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question_id (string)question_text (string)decomposition (string)operators (string)split (string)
CWQ_test_WebQTest-100_4452032d9871ca0ca5a79f69f4d7b678
What language is spoken in Haiti that belongs to the Gallo Romance language family?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-100_aa08b377a001e8fbfcc5a18009ca8197
What languages are spoken where Tropical Storm Alpha hit?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1000_0adacc5f8d85e317c77fbf2ffa83dae9
What countries in Oceania have an official symbol of their state trees?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1000_44a6b5c516e23d6ac2381e488680b8ec
What country in Oceania that produces the beer Monteith's Lager?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1000_46f65a3745ff73f46fdcecf071f8b144
What Oceania countries that were ruled by Elizabeth II?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1000_a1edafe051cb7bc171f2beb523d3a90c
Which nation uses the CFP Franc as currency and is located in Oceania?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1000_bd14529a374484364751d86b5e8bda92
What country in Oceania is located in the Casey Time Zone?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1012_0d314d2bc1fed4c1b4af3286a9f2d934
What can be done in the place with the largest venue capacity in Hollywood, California?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1012_42c78d192f0304e93cd18c38e81a2e82
Which Hollywood, California venue has the smallest capacity?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1012_7186c1abcae6bcdef171df1feb16997a
What are the tourist attraction in the California location that the film Chillerama take place?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1012_872253e47dd6ddaa213ff31eeda8783b
What is there to do in Hollywood, California in the Eastern Time Zone?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1012_957f00252168cb71ee9e94af3ea5f07e
What venue that holds 1152 is there to see in Hollywood, CA?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1014_334528d6e7e76b73a53c4b72b52cf255
Whence did the actor who played in the film "Digital Death/Buy Life" come?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-102_f1ebd9f7baa11e682ceb73a3b52a3771
Who played Barbara Gordon Batgirl and was born in England?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1072_92f27159a96f716c1691371e64e5a604
Who was the 2010 Governor of the state that houses the United States Bankruptcy Court, District of Arizona?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1072_b955f51044a2123babff29671bfd4e70
Who is the governor of the area that has the official symbol of Saguaro?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1091_61efa0b17cc53c2187422d88bf670f22
Is the religion of which Gautama Buddha is a founding figure also a type of religions are in the united states?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1120_0748ec0755fe09c857c9179e9201eda7
What currency was used before the euro in the jurisdiction where the Government of France is located?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1120_b96b735d1d754f27bc8986b614669f7b
Befre the Euro was adapted, what the the monetay unit used in the country where the film "Amen" takes place?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1178_08a3071aec88af141fc20ed22cfff0e2
A person who once lived in Marin City is originally from where?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-12_4877288a6328203e76db788c200ae16e
Who was serving as Ohio governor during the year 2011 and ended their previous position after 2001-01-03?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-12_76ccde3aa94e7dca4f11f484f1369baf
Which Senator of the United States was Governor of Ohio in 2011?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1216_a3377a8eb739f84daa945ee91b90f10b
The person who lived in Narym in the past was the leader of which nation?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1234_840083e6d7f8b9c24c7893c2fa6c203a
The person who said "I would as soon leave my son a curse as the almighty dollar" was in what business?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1251_060135e66e84cbaa29a73145435c5457
What country is the location in Jojo's bizarre adventure and speaks Germanic languages?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1251_06b52905bde59492048929d1073ea985
Which countries with an iso of 3166-1 alpha-3 of CH speak germanic languages?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1251_d758ce1307c52d650955c697a07792f0
What is the name of the country with the German Democratic Republic where germanic languages are spoken?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1251_dd9813281934463d55e5452175212740
What country that speaks Germanic languages has an army less than 39200?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1251_dfb6c97ac9bf2f0ac07f27dd80f9edc2
Also the location of the airport that serves Nijmegen, which countries speak Germanic languages?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1260_5dd0eeca79ae03b7711252c032849eb2
Rise is the mascot for the team which won the Super Bowl in what year?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1260_6b1c0c0fb24a34937f450fdc16a3387b
In what year did the sports team whose fight song is "Seven Nation Army" win the Super Bowl?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1260_8c90d5499a627a3478313407b1404ecf
In what year did the 2001 AFC Championship Game winners win the Super Bowl?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1260_a65373d6ffaa966c347087864c895897
