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This church choir sings to the masses as they sing joyous songs from the book at a church.
The church has cracks in the ceiling.
1 (neutral)
Not all churches have cracks in the ceiling
There is no indication that there are cracks in the ceiling of the church.
Not all churches have cracks in the ceiling.
This church choir sings to the masses as they sing joyous songs from the book at a church.
The church is filled with song.
0 (entailment)
"Filled with song" is a rephrasing of the "choir sings to the masses."
hearing song brings joyous in the church.
If the church choir sings then the church is filled with song.
This church choir sings to the masses as they sing joyous songs from the book at a church.
A choir singing at a baseball game.
2 (contradiction)
A choir sing some other songs other than book at church during the base play. they cannot see book and play base ball same time.
The choir is at a chruch not a baseball game.
A baseball game isn’t played at a church.
A woman with a green headscarf, blue shirt and a very big grin.
The woman is young.
1 (neutral)
the woman could've been old rather than young
There is no indication that the woman is young.
Not all women are young.
A woman with a green headscarf, blue shirt and a very big grin.
The woman is very happy.
0 (entailment)
a grin suggests hapiness.
A WOMAN WITH BIG GRIN IS HAPPY
One must be happy in order to have a big grin.
A woman with a green headscarf, blue shirt and a very big grin.
The woman has been shot.
2 (contradiction)
There can be either a woman with a very big grin or a woman who has been shot.
The woman would not have a big grin if she has been shot.
You wouldn't have a big grin if you'd been shot.
An old man with a package poses in front of an advertisement.
A man poses in front of an ad.
0 (entailment)
The word " ad " is short for the word " advertisement ".
An ad is the short form for advertisement.
A man poses in front of an ad is the same as a man poses in front of advertisement because ad is an abbreviation for advertisement.
An old man with a package poses in front of an advertisement.
A man poses in front of an ad for beer.
1 (neutral)
Not all advertisements are ad for beer.
There is no indication that the ad is for beer.
Not all advertisements are an ad for beer.
An old man with a package poses in front of an advertisement.
A man walks by an ad.
2 (contradiction)
The man poses in front of the advertisement therefore he did not walk by it.
A man cannot be walking by an ad while posing in front of it.
poses is different from walks.
A statue at a museum that no seems to be looking at.
The statue is offensive and people are mad that it is on display.
1 (neutral)
Not all statues are ignored because they are offensive.
There is no indication that the statue is offensive or that people are mad.
Just because no one looks at a statue does not mean it is offensive and they are mad that it is on display.
A statue at a museum that no seems to be looking at.
There is a statue that not many people seem to be interested in.
0 (entailment)
If no one seems to be looking at a statue, it means not many people interested in.
A statue that no one is looking at would imply that not many people are interested in it.
no seems to be looking at is inferred as not many people seem to be interested in.
A statue at a museum that no seems to be looking at.
Tons of people are gathered around the statue.
2 (contradiction)
Either no one is looking at the statue or tons of people are gathered around the statue.
No seems to be looking at is the opposite of tons of people.
If tons of people are gathered around the statue, it is not possible that no one seems to be looking at it.
A land rover is being driven across a river.
A Land Rover is splashing water as it crosses a river.
0 (entailment)
A Land Rover being driven across a river implies that water will be splashing as it corsses.
Splashing water is the direct result of driving a land rover over a river.
If the Land Rover crosses a river, it is being driven across a river.
A land rover is being driven across a river.
A vehicle is crossing a river.
0 (entailment)
A land rover is a vehicle.
Answer; Vehicle is the land rover crossing tells that it goes across a river.
Land rover is vehicle, and crossing a river is a rephrasing of being driven across a river.
A land rover is being driven across a river.
A sedan is stuck in the middle of a river.
2 (contradiction)
A land rover and a sedan are different cars, so these sentences cannot be describing the same event.
The vehicle is either a land rover or a sedan.
There is no mention of a land rover, only a sedan.
A man playing an electric guitar on stage.
A man playing banjo on the floor.
2 (contradiction)
The man can't play on stage if he is on the floor.
A man can't play both an electric guitar on stage and a banjo on the floor.
