Dataset Preview Go to dataset viewer
cluster_id (string)questions (json)answers (json)
cluster-1754
[ "what years did cale yarborough win his cup championships?", "what years did cale yarborough win winston cup champs?" ]
[ "1976", "1978", "1977" ]
cluster-1280
[ "who does the voice of carl in phineas and ferb?", "who is the voice of carl in phineas and ferb?" ]
[ "tyler alexander mann" ]
cluster-930
[ "the first black president of mexico?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/vicente_guerrero" ]
cluster-1160
[ "who is queens elizabeth's the 2nd mother?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/queen_elizabeth_the_queen_mother" ]
cluster-2063
[ "who plays james potter in the harry potter films?", "who is james potter the harry potter father?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/robbie_jarvis" ]
cluster-3936
[ "where was the ed sullivan show located?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ed_sullivan_theater" ]
cluster-544
[ "hitler became chancellor of germany in what year?", "what year did hitler become chancellor of germany?", "what year was hitler elected the chancellor of germany?", "in which year did hitler become the chancellor of germany?", "what year did adolf hitler become chancellor for germany?", "which date did hitler become chancellor of germany?" ]
[ "1933-01-30" ]
cluster-2020
[ "what was rick riordan's first book he wrote?", "what was rick riordan's first book written?", "what was the first book rick riordan wrote?", "what is rick riordans first kids book?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/big_red_tequila" ]
cluster-681
[ "when was remember the titans filmed?", "when was the movie remember the titans filmed?" ]
[ "2000" ]
cluster-1436
[ "largest city located along the nile river?", "what largest city in africa is on the banks of the nile river?", "largest city on the nile river?", "largest city by the nile river?", "largest city in africa built on the nile river?", "what is the largest city in africa that is on the banks of the nile river?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cairo" ]
cluster-3620
[ "what religion does andre hurley practice?", "what religion is of andy hurley?" ]
[ "" ]
cluster-3573
[ "how many us presidents have there been?" ]
[ "44" ]
cluster-212
[ "where is trinidad an tobago located?", "on what continent is tobago and trinidad located?", "where is trinidad and tobago located on?", "what continent is trinidad and tobago located at?", "where is trinidad and tobago?", "trinidad and tobago is located in which continent?", "where in the caribbean is trinidad and tobago located?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/south_america" ]
cluster-3164
[ "who was the first person born in india?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/krishna" ]
cluster-1206
[ "what year was the 17th amendment passed?", "when did 17th amendment?" ]
[ "1912-05-13" ]
cluster-367
[ "who is ghana neighbours?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/burkina_faso", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/togo", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ivory_coast" ]
cluster-2699
[ "what is the largest river in africa that empties into the atlantic?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/congo_river" ]
cluster-3352
[ "what is the name of the germany in 1914?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/german_empire" ]
cluster-3314
[ "when did helen keller die?" ]
[ "1968-06-01" ]
cluster-1249
[ "when apollo13 commonder jim lovell died?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/jim_lovell" ]
cluster-3184
[ "what is the largest city by population in europe?", "what is the city with the biggest population in europe?", "what was the largest europe city by population?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/istanbul" ]
cluster-844
[ "world series winners in 1994?", "who won the world series in 1994?", "who was the winner of the world series in 1994?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994_world_series" ]
cluster-3698
[ "when did allen iverson's basketball career end?" ]
[ "2013" ]
cluster-2476
[ "who is king charles 1 married to?", "who is king charles i kind of england married to?", "who was king charles 1 married to and what was her name?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/henrietta_maria_of_france" ]
cluster-3062
[ "what country did iraq fight in the 1980s?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/iran" ]
cluster-3338
[ "who was the first african american to win a nobel prize?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ralph_bunche" ]
cluster-3392
[ "when did michael jackson's grandfather die?" ]
[ "1993-11-02" ]
cluster-3362
[ "what language do they speak in spain besides spanish?", "what are some languages spoken in spain besides spanish?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/catalan_language", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/basque_language" ]
cluster-3305
[ "what are five clint eastwood movies?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tarantula_(film)", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/never_say_goodbye_(1956_film)", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/revenge_of_the_creature", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lady_godiva_of_coventry", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/francis_in_the_navy" ]
cluster-1929
[ "what layer of earth is the coolest?", "what is the layer with the coolest temperature?", "which earth layer is the coolest in temperature?", "which layer of the earth has the lowest temperature?", "which layer of the earth is the coolest in temperature?", "which layer has the coolest temperatures?", "which layer of the earth has the coolest temperature?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/crust_(geology)" ]
cluster-369
[ "mandeville lousiana zip code?", "what is the zip code for mandeville louisiana?", "what is mandeville louisiana 9 digit zip code?" ]
[ "70448", "70471", "70470" ]
cluster-208
[ "what is washingtons states baseball team?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/seattle_mariners" ]
cluster-183
[ "what date did portugal gain its independence", "when does portugal celebrate its independence day?", "what day is portugals independence day?", "when did portugal acquire its independence?" ]
