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those around her. "Pride was my wilderness and the demon that led me there was fear… [I was] never free, for I carried my chains within me, and they spread out from me and shackled all I touched." (Laurence, 292). Hagar's pride and stubbornness were the causes of her failed relationships and lack of love in her...... The Killer Angels Summary ...The book The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara explains amazing victory of the union army in lengthy detail, by many men's perspective. It all started with a confederate spy finding a mass of union troops heading towards the rebel army. The spy rushes to tell General Longstreet of his findings. Longstreet and Lee have no other choice to believe him because General Stuart is nowhere to be found, Longstreet believes he's joyriding. Meanwhile, on the Union side, Colonel Chamberlain is informed that his regiment (the Twentieth Maine) have just been given 120 men from Maine with the orders to shoot them if they do not comply to march. So Chamberlin explains to them his predicament, in a breathtaking speech in which he pleads for them to join the Twentieth Maine, and every one of them agrees but six men. Then the book transfers us to General John Buford a commander of the cavalry who is scouting ahead for the boys in blue. He sees a brigade of Confederates without cavalry. Buford sends a message to General John Reynolds then gets to work by occupying high ground and taking hills. The men dismount and get ready for a fight. Buford hopes to hold the ground until Reynolds gets there the next morning. Nonetheless the next day the Confederates did attack. Buford sent a message of the attack to Reynolds, who is going... James Longstreet's The Killer Angels ..."Well, boy, if he's an angel, he's sure a murderin' angel," (Shaara, 119). The Killer Angels is about the Gettysburg Battle during the Civil War. Throughout the book many characters have changed due to what the experienced in battle, such as death and surrounding characters. One character that has changed in the book is James Longstreet. James Longstreet is first described as a stubborn man who always speaks his mind. "Yet he will speak his mind; he will always speak his mind," (Shaara, xvii) As Lee's right hand man Longstreet helps General Lee plan and execute strategies and attacks. Also Longstreet has the job of backing up any ideas that Lee has for battle. As the Gettysburg Battle progressed Longstreet begins to become more quiet and self-reserved.... Book Review - Angels and Demons ...Book Review ANGELS AND DEMONS I. 1. Bibliography card a. Title: Angels and Demons Author: Dan Brown Publication Date: May 2000 Publisher: Pocket Books b. Checked out from school library on February 1st 2. Summary card a. The Vatican City is about to explode. Eyes of the media and the people from all over the world are watching in horror. And in the critical moment something nobody expects happens… p 593- 600 b. I would rate this book 5 out of 5 II. 1. Characters Robert Langdon – a Harvard professor of religious symbology, that becomes a witness of the resurrection of an ancient secret society known as Illuminati. A very intelligent, sharp-minded, and a warm –hearted person. I really like this character because of his ability to understand the situation and try everything to help others. Quote: "Religions are not born from scratch. They grow from one another. Modern religion is a collage… an assimilated historical record of man's quest to understand the divine." (p 108) This quote represents one of the views on religion in this novel. As a man, that studied different kinds of religions all his life he looks at it only like another myth, but respects it's influence on people. Vittoria Vetra – A beautiful particle physicist working in the world's greatest nuclear research facility – CERN. She and her father had a goal to connect science and religion, by scientifically proving that God exists and almost succeeds in it. She...... Difference Between Venture Capitalist and Angel Investor ...NAME: SIMENI ENEYI GABRIEL DEPT: ECONOMICS TOPIC: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VENTURE CAPITALISTS AND ANGEL INVESTORS EMAIL: gabrielsimeni@gmail.com DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VENTURE CAPITALISTS AND ANGEL INVESTORS Both are affluent individuals who provide capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity. However, they differ from Friends and Family who will typically invest very early when all one has is an idea. The prevailing challenge is people would rather invest in the company rather than the individual. In this regard, it is okay to say that Angel Investors look for same things as Venture Capitalists, but their differences play a hard role in shaping the financial strategies and the future of the business. Venture Capitalists are one way to raise serious amount of capital but as you may imagine there are pitfalls. The final vote on 'the right of sale' will also most probably be a mandatory right for them. Since Venture Capitalists main motivation is "Return on Investment as Soon as Possible" they always have an almost manic desire to take over every entrepreneur as quickly as possible and they care less where that return comes from as long as they are able to receive a massive bonus for the risk and skill that they have invested. More appealing to an entrepreneur starting-up is to seek out a business angel investor that is interested in the line of work you are involved in, as they will either take an equity... City of Anaheim V. Angels Baseball Lp ...• In the year 2005, the owner of the Anaheim Angels changed the team's name to the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. o Anaheim Angels was founded in 1961 originally as the "Los Angeles Angels"  The original owners were Gene Autry and his wife Jackie  They moved to the new Anaheim Stadium in 1965 and changed their name to "California Angels"  Due to a stipulation in the lease of the Anaheim Stadium, the team must include "Anaheim" in the name • Team name changed to "Anaheim Angels" in 1997 o The Lawsuit  Continued for four years • 2005 – judge rejected the city's request • 2006 – jury found in favor of the team • 2007 – the city of Anaheim south to recoup court costs • 2008 – the state appellate court denied the city's request • 2009 – the city of Anaheim voted to conclude the legal battle  City of Anaheim claims that the name change violates the lease • The lease states that the team must include the name "Anaheim" therein, which it does • The jury ruled that the team is not in breach of their contract • Issues in negotiation o Anaheim has been the home of the Angels for several years  Change is not happily accepted • The owner tried to find a middle ground by incorporating the city name into the team name (which was a clause in the lease anyway)  Some Orange County fans do not want to be associated with Los Angeles and want their own team (The Orange County Angels) o Publicity  The team owner wants to tap into more media coverage as well as a...... Tess of the D'Urbervilles Anaylisis ...sense of Tess being apart of a family about to become extinct. 'Mind this, you'll be civil yet'- Alec's grasp of control over Tess. Also in chapter 52 hardy what's the reader to feel sympathy for Angel, as he had come back looking that he had suffered. Hardy does this as he needs the reader to feel the full impact of the loss of their relationship, through social and moral rules.