The man cannot be playing an electric guitar on stage and be playing banjo on the floor simultaneously.
A man playing an electric guitar on stage.
A man playing guitar on stage.
0 (entailment)
An electric guitar is a guitar.
An electric guitar is a type of guitar.
A electric guitar was played in a stage
A man playing an electric guitar on stage.
A man is performing for cash.
1 (neutral)
it is unknown if the man is performing for cash.
There is no indication that the man is performing for cash.
Just because a man is playing a guitar on stage does not mean he is performing for cash.
A blond-haired doctor and her African american assistant looking threw new medical manuals.
A doctor is looking at a book
0 (entailment)
A doctor is looking at the new medical manuals.
A medical manual is a type of book.
A doctor looking is description of blond-haired doctor looking threw or looking at a book (medical manuals).
A blond-haired doctor and her African american assistant looking threw new medical manuals.
A man is eating pb and j
2 (contradiction)
Looking through medical manuals implies that man is not eating pb and j.
A doctor and assistant are two people looking through manuals is different than a man is eating a sandwich.
There cannot be one man if there is a doctor and an assistant.
A blond-haired doctor and her African american assistant looking threw new medical manuals.
A doctor is studying
1 (neutral)
Answer: Just because the is studying it doesn't mean he is reading medical manuals
Just because the doctor is looking through medical manuals doesn't mean she's studying.
The doctor and her assistant is studying medical manuals.
One tan girl with a wool hat is running and leaning over an object, while another person in a wool hat is sitting on the ground.
A boy runs into a wall
2 (contradiction)
There are either two people - a girl and another person - or there is a boy.
A boy is not a tan girl.
The person is either a girl or boy, not both
One tan girl with a wool hat is running and leaning over an object, while another person in a wool hat is sitting on the ground.
A tan girl runs leans over an object
0 (entailment)
If the tan girl is running and leaning over an object then she runs and leans over an object.
A girl is running while leaning over an object.
A tan girl runs and leans over an object.
One tan girl with a wool hat is running and leaning over an object, while another person in a wool hat is sitting on the ground.
A man watches his daughter leap
1 (neutral)
The man and girl are in relation to each other and not strangers.
Just because he's sitting on the ground doesn't mean the man watches his daughter.
Just because the man and a girl are wearing matching wool hats doesn't mean that she is the man's daughter.
A young family enjoys feeling ocean waves lap at their feet.
A young man and woman take their child to the beach for the first time.
1 (neutral)
Just because a young family are by the ocean does not mean they are taking their child there for the first time.
We don't know that this is the first time the child's been to the beach.
The young family does not mean that they have a child at the beach.
A young family enjoys feeling ocean waves lap at their feet.
A family is out at a restaurant.
2 (contradiction)
One says the family is inside the restaurant, while the other says they are feeling ocean waves.
If a family enjoys ocean waves they are not out at a restaurant.
family can't be at restraint if feeling ocean waves
A young family enjoys feeling ocean waves lap at their feet.
A family is at the beach.
0 (entailment)
ocean waves implies the beach.
If a family has ocean waves lap at their feet then they are at the beach.
If you are where ocean waves lap at your feet, you are at the beach.
A couple walk hand in hand down a street.
A couple is walking together.
0 (entailment)
If a couple is walking hand in hand it is implied that they are walking together.
The couple are walking, it makes sense that they are walking together.
A couple walking hand in hand is a sign of affection.
A couple walk hand in hand down a street.
The couple is married.
1 (neutral)
Just because the couple is hand in hand doesn't mean they are married.
Just because the couple is walking hand in hand doesn't mean they're married.
The couple walking down the street holding hands does not mean that they are married.
A couple walk hand in hand down a street.
A couple is sitting on a bench.
2 (contradiction)
The couple cannot be walking and sitting a the same time.
A couple can't both be sitting and walking.
Sitting is not the same as walking.
3 young man in hoods standing in the middle of a quiet street facing the camera.
Three people sit by a busy street bareheaded.
2 (contradiction)
One cannot be standing and sitting at the same time. There can either be a quiet street or a busy street.
