List of United States Virgin Islands highways
Below is a list of highways in the United States Virgin Islands (USVI). US Virgin Islands code places responsibility for highways in the territory to the USVI Department of Public Works. In the USVI, highways which begin with the numbers 1-2 are located on the island of St. John, 3-4 are located on St. Thomas, and 5-8 are located on St. Croix. Unlike elsewhere in the U.S., traffic in the USVI drives on the left. Highways on St. John Highway 10 Highway 20 Highway 104 Highway 107 Highway 108 Highway 206 Highways on St. Thomas Highway 30 Highway 32 Highway 33 Highway 35 Highway 37 Highway 38 Highway 39 Highway 40 Highway 42 Highway 301 Highway 302 Highway 303 Highway 304 Highway 305 Highway 306 Highway 308 Highway 313 Highway 314 Highway 315 Highway 318 Highway 322 Highway 332 Highway 333 Highway 334 Highway 379 Highway 382 Highway 384 Highway 386 Highway 388 Highway 394 Highway 404 Highways on St. Croix Highway 58 Highway 60 Highway 62 Highway 63 Highway 64 Highway 65 Highway 66 Highway 68 Highway 69 Highway 70 Highway 72 Highway 73 Highway 74 Highway 75 Highway 76 Highway 78 Highway 79 Highway 80 Highway 81 Highway 82 Highway 83 Highway 85 Highway 622 Highway 624 Highway 661 Highway 663 Highway 669 Highway 681 Highway 682 Highway 701 Highway 702 Highway 704 Highway 705 Highway 707 Highway 708 Highway 751 Highway 752 Highway 753 Highway 763 Highway 765 Highway 7010 Highway 7013 Highway 7532 See also References United States Virgin Islands
Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage
Cole Harbour—Eastern Passage was a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elected one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. The district was created in 1992 from Cole Harbour. In 2003, the district lost an area south of the Circumferential Highway and the eastern side of Morris Lake to Dartmouth South, and lost an area south of Portland Street to Cole Harbour. In 2013, the district gained the area south of Russell Lake and east of Highway 111 from Dartmouth South-Portland Valley. The district was abolished at the 2021 Nova Scotia general election mostly into Eastern Passage and parts of Cole Harbour-Dartmouth and Cole Harbour. Members of the Legislative Assembly This riding has elected the following Members of the Legislative Assembly: Election results |- |Liberal |Joyce Treen |align="right"|3,057 |align="right"|40.62 |align="right"|+25.02 |- |New Democratic Party |Becky Kent |align="right"|2,914 |align="right"|38.72 |align="right"|-26.45 |- |Progressive Conservative |Lloyd Jackson |align="right"|1,555 |align="right"|20.66 |align="right"|+4.76 |} |- |New Democratic Party |Becky Kent |align="right"|4,402 |align="right"|65.17 |align="right"|+20.78 |- |Progressive Conservative |Lloyd Jackson |align="right"|1,074 |align="right"|15.90 |align="right"|-17.73 |- |Liberal |Orest Ulan |align="right"|1,054 |align="right"|15.60 |align="right"|-1.70 |- |} |- |New Democratic Party |Becky Kent |align="right"|2,459 |align="right"|44.39 |align="right"|-20.01 |- |Progressive Conservative |Michael Eddy |align="right"|1,863 |align="right"|33.63 |align="right"|+14.71 |- |- |} |- |New Democratic Party |Kevin Deveaux |align="right"|3,997 |align="right"|58.44 |align="right"|+19.17 |- |Progressive Conservative |Harry McInroy |align="right"|1,641 |align="right"|23.99 |align="right"|-13.36 |- |Liberal |Brian Churchill |align="right"|1,121 |align="right"|16.39 |align="right"|-6.99 |} |- |New Democratic Party |Kevin Deveaux |align="right"|3,721 |align="right"|39.27 |align="right"|- |- |Progressive Conservative |Nadune Cooper Mont |align="right"|3,539 |align="right"|37.35 |align="right"|- |- |Liberal |Colin MacEachern |align="right"|2,216 |align="right"|23.38 |align="right"|- |} |- |New Democratic Party |Kevin Deveaux |align="right"|4,411 |align="right"|45.73 |align="right"|- |- |Progressive Conservative |Randy Anstey |align="right"|3,303 |align="right"|34.24 |align="right"|- |- |Liberal |Linda DeGrace |align="right"|1,931 |align="right"|20.02 |align="right"|- |} |- |Liberal |Dennis Richards |align="right"|4,702 |align="right"|48.13 |align="right"|- |- |Progressive Conservative |John Gold |align="right"|3,409 |align="right"|34.89 |align="right"|- |- |New Democratic Party |Ash Shaihk |align="right"|1,501 |align="right"|15.36 |align="right"|- |- |Natural Law Party |Helen Creighton |align="right"|158 |align="right"|1.62 |align="right"|- |} References External links 2003 riding profile 2006 riding profile June 13, 2006 Nova Scotia Provincial General Election Poll By Poll Results Former provincial electoral districts of Nova Scotia Politics of Halifax, Nova Scotia
Margaret Mayall
Margaret Walton Mayall (January 27, 1902 – December 6, 1995) was an American astronomer. She was the director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) from 1949 to 1973. Mayall (born Margaret Lyle Walton) was born in Iron Hill, Maryland, on 27 January 1902. She attended the University of Delaware, where her interest in astronomy grew after taking math and chemistry courses. She then moved to Swarthmore College, where she received her Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics in 1924. She earned an MA in Astronomy from Radcliffe College, Harvard University, in 1928 and worked as a research assistant and astronomer at Harvard College Observatory from 1924 to 1954, initially working with Annie Jump Cannon on classifying star spectra and estimating star brightness. She was a research staff member at the Heat Research Laboratory, Special Weapons Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1943 to 1946. While working in Nantucket, she met Robert Newton Mayall, a member of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO). They married in 1927. In 1958 she won the Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy. She died of congestive heart failure in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 6 December 1995. References Further reading External links Letters at the AAVSO Oral history from the American Institute of Physics The Harold C. Ernst Collection of Portable Sundials 1902 births 1995 deaths American women astronomers Recipients of the Annie J. Cannon Award in Astronomy 20th-century American women scientists People from Cecil County, Maryland 20th-century American scientists Radcliffe College alumni Swarthmore College alumni Harvard College Observatory people
Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley
Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. The district was created in 1978 from Colchester, and was called Colchester South until 1993. In 1993, the name was changed to Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley and it gained the Salmon River and Musquodoboit Valley areas from Bedford-Musquodoboit Valley, and Millbrook 27 from Truro-Bible Hill. It includes the southern half of Colchester County (not including the Truro area) plus the Musquodoboit Valley region of the Halifax Regional Municipality. Geography The landmass of Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley is . Members of the Legislative Assembly This riding has elected the following Members of the Legislative Assembly: Election results 1978 general election 1981 general election 1984 general election 1988 general election 1993 general election 1998 general election 1999 general election 2003 general election 2006 general election 2009 general election 2013 general election |- |Progressive Conservative |Larry Harrison |align="right"|3,304 |align="right"|42.27 |align="right"|+13.28 |- |New Democratic Party |Gary Burrill |align="right"|2,293 |align="right"|29.33 |align="right"|-18.76 |- |Liberal | Tom Martin |align="right"|2,220 |align="right"|28.40 |align="right"|+7.79 |} 2017 general election 2021 general election References Election Summary From 1867 - 2007 1993 Poll by Poll Results 1988 Poll by Poll Results 1984 Poll by Poll Results 1981 Poll by Poll Results 1978 Poll by Poll Results External links riding profile June 13, 2006 Nova Scotia Provincial General Election Poll by Poll Results Nova Scotia provincial electoral districts
Morning sun
Morning sun may refer to: Sun, the Solar System's star Sunrise Places in the United States Morning Sun, Iowa Morning Sun Township, Louisa County, Iowa Morning Sun, Ohio Music Morning Sun (album), by Barbara Mandrell, 1990 Morning Sun (EP), by the Beautiful Girls, 2002 "Morning Sun" (Robbie Williams song), 2010 "Morning Sun" (Robin Thicke song), 2015 "Morning Sun", a song by the Spencer Davis Group from With Their New Face On, 1968 Newspapers The Morning Sun, Pittsburg, Kansas, US Morning Sun, published by Judson King in Denison, Texas, US Other uses Morning Sun (film), a 2003 American documentary about China's Cultural Revolution Morning Sun, a 1952 painting by Edward Hopper Morning Sun, a 1963 off-Broadway musical with a book by Fred Ebb
Kristina Curry Rogers
Kristina "Kristi" Curry Rogers (born June 20, 1974) is an American vertebrate paleontologist and a professor in Biology and Geology at Macalester College. Her research focuses on questions of dinosaur paleobiology, bone histology, growth, and evolution, especially in a subgroup of sauropods called Titanosauria. She has named two dinosaur species from Madagascar, Rapetosaurus, the most complete Cretaceous sauropod and titanosaur found to date, and Vahiny, so far known only from a partial skull. She and Jeffrey A. Wilson co-authored The Sauropods, Evolution and Paleobiology, published in December 2005. Her research includes field work in Argentina, Madagascar, Montana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Early life and education Rogers was born in Sikeston, Missouri, where her passion for paleontology was fostered at an early age. By the time she began research during her undergraduate education under the guidance of Jack Horner, her future career in research was fossilized. Her experience ignited a long-term fascination with the long-necked, giant dinosaurs known as sauropods. She graduated with a degree in Biology from Montana State University in 1996. Rogers completed both her MSc and PhD in Anatomical Sciences from State University of New York at Stony Brook. by 2001. Her graduate advisors, Catherine Forster and David W. Krause, were founding members of the Mahajanga Basin Project, a long-term, National Science Foundation and National Geographic Society-supported research program focused on the Upper Cretaceous Maevarano Formation. Her graduate research focused on the evolutionary history of Titanosauria. Since then, she has continued to publish work elucidating titanosaur anatomy and paleobiology. Career In 2001, Rogers was hired as the Curator of Paleontology at the Science Museum of Minnesota, where she worked until 2008. At that time, she moved to Macalester College, where she was jointly appointed in the Biology and Geology Departments. In 2019, she was appointed as Chair of Biology at Macalester College. She is also an active member of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, the Geological Society of America, and the Society for Integrative Comparative Biology. Awards and honours Rogers has been the recipient of a number of National Science Foundation grants, including the prestigious NSF CAREER award. Rogers was awarded the Macalester College Jack and Marty Rossman Excellence in Teaching Award in 2015. Rogers has also served as an on screen expert for numerous documentaries with the BBC, PBS, the National Geographic Channel, and the Discovery Channel, and is featured in the large format film Titanosaur 3D: The Story of Maximo. She was also a guest speaker on the MPR News in 2012 where she discussed dinosaur bones and has starred in a video describing the way in which dinosaurs grow. Family She is married to Macalester College geologist, Ray Rogers, and has two daughters. Partial bibliography Castanet, J., K. Curry Rogers, J. Cubo, and J. J. Boisard. 2000. Quantification of periosteal osteogenesis in ostrich and emu: Implications for studies of extinct dinosaurian bone histology. Comptes Rendus l'Académie des Sciences. Curry Rogers, K. 2001. "Growth Rates among the dinosaurs" in The Scientific American Book of Dinosaurs (Paul, G., ed.). pp. 297–309. Rogers, R.R., D.W. Krause, and K. Curry Rogers. (2003). Cannibalism in the Madagascan dinosaur Majungatholus atopus. Nature. 422:515-518. Curry Rogers, K and Forster, C. A. (2004) The skull of Rapetosaurus krausei (Sauropoda: Titanosauria) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24(1): 121–143. Rogers, R.R., K. Curry Rogers, D. Munyikwa, R. Terry, and B. Singer. (2004). New insights into Karoo-equivalent rocks in the Limpopo Valley of Zimbabwe, with observations on the preservation of early dinosaurs. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 40:147-161. Curry Rogers, K. A., (2005), "Titanosauria: A Phylogenetic Overview" in Curry Rogers and Wilson (eds), The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology pp. 50–103 Krause, D. W., P. M. O’Connor, K. Curry Rogers, S. Sampson, G. Buckley, and R. R. Rogers. (2006). Late Cretaceous Terrestrial Vertebrates from Madagascar: Implications for Latin American Biogeography. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 93:178-208. Salgado, L., R. A. Coria, C. M. Magalhaes Ribeiro, A. Garrido, R. Rogers, M. E. Simón, A. B. Arcucci, K. Curry Rogers, A.P. Carabajal, S. Apesteguía, M. Fernández, R. A. García, and M. Talevi. (2007). Upper Cretaceous dinosaur nesting sites of Río Negro (Salitral Ojo de Agua and Salinas de Trapalcó-Salitral de Santa Rosa), northern Patagonia, Argentina. Cretaceous Research 28:392-404. Rogers, R. R., D. W. Krause, K. Curry Rogers, A. H. Rasoamiaramanana, and L. Rahantarisoa. (2007). Paleoenvironment and Paleoecology of Majungasaurus crenatissimus (Theropoda: Abelisauridae) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 8 27(suppl. to 2):21-31. Erickson, G. M., K. Curry Rogers, D. J. Varricchio, M. A. Norell, and Xing Xu. (2007). Growth patterns in brooding dinosaurs reveal the timing of sexual maturity in non-avian dinosaurs and genesis of the avian condition. Biological Letters 3:558-561. Wilson, J. A., M. D. D’emic, K. Curry Rogers, D. M. Mohabey, and S. Sen. (2009). Reassessment of the sauropod dinosaur Jainosaurus (= “Antarctosaurus”) septentrionalis from the Upper Cretaceous of India. Contributions from the University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology 32:17-40. Curry Rogers, K. (2009). The postcranial anatomy of Rapetosaurus krausei (Sauropoda: Titanosauria). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29:1046-1086. Stein, K., Z. Csiki, K. Curry Rogers, D. B. Weishampel, R. Redelstorff, J. L. Carballido, and P. M. Sander. (2010). Small body size and extreme cortical bone remodeling indicate phyletic dwarfism in Magyarosaurus dacus (Sauropoda: Titanosauria). Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107: 9258-9263. Wilson, J. A. and K. Curry Rogers. (2012). The Sauropods, in M. Brett-Surman, T. Holtz, Jr., and J. O. Farlow (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur, Second Edition. Indiana University Press, Bloomington: 444-481. Curry Rogers, K. and M. D’Emic. (2012). Triumph of the Titans. Scientific American 306(5): 48-55. Curry Rogers, K. and J. A. Wilson. (2014). Vahiny depereti gen. et sp. nov., a new titanosaur from the Upper Cretaceous Maevarano Formation, Madagascar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34: 606-617. Curry Rogers, K., M. Whitney, M. D’Emic, and B. Bagley. (2016). Precocity in a tiny titanosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Science 352:450-454. Rogers, R. R., M. Carrano, K. Curry Rogers, M. Perez, and A. Regan. (2017). Isotaphonomy in concept and practice: an exploration of vertebrate microfossil bonebeds in the Upper Cretaceous (Campanian) Judith River Formation, north-central Montana. Paleobiology 43:248-273. Books Reviews: References External links Kristi Curry Rogers – Macalester College Geology Department She studies dinos in Madagascar Questions and answers about Curry Rogers' research from Science Museum of Minnesota visitors. Skeleton of New Dinosaur "Titan" Found in Madagascar – D.L. Parsell – National Geographic News, August 1, 2001 Living people 1974 births American paleontologists Women paleontologists Stony Brook University alumni Macalester College faculty
Cumberland North
