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20461750
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directors%20Guild%20of%20America%20Award%20for%20Outstanding%20Directing%20%E2%80%93%20Comedy%20Series
Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Comedy Series
The Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy Series is one of the annual Directors Guild of America Awards given by the Directors Guild of America. It was first presented at the 24th Directors Guild of America Awards in 1972. The current eligibility period is the calendar year. Winners and nominees 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s Programs with multiple awards 8 awards M*A*S*H (CBS) 3 awards All in the Family (CBS) Seinfeld (NBC) Veep (HBO) 2 awards Barry (HBO) Cheers (NBC) Curb Your Enthusiasm (HBO) Frasier (NBC) The Golden Girls (NBC) Modern Family (ABC) Murphy Brown (CBS) Sex and the City (HBO) Sports Night (ABC) Programs with multiple nominations 13 nominations Curb Your Enthusiasm (HBO) M*A*S*H (CBS) 10 nominations Cheers (NBC) Modern Family (ABC) Sex and the City (HBO) 9 nominations 30 Rock (NBC) Frasier (NBC) Seinfeld (NBC) 7 nominations Will & Grace (NBC) 6 nominations The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel (Amazon) 5 nominations All in the Family (CBS) Entourage (HBO) The Larry Sanders Show (HBO) Mary Tyler Moore (CBS) Murphy Brown (CBS) Silicon Valley (HBO) Ted Lasso (Apple TV+) Veep (HBO) 4 nominations Maude (CBS) 3 nominations Atlanta (FX) The Big Bang Theory (CBS) Desperate Housewives (ABC) Glee (Fox) The Golden Girls (NBC) Louie (FX) Mad About You (NBC) Taxi (ABC/NBC) 2 nominations Barney Miller (ABC) Barry (HBO) Malcolm in the Middle (Fox) Master of None (Netflix) Moonlighting (ABC) Soap (ABC) Sports Night (ABC) Transparent (Amazon) The Wonder Years (ABC) Individuals with multiple awards 4 awards James Burrows 3 awards Alan Alda (2 consecutive) 2 awards Andy Ackerman (consecutive) Hy Averback (consecutive) Paul Bogart (consecutive) Bill Hader (consecutive) Beth McCarthy-Miller Gene Reynolds (consecutive) Jay Sandrich (consecutive) Thomas Schlamme (consecutive) Tim Van Patten (consecutive) Individuals with multiple nominations 21 nominations James Burrows 8 nominations Jay Sandrich 6 nominations Todd Holland Beth McCarthy-Miller 4 nominations Alan Alda Andy Ackerman Pamela Fryman Mike Judge Noam Pitlik David Steinberg 3 nominations Paul Bogart Larry Charles Tom Cherones Louis C.K. Hal Cooper Michael Engler Julian Farino Bryan Gordon Barnet Kellman Michael Patrick King Gail Mancuso Amy Sherman-Palladino 2 nominations Hy Averback Paris Barclay Peter Bonerz Mark Cendrowski Allen Coulter Bryan Cranston MJ Delaney Charles S. Dubin Donald Glover Bill Hader Terry Hughes Gordon Hunt David Lee Burt Metcalfe Ryan Murphy David Nutter Daniel Palladino Gene Reynolds John Rich Arlene Sanford Don Scardino Jeff Schaffer Thomas Schlamme Jill Soloway Michael Spiller Tim Van Patten Robert B. Weide Total awards by network NBC – 16 CBS – 13 HBO – 10 ABC – 8 HBO Max – 2 Amazon Studios – 1 Fox – 1 References External links (official website) Directors Guild of America Awards
20461759
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/35th%20Parachute%20Artillery%20Regiment
35th Parachute Artillery Regiment
The 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment () is the only airborne artillery unit of the French Army forming the air artillery component of the 11th Parachute Brigade. It is based in Tarbes together with the air cavalry, the 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment. History The 35th Artillery Regiment () was created on 7 October 1873 in Vannes and counted 9 artillery batteries equipped with 75mm cannons. The regiment was first commanded by Colonel Ferdinand Foch from 1903 to 1905, later to be Généralissime and Supreme Allied Commander on the Western Front in the later part of the First World War. First World War (1914–1918) The regiment fought in World War I in a series of battles, receiving four citations at the orders of the armed forces. The regiment played an active role during the First Battle of the Marne. For the 35th Artillery Regiment, combat battles included corps-à-corps with artillerymen defending their equipment straight down to the bayonets and for which the regiment was cited at the orders of the armed forces. In 1915, the regiment took part in the Offensive of Champagne and was seen appropriated with a citation at the orders of the armed forces. On March 30, 1916, the 35th Artillery Regiment 35e R.A engaged in the Battle of Verdun for four weeks and then made way to the Battle of the Somme during the same year. In 1917, the regiment took part in numerous battles at Chemin des Dames including the Battle of La Malmaison on October 23, 1917. On March 31, 1918, the 35th Artillery Regiment 35e R.A. was found again mounting charges around artillery equipments down to the bayonets similarly to the early worst hours of 1914. For this occasion the regiment was awarded the Fourragere with colors of the Croix de guerre 1914–1918. Some of the worst hours for the regiment were endured on May 27, following which a reorganization took place 2 month later. Accordingly, the regiment participated to the final combats of the conflict. In September, the regiment supported the assault on Souin. In October, the regiment shouldered the offensive on Somme-Py. In 1919 and with five citations at the orders of the armed forces for acts of valor, the regiment received the privilege on February 17 to bear wearing the Fourragere with ribbon colors of the Médaille militaire. Second World War (1939–1945) During the Battle of France in 1940, two-thirds of the regiment was destroyed while covering the Dunkirk evacuation of Allied troops. The regiment was dissolved after the invasion of 1942. At the end of the conflict, the airborne artillery was reorganised on U.S. lines. The 20th Parachute Artillery Regiment 20e RAP]], was constituted from batteries of the 20th Artillery Regiment and 11th Artillery Regiment respectively. On November 1, 1946, the 20e RAP was dissolved and reorganised as two new regiments designated as the 5th Parachute Artillery Regiment and 6th Parachute Artillery Regiment 6e RAP. The three airborne artillery regiments included batteries equipped with different guns (wheeled cannon type 75mm, British 88mm, the U.S. cannon type 37mm anti-tank and the U.S. cannon type 75mmm) along with other anti-aircraft type equipments. The three Parachute Artillery Regiments were designated as Airborne Field Artillery Regiments ( (R.A.C.A.P.). On May 1, 1947, the 35th Parachute Light Artillery Regiment (35e Régiment d'Artillerie Légère Parachutiste) (35e R.A.L.P.) was created at Tarbes from the I/35e R.A. The new 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment quickly became unique. The parachute artillery regiments in North Africa were dissolved in 1948 and 1949. In 1951, the regiment was equipped with several U.S. equipment type 75 M1.A1, 75 S.R (no recoil) and the 105 HM2 series. Indochina War (1946–1954) The regiment fought in the First Indochina War at Dien Bien Phu within Operation Castor. Algerian War (1954–1962) The regiment fought during the Algerian War. With the end of the Algerian War, the regiment was repatriated to France and became part of the 11th Parachute Division. Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) The regiment partook in various peacekeeping missions in Lebanon on numerous yearly designated occasions, also and mainly within the ranks of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, present in ground operations since 1978. From 1983 to 1984, the regiment integrated the corps of the Multinational Force in Lebanon. Chad (1982–1990) The regiment made an unsuccessful fire of FIM-92 Stinger during a Libyan bombardment on 10 September 19873, and on 7 July 1988 shot down a C-130 Hercules transport plane of unknown nationality in Faya-Largeau. Gulf War (1990–1991) The regiment was engaged in the Gulf War in 1991 part of Opération Daguet. Foreign operations (1991–2001) The regiment has been present around the world in Djibouti, Lebanon, Tchad, Central Africa, Gabon, Ex-Yugoslavia, Kurdistan, while also having participated in various humanitarian missions, including, Rwanda part of Opération Turquoise. Twenty-first century The regiment has been spearheading air artillery in combat, combat support, peacekeeping and multipurpose missions throughout the globe, mainly on all exterior theatres of operations where the French Armed Forces are engaged. Structure 1 Command and Logistics Air Artillery Battery 1 Renseignement Air Artillery Battery 3 Ground-to-Ground Air Artillery Batteries 1 Gournd-to-Air Air Artillery Battery 1 Reserve Air Artillery Battery Traditions Except for the Legionnaires of the 1er REG, 2e REG, 2e REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret. The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29. The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938. Insignias Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed "winged armed dextrochere", meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents "the right Arm of Saint Michael", the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the "Armed Arm of God". This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. Regimental Colors Decorations The regimental colors are decorated with: Croix de guerre 1914–1918 with 4 palms cited at the orders of the armed forces. Cross for Military Valour with 1 palm: On May 21, 2012; the regiment was cited for intervention in Afghanistan within the corps of the International Security Assistance Force (I.S.A.F). The regiment wears the Fourragere with ribbon colors of the Médaille militaire. Honours Battle Honours Saint-Gond 1914 Champagne 1915 La Malmaison 1917 Noyon 1918 Somme-Py 1918 AFN 1952–1962 Regimental Commanders Gallery 35e R.A.P See also List of French paratrooper units 5th Airborne Artillery Campaign Regiment Jean de Lattre de Tassigny 1st Foreign Parachute Heavy Mortar Company References Parachute regiments of France Artillery regiments of France Airborne artillery regiments Military units and formations established in 1873 Military units and formations disestablished in 1942 Military units and formations established in 1947
20461765
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shogo%20Kobara
Shogo Kobara
is a former Japanese football player. Playing career Kobara was born in Yokohama on November 2, 1982. He joined the J1 League club Yokohama F. Marinos youth team in 2001. Although he played several matches as center back during the first season, he did not play much in the club that had Japan national team players Naoki Matsuda, Yasuhiro Hato, and Yuji Nakazawa. In 2004, he moved to the J2 League club Vegalta Sendai and played often. In 2005, he moved to the J2 club Montedio Yamagata. He became a regular player and played often as center back with Leonardo Henriques da Silva. However his opportunity to play decreased, as opposed to newcomer Hidenori Ishii, starting in 2008. Although the club was promoted to J1 in 2009, he did not become a regular player. In 2010, he moved to the J2 club Ehime FC and played as a regular player. In 2011, he moved to the J1 club Avispa Fukuoka. Although he played often, the club was relegated to J2 in 2012. In 2013, he moved to the J2 club Ehime FC again. He retired at the end of the 2013 season. Club statistics References External links 1982 births Living people Association football people from Kanagawa Prefecture Japanese footballers J1 League players J2 League players Yokohama F. Marinos players Vegalta Sendai players Montedio Yamagata players Ehime FC players Avispa Fukuoka players Association football defenders
20461780
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Meaning%20of%20Witchcraft
The Meaning of Witchcraft
The Meaning of Witchcraft is a non-fiction book written by Gerald Gardner. Gardner, known to many in the modern sense as the "Father of Wicca", based the book around his experiences with the religion of Wicca and the New Forest Coven. It was first published in 1959, only after the British Parliament repealed the Witchcraft Act of 1735, and proved to be Gardner's final book. The Wicca religion as expounded by Gardner was focused on a goddess, identified with the night sky and with wild nature, and a horned god who represented the fertilizing powers of the natural world. It was organized into covens, through which members were initiated through three ascending degrees of competence and authority and which were governed by a high priestess, supported by a high priest. More historical context to the pagan practice of Wicca can be found in the book Wicca: History, Belief, and Community in Modern Pagan Witchcraft That book discusses Wiccan life, covering how and why people convert to Wicca; its denominations; its sociological demographics; its political beliefs, particularly in terms of environmentalist issues; the impact of anti-Wiccan persecution; the transmission of Wiccan and Pagan culture; and the history of academic analysis of Wicca. The Meaning of Witchcraft is a sequel to Gardner's previous book on the subject, Witchcraft Today, which was published in 1954. Chapters include: Witch's Memories and Beliefs, The Stone Age Origins of Witchcraft, Druidism and the Aryan Celts, Magic Thinking, Curious Beliefs about Witches, Signs and Symbols, The Black Mass, Some Allegations Examined. When Gardner died in 1964, the copyright for the book was left to the High Priestess of his coven, Monique Wilson. Gardner wrote the book in order to publicise Wicca, which he believed would die out unless more converts could be attracted. Gardner himself believed that Wicca was the survival of an ancient pagan Witch-cult, a theory originating from historian Margaret Murray which has now largely been discredited by historians like Ronald Hutton and Jeffrey Russell. Margaret Murray's theory maintained that witches were indeed members of an organized cult surviving from pagan times. According to Murray, Christianity remained a thin veneer which cloaked pagan customs down to the sixteenth century. Hutton does say that all the modern branches of Wicca are either based on or influenced by his (Gardner) teachings. It is the only complete religion (as opposed to sect or denomination) which England has ever given the world. Notes External links Page with the original text for the book 1959 non-fiction books Wiccan books Works by Gerald Gardner 1950s in modern paganism
17324768
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972%E2%80%9373%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1972–73 St. Louis Blues season
The 1972–73 St. Louis Blues season was the St. Louis Blues' sixth season in the National Hockey League (NHL). Offseason NHL Draft Regular season Final standings Schedule and results Playoffs Despite having a 32–34–12 record, the Blues managed to clinch a playoff spot. However, they lost in the first round to the Chicago Blackhawks 4–1. (W1) Chicago Black Hawks vs. (W4) St. Louis Blues Player statistics Regular season Scoring Goaltending Playoffs Scoring Goaltending See also 1972–73 NHL season References Blues on Hockey Database St. Louis Blues seasons St. Louis St. Louis St Louis St Louis
20461791
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish%20devolution
Scottish devolution
Devolution is the process in which the central British parliament grants administrative powers (excluding principally reserved matters) to the devolved Scottish Parliament. Prior to the advent of devolution, some had argued for a Scottish Parliament within the United Kingdom – while others have since advocated for complete independence. The people of Scotland first got the opportunity to vote in a referendum on proposals for devolution in 1979 and, although a majority of those voting voted 'Yes', the referendum legislation also required 40% of the electorate to vote 'Yes' for the plans to be enacted and this was not achieved. A second referendum opportunity in 1997, this time on a strong proposal, resulted in an overwhelming 'Yes' victory, leading to the Scotland Act 1998 being passed and the Scottish Parliament being established in 1999. Scottish voters were given the chance to vote 'Yes' on outright independence in a 2014 referendum. In an effort to persuade Scots to remain in the Union, the major UK parties vowed to devolve further powers to Scotland after the referendum. The 'No' vote prevailed (independence was rejected) and the campaign promise of devolution resulted in the formation of the Smith Commission and the eventual passage of the Scotland Act 2016. History 1707 to 1999 Having agreed to pass the Union with England Act, the Parliament of Scotland 'adjourned' on 25 March 1707. The new united Kingdom of Great Britain came into being on 1 May 1707, with a single Parliament of Great Britain which merged the parliamentary bodies and constituencies of England and Scotland into a new legislature located in London. The post of Secretary of State for Scotland existed after 1707 until the Jacobite rising of 1745. Thereafter, responsibility for Scotland lay primarily with the office of the Secretary of State for the Northern Department, usually exercised by the Lord Advocate. The Secretaries of State were reorganised in 1782 and the duties now came under the Secretary of State for the Home Department. Administrative devolution (1885) 1885 saw the creation of the Scottish Office and the post of Secretary for Scotland. From 1892 the Secretary for Scotland sat in cabinet, but the position was not officially recognised as a full member of the cabinet of the United Kingdom until the Secretary for Scotland post was upgraded to full Secretary of State rank as Secretary of State for Scotland in 1926. Government of Scotland Bill 1913 In May 1913 the House of Commons passed the second reading of the Government of Scotland Bill 1913 (also referred to as the Scottish Home Rule Bill) by 204 votes to 159. The bill was supported by Liberals and opposed by Unionists. It did not proceed further due to the outbreak of the First World War. Scottish Covenant Association (1940s and 1950s) The Scottish Covenant Association was a non-partisan political organisation that sought the establishment of a devolved Scottish Assembly. It was formed by John MacCormick who had left the Scottish National Party in 1942 when they decided to support all-out independence for Scotland rather than devolution as had been their position. The Association was responsible for the creation of the Scottish Covenant, which gathered two million signatures in support of devolution. Members of the organisation were also responsible for the removal of the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey in 1950 that attracted huge publicity for the cause of Scottish home rule. Kilbrandon Report (1973) 1979 devolution referendum The Scottish referendum of 1979 was a post-legislative referendum to decide whether there was sufficient support for the Scotland Act 1978 that was to create a deliberative assembly for Scotland. The Act required that for the Act not to be repealed at least 40% of the electorate would have to vote Yes in the referendum. The referendum resulted in a narrow Yes majority but fell short of the 40% requirement. 1997 devolution referendum The Scottish devolution referendum of 1997 was a pre-legislative referendum over whether there was support for the creation of a Scottish Parliament within the United Kingdom and whether there was support for such a parliament to have tax varying powers. In response to the clear majority voting for both proposals, the United Kingdom Parliament passed the Scotland Act 1998, creating the Scottish Parliament and Scottish Executive. The Scotland Act 1998 The Act was introduced by the Labour government in 1998 after the 1997 referendum. It created the Scottish Parliament, setting out how Members of the Scottish Parliament are to be elected, making some provision about the internal operation of the Parliament (although many issues are left for the Parliament itself to regulate) and setting out the process for the Parliament to consider and pass Bills which become Acts of the Scottish Parliament once they receive Royal Assent. The Act specifically asserts the continued power of the UK Parliament to legislate in respect of Scotland. The Act devolves all powers except over matter it specifies as reserved matters. It further designates a list of statutes which are not amenable to amendment or repeal by the Parliament which includes the Human Rights Act 1998 and many provisions of the Scotland Act itself. Even when acting within its legislative competence, the Act further constrains the powers of the Parliament by inhibiting it from acting in a manner incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights or European Community law. The same constraints apply to acts of the Scottish Executive. Scottish Parliament established, May 1999 The Scottish Parliament met for the first time on 12 May 1999 and began its first session with SNP member Winnie Ewing stating "the Scottish Parliament, adjourned on 25th day of March in the year 1707, is hereby reconvened" Opening of new Scottish Parliament building (2004) Construction of the Scottish Parliament building began in June 1999 and the first debate in the new building was held on Tuesday 7 September 2004. The formal opening by the Queen took place on 9 October 2004. Enric Miralles, the Spanish architect who designed the building, died before its completion. From 1999 until the opening of the new building in 2004, committee rooms and the debating chamber of the Scottish Parliament were housed in the General Assembly Hall of the Church of Scotland located on The Mound in Edinburgh. Office and administrative accommodation in support of the Parliament were provided in buildings leased from the City of Edinburgh Council. The new Scottish Parliament Building brought together these different elements into one purpose built parliamentary complex, housing 129 MSPs and more than 1,000 staff and civil servants. The building aims to conceive a poetic union between the Scottish landscape, its people, its culture and the city of Edinburgh, an approach that won the parliament building numerous awards including the 2005 Stirling Prize, and it has been described as "a tour de force of arts and crafts and quality without parallel in the last 100 years of British architecture". Powers over Scottish railways transferred (2005) As a result of provisions in the Railways Bill, powers were transferred from the Department of Transport to the Scottish Executive, a move described by then First Minister, Jack McConnell as "...the most significant devolution of new powers to Scottish ministers since 1999." Scottish Executive becomes Scottish Government (2007) A Scottish Executive was created under section 44 of the Scotland Act 1998. Following the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, the Scottish Executive was rebranded as the Scottish Government by the new Scottish National Party administration. Other changes that took place at this time included the development of the National Performance Framework and major restructuring whereby Directors-General were put in charge of the achievement of the Government's strategic objectives. These changes have been described as developing a form of strategic state. The new name's use in Westminster legislation was updated by s.12 Scotland Act 2012. Calman Commission (2007) The Calman Commission was established by a motion passed by the Scottish Parliament on 6 December 2007. Its terms of reference are: "To review the provisions of the Scotland Act 1998 in the light of experience and to recommend any changes to the present constitutional arrangements that would enable the Scottish Parliament to better serve the people of Scotland, that would improve the financial accountability of the Scottish Parliament and that would continue to secure the position of Scotland within the United Kingdom." However, concerns have been expressed that its final report will not have "much legitimacy" because it was skewed towards preserving the status quo. Powers transferred over planning and nature conservation matters at sea (2008) During 2008, agreement was reached to transfer responsibility for all planning and nature conservation matters at sea up to 200 miles from the Scottish coast to the Scottish Government. The change has implications for the offshore industry, wind and wave power and to a lesser extent, fishing, though responsibility for fishing quotas remains a European Union issue and oil and gas licensing and permitting remains a reserved matter. Independence referendum In August 2009 the SNP announced a Referendum Bill would be included in its package of bills to be debated before Parliament in 2009–10, with the intention of holding a referendum on the issues of Scottish independence in November 2010. The bill did not pass due to the SNP's status as a minority administration, and due to the initial opposition to the Bill from all other major parties in the Scottish Parliament. Following the 2011 Scottish Parliament election, the SNP had a majority in parliament and again brought forward an Independence Referendum Bill. The Scottish Government also suggested that full fiscal autonomy for Scotland (known as "devo-max") could be an alternative option in the vote. The negotiation of the Edinburgh Agreement (2012) resulted in the UK government legislating to provide the Scottish Parliament with the powers to hold the referendum. The "devo-max" option was not included, however, as the Edinburgh Agreement stipulated that the referendum had to be a clear binary choice between independence or the existing devolution arrangements. The Scottish Independence Referendum (Franchise) Act 2013 was passed by the Scottish Parliament and campaigning commenced. Two days before the referendum was held, with polls very close, the leaders of the three main UK political parties made "The Vow", a public pledge to devolve "extensive new powers" to the Scottish Parliament if independence was rejected. They also agreed to a devolution timetable proposed by Gordon Brown. After heavy campaigning by both sides, voting took place on 18 September 2014. Independence was rejected by a margin of 45% in favour to 55% against. Smith Commission The day after the referendum, David Cameron announced the formation of the Smith Commission to "convene cross-party talks" concerning "recommendations for further devolution of powers to the Scottish Parliament". Two months later, on 27 November 2014, the commission published its recommendations, which included giving the Scottish Parliament complete power to set income tax rates and bands, increased borrowing powers, and an extensive list of other rights and powers. Scotland Act 2016 Based on the Smith Commission's recommendations, the Scotland Act 2016 was passed by Parliament and received Royal Assent on 23 March 2016. The Act set out amendments to the Scotland Act 1998 and devolved further powers to Scotland, most notably: The ability to amend sections of the Scotland Act 1998 which relate to the operation of the Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Government within the United Kingdom including control of its electoral system (subject to a two-thirds majority within the parliament for any proposed change) Legislative control over areas such as onshore oil and gas extraction, rail franchising, consumer advocacy and advice amongst others by devolution of powers in relation to these fields to the Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Ministers. Management of the Crown Estate and the British Transport Police in Scotland Control over certain and removable taxes including Air Passenger Duty Full control over Scottish income tax including Income Tax rates and bands on non-savings and non-dividend income The Act recognised the Scottish Parliament and a Scottish Government as permanent among UK's constitutional arrangements, with a referendum required before either can be abolished. Proposed further devolution Federal UK reform Keir Starmer, leader of the UK Labour Party is in favour of reforming the UK and has promised to do so "quickly" if a UK Labour government is elected. Starmer has also tasked Gordon Brown, former prime minister of the UK with heading a "Constitution Commission" which would form in the event of a Labour UK government. Gordon Brown has suggested federalism as a viable option following Brexit and according to Tory MP Adam Tompkins, Gordon Brown wants "a reformed Britain, a new federal settlement, and further powers for a supercharged Holyrood". Changes enacted by the UK parliament In an effort to safeguard the UK internal market post-Brexit and to avoid trade discrepancies or issues for goods moving within the UK, the British government put forward the United Kingdom Internal Market Act 2020 in parliament. Within Scotland, the Act was condemned as an affront on devolution by the governing Scottish National Party, however was supported by the Scottish Conservatives and various businesses and organisations in Scotland. The act can also cause the regulation of service in one part of the UK to be recognised across the whole UK. The act allows UK ministers to spend on devolved policies without the approval of the devolved parliament. See also Scottish Social Attitudes Survey Scottish Constitutional Convention Scottish Constitutional Commission Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles Devolution in the United Kingdom Welsh devolution Further reading Uncharted Territory: The Story of Scottish Devolution 1999–2009 by Hamish Macdonell (2009) The Scottish Political System Since Devolution: From New Politics to the New Scottish Government by Paul Cairney (2011) N. Lloyd-Jones, 'Liberalism, Scottish Nationalism and the Home Rule crisis, c.1886-1893', "English Historical Review" (August 2014) James Wilkie, The Scotland-UN Committee and its role in obtaining Scottish Devolution. The Story of the Scottish Parliament: The First Two Decades Explained edited by Gerry Hassan (2019) References Scottish devolution
20461793
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John%20Anderson%20%28bishop%20of%20British%20Columbia%29
John Anderson (bishop of British Columbia)
John Ogle Anderson (1912–1969) was an Anglican bishop in the mid 20th century. Anderson was born in Manitoba and educated at St. John's College, Winnipeg. Ordained in 1937, after curacies at St Anne's, Wandsworth and All Saints' Winnipeg he was a chaplain during World War II with the Canadian Grenadier Guards and then rector of St Aidan's Winnipeg from 1946 to 1949. He was Dean of Rupert's Land (Winnipeg) (1949-1954) and then of Ottawa (1954-1962) before his ordination to the episcopate as Bishop of Red River, a suffragan bishop of Rupert's Land. In 1967, he was translated to British Columbia but died the following year. References 1912 births 1969 deaths People from Manitoba University of Manitoba alumni Anglican bishops of British Columbia Canadian military chaplains World War II chaplains Deans of Ottawa 20th-century Anglican Church of Canada bishops
20461809
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas%20Jefferson%20Hotel
Thomas Jefferson Hotel
Thomas Jefferson Tower, originally the Thomas Jefferson Hotel and then the Cabana Hotel, is a 19-story building on the western side of downtown Birmingham, Alabama. It was completed in 1929 as the 350-room Thomas Jefferson Hotel and is at 1623 2nd Avenue North. It has a tower in its roof intended to be a zeppelin mooring mast. History The Thomas Jefferson Hotel was planned and developed by the Union Realty Company, headed by Henry Cobb. The company was organized in November 1925 in the office of architect David O. Whilldin, who prepared the design for the $1.5 million project. The Foster-Creighton Company of Nashville, Tennessee was selected as contractor and work began on the site in May 1926. Progress was halted in April 1927 when one of the projects financiers, the Adair Realty and Trust Company of Atlanta, Georgia failed. A new holding company was formed and work resumed in July 1928. Costs reached $2.5 million before it opened on September 7, 1929. The hotel's opening week featured nightly banquets and dances featuring an orchestra from New York. It was originally called The Thomas Jefferson Hotel, then the Cabana Hotel, the Leer Tower, and finally the Thomas Jefferson Tower. Design The hotel featured an ornate marble lobby, a large ballroom, and a rooftop mooring mast intended for use by dirigibles. The ground floor incorporated space for six shops and the basement included a billiard room and barber shop. The ballroom and dining rooms on the second floor opened out onto roof terraces from which the main tower rose. A Corinthian colonnade in glazed white terra-cotta set off the base of the tower, with the hotel entrance marked by a metal canopy. The fourth floor created an entablature, punctuated by the rhythm of windows that continued in brick for 13 more floors. The tower was capped on the top two floors with ornamented terra-cotta, including a balustrade and arched deep-set openings. The corners of the tower were clad in white brick to provide visual supports for the upper portion of the tower, while the narrow strips of brick between the windows were tan in color, each capped with a white acanthus leaf at the top. The edge of each corner was softened with a twisted-rope moulding, rising to a sculpted satyr at the top. The cornice rests on tightly spaced brackets with a shallow overhang of red mission tile suggesting a sloped roof. Early years A $35,000 improvement project was undertaken in 1933. Some of the retail spaces were subsumed into a larger hotel lobby with an electric fireplace. The dining room was similarly expanded and a banquet room was constructed over part of the roof terrace. It was only the first of several renovations for numerous owners. The Stirrup Cup lounge opened at the hotel on October 4, 1940. Birmingham newspapers declared the 200-room Thomas Jefferson Hotel as one of the finest in the country. Built to host huge gatherings, the $2.5 million facility was stocked with 7,000 pieces of silverware, 5,000 glasses and 4,000 sets of linen. As an affiliate of the National Hotels chain and under the management of Austin Frame, the Thomas Jefferson advertised rooms from $9 to 18 a night and multi-room suites for $18 to 35. All rooms were air conditioned and provided with a private bath, radio, television and Muzak. The hotel operated a laundry and valet service and housed a coffee shop, lounge, pharmacy and barber shop. Nightly dinner dances were held in the Windsor Room. Other rooms available for events included the Terrace Ballroom, Jefferson Room, Green Room, Gold Room, Board Room and Director's Room. "Southern charm and hospitality at its happy best, wonderful best. That's the pride of Birmingham The Hotel Thomas Jefferson", an early newspaper ad boasted. A large vertically oriented painted sign for the Thomas Jefferson Hotel is still visible on the brick-clad west side of the tower. At one time the letters were outlined with neon tubes, fabricated and installed by Dixie Neon. "It had an excellent chef. Among the bellboys, they were especially known for pecan pies", a man who was a bellboy in 1943 says with a smile, as if just being offered a piece. "Oh man, they were delicious." Its luxury status made the Thomas Jefferson a prime spot for celebrities visiting the city, including Mickey Rooney and Ethel Merman. U.S Presidents Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover and singer Ray Charles have also stayed at the hotel. But most of the guests were businessmen, often salesmen who rented one room for sleeping and another as an office for peddling their inventory. The hotel was a showplace with unparalleled amenities. And when the employees were not carrying luggage and serving guests, they operated a popular side business at the hotel. In the age of Prohibition, clever methods were used to meet the needs of thirsty guests. Bellboys would buy "Pensacola rye" from the nearby police station to sell to hotel guests. Cabana Hotel The 1970s marked a period of decline for the aging luxury hotel, renamed the Cabana Hotel in 1972. A new rooftop sign advertising the hotel was then added, along with a main hotel sign. The original ornate carpets were now replaced with shag carpets, and dropped ceilings were added. The economy had slowed, and a shift of attention to the northern end of town left older hotels, such as the Cabana, struggling. The scene was typical nationwide, as corporate mergers and new projects prompted the closing of many old buildings. During its peak, the Cabana hosted Mickey Rooney and Ethel Merman during visits to Birmingham. A special suite was reserved for Bear Bryant during games at Legion Field. In Birmingham, the Cabana was the last of the perennial hotels to fade away following the demise of the original Tutwiler Hotel in 1974, and the Bankhead Hotel conversion into senior housing. Its demise was also quickened by the opening of the BJCC complex to the north, taking all of its business to the Hyatt House Birmingham Hotel (now Sheraton Birmingham) and the Holiday Inn Civic Center (now gone) as well. It was a slow death that stripped it of most of its former glory. The hotel had suffered two major fires during this period of decline: one large one in 1980 and a smaller one in 1981. By 1981, the Cabana was a second-rate, $200-a-month apartment building with fewer than 100 residents. The hotel was shut down on May 31, 1983, by city health officials after it was declared uninhabitable on account of "bad plumbing, insufficient lighting, some inoperative smoke detectors and failure to upgrade to city fire codes". Leer Tower In 2005 the Leer Corporation of Modesto, California, announced a $20 million proposal to convert the building into upscale condominiums, to be known as the Leer Tower. That proposal was delayed by a dispute over control of the building and the owner's inability to secure local financing. The property went into foreclosure in July 2008. Subsequently the property had fallen further into disrepair, with the basement flooded with water and vagrants squatting in the upper floors. Non-Profit seeks to renovate In 2012, it was reported that a nonprofit corporation, Thomas Jefferson Tower Inc., was raising funds to buy the building and renovate it into a hotel, possibly as part of a mixed-use development including retail, a grocery store, and apartments. These efforts would ultimately prove unsuccessful. Thomas Jefferson Tower In August 2013, the building and its annex were acquired by TJTower LLC, a group of investors from Little Rock, Arkansas and New Orleans including former professional basketball player Brian Beshara. The former hotel was one of the first projects in Alabama to utilize new state and federal tax credits designed to spur redevelopment of historic structures. Pre-construction plans called for mixed-use conversion into 100 apartments, ground floor restaurant and retail space, and event/entertainment space in the former dining room and ballroom. It is one of multiple revitalization projects occurring in downtown Birmingham, along with the renovation of the long-closed Lyric Theater and the nearby Pizitz Building. Construction began on February 12, 2015. As of May 2015, the "Leer Tower" signage as well as the ground floor siding had been removed. On August 6, 2016, the top portion of the rooftop mooring mast was replaced, and the structure returned to its original appearance. The structure features LED lighting that can be remotely changed in color and intensity to mark specific occasions, much like is done at the Empire State Building in New York. It reopened in 2017. It became one of America's Prime attractions from Alabama. References External links http://www.bizjournals.com/birmingham/news/2012/07/13/nonprofit-wants-to-buy-and-renovate.html http://bhamwiki.com/w/Thomas_Jefferson_Hotel Emporis.com http://tjtower.com http://www.al.com/business/index.ssf/2013/10/100_apartments_restaurant_and.html http://www.al.com/business/index.ssf/2013/08/former_lsu_basketball_star_bri.html Skyscraper hotels in Birmingham, Alabama Neoclassical architecture in Alabama Hotels established in 1929 1929 establishments in Alabama Hotel buildings completed in 1929
