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id (string)tokens (json)pos_tags (json)chunk_tags (json)
0
[ "Confidence", "in", "the", "pound", "is", "widely", "expected", "to", "take", "another", "sharp", "dive", "if", "trade", "figures", "for", "September", ",", "due", "for", "release", "tomorrow", ",", "fail", "to", "show", "a", "substantial", "improvement", "from", "July", "and", "August", "'s", "near-record", "deficits", "." ]
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1
[ "Chancellor", "of", "the", "Exchequer", "Nigel", "Lawson", "'s", "restated", "commitment", "to", "a", "firm", "monetary", "policy", "has", "helped", "to", "prevent", "a", "freefall", "in", "sterling", "over", "the", "past", "week", "." ]
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2
[ "But", "analysts", "reckon", "underlying", "support", "for", "sterling", "has", "been", "eroded", "by", "the", "chancellor", "'s", "failure", "to", "announce", "any", "new", "policy", "measures", "in", "his", "Mansion", "House", "speech", "last", "Thursday", "." ]
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3
[ "This", "has", "increased", "the", "risk", "of", "the", "government", "being", "forced", "to", "increase", "base", "rates", "to", "16", "%", "from", "their", "current", "15", "%", "level", "to", "defend", "the", "pound", ",", "economists", "and", "foreign", "exchange", "market", "analysts", "say", "." ]
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4
[ "``", "The", "risks", "for", "sterling", "of", "a", "bad", "trade", "figure", "are", "very", "heavily", "on", "the", "down", "side", ",", "''", "said", "Chris", "Dillow", ",", "senior", "U.K.", "economist", "at", "Nomura", "Research", "Institute", "." ]
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5
[ "``", "If", "there", "is", "another", "bad", "trade", "number", ",", "there", "could", "be", "an", "awful", "lot", "of", "pressure", ",", "''", "noted", "Simon", "Briscoe", ",", "U.K.", "economist", "for", "Midland", "Montagu", ",", "a", "unit", "of", "Midland", "Bank", "PLC", "." ]
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6
[ "Forecasts", "for", "the", "trade", "figures", "range", "widely", ",", "but", "few", "economists", "expect", "the", "data", "to", "show", "a", "very", "marked", "improvement", "from", "the", "#", "2", "billion", "-LRB-", "$", "3.2", "billion", "-RRB-", "deficit", "in", "the", "current", "account", "reported", "for", "August", "." ]
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7
[ "The", "August", "deficit", "and", "the", "#", "2.2", "billion", "gap", "registered", "in", "July", "are", "topped", "only", "by", "the", "#", "2.3", "billion", "deficit", "of", "October", "1988", "." ]
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8
[ "Sanjay", "Joshi", ",", "European", "economist", "at", "Baring", "Brothers", "&", "Co.", ",", "said", "there", "is", "no", "sign", "that", "Britain", "'s", "manufacturing", "industry", "is", "transforming", "itself", "to", "boost", "exports", "." ]
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9
[ "At", "the", "same", "time", ",", "he", "remains", "fairly", "pessimistic", "about", "the", "outlook", "for", "imports", ",", "given", "continued", "high", "consumer", "and", "capital", "goods", "inflows", "." ]
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10
[ "He", "reckons", "the", "current", "account", "deficit", "will", "narrow", "to", "only", "#", "1.8", "billion", "in", "September", "." ]
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11
[ "However", ",", "Mr.", "Dillow", "said", "he", "believes", "that", "a", "reduction", "in", "raw", "material", "stockbuilding", "by", "industry", "could", "lead", "to", "a", "sharp", "drop", "in", "imports", "." ]
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12
[ "Combined", "with", "at", "least", "some", "rebound", "in", "exports", "after", "August", "'s", "unexpected", "decline", ",", "the", "deficit", "could", "narrow", "to", "as", "little", "as", "#", "1.3", "billion", "." ]
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13
[ "Mr.", "Briscoe", ",", "who", "also", "forecasts", "a", "#", "1.3", "billion", "current", "account", "gap", ",", "warns", "that", "even", "if", "the", "trade", "figures", "are", "bullish", "for", "sterling", ",", "the", "currency", "wo", "n't", "advance", "much", "because", "investors", "will", "want", "to", "see", "further", "evidence", "of", "the", "turnaround", "before", "adjusting", "positions", "." ]
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14
[ "Nevertheless", ",", "he", "noted", ",", "``", "No", "one", "will", "want", "to", "go", "into", "the", "trade", "figures", "without", "a", "flat", "position", "''", "in", "the", "pound", "." ]
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15
[ "Meanwhile", ",", "overall", "evidence", "on", "the", "economy", "remains", "fairly", "clouded", "." ]
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16
[ "In", "his", "Mansion", "House", "speech", ",", "Mr.", "Lawson", "warned", "that", "a", "further", "slowdown", "can", "be", "expected", "as", "the", "impact", "of", "the", "last", "rise", "in", "interest", "rates", "earlier", "this", "month", "takes", "effect", "." ]