People can not sit and be standing simultaneously while being in hoods means they are not bareheaded.
There cannot be a quiet street and busy street at the same time.
3 young man in hoods standing in the middle of a quiet street facing the camera.
Three hood wearing people pose for a picture.
0 (entailment)
People that are facing a camera are ready to pose for a picture.
People in hoods are hood-wearing people. People facing the camera pose for a picture.
3 young man in hoods is a rephrasing of three hood wearing people, and pose for a picture implies facing the camera.
3 young man in hoods standing in the middle of a quiet street facing the camera.
Three hood wearing people stand in a street.
0 (entailment)
3 Man in hoods are hood wearing people.
3 young man in hoods means three hood wearing people stand in a (middle of a quiet) street.
If they are standing in the middle of a quiet street, that is the same as stand in a street.
A man reads the paper in a bar with green lighting.
The man is inside.
0 (entailment)
In a bar means the man could be inside.
To be in a bar that is lit implies being inside.
A man reads the paper in a bar so he should be inside.
A man reads the paper in a bar with green lighting.
The man is reading the sportspage.
1 (neutral)
The man could be reading something other than the sportspage.
There is no evidence that the man is reading the sportspage.
Just because the man is reading the paper in a bar with green lighting does not mean that he is reading the sportspage.
A man reads the paper in a bar with green lighting.
The man is climbing a mountain.
2 (contradiction)
One cannot read the paper and climb a mountain simultaneously.
A man cannot be climbing a mountain and reading in a bar at the same time.
A bar is indoors. A mountain is outdoors.
Three firefighter come out of subway station.
Three firefighters putting out a fire inside of a subway station.
1 (neutral)
Firefighters have other responsibilities besides putting out a fire.
Just because they're coming out of a subway station doesn't mean they're putting out a fire.
Just because three firefighters are inside a subway station does not mean they are putting out a fire.
Three firefighter come out of subway station.
Three firefighters coming up from a subway station.
0 (entailment)
If the firefighters come out of the subway, they're coming from it.
A subway station is usually below the ground; the firefighters must come up to emerge from the subway station.
Three firefighters coming up from a subway station s rephrasing of three firefighter come out of subway station.
Three firefighter come out of subway station.
Three firefighters playing cards inside a fire station.
2 (contradiction)
Coming out of station and playing cards are different things.
firefighters can be inside fire station if they come out of subway station
People that come out of subway station are different from people inside a fire station.
A person wearing a straw hat, standing outside working a steel apparatus with a pile of coconuts on the ground.
A person is near a pile of coconuts.
0 (entailment)
With a pile of coconuts implies near a pile of coconuts.
A person standing near a pile of coconuts would be standing outside.
If the person is with the pile of coconuts on the ground, they are near them.
A person wearing a straw hat, standing outside working a steel apparatus with a pile of coconuts on the ground.
A person is selling coconuts.
1 (neutral)
Just because their are a pile of coconuts nearby that does not mean the person is selling them.
Just because the person is standing outside doesn't mean he's selling coconuts.
A person wearing a straw hat, standing outside working a steel apparatus with a pile of coconuts on the ground does not imply that the person is selling coconuts.
A person wearing a straw hat, standing outside working a steel apparatus with a pile of coconuts on the ground.
A person is burning a straw hat.
2 (contradiction)
A person cannot be wearing a straw hat and burning a straw hat simultaneously.
One cannot be burning and wearing a hat at the same time.
The person cannot be burning a straw hat if they are wearing it.
Male in a blue jacket decides to lay in the grass.
The guy in yellow is rolling on the grass
2 (contradiction)
A man wearing blue is not wearing yellow while rolling in the grass involves movement and lay in the grass does not.
If someone is to lay on the grass, he wouldn't be rolling.
The man is wearing blue, not yellow.
Male in a blue jacket decides to lay in the grass.
The guy wearing a blue jacket is laying on the green grass
0 (entailment)
Male is guy.
GRASSES WILL BE GREEN AND THE MAN IN A BLUE JACKET IS LAYING IN IT
A male is a guy in the grass
Male in a blue jacket decides to lay in the grass.
The guy wearing a blue jacket is laying on the green grass taking a nap.
1 (neutral)