the purchase. Think of your requirements, both at present as well as in near future. Think of the type of photo / film making you plan to do and buy drones depending on that requirement. Don't buy just because your competitor has one of those models. Remember equipment are just tools, they will not help you to improve your photography or film making techniques. So don't hope that buying the best drone in the market and suddenly will give your photography a boost. It is up to you to use those tools to get the best out of them. Check reviews and purchase wisely. How to take raw captures which enables best image quality. Learn to apply different settings for different captures creatively. Bio: Ibarionex Perello is a photographer, writer, educator and host of The Candid Frame Photography podcast. He has over 25 years of experience in the photographic industry. In his role as host and producer of The Candid Frame, he provides frank, insightful interviews with some of the industry's top established and emerging photographers. Record in the early morning or the late afternoon when the quality of light will be better. With anything visual, it's always about the light. I think it can be a valuable tool for any photographer and videographer. And that's the way to look at it is as a tool which can help you meet the needs of your client. Know what you are needs are and don't underspend. If you have to save in order to get the drone you need then save. You'll be happier than compromising and going cheap. ND filters are essentially used to reduce incoming light that passes through the lens without altering the hue or color. ND filters come in different light reducing abilities. ND8 filter for example, will stop more light than an ND4 filter, so it is important to know which one to use when according to the situation. ND filters can be used to slow down shutter speeds for the purpose of adding 'motion blur' to your photography. Cambridgeincolour has an excellent article on ND filters that you might want to read up on. Bio: Greg Scoblete is the senior technology editor of Rangefinder and PDN. He has covered digital photography for the past 15 years for a range of publications including This Week in Consumer Electronics,Digital Photographer and Digital Photo Pro. Prior to joining Rangefinder, Greg worked at RealClearPolitics where he launched their technology website. First and foremost, familiarize yourself with (and adhere to) the FAA's new guidelines and do not, under any circumstances, fly near airports. I can't stress this point enough. Scout locations before filming and familiarize yourself with potential obstacles–trees, powerlines, etc. You also have to know the limitations of the cameras. Most drone cameras (or GoPros) have limited ability to shoot in low light. They also tend to flare a lot when the camera is pointing toward the sun, so buying an ND filter for your drone camera or GoPro can help keep your footage properly exposed in bright sun. I think the future is very bright indeed, particularly when it comes to intelligent flying (i.e. autopilot and obstacle avoidance). Eventually, every part of the flight will likely be done automatically, leaving the photographer/filmmaker with the task of finding the best aerial composition. There is still room to improve handling (how well drones do in rough air) and flight time/battery life, too. Those should improve as well. I should not, though, that a positive future for drone photography hinges on how drone owners behave with their craft. The more responsible we are, collectively, with our drones, the freer drone makers will be to innovate and invest in their future. First and foremost, whether it's safe to fly near your home. Second, the cost of various replacement parts, like propellers and spare batteries. It's also worthwhile to check in on the kind of after-sales service the company offers. It's inevitable that you'll crash your drone and while I'm glad to say all of my crashes have not resulted in busted drones, I've heard numerous stories of people damaging their drones to the point where they're no longer air worthy. So research the kind of service that's available to you after you make the purchase as you may be going back to the manufacturer with questions. I know from a photographer I work closely with that DJI provides excellent service for damaged drones but I can't speak to other manufacturers so plenty of research is a must. Spatial awareness level is the level of awareness you have of yourself and other object in space, the 3D world around you. With aerial photography, especially with the use of FPV, the drone 'BECOMES' you. Hence the more spatial awareness you have, the more skilled you will be in maneuvering the drone in 3D space to get the most optimal shots of the said 'objects'. Improve your spatial awareness to improve your aerial photography skills. Bio: A graduate from Toronto Film School specializing in Digital Film & Television Production and recipient of Niagara's 40 Under 40 Award in 2015 for his contribution to the business community, Nick Mirka's skills lie in creative writing/conceptualization and direction. He strives to tell an effective & entertaining story while keeping the creative process enjoyable, fun & professional. He is also the creative director and "idea guy" behind Mitchell Reilly Pictures. For beginners I would definitely suggest open fields as a starting point and get comfortable with the controls. Play around until it's second nature – like driving a car. You want to have control & natural reflexes before you shoot around people, moving objects & such. Drones are enabling affordability to high production feel shots, similar to DSLR's broke ground to have affordable, cinematic capabilities without going bankrupt. I think drones will become more & more common – but like everything it will be the filmmakers who practise & hone their craft who will create stand out visuals. Make sure you are comfortable with drawing attention. You put a drone in the air & people flock. Then research your budget. I've seen awesome footage with a few different types of drone. Each have their advantages! That is all folks! Let us know if we missed any drone aerial photography tip in the comments, down below! If you liked this collection of tips, please help us spread the information by sharing! Kite aerial photography is fun too and has been around since the 1880s. For capturing still images, kites have advantages over SUAVs, the most important ones being inclusivity, cost and legal issues. My background is in radiation physics. A bit long to read all of it now but will be coming back to check out the rest. I like that you said that it's important to plan ahead. All aerial film groups should try to follow all the laws and be conscientious of the people around them, in my opinion. I also think that it is smart to look at other groups' work. Great article. I like how you talked about Designing Your Video. Very true! Glad you liked the article. Hope it is useful for your business! Thanks for amazing 34 Drone aerial photography tips. Few points are really impressive and worth reading! Glad you liked the tips and good luck with your drone photography business. Do shoot us a message if you need help with your drone business! Nice to read. I really appreciate the insight here in this post and wanted to say thank you for answering the questions on my mind. Glad you found it useful, Amy! I've been wanting to try aerial photography as a hobby. There are so many cool pictures that people take with drones, and I think it is something that I would enjoy. I'm glad that you mentioned keeping the right location in mind
a sparkle, but . . . Maybe you're right." Whitney reached out to take the bouquet. Nearby the mother of the bride pressed her palms together as if in prayer and lifted them to her lips. Always a good sign. Whitney turned, studied herself in the full-length mirror. And smiled. Emma stepped beside her to whisper in her ear. And the smile widened. "You can count them later," Emma suggested. "Now I'll turn you over to Mac." "Let's try between the windows over here, Whitney. The light's wonderful." Mac gave Emma a thumbs-up behind the bride's back. "Now, ladies," Emma said, "it's your turn." She distributed bouquets, corsages, set out the holding vases, then put the MOG in charge of the pomanders and flower girls. She stepped out again, glanced at Jack. "Whew." "The 'maybe you're right'? From her, that's a bow." "Understood. I can take it from here. Go get that beer. Carter's around here somewhere. Corrupt him." "I try, but he's a hard nut to crack." "Boutonnieres," she said, already on the move again. "Then I need to check on the Ballroom." She looked at her watch. "We're right on schedule, so thanks. I'd be running behind if you hadn't helped me load and haul." "I can take up the boutonnieres. It'd give me a chance to see Justin, make bad jokes about balls and chains." "Good idea. Do that." With the few minutes of time that bought her, she opted to swing through the Grand Hall, out onto the terrace. Satisfied after a few tweaks, she climbed up to the Ballroom where her team was well underway. Emma pushed up her sleeves and dived in. While she worked, Parker gave periodic updates, and started the countdown in her ear. _Guests still trickling in. Most are seated or on the terrace._ _Formal prewedding shots complete. Mac's on the move._ _Grandparents escorted in two minutes. I'm bringing the boys down. Laurel, get ready for the pass-off._ "Roger that," Laurel said dryly. "Em, cake's assembled and ready for the table decor anytime." _Boys passed off to Laurel,_ Parker announced a moment later as Emma finished with a stand of hydrangeas. _MOG escorted by BOG in one. MOB on deck. Escort is BOB. Queuing up attendants. Music change on my mark._ Emma walked back to the entrance doors, shut her eyes for ten seconds, then opened them to take in the entire space. She drew a breath in, let a breath out. Paris Explodes, she thought, but it did so in lush style. Whites, silvers, purples, touches of green to set them off spilled, spread, speared, and shimmered under a perfect April sky. She watched the groom and his party take their places in front of a pergola simply smothered in flowers. "Guys, we rule. We _kill_. You're done. Hit the kitchen for food and drink." Alone, she took one last circuit of the room as Parker signaled the attendants to _go!