Task Categories: question-answering
Languages: en
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 10K<n<100K
Licenses: unknown
Language Creators: found
Annotations Creators: crowdsourced
Source Datasets: original

Dataset Card for Grail QA

Dataset Summary

What is GrailQA?

Strongly Generalizable Question Answering (GrailQA) is a new large-scale, high-quality dataset for question answering on knowledge bases (KBQA) on Freebase with 64,331 questions annotated with both answers and corresponding logical forms in different syntax (i.e., SPARQL, S-expression, etc.). It can be used to test three levels of generalization in KBQA: i.i.d., compositional, and zero-shot.

Why GrailQA?

GrailQA is by far the largest crowdsourced KBQA dataset with questions of high diversity (i.e., questions in GrailQA can have up to 4 relations and optionally have a function from counting, superlatives and comparatives). It also has the highest coverage over Freebase; it widely covers 3,720 relations and 86 domains from Freebase. Last but not least, our meticulous data split allows GrailQA to test not only i.i.d. generalization, but also compositional generalization and zero-shot generalization, which are critical for practical KBQA systems.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]


English and Graph query

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

[More Information Needed]

Data Fields

  • qid (str)
  • question (str)
  • answer (List): Defaults to [] in test split.
    • answer_type (str)
    • answer_argument (str)
    • entity_name (str): Defauts to "" if answer_type is not Entity.
  • function (string): Defaults to "" in test split.
  • num_node (int): Defaults to -1 in test split.
  • num_edge (int): Defaults to -1 in test split.
  • graph_query (Dict)
    • nodes (List): Defaults to [] in test split.
      • nid (int)
      • node_type (str)
      • id (str)
      • class (str)
      • friendly_name (str)
      • question_node (int)
      • function (str)
    • edges (List): Defaults to [] in test split.
      • start (int)
      • end (int)
      • relation (str)
      • friendly_name (str)
  • sqarql_query (str): Defaults to "" in test split.
  • domains (List[str]): Defaults to [] in test split.
  • level (str): Only available in validation split. Defaults to "" in others.
  • s_expression (str): Defaults to "" in test split.

Notes: Only qid and question available in test split.

Data Splits

Dataset Split Number of Instances in Split
Train 44,337
Validation 6,763
Test 13,231

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

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Who are the source language producers?

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Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

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Thanks to @mattbui for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on grail_qa

None yet