffin . He is voiced by Seth Green and first appeared on television , along with the rest of the family , in a 15 - minute short on December 20 , 1998 . Chris was created and designed by MacFarlane himself . MacFarlane was asked to pitch a pilot to the Fox Broadcasting Company , based on The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve , two shorts made by MacFarlane featuring a middle - aged man named Larry and an intellectual dog , Steve . After the pilot was given the green light , the Griffin family appeared in the episode `` Death Has a Shadow '' .
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4,333,925,168,081,159,700
Cinderella (2015 Disney film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Cinderella_(2015_Disney_film)&oldid=816247133
who plays the fairy godmother in the new cinderella
Cate Blanchett as Stepmother , also known as Lady Tremaine Lily James as Cinderella , also known as Ella Eloise Webb as a young Ella Richard Madden as Prince , also known as Kit Helena Bonham Carter as Fairy Godmother Nonso Anozie as Captain Stellan Skarsgård as Grand Duke Sophie McShera as Drisella Holliday Grainger as Anastasia Derek Jacobi as King Ben Chaplin as Ella 's father Hayley Atwell as Ella 's mother Rob Brydon as Master Phineus Jana Perez as Princess Chelina of Zaragosa Alex Macqueen as Royal Crier
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4,736,315,981,425,303,000
The Orville
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Orville&oldid=809425211
whose voice is the robot on the orville
Chad Coleman as Klyden , Bortus ' mate and father of their child . He first appears at the end of the series ' second episode . Norm Macdonald as the voice of Yaphit , an amorphous , gelatinous Engineering crew member of the Orville , who in his first few appearances , repeatedly attempts to obtain a date with Dr. Finn , and frequently flirts with other females on the ship . Larry Joe Campbell as Lieutenant Commander Steve Newton , Chief Engineer of the Orville . Rachael MacFarlane as the voice of the Orville computer .
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1,310,034,123,396,487,400
National Football League Cheerleading
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=National_Football_League_Cheerleading&oldid=803364530
what teams in the nfl don't have cheerleaders
As of 2016 , six teams do not have cheerleading squads : Buffalo Bills , Chicago Bears , Cleveland Browns , Green Bay Packers , New York Giants , and the Pittsburgh Steelers . The Packers do , however , use a collegiate squad to cheer at home games . Super Bowl XLV between the Steelers and the Packers in February 2011 was the first time a Super Bowl featured no cheerleaders . The Browns and the Giants are the only NFL teams that have never had cheerleaders , while the other aforementioned teams have had cheer squads in the past .
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7,084,978,130,711,995,000
Munmun Dutta
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Munmun_Dutta&oldid=815248461
who plays babita in taarak mehta ka ooltah chashmah
Munmun Dutta is an Indian film and television actress and model . She plays Babita Iyer in the long - running Hindi sitcom Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah .
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2,320,349,894,209,648,600
All by Myself
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=All_by_Myself&oldid=846592712
when did the song all by myself come out
`` All by Myself '' is a song by American artist Eric Carmen released in 1975 . The verse is based on the second movement ( Adagio sostenuto ) of Sergei Rachmaninoff 's Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor , Opus 18 . The chorus is borrowed from the song `` Let 's Pretend '' , which Carmen wrote and recorded with the Raspberries in 1972 .
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Capital punishment in New Zealand
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Capital_punishment_in_New_Zealand&oldid=850704733
when was death penalty abolished in new zealand
Capital punishment in New Zealand first appeared in a codified form when it became a British territory in 1840 , and was first employed in 1842 . It was last used in 1957 , abolished for murder in 1961 , and abolished altogether , including for treason , in 1989 . During the period that it was in effect , 85 people were executed .
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South Carolina government and politics
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=South_Carolina_government_and_politics&oldid=842886664
who has the executive power in south carolina
The South Carolina Constitution provides for the separate election of nine executive officers , making a limited cabinet . This is a large number of elective offices compared to most states , which generally give the governor the executive power to appoint members of the cabinet .
