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id (string)qanta_id (int)proto_id (string)qdb_id (int)dataset (string)text (string)full_question (string)first_sentence (string)char_idx (int)sentence_idx (int)tokenizations (json)answer (string)page (string)raw_answer (string)fold (string)gameplay (bool)category (string)subcategory (string)tournament (string)difficulty (string)year (int)
1-full
1
5476990eea23cca905506d52
-1
protobowl
The oldest document written in this language is a letter written in 1521 in the town of Câmpulung, while more recent poets writing in this language include Carmen Sylva and Anton Pann. This language uses five cases, though the genitive and dative cases are identical, as are the nominative and accusative. Tripthongs occur frequently in this language, as in "rusaoică," while interjections in this language include "mamă-mamă." It is more closely related to Dalmatian than to Italian or Spanish, and this language includes the pronouns "noi," "voi," and "eu" ["AY-oo"] and favors labial consonants such as "b" and "m" over velars such as "g" and "k." For 10 points, name this tongue spoken by the members of O-Zone and Nicolae Ceauşescu, an Eastern Romance language spoken in Bucharest.
The oldest document written in this language is a letter written in 1521 in the town of Câmpulung, while more recent poets writing in this language include Carmen Sylva and Anton Pann. This language uses five cases, though the genitive and dative cases are identical, as are the nominative and accusative. Tripthongs occur frequently in this language, as in "rusaoică," while interjections in this language include "mamă-mamă." It is more closely related to Dalmatian than to Italian or Spanish, and this language includes the pronouns "noi," "voi," and "eu" ["AY-oo"] and favors labial consonants such as "b" and "m" over velars such as "g" and "k." For 10 points, name this tongue spoken by the members of O-Zone and Nicolae Ceauşescu, an Eastern Romance language spoken in Bucharest.
The oldest document written in this language is a letter written in 1521 in the town of Câmpulung, while more recent poets writing in this language include Carmen Sylva and Anton Pann.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 184 ], [ 185, 305 ], [ 306, 426 ], [ 426, 786 ] ]
Romanian_language
Romanian_language
Daco-Romanian [also accept limba română]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Anthropology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
2-full
2
5476990eea23cca905506d53
-1
protobowl
This state's largest city endured an 1855 Rum Riot, put down with the help of 1880 Prohibitionist Candidate for President Neal S. Dow. One of this state's Native American tribes won back 300,000 acres of land from the state government in Passamaquoddy v. Morton. Its twentieth division, commanded by Joshua Chamberlain, defended the extreme left of the Union line on Little Round Top at Gettysburg. Home to the industrial site of Bath Iron Works, it briefly allowed for same-sex marriages under Governor John Baldacci. Until the 1960s, it held a gubernatorial election in September, and an unresolved border in this state prompted the Aroostook War. For 10 points, name this state, home to Continental Liar James G. Blaine, which broke off from its southern neighbor Massachusetts in 1820.
This state's largest city endured an 1855 Rum Riot, put down with the help of 1880 Prohibitionist Candidate for President Neal S. Dow. One of this state's Native American tribes won back 300,000 acres of land from the state government in Passamaquoddy v. Morton. Its twentieth division, commanded by Joshua Chamberlain, defended the extreme left of the Union line on Little Round Top at Gettysburg. Home to the industrial site of Bath Iron Works, it briefly allowed for same-sex marriages under Governor John Baldacci. Until the 1960s, it held a gubernatorial election in September, and an unresolved border in this state prompted the Aroostook War. For 10 points, name this state, home to Continental Liar James G. Blaine, which broke off from its southern neighbor Massachusetts in 1820.
This state's largest city endured an 1855 Rum Riot, put down with the help of 1880 Prohibitionist Candidate for President Neal S. Dow.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 134 ], [ 135, 262 ], [ 263, 398 ], [ 399, 518 ], [ 519, 649 ], [ 650, 789 ] ]
Maine
Maine
Maine
guesstrain
true
History
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
3-full
3
5476990eea23cca905506d54
-1
protobowl
In one work, this man provides definitions for "practice," "distinct," and "familiarity" to describe our conception of reality. He described a world of appearances known as "the phaneron," and he supported the maxim "Do not block the path of inquiry!" He argued that "agapeism" rather than the "Gospel of Greed" drove the evolutionary process. This philosopher listed "quality," "relation," and "representation" as the "firstness" through "thirdness" of his three ceno-pythagorean categories in "On a New List of Categories." In one work, he champions the scientific method as the best way of overcoming doubt, and in another he talks about "distinct" and "confused" conceptions. For 10 points, name this author of "The Fixation of Belief" and "How to Make Our Ideas Clear," an American Pragmatist.
In one work, this man provides definitions for "practice," "distinct," and "familiarity" to describe our conception of reality. He described a world of appearances known as "the phaneron," and he supported the maxim "Do not block the path of inquiry!" He argued that "agapeism" rather than the "Gospel of Greed" drove the evolutionary process. This philosopher listed "quality," "relation," and "representation" as the "firstness" through "thirdness" of his three ceno-pythagorean categories in "On a New List of Categories." In one work, he champions the scientific method as the best way of overcoming doubt, and in another he talks about "distinct" and "confused" conceptions. For 10 points, name this author of "The Fixation of Belief" and "How to Make Our Ideas Clear," an American Pragmatist.
In one work, this man provides definitions for "practice," "distinct," and "familiarity" to describe our conception of reality.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 127 ], [ 128, 251 ], [ 252, 343 ], [ 344, 525 ], [ 526, 679 ], [ 680, 798 ] ]
Charles_Sanders_Peirce
Charles_Sanders_Peirce
Charles Sanders Peirce
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Philosophy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
4-full
4
5476990eea23cca905506d55
-1
protobowl
One family in this work flees France after rescuing an "unfortunate Muhammadan" who is arrested for his religion the day his daughter Safie arrives from Constantinople. In addition to the De Laceys, another character in this work educated himself by reading about the Northwest Passage, and begins the novel by writing a series of letters to Margaret. Justine Moritz is falsely accused of the murder of the title character's brother William in this novel, which causes the title character to travel to England with Clerval to satisfy the demands of the antagonist for a female companion. The protagonist is rescued by Robert Walton in the Arctic and hails from Lake Geneva. For 10 points, identify this novel subtitled The Modern Prometheus, a Mary Shelley work about creating a certain monster.
One family in this work flees France after rescuing an "unfortunate Muhammadan" who is arrested for his religion the day his daughter Safie arrives from Constantinople. In addition to the De Laceys, another character in this work educated himself by reading about the Northwest Passage, and begins the novel by writing a series of letters to Margaret. Justine Moritz is falsely accused of the murder of the title character's brother William in this novel, which causes the title character to travel to England with Clerval to satisfy the demands of the antagonist for a female companion. The protagonist is rescued by Robert Walton in the Arctic and hails from Lake Geneva. For 10 points, identify this novel subtitled The Modern Prometheus, a Mary Shelley work about creating a certain monster.
One family in this work flees France after rescuing an "unfortunate Muhammadan" who is arrested for his religion the day his daughter Safie arrives from Constantinople.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 168 ], [ 169, 351 ], [ 352, 587 ], [ 588, 673 ], [ 674, 795 ] ]
Frankenstein
Frankenstein
Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
5-full
5
5476990eea23cca905506d56
-1
protobowl
This substance is the third most concentrated ingredient behind sodium and chloride in Hartmann's and Ringer's solutions, which can be administered through an IV. Stannous octoate catalysts are used to create a polymer of this chemical, which is produced by L. casei and L. brevis. MCTs are needed to pump this substance out of the cell. This substance moves to the liver where it is turned into glucose in the Cori cycle. Its namesake dehydrogenase can form it in the body from pyruvate, and it is used to create ATP when oxygen is unavailable to run the electron transport chain in a form of fermentation. For 10 points, name this substance traditionally viewed to cause acidosis during extreme exercise.
This substance is the third most concentrated ingredient behind sodium and chloride in Hartmann's and Ringer's solutions, which can be administered through an IV. Stannous octoate catalysts are used to create a polymer of this chemical, which is produced by L. casei and L. brevis. MCTs are needed to pump this substance out of the cell. This substance moves to the liver where it is turned into glucose in the Cori cycle. Its namesake dehydrogenase can form it in the body from pyruvate, and it is used to create ATP when oxygen is unavailable to run the electron transport chain in a form of fermentation. For 10 points, name this substance traditionally viewed to cause acidosis during extreme exercise.
This substance is the third most concentrated ingredient behind sodium and chloride in Hartmann's and Ringer's solutions, which can be administered through an IV.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 162 ], [ 163, 281 ], [ 282, 337 ], [ 338, 422 ], [ 423, 607 ], [ 608, 706 ] ]
Lactic_acid
Lactic_acid
 lactic acid [or lactate; or 2-hydroxypropanoic acid; or milk acid]
guesstrain
true
Science
Biology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
6-full
6
5476990eea23cca905506d57
-1
protobowl
During his reign, this man established subordinate bodies called the Triers and Ejectors to rule over clergy and teachers. Following a failed coup attempt against him led by John Lambert, he disbanded the Assembly of Saints, and this ruler mandated that Parliament follow the "four fundamentals." His rule saw the conquering of Jamaica by the British. His government, which fought for the "Good Old Cause," worked to oppress sects like the Fifth Monarchy Men. One of his greatest military campaigns concluded with the Battle of Worcester, a conflict that followed his predecessor's Bishops' Wars. This organizer of the New Model Army was succeeded by his son Richard. For 10 points, name this first Lord Protector of England.
During his reign, this man established subordinate bodies called the Triers and Ejectors to rule over clergy and teachers. Following a failed coup attempt against him led by John Lambert, he disbanded the Assembly of Saints, and this ruler mandated that Parliament follow the "four fundamentals." His rule saw the conquering of Jamaica by the British. His government, which fought for the "Good Old Cause," worked to oppress sects like the Fifth Monarchy Men. One of his greatest military campaigns concluded with the Battle of Worcester, a conflict that followed his predecessor's Bishops' Wars. This organizer of the New Model Army was succeeded by his son Richard. For 10 points, name this first Lord Protector of England.
During his reign, this man established subordinate bodies called the Triers and Ejectors to rule over clergy and teachers.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 122 ], [ 123, 296 ], [ 297, 351 ], [ 352, 459 ], [ 460, 596 ], [ 597, 667 ], [ 668, 725 ] ]
Oliver_Cromwell
Oliver_Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
7-full
7
5476990eea23cca905506d58
-1
protobowl
Performing "electro-deoxidation" on an oxide of this metal may be able to improve on the current method of producing it and is called the Fray-Farthing-Chen Process. Along with a heavier element, extremely pure varieties of this element can be produced in the crystal bar process. When this element is combined with two oxygen molecules it yields a compound that produces the asterism in star sapphires, rutile. One method for producing the metallic form of this element yields a "sponge" form of it and replaced the Hunter Process; the creator of that method also devised a way to produce the chemically similar element, Zirconium. This transition metal is extracted in the Kroll process. For 10 points, name this strong, lightweight element with atomic number 22 and symbol Ti.
Performing "electro-deoxidation" on an oxide of this metal may be able to improve on the current method of producing it and is called the Fray-Farthing-Chen Process. Along with a heavier element, extremely pure varieties of this element can be produced in the crystal bar process. When this element is combined with two oxygen molecules it yields a compound that produces the asterism in star sapphires, rutile. One method for producing the metallic form of this element yields a "sponge" form of it and replaced the Hunter Process; the creator of that method also devised a way to produce the chemically similar element, Zirconium. This transition metal is extracted in the Kroll process. For 10 points, name this strong, lightweight element with atomic number 22 and symbol Ti.
Performing "electro-deoxidation" on an oxide of this metal may be able to improve on the current method of producing it and is called the Fray-Farthing-Chen Process.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 165 ], [ 166, 280 ], [ 281, 411 ], [ 412, 632 ], [ 633, 689 ], [ 690, 779 ] ]
Titanium
Titanium
 Titanium [or Ti before read]
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
8-full
8
5476990eea23cca905506d59
-1
protobowl
This period ended after the failure of the Dyle Plan. Early in its history, the Opportunists held sway over its government. One political party active during this period staged an unsuccessful coup against Felix Faure and demanded the government renegotiate the Treaty of Frankfurt. Besides problems with the right-wing League of Patriots, it was rocked by the 16th of May Crisis when its president installed the Legitimist Duc de Broglie as Prime Minister. The Jules Ferry laws provided for free public education during this period. During it the Panama Scandal occurred. Its first president was Adolphe Thiers, and this government also endured the Dreyfus Affair. It was replaced by Vichy France. For 10 points, identify this French government that succeeded the Second Empire.
This period ended after the failure of the Dyle Plan. Early in its history, the Opportunists held sway over its government. One political party active during this period staged an unsuccessful coup against Felix Faure and demanded the government renegotiate the Treaty of Frankfurt. Besides problems with the right-wing League of Patriots, it was rocked by the 16th of May Crisis when its president installed the Legitimist Duc de Broglie as Prime Minister. The Jules Ferry laws provided for free public education during this period. During it the Panama Scandal occurred. Its first president was Adolphe Thiers, and this government also endured the Dreyfus Affair. It was replaced by Vichy France. For 10 points, identify this French government that succeeded the Second Empire.
This period ended after the failure of the Dyle Plan. Early in its history, the Opportunists held sway over its government.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 123 ], [ 124, 282 ], [ 283, 457 ], [ 458, 533 ], [ 534, 572 ], [ 573, 665 ], [ 666, 698 ], [ 699, 779 ] ]
French_Third_Republic
French_Third_Republic
French {Third} Republic
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
9-full
9
5476990eea23cca905506d5a
-1
protobowl
David Humphreys suggested that a "Cosmic Allegory" unifies this work, while Alan Street claims that it was written in defense of criticisms made by Johannes Scheibe. Its twenty-fifth section contains many chromatics and was nicknamed the "Black Pearl" by the person who recorded it first, while Jozef Koffler created an orchestral transcription for this work in 1938. Every third section in this work is a canon except the last, which contains two folk songs as a quodlibet. Revived by Wanda Landowski, it helped bring success to its 1955 performer, Glenn Gould. For 10 points, name this harpsichord collection consisting of an aria followed by thirty variations, published in 1741 by Johann Sebastian Bach.
David Humphreys suggested that a "Cosmic Allegory" unifies this work, while Alan Street claims that it was written in defense of criticisms made by Johannes Scheibe. Its twenty-fifth section contains many chromatics and was nicknamed the "Black Pearl" by the person who recorded it first, while Jozef Koffler created an orchestral transcription for this work in 1938. Every third section in this work is a canon except the last, which contains two folk songs as a quodlibet. Revived by Wanda Landowski, it helped bring success to its 1955 performer, Glenn Gould. For 10 points, name this harpsichord collection consisting of an aria followed by thirty variations, published in 1741 by Johann Sebastian Bach.
David Humphreys suggested that a "Cosmic Allegory" unifies this work, while Alan Street claims that it was written in defense of criticisms made by Johannes Scheibe.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 165 ], [ 166, 367 ], [ 368, 474 ], [ 475, 562 ], [ 563, 707 ] ]
Goldberg_Variations
Goldberg_Variations
the Goldberg Variations
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
11-full
11
5476990eea23cca905506d5c
-1
protobowl
One author from this country wrote a story whose title character takes a walk each Sunday to people-watch, but when she overhears a couple making fun of her, she imagines her fox-fur crying. That native of this country also wrote a story in which things like a pear tree and Pearl Fulton inspire the titular emotion in Bertha Young. In a novel by another author from this country, the mute Simon is abused by his adoptive father Joe Gillayley and finds his way to the "Tower" where Kerewin Holmes lives. This country is home to the author of "Miss Brill," "Bliss," and a story in which Mr. Scott's death fails to derail the title event, despite Laura Sheridan's objections. For 10 points, name this homeland of the authors of The Bone People and "The Garden Party," Keri Hulme and Katherine Mansfield.
One author from this country wrote a story whose title character takes a walk each Sunday to people-watch, but when she overhears a couple making fun of her, she imagines her fox-fur crying. That native of this country also wrote a story in which things like a pear tree and Pearl Fulton inspire the titular emotion in Bertha Young. In a novel by another author from this country, the mute Simon is abused by his adoptive father Joe Gillayley and finds his way to the "Tower" where Kerewin Holmes lives. This country is home to the author of "Miss Brill," "Bliss," and a story in which Mr. Scott's death fails to derail the title event, despite Laura Sheridan's objections. For 10 points, name this homeland of the authors of The Bone People and "The Garden Party," Keri Hulme and Katherine Mansfield.
One author from this country wrote a story whose title character takes a walk each Sunday to people-watch, but when she overhears a couple making fun of her, she imagines her fox-fur crying.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 190 ], [ 191, 332 ], [ 333, 503 ], [ 504, 673 ], [ 674, 801 ] ]
New_Zealand
New_Zealand
New Zealand [accept Aotearoa; or The Land of the Long White Cloud]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
12-full
12
5476990eea23cca905506d5d
-1
protobowl
An analogue of this character once ate all of the food and drink at Kelliwic, after which he dethroned and beat the queen. One of this figure's sons killed Bors the Younger's brother Lionel; in other stories, two sons of this figure led a Saxon army against the forces of Constantine III. This father of Melehan was born on May Day and is sometimes considered to be a full brother of Agravain and Gaheris and a legitimate son of King Lot. He is more often thought to be a product of unintentional incest between a queen who later had an affair with Lamorak and her half-brother. For 10 points, identify this son of Morgause, a perfidious knight who died at Camlann after mortally wounding King Arthur.
An analogue of this character once ate all of the food and drink at Kelliwic, after which he dethroned and beat the queen. One of this figure's sons killed Bors the Younger's brother Lionel; in other stories, two sons of this figure led a Saxon army against the forces of Constantine III. This father of Melehan was born on May Day and is sometimes considered to be a full brother of Agravain and Gaheris and a legitimate son of King Lot. He is more often thought to be a product of unintentional incest between a queen who later had an affair with Lamorak and her half-brother. For 10 points, identify this son of Morgause, a perfidious knight who died at Camlann after mortally wounding King Arthur.
An analogue of this character once ate all of the food and drink at Kelliwic, after which he dethroned and beat the queen.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 122 ], [ 123, 288 ], [ 289, 438 ], [ 439, 578 ], [ 579, 701 ] ]
Mordred
Mordred
Mordred [accept Modred or Medraut]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
13-full
13
5476990eea23cca905506d5e
-1
protobowl
In one of this author's works, the speaker asserts that "one must be for ever drunken: that is the sole question of importance." Another of his works sees the speaker attack the title character for having "no coloured glasses." In addition to "Intoxication" and "The Glass-Vendor," he described how "Languorous Asia and burning Africa, / A whole world, distant, absent, almost exist" in the title object of "The Head of Hair." The title character, a "captive king," is mocked because its "giant wings keep them from walking" in his "The Albatross." He opened another work asserting "folly and error...possess our spirits," after which he compares himself to the "hypocrite reader." For 10 points, name this man who wrote the Prose Poems, the French author of The Flowers of Evil.
In one of this author's works, the speaker asserts that "one must be for ever drunken: that is the sole question of importance." Another of his works sees the speaker attack the title character for having "no coloured glasses." In addition to "Intoxication" and "The Glass-Vendor," he described how "Languorous Asia and burning Africa, / A whole world, distant, absent, almost exist" in the title object of "The Head of Hair." The title character, a "captive king," is mocked because its "giant wings keep them from walking" in his "The Albatross." He opened another work asserting "folly and error...possess our spirits," after which he compares himself to the "hypocrite reader." For 10 points, name this man who wrote the Prose Poems, the French author of The Flowers of Evil.
In one of this author's works, the speaker asserts that "one must be for ever drunken: that is the sole question of importance."
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 128 ], [ 129, 227 ], [ 228, 426 ], [ 427, 548 ], [ 549, 681 ], [ 682, 779 ] ]
Charles_Baudelaire
Charles_Baudelaire
Charles Baudelaire
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
14-full
14
5476990eea23cca905506d5f
-1
protobowl
Communist historiography blames the loss of this battle on the government's brutal suppression of the peasant rebellion of Gregory Dozsa twelve years earlier. A later battle fought at this site saw troops under Charles of Lorraine claim victory in 1687. In a campaign before this battle, the victors were able to capture Peterwardein and Sabac. Pal Tomori led an unsuccessful charge on the right wing at this battle, and his king later drowned while attempting to flee. It was followed by a civil war fought by Ferdinand I and John Zapolya, and this battle resulted in the end of the Jagiellon dynasty with the death of Louis II. For 10 points, name this victory for Sulieman the Magnificent over the Kingdom of Hungary.
Communist historiography blames the loss of this battle on the government's brutal suppression of the peasant rebellion of Gregory Dozsa twelve years earlier. A later battle fought at this site saw troops under Charles of Lorraine claim victory in 1687. In a campaign before this battle, the victors were able to capture Peterwardein and Sabac. Pal Tomori led an unsuccessful charge on the right wing at this battle, and his king later drowned while attempting to flee. It was followed by a civil war fought by Ferdinand I and John Zapolya, and this battle resulted in the end of the Jagiellon dynasty with the death of Louis II. For 10 points, name this victory for Sulieman the Magnificent over the Kingdom of Hungary.
