Datasets:
ami

Task Categories: speech-processing
Languages: en
Multilinguality: monolingual
Size Categories: 100K<n<1M
Licenses: cc-by-4.0
Annotations Creators: expert-generated
Source Datasets: original
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Dataset Card for AMI Corpus

Dataset Summary

The AMI Meeting Corpus consists of 100 hours of meeting recordings. The recordings use a range of signals synchronized to a common timeline. These include close-talking and far-field microphones, individual and room-view video cameras, and output from a slide projector and an electronic whiteboard. During the meetings, the participants also have unsynchronized pens available to them that record what is written. The meetings were recorded in English using three different rooms with different acoustic properties, and include mostly non-native speakers.

Dataset Preprocessing

Individual samples of the AMI dataset contain very large audio files (between 10 and 60 minutes). Such lengths are unfeasible for most speech recognition models. In the following, we show how the dataset can effectively be chunked into multiple segments as defined by the dataset creators.

The following function cuts the long audio files into the defined segment lengths:

import librosa
import math
from datasets import load_dataset

SAMPLE_RATE = 16_000

def chunk_audio(batch):
    new_batch = {
        "audio": [],
        "words": [],
        "speaker": [],
        "lengths": [],
        "word_start_times": [],
        "segment_start_times": [],
    }

    audio, _ = librosa.load(batch["file"][0], sr=SAMPLE_RATE)

    word_idx = 0
    num_words = len(batch["words"][0])
    for segment_idx in range(len(batch["segment_start_times"][0])):
        words = []
        word_start_times = []
        start_time = batch["segment_start_times"][0][segment_idx]
        end_time = batch["segment_end_times"][0][segment_idx]

        # go back and forth with word_idx since segments overlap with each other
        while (word_idx > 1) and (start_time < batch["word_end_times"][0][word_idx - 1]):
            word_idx -= 1

        while word_idx < num_words and (start_time > batch["word_start_times"][0][word_idx]):
            word_idx += 1

        new_batch["audio"].append(audio[int(start_time * SAMPLE_RATE): int(end_time * SAMPLE_RATE)])

        while word_idx < num_words and batch["word_start_times"][0][word_idx] < end_time:
            words.append(batch["words"][0][word_idx])
            word_start_times.append(batch["word_start_times"][0][word_idx])
            word_idx += 1

        new_batch["lengths"].append(end_time - start_time)
        new_batch["words"].append(words)
        new_batch["speaker"].append(batch["segment_speakers"][0][segment_idx])
        new_batch["word_start_times"].append(word_start_times)

        new_batch["segment_start_times"].append(batch["segment_start_times"][0][segment_idx])

    return new_batch
    
ami = load_dataset("ami", "headset-single")
ami = ami.map(chunk_audio, batched=True, batch_size=1, remove_columns=ami["train"].column_names)

The segmented audio files can still be as long as a minute. To further chunk the data into shorter audio chunks, you can use the following script.

MAX_LENGTH_IN_SECONDS = 20.0

def chunk_into_max_n_seconds(batch):
    new_batch = {
        "audio": [],
        "text": [],
    }

    sample_length = batch["lengths"][0]
    segment_start = batch["segment_start_times"][0]

    if sample_length > MAX_LENGTH_IN_SECONDS:
        num_chunks_per_sample = math.ceil(sample_length / MAX_LENGTH_IN_SECONDS)
        avg_chunk_length = sample_length / num_chunks_per_sample
        num_words = len(batch["words"][0])

        # start chunking by times
        start_word_idx = end_word_idx = 0
        chunk_start_time = 0
        for n in range(num_chunks_per_sample):
            while (end_word_idx < num_words - 1) and (batch["word_start_times"][0][end_word_idx] < segment_start + (n + 1) * avg_chunk_length):
                end_word_idx += 1

            chunk_end_time = int((batch["word_start_times"][0][end_word_idx] - segment_start) * SAMPLE_RATE)
            new_batch["audio"].append(batch["audio"][0][chunk_start_time: chunk_end_time])
            new_batch["text"].append(" ".join(batch["words"][0][start_word_idx: end_word_idx]))

            chunk_start_time = chunk_end_time
            start_word_idx = end_word_idx
    else:
        new_batch["audio"].append(batch["audio"][0])
        new_batch["text"].append(" ".join(batch["words"][0]))

    return new_batch
    
ami = ami.map(chunk_into_max_n_seconds, batched=True, batch_size=1, remove_columns=ami["train"].column_names, num_proc=64)

A segmented and chunked dataset of the config "headset-single"can be found here.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

  • automatic-speech-recognition: The dataset can be used to train a model for Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR). The model is presented with an audio file and asked to transcribe the audio file to written text. The most common evaluation metric is the word error rate (WER). The task does not have an active leaderboard at the moment.