_ one by one. Then Emma sighed, rubbed her back, the back of her neck, her hands. And went to change into her heels as Parker gave the MB her cue. _J_ ACK DIDN'T KNOW HOW THEY PULLED IT OFF, EVERY TIME, ALL the time. He'd been drafted to lend a hand now and again at an event. Hauling and lifting, bartending, even bussing tables in a pinch. As payment invariably included great food, drinks, and music, he never minded. But he still didn't know how they managed to pull it all together. Parker consistently managed to be everywhere at once, and so subtly he suspected no one really noticed she might be prepping the best man on his toast one minute and passing out a pack of tissues to the mother of the bride the next while coordinating the service of the meal in the Grand Hall like a general coordinating troops during battle. Mac popped up all over the place, too, and was just as cagey about it as she shot candids of the wedding party or the guests, or maneuvered the bride and groom into a quick posed photo. Laurel streamed in and out, signaled, he supposed, through the headset they all wore, or by some sort of hand signal. Maybe mental telepathy. He wouldn't discount that one. And Emma, of course, on the spot when a guest spilled wine on the tablecloth, or when the bored ring bearer started to poke at one of the flower girls. He doubted anyone noticed or understood there were four women literally holding everything together, juggling all the balls and passing them to each other with the grace and skill of NFL quarterbacks. Just as he imagined no one knew the logistics and sheer timing involved in leading the guests from the Hall to the Ballroom. He lingered while Emma and her team along with Laurel swarmed on the head table to gather up the bouquets and holding vases. "Need any help?" he asked her. "Hmm? No, thanks, we've got it. Tink, six on either side, baskets on the end. Everything else stays in place for two hours here before undressing and loading. Beach, Tiff, snuff the candles, leave the overheads on half." "I can get that," Tink said when Emma took the bride's bouquet. "One bruised rose and she'll go on attack. Better she rips my throat out than yours. Let's go, first dance is starting." While the flowers headed up the back stairs, Jack wandered to the main. He slipped into the Ballroom in the middle of the first official dance. The bride and groom chose what he considered the overused and overorchestrated "I Will Always Love You," while people stood in the flower-drenched Ballroom or sat at one of the tables strategically arranged around the dance floor. The terrace doors stood open, inviting guests to stroll outside. He thought he'd do just that once he got a glass of wine. When he saw Emma ducking out again, he adjusted his plan. Carrying two glasses of wine, he went down the back stairs. She sat on the second level, and popped up like a spring when she heard his footsteps. "Oh, it's only you." She sank back down on the steps. "Only me is bearing wine." She sighed, circled her head on her neck. "We at Vows frown on drinking on the job. But . . . I'll lecture myself tomorrow. Hand it over." He sat down beside her, gave her the glass. "How's it going?" "I should ask you. You're a guest." "From the guest point of view, it's a smash. Everything looks great, tastes great, smells great. People are having fun and have no idea the whole business is clicking along on a timetable that would make a Swiss train conductor weep in admiration." "Exactly what we're after." She sipped the wine, shut her eyes. "Oh God, that's good." "How's the MB behaving?" "She's actually not too bad. It's hard to be bitchy when everyone's telling you how beautiful you look, how happy they are for you. She actually did count the roses in her bouquet, so that made her happy. Parker's smoothed over a couple of potential crises, and Mac actually got a nod of approval over the B and G shots. If Laurel's cake and dessert table pass muster, I'd say we hit all the hot spots." "Did she do those little crème brûlées?" "Oh, yeah." "You're gold. Lot of buzz on the flowers." "Really?" "I actually heard gasps a few times—the good kind." She rolled her shoulders. "Then it's all worth it." "Here." He boosted himself up a stair, straddled her from behind, and dug his fingers into her shoulders. "You don't have to . . . Never mind." She leaned back into his hands. "Carry on." "You've got some concrete in here, Em." "I've got about a sixty-hour week in there." "And three thousand roses." "Oh, adding the other events, we could double that. Easily." He worked his thumbs up the back of her neck, made her groan. And as his stomach knotted in response,
appreciate the exasperation that comes from navigating a society not designed for you. What strikes me as dishonest is this incessant framing of all these things as Institutional White Supremacy and part of the insidious legacy of colonialism and slavery. I mean, is nothing just coincidence anymore? This is not a coincidence because nothing is ever a coincidence. …and that's why we can't have nice things. I can perhaps answer as someone who marked themselves as favourable towards both positions. It might be a matter of semantics. By HDB do you mean 'there are, on average, measurable differences between races in terms of various aspects of human physiology as a result of genetic differences'? Or do you mean 'there are, on average, measurable differences between races in terms of various aspects of human physiology as a result of genetic differences AND we know enough about the level of heritability and interaction of all of these traits to drastically change social policy AND we're ethically comfortable with all the aspects of doing so'? Because the former is really fairly indisputable IMO. The latter is where we start wading into muddy waters and i'd depart from a lot of the various internet communities that you refer to. Do you think there are average differences in intelligence due to genetic differences? Yes, because you can see that in a family. Looking at my own (a handy subject of inquiry near to hand), of my two nephews one is the arty/humanities type and one is the science/maths type (my sister says "Elder boy takes after you, younger boy takes after our youngest brother" in this). Both are excelling in their different fields of interest/ability but Elder is not good with the maths (like myself, as I first discovered when he was a youngling and I was drilling him in his maths homework). If this question is trying to smuggle in "do you think non-white people as individuals or indeed as a sub-population of a larger white population are dumber than white people?", then the answer is going to be vastly more involved but it will not handily boil down to "You racist!" Wouldn't differences in aptitude at different subjects between genetically similar people be evidence *against* the idea that they are caused by genetic differences? (yes, but weak) Regardless, I did miss the crucial words "between races" in my original question. I think that most people probably agree that genetics influences intelligence. Wouldn't differences in aptitude at different subjects between genetically similar people be evidence *against* the idea that they are caused by genetic differences? (yes, but weak) No, it's not even weak evidence for what you think. This question is ill defined unless you specify at least some sort of ordinal scale for measuring relatedness and the other trait of interest (and preferably not just an ordinal scale but something cardinal). The question is how different and how related. By a typical biological measure, siblings have relatedness 1/2 so it's not surprising that they still would differ quite a bit. Relatedness between two people can vary from 0 to 1. Relatedness is usually between 0 to 1/2 in western societies with the exception of identical twins; interbreeding of course makes the true measure a little higher but western civilization has relatively low interrelatedness for certain historical reasons as any HBD enthusiast will promptly talk you into a stupor about. That's why psychometrics people love twin studies so much. Twins are related=1 to each other so you can assume almost all differences between them are non-genetic. Epigenetic differences being relatively unimportant. Yes, I agree. Equally, two brothers being very similar isn't evidence *for* the idea that genes are important (unless you specify a scale). Me too. I would suggest that maybe people interpreted it as "genetic differences between individuals are socially relevant", but the question specifically mentions races. Maybe some people missed the word "genetically". I am not surprised by this at all. Higher IQ people tend towards (cultural) leftism – for example, see the overwhelming support for gay marriage – but the LW/SSC-sphere is ultimately about rationalism, and the facts are what the facts are when it comes to HBD. SA is himself reasonably open to it, e.g. his positive review of Garett Jones' Hive Mind. I am not exactly a very representative example, but I identify as an EA'er but have used EA arguments to argue against open borders. I imagine that the LW/SSC-sphere attracts quite a few such oddballs. Another example: IIRC, in the last LW survey, more people identified as ["proponents of new reaction" to-get-past-the-word-censor] than as conservatives. Hard to imagine this being the case almost anywhere else. I identify as an EA'er but have used EA arguments to argue against open borders. I'd be interested in some expansion on this if you don't mind, since it seems to come up fairly rarely. My personal opinion is that brain drain is sufficiently bad for poorer communities to outweigh the gains to richer ones. And can be argued to be a form of malign imperialism, in that it's an (indirect) extraction of intellectual resources from poor countries to rich ones. Curious whether this meshes with your view. I'd be interested in some expansion on this… It's here: Immigration and Effective Altruism tl;dr – "One dollar of spending money goes about five times further in poor countries than it does in First World countries due to purchasing power differences… If conditions in Syria are so utterly unacceptable that