Communist historiography blames the loss of this battle on the government's brutal suppression of the peasant rebellion of Gregory Dozsa twelve years earlier.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 158 ], [ 159, 253 ], [ 254, 344 ], [ 345, 469 ], [ 470, 629 ], [ 630, 720 ] ]
Battle_of_Mohács
Battle_of_Mohács
Battle of Mohacs
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
15-full
15
5476990eea23cca905506d60
-1
protobowl
The transition temperature of these systems is proportional to the particle density divided by the Riemann zeta function, all to the two-thirds power. Vortices in them are allowed via the psi-squared term in the equation describing the wavefunction of these systems. Sweeping a magnetic field through one of these causes spin-flip collisions and the Feschbach resonance, while further increasing the field causes an implosion followed by an explosion in a namesake type of nova. Their wavefunction is described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. They were first created by Cornell, Wieman, and Ketterle by laser-cooling a bunch of rubidium atoms. For 10 points, name this system consisting of a bunch of degenerate ultracold bosons.
The transition temperature of these systems is proportional to the particle density divided by the Riemann zeta function, all to the two-thirds power. Vortices in them are allowed via the psi-squared term in the equation describing the wavefunction of these systems. Sweeping a magnetic field through one of these causes spin-flip collisions and the Feschbach resonance, while further increasing the field causes an implosion followed by an explosion in a namesake type of nova. Their wavefunction is described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. They were first created by Cornell, Wieman, and Ketterle by laser-cooling a bunch of rubidium atoms. For 10 points, name this system consisting of a bunch of degenerate ultracold bosons.
The transition temperature of these systems is proportional to the particle density divided by the Riemann zeta function, all to the two-thirds power.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 150 ], [ 151, 266 ], [ 267, 478 ], [ 479, 544 ], [ 545, 645 ], [ 646, 731 ] ]
Bose–Einstein_condensate
Bose–Einstein_condensate
{Bose}-Einstein condensates [{or BECs}]
guesstrain
true
Science
Physics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
20-full
20
5476990eea23cca905506d65
-1
protobowl
One of this author's title characters writes the poems for The Poet, befriends Abdul, and attempts to seduce his adopted father's wife, Queen Beatrice. In one of his better known works, SFAs make way for Diabolicals as target customers for the vanity publishing label Manuzio. An antique book seller named Yambo must rediscover his youth after his memory is erased in another of his novels. One of his title characters authors a phony letter from Prestor John addressed to Frederick the Great. Besides The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana and Baudolino, one work by this author sees Diotallevi, Belbo and Casaubon form "The Plan" to write a fake history of the Knights Templar. For 10 points, name this Italian author of The Name of the Rose and Foucault's Pendulum.
One of this author's title characters writes the poems for The Poet, befriends Abdul, and attempts to seduce his adopted father's wife, Queen Beatrice. In one of his better known works, SFAs make way for Diabolicals as target customers for the vanity publishing label Manuzio. An antique book seller named Yambo must rediscover his youth after his memory is erased in another of his novels. One of his title characters authors a phony letter from Prestor John addressed to Frederick the Great. Besides The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana and Baudolino, one work by this author sees Diotallevi, Belbo and Casaubon form "The Plan" to write a fake history of the Knights Templar. For 10 points, name this Italian author of The Name of the Rose and Foucault's Pendulum.
One of this author's title characters writes the poems for The Poet, befriends Abdul, and attempts to seduce his adopted father's wife, Queen Beatrice.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 151 ], [ 152, 276 ], [ 277, 390 ], [ 391, 493 ], [ 494, 676 ], [ 677, 765 ] ]
Umberto_Eco
Umberto_Eco
Umberto Eco
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
21-full
21
5476990eea23cca905506d66
-1
protobowl
In one of this man's paintings, one character oddly uses her left hand to grasp the red-cloaked character's chin while her right hand sits at his knee. Alabaster statues of soldiers lie strewn in the clouds above the red-caped title figure in one work by this painter, who also depicted a nude woman with her head tilted back as a hero arrives on a hippogriff in another painting. This painter of Jupiter and Thetis, The Dream of Ossian, and Roger Freeing Angelica may be better known for depicting a character about to be crowned by Nike with Moliere and Herodotus among those around him. He also painted a work featuring a concubine with elongated proportions. For 10 points, name this French Neoclassicist painter of The Apotheosis of Homer and La Grande Odalisque.
In one of this man's paintings, one character oddly uses her left hand to grasp the red-cloaked character's chin while her right hand sits at his knee. Alabaster statues of soldiers lie strewn in the clouds above the red-caped title figure in one work by this painter, who also depicted a nude woman with her head tilted back as a hero arrives on a hippogriff in another painting. This painter of Jupiter and Thetis, The Dream of Ossian, and Roger Freeing Angelica may be better known for depicting a character about to be crowned by Nike with Moliere and Herodotus among those around him. He also painted a work featuring a concubine with elongated proportions. For 10 points, name this French Neoclassicist painter of The Apotheosis of Homer and La Grande Odalisque.
In one of this man's paintings, one character oddly uses her left hand to grasp the red-cloaked character's chin while her right hand sits at his knee.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 151 ], [ 152, 380 ], [ 381, 589 ], [ 590, 662 ], [ 663, 768 ] ]
Jean-Auguste-Dominique_Ingres
Jean-Auguste-Dominique_Ingres
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
23-full
23
5476990eea23cca905506d68
-1
protobowl
The protagonist of one of this man's works gives a jar to his friend instead of repaying a loan, and later dies after embezzling money in an attempt to buy out a courtesan's contract. Another of his works sees a man nicknamed "Hard Luck" stab a tobacco merchant in the head after drinking in a teahouse with Yojibei and Azuma. The title character of another work by this man is aided by the generals Kanki and Go Sankei in defeating the Manchu forces under Ri Toten. This author of The Courier for Hell and The Uprooted Pine also wrote a play in which the oil merchant Kuheiji scams Tokubei out of his dowry, after which Tokubei and Ohatsu kill themselves. For 10 points, name this author of such bunraku plays as The Battles of Coxinga and The Love Suicides at Sonezaki.
The protagonist of one of this man's works gives a jar to his friend instead of repaying a loan, and later dies after embezzling money in an attempt to buy out a courtesan's contract. Another of his works sees a man nicknamed "Hard Luck" stab a tobacco merchant in the head after drinking in a teahouse with Yojibei and Azuma. The title character of another work by this man is aided by the generals Kanki and Go Sankei in defeating the Manchu forces under Ri Toten. This author of The Courier for Hell and The Uprooted Pine also wrote a play in which the oil merchant Kuheiji scams Tokubei out of his dowry, after which Tokubei and Ohatsu kill themselves. For 10 points, name this author of such bunraku plays as The Battles of Coxinga and The Love Suicides at Sonezaki.
The protagonist of one of this man's works gives a jar to his friend instead of repaying a loan, and later dies after embezzling money in an attempt to buy out a courtesan's contract.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 183 ], [ 184, 326 ], [ 327, 466 ], [ 467, 656 ], [ 657, 771 ] ]
Chikamatsu_Monzaemon
Chikamatsu_Monzaemon
Chikamatsu Monzaemon [accept in either order; or Sugimori Nobumori]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
24-full
24
5476990eea23cca905506d69
-1
protobowl
The pre-colonial history of this country included a kingdom of the Efik people at Calabar, where Mary Slessor went as a missionary. Samuel Ajayi Crowther was this nation's first native bishop. Usman dan Fodio declared jihad in what would become this country, founding a sultanate at Sokoto. This country also contained the Oyo Kingdom. Olauduh Equiano was born here, and Nnamdi Azikiwe led an independence movement here. Odumegwu Ojukwu began a civil war in this country, whose colonial history was marked by palm oil trade. The Fulani and Hausa ethnic groups are prominent in this nation's north, and its southeastern Igbo people created the secessionist Republic of Biafra. For 10 points, name this country, which was ruled as part of British West Africa from Lagos.
The pre-colonial history of this country included a kingdom of the Efik people at Calabar, where Mary Slessor went as a missionary. Samuel Ajayi Crowther was this nation's first native bishop. Usman dan Fodio declared jihad in what would become this country, founding a sultanate at Sokoto. This country also contained the Oyo Kingdom. Olauduh Equiano was born here, and Nnamdi Azikiwe led an independence movement here. Odumegwu Ojukwu began a civil war in this country, whose colonial history was marked by palm oil trade. The Fulani and Hausa ethnic groups are prominent in this nation's north, and its southeastern Igbo people created the secessionist Republic of Biafra. For 10 points, name this country, which was ruled as part of British West Africa from Lagos.
The pre-colonial history of this country included a kingdom of the Efik people at Calabar, where Mary Slessor went as a missionary.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 131 ], [ 132, 192 ], [ 193, 290 ], [ 291, 335 ], [ 336, 420 ], [ 421, 524 ], [ 525, 675 ], [ 676, 768 ] ]
Nigeria
Nigeria
Nigeria
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
25-full
25
5476990eea23cca905506d6a
-1
protobowl
Mutations in the EFHC1 gene were recently found to disrupt their formation, which is inhibited by nocodazole in flow cytometry. Stathmin and Tektin interact with these structures, and they oscillate between "catastrophe" and "rescue" in a process called dynamic instability. The Gamma-TuRC complex assists with their formation. Drugs like Colchicine disrupt the dynamics of these structures. Dyein is a motor protein which moves toward the minus end of them, while kinesin moves toward the plus end. Nine doublets of them surround two singlets in flagella and cilia, and they form the spindle fibers that separate chromosomes during mitosis. For 10 points, name these structures composed of tubulin, which, along with microfilaments and intermediate filaments, make up the cytoskeleton.
Mutations in the EFHC1 gene were recently found to disrupt their formation, which is inhibited by nocodazole in flow cytometry. Stathmin and Tektin interact with these structures, and they oscillate between "catastrophe" and "rescue" in a process called dynamic instability. The Gamma-TuRC complex assists with their formation. Drugs like Colchicine disrupt the dynamics of these structures. Dyein is a motor protein which moves toward the minus end of them, while kinesin moves toward the plus end. Nine doublets of them surround two singlets in flagella and cilia, and they form the spindle fibers that separate chromosomes during mitosis. For 10 points, name these structures composed of tubulin, which, along with microfilaments and intermediate filaments, make up the cytoskeleton.
Mutations in the EFHC1 gene were recently found to disrupt their formation, which is inhibited by nocodazole in flow cytometry.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 127 ], [ 128, 274 ], [ 275, 327 ], [ 328, 391 ], [ 392, 499 ], [ 500, 641 ], [ 642, 786 ] ]
Microtubule
Microtubule
 microtubules
guesstrain
true
Science
Biology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
26-full
26
5476990eea23cca905506d6b
-1
protobowl
One character in this work tells her father that her mother intended to throw out a bracelet if she left it behind at his house. Before this work's climactic scene, a pilot dives his plane at the ground only to pull up and display a good luck message on its bottom. In one scene in this work, which was adapted from John Carlin's Playing the Enemy, a group of kids mob Chester Williams. One of its protagonists visits Robben Island, during which time he hears this movie's namesake poem. In this movie, Zak Feaunati and Scott Eastwood play Jonah Lomu and Joel Stransky, the latter of whom scores a deciding drop-goal. For 10 points, name this 2009 film that stars Matt Damon and Morgan Freeman as Francois Pienaar and Nelson Mandela, and depicts South Africa's victory in the Rugby World Cup.
One character in this work tells her father that her mother intended to throw out a bracelet if she left it behind at his house. Before this work's climactic scene, a pilot dives his plane at the ground only to pull up and display a good luck message on its bottom. In one scene in this work, which was adapted from John Carlin's Playing the Enemy, a group of kids mob Chester Williams. One of its protagonists visits Robben Island, during which time he hears this movie's namesake poem. In this movie, Zak Feaunati and Scott Eastwood play Jonah Lomu and Joel Stransky, the latter of whom scores a deciding drop-goal. For 10 points, name this 2009 film that stars Matt Damon and Morgan Freeman as Francois Pienaar and Nelson Mandela, and depicts South Africa's victory in the Rugby World Cup.
One character in this work tells her father that her mother intended to throw out a bracelet if she left it behind at his house.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 128 ], [ 129, 265 ], [ 266, 386 ], [ 387, 487 ], [ 488, 617 ], [ 618, 792 ] ]
Invictus
Invictus
Invictus
guesstrain
true
Trash
Pop Culture
ACF Winter
College
2,010
27-full
27
5476990eea23cca905506d6c
-1
protobowl
In the preface to this novel, its author suggested that its title subject is "the climax of civilization," and that the story "would be the same in Ohio or Montana, in Kansas, Kentucky or Illinois." This novel's central character suggests Mrs. Bogart as a test during a car ride with Percy Bresnahan, the president of the Velvet Motor Company. The central character lives in Washington for a year with her son Hugh before resolving to return home and continue asking questions. In this novel, the staging of Shaw's Androcles and the Lion is abandoned by the Thanatopsis Club, which the main character joins after marrying Will and moving to the town where the title avenue is located. Set in Gopher Prairie, Minnesota, this is, for 10 points, which novel about Carol Kennicott, written by Sinclair Lewis?
In the preface to this novel, its author suggested that its title subject is "the climax of civilization," and that the story "would be the same in Ohio or Montana, in Kansas, Kentucky or Illinois." This novel's central character suggests Mrs. Bogart as a test during a car ride with Percy Bresnahan, the president of the Velvet Motor Company. The central character lives in Washington for a year with her son Hugh before resolving to return home and continue asking questions. In this novel, the staging of Shaw's Androcles and the Lion is abandoned by the Thanatopsis Club, which the main character joins after marrying Will and moving to the town where the title avenue is located. Set in Gopher Prairie, Minnesota, this is, for 10 points, which novel about Carol Kennicott, written by Sinclair Lewis?
In the preface to this novel, its author suggested that its title subject is "the climax of civilization," and that the story "would be the same in Ohio or Montana, in Kansas, Kentucky or Illinois."
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 198 ], [ 199, 343 ], [ 344, 477 ], [ 478, 684 ], [ 685, 804 ] ]
Main_Street
Main_Street
Main Street
guesstrain
true
Literature
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
32-full
32
5476990eea23cca905506d71
-1
protobowl
One section of this work follows five men wearing an advertisement for Wisdom Hely's on their hats. Another of its sections sees the protagonist rescued from a shouting match with The Citizen by the arrival of Martin Cunningham. One character in this work gets his pay from Garrett Deasy, and wakes up with his friend and the Englishman Haines in a Martello tower. This novel's protagonist climaxes as a Roman candle explodes after watching Gerty MacDowell at the beach and masturbating, in the episode "Nausicaa." Blazes Boylan has an affair with its protagonist's wife Molly, whose "soliloquy" ends this book. For 10 points, name this novel, which parallels the wanderings of Stephen Dedalus and Leopold Bloom's with the events of the Odyssey, a work of James Joyce.
One section of this work follows five men wearing an advertisement for Wisdom Hely's on their hats. Another of its sections sees the protagonist rescued from a shouting match with The Citizen by the arrival of Martin Cunningham. One character in this work gets his pay from Garrett Deasy, and wakes up with his friend and the Englishman Haines in a Martello tower. This novel's protagonist climaxes as a Roman candle explodes after watching Gerty MacDowell at the beach and masturbating, in the episode "Nausicaa." Blazes Boylan has an affair with its protagonist's wife Molly, whose "soliloquy" ends this book. For 10 points, name this novel, which parallels the wanderings of Stephen Dedalus and Leopold Bloom's with the events of the Odyssey, a work of James Joyce.
One section of this work follows five men wearing an advertisement for Wisdom Hely's on their hats.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 99 ], [ 100, 228 ], [ 229, 364 ], [ 365, 514 ], [ 515, 611 ], [ 612, 768 ] ]
Ulysses_(novel)
Ulysses_(novel)
Ulysses
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
35-full
35
5476990eea23cca905506d74
-1
protobowl
The signing of this treaty was followed by negotiations between Thomas von Fritsch and Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg, while this treaty was negotiated by César Gabriel de Choiseul. This treaty was signed a year after the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau. It accompanied the Treaty of Hubertusburg, which decided control of Silesia. This treaty was partly precipitated by the death of the empress Elizabeth, and the Earl of Bute controversially decided not to keep Guadeloupe in this treaty. As a corollary to this treaty, Spain gained Louisiana, and in this treaty Britain gained Grenada, Tobago, and Florida, as well as almost all French possessions in North America. For 10 points, name this 1763 treaty, which ended the Seven Years' War, signed in a European capital.
The signing of this treaty was followed by negotiations between Thomas von Fritsch and Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg, while this treaty was negotiated by César Gabriel de Choiseul. This treaty was signed a year after the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau. It accompanied the Treaty of Hubertusburg, which decided control of Silesia. This treaty was partly precipitated by the death of the empress Elizabeth, and the Earl of Bute controversially decided not to keep Guadeloupe in this treaty. As a corollary to this treaty, Spain gained Louisiana, and in this treaty Britain gained Grenada, Tobago, and Florida, as well as almost all French possessions in North America. For 10 points, name this 1763 treaty, which ended the Seven Years' War, signed in a European capital.
The signing of this treaty was followed by negotiations between Thomas von Fritsch and Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg, while this treaty was negotiated by César Gabriel de Choiseul.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 180 ], [ 181, 252 ], [ 253, 329 ], [ 330, 488 ], [ 489, 666 ], [ 667, 768 ] ]
Treaty_of_Paris_(1763)
Treaty_of_Paris_(1763)
Treaty of Paris
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
36-full
36
5476990eea23cca905506d75
-1
protobowl
Luigi Pasinetti created a mathematical system formalizing the growth theory of this thinker, a scholar of whom is J. H. Hollander. Piero Sraffa collected the works of this thinker, whom Robert Barro credited with influencing his suggestion that the timing of tax changes does not affect consumer spending. This man argued in one essay that raised tariffs on grain imports raised rents and lowered profits of manufacturers. He is credited with introducing the differential theory of rent and the law of diminishing returns. Later, this man with a namesake equivalence principle proposed his labor-embodied theory of value. For 10 points, name this author of The High Price of Bullion and Principles of Political Economy and Taxation who also came up with the idea of comparative advantage.
Luigi Pasinetti created a mathematical system formalizing the growth theory of this thinker, a scholar of whom is J. H. Hollander. Piero Sraffa collected the works of this thinker, whom Robert Barro credited with influencing his suggestion that the timing of tax changes does not affect consumer spending. This man argued in one essay that raised tariffs on grain imports raised rents and lowered profits of manufacturers. He is credited with introducing the differential theory of rent and the law of diminishing returns. Later, this man with a namesake equivalence principle proposed his labor-embodied theory of value. For 10 points, name this author of The High Price of Bullion and Principles of Political Economy and Taxation who also came up with the idea of comparative advantage.
Luigi Pasinetti created a mathematical system formalizing the growth theory of this thinker, a scholar of whom is J. H. Hollander.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 130 ], [ 131, 305 ], [ 306, 422 ], [ 423, 522 ], [ 523, 621 ], [ 622, 788 ] ]
David_Ricardo
David_Ricardo
David Ricardo
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Economics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
37-full
37
5476990eea23cca905506d76
-1
protobowl
This figure's sister eventually took the surname "Perenna" after drowning in the Numicus and becoming a river nymph. In one tale, Iris is able to snip the golden hair of this character after Persephone fails to do so. At one point, King Iarbas of the Gaetulians demanded this character's hand in marriage. Her brother Pygmalion killed her first husband, who was named either Acerbas or Sychaeus, which prompted this woman to flee Tyre. She snubbed one of her lovers by turning away from him in the underworld, which that lover had entered using the Golden Bough. Her sister Anna built the funeral pyre that she eventually threw herself on. For 10 points, name this founding queen of Carthage who killed herself in despair when Aeneas left her.
This figure's sister eventually took the surname "Perenna" after drowning in the Numicus and becoming a river nymph. In one tale, Iris is able to snip the golden hair of this character after Persephone fails to do so. At one point, King Iarbas of the Gaetulians demanded this character's hand in marriage. Her brother Pygmalion killed her first husband, who was named either Acerbas or Sychaeus, which prompted this woman to flee Tyre. She snubbed one of her lovers by turning away from him in the underworld, which that lover had entered using the Golden Bough. Her sister Anna built the funeral pyre that she eventually threw herself on. For 10 points, name this founding queen of Carthage who killed herself in despair when Aeneas left her.
This figure's sister eventually took the surname "Perenna" after drowning in the Numicus and becoming a river nymph.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 116 ], [ 117, 217 ], [ 218, 305 ], [ 306, 435 ], [ 436, 562 ], [ 563, 639 ], [ 640, 743 ] ]
Dido
Dido
Dido [or Elissa]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
39-full
39
5476990eea23cca905506d78
-1
protobowl
This man unsuccessfully attempted to force Thomas Jefferson Rusk to disband his vigilante army, leading to the end of the Cordova Rebellion. While lobbying in Washington D.C., he beat senator William Stanberry with a cane and hired Francis Scott Key as his lawyer in the ensuing trial. This man won one battle by utilizing two artillery guns known as the "Twin Sisters." He served two non-consecutive terms in another office, creating a Mirabeau B. Lamar sandwich. He had earlier served as Congressman from Tennessee's ninth district, and worked to expose frauds practiced upon the Cherokee, who had adopted this man and named him "The Raven." For 10 points, name this victor of the Battle of San Jacinto and two-time President of Texas.