  • speaker-diarization: The dataset can be used to train model for Speaker Diarization (SD). The model is presented with an audio file and asked to predict which speaker spoke at what time.

Languages

The audio is in English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

A typical data point comprises the path to the audio file (or files in the case of the multi-headset or multi-microphone dataset), called file and its transcription as a list of words, called words. Additional information about the speakers, the word_start_time, word_end_time, segment_start_time, segment_end_time is given. In addition

and its transcription, called text. Some additional information about the speaker and the passage which contains the transcription is provided.

{'word_ids': ["ES2004a.D.words1", "ES2004a.D.words2", ...],
 'word_start_times': [0.3700000047683716, 0.949999988079071, ...],
 'word_end_times': [0.949999988079071, 1.5299999713897705, ...],
 'word_speakers': ['A', 'A', ...], 
 'segment_ids': ["ES2004a.sync.1", "ES2004a.sync.2", ...]
 'segment_start_times': [10.944000244140625, 17.618999481201172, ...],
 'segment_end_times': [17.618999481201172, 18.722000122070312, ...],
 'segment_speakers': ['A', 'B', ...], 
 'words', ["hmm", "hmm", ...]
 'channels': [0, 0, ..], 
 'file': "/.cache/huggingface/datasets/downloads/af7e748544004557b35eef8b0522d4fb2c71e004b82ba8b7343913a15def465f"
 'audio': {'path': "/.cache/huggingface/datasets/downloads/af7e748544004557b35eef8b0522d4fb2c71e004b82ba8b7343913a15def465f",
             'array': array([-0.00048828, -0.00018311, -0.00137329, ...,  0.00079346, 0.00091553,  0.00085449], dtype=float32),
             'sampling_rate': 16000},
}

Data Fields

  • word_ids: a list of the ids of the words

  • word_start_times: a list of the start times of when the words were spoken in seconds

  • word_end_times: a list of the end times of when the words were spoken in seconds

  • word_speakers: a list of speakers one for each word

  • segment_ids: a list of the ids of the segments

  • segment_start_times: a list of the start times of when the segments start

  • segment_end_times: a list of the start times of when the segments ends

  • segment_speakers: a list of speakers one for each segment

  • words: a list of all the spoken words

  • channels: a list of all channels that were used for each word

  • file: a path to the audio file

  • audio: A dictionary containing the path to the downloaded audio file, the decoded audio array, and the sampling rate. Note that when accessing the audio column: dataset[0]["audio"] the audio file is automatically decoded and resampled to dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate. Decoding and resampling of a large number of audio files might take a significant amount of time. Thus it is important to first query the sample index before the "audio" column, i.e. dataset[0]["audio"] should always be preferred over dataset["audio"][0].

Data Splits

The dataset consists of several configurations, each one having train/validation/test splits:

  • headset-single: Close talking audio of single headset. This configuration only includes audio belonging to the headset of the person currently speaking.

  • headset-multi (4 channels): Close talking audio of four individual headset. This configuration includes audio belonging to four individual headsets. For each annotation there are 4 audio files 0, 1, 2, 3.

  • microphone-single: Far field audio of single microphone. This configuration only includes audio belonging the first microphone, i.e. 1-1, of the microphone array.

  • microphone-multi (8 channels): Far field audio of microphone array. This configuration includes audio of the first microphone array 1-1, 1-2, ..., 1-8.

In general, headset-single and headset-multi include significantly less noise than microphone-single and microphone-multi.

Train Valid Test
headset-single 136 (80h) 18 (9h) 16 (9h)
headset-multi (4 channels) 136 (320h) 18 (36h) 16 (36h)
microphone-single 136 (80h) 18 (9h) 16 (9h)
microphone-multi (8 channels) 136 (640h) 18 (72h) 16 (72h)

Note that each sample contains between 10 and 60 minutes of audio data which makes it impractical for direct transcription. One should make use of the segment and word start times and end times to chunk the samples into smaller samples of manageable size.

Dataset Creation

All information about the dataset creation can be found here

Curation Rationale

[Needs More Information]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

[Needs More Information]

Who are the source language producers?

[Needs More Information]

Annotations

Annotation process

[Needs More Information]

Who are the annotators?

[Needs More Information]

Personal and Sensitive Information

[Needs More Information]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

[More Information Needed]

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

[Needs More Information]

Additional Information

Dataset Curators

[Needs More Information]

Licensing Information

CC BY 4.0

Citation Information

TODO

Contributions

Thanks to @cahya-wirawan and @patrickvonplaten for adding this dataset.

TODO

Models trained or fine-tuned on ami