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980,490,922,094,444,800
Batting order (baseball)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Batting_order_(baseball)&oldid=805390996
what is the clean up hitter in baseball
The fourth player in the batting order is known as the cleanup hitter , also known as the cleanup spot and in modern baseball is almost always one of the best hitters on the team , often the one with the most power and ability to drive in runs with extra-base hits ( double , triple , or home run ) . Baseball managers tend to place hitters who are most likely to reach base ahead of the clean - up man , so that the fourth batter can `` clean '' the bases by driving these baserunners home to score runs . His main goal is to drive in runs , although he is expected to score runs as well . Hitting cleanup requires an exceptional level of talent , and the ability to deliver big hits in important situations ( such as the bases loaded with two out ) . Examples of # 4 hitters include Lou Gehrig , Eddie Mathews , Willie McCovey , Billy Williams , Tony Pérez , Eddie Murray , Daniel Murphy , Alex Rodriguez , Prince Fielder , David Ortiz , Edgar Martínez , and Ryan Howard .
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3,727,921,841,725,751,000
Proxy (climate)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Proxy_(climate)&oldid=860935854
what is an example of a natural climate record/proxy
Examples of proxies include ice cores , tree rings , sub-fossil pollen , boreholes , corals , lake and ocean sediments , and carbonate speleothems . The character of deposition or rate of growth of the proxies ' material has been influenced by the climatic conditions of the time in which they were laid down or grew . Chemical traces produced by climatic changes , such as quantities of particular isotopes , can be recovered from proxies . Some proxies , such as gas bubbles trapped in ice , enable traces of the ancient atmosphere to be recovered and measured directly to provide a history of fluctuations in the composition of the Earth 's atmosphere . To produce the most precise results , systematic cross-verification between proxy indicators is necessary for accuracy in readings and record - keeping .
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870,498,915,723,288,300
Washington, D.C.
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Washington,_D.C.&oldid=857053918
what does the dc in washington dc stand for
Washington , D.C. , formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C. , is the capital of the United States of America . Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country , Washington was named after George Washington , first President of the United States and Founding Father . Washington is the principal city of the Washington metropolitan area , which has a population of 6,131,977 . As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations , the city is an important world political capital . Washington is one of the most visited cities in the world , with more than 20 million annual tourists .
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1,574,451,258,516,465,200
Antibody
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Antibody&oldid=818745533
what is the role of antibodies in the immune response
An antibody ( Ab ) , also known as an immunoglobulin ( Ig ) , is a large , Y - shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses . The antibody recognizes a unique molecule of the pathogen , called an antigen , via the Fab 's variable region . Each tip of the `` Y '' of an antibody contains a paratope ( analogous to a lock ) that is specific for one particular epitope ( similarly analogous to a key ) on an antigen , allowing these two structures to bind together with precision . Using this binding mechanism , an antibody can tag a microbe or an infected cell for attack by other parts of the immune system , or can neutralize its target directly ( for example , by blocking a part of a microbe that is essential for its invasion and survival ) . Depending on the antigen , the binding may impede the biological process causing the disease or may activate macrophages to destroy the foreign substance . The ability of an antibody to communicate with the other components of the immune system is mediated via its Fc region ( located at the base of the `` Y '' ) , which contains a conserved glycosylation site involved in these interactions . The production of antibodies is the main function of the humoral immune system .
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Iguazu Falls
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Iguazu_Falls&oldid=809433270
where is the iguazu falls located on a map
The Iguazu Falls , Iguazú Falls , Iguassu Falls , or Iguaçu Falls ( Spanish : Cataratas del Iguazú ( kataˈɾatas ðel iɣwaˈsu ) ; Guarani : Chororo Yguasu ( ɕoɾoɾo ɨɣwasu ) ; Portuguese : Cataratas do Iguaçu ( kataˈɾatɐs du iɡwaˈsu ) ) are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná . They are the largest waterfalls system in the world . The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu . The Iguazu River rises near the city of Curitiba . For most of its course , the river flows through Brazil ; however , most of the falls are on the Argentine side . Below its confluence with the San Antonio River , the Iguazu River forms the boundary between Argentina and Brazil .
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1,215,048,106,375,176,400
Central dogma of molecular biology
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Central_dogma_of_molecular_biology&oldid=838048214
the central dogma of molecular biology concerns the
The central dogma of molecular biology is an explanation of the flow of genetic information within a biological system . It is often stated as `` DNA makes RNA and RNA makes protein , '' although this is an oversimplification . It was first stated by Francis Crick in 1958 :
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8,687,331,517,131,417,000
List of Keeping Up with the Kardashians episodes
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=List_of_Keeping_Up_with_the_Kardashians_episodes&oldid=866068158
when does kanye come on keeping up with the kardashians
It additionally places emphasis on their brother Rob Kardashian , their mother Kris Jenner , their step - parent Bruce Jenner ( now known as Caitlyn Jenner ) , their half - sisters Kendall and Kylie Jenner , and Kourtney 's now ex-boyfriend , Scott Disick . Khloé 's ex-husband Lamar Odom developed a major position as part of the supporting cast in the fourth season , though he was not a regular cast member in following seasons , and rarely appeared in season eight while attempting to fix his marriage with Khloé . Along in season seven Kanye West became a recurring cast members after dating Kim then marrying her in season nine . In seasons eight and nine , Caitlyn 's children Brody and Brandon , and Brandon 's wife , Leah became recurring cast members .