You can lay in the grass and not be taking a nap.
Just because he's laying on the grass doesn't mean he's taking a nap.
The guy wearing the blue jacket laying on the green grass does not mean that he is taking a nap.
During calf roping a cowboy calls off his horse.
A first time roper falls off his horse.
1 (neutral)
It is not implied that the cowboy is a first time roper.
If the cowboy calls his horse, its impossible to fall off his horse.
Because a cowboy falls off his horse does not mean that he is a first time roper.
During calf roping a cowboy calls off his horse.
A man ropes a calf successfully.
2 (contradiction)
Man does not necessarily mean cowboy.
A man cannot call off his horse and rope a calf successfully.
A cowboy who calls (falls) off his horse isn't going to ropes a calf successfully.
A little boy in a gray and white striped sweater and tan pants is playing on a piece of playground equipment.
A boy is on a playground.
0 (entailment)
A little boy is playing on a playground.
A little boy is a boy and if playing on a piece of playground equipment means on a playground.
Playground equipment is found on a playground.
A little boy in a gray and white striped sweater and tan pants is playing on a piece of playground equipment.
The boy is playing on the swings after school.
1 (neutral)
There are many kinds of playground equipment in addition to swings.
There's no indication that this is after school.
The boy playing in the park on a piece of playground equipment does not mean that the equipment is swings.
A little boy in a gray and white striped sweater and tan pants is playing on a piece of playground equipment.
The boy is sitting on the school bus on his way home.
2 (contradiction)
School buses normally are not located on playgrounds, so a child cannot be playing with playground equipment in a bus.
The boy is either playing on a piece of playground equipment or sitting on the school bus on his way home.
There can’t be a playground on a school bus .
A woman wearing a ball cap squats down to touch the cracked earth.
An archeologist wearing a hat squats to examine the site for a dig
1 (neutral)
A woman wearing a ball cap is not necessarily be an archaeologist.Just because a woman squats down to touch the cracked earth doesn't necessarily mean that she is going to examine the site for a dig.
Just because the woman is touching the earth doesn't mean she is an archeologist. Just because she is touching the earth doens't mean she is trying to examine the site for a dig.
The woman wearing the hat may not specifically be an archeologist and they may not be preparing the site for a dig.
A woman wearing a ball cap squats down to touch the cracked earth.
A squatting woman wearing a hat touching the ground.
0 (entailment)
Cracked earth is a form of the ground, and a ball cap is a type of hat.
Squats is the same as squatting, and cracked earth is the same as the ground.
Squatting woman is a type of woman, and ball cap is a type of hat.
A woman wearing a ball cap squats down to touch the cracked earth.
A woman wearing a sun bonnet planting a garden.
2 (contradiction)
A ball cap and a sun bonnet are different things.
A WOMAN CANNOT WEAR BALL CAP AND SUN BONNET. AND SQUAT AND PLANTING A GARDEN IS DIFFERENT.
The woman is wearing a ball cap in the first sentence and a sun hat in the cond sentence.
Two children re laying on a rug with some wooden bricks laid out in a square between them.
Two children are building a brick furnace.
1 (neutral)
Bricks in a square doesn't mean or imply that the children are building a furnace.
Just because there are bricks laid between the children does not mean they are building with them.
Although the children are playing with wooden bricks, they may not specifically be building a brick furnace.
Two children re laying on a rug with some wooden bricks laid out in a square between them.
Two children are playing catch at a park.
2 (contradiction)
The two children can't be laying on a rug at home and playing catch at a park at the same time.
A rug isn't usually found at a park, and playing catch while laying down isn't possible.
The children are either laying on a rug or are playing catch at a park and cannot do both at the same time.
Two children re laying on a rug with some wooden bricks laid out in a square between them.
Two children are on a rug.
0 (entailment)
When you're laying on a rug, you're on a rug.
To say the children are " laying on " a rug is rephrasing " on " a rug.
re laying on a rug can be inferred as on the rug.
A man standing in front of a building on the phone as two men to the side pain on the side.
a guy near a building stands by two other men
0 (entailment)
Man is guy, and standing in front of a building implies near a building.
A guy is a man. In front of means a man is near something. A man with two men to the side stands by two other men.