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17
[ "U.K.", "base", "rates", "are", "at", "their", "highest", "level", "in", "eight", "years", "." ]
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18
[ "But", "consumer", "expenditure", "data", "released", "Friday", "do", "n't", "suggest", "that", "the", "U.K.", "economy", "is", "slowing", "that", "quickly", "." ]
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19
[ "The", "figures", "show", "that", "spending", "rose", "0.1", "%", "in", "the", "third", "quarter", "from", "the", "second", "quarter", "and", "was", "up", "3.8", "%", "from", "a", "year", "ago", "." ]
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20
[ "This", "compares", "with", "a", "1.6", "%", "rise", "in", "the", "second", "from", "the", "first", "quarter", "and", "a", "5.4", "%", "increase", "from", "the", "second", "quarter", "of", "1988", "." ]
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21
[ "Mr.", "Dillow", "said", "the", "data", "show", "the", "economy", "``", "is", "still", "quite", "strong", ",", "''", "but", "suggestions", "that", "much", "of", "the", "spending", "went", "on", "services", "rather", "than", "consumer", "goods", "should", "reduce", "fears", "of", "more", "import", "rises", "." ]
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22
[ "Certainly", ",", "the", "chancellor", "has", "made", "it", "clear", "that", "he", "is", "prepared", "to", "increase", "interest", "rates", "again", "if", "necessary", "to", "both", "ensure", "that", "a", "substantial", "slowdown", "does", "take", "place", "and", "that", "sterling", "does", "n't", "decline", "further", "." ]
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23
[ "Thursday", ",", "he", "reminded", "his", "audience", "that", "the", "government", "``", "can", "not", "allow", "the", "necessary", "rigor", "of", "monetary", "policy", "to", "be", "undermined", "by", "exchange", "rate", "weakness", ".", "''" ]
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24
[ "Analysts", "agree", "there", "is", "little", "holding", "sterling", "firm", "at", "the", "moment", "other", "than", "Mr.", "Lawson", "'s", "promise", "that", "rates", "will", "be", "pushed", "higher", "if", "necessary", "." ]
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25
[ "And", ",", "they", "warn", ",", "any", "further", "drop", "in", "the", "government", "'s", "popularity", "could", "swiftly", "make", "this", "promise", "sound", "hollow", "." ]
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26
[ "Sterling", "was", "already", "showing", "some", "signs", "of", "a", "lack", "of", "confidence", "in", "Mr.", "Lawson", "'s", "promise", "Friday", "." ]
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27
[ "In", "European", "trading", "it", "declined", "to", "$", "1.5890", "and", "2.9495", "marks", "from", "$", "1.5940", "and", "2.9429", "marks", "late", "Thursday", "." ]
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28
[ "Economists", "suggested", "that", "if", "the", "pound", "falls", "much", "below", "2.90", "marks", ",", "the", "government", "will", "be", "forced", "to", "increase", "rates", "to", "16", "%", ",", "both", "to", "halt", "any", "further", "decline", "and", "ensure", "that", "the", "balance", "of", "monetary", "policy", "remains", "unchanged", "." ]
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29
[ "Friday", "'s", "Market", "Activity" ]
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30
[ "The", "dollar", "posted", "gains", "in", "quiet", "trading", "as", "concerns", "about", "equities", "abated", "." ]
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31
[ "Foreign", "exchange", "dealers", "said", "that", "the", "currency", "market", "has", "begun", "to", "distance", "itself", "from", "the", "volatile", "stock", "exchange", ",", "which", "has", "preoccupied", "the", "market", "since", "Oct.", "13", ",", "when", "the", "Dow", "Jones", "Industrial", "Average", "plunged", "more", "than", "190", "points", "." ]
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32
[ "Currency", "analysts", "predict", "that", "in", "the", "coming", "week", "the", "foreign", "exchange", "market", "will", "shift", "its", "focus", "back", "to", "economic", "fundamentals", ",", "keeping", "a", "close", "eye", "out", "for", "any", "signs", "of", "monetary", "easing", "by", "U.S.", "Federal", "Reserve", "." ]
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33
[ "Late", "in", "the", "New", "York", "trading", "day", ",", "the", "dollar", "was", "quoted", "at", "1.8578", "marks", ",", "up", "from", "1.8470", "marks", "late", "Thursday", "in", "New", "York", "." ]
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34
[ "The", "U.S.", "currency", "was", "also", "changing", "hands", "at", "142.43", "yen", ",", "up", "from", "141.70", "yen", "in", "New", "York", "late", "Thursday", "." ]
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35
[ "In", "Tokyo", "on", "Monday", ",", "the", "U.S.", "currency", "opened", "for", "trading", "at", "141.95", "yen", ",", "up", "from", "Friday", "'s", "Tokyo", "close", "of", "141.35", "yen", "." ]
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36