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[ { "start": 528, "end": 540, "string": "season seven" } ]
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1,947,982,503,575,231,700
Diablo III
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Diablo_III&oldid=829124113
what do you get with diablo 3 ultimate evil edition
The expansion pack Diablo III : Reaper of Souls was released for the Windows and macOS editions of the game on March 25 , 2014 . For consoles the expansion pack content was released as part of the Diablo III : Ultimate Evil Edition version . It was released for the PlayStation 4 , Xbox One , PlayStation 3 , and Xbox 360 on August 19 , 2014 . Diablo III : Ultimate Evil Edition includes the original console version of Diablo III and Diablo III : Reaper of Souls expansion pack . The second expansion Diablo III : Rise of the Necromancer was released for the Windows , macOS , and latest - generation console editions of the game on June 27 , 2017 .
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Orange Is the New Black
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Orange_Is_the_New_Black&oldid=856833112
when did orange is the new black season 6 start
Orange Is the New Black ( sometimes abbreviated to OITNB ) is an American comedy - drama web television series created by Jenji Kohan for Netflix . The series is based on Piper Kerman 's memoir , Orange Is the New Black : My Year in a Women 's Prison ( 2010 ) , about her experiences at FCI Danbury , a minimum - security federal prison . Orange Is the New Black premiered on July 11 , 2013 on the streaming service Netflix ; it was third premiered show produced by Netflix Originals . In February 2016 , the series was renewed for a fifth , sixth , and seventh season . The fifth season was released on June 9 , 2017 . The sixth season was released on July 27 , 2018 . The series is produced by Tilted Productions in association with Lionsgate Television .
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705,490,212,343,757,800
Road speed limit enforcement in the United Kingdom
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Road_speed_limit_enforcement_in_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=811302206
when was the first speed camera introduced in the uk
The first speed camera was installed in 1991 . A camera that was installed on the M40 motorway and recorded 400 instances of speeding within 40 minutes . The Association of British Drivers was formed the same year and campaigned vigorously against speed cameras .
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[ { "start": 40, "end": 44, "string": "1991" } ]
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5,153,726,117,021,775,000
Iroquois
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Iroquois&oldid=836928468
where did the iroquois live in new york
The original Iroquois League ( as the French knew them ) or Five Nations ( as the British knew them ) , occupied large areas of present - day New York State up to the St. Lawrence River , west of the Hudson River , and south into northwestern Pennsylvania . From east to west , the League was composed of the Mohawk , Oneida , Onondaga , Cayuga , and Seneca nations . In or close to 1722 , the Tuscarora tribe joined the League , having migrated from the Carolinas after being displaced by Anglo - European settlement . Also an Iroquoian - speaking people , the Tuscarora were accepted into what became the Six Nations .
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8,710,437,038,175,698,000
Baby Now That I've Found You
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Baby_Now_That_I%27ve_Found_You&oldid=850168364
who wrote baby now that i found you
`` Baby , Now That I 've Found You '' is a song written by Tony Macaulay and John MacLeod . Part of the song was written in the same bar of a Soho tavern where Karl Marx is supposed to have written Das Kapital . The lyrics are a plea that an unnamed subject not break up with the singer .
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Devonian
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Devonian&oldid=866493547
which period is known as the age of the fishes
Fish reached substantial diversity during this time , leading the Devonian to often be dubbed the `` Age of Fish '' . The first ray - finned and lobe - finned bony fish appeared , while the placoderms began dominating almost every known aquatic environment . The ancestors of all four - limbed vertebrates ( tetrapods ) began adapting to walking on land , as their strong pectoral and pelvic fins gradually evolved into legs . In the oceans , primitive sharks became more numerous than in the Silurian and Late Ordovician .