young males have no choice but to emigrate, surely it would be more effectively altruistic to encourage them to settle elsewhere in the Third World – say, why not a relatively stable and Islamic but poor country, like Tanzania, Senegal, or Bangladesh? The $10,000 they pay the Italian or Greek mafias to smuggle them into Europe would probably be enough to buy a nice house there!" It is also often a misuse of the refugees' existing human capital. The Syrian refugee doctor or engineer will probably work as a taxi driver, or something, if he can find work at all (see Emil Kirkegaard's welfare stats). Yes! I've argued on very similar lines, though I called it "cognitive colonialism," e.g. see here and here. This all assumes that you can convince Tanzania to take in the Syrian refugees. I could see a point that it would be more cost effective to help people where they are (or nearby is case of war) than move them to the west, but Trump just cut foreign aid. I think it's in a feedback loop with the white/male skew, since the typical bailey-ed HBD position, from the point of view of a woman or a black man, is "it's Totally Rational to not-hire/avoid people like you because Science Says you're dumber/more violent", which is a little unwelcoming. Like others, I think the motte position of "different people are different" is more widely held around here, though you do see the above from time to time. Fossegrimen says: "it's Totally Rational to not-hire/avoid people like you because Science Says you're dumber/more violent" That would apply in the case where you hire entire populations. As long as you hire individuals it's just nonsense. I would guess that this community can understand the difference. And since you are insuring individuals, that is why men pay the same amount for car insurance as women, right?? Sure, if one candidate is obviously more qualified than the other then that candidate is probably going to get hired. But if you have two equally qualified candidates and one comes from a group that's negatively perceived in some way, that could tip the scales. It might also apply to cases where key information is deliberately hidden from the employer (say, creditworthiness, which correlates very strongly with many desirable traits), or (if deciding who to give responsibility to) when one knows that under-qualified minorities are hired as
they heard it was illegal or cheating. And still others just think he is exaggerating his wins and diminishing his losses. As I work on this book, I notice that my friends have a similar response. I thought a good friend of mine, the chief financial officer for an Internet company, would enjoy hearing about the book. After all, he makes his living with money and numbers. But it becomes clear that his mind is closed. Every time I mention I've been learning to count cards, he says, "I swear, they're going to find you dead in an alley somewhere." So, over time, I become careful about whom I tell about my blackjack playing. Still, Bill tells me, the word sometimes gets out. A number of years ago, a new priest, Father Andy, came to Bill's church and they slowly developed a friendship. Eventually, they began meeting every Wednesday morning for coffee. One day, Bill was in the church offices while Father Andy was putting on his clerical collar. They started chatting and discovered they were both going to be in Las Vegas that weekend. They arranged to meet. It turned out that the priest loved playing video poker. Bill invited him to come sit at the table and watch him play blackjack. "He seemed pretty impressed," Bill recalls. So impressed, it turned out, that Father Andy came to Bill with a proposition. "I've put together a little bankroll," the priest confided. "I'd be honored if you played it for me." This wasn't the first time Bill had taken money from investors. The MIT team usually played from a $150,000 bankroll from investors. Private investors also come to Bill on a regular basis, wanting him to play with their money and share in his profits. In most cases, Bill turns down these offers since he doesn't really like a business relationship with people he doesn't know very well. But with Father Andy, Bill offered him a 70/30 split on all profits and a 50/50 split on all losses. They went to Las Vegas together. At the end of the trip, Bill handed the priest $2,500, his share of the winnings. "He was pretty happy about that," Bill says in his understated way. This arrangement continued with Bill keeping Father Andy informed about lucrative games. When one of Bill's local casinos opened a two-deck game with favorable rules, Bill made the customary offer to the clergyman. Father Andy replied, "I'm in for a grand. Drop by the rectory. I'll leave an envelope for you." We are still out in the backyard playing blackjack when Bill tells me these stories. The doorbell rings and a few minutes later I shake hands with Father Andy and his assistant, Karen. It's good to see Father Andy again, and here in this setting, he seems more relaxed than when I saw him in Las Vegas. Still, he retains that quiet, watchful presence. Karen is more outspoken, lively with sudden explosive laughter. They are both relaxed and apparently happy to talk about blackjack, gambling, and their unusual relationship with Bill. "Remember the priest we met on the Strip?" Father Andy asks, chuckling. "Oh man," Bill says, wincing. He turns to me. "This guy had the white collar and everything. He was out there on the Strip quoting the Bible and was asking for money for his parish or some school or something. We mentioned him to someone in the hotel we were staying at and it turned out the guy had nothing to do with any church at all. It was all just a con." "It was sad, really," Father Andy says, without any bitterness. "I often wonder what happened to him." There is a special quality to the way that Father Andy and Karen answer questions. Their responses are thoughtful, careful, and deeper than what you get from most people. I'm dying to ask one question in particular, but here, it seems a little inappropriate, since Pat has fixed such a nice dinner and this is more of a get-to-know-you than an ask-tough-questions situation. So I get Father Andy's email address and write him sometime later. I get no reply. I write a second time, assuring him I would not use his real name since I assume some of his parishioners wouldn't look kindly on his Vegas trips, even if they pump money into the church. The next day I get an answer to my email. "My apologies for not getting back to you more quickly," Father Andy's email begins. "As a rule I don't look at my email over the weekend (for obvious reasons). Fortunately at Mass yesterday Bill mentioned that you had sent me a couple of questions." I picture the scene in the church following Mass: the echoing sounds in the large space, the organ music, the people chatting in low tones, the shuffling of feet and banging of the kneeling benches. And then I visualize Bill in the scene. I can picture him looking quiet and thoughtful, almost stern. And yet, this is an expression I've seen on his face at the blackjack table, too. I wonder how many of his fellow parishioners would recognize him if they bumped into him in a casino, his face friendly but businesslike, his dark eyes focused on winning. In my email, I asked Father Andy to describe his relationship with Bill and to give me any insights into his personality that he's gleaned from their time and travels together. "I would describe my relationship with Bill and Pat as a good friendship," Father Andy writes. "We share similar views in matters of faith and have had some comparable experiences in working for and with the Church We also tend to agree on politics and obviously both enjoy gambling, though I on a much smaller scale than Bill. We meet for breakfast weekly in part because I think Bill is a deeply spiritual man and the primary reason he no longer works in the Church is economic—church salaries are not conducive to supporting a family. Thus I become a conduit, as it were, to what is happening in the day-to-day life of the diocese and parish. On my part, it is helpful to have a supportive voice that is not afraid of challenging me from time to time. As with any friendship between a pastor and a parishioner there are certain boundaries I cannot and do not cross. I never share nor would Bill expect me to share Church information of a confidential nature. "Bill can be a 'hard read,' which might be partly why he is so successful in card counting. I see him as an intelligent, thoughtful, and reflective person who has a kind and even sensitive heart. Bill is very observant and, I think, reads a person as well as he does cards! He is also strong-willed and highly principled—there are certain lines he will not cross." This makes me think of our first trip to Las Vegas when the drunken woman came on to Bill as he was heading to the cashier's cage. "I've never cheated on Pat and I never will," he told me. That was clearly one line he would not cross. "And, I think if others cross this line with Bill," Father Andy's email continues, "my guess is that he might not completely 'write them off' but, and I am speculating here, I would think he might have a strong temper when pushed to that point. In short, Bill has a lot of patience but don't go beyond his limit—or else!" This is what I thought of as the mobster side of Bill's personality. He exudes a deep, quiet conviction. "He is something of an enigma. By that I mean I find it intriguing how someone with the ability to concentrate on counting