What is the year that the team whose's arena is the M&T Bank Stadium won the Superbowl?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1260_d95da5fb8a16d81fe56cd4ce00843254
When did the sports team whose fight song is "The Baltimore Fight Song" win the Super Bowl?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1289_27f6987805010183edbeba6b91a3cafd
What type of music featured on the album Epica was composed by Mozart?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1301_24c13551b792ceb6ce65520d29b87c61
What fun place in Sacramento, CA should I visit that's a structure that opened in 1986?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1301_5714a7a5f1feec1348045800b0c0c28c
Which amusement park in Sacramento California, was first opened in 1986?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1320_7184f912d2d2be62d80145479b29c642
What's the home field for the sports team owned by Mark Attanasio?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1348_3f44e0c4fd23a8334a972ebb812e0e35
What Minneapolis sports team had Peyton Manning's father on their roster?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1348_995227fc5dda25d790a913ba7ce06ae5
For what sports team founded prior to 1967 did Peyton Manning's father play?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1348_d50300a04640da2d3013e859ecdc9257
Which team did Peyton Manning 's father play for, where the sports team owner is Rita Benson LeBlanc?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1379_8b1ff0551fb22f1d4e54d33d3656b8e8
What was Franz Liszt's earliest job that led to leading a religious organization?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1379_b4c9a0bc787eec842ac8af4c5f68bb36
What professions were held by the writer of "Hungarian Rhapsody no. 7 in D minor, S. 244 no. 7?"?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1384_1beae13077eb05db9b853a9c74e3aec8
What is the primary religion of the nation which brews Goldstar beer?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1384_744a496b907e407b16bc5d7c197dc3f0
What is the predominant religion where the leader is Ovadia Yosef?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1513_020f93c678f201a55199a0c40d829467
What Pacific Time Zone location is in downtown Sacramento?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1513_e367034b3791913e53838cc9c20880df
What zoo opened on June 2, 1927 is something to do in Downtown Sacramento?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1513_fd1f7b01422ed781a7688691219784f8
Which amusement park, with its Dragon's Den ride, is in downtown Sacramento?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_4d68dbe4294e979290940881e3008e0d
What movie was Logan Lerman in that was decorated by Barry Greaves?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_70875f6ef2e81e80a7e94c9eff4337b8
What Greek Mythology movie does Logan Lerman play in?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_836cde2e6cac496e51007560e3bba8d2
What film was directed by Georgianne Walken and had Logan Lerman as an actor in it?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_911cff6e81e18c2e78cb5a8423082bfa
What Logan Lerman movie was produced by TSG Entertainment?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_e4576358163b568a25b6d3037836e483
What film that was released on 27 June 2000 featured Logan Lerman?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_f8024d5f486967b395064aa07aa52d6e
In which movie did Logan Lerman act in, that was written by Andrew Davies?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1528_f90ae5b46a74424dd0306102c95cb847
What Logan Lerman movie was produced by John Lesher?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1560_540272628a3440c1e3ee0d073a890920
Who is the person that wrote a Vocabulary of Seneca and founded New York University?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1560_597bd7b2c629237d470d67390eba7edb
Who founded the New York University, and was buried in Philadelphia?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1560_9c92108cab15de86fd747fe1982c5294
Who founded the branch organization that was originally a project of the Margaret Sanger Papers?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1560_a720c55d8c1ac8b92202531c043f6cdd
Who retired from their government position after 03/03/1801 and founded New York University?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1560_e2ff014eae4ff8dbe3cacbb3e4b0002c
Who are the founders of the educational institution where the sports team NYU Violets Men's Basketball plays?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1603_621f18c73958916ec425126166181b67
Which sacred text of Daoism was written by Laozi?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1603_b4ae7897b99465887b3e5c37c392fce6
What is the sacred text of the region that worships at Zhi Nan Temple?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1603_e92665e57d1cb0110944dbefb39b4684
The "Jade Emperor" deity is found in what sacred text(s)?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1686_181825fe7646c43aa5701064e8bc73d2
Who is the Arizona Governor in 2009 who held her position since 1-26-2009?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1686_2e08825361a88f308bfd8faea2e225f0
Who was the governor of Arizona in 2009, that held their government position until 1998?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1686_5b0246d0bc7172511480c78134ab2e39
Who is the governor of the place that Bruce Babbitt held the governmental position in 2009?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1686_9bab9238e63a7d7a46ee57bd87baca72