This man unsuccessfully attempted to force Thomas Jefferson Rusk to disband his vigilante army, leading to the end of the Cordova Rebellion. While lobbying in Washington D.C., he beat senator William Stanberry with a cane and hired Francis Scott Key as his lawyer in the ensuing trial. This man won one battle by utilizing two artillery guns known as the "Twin Sisters." He served two non-consecutive terms in another office, creating a Mirabeau B. Lamar sandwich. He had earlier served as Congressman from Tennessee's ninth district, and worked to expose frauds practiced upon the Cherokee, who had adopted this man and named him "The Raven." For 10 points, name this victor of the Battle of San Jacinto and two-time President of Texas.
This man unsuccessfully attempted to force Thomas Jefferson Rusk to disband his vigilante army, leading to the end of the Cordova Rebellion.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 140 ], [ 141, 285 ], [ 286, 370 ], [ 371, 464 ], [ 465, 643 ], [ 644, 737 ] ]
Sam_Houston
Sam_Houston
Sam Houston
guesstrain
true
History
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
40-full
40
5476990eea23cca905506d79
-1
protobowl
One method of deriving this statement is solving Schrodinger's equation for the condition psi of theta equals psi of 2 pi plus theta, giving a wavefunction proportional to e to the plus or minus i n pi. It can also be derived by noting that the systems in question contain one low-lying bonding molecular orbital followed by a series of paired MOs at higher energies. Hirsch, Chen, and Jiao developed a three-dimensional version of this statement that applies to fullerenes, while another method that leads to it assumes zero-differential overlap, a computational method named for Pariser, Parr, and Pople. It applies to planar systems with conjugated double bonds. For 10 points, name this rule that states a molecule with 4n plus 2 pi electrons is aromatic, named for a German.
One method of deriving this statement is solving Schrodinger's equation for the condition psi of theta equals psi of 2 pi plus theta, giving a wavefunction proportional to e to the plus or minus i n pi. It can also be derived by noting that the systems in question contain one low-lying bonding molecular orbital followed by a series of paired MOs at higher energies. Hirsch, Chen, and Jiao developed a three-dimensional version of this statement that applies to fullerenes, while another method that leads to it assumes zero-differential overlap, a computational method named for Pariser, Parr, and Pople. It applies to planar systems with conjugated double bonds. For 10 points, name this rule that states a molecule with 4n plus 2 pi electrons is aromatic, named for a German.
One method of deriving this statement is solving Schrodinger's equation for the condition psi of theta equals psi of 2 pi plus theta, giving a wavefunction proportional to e to the plus or minus i n pi.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 202 ], [ 203, 367 ], [ 368, 606 ], [ 607, 665 ], [ 666, 779 ] ]
Hückel's_rule
Hückel's_rule
 Huckel's rule
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
41-full
41
5476990eea23cca905506d7a
-1
protobowl
This author wrote "And I am dumb to tell the lover's tomb / How at my sheet goes the same crooked worm" in a poem that examines the link between the forces of destruction and creation. He wrote that Time would eventually take him "Up to the swallow-thronged loft by the shadow of my hand" in a work reminiscing about his childhood, when he was "young and easy under the apple boughs." This author of the aforementioned "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower" described how "Time held me green and dying / Though I sang in my chains like the sea" in another poem. For 10 points, name this author of "Fern Hill" who urged his father to "rage, rage against the dying of the light" in "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night."
This author wrote "And I am dumb to tell the lover's tomb / How at my sheet goes the same crooked worm" in a poem that examines the link between the forces of destruction and creation. He wrote that Time would eventually take him "Up to the swallow-thronged loft by the shadow of my hand" in a work reminiscing about his childhood, when he was "young and easy under the apple boughs." This author of the aforementioned "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower" described how "Time held me green and dying / Though I sang in my chains like the sea" in another poem. For 10 points, name this author of "Fern Hill" who urged his father to "rage, rage against the dying of the light" in "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night."
This author wrote "And I am dumb to tell the lover's tomb / How at my sheet goes the same crooked worm" in a poem that examines the link between the forces of destruction and creation.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 184 ], [ 185, 384 ], [ 385, 522 ], [ 523, 580 ], [ 581, 739 ] ]
Dylan_Thomas
Dylan_Thomas
Dylan Thomas
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
43-full
43
5476990eea23cca905506d7c
-1
protobowl
One of this artist's most famous works was later rendered on the sides of subway cars by Fab Five Freddy. This artist also appeared in a series of ads for his collaboration with Jean-Michel Basquiat that featured both dressed in boxing gear. This artist chose photos from the AP wire that were too grotesque to be printed for his Death in America series. At the American Supermarket show, he displayed both real and fake boxes of Brillo soap pads. One of this man's films depicts DeVeren Bookwalter receiving fellatio for 35 straight minutes. This director of Sleep and Blow Job included Billy Name and Edie Sedgwick among his namesake Superstars, who generally hung out at his Factory. For 10 points, name this Pop artist best known for screen prints of Marilyn Monroe and Campbell's Soup Cans.
One of this artist's most famous works was later rendered on the sides of subway cars by Fab Five Freddy. This artist also appeared in a series of ads for his collaboration with Jean-Michel Basquiat that featured both dressed in boxing gear. This artist chose photos from the AP wire that were too grotesque to be printed for his Death in America series. At the American Supermarket show, he displayed both real and fake boxes of Brillo soap pads. One of this man's films depicts DeVeren Bookwalter receiving fellatio for 35 straight minutes. This director of Sleep and Blow Job included Billy Name and Edie Sedgwick among his namesake Superstars, who generally hung out at his Factory. For 10 points, name this Pop artist best known for screen prints of Marilyn Monroe and Campbell's Soup Cans.
One of this artist's most famous works was later rendered on the sides of subway cars by Fab Five Freddy.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 105 ], [ 106, 241 ], [ 242, 354 ], [ 355, 447 ], [ 448, 542 ], [ 543, 686 ], [ 687, 795 ] ]
Andy_Warhol
Andy_Warhol
Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
44-full
44
5476990eea23cca905506d7d
-1
protobowl
This belief was officially installed in one land with the Synod of Beth Lapat, presided over by Barsauma and other members of the school of Nisibis. This belief was attacked by Philip Sidetes and by Proclus, and The Bazaar of Heraclides is an apology for it. The actual nature of its main doctrine is indeterminate because of the use of the word prosopon, and this heresy was attacked in twelve anathemas. Theodore of Mopsuestia was a precursor of this heresy, and it involved the rejection of the title Theotokos, leading to it being denounced by Cyril of Alexandria at the Council of Ephesus. This heresy was prominent in Antioch and the east, and it held that Christ had two distinct natures. For 10 points, identify this heresy named for a Patriarch of Constantinople.
This belief was officially installed in one land with the Synod of Beth Lapat, presided over by Barsauma and other members of the school of Nisibis. This belief was attacked by Philip Sidetes and by Proclus, and The Bazaar of Heraclides is an apology for it. The actual nature of its main doctrine is indeterminate because of the use of the word prosopon, and this heresy was attacked in twelve anathemas. Theodore of Mopsuestia was a precursor of this heresy, and it involved the rejection of the title Theotokos, leading to it being denounced by Cyril of Alexandria at the Council of Ephesus. This heresy was prominent in Antioch and the east, and it held that Christ had two distinct natures. For 10 points, identify this heresy named for a Patriarch of Constantinople.
This belief was officially installed in one land with the Synod of Beth Lapat, presided over by Barsauma and other members of the school of Nisibis.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 148 ], [ 149, 258 ], [ 259, 405 ], [ 406, 594 ], [ 595, 695 ], [ 696, 772 ] ]
Nestorianism
Nestorianism
Nestorianism [accept word forms]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
46-full
46
5476990eea23cca905506d7f
-1
protobowl
One of this man's protagonists makes references to cases like "the Trevor Richardson affair." That protagonist, nicknamed "Puffin," encounters a wounded soldier whom he believes to be his childhood friend Akira in one of this author's works, and later learns that the warlord Wang Ku kidnapped his mother. This creator of Christopher Banks wrote a work titled after a Judy Bridgewater song that opens at Hailsham, and sees Kathy become a "carer" while Ruth and Tommy become donors. This author of When We Were Orphans is best-known for a novel that explores the unrequited love of Miss Kenton and the protagonist, who works at Darlington Hall. For 10 points, name this author of Never Let Me Go and a novel about the butler Stevens, The Remains of the Day.
One of this man's protagonists makes references to cases like "the Trevor Richardson affair." That protagonist, nicknamed "Puffin," encounters a wounded soldier whom he believes to be his childhood friend Akira in one of this author's works, and later learns that the warlord Wang Ku kidnapped his mother. This creator of Christopher Banks wrote a work titled after a Judy Bridgewater song that opens at Hailsham, and sees Kathy become a "carer" while Ruth and Tommy become donors. This author of When We Were Orphans is best-known for a novel that explores the unrequited love of Miss Kenton and the protagonist, who works at Darlington Hall. For 10 points, name this author of Never Let Me Go and a novel about the butler Stevens, The Remains of the Day.
One of this man's protagonists makes references to cases like "the Trevor Richardson affair.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 92 ], [ 92, 305 ], [ 306, 481 ], [ 482, 643 ], [ 644, 756 ] ]
Kazuo_Ishiguro
Kazuo_Ishiguro
Kazuo Ishiguro [accept names in either order]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
47-full
47
5476990eea23cca905506d80
-1
protobowl
One work about this concept considered a quote from Longfellow's "The Builders" and an anecdote in which Fania Pascal was told that she didn't "know what a dog that has been run over feels like" as examples of Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophical opposition to it. In a 2005 interview on The Daily Show, the author of that work claimed that the desire to "produce an impression" is what distinguishes this concept from spin. That work also distinguishes this concept from Max Black's concept of "humbug" and notes that while liars specifically seek to avoid the truth, practitioners of this do not care about the truth at all. For 10 points, identify this subject of a Harry Frankfurt essay that also titles a Showtime show hosted by Penn & Teller, and can be abbreviated "B.S."
One work about this concept considered a quote from Longfellow's "The Builders" and an anecdote in which Fania Pascal was told that she didn't "know what a dog that has been run over feels like" as examples of Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophical opposition to it. In a 2005 interview on The Daily Show, the author of that work claimed that the desire to "produce an impression" is what distinguishes this concept from spin. That work also distinguishes this concept from Max Black's concept of "humbug" and notes that while liars specifically seek to avoid the truth, practitioners of this do not care about the truth at all. For 10 points, identify this subject of a Harry Frankfurt essay that also titles a Showtime show hosted by Penn & Teller, and can be abbreviated "B.S."
One work about this concept considered a quote from Longfellow's "The Builders" and an anecdote in which Fania Pascal was told that she didn't "know what a dog that has been run over feels like" as examples of Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophical opposition to it.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 263 ], [ 264, 423 ], [ 424, 625 ], [ 626, 777 ] ]
Bullshit
Bullshit
bullshit [accept word forms; also accept On Bullshit]
guesstrain
true
Trash
Other
ACF Winter
College
2,010
51-full
51
5476990eea23cca905506d84
-1
protobowl
This quantity is equal to L plus one plus the number of radial nodes of the wavefunction. In one model, the square of this quantity is inversely proportional to energy with a constant of thirteen point six. Transitioning between two different values of it gives a frequency proportional to the difference between the reciprocals of the square of two different values of it, via the Rydberg formula. The azimuthal number is bounded by one minus this value, for which different values also generate the Pfund, Balmer, and Lyman series. This number determines the energy level of an orbital, and along with spin, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers completely describe an electron in an orbital. For 10 points, name this quantum number symbolized n.
This quantity is equal to L plus one plus the number of radial nodes of the wavefunction. In one model, the square of this quantity is inversely proportional to energy with a constant of thirteen point six. Transitioning between two different values of it gives a frequency proportional to the difference between the reciprocals of the square of two different values of it, via the Rydberg formula. The azimuthal number is bounded by one minus this value, for which different values also generate the Pfund, Balmer, and Lyman series. This number determines the energy level of an orbital, and along with spin, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers completely describe an electron in an orbital. For 10 points, name this quantum number symbolized n.
This quantity is equal to L plus one plus the number of radial nodes of the wavefunction.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 89 ], [ 90, 206 ], [ 207, 398 ], [ 399, 533 ], [ 534, 703 ], [ 704, 757 ] ]
Principal_quantum_number
Principal_quantum_number
 principal quantum number [or n before read; accept energy level until mentioned]
guesstrain
true
Science
Physics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
52-full
52
5476990eea23cca905506d85
-1
protobowl
Philip Pickett has suggested an interpretation of this collection involving allegorical tableaux, the fifth section of which can be interpreted as Hercules's choice between Vice and Virtue. One section of this collection may have intended for a bird flageolet or for two recorders tied together to be played when this work calls for a "fiauto d'echo," or echo flute. One solo in another part was likely written for an instrument built by Michael Mietke, and that harpsichord virtuosic solo appears in the fifth section of this work. Its last section lacks violins, while the first section was expanded to be the only section with four movements in this work. For 10 points, name this set of six concerti composed for a German margrave by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Philip Pickett has suggested an interpretation of this collection involving allegorical tableaux, the fifth section of which can be interpreted as Hercules's choice between Vice and Virtue. One section of this collection may have intended for a bird flageolet or for two recorders tied together to be played when this work calls for a "fiauto d'echo," or echo flute. One solo in another part was likely written for an instrument built by Michael Mietke, and that harpsichord virtuosic solo appears in the fifth section of this work. Its last section lacks violins, while the first section was expanded to be the only section with four movements in this work. For 10 points, name this set of six concerti composed for a German margrave by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Philip Pickett has suggested an interpretation of this collection involving allegorical tableaux, the fifth section of which can be interpreted as Hercules's choice between Vice and Virtue.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 189 ], [ 190, 366 ], [ 367, 532 ], [ 533, 658 ], [ 659, 760 ] ]
Brandenburg_Concertos
Brandenburg_Concertos
{Brandenburg Concertos} [or {Brandenburg Concerti;} or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
53-full
53
5476990eea23cca905506d86
-1
protobowl
This ruler created the siglos and daric coins. Economic administration in this ruler's domain was headed by his uncle Pharnaces, as recounted in the Fortification Tablets. This ruler faced a revolt from Vahyazdâta, and he sent Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indus. This man's Behistun Inscription records how he killed the Magian usurper Gaumata, who was supposedly impersonating Smerdis. This leader of an expedition against the Scythians divided his empire into twenty satrapies, and he built a noted network of roads. This man successfully claimed the throne of Cambyses II. He was the target of the Ionian Revolt, after which he launched an expedition under Datis that was defeated by Miltiades at Marathon. For 10 points, name this Persian ruler who was succeeded by his son Xerxes I.
This ruler created the siglos and daric coins. Economic administration in this ruler's domain was headed by his uncle Pharnaces, as recounted in the Fortification Tablets. This ruler faced a revolt from Vahyazdâta, and he sent Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indus. This man's Behistun Inscription records how he killed the Magian usurper Gaumata, who was supposedly impersonating Smerdis. This leader of an expedition against the Scythians divided his empire into twenty satrapies, and he built a noted network of roads. This man successfully claimed the throne of Cambyses II. He was the target of the Ionian Revolt, after which he launched an expedition under Datis that was defeated by Miltiades at Marathon. For 10 points, name this Persian ruler who was succeeded by his son Xerxes I.
This ruler created the siglos and daric coins. Economic administration in this ruler's domain was headed by his uncle Pharnaces, as recounted in the Fortification Tablets.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 171 ], [ 172, 267 ], [ 268, 391 ], [ 392, 523 ], [ 524, 580 ], [ 581, 714 ], [ 715, 792 ] ]
Darius_I
Darius_I
Darius I [or Darius the Great; prompt on Darius]
guesstrain
true
History
Ancient
ACF Winter
College
2,010
56-full
56
5476990eea23cca905506d89
-1
protobowl
In one novel, this writer depicted a titular character observing a blackbird, a gecko, a cheese shop, and a pair of naked breasts. In another novel by this author, Estomac marries a snail cooker who is the sister of a later lover of Violante. In another novel, this writer contrasted the robot-like reading approach taken by Lotaria with the pleasure-seeking approach taken by Lotaria's sister Ludmilla. He explained, "It is not the voice that commands the story: it is the ear," in a novel that depicted Kublai Khan's attempts at soliciting the unambiguous reality of certain titular entities from the persistently uncertain Marco Polo. For 10 points, name this Italian author who wrote Mr. Palomar, The Baron in the Trees, If on a Winter's Night a Traveler, and Invisible Cities.
In one novel, this writer depicted a titular character observing a blackbird, a gecko, a cheese shop, and a pair of naked breasts. In another novel by this author, Estomac marries a snail cooker who is the sister of a later lover of Violante. In another novel, this writer contrasted the robot-like reading approach taken by Lotaria with the pleasure-seeking approach taken by Lotaria's sister Ludmilla. He explained, "It is not the voice that commands the story: it is the ear," in a novel that depicted Kublai Khan's attempts at soliciting the unambiguous reality of certain titular entities from the persistently uncertain Marco Polo. For 10 points, name this Italian author who wrote Mr. Palomar, The Baron in the Trees, If on a Winter's Night a Traveler, and Invisible Cities.
In one novel, this writer depicted a titular character observing a blackbird, a gecko, a cheese shop, and a pair of naked breasts.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 130 ], [ 131, 242 ], [ 243, 403 ], [ 404, 637 ], [ 638, 724 ], [ 725, 781 ] ]
Italo_Calvino
Italo_Calvino
Italo Calvino
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
58-full
58
5476990eea23cca905506d8b
-1
protobowl
A common way to analyze these substances is Epton's two-phase titration method. For high temperatures and pressures, their effects can be measured by a captive drop method. By including diffusion, Morris et al. expanded on the model for these substances using pulsating bubble systems; that computational model of them is named for Otis. SP-A is the most common protein with this characteristic and is used in the immune system, and DPPC is the active part of another biological type. These substances have a radically lessened effect below the CMC. They are frequently made up of molecules with hydrophobic and hydrophilic components, which adsorb at the liquid-liquid interfaces. For 10 points, what are these substances that lower a solution's surface tension?
A common way to analyze these substances is Epton's two-phase titration method. For high temperatures and pressures, their effects can be measured by a captive drop method. By including diffusion, Morris et al. expanded on the model for these substances using pulsating bubble systems; that computational model of them is named for Otis. SP-A is the most common protein with this characteristic and is used in the immune system, and DPPC is the active part of another biological type. These substances have a radically lessened effect below the CMC. They are frequently made up of molecules with hydrophobic and hydrophilic components, which adsorb at the liquid-liquid interfaces. For 10 points, what are these substances that lower a solution's surface tension?
A common way to analyze these substances is Epton's two-phase titration method.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 79 ], [ 80, 172 ], [ 173, 337 ], [ 338, 484 ], [ 485, 549 ], [ 550, 681 ], [ 682, 763 ] ]
Surfactant
Surfactant
 surfactants [or micelles]
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
59-full
59
5476990eea23cca905506d8c
-1
protobowl
Every eight years at Delphi, a festival known as the Herois was held in this figure's honor. This figure was discovered washing off blood in the river Asopus. Prosymnus guided this figure's son to the entrance to the underworld in the Alcyonian Lake, after which that son rescued this figure and brought her to Olympus, where she became the goddess Thyone. Hera visited this daughter of Cadmus in the guise of an old crone, and managed to provoke such curiosity in this woman that she forced her lover to swear an oath on the River Styx to reveal himself in all his splendor. That revelation led to this woman's death, so her son was born from her lover's thigh. For 10 points, name this mortal lover of Zeus and mother of Dionysus.
Every eight years at Delphi, a festival known as the Herois was held in this figure's honor. This figure was discovered washing off blood in the river Asopus. Prosymnus guided this figure's son to the entrance to the underworld in the Alcyonian Lake, after which that son rescued this figure and brought her to Olympus, where she became the goddess Thyone. Hera visited this daughter of Cadmus in the guise of an old crone, and managed to provoke such curiosity in this woman that she forced her lover to swear an oath on the River Styx to reveal himself in all his splendor. That revelation led to this woman's death, so her son was born from her lover's thigh. For 10 points, name this mortal lover of Zeus and mother of Dionysus.
Every eight years at Delphi, a festival known as the Herois was held in this figure's honor.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 92 ], [ 93, 158 ], [ 159, 356 ], [ 357, 575 ], [ 576, 662 ], [ 663, 732 ] ]
Semele
Semele
Semele
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
61-full
61
5476990eea23cca905506d8e
-1
protobowl
The protagonist of one novel by this author regularly meets with an intellectual group called The Table at the EL-AY Café; later, that protagonist, Julie Summers, marries the mechanic Abdu. This author wrote a novel in which Ann Davis has an affair with the painter Gideon Shibalo in a work that centers on Jessie Stillwell. This author of The Pickup and Occasion for Loving wrote of Jacobus finding a dead body on Mehring's farm in another of her novels. Daniel steals a gun from the central family of another of her books, which takes its epigraph from the Prison Notebooks and sees the title servant protect Bam and Maureen Smales during an uprising. For 10 points, name this South African author of The Conservationist and July's People.