20461813
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takumi%20Watanabe
Takumi Watanabe
is a former Japanese football player. Playing career Watanabe was born in Iwaki on March 15, 1982. After graduating from high school, he joined newly was promoted to J1 League club, Kawasaki Frontale in 2000. However he could not play at all in the match in 2000 and the club was relegated to J2 League from 2001. He played many matches as defensive midfielder from 2001. In 2003, he was converted to center back and became a regular player. However his opportunity to play decreased from 2004. Although the club won the champions in 2004 and was promoted to J1 from 2005, he could hardly play in the match in J1. In 2006, he moved to J2 club Montedio Yamagata. He became a regular player as defensive midfielder. Although his opportunity to play decreased from summer 2007, the club was promoted to J1 first time in the club history from 2009. He played many matches as substitute midfielder. In 2010, he moved to Roasso Kumamoto and played many matches. In 2011, he moved to Japan Football League club Matsumoto Yamaga FC. He played many matches and the club was promoted to J2 from 2012. In 2013, he moved to J2 club Yokohama FC. However he could not play many matches in 3 seasons. In 2016, he moved to his local club Fukushima United FC in J3 League. He played many matches as defensive midfielder and retired end of 2017 season. Club statistics References External links Profile at Fukushima United FC 1982 births Living people Association football people from Fukushima Prefecture Japanese footballers J1 League players J2 League players J3 League players Japan Football League players Kawasaki Frontale players Montedio Yamagata players Roasso Kumamoto players Matsumoto Yamaga FC players Yokohama FC players Fukushima United FC players Association football midfielders
20461823
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French%20weapons%20in%20the%20American%20Civil%20War
French weapons in the American Civil War
French weapons in the American Civil War had a key role in the conflict and encompassed most of the sectors of weaponry of the American Civil War (1861–1865), from artillery to firearms, submarines and ironclad warships. The effect of French weapons was especially significant in field artillery and infantry. These weapons were either American productions based on French designs, or sometimes directly imported from France. Field artillery The canon obusier de 12, introduced in the French Army in 1853, an early type of canon obusier, or gun howitzer developed during the reign of Napoleon III, was the primary cannon used in the American Civil War, under the name of 12-pounder Napoleon Model 1857. Over 1,100 such Napoleons were manufactured by the North, and 600 by the South. The twelve-pound cannon "Napoleon" was the most popular smoothbore cannon used during the war. It was widely admired because of its safety, reliability, and killing power, especially at close range. It did not reach America until 1857. It was the last cast bronze gun used by an American army. The Federal version of the Napoleon can be recognized by the flared front end of the barrel, called the muzzle swell. Confederate Napoleons were produced in at least six variations, most of which had straight muzzles, but at least eight cataloged survivors of 133 identified have muzzle swells. Additionally, four iron Confederate Napoleons produced by Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond, Virginia have been identified, of an estimated 125 cast. Submarines During the American Civil War, the Union-built and French-designed submarine Alligator was the first U.S. Navy submarine and the first to feature compressed air (for air supply) and an air filtration system. Initially hand-powered by oars, it was converted after 6 months to a screw propeller powered by a hand crank. With a crew of 20, it was larger than Confederate submarines. Alligator was 47 feet (14.3 m) long and about 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. The submarine was lost in a storm off Cape Hatteras on April 1, 1863 with no crew and under tow to its first combat deployment at Charleston. Ironclads As the Confederacy struggled against the North, it attempted to purchase one of the latest ironclads from France, Stonewall (later acquired by Japan after the end of the war). The ship, built in Bordeaux, France by the L'Arman shipyard in 1864, was an ironclad ram warship. However, the French government embargoed the sale of the ship to the Confederacy in February 1864 (prior to her launch in June 1864), and then sold the ship to the Royal Danish Navy as Stærkodder. However, L'Arman and the Danish Navy could not agree on a price for the ship, and sometime shortly after January 7, 1865 the vessel took on a Confederate crew and was commissioned CSS Stonewall while still at sea; L'Arman had secretly resold her to the Confederacy. The arrival of the "formidable" Stonewall in America was dreaded by the Union, and several ships tried to intercept her, among them and . In February and March, and laid up at Ferrol, Spain, to prevent Stonewall from departing, but the much more powerful Confederate ship was able to make good her escape. After an eventful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, she eventually arrived in North American waters near the end of the American Civil War, too late to have a significant effect. (By the time of her October 1864 commissioning the Confederacy was in disarray and near defeat, its navy disintegrating, along with most other Confederate institutions.) To avoid surrendering the vessel, Captain Page sailed her into Havana harbor and turned her over to the Captain General of Cuba for the sum of $16,000. The vessel was then turned over to United States authorities in return for reimbursement of the same amount. She was temporarily de-commissioned, stationed at a US Navy dock, until she was offered for sale to the Japanese government of the Tokugawa shogunate. References American Civil War weapons
20461830
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%20Frozen%20Flower
A Frozen Flower
A Frozen Flower () is a 2008 South Korean erotic historical film. It is directed by Yoo Ha and stars Jo In-sung, Joo Jin-mo and Song Ji-hyo. The historical film is set during Goryeo Dynasty and is loosely based on the reign of Gongmin of Goryeo (1330–1374), but it does not strictly comply with historical facts. The controversial story is about the characters' violation of royal family protocol and their pursuit of love. It was released in South Korea on 30 December 2008 and was the 6th most attended film of 2008 with 3,772,976 tickets sold. Plot The King (Joo Jin-mo) of Goryeo is married to a Yuan Dynasty princess (Song Ji-hyo), but they do not have any children. There is constant pressure on the King both from the Yuan emperor and his own counselors to produce a crown prince and ensure the continuity of the royal dynasty. The King's palace guard is composed of thirty six young soldiers, led by military commander Hong-rim (Jo In-sung), who is also the King's lover. The King finally decides to charge Hong-rim with a strange commission: penetrate the Queen to impregnate her. Hong-rim and the Queen are uncomfortable accepting the royal order, but they finally comply. However, their relationship does not stop at procreation, but an intense romance soon blossoms between the two, and in this strong intimate relationship there is no place for the King. The two passionate lovers surpass their "official mission" and continue to meet each other at midnight in the library in secret. The King begins to suspect Hong-rim's infidelity and soon gains evidence through his junior commander. To punish them and to also gauge the depth of Hong-rim's affection for the Queen, the King calls the two together to his chamber. The king tells them that he has decided that the Queen will continue to try and beget an heir, but only with another subordinate. The King remains firm in his decision, despite entreaties from both the Queen and Hong-rim. In despair, the Queen attempts to kill herself by slitting her wrists, but fails. In a last-ditch effort to change the King's mind, Hong-rim asks the Queen to stay away from him, and goes to the King to offer his own life in exchange for forgiveness. The King pardons him, believing Hong-rim's claim that his involvement with the Queen was purely lust. He decides to overlook everything that had happened, and instead orders Hong-rim to go away for a while to clear his mind and settle his emotions. The night before Hong-rim's departure, the Queen's personal maid secretly informs him that the Queen wishes to meet him one last time. She also bears news that the Queen has finally conceived a child. Hong-rim sneaks out from the King's bedside to meet the Queen in the library. They end up having passionate sex in the library, but the King realizes what is happening and catches them in flagrante delicto. When the two lovers attempt to save each other by begging the King to kill them and not the other, the King realizes how strong their romantic love for each other is. In a jealous rage, he has Hong-rim castrated and sent to prison. The Queen now realizes that the King will eliminate everyone who knows their secret, so she sends her maid to warn Hong-rim's loyal subordinates, and they manage to free Hong-rim from prison and flee the city with him. Upon learning of the escape, the King demands to know Hong-rim's whereabouts from the Queen, but she refuses to answer. In response, he kills her maid. The King is then informed that the Queen is pregnant, and as the Queen had predicted, he then orders the execution of everyone who knows that he is not the child's father. Only his junior commander, who took over from Hong-rim, is spared. Some time later, and having recovered from his wound, Hong-rim realizes that the Queen is still in the palace and not on the run, as his subordinates were ordered to tell him. Furious, he starts out for the city on horseback, despite their protests, but then he stops in his journey, realizing how futile it would be. However, on returning to the refuge, he finds that his men have been tracked down and captured. At the palace, the King tortures the subordinates to discover the whereabouts of Hong-rim, but they remain silent, so the King has them executed and their heads put up on posts on the palace gates, along with that of the Queen's maid. Her head bears the Queen's necklace, in order to trick Hong-rim into believing the queen is dead and forcing him to return to exact revenge. When Hong-rim returns to the city, he indeed becomes enraged by this sight and determines to kill the King. Disguising himself as a soldier, he enters the palace grounds during the celebrations for the soldier who came back from war and hides out, awaiting his chance to reach the King and kill him. Meanwhile, as the King returns to his private quarters, he encounters the Queen, but he snubs her, and orders his junior commander to escort her back to her room. As the commander is about to leave the Queen's chamber, she warns him that the King will surely have him killed as soon as the baby is born; she then says that if the commander assassinates the King, and her father takes over the throne, she will guarantee that his life will be spared. The junior commander then calls a meeting of his most trusted subordinates and reveals the truth about the King, the Queen and Hong-rim. However, before they can carry out the Queen's plan, Hong-rim goes into action. Ignoring the palace guards, who plead with him to leave before he is captured and killed, he fights his way to the King's quarters, cutting down all who oppose him. Reaching the King's chamber, Hong-rim confronts the King and demands that he fight him. An intense duel ensues, during which Hong-rim slashes through the King's favorite painting, which depicts him and Hong-rim hunting together. As the desperate duel continues, the junior commander and his men arrive (their intentions not entirely clear), but the King orders them not to intervene, and the junior commander holds them back and awaits the outcome of the fight. At the climax of the duel, the King manages to break Hong-rim's sword, and stabs him in the shoulder. While Hong-rim is pinned by his sword, the King asks him a last question: whether or not Hong-rim had ever felt love for him. Hong-rim replies, "No". Hearing this, the King is shocked, giving Hong-rim time to throw himself forward on the blade and kill the King with the remaining half of his own sword. As the King dies, Hong-rim staggers to his feet, pulls the King's sword from his shoulder and charges at the guards, but he is fatally stabbed by the junior commander. Moments later, the Queen arrives at the scene with the guards at her heels, who try to hold her back. Horrified, she tearfully calls out for Hong-rim. As she is taken away by the guards, Hong-rim realizes that the King had not killed her after all. He turns his head from her and dies facing the king, his eyes filled with realization of his test. The junior commander then declares that the King has been killed by an assassin, and he orders his men to quickly remove the bodies, and to tell no one of what has transpired. The final scenes of the film show a flashback to when the King showed young Hong-rim the view of the city and asked if Hong-rim wished to live with him, to which the young Hong-rim replied "Yes." The film ends on a montage of the King and Hong-rim happily hunting together, referring back to a dream the King once had, as depicted in the King's painting. Cast Main Jo In-sung as Hong-rim Yeo Jin-goo as young Hong-rim Joo Jin-mo as the King Lee Poong-woon as young the King Song Ji-hyo as Queen Han Ik-Bi Supporting Shim Ji-ho as Seung-ki Baek Seung-ho as young Seung-ki Lim Ju-hwan as Han-baek Seo Young-joo as young Han-baek Yeo Wook-hwan as Im-bo Song Joong-ki as No-tak Jang Ji-won as Bo-duk Kim Choon-ki as Eunuch Hwang Lee Jong-goo as Tae-sa Kwon Tae-won as Jo Il-moon Do Yong-koo as Ki Won-hong Ko In-bum as Yeon Ki-mok Ham Kun-soo as Yuan Dynasty Four Symbols No Min-woo as Min-woo Do Ye-sung as Choi-Kwan Ham Sung-min as Seong-min Park Jong-soo as Eunuch Shin Son Jong-hak as 밀사 Kang-Poong as 밀사 Jo Yong-hyun as a young eunuch Kim Pil-joong as a young eunuch Jung In-hwa as Court Lady Park Park Jong-bo as Lord Chil-Won Kim Ki-suk as a young Buddhist monk Park Min-kyoo as a young Buddhist monk Kim Ki-bang as a shop owner in Byeollak Province Lee Se-ryang as a shop owner in Hyangnang Lee Ye-na as a Royal consort Hong Ka-yeon as a Royal consort Min Ji-hyun as a Royal consort Lee Jung-joo as a Palace maid who dressed like a man Kim Min-ah as one of Queen Hall's Musuri Lee Jin-ah as one of Queen Hall's Musuri Kim Hee-seon as one of Yeongsu Hall's maid Kim Se-hee as one of Yeongsu Hall's maid Kim Kyung-hee as a Court Lady Choi Seung-hee as a Court Lady Choi Seung-il as a Eunuch Lee Seon-min as a Eunuch Kang Dong-kyoon as a Eunuch Jo Jin-woong as Lord Tae Ahn Im Hyun-sung Cameo Production According to historical records, after the death of his Mongolian-born queen, Noguk, King Gongmin descended into a life of homosexual debauchery, hiring a team of handsome male bodyguards of noble birth to serve in the palace in 1372. When one of the bodyguards made King Gongmin's second wife pregnant, Gongmin tried to kill him to quell the scandal, but was killed by the bodyguard's friends instead. But some historians disagree with this account, insisting that Gongmin was slandered in an attempt to justify the founding of the Joseon Dynasty, and that the youths were just bodyguards. A Frozen Flower takes its title from a song of that era which described the sexual relationships between Hong-rim and the Queen. It is the fifth feature film by director Yoo Ha, who wanted to make a change from his previous works by doing a historical film, saying, "I always felt uncomfortable with the genre but I felt I should try to overcome those feelings. It is also a new challenge for me to focus on a melodrama." He also stated that the film was "a love story between men." Jo In-sung was on board from the beginning of the project, and turned down other acting roles to make A Frozen Flower his last work before enlisting for military service. He chose to appear in the film without knowing the exact details, having faith in the director following their earlier collaboration in 2005 on A Dirty Carnival. Jo began training for the role in August 2007, learning martial arts, fencing, horse riding and geomungo. The casting of Joo Jin-mo as the king was announced in December 2007. The budget for A Frozen Flower was $10 million, and the film went into production on 16 April 2008. It was the first film to shoot at the newly built Jeonju Cinema Studio. Awards and nominations 2009 Baeksang Arts Awards Best Actor - Joo Jin-mo Nomination - Most Popular Actress (Film) - Song Ji-hyo Nomination - Best Film 2009 Grand Bell Awards Best Art Direction - Kim Ki-chul Best Music - Kim Jun-seok Nomination - Best Lighting - Yoon Ji-won Nomination - Best Costume Design - Lee Hye-soon, Jeong Jeong-eun 2009 Blue Dragon Film Awards Nomination - Best Cinematography - Choi Hyun-ki Nomination - Best Art Direction - Kim Ki-chul Nomination - Best Lighting - Yoon Ji-won Nomination - Technical Award - Lee Hye-soon, Jeong Jeong-eun (Costume Design) 2010 Fantasporto Orient Express Section Special Jury Award - Yoo Ha International The rights of the film were sold to Japan, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg before it was completed, and also a further seven countries at the European Film Market. See also List of Korean-language films References External links 2008 films 2008 drama films South Korean historical romance films South Korean LGBT-related films Films set in the 14th century Films set in the Goryeo Dynasty Films directed by Yoo Ha 2000s Korean-language films South Korean erotic films 2000s erotic films Showbox films Bisexuality-related films 2008 LGBT-related films LGBT-related romantic drama films 2000s historical romance films Male bisexuality in film 2000s South Korean films Films set in Kaesong
20461835
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kohei%20Miyazaki
Kohei Miyazaki
is a former Japanese football player. Playing career Miyazaki was born in Yamaga on February 6, 1981. After graduating from high school, he joined J1 League club Sanfrecce Hiroshima in 1999. Although he played several matches in 2001, he could hardly play in the match at the club in 3 seasons. In 2002, he moved to J2 League club Avispa Fukuoka. He played many matches as regular player and the club was promoted to J1 from 2006. Although his opportunity to play decreased from 2006 and the club was relegated to J2 in a year. In 2008, he moved to J2 club Montedio Yamagata. He played many matches and the club was promoted to J1 from 2009. His opportunity to play decreased from 2010 and the club finished at bottom place in 2011 and was relegated to J2 from 2012. In 2012, he moved to J2 club Tokushima Vortis. He played many matches and the club was promoted to J1 from 2014. Although his opportunity to play decreased and the club finished at bottom place in 2014 and was relegated to J2 from 2015. He retired end of 2014 season. Club statistics References External links 1981 births Living people Association football people from Kumamoto Prefecture Japanese footballers J1 League players J2 League players Sanfrecce Hiroshima players Avispa Fukuoka players Montedio Yamagata players Tokushima Vortis players Association football midfielders
20461846
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RBL%2020-pounder%20Armstrong%20gun
RBL 20-pounder Armstrong gun
The Armstrong Breech Loading 20-pounder gun, later known as RBL 20-pounder, was an early modern 3.75-inch rifled breech-loading light gun of 1859. History The gun was effectively a larger version of the successful RBL 12 pounder 8 cwt Armstrong gun. There were different versions for land and sea service. Sea service The RBL 20 pounder of 13 cwt and 15 cwt for sea service was introduced in 1859. It is 2½ feet shorter than the land version giving it a bore of only 54 inches (14.43 calibres), and hence a short stubby appearance. Its short barrel only allowed it to attain a muzzle velocity of 1,000 ft/second. The 15 cwt gun, identifiable by the raised coil in front of the vent slot, was intended for broadside use in sloops. The more lightly constructed 13 cwt gun was known as a pinnace gun and was intended for boat use. Land service The RBL 20 pounder of 16 cwt for land service was introduced in 1860. It has a bore of 84 inches (22.36 calibres) and hence has the appearance of a typical field gun. After it became obsolete for regular Royal Artillery use, a small number were re-issued to Volunteer Artillery Batteries of Position from 1889, alongside 16-pounder RML guns and 40 Pounder RBL guns. The 1893 the War Office Mobilisation Scheme shows the allocation of twelve Artillery Volunteer position batteries equipped with 20 Pounder guns which would be concentrated in Epping, Essex in the event of mobilisation. Surviving examples An unrestored 13 cwt pinnace gun at Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence A 16 cwt gun on board HMS Warrior at Portsmouth, UK A 13 cwt gun dated 1859 at the Artillery Museum, North Head, Sydney, Australia Sea Service Pattern at Explosion! Museum of Naval Firepower, Gosport See also Armstrong gun List of field guns List of naval guns Notes References Bibliography Treatise on the construction and manufacture of ordnance in the British service. War Office, UK, 1877 Text Book of Gunnery, 1887. London : Printed for his Majesty's Stationery Office, by Harrison and Sons, St. Martin's Lane Alexander Lyman Holley, A treatise on Ordnance and Armor published by D Van Nostrand, New York, 1865 Lieutenant-Colonel C H Owen R.A., The principles and practice of modern artillery, published by John Murray, London, 1873 External links Handbook for the 20-pr. R.B.L. gun of 16-cwt. on garrison sliding carriage and on travelling carriage, 1892, 1896 Artillery of the United Kingdom Field guns Naval guns of the United Kingdom Elswick Ordnance Company 95 mm artillery Victorian-era weapons of the United Kingdom
20461866
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%20Build%20This%20Garden%20for%20Us
I Build This Garden for Us
"I Build This Garden for Us" is the second single by American rock musician Lenny Kravitz from his debut album, Let Love Rule, and released in 1990 by Virgin Records. Track listing "I Build This Garden for Us" – 6:16 (Kravitz) "Flower Child" – 2:56 (Kravitz) "Fear" – 5:25 (Kravitz, Lisa Bonet) Members Lenny Kravitz – vocals, guitar, drums Jean McClain – backing vocals Yolanda Pittman – backing vocals Tisha Campbell – backing vocals Nancy Ives – cello Henry Hirsch – bass, organ, electric piano (Rhodes piano) Eric Delente – violin Charts References External links Lenny Kravitz official site 1990 singles Lenny Kravitz songs Song recordings produced by Lenny Kravitz Songs written by Lenny Kravitz 1989 songs Virgin Records singles
17324783
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1974%E2%80%9375%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1974–75 St. Louis Blues season
The 1974–75 St. Louis Blues season was the St. Louis Blues' eighth season in the National Hockey League (NHL). Offseason NHL Draft Below are listed the selections in the 1974 NHL amateur draft: Regular season Final standings Schedule and results Player statistics Regular season Scoring Goaltending Playoffs Scoring Goaltending References Blues on Hockey Database St. Louis Blues seasons St. Louis St. Louis St Louis St Louis
20461876
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-muscled%20cattle
Double-muscled cattle
Double-muscled cattle refers to breeds of cattle that carry one of seven known mutations that limits and reduces the activity of the myostatin protein. Normally, myostatin limits the number of muscle fibers present at birth, and interfering with activity of this protein causes animals to be born with higher numbers of muscle fibers, consequently augmenting muscle growth. Additionally, these mutations reduce the superficial and internal fat deposits, causing the meat to be less marbled and lower in fat content. Animals homozygous for myostatin mutation (inheriting a mutant copy of myostatin from both sire and dam) also have improved meat tenderness in some cuts of meat. The enlarged muscles of dam and calf at birth leads to increased difficulty of calving, and in some breeds frequently necessitates birth by cesarean section. History Some breeds of cattle do not possess the myostatin gene that helps regulate muscle growth. This causes them to have more muscle mass and yields more meat for the cattle farmers. Two of the breeds that possess the double muscle gene are the Piedmontese and the Parthenais. The Piedmontese was discovered in Italy 1897, and the Parthenais were found in France in 1893. The Belgian Blue is another cattle that can lack myostatin and have double muscles. The Belgian Blue originates from central and upper Belgium. The breed was established in the early 20th century. The Belgian Blue was once divided into two strains, one for beef and the other for milk. The Belgian Blue is now primarily beef. The Belgian Blue is relatively new to the U.S. but has gained acceptance from breeders. Myostatin was discovered by Se-Jin Lee and Alexander McPherron in 1997. They found that myostatin was lacking in mice and causes the size of the mice to increase by two or three times the size of mice that did not lack the myostatin. Later that year McPherron and Lee also saw that Piedmontese and Belgian Blue cattle were hypermuscular. The cattle had naturally occurring disruption of myostatin locus. Lee went on to extensively study myostatin. During this research he noted the loss of white fat that occurred when hyper muscularity by myostatin would happen. He also showed that myostatin was sufficient to cause a phenotype reminiscent of cachexia. "Dr. Lee has shown that other molecules in the TGF-B pathways, notably the activins and follistatin, also regulate muscle mass." Lee's contributions also demonstrated so potential that myostatin could be therapeutic, the clinical setting that myostatin blockade would be useful has not yet been found but it may be beneficial in some areas. People are now trying to use myostatin as a medicine. "The research has produced several muscle-building drugs now being tested in people with medical problems, including muscular dystrophy, cancer and kidney disease." Double-muscled breeding is done to get more meat and less fat. Backfat is generally found to be less in double-muscled cattle than in cattle with normal muscling. Animals that are double-muscled have a higher carcass yield but this does come with new problems for the cattle. The meat from double muscled cattle is tenderer. "There is a persisting trend to improve carcass quality in specialized beef breeds. A higher meat yield and more lean meat are desirable for the meat industry." Controversy The enlarged muscles of dam and calf at birth leads to increased difficulty of calving, and in some breeds frequently necessitates birth by cesarean section. Affected breeds include: Belgian Blue Piedmontese Parthenais Maine Anjou Limousin See also Myostatin Cattle References Further reading Cattle
20461884
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert%20Howlett
Robert Howlett
Robert Howlett (3 July 1831 – 2 December 1858) was a pioneering British photographer whose pictures are widely exhibited in major galleries. Howlett produced portraits of Crimean War heroes, genre scenes and landscapes. His photographs include the iconic picture of Isambard Kingdom Brunel which was part of a commission by the London-based weekly newspaper Illustrated Times to document the construction of the world's largest steamship, the SS Great Eastern. He exhibited at the London Photographic Society and published On the Various Methods of Printing Photographic Pictures upon Paper, with Suggestions for Their Preservation. He worked in partnership with Joseph Cundall at "The Photographic Institution" at New Bond Street, London. Howlett made photographic studies for the artist William Powell Frith to assist him on his vast modern panorama painting The Derby Day (1856–58; Tate, London) which was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1858. Howlett was commissioned by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to photograph the frescoes in the new drawing-room at Buckingham Palace, make copies of the paintings by Raphael and make a series of portraits called 'Crimean Heroes' which was exhibited in 1857 the Photographic Society of London's annual exhibition. Howlett died in 1858, aged 27. His death was apparently due to typhoid (rather than as a result of over-exposure to dangerous chemicals, as was suggested by some at the time, a myth that has continued to this day). The Illustrated Times praised him as "one of the most skillful photographers of the day." Prints from Howlett's photographs were published posthumously by his late partners Cundall & Downes under their own name, and by the London Stereoscopic and Photographic Company. Early life and education Howlett was the second of four sons of Reverend Robert Howlett and Harriet Harsant. Two brothers died in infancy and his younger brother Thomas became a farmer. He was born in Theberton, Suffolk and the family had moved to Longham, Norfolk by the time he was 9 years old. His maternal grandfather, Thomas Harsant, a surgeon, constructed telescopes, microscopes, electrical machines, implements and instruments. Robert built his own microscope when a child. Thomas Harsant died in 1852 and left him £1000 plus his "turning lathe and all the apparatus and tools belonging thereto". Thus he was able to move to London. Career In London Howlett rose to prominence while working for the Photographic Institution at 168 New Bond Street, London, which was a leading establishment for the commercial promotion of photography through exhibitions, publications, and commissions. Although the Photographic Institution was established in 1853 by Joseph Cundall and Philip Henry Delamotte, it is believed that Howlett replaced Delamotte, who became professor of drawing at King's College London. He was elected to membership of the Photographic Society of London, later the Royal Photographic Society, in December 1855 and remained a member until his death. By 1856 Howlett was mentioned in the photographic press. He sent prints to the annual exhibitions of photographic societies in London, Manchester, and Norwich. These included landscape studies, In the Valley of the River Mole, Mickleham, and Box Hill, Surrey, which are presumed to have been taken in 1855. He exhibited at the London Photographic Society and in 1856 published a booklet "On the Various Methods of Printing Photographic Pictures upon Paper, with Suggestions for Their Preservation". He also designed and sold 'dark room tents' and worked in partnership with Joseph Cundall at "The Photographic Institution" at 168 New Bond Street, London. Howlett undertook the first of a number of commissions for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in 1856, working for the Photographic Institution. These included copying the works of Raphael for Prince Albert, and making a series of portraits of heroic soldiers from the Crimean War. These were first exhibited in 1857 as 'Crimean Heroes' at the Photographic Society of London's annual exhibition. In 2004 Cundall and Howlett's portraits of Crimean war veterans, were used by the Royal Mail for a set of six postage stamps to mark the 150th anniversary of the conflict. Howlett's studio portraits at 'The Photographic Institute' included eminent 'fine artists' such as William Powell Frith, Frederick Richard Pickersgill, John Callcott Horsley, and Thomas Webster which were among a larger group exhibited at the Art Treasures Exhibition in Manchester in 1857. Howlett was commissioned to make photographic studies of the crowd at the 1856 Epsom Derby for the painter William Powell Frith, who used them in 1858 for his painting of The Derby Day which was exhibited at the Royal Academy of Art in 1859. The photographs were taken from the roof of a cab. The Great Eastern Howlett's major work was the commission by The Illustrated Times Weekly Newspaper to document the construction of the world's largest steamship, the SS Great Eastern. His images were translated into wood-engravings by Henry Vizetelly for the Illustrated Times. They reflected and stimulated the widespread interest in this feat of engineering. This project included the well-known portrait of the Great Easterns creator and engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, standing in front of the giant launching chains on the 'checking drum' braking mechanism at John Scott Russell's Millwall shipyard. It was taken to celebrate the launch of the world's largest steamship, in November 1857.Icons, Profile of Robert Howlett This image, which depicts Brunel in an industrial setting instead of a more traditional background for a portrait, has been described as "one of the first examples of environmental portraiture". Death Howlett died in 1858, aged 27, at his home and studio at 10 Bedford Place, Campden Hill, shortly after returning from a trip to France to try out a new 'wide angle lens'. The cause of death was apparently due to typhoid, rather than (as suggested by some at the time) to over-exposure to the chemicals used in the Collodion photographic process invented by Frederick Scott Archer in about 1850. The Illustrated Times praised him as "one of the most skillful photographers of the day". The death certificate simply states febris (fever), 20 days. Howlett had originally told his friend Thomas Frederick Hardwich that he had a cold. Grave Howlett is buried at the church of St Peter and St Paul, Wendling, Norfolk, where his father was perpetual curate. His gravestone is to the east of the chancel. In 2017 a campaign led by his biographer, Rose Teanby, succeeded in having his grave restored, followed by a re-dedication service on 14 October 2017. Galleries showing Robert Howlett London, National Portrait Gallery London, Victoria and Albert Museum New York, Hans P. Kraus, Jr., Fine Photographs San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Cleveland Museum of Art, Bibliography On the Various Methods of Printing Photographic Pictures upon Paper, with Suggestions for Their Preservation, by Robert Howlett Modern tribute In 2008, photojournalist David White recreated both Howlett's camera and the Brunel commission, travelling across south and west England. In 2009, the article The Light Shone and Was Spent: Robert Howlett and the Power of Photography by David White was published. Notes ReferencesNotes' Sources listed at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Roger Taylor, Oxford University Press, 2004.accessed 2 Dec 2008 G. Seiberling and C. Bloor, Amateurs, photography, and the mid-Victorian imagination (1986) Mr Hardwick, Journal of the Photographic Society, 5 (1858–59), 111–12 A. Hamber, A higher branch of the arts (1996) R. Taylor, Critical moments: British photographic exhibitions, 1839–1865', Data base, priv. coll. Death Certificate. · CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1859) External links Photographs by Robert Howlett displayed at the National Portrait Gallery (London) 1831 births 1858 deaths English photojournalists 19th-century British journalists British male journalists 19th-century British male writers Pioneers of photography 19th-century English photographers Photographers from Suffolk People from Suffolk Coastal (district)