A man is a guy.
A man standing in front of a building on the phone as two men to the side pain on the side.
two girls walk through a hall
2 (contradiction)
It must be either a man or two girls
A man is not a girl. You cannot be standing and walk at the same time.
There is either one man or two girls.
A man standing in front of a building on the phone as two men to the side pain on the side.
a busy man stands with bodyguards
1 (neutral)
You can not infer he is with bodyguards.
Just because there are two men to the side of another man doesn't mean they are bodyguards.
The two men standing to the side of the other men may not actually be his bodyguards.
The two young girls are dressed as fairies, and are playing in the leaves outdoors.
Girls are playing outdoors.
0 (entailment)
Two young girls, dressed as fairies, are playing outdoors in the leaves.
The girls need to be outdoors in order to be playing in the leaves.
Girls are dressed as fairies and playing outdoors.
The two young girls are dressed as fairies, and are playing in the leaves outdoors.
Two girls play dress up indoors.
2 (contradiction)
The girls cannot be playing outdoors and indoors a the same time.
The girls cannot be outdoors and indoors simultaneously.
The girls cannot be playing in leaves outdoors if they are indoors as leaves typically remain outdoors.
The two young girls are dressed as fairies, and are playing in the leaves outdoors.
The two girls play in the Autumn.
1 (neutral)
Playing in the leaves outdoors does not mean that it is Autumn.
Just because the girls are playing in the leaves doesn't mean it is Autumn.
Just because the two girls are playing in leaves, does not mean it is Autumn.
People jump over a mountain crevasse on a rope.
Some people look visually afraid to jump.
1 (neutral)
People looking afraid to jump doesn't mean they are jumping over a mountain crevasse.
Just because the people are jumping over a mountain crevasse doesn't mean they look afraid to jump.
Although the people are jumping over the crevasse, they may not appear to be visually afraid to do so.
People jump over a mountain crevasse on a rope.
People are jumping outside.
0 (entailment)
The jumping over the mountain crevasse must be outside.
A mountain crevasses is usually located outside.
The mountain is outside.
People jump over a mountain crevasse on a rope.
People slide over a mountain crevasse on a slide.
2 (contradiction)
The people cannot simultaneously jump and slide
People can't slide and jump at the same time.
People that jump over cannot slide over same time.
A snowboarder on a wide plain of snow
A snow field with a snowboarder on it
0 (entailment)
The snowboarder must be in a snow field if he is on a wide plain of snow.
Wide plain of snow is a rephrasing of snow field.
The snowboarder is in a field of snow.
A snowboarder on a wide plain of snow
A snowboarder gliding over a field of snow
1 (neutral)
Just because a snow boarder is on snow does not mean that he is in motion gliding over the snow.
Just because the snowboarder is on a wide plain of snow doesn't mean he is gliding.
The snowboarder may not be gliding while he goes over the plain of snow.
A snowboarder on a wide plain of snow
A snowmobile in a blizzard
1 (neutral)
A snowboarder would be on a board rather than a snowmobile. It might not have been a blizzard that deposited the wide plain of snow.
Just because there is a snowboard doesn't mean there is a snowmobile. Just because there is snow doesn't mean that it is a blizzard.
The snowboarder may not be riding a snowmobile, and there also may not be a blizzard occuring at the time.
An older women tending to a garden.
The lady is cooking dinner
2 (contradiction)
The lady can not be cooking dinner if she is tending to a garden
A woman cannot be gardening and cooking at the same time.
The woman is either tending to a garden or cooking.
An older women tending to a garden.
The lady is weeding her garden
1 (neutral)
You can tend your garden in many ways, she might not be weeding.
A lady isn't necessarily older. Just because the lady is tending to a garden doesn't mean she is weeding it. Just because a woman is tending to a garden doesn't mean it is her garden.
The lady may not specifically be weeding while tending her garden.
An older women tending to a garden.
The lady has a garden
0 (entailment)
Older women is lady.
older women tending to a garden is inferred as lady has a garden
A women and a lady are the same thing.
A man in a black shirt overlooking bike maintenance.
A man destroys a bike.
2 (contradiction)
Overlooking bike maintenance does not lead to destruction of a bike.
One does not destroy a bike while overlooking its maintenance.
The man is either overlooking maintenance of the bike or is destroying it.
A man in a black shirt overlooking bike maintenance.
A man watches bike repairs.
0 (entailment)
