transformers documentation

Wav2Vec2Phoneme

Wav2Vec2Phoneme

Overview

The Wav2Vec2Phoneme model was proposed in Simple and Effective Zero-shot Cross-lingual Phoneme Recognition (Xu et al., 2021 by Qiantong Xu, Alexei Baevski, Michael Auli.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

Recent progress in self-training, self-supervised pretraining and unsupervised learning enabled well performing speech recognition systems without any labeled data. However, in many cases there is labeled data available for related languages which is not utilized by these methods. This paper extends previous work on zero-shot cross-lingual transfer learning by fine-tuning a multilingually pretrained wav2vec 2.0 model to transcribe unseen languages. This is done by mapping phonemes of the training languages to the target language using articulatory features. Experiments show that this simple method significantly outperforms prior work which introduced task-specific architectures and used only part of a monolingually pretrained model.

Tips:

  • Wav2Vec2Phoneme uses the exact same architecture as Wav2Vec2
  • Wav2Vec2Phoneme is a speech model that accepts a float array corresponding to the raw waveform of the speech signal.
  • Wav2Vec2Phoneme model was trained using connectionist temporal classification (CTC) so the model output has to be decoded using Wav2Vec2PhonemeCTCTokenizer.
  • Wav2Vec2Phoneme can be fine-tuned on multiple language at once and decode unseen languages in a single forward pass to a sequence of phonemes
  • By default the model outputs a sequence of phonemes. In order to transform the phonemes to a sequence of words one should make use of a dictionary and language model.

Relevant checkpoints can be found under https://huggingface.co/models?other=phoneme-recognition.

This model was contributed by patrickvonplaten

The original code can be found here.

Wav2Vec2Phoneme’s architecture is based on the Wav2Vec2 model, so one can refer to Wav2Vec2’s documentation page except for the tokenizer.

Wav2Vec2PhonemeCTCTokenizer

class transformers.Wav2Vec2PhonemeCTCTokenizer < >

( vocab_file bos_token = '<s>' eos_token = '</s>' unk_token = '<unk>' pad_token = '<pad>' phone_delimiter_token = ' ' word_delimiter_token = None do_phonemize = True phonemizer_lang = 'en-us' phonemizer_backend = 'espeak' **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str) — File containing the vocabulary.
  • bos_token (str, optional, defaults to "<s>") — The beginning of sentence token.
  • eos_token (str, optional, defaults to "</s>") — The end of sentence token.
  • unk_token (str, optional, defaults to "<unk>") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • pad_token (str, optional, defaults to "<pad>") — The token used for padding, for example when batching sequences of different lengths.
  • do_phonemize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether the tokenizer should phonetize the input or not. Only if a sequence of phonemes is passed to the tokenizer, do_phonemize should be set to False.
  • phonemizer_lang (str, optional, defaults to "en-us") — The language of the phoneme set to which the tokenizer should phonetize the input text to.
  • phonemizer_backend (str, optional. defaults to "espeak") — The backend phonetization library that shall be used by the phonemizer library. Defaults to espeak-ng. See the phonemizer package. for more information.

    **kwargs — Additional keyword arguments passed along to PreTrainedTokenizer

Constructs a Wav2Vec2PhonemeCTC tokenizer.

This tokenizer inherits from PreTrainedTokenizer which contains some of the main methods. Users should refer to the superclass for more information regarding such methods.

__call__ < >

( text: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str], typing.List[typing.List[str]]] text_pair: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str], typing.List[typing.List[str]], NoneType] = None add_special_tokens: bool = True padding: typing.Union[bool, str, transformers.file_utils.PaddingStrategy] = False truncation: typing.Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False max_length: typing.Optional[int] = None stride: int = 0 is_split_into_words: bool = False pad_to_multiple_of: typing.Optional[int] = None return_tensors: typing.Union[str, transformers.file_utils.TensorType, NoneType] = None return_token_type_ids: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_attention_mask: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False return_offsets_mapping: bool = False return_length: bool = False verbose: bool = True **kwargs ) BatchEncoding

Parameters

  • text (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) — The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).
  • text_pair (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) — The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).
  • add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.
  • padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) — Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

    • True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).
    • 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.
    • False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).
  • truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) — Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

    • True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).
  • max_length (int, optional) — Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

    If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

  • stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) — If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.
  • is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words). If set to True, the tokenizer assumes the input is already split into words (for instance, by splitting it on whitespace) which it will tokenize. This is useful for NER or token classification.
  • pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) — If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).
  • return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) — If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

    • 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.
    • 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.
    • 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.
  • return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) — Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

    What are token type IDs?

  • return_attention_mask (bool, optional) — Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

    What are attention masks?

  • return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences. If a pair of sequences of input ids (or a batch of pairs) is provided with truncation_strategy = longest_first or True, an error is raised instead of returning overflowing tokens.
  • return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return special tokens mask information.
  • return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

    This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

  • return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.
  • verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to print more information and warnings. **kwargs — passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

BatchEncoding

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

  • input_ids — List of token ids to be fed to a model.

    What are input IDs?

  • token_type_ids — List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

    What are token type IDs?

  • attention_mask — List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

    What are attention masks?

  • overflowing_tokens — List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

  • num_truncated_tokens — Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

  • special_tokens_mask — List of 0s and 1s, with 1 specifying added special tokens and 0 specifying regular sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

  • length — The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Main method to tokenize and prepare for the model one or several sequence(s) or one or several pair(s) of sequences.

batch_decode < >

( sequences: typing.Union[typing.List[int], typing.List[typing.List[int]], ForwardRef('np.ndarray'), ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), ForwardRef('tf.Tensor')] skip_special_tokens: bool = False clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True **kwargs ) List[str]

Parameters

  • sequences (Union[List[int], List[List[int]], np.ndarray, torch.Tensor, tf.Tensor]) — List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.
  • skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.
  • kwargs (additional keyword arguments, optional) — Will be passed to the underlying model specific decode method.

Returns

List[str]

The list of decoded sentences.

Convert a list of lists of token ids into a list of strings by calling decode.

decode < >

( token_ids: typing.Union[int, typing.List[int], ForwardRef('np.ndarray'), ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), ForwardRef('tf.Tensor')] skip_special_tokens: bool = False clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True **kwargs ) str

Parameters

  • token_ids (Union[int, List[int], np.ndarray, torch.Tensor, tf.Tensor]) — List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.
  • skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.
  • kwargs (additional keyword arguments, optional) — Will be passed to the underlying model specific decode method.

Returns

str

The decoded sentence.

Converts a sequence of ids in a string, using the tokenizer and vocabulary with options to remove special tokens and clean up tokenization spaces.

Similar to doing self.convert_tokens_to_string(self.convert_ids_to_tokens(token_ids)).