[ "On", "the", "Commodity", "Exchange", "in", "New", "York", ",", "gold", "for", "current", "delivery", "settled", "at", "$", "367.30", "an", "ounce", ",", "up", "20", "cents", "." ]
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37
[ "Estimated", "volume", "was", "a", "light", "2.4", "million", "ounces", "." ]
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38
[ "In", "early", "trading", "in", "Hong", "Kong", "Monday", ",", "gold", "was", "quoted", "at", "$", "366.50", "an", "ounce", "." ]
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39
[ "East", "Rock", "Partners", "Limited", "Partnership", "said", "it", "proposed", "to", "acquire", "A.P.", "Green", "Industries", "Inc.", "for", "$", "40", "a", "share", "." ]
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40
[ "In", "an", "Oct.", "19", "letter", "to", "A.P.", "Green", "'s", "board", ",", "East", "Rock", "said", "the", "offer", "is", "subject", "to", "the", "signing", "of", "a", "merger", "agreement", "by", "no", "later", "than", "Oct.", "31", "." ]
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41
[ "The", "letter", ",", "attached", "to", "a", "filing", "with", "the", "Securities", "and", "Exchange", "Commission", ",", "said", "the", "approval", "is", "also", "contingent", "upon", "obtaining", "satisfactory", "financing", "." ]
[ 11, 19, 5, 37, 32, 11, 19, 14, 11, 20, 9, 20, 20, 5, 35, 11, 19, 39, 27, 15, 14, 36, 15, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 0, 21, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0, 21, 11, 12, 21, 3, 1, 13, 21, 11, 12, 0 ]
42
[ "An", "A.P.", "Green", "official", "declined", "to", "comment", "on", "the", "filing", "." ]
[ 11, 20, 20, 19, 35, 32, 34, 14, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 22, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
43
[ "The", "$", "40-a-share", "proposal", "values", "the", "company", "at", "about", "$", "106.6", "million", "." ]
[ 11, 2, 15, 19, 39, 11, 19, 14, 27, 2, 10, 10, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
44
[ "A.P.", "Green", "currently", "has", "2,664,098", "shares", "outstanding", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 27, 39, 10, 22, 15, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 3, 21, 11, 12, 1, 0 ]
45
[ "Its", "stock", "closed", "at", "$", "38", ",", "up", "$", "1.875", ",", "in", "national", "over-the-counter", "trading", "." ]
[ 26, 19, 35, 14, 2, 10, 5, 14, 2, 10, 5, 14, 15, 15, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 13, 11, 12, 0, 3, 11, 12, 0, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
46
[ "The", "company", "is", "a", "Mexico", ",", "Mo.", ",", "maker", "of", "refractory", "products", "." ]
[ 11, 19, 39, 11, 20, 5, 20, 5, 19, 14, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
47
[ "East", "Rock", "also", "said", "in", "the", "filing", "that", "it", "boosted", "its", "stake", "in", "A.P.", "Green", "to", "8.7", "%", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 27, 35, 14, 11, 19, 14, 25, 35, 26, 19, 14, 20, 20, 32, 10, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 3, 21, 13, 11, 12, 17, 11, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
48
[ "It", "now", "holds", "233,000", "A.P.", "Green", "common", "shares", ",", "including", "30,000", "shares", "bought", "last", "Thursday", "for", "$", "35.50", "to", "$", "36.50", "a", "share", "." ]
[ 25, 27, 39, 10, 20, 20, 15, 22, 5, 36, 10, 22, 35, 15, 20, 14, 2, 10, 32, 2, 10, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 3, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0, 13, 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 11, 12, 0 ]
49
[ "New", "York-based", "John", "Kuhns", "and", "Robert", "MacDonald", "control", "East", "Rock", "Partners", "Inc.", ",", "the", "sole", "general", "partner", "of", "East", "Rock", "Partners", "L.P", "." ]
[ 20, 15, 20, 20, 9, 20, 20, 19, 20, 20, 20, 20, 5, 11, 15, 15, 19, 14, 20, 20, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
50
[ "The", "sole", "limited", "partner", "of", "the", "partnership", "is", "Westwood", "Brick", "Lime", "Inc.", ",", "an", "indirect", "subsidiary", "of", "Westwood", "Group", "Inc", "." ]
[ 11, 15, 15, 19, 14, 11, 19, 39, 20, 20, 20, 20, 5, 11, 15, 19, 14, 20, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
51
[ "Both", "Westwood", "Brick", "and", "Westwood", "Group", "are", "based", "in", "Boston", "." ]
[ 11, 20, 20, 9, 20, 20, 38, 37, 14, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 21, 22, 13, 11, 0 ]
52
[ "Freight", "rates", ",", "declining", "for", "most", "of", "the", "decade", "because", "of", "competition", "spurred", "by", "deregulation", ",", "are", "bottoming", "out", ",", "turning", "upward", "and", "threatening", "to", "fuel", "inflation", "." ]
[ 19, 22, 5, 36, 14, 29, 14, 11, 19, 14, 14, 19, 37, 14, 19, 5, 38, 36, 14, 5, 36, 27, 9, 36, 32, 34, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 0, 21, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 13, 14, 11, 21, 13, 11, 0, 21, 22, 15, 0, 21, 3, 0, 21, 22, 22, 11, 0 ]
53
[ "Trucking", ",", "shipping", "and", "air-freight", "companies", "have", "announced", "rate", "increases", ",", "scheduled", "for", "this", "fall", "or", "early", "next", "year", ",", "reflecting", "higher", "costs", "and", "tightened", "demand", "for", "freight", "transport", "." ]