20461889
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones%20Memorial%20Library%20%28Lynchburg%2C%20Virginia%29
Jones Memorial Library (Lynchburg, Virginia)
Jones Memorial Library is a specialized genealogy and history research library currently located at 2311 Memorial Avenue in Lynchburg, Virginia. The library was founded by Mary Frances Watts Jones in memory of her husband George Morgan Jones. The library opened in June 1908 and was the second oldest public library in Virginia. The Library had been the dream of George Morgan Jones, philanthropist and industrialist of Lynchburg, but the dream was never realized in his lifetime. As a memorial to her husband, Mary Frances Watts Jones financed the construction and equipping of the library. The original Jones Memorial Library historic library building is located at 434 Rivermont Avenue in Lynchburg, Virginia. It was designed by the local architectural firm of Frye & Chesterman. It was erected in 1906–07 in the Neo-Classical Revival style. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. In 1966, the Lynchburg Public Library opened. Jones Memorial Library then concentrated its collection efforts on genealogical and historical holdings. As a result, the Jones Memorial Library collections in this area of research are one of the largest in the state. Although the library's primary focus is on the central Virginia area, collections include a wide variety of materials covering the State of Virginia as well as the surrounding states, including county histories and court records, family histories and genealogies, general works on the Civil War, county land tax and personal property tax records, and census records. In July 1987, Jones Memorial Library moved from the Rivermont building to its current location at 2311 Memorial Avenue. The library then sold the building at 434 Rivermont Avenue in the 1990s. The library is currently located on the second floor of the former Sears building at The Plaza, above the Lynchburg Public Library's main branch. The library is open Tuesday-Saturday for genealogical and archival research. References External links Jones Memorial Library, 434 Rivermont Avenue, Lynchburg, VA: 1 photos, 1 data page, and 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Jones Memorial Library website Historic American Buildings Survey in Virginia Libraries on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Library buildings completed in 1907 Neoclassical architecture in Virginia Libraries in Virginia Buildings and structures in Lynchburg, Virginia National Register of Historic Places in Lynchburg, Virginia
20461927
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick%20Gartrell
Frederick Gartrell
Frederick Roy Gartrell (1914–1987) was an Anglican bishop in the 20th century. He was educated at McMaster University and ordained in 1939. After a curacy at St James the Apostle, Montreal he was Rector of St George's Winnipeg then Archdeacon of the area. From 1962 to 1970 he was Dean of Ottawa. before his elevation to the episcopate as the eighth Bishop of British Columbia. References 1914 births 1987 deaths Deans of Ottawa Anglican bishops of British Columbia 20th-century Anglican Church of Canada bishops Archdeacons of Winnipeg
20461941
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundsvallsflyg
Sundsvallsflyg
Sundsvallsflyg was a small regional airline based in Sundsvall, Sweden. Their own staff worked partly as ground personnel and as cabin crew on the aircraft, which were operated by Braathens Regional. Sundsvallflyg was part of the now dissolved brand Sverigeflyg which incorporated several small domestic airlines. In 2016, the Sundsvallsflyg brand was, together with several other domestic airline brands, merged into the new BRA Braathens Regional Airlines. Destinations Sundsvallsflyg operated the following destinations as of February 2015: Stockholm - Stockholm-Bromma Airport Sundsvall - Sundsvall-Härnösand Airport base Visby - Visby Airport seasonal Fleet The Sundsvallsflyg fleet consisted of the following aircraft as of February 2015: 1 Saab 2000 (operated by Braathens Regional) References External links Official website Defunct airlines of Sweden Airlines disestablished in 2016
20461946
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emosi%20Kauhenga
Emosi Kauhenga
Emosi Kauhenga (born 27 April 1981 in Folaha, Tonga) is a rugby union footballer. He plays at lock. In 2007 he was named to Tonga's Rugby World Cup squad. In 2009 he was selected for a team to play Ireland. References External links IRB 1981 births Living people Rugby union locks Tongan rugby union players People from Tongatapu Tonga international rugby union players Tongan expatriate rugby union players Expatriate rugby union players in Japan Tongan expatriate sportspeople in Japan Black Rams Tokyo players
20461962
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010%20Brisbane%20International
2010 Brisbane International
The 2010 Brisbane International was a joint ATP and WTA tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts in Brisbane, Queensland. It was the 2nd edition of the tournament and was played at the Queensland Tennis Centre in Tennyson. The centre court, Pat Rafter Arena is named in honour of Australian tennis hero Patrick Rafter. It took place from 3 to 10 January 2010. It was part of the Australian Open Series in preparation for the first Grand Slam of the year. Justine Henin has announced that she will make her return to professional tennis at the 2010 Brisbane International. Television coverage of the tournament was on Channel Seven, with live coverage of the day sessions and delayed coverage of the night sessions between 4 and 10 January. ATP entrants Seeds Rankings are as of 28 December 2009. Other entrants The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Carsten Ball John Millman Bernard Tomic The following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Oleksandr Dolgopolov Jr. Matthew Ebden Nick Lindahl Julian Reister WTA entrants Seeds Rankings as of 28 December 2009. Other entrants The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Casey Dellacqua Justine Henin Alicia Molik The following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Ekaterina Ivanova Sesil Karatantcheva Alla Kudryavtseva Galina Voskoboeva Finals Men's singles Andy Roddick defeated Radek Štěpánek, 7–6(7–2), 7–6(9–7). It was Roddick's first title of the year and 28th overall. Women's singles Kim Clijsters defeated Justine Henin, 6–3, 4–6, 7–6(8–6). It was Clijsters' first title of the year and 36th of her career. Men's doubles Jérémy Chardy / Marc Gicquel defeated Lukáš Dlouhý / Leander Paes, 6–3, 7–6(7–5). Women's doubles Andrea Hlaváčková / Lucie Hradecká defeated Melinda Czink / Arantxa Parra Santonja, 2–6, 7–6(7–3), [10–4]. References External links Official website Brisbane International Brisbane International 2010 Brisbane International January 2010 sports events in Australia
20461967
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JDTic
JDTic
JDTic is a selective, long-acting ("inactivating") antagonist of the κ-opioid receptor (KOR). JDTic is a 4-phenylpiperidine derivative, distantly related structurally to analgesics such as pethidine and ketobemidone, and more closely to the MOR antagonist alvimopan. In addition, it is structurally distinct from other KOR antagonists such as norbinaltorphimine. JDTic has been used to create crystal structures of KOR [ ]. Pharmacology JDTic is a long-acting ("inactivating") antagonist of the KOR, and is reported to be highly selective for the KOR over the μ-opioid receptor (MOR), δ-opioid receptor (DOR), and nociceptin receptor (NOP). However, in another study, JDTic showed little selectivity over the μ-opioid receptor, though it failed to block the effects of the selective μ-opioid receptor agonist sufentanil across a wide range of doses in animals. It has a very long duration of action, with effects in animals seen for up to several weeks after administration of a single dose, although its binding to the KOR is not technically "irreversible" and its long-acting effects are instead caused by altered activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinases. Animal studies suggest that JDTic may produce antidepressant, anxiolytic, and anti-stress effects, as well as having possible application in the treatment of addiction to cocaine and morphine. JDTic shows robust activity in animal models of depression, anxiety, stress-induced cocaine relapse, and nicotine withdrawal. Discontinuation of clinical development During phase I human clinical trials for the treatment of cocaine abuse, development of JDTic was halted due to the occurrence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, a type of arrhythmia that can potentially be life-threatening. In addition, JDTic showed an unfavorable brain-to-plasma concentration ratio, indicating poor central nervous system penetration. As a result, new KOR antagonists with more favorable drug profiles (e.g., short-acting, improved brain penetration, etc.), such as ALKS-5461 (a combination of buprenorphine and samidorphan) and CERC-501 (formerly LY-2456302), are being developed instead. The discontinuation of the clinical development of JDTic is detailed in the following important literature quote: In the same paper, LY-2456302 (now CERC-501) was described, "The LY2456302 compound developed by Eli Lilly is an example of a KOR antagonist that does not strongly activate JNK. In a recent phase 1 trial of LY2456302, the authors concluded that the drug was well-tolerated with no clinically significant findings (Lowe et al, 2014)." Note that KOR antagonists that strongly activate JNK are inactivating (long-acting) while those that do not are non-inactivating (short-acting), and that inactivating KOR antagonists are more "complete" and hence potentially more risky inhibitors of the KOR than are non-inactivating antagonists. See also κ-Opioid receptor § Antagonists List of investigational antidepressants References 4-Phenylpiperidines Carboxamides Delta-opioid receptor antagonists Irreversible antagonists Kappa-opioid receptor antagonists Mu-opioid receptor antagonists Phenols Synthetic opioids Tetrahydroisoquinolines
20461972
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John%20Creighton%20%28Nova%20Scotia%20politician%29
John Creighton (Nova Scotia politician)
John Creighton (1794 – March 16, 1878) was an English-born lawyer and political figure in Nova Scotia. He represented Lunenburg in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1830 to 1836, from 1838 to 1847 and from 1851 to 1856. He was born in Somersetshire, the son of John Creighton, Jr. and the grandson of John Creighton, one of the first settlers at Lunenburg. Creighton came to Halifax at a young age, where he studied law with Lewis Morris Wilkins and was admitted to practice as an attorney in 1816. In 1821, he was named a Queen's Counsel and served as Crown Prosecutor. In 1859, he was named to the province's Legislative Council. Creighton was named president for the Council in 1875 and served until his death in Lunenburg three years later. References Desbrisay, MB History of the County of Lunenburg (1967) pp. 116-7 Transcription of the Dairy of Adolphus Gaetz, Multicultural Canada 1794 births 1878 deaths Nova Scotia pre-Confederation MLAs Members of the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia People from Somerset
20461973
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002%20Iowa%20State%20Cyclones%20football%20team
2002 Iowa State Cyclones football team
The 2002 Iowa State Cyclones football team represented the Iowa State University in the 2002 NCAA Division I-A football season. The team captains were Zach Butler, Jordan Carstens, Seneca Wallace, and Chris Whitaker. The Cyclones were quarterbacked by Seneca Wallace. Seneca is among many former Cyclones from the 2002 team to make it to the NFL. Others were Ellis Hobbs, Jordan Carstens, Jeremy Loyd. Iowa State would conclude its season by playing in the 2002 Humanitarian Bowl. It was Iowa State's third consecutive bowl appearance—the two previous bowls were the 2000 Insight.com Bowl and the 2001 Independence Bowl. Schedule Roster Rankings Games summaries vs. Florida State Kansas Tennessee Tech at Iowa {{AFB game box start |Title=Iowa State at IowaCy-Hawk Game|Visitor=Cyclones|V1=7 |V2=0 |V3=23 |V4=6 |Host=Hawkeyes |H1=7 |H2=17 |H3=0 |H4=7 |Date=September 14 |Location=Kinnick Stadium, Iowa City, Iowa |StartTime=5:05 p.m. |TimeZone=CDT |ElapsedTime= |Attendance=70,397 |Weather= |Referee= |TVAnnouncers= |TVStation=ESPN2 }}Source:''' Box Score Troy State Nebraska Iowa State's dominant victory over Nebraska forced the Cornhuskers out of the AP poll for the first time since October 5, 1981 – an NCAA-record streak of 348 consecutive polls. Texas Tech at Oklahoma at Texas Missouri at Kansas State at Colorado Connecticut at Boise State (Humanitarian Bowl) Postseason On November 30, 2002 eight Iowa State players were named to the all-Big 12 football teams. Second-team players were Offensive lineman Bob Montgomery, quarterback Seneca Wallace, place-kicker Adam Benike and defensive tackle Jordan Carstens. The third-team consisted of offensive lineman Zach Butler and strong safety JaMaine Billups. Wide receiver Lane Danielsen and linebacker Jeremy Loyd were honorable mention choices. On December 2, 2002 defensive tackle Jordan Carstens and wide receiver Jack Whitver were named to the Verizon Academic All-America Football Teams. They earned first and second team honors respectively. Iowa State was also only one of eight teams with more than one player recognized. On December 4, 2002 Iowa State started taking deposits on three bowl games. The three Bowls were the Tangerine, Humanitarian and Motor City bowls. References External links https://web.archive.org/web/20021207130144/http://cyclones.ocsn.com/sports/m-footbl/iast-m-footbl-body.html http://www.GoSenecaGo.com http://www.cyclonefootball.org Iowa State Iowa State Cyclones football seasons Iowa State Cyclones football
20462074
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intersport%20Cup
Intersport Cup
The Intersport Cup, formerly known as the Møbelringen Cup, is an annual women's handball tournament arranged by the Norwegian Handball Federation. Norway plus three invited national teams compete for the title, normally in a single round-robin format. The tournament is usually held in November, prior to the European or World Championship. It was first arranged in 2001, when the Norwegian Handball Federation reached an agreement with furniture company Møbelringen. Results References Women's handball in Norway International handball competitions hosted by Norway 2001 establishments in Norway Recurring sporting events established in 2001
20462078
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J.%20W.%20Wood%20Building
J. W. Wood Building
The J. W. Wood Building is a historic commercial building located at Lynchburg, Virginia. The commercial building in a modified Greek Revival-style. It was built between 1851 and 1853 as a warehouse. It is the largest and best preserved of the few pre-Civil War commercial structures remaining in Lynchburg. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. References Commercial buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Commercial buildings completed in 1853 Greek Revival architecture in Virginia Buildings and structures in Lynchburg, Virginia National Register of Historic Places in Lynchburg, Virginia
20462081
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotu%20Filipine
Lotu Filipine
Lotu Filipine (born 27 August 1980, in Tofua, Tonga) is rugby union footballer. He plays at flanker. He currently plays with the IBM Big Blue in the Japanese Top League References 1980 births Living people Rugby union locks Tongan rugby union players People from Haʻapai Tonga international rugby union players Tongan expatriate rugby union players Expatriate rugby union players in Japan Tongan expatriate sportspeople in Japan
20462104
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hendrick%20Zwaardecroon
Hendrick Zwaardecroon
Hendrick or Henricus Zwaardecroon (26 January 1667 – 12 August 1728) was Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1718 until 1725. Early career Zwaardecroon left for the East Indies as a midshipman aboard the Purmer in December 1684 and arrived in Batavia in October 1685. During the trip he had several times been employed as secretary to Commissioner-General Hendrik van Rheede, which enabled him to make quick progress in his career with the Dutch East India Company (VOC). In 1686 he became Bookkeeper (boekhouder) and subsequently Underbuyer (onderkoopman). In 1694, he was promoted to Buyer (koopman) and in 1694 to Senior Buyer (opperkoopman). In the same year he was appointed Commander (commandeur) in Jafnapatham in Ceylon. He was Commissioner (commissaris) on the Malabar Coast and acting Governor of Ceylon in 1697. He became, in 1703, Secretary to the High Government of the Indies (Hoge Regering) in Batavia, and in 1704, through the influence of the Governor-General, Joan van Hoorn, an extraordinary member of the Dutch Council of the Indies (Raad van de Indië). Through that membership, and later because the Governor-General Christoffel van Swoll had been trying to get him removed from the council, preferably by promotion elsewhere, it took until 1715 before the Lords Seventeen (Heren XVII) named him as full member (gewoon lid). Governor-general of the Dutch East Indies The day after the death of Christoffel van Swoll, on 12 November 1718, Zwaardecroon was named Governor-General. Only on 10 September 1720, was he confirmed in this post. His dismissal, by his own desire, came on 16 October 1724, though he handed the actual office to Mattheus de Haan only on 8 July 1725. During his term of office, Zwaardecroon had to deal with a lot of unrest in Batavia, including arson in the dockyards and an attack on the gunpowder stores. The wealthy Pieter Eberveld, had inherited some land from his father. The government laid claim to a part of this estate. Eberveld planned an attack on the Dutchmen but some of his slaves warned the government and the attack was thwarted. He confessed on the rack and was condemned to death, along with other plotters. His house was destroyed and a wall erected around where it had stood. His head was stuck on a lance and attached to the wall. A stone with an inscription was erected, indicating that never again would anything be built on that spot. It was only removed during the Japanese occupation (World War II). Zwaardecrood always took great interest in developing new products. He encouraged coffee-planting in Priangan on Java meaning coffee production grew quickly. From 1723 on, the whole of the harvest had to be delivered to the Company. Zwaardecroon then introduced silk production to Java as well as the production of vegetable dyes. The silk production was not very successful. In 1772 he re-established the Chinese tea trade, which had previously been disrupted. In 1719, Pakubuwono I of Kartasura in East Java died and was succeeded by his son, Amangkurat IV. Two of his brothers did not recognise his succession and rose in revolt, attacking Kartasura. This was repulsed by the Dutch occupying troops, but Zwaardecroon felt himself compelled to send more troops to East Java. The revolt was put down by 1723, but it took until 1752 until real peace was restored in the area. (Second Javanese War of Succession 1719 - 1723). Zwaardecroon took action against private traders, and thus got better relations with local Company top shareholders (Bewindhouders). In 1726, he had 26 Company servants brought to Batavia on charges of corruption. Zwaardecroon died on 12 August 1728 in his estate at Kaduang near Batavia. He said he felt more at home with ordinary townsfolk, and so at his request he was not buried with his predecessors as Governor-General, but in the graveyard of the Portuguese Church Outside the Walls at Batavia (Portuguese Buitenkerk) in Batavia, where his grave can still be visited. References Site in Dutch on the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch-Indië, Part Soek-Zij. Putten, L.P. van, 2002. - Ambitie en onvermogen : gouverneurs-generaal van Nederlands-Indië 1610-1796. www.bezuidenhout.nl (in Dutch) External links 1667 births 1728 deaths Governors-General of the Dutch East Indies Dutch East India Company people from Rotterdam
20462108
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suzanne%20Allday
Suzanne Allday
Suzanne Allday-Goodison (26 November 1934 – 26 July 2017) was an English female discus thrower and shot putter. She was born in Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex. Athletics career She represented Great Britain at three Summer Olympics: 1952, 1956 and 1960. She married hammer thrower Peter Allday, and was affiliated with the Brighton Ladies Athletic Club and the Spartan Ladies Athletic Club during her career. In 1954 she won the first of four medals for England at the Commonwealth Games. The first was a silver medal in the discus at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. She represented England at the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Cardiff winning a gold medal in the discus and a silver medal in the shot put. Four years later she won a bronze medal in the shot put at the 1962 Commonwealth Games in Perth, Western Australia. References 1934 births 2017 deaths British female discus throwers British female shot putters Athletes (track and field) at the 1952 Summer Olympics Athletes (track and field) at the 1956 Summer Olympics Athletes (track and field) at the 1960 Summer Olympics Olympic athletes of Great Britain Athletes (track and field) at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games Athletes (track and field) at the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games Athletes (track and field) at the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games Commonwealth Games gold medallists for England Commonwealth Games silver medallists for England Commonwealth Games bronze medallists for England Commonwealth Games medallists in athletics People from Shoreham-by-Sea
17324788
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International%20cricket%20in%202008%E2%80%9309
International cricket in 2008–09
The 2008–09 international cricket season was between September 2008 and March 2009. The season saw the security concerns for cricket in Pakistan reach a pinnacle. The ICC Champions Trophy, scheduled to be held in Pakistan in September 2008, was postponed to 2009 after five of the participating nations refused to send their teams for the event. In November 2008, a Pakistani militant group launched terror attacks in Mumbai. This led to India cancelling their tour of Pakistan originally scheduled for January and February 2009. Sri Lanka agreed to tour Pakistan in place of India but the tour was jeopardised by a terror attack in Lahore where gunmen fired at a bus carrying the Sri Lankan team, injuring six members of the team. The Champions Trophy was later relocated to South Africa and no international cricket were played in Pakistan for more than five years. This period of isolation ended when Zimbabwe toured Pakistan in May 2015. After successfully hosting few T20Is against World-XI, Sri Lanka cricket team and the West Indians from 2017 to 2018, few matches of Pakistan Super League from 2017 to 2019, whole season in 2020 as well as hosting complete tours against Sri Lankan and Bangladeshi cricket teams respectively during the 2019–20 season, built good reputation of Pakistan. Hence, by the end of 2019, the Pakistan Cricket Board, announced that they would no longer play any of their future home matches at a neutral venue, indicating that International Cricket has returned to the country on full-time basis. Season overview Pre-season rankings September ICC Intercontinental Cup Win – 14 points Draw if more than 8 hours of play lost – 3 points (otherwise 0 points) First Innings leader – 6 points (independent of final result) Abandoned without a ball played – 10 points. Note: For matches in previous seasons, see the main article October World Cricket League Division 4 Final Placings Australia in India New Zealand in Bangladesh Quadrangular Twenty20 Series in Canada Associates Tri-Series in Kenya Kenya in South Africa November Bangladesh in South Africa Pakistan vs West Indies in the United Arab Emirates England in India 2 further ODIs were scheduled for Guwahati (29 November) and Delhi (2 December) but were cancelled for security reasons following the 2008 Mumbai Terrorist Attacks. The 1st Test was moved from Ahmedabad to Chennai and the 2nd Test from Mumbai to Mohali. After initially flying home, England flew out to Abu Dhabi on 4 December for a training camp, before then returning to India for the test series. New Zealand in Australia Sri Lanka in Zimbabwe ICC Americas Division 1 Championship The ICC Americas Division 1 Championship took place Fort Lauderdale in Florida from 25 November. Six nations took part: hosts USA, holders Bermuda, Canada, Cayman Islands, Argentina and debutants Suriname. United States won the tournament. December West Indies in New Zealand South Africa in Australia Sri Lanka in Bangladesh The first test included a rest day on 29 December due to the Bangladeshi general elections. January Tri-Series in Bangladesh Zimbabwe in Bangladesh Sri Lanka in Pakistan As a result of the firing in Lahore where several Sri Lankan players were injured, the 2nd Test was abandoned and Sri Lanka immediately returned home. ICC World Cricket League Division Three Zimbabwe in Kenya India in Sri Lanka February England in West Indies The 2nd Test was abandoned due to an unfit outfield. Therefore, an extra test was arranged to be played at the Antigua Recreation Ground, starting 2 days after the abandonment. Women's Tri-Series in Bangladesh advanced to the Final India in New Zealand Australia in South Africa March Women's World Cup Season summary Result Summary Stats Leaders Test ODI T20I Milestones Test Sachin Tendulkar reached 12,000 runs in Test on 17 October (vs Australia) 1st All Time Sourav Ganguly reached 7,000 runs in Test on 18 October (vs Australia) 33rd All Time V. V. S. Laxman played his 100th Test match on 6 November (vs Australia) 46th All Time Harbhajan Singh reached 300 wickets in Test on 7 November (vs Australia) 22nd All Time Sachin Tendulkar reached 100 catches in Test on 10 November (vs Australia) 27th All Time Brett Lee reached 300 wickets in Test on 22 November (vs New Zealand) 23rd All Time Matthew Hayden played his 100th Test match on 28 November (vs New Zealand) 47th All Time Ricky Ponting captained his 50th Test match on 28 November (vs New Zealand) 12th All Time Billy Bowden umpired his 50th Test match ( vs ) on 11 December 10th All time Graeme Smith reached 6,000 runs in Test on 20 December (vs Australia) 49th All time Chris Gayle reached 5,000 runs in Test on 20 December (vs New Zealand) 72nd All time Jacques Kallis took his 250th wicket in Test on 26 December (vs Australia) 31st All time Chaminda Vaas took his 350th wicket in Test on 26 December (Bangladesh) 19th All time Mahela Jayawardene played his 100th Test match on 3 January (vs Bangladesh) 48th All time Ramnaresh Sarwan reached 5,000 runs in Test on 6 January (vs England) 73rd All time Mahela Jayawardene reached 8,000 runs in Test on 21 February (vs Pakistan) 20th All time Younis Khan reached 5,000 runs in Test on 24 February (vs Sri Lanka) 74th All time Younis Khan scored triple century in Test on 24 February (vs Sri Lanka) 23rd All time Jacques Kallis reached 10,000 runs in Test on 27 February (vs Australia) 8th All time ODI Mashrafe Mortaza scored 1,000 runs on 14 October (vs New Zealand), becoming in the 43rd All time cricketer with 1,000 runs and 100 wickets Chris Gayle took 150 wickets on 16 November (vs Pakistan) 46th All time Harbhajan Singh took 200 wickets on 20 November (vs England) 30th All time Virender Sehwag reached 6,000 runs on 23 November (vs England) 39th All time Tatenda Taibu reached 100 dismissals on 30 November (vs Sri Lanka) 21st All time Chris Gayle scored his 7,000th run on 13 January (vs New Zealand) 26th All time Kumar Sangakkara scored his 7,000th run on 16 January (vs Bangladesh) 27th All time Jacques Kallis scored his 10,000th run on 23 January (vs Australia) 8th All time Nathan Bracken took 150 wickets on 23 January (vs South Africa) 47th All time Muttiah Muralitharan got his 500th wicket on 24 January (vs Pakistan) 2nd All Time Sanath Jayasuriya scored his 13,000th run on 28 January (vs India) 2nd All Time Mahela Jayawardene scored his 8,000th run on 3 February (vs India) 18th All Time Irfan Pathan took 150 wickets on 5 February (vs Sri Lanka) 48th All time Records Test Sachin Tendulkar broke the record of runs on 17 October (vs Australia) with runs scored off Peter Siddle. Mahela Jayawardene and Thilan Samaraweera broke the record for the 4th wicket with 437 runs vs Pakistan on 22 February. Shoaib Malik ended the partnership by dismissing Jayawardene. The partnership faced 651 balls and Jayawardene contributed 199 runs, Samaraweera 231 runs. Rahul Dravid broke the record of most catches on 6 April (vs New Zealand) upon helping dismiss Tim McIntosh. ODI Ajantha Mendis was fastest to reach 50 wickets on 12 January in his 19th match when he dismissed Ray Price (Zimbabwe). Mahela Jayawardene broke the record of catches by non-wicket keeper vs. Pakistan with 157, when he caught Salman Butt on 21 January. achieved their highest score in an ODI with 351 for 7 in the victory over Kenya (29 January) Muttiah Muralitharan broke the record of wickets taken with 503, when he dismissed Gautam Gambhir on 5 February. References External links 2008/09 season on ESPN Cricinfo 2008 in cricket 2009 in cricket
20462111
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008%E2%80%9309%20FIS%20Nordic%20Combined%20World%20Cup
2008–09 FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
The 2008/09 FIS Nordic Combined World Cup was the 26th world cup season, a combination of ski jumping and cross-country skiing organized by FIS. It began in Kuusamo on 29 November 2008. Anssi Koivuranta from Finland became overall winner. Hannu Manninen retired before the season began. Changes This World Cup is the first season with a new system. Instead of a sprint (1x jump and 7,5 km cross country skiing race) and Gundersen (2x jumps and 1x 15 km cross country skiing race), there is now a combined competition with a single jump and a single 10 km cross country skiing race. The Masstart is unchanged. The Relay is now 5 km Cross country and one jump for every jumper in the team. Calendar Men Team Standings Overall Standings after 23 events. Nations Cup Standings after 24 event. Notes References FIS-Ski Results FIS-Ski Cup Standings FIS Nordic Combined World Cup Results - International Herald Tribune ESPN - FIS Nordic Combined World Cup Results - Skiing ESPN - FIS Nordic Combined World Cup Results - Skiing External links FIS-Ski Home Nordic Combined - Official Web Site FIS Nordic Combined World Cup Fis Nordic Combined World Cup, 2008-09 Fis Nordic Combined World Cup, 2008-09
20462114
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Competitiveness%20Council
Competitiveness Council
The Competitiveness Council may refer to the Competitiveness Council (COMPET), a configuration of the Council of the European Union. the Council on Competitiveness, an American non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C. the National Competitiveness Council (NCC), an independent policy advisory body in Ireland. the National Competitiveness Council of Nigeria (NCCN), is a private-public non-profit organisation in Nigeria. the North American Competitiveness Council (NACC), an official tri-national working group of the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP). See also Competitiveness Policy Council, a former U.S. federal advisory committee to advise the President and the Congress on policies to promote competitiveness (began operation in 1991, and ceased operation in 1997).