The protagonist of one novel by this author regularly meets with an intellectual group called The Table at the EL-AY Café; later, that protagonist, Julie Summers, marries the mechanic Abdu. This author wrote a novel in which Ann Davis has an affair with the painter Gideon Shibalo in a work that centers on Jessie Stillwell. This author of The Pickup and Occasion for Loving wrote of Jacobus finding a dead body on Mehring's farm in another of her novels. Daniel steals a gun from the central family of another of her books, which takes its epigraph from the Prison Notebooks and sees the title servant protect Bam and Maureen Smales during an uprising. For 10 points, name this South African author of The Conservationist and July's People.
The protagonist of one novel by this author regularly meets with an intellectual group called The Table at the EL-AY Café; later, that protagonist, Julie Summers, marries the mechanic Abdu.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 189 ], [ 190, 324 ], [ 325, 455 ], [ 456, 653 ], [ 654, 741 ] ]
Nadine_Gordimer
Nadine_Gordimer
Nadine Gordimer
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
63-full
63
5476990eea23cca905506d90
-1
protobowl
Odin once asked this figure to cast a spell on two groups of twenty-one kings that forced them to fight each other, die, and be reborn eternally. Loki once snuck into this figure's bedroom disguised as a flea, which was necessary because no one could enter without this figure's permission. She was the only figure who could bring Hrungnir more ale to drink until Thor was called to eliminate him. This mother of Hnoss travelled the world in order to find her husband. This owner of the boar Hildisvini also owned a cape of falcon feathers that allowed her to fly and a chariot that was pulled by cats. For 10 points, name this member of the Vanir who slept with four dwarves in order to obtain the necklace Brisingamen, the Norse goddess of love and the sister of Frey.
Odin once asked this figure to cast a spell on two groups of twenty-one kings that forced them to fight each other, die, and be reborn eternally. Loki once snuck into this figure's bedroom disguised as a flea, which was necessary because no one could enter without this figure's permission. She was the only figure who could bring Hrungnir more ale to drink until Thor was called to eliminate him. This mother of Hnoss travelled the world in order to find her husband. This owner of the boar Hildisvini also owned a cape of falcon feathers that allowed her to fly and a chariot that was pulled by cats. For 10 points, name this member of the Vanir who slept with four dwarves in order to obtain the necklace Brisingamen, the Norse goddess of love and the sister of Frey.
Odin once asked this figure to cast a spell on two groups of twenty-one kings that forced them to fight each other, die, and be reborn eternally.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 145 ], [ 146, 290 ], [ 291, 397 ], [ 398, 468 ], [ 469, 602 ], [ 603, 770 ] ]
Freyja
Freyja
Freya [or Freyja; do not accept “Frigg” or “Frigga”]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
64-full
64
5476990eea23cca905506d91
-1
protobowl
A nude man and woman help another woman up in front of a dark landscape in this artist's Departure of Summer. Another of his works, which features a building in the background and a plant with a single eye in the foreground, was called The Misunderstood. His works in other media included a metronome with a picture of an eye attached to an arm that was destroyed by the Jarivistes, and a cloth-wrapped sewing machine tied to a wooden base. This creator of Object to be Destroyed and The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse painted f-holes onto a photograph of his companion Kiki de Montparnasse in a work called Le Violon d'Ingres. He also took photos of his cross-dressing friend Marcel Duchamp as the Rrose Selavy. For 10 points, name this American Dada photographer and artist.
A nude man and woman help another woman up in front of a dark landscape in this artist's Departure of Summer. Another of his works, which features a building in the background and a plant with a single eye in the foreground, was called The Misunderstood. His works in other media included a metronome with a picture of an eye attached to an arm that was destroyed by the Jarivistes, and a cloth-wrapped sewing machine tied to a wooden base. This creator of Object to be Destroyed and The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse painted f-holes onto a photograph of his companion Kiki de Montparnasse in a work called Le Violon d'Ingres. He also took photos of his cross-dressing friend Marcel Duchamp as the Rrose Selavy. For 10 points, name this American Dada photographer and artist.
A nude man and woman help another woman up in front of a dark landscape in this artist's Departure of Summer.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 109 ], [ 110, 254 ], [ 255, 440 ], [ 441, 622 ], [ 623, 707 ], [ 708, 771 ] ]
Man_Ray
Man_Ray
Man Ray [accept Emmanuel Radnitzky]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
65-full
65
5476990eea23cca905506d92
-1
protobowl
Pyrethrin contains one of these molecules bridging an ester and an alkene moiety, and 1-1-1-propellene contains three of these molecules fused together. DBU and a diethyl malonate derivative are used to add this moeity to a fullerene in the Bingel reaction, and its bonds have partial pi character according to the Walsh orbital model. Adding a carbene to an alkene is another way of generating it; that same transformation can be performed via the Simmons-Smith reaction. Bent or banana bonding is used to explain how it relieves its incredible ring strain, which occurs due to the sixty degree angles between its carbon-carbon bonds. For 10 points, name this compound consisting of three carbons in a ring.
Pyrethrin contains one of these molecules bridging an ester and an alkene moiety, and 1-1-1-propellene contains three of these molecules fused together. DBU and a diethyl malonate derivative are used to add this moeity to a fullerene in the Bingel reaction, and its bonds have partial pi character according to the Walsh orbital model. Adding a carbene to an alkene is another way of generating it; that same transformation can be performed via the Simmons-Smith reaction. Bent or banana bonding is used to explain how it relieves its incredible ring strain, which occurs due to the sixty degree angles between its carbon-carbon bonds. For 10 points, name this compound consisting of three carbons in a ring.
Pyrethrin contains one of these molecules bridging an ester and an alkene moiety, and 1-1-1-propellene contains three of these molecules fused together.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 152 ], [ 153, 335 ], [ 336, 472 ], [ 473, 635 ], [ 636, 708 ] ]
Cyclopropane
Cyclopropane
 cyclopropane
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
66-full
66
5476990eea23cca905506d93
-1
protobowl
This state contains an uplift zone that runs straight through its eastern portion from its northern to its southern neighbors that is bordered by the Bourbon Arch. Travelers on one branch of the Oregon Trail had to brave crossing the Wakarusa River and Mount Oread in this state. Modern travelers to this state can stop at the Fort Larned National Historic Site to see a structure that protected the Santa Fe Trail. North-central Smith County in this state is home to the geographic center of the U.S. This state's northern neighbor contains the center of the largest aquifer in the United States, the Ogallala Aquifer. It is home to the "Air Capital of the World" as well as the "Little Apple," its city of Manhattan. For 10 points, name this state that contains cities like Topeka and Wichita.
This state contains an uplift zone that runs straight through its eastern portion from its northern to its southern neighbors that is bordered by the Bourbon Arch. Travelers on one branch of the Oregon Trail had to brave crossing the Wakarusa River and Mount Oread in this state. Modern travelers to this state can stop at the Fort Larned National Historic Site to see a structure that protected the Santa Fe Trail. North-central Smith County in this state is home to the geographic center of the U.S. This state's northern neighbor contains the center of the largest aquifer in the United States, the Ogallala Aquifer. It is home to the "Air Capital of the World" as well as the "Little Apple," its city of Manhattan. For 10 points, name this state that contains cities like Topeka and Wichita.
This state contains an uplift zone that runs straight through its eastern portion from its northern to its southern neighbors that is bordered by the Bourbon Arch.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 163 ], [ 164, 279 ], [ 280, 415 ], [ 416, 501 ], [ 502, 619 ], [ 620, 718 ], [ 719, 795 ] ]
Kansas
Kansas
Kansas
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Geography
ACF Winter
College
2,010
67-full
67
5476990eea23cca905506d94
-1
protobowl
A similarly named case to this one held that the impeachment of a judge was a political question beyond the reach of the judiciary. A notable argument by this case's losing side asserted that proving criminality is required before a criminal conspiracy is actually criminal. This decision affirmed that a federal court's jurisdiction is not necessarily barred from each "inter-branch dispute," and thus a legislative power vested in a Special Prosecutor could be enforced over claims of executive privilege. It resulted in the relinquishing of evidence to Judge John Sirica. For 10 points, name this1974 Supreme Court decision that concerned the refusal of a sitting U.S. president to release relevant tape recordings for a trial about the Watergate break-in.
A similarly named case to this one held that the impeachment of a judge was a political question beyond the reach of the judiciary. A notable argument by this case's losing side asserted that proving criminality is required before a criminal conspiracy is actually criminal. This decision affirmed that a federal court's jurisdiction is not necessarily barred from each "inter-branch dispute," and thus a legislative power vested in a Special Prosecutor could be enforced over claims of executive privilege. It resulted in the relinquishing of evidence to Judge John Sirica. For 10 points, name this1974 Supreme Court decision that concerned the refusal of a sitting U.S. president to release relevant tape recordings for a trial about the Watergate break-in.
A similarly named case to this one held that the impeachment of a judge was a political question beyond the reach of the judiciary.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 131 ], [ 132, 274 ], [ 275, 507 ], [ 508, 574 ], [ 575, 759 ] ]
United_States_v._Nixon
United_States_v._Nixon
United States v. Nixon [accept Nixon v. United States]
guesstrain
true
Literature
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
69-full
69
5476990eea23cca905506d96
-1
protobowl
This figure appointed his greatest enemy as the leader of Red Shard, whom he later attempted to assassinate during a labor guild hostage situation. Sam Lane later orders Ral-Dar to shoot this figure, whose biological son has begun a romantic relationship with Thara Ak-Var. After Non was lobotomized by the science council, he served as an enforcer for this man, whose sentence was recently commuted by Alura. The lover of Ursa, this figure was sealed away for attempting to overthrow the government. In a more famous incarnation, this figure was freed when his enemy threw a hydrogen bomb into space, resulting in a portal to the Phantom Zone opening. For 10 points, name this figure played by Terence Stamp, who demanded that Superman, among others, "kneel before" him.
This figure appointed his greatest enemy as the leader of Red Shard, whom he later attempted to assassinate during a labor guild hostage situation. Sam Lane later orders Ral-Dar to shoot this figure, whose biological son has begun a romantic relationship with Thara Ak-Var. After Non was lobotomized by the science council, he served as an enforcer for this man, whose sentence was recently commuted by Alura. The lover of Ursa, this figure was sealed away for attempting to overthrow the government. In a more famous incarnation, this figure was freed when his enemy threw a hydrogen bomb into space, resulting in a portal to the Phantom Zone opening. For 10 points, name this figure played by Terence Stamp, who demanded that Superman, among others, "kneel before" him.
This figure appointed his greatest enemy as the leader of Red Shard, whom he later attempted to assassinate during a labor guild hostage situation.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 147 ], [ 148, 273 ], [ 274, 409 ], [ 410, 500 ], [ 501, 652 ], [ 653, 771 ] ]
General_Zod
General_Zod
General {Zod}
guesstrain
true
Trash
Pop Culture
ACF Winter
College
2,010
71-full
71
5476990eea23cca905506d98
-1
protobowl
One member of this group wrote tracts under the name Martin Marpriest, and another wrote about "New Chains Discovered." A rallying cry for this group was the murder of Thomas Rainsborough, and they published the newspaper The Moderate. This group was opposed by the Grandees, and supporters of this group wore sea-green ribbons. Richard Overton was a leader of this group, which was opposed at the Putney Debates by Henry Ireton. This group supported the document "Agreement of the People" and was led by John Lilburne. This group's goals included universal male suffrage. A group which claimed to be the "true" form of this one was also known as the Diggers. For 10 points, name this group of democratic agitators active in Civil War-era Britain.
One member of this group wrote tracts under the name Martin Marpriest, and another wrote about "New Chains Discovered." A rallying cry for this group was the murder of Thomas Rainsborough, and they published the newspaper The Moderate. This group was opposed by the Grandees, and supporters of this group wore sea-green ribbons. Richard Overton was a leader of this group, which was opposed at the Putney Debates by Henry Ireton. This group supported the document "Agreement of the People" and was led by John Lilburne. This group's goals included universal male suffrage. A group which claimed to be the "true" form of this one was also known as the Diggers. For 10 points, name this group of democratic agitators active in Civil War-era Britain.
One member of this group wrote tracts under the name Martin Marpriest, and another wrote about "New Chains Discovered."
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 119 ], [ 120, 235 ], [ 236, 328 ], [ 329, 429 ], [ 430, 519 ], [ 520, 572 ], [ 573, 659 ], [ 660, 747 ] ]
Levellers
Levellers
Levellers
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
72-full
72
5476990eea23cca905506d99
-1
protobowl
One work by this writer introduces the idea of "postfigurative, cofigurative and prefigurative" societies. This writer's autobiography takes its name from a regional expression for a late cold spell that ruins a certain crop. The most vocal critic of this writer's work has attacked a commitment to write "for the Bishop Museum" and this writer's relationship with Dr. Charles Lane. Those attacks have come in books that describe "the Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth" and this writer being subject to "a Fateful Hoaxing." Those attacks, launched by Derek Freeman, have claimed that this anthropologist misunderstood or was lied to by the teenage girls like Lola and Mala on the island of Ta'u. For 10 points, identify this author of Coming of Age in Samoa.
One work by this writer introduces the idea of "postfigurative, cofigurative and prefigurative" societies. This writer's autobiography takes its name from a regional expression for a late cold spell that ruins a certain crop. The most vocal critic of this writer's work has attacked a commitment to write "for the Bishop Museum" and this writer's relationship with Dr. Charles Lane. Those attacks have come in books that describe "the Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth" and this writer being subject to "a Fateful Hoaxing." Those attacks, launched by Derek Freeman, have claimed that this anthropologist misunderstood or was lied to by the teenage girls like Lola and Mala on the island of Ta'u. For 10 points, identify this author of Coming of Age in Samoa.
One work by this writer introduces the idea of "postfigurative, cofigurative and prefigurative" societies.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 106 ], [ 107, 225 ], [ 226, 382 ], [ 383, 536 ], [ 537, 708 ], [ 709, 771 ] ]
Margaret_Mead
Margaret_Mead
Margaret Mead
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Anthropology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
73-full
73
5476990eea23cca905506d9a
-1
protobowl
In this work's postscript, the narrator notes the failure of his novel The Sharper's Cards and the considerable success of an acquaintance, who won a Second Prize award in literature. At one point, that prize winner calls the narrator for the first time in his life and invites him to his house, which is owned by landlords Zunino and Zungri. The narrator of this work visits that house every thirtieth of April, the birthday of his deceased lover, Beatriz Viterbo. At the end of this work, the narrator reveals that he believes the titular object is located in a mosque in Egypt, and not in the cellar of the house of poet Carlos Argentino Daneri. For 10 points, name this Jorge Luis Borges short story about an object that allows anyone to see all things, named for the first letter of the Hebrew and Arabic alphabets.
In this work's postscript, the narrator notes the failure of his novel The Sharper's Cards and the considerable success of an acquaintance, who won a Second Prize award in literature. At one point, that prize winner calls the narrator for the first time in his life and invites him to his house, which is owned by landlords Zunino and Zungri. The narrator of this work visits that house every thirtieth of April, the birthday of his deceased lover, Beatriz Viterbo. At the end of this work, the narrator reveals that he believes the titular object is located in a mosque in Egypt, and not in the cellar of the house of poet Carlos Argentino Daneri. For 10 points, name this Jorge Luis Borges short story about an object that allows anyone to see all things, named for the first letter of the Hebrew and Arabic alphabets.
In this work's postscript, the narrator notes the failure of his novel The Sharper's Cards and the considerable success of an acquaintance, who won a Second Prize award in literature.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 183 ], [ 184, 342 ], [ 343, 465 ], [ 466, 648 ], [ 649, 820 ] ]
The_Aleph_(short_story)
The_Aleph_(short_story)
“El Aleph” [or “The Aleph”]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
74-full
74
5476990eea23cca905506d9b
-1
protobowl
Many of these objects are expected to be detected by NASA's WISE infrared space telescope. Gliese 229B was determined to be one of these objects through the detection of methane in its atmosphere, but a more common method to detect these objects is the lithium test. The spectral classes T, L, and Y were created in order to classify these objects, which appear on the absolute bottom right of the HR diagram. A fringe theory posits that one of these objects sends objects from the Oort cloud into the inner Solar System, which in turn causes mass extinctions on Earth; that one is the alleged twin star of the Sun called Nemesis. For 10 points, identify these low mass "failed stars," which are not massive enough to fuse hydrogen in their cores.
Many of these objects are expected to be detected by NASA's WISE infrared space telescope. Gliese 229B was determined to be one of these objects through the detection of methane in its atmosphere, but a more common method to detect these objects is the lithium test. The spectral classes T, L, and Y were created in order to classify these objects, which appear on the absolute bottom right of the HR diagram. A fringe theory posits that one of these objects sends objects from the Oort cloud into the inner Solar System, which in turn causes mass extinctions on Earth; that one is the alleged twin star of the Sun called Nemesis. For 10 points, identify these low mass "failed stars," which are not massive enough to fuse hydrogen in their cores.
Many of these objects are expected to be detected by NASA's WISE infrared space telescope.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 90 ], [ 91, 266 ], [ 267, 409 ], [ 410, 630 ], [ 631, 747 ] ]
Brown_dwarf
Brown_dwarf
 brown dwarfs
guesstrain
true
Science
Astronomy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
76-full
76
5476990eea23cca905506d9d
-1
protobowl
The cantata The Heirs of White Mountain triggered fame in his homeland for this composer, whose Carnival Overture formed part of his Nature, Life, and Love trilogy. In England, Joseph Barnby introduced his Stabat Mater, the first religious piece by this composer. His only violin concerto was premiered by Joachim after that of Brahms. He composed a work whose six movements is each a "fleeting thought." A premiere by Victor Herbert convinced this composer to compose his second cello concerto in B minor, while time spent in Iowa convinced this composer of the American quartet, The Bells of Zlonice symphony, and the Dumky Trio to explore folk tunes in his ninth symphony. For 10 points, name this Czech composer who composed a symphony From the New World.
The cantata The Heirs of White Mountain triggered fame in his homeland for this composer, whose Carnival Overture formed part of his Nature, Life, and Love trilogy. In England, Joseph Barnby introduced his Stabat Mater, the first religious piece by this composer. His only violin concerto was premiered by Joachim after that of Brahms. He composed a work whose six movements is each a "fleeting thought." A premiere by Victor Herbert convinced this composer to compose his second cello concerto in B minor, while time spent in Iowa convinced this composer of the American quartet, The Bells of Zlonice symphony, and the Dumky Trio to explore folk tunes in his ninth symphony. For 10 points, name this Czech composer who composed a symphony From the New World.
The cantata The Heirs of White Mountain triggered fame in his homeland for this composer, whose Carnival Overture formed part of his Nature, Life, and Love trilogy.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 164 ], [ 165, 263 ], [ 264, 335 ], [ 336, 403 ], [ 403, 675 ], [ 676, 759 ] ]
Antonín_Dvořák
Antonín_Dvořák
Antonin Dvorak
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
82-full
82
5476990eea23cca905506da3
-1
protobowl
At one point in this work, the protagonist's brother and another character go swimming with the Reverend Arthur Beebe. One character in this work throws away some bloody photographs that the protagonist had purchased shortly before witnessing a murder. After a tennis game, one of this novel's characters reads aloud a passage about a couple kissing on a violet-covered terrace from a novel by Joseph Emery Prank, the penname of Eleanor Lavish. Early in this novel, its protagonist and her cousin Charlotte Bartlett switch quarters at the Pensione Bertolini with the Emersons. The protagonist of this work breaks her engagement to Cecil Vyse to marry George Emerson. For 10 points, name this novel about Lucy Honeychurch's stay in Rome, written by E. M. Forster.
At one point in this work, the protagonist's brother and another character go swimming with the Reverend Arthur Beebe. One character in this work throws away some bloody photographs that the protagonist had purchased shortly before witnessing a murder. After a tennis game, one of this novel's characters reads aloud a passage about a couple kissing on a violet-covered terrace from a novel by Joseph Emery Prank, the penname of Eleanor Lavish. Early in this novel, its protagonist and her cousin Charlotte Bartlett switch quarters at the Pensione Bertolini with the Emersons. The protagonist of this work breaks her engagement to Cecil Vyse to marry George Emerson. For 10 points, name this novel about Lucy Honeychurch's stay in Rome, written by E. M. Forster.
At one point in this work, the protagonist's brother and another character go swimming with the Reverend Arthur Beebe.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 118 ], [ 119, 252 ], [ 253, 444 ], [ 445, 576 ], [ 577, 666 ], [ 667, 762 ] ]
A_Room_with_a_View
A_Room_with_a_View
A Room with a View
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
83-full
83
5476990eea23cca905506da4
-1
protobowl
In 2000, the "Bromeswell Bucket," a bronze vessel suspected to be of Byzantine origin, was found at this place. The ornamentations found on a shield discovered at this site have been linked to similar ones found near Uppsala in Sweden. Another interesting find at this site includes the "equestrian grave," a burial mound containing the remains of a young man and a horse. However, the site is best known for another burial mound, which is widely believed to be the final resting place of King Raedwald of East Anglia. For 10 points, identify this archaeological site in Suffolk, England, home to two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries as well as a famous undisturbed ship burial.