Orkney became almost wholly West Norse. The Norse language changed into the local Norn, which lingered until the end of the 18th century, when it eventually died out. Norn was replaced by the Orcadian dialect of Insular Scots. This dialect is at a low ebb due to the pervasive influences of television, education, and the large number of incomers. However, attempts are being made by some writers and radio presenters to revitalise its use and the distinctive sing-song accent and many dialect words of Norse origin remain in use. The Orcadian word most frequently encountered by visitors is , meaning 'small', which may be derived from the French . Orkney has a rich folklore, and many of the former tales concern trows, an Orcadian form of troll that draws on the islands' Scandinavian connections. Local customs in the past included marriage ceremonies at the Odin Stone that formed part of the Stones of Stenness. King Lot in certain versions of the Arthurian legend (e.g., Malory) is ruler of Orkney. His sons Gawaine, Agravaine, Gareth, and Gaheris are major characters in the Matter of Britain. In earlier versions of Arthuriana such as Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain the King of Orkney is named Gunfasius. The best known literary figures from modern Orkney are the poet Edwin Muir, the poet and novelist George Mackay Brown, and the novelist Eric Linklater. Orcadians An Orcadian is a native of Orkney, a term that reflects a strongly held identity with a tradition of understatement. Although the annexation of the earldom by Scotland took place over five centuries ago in 1472, some Orcadians regard themselves as Orcadians first and Scots second. However in response to the national identity question in the 2011 Scotland Census, self-reported levels of Scottish identity in Orkney were in line with the national average. The Scottish mainland is often referred to as "Scotland" in Orkney, with "the mainland" referring to Mainland, Orkney. The archipelago also has a distinct culture, with traditions of the Scottish Highlands such as tartan, clans, bagpipes not indigenous to the culture of the islands. However, at least two tartans with Orkney connections have been registered and a tartan has been designed for Sanday by one of the island's residents, and there are pipe bands in Orkney. Native Orcadians refer to the non-native residents of the islands as "ferry loupers", ("loup" meaning "jump" in the Scots language) a term that has been in use for nearly two centuries at least. Natural history Orkney has an abundance of wildlife, especially of grey and common seals and seabirds such as puffins, kittiwakes, black guillemots (tysties), ravens, and great skuas (bonxies). Whales, dolphins, and otters are also seen around the coasts. Inland the Orkney vole, a distinct subspecies of the common vole introduced by Neolithic humans, is an endemic. There are five distinct varieties, found on the islands of Sanday, Westray, Rousay, South Ronaldsay, and the Mainland, all the more remarkable as the species is absent on mainland Britain. The coastline is well known for its colourful flowers including sea aster, sea squill, sea thrift, common sea-lavender, bell and common heather. The Scottish primrose is found only on the coasts of Orkney and nearby Caithness and Sutherland. Although stands of trees are generally rare, a small forest named Happy Valley with 700 trees and lush gardens was created from a boggy hillside near Stenness during the second half of the 20th century. The North Ronaldsay sheep is an unusual breed of domesticated animal, subsisting largely on a diet of seaweed, since they are confined to the foreshore for most of the year to conserve the limited grazing inland. The island was also a habitat for the Atlantic walrus until the mid-16th century. The Orkney char (Salvelinus inframundus) used to live in Heldale Water on Hoy. It has been considered locally extinct since 1908. Stoat problem and solution The introduction of alien stoats since 2010, a natural predator of the common vole and thus of the Orkney vole, was also harming native bird populations. NatureScot, Scotland's Nature Agency, provided these additional specifics:The introduction of a ground predator like the stoat to islands such as Orkney, where there are no native ground predators, is very bad news for Orkney's native species. Stoats are accomplished predators and pose a very serious threat to Orkney's wildlife, including: the native Orkney vole, hen harrier, short-eared owl and many ground nesting birds. In 2018, a stoat eradication project was presented by NatureScot to be applied "across Orkney Mainland, South Ronaldsay, Burray, Glimps Holm, Lamb Holm and Hunda, and the biosecurity activities delivered on the non-linked islands of the archipelago". The Orkney Native Wildlife Project planned to use "humane DOC150 and DOC200 traps". The Partners in the five-year project include "RSPB Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), and Orkney Islands Council". A report issued in October 2020 stated that over 5,000 traps had been deployed. Specifics were provided as to the locations. Not all was going well as of 15 January 2021, according to The Times which stated that the project "has been hit by alleged sabotage after the destruction and theft of traps that have also killed and injured household pets and other animals" but added that the £6 million programme was supported by most islanders. Another news item stated that some of the traps had "caught and killed family pets as well as hundreds of other animals". A subsequent report confirmed that "Police Scotland is investigating a number of incidents involving damage to and the theft of stoat traps in Orkney". Protected areas There are 13 Special Protection Areas and 6 Special Areas of Conservation in Orkney. One of Scotland's 40 national scenic areas, the Hoy and West Mainland National Scenic Area, is also located in the islands. The seas to the northwest of Orkney are important for sand eels that provides a food source for many species of fish, seabirds, seals, whales and dolphins, and are now protected as Nature Conservation Marine Protected Area (NCMPA) that covers . Freedom of the Island Orkney as a whole, since 1887, has been associated specifically with and as a recruiting area of the following military units that have received the Freedom of the Island of Orkney: The Seaforth Highlanders, Queens Own Highlanders, The Highlanders Regiment and 4th Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland. The Northern Diving Group Royal Navy: 9 July 2021. See also Timeline of prehistoric Scotland Prehistoric Scotland Battle of Florvåg Bishop of Orkney Coat of arms of Orkney List of places in Orkney Orkney Club Orkney College Rögnvald Kali Kolsson Udal Law Parishes of Orkney Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles Solar eclipse of 1 May 1185 Baha'i Faith in Orkney References Footnotes Citations General references Armit, Ian (2006) Scotland's Hidden History. Stroud. Tempus. Beuermann, Ian "Jarla Sǫgur Orkneyja. Status and power of the earls of Orkney according to their sagas" in Steinsland, Gro; Sigurðsson, Jón Viðar; Rekda, Jan Erik and Beuermann, Ian (eds) (2011) Ideology and power in the Viking and Middle Ages: Scandinavia, Iceland, Ireland, Orkney and the Faeroes . The Northern World: North Europe and the Baltic c. 400–1700 A.D. Peoples, Economics and Cultures. 52. Leiden. Brill. Baynes, John (1970) The Jacobite Rising of 1715. London. Cassell. Benvie, Neil (2004) Scotland's Wildlife. London. Aurum Press. Ballin Smith, B. and Banks, I. (eds) (2002) In the Shadow of the Brochs, the Iron Age in Scotland. Stroud. Tempus. Ballin Smith, Beverley; Taylor, Simon; and Williams, Gareth (eds) (2007) West Over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300. Brill. Clarkson, Tim (2008) The Picts: A History. Stroud. The History Press. Duffy, Christopher (2003) The 45: Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Untold Story of the Jacobite Rising. London. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Fraser, James E. (2009) From Caledonia
Your query Search collection Trinity Centre for Gender Equality and LeadershipAll TrinityUndergraduate CoursesPostgraduate CoursesStaffAZ of Trinity AreasTrinity MapsResearch ExpertiseLibrary Stella CatalogueLibrary Classic CatalogueTARA Research ArchiveNews Events Trinity Centre for Gender Equality and Leadership Programmes & Activities You are here Programmes & Activities > Other Activities Women Should Be Both Seen & Heard - Seminar 7 "Mentoring – How to establish a successful relationship" Friday, January 26, 2018, 1pm, Paccar Theatre, Science Gallery, Trinity College Dublin Mentoring is an essential part of a career in research. We are asked to teach those who wish to learn in our fields. And young researchers look for guidance to cultivate their early careers. We joined Dr. Patricia Eadie of the Royal College of Surgeons Ireland for a stimulating conversation on this topic. She shared her vast experience of mentoring and gave tips for both mentors and mentees. A graduate of UCC in 1981, Patricia specialised in Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery doing her training in Ireland, UK, USA and Australia. Her areas of special interest are hand surgery, both traumatic and elective, cosmetic surgery and in particular cosmetic breast surgery. With a strong interest and experience in examinations and assessment, she sits on the Board of the JCIE (Joint Committee on Intercollegiate Examinations) and more recently on the newly established JSCFE. (Joint Surgical Colleges Fellowships Examinations) and continues as an Examiner Assessor for JCIE. She has spent time on voluntary missions to Vietnam, Albania, Ghana and Jordan, lecturing and training local surgeons. Colleagues from across the College presented a series of lectures and film screenings examining the place of women in international film. Each screening was preceded by a short lecture. Watch this space for details of the next Women in Film Series. "Gender and Sexuality through the Screen: Exploring the Role of Gender and Sexuality with Gaming and Potential Applications" In what way can we address these issues and problematise current realities? Guest speaker Ciaran Devlin, a PhD Candidate in Sociology working on the Gaming for Peace (GAP) project, has taken on the task of exploring and understanding the current reality of gender and sexuality within peacekeeping practices in European contexts, specifically within participating militaries, as well as exploring potential means of solving these issues, in this case through the use of digital games. In his talk, he will be exploring the ways in which gender and sexuality are present within games and gaming, how is gender made visible, how are sexualities made visible? How and do these representations share broader similarities within the context of armed forces, and in what way can digital games help us to understand and inform the everyday experiences of people within armed forces? Women Should Be Both Seen & Heard - Seminar 