article_number
int32
2
595
url_of_article
stringlengths
32
229
fake_or_satire
class label
2 classes
url_of_rebutting_article
stringlengths
3
219
375
http://www.redflagnews.com/headlines-2016/cdc-proposes-rule-to-apprehend-and-detain-anyone-anywhere-at-any-time-for-any-duration-without-due-process-or-right-of-appeal-and-administer-forced-vaccinations
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/cdc-forced-vaccinations/
376
http://www.redflagnews.com/headlines-2016/-outrage-what-obama-just-did-to-the-white-house-logo-will-make-you-sick
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/white-house-logo-change/
377
http://www.redflagnews.com/headlines-2016/white-house-cancels-all-obama-appearances-at-hillary-campaign-events-
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obama-veterans-money-to-syria/
378
http://www.redflagnews.com/headlines-2016/obama-cuts-26-billion-from-veterans-while-allocating-45-billion-to-syrian-migrants-moving-to-america
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obama-veterans-money-to-syria/
379
http://www.redflagnews.com/headlines-2016/california-introduces-law-to-jail-anyone-who-questions-man-made-climate-change-first-amendment-now-dead
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/california-to-jail-climate-change-skeptics/
8
http://president45donaldtrump.com/breaking-study-proves-trump-right-every-citizen-voter-betrayed/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/illegal-immigrants-2008-election/
9
http://president45donaldtrump.com/0-23-0/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/trump-undocumented-immigrants-welfare/
10
http://president45donaldtrump.com/1-9892-2/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/james-comey-seth-rich/
13
http://usinfonews.com/index.php/2017/09/10/newly-leaked-report-shows-hillary-not-win-new-hampshireand-dems-panicking/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/leaked-videos-clinton-voter-fraud/
14
http://usinfonews.com/index.php/2017/09/06/katie-couric-speaks-canceling-clinton-interview-called-n-word/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/hillary-trash-talk-obama/
15
http://usinfonews.com/index.php/2017/08/14/shock-claim-hillary-indicted-criminal-charges/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/clinton-federal-racketeering-charges/
16
http://usinfonews.com/index.php/2017/08/11/boom-president-trump-sent-michelle-obama-bill-shell-never-able-pay-lifetime/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/trump-michelle-obama-11-billion/
17
http://usinfonews.com/index.php/2017/07/12/obamas-birth-brother-breaks-silence-reveals-baracks-true-identity/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/politics/obama/birthers/kenyacert.asp
18
http://24wpn.com/index.php/2017/04/29/hillary-clinton-busted-in-the-middle-of-huge-pedophilia-ring-cover-up-at-state-department-video/
1Fake
https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/02/23/remarks-president-trump-listening-session-domestic-and-international
19
http://24wpn.com/index.php/2017/04/29/breaking-sharia-law-is-gone-the-house-made-a-decision/
1Fake
http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/us-house-vote-block-sharia-law/story?id=46578307
20
http://24wpn.com/index.php/2017/08/21/breaking-wasserman-schultz-aide-imran-awan-under-investigation-for-allegedly-selling-secrets-to-russians/
1Fake
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/28/us/politics/imran-awan-debbie-wasserman-shultz-pakistan.html?_r=0
21
http://24wpn.com/index.php/2017/08/19/bombshell-new-evidence-suggests-we-are-not-being-told-everything-about-charlottesville/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/were-police-told-stand-down-charlottesville/
22
http://24wpn.com/index.php/2017/06/02/covfefe-mystery-solved/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/covfefe-arabic-antediluvian/
23
http://americannews.com/24812-2/
1Fake
http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/republicans-bribes-hillary-clinton-sabotage-donald-trump/story?id=45064731
24
http://americannews.com/24759-2/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/un-official-john-ashe-killed-the-day-before-he-was-to-testify-against-hillary-clinton/
25
http://americannews.com/breaking-islam-prohibited-public-schools-supreme-court-voted-thanks-trump/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2017/04/scotus-didnt-ban-teaching-islam/
26
http://americannews.com/obama-signs-executive-order-banning-the-pledge-of-allegiance-in-schools-nationwide/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2016/09/obama-did-not-ban-the-pledge/
27
http://americannews.com/what-donald-trump-did-for-200-marines-shows-who-he-really-is/
1Fake
https://www.cnbc.com/2016/12/30/read-all-about-it-the-biggest-fake-news-stories-of-2016.html
38