Cumberland North is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Prior to 1993, it was part of Cumberland East. The communities of Amherst and Pugwash are within its boundaries. Geography Cumberland North covers . Members of the Legislative Assembly This electoral district has elected the following Members of the Legislative Assembly: Election results 1993 general election 1997 by-election |- |Progressive Conservative |Ernie Fage |align="right"|4954 |align="right"| |align="right"| |- |Liberal |Russell Scott |align="right"|2123 |align="right"| |align="right"| |- |New Democratic Party |Dorothy Jorgensen |align="right"|1014 |align="right"| |align="right"| |} 1998 general election 1999 general election 2003 general election 2006 general election 2009 general election 2013 general election |- |Liberal |Terry Farrell |align="right"| 2,944 |align="right"| 39.81 |align="right"| |- |Progressive Conservative |Judith Marie Giroux |align="right"| 2,230 |align="right"| 30.15 |align="right"| |- |New Democratic Party |Brian Skabar |align="right"| 1,943 |align="right"| 26.27 |align="right"| |- |} 2017 general election 2021 general election Notes For both the 2009 and 2021 general elections in this riding, the results of both the Independent and Progressive Conservative candidates are compared to the PC total in the respective previous elections. In both races, the incumbent sought re-election as an Independent after being elected as a PC MLA in the previous election. External links riding profile June 13, 2006 Nova Scotia Provincial General Election Poll By Poll Results References Election Summary From 1867 - 2007 1993 Poll by Poll Results 1988 Poll by Poll Results 1984 Poll by Poll Results 1981 Poll by Poll Results 1978 Poll by Poll Results 1974 Poll by Poll Results 1970 Poll by Poll Results 1967 Poll by Poll Results Amherst, Nova Scotia Nova Scotia provincial electoral districts
Jeffrey A. Wilson
Jeffrey A. Wilson, also known as JAW, is a paleontologist and professor of geological sciences and assistant curator at the Museum of Paleontology at the University of Michigan. His doctoral dissertation was on sauropod evolution and phylogeny, and he has continued this work in cladistic analysis and revision of the group (see e.g. Wilson and Sereno 1994, 1998, Wilson 2005b, and especially Wilson 2002). With Paul Sereno, he defined the clades Macronaria and Somphospondyli (Wilson & Sereno 1998). Wilson was also involved in the discovery and description of Pabwehshi pakistanensis, the first discovery of decent (diagnostic) Cretaceous crocodylian fossil remains from the Indian subcontinent, in the discovery of Rajasaurus narmadensis, the most completely known theropod dinosaur from India and a member of the family Abelisauridae, description of a number of North African dinosaurs (theropods and sauropods) from Niger, and rediscriptions of the Cretaceous sauropods Titanosaurus colberti (as Isisaurus) and Nemegtosaurus (previously thought to be a diplodocoid, but now recognised as a titanosaur). His younger brother, Dr. Gregory P. Wilson, studies Mesozoic mammals and is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington, and adjunct curator of vertebrate paleontology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. List of dinosaurs named Bibliography Wilson, J. A. and Sereno, P. C. (1994) Higher-level phylogeny of sauropod dinosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Supplement 14:52A. Wilson, J.A. & Sereno, P.C. (1998). Early evolution and Higher-level phylogeny of sauropod dinosaurs. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Memoir 5, 1-68. (includes definitions of the clades Macronaria and Somphospondyli) Sereno, P. C., Beck, A.L., Dutheil, D.B., Gado, B., Larsson, H.C.E., Lyon, G.H., Marcot, J. D., Rauhut, O. W. M., Sadleir, R.W., Sidor, C.A., Varricchio, D.J., Wilson, G. P. & Wilson, J. A. 1998. A long-snouted predatory dinosaur from Africa and the evolution of spinosaurids. Science 282:1298-1302. document in pdf format (description of Suchomimus, and spinosaur relationships) Wilson, J. A. and M. T. Carrano, (1999). Titanosaurs and the origin of 'wide-gauge' trackways: a biomechanical and systematic perspective on sauropod locomotion. Paleobiology 25:252-267. (Titanosaurs had a different gait to earlier sauropods - the legs are spaced further apart, may have facilitated tripodal feeding) Wilson, J. A., R. N. Martinez & O. Alcober. (1999). Distal tail segment of a titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mendoza, Argentina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19:591-594. Wilson, J A. (1999). A nomenclature for vertebral laminae in sauropods and other saurischian dinosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19(4):639-653. (vertebral laminae can play an important role in sauropod classification) Wilson, J.A. (1999) The evolution and phylogeny of sauropod dinosaurs. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 384pp [in 2 vols.] Sereno, P.C., Beck, A.L., Dutheil, D.B., Larsson, H.C.E., Lyon, G.H., Moussa, B., Sadleir, R.W., Sidor, C.A., Varricchio, D.J., Wilson, G. P. & Wilson, J. A., (1999), Cretaceous Sauropods from the Sahara and the Uneven Rate of Skeletal Evolution Among Dinosaurs, Science 286(5443): 1342-1347 (Nov 12 1999) (describes two new African sauropods: Jobaria tiguidensis, a late persisting primitive sauropod, and Nigersaurus taqueti, a Rebbachisaur)) Wilson, J.A., Malkani, M.S., and Gingerich, P.D. (2001) New crocodyliform (Reptilia, Mesoeucrocodylia) from the Upper Cretaceous Pab Formation of Vitakri, Balochistan (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 30(12): 321–336. (on Pabwehshi pakistanensis) Wilson, J.A. (2002) Sauropod dinosaur phylogeny: critique and cladistic analysis, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136(2):215-275 (a detailed cladistic analysis of sauropod phylogeny) Wilson, J.A. and Upchurch, P (2003) A revision of Titanosaurus Lydekker (Dinosauria-Sauropoda), the first dinosaur genus with a "Gondwanan" distribution, Journal of Systematic Palaeontology Volume 1 Issue 3 - September 2003 (a revision of 14 species of the genus Titanosaurus shows that only five of these are valid. The type species T. indicus is considered a nomen dubium, and therefore the abandonment of suprageneric taxa based on it - e.g. Titanosaurinae, Titanosauridae, and Titanosauroidea - is suggested. The species T. colberti is renamed Isisaurus colberti) Wilson, J.A., Sereno, P.C., Srivastava, S., Bhatt, D.K., Khosla, A. and Sahni, A. (2003) A new abelisaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Lameta Formation (Cretaceous, Maastrichtian) of India. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 31(1):1-42 (description of Rajasaurus narmadensis) Wilson, J.A. (2005). Redescription of the Mongolian sauropod Nemegtosaurus mongoliensis Nowinski (Dinosauria: Saurischia) and comments on Late Cretaceous sauropod diversity. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 3: 283–318. (shows that Nemegtosaurus and Quaesitosaurus are closely related and belong to the titanosaur group, rather than the diplodocoidea; redefines the family Nemegtosauridae. See New Nemegtosaurus paper for more. Curry Rogers, K. A. and Wilson, J.A. 2005, The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology, University of California Press, Berkeley, Wilson, J.A. (2005b) "Overview of Sauropod Phylogeny and Evolution", in The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology (broad overview of phylogenetic characteristics and evolution development of the main sauropod clades, also phylocode-style definitions for each clade. Wilson, J. A. and Sereno, P. C. (2005) "Structure and Evolution of a Sauropod Tooth Battery" in The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology (Nigersaurus skull and dentition, illustrating Rebbachisaur feeding adaptations) American paleontologists Year of birth missing (living people) Living people American curators University of Michigan staff
Wasabi (Lee Harding song)
"Wasabi" is a song written by Adrian Hannan, Barbara Hannan, Emma Graham and Tommy Rando, produced by Adrian Hannan for Australian singer Lee Harding's debut album, What's Wrong with This Picture? (2006). Harding was a contestant on season three of Australian Idol (July–November 2005). Harding's debut single was issued on 12 December 2005 as a double A-side with his cover version of Survivor's "Eye of the Tiger". It peaked at 1 on the Australian ARIA Singles Chart for five consecutive weeks. In 2009, a Herald Sun poll ranked "Wasabi" as the sixth-worst Australian song of all time. Track listing CD single "Wasabi" – 3:03 "Eye of the Tiger" – 2:45 Charts Weekly charts Year-end charts Certification See also Australian Idol Music of Australia List of number-one singles of 2005 (Australia) List of number-one singles of 2006 (Australia) References 2005 singles 2005 songs Number-one singles in Australia
Œdipe à Colone
is an operatic tragédie lyrique by Antonio Sacchini first performed at Versailles on 4 January 1786 in the presence of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The libretto, by Nicolas-François Guillard, is based on the play Oedipus at Colonus by Sophocles. The premiere, intended to inaugurate the new theatre at Versailles, was not a success, possibly due to the quality of the performances, the staging or the acoustics. Marie Antoinette promised Sacchini a better production at Fontainebleau in the autumn, but the Affair of the Diamond Necklace meant she was unable to have her wish. The news that the production was cancelled is said to have hastened the death of the already seriously ill composer on October 9, 1786. Œdipe was given a posthumous performance by the Paris Opera at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin on February 1, 1787. This time the audience was warmly appreciative and the opera became one of the most popular pieces in the repertoire for several decades, reaching a total of almost 600 performances by 1844. Roles Synopsis Background The plot is based on the myth of Oedipus, King of Thebes. Oedipus has been expelled from the city after it was revealed he had killed his father and married his mother. Now blind and aged he wanders through Greece accompanied only by his daughter Antigone. Meanwhile, the throne of Thebes has been divided between Oedipus' two sons, Eteocles and Polynices. But the two have quarrelled and Eteocles has driven out Polynices, who seeks refuge with Theseus, King of Athens. Act 1 The opera begins with Polynices and Theseus striking a pact: Polynices will marry Theseus' daughter, Eriphyle, and Theseus will help him retake the throne of Thebes, thus forging an alliance between that city and Athens. The Athenians celebrate and Theseus and Polynices go to the temple to offer a sacrifice. Polynices feels guilty he banished his father Oedipus from Thebes. As he sacrifices, the temple fire goes out, a symbol of the anger of the Furies. Act 2 Polynices wanders outside the temple where he sees an old man being led by a girl. It is Oedipus and Antigone. Oedipus senses the presence of the Furies and is sent temporarily insane. Antigone pleads with the gods to have mercy on her father. A crowd appears and when they learn the identity of Oedipus they want to drive him away, but Theseus stops them and offers the old man his hospitality. Act 3 Polynices tells Antigone he is so remorseful he would give up everything, including Eriphyle, to be forgiven by his father. Antigone tries to reconcile Oedipus and his son, but Oedipus reacts by accusing her of disloyalty and cursing both Polynices and Eteocles. Only when Polynices begs his father to kill him with his own hands does Oedipus take pity on his son. This act of forgiveness earns the mercy of the gods. The wrath of the Furies is appeased. Instrumentation Œdipe à Colone is scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 horns, timpani, and strings. Like most classical period works, the presence of continuo instruments like bassoons and harpsichord is assumed as well. Some modern performances have used a thunder sheet to represent the stormy anger of the gods portrayed at the end of Act I. Recordings Order of characters: Œdipe, Antigone, Polynice, Thésée, Eriphile, the High Priest, an Athenian woman, a coryphaeus, a herald MRF (Morgan Recording Federation) 153 (1977) – Renato Bruson, Radmila Bakočević, Herbert Handt, Juan Oncina, Maria Candida, Robert Amis El-Age, Nicoletta Panni, Walter Brighi (tenore), Giuseppe Scaleo – Coro e Orchestra da camera "Alessandro Scarlatti" Napoli Radiotelevisione italiana, conducted by Franco Caracciolo (radio live recording 1971, sung in Italian) Dynamic 494/1-2 CD – Sviatoslav Smirnov (baritone), Manon Feubel (soprano), Fabrice Mantegna (tenor), Daniel Galvez-Vallejo (tenor), Raphaëlle Farman (soprano), Jacques Gay (bass-baritone), Géraldine Casey (soprano), not indicated, Chœur de Chambre et Orchestre de la Camerata de Bourgogne, conducted by Jean-Paul Penin (first world recording June 2004, published 2005) Naxos, 2006 CD – François Loup (bass-baritone), Nathalie Paulin (soprano), Robert Getchell (tenor), Tony Boutté (tenor), Kirsten Blaise (soprano), Jonathan Kimple (bass-baritone), Kara Morgan, Philip Cave (tenor), Jason Kaminski (baritone), Opera Lafayette Orchestra and Chorus, conducted by Ryan Brown Notes Sources External links Charles T. Downey blog review of Opera Lafayette production (15 May 2005), accessed 5 August 2008 Libretto with English translation Review of Opera Lafayette production (16 May 2005), accessed 5 August 2008 Operas French-language operas Tragédies en musique Operas by Antonio Sacchini 1786 operas Operas based on classical mythology Operas based on works by Sophocles Libretti by Nicolas-François Guillard
Paul Fentener van Vlissingen
Paul Fentener van Vlissingen (21 March 1941 in Utrecht – 21 August 2006 in Langbroek) was a Dutch businessman and philanthropist. Ranked as the richest man in Scotland in 2005, he contributed to the development of game reserves in Africa and bought Letterewe estate in Scotland, where he pledged the right to roam, years ahead of the rest of the country. Early life Paul Fentener van Vlissingen was the youngest son of Frits Fentener van Vlissingen II, one of the leading Dutch industrialist families whose fortune was based on shipping coal on the Rhine in the 19th century. Frits III, his eldest brother, died in March 2006. John, the middle brother, is the last alive. Paul inherited a significant shareholding in the company SHV Holdings from his father, Frits II, whose own father had co-founded the business through a merger with eight other Dutch trading families in 1896. Paul's father, described as one of the "fathers of the Dutch economy", later bought out most of the other families. SHV Holdings Paul Fentener van Vlissingen studied economics at the University of Groningen before joining SHV. Originally Europe's largest coal wholesaling business, SHV is the largest privately owned company in the Netherlands. In May 1974, he joined the SHV board, and succeeded his brother, Frits, as chairman in 1980. Paul led SHV as chief executive officer for three decades from the mid-1960s. Under his leadership, the company diversified into new areas ahead of the collapse of the coal market in the 1960s. The areas he became involved with included retail – through the Makro and Otto Reichelt chains of grocery supermarkets and cash & carries – and energy – through the acquisitions of LPG companies, including Calor Gas in the UK and Primagaz in France. He also diversified into scrap metal, recycling, oil exploration, renewable energy and private equity. In 1995 he stepped down and then served as non-executive chairman. Fentener van Vlissingen had a maverick leadership style and was more philosophical than most business leaders. For example, he recognised the possibility of the existence of global warming as early as the early 1990s and had a love for cryptic aphorisms. He allowed young managers whom he trusted to establish Makro operations in overseas markets, giving them unusual amounts of autonomy. Philanthropy and conservation Fentener Van Vlissingen was recognised as an enlightened conservationist and contributed to the development of game reserves in Scotland, South Africa, Malawi, Zambia and Ethiopia. In 1978 he bought the wild and roadless Letterewe estate in Wester Ross, and in 2006 was described as the largest foreign landowner in Scotland. "I don't call myself the owner," he said of Letterewe. "You can't own a place like this. It belongs to the planet. I'm only the guardian of it." An obituary in The Independent said that van Vlissingen sometimes saddled a pony with a week's provisions and disappeared into the hills, staying at a bothy without lights or a toilet. The obituary said: "He was in the habit of inviting everyone, whether landowners, journalists, birdwatchers or ramblers, to visit the estate and talk about issues face to face." He also proposed reintroducing wolves and lynx to this estate. The Letterewe Accord, an