[ "1940-12-01" ]
cluster-2577
[ "when was the crucible written and set?" ]
[ "1953" ]
cluster-2023
[ "what national events happened in 1983?" ]
[ "" ]
cluster-1151
[ "what made andrew jackson into the man who became president?" ]
[ "" ]
cluster-3321
[ "what does merlion stand for?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/merlion" ]
cluster-638
[ "who is jacob and leah's second son?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/simeon_(son_of_jacob)" ]
cluster-380
[ "what movie did woody harelson and wesley snipes as nyc transit cops?", "what movie starred wesley snipes as an nyc transit cop?", "which movie starred woody harrelson and wesley snipes as nyc transit cops?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/money_train" ]
cluster-2666
[ "when and where was elvis presley's last concert?" ]
[ "1977-06-26" ]
cluster-1277
[ "what was the title of bob dylans first album?", "what was bob dylans first album?", "what was bob dylan's first album called?" ]
[ "live radio session 1962" ]
cluster-1723
[ "what were the nominees for best supporting actress in 2001?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/kate_winslet", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/marisa_tomei", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/maggie_smith", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/jennifer_connelly", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/helen_mirren" ]
cluster-799
[ "which mountain range separates india and nepal from china?", "what range separates china from india?", "which one mountain range separates china from india?", "what mountain range lie between china and india?", "what is the range of mountains that lies between china and india?", "what mountain range between india and china?", "what mountain system separates china from india?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/himalayas" ]
cluster-1991
[ "what was nicki minaj's first album?", "what was nicki minaj 1st album?", "what is nicki minaj's first album?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/playtime_is_over_(mixtape)" ]
cluster-3344
[ "what was the name of elvis's records?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/elvis_is_back!", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/elvis_presley_(album)", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pot_luck_(elvis_presley_album)", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/elvis%27_christmas_album", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/something_for_everybody", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/elvis_(1956_album)" ]
cluster-1384
[ "which is the worlds largest city area wise?", "which is the world largest city area wise?", "area wise largest city of the world?", "largest city area wise in the world?", "which is the largest city in the world in area?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/new_york_metropolitan_area" ]
cluster-1673
[ "what is the exact date harry truman got married?", "when did harry s truman get married to bess wallace?", "when did harry truman and bess truman get married?" ]
[ "1919-06-28" ]
cluster-115
[ "what is the highest point of puerto rico?", "what is the highest point in puerto rico?", "highest point in puerto rico?", "what is the tallest point in puerto rico?", "what is puerto rico's highest point?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cerro_de_punta" ]
cluster-1887
[ "when did bird become pacers coach?", "when was larry bird hired as coach of indiana pacers?", "when did larry bird coach the indiana pacers?" ]
[ "1997-2000" ]
cluster-3953
[ "who ran against hw bush?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/michael_dukakis" ]
cluster-1645
[ "when was marco polos death?", "what is marco polos death date?", "what day was marco polo's death?", "marco polo death?", "when was marco polo date of death?" ]
[ "1324-01-08" ]
cluster-2804
[ "population of erie county new york?", "what is the population of erie county ny?" ]
[ "919,866" ]
cluster-1488
[ "when is john and edward birthday?" ]
[ "1991-10-16" ]
cluster-3170
[ "what was the date of the very first super bowl?", "when was the very first super bowl?" ]
[ "1967-01-15" ]
cluster-2678
[ "what age was catherine howard when she marry henry 8?" ]
[ "16 years" ]
cluster-3216
[ "what is the usa population?", "what is the population of the us today?", "what is the population of the usa today?", "what is the population of the us?" ]
[ "324,420,000" ]
cluster-1496
[ "when did the english civil war start?" ]
[ "1642-08-22" ]
cluster-3595
[ "who did lady jane grey marry on the 25th of may 1533?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/lord_guildford_dudley" ]
cluster-3374
[ "what is the capital of south carolina and where is located?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/columbia,_south_carolina" ]
cluster-1381
[ "the 2nd smallest country in asia?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/singapore" ]
cluster-3544
[ "prime minister of poland in 2009?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/donald_tusk" ]
cluster-2017
[ "what is tyler perry mothers name?", "what is tyler perry mom name?", "who is tyler perry's mother?", "who is the mother of tyler perry?" ]
[ "willie maxine perry" ]
cluster-95
[ "where did george washington lived before being president?", "where did george washington live before his presidency?", "where did george washington live before he was a president?", "where did washington live before he was elected president?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/mount_vernon" ]
cluster-103
[ "when is christopher wallaces birthday?", "when was christopher wallace born?" ]
[ "1972-05-21" ]
cluster-872
[ "who is giuseppe verdi?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/composer" ]
cluster-587
[ "what was zimbabwe's first president?", "who is first president of zimbabwe?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/canaan_banana" ]
cluster-67
[ "who were albert einstein's influences?", "who were the two influences in einstein's life?", "influences of einstein?", "albert einstein early influences?", "what is albert einstein's two influences?", "albert einstein influences?", "who were the influences of albert einstein's?", "what was albert einstein influenced by?", "two people who influenced albert einstein?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/albert_a._michelson" ]