http://americanprides.com/2017/08/24/wikileaks-massive-exposure-here-are-6-republicans-who-took-bribes-from-clinton-to-destroy-trump/
1Fake
http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/republicans-bribes-hillary-clinton-sabotage-donald-trump/story?id=45064731
40
http://americanprides.com/2017/08/29/obama-stole-the-presidency-new-report-shows-millions-of-illegals-flipped-the-2008-election/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/illegal-immigrants-2008-election/
41
http://americanprides.com/2017/08/08/ben-carson-digs-up-obamas-filthiest-skeleton-500-billion-fraud/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2017/04/carson-didnt-find-hud-errors/
42
http://americanprides.com/2017/08/15/breaking-islam-prohibited-in-public-schools-supreme-court-voted-thanks-to-trump-2/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2017/04/scotus-didnt-ban-teaching-islam/
43
http://yournewswire.com/cia-hitler-argentina-ww2/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/fbi-files-prove-adolf-hitler-escaped-to-argentina/
44
http://yournewswire.com/planned-parenthood-exterminate-black/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/new-hampshire/statements/2015/oct/05/ben-carson/did-margaret-sanger-believe-african-americans-shou/
45
http://yournewswire.com/charlottesville-hillary-soros/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/charlottesville-killer-radical-leftist/
46
http://yournewswire.com/fbi-seth-rich-dnc/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/seth-rich-dnc-wikileaks-murder/
47
http://yournewswire.com/mit-global-warming-data-bunk/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/climatology-fraud-global-warming/
48
http://ourlandofthefree.com/2017/08/white-supremacist-who-killed-protester-is-a-democrat-and-visited-obama-in-oval-office/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/white-supremacist-democrat/
49
http://ourlandofthefree.com/2017/09/the-news-would-never-tell-you-such-a-thing/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obama-attach-personal-message-letter-wrote-trump/
50
http://ourlandofthefree.com/2017/09/harvey-flooding-uncovers-secret-stash-of-ammo-hidden-by-obama-administration/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/did-hurricane-harvey-uncover-obamas-secret-stash/
51
http://ourlandofthefree.com/2017/08/nancy-pelosi-in-critical-condition-after-head-on-car-crash/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/is-nancy-pelosi-critical-drunk-driving-accident/
52
http://ourlandofthefree.com/2017/08/breaking-obama-personally-called-harvard-and-ordered-them-to-reverse-malias-suspension/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/malia-obama-harvard/
53
https://www.dailyinfobox.com/2017/04/17/breaking-pregnant-obama-mistress-revealed-picture/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obamas-divorce-pregnant-mistress/
54
https://www.dailyinfobox.com/2017/04/16/fbi-rumors-clinton-pedophile-ring-true/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/pizzagate-conspiracy/
55
http://www.dailyinfobox.com/2017/01/31/executive-order-leads-capture-isis-leader-rasheed-muhammad/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/trump-order-isis-leader-capture-jfk/
56
https://www.dailyinfobox.com/2017/04/13/breaking-julian-assange-found-dead-london-alley/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/assange-dead-london-alley/
57
https://www.dailyinfobox.com/2017/02/24/u-s-district-attorney-announced-will-pursuing-charges-treason-former-president-barack-obama/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obama-charged-treason/
58
https://70news.wordpress.com/2017/09/07/massive-voter-fraud-in-new-hampshire-swung-elections-to-democrats-in-2016-elections/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2017/09/kobachs-bogus-proof-voter-fraud/
59
https://70news.wordpress.com/2017/09/02/irs-gives-after-school-satan-club-tax-exempt-status-in-10-days-christians-wait-years/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/irs-satan-clubs/
60
https://70news.wordpress.com/2016/10/21/drug-holiday-reason-why-hillary-always-disappear-for-days-before-debate-drug-holiday-is-prescriped-for-patients-with-parkinsons-disease/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/hillary-clinton-has-parkinsons-disease/
61
https://70news.wordpress.com/2016/10/10/camera-flash-trigger-hillary-seizure-secret-service-told-reporters-not-use-during-debate/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/hillary-clinton-seizure-video/
68
https://newsbiblereport.com/index.php/2017/07/19/just-barack-obamas-daughter-murdered-drive-shootout-2/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/sasha-obama-drive-by-shootout/
70
http://howafrica.com/a-russian-writer-claiming-to-be-putins-lover-found-dead-in-his-swiss-apartment/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/putin-lover-dead-switzerland/