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-8,680,239,687,916,547,000
History of the Rugby World Cup
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=History_of_the_Rugby_World_Cup&oldid=837562167
where was the first rugby union world cup held
The first Rugby World Cup was held in 1987 , hosted by Australia and New Zealand who pushed for the tournament to be approved . Since the first tournament , 7 others have been held at four - year intervals . The 2015 tournament was won by New Zealand , the cup was held from 19 September 2015 till 31 October 2015 . It was held in England and Wales .
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Inauguration of John F. Kennedy
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Inauguration_of_John_F._Kennedy&oldid=820660081
who said this quote ask not what your country can do for you
It was also in his inaugural address that John F. Kennedy spoke his famous words , `` ask not what your country can do for you , ask what you can do for your country . '' This use of chiasmus can be seen even as a thesis statement of his speech -- a call to action for the public to do what is right for the greater good .
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2,456,820,576,780,855,000
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Kuala_Lumpur_International_Airport&oldid=843329689
what is the name of kuala lumpur international airport
Kuala Lumpur International Airport ( KLIA ) ( Malay : Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur ) ( IATA : KUL , ICAO : WMKK ) is Malaysia 's main international airport and one of the major airports in South East Asia . It is located in Sepang district of Selangor , approximately 45 kilometres ( 28 mi ) south of Kuala Lumpur city centre and serves the Greater Klang Valley conurbation .
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7,400,705,299,036,829,000
The Phantom of the Opera (1986 musical)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Phantom_of_the_Opera_(1986_musical)&oldid=843583460
who played the phantom of the opera in 1986
The musical opened in London 's West End in 1986 , and on Broadway in 1988 . It won the 1986 Olivier Award and the 1988 Tony Award for Best Musical , and Michael Crawford ( in the title role ) won the Olivier and Tony Awards for Best Actor in a Musical . It is the longest running show in Broadway history by a wide margin , and celebrated its 10,000 th Broadway performance on 11 February 2012 , the first production ever to do so . It is the second longest - running West End musical , after Les Misérables , and the third longest - running West End show overall , after The Mousetrap .
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8,639,011,491,602,089,000
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Willy_Wonka_%26_the_Chocolate_Factory&oldid=856695786
willy wonka and the chocolate factory 1971 cast charlie
Gene Wilder as Willy Wonka Jack Albertson as Grandpa Joe Peter Ostrum as Charlie Bucket Roy Kinnear as Henry Salt Julie Dawn Cole as Veruca Salt Leonard Stone as Sam Beauregarde Denise Nickerson as Violet Beauregarde Dodo Denney as Mrs. Teevee Paris Themmen as Mike Teevee Ursula Reit as Mrs. Gloop Michael Bollner as Augustus Gloop Diana Sowle as Mrs. Bucket Aubrey Woods as Bill , the Candy Shop owner David Battley as Mr. Turkentine Günter Meisner as Arthur Slugworth / Mr. Wilkinson Walker Edmiston as Arthur Slugworth / Mr. Wilkinson ( voice , uncredited ) Peter Capell as The Tinker Werner Heyking as Mr. Jopeck Peter Stuart as Winkelmann
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6,583,361,049,492,677,000
Giant-impact hypothesis
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Giant-impact_hypothesis&oldid=831408368
the idea that the moons development began when a large object collided with earth is called the
The giant - impact hypothesis , sometimes called the Big Splash , or the Theia Impact suggests that the Moon formed out of the debris left over from a collision between Earth and an astronomical body the size of Mars , approximately 4.5 billion years ago , in the Hadean eon ; about 20 to 100 million years after the solar system coalesced . The colliding body is sometimes called Theia , from the name of the mythical Greek Titan who was the mother of Selene , the goddess of the Moon . Analysis of lunar rocks , published in a 2016 report , suggests that the impact may have been a direct hit , causing a thorough mixing of both parent bodies .
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Lighthouse Point, Florida
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Lighthouse_Point,_Florida&oldid=802986478
where is the lighthouse in lighthouse point fl
Lighthouse Point is a city in Broward County , Florida , United States . The city was named for the Hillsboro Inlet Lighthouse , which is located in nearby Hillsboro Beach . As of the 2010 census , the population of Lighthouse Point was 10,344 . The city is part of the Miami -- Fort Lauderdale -- Pompano Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area , which was home to 5,564,635 people at the 2010 census .