agreement that gave ramblers freedom of access to the entire Letterewe estate in exchange for a pledge to respect the land, predated the Scottish Parliament's own right-to-roam legislation by over a decade. Van Vlissingen was also a great supporter of Scottish Gaelic, and donated £250,000 to Sabhal Mòr Ostaig, a Gaelic college on Skye. From 1994 until his death, his home was the Conholt Park estate in Wiltshire, England, on the border with Hampshire. Here too he applied sustainable land management and nature conservation. The Sunday Times Rich List 2005 ranked Van Vlissingen as the richest man in Scotland, with an estimated wealth of £1.1 billion. After a near fatal brush with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 1980, he founded the Van Vlissingen Cancer Fund, which is now one of the major cancer fundraisers in the Netherlands. Entrepreneurs are Jackasses In 2001 he wrote a book entitled Ondernemers zijn ezels (), which can be translated as Entrepreneurs are Jackasses. In this book he discussed his experiences directing a large multi-national conglomerate. He followed this up in 2002 with a book entitled Overstekende ezels (), translated as Crossing Jackasses. In this he discusses his views regarding entrepreneurs, corruption, ambition, the euro, money, honesty, change and success. Deathbed warning for the planet In April 2006, van Vlissingen announced that he had terminal pancreatic cancer and that he would not be having chemotherapy. He said: "In the Western world we mistakenly try to keep death at bay. I look to Native Americans instead. When they see their death approaching, they visit good friends and family to share happy memories and look back at the good things." In an interview with the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf published in April 2006, he said: "Our planet is in a much sorrier state than it was when I was a child. The destruction cannot go on at this pace. My generation should be ashamed of the condition in which we are passing on our planet to future generations." In August 2006, the cancer got worse, and this led to his death during the night of 20–21 August 2006. The information of his death was released to the public on 22 August. Many broadcasters stated (wrongly) that Fentener van Vlissingen was the middle of the three Van Vlissingen brothers. In fact, Paul was the youngest. Unorthodox to the last In February 2006 it emerged that in his will Fentener van Vlissingen left a significant portion of his estate to his partner, the former Guardian art critic Caroline Tisdall, as well as several million to his lover Suzanne Wolff. The Scotsman reported that Tisdall had been prepared to tolerate the billionaire's relationship with Wolff in his latter years. He left the bulk of his fortune and the Letterewe Estate in north-west Scotland to his two daughters, Alicia and Tet and to their children. Footnotes 1941 births 2006 deaths 20th-century Dutch businesspeople Deaths from pancreatic cancer Businesspeople from Utrecht (city) Deaths from cancer in the Netherlands Dutch billionaires Dutch expatriates in Scotland
Hwang Jang-yop
Hwang Jang-yop (; 17 February 192310 October 2010) was a North Korean politician who served as the Chairman of the Supreme People's Assembly from 1972–1983 and was largely responsible for crafting Juche, the state ideology of North Korea. He defected to South Korea in 1997, the highest-ranking North Korean to have defected. Early life and education Hwang was born in Kangdong, South Pyongan Province, during the period of Chōsen. He graduated from the Pyongyang Commercial School in 1941, and then went to Tokyo in 1942 to attend Chuo University's law school; however, he quit two years later and returned to Pyongyang, where he taught mathematics at his old school. He joined the Workers' Party of Korea in 1946, soon after its founding; from 1949 to 1953, he was sent to study at Moscow University in the Soviet Union,. Upon his return to North Korea, he became head lecturer in philosophy at Kim Il-sung University. He would later ascend to the presidency of that university in April 1965. Career Sometime in the late 1950s, Hwang discovered a 1955 speech, On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work, in which Kim Il-sung said, "Juche means Chosun's revolution" (Chosun being the traditional name for Korea). At the time, Kim wanted to develop his own version of Marxism-Leninism, and Hwang was largely responsible for developing what became known as "the Juche Idea." As part of this, he helped scrub all of the paeans to Joseph Stalin that had been typical of Kim's speeches in the 1940s and early 1950s. He also supervised the rewriting of Korean Communist history to make it look like Kim had been the founder and leader of the ruling Workers' Party of Korea from its inception. In 1972, Hwang became Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly, a position which he would hold for 11 years. In 1983, however, he was removed from the Assembly and his standing deteriorated; though he had been Kim Jong-il's teacher at Kim Il-sung University, Kim now spoke to him only to criticize him, specifically admonishing him for taking too close an interest in China's capitalist reforms. Remarking on his role as advisor to Kim Jong-il, Hwang stated: "When I proposed something, he would pretend to listen at first, but in the end, he would never listen." Defection Hwang, along with his aide Kim Duk-hong, the president of a North Korean trading firm in Beijing, defected on the way back from a February 1997 trip to Tokyo by walking into the South Korean embassy in Beijing by posing as South Korean diplomats and using fake South Korean passports. Once their true identities were discovered, Pyongyang immediately threatened retaliation, while Beijing police sealed off the South Korean embassy. Three days later, North Korean defector Yi Han-yong, the nephew of Kim Jong-il's mistress Song Hye-rim, was shot outside of his home in South Korea in Bundang, Gyeonggi-do, by unknown assailants widely suspected to be North Korean special forces agents; South Korean Prime Minister Lee Soo-sung described the attack as retaliation for Hwang's defection. A few days later, Kim Jong-il was quoted on Radio Pyongyang as saying, "Cowards, leave if you want to. We will defend the red flag of revolution to the end", a message seen as marking acceptance of Hwang's defection. Chinese authorities eventually permitted Hwang to depart for South Korea via the Philippines several weeks later. Considering Hwang's prominent role in the North Korean regime, his defection caused a stir, with The Washington Post saying it was "as if Joseph Goebbels had defected from Nazi Germany". After his defection, Hwang's wife back in North Korea died by suicide, and one of his daughters died under mysterious circumstances by falling off a truck; his other children, a daughter and a son, as well his grandchildren, are thought to have been sent to labour camps. After his arrival in South Korea, he became a harsh critic of North Korea, publishing over 12 books and treatises, many of which accused Kim Jong-il of "betraying Juche and building feudalism instead of socialism", and used his position as chairman of the Unification Policy Research Institute to spread his message. However, under the Sunshine Policy of president Kim Dae-jung, who took office in 1998, Hwang found himself increasingly marginalised; in November 2000, he was removed from the chairmanship of the Unification Policy Research Institute, leading him to complain that the South Korean government wanted him to stay quiet so as not to upset the North. Hwang contributed to the Daily NK, an online newspaper set up by South Koreans with North Korean staff. He described his feelings surrounding the defection in the paper. In April 2010, the South Korean National Intelligence Service announced that it had arrested two North Korean agents who had allegedly been sent to assassinate Hwang. The two agents had reportedly trained for four years in preparation for their mission. They had posed as defectors, but were discovered during questioning by South Korean authorities. They claimed that they would receive assistance from North Korean sympathisers in the South, but refused to give any names when questioned. Hwang commented on the assassination attempt, "Death is just death. There is no difference from dying of old age or being killed by Kim Jong-il." In June 2010, South Korea sentenced the two would-be assassins to 10 years in prison. Death Hwang was found dead in his home in Seoul, South Korea, on the morning of 10 October 2010. Initial reports stated that he died of a heart attack. He died while bathing, and as such a large amount of water entered his lungs; however, an autopsy found no poison or drugs in his body, and footage from surveillance cameras showed no signs of forcible entry. On those grounds, the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency (SMPA) stated that there was no evidence that his death might be murder and that they would close their investigation. On 20 October, just shortly after Hwang's death, the SMPA announced that it had arrested another would-be assassin of Hwang, Ri Dong-sam, who had also entered South Korea posing as a North Korean defector; however, the charges had no connection to Hwang's death. Bibliography Hwang published 20 books after his defection to South Korea: See also North Korean defectors North Koreans in South Korea South Korean defectors Choe Deok-sin, South Korean foreign minister, highest-ranking defector from the South References Further reading External links A collection of North Korean press releases about Hwang Jang-yop Hwang Jang-yop Holds Press Conference To Explain Why He Defected from North Korea Federation of American Scientists Daily NK, a pro-democracy online newspaper set up by North Korean exiles in South Korea 1923 births 2010 deaths Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Korean communists Korean nationalists Kim Il-sung University faculty North Korean defectors North Korean expatriates in the Soviet Union People from South Pyongan Jaeahn Hwang clan Members of the 6th Secretariat of the Workers' Party of Korea Members of the 5th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea Members of the 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea Former Marxists
Cumberland South
Cumberland South is a provincial electoral district in Cumberland Country, Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. The riding was created before the 1993 election from most of Cumberland West and Cumberland Centre ridings and a small part of Cumberland East. The communities of Oxford, Parrsboro and Springhill are within its boundaries. The Member of the Legislative Assembly since 1998 has been held by the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia. A Tory stronghold, Cumberland South has been dominated by Progressive Conservative Murray Scott for over a decade and now Tory Rushton The 2012 redistribution saw the riding gain territory from Cumberland North. Geography The land area of Cumberland South is . Members of the Legislative Assembly This riding has elected the following Members of the Legislative Assembly: Election results 1993 general election 1998 general election 1999 general election 2003 general election 2006 general election 2009 general election 2010 by-election |- |Progressive Conservative |Jamie Baillie |align="right"|3,262 |align="right"|57.20% |align="right"|-10.26 |New Democratic Party |Scott McKee |align="right"|276 |align="right"|4.84% |align="right"|-21.06 |} 2013 general election |- |Progressive Conservative |Jamie Baillie |align="right"| 3,655 |align="right"| 51.0% |align="right"| -6.2 |- |Liberal |Kenny Jackson |align="right"| 2,884 |align="right"| 40.2% |align="right"| +2.2 |- |New Democratic Party |Larry Duchesne |align="right"| 486 |align="right"| 6.8% |align="right"| +2.0 |- |- |} 2017 general election 2018 by-election 2021 general election References Cumberland County, Nova Scotia Nova Scotia provincial electoral districts
Truro-Bible Hill-Millbrook-Salmon River
Truro-Bible Hill-Millbrook-Salmon River is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. The electoral district was created in 1978 and was named Truro-Bible Hill until it was renamed in the 2012 electoral boundary review; there were no boundary changes. The present name for the electoral district was used beginning with the 2013 provincial election. Geography Truro-Bible Hill-Millbrook-Salmon River covers of land area. Members of the Legislative Assembly The electoral district has elected the following Members of the Legislative Assembly: Election results 2021 general election 2020 by-election 2017 general election 2013 general election |- |New Democratic Party |Lenore Zann |align="right"|3,165 |align="right"|38.05 |align="right"|-10.31 |- |Liberal |Barry J. Mellish |align="right"|2,682 |align="right"|32.25 |align="right"|+12.72 |Progressive Conservative |Charles Cox |align="right"|2,470 |align="right"|29.70 |align="right"|-0.53 |- |} 2009 general election |- |New Democratic Party |Lenore Zann |align="right"|4,070 |align="right"|48.37 |align="right"|+19.73 |- |Progressive Conservative |Hughie MacIsaac |align="right"|2,544 |align="right"|30.23 |align="right"|-17.04 |- |Liberal |Bob Hagell |align="right"|1,643 |align="right"|19.52 |align="right"|-1.80 |- |} 2006 general election |- |Progressive Conservative |Jamie Muir |align="right"|3,711 |align="right"|47.27 |align="right"|+0.16 |- |New Democratic Party |Jim Harpell |align="right"|2,248 |align="right"|28.64 |align="right"|+0.41 |- |Liberal |Ron Chisholm |align="right"|1,674 |align="right"|21.32 |align="right"|-3.33 |- |} 2003 general election |- |Progressive Conservative |Jamie Muir |align="right"|3,862 |align="right"|47.11 |align="right"|-6.47 |- |New Democratic Party |Jim Harpell |align="right"|2,314 |align="right"|28.23 |align="right"|+0.02 |- |Liberal |Jeff Yuill |align="right"|2,021 |align="right"|24.66 |align="right"|+6.45 |} 1999 general election |- |Progressive Conservative |Jamie Muir |align="right"|4,747 |align="right"|53.58 |align="right"|+11.55 |- |New Democratic Party |Ibel Scammell |align="right"|2499 |align="right"|28.21 |align="right"|-1.82 |- |Liberal |Matthew Graham |align="right"|1,613 |align="right"|18.21 |align="right"|-9.73 |} 1998 general election 1993 general election 1988 general election 1984 general election 1981 general election 1978 general election References External links Riding profile Nova Scotia provincial electoral districts Truro, Nova Scotia
FC Okean Nakhodka
Okean Nakhodka was a Russian football club based in Nakhodka, Primorsky Krai. The club's colours were white and blue. History In 1989 Okean won the RSFSR Cup, and in 1991 they won the regional league. Okean spent 1992 and 1993 seasons in the Top League, being one of the founding members, aided by the fact that the clubs from other Soviet republics walked away from the existing Soviet league system to form their own leagues. They thus became the easternmost club to compete in the Top League (and by extension, all of Europe's top flight leagues, though they never made any European competition), a record they hold until 2017 (when SKA-Khabarovsk won promotion to the top tier of Russian football). The best result they achieved was a 14th position in 1992. After relegation in 1993 Okean played in the First League in 1994–1996, after which they were relegated again. Okean played in the Second Division after 1997. The best result was achieved in 2005, when they finished as runners-up. In 2010 they finished 11th or last in East Zone of Second Division and were relegated to the Amateur Football League for 2011, losing professional status. The club was liquidated in 2015. Phoenix Club The club was reformed in 2018 and competed in the Primorsky Kray championship during 2019 , winning this competition and being promoted to the Russian Amateur Football League (level 3) - Far Eastern Championship for the 1921 season Notable persons and matches Oleg Garin is considered the best footballer in club's history. One of the club's best matches was played on 30 July 1992, when Okean defeated CSKA at home 5–2. The last defending Soviet champions lost to the debutants of the Top League. Reserve squad Okean's reserve squad played professionally as FC Okean-d Nakhodka in the Russian Second League in 1993. Notable past players Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Okean. Sergey Sokolov Konstantin Ledovskikh Viktor Fayzulin Rifäd Timraliýew Sergey Lushan Andrei Rezantsev References External links Official website Fans' website Association football clubs established in 1986 Association football clubs disestablished in 2015 Defunct football clubs in Russia Sport in Nakhodka 1986 establishments in Russia 2015 disestablishments in Russia