71
https://www.geopolitica.ru/en/news/clintons-assistant-j-w-mcgill-found-dead
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/clinton-mcgill-found-dead/
72
http://democraticreview.com/breaking-attorney-general-jeff-sessions-to-be-disbarred-after-complaint-filed-by-thousands-of-lawyers/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/jeff-sessions-disbarred/
78
http://www.dailyinsidernews.com/military/kim-jong-un-bows/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/2017/08/11/trump-locked-loaded-north-korea/
79
http://www.dailyinsidernews.com/government-corruption/report-dnc-hack-inside-job/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/2016/06/17/guccifer-2-0-claims-responsibility-for-dnc-hack/
82
http://dailypostfeed.com/texas-mosque-refuses-to-help-refugees-allah-forbids-helping-infidels/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/did-texas-mosque-refuse-help-harvey-survivors/
83
http://dailypostfeed.com/michelle-obama-sued-for-fraud/
1Fake
http://www.newsweek.com/faux-scandal-michelle-obamas-spain-trip-213760
86
http://dailypostfeed.com/antifa-burned-churches-in-9-states-to-the-ground-overnight/
1Fake
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/the-rise-of-the-violent-left/534192/
90
http://americanflavor.news/2017/08/02/muslim-federal-judge-rules-two-items-sharia-law-legal/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/muslim-federal-judge-sharia/
91
http://americanflavor.news/2017/08/01/trump-orders-13-obama-deep-state-operatives-arrested-treason/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/aug/09/blog-posting/fake-news-claim-trump-arrests-top-obama-officials-/
92
http://americanflavor.news/2017/04/20/supreme-court-ruling-no-islam-public-schools-support/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/sharia-law-trump-schools-supreme-court/
93
http://americanflavor.news/2017/04/18/liberal-hero-amy-schumer-goes-red-carpet-jail-threatening-trump-live-tv/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/amy-schumer-arrested/
94
http://americanflavor.news/2017/06/26/obama-have-a-mistress-she-is-pregnant/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/obamas-divorce-pregnant-mistress/
95
http://flashnewscorner.com/obama-brought-questioning-ties-barcelona-terrorist/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/dontray-mills/
96
http://flashnewscorner.com/nancy-pelosi-met-russian-ambassador-discussed-plans-frame-donald-trump/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/nancy-pelosi-arrested-coup-attempt/
97
http://flashnewscorner.com/obama-remote-hacking-base-germany/
1Fake
http://www.politico.com/story/2017/09/02/obama-trump-tower-wiretap-no-evidence-242284; http://www.foxnews.com/us/2017/03/10/what-wikileaks-document-dump-tells-us-about-cias-frankfurt-base.html
98
http://flashnewscorner.com/coroner-body-isnt-hillary-clinton-faked-death/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/clinton-body-chappaqua-waitress/
99
http://flashnewscorner.com/fbi-raids-clinton-foundation/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/comey-clinton-foundation/
100
http://politicot.com/chris-christie-womens-viagra-pill-will-only-increase-lesbianism/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/christie-pills-women/
102
http://newslo.com/roger-stone-blames-obama-possibility-trump-alzheimers-attacks-president-caused-severe-stress/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/donald-trumps-intelligence-quotient/
104
http://newslo.com/bill-oreilly-companies-trump-must-say-merry-christmas-will-forced-send-employees-religious-classes/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/donald-trump-themed-ornaments-made-in-china/
105
http://conservativearmy88.com/today-trump-authorizes-congress-pursue-criminal-charges-hillary/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/may/31/blog-posting/fake-story-about-president-trump-greenlighting-con/
106
http://conservativearmy88.com/npr-25-million-votes-clinton-completely-fake-lost-popular-vote-2/
1Fake
https://www.snopes.com/25-million-fraud-votes-for-clinton/
107
http://conservativearmy88.com/cconfirmed-mueller-team-can-disbarred-clinton-conflicts-trump-case/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/hillary-clinton-robert-mueller-uranium/
108
http://conservativearmy88.com/trump-won-presidency-ford-shifts-truck-production-mexico-ohio/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2015/10/trumps-bogus-boast-on-ford/
109
http://conservativearmy88.com/denzel-washington-backs-trump-epic-way-possible/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2016/nov/16/americanpoliticnews/fake-story-says-denzel-washington-supports-donald-/
110
http://www.redrocktribune.com/feds-raid-nys-islamberg/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/islamberg-raid/
113
http://www.redrocktribune.com/proof-obama-tapped-trump/