5: "How to Build a More Sustainable City " Thursday 8th September, 1-2pm, Paccar Theatre, Science Gallery, TCD Guest speaker for this seminar Laurie Winkless, explored the mechanics behind the metropolis in her book, Science and the City, by taking readers on a whistle-stop tour of urban landscapes across the globe. She discussed the key things we need to consider to build better and more sustainable cities for all. From low-carbon power to smart flood defences, Laurie argues that science and engineering offer many of the solutions to the problems facing our cities... but only if we're willing to invest in them and to change some of our behaviour. Alongside this, Laurie talked about the challenges of communicating complex topics to the general public, and her own experience as a woman in STEM. Laurie Winkless is a physicist and writer, currently based in Wellington NZ. Following a degree at Trinity College Dublin, a placement at NASA's Kennedy Space Centre, and a masters in Space Science at UCL, Laurie worked at the UK's National Physical Laboratory, specialising in materials. Thermoelectric energy harvesting – where heat is captured and converted into electricity – was her bag, and remains a favourite topic of conversation. Laurie has been communicating science to the public for more than a decade, working with schools and universities, the Royal Society, Forbes, and the Naked Scientists, amongst others. She's given TEDx talks, hung out with astronauts and Nobel Laureates, and appeared in The Times magazine as a leading light in STEM. Science and the Cityis her first book, and she is currently working on her second, called Sticky. Women Should Be Both Seen & Heard- Seminar 4 "Are Women for Women in Politics?" Tuesday 8 August Our guest speaker for this seminar was Larissa Peixoto Gomes, PhD candidate in Political Science at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Having studied gender and politics her entire academic career, her research now focuses on answering exactly these questions and understanding the gendered dynamics of parliamentary life. Her research has explored political systems in Brazil, the UK, and Sweden. Are female politicians more likely to represent women's interests once elected to power? That is our expectation, that our representatives will be like us and represent our interests. But, if that is so, why is there still so much gender inequality, even in societies with the largest percentages of female representatives? Why do we see gender parity cabinets arising from governments led by white men? How does one promote gender parity, and how does one promote women to support each other once in power? Is it sustainable to aim for an equal representation of both genders in government, as well as ensuring that this equality does not bring with it further divide? With such extensive global political flux, nothing is certain and many discussions are arising surrounding the current state of affairs. The newly elected Taoiseach of Ireland, Leo Varadkar has made a promise to elect a gender balanced 50/50 cabinet. So far, he has not kept that promise. Will he hold up his promise, and what could the potential outcomes be? "Your Best Media Self: preparing to talk about your research in media" Tuesday 4 July 1-2pm, Global Room, Watts Building, TCD Our speaker for this seminar was Angela Mezzetti, a Dublin born journalist, documentary producer and broadcaster with a passion to see more women represented at senior decision making levels in all kinds of organisations. A former RTE Newscaster, Angie set up the Ocarina production company to make independent productions as well as documentaries for both radio and television, and produced the documentary All Changed for Trinity Centre for Gender Equality and Leadership (formerly WiSER), about some of the first women academics in Trinity College Dublin. She also hosts a weekly podcast called Women in Leadership. Angie shared her advice for researchers preparing for media presence. "Get the word out! How to educate the public about your research: Key steps to prepare for your target audience". Dr Susan Kathleen Fetics, Marie Skłowdowska Curie Actions Fellow at the School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, delivered a fascinating presentation on public engagement and gave excellent suggestions based on her own experience. "Athena SWAN: Driving Gender Equality in Irish Universities" Talk & Networking Lunch, Tuesday 6th June 2017 Guest Speaker Professor Rob de Bruin, University College London Professor Rob de Bruin is a member of the MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology at UCL, which achieved the university's first departmental Athena SWAN Gold award for gender equality in 2016. Professor de Bruin, who co-led his department's effort on Athena SWAN for the past eight years, spoke about this work and implementing their vision of #simplygoodpractice: "Where something is not fair or can be even better, we work to change it" Athena SWAN Awards recognise commitment to advance gender equality (for all genders) in higher education and research, in all Faculties and amongst all staff (academic, professional and support). The Awards are of increasing importance to all Schools and Units in Trinity College since the HEA announced plans in 2016 to tie possession of an award to funding eligibility, with research-funding agencies
dissertations over the past fifteen years or do indicates that he is getting his recognition as a major player in Jewish intellectual history. Rabbi Landau was a prolific writer. We have his commentaries on the Talmud (Tziyun La-nefesh Hayah) and on Shulhan Arukh (Dagul Me-revava), numerous sermons and homilies, and, of course, his responsa, Noda Bi-Yehudah. The titles he gave to his halakhic works, which translated as "known in Judah" (based on Tehilim 76:2) and "preeminent among ten thousand" (Shir Ha-shirim 5:10) – both of which, incidentally, describe God Himself in their original contexts – exhibit no small amount of self-esteem and support Katz's thesis that Rabbi Landau actively sought to bolster his reputation across the Jewish world. The first volume of Noda Bi-Yehuda was published in 1776, during Rabbi Landau's lifetime. It contains 276 responsa. The second volume was published posthumously by his son Shmuel in 1810. It contains 580 responsa, of which over 60 were written by Shmuel Landau, not his father. Almost all of the responsa in the second volume were written after the publication of the first. That is, volumes 1 and 2 represent distinct parts of his career. So when we mapped Noda Bi-Yehudah, we built in a tool that allows for a comparison between the first and second volumes. To be sure, there is evidence that a number of Rabbi Landau's responsa were stolen during the course of a fire in 1775 (see p. 21 of Katz's dissertation, n. 54), so volume 1 might not give an accurate portrayal of his sphere of influence during the early part of his career. Of course, as we have noted, published responsa are always curated and edited, so we must be careful whenever we map. That said, there's something very counter-intuitive that emerges here: Volume 1 of Noda Bi-Yehudah is scattered across a wider geographic area than Volume 2, even though it contains only about half the number of responsa and was composed earlier. His sphere of influence seems to shrink! Volume 2 is much more densely concentrated in Bohemia, Moravia, and Hungary, whereas Volume 1 includes more responsa to Germany and Poland. Some of this is not surprising: Volume 1 includes responsa he wrote in Brody, Yampil, and Prague, whereas the responsa included in Volume 2 were almost all written in Prague. This can explain the shift from Poland to Central Europe, but leaves Germany as an open question.This requires further investigation, but we can tentatively suggest that Rabbi Landau wanted the contents of the book to reflect its title and shape his reputation. Whether he actively sought interlocutors in more dispersed communities or specifically selected for publication his more geographically diverse responsa, he wanted to show that he was "known in Judah". Katz suggests that he published when he did because he was angling for the newly created post of chief rabbi of Galicia (for which, by dint of his Galician origins and Austrian patriotism, he was an ideal candidate, though he did not get the job).The implication is that Rabbi Landau had a certain geographic consciousness. He was aware that a greater reach implied greater halakhic authority and had a mental map of his sphere of influence, or at least of the sphere of influence he wished to project to his readers. Volume 1 of Noda Bi-Yehudah is scattered across a wider geographic area than Volume 2, even though it contains only about half the number of responsa and was composed earlier. His sphere of influence seems to shrink! Volume 2 is much more densely concentrated in Bohemia, Moravia, and Hungary, whereas Volume 1 includes more responsa to Germany and Poland. Some of this is not surprising: Volume 1 includes responsa he wrote in Brody, Yampil, and Prague, whereas the responsa included in Volume 2 were almost all written in Prague. This can explain the shift from Poland to Central Europe, but leaves Germany as an open question. This requires further investigation, but we can tentatively suggest that Rabbi Landau wanted the contents of the book to reflect its title and shape his reputation. Whether he actively sought interlocutors in more dispersed communities or specifically selected for publication his more geographically diverse responsa, he wanted to show that he was "known in Judah". Katz suggests that he published when he did because he was angling for the newly created post of chief rabbi of Galicia (for which, by dint of his Galician origins and Austrian patriotism, he was an ideal candidate, though he did not get the job). The implication is that Rabbi Landau had a certain geographic consciousness. He was aware that a greater reach implied greater halakhic authority and had a mental map of his sphere of influence, or at least of the sphere of influence he wished to project to his readers. Author Elli FischerPosted on September 26, 2018 September 26, 2018 Categories Mapping, ResponsaTags Czechia, Prague, R. Yehezkel Landau1 Comment on Super Rabbi