17324790
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987%E2%80%9388%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1987–88 St. Louis Blues season
The 1987–88 St. Louis Blues season was the St. Louis Blues' 21st season in the National Hockey League (NHL). Offseason Regular season The Blues allowed the fewest short-handed goals during the regular season, with just 5. Final standings Schedule and results Playoffs Player statistics Regular season Scoring Goaltending Playoffs Scoring Goaltending Awards and records Transactions Draft picks St. Louis's draft picks at the 1987 NHL Entry Draft held at the Joe Louis Arena in Detroit, Michigan. The Blues attempted to select Tim Foley in the second round of the 1987 NHL Supplemental Draft, but the claim was ruled invalid since Foley entered school after age 20 and therefore did not meet eligibility requirements. Farm teams See also 1987–88 NHL season References Blues on Hockey Database External links St. St. St. Louis Blues seasons National Hockey League All-Star Game hosts St Louis St Louis
20462157
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St%20Breock
St Breock
St Breock () is a village and a civil parish in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The spelling St Breoke was also formerly in use. Geography St Breock village is 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Wadebridge immediately to the south of the Royal Cornwall Showground. The village lies on the eastern slope of the wooded Nansent valley. The civil parish of St Breock is in Bodmin Registration District and the population in the 2001 census was 703, increasing to 725 at the 2011 census. The parish extends approx five miles (8 kilometres) south of Wadebridge. To the north, the parish is bounded by the River Camel, to the west by St Issey parish, to the northeast by Egloshayle parish and to the southeast by Lanivet parish. Together with Egloshayle it was one of the two parishes within which the town of Wadebridge developed. History Prehistory Around two miles south of the village stands the St Breock Downs Monolith, a 16 ft (5 m) high prehistoric standing stone. It is the largest and heaviest prehistoric standing stone in Cornwall. Around one mile northwest of the monolith is a prehistoric dolmen known as Pawton Quoit. 20th Century During World War 2 there was a report of both bombs and incendiaries being dropped near St Breock in August 1940. Manor of Pawton The Manor of Pawton, already established in Saxon times, was very large, extending to six whole parishes and parts of four others. It was granted to the Bishops of Sherborne by King Egbert of Wessex and held by their successors until it was alienated under Henry VIII. In 1086 there were 44 hides of land, land for 60 ploughs, 40 villagers and 40 smallholders; pasture 12 sq leagues, woodland 2 sq leagues. Charles G. Henderson wrote in 1925 that slight remains of the bishop's palace and deer park were still to be seen. On the down above Pawton is a very large barrow with massive dolmen. At Nanscowe Farm a pillar stone of the 5th or 6th century with inscription meaning 'To the son of Ulcagnus; and to Severus' (in Latin). Parish Church The parish church is dedicated to St Briocus and dates back to the 13th century although it was extensively rebuilt in 1677. (The aisle, south transept and porches are additions of the 15th and 16th centuries.) The church has a battlemented tower with a ring of five bells. It is situated beside the stream in the valley bottom and in 1965 suffered damage in a major flood. The nave is longer than usual in a parish church: this may be connected to the fact that the Bishops of Exeter owned the manor of Pawton before the Reformation and had a palace there. In 1790 the rector here was John Molesworth and his wife Catherine Molesworth was an amateur artist. The church was restored for £1,400, and reopened on 26 July 1881 by Edward Benson, the Bishop of Truro. The church contains some fine monuments to members of the Tredeneck family and one of 1598 to William and Jane Viell. The heirs of the Viell family in the 17th century were the Prideaux family of Prideaux Place, which still owned the manor of St Breock in 1968. There is a brass probably also to a Tredeneck, ca. 1520. The church organ was the work of 'Father' Willis. Seth Ward, afterwards a bishop, was briefly the incumbent here. References External links Villages in Cornwall Civil parishes in Cornwall
20462183
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joel%20Erhardt
Joel Erhardt
Joel Benedict Erhardt (February 21, 1838 – September 8, 1909) was an American politician, civil servant, lawyer and businessman. He served as the police commissioner for the New York Police Department, U.S. Marshal for the Eastern District of New York, the Collector of the Port of New York and was the Republican candidate who ran against Hugh J. Grant for the Mayor of New York in 1888. Early life Joel Benedict Erhardt was born in Pottstown, Pennsylvania and moved with his parents, John Erhardt and Louisa Benedict, to New York City at the age of three. He came from a poor background, it being necessary for him to work in order to pay for the costs of public schooling, and was employed as messenger and clerk. Erhardt continued to work his way through college, becoming a schoolteacher in Upper Jay, New York, attending the University of Vermont. He continued his studies up until the start of the American Civil War whereupon he volunteered to enlist in the Union Army. He initially joined the Ninth Militia Regiment, but reportedly anxious for active duty, he left the unit for the Second and then Seventy-First Regiments until finally leaving for the front lines with the Seventh Regiment. He had to borrow the money to pay for his uniform. After his enlistment period was up, he returned to his home state to raise the First Vermont Cavalry serving with them until 1863. He had reached the rank of Captain by that time and, that summer, he was appointed a provost marshal and assigned to New York City where he would oversee enforcing conscription in the Tenth District. Although criticized for the low number of recruits compared to the other provost marshals in the city, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton defended Erhardt's efforts stating "The men he enlists may be few but they go to the front and fight, every one of them. They are not bounty jumpers". In the days before the New York Draft Riots, he was confronted by several men with iron bars while trying to collect names in a new tenement building at Broadway and Liberty Street. Erhardt held the men off for three hours while waiting for reinforcements, armed only with his pistol, but was eventually forced to retreat without the names. Mid-life After the war, Erhardt became a lawyer and remained in New York serving as Assistant U.S. District Attorney in Brooklyn. In 1876, Erhardt was named as police commissioner of the New York Police Department by Governor Samuel J. Tilden after the dismissal of George Washington Matsell and Abram Disbecker by Mayor William H. Wickham. Erhardt was a strong advocate of introducing a style of military discipline within the department. He also criticized the substitution of one police commissioner as a replacement for the old four-man committee, commenting that "it was an absurdity to have a removable Commissioner at the head of an irremovable force"; however, it was widely speculated that for political reasons Mayor Edward Cooper insisted that charges be brought against the previous police commissioners. Nothing came of the trial, however. In 1883, Erhardt was appointed U.S. Marshal for the Eastern District of New York by President Chester A. Arthur. He also became receiver of the New York City and Northern Railroad and, by 1888, the annual receipts of the road had risen from $24,000 to $400,000 when he returned control of the line to its owners. He was made its president of the company following its reorganization. That same year, he was nominated by the Republican Party to run for the Mayor of New York. Elihu Root, then U.S. District Attorney and a personal friend of Erhardt while a U.S. Marshal, publicly endorsed his candidacy stating: His name is the synonym for the faithful discharge of duty. In his business regulations he has won the respect and admiration of all who know him. As a public officer, when fortunes were within his grasp, not a thought of seizing them entered his mind. He is a man vigorously positive, determined, honest, generous and able. Not a stain has been cast on his name. Not a man can say a word against him to impeach his qualifications for the Mayoralty of New York. One of seven candidates, it was suggested at the time that Erhardt had merely been placed on the ticket as a political sacrifice for the Republicans. In spite of this, he made a strong showing in the race but was defeated by the Tammany Hall candidate Hugh J. Grant. Partly due to his popularity in the election, Erhardt was made Collector of the Port of New York shortly afterwards. His appointment was only reluctantly made by Thomas C. Platt, then a leader of the Republican Party in New York, and because of Erhardt's resistance against the city's political machine he and his followers did everything within their power to interfere with and otherwise undermine Erhardt. He finally resigned in 1891 announcing that "the Collector has been reduced to a position where he is no longer an independent officer with authority commensurate with his responsibility". This was the last position he would ever hold. Later life He was a successful businessman in his later years, serving as the president and director of the Public Accountants' Corporation, trustee of the Bowery Savings Bank, director of Echo Lake Ice Company and interested in several other major corporations. Erhardt was also the director for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals until 1906 when he resigned due to a dispute with the management of the society. He was a member of the Union League Club, Loyal Legion, New England Society, Saint Nicholas Society, Sphinx and Downtown Clubs. In September 1909, Erhardt was staying at the Union League Club while his wife, Nora Belle Jewett, was visiting their daughter at York Harbor, Maine for part of the summer. He had told his private secretary that he had not been feeling well, believing he may have developed rheumatism, and his friends at the club noticed that he had been in ill health during the last month but appeared well while staying at the club. On the morning of September 7, at about 1:00 a.m., the club watchman was passing Erhardt's room and saw him sitting at the side of his bed. Erhardt told them to get a doctor at once. His family physician, Dr. John Solley, was called from his home on West Fifty-Eighth Street but Erhardt died at 1.20 a.m. At the time of his death, he was the president of the Lawyers' Surety Company and a director in a number of corporations. References Further reading Astor, Gerald. The New York Cops: An Informal History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971. Cook, Adrian. The Armies of the Streets: The New York City Draft Riots of 1863. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1974. Costello, Augustine E. Our Police Protectors: History of the New York Police from the Earliest Period to the Present Time. New York: A.E. Costello, 1885. External links 1838 births 1909 deaths People from Pottstown, Pennsylvania New York (state) Republicans New York (state) lawyers New York City Police Commissioners United States Marshals People from Manhattan Burials at Green-Wood Cemetery University of Vermont alumni Collectors of the Port of New York 19th-century American businesspeople
20462185
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyman%20Larner
Hyman Larner
Hyman Larner (November 4, 1913 – October 12, 2002) was an American gangster associated with Sam Giancana and the Chicago Outfit. Known in the newspapers as "the Ivy League Mobster", he was the head of the Chicago Outfit's slot machine racket. Larner, who was Jewish, kept a low profile but was very powerful with the Chicago underworld. After Eddie Vogel retired from the gambling machine business, Larner became the power behind the scenes. When he testified before the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in Labor and Management in 1959, he invoked his Fifth Amendment rights fifty-four times. Larner expanded the Outfit's gambling and smuggling operations to Panama and Iran, moving the organization's Miami operation's headquarters to Panama where money laundering was more easily facilitated by local banks. These operations were conducted as a partnership between the Mafia and the CIA. By 1966, this partnership had developed into arms smuggling to the Middle East for the Israeli Mossad, all via Panama. Larner had friends among world leaders and key players in the Central Intelligence Agency and the U.S. military, and he was also well connected with Las Vegas bosses like the Teamsters' Allen Dorfman and media mogul Hank Greenspun. One of Larner's closest friends was Meyer Lansky, and the two shared in their passionate Zionism and defense for the Jews' divine right to the land of Israel. Notes References Jewish American gangsters Chicago Outfit bosses American Zionists 1913 births 2002 deaths 20th-century American Jews 21st-century American Jews
20462201
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myostatin-related%20muscle%20hypertrophy
Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy
Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy is a rare genetic condition characterized by reduced body fat and increased skeletal muscle size. Affected individuals have up to twice the usual amount of muscle mass in their bodies, but increases in muscle strength are not usually congruent. Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy is not known to cause medical problems, and affected individuals are intellectually normal. The prevalence of this condition is unknown. Mutations in the MSTN gene cause myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy. The MSTN gene provides instructions for making a protein called myostatin, which is active in muscles used for movement (skeletal muscles) both before and after birth. This protein normally restrains muscle growth, ensuring that muscles do not grow too large. Mutations that reduce the production of functional myostatin lead to an overgrowth of muscle tissue. Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy has a pattern of inheritance known as incomplete autosomal dominance. People with a mutation in both copies of the gene in each cell (homozygotes) have significantly increased muscle mass. People with a mutation in one copy of the MSTN gene in each cell (heterozygotes) also have increased muscle bulk but to a lesser degree. The effect of this growth factor was first described in cattle as “bovine muscular hypertrophy” by the British farmer H. Culley in 1807. Cattle that have a myostatin gene deletion look unusually and excessively muscular. Human-induced myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy Researchers at Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health in China have edited the genome of beagles to create double the amount of muscle. Of the two beagles that were genetically modified, only one had increased muscle mass. The ultimate aim of this project is to be able to better treat a genetic neuromuscular disease (Parkinson's disease). Besides beagles, genetic modification has also been done in pigs and fish. See also Gene doping Muscle hypertrophy Myostatin Hysterical strength activin A References External links Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy at NIH Genetics Home Reference Muscular disorders Genetic diseases and disorders Rare diseases Syndromes affecting muscles
20462206
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djargurd%20Wurrong
Djargurd Wurrong
The Djargurd Wurrong (also spelt Djargurd Wurrung) are Aboriginal Australian people of the Western district of the State of Victoria, and traditionally occupied the territory between Mount Emu Creek and Lake Corangamite. Language The Djargurd Wurrung people spoke the Djargurd Wurrung dialect of the Dhauwurd Wurrung language. Country The classification of the Groups on this territory has been subject to controversy. Norman Tindale, referring to the same area, and clans, called them the Kirrae, whose lands he stated comprised in his estimate around of territory from Warrnambool and the Hopkins River down to the coast at Princetown with the northerly reaches at Lake Bolac and Darlington, and extending easterly beyond Camperdown. The historian Ian Clark states that Tindale "failed to acknowledge the existence" of the Djargurd wurrung, while locating them in the same area. The Djagurd wurrung territory was bordered by the Wada wurrung in the north, the Dhauwurd wurrung to the west, the Girai wurrung to their south, and the Gulidjan in the east. History The traditional lands of the Djargurd Wurrung and Gulidjan, including the Western District Lakes, now a Ramsar site, have been used by the indigenous peoples for thousands of years. There are many archaeological sites registered that include fish traps, surface scatters, middens and burial sites. At the time of European settlement in the 1830s and 1840s the Djargurd suffered from massacres by European settlers in the Australian frontier wars, and also from attacks by the neighbouring Wada wurrung tribe. Dispossession from their land led to starvation and their theft of sheep resulted in murderous reprisals. In 1839 one clan, the Tarnbeere gundidj, was massacred by Frederick Taylor and others in a site that came to be known as Murdering Gully. When the Aboriginal reserve was established in 1865 at Framlingham, near Warrnambool, many of the surviving members of the Djargurd wurrung were forcibly relocated. However, a number of elders refused to abandon their traditional country and stayed eking out a meagre living on the edge of towns like Camperdown. They were assisted by people such as James Dawson, a Scotsman, who acted as guardian and supported them with his own money. In 1883 Wombeetch Puuyuun (also known as Camperdown George) died at the age of 43 and was buried in a bog outside the bounds of Camperdown Cemetery. On Dawson's return from a trip to Scotland he was shocked at where his friend had been buried and personally reburied Wombeetch in Camperdown Cemetery. He appealed for money to raise a monument, but with little public support, primarily funded the monument himself. The obelisk was erected as a memorial to Wombeetch Puuyuun and the Aboriginal people of the district, and has been described as still inspiring today. Clan system The Djargurd wurrung people had 12 clans under a matrilineal system with a descent system based on the Gabadj (black cockatoo) and Grugidj (white cockatoo) moieties. The clans intermarried with Gulidjan, Girai wurring, Djab wurrung and Wada wurrung peoples. The twelve clans are as follows:- Notes Citations Sources Aboriginal peoples of Victoria (Australia) History of Victoria (Australia)
20462211
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western%20Hotel%20%28Lynchburg%2C%20Virginia%29
Western Hotel (Lynchburg, Virginia)
The Western Hotel, or Joseph Nichols' Tavern, is a historic building located at Lynchburg, Virginia. It is the last of the city's many ante-bellum taverns and ordinaries, and is an important example of early Federal-style commercial architecture. It stands at what was for many years the western entrance to the city. It is known to have been operated as a tavern as early as 1815 by Joseph Nichols. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. It is located in the Fifth Street Historic District. References External links Western Hotel, Fifth & Madison Streets, Lynchburg, VA: 1 photos, 1 data page, and 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Historic American Buildings Survey in Virginia Hotel buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Federal architecture in Virginia Buildings and structures in Lynchburg, Virginia National Register of Historic Places in Lynchburg, Virginia Individually listed contributing properties to historic districts on the National Register in Virginia
20462225
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lammi%20Church
Lammi Church
Lammi Church (, ) is a medieval stone church located in Lammi, Hämeenlinna, Southern Finland. It was built during the 1510s. External links Medieval stone churches in Finland Hämeenlinna Buildings and structures in Kanta-Häme
20462227
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh%20Blackburne
Hugh Blackburne
Hugh Charles Blackburne was the Bishop of Thetford from 1977 until 1981. Blackburne was born into an ecclesiastical family on 4 June 1912 and educated at Marlborough and Clare College, Cambridge before beginning his ordained ministry as a curate in Almondbury. He was then a chaplain in the Forces and then held incumbencies at Milton, Hampshire, Harrow, the Hillsborough parishes and Ranworth before being ordained to the episcopate. He died on 15 October 1995. References 1912 births 1995 deaths People educated at Marlborough College Alumni of Clare College, Cambridge Bishops of Thetford 20th-century Church of England bishops Royal Army Chaplains' Department officers
20462229
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cook%20Memorial%20Public%20Library%20District
Cook Memorial Public Library District
The Cook Memorial Public Library District (CMPLD) serves communities in Lake County, Illinois: Libertyville, Green Oaks, Vernon Hills, Indian Creek, Mettawa, and parts of Mundelein. There are two full-service library facilities: Cook Park Library, 413 N. Milwaukee Ave. in Libertyville, and Aspen Drive Library, 701 Aspen Drive in Vernon Hills. CMPLD is a member of the Reaching Across Illinois Library System (RAILS). The former Cook Memorial Library building, in Cook Park at 413 N. Milwaukee Ave., Libertyville, Illinois, is a classical revival building constructed in 1879 as the home of area businessman Ansel Brainerd Cook; it is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. History Local library service began in 1909 when the Alpha Club (now the Libertyville Woman’s Club) began a subscription library in Decker and Bond, a local drugstore. The small collection soon outgrew the few shelves in the drugstore and in 1914 found a new home in the Libertyville Village Hall. In 1921, the home and property of Ansel B. Cook were left to the village of Libertyville for library and park purposes; Cook Memorial Library opened to the public in November of that year. The first head librarian, Blanche Mitchell, lived with her husband in one of the upstairs rooms of Cook House. In 1924, the Libertyville Township Library Board was organized to operate Cook Memorial Library, and library service continued to be offered to the community from the Cook House. As the library’s collection expanded to meet the demands of a growing population, the Children’s Department was moved offsite. In 1968, a new brick building was constructed behind the Cook House, bringing the collection back together in one facility. The township library board was dissolved in 1973 with the formation of the Cook Memorial Public Library District. Shortly thereafter, parts of northern Vernon Township were annexed into the library district. In 1974, an automated circulation system was installed. In 1984, the basement was expanded by to house the Children’s Department, office space, and a public meeting room. Public internet stations were installed in 1995. As the population served by CMPLD continued to grow, library space became crowded: By 1996, the library district’s population was more than 47,000 and its annual circulation was more than one million items. Three unsuccessful referendums left the southern part of the library district underserved. In 2002, then serving a population of more than 58,000, CMPLD entered into an agreement with Vernon Hills to rent space in the lower level of its Village Hall on Evergreen Drive. The Evergreen Interim Library, , opened on January 13, 2003. To alleviate a continued lack of adequate space, in 2007 the CMPLD board adopted an expansion proposal calling for the addition of to the district's facilities. The $14-million project called for the construction of a library on Aspen Drive in Vernon Hills and adding about to Cook Park Library, along with renovating existing space at the site. While the Cook Park site was being remodeled, a temporary library location was established in order to continue services and programming. The new Aspen Drive Library opened on July 10, 2010. The remodeled Cook Park Library reopened on January 8, 2011. As of 2015, the Cook Memorial Public Library District was serving 60,000 people in Libertyville, Vernon Hills, Green Oaks, and Mundelein. The library district continues to operate two full-service libraries, a digital/eLibrary collection, as well as a Bookmobile, and Outreach. Library Directors Verna E. Jarrett, June 1921 to December 1922 Blanche A. Mitchell, January 1923 to October 1951 Catherine Littler, November 1951 to March 1966 William Sannwald, 1966 to 1968 Frederick Byergo, September 1968 to April 2007 Dan Armstrong, April 2007 to February 2010 Mary Ellen Stembal (Acting Director), February 2010 to September 2010 Stephen A. Kershner, September 2010 to June 2015 David Archer, June 2015 to present Services CMPLD offers a variety of free programming to patrons, including genealogy research support, morning and evening book discussions, English-language instruction, children's story times, reading clubs for children and adults, tween/teen get-togethers, computer classes, device assistance, and an extensive digital library including eBooks, audiobooks, films/videos, and music. In 2014, Digital Studios were added to both libraries, offering patrons a variety of electronic equipment and space to scan, edit, and restore photos, slides, and negatives; convert VHS tapes to DVDs or digital files; design a website or app; record a demo; start a podcast; and more. Via its website, www.cooklib.org, CMPLD provides patrons with 24/7 remote access to a range of reference databases (some in Spanish) that contain reliable, accurate, and detailed information on topics such as medicine, law, current events, investments, and genealogy. CMPLD offers free lectures covering a variety of topics, from local history to American pop culture icons such as Star Trek and the Lone Ranger. The Library also hosts a visiting authors program that has included internationally bestselling writers such as Jodi Picoult, Chris Bohjalian, and Jeff Shaara, as well as debut authors and emerging talents such as Sara Levine, Rebecca Makkai, and CakeSpy blogger Jessie Oleson Moore. A Bookmobile offering a variety of library materials makes regular stops in neighborhoods as well as at senior centers and daycare centers throughout the District. References http://www.railslibraries.info/ http://www.cooklib.org/ External links Cook Memorial Public Library District website Shelf Life, A Cook Memorial Public Library District blog Building a Better Future blog Libertyville, Illinois Library districts in Illinois Libraries in Lake County, Illinois Vernon Hills, Illinois
20462230
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosemary%20Payne
Rosemary Payne
Christine Rosemary Payne (née Charters; born 19 May 1933) is a British female discus thrower. She represented Great Britain at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich and won the gold medal for Scotland at the 1970 Commonwealth Games. She was born in Kelso, Scottish Borders, Scotland She now competes under the name Rosemary Chrimes. She had previously competed at the international level back to the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. She married hammer thrower and three-time Olympian Howard Payne (1931–1992), and has affiliated with the Lozells Harriers during her career. At the age of 39 she competed in the 1972 Olympics. She ranked tenth in the qualification round with a distance of 55.56 m, in the final she finished 12th with a throw of 56.50 meters. Her personal best of 58.02 m dates from the same year 1972. At age 41, she took a silver medal in the 1974 Commonwealth Games. Also in 1974, she served as the British Junior Team Manager, supervising youngsters including Steve Cram, Fatima Whitbread, Colin Jackson and Steve Backley. She competed in the 1975 World Masters Athletics Championships, showing her athletic versatility by winning gold in not only the Discus and shot put throwing events, but also in the 100 metres and high jump. After 1978, she took a break from competing, to return ten years later at the European Veterans Championships, adding the triple jump to her repertoire. Her British W55 record of 9.12 m still stands. In all she has amassed 19 British age group records, including a complete sweep of Discus records from age 35 to 80, excepting the W50 division that fell during the years she was not competing. As of the start of 2014, she holds five world records. References sports-reference 1933 births Living people Scottish female discus throwers Athletes (track and field) at the 1972 Summer Olympics Olympic athletes of Great Britain British female discus throwers World record holders in masters athletics British masters athletes Commonwealth Games medallists in athletics Commonwealth Games gold medallists for Scotland Athletes (track and field) at the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games Athletes (track and field) at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games Athletes (track and field) at the 1974 British Commonwealth Games Commonwealth Games silver medallists for Scotland
20462234
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iggesund%20Paperboard
Iggesund Paperboard
Iggesund Paperboard is a commission company of the Holmen Group and Europe's third largest manufacturer of high quality virgin fibre paperboard. Iggesund has a market share of about 20% in this sector. History Iggesund is an industrial village in Sweden. Isak Breant Sr, a businessman and former court commissioner to Queen Kristina, established there a mill in 1685. Iggesunds Bruk (English:mill) was originally an ironworks, and the nearby forests were used to produce charcoal for the factory. In 1771, Iggesund Bruk acquired a small nearby company that made paper, Östanå paper mill. It was one of the first to try to use sawdust and wood to produce paper. However, the technique remained experimental. The mill burnt down in 1842. In 1869, Baron Gustav Tamm became the owner of Iggesunds Bruk, and built a large sawmill. It was a major transformation for the factory, which had always been an ironworks. Iggesund's shares were first listed on Stockholmsbörsen in 1949. Lars G. Sundblad introduced paperboard manufacturing at Iggesund, which started in 1963. The merger of MoDo, Holmen and Iggesund resulted in the delisting of Iggesund shares from Stockholmsbörsen (1988), making Iggesund part of the holding, which was renamed to Holmen AB in 2000 Products Iggesund Paperboard's product range consists of two product families: Invercote, a solid bleached board (SBB, GZ) with a grammage of 180–400 g/m2 and a thickness of 200-485 μm Incada, folding box board (FBB, GC1 and GC2) with a grammage of 200–350 g/m2 and a thickness of 305-640 μm Mills Iggesunds Bruk manufactures solid bleached board (SBB, GZ) for the Invercote range in Iggesund, Sweden. two machines with an annual capacity of about 330,000 tons produced 262,000 tons of paperboard in 2008 certified in accordance with ISO 14001 and ISO 9001. FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certified PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification ) certified Workington manufactures folding box board (FBB, GC1, GC2) for the Incada range in Workington, England one machine with an annual capacity of 200,000 tons produced 175,000 tons of paperboard in 2010 certified in accordance with ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 also ISO 18,001 FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certified Ströms Bruk produces plastic-coated and laminated paperboard on the basis of paperboard from Iggesund and Workington at a capacity of 40,000 tons/year in Strömsbruk, Sweden Locations Head Office: Iggesund Paperboard AB, Iggesund, Sweden Sales Offices: Iggesund Paperboard Europe, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Iggesund Paperboard Asia (HK) Limited, Hong Kong Iggesund Paperboard Asia Pte Ltd., Singapore Iggesund Paperboard Inc. Sales Office US, Lyndhurst, NJ, United States Sales Agents: Worldwide Distribution Terminals: Iggesund, Sweden , Ireland Krakow, Poland Kiel, Germany Rotterdam, The Netherlands Tilbury, United Kingdom Workington, United Kingdom See also TAPPI.org Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry FSC.org Forest Stewardship Council PEFC.se Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification References External links Iggesund.com Iggesund's homepage Holmen.com Holmen's homepage Pulp and paper companies of Sweden Companies based in Gävleborg County
20462242
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortier%20de%2012%20Gribeauval
Mortier de 12 Gribeauval