Gagarinite-(Ce) previously zajacite-(Ce) is a rare radioactive fluoride mineral with formula Na(REExCa1−x)(REEyCa1−y)F6. REE refers to rare-earth elements, mostly those belonging to the lanthanide series. It crystallizes in the trigonal rhombohedral system and has a white vitreous appearance with a conchoidal fracture. It has a Mohs hardness of 3.5 and a specific gravity of 4.44 to 4.55. Zajacite is transparent with refractive indices nω = 1.483 and nε = 1.503. Gagarinite-(Y) is a yttrium-rich analog. It occurs as creamy to white anhedral to subhedral grains in pegmatite and aplite pods or lenses in a peralkaline igneous intrusion. It was discovered in 1993 at Strange Lake, Quebec – Labrador, (56°20'N, 64°10'W) and was initially named for Ihor Stephan Zajac, who led the expedition responsible for its discovery, and who first recognized the presence of the new mineral. The mineral was renamed gagarinite-(Ce) in 2010 by the IMA. The new name is for Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968). See also List of minerals List of minerals named after people References Lanthanide minerals Sodium minerals Calcium minerals Fluorine minerals Trigonal minerals Minerals in space group 147
Programming model
A programming model is an execution model coupled to an API or a particular pattern of code. In this style, there are actually two execution models in play: the execution model of the base programming language and the execution model of the programming model. An example is Spark where Java is the base language, and Spark is the programming model. Execution may be based on what appear to be library calls. Other examples include the POSIX Threads library and Hadoop's MapReduce. In both cases, the execution model of the programming model is different from that of the base language in which the code is written. For example, the C programming language has no behavior in its execution model for input/output or thread behavior. But such behavior can be invoked from C syntax, by making what appears to be a call to a normal C library. What distinguishes a programming model from a normal library is that the behavior of the call cannot be understood in terms of the language the program is written in. For example, the behavior of calls to the POSIX thread library cannot be understood in terms of the C language. The reason is that the call invokes an execution model that is different from the execution model of the language. This invocation of an outside execution model is the defining characteristic of a programming model, in contrast to a programming language. In parallel computing, the execution model often must expose features of the hardware in order to achieve high performance. The large amount of variation in parallel hardware causes a concurrent need for a similarly large number of parallel execution models. It is impractical to make a new language for each execution model, hence it is a common practice to invoke the behaviors of the parallel execution model via an API. So, most of the programming effort is done via parallel programming models rather than parallel languages. Unfortunately, the terminology around such programming models tends to focus on the details of the hardware that inspired the execution model, and in that insular world the mistaken belief is formed that a programming model is only for the case when an execution model is closely matched to hardware features. References Computer programming
Established in 2000, BaCaTec for Bavaria California Technology Center is a technology platform for research exchange between universities in the federal states of Bavaria in Germany and the state of California in the United States of America. Mission The mission of BaCaTeC is to increase and promote cooperations between researchers, including academic and commercial efforts, located in Bavaria and California, by providing a data basis for the identification of potential partners and assists initial contacts. BaCaTeC also sponsors projects with seed money to start up new collaborations amongst the participants. BaCaTeC strongly encourages the expansion and development of research projects by academic and/or commercial Bavarian and Californian institutions which have the potential to attract external funding in the future. Areas of Study Participants in active exchange between the universities are involved in the following areas of study: life sciences information and communication technologies new materials environmental technologies and mechatronics Status As of July 2009, there have been 299 joint research projects, on which BaCatec spent about €1.6 million. References External links Official Website (German/English) Official Website (English) Computing platforms 2000 introductions Education in Bavaria Education in California Scientific societies based in Germany Germany–United States relations
Top of the World (The Carpenters song)
"Top of the World" is a 1972 song written and composed by Richard Carpenter and John Bettis and first recorded by American pop duo Carpenters. It was a Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 hit for the duo for two consecutive weeks in 1973. Carpenters originally intended the song to be only an album cut. However, after country singer Lynn Anderson covered the song and it became a number two hit on the country charts, they reconsidered. The Carpenters version Background Originally recorded for and released on the duo's 1972 studio album A Song for You, the song topped the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in late 1973, becoming the duo's second of three No. 1 singles, following "(They Long to Be) Close to You" and preceding "Please Mr. Postman." Karen Carpenter re-recorded it for the band's first compilation as she was not quite satisfied with the original. In Japan, it was used as the opening theme song for the 1995 Japanese drama Miseinen. In 2003, another drama, Beginner, had it as its ending theme song. It is heard in Shrek Forever After as Shrek enjoys being a "real ogre" and terrifying the villagers, as well as in a prominent scene of the 2012 film Dark Shadows, where a performance by the Carpenters is seen on a television screen. It has been used as the opening song of the Season 2, Episode 1 of Netflix series After Life. Cash Box praised Karen Carpenter's "strong lead vocal" and the pair's harmonies. Personnel Karen Carpenter – lead and backing vocals Richard Carpenter – backing vocals, Wurlitzer electronic piano, orchestration Joe Osborn – bass guitar Hal Blaine – brushed drums Tony Peluso – electric guitar Buddy Emmons – pedal steel guitar Uncredited – tambourine Chart performance Year-end charts All-time charts Certifications Lynn Anderson version Background Country music singer Lynn Anderson covered the song in 1973 for her studio album Top of the World, released on Columbia Records. It was the first single released from her album and her version became the first hit. Anderson's cover reached No. 2 on the US country singles chart and No. 74 on the Billboard Hot 100 in mid-1973. The success of Anderson's version prompted the Carpenters to release a new version as a single, where it topped the US pop singles chart for two weeks in December 1973. Anderson's recording was produced by her husband Glenn Sutton and Clive Davis. She later re-recorded the song for her 2004 album, The Bluegrass Sessions. Chart performance Other versions In early 1973, New Zealand male singer Steve Allen took his version to #1 in New Zealand for a week, sharing the top with The Carpenters version. In 1974, the Swedish dansband Vikingarna had a Svensktoppen hit with a Swedish version by Benny Borg, "På världens tak (On the roof of the world)", which was the first Vikingarna song to chart on the Svensktoppen. A version by Japanese alternative rock band Shonen Knife appeared on the 1994 Carpenters tribute album If I Were A Carpenter, and plays during the closing credits of the 1995 movie The Last Supper (1995 film). See also List of Hot 100 number-one singles of 1973 (U.S.) References External links 1972 songs 1973 singles The Carpenters songs Lynn Anderson songs Vikingarna (band) songs Steve Allen (singer) songs Anti-war songs Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles Cashbox number-one singles Number-one singles in Australia RPM Top Singles number-one singles Songs with lyrics by John Bettis Songs written by Richard Carpenter (musician) Japanese television drama theme songs Columbia Records singles A&M Records singles Mona Gustafsson songs Song recordings produced by Glenn Sutton
Azalais de Porcairagues
Azalais de Porcairagues (also Azalaïs) or Alasais de Porcaragues was a trobairitz (woman troubadour), composing in Occitan in the late 12th century. The sole source for her life is her vida, which tells us that she came from the country around Montpellier; she was educated and a gentlewoman; she loved Gui Guerrejat, the brother of William VII of Montpellier, and made many good songs about him; meaning, probably, that the one poem of hers known to the compiler had been addressed to Gui. Gui was perhaps born around 1135; he fell ill early in 1178, became a monk, and died later in that year. Nothing is known of the dates of Azalais's birth and death. From her name, and from the statement in the Biographies cited above, it can be concluded that she came from the village of Portiragnes, just east of Béziers and about ten kilometers south of Montpellier, close to the territories that belonged to Gui and to his brothers. Aimo Sakari argues that she is the mysterious joglar ("jongleur") addressed in several poems by Raimbaut of Orange (a neighbour, and a cousin of Gui Guerrejat). One poem attributed to Azalais, classically simple and emotional, survives today. As usually printed it has fifty-two lines, but the text varies considerably between manuscripts, suggesting that it was not written down immediately on its composition. No music is attached to it. The poem alludes to the death in 1173 of Raimbaut of Orange; it was possibly first composed before that date and emended afterwards. The poem's envoi seems to mention Ermengarde of Narbonne (1143–1197), a well known patroness of troubadour poetry. As observed by Sakari, the third strophe of the poem seems to contribute to a poetical debate begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. Raimbaut of Orange also comments in his poem A mon vers dirai chanso. Soon afterwards there follows a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon, and then a tensó between Guiraut de Bornelh and king Alfonso II of Aragon. Excerpt Sources and bibliography Pierre Bec, Chants d'amour des femmes-troubadours: trobairitz et chansons de femme (Paris: Stock, 1995) pp. 65–70: complete poem in Occitan and French. Biographies des troubadours ed. J. Boutière, A.-H. Schutz (Paris: Nizet, 1964) pp. 341–2. A. Sakari, 'Azalais de Porcairagues, le "Joglar" de Raimbaut d'Orange' in Neuphilologische Mitteilungen vol. 50 (1949) pp. 23–43, 56-87, 174-198. Notes French women poets 12th-century French troubadours 12th-century French women writers Trobairitz People from Hérault Year of birth unknown Year of death unknown
Quimby Pipe Organs
Quimby Pipe Organs, Inc. is an American builder of pipe organs, based in Warrensburg, Missouri. The firm was founded in 1970 by Michael Quimby, President and Tonal Director, and incorporated in the State of Missouri in 1980. The company has built and restored organs throughout the United States, including the Cathedral of St. John the Divine (New York City), St. Paul's Cathedral (San Diego), St. Margaret’s Episcopal Church (Palm Desert, CA), and Catalina United Methodist Church (Tucson, Arizona). Along with building new instruments and restorations, Quimby Pipe Organs maintains and tunes instruments in the Midwest and across the country. Quimby Pipe Organs is a member firm of APOBA, the Associated Pipe Organ Builders of America, and co-sponsors the American Guild of Organists' biannual Regional Competitions for Young Organists. Further reading Pickering, David (2012). The Auditorium Organ. Richmond: OHS Press. Whitney, Craig R. (2003). All the Stops: the Glorious Pipe Organ and its American Masters. New York: PublicAffairs. External links Quimby Pipe Organs, Inc. Pipe organ building companies Musical instrument manufacturing companies of the United States
Comite River
The Comite River () is a right-bank tributary of the Amite River, with a confluence near the city of Denham Springs, east of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The river is long. Its drainage basin comprises about , and includes portions of Wilkinson and Amite Counties in Mississippi, and East Feliciana and East Baton Rouge Parishes in Louisiana. The river's source lies in the hills of the East and West Feliciana Parishes, and empties into the Amite River just north of U.S. Route 190 (Florida Blvd) near the eastern boundary of Baton Rouge. Flooding When violent rains that frequent the capital city region strike, the water from the hills and piney forest in the Felicianas drains down into this usually shallow and calm river and quickly transforms it. During such flooding, the water flows southwards, sometimes flooding homes in outlying areas east of Baton Rouge. Floodwaters have been recorded to have covered Greenwell Springs Road in extreme conditions. See also 2016 Louisiana floods References Rivers of Louisiana Bodies of water of East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana Bodies of water of East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
Chinese yam
Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family. It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Korean name ma. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to East Asia. The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. This species of yam is unique as the tubers can be eaten raw. Range This plant grows throughout East Asia. It is believed to have been introduced to Japan in the 17th century or earlier. Introduced to the United States as early as the 19th century for culinary and cultural uses, it is now considered an invasive plant species. The plant was introduced to Europe in the 19th century during the European Potato Failure, where cultivation continues to this day for the Asian food market. Taxonomy The botanical names Dioscorea opposita and Dioscorea oppositifolia have been consistently misapplied to Chinese yam. The name D. opposita is now an accepted synonym of D. oppositifolia. Botanical works that point out the error may list, e.g., Dioscorea opposita auct. as a synonym of D. polystachya. Furthermore, neither D. oppositifolia nor the prior D. opposita have been found growing in North America and have no historical range in China or East Asia, this grouping is native only to the subcontinent of India and should not be confused with Dioscorea polystachya. Description Dioscorea polystachya vines typically grow 3–5 meters long, but can be longer. They twine clockwise. The leaves are up to 11 centimeters long and wide. They are lobed at the base and larger ones may have lobed edges. The arrangement is variable; they may be alternately or oppositely arranged or borne in whorls. In the leaf axils appear warty rounded bulbils under 2 centimeters long. The bulbils are sometimes informally referred to as "yam berries" or "yamberries". New plants sprout from the bulbils or parts of them. The flowers of Chinese yam are cinnamon-scented. The plant produces one or more spindle-shaped or cylindrical tubers. The largest may weigh 10 pounds and grow one meter underground. Dioscorea polystachya is more tolerant to frost and cooler climates than other yams, which is attributed to its successful introductions and establishment on many continents. Common names In Chinese it is known as shānyào (), huáishān ( or ), or huáishānyào ( or , i.e. the Huai Qing Fu () region). Rarely, it is also referred to as shǔyù (). The yam bulbils are referred to as shanyao dou () or shanyao dan (). In Japan, three groups of this species in cultivation are recognized. The common long, cylindrical type is known as . The bears a flat, shape, and the is round or . The term is used particularly in the Kantō region for the ichōimo in the market, but this is confusing since traditionally yamatoimo has also referred to tsukuneimo, especially if produced in Yamato Province (now Nara Prefecture). Cultivars of this species (such as yamatoimo) is sometimes called "Japanese mountain yam", though that term should properly be reserved for the native Dioscorea japonica. In Korea it is called ma (), sanu (), seoyeo (), or sanyak (). In Sri Lanka in Sinhala it is called wal ala (). It is sometimes called Korean yam. In Vietnam, the yam is called củ mài or khoai mài. When this yam is processed to become a medicine, the yam is called hoài sơn or tỳ giải. In the Ilocano of the northern Philippines it is called tuge. In Latin American countries it is known as white name or white ñame. In Manipuri it is called as "Ha". In alternative medicine Creams and dietary supplements made from the related Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. However, according to the American Cancer Society, the claims are false and there is no evidence to support these substances being either safe or effective. Huáishān has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine. As an invasive species Dioscorea polystachya was introduced to the United States in the 1800s when it was planted as an ornamental or food crop. It and other introduced yam species now grow wild there. It is troublesome in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, where its range is "rapidly expanding", particularly into the Tennessee Valley where different native, hybrid and/or invasive non-native variants of morning glory and bindweed as well as invasive kudzu and dodder have all become problematic and are similar in appearance to the fast-moving and often mishandled tubers. As Chinese yam and air potatoes continue to destroy entire swaths of gardens and yards though are not yet classified as invasive in these areas, residents seeking to eat the tuber plant their vines in unprotected land while residents seeking removal chop the tops off of vines at ground level and compost them or turn them into mulch for years before realizing this only makes their problem much worse and that no weed killers on the market, state recommended or otherwise do a decent job at ridding a garden or yard of this nuisance. The newest solution from Florida for people in Florida and surrounding states experiencing harm to their property and wishing a reprieve from these plant pests is to request free Air Potato Beetles. However, the beetles continue to elude Tennesseans due to various government regulations and the lack of others. It is most prevalent in moist habitat types. It is more tolerant of frost than other yams and can occur in temperate climates as far north as New York. Uses The tubers of D. polystachya can be eaten raw (grated or sliced), while most other yams must be cooked before consumption (due to harmful substances in the raw state). First the skin needs to be removed by peeling (or by scraping off using a hard-bristled brush). This may cause a slight irritation to the hand, and wearing a latex glove is advised, but if an itch develops then lemon juice or vinegar may be applied. The peeled whole tubers are briefly soaked in a vinegar-water solution, to neutralize irritant oxalate crystals found in their skin, and to prevent discoloration. The raw vegetable is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when cut or grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles, etc. Japanese cuisine In Japanese cuisine, both the Chinese yam cultivars and the Japanese yam (often wild foraged) are used interchangeably in dishes. The difference is that the nagaimo tends to be more watery, while the native Japanese yam is more viscous. The is the mucilaginous purée made by grating varieties the Chinese yam (nagaimo, ichōimo, tsukuneimo) or the native Japanese yam. The classic Japanese culinary technique is to grate the yam by grinding it against the rough grooved surface of a suribachi, which is an earthenware mortar. Or the yam is first grated crudely using an oroshigane grater, and subsequently worked into a smoother paste in the suribachi using a wooden pestle. The tororo is mixed with other ingredients that typically include tsuyu broth (soy sauce and dashi), sometimes wasabi or green onions, and eaten over rice or (steam-cooked blend of rice and barley). The tororo poured over raw tuna (maguro) sliced into cubes is called yamakake, and eaten with soy sauce and wasabi. The tororo may also be poured over noodles to make tororo udon/soba. Noodles with grated yam over it is also called yamakake. Grated yam is also used as binding agent in the batter of okonomiyaki. Sometimes the grated yam is used as an additive for making the skin of the manjū confection, in which case the product is called . The yam is also used in the making a regional confection called karukan, a specialty of the Kyūshū region. Chinese cuisine Chinese yam is referred to as shānyào () in Chinese and the tuber is consumed raw, steamed or deep-fried. It is added to savory soups, or can be sweetened with a berry sauce. Korean cuisine In Korea, there are two main types of Chinese yam: The straight, tube-shaped variant is called jangma (), while danma () refers to the variant, which grows shorter, cluster-like tubes. Both are used in cooking and the tubers are prepared in a variety of ways. They are most commonly consumed raw, after the skinned roots have been blended with water, milk or yogurt (occasionally with additional honey) to create a nourishing drink known as majeup () or "ma juice" (). Alternatively, the peeled tubers are cut into pieces and served—either raw, after cooking, steaming or frying, along with seasoning sauces. Growing Chinese yam The Chinese yam's growing cycle spans approximately one year, and should be planted between winter and spring. The traditional methods growing it are: using smaller tubers, top cut of bigger tubers or through cuttings of branches. The first two methods can produce 20 cm (7.8 in) long tubers and above. The latter produces smaller tubers (10 cm or 4 in) that are usually replanted for the next year. Between 7 and 9 months of replanting Chinese yam tubers, their leaves start to get dry (a common fact in plants that grow tubers), which indicates that the tubers are ready for harvest. In home gardens generally only what will be consumed is harvested, with the rest left in the pot in moist soil. See also Yam (vegetable) Dioscorea oppositifolia Dioscorea villosa Diosgenin List of ineffective cancer treatments Tremella fuciformis References Citations Bibliography External links Walck, J. L., et al. (2010). Understanding the germination of bulbils from an ecological perspective: a case study on Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya). Ann Bot 106 (6): 945–955. Plants for a Future. Dioscorea batatas Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Root vegetables Yams (vegetable) Dioscorea Flora of Eastern Asia Flora of China Tropical agriculture Plants described in 1837 Edible plants Taxa named by Nikolai Turczaninow
Tatnall School
The Tatnall School is a private college preparatory private school in unincorporated New Castle County, Delaware; it has a Wilmington postal address and is adjacent to, but not in, the Greenville census-designated place. The school is for students from three years old through 12th grade. The school was founded as an all-girls school in 1930 by Frances Dorr Swift Tatnall at her home in downtown Wilmington, Delaware, and moved to its current location in 1952. Tatnall began to admit boys in 1952 (the class of 1964). The school's mascot is the hornet. Its motto is "Omnia in caritate", which means all things in love. Accreditation Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Arts Tatnall offers a variety of visual and performing arts programs, including photography, drawing, instrumental and vocal performance. In September 2017, Tatnall opened its 23,000 square foot Laird Performing Arts Center. The center boasts a 471-seat theater. Here, the Tatnall arts program puts on its annual Showcase advanced theater class and performance, now in its 48th year. One notable instructor is Wilson Somers, who is also a composer and performer; Somers was also a recipient of an Emmy award in 2000. Students at the school are required to participate in art programs, and have won numerous state awards throughout the years. 2008 election Tatnall was a Delaware polling booth in the 2008 United States presidential election. Senator Joe Biden (a native Pennsylvanian but Delaware resident since 1953), who lives near the school, cast his vote in Tatnall's main lobby in that election cycle. Some of Joe Biden's grandchildren attend the school. Notable alumni Hallie Olivere Biden (born 1973), school counselor and wife of Beau Biden References External links Educational institutions established in 1930 Private elementary schools in Delaware High schools in New Castle County, Delaware Schools in New Castle County, Delaware Private middle schools in Delaware Private high schools in Delaware Private K-12 schools in the United States 1930 establishments in Delaware Girls' schools in the United States History of women in Delaware
Bertillon is a French surname. Notable people with the surname include: Alphonse Bertillon (1853–1914), French police officer and biometrics researcher Jacques Bertillon (1851–1922), French statistician and demographer Louis Bertillon (1821–1883), French statistician and demographer See also Bertillonage French-language surnames French families
The Outrage
The Outrage is a 1964 American Western film directed by Martin Ritt and starring Paul Newman, Laurence Harvey, Claire Bloom, Edward G. Robinson and William Shatner. It is a remake of Akira Kurosawa's 1950 Japanese film Rashomon, based on stories by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa. Like Kurosawa's film, four people give contradictory accounts of a rape and murder. Ritt utilizes flashbacks to provide these contradictory accounts. Plot Three disparate travelers — a disillusioned preacher, an unsuccessful prospector, and a larcenous, cynical con man — meet at a decrepit railroad station in the 1870s Southwest United States. The prospector and the preacher were witnesses at the rape and murder trial of the notorious bandit Juan Carrasco. The bandit duped an aristocratic Southerner, Colonel Wakefield, into believing he knew the location of a lost Aztec treasure. While the greedy "gentleman" was bound to a tree and gagged, Carrasco assaulted his wife Nina. These events lead to the stabbing of the husband. Carrasco was tried, convicted, and condemned for the crimes. Everyone's account on the witness stand differed dramatically. Carrasco claimed that Wakefield was tied up with ropes while Nina was assaulted, after which he killed the colonel in a duel. The newlywed wife contends that she was the one who killed her husband because he accused her of leading on Carrasco and causing the rape. The dead man "testifies" through a third witness, an old Indian shaman, who said that neither of those accounts was true. The shaman insists that the colonel used a jeweled dagger to commit suicide after the incident. There was a fourth witness, the prospector, one with a completely new view of what actually took place. But can his version be trusted? Cast Paul Newman as Juan Carrasco Laurence Harvey as Colonel Wakefield Claire Bloom as Nina Wakefield Edward G. Robinson as Con Man William Shatner as Preacher Howard Da Silva as Prospector Albert Salmi as Sheriff Thomas Chalmers as Judge Paul Fix as Indian Home media The Outrage was released to DVD by Warner Home Video on February 17, 2009 in a Region 1 widescreen DVD. See also List of American films of 1964 The Outrage (2011 film) References External links 1964 films 1964 Western (genre) films Adaptations of works by Akira Kurosawa American Western (genre) films 1960s English-language films Films scored by Alex North Films about rape in the United States Films directed by Martin Ritt Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer films American remakes of Japanese films Films based on adaptations Films based on short fiction Films based on works by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa 1960s American films
House of Horrors
House of Horrors is a 1946 American horror film released by Universal Pictures, starring Rondo Hatton as a madman named "The Creeper". Plot Struggling sculptor Marcel De Lange (Martin Kosleck) is depressed about events in his life, and decides to commit suicide. Just as he is about to kill himself, he sees a madman, known as "The Creeper" (Rondo Hatton), in the process of drowning, and saves him. Taking the disfigured man into his care, he makes him the subject of his next sculpture and calls it his best creation. When critics denigrate Marcel's work, he has the Creeper start killing them. Marcel becomes obsessed with Joan, a beautiful female reporter who believes the deaths are related. When Marcel invites her over and she sees Marcel's sculpture of The Creeper, she suspects that Marcel knows the killer. Later, Marcel decides that Joan knows too much and commands The Creeper to kill her. The Creeper is reluctant to do so, however, when he discovers that Marcel plans to turn him over to the police. The Creeper kills Marcel, and is about to kill Joan when he is shot by the police. Cast Production On November 8, 1944, an article in The Hollywood Reporter stated that producer Ben Pivar was relieved of all his lower-budget films on his shooting schedule and was going to focus on a larger budget film featuring new horror characters. This included a series featuring actor Rondo Hatton as "The Creeper". The authors of Universal Horrors suggested this report of a higher budget was either fabricated or the state of the production changed when House of Horrors was developed, it did not have a larger budget than the average Universal B-film production. Initial shooting for House of Horrors began on September 11. Initially Kent Taylor was selected to play the part of Police Lt. Larry Brooks, but on the fourth day of production, before he was shot in any scenes, he was replaced by Bill Goodwin. Taylor stated years later that he did play the role in the film, but disliked how the picture exploited actor Rondo Hatton, and demanded to be taken off the film. The assistant director's daily reports suggest that this story was a lie, stating that Goodwin was the only person to play Brooks on set. Actress Virginia Christine recalled her brief role in the film, stating "I needed the money [laughs] – all actors need money!". Her only other recollection of the film was that to get a cat to follow her, they put anchovies or sardines on the back of her heel. The scene with the cat is not in the final film. Martin Kosleck was asked to audition for the role while on the Universal lot. He received the script to study during the lunch hour for an audition, and was offered the part immediately after. Kosleck was particularly proud of his performance in the film, stating he received fan mail for it and he "loved that part". Filming ended on September 25, 1945. Release House of Horrors was shown in New York on February 22, 1946 and received wider release by Universal Pictures on March 29. A series of Creeper films was planned, and the second one, The Brute Man, was filmed in 1946. Hatton died of complications from acromegaly before either film was released. House of Horrors was released on DVD by the Willette Acquisition Corp. on Sep 27, 2013. It was released on blu-ray by Shout! Factory on March 17, 2020 as the fourth volume in their "Universal Horror Collection". The set also included Night Key, Night Monster and The Climax. Reception From contemporary reviews, many critics commented on Rondo Hatton, with George H. Spires stating that his "Neanderthal features suffice without the aid of make up [...] and his ape-like appearance on the screen brings a gasp to the audience" while Edmond J. Bartnett of The New York Times said Hatton was "properly scary". Otis L. Guernsey, Jr. of The New York Herald-Tribune found The Creeper to be "not in the best of taste". As for the picture overall, a reviewer in Harrison's Reports stated that "little about the proceedings to horrify one unless the fact that murders are committed by a half-witted giant can be considered horrendous rather than unpleasant". From retrospective reviews, the authors of the book Universal Horrors found that despite Rondo Hatton's acting and characters in the film being cliches, House of Horrors "rates as the best shocker in this last grap of Universal Horrors. It boasts creepy, atmospheric, film-noirish settings, evocative camerawork and is seldom dull". In Leonard Maltin's film guide, the film was awarded two out of four stars, criticizing the script as "laughable" and moderate acting, calling it "[a] slightly below average horror meller". See also List of Universal Pictures films (1940–1949) List of horror films of the 1930s References Footnotes Sources External links 1946 films 1946 horror films 1940s serial killer films American black-and-white films Films directed by Jean Yarbrough American monster movies Universal Pictures films Films scored by William Lava 1940s American films Universal Classic Monsters films
