covid_qa_castorini / README.md
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metadata
annotations_creators:
  - expert-generated
language_creators:
  - found
language:
  - en
license:
  - apache-2.0
multilinguality:
  - monolingual
size_categories:
  - 1K<n<10K
source_datasets:
  - original
task_categories:
  - question-answering
task_ids:
  - open-domain-qa
  - extractive-qa
paperswithcode_id: covidqa
pretty_name: CovidQaCastorini
dataset_info:
  - config_name: covid_qa_deepset
    features:
      - name: document_id
        dtype: int32
      - name: context
        dtype: string
      - name: question
        dtype: string
      - name: is_impossible
        dtype: bool
      - name: id
        dtype: int32
      - name: answers
        sequence:
          - name: text
            dtype: string
          - name: answer_start
            dtype: int32
    splits:
      - name: train
        num_bytes: 65151262
        num_examples: 2019
    download_size: 4418117
    dataset_size: 65151262
  - config_name: covidqa
    features:
      - name: category_name
        dtype: string
      - name: question_query
        dtype: string
      - name: keyword_query
        dtype: string
      - name: answers
        sequence:
          - name: id
            dtype: string
          - name: title
            dtype: string
          - name: exact_answer
            dtype: string
    splits:
      - name: train
        num_bytes: 33757
        num_examples: 27
    download_size: 51438
    dataset_size: 33757
  - config_name: covid_qa_castorini
    features:
      - name: category_name
        dtype: string
      - name: question_query
        dtype: string
      - name: keyword_query
        dtype: string
      - name: answers
        sequence:
          - name: id
            dtype: string
          - name: title
            dtype: string
          - name: exact_answer
            dtype: string
    splits:
      - name: train
        num_bytes: 33757
        num_examples: 27
    download_size: 51438
    dataset_size: 33757

Dataset Card for [covid_qa_castorini]

Table of Contents

Dataset Description

Dataset Summary

CovidQA is a question answering dataset specifically designed for COVID-19, built by hand from knowledge gathered from Kaggle’s COVID-19 Open Research Dataset Challenge. The dataset comprises 156 question-article pairs with 27 questions (topics) and 85 unique articles.

Supported Tasks and Leaderboards

[More Information Needed]

Languages

The text in the dataset is in English.

Dataset Structure

Data Instances

What do the instances that comprise the dataset represent? Each represents a question, a context (document passage from the CORD19 dataset) and an answer.

How many instances are there in total?

What data does each instance consist of? Each instance is a query (natural language question and keyword-based), a set of answers, and a document id with its title associated with each answer.

[More Information Needed]

Data Fields

The data was annotated in SQuAD style fashion, where each row contains:

  • question_query: Natural language question query
  • keyword_query: Keyword-based query
  • category_name: Category in which the queries are part of
  • answers: List of answers
    • id: The document ID the answer is found on
    • title: Title of the document of the answer
    • exact_answer: Text (string) of the exact answer

Data Splits

data/kaggle-lit-review-0.2.json: 156 question-article pairs with 27 questions (topics) and 85 unique articles from CORD-19.

[More Information Needed]

Dataset Creation

The dataset aims to help for guiding research until more substantial evaluation resources become available. Being a smaller dataset, it can be helpful for evaluating the zero-shot or transfer capabilities of existing models on topics specifically related to COVID-19.

Curation Rationale

[More Information Needed]

Source Data

Initial Data Collection and Normalization

Who are the source language producers?

[More Information Needed]

Annotations

Five of the co-authors participated in this annotation effort, applying the aforementioned approach, with one lead annotator responsible for approving topics and answering technical questions from the other annotators. Two annotators are undergraduate students majoring in computer science, one is a science alumna, another is a computer science professor, and the lead annotator is a graduate student in computer science—all affiliated with the University of Waterloo.

Annotation process

Who are the annotators?

Personal and Sensitive Information

[More Information Needed]

Considerations for Using the Data

Social Impact of Dataset

The dataset was intended as a stopgap measure for guiding research until more substantial evaluation resources become available.

Discussion of Biases

[More Information Needed]

Other Known Limitations

While this dataset, comprising 124 question–article pairs as of the present version 0.1 release, does not have sufficient examples for supervised machine learning, it can be helpful for evaluating the zero-shot or transfer capabilities of existing models on topics specifically related to COVID-19.

Additional Information

The listed authors in the homepage are maintaining/supporting the dataset.

Dataset Curators

[More Information Needed]

Licensing Information

The dataset is licensed under the Apache License 2.0.

Citation Information

@article{tang2020rapidly,
  title={Rapidly Bootstrapping a Question Answering Dataset for COVID-19},
  author={Tang, Raphael and Nogueira, Rodrigo and Zhang, Edwin and Gupta, Nikhil and Cam, Phuong and Cho, Kyunghyun and Lin, Jimmy},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.11339},
  year={2020}
}

Contributions

Thanks to @olinguyen for adding this dataset.