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Kristen Schaal
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Kristen_Schaal&oldid=808153857
who plays mabel's voice on gravity falls
Kristen Joy Schaal ( / ʃɑːl / ; born January 24 , 1978 ) is an American actress , voice actress , comedian and writer . She is best known for her roles of Mel in Flight of the Conchords , the over-sexed nurse Hurshe Heartshe on The Heart , She Holler , Louise Belcher in Bob 's Burgers , Mabel Pines in Gravity Falls , and Carol in The Last Man on Earth .
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9,113,322,762,060,048,000
California gubernatorial election, 2018
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=California_gubernatorial_election,_2018&oldid=835582620
when do we vote for a new governor in california
The 2018 California gubernatorial election will be held on November 6 , 2018 , to elect the next Governor of California . Incumbent Democratic Governor Jerry Brown will be ineligible to run for re-election for a third ( or fifth non-consecutive ) term due to term limits from the California Constitution .
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2,348,940,174,783,051,300
Chief of Naval Staff (Nigeria)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Chief_of_Naval_Staff_(Nigeria)&oldid=841861696
the current chief of naval staff in nigeria
The Chief of Naval Staff is the highest ranking military officer of the Nigerian Navy . The position is often occupied by the most senior commissioned officer appointed by the Commander - in - Chief of the Armed Forces of Nigeria. The Chief of Naval Staff reports to the Chief of Defence Staff , who also reports to the Defence Minister . The Statutory duty of the Officer is to formulate and execute policies towards the highest attainment of National Security and operational competence of the Nigerian Navy . The current Chief of Naval Staff is Ibok Ekwe Ibas who was appointed on July 13 , 2015 by President Muhammadu Buhari to succeeded Usman Oyibe Jibrin .
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History of the Food and Drug Administration
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=History_of_the_Food_and_Drug_Administration&oldid=800889576
when was the food and drug administration created
Wiley used these new regulatory powers to pursue an aggressive campaign against the manufacturers of foods with chemical additives , but the Chemistry Bureau 's authority was soon checked by judicial decisions , as well as by the creation of the Board of Food and Drug Inspection and the Referee Board of Consulting Scientific Experts as separate organizations within the USDA in 1907 and 1908 respectively . A 1911 Supreme Court decision ruled that the 1906 act did not apply to false claims of therapeutic efficacy , in response to which a 1912 amendment added `` false and fraudulent '' claims of `` curative or therapeutic effect '' to the Act 's definition of `` misbranded . '' However , these powers continued to be narrowly defined by the courts , which set high standards for proof of fraudulent intent . In 1927 , the Bureau of Chemistry 's regulatory powers were reorganized under a new USDA body , the Food , Drug , and Insecticide organization . This name was shortened to the Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) three years later .
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Courtney Matthews
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Courtney_Matthews&oldid=795537959
on general hospital who is spencer cassadine mother
In May 2015 , Courtney appears to her son Spencer to help him realize that he is not disfigured from the fire he was injured months earlier , as well as helping him to become a better person . Before leaving , Courtney assures Spencer that she loves him and that she is always with him .
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Pyeongchang County
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Pyeongchang_County&oldid=834498965
where on the map is pyeongchang south korea
Pyeongchang ( Korean pronunciation : ( phjʌŋtɕhaŋ ) ; in full , Pyeongchang - gun ( phjʌŋtɕhaŋɡun ) ; English : / ˌpjʌŋˈtʃɑːŋ / ) is a county in the province of Gangwon - do , South Korea , located in the Taebaek Mountains region . It is home to several Buddhist temples , including Woljeongsa . It is about 180 km ( 110 mi ) east southeast of Seoul , the capital of South Korea , and connected by expressways and high - speed passenger railways . Pyeongchang 's slogan , `` Happy 700 Pyeongchang '' , is taken from its average elevation of approximately 700 metres ( 2,300 ft ) .
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Wonderful Tonight
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Wonderful_Tonight&oldid=854680846
who is eric clapton singing about in wonderful tonight
`` Wonderful Tonight '' is a ballad written by Eric Clapton . It was included on Clapton 's 1977 album Slowhand . Clapton wrote the song about Pattie Boyd . The female vocal harmonies on the song are provided by Marcella Detroit ( then Marcy Levy ) and Yvonne Elliman .