The Mortier de 12 pouces Gribeauval (Gribeauval 12-inch mortar) was a French mortar and part of the Gribeauval system developed by Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval. It was part of the siege artillery. The measurement of the mortar is expressed by the diameter of the ball, using the French ancient system of measurement, in which 1 pouce (1 inch) is worth 2.707 cm. The Mortier de 12 pouces Gribeauval was used extensively during the wars following the French Revolution, as well as the Napoleonic wars. However, its first major operational use was even earlier, during the American Revolutionary War, in General Rochambeau's French expeditionary corps, from 1780 to late 1782, and especially at Yorktown in 1781. Gomer system The Mortier de 12 pouces used a cylindrical chamber, which, although quite efficient, used to wear easily. It was superseded by the Gomer system using a conical chamber, which was incorporated in Gribeauval's system in 1789. Some of the Mortier de 12 pouces were used in coastal defenses, in which case they were fixed on solid metal platforms. Notes References Chartrand, René 2003 Napoleon's guns 1792-1815 (2) Osprey Publishing External links Mortars of France 320 mm artillery
20462254
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KGRM
KGRM
KGRM (91.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a variety format. Licensed to Grambling, Louisiana, United States. The station is currently owned by Grambling State University. References External links Grambling, Louisiana Radio stations in Louisiana College radio stations in Louisiana Radio stations in Ruston, Louisiana
20462258
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rampant%20Lions%20Press
Rampant Lions Press
The Rampant Lions Press was a fine letterpress printing firm in Britain, operating from 1924 to 2008. The firm was founded by Will Carter (24 September 1912 – 17 March 2001), publishing its first book in 1936, and was continued by his son, Sebastian Carter (b. 1941), from 1966. History Rampant Lions started life as a private press in 1924, when Will Carter was still a schoolboy. After the war, his interest in printing was such that he decided to try to establish the Press on a commercial footing, and did so in Cambridge in 1949. From that date until the formal closure of the Press at the end of 2008, Rampant Lions has been among the most highly regarded letterpress printing-offices in Britain. The skills of Will and Sebastian Carter in design and press-work have been recognized by publishers, who commissioned work from them, and by collectors, who have sought out their publications since the 1950s. Sebastian Carter also has an international reputation as a writer on type and typography and is the author of several books, including in 2013 The Rampant Lion Press: A Narrative Catalogue. Besides printing, Carter also designed two fonts for Monotype, Klang and Octavian, the latter with David Kindersley. He also designed signage and a font for Dartmouth College, where he was artist-in-residence for a time. Legacy At the Fitzwilliam Museum from 18 March to 18 May 2014 the exhibition The Rampant Lions Press: A Letterpress Odyssey took place, featuring books published since 1982, when the press had been the subject of a retrospective exhibition there, celebrating A Printing Workshop Through Five Decades. Further reading Carter, Sebastian, et al. The Rampant Lions Press: a printing workshop through five decades (Rampant Lions, Cambridge, 1982). (paperback), (cased). Carter, Sebastian, "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning: Closing the Rampant Lions Press Workshop", in Parenthesis; 19 (Autumn 2010), pp. 9–11. Carter, Sebastian, The Rampant Lion Press: A Narrative Catalogue, New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2013 (208 pages). References External links Rampant Lions Press website (including a catalogue of books in print) Nicolas Barket, Obituary of Will Carter, The Independent, 20 March 2001. "Will Carter", Luc Devroye. Finding Aid for the Rampant Lions Press Collection 1961–2001, The Online Archive of California. Book publishing companies of the United Kingdom Small press publishing companies Publishing companies established in 1924 British companies established in 1924 1924 establishments in England Private press movement
17324802
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988%E2%80%9389%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1988–89 St. Louis Blues season
The 1988–89 St. Louis Blues season was the St. Louis Blues' 22nd season in the National Hockey League (NHL). Offseason Team captain Brian Sutter retires to become the new head coach. Forward Bernie Federko is named team captain. NHL Draft Regular season The Blues tied the Washington Capitals for most shutouts in the league, with 6. Final standings Schedule and results Player statistics Forwards Note: GP= Games played; G= Goals; AST= Assists; PTS = Points; PIM = Points Defencemen Note: GP= Games played; G= Goals; AST= Assists; PTS = Points; PIM = Points Goaltending Note: GP= Games played; W= Wins; L= Losses; T = Ties; SO = Shutouts; GAA = Goals Against Awards and honors Dan Kelly (sportscaster), Lester Patrick Trophy (posthumous selection) References Blues on Hockey Database Blues on Hockey Reference St. St. St. Louis Blues seasons St Louis St Louis
20462262
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William%20Edward%20Hodgson%20Berwick
William Edward Hodgson Berwick
William Edward Hodgson Berwick (11 March 1888 in Dudley Hill, Bradford – 13 May 1944 in Bangor, Gwynedd) was a British mathematician, specializing in algebra, who worked on the problem of computing an integral basis for the algebraic integers in a simple algebraic extension of the rationals. Academic career Berwick was educated at a small private school before entering Bradford Grammar School. He completed his schooling in 1906, securing a Brown Scholarship to assist him in his university studies; he was also awarded an Entrance Scholarship by Clare College, Cambridge, where he went to study for the Mathematical Tripos. He took Part I of the degree in 1909, placing joint fourth in the class, and Part II in 1910. During his undergraduate years, under the tutelage of G B Matthews, Berwick became interested in number theory. He submitted an essay entitled An illustration of the theory of relative corpora for the Smith's Prize in 1911; the essay was placed second in the prize competition. He then co-wrote, with Matthews, a paper On the reduction of arithmetical binary cubics which have a negative determinant: it was published after Berwick had left Cambridge to take up an assistant lectureship at the University of Bristol, and was the only paper Berwick co-authored in his career. Berwick taught at Bristol until 1913 when he took up another lectureship at the University College of Bangor. With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 Berwick began war work on the Technical Staff of the Anti-Aircraft Experimental Section of the Munitions Inventions Department at Portsmouth. For the 1919–20 academic year Berwick was appointed acting head of the Bangor mathematics department; he then took up a lectureship at the University of Leeds, earning promotion to a Readership in Mathematical Analysis there in 1921. He was also elected to a fellowship at Clare College, Cambridge, in 1921. In 1926, with thirteen research papers to his name, Berwick returned to Bangor to serve as Chairman of Mathematics. He had in 1925 become a member of the Council of the London Mathematical Society; in 1929 he was appointed Vice-President. He retired the post in 1941, at which point he was created Emeritus Professor. Research and publications Berwick was an algebraist, and worked on the problem of computing an integral basis for the algebraic integers in a simple algebraic extension of the rationals, and studied rings in algebraic integers. In 1927 he published Integral Bases, an ambitious account that used heavy numerical computations in place of practical proofs. He published sixteen papers, ten of them — including a 1915 paper giving sufficient conditions for a quintic expression to be solved by radicals — in Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society. Much of his work gained recognition only in the 1960s, when it was republished. Personal life Berwick was described as a tall man with a distinctive voice and forthright personal style. He was a keen chess player, participating in the clubs at his various universities. He had a keen interest in teaching, publishing a number of mathematical recreation articles and giving several addresses at meetings of the British Association. In 1923, while living in Leeds, Berwick married Daisy May Thomas, the daughter of Dr W R Thomas. His health began to fail after his 1926 return to Bangor; he published only five further papers after taking up this position. He died in Bangor in 1944. Legacy Berwick endowed funds for two prizes to the London Mathematical Society; after his death they were used to create the Senior Berwick prize and Junior Berwick prize, both of which are still awarded. References 20th-century British mathematicians 1888 births 1944 deaths
17324816
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korphe
Korphe
Korphe (, ) is a small subsistence farming village in northeastern Pakistan, situated at the foot of the Karakoram mountain range along the banks of the Braldu River. Korphe has achieved international attention because of the work carried out by mountaineer Greg Mortenson and his Central Asia Institute (CAI) which specializes in raising money from all over the world in order to provide good quality schooling for the children of Korphe and similar villages throughout the region, including Afghanistan. How this came to pass has been extensively documented in the book Three Cups of Tea written by Mortenson and journalist David Oliver Relin and the Young Readers edition of Three Cups of Tea adapted by Sarah Thomson. References Populated places in Skardu District Baltistan
20462266
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th%20Parachute%20Engineer%20Regiment
17th Parachute Engineer Regiment
The 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment () is heir to the traditions of the 17th Colonial Engineer Regiment () which illustrated itself during World War II. It is the only airborne engineer unit of the French Army forming the engineering component of the 11th Parachute Brigade and secures all the specific airborne engineering missions relative to para assaulting at the level of deep reconnaissance as well as operations relative to para demining and handling explosives. The regiment has been present non-stop since 1975 on all theatres of operations (Lebanon, Tchad, New Caledonia, French Guiana, Pakistan, Kurdistan, Kuwait, Cambodia, Somalia, Rwanda, Gabon, Mozambique, ex-Yugoslavia, Albania, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Mali and others). For its various combat operational deployments, the 17e RGP was cited 3 times at the orders of the armed forces, 2 times at the orders of the armed forces corps, and three of its combat companies cited at the orders of the armed forces ( 2nd combat company) in addition to armed forces corps (1st and 3rd combat companies). History since 1870 1870–1871: creation of the 17th company, 2nd Engineer Regiment: took part in the defense of Paris, Saint-Denis, Mont-Valérien, Bourgets combats, battles of Champigny and Buzenval, founders of bridges at Marne. 1876: creation of an engineer battalion and intervention in Algeria. 1881: 1st combat company of the 17th participated to an expedition in Tunisia. 1912: 4 combat companies participated to an expedition in Morocco. 1914–1918: 23 combat companies of the 17th Engineer Battalion battled in Ardennes Belge, Marne, Champagne, Artois, Verdun, Aisne, Flandres, Oise, Woëvre. 1916–1920: 4 combat companies of the 17th intervened in Morocco, attached to the Moroccan Division. 1923: creation of the 17th Engineer Regiment, the 1st battalion of the regiment was stationed at Strasbourg, the second was dispatched to the French Army of the Rhin at Biebrich in Germany. 1928: the 17th Engineer Regiment became the 1st Engineer Regiment. 1940: 2 combat engineer companies of the 17th battled in l'Oise. Creation of the 17th Battalion at Castersarrasin (Tarn and Garonne) which became the 5th Engineer Battalion. 1944–1945: creation of the 17th Colonial Engineer Battalion in Morocco. The Battalion was detached to Corsica and battled at Toulon ( battle campaigns of France and Germany) at the corps of the 1st Army (Rhin and Danube). 1946–1949: creation of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion attached to the 25th Airborne Division. 1947: a combat section of paratrooper Pioneers intervened in Indochina at the corps of the 61st Colonial Engineer Battalion. 1948: a combat section of the paratrooper pioneers intervened in Indochina at the corps of the 71st Colonial Engineer Battalion 1948–1953: 3 successive combat sections of paratrooper pioneers of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion (17e B.G.A.P) intervened in Indochina. 1950: volunteer engagement of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion to the United Nations French formed battalion participating in the Korean War. 1953: regrouping of the combat sections of the paratrooper pioneers of Indochina from 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion for the creation of the 17th Parachute Engineer Company which would intervene in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu part of Operation Castor. 1954: creation of the 3rd combat company of Vietnamese Airborne Engineers in Indochina commanded and formed by the cadres of the 17th Parachute Engineer Company. 1953–1962: the 1st combat company of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion intervened in Algeria and became in 1955 the 60th Airborne Engineer Company attached to the 10th Parachute Division. The combat company intervened in Egypt in 1956 and in 1961 at Bizerte (Tunisia). 1956–1962: the 75th Airborne Engineer Company issued from the 3rd combat company of the 17th Airborne Battalion Regiment was attached to the 25th Parachute Division. The company became in 1961 the 61st Airborne Engineer Regiment and intervened in Bizerte. 1958: creation of the center of instruction of Airborne Engineers '17' at Castersarrasin. 1961–1962: creation, conception and placing in effect the first Commando Instruction Center (C.E.C) at Fort de Charlemont of Givet in the department of Ardennes by the 61st Airborne Engineer Company and the 1st Commando Parachute Group. The main section of the 61st Airborne became the Commando Instruction Center of the 11th Light Intervention Division (11e D.L.I). This Division replaced the 10th Parachute Division and 25th Parachute Division. 1963: creation of the 17th Airportable Engineer Regiment (17e R.G.A.P) at Castelsarrasin from the paratrooper pioneers of the engineer Center of Instruction and from the two combat companies back from Algeria. 1971: the regiment was dissolved, the 1st and 2nd combat companies of the airportable engineer regiment were attached respectively to the 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment, 1eRHP and the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment, 35eRAP becoming inter-arm units. At the corps of these two regiments, the two airborne engineer companies maintained their missions and traditions of "Génie Parachutiste". 1974: recreation of the 17th Airportable Engineer Regiment at Montauban (Tarn and Garonne). 1978: the 17th became the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment (17e R.G.P). 1982–1984: the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment took part extensively and heavily in both the Multinational Force in Lebanon within the 31st Brigade and the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon placed in ground operations since 1978. 1990–1991: the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment took part in the Gulf War part of the Opération Daguet. 2001: the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment spearheaded combat, combat support, peacekeeping, multipurposed operations through the War on Terror and has been seen taking part in all exterior theatres of operations of the French Armed Forces on all five continents. Creation and different designations since 1944 Created on March 1, 1944 at Port Lyautey in Morocco under the designation of the 17th Colonial Engineer Regiment () 17eRGC. Dissolved on November 16, 1945. Reformed on August 1, 1946 in Algeria, from the 91st Engineer Battalion which provided airborne engineer support to the 25th Parachute Division, under the designation of 17th Engineer Battalion. Combat companies 17/9 stationed at Hussein Dey, the 17/1 at Bougie, the 17/2 at Marocco, the 17/3 at Mont-de-Marsan. Dissolved with the division in July 1948, a combat engineer Group designated (17) was integrated at the center of specialized airborne troops until February 1949. The airborne engineer group (17) was redesignated the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion on February 15, 1949 and was based within Metropolitan France at Castelsarras in Tarn-and-Garonne under the successive designations 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion, Center of Instruction of Airborne Engineer (17), 17th Airborne Engineer Regiment. Dissolved on June 30, 1971, two combat companies of the Airborne Engineer troops joined the two combined-arms paratrooper regiments in Tarbes and Auch, mainly the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment and the 1st Parachute Hussard Regiment. Reconstituted at Montauban on July 1, 1974 under the designation of the 17th Airborne Engineer Regiment]] from the companies of parachute engineers forming the inter-arm regiments, based in garrison Doumer. In 1978, the airborne engineer regiment was designated as the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment. Structure The Regiment of volunteer paratroopers, the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment is articulated in 6 combat companies and 1 detachment: 1 Command and logistic company (CCL) 1 Combat support company (CA) known as la verte et amarante, regrouping means of terrain organization 2 sections of combat support for emergency deployments Commando Parachute Group, known as Commando Guéniat, named after an Adjudant-chef killed in action in an operation. 3 combat companies with the 4th on its way: 1st combat company 2nd combat company 3rd combat company intervention reserve unit: 5th combat company 1 combat detachment Mascot The mascot of the regiment was initially the Golden eagle named "Bac Kan" in reference to the first mission participation of the Airborne engineers in Indochina during the airborne operation "Lea" in October 1947. Since 2014, the mascot is a Bald eagle named "Malizia", name of François Grimaldi ( said "François la Malice") who in the 13th century conquered the Rock of Monaco. Traditions Except for the Legionnaires of the 1er REG, 2e REG, 2e REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret. The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29. The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938. Insignias Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed "winged armed dextrochere", meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents "the right Arm of Saint Michael", the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the "Armed Arm of God". This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor. Regimental Colors Honours Battle Honours Germerscheim 1944 AFN 1952-1962 Regimental Songs Decorations The regimental colors of the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment (17e RGP) is decorated with: Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with 1 star of vermeil (to quote the order by the Army OG 1148 of September 15, 1945), Croix de la Valeur militaire with: 2 palms ( for service in Lebanon at the corps of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon in 1980 and 1982) 1 palm ( for service in Afghanistan at the corps of the International Security Assistance Force on May 21, 2012 1 star of vermeil ( for service in Mali at the corps of Operation Serval in September 2014 ) Fourragère with colors of la Croix de la Valeur militaire on April 16, 2012; the first unit to be decorated with such honors French Medal of Honor for Courage and Commitment - échelon bronze, 1952, for search and rescue operations during Natural disaster in the South-West of France. The Fanions of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd combat companies are decorated with: Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 palm for the '2nd' combat company. Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 vermeil star for the '1st' combat company. Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 vermeil star for the '3rd' combat company. Battalion and Regimental Commanders since 1963 See also List of French paratrooper units 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment 1st Parachute Hussard Regiment References Amicale (friends) of the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment. Parachute regiments of France French engineer regiments Military units and formations established in 1944 1944 establishments in France
20462290
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane%20Haist
Jane Haist
Jane Haist (March 1, 1949 – May 21, 2022) was a Canadian discus thrower and shot putter, who competed at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. She is best known for winning two gold medals for Canada at the 1974 Commonwealth Games in the women's discus throw and in the women's shot put event. She was national U.S. collegiate champion in the discus representing the University of Tennessee in 1977. She died on May 21, 2022 of cancer. References External links 1949 births 2022 deaths Sportspeople from St. Catharines Track and field athletes from Ontario Canadian female discus throwers Canadian female shot putters Olympic track and field athletes of Canada Athletes (track and field) at the 1976 Summer Olympics Pan American Games medalists in athletics (track and field) Athletes (track and field) at the 1975 Pan American Games Commonwealth Games gold medallists for Canada Commonwealth Games medallists in athletics Athletes (track and field) at the 1974 British Commonwealth Games Pan American Games bronze medalists for Canada Tennessee Volunteers women's track and field athletes Medalists at the 1975 Pan American Games 20th-century Canadian women 21st-century Canadian women
20462292
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando%20Alonso%20%28engineer%29
Fernando Alonso (engineer)
Fernando Alonso Fernández (born March 11, 1956) was the Head of the Military Aircraft division of Airbus Defence and Space before he retired in 2019. He had been an Airbus employee since 1982. Until March 2015 he was Head of Flight and Integration Tests at Airbus. During his career, he has accumulated more than 3000 hours of test flights on new aircraft, such as the A318, A320, A330, A340, A340-600 and A350 XWB. He was part of the crew of the first ever A380 flight together with Jacques Rosay and four others. Early life and career Alonso was born in Madrid, Spain, in 1956. He attended United World College of the Atlantic in Cardiff, Wales. He then graduated from Technical University of Madrid as an Aeronautical Engineer. Alonso joined Airbus as a performance engineer in 1982. Between 1995 and 2002 he was responsible for the development of flight controls and handling qualities during the flight test programs of the A319, A330-200, A340-500 and A340-600. In February 2002 he was appointed as president of the flight test division. After retiring from Airbus Fernando Alonso became Visiting Professor at Cranfield University. References External links Spanish engineers Living people 1956 births People educated at Atlantic College
20462298
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Once%20Bitten%20%281932%20film%29
Once Bitten (1932 film)
Once Bitten is a 1932 British comedy film directed by Leslie S. Hiscott and starring Richard Cooper, Ursula Jeans and Frank Pettingell. It was made at Twickenham Studios as a quota quickie. Cast Ursula Jeans as Clare Richard Cooper as Toby Galloway Frank Pettingell as Sir Timothy Blott Jeanne Stuart as Alicia Dino Galvani as Mario Fideli Sydney King as Jerry Anthony Holles as Legros Kathleen Kelly as Anne References Bibliography Chibnall, Steve. Quota Quickies: The Birth of the British 'B' Film. British Film Institute, 2007. Low, Rachael. Filmmaking in 1930s Britain. George Allen & Unwin, 1985. Wood, Linda. British Films, 1927-1939. British Film Institute, 1986. External links 1932 films 1932 comedy films 1930s English-language films Films directed by Leslie S. Hiscott British comedy films Films shot at Twickenham Film Studios Quota quickies British black-and-white films 1930s British films
20462306
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount%20Nagamine
Mount Nagamine
is a mountain in Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. This mountain is one of the major mountains of Rokko Mountains. Mount Nagamine literally means, long ridge mountain. Outline Mount Nagamine is on a ridge, which branches off a main ridge of Rokko Mountains. Because the ridge stretches to the south, toward the Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area, climbers can enjoy attractive views from the top. On the top of the mountain, there is a rock called ‘Tenguzuka’. This mountain belongs to the Setonaikai National Park. Route This mountain has major two routes to the top. One is from Hankyu Rokko Station, and the other is from Ōji-kōen Station. It takes one and half hours from these stations to the top. Access Rokko Station of Hankyu Kobe Line Ōji-kōen Station of Hankyu Kobe Line Gallery References Official Home Page of the Geographical Survey Institute in Japan ‘Kansaishuhen no Yama 250’, Yama to Keikokusha Osakashikyoku Mountains of Hyōgo Prefecture
20462313
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky%20Hotel
Kentucky Hotel
The Kentucky Hotel is a historic hotel building located at Lynchburg, Virginia. It is one of Lynchburg's three remaining early 19th century ordinaries. It was probably built before 1800, and is a -story structure of brick laid in Flemish bond. In about 1814, two side bays were completed, converting the house to a center hall plan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. and is located in the Fifth Street Historic District. References External links Kentucky Hotel, Fifth & Jackson Streets, Lynchburg, VA: 1 photos, 1 data page, and 1 photo caption page, at Historic American Buildings Survey Historic American Buildings Survey in Virginia Hotel buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Federal architecture in Virginia Buildings and structures in Lynchburg, Virginia National Register of Historic Places in Lynchburg, Virginia Individually listed contributing properties to historic districts on the National Register in Virginia
20462318
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeroflot%20Flight%203352
Aeroflot Flight 3352
Aeroflot Flight 3352 was a Tupolev Tu-154 airline flight on a domestic route from Krasnodar to Novosibirsk, with an intermediate landing in Omsk. While landing at Omsk Airport on Thursday, 11 October 1984, the aircraft crashed into maintenance vehicles on the runway, killing 174 people on board and 4 on the ground. While a chain of mistakes in airport operations contributed to the accident, its major cause was an air traffic controller falling asleep on duty. , this remains the deadliest aviation accident on Russian territory. It was also the deadliest aviation accident involving a Tupolev Tu-154 at the time until the crash of Aeroflot Flight 7425 9 months later; as of 2022, it still ranks as the second-deadliest accident involving a Tupolev Tu-154. The tragedy was kept secret for twenty years, until Komsomolskaya Pravda published an article in 2004. Background The Tupolev Tu-154B-1 was operated by Aeroflot (later becoming East Siberia). It was equipped with three Kuznetsov NK-8-2U engines, and first flew in 1977. The flight carried 170 passengers, including 8 teenagers and 16 young children; of luggage, of post, and of cargo. The crew consisted of 4 cockpit members and 5 flight attendants. The 49-year-old captain Boris Petrovich Stepanov was highly experienced, with 16,365 hours in the air, including 4,303 hours of night flights and 1,846 hours on Tu-154. First officer was 47-year-old Anatoly Yachmenev with 2,748 hours recorded on Tu-154. The remaining two cockpit crew members were flight engineer Vitaly Pronozin and navigator Yuri Blazhin. The flight was approaching Omsk in poor weather: light rain, visibility with a ceiling. At the time it took place, the accident was the deadliest one in Soviet aviation history. It was surpassed on 10 July 1985 by Aeroflot Flight 7425, another Tu-154, which crashed in Uzbek SSR (modern day Uzbekistan), and killed 200 people. Accident details At 5:00 am local time (UTC/GMT +7 hours), Flight 3352 was preparing to land at Tsentralny Airport in Omsk, a key Russian city in southwestern Siberia, which has a population of over 1 million and is the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. At the time, this was the only aircraft approaching Omsk, and it was cleared for landing when it contacted the airport. At 5:20 am, worried that the continuing rain would make the runway overly slippery, the airport ground maintenance crew requested permission to dry the runway. The ground controller on duty, 23-year-old Andrey Borodaenko, gave permission and proceeded to fall asleep soon after, in the process forgetting to switch on the "runway occupied" warning. Under airport regulations, this procedure should never have happened; permission to close and do maintenance on a runway could only be given by the chief controller, who was absent. The maintenance crew, following the airport's routine, moved three vehicles to the runway: a UAZ-469 all-terrain vehicle with an attached trailer, operated by a driver and crew manager in front; followed by KrAZ and Ural trucks. The latter were equipped with dry air compressors and loaded with fuel, and weighed 16–20 tons. The drying detail then proceeded to violate their own safety rules while performing their tasks: all of their vehicles should have their top, flashing lights on continuously. However, the lights were too bright for the maintenance workers' liking, so they kept them lit only until they started and after they finished their work. This intentional oversight caused the pilots to be unable to see the vehicles on the runway from their position. In contrast, the runway crew saw the Tu-154 coming at them from a good distance, with its landing lights on. They did attempt to contact ground control three times about the lights, but received no response and so ignored them, thinking they were being tested by a plane not on final approach. Around 5:36 am, Flight 3352 requested permission to land from the approach controller Vasily Ogorodnikov. The request was sent twice; the pilots noticed vague contours on the runway and wanted to double check for obstacles. Ogorodnikov verified the runway status, which remained apparently unoccupied, then contacted the ground controller Borodaenko and received no response. He subsequently contacted the flight controller Boris Ishalov on internal radio and received an inaudible reply reported to sound like "...bodna" (), which was taken to mean "svobodna", meaning "free" (; communications were being taped and were analyzed later). Ogorodnikov cleared the landing, though unable to see the runway, and in spite of regulations that required him to keep the flight in the air and double check the runway's status. Both the ground controller and secondary controller should have been able to see the runway, but the former was asleep, and the latter was absent due to staff shortages. At 5:38 am, the flight passed the lowest height at which the flight crew could abort the landing. The aircraft landed at a normal . On touchdown, the flight crew saw the array of drying vehicles and attempted to turn the aircraft, but were unable to avoid the collision. The plane crashed into the Ural truck and then down the runway crashed into the KrAZ, igniting the 7 tons of fuel in each truck and the aircraft's fuel tank. The plane overturned and broke into pieces, some of which crashed into the UAZ-469. A catastrophic fracture of the fuel tanks caused burning fuel to leak into the fuselage, incinerating all but one passenger. The cockpit section detached and flew past the burning vehicles. It suffered no major damage, and all four crew members survived, with only the first officer sustaining minor injuries. They escaped from the cabin and ran to the crash site in an attempt to help the passengers. Only one of the aircraft's passengers, Anatoly Bordonosov, survived. He lost his right leg in the accident and as of 2015 was living in Yurga, Kemerovo Oblast. Four ground maintenance crew were killed instantly inside the vehicles. One person in the passenger seat of the UAZ survived but caught on fire, which was extinguished. Captain Stepanov returned to service after the crash and continued to fly for eight further years until he retired. He then appeared several times as an aviation expert in Russian media. He died on 14 November 2016. Decades after the crash, Stepanov said: Investigation A state investigation concluded that the accident was caused by a chain of mistakes owing to the negligence of air traffic controllers, as well as disobedience of basic airport maintenance and safety regulations. The ground controller Borodaenko was found directly responsible, as he fell asleep on the job and thus did not respond to emergency queries; he also allowed the service trucks to move onto the runway and did not mark the runway as occupied. At a hearing he could not recollect his actions during the time in question, but did not deny the charges. He was sentenced to 15 years and committed suicide in prison. In addition, the flight operations manager Boris Ishalov was also sentenced to 15 years in prison, the approach controller Vasily Ogorodnikov to 13 years, and the head of airport maintenance Mikhail Tokarev to 12 years. All three appealed their sentences, to no avail. Future inspections at numerous other Soviet airports also found similar types and numbers of violations of safety regulations, resulting in the firing of several high-level officials thereafter. No pilot error or aircraft deficiency was found. The plane's weight and balance were within its defined norms. Due to poor visibility, the crew could not detect the obstructions on the runway. While they did have some reasonable doubts as to whether or not the runway was occupied, these were allayed by the approach controller's reassurances. The crew had only a few seconds to avoid the collision on the ground; they took evasive action, but could not possibly save the aircraft. They were thus absolved of any blame. The flight and approach controllers were experienced professionals with at least 10 years of service. The 23-year-old ground controller on duty was inexperienced. He supposedly had not had enough sleep in the days before the accident, having had to care for his two young children. The formal hearing of the case occurred only three months after the accident, due to the obvious set of circumstances; most of that time was spent on identifying the victims and locating their relatives. All of the accused, as well as their attorneys, received threats and were moved to the hearings under heavy security. See also Western Airlines Flight 2605 Singapore Airlines Flight 006 LATAM Perú Flight 2213 References Aviation accidents and incidents in 1984 Aviation accidents and incidents in Russia 3352 Runway incursions Aviation accidents and incidents caused by air traffic controller error Accidents and incidents involving the Tupolev Tu-154 Aviation accidents and incidents in the Soviet Union 1984 in the Soviet Union Airliner accidents and incidents involving ground collisions October 1984 events in Europe