The Hungarian Succession One of the questions that we think HaMapah can help answer is the dynamics of succession. When a posek dies or is otherwise incapacitated, who picks up the slack? Does it diffuse among multiple poskim or is there an heir apparent? It is safe to say that we will see different patterns emerge as the project continues, but today we are going to look at a fairly elegant series of successions in Hungary during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Hatam Sofer, the subject of several posts thus far, was, by the time he passed away in late 1839, the leading posek in Hungary. Three poskim who served the same territory after his passing were Rabbi Yehudah (or Mahari) Aszod (1794-1866), author of Shu"t Yehudah Ya'aleh; Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer (1815-1871), the son of Hatam Sofer and author of Shu"t Ketav Sofer; and Rabbi Moshe Schick, author of Shu"t Maharam Schick (1807-1879). Let's look at a map of the responsa of these four poskim (including Hatam Sofer). As always, opening separately and using the selectors is recommended (but today more so than usual). The similarity of each posek's map to the others is remarkable, and we will come back to this. Now let's look at the dates of the responsa. The data contained in Mahari Aszod's responsa is somewhat sparse, but we have dates for a good proportion of responsa by Ketav Sofer and Maharam Schick. It should be noted that nothing is proven, and that the picture that we see is conjectural, and our roles but the pattern seems pretty clear: There is a "passing of the mantle" from Mahari Aszod to Ketav Sofer to Maharam Schick. Ketav Sofer, it seems, does not become the leading posek in Hungary until Mahari Aszod's death (and subsequent portrait!) in 1866. When Ketav Sofer's health began to decline, Maharam Schick took his place as the leading Hungarian posek. It is actually quite amazing to see how many of Maharam Schick's responsa were penned in the last decade of his life. The portrait in question Returning to the similarity of the maps, Moshe has developed tools that will quantify the geographical similarity of the spheres of authority of any two poskim. This will be very useful for tracing things like succession, demarcating cultural boundaries, and demonstrating reach. We will devote a separate post to these. For now, it suffices to say that the geographic similarity of these four poskim is high enough that our categorization of them as "Hungarian poskim" holds water.[1] [1] Simply put, we create a vector of the number of responsa to each city for each posek, and then take the cosine of the angle between them. Alternatively, we'll take that vector and map to a binary vector, again, with each city its own dimension, and then take the
Open Letter to David Cameron May 4, 2016 Politics & Current Affairsanti-Semitism, David Cameron, Jeremy Corbyn, PMQs, Politics & Current AffairsHarry Paterson Image owned by the BBC Dear Dave (I can call you Dave, right?) I watched your exchange at PMQs with Jeremy Corbyn, earlier today, and I must confess to ending up a bit confused. Of course, I'm not a sophisticated, Eton-educated politician, holding the reins of state power like your own fine self, so I thought you could help me out a wee bit. Firstly, Corbyn and his "friends from Hamas", who you described as a "terrorist group." Well, I did a bit of research and was surprised to learn that Hamas were actually elected, with over 70% of the vote (over double the size of your own mandate, by the way, Dave, lol!), by the Palestinian people, in a free and fair election, overseen by neutral and impartial international observers. So doesn't that make them, well, the government, Dave? Like your own, in fact, only with shit-loads more votes? Secondly, I get that these are violent guys, what with all those rockets and whatnot fired into Israel, but I'm given to understand that the Geneva Convention, the International Criminal Court and the Treaty of Rome all permit armed resistance by an oppressed people whose land is illegally occupied by a foreign military power, no? If so, then Palestinian rockets are the legitimate resistance of an oppressed people, fighting a recognised and permitted national liberation struggle, no? Also, even if you disregard international law (surely not, Dave?) and you class the few poxy home-made rockets desultorily fired into Israel as 'terrorism' then I assume, surely, that dropping white phosphorous onto kids, blowing up hospitals, bombing schools, shooting children playing football on beaches, evicting people from their homes so the illegal occupiers can move their folks in, surely, Dave, all that must count as 'terrorism'? Surely the Israeli state and the IDF are the terrorists? (also, what about Saudi Arabia? Some pretty dodgy links with Daesh, Dave. And they even – get this! – execute women who have been unfortunate enough to get themselves raped. Seems to me, Dave, you'd at least be critical of their dodgy approach to human rights, rather than selling them weapons of mass destruction). I also think you need to be a tad cautious, mate, banging on all the time about Jezza saying "our friends from Hamas." You know, what your Maggie being an actual personal pal of General Pinochet. You remember him, Dave? Mass-murdering fascist dictator? Didn't even get as many votes as you, mate, never mind Hamas. Nope, he just toppled the democratically-elected government in a bloody coup, then unleashed his infamous 'Caravan of Death' to tour the country massacring civilians. "A true friend" was how your Maggie described him, as she went to bat to prevent his extradition to face justice for his reign of terror. You see my point, Dave? Hamas: democratically-elected, fighting a legitimate war of national liberation = bad guys. Pinochet: unelected dictator, topples democratically-elected government at gunpoint, murders his own people = "true friend." Maybe, it's because he wasn't a Muslim, Dave? Is that it? Aye, it's all a bit confusing to a state-educated working class lad, I must admit. Maybe it's the anti-Semitic thing with Hamas, then, Dave? That's shit's not on at all. I've heard about the infamous Charter with all it's truly vile anti-Semitic filth. I've even read it myself. Real horrowshow. Mind you, it turns out, I'm told, that it was written by one geezer and distributed by him without the knowledge or permission of the leadership and so doesn't represent Hamas's official position. Instead, I was directed to their official position on the question, which reads as follows: "What is Hamas' position on Anti-Semitism? Charges of Anti-Semitism is a most convenient and handy argument Israel's apologists often throw out when they are basically run out of arguments. They use such an accusation in order to intimidate Israel's critics or to sterilize discussion and divert attention from the real issues. The scourge of Anti-Semitism is an abhorrent form of racism that discriminates against all Jews for who they are, and therefore, much like all other forms of racism targeting other decent human beings, it must confronted and eliminated. There is a clear distinction between Anti-Semitism on the one hand, and legitimate criticisms of Israel's degrading and oppressive policies against the Palestinian people. We have nothing against Jews for who they are. We are not against Jews as a religion or an ethnicity. There are many conscientious Jews and Israelis who are ashamed and sickened by what Israel has been doing in their name. These principled Jews have consistently condemned Israel's violations of Palestinian human rights and its settler colonialism Hamas is against Israel as a settler colonial state that occupies Palestine and subjects the Palestinian people to war, colonization and displacement. The conflict with Israel is fundamentally political and the Palestinians are fighting for freedom and self-determination. Had Palestine been occupied by another people holding a similar or different religion, Hamas and the Palestinian people would have fought against it with all their force. (See Hamas' Conceptualization of the Other: Its stance towards Judaism, Jews, Zionism, Zionists and Israel)" Seems pretty clear, that, Dave, no? The sort of unequivocal rejection of anti-Semitism that's all the rage, these days. Now, I'm a bit confused with all this stuff about racism anyway. I totally get one absolutely shouldn't say, for example, that Jews control the banks and the media; clearly anti-Semitic, no question. But Boris came out with all that guff about "Pickaninnies" and "watermelon smiles." Surely that's well racist, Dave? No? And the stuff about refugees being a "swarm"? The constant Muslim-baiting of Sadiq Khan? Then there's the less recent stuff like leaflets mentioning having "… a nigger for a neighbour." Seems like you might have a race problem in your party, Dave. Why, it's almost like it's institutionalised in the Conservative Party. Why don't you set up one of those enquiry thingies that Corbyn's got going on, currently? Anyway, I appreciate you're a busy guy so, you know, no rush to reply. I would've asked Jezza for some help but he's even busier than you, currently. What with retreating at full speed in the face of all this relentless bullshit and throwing his most loyal supporters under the bus you're driving, so whenever you can get to me, Dave. Dave Takes a Meeting September 4, 2015 Politics & Current AffairsCalias, David Cameron, Migrants, Refugees, SyriaHarry Paterson The nightingales sang in Berkeley Square. Clock-faces wilted and then melted, folding themselves gracefully over the branches of chestnut trees. From the Prime Minister's Private Office the sound of Big Ben striking thirteen could be heard. Reginald, the PM's consigliere, faced the Great Man and braced himself. "So, Reg. How are we looking now?" "Well, Dave, as you know, the photo was a major ball-ache" "Tell me about it! And now we've bloody well u-turned!" "With respect, Dave, we haven't. All you've done is say we'll take a few thousand more. There is absolutely no substantive change on the policy." "But it looks like it, damn it. Those 1922 Committee fucks are gonna tear me a new one!" "Relax. It's cool. We're on top of it. A nine-day wonder. Besides, until that bastard Corbyn gets in Labour are with us. Plus, on the bright side, the BBC are still calling them migrants, not refugees" "Yeah. Peter Allen on 5 Live was awesome, today. He was very grudging about these people being refugees and fleeing war and then he said – you're gonna love this – he just kinda brushed it all aside and said that the whole issue had now become 'entrenched behaviour' among the darkies" "He actually said that? Really?" "Yup. Well not the 'darkies' bit, obvs, but the