Bike repairs and bike maintenance are nearly synonymous.
maintenance and repairs are the same thing
A man is watching the bike maintenance which is repairs.
A man in a black shirt overlooking bike maintenance.
A man learns bike maintenance.
1 (neutral)
We have no idea if he learns bike maintenance or not, he could just be watching.
Just because the man is overlooking bike maintenance doesn't mean he learns is.
Just because the man is overlooking the maintenance of the bike, does not mean he learns about it.
A man in a black shirt is looking at a bike in a workshop.
A man is wearing a red shirt
2 (contradiction)
The man can't be wearing a black shirt while wearing a red shirt.
A man can wear either a black shirt or a red shirt at a time and not both at the same time.
Cant be wearing a black shirt if you are wearing a red shirt
A man in a black shirt is looking at a bike in a workshop.
A man is in a black shirt
0 (entailment)
A man in a black shirt is the same as a man who is in a black shirt.
"Is in a" black shirt is a rephrasing of "in a" black shirt.
The man continues to wear black shirt.
A man in a black shirt is looking at a bike in a workshop.
A man is deciding which bike to buy
1 (neutral)
Or the man works in the work shop and is selling the bike, or is inspecting the bike, looking for issues rather than deciding.
Just because the man is looking at a bike doesn't mean he is deciding which bike to buy.
The man looking at the bike may not be deciding to buy a bike at all.
A man looking over a bicycle's rear wheel in the maintenance garage with various tools visible in the background.
A person is in a garage.
0 (entailment)
Man is person, and maintenance garage is a type of garage.
A man is a person. The garage is the location in both sentences.
A man is a person.
A man looking over a bicycle's rear wheel in the maintenance garage with various tools visible in the background.
A man repairs bicycles.
0 (entailment)
Looking over a bicycle's rear wheel in the maintenance garage implies that the man repairs bicycles.
Looking over a bicycle's rear wheel is a form of repairs bicycles.
If a bicycle's in a maintenance garage with tools, this implies the person in the garage is intending to make repairs to the bicycles using the tools.
A man looking over a bicycle's rear wheel in the maintenance garage with various tools visible in the background.
A man waits outside a garage.
2 (contradiction)
The man cannot be both in the garage and outside simultaneously
One cannot be in a garage and outside of it at the same time.
A man in the maintenance garage cannot be outside a garage.
Three people sit on a bench at a station, the man looks oddly at the two women, the redheaded women looks up and forward in an awkward position, and the yellow blond girl twiddles with her hair.
Some people stand around.
2 (contradiction)
The people either sit or stand.
People can either sit or stand.
people can't stand if they sit
Three people sit on a bench at a station, the man looks oddly at the two women, the redheaded women looks up and forward in an awkward position, and the yellow blond girl twiddles with her hair.
People run together.
2 (contradiction)
The people cannot both sit and run simultaneously
The poeple sit on a bench, which means that they don't run together.
All three people are sit ting on the bench and not running
Three people sit on a bench at a station, the man looks oddly at the two women, the redheaded women looks up and forward in an awkward position, and the yellow blond girl twiddles with her hair.
People wait at a station.
0 (entailment)
People waiting at a station sit on benches.
Three people is more than one person so it is people.
Three people who sit on a bench at a station are waiting at a station.
A child wearing a red top is standing behind a blond headed child sitting in a wheelbarrow.
A child wearing a red top is standing behind a blond headed child
0 (entailment)
A blond headed child sitting in a wheelbarrow is a blond headed child.
Child is standing next to a child sitting
A child wearing a red top standing behind a blond child is rephrased.
A child wearing a red top is standing behind a blond headed child sitting in a wheelbarrow.
A child wearing a red top is standing on top of a blond headed child
2 (contradiction)
The child is either standing on top of a blond headed child standing behind him.
The child is either standing behind or on top of the blond headed child
You can either be standing behind something or standing on top of it.
A child wearing a red top is standing behind a blond headed child sitting in a wheelbarrow.
A child wearing a red top is standing behind a pretty blond headed child
1 (neutral)
Not every blond headed child is pretty.
Not all blond headed children are pretty.
Not all blonds are pretty.
A person dressed in a dress with flowers and a stuffed bee attached to it, is pushing a baby stroller down the street.