[ 20, 5, 36, 9, 19, 22, 38, 37, 19, 22, 5, 37, 14, 11, 19, 9, 15, 15, 19, 5, 36, 16, 22, 9, 35, 19, 14, 19, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 11, 12, 0, 21, 13, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
54
[ "Major", "shippers", "say", "they", "expect", "freight", "rates", "to", "rise", "at", "least", "as", "fast", "as", "inflation", "and", "maybe", "faster", "in", "the", "next", "few", "years", "." ]
[ 15, 22, 38, 25, 38, 19, 22, 32, 34, 14, 17, 27, 27, 14, 19, 9, 27, 28, 14, 11, 15, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 11, 21, 11, 12, 21, 22, 3, 4, 3, 4, 13, 11, 3, 4, 3, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
55
[ "That", "'s", "a", "big", "change", "from", "recent", "years", "when", "freight", "haulage", "was", "a", "bright", "spot", "for", "U.S.", "productivity", ",", "helping", "to", "restrain", "inflation", "and", "make", "U.S.", "industry", "more", "competitive", "abroad", "." ]
[ 11, 39, 11, 15, 19, 14, 15, 22, 43, 19, 19, 35, 11, 15, 19, 14, 20, 19, 5, 36, 32, 34, 19, 9, 34, 20, 19, 28, 15, 27, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 3, 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 21, 22, 22, 11, 0, 21, 11, 12, 1, 2, 3, 0 ]
56
[ "``", "Demand", "has", "caught", "up", "with", "the", "supply", "of", "certain", "types", "of", "freight", "transportation", ",", "and", "rates", "are", "starting", "to", "move", "up", "''", "at", "a", "rate", "``", "close", "to", "or", "slightly", "more", "than", "the", "inflation", "rate", ",", "''", "said", "Clifford", "Sayre", ",", "director", "of", "logistics", "at", "Du", "Pont", "Co", "." ]
[ 8, 19, 39, 37, 14, 14, 11, 19, 14, 15, 22, 14, 19, 19, 5, 9, 22, 38, 36, 32, 34, 14, 0, 14, 11, 19, 8, 27, 32, 9, 27, 16, 14, 11, 19, 19, 5, 0, 35, 20, 20, 5, 19, 14, 22, 14, 20, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 21, 22, 15, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 0, 11, 21, 22, 22, 22, 3, 0, 13, 11, 12, 0, 1, 13, 0, 1, 2, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
57
[ "Shippers", "surveyed", "recently", "by", "Ohio", "State", "University", "said", "they", "expect", "their", "freight-transport", ",", "storage", "and", "distribution", "costs", "to", "rise", "about", "4", "%", "this", "year", "." ]
[ 22, 37, 27, 14, 20, 20, 20, 35, 25, 38, 26, 15, 5, 19, 9, 19, 22, 32, 34, 14, 10, 19, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 3, 13, 11, 12, 12, 21, 11, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 11, 12, 12, 11, 12, 0 ]
58
[ "Only", "10", "%", "of", "the", "250", "shippers", "polled", "expected", "their", "freight-transport", "costs", "to", "decrease", ",", "compared", "with", "30", "%", "who", "had", "looked", "to", "freight", "transport", "to", "reduce", "costs", "in", "past", "years", "." ]
[ 27, 10, 19, 14, 11, 10, 22, 37, 37, 26, 15, 22, 32, 34, 5, 37, 14, 10, 19, 41, 35, 37, 32, 34, 19, 32, 34, 22, 14, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 21, 21, 11, 12, 12, 21, 22, 0, 13, 13, 11, 12, 11, 21, 22, 13, 11, 12, 21, 22, 11, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
59
[ "``", "This", "is", "the", "first", "year", "since", "transportation", "deregulation", "in", "1980", "that", "we", "have", "had", "such", "a", "dramatic", "and", "broad-based", "upturn", "in", "perceived", "transportation", "rates", ",", "''", "said", "Bernard", "LaLonde", ",", "a", "transportation", "logistics", "professor", "at", "Ohio", "State", "in", "Columbus", "." ]
[ 8, 11, 39, 11, 15, 19, 14, 19, 19, 14, 10, 14, 25, 38, 37, 15, 11, 15, 9, 15, 19, 14, 37, 19, 22, 5, 0, 35, 20, 20, 5, 11, 19, 22, 19, 14, 20, 20, 14, 20, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 21, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 3, 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 0 ]
60
[ "The", "deregulation", "of", "railroads", "and", "trucking", "companies", "that", "began", "in", "1980", "enabled", "shippers", "to", "bargain", "for", "transportation", "." ]
[ 11, 19, 14, 22, 9, 19, 22, 40, 35, 14, 10, 35, 22, 32, 34, 14, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 11, 21, 13, 11, 21, 11, 21, 22, 13, 11, 0 ]
61
[ "Carriers", "could", "use", "their", "equipment", "more", "efficiently", ",", "leading", "to", "overcapacity", "they", "were", "eager", "to", "fill", "." ]
[ 20, 18, 34, 26, 19, 28, 27, 5, 36, 32, 19, 25, 35, 15, 32, 34, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 3, 4, 0, 21, 13, 11, 11, 21, 1, 21, 22, 0 ]
62
[ "Shippers", "cut", "about", "$", "35", "billion", "from", "their", "annual", ",", "inter-city", "truck", "and", "rail", "costs", ",", "to", "about", "$", "150", "billion", ",", "or", "about", "6.4", "%", "of", "gross", "national", "product", ",", "down", "from", "8", "%", "of", "GNP", "in", "1981", "." ]
[ 22, 38, 27, 2, 10, 10, 14, 26, 15, 5, 15, 19, 9, 19, 22, 5, 32, 27, 2, 10, 10, 5, 9, 14, 10, 19, 14, 15, 15, 19, 5, 27, 14, 10, 19, 14, 20, 14, 10, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 0, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 3, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 0 ]