Who was 2009 governor of Arizona and had title of Secretary of State of Arizona previously?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1686_b30993b3354e5b4bb3ded1e07150aef8
What 2009 governor of Arizona is also a member of the Democratic Party?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1705_701858265dc8d32eee3d5fadd974a9f1
Whence was the composer of "Lucid Dreams"?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1742_4449720a6e25f3093a8065ae980f0221
What type of government is shared by Japan and the Kingdom of Prussia?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_2cbb2cad29c6e861c886d3c4a8eb3ce9
What movies was Kim Richards in that were released after 1978?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_4ae1a0927e13f623451a04265c29dc4e
What movie with a prequel called "Beyond Witch Mountain" did Kim Richards star in?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_6e1e55b0316051b2aec513f70a70b4e2
Which film written by Alexander Key featured Kim Richards?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_87df014c2b1d5440ea39f0d94fe211cb
Which movie has a character named Margie and featured Kim Richards as an Actor?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_8e46718c3fc1361ff1c02b62a853b402
What Universal Studios movie starred Kim Richards?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_9ed6de7767498faf51fe594246b6652a
In what film starring Kim Richards were costumes designed by Paul Simmons?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_afeade6c28913208addc4d0685fadb3b
Of the films in which Kim Richards acted, which was released latest?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1785_c98260470806382c10fedc92d19e1e41
What film starring Kim Richards that was directed by Robert Clatworthy?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1797_194b220adab0abb76bdf49354cfdf3ff
Who held the position through 1870-11-22 and fought in the Battle of Vicksburg?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1797_5c79a2f70b136c7c704ea2a8b07bc58a
Which unit was a combatant in the Battle of Vicksburg and used Southern States Confederate Currency as its unit of currency?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1797_7d457e78902b86bcb3c3613a3d2321b6
Who served in the 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment that also fought in the battle of Vicksburg?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1797_dece4ddacc57788e31bf70edc99f1f37
What Government position holder fought in the battle of Vicksburg?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1807_0a58f5c10a1664797b73a9ca424fea7f
What was the first team for which the actor featured in the film "NHL Greatest Moments" played?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1812_179b358fd4db2b454708a6448ec682de
In what Parish was the artist who recorded "If I Never See Your Face Again" (remix edit) raised?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1817_73f3f759a68b25aad848712c51cb45fb
Of the universities where JRR Tolkein is an alumni, which one has the earliest founding date?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1817_9e8c595975df45d106fa8ae7a2cb8e1d
Where did the author, who published, Unfinished Tales, attended school?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1817_c43978f724729b1d78cc37a6efc1c468
Where did J.R.R. Tolkien go to school that has headquarters in Citytown, Birmingham?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1817_e8393a7bc14f9c91e0813aacbc6d7c05
What educational institution with the Cherwell newspaper did JRR Tolkien go to?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1840_c00f449746ccac175d49bbcd8f9c7757
What languages are spoken where Saami, Lule Language is spoken?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1840_c2869e3c84a9bc28305e04b5f0703f3f
What do they speak in the place where the Norwegian Forest cat breed originated in?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-185_08c0146e6ee5281e52c72f9bb9199474
What type of judicial system is used in the place where the Ayrault Goverment can be found?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-185_6c19bc1fe78f2c0015bfd29e5c12767c
In the area where the First Valls Government legislative session was held, what is the government type?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1875_a7e655ba2343c8713f26f616c09aa12f
WHat type of government is run in the nation that includes the second level division Monte Alto, São Paulo?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1875_b0412b83228508271932b11e338e48c6
What type of political system does the government that held the 54th Brazilian National Congress have?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-191_08ecfcbddc629f13c14ff545f0d1887c
Which college publishes the Sycamore review hournal and includes football player Drew Brees as an alumni?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1923_145c7924fc7273c7fffdc9db50d14e9f
What movie starring Miley Cyrus that was written by Nicholas Sparks?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1923_29c81279ed9a982e12f82e764083db76
What television series did Miley Cyrus been in with 0 season?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1923_2d077323191d349225d8f3719925c777
The person who attended Heritage Elementary School has been in what movies?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1923_3c03b909720b25c49766ef76b682c08c
What movies with cinematography by Kieran McGuigan starred has Miley Cyrus?
test
CWQ_test_WebQTest-1923_3dac7aa955af6ee2ede38f6d42711a00
What movie directed by Quentin Jones has starred Miley Cyrus?
test