Vampire's Kiss
Vampire's Kiss is a 1988 American black comedy horror film directed by Robert Bierman and written by Joseph Minion. Starring Nicolas Cage, María Conchita Alonso, Jennifer Beals, and Elizabeth Ashley, the film tells the story of a literary agent who falls in love with a vampiress. It was a box office failure but went on to become a cult film. Plot Peter Loew is a driven literary agent and an example of the stereotypical narcissistic and greedy yuppie of the 1980s: he works all day and club hops at night, with little in his life but alcohol, cocaine, one-night stands with numerous women, and the pursuit of money and supposed prestige. However, he is slowly going insane and sees a therapist frequently. During these sessions, his declining mental health becomes clear through a series of increasingly bizarre rants which eventually begin to scare the psychiatrist. After taking home a girl named Jackie from a club, a bat flies in through his window, scaring them both. At his next session he mentions to his therapist that the struggle with the bat aroused him. While visiting an art museum with Jackie the next day, he ditches her, and she later leaves an angry message on his phone. Loew meets Rachel at a night club, and seemingly takes her home. As they make love, she pins him down, exposing vampire fangs, and bites him on the neck. The following morning, Loew is seen with an uninjured neck, serving coffee and making conversation with a non-existent Rachel, casting doubt on the reality of the previous night's events. Loew cuts his neck shaving and applies a bandage to the spot, thereafter believing it to be the location of his vampire bite. He soon believes that he is turning into a vampire. He fails to see his reflection in mirrors and wears dark sunglasses indoors. When his fangs fail to develop, he purchases a pair of cheap plastic novelty fangs. All the while, he has delusions of Rachel visiting him nightly to feed on his blood. Shortly after, Loew experiences severe mood swings and calls Jackie back apologetically, asking to meet her at a bar. As he is about to leave, a jealous Rachel appears and beckons him back inside. A dejected Jackie eventually leaves the bar and leaves an angry note on his door asking him to leave her alone. Loew constantly torments a secretary working at his office named Alva Restrepo, typically by forcing her to search through an enormous paper file for a contract. When she fails to find the contract, he at first browbeats and humiliates her, then visits her at home and tricks her into returning to work, and finally attacks and attempts to bite her at the workplace after hours. She pulls out a gun, and Loew begs her to shoot him. Since it is only loaded with blanks, she fires at the floor to scare him off. He eventually overpowers her, ripping her shirt open, pinning her to the floor as he attempts to bite her neck, while hallucinating that she is Rachel. Afterwards, overcome by despair, he takes the gun and fires it into his mouth, but is not harmed, attributing it to his supposed transformation. Thinking he is a vampire, Loew goes out to a club wearing his novelty fangs and moves around erratically like the character Orlok from the film Nosferatu with a crazed look in his eyes. He begins to seduce a woman, but when he gets too grabby she slaps him, making Loew even more unhinged. He overpowers her and bites her neck, having taken out the fangs and using his real teeth, leaving the woman unconscious and bloody. He hallucinates another encounter with a disdainful Rachel. Afterwards, Loew encounters the real Rachel dancing with another man on the dance floor. She appears to recognize him, but gives the impression that they have not been in contact for a long time. Loew attempts to manhandle her into revealing her fangs as her date fights him off. He screams that he loves her and accuses her of being a vampire as he is dragged off and expelled from the club by security. Alva wakes up with her shirt ripped open, possibly thinking she was raped, and eventually tells her brother Emilio who is enraged and goes after Loew with Alva to seek revenge. Meanwhile, Loew is wandering the streets, disheveled in a blood-spattered business suit from the previous night, excitedly talking to himself. Standing on a street corner, he has a hallucinatory exchange with his therapist, claiming that he raped someone and murdered someone else; a nearby newspaper headline confirms the latter. As Loew returns to his now-destroyed apartment, Alva points him out to Emilio, who pursues him inside the apartment block with a tire iron. In the midst of an abusive argument with an imaginary romantic interest (supposedly a patient of his psychiatrist) Loew begins to retch again from the blood he had swallowed, then crawls under his upturned sofa on the floor, as though it were a coffin. Emilio finds Loew and upturns the sofa. Loew holds a large broken piece of wood to his chest as a makeshift stake, repeating the gesture he had made earlier to strangers on the street when he had asked them to kill him. Emilio pushes down on the wood and it pierces Loew's chest in a gruesome manner. Emilio flees the apartment. As Loew dies, he envisions the vampiress Rachel staring at him one last time. Cast Nicolas Cage as Peter Loew, a literary critic whose outlandish descent into madness leaves him increasingly isolated María Conchita Alonso as Alva Restrepo, secretary to Loew and constant victim to his rants and impatience Jennifer Beals as Rachel, the seductive vampire that initially haunts Loew and pushes him into his vampire-like state; but eventually falls in love with him Kasi Lemmons as Jackie, a romantic interest of Loew which he later stands up in favor of a night with Rachel Bob Lujan as Emilio, the protective brother of Alva who supplies her with a gun and blank ammunition Elizabeth Ashley as Dr. Glaser, the therapist in Loew's real and imaginary worlds In addition, Jessica Lundy plays Sharon, the patient his therapist sets Peter up with, Cage's brother Marc Coppola briefly appears as the joke guy, and the musical group ESG has a cameo performing in a club. Production Written "as darkly comic and deft as its bizarre premise," Joseph Minion wrote the film as he grappled with depression. In an interview with Zach Schonfeld of The Ringer, Minion said that while on vacation in Barbados with his then-girlfriend, Barbara Zitwer, he wrote the screenplay as a response to his "toxic relationship" with her. Dealing with themes of isolation, loneliness, and domination, Zitwer, who would come on as a producer for the film, found the final product to be "horrifying." The story was extremely emblematic of their relationship together and Minion's depiction of Zitwer as a "vampire and destroying him," was clear foreshadowing to their end of their relationship during production. Known previously for having written After Hours, directed by Martin Scorsese, Minion sought to keep the "grim view of the Manhattan nightlife," found in the aforementioned film central to his newest work. Originally intent on taking the helm of directing the project, Minion soon gave the position up stating that the “darkness of it,” was too much for him to bear. Instead, the film was led by British newcomer Robert Bierman who held previous experience working on commercials and short films such as The Rocking Horse Winner (1983) and The Dumb Waiter (1979). This sudden departure however also prompted the then cast Nicolas Cage to drop out after his agent pressured him stating "this was not a good movie to make after Moonstruck." His departure was short lived however and Cage's "outrageously unbridled performance," was destined for the screen. Cage described the story as being about "a man whose loneliness and inability to find love literally drives him insane". The role of Peter Loew was originally given to Dennis Quaid, then passed on to Cage after the former dropped out to do Innerspace. Cage and Beals reportedly did not get along on set with their friction most likely stemming from the part of Rachel going to Beals rather than Cage's then-girlfriend, Patricia Arquette. Going purposefully against the method acting technique, Cage "took a highly surrealistic approach" to Loew. Apart from his “pseudo-Trannsylvanian dialect,” scenes of Cage screaming the alphabet, eating cockroaches, and ranting "I'm a vampire!" shocked viewers and critics alike. The original script called for Loew to eat a raw egg but Cage decided a cockroach would be more effective claiming it would "shock the audience." This shock was further extended to a couple of real homeless people who Cage ran into on the streets of Manhattan as he pleaded with them to drive a stake through his heart as Bierman and crew shot from afar. Physicality played a central role in the creation of this character for Cage who in several terrifying scenes sought to see "how big [he] could get [his] eyes." This was then furthered with scenes of Cage jumping on tables, sprinting across the office, and many frantic hand gestures which he claims were "extremely choreographed." While many such as Hal Hinson of The Washington Post criticized this style of "scorched-earth acting," it cemented the film as a cult classic and become the source of many internet memes. Release Vampire's Kiss was released June 2, 1989. It grossed $725,131 in the U.S. It was released on home video in August 1990. MGM released it on DVD in August 2002, and Scream Factory released it on Blu-ray in February 2015. It was subsequently re-released on Blu-Ray through the MVD Rewind label in June, 2022. Reception Vampire's Kiss was considered a commercial flop upon its initial release but has developed a cult following since that time. Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 31 out of 100, based on 10 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Variety wrote, "Cage's over-the-top performance generates little sympathy for the character, so it’s tough to be interested in him as his personality disorder worsens." Caryn James of The New York Times wrote, "[T]he film is dominated and destroyed by Mr. Cage's chaotic, self-indulgent performance." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times called it "a sleek, outrageous dark comedy that's all the funnier for constantly teetering on the brink of sheer tastelessness and silliness." Hal Hinson of The Washington Post called the film "stone-dead bad, incoherently bad", but said that Cage's overacting must be seen to be believed. Carrie Rickey of The Philadelphia Inquirer called it an "imaginative, if warped, black comedy" that "succeeds as a wicked allegory of What Men Want". Reviewing the film on Blu-ray, Anthony Arrigo of Bloody Disgusting wrote, "The film may not work very well as a comedy, but there's enough of a dark derangement present to make it almost unsettling." Furthermore, Peter Travers from the Rolling Stone argues that the film doesn't need further criticism but rather “a stake through the heart.” See also Vampire film References External links 1989 films 1989 independent films 1980s black comedy films 1980s comedy horror films American black comedy films American comedy horror films Vampire comedy films Films set in New York City Films shot in New York City Films set in the 1980s Films scored by Colin Towns 1989 directorial debut films 1989 comedy films American psychological horror films American exploitation films 1980s English-language films Films directed by Robert Bierman 1980s American films
What's Wrong with This Picture? (Lee Harding album)
What's Wrong with This Picture? is the debut studio album by the Australian Idol third season third-place finisher, Lee Harding.The album was released in February 2006 and peaked at number 3 on the ARIA Charts. Track listing "Wasabi" – 3:00 "Let's Not Go to Work" – 2:59 "Anything for You" – 3:02 "Just Another Love Song" – 4:01 "L Is for Loser" – 3:30 "Call the Nurse" – 3:43 "You Could Have Anyone" – 2:35 "Change the World" – 3:41 "Try Tonight" – 2:55 "Eye of the Tiger" – 2:45 Enhanced CD "Wasabi" (Video) Inside Wasabi (Behind the Scenes of the Video) Inside Anything for You (Behind the Scenes of the Video) Charts Weekly charts Year-end charts Certifications Release history References 2006 debut albums Lee Harding albums Sony Music Australia albums
The Place of the Lion
The Place of the Lion is a work of supernatural fiction written by Charles Williams. The book was first published in 1931 by Victor Gollancz. Summary Platonic archetypes begin to manifest themselves outside a small Hertfordshire town, wreaking havoc and drawing to the surface the spiritual strengths and flaws of individual characters. Their focus is the home of Mr Berringer, the leader of a group interested in magical symbolism who falls into a coma after contact with the first archetype unloosed, the lion of the title. Other powers follow this one and cut off the town from the rest of the world that they will inevitably absorb and reshape. Among those overcome and destroyed by the raw powers they encounter are two members of the group, Mr Foster and Miss Wilmot, whose motivation is ultimately selfish. A chance visitor to the group, the academic author Damaris Tighe, narrowly escapes the same fate but is saved at the last moment by her cousin and fiancé, Anthony Durrant. She then sets out to locate Anthony’s friend, Quentin Sabot, who had been with Anthony when the lion first appeared and has now fled into the countryside, overcome with terror. Meanwhile, with the help of another group member, Mr Richardson, who also has the inner strength to withstand the angelical archetypes, Anthony is enabled to understand the process that has been unleashed by Berringer. Together they plan to counter it and reverse the threat. Its next phase has already started and some of the town’s buildings begin to collapse as Berringer’s house is swallowed in a column of unquenchable flame. Armed with the secret names of the archetypes from a grimoire, Anthony summons them back to their point of focus while Richardson neutralizes the fire by walking into it. Critical reception T. S. Eliot described Williams' novels in this genre as "supernatural thrillers". J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis had found the book inspirational and it is often cited as a major work that altered their own writings and helped them both become novelists. Anthony Boucher and J. Francis McComas, in their survey of fantasy fiction, called The Place of the Lion "one of the most daringly conceived and stunningly visualized of all Williams’ novels". Similarly, for Glen Cavaliero in his study of Williams' work, "plot, themes and literary treatment coalesce in an artistic unity that makes The Place of the Lion the most technically flawless of the novels, and thus a more satifyingly integrated fable than its predecessors". Over the years the novel has been the subject of a number of other academic studies. References External links Project Gutenberg of Australia (text version) Supernatural fiction Victor Gollancz Ltd books
Golden-fronted bowerbird
The golden-fronted bowerbird (Amblyornis flavifrons) is a medium-sized, approximately 24 cm long, brown bowerbird. The male is rufous brown with an elongated golden crest extending from its golden forehead, dark grey feet and buffish yellow underparts. The female is an unadorned olive brown bird. An Indonesian endemic, the male builds a tower-like "maypole-type" bower decorated with colored fruit. Originally described in 1895 based on trade skins, this elusive bird remained a mystery for nearly a hundred years, until 31 January 1981 when the American ornithologist Jared Diamond discovered the home ground of the golden-fronted bowerbird at the Foja Mountains in the Papua province of Indonesia. In December 2005, an international team of eleven scientists from the United States, Australia and Indonesia led by Bruce Beehler traveled to the unexplored areas of Foja Mountains and took the first photographs of the bird. References External links BirdLife Species Factsheet Amblyornis Birds of Western New Guinea golden-fronted bowerbird
Felgemaker Organ Company