20462333
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal%20Garden
Royal Garden
Royal Garden is the largest residential building in height of Brazil, at 140 metres and 42 floors, according to List of skyscrapers in Brazil. Created in 1988, it's the tallest in the state of Paraná. Designed originally to be the largest in Latin America, this was prevented by the municipal government of the time since its construction during a fire in the 32nd floor was fought with great difficulty due to its height. After this happened, construction of buildings with more than 30 floors in the city was prohibited. The Royal Garden is located at Avenida Tiradentes in Maringá, Paraná, the building has an apartment per floor, valued around 1,5 million of U.S. dollars each. References Buildings and structures in Paraná (state) Residential skyscrapers in Brazil
20462342
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fields%20of%20Joy
Fields of Joy
"Fields of Joy" is a song by American singer Lenny Kravitz and released on July 16, 1991, as the third single from his second studio album Mama Said. Background "Fields of Joy" is a cover of the 1971 song of the same name by the band New York Rock and Roll Ensemble. The song lyrics is about leaving all the troubles behind and go through the fields with a lover. The track features a guitar solo performed by Guns N' Roses' Slash. Slash and Kravitz were classmates at Beverly Hills High School but were not close. Kravitz explained to Music Radar, "When my first album was out, I went to the American Music Awards and Guns N’ Roses were getting awards and they were sitting in front of me. He and I just kept looking at each other. Then we realized we knew each other from school. So we started talking and were excited to meet each other again, especially the fact we were both making music. I was doing some overdub sessions for Mama Said, so he came in and played the solo on 'Fields of Joy.' It was a one-take solo and he wanted to play it over again, but I wouldn't let him. I always love first takes." Reception Elysa Gardner of Rolling Stone stated, "After 'Fields of Joy,' an opening cut that segues from a gentle acoustic intro into a searing burst of electric guitar, much of the first half of Mama Said plays like a sampling of black pop circa, say, 1972." Christopher A. Daniel of Albumism added, "Mama Said kicks off with 'Fields of Joy,' opening with a folky acoustic riff backing Kravitz’s psychedelic vocals resembling post-Beatles John Lennon. Guitarist Slash contributes some funk/rock shredding to boot." Charts References Lenny Kravitz songs 1991 songs Songs written by Lenny Kravitz
20462343
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%A0atijai
Šatijai
Šatijai is a village near Kaunas in Lithuania. It has a red brick estate, built in 1889 by the Christauskai family. In 1966 the estate consisted of a house, large stables, barn, granary, smithy, and garden. Until restoration of Lithuania's independence in 1990, the estate was neglected and fell in ruins. Consequently, the building was restored and turned into a restaurant and guesthouse. According to the 2011 census, the village had 415 residents. References Villages in Kaunas County
20462354
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984%20African%20Cup%20Winners%27%20Cup
1984 African Cup Winners' Cup
The 1984 season of the African Cup Winners' Cup football club tournament was won by Al Ahly in two-legged final victory against Canon Yaoundé. This was the tenth season that the tournament took place for the winners of each African country's domestic cup. Thirty-five sides entered the competition, with CAP Owendo and Horoya AC withdrawing before the 1st leg of the first round. Preliminary round |} 1:2nd leg abandoned at 1-0 for Lage after 80 minutes due to darkness; Avia Sports qualified First round |} 1:CAP Owendo were disbanded by the Gabon government before 1st leg. 2:Horoya AC withdrew before 1st leg due to death of Guinea's president Ahmed Sekou Touré. Second round |} Quarterfinals |} Semifinals |} Final Al-Ahli SC (Tripoli) withdrew before the final for political reasons (refusing to play Egyptian teams) and were replaced by Canon Yaoundé. |} Winners External links Results available on CAF Official Website African Cup Winners' Cup 2
20462358
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trident%20House
Trident House
Trident House is the eighth tallest high rise residential building in the city of Birmingham, England, with a height of 61 metres (200 feet). It comprises 19 floors and was completed in 1981. External links Residential buildings completed in 1981 Buildings and structures in Birmingham, West Midlands
20462360
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drop%20zone%20%28disambiguation%29
Drop zone (disambiguation)
A drop zone is a place where parachutists or parachuted supplies land. Drop zone may also refer to: Drop Zone (film), a 1994 American action film Dropzone, a 1984 shoot 'em up video game by Archer Maclean Drop Zone (G.I. Joe), a fictional character in the G.I. Joe universe Drop zone (sports) or relegation zone, in sports with promotion and relegation, teams low enough in the table to be subject to relegation "Drop-Zone" (Young Justice), an episode of Young Justice Drop Zone: Stunt Tower, now known as Drop Tower: Scream Zone, a type of amusement ride at Cedar Fair amusement and theme parks in North America "Drop Zone", a song by Michael Woods "Drop Zone", a song by JJ Lawhorn See also Landing zone (disambiguation) Landing pad (disambiguation) Drop (disambiguation) Zone (disambiguation) DZ (disambiguation)
20462402
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaspar%20Azevedo
Gaspar Azevedo
José Gaspar da Silva Azevedo (born 1 June 1975), known simply as Gaspar, is a Portuguese retired professional footballer who played as a central defender. Club career Gaspar was born in Santo Tirso, Porto District. During the vast majority of his career, he rarely spent more than one season with the same club. He represented C.D. Trofense, F.C. Tirsense (where he made his Primeira Liga debut), Vitória de Setúbal, FC Porto (which were crowned league champions at the end of the 1997–98 campaign, but he was only fourth of fifth choice in his position), Leça FC – in a brief return to the Segunda Liga – F.C. Alverca (he represented the Lisbon side on two occasions), F.C. Paços de Ferreira and Gil Vicente FC. In the 2004–05 campaign, Gaspar played for AC Ajaccio in France, appearing in 16 Ligue 1 matches, then switched back to his country with C.F. Os Belenenses. At the age of already 32 he would settle at Rio Ave F.C., helping the Vila do Conde team return to the top division in his first season while adding a round-of-16 presence in the Taça de Portugal. From 2008 to 2011, Gaspar only missed five league matches for Rio Ave, also netting three goals as the club consecutively managed to retain its league status. In July 2012, having made a total of 322 appearances in the Portuguese top tier (19 goals), he signed for one year with S.C. Covilhã of division two. Post-retirement After retiring, Gaspar worked in precision metalworking. Honours Porto Primeira Liga: 1997–98 Taça de Portugal: 1997–98 References External links 1975 births Living people People from Santo Tirso Sportspeople from Porto District Portuguese footballers Association football defenders Primeira Liga players Liga Portugal 2 players Segunda Divisão players C.D. Trofense players F.C. Tirsense players Vitória F.C. players FC Porto players Leça F.C. players F.C. Alverca players F.C. Paços de Ferreira players Gil Vicente F.C. players C.F. Os Belenenses players Rio Ave F.C. players S.C. Covilhã players Varzim S.C. players Ligue 1 players AC Ajaccio players Portugal under-21 international footballers Portuguese expatriate footballers Expatriate footballers in France Portuguese expatriate sportspeople in France
20462411
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid%20Motors
Pyramid Motors
Pyramid Motors is a historic automobile showroom building located at Lynchburg, Virginia, United States. It is a one-story building with a yellow brick façade with contrasting red-brick details constructed in 1937. The building presented, like the Lincoln-Zephyr that the dealership sold, a streamlined, "modern" appearance in the Art Deco style. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. It is located in the Fifth Street Historic District. References Commercial buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia Commercial buildings completed in 1937 Streamline Moderne architecture in Virginia Retail buildings in Virginia Buildings and structures in Lynchburg, Virginia National Register of Historic Places in Lynchburg, Virginia Individually listed contributing properties to historic districts on the National Register in Virginia
20462415
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samson%20Press
Samson Press
The Samson Press was a small letterpress printing business or private press run by Joan Mary Shelmerdine (1899–1994) and Flora Margaret Grierson (1899–1966). In its early years it was known for producing small editions of literary works with high quality artwork, and later for the production of greetings cards and ephemera to the same high standards. History They began printing in 1930, at a cottage in Stuart Road, Warlingham in Surrey, and produced a number of small books and a good deal of ephemera. They exhibited their work in Edinburgh: first at Grierson's family home in 1934 and then "books, woodcuts, lino-cuts, new Christmas cards" at Parsons' Gallery, Queen Street. The press was destroyed by fire in late 1936 and they subsequently moved to Woodstock in Oxfordshire, where they re-established the press in 1937. Their Woodstock premises in Park Street are now marked by a plaque. They ceased printing for a while during the war, but re-opened the press in 1946 and continued to work, mostly producing greetings cards and other ephemera, until 1967, when the press was formally closed (following the death of Grierson in the previous year). Shelmerdine subsequently presented the press's archive, along with its type and printing equipment, to the Bodleian Library in Oxford. The Samson Press was unusual for being run by two women, on a commercial footing, at a time when women found it very hard to find practical employment in the printing industry. It was also notable for its patronage of young and unknown artists, who were commissioned to provide wood-engravings, linocuts and drawings for the press's publications. Iain Macnab was an early friend of the press, and produced numerous images for Grierson and Shelmerdine, and some of the other artists employed by the press, such as Tom Chadwick and Gwenda Morgan, were pupils at Macnab's Grosvenor School of Art. Their distinctive books have been collected by libraries and private collectors, although their commercial success as printers and publishers was always limited. Art historian Sir John Boardman has said that "Samson Press was a very important place and had a wonderful art deco and nouveau style at the beginning of the war." In the 1930s the press did some printing on vellum. Some of Samson's authors were personal friends, like Edwin and Willa Muir. Edwin Muir expressed his gratitude for a "beautiful volume" of his work (Six Poems, 1932) in the preface to a later collection of poetry. In 1932 the press published 5 songs from the Auvergnat; done into Modern Scots, by Willa Muir. She and Flora Grierson co-authored an unpublished piece called Alas, We females! A Modest Proposal for the Solution of Many Problems by the Abolition of the Female Sex. Grierson and Shelmerdine Flora Lucy Margaret Grierson (1899–1966) was one of five daughters born in Aberdeen to Mary and Herbert Grierson, a scholar and academic. The family moved to Edinburgh when Flora was about 16. Seen as the "brilliant" one in a literary household she went to Oxford University and "flourished" there, according to her sister, writer Janet Teissier du Cros. It was at Somerville College, Oxford that she met Joan Shelmerdine. Before moving to Surrey in 1930 they shared a flat in London. Grierson published her first book Haunting Edinburgh in 1929, with illustrations by Katharine Cameron, whose work was also used by Samson. In 1933 her translation from Latin of Historia de Duobus Amantibus by Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (Pope Pius II) was published as The Tale of the Two Lovers. Her book The Story of Woodstock Gloves was published by Samson in 1962. She died in 1966. Joan Mary Shelmerdine (1899–1994) was born in Lancashire and studied French at Somerville College, Oxford where she met Flora Grierson. In 1929 she published a translation with introduction to The Secret History of Henrietta, Princess of England, first wife of Philippe, Duc d'Orléans, together with Memoirs of the Court of France for the Years 1688-1689. In 1951 Samson published her Introduction to Woodstock, with drawings by Iain Macnab. When Shelmerdine died in 1994, the death announcement in The Times described her as "Founder of the Samson Press and lifelong friend of the late Flora Grierson". References Ransom, Will. Selective check-lists of press books. New York: Duschnes, 1947–1950. Nash, Paul W. "The Samson Press archive at the Bodleian". The Bodleian Library record (21:2, October 2008, pp. 256–261). Nash, Paul W. "The Samson Press". Matrix (34, 2020, pp. 75–85). External links Photograph of Flora Grierson Book publishing companies of the United Kingdom Small press publishing companies Publishing companies established in 1930 British companies established in 1930
20462419
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olga%20Kozlova
Olga Kozlova
Olga Kozlova (; born 1986 in Penza, Russia) is a Russian pianist. She graduated from the Moscow Special Gnesin's School of Music in 2004 and is currently studying at the Moscow Conservatory. She made it to the 2005 Frédéric Chopin International Piano Competition semi-finals, and has subsequently been awarded 2nd prizes at the 2008 Premio Jaén and Ricard Viñes competitions. Her discographical debut was a recording of Franz Liszt's Sonata coupled with Leo Weiner's orchestral arrangement of the work. On 9 April 2011 Olga Kozlova was awarded the Second Prize and the Press Prize of the 9th International Franz Liszt Piano Competition in Utrecht, The Netherlands. Notes References El País, April 2008 Liszt School of Music Weimar ArkivMusic Concurs de Piano Ricard Viñes, Lleida External links Olga's official website Russian classical pianists Russian women pianists Living people 21st-century classical pianists 1986 births Women classical pianists 21st-century women pianists
20462420
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinke
Heinke
Heinke may refer to: Heinke (diving equipment manufacturer) (1818–1869), a 19th-century British manufacturer of diving equipment George H. Heinke (1882–1940), Nebraska Republican politician Harald Heinke (born 1955), German Olympic judoka Sarah Heinke, American voice actress; see Strawberry Shortcake: Rockaberry Roll Heinke van der Merwe (born 1985, Johannesburg), professional South African rugby player See also Heincke Dutch masculine given names Low German surnames Surnames from given names
20462439
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hann%20River
Hann River
The Hann River is a river in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The traditional owners of the areas around the river are the Wurla. It was named after the first European to explore the river, Frank Hann, who had seen it during his expedition to the region in 1898 and named it the Phillips River. It was renamed in 1900 by the Surveyor General H F Johnston to honour Hann; a Philips River already existed in the south of the state. The river rises below Mount Lacy and Sir John Gorge and then flows in a southerly direction past Mount Elizabeth then crossing the Gibb River Road. The river then cuts through the Barnett Range and then passes through the Phillips Range via Moll Gorge and flows through the Talbot Range until it flows into the Fitzroy River, of which it is a tributary, near Pinnamutta-Murrawong Hill. The Hann has 12 tributaries, including Traine River, Barnett River, Harris Creek, Bella Creek, Macnamara Creek, Crocodile Creek and Grey Mare Creek. The river has the only known specimens of the grass-like Whiteochloa sp. Hann River, a threatened species of Poaceae, located along its course. Fish such as the western rainbowfish, the Kimberley archerfish, Greenway's grunter and the false spotted gudgeon have all been found within the river system. References Rivers of the Kimberley region of Western Australia
20462443
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coelacanthopsis
Coelacanthopsis
Coelacanthopsis is an extinct genus of lobe-finned fish which lived during the Carboniferous period. The Coelacanth is the only living example of the fossil Coelacanth fishes Actinistia. They are also the closest link between fish and the first amphibian creatures which made the transition from sea to land in the Devonian period (408-362 Million Years Ago). That such a creature could have existed for so long is nearly incredible, but some say that the cold depths of the West Indian Ocean at which the Coelacanth thrives, and the small number of predators it has, may have helped the species survive eons of change. The Coelacanth was first discovered in 1938 by Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer, the curator of a small museum in the port town of East London, as she was visiting a fisherman who would let her search through his boat's catch for interesting specimens. Ironically, Marjorie was only visiting the sea captain to wish him a happy Christmas when she first spotted the Coelacanth's oddly shaped, blue-gray fin protruding from beneath a mountain of fish. Marjorie brought back the specimen to the museum where she compared it against images of known species, and ultimately realized what she had was no ordinary fish. After sending a rough drawing of the fish to Professor J.L.B. Smith, at Rhodes University, Grahamstown, who in turn confirmed that the creature she had discovered on the boat's deck was indeed a prehistoric fish, a Coelacanth to be exact. Since then, Coelacanth populations have been found near Indonesia, South Africa, and other unexpected places. While there have been enough sightings of the creature to indicate that there is more than one area where the species exists, it remains a highly protected and mysterious animal, a living fossil which may, or may not be the only creature from our past which has survived millions of years of evolution. Some place it in the family Rhabdodermatidae. References Coelacanthiformes Prehistoric lobe-finned fish genera Carboniferous bony fish
20462446
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axel%20Neumann
Axel Neumann
Axel Neumann (born 22 April 1952) is a German retired professional footballer who played professionally in the North American Soccer League. A defender and midfielder, Neumann began his career with Tennis Borussia Berlin. In 1975, he moved to the United States and signed with the Boston Minutemen of the North American Soccer League. In 1977, he began the season with Team Hawaii. On 8 July 1977, he moved to the Las Vegas Quicksilvers. References External links NASL career stats 1952 births Living people Footballers from Berlin Boston Minutemen players California Surf players German footballers German expatriate footballers Las Vegas Quicksilver players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) players San Diego Sockers (NASL) players Team Hawaii players Tennis Borussia Berlin players Association football midfielders
20462447
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germania%20Br%C3%B6tzingen
Germania Brötzingen
Germania Brötzingen was a German association football club from the district of Brötzingen in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg. Together with the 1. FC Pforzheim and VfR Pforzheim, it was one of three clubs in the city who have played higher league football. On 1 July 2011, the club merged with 1. FC Eutingen to form SV Kickers Pforzheim, with the new side playing in the tier seven Landesliga. History The club was established in December 1906 as Fuβball-Club Germania Brötzingen. In 1913, it was merged briefly with Ballspielclub 05 Brötzingen as BC Germania Pforzheim, but the union quickly fell apart. Following World War I, in 1920, several clubs including Turnverein Brötzingen, KSV Achilles Brötzingen, and Radfahrclub Sturm Brötzingen joined with FC to create the current club. FC enjoyed a steady string of successes in local play that soon saw the club promoted to the senior regional circuit, the Kreisliga Südwest and then the Bezirksliga Württemberg-Baden, where they took part in qualification for the national playoff round in 1928–29. Following the reorganization of German football under the Third Reich into 16 top flight divisions, Brötzingen became part of the Gauliga Baden. A poor campaign led to the club's demotion after their debut season, but they returned to the Gauliga to play three more seasons between 1935–38. After World War II, FC became part of the Amateurliga Nordbaden-Süd, later the Amateurliga Baden (II), where they fared poorly through the late 40s and 50s. The side improved in the 60s and enjoyed local title and cup wins on their way to promotion to the Amateurliga Nordbaden (III) in 1968. FC was relegated after a 16th-place result there in 1971 and returned to the Bezirksliga (VIII) level. Spending its final four seasons at Kreisliga level, where the side achieved a second-place finish in 2011, the club eventually disappeared through a merger with 1. FC Eutingen to form SV Kickers Pforzheim on 1 July 2011. Honours Bezirksliga Württemberg-Baden (I) Champions: 1929 Recent seasons The recent season-by-season performance of the club: With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. International players Theodor Burkhardt, appeared for the national side in 1930, playing one game against the Hungary national football team. References External links SV Kickers Pforzheim website Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv historical German domestic league tables Football clubs in Germany Defunct football clubs in Baden-Württemberg Association football clubs established in 1906 Pforzheim 1906 establishments in Germany 2011 disestablishments in Germany Association football clubs disestablished in 2011
20462476
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergey%20Zasimovich
Sergey Zasimovich
Sergey Sergeyevich Zasimovich (; born 11 March 1986) is a Kazakhstani high jumper. He was born in Karagandinskaya. As a junior, he finished seventh at the 2004 Asian Junior Championships and twelfth at the 2005 Asian Championships, and won the gold medal at the 2005 Asian Indoor Games. In 2006 he finished fifth at the Asian Indoor Championships, but won the silver medal at the Asian Games. He furthermore won a silver at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games and the gold medal at the 2008 Asian Indoor Championships. His success at regional meets then waned some, finishing ninth at the 2009 Asian Championships, sixth at the 2010 Asian Indoor Championships and eleventh at the 2011 Asian Championships. He has never reached a final at a major global competition. He competed at the 2007 World Championships, the 2008 World Indoor Championships, the 2008 Olympic Games, the 2009 Summer Universiade, the 2010 World Indoor Championships and the 2010 Asian Games without reaching the final. His personal best of 2.30 metres was recorded in June 2007 in Bangkok. He is 1.93 m and weighs 72 kg. His father and coach, also called Sergey Zasimovich, was a high jumper as well. Competition record References 1986 births Living people Kazakhstani male high jumpers Athletes (track and field) at the 2008 Summer Olympics Olympic athletes of Kazakhstan Athletes (track and field) at the 2006 Asian Games Athletes (track and field) at the 2010 Asian Games Asian Games medalists in athletics (track and field) Asian Games silver medalists for Kazakhstan Medalists at the 2006 Asian Games
17324818
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991%E2%80%9392%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1991–92 St. Louis Blues season
The 1991–92 St. Louis Blues season saw the Blues finish in third place in the Norris Division with a record of 36 wins, 33 losses, and 11 ties for 83 points. They lost the Division Semi-finals in six games to the Chicago Blackhawks. Among the highlights of the season was the trade of Adam Oates and Brett Hull's third consecutive season with 70 goals, which is an NHL record. Off-season Team captain Scott Stevens is taken by the New Jersey Devils, via arbitration ruling. Defenceman Garth Butcher is named team captain. NHL Draft Regular season Final standings Schedule and results Playoffs Player statistics Regular season Scoring Goaltending Playoffs Scoring Goaltending References Blues on Hockey Database St. St. St. Louis Blues seasons St St
20462491
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karolina%20%28singer%29
Karolina (singer)
Keren Karolina Avratz, professionally known as Karolina, is a singer/songwriter from Eilat, Israel. She is the lead singer of the trio Habanot Nechama. Biography Keren (Karolina) Avratz was born on 19 March 1971 in Jaffa and raised in Eilat. Given the nickname "Karolina" by her grandmother, Karolina's musical influences came primarily from within her household, as well as from attending the Red Sea Jazz Festival. She listened to Greek, Arabic, Turkish and other music on a daily basis. Her brother, Joseph Avratz, introduced her to soul, jazz and new wave music, and she collaborated with another brother, Shlomi Avratz, in his project Madbooja. After a few lessons in classical guitar at the age of fifteen, she studied on her own. Music career At the beginning of her recording career, in 1999, Karolina recorded a track with Spoiled and Zigo under her given name "Keren". Later creating "MC Karolina" a concept project that initially focused on a solo sound system shows for the club scene. This project led to multiple recordings with various artists. In 2000, Karolina founded Funset with musicians in Tel Aviv (bass: Uri Kleinman, keyboards: Shaul Eshet, drums: Atraf Moshe Assraf, dj: Yoav Rattner, sound: Guy Margalit, guitar: Shai Pertz). In 2004, she was invited by Israeli producers crew "Soulico" to record "Lo Tzipity" - an Israeli version of a track called "It's a Pity" originally released by Tanya Stephens and Seeed. Intending for the track to just be for fun, it eventually became a top 5 hit on the airwaves even though it was never officially released. That same year Karolina formed a trio, Habanot Nechama, with Yael Deckelbaum and Dana Adini. Their debut was an acoustic night at the Jah-Pan club in the artsy Florentin neighborhood in south Tel Aviv. In 2005, Funset released their first album, a unique combination of Reggae, Nu Soul, and live Trip-hop that enchanted crowds all over the country. The album, called Ragga Pumpkin received critical acclaim, including an ACUM (Israeli ASCAP) award for composition. Karolina continued to be featured on compilations and tracks, including the hit song, Music is Ruling My World with Kutiman. In 2007, Habanot Nechama released its debut album, which went platinum in Israel and the track So Far, written and composed by Karolina, won her second ACUM award for "Best New Song of 2007". Karolina's solo album “What Shall I Do Now?” (December 2009) which won an ACUM for its producing by Sabbo and Kutiman, blends rock, groove, funk, and soul to achieve a distinct 70's feel. The first three singles released from this album, including “Happiness” and “Nobody is Coming for Me,” have been Top 3 radio hits on Israeli airwaves and the album has been a number one seller in Israel since its release. Karolina has recently embarked on an international career. Her tracks have been featured on compilations worldwide and on Kutiman’s recent album. Fader Magazine’s music editors called Karolina’s music “perfect for summer jamming purposes.” Musical collaboration Along with performing with Funset and Habanot Nechama, Karolina has worked with other musicians, both Israeli and international. She has collaborated with Soulico, Kutiman and DJ Sabbo in Israel. In 2007, Karolina opened for The Black Eyed Peas as a solo acoustic set & for Lauryn Hill that same year. In 2008 Karolina joined bass player Yossi Fine, Sabbo and Kutiman to open for Erykah Badu. In 2010 Karolina and Kutiman created a music video for her single "Smile 2 Me" that has been placed on display at Hammer Museum in Los Angeles for the Flux Screening Series. Karolina also performed with Ziggy Marley in Israel on his tour in 2011. Discography Funset - Ragga Pumpkin, CD, 2005 (Nana Music, IL) LO TZIPITI, Single, 2005 Polar Pair featuring Karolina – Over My Head. 12”, 2005 (Tru Thoughts, UK) Kutiman featuring Karolina – Music is Ruling My World. 12”, 2007 (Melting Pot Music, Germany) Habanot Nechama – Self Titled. CD, 2007 (Labeleh, IL) Funset – No Blame (from Best Seven Selections 2). CD, 2007 (Sonar Kollektiv, Germany) Yaya featuring Karolina – Soon. Single, 2007 (Hed Arzi, IL) Funset – Bring It Out (from cooking music). Mix CD, 2007 (Honey Apple, IL) Kutiman featuring Karolina – Losing It; Trumpet Woman; Music is Ruling My World (From Kutiman, self-titled). CD & LP, 2007 (Melting Pot Music, Germany) Karolina – Yom Bo Yakum (from Avoda Ivrit) 2008 (Avoda Ivrit, IL) Karolina - "What Will I Do Now?" CD, 2009 (B.M.usic, Israel) Karolina - "Zohar" - CD 2012 Karolina - "Shalosh" - CD 2017 See also Music in Israel References External links Karolina's official website Official MySpace Site 1971 births 21st-century Israeli women singers Living people People from Jaffa People from Eilat
20462508
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno%20Pila%C5%A1
Bruno Pilaš