Dataset Card for "break_data"

Dataset Summary

Break is a human annotated dataset of natural language questions and their Question Decomposition Meaning Representations (QDMRs). Break consists of 83,978 examples sampled from 10 question answering datasets over text, images and databases. This repository contains the Break dataset along with information on the exact data format.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

More Information Needed

Languages

More Information Needed

Dataset Structure

We show detailed information for up to 5 configurations of the dataset.

Data Instances

QDMR

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 15.23 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 15.19 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 30.42 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

{
    "decomposition": "return flights ;return #1 from  denver ;return #2 to philadelphia ;return #3 if  available",
    "operators": "['select', 'filter', 'filter', 'filter']",
    "question_id": "ATIS_dev_0",
    "question_text": "what flights are available tomorrow from denver to philadelphia ",
    "split": "dev"
}

QDMR-high-level

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 15.23 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 6.24 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 21.47 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

{
    "decomposition": "return ground transportation ;return #1 which  is  available ;return #2 from  the pittsburgh airport ;return #3 to downtown ;return the cost of #4",
    "operators": "['select', 'filter', 'filter', 'filter', 'project']",
    "question_id": "ATIS_dev_102",
    "question_text": "what ground transportation is available from the pittsburgh airport to downtown and how much does it cost ",
    "split": "dev"
}

QDMR-high-level-lexicon

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 15.23 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 30.17 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 45.40 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
    "allowed_tokens": "\"['higher than', 'same as', 'what ', 'and ', 'than ', 'at most', 'he', 'distinct', 'House', 'two', 'at least', 'or ', 'date', 'o...",
    "source": "What office, also held by a member of the Maine House of Representatives, did James K. Polk hold before he was president?"
}

QDMR-lexicon

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 15.23 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 73.61 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 88.84 MB

An example of 'validation' looks as follows.

This example was too long and was cropped:

{
    "allowed_tokens": "\"['higher than', 'same as', 'what ', 'and ', 'than ', 'at most', 'distinct', 'two', 'at least', 'or ', 'date', 'on ', '@@14@@', ...",
    "source": "what flights are available tomorrow from denver to philadelphia "
}

logical-forms

  • Size of downloaded dataset files: 15.23 MB
  • Size of the generated dataset: 23.13 MB
  • Total amount of disk used: 38.36 MB

An example of 'train' looks as follows.

{
    "decomposition": "return ground transportation ;return #1 which  is  available ;return #2 from  the pittsburgh airport ;return #3 to downtown ;return the cost of #4",
    "operators": "['select', 'filter', 'filter', 'filter', 'project']",
    "program": "some program",
    "question_id": "ATIS_dev_102",
    "question_text": "what ground transportation is available from the pittsburgh airport to downtown and how much does it cost ",
    "split": "dev"
}

Data Fields

The data fields are the same among all splits.

QDMR

  • question_id: a string feature.
  • question_text: a string feature.
  • decomposition: a string feature.
  • operators: a string feature.
  • split: a string feature.

QDMR-high-level

  • question_id: a string feature.
  • question_text: a string feature.
  • decomposition: a string feature.
  • operators: a string feature.
  • split: a string feature.

QDMR-high-level-lexicon

  • source: a string feature.
  • allowed_tokens: a string feature.

QDMR-lexicon

  • source: a string feature.
  • allowed_tokens: a string feature.

logical-forms

  • question_id: a string feature.
  • question_text: a string feature.
  • decomposition: a string feature.
  • operators: a string feature.
  • split: a string feature.
  • program: a string feature.

Data Splits

name train validation test
QDMR 44321 7760 8069
QDMR-high-level 17503 3130 3195
QDMR-high-level-lexicon 17503 3130 3195
QDMR-lexicon 44321 7760 8069
logical-forms 44098 7719 8006

Dataset Creation

Curation Rationale

More Information Needed

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

More Information Needed

Who are the source language producers?

More Information Needed

Annotations

Annotation process

More Information Needed

Who are the annotators?

More Information Needed

Personal and Sensitive Information

More Information Needed

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

More Information Needed

Discussion of Biases

More Information Needed

Other Known Limitations

More Information Needed

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

More Information Needed

Licensing Information

More Information Needed

Citation Information

@article{Wolfson2020Break,
  title={Break It Down: A Question Understanding Benchmark},
  author={Wolfson, Tomer and Geva, Mor and Gupta, Ankit and Gardner, Matt and Goldberg, Yoav and Deutch, Daniel and Berant, Jonathan},
  journal={Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics},
  year={2020},
}

Contributions

Thanks to @patrickvonplaten, @lewtun, @thomwolf for adding this dataset.

Models trained or fine-tuned on break_data