63
[ "But", "with", "much", "of", "the", "inefficiency", "squeezed", "out", "of", "the", "freight-transport", "system", ",", "rising", "costs", "are", "likely", "to", "be", "reflected", "directly", "in", "higher", "freight", "rates", "." ]
[ 9, 14, 19, 14, 11, 19, 37, 14, 14, 11, 15, 19, 5, 36, 22, 38, 15, 32, 34, 37, 27, 14, 16, 19, 22, 6 ]
[ 0, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 21, 13, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 21, 1, 21, 22, 22, 3, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
64
[ "``", "Shippers", "are", "saying", "`", "the", "party", "'s", "over", ",", "'", "''", "said", "Mr.", "LaLonde", "." ]
[ 8, 22, 38, 36, 8, 11, 19, 24, 14, 5, 0, 0, 35, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 21, 22, 0, 11, 12, 21, 1, 0, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0 ]
65
[ "``", "Shippers", "wo", "n't", "be", "able", "to", "look", "for", "transportation-cost", "savings", "as", "they", "have", "for", "the", "last", "eight", "or", "nine", "years", "." ]
[ 8, 22, 18, 27, 34, 15, 32, 34, 14, 15, 22, 14, 25, 38, 14, 11, 15, 10, 9, 10, 22, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 21, 22, 22, 1, 21, 22, 13, 11, 12, 17, 11, 21, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
66
[ "Transport", "rates", "wo", "n't", "be", "an", "opportunity", "for", "offsetting", "cost", "increases", "in", "other", "segments", "of", "the", "economy", ".", "''" ]
[ 19, 22, 18, 27, 34, 11, 19, 14, 36, 19, 22, 14, 15, 22, 14, 11, 19, 6, 0 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 11, 12, 13, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 0 ]
67
[ "Robert", "Delaney", ",", "a", "consultant", "at", "Arthur", "D.", "Little", "Inc.", ",", "Cambridge", ",", "Mass.", ",", "said", "``", "We", "'ve", "gotten", "all", "the", "benefits", "of", "deregulation", "in", "freight-cost", "reductions", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 5, 11, 19, 14, 20, 20, 20, 20, 5, 20, 5, 20, 5, 35, 8, 25, 38, 37, 23, 11, 22, 14, 19, 14, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 11, 0, 11, 0, 21, 0, 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
68
[ "Now", "we", "are", "starting", "to", "see", "real", "freight-rate", "increases", "as", "carriers", "replace", "equipment", ",", "pay", "higher", "fuel", "costs", "and", "pay", "more", "for", "labor", "." ]
[ 27, 25, 38, 36, 32, 34, 15, 15, 22, 14, 22, 38, 19, 5, 34, 16, 19, 22, 9, 34, 16, 14, 19, 6 ]
[ 3, 11, 21, 22, 22, 22, 11, 12, 12, 17, 11, 21, 11, 0, 21, 11, 12, 12, 0, 21, 11, 13, 11, 0 ]
69
[ "You", "'ll", "see", "carriers", "try", "to", "recoup", "some", "of", "the", "price", "cutting", "that", "occurred", "previously", ".", "''" ]
[ 25, 18, 34, 22, 34, 32, 34, 11, 14, 11, 19, 36, 40, 35, 27, 6, 0 ]
[ 11, 21, 22, 11, 21, 22, 22, 11, 13, 11, 12, 12, 11, 21, 3, 0, 0 ]
70
[ "Not", "everyone", "believes", "that", "the", "good", "times", "are", "over", "for", "shippers", "." ]
[ 27, 19, 39, 14, 11, 15, 22, 38, 14, 14, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 17, 11, 12, 12, 21, 1, 13, 11, 0 ]
71
[ "``", "There", "'s", "still", "a", "lot", "of", "pressure", "on", "rates", "in", "both", "rail", "and", "truck", ",", "''", "said", "Gerard", "McCullough", ",", "lecturer", "in", "transportation", "at", "Massachusetts", "Institute", "of", "Technology", "." ]
[ 8, 12, 39, 27, 11, 19, 14, 19, 14, 22, 14, 11, 19, 9, 19, 5, 0, 35, 20, 20, 5, 19, 14, 19, 14, 20, 20, 14, 20, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 21, 3, 11, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 0 ]
72
[ "Less-than-truckload", "companies", ",", "which", "carry", "the", "freight", "of", "several", "shippers", "in", "each", "truck", "trailer", ",", "discounted", "away", "a", "4.7", "%", "rate", "increase", "implemented", "last", "April", "." ]
[ 15, 22, 5, 40, 38, 11, 19, 14, 15, 22, 14, 11, 19, 19, 5, 35, 27, 11, 10, 19, 19, 19, 35, 15, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 0, 11, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 21, 3, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 12, 0 ]
73
[ "The", "carriers", "were", "competing", "fiercely", "for", "market", "share", "." ]
[ 11, 22, 35, 36, 27, 14, 19, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 22, 3, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
74
[ "Railroad-rate", "increases", "are", "likely", "to", "be", "restrained", "by", "weakening", "rail-traffic", "levels", "and", "keen", "competition", "for", "freight", "from", "trucks", "." ]
[ 15, 22, 38, 15, 32, 34, 37, 14, 36, 15, 22, 9, 15, 19, 14, 19, 14, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 1, 21, 22, 22, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 0 ]
75
[ "An", "official", "at", "Consolidated", "Freightways", "Inc.", ",", "a", "Menlo", "Park", ",", "Calif.", ",", "less-than-truckload", "carrier", ",", "said", "rate", "discounting", "in", "that", "industry", "has", "begun", "to", "``", "stabilize", ".", "''" ]
[ 11, 19, 14, 20, 20, 20, 5, 11, 20, 20, 5, 20, 5, 15, 19, 5, 35, 19, 19, 14, 11, 19, 39, 37, 32, 8, 34, 6, 0 ]
[ 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 0, 21, 0, 0 ]
76