In 2000, the "Bromeswell Bucket," a bronze vessel suspected to be of Byzantine origin, was found at this place. The ornamentations found on a shield discovered at this site have been linked to similar ones found near Uppsala in Sweden. Another interesting find at this site includes the "equestrian grave," a burial mound containing the remains of a young man and a horse. However, the site is best known for another burial mound, which is widely believed to be the final resting place of King Raedwald of East Anglia. For 10 points, identify this archaeological site in Suffolk, England, home to two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries as well as a famous undisturbed ship burial.
In 2000, the "Bromeswell Bucket," a bronze vessel suspected to be of Byzantine origin, was found at this place.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 111 ], [ 112, 235 ], [ 236, 372 ], [ 373, 518 ], [ 519, 668 ] ]
Sutton_Hoo
Sutton_Hoo
Sutton Hoo
guesstrain
true
History
Ancient
ACF Winter
College
2,010
84-full
84
5476990eea23cca905506da5
-1
protobowl
Schnittke used minor ninth and major seventh intervals extensively in his concerto for this instrument, which he wrote for Yuri Bashmet. Walton's concerto for this instrument includes many minor sixths, and ends in an ambiguous A major/minor chord. The first known concerto for this instrument is in G major and is by Telemann. Tibor Serly edited and completed Bartók's concerto for it after he died, after which it was premiered by William Primrose. Der Schwanendreher is a concerto for this instrument by Hindemith, himself a virtuoso of it, while Paganini refused to play the solo part in Berlioz's Harold en Italie on this instrument. For 10 points, name this string instrument, music for which is written in alto clef and whose size is slightly larger than that of a violin.
Schnittke used minor ninth and major seventh intervals extensively in his concerto for this instrument, which he wrote for Yuri Bashmet. Walton's concerto for this instrument includes many minor sixths, and ends in an ambiguous A major/minor chord. The first known concerto for this instrument is in G major and is by Telemann. Tibor Serly edited and completed Bartók's concerto for it after he died, after which it was premiered by William Primrose. Der Schwanendreher is a concerto for this instrument by Hindemith, himself a virtuoso of it, while Paganini refused to play the solo part in Berlioz's Harold en Italie on this instrument. For 10 points, name this string instrument, music for which is written in alto clef and whose size is slightly larger than that of a violin.
Schnittke used minor ninth and major seventh intervals extensively in his concerto for this instrument, which he wrote for Yuri Bashmet.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 136 ], [ 137, 248 ], [ 249, 327 ], [ 328, 333 ], [ 334, 450 ], [ 451, 638 ], [ 639, 779 ] ]
Viola
Viola
violas
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
85-full
85
5476990eea23cca905506da6
-1
protobowl
A lesser-known version of this type of observance is called Hemdat ha-Yamim, and takes place on the holiday of Tu Bishvat. Songs commonly sung during this observance include "Had Gadya" and "Daiyenu." Steps of its most well-known version include urchatz, the ritual washing of the hands, and maror. Like Yom Kippur, this ritual is concluded with the words "Next year in Jerusalem," after the afikoman is found. This ritual features the discussion of the Four Sons, the recitation of the Four Questions, and the drinking of four cups of wine, which are symbolic of the four distinct redemptions promised by God to the Hebrews in the book of Exodus. For 10 points, the consumption of matzah highlights this ritual Jewish meal, conducted on the first and second days of Passover.
A lesser-known version of this type of observance is called Hemdat ha-Yamim, and takes place on the holiday of Tu Bishvat. Songs commonly sung during this observance include "Had Gadya" and "Daiyenu." Steps of its most well-known version include urchatz, the ritual washing of the hands, and maror. Like Yom Kippur, this ritual is concluded with the words "Next year in Jerusalem," after the afikoman is found. This ritual features the discussion of the Four Sons, the recitation of the Four Questions, and the drinking of four cups of wine, which are symbolic of the four distinct redemptions promised by God to the Hebrews in the book of Exodus. For 10 points, the consumption of matzah highlights this ritual Jewish meal, conducted on the first and second days of Passover.
A lesser-known version of this type of observance is called Hemdat ha-Yamim, and takes place on the holiday of Tu Bishvat.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 122 ], [ 123, 200 ], [ 201, 298 ], [ 299, 410 ], [ 411, 647 ], [ 648, 776 ] ]
Passover_Seder
Passover_Seder
seder [do not accept “Passover” or “Pesakh”]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
86-full
86
5476990eea23cca905506da7
-1
protobowl
The speaker of this work asks its addressee to "endure not yet / A breach, but an expansion, / Like gold to aery thinness beat" after earlier expressing a desire to "melt, and make no noise." This poem's speaker criticizes those "whose soul is sense" and who engage in "dull sublunary lovers' love," arguing that while "Moving of th' earth brings harms and fears," the "trepidation of the spheres" is innocent. Its addressee's soul is compared to "the fix'd foot" around which the speaker must "obliquely run," and its speaker notes that "thy firmness makes my circle just / And makes me end where I begun." For 10 points, identify this poem that depicts a pair of lovers using the metaphysical conceit of a compass, a work of John Donne that urges no grieving upon parting.
The speaker of this work asks its addressee to "endure not yet / A breach, but an expansion, / Like gold to aery thinness beat" after earlier expressing a desire to "melt, and make no noise." This poem's speaker criticizes those "whose soul is sense" and who engage in "dull sublunary lovers' love," arguing that while "Moving of th' earth brings harms and fears," the "trepidation of the spheres" is innocent. Its addressee's soul is compared to "the fix'd foot" around which the speaker must "obliquely run," and its speaker notes that "thy firmness makes my circle just / And makes me end where I begun." For 10 points, identify this poem that depicts a pair of lovers using the metaphysical conceit of a compass, a work of John Donne that urges no grieving upon parting.
The speaker of this work asks its addressee to "endure not yet /
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 64 ], [ 65, 190 ], [ 190, 410 ], [ 411, 574 ], [ 575, 607 ], [ 608, 774 ] ]
A_Valediction:_Forbidding_Mourning
A_Valediction:_Forbidding_Mourning
“A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”
guesstrain
false
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
89-full
89
5476990eea23cca905506daa
-1
protobowl
Critics argued that this thinker treated organizations such as the UN and WTO as voluntary organizations, and not ones that are organized internally, in his last major work. He discussed the extent to which liberal democracies can deal with political arguments based on moral doctrines in "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited" and Political Liberalism. This author of The Law of Peoples wrote that social system should not "encourage propensities and aspirations it is bound to repress and disappoint," in his magnum opus, which suggests that liberalist and socialist egalitarian outlooks can coexist and introduces the "difference principle." Criticized by Michael Sandel and Robert Nozick, this is, for 10 points, which author who discussed the "veil of ignorance" in his A Theory of Justice?
Critics argued that this thinker treated organizations such as the UN and WTO as voluntary organizations, and not ones that are organized internally, in his last major work. He discussed the extent to which liberal democracies can deal with political arguments based on moral doctrines in "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited" and Political Liberalism. This author of The Law of Peoples wrote that social system should not "encourage propensities and aspirations it is bound to repress and disappoint," in his magnum opus, which suggests that liberalist and socialist egalitarian outlooks can coexist and introduces the "difference principle." Criticized by Michael Sandel and Robert Nozick, this is, for 10 points, which author who discussed the "veil of ignorance" in his A Theory of Justice?
Critics argued that this thinker treated organizations such as the UN and WTO as voluntary organizations, and not ones that are organized internally, in his last major work.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 173 ], [ 174, 352 ], [ 353, 643 ], [ 644, 794 ] ]
John_Rawls
John_Rawls
John Rawls 
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Philosophy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
91-full
91
5476990eea23cca905506dac
-1
protobowl
This enemy of the Military Council for National Salvation, who was supported by the KOR, negotiated a twenty-one-point agreement with Edward Gierek. After holding his most powerful position, this author of The Struggle and the Triumph and A Way of Hope co-founded the AWS, and while in power he declared a "war at the top." This enemy of the PZPR won concessions at his nation's round-table talks. He implemented Leszek Balcerowicz's brand of "shock therapy," and he was defeated in a re-election bid by Alexander Kwasniewski in 1995. Earlier, he helped lead an organization that began in the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk. For 10 points, name this Polish winner of the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the Solidarity trade union.
This enemy of the Military Council for National Salvation, who was supported by the KOR, negotiated a twenty-one-point agreement with Edward Gierek. After holding his most powerful position, this author of The Struggle and the Triumph and A Way of Hope co-founded the AWS, and while in power he declared a "war at the top." This enemy of the PZPR won concessions at his nation's round-table talks. He implemented Leszek Balcerowicz's brand of "shock therapy," and he was defeated in a re-election bid by Alexander Kwasniewski in 1995. Earlier, he helped lead an organization that began in the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk. For 10 points, name this Polish winner of the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the Solidarity trade union.
This enemy of the Military Council for National Salvation, who was supported by the KOR, negotiated a twenty-one-point agreement with Edward Gierek.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 148 ], [ 149, 322 ], [ 322, 397 ], [ 398, 534 ], [ 535, 618 ], [ 619, 733 ] ]
Lech_Wałęsa
Lech_Wałęsa
Lech Walesa
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
92-full
92
5476990eea23cca905506dad
-1
protobowl
Seas of calcite predominate during times of low concentration of this element. The NIMS probe discovered that Ganymede has a sulfate of this element, which is also used to treat eclampsia. Its molten form is used to make metallic titanium in the Kroll process. The active site of rubisco contains a carbamylated lysine attached to an ion of this element. Its cationic form is used to stabilize the product of PCR, and it is also prevalent in certain reagents in a Schlenck equilibrium. It is found in Grignard reagents as well as coordinated to the porphyrin ring of chlorophyll. For 10 points, name this element with atomic number 12 and symbol Mg.
Seas of calcite predominate during times of low concentration of this element. The NIMS probe discovered that Ganymede has a sulfate of this element, which is also used to treat eclampsia. Its molten form is used to make metallic titanium in the Kroll process. The active site of rubisco contains a carbamylated lysine attached to an ion of this element. Its cationic form is used to stabilize the product of PCR, and it is also prevalent in certain reagents in a Schlenck equilibrium. It is found in Grignard reagents as well as coordinated to the porphyrin ring of chlorophyll. For 10 points, name this element with atomic number 12 and symbol Mg.
Seas of calcite predominate during times of low concentration of this element.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 78 ], [ 79, 188 ], [ 189, 260 ], [ 261, 354 ], [ 355, 485 ], [ 486, 579 ], [ 580, 649 ] ]
Magnesium
Magnesium
 magnesium [accept Mg before said]
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
93-full
93
5476990eea23cca905506dae
-1
protobowl
One work created by a member of this movement depicts several men in blue examining the titular creatures. This movement spawned Horse Fair, and one of its practitioners painted two nude figures in a lake and one in the trees surrounding the lake in his Bathers. Other works by that member of this group are part of the series Die Zigeuner Mappe. This movement's founder painted a work that depicts a nude woman on a blue background holding the titular "Japanese Umbrella." Another painting from this movement, which included Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller, depicts two bare breasted women performing the titular Dance Around the Golden Calf. For 10 points, name this German expressionist movement that included such artists as Ernst Kirchner and Emil Nolde.
One work created by a member of this movement depicts several men in blue examining the titular creatures. This movement spawned Horse Fair, and one of its practitioners painted two nude figures in a lake and one in the trees surrounding the lake in his Bathers. Other works by that member of this group are part of the series Die Zigeuner Mappe. This movement's founder painted a work that depicts a nude woman on a blue background holding the titular "Japanese Umbrella." Another painting from this movement, which included Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller, depicts two bare breasted women performing the titular Dance Around the Golden Calf. For 10 points, name this German expressionist movement that included such artists as Ernst Kirchner and Emil Nolde.
One work created by a member of this movement depicts several men in blue examining the titular creatures.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 106 ], [ 107, 262 ], [ 263, 346 ], [ 347, 473 ], [ 474, 642 ], [ 643, 758 ] ]
Die_Brücke
Die_Brücke
Die Brücke [or The Bridge]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
96-full
96
5476990eea23cca905506db1
-1
protobowl
One paradox concerning this quantity, in which one calculation places it in the numerator but a formula for an identical quantity places it in the denominator, was raised by Peierls. A complex version of this quantity adds i plus the extinction coefficient, while one formula sets its square equal to a rational equation in terms of the coefficients B1 through 3 and C1 through 3. This quantity can be negative in artificial metamaterials. The arctangent of the ratio of this quantity for two materials gives Brewster's angle. Along with the sines of the angle of incidence and this quantity's namesake angle, it is used in Snell's Law. For 10 points, name this quantity that describes the speed of light in a medium, the namesake of a certain light-bending effect.
One paradox concerning this quantity, in which one calculation places it in the numerator but a formula for an identical quantity places it in the denominator, was raised by Peierls. A complex version of this quantity adds i plus the extinction coefficient, while one formula sets its square equal to a rational equation in terms of the coefficients B1 through 3 and C1 through 3. This quantity can be negative in artificial metamaterials. The arctangent of the ratio of this quantity for two materials gives Brewster's angle. Along with the sines of the angle of incidence and this quantity's namesake angle, it is used in Snell's Law. For 10 points, name this quantity that describes the speed of light in a medium, the namesake of a certain light-bending effect.
One paradox concerning this quantity, in which one calculation places it in the numerator but a formula for an identical quantity places it in the denominator, was raised by Peierls.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 182 ], [ 183, 380 ], [ 381, 439 ], [ 440, 526 ], [ 527, 636 ], [ 637, 765 ] ]
Refractive_index
Refractive_index
 index of refraction [prompt on n]
guesstrain
true
Science
Physics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
97-full
97
5476990eea23cca905506db2
-1
protobowl
William B. Franklin led a charge from Bowling Green Road during this battle, while casualties of this battle included Maxcy Gregg and Thomas Cobb. The "second battle" at this location pitted Jubal Early against John Sedgwick, who was attempting to relieve the pressure on Joseph Hooker during the Battle of Chancellorsville. Though it isn't Antietam, during the first battle at this location, Prospect Hill and the Sunken Road were key defensive points. Before this battle, the losing commander spent weeks waiting for a pontoon train to arrive and build bridges that would allow him to assault Marye's Heights across the Rappahannock River. For 10 points, name this decisive victory of Robert E. Lee over Ambrose Burnside in northern Virginia.
William B. Franklin led a charge from Bowling Green Road during this battle, while casualties of this battle included Maxcy Gregg and Thomas Cobb. The "second battle" at this location pitted Jubal Early against John Sedgwick, who was attempting to relieve the pressure on Joseph Hooker during the Battle of Chancellorsville. Though it isn't Antietam, during the first battle at this location, Prospect Hill and the Sunken Road were key defensive points. Before this battle, the losing commander spent weeks waiting for a pontoon train to arrive and build bridges that would allow him to assault Marye's Heights across the Rappahannock River. For 10 points, name this decisive victory of Robert E. Lee over Ambrose Burnside in northern Virginia.
William B. Franklin led a charge from Bowling Green Road during this battle, while casualties of this battle included Maxcy Gregg and Thomas Cobb.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 146 ], [ 147, 324 ], [ 325, 453 ], [ 454, 641 ], [ 642, 744 ] ]
Battle_of_Fredericksburg
Battle_of_Fredericksburg
Battle of Fredericksburg
guesstrain
true
History
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
98-full
98
5476990eea23cca905506db3
-1
protobowl
In one of this man's works, the armies of the title figure march all the way to the Amu Darya, where they defeat the Hepthalites, and then continue on to defeat the Kambojas. The title character of another of his works, which is written in a meter called "slow-stepper," is sent to find "the supremest woman from the Creator's workshop gone" and is advised to disperse mountain monsters with "pelting hail" before passing through the Swan-gate on the way to Mount Kailasa. This author of The Dynasty of Raghu and a poem about a servant of Kubera wrote a play whose title character loses the signet ring that allows her husband Dushyanta to identify her. For 10 points, identify this Sanskrit-language author of "The Cloud Messenger" and The Recognition of Shakuntala.
In one of this man's works, the armies of the title figure march all the way to the Amu Darya, where they defeat the Hepthalites, and then continue on to defeat the Kambojas. The title character of another of his works, which is written in a meter called "slow-stepper," is sent to find "the supremest woman from the Creator's workshop gone" and is advised to disperse mountain monsters with "pelting hail" before passing through the Swan-gate on the way to Mount Kailasa. This author of The Dynasty of Raghu and a poem about a servant of Kubera wrote a play whose title character loses the signet ring that allows her husband Dushyanta to identify her. For 10 points, identify this Sanskrit-language author of "The Cloud Messenger" and The Recognition of Shakuntala.
In one of this man's works, the armies of the title figure march all the way to the Amu Darya, where they defeat the Hepthalites, and then continue on to defeat the Kambojas.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 174 ], [ 175, 472 ], [ 473, 653 ], [ 654, 767 ] ]
Kālidāsa
Kālidāsa
Kalidasa
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
99-full
99
5476990eea23cca905506db4
-1
protobowl
A specific type of these entities x obey a relation in which x squared divides the x minus Legendre symbol x over fifth Fibonacci number. Another type satisfies the conditions of Wolstonholme's theorem for the fourth power, though all of them satisfy that result for the third power. If x is one of these and 2x plus 1 is also, they are named for Germain. In addition to the Wall-Sun-Sun ones, these numbers divide themselves minus one factorial plus one according to Wilson's theorem. Their count is asymptotic to x over the natural log of x, and Goldberg's hypothesis states that every even number can be expressed as the sum of two of these. Fermat and Mersenne give their names to varieties of, for 10 points, what kind of number whose only factors are one and itself?
A specific type of these entities x obey a relation in which x squared divides the x minus Legendre symbol x over fifth Fibonacci number. Another type satisfies the conditions of Wolstonholme's theorem for the fourth power, though all of them satisfy that result for the third power. If x is one of these and 2x plus 1 is also, they are named for Germain. In addition to the Wall-Sun-Sun ones, these numbers divide themselves minus one factorial plus one according to Wilson's theorem. Their count is asymptotic to x over the natural log of x, and Goldberg's hypothesis states that every even number can be expressed as the sum of two of these. Fermat and Mersenne give their names to varieties of, for 10 points, what kind of number whose only factors are one and itself?
A specific type of these entities x obey a relation in which x squared divides the x minus Legendre symbol x over fifth Fibonacci number.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 137 ], [ 138, 283 ], [ 284, 355 ], [ 356, 485 ], [ 486, 644 ], [ 645, 772 ] ]
Prime_number
Prime_number
 prime numbers
guesstrain
true
Science
Math
ACF Winter
College
2,010
100-full
100
5476990eea23cca905506db5
-1
protobowl
One of this man's protagonists dies when he blows up his palace after his mother Fides sings the aria "Ah my son." In Act III of another of this composer's operas, a hurricane begins to rise as Nelusko sings a ballad about the monster Adamastor. The protagonist of that opera by this man sings "O Paradise!" upon arriving in Selika's homeland. This composer of operas about John of Leyden and Vasco da Gama created a work in which Bertram summons a ballet of debauched nuns to tempt the title character, who is engaged to Isabelle. Another of his operas centers on Raoul de Nagis and culminates in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. For 10 points, name this composer of such operas as Le Prophete, L'Africaine, Robert le Diable, and Les Huguenots.
One of this man's protagonists dies when he blows up his palace after his mother Fides sings the aria "Ah my son." In Act III of another of this composer's operas, a hurricane begins to rise as Nelusko sings a ballad about the monster Adamastor. The protagonist of that opera by this man sings "O Paradise!" upon arriving in Selika's homeland. This composer of operas about John of Leyden and Vasco da Gama created a work in which Bertram summons a ballet of debauched nuns to tempt the title character, who is engaged to Isabelle. Another of his operas centers on Raoul de Nagis and culminates in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. For 10 points, name this composer of such operas as Le Prophete, L'Africaine, Robert le Diable, and Les Huguenots.
One of this man's protagonists dies when he blows up his palace after his mother Fides sings the aria "
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 103 ], [ 103, 114 ], [ 115, 245 ], [ 246, 307 ], [ 308, 343 ], [ 344, 531 ], [ 532, 633 ], [ 634, 748 ] ]
Giacomo_Meyerbeer
Giacomo_Meyerbeer
 Giacomo Meyerbeer
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
102-full
102
5476990eea23cca905506db7
-1
protobowl
One character in this work accidentally sets fire to his house trying to burn broom sedge. A trip to Augusta in this novel results in three characters mistaking a brothel for a hotel. Though the aim of that trip in this work was to sell firewood, they were only able to obtain $3 for food by selling a spare tire. One character in this work saw his wife replaced by a hare-lipped girl who had earlier flirted with him to obtain winter turnips. An automobile in this work was purchased in Fuller by Bessie for her marriage to 16-year-old Dude, and led to the death of both an African-American man and Grandmother Lester. Jeeter lives with his wife Ada, and his daughter, Ellie-May, in the destitute titular locale of this work. For 10 points, name this novel about a sharecropping family by Erskine Caldwell.