The Felgemaker Organ Company was a manufacturer of pipe organs based out of Erie, Pennsylvania, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. History It was founded in Buffalo, New York in 1865 but relocated to Erie, Pennsylvania. In 1872, the company was known as the Derrick and Felgemaker Pipe Organ Company. During the 1870s, the company employed over 55 workers and had $75,000 worth of capital. The firm produced between 15 and 20 organs per week. Specialties of the company included church organs and portable pipe organs for small churches, schools and residential parlors. By 1878 the company was renamed as the A.B. Felgemaker Company, relocating the factory to larger facilities in 1888 and 1890. At the invitation of Mr. Felgemaker, German organ maker Anton Gottfried moved to Erie in 1894, where he leased space from the Felgemaker plant. Amid booming business, in 1911 the Erie factory underwent major renovations, adding open two-story factory floor space, renovating the offices, electrifying, and adding an electric travelling crane. The A.B. Felgemaker Company remained in business until 1917. Several workers from the Felgemaker Company, including Gottfried, joined to form the Organ Supply Industries in Erie, which is today North America's largest pipe organ manufacturer and supply house. The company produced organs until 1918, when it ceased operations. The company's service agreements and pending contracts were then assumed by the Tellers-Kent Organ Company. Surviving organs Organs produced by the company are still in use at Lawrence University, Appleton Wisconsin, St. John's Lutheran Church, Erie, Pennsylvania, Crawford Memorial United Methodist Church, Bronx, New York, Trinity Episcopal Church, Iowa City, Iowa, St. John's Episcopal Church, Canandaigua, New York, First Congregational Church, St. Johns, Michigan, First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Elizabeth City, North Carolina, Sacred Heart Music Center, Duluth, Minnesota, Spencerport United Methodist Church, Spencerport, New York, and Prince of Peace Evangelical Lutheran Church, Bangor, Pennsylvania, Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, Minersville, Pennsylvania has a A.B. Felgemaker that was installed in 1906, Zion Lutheran Church, Everett, Pennsylvania has a A.B. Felgemaker Organ that was installed in 1903. An additional organ exists at Emmanuel Lutheran in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, however, the organ has been rebuilt four times since Felgemaker's presence and its remaining extent is indeterminant. Capitol Hill Seventh-day Adventist Church in Washington, DC maintains one of the original Felgemaker pipe organs, produced before 1917. Two still exist in Buffalo at the former St. Agnes RC Church (relocated from Sacred Heart RC in Buffalo) and Emmanual Temple SDA, originally St. Stephen's Evangelical. Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church in Taneytown, Maryland, has a Felgemaker pipe organ built in 1897. It was completely restored in 1987 by the Columbia Organ Works and is still in weekly Sunday service. Emmanuel Catholic Church in Dayton, Ohio originally dedicated its three-division Felgemaker pipe organ in 1887. Since then, the organ has undergone multiple major renovations and additions, most recently in 2015. Formal re-dedication of the Emmanuel Felgemaker organ is scheduled for November 11, 2016. Freemasons' Hall in Indianapolis has 6 matching Felgamaker Pipe Organs installed in 1908. They are all in unrestored, playable condition. The pipe organ at Holy Cross Catholic Church in Santa Cruz, CA is based on an A. B. Felgemaker Co. organ (Opus 506, 1889) with additional pipes and Zimbelstern added by Stuart Goodwin & Co. (Opus 10, 1988) after moving it from its previous home in Ohio. The organ is in active use at the 5:00 Saturday and 7:00 and 8:30 Sunday Masses. An A.B. Felgemaker still exists in working order at the former M.E. Richmond Ave. Church at West Ferry Street & Olmsted Circle and will be cleaned and remain in working order. A.B. Felgemaker Organ Co. built an organ in 1882 for a Lutheran church in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. After 1905 the organ was moved to St. Cecilia's Catholic Church, Hubbell, Michigan. In 2011 the organ was rebuilt and moved to St. Albert the Great Catholic University Parish, Houghton, Michigan, where it is in regular use for mass, organ instruction, and recitals. St. Mary Parish in Taylor, Texas founded in 1886, has a rare one of only two-of-its-kind in the state of Texas. In 1902, William Kielihar donated an A. B. Felgemaker Pipe Organ Opus 770 to St. Mary; its value then was $3,600. It's ivory keys, pulls, and stops played full melodic sounds every Sunday, wedding, and funeral until the church was torn down in November 1954. Otto Hoffman, an organ builder from Austin, Texas, disassembled the organ for storage until the new church was built. When the new St. Mary of the Assumption Catholic church was completed in 1955, Hoffman cleaned and re-built the organ in the present church, where it is still used today. Oddly, when the organ was reassembled in the present church, it was placed in a room to the right of the altar instead of upstairs in the balcony. If it had been placed in the balcony, the acoustics of the current church would make the organ's music even more heavenly. In 2020, St. Mary of the Assumption reviewed renovation options to relocate the historic organ to the balcony. References Companies based in Erie, Pennsylvania Defunct manufacturing companies based in Pennsylvania Pipe organ building companies Manufacturing companies disestablished in 1918 1918 disestablishments in Pennsylvania Manufacturing companies established in 1865 1865 establishments in New York (state) Musical instrument manufacturing companies of the United States American companies disestablished in 1918 American companies established in 1865
Akeake is the name of at least three New Zealand species of tree: Dodonaea viscosa, akeake Olearia avicenniifolia, mountain akeake or tree daisy Olearia traversiorum, Chatham Island akeake or Chatham Island tree daisy The species are small trees. The name goes back to pre-European times when it was used in different areas of New Zealand. In post-European times it is used most frequently, but not exclusively, for Dodonaea viscosa. Trees of New Zealand
Lieuwe Dirk Boonstra
Lieuwe Dirk Boonstra (1905 – 1975) was a South African palaeontologist whose work focused on the therapsida|mammal-like reptiles]] of the Middle (Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone) and Late Permian, whose fossil remains are common in the South African Karoo. He was the author of a large number of papers on Therapsids and Pareiasaurs, and described and revised a number of species. Work In 1927 Boonstra was appointed Assistant Palaeontologist of the South African Museum and promoted to Palaeontologist in 1931. He remained at the museum until his retirement in 1972. He was the sole curator of the museum's Karoo vertebrate fossil collection for 45 years. Awards He was awarded the Queen Victoria Scholarship by the University of Stellenbosch and received the Havenga prize for Biology from Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns in 1959. Publications Volume 64 of the Annals of the South African Museum (1974) was dedicated to Boonstra. The 88 publications and books he wrote between 1928 and 1969 are listed in it. References External links South African Museum - Dr. Boonstra's Publications Brief biography of Lieuwe Dirk Boonstra South African paleontologists 1905 births 1975 deaths
Orli Shaham
Orli Shaham (born 5 November 1975) is an American pianist, born in Jerusalem, Israel, the daughter of two scientists, Meira Shaham (nee Diskin) and Jacob Shaham. Her brothers are the violinist Gil Shaham and Shai Shaham, who is the head of the Laboratory of Developmental Genetics at Rockefeller University. She is a graduate of the Horace Mann School in Riverdale, New York, and of Columbia University. She also studied at the Juilliard School, beginning in its Pre-college Division and continuing while a student at Columbia. Orli Shaham performs recitals and appears with major orchestras throughout the world. She was awarded the Gilmore Young Artist Award in 1995 and the Avery Fisher Career Grant in 1997. Her appearances with orchestras include the Philadelphia Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, San Francisco Symphony, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Detroit and Atlanta Symphonies, Orchestre National de Lyon, National Symphony Orchestra of Taiwan, Cleveland Orchestra, Houston Symphony, St. Louis Symphony, Florida Orchestra, Rochester Philharmonic, Orchestra of La Scala (Milan), Orchestra della Toscana (Florence), and the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra. In November 2008, she began her tenure as artistic advisor to the Pacific Symphony and curator of their "Cafe Ludwig" chamber music series. In 2020, Orli Shaham was named as Regular Guest Host and Creative for NPR’s “From the Top”, the nationally broadcast radio program featuring performances and conversations with teenage musicians. She also served as the host of America’s Music Festivals in 2012 and 2013, and from 2005-2008 she was host of The Classical Public Radio Network’s "Dial-a-Musician", in which she called expert colleagues to answer listener questions. For this program she interviewed more than forty artists, including John Adams, Emanuel Ax, Natalie Dessay, Christine Brewer, Colin Currie, and others. In 2003, Shaham married David Robertson, then Music Director of the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, and became stepmother to his sons, Peter and Jonathan. Shaham and Robertson are the parents of twin sons Nathan Glenn and Alex Jacob, born in 2007 in New York City. Discography Mozart Piano Concertos (with SLSO and David Robertson) (2019) Letters from Gettysburg (2019) Alberto Ginastera: One Hundred (with Gil Shaham, violin) (2016) Brahms Inspired (2015) American Grace: Piano Music from Steve Mackey and John Adams (with pianist Jon Kimura Parker, Los Angeles Philharmonic, and conductor David Robertson) (2015) Nigunim: Hebrew Melodies (with violinist Gil Shaham) (2013) Chamber Music for Horn (with Richard King, horn) (2012) Behold the Bold Umbrellaphant (with pianist Jon Kimura Parker and San Diego Symphony) (2011) Mozart in Paris (with violinist Gil Shaham) (2008) Mozart: Violin Sonatas (with violinist Gil Shaham) (DVD; 2006) Prokofiev: works for violin and piano (with violinist Gil Shaham) (2004) Dvorak for Two (with violinist Gil Shaham) (1997) References External links Orli Shaham's website Profile page on her agent's website Orli Shaham, Co-Host/Creative on From The Top American classical pianists American women classical pianists Jewish classical pianists Jewish American classical musicians Columbia University alumni Horace Mann School alumni People from Jerusalem 1975 births Living people 21st-century American women musicians 21st-century American Jews
G. R. S. Mead
George Robert Stow Mead (22 March 1863 in Peckham, Surrey – 28 September 1933 in London) was an English historian, writer, editor, translator, and an influential member of the Theosophical Society, as well as the founder of the Quest Society. His scholarly works dealt mainly with the Hermetic and Gnostic religions of Late Antiquity, and were exhaustive for the time period. Birth and family Mead was born in Peckham, Surrey, England to British Army Colonel Robert Mead and his wife Mary (née Stow), who had received a traditional education at Rochester Cathedral School. Education at Cambridge University Mead began studying mathematics at St John's College, Cambridge. Eventually shifting his education towards the study of Classics, he gained much knowledge of Greek and Latin. In 1884 he completed a BA degree; in the same year he became a public school master. He received an MA degree in 1926. Activity with the Theosophical Society While still at Cambridge University Mead read Esoteric Buddhism (1883) by Alfred Percy Sinnett. This comprehensive theosophical account of the Eastern religion prompted Mead to contact two theosophists in London named Bertam Keightly and Mohini Chatterji, which eventually led him to join Helena Petrovna Blavatsky's Theosophical Society in 1884. When in 1887 Madame Blavatsky settled in London, the young Mead joined the company of her close associates. In her circle he learned of the profound mysteries of the Gnostics and of the votaries of Hermes, soon becoming a prolific translator of Gnostic and Hermetic writings. In fact, many of his translations were from other modern languages as he was not trained in Coptic. In 1889 he abandoned his teaching profession to become Blavatsky's private secretary, and also became a joint-secretary of the Esoteric Section (E.S.) of the Theosophical Society, reserved for those deemed more advanced. Mead received Blavatsky's Six Esoteric Instructions and other teachings at 22 meetings headed by Blavatsky which were only attended by the Inner Group of the Theosophical Society. He married Laura Cooper in 1899. Contributing intellectually to the Theosophical Society, at first most interested in Eastern religions, he quickly became more and more attracted to Western esotericism in religion and philosophy, particularly Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, and Hermeticism, although his scholarship and publications continued to engage with Eastern religion. He contributed many articles to the Theosophical Society's Lucifer (renamed The Theosophical Review in 1897) as joint editor. Mead became the sole editor of The Theosophical Review in 1907. As of February 1909 Mead and some 700 members of the Theosophical Society's British Section resigned in protest at Annie Besant's reinstatement of Charles Webster Leadbeater to membership in the society. Leadbeater had been a prominent member of the Theosophical Society until he was accused in 1906 of teaching masturbation to, and sexually touching, the sons of some American Theosophists under the guise of occult training. While this prompted Mead's resignation, his frustration at the dogmatism of the Theosophical Society may also have been a major contributor to his break after 25 years. The Quest Society In March 1909 Mead founded the Quest Society, composed of 150 defectors of the Theosophical Society and 100 other new members. This new society was planned as an undogmatic approach to the comparative study and investigation of religion, philosophy, and science. The Quest Society presented lectures at the old Kensington Town Hall in central London but its most focused effort was in its publishing of The Quest: A Quarterly Review which ran from 1909 to 1931 with many contributors. Influence Notable persons influenced by Mead include Ezra Pound, W.B. Yeats, Hermann Hesse, Kenneth Rexroth, and Robert Duncan. The seminal influence of G.R.S. Mead on Carl Gustav Jung, confirmed by the scholar of Gnosticism Gilles Quispel, a friend of Jung's, has been documented by several scholars. The popularity of a 20th-century Theosophical or esoteric interpretation of "gnosis" and the "Gnostics" led to an influential conception among scholars of an essential doctrinal and practising commonality among the various groups deemed "Gnostic," which has been criticised by scholars such as Michael Allen Williams in his book Rethinking Gnosticism and by Karen L. King in recent decades. Works Address read at H.P. Blavatsky's cremation (1891) Simon Magus (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1892) The Word-Mystery: Four Essays (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1895), revised as The Word-Mystery: Four Comparative Studies in General Theosophy (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1907) Select Works of Plotinus (Lonson: George Bell, 1896) Orpheus (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1896) Pistis Sophia: The Book of the Saviour (London: J.M. Watkins, 1896; revised 2nd ed. 1921) Fragments of a Faith Forgotten (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y 1900) Apollonius of Tyana (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1901) Did Jesus Live 100 BC? (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1903) "Concerning H.P.B.: Stray Thoughts on Theosophy", The Theosophical Review (April 15, 1904), pp. 131–44 The Corpus Hermeticum (1905) Thrice Greatest Hermes: Studies in Hellenistic Theosophy and Gnosis (London: Theosophical Publ. Soc'y, 1906) Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 Echoes from the Gnosis (11-part series published at London by The Theosophical Publ. Soc'y): Volume I: The Gnosis of the Mind (1906) Volume II: The Hymns of Hermes (1906) Volume III: The Vision Of Aridæus (1907) Volume IV: The Hymn of Jesus (1907) Volume V: The Mysteries Of Mithra (1907) Volume VI: A Mithraic Ritual (1907) Volume VII: The Gnostic Crucifixion (1907) Volume VIII: The Chaldæan Oracles Vol. 1 (1907) Volume IX: The Chaldæan Oracles Vol. 2 (1907) Volume X: The Hymn of the Robe of Glory (1907) Volume XI: The Wedding Song of Wisdom (1907) Some Mystical Adventures (London: John M. Watkins, 1910) Quests Old and New (London: Watkins, 1913) Doctrine of the Subtle Body in Western Tradition (London: J.M. Watkins, 1919) Gnostic John the Baptizer: Selections from the Mandæan John-Book (London: Watkins, 1924) COLLECTION G.R.S. Mead: Essays and Commentaries ed. S.N. Parsons (Adeptis Press, 2016) See also Poemandres Gospel of Marcion Pistis Sophia Thomas Taylor Hermetica Acts of John Mandaeanism Marcionism Mohini Mohun Chatterji Hymn of the Pearl Footnotes External links Extensive on-line collection of the writings of GRS Mead (at the Gnosis Archive) Brief bio with poor picture Same picture, but much larger and clearer Later Picture with no text Long biography 1863 births 1933 deaths Alumni of St John's College, Cambridge American Theosophists Christ myth theory English historians English Theosophists Esoteric Christianity Historians of Gnosticism People educated at King's School, Rochester People from Nuneaton Scholars of Mandaeism