[ "Consolidated", "Freightways", "plans", "to", "raise", "its", "rates", "5.3", "%", "late", "this", "year", "or", "early", "next", "year", ",", "and", "at", "least", "two", "competitors", "have", "announced", "similar", "increases", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 39, 32, 34, 26, 22, 10, 19, 15, 11, 19, 9, 15, 15, 19, 5, 9, 14, 17, 10, 22, 38, 37, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 11, 12, 11, 12, 11, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 0, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 11, 12, 0 ]
77
[ "Truckers", "are", "``", "trying", "to", "send", "signals", "that", "they", "need", "to", "stop", "the", "bloodletting", ",", "forget", "about", "market", "share", "and", "go", "for", "higher", "rates", ",", "''", "said", "Michael", "Lloyd", ",", "an", "analyst", "at", "Salomon", "Bros", "." ]
[ 22, 38, 8, 36, 32, 34, 22, 14, 25, 38, 32, 34, 11, 19, 5, 34, 14, 19, 19, 9, 34, 14, 16, 22, 5, 0, 35, 20, 20, 5, 11, 19, 14, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 0, 21, 22, 22, 11, 17, 11, 21, 22, 22, 11, 12, 0, 21, 13, 11, 12, 0, 21, 13, 11, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
78
[ "And", "``", "shippers", "are", "getting", "the", "feeling", "that", "they", "have", "played", "one", "trucker", "off", "against", "another", "as", "much", "as", "they", "can", ",", "''", "he", "said", "." ]
[ 9, 8, 22, 38, 36, 11, 19, 14, 25, 38, 37, 10, 19, 14, 14, 11, 27, 15, 14, 25, 18, 5, 0, 25, 35, 6 ]
[ 0, 0, 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 17, 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 3, 13, 11, 11, 12, 17, 11, 21, 0, 0, 11, 21, 0 ]
79
[ "Air-freight", "carriers", "raised", "their", "rates", "for", "U.S.", "products", "going", "across", "the", "Pacific", "to", "Asia", "by", "about", "20", "%", "earlier", "this", "month", "." ]
[ 19, 22, 35, 26, 22, 14, 20, 22, 36, 14, 11, 20, 32, 20, 14, 14, 10, 19, 28, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 12, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
80
[ "And", "Japan", "Air", "Lines", "said", "it", "plans", "to", "boost", "its", "rates", "a", "further", "25", "%", "over", "the", "next", "two", "years", "." ]
[ 9, 20, 20, 21, 35, 25, 39, 32, 34, 26, 22, 11, 15, 10, 19, 14, 11, 15, 10, 22, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 12, 12, 21, 11, 21, 22, 22, 11, 12, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
81
[ "Such", "rate", "increases", "``", "will", "increase", "the", "total", "cost", "of", "U.S.", "products", "and", "slow", "down", "the", "rate", "of", "increase", "of", "U.S.", "exports", ",", "''", "said", "Richard", "Connors", ",", "a", "senior", "vice", "president", "of", "Yusen", "Air", "&", "Sea", "Service", "U.S.A.", "Inc.", ",", "the", "U.S.", "air-freight-forwarding", "subsidiary", "of", "Nippon", "Yusen", "Kaisha", "of", "Japan", "." ]
[ 15, 19, 22, 8, 18, 34, 11, 15, 19, 14, 20, 22, 9, 15, 30, 11, 19, 14, 19, 14, 20, 22, 5, 0, 35, 20, 20, 5, 11, 15, 19, 19, 14, 20, 20, 9, 20, 20, 20, 20, 5, 11, 20, 15, 19, 14, 20, 20, 20, 14, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 0, 21, 22, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 21, 15, 11, 12, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 0 ]
82
[ "Ship", "companies", "carrying", "bulk", "commodities", ",", "such", "as", "oil", ",", "grain", ",", "coal", "and", "iron", "ore", ",", "have", "been", "able", "to", "increase", "their", "rates", "in", "the", "last", "couple", "of", "years", "." ]
[ 19, 22, 36, 19, 22, 5, 15, 14, 19, 5, 19, 5, 19, 9, 19, 19, 5, 38, 37, 15, 32, 34, 26, 22, 14, 11, 15, 19, 14, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 0, 13, 14, 11, 0, 11, 0, 11, 0, 11, 12, 0, 21, 22, 1, 21, 22, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 0 ]
83
[ "Some", "bulk", "shipping", "rates", "have", "increased", "``", "3", "%", "to", "4", "%", "in", "the", "past", "few", "months", ",", "''", "said", "Salomon", "'s", "Mr.", "Lloyd", "." ]
[ 11, 19, 36, 22, 38, 37, 8, 10, 19, 32, 10, 19, 14, 11, 15, 15, 22, 5, 0, 35, 20, 24, 20, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 0, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 0, 21, 11, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
84
[ "And", "ship", "lines", "carrying", "containers", "are", "also", "trying", "to", "raise", "their", "rates", "." ]
[ 9, 19, 22, 36, 22, 38, 27, 36, 32, 34, 26, 22, 6 ]
[ 0, 11, 12, 21, 11, 21, 22, 22, 22, 22, 11, 12, 0 ]
85
[ "Carriers", "boosted", "rates", "more", "than", "10", "%", "in", "the", "North", "Atlantic", "between", "the", "U.S.", "and", "Europe", "last", "September", ",", "hoping", "to", "partly", "restore", "rates", "to", "earlier", "levels", "." ]
[ 20, 35, 22, 16, 14, 10, 19, 14, 11, 20, 20, 14, 11, 20, 9, 20, 15, 20, 5, 36, 32, 27, 34, 22, 32, 16, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 21, 11, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 11, 11, 12, 0, 21, 22, 22, 22, 11, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
86
[ "Ship", "lines", "operating", "in", "the", "Pacific", "plan", "to", "raise", "rates", "on", "containers", "carrying", "U.S.", "exports", "to", "Asia", "about", "10", "%", ",", "effective", "next", "April", "." ]