cluster-48
[ "what is sebastian vizcaino's middle name?" ]
[ "" ]
cluster-364
[ "what school did cher lloyd go to?", "which college did cher lloyd go to?", "what school does cher lloyd attend?", "where does cher lloyd go to school?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dyson_perrins_church_of_england_academy", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/stagecoach_theatre_arts" ]
cluster-615
[ "when did judy garland first marry?", "what was judy garlands first husband?", "who was the first husband of judy garland?", "who was judy garlands first married to?", "who was judy garland's first man?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/david_rose_(songwriter)" ]
cluster-1191
[ "what is muhamad alis real name?", "what is mahummad ali birth name?", "what was the first name given to mohammad ali jinnah by his parents?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cassius_marcellus_clay" ]
cluster-1643
[ "when did king richard take thrown?", "when was king richard 3rd was the king?", "when did richard 3rd become king?" ]
[ "1483-06-26" ]
cluster-2124
[ "when did john wilkes booth get married?" ]
[ "1859-01-09" ]
cluster-3011
[ "who was kenneth copeland?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/kenneth_copeland" ]
cluster-1178
[ "what year did michael jackson make the video for leave you alone?" ]
[ "1989" ]
cluster-1167
[ "who's frank lucas jr's mother?" ]
[ "mahalee" ]
cluster-3887
[ "what year did curtis jackson get shot?" ]
[ "2000" ]
cluster-3085
[ "officer william l potts his country name?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/united_states" ]
cluster-2210
[ "what is the dog population in the philippines in 2009?" ]
[ "" ]
cluster-20
[ "the capital of this country is bujumbura?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/burundi" ]
cluster-985
[ "what is lindsay lohan sisters name?", "what is the name of lindsay lohan's little sister?", "who is lindsay lohan's sister?", "what is lohan sister name?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ali_lohan" ]
cluster-2578
[ "when were jim bob and michelle duggar married?" ]
[ "1984-07-21" ]
cluster-2182
[ "when did jhonny clem die?" ]
[ "1937-05-13" ]
cluster-1980
[ "who is david beckhems wife?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/victoria_beckham" ]
cluster-2837
[ "what river is in trinidad and tobago?", "what are the rivers in trinidad?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ortoire_river", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/nariva_river" ]
cluster-2675
[ "who was the best actress of 1999?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/gwyneth_paltrow" ]
cluster-721
[ "which countries touch both the atlantic and pacific ocean?", "which countries are touched by both atlantic and pacific oceans?", "what countries have coasts on both the atlantic and pacific oceans?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/canada", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/united_states", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/mexico" ]
cluster-2459
[ "who is kate winslets husband?", "what is kate winslet husband name?", "who is the husband of kate winslets?" ]
[ "ned rocknroll" ]
cluster-3190
[ "the largest cities of washington?", "what are washington's largest cities?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/yakima,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/seattle", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/federal_way,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/everett,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/spokane,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tacoma,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/renton,_washington", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bellevue,_washington" ]
cluster-1209
[ "what movie did patrick swayze and keanu reeves star in?", "what film did patrick swayze star in with keanu reeves?", "what movie did patrick swayze act in with keanu reeves?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/point_break" ]
cluster-3042
[ "who is the leader of botswana in 2011?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ian_khama" ]
cluster-677
[ "president harry trumans successor?", "who was president truman's successor?", "who was the successor of president harry truman?", "who was president harry truemns successor?", "who was harry truman's successor?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dwight_d._eisenhower" ]
cluster-1493
[ "president nixon children's names?", "what where the names president children?", "who was ricahard m nixon children names?", "who are nixons children?", "names of nixons children?", "what was the names of president nixons children?", "what is president nixons childrens names?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tricia_nixon_cox", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/julie_nixon_eisenhower" ]
cluster-2138
[ "what are the three largest cities in kansas by population?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/wichita,_kansas", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/kansas_city,_kansas", "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/overland_park,_kansas" ]
cluster-756
[ "one of the highest volcanoes in central america is?", "what is one of the highest volcanoes in central america?", "one of the highest volcanos in central america?", "what is one of the highest volcanoes in central america?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/volc%c3%a1n_tajumulco" ]
cluster-1775
[ "who did luis suarez play for in 2010?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/afc_ajax" ]
cluster-554
[ "when did movie billy jack come out?", "what year did the movie billy jack premiere?" ]
[ "1973-05-09" ]
cluster-2528
[ "what athletes were born in honduras?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/clovis_morales" ]
cluster-3771
[ "dolly parton's first album?" ]
[ "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hello,_i'm_dolly" ]
cluster-699
[ "what is jennifer nettles of sugarland's number?" ]
[ "" ]
End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)