Dodonaea viscosa
Dodonaea viscosa, also known as the broadleaf hopbush, is a species of flowering plant in the Dodonaea (hopbush) genus that has a cosmopolitan distribution in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions of Africa, the Americas, southern Asia and Australasia. Dodonaea is part of Sapindaceae, the soapberry family. This species is notable for its extremely wide distribution, which it achieved only over the last 2 million years (from its region of origin in Australia) via oceanic dispersal. Harrington and Gadek (2009) referred to D. viscosa as having "a distribution equal to some world’s greatest transoceanic dispersers". Common names The common name hopbush is used for D. viscosa specifically and also for the genus as a whole. In the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, this plant is called virāli (விராலி). Australian common names include: broad leaf hopbush, candlewood, giant hopbush, narrow leaf hopbush, sticky hopbush, native hop bush, soapwood, switchsorrel, wedge leaf hopbush, and native hop. The Wiradjuri people of New South Wales use the name Bururr. Additional common names include: aalii and ‘a‘ali‘i-ku ma kua and ‘a‘ali‘i ku makani in the Hawaiian language; akeake (New Zealand); lampuaye (Guam); mesechelangel (Palau); chirca (Uruguay, Argentina); Xayramad (Somalia); romerillo (Sonora, Mexico); jarilla (southern Mexico); hayuelo (Colombia); ch'akatea (Bolivia); casol caacol (Seri); ghoraskai (Afghanistan). Taxonomy Phylogenetic evidence supports D. viscosa being the sister species to D. camfieldii, a species endemic to a small portion of coastal New South Wales in Australia. Subspecies and synonyms There are several subspecies as follows: D. viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L.f.) J.G.West D. viscosa subsp. angustissima (DC.) J.G.West D. viscosa subsp. burmanniana (DC.) J.G.West D. viscosa subsp. cuneata (Sm.) J.G.West D. viscosa subsp. mucronata J.G.West D. viscosa subsp. spatulata (Sm.) J.G.West D. viscosa (L.) Jacq. subsp. viscosa Botanical synonyms D. eriocarpa Sm. D. sandwicensis Sherff D. stenocarpa Hillebr. Systematics It has been identified that D. viscosa split into two intraspecific groups, known as groups I and II, in the Pleistocene, about 1.1–2.1 Ma (million years ago) (95% Highest Posterior Density, HPD). These two intraspecific groups are distributed differently within Australia. Group I plants are strandline shrubs growing from north-eastern Queensland to the New South Wales border. This clade has a number of genetically divergent lineages (I:a,b,c,d,e,f,g,). It is identified that subclade Ib shared a last common ancestor with subclade Ia in the mid-Pleistocene, 0.5–1.2 Ma. Group I a: D. viscosa Pagan, D. viscosa ssp viscosa Yorkeys Knob Beach, D. viscosa ssp viscosa Trinity Beach, D. viscosa ssp viscosa Clifton Beach, D. viscosa ssp viscosa Wonga Beach, D. viscosa Tanzania2, D. viscosa ssp viscosa Airlie Beach, D. viscosa Virgin Islands. Group I b: D. viscosa Maui Ulupalakua, D. viscosa, Hawaii Pohakuloa, D. viscosa Maui PoliPoli, D. viscosa Hawaii Kona, D. viscosa Hawaii Kauai. Group I c: D. viscosa Arizona 1, D. viscosa Arizona 2, D. viscosa Mexico, D. viscosa Brazil, D. viscosa Columbia, D. viscosa Bolivia Group I d: D. viscosa Taiwan 1, D. viscosa Taiwan 2, D. viscosa Japan, D. viscosa China, D. viscosa Tanzania1. Group I e: D. viscosa Oman, D. viscosa South Africa1, D. viscosa India Group I f: D. viscosa South Africa 3, D. viscosa South Africa 4, D. South Africa 2, D. viscosa New Caledonia 1, D. viscosa New Caledonia 2, D. viscosa Papua New Guinea Group I g: D. viscosa ssp burmanniana 1, D. viscosa ssp burmanniana 2 The Group II of D. viscosa is present almost everywhere on the continent. Group II has at least three evolutionary lineages (II a, b and c), which distributions generally overlap. According to West these subspecies have morphological intergradation, particularly in the higher-rainfall regions of Australia, but not in the arid zone, where they generally overlap. There is also a hypothesis of ongoing gene flow between D. procumbens and D. viscosa's Group II resulting from hybridization events of two populations in central regions of South Australia. The Group II members are believed to have dispersed in the mid-Pleistocene (0.5–1.2 Ma) from mainland Australia to New Zealand. Group II a: D. viscosa New Zealand South Island 2, D. viscosa New Zealand South Island 3, D. viscosa New Zealand South Island 1, D. viscosa New Zealand North Island 4, D. viscosa ssp angustissima 1, D.viscosa ssp angustissima 3, D. viscosa ssp angustissima 2. Group II b: D. viscosa ssp spatulata, D. viscosa ssp cuneata, D. viscosa ssp angustifolia, D. procumbens, D. procumbens 2. Group II c: D. biloba, D. viscosa ssp mucronata. Description D. viscosa is a shrub growing to tall, rarely a small tree to tall. The leaves are variable in shape: generally obovate but some of them are lanceolate, often sessile, long and broad, alternate in arrangement, and secrete a resinous substance. Many specimens have a pointed or rounded apex. Leaf base is extended. Leaf texture is leathery, tough, but also pliable. Midribs are medium becoming less visible close to the apex. Secondary veins are thin, generally indistinct; Veins: often 6 to 10 pairs, indifferently opposite, subopposite, and alternate, camptodrome. Venation branches from the midrib at different angles, which may vary from 12° to 70°. The basal veins are very ascending in some plants: the angle of divergence may be close to 45°. The basal secondary venation branches from a point near the base of the main vein and becomes parallel with the leaf margin, with the distance of 1 millimeter to 2 millimeters from the edges. Margins are usually toothed or undulating. The remaining secondary veins lay at regular intervals with flowers usually growing at the branches’ ends. The flowers are yellow to orange-red and produced in panicles about in length. The flowers may be only male or female ones, and one plant bears either male or female flowers. However, sometimes they are observed to bear flowers of both sexes. The pollen is transported by anemophily. It is believed that the flowers lack petals during evolution to increase exposure to the wind. The fruit is a capsule broad, red ripening brown, with two to four wings. Uses The wood is extremely tough and durable. In New Zealand, where it is the heaviest of any native wood, the Māori have traditionally used it for making weapons, carved walking staves, axe-handles, and weights on drill shafts. D. viscosa is used by the people from the western part of the island of New Guinea, Southeast Asia, West Africa and Brazil for house building and as firewood. Its leaves may also be used as plasters for wounds. Native Hawaiians made pou (house posts), laau melomelo (fishing lures), and ōō (digging sticks) from aalii wood and a red dye from the fruit. The cultivar 'Purpurea', with purple foliage, is widely grown as a garden shrub. Dodonaea viscosa easily occupies open areas and secondary forest, and is resistant to salinity, drought and pollution. It can be used for dune stabilization, remediation of polluted lands and for reforestation. The plant is tolerant to strong winds, and therefore is commonly used as hedge, windbreak, and decorative shrub. The Seri use the plant medicinally. It was also used to stimulate lactation in mothers, as a dysentery treatment, to cure digestive system disorders, skin problems and rheumatism in Africa and Asia. In New Guinea, people use it as incense for funerals. In the past D. viscosa was used instead of hops for beer brewing by Australians (as reflected in the name “hopbush”). Cultivation Dodonaea viscosa can be grown from seeds. However, pre-treatment of the seed in very hot water may be needed. The plant can also be cultivated by taking cuttings. Sometimes this method is also used to obtain female plants with their winged fruits for the aesthetic value. Hopbush can survive long dry periods and is easily cultivated without heavy feeding. References External links Dodonaea viscosa. Bermuda Dept. of Conservation Services. viscosa Trees of Australia Flora of Tasmania Trees of New Zealand Trees of the Southwestern United States Flora of California Trees of the Southeastern United States Trees of Hawaii Trees of Mexico Flora of Northwestern Mexico Trees of South Africa Flora of the Tubuai Islands Trees of Bermuda Rosids of Western Australia Flora of the Northern Territory Flora of Queensland Flora of New South Wales Flora of South Australia Sapindales of Australia Plants described in 1760 Taxa named by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin Garden plants of Australasia Garden plants of North America Ornamental trees Shrubs Drought-tolerant plants
Church of the Transfiguration, Episcopal (Manhattan)
The Church of the Transfiguration, also known as the Little Church Around the Corner, is an Episcopal parish church located at 1 East 29th Street, between Madison and Fifth Avenues in the NoMad neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. The congregation was founded in 1848 by George Hendric Houghton and worshiped in a home at 48 East 29th Street until the church was built and consecrated in 1849. The church was designed in the early English Neo-Gothic style; the architect has not been identified. The sanctuary is set back from the street behind a garden which creates a facsimile of the English countryside and which has long been an oasis for New Yorkers, who relax in the garden, pray in the chapel, or enjoy free weekday concerts in the main church. The complex has grown somewhat haphazardly over the years, and for this reason it is sometimes called the "Holy Cucumber Vine". The sanctuary had a guildhall, transepts, and a tower added to it in 1852, and the lych-gate, designed by Frederick Clarke Withers, was built in 1896. Chapels were added in 1906 (lady chapel) and 1908 (mortuary chapel). The Edwin Booth memorial stained glass window (1898) is by John LaFarge. Other stained glass windows are by Karl Stecher. In 1967, the church was designated a New York City landmark, and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Early years The church has been a leader of the Anglo-Catholic movement within the Episcopal Church from its founding. While this movement is often associated with elaborate worship, it also has stressed service to the poor and oppressed from its earliest days. In 1863, during the Civil War Draft Riots, Houghton gave sanctuary to African Americans who were under attack, filling up the church's sanctuary, schoolroom, library and vestry. When rioters showed up at the church, Houghton turned them away and dispersed them by saying, "You white devils, you! Do you know nothing of the spirit of Christ?" Ties to the theater Actors were among the social outcasts whom Houghton befriended. In 1870, William T. Sabine, the rector of the nearby Church of the Atonement, which is no longer extant, refused to conduct funeral services for an actor named George Holland, suggesting, "I believe there is a little church around the corner where they do that sort of thing." Joseph Jefferson, a fellow actor who was trying to arrange Holland's burial, exclaimed, "If that be so, God bless the little church around the corner!" and the church began a longstanding association with the theater. P. G. Wodehouse, when living in Greenwich Village as a young writer of novels and lyrics for musicals, married his wife Ethel at the Little Church in September 1914. Subsequently, Wodehouse would set most of his fictionalized weddings at the church; and the hit musical Sally that he wrote with Jerome Kern and Guy Bolton ended with the company singing, in tribute to the Bohemian congregation: "Dear little, dear little Church 'Round the Corner / Where so many lives have begun, / Where folks without money see nothing that's funny / In two living cheaper than one." In 1923, the Episcopal Actors' Guild held its first meeting at Transfiguration. Such theatrical greats as Basil Rathbone, Tallulah Bankhead, Peggy Wood, Joan Fontaine, Rex Harrison, Barnard Hughes, and Charlton Heston have served as officers or council members of the guild. The Little Church's association with the theatre continued in the 1970s, when it hosted the Joseph Jefferson Theatre Company, which gave starts to actors such as Armand Assante, Tom Hulce, and Rhea Perlman. As well as being a guild officer, Sir Rex Harrison was memorialized at the church upon his death in 1990. Maggie Smith, Brendan Gill, and Harrison's sons, Carey and Noel, spoke at the service. Recent history The Little Church Around the Corner is known for the long service of its rectors: in the 150 years from its founding to 1998, there were only five. The Reverend Jackson Harvelle Randolph Ray (June 11, 1886 – June 1963), for instance, was rector from 1923 to 1963. The parish is currently under the rectorate of Father John David van Dooren, who was called as rector in 2017. In 2021, the church reported 193 members, average attendance of 56, and $231,772 in plate and pledge income. Music program The church has long been associated with a program of free music performances. The Anglican tradition of a men's and boys' choir has been maintained with special music for concerts and summer services provided by a choir of mixed voices. In 1988, the Arnold Schwartz Memorial organ, a new tracker pipe organ, was built and installed at the church by C. B. Fisk, Inc. In popular culture A key scene—a wedding between characters played by Neil Hamilton and Mary Brian—in the 1925 Herbert Brenon–directed silent film The Street of Forgotten Men was shot at the church. The church is alluded to at least twice in James Joyce's Finnegans Wake, as "tin choorch round the coroner" (67.13) and "ye litel church rond ye corner" (533.23–4). In 1986, the church was featured in an episode of The Equalizer titled "Shades of Darkness". In Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters, Allen attends a concert in the main sanctuary while attempting to convert to Catholicism. Gallery References External links 1848 establishments in New York (state) 19th-century Episcopal church buildings Anglo-Catholic church buildings in the United States Churches completed in 1849 Churches in Manhattan Episcopal church buildings in New York City Gothic Revival church buildings in New York City Murray Hill, Manhattan New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan Church of the Transfiguration Religious organizations established in 1848
List of highest-income urban areas in the United States
The following is a list of the highest-income urban areas in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau defines two types of urban areas. They are listed below, along with their Census definitions. Urbanized Area (UA), an area consisting of a central place(s) and adjacent territory with a general population density of at least 1,000 people per square mile of land area that together have a minimum residential population of at least 50,000 people. The Census Bureau uses published criteria to determine the qualification and boundaries of UAs. Urban Cluster (UC), a densely settled territory that has at least 2,500 people but fewer than 50,000. Urban areas ranked by per capita income Urban areas of any population Urban areas with at least 100,000 inhabitants Sources Statistics derived from U.S. Census Bureau data; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business; and DataQuick Information Systems, a public records database company located in La Jolla, San Diego, CA. References United States demography-related lists Income in the United States