One character in this work accidentally sets fire to his house trying to burn broom sedge. A trip to Augusta in this novel results in three characters mistaking a brothel for a hotel. Though the aim of that trip in this work was to sell firewood, they were only able to obtain $3 for food by selling a spare tire. One character in this work saw his wife replaced by a hare-lipped girl who had earlier flirted with him to obtain winter turnips. An automobile in this work was purchased in Fuller by Bessie for her marriage to 16-year-old Dude, and led to the death of both an African-American man and Grandmother Lester. Jeeter lives with his wife Ada, and his daughter, Ellie-May, in the destitute titular locale of this work. For 10 points, name this novel about a sharecropping family by Erskine Caldwell.
One character in this work accidentally sets fire to his house trying to burn broom sedge.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 90 ], [ 91, 183 ], [ 184, 313 ], [ 314, 443 ], [ 444, 619 ], [ 620, 726 ], [ 727, 807 ] ]
Tobacco_Road_(novel)
Tobacco_Road_(novel)
Tobacco Road
guesstrain
true
Literature
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
103-full
103
5476990eea23cca905506db8
-1
protobowl
The Solarljod claims that this figure's eldest daughter is called Radvör and that his youngest is called Kreppvör. Loki insulted this god by saying that the daughters of Hymir relieved themselves in his mouth. This figure's father-in-law once captured Loki as a giant eagle, forcing Loki to lure Idunn into Thrymheim. This figure was exchanged with Hoenir to end the Aesir-Vanir War. The wife of this god was once made to laugh by the efforts of Loki and a female goat. He separated from his wife because she could not get used to living in Nóatún due to the screeching of the gulls after she selected this god for his beautiful feet. For 10 points, name this father of Freyr and Freya and husband of Skadi, the Norse god of wealth and seafaring.
The Solarljod claims that this figure's eldest daughter is called Radvör and that his youngest is called Kreppvör. Loki insulted this god by saying that the daughters of Hymir relieved themselves in his mouth. This figure's father-in-law once captured Loki as a giant eagle, forcing Loki to lure Idunn into Thrymheim. This figure was exchanged with Hoenir to end the Aesir-Vanir War. The wife of this god was once made to laugh by the efforts of Loki and a female goat. He separated from his wife because she could not get used to living in Nóatún due to the screeching of the gulls after she selected this god for his beautiful feet. For 10 points, name this father of Freyr and Freya and husband of Skadi, the Norse god of wealth and seafaring.
The Solarljod claims that this figure's eldest daughter is called Radvör and that his youngest is called Kreppvör.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 114 ], [ 115, 209 ], [ 210, 317 ], [ 318, 383 ], [ 384, 469 ], [ 470, 634 ], [ 635, 746 ] ]
Njörðr
Njörðr
Njord [or Njörðr; or Njoerd; or Njorth]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
104-full
104
5476990eea23cca905506db9
-1
protobowl
The lesser end of this organ extends towards the spleen and is placed over the left kidney. The ascending portion of the transverse meso-colon covers the convex front part of the body of this organ. The splenic artery and vein can be found in the thick upper border of this organ, through which the Canal of Wirsung extends from the left to right of the substance of this organ. Its secretions include chymotrypsin and trypsin, which help break down proteins, and the sphincter of Oddi controls the release of liquids through the Ampulla of Vater, which contains secretions from the gallbladder and this organ. The alpha cells of regions of this organ secrete glucagon, while the beta cells secrete insulin. For 10 points, name this organ, home to the islets of Langerhans.
The lesser end of this organ extends towards the spleen and is placed over the left kidney. The ascending portion of the transverse meso-colon covers the convex front part of the body of this organ. The splenic artery and vein can be found in the thick upper border of this organ, through which the Canal of Wirsung extends from the left to right of the substance of this organ. Its secretions include chymotrypsin and trypsin, which help break down proteins, and the sphincter of Oddi controls the release of liquids through the Ampulla of Vater, which contains secretions from the gallbladder and this organ. The alpha cells of regions of this organ secrete glucagon, while the beta cells secrete insulin. For 10 points, name this organ, home to the islets of Langerhans.
The lesser end of this organ extends towards the spleen and is placed over the left kidney.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 91 ], [ 92, 198 ], [ 199, 378 ], [ 379, 610 ], [ 611, 707 ], [ 708, 773 ] ]
Pancreas
Pancreas
pancreas
guesstrain
true
Science
Biology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
105-full
105
5476990eea23cca905506dba
-1
protobowl
In one story, this mythological figure is the grandfather of Delphos, founder of Delphi, through the liaison between Apollo and this figure's daughter Thyia. According to the Catalogue of Women, another grandson of this figure is the Cretan runner Orsilochus, whose father had to promise Poseidon to sacrifice the first thing he saw upon returning from the Trojan War, forcing the son of this figure to sacrifice one of his children. The event with which this father of Idomeneus is most associated came about partly due to Lycaon's sacrifice of his own son to Zeus, an event after which this man's vessel came to rest on Mt. Parnassus. This man repopulated the earth by throwing stones over his shoulder with his wife, Pyrrha. For 10 points, name this Greek survivor of Zeus's flood.
In one story, this mythological figure is the grandfather of Delphos, founder of Delphi, through the liaison between Apollo and this figure's daughter Thyia. According to the Catalogue of Women, another grandson of this figure is the Cretan runner Orsilochus, whose father had to promise Poseidon to sacrifice the first thing he saw upon returning from the Trojan War, forcing the son of this figure to sacrifice one of his children. The event with which this father of Idomeneus is most associated came about partly due to Lycaon's sacrifice of his own son to Zeus, an event after which this man's vessel came to rest on Mt. Parnassus. This man repopulated the earth by throwing stones over his shoulder with his wife, Pyrrha. For 10 points, name this Greek survivor of Zeus's flood.
In one story, this mythological figure is the grandfather of Delphos, founder of Delphi, through the liaison between Apollo and this figure's daughter Thyia.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 157 ], [ 158, 433 ], [ 434, 636 ], [ 637, 727 ], [ 728, 784 ] ]
Deucalion
Deucalion
Deucalion
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
106-full
106
5476990eea23cca905506dbb
-1
protobowl
The "Hamada" types of these areas are rockier than other types. One type of landform found in these areas contains a "slip face" and a trough between peaks known as the "slack." The Köppen classification breaks these types of areas down into BWh and BWk types. Clay and iron oxide stick to unexposed rocks in these areas, producing their namesake "varnish." Closely packed rock fragments up to cobble size can form Gibber plains in these regions, also known as their namesake "pavement." Large open areas in this climate system are called ergs. They typically form because of the "rain shadow" effect of a mountain range. For 10 points, name this type of climate characterized by dry conditions and occasionally sand dunes, typified by the Rub al Khali and Sahara.
The "Hamada" types of these areas are rockier than other types. One type of landform found in these areas contains a "slip face" and a trough between peaks known as the "slack." The Köppen classification breaks these types of areas down into BWh and BWk types. Clay and iron oxide stick to unexposed rocks in these areas, producing their namesake "varnish." Closely packed rock fragments up to cobble size can form Gibber plains in these regions, also known as their namesake "pavement." Large open areas in this climate system are called ergs. They typically form because of the "rain shadow" effect of a mountain range. For 10 points, name this type of climate characterized by dry conditions and occasionally sand dunes, typified by the Rub al Khali and Sahara.
The "Hamada" types of these areas are rockier than other types.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 63 ], [ 64, 176 ], [ 176, 260 ], [ 261, 357 ], [ 358, 486 ], [ 486, 544 ], [ 545, 621 ], [ 622, 764 ] ]
Desert
Desert
deserts
guesstrain
true
Science
Earth Science
ACF Winter
College
2,010
107-full
107
5476990eea23cca905506dbc
-1
protobowl
This work ends with the protagonist on the phone pondering the question "Where are you now?" while earlier in this work, the protagonist philosophizes "Death is not the opposite of life but an innate part of life." In one episode, this novel's protagonist convinces another character's sick father to eat an entire cucumber. One character in this novel lies about her father moving to Uruguay, while another is a geography major who stutters when he says the word "map." The protagonist of this novel is a college student whose favorite novel changes from The Centaur to The Great Gatsby, shares a dorm with Storm Trooper, and meets Midori while the depressed Naoko is in a sanatorium. For 10 points, name this novel that centers on Toru Watanabe and is named for a Beatles song, a work of Murakami.
This work ends with the protagonist on the phone pondering the question "Where are you now?" while earlier in this work, the protagonist philosophizes "Death is not the opposite of life but an innate part of life." In one episode, this novel's protagonist convinces another character's sick father to eat an entire cucumber. One character in this novel lies about her father moving to Uruguay, while another is a geography major who stutters when he says the word "map." The protagonist of this novel is a college student whose favorite novel changes from The Centaur to The Great Gatsby, shares a dorm with Storm Trooper, and meets Midori while the depressed Naoko is in a sanatorium. For 10 points, name this novel that centers on Toru Watanabe and is named for a Beatles song, a work of Murakami.
This work ends with the protagonist on the phone pondering the question "Where are you now?" while earlier in this work, the protagonist philosophizes "Death is not the opposite of life but an innate part of life."
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 214 ], [ 215, 324 ], [ 325, 469 ], [ 469, 685 ], [ 686, 799 ] ]
Norwegian_Wood_(This_Bird_Has_Flown)
Norwegian_Wood_(This_Bird_Has_Flown)
Norwegian Wood [or Noruwei no Mori]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
109-full
109
5476990eea23cca905506dbe
-1
protobowl
The aboriginal inhabitants of this nation were the Guanajatabey, though they were mostly supplanted by the Ciboney and Taino before the appearance of European explorers. The Revolutionary Committee of Bayamo planned this country's first war of independence, during which the seizure of the steamer Virginius caused tensions between the colonial Spanish and other powers; that war had begun with the insurrection of Manuel de Cespedes in this country and the "Grito de Yara," and is known as its Ten Years War. Ramon Grau replaced Gerardo Machado in this nation in 1933 after the Coup of September, better known as the Sargeant's Revolt. The Twenty-Sixth of July Movement here overthrew Fulgencio Batista. For 10 points, name this island nation that was led by Fidel Castro.
The aboriginal inhabitants of this nation were the Guanajatabey, though they were mostly supplanted by the Ciboney and Taino before the appearance of European explorers. The Revolutionary Committee of Bayamo planned this country's first war of independence, during which the seizure of the steamer Virginius caused tensions between the colonial Spanish and other powers; that war had begun with the insurrection of Manuel de Cespedes in this country and the "Grito de Yara," and is known as its Ten Years War. Ramon Grau replaced Gerardo Machado in this nation in 1933 after the Coup of September, better known as the Sargeant's Revolt. The Twenty-Sixth of July Movement here overthrew Fulgencio Batista. For 10 points, name this island nation that was led by Fidel Castro.
The aboriginal inhabitants of this nation were the Guanajatabey, though they were mostly supplanted by the Ciboney and Taino before the appearance of European explorers.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 169 ], [ 170, 509 ], [ 510, 636 ], [ 637, 704 ], [ 705, 773 ] ]
Cuba
Cuba
Cuba
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
110-full
110
5476990eea23cca905506dbf
-1
protobowl
The first host of an endoparasitic digenea and the intermediate host of species of Schistosoma are members of this phylum. Mercenaria mercenaria is a member of this phylum that contains a pallial line, a ctenidium composed of demibranchs, byssal glands, a ventricle wrapped around the rectum, a protuberance known as the umbo, and a chitinous toothed structure called the radula. Eric Kandel uses the ganglia of one member of this phylum for neurophysiological studies. In addition to the model organism Aplysia, this phylum consists of members in classes such as Polyplacophora, Bivalvia, and Cephalopoda. For 10 points, name this phylum, members of which have a mantle that is responsible for secreting the shell, and include chitons, clams, oysters, snails, and squids.
The first host of an endoparasitic digenea and the intermediate host of species of Schistosoma are members of this phylum. Mercenaria mercenaria is a member of this phylum that contains a pallial line, a ctenidium composed of demibranchs, byssal glands, a ventricle wrapped around the rectum, a protuberance known as the umbo, and a chitinous toothed structure called the radula. Eric Kandel uses the ganglia of one member of this phylum for neurophysiological studies. In addition to the model organism Aplysia, this phylum consists of members in classes such as Polyplacophora, Bivalvia, and Cephalopoda. For 10 points, name this phylum, members of which have a mantle that is responsible for secreting the shell, and include chitons, clams, oysters, snails, and squids.
The first host of an endoparasitic digenea and the intermediate host of species of Schistosoma are members of this phylum.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 122 ], [ 123, 379 ], [ 380, 469 ], [ 470, 606 ], [ 607, 772 ] ]
Mollusca
Mollusca
 mollusca [or molluscs]
guesstrain
true
Science
Biology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
111-full
111
5476990eea23cca905506dc0
-1
protobowl
This man had a habit of taking a disassembled mountain bike onto planes, then putting it back together in order to ride to the ballpark, while serving as bench coach for the Angels from 1994 to 2005. In a 2006 game against the Mariners, this manager's team completed the first-ever 2-6-2 triple play. In a 2008 game against the Rangers, he ordered a bases-loaded intentional walk of Josh Hamilton. He was once associated with the slogan "nine equals eight," and his coaches include Dave Martinez, Jim Hickey, and former Yankees bench coach Don Zimmer. He passed Larry Rothschild to become his team's all-time leader in wins. He succeeded Lou Piniella as manager in 2006. For 10 points, name this 2008 AL Manager of the Year, the current skipper of the Tampa Bay Rays.
This man had a habit of taking a disassembled mountain bike onto planes, then putting it back together in order to ride to the ballpark, while serving as bench coach for the Angels from 1994 to 2005. In a 2006 game against the Mariners, this manager's team completed the first-ever 2-6-2 triple play. In a 2008 game against the Rangers, he ordered a bases-loaded intentional walk of Josh Hamilton. He was once associated with the slogan "nine equals eight," and his coaches include Dave Martinez, Jim Hickey, and former Yankees bench coach Don Zimmer. He passed Larry Rothschild to become his team's all-time leader in wins. He succeeded Lou Piniella as manager in 2006. For 10 points, name this 2008 AL Manager of the Year, the current skipper of the Tampa Bay Rays.
This man had a habit of taking a disassembled mountain bike onto planes, then putting it back together in order to ride to the ballpark, while serving as bench coach for the Angels from 1994 to 2005.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 199 ], [ 200, 300 ], [ 301, 397 ], [ 398, 551 ], [ 552, 624 ], [ 625, 670 ], [ 671, 767 ] ]
Joe_Maddon
Joe_Maddon
Joe Maddon
guesstrain
true
Trash
Pop Culture
ACF Winter
College
2,010
112-full
112
5476990eea23cca905506dc1
-1
protobowl
The introduction to this work notes that calculations and algebra have been carried on in India, but have not led to modern arithmetic or book keeping. In this work, a chapter on asceticism includes the writings of Richard Baxter. In this work's second chapter, a statement made by Jacob Fugger about retiring is contrasted with some writings of Benjamin Franklin. This work analyzes the connotation of the German word "Beruf" in its third chapter. Its author suggests that predestination and belief in their "vocational calling" helped spur the growth of the title economic system, which has helped form the iron cage that surrounds society. For 10 points, name this work by German sociologist Max Weber.
The introduction to this work notes that calculations and algebra have been carried on in India, but have not led to modern arithmetic or book keeping. In this work, a chapter on asceticism includes the writings of Richard Baxter. In this work's second chapter, a statement made by Jacob Fugger about retiring is contrasted with some writings of Benjamin Franklin. This work analyzes the connotation of the German word "Beruf" in its third chapter. Its author suggests that predestination and belief in their "vocational calling" helped spur the growth of the title economic system, which has helped form the iron cage that surrounds society. For 10 points, name this work by German sociologist Max Weber.
The introduction to this work notes that calculations and algebra have been carried on in India, but have not led to modern arithmetic or book keeping.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 151 ], [ 152, 230 ], [ 231, 364 ], [ 365, 448 ], [ 449, 642 ], [ 643, 705 ] ]
The_Protestant_Ethic_and_the_Spirit_of_Capitalism
The_Protestant_Ethic_and_the_Spirit_of_Capitalism
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Philosophy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
113-full
113
5476990eea23cca905506dc2
-1
protobowl
One modification to this equation involves adding an embedded magnetic dipole. Kihara generalized it to account for non-spherical bodies. Barker and Henderson used a temperature-dependent diameter term in a perturbation theory used with this equation. In addition to the Stockmayer modification of it, another method decomposes the model into two piecewise terms, both with a change at two to the 1/6 sigma. A truncated version sets it to zero at 2.5 times sigma, and it is the basis of the Weeks-Chandler-Andersen perturbation theory. This equation has a coefficient equal to four times the well depth. One of its terms is based on the Pauli exclusion principle. For 10 points, name this potential used to model molecules, that has a 6th power attractive and 12th power repulsive term.
One modification to this equation involves adding an embedded magnetic dipole. Kihara generalized it to account for non-spherical bodies. Barker and Henderson used a temperature-dependent diameter term in a perturbation theory used with this equation. In addition to the Stockmayer modification of it, another method decomposes the model into two piecewise terms, both with a change at two to the 1/6 sigma. A truncated version sets it to zero at 2.5 times sigma, and it is the basis of the Weeks-Chandler-Andersen perturbation theory. This equation has a coefficient equal to four times the well depth. One of its terms is based on the Pauli exclusion principle. For 10 points, name this potential used to model molecules, that has a 6th power attractive and 12th power repulsive term.
One modification to this equation involves adding an embedded magnetic dipole.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 78 ], [ 79, 137 ], [ 138, 251 ], [ 252, 407 ], [ 408, 535 ], [ 536, 603 ], [ 604, 663 ], [ 664, 786 ] ]
Lennard-Jones_potential
Lennard-Jones_potential
Lennard-Jones potential
guesstrain
true
Science
Physics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
115-full
115
5476990eea23cca905506dc4
-1
protobowl
One poem by this man states "Love is the fart / Of every heart / It pains a man when 'tis kept close / And others doth offend when 'tis let loose." In that poem by this author, William Davenant is denied a laurel from Apollo due to lacking a nose. This author of "The Sessions of the Poets" wrote a parody of an epithalamium that describes how a bride's "feet beneath her petticoat / Like little mice, stole in and out / As if they feared the light." The characters Orsabrin and Reginella fall in love in Tamoren's underground citadel in a play by this man named for some disguised outlaws. This author of "A Ballad upon a Wedding" and the play The Goblins wrote his best-known lyrics in Aglaura. For 10 points, name this Cavalier poet of "Why so pale and wan, fond lover?"
One poem by this man states "Love is the fart / Of every heart / It pains a man when 'tis kept close / And others doth offend when 'tis let loose." In that poem by this author, William Davenant is denied a laurel from Apollo due to lacking a nose. This author of "The Sessions of the Poets" wrote a parody of an epithalamium that describes how a bride's "feet beneath her petticoat / Like little mice, stole in and out / As if they feared the light." The characters Orsabrin and Reginella fall in love in Tamoren's underground citadel in a play by this man named for some disguised outlaws. This author of "A Ballad upon a Wedding" and the play The Goblins wrote his best-known lyrics in Aglaura. For 10 points, name this Cavalier poet of "Why so pale and wan, fond lover?"
One poem by this man states "Love is the fart / Of every heart /
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 64 ], [ 65, 102 ], [ 103, 146 ], [ 146, 147 ], [ 148, 247 ], [ 248, 383 ], [ 384, 420 ], [ 421, 450 ], [ 451, 590 ], [ 591, 644 ], [ 645, 696 ], [ 697, 773 ] ]
John_Suckling_(poet)
John_Suckling_(poet)
John Suckling
guesstrain
false
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
116-full
116
5476990eea23cca905506dc5
-1
protobowl
This ruler won victories at Varaville and Mortemer over Geoffrey Martel. He established Roger of Montgomery as the first Earl of Shrewsbury, creating the Welsh Marches. This ruler faced a rebellion from the earls of Norfolk, Hereford, and Northumberland. Another rebellion against this ruler was led by the men who had earlier lost the Battle of Fulford, Edwin and Morcar. This patron of Lanfranc of Pavia ordered the Harrying of the North. This half-brother of Bishop Odo and husband of Matilda of Flanders was succeeded by his sons Roger Curthose and William Rufus. Originally known as "the Bastard," this ruler won another title by defeating Harold II. For 10 points, name this commissioner of the Domesday Book and winner of the Battle of Hastings, the first Norman king of England.
This ruler won victories at Varaville and Mortemer over Geoffrey Martel. He established Roger of Montgomery as the first Earl of Shrewsbury, creating the Welsh Marches. This ruler faced a rebellion from the earls of Norfolk, Hereford, and Northumberland. Another rebellion against this ruler was led by the men who had earlier lost the Battle of Fulford, Edwin and Morcar. This patron of Lanfranc of Pavia ordered the Harrying of the North. This half-brother of Bishop Odo and husband of Matilda of Flanders was succeeded by his sons Roger Curthose and William Rufus. Originally known as "the Bastard," this ruler won another title by defeating Harold II. For 10 points, name this commissioner of the Domesday Book and winner of the Battle of Hastings, the first Norman king of England.