1Fake
http://www.factcheck.org/2017/03/still-no-evidence-mr-president/
114
http://www.redrocktribune.com/minnesota-muslims-take-down-infidels/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/jul/03/blog-posting/no-minnesota-did-not-pass-anti-blasphemy-law-s-isl/
115
http://www.ini-world-report.org/2017/09/08/proof-that-mass-voter-fraud-swung-new-hampshire-election/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2017/feb/12/stephen-miller/white-house-senior-adviser-repeats-baseless-claim-/
116
http://www.ini-world-report.org/2017/08/03/more-on-seth-rich-murder/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/seth-rich-dnc-wikileaks-murder/
117
http://www.ini-world-report.org/2016/12/21/the-unanswered-mystery-of-the-century/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/politics/obama/columbia.asp
118
http://www.ini-world-report.org/2016/11/02/save-this-for-next-tuesday-night-november-8th/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/nbc-accidentally-posts-election-results-a-week-early/
119
http://www.ini-world-report.org/2017/08/01/feinstein-continues-to-service-the-country/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/politics/business/blum.asp
120
http://newsexaminer.net/politics/obama-signs-executive-order-appoints-rashad-hussain-new-supreme-court-justice/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/pledge-of-allegiance-ban/
121
http://newsexaminer.net/politics/donald-trump-introduces-refugee-muslim-badges/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/donald-trump-muslims-id/
122
http://newsexaminer.net/breaking-news/nps-add-obamas-face-mt-rushmore/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/plan-launches-to-make-obama-addition-to-mount-rushmore/
123
http://newsexaminer.net/politics/ted-cruz-will-endorse-donald-trump-president-makes-masturbation-illegal/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/ted-cruz-donald-trump-endorsement/
124
http://newsexaminer.net/entertainment/secret-service-agent-says-obama-is-gay-muslim/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2016/dec/27/newsexaminernet/fake-news-site-falsely-claims-obama-gay-muslim/
131
http://yournewswire.com/voter-fraud-new-hampshire-hillary/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2017/feb/12/stephen-miller/white-house-senior-adviser-repeats-baseless-claim-/
132
http://yournewswire.com/hurricane-matthew-hillary/
1Fake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Matthew
139
http://actionnews3.com/trump-knocked-unconscious-muslim-man-posing-fox-news-reporter/
1Fake
http://hoax-alert.leadstories.com/3468710-fake-news-trump-not-knocked-unconscious-by-muslim-man-posing-as-fox-news-reporter.html
140
http://actionnews3.com/trump-assist-rescuers-pulling-harvey-victims-floodwaters/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/trump-raft-harvey/
141
http://actionnews3.com/government-microchipping-babies/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/media/notnews/trackingbabies.asp
142
http://wazanews.tk/2017/07/22/breaking-hillary-clinton-third-heart-attack-docs-says-wont-survive/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/aug/03/blog-posting/hillary-clinton-not-dead-heart-attack-fake-news-si/
143
http://actionnews3.com/pro-lifers-declare-ejaculation-murder-every-sperm-cell-life/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/every-sperm-is-sacred/
144
http://actionnews3.com/george-zimmerman-found-dead-months-after-tweeting-pics-of-trayvon-martins-dead-body/
1Fake
https://www.inquisitr.com/2732737/george-zimmerman-is-not-dead-divorce-recently-finalized/
151
http://theusaconservative.com/2017/07/malia-obama-expelled-harvard-drug-violation-marijuana/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/apr/19/blog-posting/fake-story-wrong-about-malia-obama-being-expelled-/
152
http://theusaconservative.com/2017/08/breaking-trump-removes-muslim-federal-judge-allowing-sharia-america/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/muslim-federal-judge-sharia/
153
http://theusaconservative.com/2017/08/breaking-nancy-pelosi-just-taken-office-handcuffs/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/nancy-pelosi-arrested-coup-attempt/
154
http://theusaconservative.com/2017/08/lady-gagas-twitter-attack-melania-trump-lands-handcuffs-two-meet-face-face/
1Fake
http://www.politifact.com/punditfact/statements/2017/sep/06/blog-posting/no-lady-gaga-was-not-arrested-criticizing-melania-/
155
http://thelastlineofdefense.org/obama-crushed-after-trump-orders-white-house-to-stop-his-sickest-tradition/
1Fake
https://apnews.com/4d8f44ad865049df90968c6074f36526/ap-fact-check-obama-didnt-order-silence-muslim-prayers
157
http://thelastlineofdefense.org/woah-hillary-caught-on-hot-mic-trashing-beyonce-with-racial-slurs/
1Fake
http://www.snopes.com/hillary-caught-trashing-beyonce/