[ 19, 22, 36, 14, 11, 20, 19, 32, 34, 22, 14, 22, 36, 20, 22, 32, 20, 14, 10, 19, 5, 15, 15, 20, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 13, 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 11, 13, 11, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 11, 12, 12, 0, 1, 11, 12, 0 ]
87
[ "MGM", "Grand", "Inc.", "said", "it", "filed", "a", "registration", "statement", "with", "the", "Securities", "and", "Exchange", "Commission", "for", "a", "public", "offering", "of", "six", "million", "common", "shares", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 20, 35, 25, 35, 11, 19, 19, 14, 11, 20, 9, 20, 20, 14, 11, 15, 19, 14, 10, 10, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 21, 11, 21, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
88
[ "The", "Beverly", "Hills", ",", "Calif.-based", "company", "said", "it", "would", "have", "26.9", "million", "common", "shares", "outstanding", "after", "the", "offering", "." ]
[ 11, 20, 20, 5, 15, 19, 35, 25, 18, 34, 10, 10, 15, 22, 15, 14, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 21, 22, 11, 12, 12, 12, 1, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
89
[ "The", "hotel", "and", "Gaming", "company", "said", "Merrill", "Lynch", "Capital", "Markets", "will", "lead", "the", "underwriters", "." ]
[ 11, 19, 9, 20, 19, 35, 20, 20, 20, 21, 18, 34, 11, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 22, 11, 12, 0 ]
90
[ "Proceeds", "from", "the", "sale", "will", "be", "used", "for", "remodeling", "and", "refurbishing", "projects", ",", "as", "well", "as", "for", "the", "planned", "MGM", "Grand", "hotel\\/casino", "and", "theme", "park", "." ]
[ 22, 14, 11, 19, 18, 34, 37, 14, 36, 9, 36, 22, 5, 27, 27, 14, 14, 11, 37, 20, 20, 19, 9, 19, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 13, 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 13, 14, 14, 14, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0 ]
91
[ "Bob", "Stone", "stewed", "over", "a", "letter", "from", "his", "manager", "putting", "him", "on", "probation", "for", "insubordination", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 15, 14, 11, 19, 14, 26, 19, 36, 25, 14, 19, 14, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 11, 13, 11, 13, 11, 0 ]
92
[ "Mr.", "Stone", "thought", "the", "discipline", "was", "unfair", ";", "he", "believed", "that", "his", "manager", "wanted", "to", "get", "rid", "of", "him", "for", "personal", "reasons", "." ]
[ 20, 20, 35, 11, 19, 35, 15, 7, 25, 35, 14, 26, 19, 35, 32, 34, 15, 14, 25, 14, 15, 22, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 21, 1, 0, 11, 21, 17, 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 1, 13, 11, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
93
[ "Unable", "to", "persuade", "the", "manager", "to", "change", "his", "decision", ",", "he", "went", "to", "a", "``", "company", "court", "''", "for", "a", "hearing", "." ]
[ 15, 32, 34, 11, 19, 32, 34, 26, 19, 5, 25, 35, 32, 11, 8, 19, 19, 0, 14, 11, 19, 6 ]
[ 1, 21, 22, 11, 12, 21, 22, 11, 12, 0, 11, 21, 13, 11, 12, 12, 12, 0, 13, 11, 12, 0 ]
94
[ "At", "the", "scheduled", "time", ",", "Mr.", "Stone", "entered", "a", "conference", "room", "in", "a", "building", "near", "where", "he", "worked", "." ]
[ 14, 11, 37, 19, 5, 20, 20, 35, 11, 19, 19, 14, 11, 19, 14, 43, 25, 35, 6 ]
[ 13, 11, 12, 12, 0, 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 13, 3, 11, 21, 0 ]
95
[ "After", "the", "three", "members", "of", "the", "court", "introduced", "themselves", ",", "the", "chairman", "of", "the", "panel", "said", ":", "``", "Go", "ahead", "and", "tell", "us", "what", "happened", "." ]
[ 14, 11, 10, 22, 14, 11, 19, 35, 25, 5, 11, 19, 14, 11, 19, 35, 7, 8, 34, 27, 9, 34, 25, 41, 35, 6 ]
[ 17, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 11, 0, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 21, 0, 0, 21, 3, 0, 21, 11, 11, 21, 0 ]
96
[ "We", "may", "ask", "questions", "as", "you", "go", "along", ",", "or", "we", "may", "wait", "until", "the", "end", ".", "''" ]
[ 25, 18, 34, 22, 14, 25, 38, 14, 5, 9, 25, 18, 34, 14, 11, 19, 6, 0 ]
[ 11, 21, 22, 11, 17, 11, 21, 15, 0, 0, 11, 21, 22, 13, 11, 12, 0, 0 ]
97
[ "No", "lawyers", "or", "tape", "recorders", "were", "present", "." ]
[ 11, 22, 9, 19, 22, 35, 15, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 21, 1, 0 ]
98
[ "The", "only", "extra", "people", "were", "a", "couple", "of", "personnel", "specialists", ",", "one", "of", "whom", "knew", "Mr.", "Stone", "'s", "case", "intimately", "and", "would", "help", "fill", "in", "any", "facts", "needed", "to", "give", "the", "court", "the", "full", "picture", "." ]
[ 11, 27, 15, 22, 35, 11, 19, 14, 22, 22, 5, 10, 14, 41, 35, 20, 20, 24, 19, 27, 9, 18, 34, 34, 14, 11, 22, 37, 32, 34, 11, 19, 11, 15, 19, 6 ]
[ 11, 12, 12, 12, 21, 11, 12, 13, 11, 12, 0, 11, 13, 11, 21, 11, 12, 11, 12, 3, 0, 21, 22, 22, 15, 11, 12, 21, 21, 22, 11, 12, 11, 12, 12, 0 ]
99
[ "Over", "a", "cup", "of", "coffee", ",", "Mr.", "Stone", "told", "his", "story", "." ]
[ 14, 11, 19, 14, 19, 5, 20, 20, 35, 26, 19, 6 ]
[ 13, 11, 12, 13, 11, 0, 11, 12, 21, 11, 12, 0 ]
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for "conll2000"