This ruler won victories at Varaville and Mortemer over Geoffrey Martel.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 72 ], [ 73, 168 ], [ 169, 254 ], [ 255, 372 ], [ 373, 440 ], [ 441, 567 ], [ 568, 655 ], [ 656, 786 ] ]
William_the_Conqueror
William_the_Conqueror
William the Conqueror [or William I; or William of Normandy; accept William the Bastard before it is read]
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
117-full
117
5476990eea23cca905506dc6
-1
protobowl
One of his works shows a dog curled up near the head of a white bedspread. In another work by this man, lace curtains blow back from an open window that looks out onto tire tracks leading to the coast. Several portraits by this painter of Master Bedroom and Wind from the Sea feature a nude pigtailed model looking away from the viewer; one of those works shows that model kneeling on a bed, while another shows her sitting on a stool as light streams in through a window. On Her Knees and Lovers are two of the hundreds of studies he made of his neighbor Helga Testorf. His best-known work is set at the Olson House in Cushing, Maine and shows a disabled girl in a pink dress crawling across a field. For 10 points, identify this American painter of Christina's World.
One of his works shows a dog curled up near the head of a white bedspread. In another work by this man, lace curtains blow back from an open window that looks out onto tire tracks leading to the coast. Several portraits by this painter of Master Bedroom and Wind from the Sea feature a nude pigtailed model looking away from the viewer; one of those works shows that model kneeling on a bed, while another shows her sitting on a stool as light streams in through a window. On Her Knees and Lovers are two of the hundreds of studies he made of his neighbor Helga Testorf. His best-known work is set at the Olson House in Cushing, Maine and shows a disabled girl in a pink dress crawling across a field. For 10 points, identify this American painter of Christina's World.
One of his works shows a dog curled up near the head of a white bedspread.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 74 ], [ 75, 201 ], [ 202, 472 ], [ 473, 570 ], [ 571, 701 ], [ 702, 769 ] ]
Andrew_Wyeth
Andrew_Wyeth
Andrew Wyeth [don't accept “N.C. Wyeth”]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
118-full
118
5476990eea23cca905506dc7
-1
protobowl
Nicholas Cook suggests that "sheer perversity" is the reason why the composer of this work chose to compose a difficult, chromatic solo for the fourth horn in its third movement. The return of the timpani ends the trio section of its second movement, while a coda with an ostinato in the cellos and basses ends the first movement. Wagner dubbed the opening of its fourth movement "Schrenkensfanfare," while "hammer-blow" octaves open its second movement "Scherzo." However, most notable is the movements that follows the third movement "Adagio" and is scored for four soloists, orchestra, and chorus. For 10 points, name this "Choral" final symphony of Beethoven's which contains a setting of Schiller's "Ode to Joy"?
Nicholas Cook suggests that "sheer perversity" is the reason why the composer of this work chose to compose a difficult, chromatic solo for the fourth horn in its third movement. The return of the timpani ends the trio section of its second movement, while a coda with an ostinato in the cellos and basses ends the first movement. Wagner dubbed the opening of its fourth movement "Schrenkensfanfare," while "hammer-blow" octaves open its second movement "Scherzo." However, most notable is the movements that follows the third movement "Adagio" and is scored for four soloists, orchestra, and chorus. For 10 points, name this "Choral" final symphony of Beethoven's which contains a setting of Schiller's "Ode to Joy"?
Nicholas Cook suggests that "sheer perversity" is the reason why the composer of this work chose to compose a difficult, chromatic solo for the fourth horn in its third movement.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 178 ], [ 179, 330 ], [ 331, 464 ], [ 465, 600 ], [ 601, 717 ] ]
Symphony_No._9_(Beethoven)
Symphony_No._9_(Beethoven)
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony [accept Choral Symphony before mention]
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
119-full
119
5476990eea23cca905506dc8
-1
protobowl
This work quotes John Sterling in regarding "pagan self-assertion" and "Christian self-denial" as elements of human worth. This work's final section argues for the taxation of stimulants and for mandatory education, and also discusses the sale of poisons. The third section of this work argues for Wilhelm von Humboldt's position that the goal of man should be individuality. Its second section considers the executions of Socrates and Jesus to argue that one can never be sure that some opinion is false, and that it is wrong to stifle even a false opinion. This work attacks the "tyranny of the majority," and argues that the only appropriate use of coercion is to prevent harm. For 10 points, name this 1859 essay condemning infringements on personal freedom, written by John Stuart Mill.
This work quotes John Sterling in regarding "pagan self-assertion" and "Christian self-denial" as elements of human worth. This work's final section argues for the taxation of stimulants and for mandatory education, and also discusses the sale of poisons. The third section of this work argues for Wilhelm von Humboldt's position that the goal of man should be individuality. Its second section considers the executions of Socrates and Jesus to argue that one can never be sure that some opinion is false, and that it is wrong to stifle even a false opinion. This work attacks the "tyranny of the majority," and argues that the only appropriate use of coercion is to prevent harm. For 10 points, name this 1859 essay condemning infringements on personal freedom, written by John Stuart Mill.
This work quotes John Sterling in regarding "pagan self-assertion" and "Christian self-denial" as elements of human worth.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 122 ], [ 123, 255 ], [ 256, 375 ], [ 376, 558 ], [ 559, 680 ], [ 681, 791 ] ]
On_Liberty
On_Liberty
On Liberty
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Philosophy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
120-full
120
5476990eea23cca905506dc9
-1
protobowl
One theorem named for this man can be used to derive the Wannier functions by applying it to a single band, then summing over the u sub k. One construct named for him is used to model two-level quantum systems, usually qubits. In addition to his namesake sphere, another set of equations named for this man sets the derivative of each component of M t equal to a term proportional to the gyromagnetic ratio plus a term containing T1 and T2. The previous formula decomposes a wavefunction into an exponential term and a periodic term, and applies to particles in a periodic potential. He also lends his name to the transition regions between magnetic domains, his namesake "walls." For 10 points, name this physicist, who with Purcell, developed NMR.
One theorem named for this man can be used to derive the Wannier functions by applying it to a single band, then summing over the u sub k. One construct named for him is used to model two-level quantum systems, usually qubits. In addition to his namesake sphere, another set of equations named for this man sets the derivative of each component of M t equal to a term proportional to the gyromagnetic ratio plus a term containing T1 and T2. The previous formula decomposes a wavefunction into an exponential term and a periodic term, and applies to particles in a periodic potential. He also lends his name to the transition regions between magnetic domains, his namesake "walls." For 10 points, name this physicist, who with Purcell, developed NMR.
One theorem named for this man can be used to derive the Wannier functions by applying it to a single band, then summing over the u sub k. One construct named for him is used to model two-level quantum systems, usually qubits.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 226 ], [ 227, 440 ], [ 441, 583 ], [ 584, 680 ], [ 681, 749 ] ]
Felix_Bloch
Felix_Bloch
Felix Bloch
guesstrain
true
Science
Physics
ACF Winter
College
2,010
121-full
121
5476990eea23cca905506dca
-1
protobowl
The protagonist of this work is so sorely annoyed at having to accompany his mother to her "reducing class" at the local Y that he pictures himself as Saint Sebastian waiting for the arrows to pierce him. A mother repeatedly states she "won't meet [herself] coming and going" while wearing a new purple and green hat in this story, which is made ironic when she encounters a black woman wearing the same hat on a city bus. After the mother is struck down for offering a penny to the black woman's son, the mother has a stroke, and Julian is forced to helplessly watch her call out for her grandfather. For 10 points, name this Flannery O'Connor short story, the title of which ironically refers to the coming together of the races in the South.
The protagonist of this work is so sorely annoyed at having to accompany his mother to her "reducing class" at the local Y that he pictures himself as Saint Sebastian waiting for the arrows to pierce him. A mother repeatedly states she "won't meet [herself] coming and going" while wearing a new purple and green hat in this story, which is made ironic when she encounters a black woman wearing the same hat on a city bus. After the mother is struck down for offering a penny to the black woman's son, the mother has a stroke, and Julian is forced to helplessly watch her call out for her grandfather. For 10 points, name this Flannery O'Connor short story, the title of which ironically refers to the coming together of the races in the South.
The protagonist of this work is so sorely annoyed at having to accompany his mother to her "reducing class" at the local Y that he pictures himself as Saint Sebastian waiting for the arrows to pierce him.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 204 ], [ 205, 422 ], [ 423, 601 ], [ 602, 744 ] ]
Everything_That_Rises_Must_Converge
Everything_That_Rises_Must_Converge
“Everything That Rises Must Converge”
guesstrain
true
Literature
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
122-full
122
5476990eea23cca905506dcb
-1
protobowl
Cassius Dio scathingly reports that this man took the office of Gymnasiarch. This man politically opposed the tribune Publius Cornelius Dolabella. He was given the Eastern part of a partition created in the Pact of Brundisium. This man's brother and wife fought the Perusine War, and another conflict started when this man attempted to seize control of Cisalpine Gaul from Decimus Brutus. This loser of the War of Mutina attempted to grant land to his children in the Donations of Alexandria, and he had Sextus Pompeius executed without trial. This man held power in Rome as Master of Horse, and he was the victorious commander at the Battle of Philippi. For 10 points, name this right-hand man of Julius Caesar who lost the Battle of Actium during a civil war with Octavian.
Cassius Dio scathingly reports that this man took the office of Gymnasiarch. This man politically opposed the tribune Publius Cornelius Dolabella. He was given the Eastern part of a partition created in the Pact of Brundisium. This man's brother and wife fought the Perusine War, and another conflict started when this man attempted to seize control of Cisalpine Gaul from Decimus Brutus. This loser of the War of Mutina attempted to grant land to his children in the Donations of Alexandria, and he had Sextus Pompeius executed without trial. This man held power in Rome as Master of Horse, and he was the victorious commander at the Battle of Philippi. For 10 points, name this right-hand man of Julius Caesar who lost the Battle of Actium during a civil war with Octavian.
Cassius Dio scathingly reports that this man took the office of Gymnasiarch.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 76 ], [ 77, 146 ], [ 147, 226 ], [ 227, 388 ], [ 389, 543 ], [ 544, 654 ], [ 655, 775 ] ]
Mark_Antony
Mark_Antony
Marc Antony [or Marcus Antonius]
guesstrain
true
History
Ancient
ACF Winter
College
2,010
124-full
124
5476990eea23cca905506dcd
-1
protobowl
The titular queen of one work by this author uses bee stings as a breast enlargement technique, bickers with her maidservant Martha, and believes Shakespeare wrote Hamlet as a parody of her indecisive policies. In one work by this author of Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman, the chanting of "BABY-KILLER!" allows a group of women to pay whatever they want at a supermarket, and in another work by this author, a doctor helps convince a pastry shop owner that groom-to-be Lanky received food poisoning from eating cannolis. This author of We Won't Pay! We Won't Pay! and Archangels Don't Play Pinball also wrote a work whose title character may have been pushed from a police headquarters window. For 10 points, name this Italian playwright of Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
The titular queen of one work by this author uses bee stings as a breast enlargement technique, bickers with her maidservant Martha, and believes Shakespeare wrote Hamlet as a parody of her indecisive policies. In one work by this author of Elizabeth: Almost by Chance a Woman, the chanting of "BABY-KILLER!" allows a group of women to pay whatever they want at a supermarket, and in another work by this author, a doctor helps convince a pastry shop owner that groom-to-be Lanky received food poisoning from eating cannolis. This author of We Won't Pay! We Won't Pay! and Archangels Don't Play Pinball also wrote a work whose title character may have been pushed from a police headquarters window. For 10 points, name this Italian playwright of Accidental Death of an Anarchist.
The titular queen of one work by this author uses bee stings as a breast enlargement technique, bickers with her maidservant Martha, and believes Shakespeare wrote Hamlet as a parody of her indecisive policies.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 210 ], [ 211, 525 ], [ 526, 554 ], [ 555, 698 ], [ 699, 779 ] ]
Dario_Fo
Dario_Fo
Dario Fo
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
125-full
125
5476990eea23cca905506dce
-1
protobowl
This country and its southern neighbor entered into the Ogdensburg Agreement. Freight rates were lowered in this country following the Crow's Nest Pass Agreement. The speedy arrival of a force under Frederick Middleton led to the relatively quick end of a rebellion in this country. After the death of Premier Duplessis, the desire to be "masters of our own house" led to the Quiet Revolution in this country. The passage of Bill 178 led to great opposition to the "distinct society" clause of the Meech Lake Accord, which was an attempt to amend this country's constitution. Hugh Allan was given the contract to build this country's namesake Pacific Railway, which led to the resignation of John Macdonald. For 10 points, name this country whose PMs have included Kim Campbell and Pierre Trudeau.
This country and its southern neighbor entered into the Ogdensburg Agreement. Freight rates were lowered in this country following the Crow's Nest Pass Agreement. The speedy arrival of a force under Frederick Middleton led to the relatively quick end of a rebellion in this country. After the death of Premier Duplessis, the desire to be "masters of our own house" led to the Quiet Revolution in this country. The passage of Bill 178 led to great opposition to the "distinct society" clause of the Meech Lake Accord, which was an attempt to amend this country's constitution. Hugh Allan was given the contract to build this country's namesake Pacific Railway, which led to the resignation of John Macdonald. For 10 points, name this country whose PMs have included Kim Campbell and Pierre Trudeau.
This country and its southern neighbor entered into the Ogdensburg Agreement.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 77 ], [ 78, 162 ], [ 163, 282 ], [ 283, 409 ], [ 410, 575 ], [ 576, 707 ], [ 708, 797 ] ]
Canada
Canada
Canada
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
127-full
127
5476990eea23cca905506dd0
-1
protobowl
This computer scientist created Metafont to produce vector fonts, but it never caught on with font designers, perhaps due to its sixty parameters. His MMIX is a fictional 64 bit RISC architecture that will replace the MIX architecture, unusual for running in either binary or decimal, as the implementor chooses, and for having bytes of either six binary bits or two decimal digits in the fourth edition of his most famous work, which is currently unfinished, and includes a volume on "Fundamental Algorithms" and fascicles on combinatorial algorithms. Version numbers for Metafont and this man's more famous program approach e and pi, respectively. For 10 points, name this author of The Art of Computer Programming, for which he created the typesetting program TeX.
This computer scientist created Metafont to produce vector fonts, but it never caught on with font designers, perhaps due to its sixty parameters. His MMIX is a fictional 64 bit RISC architecture that will replace the MIX architecture, unusual for running in either binary or decimal, as the implementor chooses, and for having bytes of either six binary bits or two decimal digits in the fourth edition of his most famous work, which is currently unfinished, and includes a volume on "Fundamental Algorithms" and fascicles on combinatorial algorithms. Version numbers for Metafont and this man's more famous program approach e and pi, respectively. For 10 points, name this author of The Art of Computer Programming, for which he created the typesetting program TeX.
This computer scientist created Metafont to produce vector fonts, but it never caught on with font designers, perhaps due to its sixty parameters.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 146 ], [ 147, 552 ], [ 553, 649 ], [ 650, 767 ] ]
Donald_Knuth
Donald_Knuth
Donald Ervin Knuth 
guesstrain
true
Science
Math
ACF Winter
College
2,010
128-full
128
5476990eea23cca905506dd1
-1
protobowl
This conflict included an action called Pierce's Fight, which was followed by some torturing at a site that became known as Nine Men's Misery. Benjamin Church led successful raids during this conflict, which was partially sparked by the policies of Governor Josiah Winslow. Fighting during this conflict occurred at Hadley as well as at Turners Falls on the Connecticut River, and one leader during it was Canonchet. A turning point in this conflict occurred with the Great Swamp Fight, after which the Narragansett were forced to withdraw. This conflict occurred after the death of Massasoit, and it featured an uprising of the Wampanoag under Metacomet. For 10 points, name this 1675 Native American uprising that takes its name from Metacomet's popular title among the colonists.
This conflict included an action called Pierce's Fight, which was followed by some torturing at a site that became known as Nine Men's Misery. Benjamin Church led successful raids during this conflict, which was partially sparked by the policies of Governor Josiah Winslow. Fighting during this conflict occurred at Hadley as well as at Turners Falls on the Connecticut River, and one leader during it was Canonchet. A turning point in this conflict occurred with the Great Swamp Fight, after which the Narragansett were forced to withdraw. This conflict occurred after the death of Massasoit, and it featured an uprising of the Wampanoag under Metacomet. For 10 points, name this 1675 Native American uprising that takes its name from Metacomet's popular title among the colonists.
This conflict included an action called Pierce's Fight, which was followed by some torturing at a site that became known as Nine Men's Misery.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 142 ], [ 143, 273 ], [ 274, 416 ], [ 417, 540 ], [ 541, 655 ], [ 656, 782 ] ]
King_Philip's_War
King_Philip's_War
King Philip's War [accept Metacomet's War before it is read]
guesstrain
true
History
American
ACF Winter
College
2,010
129-full
129
5476990eea23cca905506dd2
-1
protobowl
In 2001, Link et al. studied the connection between this phenomenon and the self-esteem of patients with mental illnesses, while Gerhard Falk distinguished between the "existential" and "achieved" type of them. Edward E. Jones added six dimensions of these to augment the two levels created by the author of a 1963 work about them. Its author classified the subject concept into three types: bodily, moral, and tribal. He also suggests that they are a gap between virtual and actual social identity and are the mechanisms through which society rationalizes animosity based on differences such as class or race. For 10 points, name these objects of social devaluation which were studied by Erving Goffman and are attributes that cause individuals to be classified in an unacceptable stereotype.
In 2001, Link et al. studied the connection between this phenomenon and the self-esteem of patients with mental illnesses, while Gerhard Falk distinguished between the "existential" and "achieved" type of them. Edward E. Jones added six dimensions of these to augment the two levels created by the author of a 1963 work about them. Its author classified the subject concept into three types: bodily, moral, and tribal. He also suggests that they are a gap between virtual and actual social identity and are the mechanisms through which society rationalizes animosity based on differences such as class or race. For 10 points, name these objects of social devaluation which were studied by Erving Goffman and are attributes that cause individuals to be classified in an unacceptable stereotype.
In 2001, Link et al. studied the connection between this phenomenon and the self-esteem of patients with mental illnesses, while Gerhard Falk distinguished between the "existential" and "achieved" type of them.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 210 ], [ 211, 331 ], [ 332, 418 ], [ 419, 610 ], [ 611, 793 ] ]
Stigma_(wrestler)
Stigma_(wrestler)
stigmas
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Anthropology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
132-full
132
5476990eea23cca905506dd5
-1
protobowl
This artist depicted his girlfriend sitting on a bench on the beach near Dieppe in the painting By the Seashore. This artist's paintings of Suzanne Valadon include Girl Braiding Her Hair and Dance at Bougival. A white-faced woman in a black-and-white striped dress gazes at the viewer while the man next to her looks off at an angle through opera glasses in his La Loge, also known as The Theater Box. Another of his paintings shows Gustave Caillebotte sitting backwards in a chair while this man's future wife Aline Charigot plays with a dog at a table in a balcony of the Maison Fournaise. For 10 points, name this Impressionist who depicted a Sunday evening at a restaurant in Montmartre in Bal du Moulin de la Gallette and also painted Luncheon of the Boating Party.
This artist depicted his girlfriend sitting on a bench on the beach near Dieppe in the painting By the Seashore. This artist's paintings of Suzanne Valadon include Girl Braiding Her Hair and Dance at Bougival. A white-faced woman in a black-and-white striped dress gazes at the viewer while the man next to her looks off at an angle through opera glasses in his La Loge, also known as The Theater Box. Another of his paintings shows Gustave Caillebotte sitting backwards in a chair while this man's future wife Aline Charigot plays with a dog at a table in a balcony of the Maison Fournaise. For 10 points, name this Impressionist who depicted a Sunday evening at a restaurant in Montmartre in Bal du Moulin de la Gallette and also painted Luncheon of the Boating Party.
This artist depicted his girlfriend sitting on a bench on the beach near Dieppe in the painting By the Seashore.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 112 ], [ 113, 209 ], [ 210, 401 ], [ 402, 591 ], [ 592, 770 ] ]
Pierre-Auguste_Renoir
Pierre-Auguste_Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Art
ACF Winter
College
2,010
133-full
133
5476990eea23cca905506dd6
-1
protobowl
A figure who was either the wife or daughter of this god wore a cheetah hide and assisted pharaohs with the cord-stretching ritual for appropriately laying the foundations of temples. One being sometimes said to have been a consort of this deity, Astennu, stood around the lake of fire in Duat with three similar beings. This father or husband of Seshat cheated the moon god Khonsu out of five days of light so that Nut could defy Ra's proscription and give birth to five deities. One of his alternate forms was the god of equilibrium, the baboon A'an. He also spoke the words that created the heavens and Earth at Ra's bidding, and helped Isis find the scattered parts of Osiris. For 10 points, identify this scribe of Ma'at who invented writing, the ibis-headed Egyptian god of Wisdom.