Dataset Card for Fake News English

Dataset Summary

This dataset contains URLs of news articles classified as either fake or satire. The articles classified as fake also have the URL of a rebutting article.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

English

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

{
"article_number": 102 ,
"url_of_article": https://newslo.com/roger-stone-blames-obama-possibility-trump-alzheimers-attacks-president-caused-severe-stress/ ,
"fake_or_satire": 1,  # Fake
"url_of_rebutting_article": https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/donald-trumps-intelligence-quotient/
}

Data Fields

  • article_number: An integer used as an index for each row
  • url_of_article: A string which contains URL of an article to be assessed and classified as either Fake or Satire
  • fake_or_satire: A classlabel for the above variable which can take two values- Fake (1) and Satire (0)
  • url_of_rebutting_article: A string which contains a URL of the article used to refute the article in question (present - in url_of_article)

Data Splits

This dataset is not split, only the train split is available.

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[More Information Needed]

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

Annotation process

[More Information Needed]

Who are the annotators?

[More Information Needed]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[More Information Needed]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

Golbeck, Jennifer Everett, Jennine Falak, Waleed Gieringer, Carl Graney, Jack Hoffman, Kelly Huth, Lindsay Ma, Zhenya Jha, Mayanka Khan, Misbah Kori, Varsha Mauriello, Matthew Lewis, Elo Mirano, George IV, William Mussenden, Sean Nelson, Tammie Mcwillie, Sean Pant, Akshat Cheakalos, Paul

Licensing Information

[More Information Needed]

Citation Information

@inproceedings{inproceedings, author = {Golbeck, Jennifer and Everett, Jennine and Falak, Waleed and Gieringer, Carl and Graney, Jack and Hoffman, Kelly and Huth, Lindsay and Ma, Zhenya and Jha, Mayanka and Khan, Misbah and Kori, Varsha and Mauriello, Matthew and Lewis, Elo and Mirano, George and IV, William and Mussenden, Sean and Nelson, Tammie and Mcwillie, Sean and Pant, Akshat and Cheakalos, Paul}, year = {2018}, month = {05}, pages = {17-21}, title = {Fake News vs Satire: A Dataset and Analysis}, doi = {10.1145/3201064.3201100} }

Contributions

Thanks to @MisbahKhan789, @lhoestq for adding this dataset.

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