Bruno Pilaš (21 November 1950 – 11 June 2011) was a Yugoslavian professional footballer who played as a striker in the NASL between 1973 and 1977 for the Toronto Metros-Croatia. Playing career Before his arrival to North America he began his career in 1969 with GNK Dinamo Zagreb. In 1971, he went abroad to play in the National Soccer League (NSL) with Toronto Croatia, where he won the NSL Championship. Managerial career In 1977, due to chronic injuries he retired from professional football, and embarked upon a coaching career where he managed Toronto Croatia several times in the Canadian Professional Soccer League. In 1987, he served as the head coach for Toronto Croatia in the National Soccer League. In 1993, he managed NSL rivals Toronto Italia. References 1950 births 2011 deaths Sportspeople from Zagreb Association football forwards Yugoslav footballers Toronto Blizzard (1971–1984) players Toronto Croatia players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) players Canadian National Soccer League players Yugoslav expatriate footballers Expatriate soccer players in Canada Yugoslav expatriate sportspeople in Canada Yugoslav football managers Croatian football managers Toronto Croatia managers Canadian Soccer League (1998–present) managers Canadian National Soccer League coaches Yugoslav expatriate football managers Croatian expatriate footballers Expatriate soccer managers in Canada Croatian expatriate sportspeople in Canada
20462512
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meshterski
Meshterski
Meshterski () or Meshtrenski (мещренски) was a cant, or secret sociolect, of the south Bulgarian builders, bricklayers and masons. The name comes from the word мещра meshtra, "master", from Latin magister. Meshterski served a linguistically isolating purpose, enabling the builders to communicate in secrecy, and a socially isolating purpose, emphasizing the builders' perceived supremacy over their contractors. Distribution and vocabulary The sociolect emerged among the Bulgarian masons in southwestern Macedonia, adjacent to the Albanian lands. As a result, it includes a large number of Albanian loanwords, e.g. бука buka, "bread", from bukё; гяхта gyahta, "cheese", from djathë; мерам meram, "to take", from marr. There are much fewer loans from Greek (e.g. лашма lashma, "mud", from λάσπη laspi; карекла karekla, "chair", from καρέκλα karékla) and Turkish (e.g. пиринч pirinch, "rice", from pirinç; сакал sakal, "beard", from sakal). Later, the language spread through migration to northeastern Macedonia (the region of Gotse Delchev), the Rhodope Mountains around Smolyan, and the areas of Asenovgrad, Kazanlak and the sub-Balkan valleys. Although loanwords often remained semantically unchanged, the Bulgarian vocabulary in the sociolect was substituted with native metaphors, metonyms and words from different roots, so as to conceal the true meaning to outsiders, e.g. мокра mokra ("wet", fem.) for вода voda, "water"; гледач gledach ("looker") for око oko, "eye", обло oblo ("round", neut.) for яйце yaytse, "egg". The lexis of Meshterski included not only professional terms and basic vocabulary, but also other words, including religious terms, such as Светлив Svetliv, "Luminous", referring to God or a saint. Meshterski also spread to other social areas: it was borrowed by tinsmiths in at least one village in the Rhodopes, although with a much reduced vocabulary and renamed to Ganamarski. Albanian words mediated through Meshterski have also entered informal Bulgarian; these included кекав kekav, "weak, sickly" (from keq); кинти kinti, "money, dough" (from qind, "hundred"), скивам skivam, "to see, to take a look" (from shqyrtoj), келеш kelesh, "squirt, mangy fellow" (from qelesh). Examples See also Banjački, the cant of bricklayers in Podrinje, western Balkans Purishte, Albanian language sociolect spoken by masons of the Opar region Footnotes References External links Short dictionary of Meshterski Cant languages Occupational cryptolects Bulgarian language Dialects of the Bulgarian language
20462513
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivor%20Brown%20%28speedway%20rider%29
Ivor Brown (speedway rider)
Ivor John Brown (30 May 1927 – 30 March 2005) was a motorcycle speedway rider and captain of Cradley Heathens speedway team during the 1960s. After retiring from riding he became promoter of Long Eaton and Scunthorpe speedway. His off-track occupation was postmaster and grocer of the village General Stores in Wymeswold. Career Born in Wymeswold, Leicestershire, Ivor Brown started speedway racing at Long Eaton in 1952, following earlier grasstrack riding, and moved to second-half rides at Birmingham and then Leicester. He made a few team appearances for Leicester Hunters between 1953 and 1959, but it was at Yarmouth that he first made regular team appearances, when he was skipper of the Yarmouth Bloaters team in the Southern Area League and the 1960 inaugural Provincial League competition, scoring 176 points from 18 matches. With the closure of Yarmouth he transferred to Cradley Heath Heathens for 1961. He topped the Provincial League averages and led the team to three Knockout Cup finals (including two wins) in four years. In 1965 and the formation of an amalgamated British League he sustained serious injuries to his lower spine at the Wimbledon Internationale in a clash with Ove Fundin. Although he returned to racing the same season, his subsequent form suffered at this level and, with further injuries, he retired at the end of the 1968 season. In eight seasons at Cradley he averaged close to ten points per match. He was a regular holder of the Silver Sash, the Provincial League match race championship. Brown died in 2005. A trophy named in his honour was contested in a challenge match between the successors to two of his former clubs, the Leicester Lions and the Dudley Heathens, in 2011. References British Speedway Leagues 1946-1964,Peter Morrish 1984, Publisher: Midland Speedway Agency. 1927 births 2005 deaths British speedway riders English motorcycle racers Cradley Heathens riders Yarmouth Bloaters riders People from Wymeswold
20462514
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kivlem%C3%B8yane
Kivlemøyane
Kivlemøyane (English: The Kivle Maids) is the popular name of three dairy maids in Seljord, Telemark, who according to legend were turned to stone. Their image is presented in a natural formation in the mountain of Skorve in the valley Kivledalen. The legend also formed the basis for a number of Norwegian folk tunes. The legend This Norwegian legend tells of three maids who played their clarions during mass. Their music was so beautiful that all the attendants were distracted, and went out to listen to them instead of the priest. This angered the priest, who cursed the girls and turned them to stone. They are still visible in the mountain. After some sources, the minister involved was the last Roman Catholic priest in Seljord. The legend presents an orphic theme, and also indicates that the maids may have been seductive forest creatures (Hulders). Music connected to the legend There are a number of folk tunes and dance tunes connected to this legend. In Seljord, a regular suite was performed and preserved, consisting of four separate tunes. The music was played on Willow flute and Hardanger fiddle. Many of the dances are fairly old. Most of this music derives from Seljord, and has been played in unbroken tradition from local fiddlers. Classical composer Edvard Grieg (1843–1907) arranged one of those dances for piano, and composer Eivind Groven (1901–1977) played and arranged another. There are in all some twelve to fifteen tunes sorted in three separate suites connected to the legend. Art connected to the legend The legend was first recorded by Andreas Faye (1802–1869) who published Norske Folke-Sagn, a collection of Norwegian tales and legends in 1837. Later, versions of the tale is recorded by a number of folklorists, among then Magnus Brostrup Landstad, Rikard Berge and Knut Loupedalen. This version is from a collection of Norwegian folk tales and legends dated 1995 The folk tunes connected to the story were collected by Eivind Groven and Arne Bjørndal, as well as Johan Halvorsen. Kivlemøyane was also featured in paintings by Norwegian illustrator and painter Johanna Bugge Berge (1874-1961). See also Stanton Drew stone circles References Norwegian folklore Norwegian folk music
20462525
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FV%20Ekawat%20Nava%205
FV Ekawat Nava 5
FV Ekawat Nava 5 was a hijacked Kiribati-flagged, Thai-owned deep-sea fishing trawler that was sunk by of the Indian Navy on 18 November 2008. The trawler sank when a fire broke out on the vessel after INS Tabar retaliated to being fired upon by pirates on board. All but one crew member of the trawler were believed killed. Accounts of the incident Ekawat Nava 5 had a crew of 15 Thais and one Cambodian. It was travelling from Oman to Yemen when it was hijacked on 18 November 2008. On the evening of 18 November, INS Tabar was on patrol southwest of Salalah, Oman (near ), when it spotted the hijacked trawler. The vessel was identified by the frigate as a pirate mother ship, as it had two speed boats in tow and men armed with rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) and assault rifles on its deck. The frigate ordered the trawler to be boarded for inspection. Upon being refused and threatened by the pirates, the frigate continued to follow the trawler. The official account from the Indian Navy states that the pirates fired at the frigate with an RPG. The frigate fired back in retaliation. Explosions were later heard on board the trawler, possibly due to ammunition or fuel stored on its deck. The trawler sank as a result of the fire. The Indian Navy reported that following the fire on board the vessel, it spotted only the two speed boats fleeing from the scene. It pursued the boats and found one abandoned. It lost track of the other boat in the darkness. An account of the incident narrated by the Thai representative of its owner, Sirichai Fisheries, based on information provided by a surviving Thai crew member, states that Somali pirates had boarded and just taken control of the trawler when INS Tabar arrived on the scene. The crewmember's account stated that the trawler had not been used as a pirate mother ship. Of the original crewmembers of the trawler, the only survivor was picked up by a passing merchant vessel, one was later confirmed dead, while 14 others were reported missing by the owner. The crew of INS Tabar reported seeing only the two motor boats fleeing from the scene of the incident in the darkness. They did not spot any of the original crew of the trawler. The fate of the remaining crew was unknown. An account of the incident from the US Department of State, may have originally stated that the Indian Navy captured some of the pirates. This was however not confirmed by the Indian Navy. References Piracy in Somalia Ekawat Nava 5 Ekawat Nava 5 Ekawat Nava 5 Shipwrecks in the Indian Ocean Piracy in the Indian Ocean November 2008 events in India Naval battles involving India Indian Navy Naval history of India
20462526
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hope%20River
Hope River
Hope River may refer to: Hope River (Jamaica) Hope River (Tasman) in the South Island of New Zealand Hope River (Canterbury) in the South Island of New Zealand Hope River (West Coast) in the South Island of New Zealand Hope River (Western Australia) Hope River (Canada) Chilliwack, British Columbia See also Hope (disambiguation) Good Hope River Little Hope River
20462548
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romantic%20Pieces%20%28Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%29
Romantic Pieces (Dvořák)
Antonín Dvořák composed his cycle of four Romantic Pieces, Op. 75, B. 150, (), for violin and piano in January 1887. These four pieces are arranged from his previous composition, a trio for two violins and viola, known as Miniatures, Op. 75a, B. 149 (). Background The composer's family was living in that time in Prague 2, at 564 Žitná Street, in the same house as Dvořák's mother-in-law. She hired out a room to a young chemistry student, Josef Kruis. Kruis was also an amateur violinist who studied the violin with Jan Pelikán, a member of the orchestra of the National Theatre in Prague. They often played violin duets together. Dvořák, a viola player, heard them and got the idea to compose a new chamber work for two violins and viola in order to play with them. The resulting composition was the Terzetto in C major, Op. 74, B. 148, composed from 7 to 14 January 1887. It was, however, too difficult for Kruis, and Dvořák therefore composed another trio, but considerably simpler. The second trio, Miniatures, was written in four movements, which he titled: "Cavatina", "Capriccio", "Romance" and "Elegy" ("Ballad"). In the letter dated 18 January 1887 to his German publisher Simrock, Dvořák stated: "I am writing little miniatures – just imagine – for two violins and viola, and I enjoy the work as much as if I were writing a large symphony – what do you say to that? Of course, they are meant rather for amateurs, but didn't Beethoven and Schumann also express themselves sometimes with quite simple means – and how?..." Though he was apparently satisfied with this version of the trio, he nevertheless immediately began to rearrange it for violin and piano. He called the new version Romantic Pieces, Op. 75. The only date appears at the end of the manuscript – 25 January 1887. Dvořák later completely forgot about the existence of the trio, and years later in 1901 explained to Simrock that "...what is supposed to be a trio...cannot be the Romantic Pieces". Dvořák's original manuscript of the trio version (and Kruis' copy of individual parts) was only rediscovered in 1938, and it was proven that he himself was mistaken. The first performance of the Romantic Pieces took place on 30 March 1887 at the chamber concert at the Umělecká Beseda in Prague. The violin part was played by Karel Ondříček, at that time leader of the orchestra of the National Theatre (he was a younger brother of the violinist František Ondříček), with Dvořák at the piano. The trio version was premiered by members of the Prague Quartet on 24 February 1938 at a concert of Dvořák's chamber music at the Prague City Library. The individual parts were played by Vilibald Schwejda, Herbert Berger and Ladislav Černý. The Romantic Pieces were published in 1887 by the Berlin publishing house of Simrock, the Miniatures in 1945 by Hudební Matice Umělecké Besedy. Structure Miniatures, trio for two violins and viola Originally the set was untitled, but Dvořák called it Miniatures in the aforementioned letter to Simrock. Kruis added the titles to the individual movements, apparently in agreement with the composer. Dvořák completed the cycle of four unrelated short pieces with different themes, with apparent influence of Robert Schumann. A performance of the four pieces would take approximately 14 minutes. The first movement opens in the calm mood of the first violin; only in the middle part is the expression more passionate. The movement is accompanied with a rhythmical ostinato in the second violin and with a "bass" accompaniment in the viola. The second movement is written in an optimistic mood, with simple harmonic variations. It also contains some reminiscences of folk music, particularly at the end. The shape and mood of the third movement is rather dreamy. The melodic line of the first violin is accompanied by triplets in the second violin. The last movement is the most complicated; its elegiac mood develops from its short opening passage. Dvořák probably intended to create another movement, but it was unfinished, only eight bars are preserved. The whole composition ends with a slow movement, which is rather atypical. Romantic pieces for violin and piano Dvořák left the musical content of the arrangement for violin and piano almost unchanged; he only slightly altered the harmonic foundations in the first movement (bars 30–36), and extended the end of the third movement with an additional four bars. He also renamed the second and third movements. In popular culture The fourth movement (Larghetto) is included in the soundtrack of Civilization V. References External links Info on a comprehensive Dvorak site Chamber music by Antonín Dvořák 1887 compositions Compositions for violin and piano
20462566
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariano%20Stendardo
Mariano Stendardo
Mariano Stendardo (born 2 May 1983) is an Italian footballer who plays for the Serie D side Giugliano as a defender. He has never played a match in Serie A, despite being on the roster of Lecce when they competed in Serie A in 2004. His brother Guglielmo is also a footballer. Career Early career Along with his brother Guglielmo, Mariano started his career at S.S.C. Napoli. Both Guglielmo and Mariano were transferred to separate clubs, with Mariano joining U.S. Lecce on 31 January 2004 and Guglielmo for Sampdoria in January 1999. In summer 2004 the two brothers were both transferred to Perugia. Atalanta However, on 28 January 2005, Mariano moved to Atalanta in a co-ownership deal, for €2,000, while Guglielmo remained at Perugia before joining Lazio in summer 2005. Atalanta acquired the full registration rights of Mariano in summer 2005 for free, after the bankruptcy of Perugia. Loans From Atalanta, Mariano was loaned to Bellaria and Cremonese in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 seasons. Messina Mariano joined Messina on 24 July 2007, for €200,000, as part of Sergio Floccari's deal. Genoa After the bankruptcy of Messina in 2008, Stendardo left for Genoa C.F.C. on a free transfer. Lega Pro clubs On 31 January 2011 he joined Pisa from Genoa. On 2 November 2012 he was signed by Treviso. Stendardo was signed by Serie D club Savoia. The club promoted to Lega Pro in 2014. In 2014, he was signed by Barletta. The club was expelled from 2015–16 Lega Pro due to financial difficulties. On 19 July 2015, he signed a 2-year deal with the Lega Pro newcomer Fidelis Andria. On 21 January 2019, he signed a 1.5-year contract with Paganese. On 21 August 2020 he moved to Serie D club Giugliano. Footnotes References External links gazzetta.it 1983 births Living people Italian footballers Footballers from Naples Serie B players Serie C players S.S.C. Napoli players U.S. Lecce players A.C. Perugia Calcio players Atalanta B.C. players U.S. Cremonese players A.C.R. Messina players F.C. Grosseto S.S.D. players Association football defenders Taranto F.C. 1927 players A.C. Bellaria Igea Marina players A.C.D. Treviso players A.C. Savoia 1908 players S.S. Fidelis Andria 1928 players Matera Calcio players Paganese Calcio 1926 players S.S.C. Giugliano players
20462569
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conor%20Clancy%20%28Clare%20hurler%29
Conor Clancy (Clare hurler)
Conor Clancy (born 1971 in Kilmaley, County Clare) is a former Irish sportsperson. He played hurling with his local club Kilmaley and with the Clare senior inter-county team from 1995 until 2002. References 1972 births Living people Kilmaley hurlers Clare inter-county hurlers All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship winners
20462572
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damir%20%C5%A0utevski
Damir Šutevski
Damir Šutevski (28 September 1954 – 29 October 2020) was an association football player from Yugoslavia who played for Canadian and American clubs. Career Šutevski came from Zagreb, at the time in Yugoslavia, and originally played in the National Soccer League with Toronto Croatia in 1974. He played in the NASL between 1975 and 1982 for the Toronto Metros-Croatia, Rochester Lancers and Montreal Manic. In 1978, he signed with the New York Arrows of the Major Indoor Soccer League, and played three seasons with them. In 1982, he moved to the Phoenix Inferno for two seasons. He then spent the 1984–1985 season with the Phoenix Pride before finishing his career with one season with the Las Vegas Americans during 1984 and 1985. References External links NASL/MISL career stats 1954 births 2020 deaths Footballers from Zagreb Association football defenders Yugoslav footballers Las Vegas Americans players Montreal Manic players New York Arrows players Phoenix Inferno players Phoenix Pride players Rochester Lancers (1967–1980) players Toronto Blizzard (1971–1984) players Toronto Croatia players Canadian National Soccer League players Major Indoor Soccer League (1978–1992) players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) indoor players Yugoslav expatriate footballers Expatriate soccer players in Canada Expatriate soccer players in the United States Yugoslav expatriate sportspeople in Canada Yugoslav expatriate sportspeople in the United States
20462589
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurkha%20Justice%20Campaign
Gurkha Justice Campaign
The Gurkha Justice Campaign was a campaign group in the United Kingdom fighting for the rights of the Gurkhas. It wanted the Gurkhas who fought for the UK to gain the same rights as their British and Commonwealth counterparts. Essentially the group wanted the law to be changed so that all Gurkhas who fought for the UK will gain a right of abode, whereas under previous legislation they only had a right of abode if they retired following 1997. They took their case to the high court, and had the support of a number of celebrities, including Joanna Lumley. The campaign eventually succeeded. Background Until 2004 Gurkhas were not allowed to settle in the United Kingdom. However, the Labour government under Tony Blair changed the rules so that Gurkhas who retired after 1997 would be allowed to settle in the UK, 1997 being the date when the Gurkha Brigade headquarters moved from Hong Kong to Britain. Soldiers who retired before this date, however, were only allowed the same settlement rights in exceptional circumstance. The Gurkha Justice Campaign wanted the same settlement rights for all Gurkha soldiers. In 2008, the high court ruled that the policy had been illegal since the process used to determine pre-1997 applications was deemed arbitrary. The Government of Gordon Brown agreed to produce new rules. However, when these were unveiled on 24 April 2009, the Gurkhas were furious because there was no automatic right to settle in the UK for all veterans. Indeed, Gurkhas who wanted to settle in the UK would have to meet one or more of five requirements. These were; Three years continuous residence in the UK during or after service Close family in the UK A bravery award of level one to three Service of 20 years or more in the Gurkha brigade Chronic or long-term medical condition caused or aggravated by service Campaigners claimed that under the rules, only around 100 Gurkhas would qualify for residence, although the government figures suggested that as many as 4,300 would be eligible to settle. The rules would disqualify many from being able to settle in the United Kingdom, as indicated by an article which appeared in The Economist: Veterans would be allowed to settle only if they met one or more conditions based on length of service, gallantry or related illness. Many of the requirements seemed designed to frustrate: for example, one way to qualify automatically was by soldiering for at least 20 years, though most rank-and-file Gurkhas serve for only 15. Another was to prove that a long-term medical condition was caused or worsened by active service—a tall order for those whose injuries were sustained decades ago. The campaign was also supported by the Liberal Democrats. Joanna Lumley and the Gurkhas In 2008 the actress Joanna Lumley, whose father served in the 6th Gurkha Rifles, became the public face of the campaign to provide all Gurkha veterans who served in the British Army before 1997 the right to settle in Britain, and ran a highly publicised and successful campaign. Those serving following 1997 had already been granted permission but the UK Government has not extended the offer to all of the Gurkhas, who are natives of Nepal. They have served Britain for almost 200 years with over 50,000 dying in service, and 13 have been awarded the Victoria Cross. On 20 November 2008, Lumley led a large all party group including Gurkhas starting from Parliament Square to 10 Downing Street with a petition signed by 250,000 people. She supports the Gurkha Justice Campaign. On 24 April 2009 she stated that she was "ashamed" of the UK administration's decision to affix five criteria to the Gurkhas' right to settle in the UK. With the support of both Opposition parties and Labour rebel MPs on 29 April 2009 a Liberal Democrat motion that all Gurkhas be offered an equal right of residence was passed, allowing Gurkhas who served before 1997 residence in the UK. Following the Government defeat, the Minister for Immigration Phil Woolas announced that a further review would be completed by the middle of July. On 5 May Joanna Lumley said that she had received private assurances of support from a senior member of the Royal Family, and attended a meeting with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown at 10 Downing Street the following day. Afterwards she described the meeting as "extremely positive", and praised Brown, saying, "I trust him. I rely on him. And I know that he has now taken this matter into his own hands and so today is a very good day". However, on the day following the meeting with Brown, five Gurkha veterans who had applied for residency in the United Kingdom received letters telling them that their appeals had been rejected. Lumley confronted Phil Woolas at the BBC Westminster studios about the issue and, after pursuing him around the studio, the pair held an impromptu press conference in which she pressured him into agreeing to further talks over the issue. Following a Commons Home Affairs Committee meeting in which talks were held between campaigners, the Ministry of Defence and the Home Office on 19 May 2009, Gordon Brown announced to the House of Commons on 20 May that the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith would make a statement on the issue the following day. Smith subsequently announced that all Gurkha veterans who had served four years or more in the British Army before 1997 would be allowed to settle in Britain. References External links Gurkha Justice Campaign website Brigade of Gurkhas British veterans' organisations Gurkhas
20462631
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanis%C5%82aw%20Terlecki
Stanisław Terlecki
Stanisław Andrzej Terlecki (13 November 1955 – 28 December 2017) was a Polish footballer. He played a total of 29 games for Poland, scoring 7 goals. See also Okęcie Airport incident References External links NASL career stats 1955 births 2017 deaths San Jose Earthquakes (1974–1988) players ŁKS Łódź players Legia Warsaw players Major Indoor Soccer League (1978–1992) players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) indoor players New York Cosmos players Pittsburgh Spirit players Polish expatriate footballers Polish footballers Poland international footballers Polonia Warsaw players Footballers from Warsaw Gwardia Warsaw players Expatriate soccer players in the United States Association football midfielders Association football forwards Polish expatriate sportspeople in the United States
20462661
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serenianus
Serenianus
Serenianus (died in Lydia, 366) was an officer of the Roman Empire, involved in the death of Caesar Constantius Gallus and in the usurpation of Procopius. Biography Serenianus was born in Pannonia. attended at the court of Roman Emperor Constantius II (337-361). It is known that he had been a former general, in charge of the defence of Phoenicia, whose laxity had been the reason for the devastation of the city of Celsein. He was put under trial for treason: he had sent one of his men with an enchanted hat to ask oracles on the Emperor's life. However, even if the charge was demonstrated, he was declared not guilty, thanks to his friends. In 354 he was sent to Pula, where Caesar Constantius Gallus was under trial for treason, to tell the prisoner that he had been condemned to death; then, together with Apodemius and Pentadius, he executed the Caesar. In 364, Emperor Valentinian I proclaimed his brother Valens co-emperor. The two rulers divided among themselves the army and the officers. In this occasion, Serenianus, who had been returned to the reserve for long time, entered at Valens' service as comes domesticorum ("commander of the imperial bodyguard"). In 366 he was killed by Marcellus, protector of usurper Procopius, who, in 365, rebelled against Emperor Valens. The story is told differently by the two sources survived, Ammianus Marcellinus and Zosimus. According to Ammianus, Serenianus stayed loyal to Valens. That year Serenianus went to Cyzicus, where he found that an imperial officer called Venustus had brought in that city, for fear of the usurper, the money to pay the troops; Serenianus, confident in the city garrison and in the strength of the city walls, fortified in Cyzicus. To obtain that money, Procopius collected a strong army and put under siege Cyzicus, capturing the city and Serenianus, who was sent, as a prisoner, to Nicaea. After Procopius was killed, Marcellus, who was in command of the garrison of Nicaea, during the night entered the Palace, where Serenianus was held, and killed him. According to Zosimus, who follows Eunapius, Serenianus was in Bithynia, leading some cavalry units, and Procopius sent Marcellinus to Bithynia to neutralize this menace. Serenianus occupied Cyzicus, but Marcellinus put under siege and captured the city, pursued the fleeing Serenianus in Lydia and killed him. Ammianus had a mad opinion of Serenianus, whom he describes rude and cruel, and says that Marcellus' only merit was to have killed Serenianus and saved thus many lives, as Serenianus, once free, would have damaged many people. Notes Bibliography Primari sources Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae. Zosimus, New History. Secondary sources Banchich, Thomas, "Marcellus (366 A.D.)", De Imperatoribus Romanis Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin, John Robert Martindale, John Morris, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Cambridge University Press, 1992, , p. 825. 4th-century Romans 366 deaths Ancient Roman generals Year of birth unknown Generals of Constantius II Generals of Valens
20462695
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiksey
Thiksey
Thiksey is a village and the headquarter of its eponymous block in the Leh district of Ladakh, India. It is located in the Leh tehsil. The Thikse Monastery is located here. Demographics According to the 2011 census of India, Thiksey has 433 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 75.42%. References Villages in Leh tehsil
17324823
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992%E2%80%9393%20St.%20Louis%20Blues%20season
1992–93 St. Louis Blues season
The 1992–93 St. Louis Blues season witnessed the Blues finish fourth in the Norris Division with a record of 37 wins, 36 losses and 11 ties for 85 points. In the playoffs, they pulled off a shocking upset of the division champion Chicago Blackhawks in the Norris Division Semifinals. However, their run ended in the Norris Division Finals, which they lost in seven games to the Toronto Maple Leafs. The Blues endured a coaching change early in the season, when head coach Bob Plager resigned after only 11 games. He was replaced by assistant general manager Bob Berry. Offseason Forward Brett Hull is named team captain, replacing defenceman Garth Butcher. NHL draft Regular season The Blues finished with the best penalty kill in the league (83.68%), allowing only 70 goals in 429 short-handed situations. Final standings Schedule and results Playoffs Western Conference Quarterfinals vs. Chicago Blackhawks (1) Clarance Campbell Conference Division Finals vs. Toronto Maple Leafs (3) Player statistics Forwards Note: GP= Games played; G= Goals; A= Assists; Pts = Points; PIM = Penalties in minutes Defensemen Note: GP= Games played; G= Goals; A= Assists; Pts = Points; PIM = Penalties in minutes Goaltending Note: GP= Games played; W= Wins; L= Losses; T = Ties; SO = Shutouts; GAA = Goals Against Average References Blues on Hockey Database St. St. St. Louis Blues seasons St St
20462714
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan%20van%20der%20Veen
Jan van der Veen
Jan van der Veen (born 6 July 1948) is a retired Dutch professional association football player who played for Sparta Rotterdam, Royal Antwerp, Go Ahead Eagles, Willem II and Helmond Sport. He also played in the NASL between 1978 and 1983 for the San Diego Sockers, Tampa Bay Rowdies and California Surf. Jan scored Tampa Bay's lone goal in the 22nd minute of Soccer Bowl '79 (NASL league final), which the Rowdies lost 2-1. He also played in the Major Indoor Soccer League for the Phoenix Inferno and the Wichita Wings. References External links NASL/MISL career stats Profile at Voetbal international Profile at R.A.F.C. museum 1948 births Living people Dutch footballers Dutch expatriate footballers Eredivisie players Footballers from Rotterdam Willem II (football club) players Royal Antwerp F.C. players Tampa Bay Rowdies (1975–1993) players California Surf players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) players North American Soccer League (1968–1984) indoor players San Diego Sockers (NASL) players Major Indoor Soccer League (1978–1992) players Phoenix Inferno players Wichita Wings (MISL) players Go Ahead Eagles players Sparta Rotterdam players Expatriate footballers in Belgium Expatriate soccer players in the United States Dutch expatriate sportspeople in Belgium Dutch expatriate sportspeople in the United States Association football midfielders