A lady sitting on a bench in the park.
2 (contradiction)
The lady is either sitting on a bench or pushing a baby stroller down the street.
The lady is either pushing a baby stroller down the street or sitting on a bench in the park.
A lady cannot be both sitting and pushing. A lady cannot be on the street and in the park.
A person dressed in a dress with flowers and a stuffed bee attached to it, is pushing a baby stroller down the street.
An old lady pushing a stroller down a busy street.
1 (neutral)
The street doesn't have to be busy and might be empty.
A person in a dress of a particular type need neither be old nor female. A street need not be considered busy if only one person is pushing a stroller down it.
Not all women who wear dresses are an old lady.
A person dressed in a dress with flowers and a stuffed bee attached to it, is pushing a baby stroller down the street.
A person outside pushing a stroller.
0 (entailment)
Pushing a stroller down the street implies that the person is outside pushing the stroller.
There is a person pushing a stroller.
A person in a dress is outdoors.
A dog jumping for a Frisbee in the snow.
A pet is enjoying a game of fetch with his owner.
1 (neutral)
The pet can also play a game in the snow.
A dog need not be a pet. A dog jumping for a Frisbee need niether be participating in willful play, nor enjoying it. Anyone can toss a Frisbee in the direction of an animal and need not be its owner.
Not all dogs have an owner.
A dog jumping for a Frisbee in the snow.
A cat washes his face and whiskers with his front paw.
2 (contradiction)
Dogs and cats are not the same animal, and they are performing different activities: the dog jumps while the cat engages in cleaning himself.
A dog is a different from a cat
A dog is not a cat.
A dog jumping for a Frisbee in the snow.
An animal is outside in the cold weather, playing with a plastic toy.
0 (entailment)
A dog is a form of animal, for there to be snow it must be cold weather outside, and "jumping for a frisbee" is a rephrasing of "playing with a plastic toy."
Answer: The animal is a dog and the plastic toy is a frisbee.
A dog falls under the category of animal, frisbee falls under category of plastic toy, in the snow means in the cold weather.
People are conversing at a dining table under a canopy.
People at a party are seated for dinner on the lawn.
1 (neutral)
The people conversing are not necessarily at a party.
People may gather at a table outside of the context of a party and may be seated for lunch, dinner, canapés, etc. Canopies need not only be set on a lawn.
Not all canopies are set up on the lawn.
People are conversing at a dining table under a canopy.
People are talking underneath a covering.
0 (entailment)
People conversing must be talking.
Canopy is a kind of covering
Conversing and talking mean the same thins as canopy and covering mean the same thing.
People are conversing at a dining table under a canopy.
People are screaming at a boxing match.
2 (contradiction)
People cannot be at a dining table and boxing match simultaneously.
You cannot be at a dining table under a canopy while at a boxing match.
People cannot be conversing at a dining table and screaming at a boxing match simultaneously.
A girl playing a violin along with a group of people
A girl is washing a load of laundry.
2 (contradiction)
A girl cannot be washing a load of laundry while playing a violin.
You can't play a violin and washing a load of laundry. You can't be alone if you are with a group of people.
A girl playing a violin cannot be simultaneously washing a load of laundry.
A girl playing a violin along with a group of people
A girl is playing an instrument.
0 (entailment)
playing an instrument is another less detailed way to say playing a violin
The violin is an instrument.
The violin is an instrument.
A girl playing a violin along with a group of people
A group of people are playing in a symphony.
1 (neutral)
You can not infer they are in a symphony.
Groups of musicians need not be playing in a Symphony (both the ensemble and the musical form).
Not all people that play instruments in a group are part of a symphony.
A woman within an orchestra is playing a violin.
A woman is playing a concert.
1 (neutral)
Just because a woman within an orchestra is playing a violin does not mean she is playing a concert.
A Concert is not the only reason an orchestra might play together.
A women can play a violin and not be part of a concert.
A woman within an orchestra is playing a violin.
A woman is playing the violin.
0 (entailment)
A woman is playing the violin is part of her description within an orchestra.
A woman must be playing the violin within an orchestra.
"A woman playing the violin"is a rephrasing of "a woman playing a violin".
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for "esnli"