Dataset Summary

Text chunking consists of dividing a text in syntactically correlated parts of words. For example, the sentence He reckons the current account deficit will narrow to only # 1.8 billion in September . can be divided as follows: [NP He ] [VP reckons ] [NP the current account deficit ] [VP will narrow ] [PP to ] [NP only # 1.8 billion ] [PP in ] [NP September ] .

Text chunking is an intermediate step towards full parsing. It was the shared task for CoNLL-2000. Training and test data for this task is available. This data consists of the same partitions of the Wall Street Journal corpus (WSJ) as the widely used data for noun phrase chunking: sections 15-18 as training data (211727 tokens) and section 20 as test data (47377 tokens). The annotation of the data has been derived from the WSJ corpus by a program written by Sabine Buchholz from Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

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Languages

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Dataset Structure

Data Instances

conll2000

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 3.32 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 6.25 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 9.57 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
    "chunk_tags": [11, 13, 11, 12, 21, 22, 22, 22, 22, 11, 12, 12, 17, 11, 12, 13, 11, 0, 1, 13, 11, 11, 0, 21, 22, 22, 11, 12, 12, 13, 11, 12, 12, 11, 12, 12, 0],
    "id": "0",
    "pos_tags": [19, 14, 11, 19, 39, 27, 37, 32, 34, 11, 15, 19, 14, 19, 22, 14, 20, 5, 15, 14, 19, 19, 5, 34, 32, 34, 11, 15, 19, 14, 20, 9, 20, 24, 15, 22, 6],
    "tokens": "[\"Confidence\", \"in\", \"the\", \"pound\", \"is\", \"widely\", \"expected\", \"to\", \"take\", \"another\", \"sharp\", \"dive\", \"if\", \"trade\", \"figur..."
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

conll2000

  • id: a string feature.
  • tokens: a list of string features.
  • pos_tags: a list of classification labels, with possible values including '' (0), # (1), $ (2), ( (3), ) (4).
  • chunk_tags: a list of classification labels, with possible values including O (0), B-ADJP (1), I-ADJP (2), B-ADVP (3), I-ADVP (4).

Data Splits

name train test
conll2000 8937 2013

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

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Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

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Who are the source language producers?

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Annotations

Annotation process

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Who are the annotators?

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Personal and Sensitive Information

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Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

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Discussion of Biases

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Other Known Limitations

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Additional Information

Dataset Curators

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Licensing Information

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Citation Information

@inproceedings{tksbuchholz2000conll,
   author     = "Tjong Kim Sang, Erik F. and Sabine Buchholz",
   title      = "Introduction to the CoNLL-2000 Shared Task: Chunking",
   editor     = "Claire Cardie and Walter Daelemans and Claire
                 Nedellec and Tjong Kim Sang, Erik",
   booktitle  = "Proceedings of CoNLL-2000 and LLL-2000",
   publisher  = "Lisbon, Portugal",
   pages      = "127--132",
   year       = "2000"
}

Contributions

Thanks to @vblagoje, @jplu for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on conll2000