17324834
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ming-Jun%20Lai
Ming-Jun Lai
Ming-Jun Lai is an American mathematician, currently a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Georgia. His area of research is splines and their numerical analysis. He has published a text on splines called Splines Functions on Triangulations. He was born in Hangzhou, China. Lai received a B.Sc. from Hangzhou University and a Ph.D. in mathematics from the Texas A&M University in 1989. His dissertation was entitled "On Construction of Bivariate and Trivariate Vertex Splines on Arbitrary Mixed Grid Partitions" and supervised by Charles K. Chui. References Ming-Jun Lai at Math Genealogy Project Year of birth missing (living people) Living people Hangzhou University alumni Texas A&M University alumni University of Utah alumni 20th-century American mathematicians 21st-century American mathematicians Chinese emigrants to the United States University of Georgia faculty
17324835
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langenes%2C%20Vestland
Langenes, Vestland
Langenes or Langeneset is a village in Kinn Municipality in Vestland county, Norway. It is located on the northeastern side of the island of Vågsøy on the shore of the Sildegapet bay. It is about east of the villages of Vedvika and Refvika. The larger village of Raudeberg is located about to the south. The small island of Silda is located about east of Langeneset. Norwegian county road 622 runs through the village. The Skongenes Lighthouse is located about north of Langeneset. References Villages in Vestland Kinn
17324893
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972%E2%80%9373%20New%20York%20Rangers%20season
1972–73 New York Rangers season
The 1972–73 New York Rangers season was the 47th season for the team in the National Hockey League (NHL). Regular season Final standings Schedule and results |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 1 || 7 || @ Detroit Red Wings || 5–3 || 0–1–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 2 || 8 || @ Chicago Black Hawks || 5–1 || 0–2–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 3 || 11 || Vancouver Canucks || 5–3 || 1–2–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 4 || 14 || @ Montreal Canadiens || 6–1 || 1–3–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 5 || 15 || Minnesota North Stars || 6–2 || 2–3–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 6 || 18 || Boston Bruins || 7–1 || 3–3–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 7 || 21 || @ New York Islanders || 2–1 || 4–3–0 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 8 || 22 || Montreal Canadiens || 1–1 || 4–3–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 9 || 25 || Philadelphia Flyers || 6–1 || 5–3–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 10 || 29 || Chicago Black Hawks || 7–1 || 6–3–1 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 11 || 1 || @ Chicago Black Hawks || 3–2 || 7–3–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 12 || 4 || @ Pittsburgh Penguins || 6–4 || 7–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 13 || 5 || @ Philadelphia Flyers || 3–2 || 8–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 14 || 8 || Vancouver Canucks || 5–2 || 9–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 15 || 11 || California Golden Seals || 7–2 || 10–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 16 || 12 || Los Angeles Kings || 5–1 || 11–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 17 || 15 || Philadelphia Flyers || 7–3 || 12–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 18 || 18 || @ St. Louis Blues || 3–1 || 13–4–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 19 || 19 || Pittsburgh Penguins || 5–3 || 13–5–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 20 || 21 || @ Atlanta Flames || 3–1 || 14–5–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 21 || 23 || @ Buffalo Sabres || 5–3 || 14–6–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 22 || 26 || Toronto Maple Leafs || 7–4 || 15–6–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 23 || 28 || @ Vancouver Canucks || 2–1 || 15–7–1 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 24 || 29 || @ Los Angeles Kings || 2–2 || 15–7–2 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 25 || 1 || @ California Golden Seals || 3–3 || 15–7–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 26 || 3 || Atlanta Flames || 3–2 || 16–7–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 27 || 6 || Buffalo Sabres || 3–2 || 16–8–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 28 || 9 || @ New York Islanders || 4–1 || 17–8–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 29 || 10 || New York Islanders || 4–1 || 18–8–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 30 || 13 || @ Toronto Maple Leafs || 4–3 || 19–8–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 31 || 14 || @ Boston Bruins || 4–2 || 19–9–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 32 || 16 || @ Minnesota North Stars || 5–1 || 19–10–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 33 || 17 || Pittsburgh Penguins || 9–1 || 20–10–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 34 || 20 || @ St. Louis Blues || 5–4 || 21–10–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 35 || 21 || Atlanta Flames || 5–2 || 21–11–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 36 || 24 || Detroit Red Wings || 5–0 || 22–11–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 37 || 27 || Buffalo Sabres || 4–1 || 22–12–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 38 || 31 || St. Louis Blues || 6–1 || 23–12–3 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 39 || 3 || Los Angeles Kings || 3–0 || 24–12–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 40 || 6 || Buffalo Sabres || 4–1 || 24–13–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 41 || 7 || Pittsburgh Penguins || 3–0 || 25–13–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 42 || 11 || @ Buffalo Sabres || 4–2 || 26–13–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 43 || 13 || @ St. Louis Blues || 5–3 || 27–13–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 44 || 14 || @ Philadelphia Flyers || 5–2 || 28–13–3 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 45 || 17 || @ Los Angeles Kings || 4–4 || 28–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 46 || 19 || @ California Golden Seals || 6–0 || 29–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 47 || 20 || @ Vancouver Canucks || 4–3 || 30–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 48 || 24 || Boston Bruins || 4–2 || 31–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 49 || 27 || @ Detroit Red Wings || 6–3 || 32–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 50 || 28 || Toronto Maple Leafs || 5–2 || 33–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 51 || 31 || California Golden Seals || 3–1 || 34–13–4 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 52 || 3 || @ Boston Bruins || 7–3 || 35–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 53 || 4 || Atlanta Flames || 6–0 || 36–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 54 || 7 || New York Islanders || 6–0 || 37–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 55 || 10 || @ New York Islanders || 6–0 || 38–13–4 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 56 || 11 || Montreal Canadiens || 2–2 || 38–13–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 57 || 14 || @ Montreal Canadiens || 6–3 || 38–14–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 58 || 15 || @ Buffalo Sabres || 4–1 || 38–15–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 59 || 18 || New York Islanders || 3–2 || 39–15–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 60 || 21 || @ Los Angeles Kings || 4–3 || 40–15–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 61 || 23 || @ California Golden Seals || 5–3 || 40–16–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 62 || 25 || Minnesota North Stars || 6–5 || 41–16–5 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 63 || 28 || Chicago Black Hawks || 3–3 || 41–16–6 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 64 || 3 || @ Detroit Red Wings || 6–3 || 42–16–6 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 65 || 4 || Vancouver Canucks || 4–3 || 42–17–6 |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 66 || 7 || Philadelphia Flyers || 2–2 || 42–17–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 67 || 10 || @ Pittsburgh Penguins || 5–4 || 43–17–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 68 || 11 || Toronto Maple Leafs || 4–2 || 44–17–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 69 || 14 || @ Chicago Black Hawks || 4–2 || 44–18–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 70 || 17 || @ Toronto Maple Leafs || 7–5 || 44–19–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 71 || 18 || St. Louis Blues || 3–1 || 45–19–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 72 || 20 || @ Minnesota North Stars || 6–1 || 46–19–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#CCFFCC" | 73 || 22 || @ Atlanta Flames || 4–1 || 47–19–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 74 || 24 || @ Boston Bruins || 3–0 || 47–20–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 75 || 25 || Minnesota North Stars || 2–1 || 47–21–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 76 || 28 || Boston Bruins || 6–3 || 47–22–7 |- align="center" bgcolor="#FFBBBB" | 77 || 31 || @ Montreal Canadiens || 5–1 || 47–23–7 |- |- align="center" bgcolor="white" | 78 || 1 || Detroit Red Wings || 3–3 || 47–23–8 |- Playoffs Key: Win Loss Player statistics Skaters Goaltenders †Denotes player spent time with another team before joining Rangers. Stats reflect time with Rangers only. ‡Traded mid-season. Stats reflect time with Rangers only. Awards and records Transactions The Rangers defense lost their gifted-defenseman, Brad Park due to a knee injury that occurred on 11/15/72 against the Flyers, which forced him out of the lineup for the next 18 games. Looking to plug that hole, they searched around the league for another talented-defenseman but prospects were sparse. So, on 11/28/72, they settled on veteran defenseman Ron Harris of the Flames who had minimal offensive skills but played a physical checking game. A 26-year-old forward, by the name of Curt Bennett was still scoreless with the Rangers while mostly sitting on the bench, so he was sent to the Flames in exchange. Both guys ultimately paid dividends for their new teams. Harris was instrumental in winning key games for the Rangers in different ways such as: against the rival-Bruins in game #2 of the 1973 playoffs, he threw a legal, rolling, hip-check at Phil Esposito which injured him, thus, sinking the hopes of the Bruins since they lost that playoff series; plus then, in a key 1974 playoff game against the Canadians, Harris scored the game-winning goal in overtime which eventually sparked the Rangers in winning that playoff series. Likewise, the Flames cashed in on Curt Bennett since he finally and quickly matured with them by becoming an excellent goal-scorer and their toughest fighter. Draft picks New York's picks at the 1972 NHL Amateur Draft in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Farm teams See also 1972–73 NHL season References External links Rangers on Hockey Database New York Rangers seasons New York Rangers New York Rangers New York Rangers New York Rangers Madison Square Garden 1970s in Manhattan
17324908
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LongPen
LongPen
The LongPen is a remote signing device conceived of by writer Margaret Atwood in 2004 and debuted in 2006. It allows a person to remotely write in ink anywhere in the world via tablet PC and the Internet and a robotic hand. It also supports an audio and video conversation between the endpoints, such as a fan and author, while a book is being signed. The system was used by Conrad Black, who was under arrest, to "attend" a book signing event without leaving his home. See also List of Canadian inventions and discoveries Interactive whiteboard Polygraph (duplicating device) Autopen Telautograph, another remote signing device, patented by Elisha Gray in 1888 References Pointing-device text input Computing output devices Margaret Atwood
17324943
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cedarcroft%2C%20Baltimore
Cedarcroft, Baltimore
Cedarcroft is a distinctive residential neighborhood in the North district of Baltimore, bordered by Gittings, East Lake and Bellona Avenue avenues and York Road. According to Baltimore City's Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation (CHAP), the houses in Cedarcroft are in the Dutch Colonial Revival, Federal Revival, Tudor Revival, Georgian Revival, Cape Cod Revival, Bungalow, and Italianate styles of architecture. History Most of the homes in Cedarcroft were built between 1910 and 1939 by the Cedarcroft Land Company. In 1885, Philip E. Lamb purchased fronting York Road north of the rural village of Govanstown. On the property was a house that had been built in 1846. A few years later, he bought an additional . He called his estate Cedarcroft, and in 1886 built a substantial addition to the 1846 house which still stands at 6204 Sycamore Road. The Cedarcroft Land Company was formed about 1910 by Philip and George Lamb, along with George Van Hollen, William McGeen and C.L. Applegarth. Later they were joined by Frank A. Warner, Jr., and Edward L. Palmer, the architect credited with the design of the development, which was between York and Bellona, Lake and Gittings. Episcopalians living nearby met in makeshift quarters and were anxious to build a church. In 1911, the diocese bought land on the southwest corner of Cedarcroft and York roads for $5,000. The church was dedicated in 1913. Ten years later, it was moved a few hundred feet, from the center of the lot, on soaped beams so that a parish house could be added. After the lots had been sold, the Cedarcroft Land Company was liquidated in the early 1920s, and its successor, the Cedarcroft Maintenance Corporation was chartered and the Cedarcroft Improvement Association formed. All of the covenants, restrictions and regulations made by the Land Company were incorporated in the Maintenance Corporation, the latter remaining the governing body of Cedarcroft. All restrictions and requirements set by the Land Company were preserved. The records of the corporation and improvement association are maintained in a loose leaf binder entitled, "Beginning 1926", although, the records date from 1929. The 1929 treasurer's report shows payments of $13 for cutting grass on vacant lots and $112.50 for top soil, hauling leaves and operating the snow plow. These traditional codes governed the construction of single-family houses cost not less than $6000; most of the homes sold between 2012 and 2018 between $300,000 and $850,000 price range. They are all built according to the neighborhood plan and color scheme regulations. In 2016 the final unbuilt lot was built upon. By 1921 thirty houses had been constructed on the association lots. Corner lots sold for $2000 and interior block lots sold for $1800. The rapid surge of immigrants and Baltimore residents moving north initiated the creation of Cedarcroft's Maintenance Corporation and Improvement Association. Cedarcroft Maintenance Corporation's covenants remain in place; however, they are subject to homeowner's approval and vote periodically to renew and approve changes. Plans, color schemes and renovations are submitted to the group for approval. Due to the larger size and higher values of Cedarcroft houses, the neighborhood saw a sizable number of young family groups moving in. In 2015, 10 units within Cedarcroft were sold; the average price of these sales was $427,830, the median being $439,750. Aside from renovations to the houses of the neighborhood and the growth of trees and landscaping, Cedarcroft looks much as it did in the mid-1900s. The distinguishing features of the area are its traditional Revival style houses, and narrow streets lined with arched trees, "reminiscent of medieval arches." In 2012, Cedarcroft is a diverse community, attracting traditional and non-traditional families from a variety of backgrounds. While the historical character remains intact through neighborhood efforts, Cedarcroft exists and thrives without constrictive and intrusive rules. Owners wishing to renovate are encouraged to have neighbor buy-in of plans before they are presented to the Cedarcroft Improvement Corporation. This process allows for individuality, yet builds cooperation between neighbors. In 2016, the first new house in the neighborhood since 1953 was added on the final unbuilt lot. Located in City Council District Four, Cedarcroft has been listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the 2000 Demographic profile, 97.8% of the houses in Cedarcroft are occupied, more than 91% by owners. 75.6% of the houses are family households. Cedarcroft remains the calm and beautiful neighborhood envisioned by the Lamb's despite its increasingly urban surrounding. The tight-knit community comes together naturally, celebrating October block parties, Halloween parades, and Christmas decoration contests together. This historic district is quite simply a "diamond in the rough" of an evolving and progressing city. Demographics According to the last census, 91.5% of the residents are white, 5.1% are black, 1.7% Asian and 2.5% are Hispanic. 21.9% of the white residents are reported as of Irish ancestry, another 16.7% English, 34.2% German and 14.9% Italian. The median family income is $99,389 with 0% of those in the workforce unemployed. 100% of the residents are high school graduates and 34.1% report having a graduate or professional degree. Government representation Buildings of interest Nativity Episcopalian Church During the early years of the Cedarcroft development, the new community did not have a church. In 1910, Reverend Charles Hensel began a new mission by holding services in the newly constructed houses in the community. The structure of what is now known as the Church of the Nativity was originally built in Garrett County, Maryland. In 1913, the Tudor Revival style edifice was dismantled and transported to what is now 419 Cedarcroft Road. The first official church service was held on Christmas of the same year. The construction of the Parish House in 1923 required the entire church structure to be moved toward the York Road extremity of the property. In 1947, the Cedarcroft School was established within the church as a preschool and kindergarten. As the population in the community of Cedarcroft grew in the 1950s, structural additions were made to the church including a passageway to the Parish House, now used by the Cedarcroft School. Cedarcroft School Edith Gentry, a graduate of the nearby College of Notre Dame, established the Cedarcroft School in 1947. Using the west wing of the Church of Nativity in Cedarcroft as their venue, teachers place exceptional emphasis on proper manners and the "philosophy that every child learns differently". The establishment is coed, nonsectarian, and is the school to many young children of the Cedarcroft community and surrounding neighborhoods. The Lamb Estate 6204 Sycamore Road is the site of the original house built by Philip Lamb in 1886. The mansion was the first constructed on Lamb's estate, which is now the Cedarcroft neighborhood. The house is symmetrical, featuring a cross-gable roof, sash windows with shutters, a porch elevated by Doric columns, and a simple bracketed cornice. This Eastlake style, closely associated with the Victorian Revival, was very prominent in the 1880s. Architectural styles Cedarcroft's architectural styles are varied, and include Federal Revival, Dutch Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival, Gothic Revival, Cape Cod Revival, Colonial Revival, English Cottage, Split-Level, and Ranch variants. Federal Revival is the style most prevalent; however, the degree in which any particular house is an homage to any "high style" elements was a matter for the architect and client to decide. Many houses incorporate attributes that can "bleed" between more highly defined styles. The houses pictured in this gallery are a sampling of the type of homes in the area. Georgian Revival houses of the early 1900s-The symmetrical sash windows, the tall chimneys, and triangular pediments, held above the front entrances by Doric columns, distinguish the Georgian style. Also, the simple cornices and dormer windows built into the gable roofs distinguish these houses as Georgian Revival. Dutch Colonial Revival style of the early 1900s is also prominent. The pictured house features a shingled gambrel roof with 6 by 6 paneled sash windows. On the first floor is a pediment entryway and 8 by 8 paneled sash windows, surrounded with shutters. American Four-Square style is also present in Cedarcroft. The house is essentially a cube with a pyramidal roof set on top. On each side of the pyramid is a centered dormer window for the attic of the house. Bay windows that extend through both stories of the house are another common feature of the American Four-Square style, which was most common between 1910 and 1930. Bungaloid-The term Bungalow applies strictly to one-story cottage style houses with front porches dominating the street facade. The Bungaloid is cousin of the bungalow, and the term is applied to houses of "one and a half" to two-story dwellings popular from the early 1900s through the 1940s. In this example, a steep gable roof includes a large multi-sash window triangular dormer. The shallower gable covers an open porch that is held up by Doric columns. Also, the entire structure is supported by a large stone foundation that is exposed as part of the architecture. These houses often are noted for their fumed interior oak woodwork, built-in cabinets and other factors popularized by Gustave Stickley who championed the American Arts and Crafts movement. Lastly, houses of the Tudor Revival style, such as the building above on the right, are found across Cedarcroft. Houses such as these contained elements from a variety of styles popular throughout the 1920s and 30s. In this stucco-exterior finished sample the slate roof, and half-round hood over the front door, are an homage to cottages found in Great Britain. References External links North District Maps, Baltimore City Neighborhoods Portal , including photo dated 2002, at Maryland Historical Trust, and accompanying map See also List of Baltimore neighborhoods Neighborhoods in Baltimore Historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Baltimore Victorian architecture in Maryland Northern Baltimore
17324966
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay%20Island
Bay Island
Bay Island is a two mile long island situated in the North Great Neck area of Virginia Beach, Virginia. The island is bordered by Long Creek to the north and Broad Bay to the south, both offshoots of the Lynnhaven River, and is connected to the mainland by the West Great Neck Bridge on the western side of the island. The island traditionally contains two residential neighborhoods: Broad Bay Colony on the western side of the island and Bay Island on the eastern side, although most residents just refer to the entire residential area as Bay Island. The two neighborhoods share a homeowners' association as well as several other community clubs, such as the Garden Club. Children in the neighborhood attend three schools depending on grade level: John B. Dey Elementary School, Great Neck Middle School, and Frank W. Cox High School. The island is susceptible to flooding, especially on the northern and western sides of the island. Due to this, even small hurricanes or tropical storms may cause the need for an entire evacuation of the island, as the roads on the western side flood, blocking the only exit from the island. This can happen even when the rest of Virginia Beach is not affected by a storm. References Coastal islands of Virginia Communities in Virginia Beach, Virginia Bodies of water of Virginia Beach, Virginia
20462724
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Under%2015%20Bayernliga
Under 15 Bayernliga
The Under 15 Bayernliga (German: C-Jugend Bayernliga) is the highest level of competition for under 15 football teams in Bavaria and the second tier of the Southern German league system, set below the Under 15 Regionalliga Süd. History The competition was established in 1975, as a championship rather than a league, alongside the Bavarian Under 17 championship. Since then, the winner of the competition is determined by an on-off final. To qualify for the championship, a club had to win one of the seven Bezirksoberligas in Bavaria, the highest football leagues at this level and age. The seven champions played a quarter final round with home-and-away games, whereby six clubs are drawn against each other for three games. The three winners plus the team that had a bye in this round reach the semi-finals, now played at a neutral ground. The two semi-finals winner enter the Bavarian championship final. Semi-final and final are held on the same weekend and location. There is no national German championship at this level but an Under 15 Southern German championship exists since 1979, where the regional champions of Bavaria, Württemberg, North Baden, South Baden and Hesse compete. Below this level, at the under 13 (German: D-Jugend), no Bavarian championship exists. The under 15 level is currently, as of 2008, the highest level of play where clubs like FC Bayern Munich and 1. FC Nürnberg still compete with their first teams at state level. In 2008, the Bavarian football association had 2,630 registered under 15 teams, a marginal increase from the previous year. All up, 20,699 junior teams were registered with the BFV in 2008 Since 1994, a knock-out cup competition, the Bau Pokal, is also played. Bayernliga In 2005, following the example of the under 19 and under 17 Bayernligas, two regional leagues, north and south, were formed. From then on, the two league winners would meet in the Bavarian final. The northern division operates with 14, the southern with 12 clubs. This difference results from the fact that the north has four Bezirksoberligas as the leagues below while the south only has three. The bottom four clubs in the north and the bottom three clubs in the south are relegated while the seven Bezirksoberliga champions earn direct promotion. In 2008, there were five clubs promoted to the northern division due to SV Memmelsdorf withdrawing at the end of season. In the 2006–07 season, FC Bayern Munich remained unbeaten throughout the league season, winning the Bavarian final, too, ending the season with 18 wins and five draws. In the 2007–08 season, Bayern Munich remained unbeaten throughout the league season again, only losing the final to 1. FC Nürnberg. 1. FCN in turn only lost one regular season game, drew one and won all 24 others. On 24 September 2008, with a 0–1 loss to TSV 1860 Munich in the 2008–09 season's first round, Bayern Munichs unbeaten run of 44 league games came to an end. Previously, the club had lost 0–2 in the league on 10 June 2006 to TSV 1860 Rosenheim in the last round of the 2005–06 season. Regionalliga In October 2008, the Southern German football federation decided that, from 2010 onwards, an Under 15 Regionalliga South would be established, a step similar to what had been taken for the under 19 in 1996 and the under 17 in 2000. Regionalligas already exist in the two regions west and north and the south was concerned it would fall behind. After a lengthy debate, 86 of 131 delegates voted for the new league which will include five clubs from Bavaria, alongside clubs from Hesse and Baden-Württemberg. In this vote, the delegates from Baden-Württemberg, where a united Oberliga already exists since 2008, voted against while the other two regions plus the delegates from the professional clubs voted for the proposal. Geography Below the Bayernliga, there is seven Bezirksoberligas, roughly organised within the boundaries of the seven Bavarian Regierungsbezirke, these being: Upper Bavaria Lower Bavaria Upper Palatinate Swabia Middle Franconia Upper Franconia Lower Franconia Champions Pre–Bayernliga era Bayernliga era Bavarian champions in bold Source: Siegerliste der Bayerischen Meisterschaften U15 (C)–Junioren , accessed: 3 February 2011 Winners & Finalists As of 2019, this is the standings in the all–time winners list: ‡ Includes one title won by reserve team. League placings since 2005–06 The placings in the northern and southern division since 2005–06: North South References Sources Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996 External links Bayrischer Fussball Verband (Bavarian FA) Bavarian League tables and results Youth football in Germany 1975 establishments in West Germany Bayernliga
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999%E2%80%932000%20New%20Jersey%20Nets%20season
1999–2000 New Jersey Nets season
The 1999–2000 NBA season was the Nets' 33rd season in the National Basketball Association, and 24th season in East Rutherford, New Jersey. During the off-season, the Nets re-acquired Johnny Newman from the Los Angeles Clippers, and re-signed free agent Sherman Douglas. Without Jayson Williams, who missed the entire season with a knee injury from the previous season, the Nets struggled losing 15 of their first 17 games, but would eventually get hot winning 13 of their next 18 games, and find themselves near the playoff picture with a 31–40 record as of March 30. However, a rash of late season injures cost the team to lose their final eleven games, finishing sixth in the Atlantic Division with a 31–51 record. Stephon Marbury averaged 22.2 points, 8.4 assists and 1.5 steals per game, and was named to the All-NBA Third Team, while Keith Van Horn averaged 19.2 points and 8.5 rebounds per game, and Kendall Gill provided the team with 13.1 points and led them with 1.8 steals per game, ranking him ninth in the league with 139 total steals. In addition, Kerry Kittles contributed 13.0 points and 1.3 steals per game, but only played 62 games due to a knee injury, while off the bench, Newman played a sixth man role, averaging 10.0 points per game, Lucious Harris contributed 6.7 points per game, and Jamie Feick led the team with 9.3 rebounds per game. During the 1999–2000 season, Marbury and Gill both reached different milestones, as Marbury dished out his 2,000th assist, and Gill scored his 10,000th career point. Following the season, head coach Don Casey was fired, while Scott Burrell and Gheorghe Mureșan were both released to free agency, Elliot Perry signed as a free agent with the Orlando Magic, and Williams retired after nine seasons in the NBA. Offseason NBA Draft Roster Roster notes Center Jayson Williams missed the entire season due to a leg injury. Regular season The Nets started the season at 2-15, a franchise record low. Despite the poor start, the Nets rallied back to compete for a playoff spot. The Nets were still alive in the playoff race at the beginning of April with three weeks left in the season. After the first week of April, the team was without their leading scorer, Stephon Marbury, who struggled with knee injuries. Other injuries included rookie Evan Eschmeyer (ankle), and starting shooting guard Kerry Kittles (knee). The Nets were officially eliminated from playoff contention on April 7 after a 103-85 loss to the Miami Heat. The team finished the season by losing their final 11 games of the year. Season standings Record vs. opponents Schedule Player statistics Regular season |- |Stephon Marbury |74 |74 |38.9 |.432 |.283 |.813 |3.2 |8.4 |1.5 |0.2 |22.2 |- |Keith Van Horn |80 |80 |34.8 |.445 |.368 |.847 |8.5 |2.0 |0.8 |0.8 |19.2 |- |Kendall Gill |76 |75 |31.0 |.414 |.256 |.710 |3.7 |2.8 |1.8 |0.5 |13.1 |- |Kerry Kittles |62 |61 |30.6 |.437 |.400 |.795 |3.6 |2.3 |1.3 |0.3 |13.0 |- |Johnny Newman |82 |9 |21.5 |.446 |.379 |.838 |1.9 |0.8 |0.6 |0.1 |10.0 |- |Lucious Harris |77 |11 |19.6 |.428 |.330 |.798 |2.4 |1.3 |0.8 |0.1 |6.7 |- |Scott Burrell |74 |9 |18.1 |.394 |.353 |.780 |3.5 |1.0 |0.9 |0.6 |6.1 |- |Sherman Douglas |20 |2 |15.5 |.500 |.313 |.893 |1.5 |1.7 |0.9 |0.0 |6.0 |- |Jamie Feick |81 |17 |27.7 |.428 |1.000 |.707 |9.3 |0.8 |0.5 |0.5 |5.7 |- |Elliot Perry |60 |5 |13.4 |.435 |.282 |.806 |1.0 |2.3 |0.7 |0.0 |5.3 |- |Gheorge Muresan |30 |2 |8.9 |.456 | |.605 |2.3 |0.3 |0.0 |0.4 |3.5 |- |Evan Eschmeyer |31 |5 |12.0 |.528 | |.500 |3.5 |0.7 |0.3 |0.7 |2.9 |- |Jim McIlvaine |66 |53 |15.9 |.416 | |.518 |3.5 |0.5 |0.4 |1.8 |2.4 |- |Michael Cage |20 |7 |12.1 |.500 | |1.000 |4.1 |0.5 |0.4 |0.4 |1.4 |- |Mark Hendrickson |5 |0 |4.8 |.000 | |.500 |0.4 |0.6 |0.0 |0.0 |0.2 |} Player Statistics Citation: Awards and records Stephon Marbury, All-NBA Third Team Transactions References New Jersey Nets on Database Basketball New Jersey Nets on Basketball Reference New Jersey Nets season New Jersey Nets seasons New Jersey Nets New Jersey Nets 20th century in East Rutherford, New Jersey Meadowlands Sports Complex