Dataset Summary

The e-SNLI dataset extends the Stanford Natural Language Inference Dataset to include human-annotated natural language explanations of the entailment relations.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

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Languages

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Dataset Structure

Data Instances

plain_text

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 195.04 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 109.52 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 304.56 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
    "explanation_1": "A woman must be present to smile.",
    "explanation_2": "A woman smiling implies that she is present.",
    "explanation_3": "A smiling woman is also present.",
    "hypothesis": "A woman is present.",
    "label": 0,
    "premise": "A woman smiles at the child."
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

plain_text

  • premise: a string feature.
  • hypothesis: a string feature.
  • label: a classification label, with possible values including entailment (0), neutral (1), contradiction (2).
  • explanation_1: a string feature.
  • explanation_2: a string feature.
  • explanation_3: a string feature.

Data Splits

name train validation test
plain_text 549367 9842 9824

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

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Who are the source language producers?

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Annotations

Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information


@incollection{NIPS2018_8163,
title = {e-SNLI: Natural Language Inference with Natural Language Explanations},
author = {Camburu, Oana-Maria and Rockt"{a}schel, Tim and Lukasiewicz, Thomas and Blunsom, Phil},
booktitle = {Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 31},
editor = {S. Bengio and H. Wallach and H. Larochelle and K. Grauman and N. Cesa-Bianchi and R. Garnett},
pages = {9539--9549},
year = {2018},
publisher = {Curran Associates, Inc.},
url = {http://papers.nips.cc/paper/8163-e-snli-natural-language-inference-with-natural-language-explanations.pdf}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @thomwolf, @lewtun, @albertvillanova, @patrickvonplaten for adding this dataset.

Update on GitHub
Papers with Code