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Atrial natriuretic peptide
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Atrial_natriuretic_peptide&oldid=840815190
secreted by cells in the walls of the hearts atria
Atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP ) or Atrial natriuretic factor ( ANF ) is a peptide hormone which reduces an expanded extracellular fluid ( ECF ) volume by increasing renal sodium excretion . ANP is synthesized , and secreted by cardiac muscle cells in the walls of the atria in the heart . These cells contain volume receptors which respond to increased stretching of the atrial wall due to increased atrial blood volume . ANP is one of a family of nine natriuretic peptides : seven are atrial in origin .
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Love, Simon
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Love,_Simon&oldid=833221281
when does love simon come out in canada
The film was released in the United States and Canada on March 16 , 2018 , by 20th Century Fox , and is scheduled to be released internationally on various dates throughout 2018 .
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Public Accounts Committee (India)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Public_Accounts_Committee_(India)&oldid=779375111
who appoints the chairman of public accounts committee
The PAC is formed every year with a strength of not more than 22 members of which 15 are from Lok Sabha , the lower house of the Parliament , and 7 from Rajya Sabha , the upper house of the Parliament . The term of office of the members is one year . The Chairman is appointed by the Speaker of Lok Sabha . Since 1967 , the chairman of the committee is selected from the opposition . Earlier , it was headed by a member of the ruling party . Its chief function is to examine the audit report of Comptroller and Auditor General ( CAG ) after it is laid in the Parliament . CAG assists the committee during the course of investigation . None of the 22 members shall be a minister in the government .
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The Wizard (Black Sabbath song)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Wizard_(Black_Sabbath_song)&oldid=865927965
who played harmonica on the wizard black sabbath
Ozzy Osbourne -- vocals , harmonica Tony Iommi -- guitar , slide guitar Geezer Butler -- bass Bill Ward -- drums
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List of Supergirl episodes
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=List_of_Supergirl_episodes&oldid=833596688
when is super girl season three coming out
The series was officially picked up on May 6 , 2015 , and received a full season order on November 30 , 2015 . On May 12 , 2016 , Warner Bros. Television announced that the series had been renewed for a second season and that it would move from CBS to The CW , where it debuted on October 10 , 2016 . On January 8 , 2017 , The CW renewed the series for a third season , which began airing on October 9 , 2017 . As of February 5 , 2018 , 55 episodes of Supergirl have aired .
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7,867,153,389,855,320,000
I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=I_Wandered_Lonely_as_a_Cloud&oldid=800258867
who wrote the poem a host of golden daffodils
`` I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud '' ( also commonly known as `` Daffodils '' ) is a lyric poem by William Wordsworth . It is Wordsworth 's most famous work .
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Wonder (film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=Wonder_(film)&oldid=818186927
who is the star of the movie wonder
Wonder is a 2017 American drama film directed by Stephen Chbosky and written by Jack Thorne , Steve Conrad , and Chbosky , based on the 2012 novel of the same name by R.J. Palacio . The film stars Julia Roberts , Owen Wilson , and Jacob Tremblay , and follows a child with Treacher Collins syndrome trying to fit in . Wonder was released in the United States on November 17 , 2017 , by Lionsgate and has grossed over $200 million worldwide on a $10 million budget .
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David Bailie
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=David_Bailie&oldid=836217688
who played cotton in pirates of the caribbean
David Bailie ( born 4 December 1937 ) is an English actor , known for his performances on stage , television and film . In the 1960s and 1970s he worked for both the National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare Company , where he was an associate artist . On TV he played `` Dask '' in the 1977 Doctor Who serial The Robots of Death , and also appeared in Blake 's 7 . On film , he played the mute pirate Cotton in the Pirates of the Caribbean series . Bailie is also a professional photographer , specialising in portrait photography . He has a studio in West Kensington , London .
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The Last Song (film)
https://en.wikipedia.org//w/index.php?title=The_Last_Song_(film)&oldid=800859648
where was last song filmed on tybee island
Sparks was approached to write both the film 's screenplay and the novel . Sparks completed the screenplay in January 2009 , prior to the completion of the novel , making The Last Song his first script to be optioned for film . The setting , originally in North Carolina like the novel , relocated to Georgia after the states had campaigned for months to host production . Upon beginning production in Tybee Island , Georgia and nearby Savannah , The Last Song became the first movie to be both filmed and set in Tybee Island . Filming lasted from June 15 to August 18 , 2009 with much of it occurring on the island 's beach and pier . The Last Song was released by Touchstone Pictures on March 31 , 2010 . Upon release , the film received a negative response from critics , particularly towards its screenplay and casting .
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