Dataset Card for "com_qa"

Dataset Summary

ComQA is a dataset of 11,214 questions, which were collected from WikiAnswers, a community question answering website. By collecting questions from such a site we ensure that the information needs are ones of interest to actual users. Moreover, questions posed there are often cannot be answered by commercial search engines or QA technology, making them more interesting for driving future research compared to those collected from an engine's query log. The dataset contains questions with various challenging phenomena such as the need for temporal reasoning, comparison (e.g., comparatives, superlatives, ordinals), compositionality (multiple, possibly nested, subquestions with multiple entities), and unanswerable questions (e.g., Who was the first human being on Mars?). Through a large crowdsourcing effort, questions in ComQA are grouped into 4,834 paraphrase clusters that express the same information need. Each cluster is annotated with its answer(s). ComQA answers come in the form of Wikipedia entities wherever possible. Wherever the answers are temporal or measurable quantities, TIMEX3 and the International System of Units (SI) are used for normalization.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

default

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 1.59 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 1.05 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 2.65 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
    "answers": ["https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/north_sea"],
    "cluster_id": "cluster-922",
    "questions": ["what sea separates the scandinavia peninsula from britain?", "which sea separates britain from scandinavia?"]
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

default

  • cluster_id: a string feature.
  • questions: a list of string features.
  • answers: a list of string features.

Data Splits

name train validation test
default 3966 966 2243

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

More Information Needed

Citation Information

@inproceedings{abujabal-etal-2019-comqa,
    title = "{ComQA: A Community-sourced Dataset for Complex Factoid Question Answering with Paraphrase Clusters",
    author = {Abujabal, Abdalghani  and
      Saha Roy, Rishiraj  and
      Yahya, Mohamed  and
      Weikum, Gerhard},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North {A}merican Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers)},
    month = {jun},
    year = {2019},
    address = {Minneapolis, Minnesota},
    publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    url = {https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/N19-1027},
    doi = {10.18653/v1/N19-1027{,
    pages = {307--317},
    }

Contributions

Thanks to @lewtun, @thomwolf, @mariamabarham, @patrickvonplaten, @albertvillanova for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on com_qa