# TalTechNLP /voxlingua107-epaca-tdnn

5.85 kB
 --- language: multilingual thumbnail: tags: - audio-classification - speechbrain - embeddings - Language - Identification - pytorch - ECAPA-TDNN - TDNN - VoxLingua107 license: "apache-2.0" datasets: - VoxLingua107 metrics: - Accuracy widget: - example_title: English Sample src: https://cdn-media.huggingface.co/speech_samples/LibriSpeech_61-70968-0000.flac --- # VoxLingua107 ECAPA-TDNN Spoken Language Identification Model ## Model description This is a spoken language recognition model trained on the VoxLingua107 dataset using SpeechBrain. The model uses the ECAPA-TDNN architecture that has previously been used for speaker recognition. The model can classify a speech utterance according to the language spoken. It covers 107 different languages ( Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Bengali, Tibetan, Breton, Bosnian, Catalan, Cebuano, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Manx, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hindi, Croatian, Haitian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Hebrew, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Central Khmer, Kannada, Korean, Latin, Luxembourgish, Lingala, Lao, Lithuanian, Latvian, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian Nynorsk, Norwegian, Occitan, Panjabi, Polish, Pushto, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sanskrit, Scots, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Turkmen, Tagalog, Turkish, Tatar, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Waray, Yiddish, Yoruba, Mandarin Chinese). ## Intended uses & limitations The model has two uses: - use 'as is' for spoken language recognition - use as an utterance-level feature (embedding) extractor, for creating a dedicated language ID model on your own data The model is trained on automatically collected YouTube data. For more information about the dataset, see [here](http://bark.phon.ioc.ee/voxlingua107/). #### How to use python import torchaudio from speechbrain.pretrained import EncoderClassifier language_id = EncoderClassifier.from_hparams(source="TalTechNLP/voxlingua107-epaca-tdnn", savedir="tmp") # Download Thai language sample from Omniglot and cvert to suitable form signal = language_id.load_audio("https://omniglot.com/soundfiles/udhr/udhr_th.mp3") prediction = language_id.classify_batch(signal) print(prediction) (tensor([[0.3210, 0.3751, 0.3680, 0.3939, 0.4026, 0.3644, 0.3689, 0.3597, 0.3508, 0.3666, 0.3895, 0.3978, 0.3848, 0.3957, 0.3949, 0.3586, 0.4360, 0.3997, 0.4106, 0.3886, 0.4177, 0.3870, 0.3764, 0.3763, 0.3672, 0.4000, 0.4256, 0.4091, 0.3563, 0.3695, 0.3320, 0.3838, 0.3850, 0.3867, 0.3878, 0.3944, 0.3924, 0.4063, 0.3803, 0.3830, 0.2996, 0.4187, 0.3976, 0.3651, 0.3950, 0.3744, 0.4295, 0.3807, 0.3613, 0.4710, 0.3530, 0.4156, 0.3651, 0.3777, 0.3813, 0.6063, 0.3708, 0.3886, 0.3766, 0.4023, 0.3785, 0.3612, 0.4193, 0.3720, 0.4406, 0.3243, 0.3866, 0.3866, 0.4104, 0.4294, 0.4175, 0.3364, 0.3595, 0.3443, 0.3565, 0.3776, 0.3985, 0.3778, 0.2382, 0.4115, 0.4017, 0.4070, 0.3266, 0.3648, 0.3888, 0.3907, 0.3755, 0.3631, 0.4460, 0.3464, 0.3898, 0.3661, 0.3883, 0.3772, 0.9289, 0.3687, 0.4298, 0.4211, 0.3838, 0.3521, 0.3515, 0.3465, 0.4772, 0.4043, 0.3844, 0.3973, 0.4343]]), tensor([0.9289]), tensor([94]), ['th']) # The scores in the prediction[0] tensor can be interpreted as cosine scores between # the languages and the given utterance (i.e., the larger the better) # The identified language ISO code is given in prediction[3] print(prediction[3]) ['th'] # Alternatively, use the utterance embedding extractor: emb = language_id.encode_batch(signal) print(emb.shape) torch.Size([1, 1, 256])  #### Limitations and bias Since the model is trained on VoxLingua107, it has many limitations and biases, some of which are: - Probably it's accuracy on smaller languages is quite limited - Probably it works worse on female speech than male speech (because YouTube data includes much more male speech) - Based on subjective experiments, it doesn't work well on speech with a foreign accent - Probably it doesn't work well on children's speech and on persons with speech disorders ## Training data The model is trained on [VoxLingua107](http://bark.phon.ioc.ee/voxlingua107/). VoxLingua107 is a speech dataset for training spoken language identification models. The dataset consists of short speech segments automatically extracted from YouTube videos and labeled according the language of the video title and description, with some post-processing steps to filter out false positives. VoxLingua107 contains data for 107 languages. The total amount of speech in the training set is 6628 hours. The average amount of data per language is 62 hours. However, the real amount per language varies a lot. There is also a seperate development set containing 1609 speech segments from 33 languages, validated by at least two volunteers to really contain the given language. ## Training procedure We used [SpeechBrain](https://github.com/speechbrain/speechbrain) to train the model. Training recipe will be published soon. ## Evaluation results Error rate: 7% on the development dataset ### BibTeX entry and citation info bibtex @inproceedings{valk2021slt, title={{VoxLingua107}: a Dataset for Spoken Language Recognition}, author={J{\"o}rgen Valk and Tanel Alum{\"a}e}, booktitle={Proc. IEEE SLT Workshop}, year={2021}, }