A figure who was either the wife or daughter of this god wore a cheetah hide and assisted pharaohs with the cord-stretching ritual for appropriately laying the foundations of temples. One being sometimes said to have been a consort of this deity, Astennu, stood around the lake of fire in Duat with three similar beings. This father or husband of Seshat cheated the moon god Khonsu out of five days of light so that Nut could defy Ra's proscription and give birth to five deities. One of his alternate forms was the god of equilibrium, the baboon A'an. He also spoke the words that created the heavens and Earth at Ra's bidding, and helped Isis find the scattered parts of Osiris. For 10 points, identify this scribe of Ma'at who invented writing, the ibis-headed Egyptian god of Wisdom.
A figure who was either the wife or daughter of this god wore a cheetah hide and assisted pharaohs with the cord-stretching ritual for appropriately laying the foundations of temples.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 183 ], [ 184, 320 ], [ 321, 480 ], [ 481, 552 ], [ 553, 680 ], [ 681, 787 ] ]
Thoth
Thoth
Thoth [accept Djehuti, Tahuti, Zehuti, Techu, Tehu, or Thout; accept Seshat before “this god”]
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
134-full
134
5476990eea23cca905506dd7
-1
protobowl
This treaty voided a document that was partly intended to counter the plans of Charles de Thierry, and this treaty was violated by Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Dissatisfaction with this treaty led to wars fought by the King Movement, and it was partly inspired by one side being ravaged in the Musket Wars. Instructions for this treaty were issued by Lord Normanby, and it was drafted in four days by James Busby and Lieutenant Governor William Hobson. However, the concepts of governorship, or kawanatanga, and chieftainship, or rangatiratanga, were poorly defined due to translation into the native language. For 10 points, name this treaty first signed on February 6, 1840 by Hono Heke and later by over forty other Maori chieftains, which allowed British annexation of New Zealand.
This treaty voided a document that was partly intended to counter the plans of Charles de Thierry, and this treaty was violated by Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Dissatisfaction with this treaty led to wars fought by the King Movement, and it was partly inspired by one side being ravaged in the Musket Wars. Instructions for this treaty were issued by Lord Normanby, and it was drafted in four days by James Busby and Lieutenant Governor William Hobson. However, the concepts of governorship, or kawanatanga, and chieftainship, or rangatiratanga, were poorly defined due to translation into the native language. For 10 points, name this treaty first signed on February 6, 1840 by Hono Heke and later by over forty other Maori chieftains, which allowed British annexation of New Zealand.
This treaty voided a document that was partly intended to counter the plans of Charles de Thierry, and this treaty was violated by Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 155 ], [ 156, 302 ], [ 303, 448 ], [ 449, 606 ], [ 607, 781 ] ]
Treaty_of_Waitangi
Treaty_of_Waitangi
Treaty of Waitangi
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
135-full
135
5476990eea23cca905506dd8
-1
protobowl
In 2008, Kulp, et al. discovered bacteria using a compound of this element as an electron donor in photosynthesis. Unlike those of silicon, gallium semiconductors doped with this element exhibit direct bandgap and can be used in laser diodes to directly convert electricity into light. It is also a notable component of Fowler's solution. The pentavalent oxide of this element can replace inorganic phosphorus in glycolysis, allowing glycolysis to proceed, but preventing ATP generation by uncoupling glycolysis. A qualitative assay for it trioxide is known as the Marsh test, which utilizes sulfuric acid and the oxidation of zinc. Also notably used in neosalversan, for 10 points, name this toxic metalloid with the symbol As.
In 2008, Kulp, et al. discovered bacteria using a compound of this element as an electron donor in photosynthesis. Unlike those of silicon, gallium semiconductors doped with this element exhibit direct bandgap and can be used in laser diodes to directly convert electricity into light. It is also a notable component of Fowler's solution. The pentavalent oxide of this element can replace inorganic phosphorus in glycolysis, allowing glycolysis to proceed, but preventing ATP generation by uncoupling glycolysis. A qualitative assay for it trioxide is known as the Marsh test, which utilizes sulfuric acid and the oxidation of zinc. Also notably used in neosalversan, for 10 points, name this toxic metalloid with the symbol As.
In 2008, Kulp, et al. discovered bacteria using a compound of this element as an electron donor in photosynthesis.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 114 ], [ 115, 285 ], [ 286, 338 ], [ 339, 512 ], [ 513, 632 ], [ 633, 728 ] ]
Arsenic
Arsenic
 arsenic
guesstrain
true
Science
Chemistry
ACF Winter
College
2,010
136-full
136
5476990eea23cca905506dd9
-1
protobowl
One work by this man discusses how one is "summoned" by another rational individual and describes a system based on the "civil contract," or Staatsbürgervertrag. This man responded to an attack by F.H. Jacobi with a work in which he is interrogated by a spirit regarding how he perceives external objects. This thinker attacked the first principle of dogmatism, arguing against the idea of "intelligible fatalism," and instead defended a first principle involving the "I," which "posits itself absolutely." This author of Foundations of Natural Right and The Vocation of Man also wrote a work which argues that God must be consistent with the moral law of Kant. For 10 points, name this German idealist who developed the Wissenschaftslehre and wrote An Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation.
One work by this man discusses how one is "summoned" by another rational individual and describes a system based on the "civil contract," or Staatsbürgervertrag. This man responded to an attack by F.H. Jacobi with a work in which he is interrogated by a spirit regarding how he perceives external objects. This thinker attacked the first principle of dogmatism, arguing against the idea of "intelligible fatalism," and instead defended a first principle involving the "I," which "posits itself absolutely." This author of Foundations of Natural Right and The Vocation of Man also wrote a work which argues that God must be consistent with the moral law of Kant. For 10 points, name this German idealist who developed the Wissenschaftslehre and wrote An Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation.
One work by this man discusses how one is "summoned" by another rational individual and describes a system based on the "civil contract," or Staatsbürgervertrag.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 161 ], [ 162, 305 ], [ 306, 505 ], [ 505, 506 ], [ 507, 661 ], [ 662, 793 ] ]
Johann_Gottlieb_Fichte
Johann_Gottlieb_Fichte
Johann Gottlieb Fichte
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Philosophy
ACF Winter
College
2,010
137-full
137
5476990eea23cca905506dda
-1
protobowl
This man told of how the sun "Woke, once, the clays of a cold star" and asked "O what made fatuous sunbeams toil / To break earth's sleep at all?" in one poem. The speaker of another of his poems escapes "down some profound dull tunnel," after which he encounters a man he'd killed the previous day. The title group of another work by this author of "Futility" is mourned by "bugles calling for them from sad shires." That poem by this man ends by describing "each slow dusk" as "a drawing down of blinds" and earlier asks "What passing bells for these who die as cattle?" The speaker of another of his poems sees a man "guttering, choking, drowning" after a gas attack. For 10 points, name this poet who wrote "Strange Meeting," "Anthem for Doomed Youth," and "Dulce Et Decorum Est."
This man told of how the sun "Woke, once, the clays of a cold star" and asked "O what made fatuous sunbeams toil / To break earth's sleep at all?" in one poem. The speaker of another of his poems escapes "down some profound dull tunnel," after which he encounters a man he'd killed the previous day. The title group of another work by this author of "Futility" is mourned by "bugles calling for them from sad shires." That poem by this man ends by describing "each slow dusk" as "a drawing down of blinds" and earlier asks "What passing bells for these who die as cattle?" The speaker of another of his poems sees a man "guttering, choking, drowning" after a gas attack. For 10 points, name this poet who wrote "Strange Meeting," "Anthem for Doomed Youth," and "Dulce Et Decorum Est."
This man told of how the sun "Woke, once, the clays of a cold star" and asked "O what made fatuous sunbeams toil /
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 114 ], [ 115, 159 ], [ 160, 299 ], [ 300, 417 ], [ 418, 572 ], [ 573, 670 ], [ 671, 784 ] ]
Wilfred_Owen
Wilfred_Owen
Wilfred Owen
guesstrain
true
Literature
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
138-full
138
5476990eea23cca905506ddb
-1
protobowl
One work by this composer is considered one of the most technically demanding of its kind and has a notable second movement with quick glissandi, but ends in its fourth with an unusual use of the rare Locrian mode. This man's other compositions include an E-minor work dedicated to Rostropovich, and a suite that contains a movement entitled "The Glorious Departure of Lolli and the Cortège of the Sun." Besides his Symphony-Concerto and Scythian Suite, he also composed a piece commissioned by Paul Wittgenstein, as well as a ballet containing the movement "Dance of the Knights," and a suite with a bell-filled Troika movement. He imitated Haydn in his Classical Symphony. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of The Love for Three Oranges and the Lieutenant Kije suite.
One work by this composer is considered one of the most technically demanding of its kind and has a notable second movement with quick glissandi, but ends in its fourth with an unusual use of the rare Locrian mode. This man's other compositions include an E-minor work dedicated to Rostropovich, and a suite that contains a movement entitled "The Glorious Departure of Lolli and the Cortège of the Sun." Besides his Symphony-Concerto and Scythian Suite, he also composed a piece commissioned by Paul Wittgenstein, as well as a ballet containing the movement "Dance of the Knights," and a suite with a bell-filled Troika movement. He imitated Haydn in his Classical Symphony. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of The Love for Three Oranges and the Lieutenant Kije suite.
One work by this composer is considered one of the most technically demanding of its kind and has a notable second movement with quick glissandi, but ends in its fourth with an unusual use of the rare Locrian mode.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 214 ], [ 215, 403 ], [ 404, 629 ], [ 630, 674 ], [ 675, 777 ] ]
Sergei_Prokofiev
Sergei_Prokofiev
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
guesstrain
true
Fine Arts
Music
ACF Winter
College
2,010
139-full
139
5476990eea23cca905506ddc
-1
protobowl
One section of this work details the combat between the army of High Priest Lib and his brother Shiz against King Coriantumr. The namesake of another of its sections took away Korihor's power of speech after outpreaching the lawyer Zeezrom. This work is said to have first been interpreted with a pair of seer stones called Urim and Thummim. One part of this text details the Jaredite civilization's existence in America. Much of it focuses on the war between the Nephites and the Lamanites. Its sections include the Book of Alma, the Book of Lehi, and the Book of Ether. It was supposedly originally written on "reformed Egyptian" on a set of golden plates. For 10 points, name this work revealed by the angel Moroni to Joseph Smith, a sacred text of the Church of Latter Day Saints.
One section of this work details the combat between the army of High Priest Lib and his brother Shiz against King Coriantumr. The namesake of another of its sections took away Korihor's power of speech after outpreaching the lawyer Zeezrom. This work is said to have first been interpreted with a pair of seer stones called Urim and Thummim. One part of this text details the Jaredite civilization's existence in America. Much of it focuses on the war between the Nephites and the Lamanites. Its sections include the Book of Alma, the Book of Lehi, and the Book of Ether. It was supposedly originally written on "reformed Egyptian" on a set of golden plates. For 10 points, name this work revealed by the angel Moroni to Joseph Smith, a sacred text of the Church of Latter Day Saints.
One section of this work details the combat between the army of High Priest Lib and his brother Shiz against King Coriantumr.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 125 ], [ 126, 240 ], [ 241, 341 ], [ 342, 421 ], [ 422, 491 ], [ 492, 571 ], [ 572, 658 ], [ 659, 784 ] ]
Book_of_Mormon
Book_of_Mormon
The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi
guesstrain
true
Social Science
Religion/Mythology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
140-full
140
5476990eea23cca905506ddd
-1
protobowl
This man first gained fame for winning a land dispute with the plantation El Hospital while representing Anenecuilco. He was opposed politically by the Figueroa brothers. This man employed the writing talents of Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama and Otilio Montaño, and he supported a return to the ejido system. A meeting with Jesus Guajardo was the backdrop to the assassination of this man, who was based out of the state of Morelos. This man detailed his vision of reform with his Plan of Ayala. He fought Venustiano Carranza as leader of the Liberation Army of the South. For 10 points, name this Mexican agrarian revolutionary who fought for "Land and Freedom," and who lends his name to a modern guerrilla force in Chiapas.
This man first gained fame for winning a land dispute with the plantation El Hospital while representing Anenecuilco. He was opposed politically by the Figueroa brothers. This man employed the writing talents of Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama and Otilio Montaño, and he supported a return to the ejido system. A meeting with Jesus Guajardo was the backdrop to the assassination of this man, who was based out of the state of Morelos. This man detailed his vision of reform with his Plan of Ayala. He fought Venustiano Carranza as leader of the Liberation Army of the South. For 10 points, name this Mexican agrarian revolutionary who fought for "Land and Freedom," and who lends his name to a modern guerrilla force in Chiapas.
This man first gained fame for winning a land dispute with the plantation El Hospital while representing Anenecuilco.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 117 ], [ 118, 170 ], [ 171, 303 ], [ 304, 427 ], [ 428, 490 ], [ 491, 567 ], [ 568, 721 ] ]
Emiliano_Zapata
Emiliano_Zapata
Emiliano {Zapata}
guesstrain
true
History
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
141-full
141
5476990eea23cca905506dde
-1
protobowl
A class of proteins that contain a baculovirus internal repeat, including XIAP and hIAP1 and 2, are responsible for inhibiting this process, and that protein is inhibited by Smac and Omi. Protein 14-3-3controls this process, and is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid in patients with CJD. Another series of proteins responsible for regulating this process contain some combination of domains BH1 through 4; the prototype of that family is Bcl-2. Methods of assaying for this process include watching for the exclusion of the dye tryphan blue or nick-end labelling via the TUNEL assay. This process occurs interdigitally during limb development, during selection of T-cells, and exactly 191 times during the development of C. elegans. For 10 points, name this process, known as programmed cell death.
A class of proteins that contain a baculovirus internal repeat, including XIAP and hIAP1 and 2, are responsible for inhibiting this process, and that protein is inhibited by Smac and Omi. Protein 14-3-3controls this process, and is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid in patients with CJD. Another series of proteins responsible for regulating this process contain some combination of domains BH1 through 4; the prototype of that family is Bcl-2. Methods of assaying for this process include watching for the exclusion of the dye tryphan blue or nick-end labelling via the TUNEL assay. This process occurs interdigitally during limb development, during selection of T-cells, and exactly 191 times during the development of C. elegans. For 10 points, name this process, known as programmed cell death.
A class of proteins that contain a baculovirus internal repeat, including XIAP and hIAP1 and 2, are responsible for inhibiting this process, and that protein is inhibited by Smac and Omi.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 187 ], [ 188, 289 ], [ 290, 446 ], [ 447, 585 ], [ 586, 734 ], [ 735, 800 ] ]
Apoptosis
Apoptosis
 apoptosis [accept programmed cell death before said]
guesstrain
true
Science
Biology
ACF Winter
College
2,010
142-full
142
5476990eea23cca905506ddf
-1
protobowl
One prominent commentator on this work, Rouge Inkstone, is the namesake of the best-known manuscripts of its first 80 chapters. Some comic relief in this work is provided by the visits of the protagonist's rural relatives Ban'er and Granny Liu. Much of this novel is set in an area built at the instigation of the eldest of the four Springs, called Prospect Garden. Its protagonist's primary handmaidens are known as Aroma and Skybright. One of its protagonist's love interests is the reincarnation of the Crimson Pearl Fairy. Its protagonist is a reincarnation of a piece of jade not used by Nuwa, amd marries Xue Baochai but cannot forget his true love, Lin Daiyu. For 10 points, name this Cao Xueqin [shway-cheen] novel that centers on Baoyu, the heir to the declining Jia family.
One prominent commentator on this work, Rouge Inkstone, is the namesake of the best-known manuscripts of its first 80 chapters. Some comic relief in this work is provided by the visits of the protagonist's rural relatives Ban'er and Granny Liu. Much of this novel is set in an area built at the instigation of the eldest of the four Springs, called Prospect Garden. Its protagonist's primary handmaidens are known as Aroma and Skybright. One of its protagonist's love interests is the reincarnation of the Crimson Pearl Fairy. Its protagonist is a reincarnation of a piece of jade not used by Nuwa, amd marries Xue Baochai but cannot forget his true love, Lin Daiyu. For 10 points, name this Cao Xueqin [shway-cheen] novel that centers on Baoyu, the heir to the declining Jia family.
One prominent commentator on this work, Rouge Inkstone, is the namesake of the best-known manuscripts of its first 80 chapters.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 127 ], [ 128, 244 ], [ 245, 365 ], [ 366, 437 ], [ 438, 526 ], [ 527, 666 ], [ 667, 783 ] ]
Dream_of_the_Red_Chamber
Dream_of_the_Red_Chamber
Dream of the Red Chamber [accept Red Chamber Dream or Hónglóu mèng; or The Story of the Stone; or Shítóu jì]
guesstrain
true
Literature
World
ACF Winter
College
2,010
144-full
144
5476990eea23cca905506de1
-1
protobowl
One author from this country wrote a work about a sculptor attempting to maintain the identity of James White, and another work about UNESCO engineer Walter Faber. Another author from this country wrote a novel whose title painter falls in love with both the widow Judith and the Count's daughter Dorothea. The home of the authors of I'm Not Stiller and Green Henry also produced the author of a play in which Dr. von Zahnd looks over patients who call themselves Newton and Einstein. It is also the setting of a work whose title character, the son of Walter Furst, helps Baumgarten escape and saves his son from prison for refusing to bow to Gessler's cap. For 10 points, name this country, the home of Max Frisch, Gottfried Keller, Friedrich Durrenmatt, and the local hero William Tell.
One author from this country wrote a work about a sculptor attempting to maintain the identity of James White, and another work about UNESCO engineer Walter Faber. Another author from this country wrote a novel whose title painter falls in love with both the widow Judith and the Count's daughter Dorothea. The home of the authors of I'm Not Stiller and Green Henry also produced the author of a play in which Dr. von Zahnd looks over patients who call themselves Newton and Einstein. It is also the setting of a work whose title character, the son of Walter Furst, helps Baumgarten escape and saves his son from prison for refusing to bow to Gessler's cap. For 10 points, name this country, the home of Max Frisch, Gottfried Keller, Friedrich Durrenmatt, and the local hero William Tell.
One author from this country wrote a work about a sculptor attempting to maintain the identity of James White, and another work about UNESCO engineer Walter Faber.
-1
-1
[ [ 0, 163 ], [ 164, 306 ], [ 307, 484 ], [ 485, 657 ], [ 658, 788 ] ]
Switzerland
Switzerland
Switzerland
guesstrain
true
History
European
ACF Winter
College
2,010
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for "qanta"

Dataset Summary

The Qanta dataset is a question answering dataset based on the academic trivia game Quizbowl.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

mode=first,char_skip=25

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 162.84 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 140.36 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 303.20 MB

An example of 'guessdev' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
    "answer": "Apollo_program",
    "category": "History",
    "char_idx": -1,
    "dataset": "quizdb.org",
    "difficulty": "easy_college",
    "first_sentence": "As part of this program, William Anders took a photo that Galen Rowell called \"the most influential environmental photograph ever taken.\"",
    "fold": "guessdev",
    "full_question": "\"As part of this program, William Anders took a photo that Galen Rowell called \\\"the most influential environmental photograph e...",
    "gameplay": false,
    "id": "127028-first",
    "page": "Apollo_program",
    "proto_id": "",
    "qanta_id": 127028,
    "qdb_id": 126689,
    "raw_answer": "Apollo program [or Project Apollo; accept Apollo 8; accept Apollo 1; accept Apollo 11; prompt on landing on the moon]",
    "sentence_idx": -1,
    "subcategory": "American",
    "text": "As part of this program, William Anders took a photo that Galen Rowell called \"the most influential environmental photograph ever taken.\"",
    "tokenizations": [[0, 137], [138, 281], [282, 412], [413, 592], [593, 675]],
    "tournament": "ACF Fall",
    "year": 2016
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

mode=first,char_skip=25

  • id: a string feature.
  • qanta_id: a int32 feature.
  • proto_id: a string feature.
  • qdb_id: a int32 feature.
  • dataset: a string feature.
  • text: a string feature.
  • full_question: a string feature.
  • first_sentence: a string feature.
  • char_idx: a int32 feature.
  • sentence_idx: a int32 feature.
  • tokenizations: a dictionary feature containing:
    • feature: a int32 feature.
  • answer: a string feature.
  • page: a string feature.
  • raw_answer: a string feature.
  • fold: a string feature.
  • gameplay: a bool feature.
  • category: a string feature.
  • subcategory: a string feature.
  • tournament: a string feature.
  • difficulty: a string feature.
  • year: a int32 feature.

Data Splits

name adversarial buzzdev buzztrain guessdev guesstrain buzztest guesstest
mode=first,char_skip=25 1145 1161 16706 1055 96221 1953 2151

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

More Information Needed

Citation Information


@article{Rodriguez2019QuizbowlTC,
  title={Quizbowl: The Case for Incremental Question Answering},
  author={Pedro Rodriguez and Shi Feng and Mohit Iyyer and He He and Jordan L. Boyd-Graber},
  journal={ArXiv},
  year={2019},
  volume={abs/1904.04792}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @thomwolf, @patrickvonplaten, @lewtun for adding this dataset.

Update on GitHub
Papers with Code