reported that former Formula One driver and four-time Superstars Series champion Gianni Morbidelli plans to make his debut in the series as the EuroNASCAR PRO class driver of CAAL Racing's No. 88 team. However, Morbidelli would later withdrawn his entry from the season due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This would have marked Morbidelli's return to stock car racing since the 2008–09 Speedcar Series season. Thomas Ferrando will be replacing Morbidelli as the No. 88 team's PRO class driver. On 6 March 2020, Hendriks Motorsport announced that Giorgio Maggi and Vittorio Ghirelli will be driving the team's newly-expanded third car in 2020. Maggi will be promoted to the EuroNASCAR PRO class while Ghirelli will be staying in the EuroNASCAR 2 class to compete for the championship title. On 7 March 2020, Andre Castro announced that he will be switching teams to DF1 Racing for 2020. He previously competed for both PK Carsport and Marko Stipp Motorsport in 2019. Defending EuroNASCAR 2 champion Lasse Sørensen is scheduled to make his full-season debut in the EuroNASCAR PRO class in 2020 after he received a promotion from DF1 Racing to race the team's No. 66 Chevrolet Camaro in the PRO class. Henri Tuomaala will be switching teams to DF1 Racing following DF1's acquisition of the No. 23 entry from Memphis Racing. On 16 March 2020, it was announced that former Supersport team owner Evgeny Sokolovsky will be making a switch from Raceway Venray's Late Model V8 Oval Series to the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series in 2020. Sokolovsky will be competing for Marko Stipp Motorsport in the EuroNASCAR PRO class. On 16 March 2020, it was announced that Lotus Italia Cup driver Francesco Garisto will be making his series debut and compete for 42 Racing in the EuroNASCAR 2 class for 2020. On 27 March 2020, it was announced that Fabio Spatafora will be returning to the series after a six-year absence, while Davide Dallara will be making his series debut this year. Both drivers will be competing with Not Only Motorsports for 2020. On 8 April 2020, it was announced that Romain Iannetta will be leaving the series to compete for Mirage Racing in the French GT4 Cup. On 15 April 2020, it was announced that Kenko Miura will be switching teams from Alex Caffi Motorsport to DF1 Racing. Miura was originally scheduled to compete full-time EuroNASCAR 2 class in 2020, but travel restrictions due to the pandemic meant that he can only compete in the Valencia doubleheaders. On 27 April 2020, it was announced that Henri Tuomaala will be competing in both classes for the 2020 season, although his entry was later withdrawn as Tuomaala opted to compete in V8 Thunder NEZ for 2020. On 12 May 2020, it was announced that Cypriot driver Vladimiros Tziortzis will be making his full-time debut in the series with Alex Caffi Motorsport in the EuroNASCAR 2 class. On 27 July 2020, it was reported that Bernardo Manfrè will be entering the series in 2020 as part of his plans to relaunch the Shadow Racing Cars brand. Later on 13 August 2020, it was confirmed that he will be driving the No. 17 Ford Mustang for 42 Racing in the EuroNASCAR PRO class. On 5 August 2020, it was announced that Marko Stipp Motorsport has signed Gordon Barnes, who will be making his debut in the Club Challenge class. On 13 August 2020, it was announced that Luigi Ferrara will be competing with 42 Racing for the full season. On 21 August 2020, it was announced that Marc Goossens will be switching teams to CAAL Racing after previously planning to compete with Braxx Racing, while Dylan Derdaele will be making his full-time debut in the EuroNASCAR 2 class as Goossens' teammate. Both drivers will be competing with the No. 98 team for 2020. On 26 August 2020, it was announced that Nicholas Risitano will be switching teams to Solaris Motorsport after a two-year stay at Racers Motorsport. On 2 September 2020, Alexander Graff announced that he won't be competing in the series in 2020. Graff will be joining the Scandinavian Touring Car Championship commentary team for 2020. On 6 September 2020, it was reported that Frédéric Gabillon will not be competing the 2020 season due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Gabillon was initially scheduled to compete full-time in the No. 3 RDV Competition team for 2020. On 6 September 2020, it was announced that Gašper Dernovšek will be joining Marko Stipp Motorsport to make his series debut in the EuroNASCAR 2 class. On 10 September 2020, it was announced that Kris Richard will be making his debut in the series as a replacement driver for Kenko Miura in Vallelunga and Zolder. On 11 September 2020, it is announced that Daniel Rowbottom will made his debut in the series as the driver of Hendriks Motorsport's No. 7 car in the EuroNASCAR PRO class. Rowbottom was initially supposed to compete in British Touring Car Championship this year before he was replaced by Jack Butel days before the season started. Team changes On 15 November 2019, it was announced that Alex Caffi Motorsport will form a partnership with Race Art Technology for the 2020 season. Race Art Technology previously competed in the 2018 season under the Race Art - Blue Mot banner. On 27 December 2019, it was announced that FEED Racing, Jacques Villeneuve and Patrick Lemarié's junior formula academy team, will be entering the series in 2020. The team initially announced that they will field the No. 5 and No. 6 teams. Later, on 30 January 2020, it was announced that FEED Racing and Racers Motorsport will merge its operations to form FEED Vict Racing and confirms that it will expand its operations into a four-car team as a result of the merger. The official entry list announcement would reveal that Racers' former No. 9 team will be renumbered to the No. 4 team for 2020. On 16 January 2020, it was announced that the No. 22 team, previously ran as a joint effort between Marko Stipp Motorsport and DF1 Racing in 2019, will solely be run by DF1 Racing as part of the team's expansion for the 2020 season. The team's official website would later reveal that the team will also field a fourth car in 2020 following the team's acquisition the No. 23 entry from Memphis Racing. On 8 February 2020, it was announced that CAAL Racing will be expanding its operations into a four-car team with the addition of the No. 88 Chevrolet SS to its roster. Later on 21 August 2020, it was announced that CAAL Racing will be renumbering the No. 27 team into the No. 98 team for 2020. On 12 February 2020, it was revealed through social media that RDV Competition's No. 36 team would be renumbered to the No. 10 for 2020. On 26 February 2020, it was announced that Solaris Motorsport has formed a technical alliance with CAAL Racing starting from the 2020 season. On 3 March 2020, it was revealed that Hendriks Motorsport is scheduled to expand into a three-car team in 2020 with the addition of the No. 18 Ford Mustang that will be driven by Giorgio Maggi and Vittorio Ghirelli. 42 Racing, who competed in a part-time schedule in 2019, is scheduled to make their full-time debut in the series in 2020. 42 Racing will be fielding the No. 17 and No. 42 teams for 2020. On 27 March 2020, it was announced that Italian team Not Only Motorsport will be joining the series with the No. 89 team. The official entry list announcement on 27 March 2020 reveals the following changes: Both Mishumotors and Memphis Racing will downsize into a one-car team in 2020. Marko Stipp Motorsport will be expanding into a two-car team, as the second entry that the team run in conjunction with DF1 Racing at Hockenheim
The Helmsley Building is a 35-story skyscraper at 230 Park Avenue between East 45th and 46th Streets in New York City, just north of Grand Central Terminal, in Midtown Manhattan. It was built in 1929 as the New York Central Building and was designed by Warren & Wetmore in the Beaux-Arts style. It was the tallest structure in the "Terminal City" complex around Grand Central prior to the completion of what is now the MetLife Building. The Helmsley Building carries vehicular traffic through its base: traffic exits and enters the Park Avenue Viaduct through two portals passing under the building. The lobby of the building is between the vehicular portals. Flanking the viaduct's ramps are passageways connecting 45th and 46th Streets, with entrances to Grand Central Terminal. Before the construction of Grand Central Terminal, the area to the north of the predecessor Grand Central Depot was occupied by an open-air rail yard; the tracks and depot were operated by the New York Central Railroad. After the terminal was completed in 1913, the tracks were buried under a series of buildings that were constructed over the tracks as part of the Terminal City development. The New York Central Building was erected for the railroad between 1927 and 1929 as the last major structure to be built within Terminal City. It was renamed the New York General Building in 1958 and the Helmsley Building in 1978, though ownership was changed several times afterward. The building's facade and lobby became New York City designated landmarks in 1987. Site The Helmsley Building straddles the ramps of the Park Avenue Viaduct in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City. It is bounded by 45th Street to the south, Vanderbilt Avenue to the west, 46th Street to the north, and Depew Place to the east. Its address is 230 Park Avenue. The building is assigned its own ZIP Code, 10169; it was one of 41 buildings in Manhattan that had their own ZIP Codes . The Helmsley Building measures north-south and west-east. Immediately to the south are Grand Central Terminal and the MetLife Building. In addition, the building is near 50 Vanderbilt Avenue to the southwest, the Roosevelt Hotel to the west, 383 Madison Avenue to the northwest, 245 Park Avenue to the northeast, and 450 Lexington Avenue to the southeast. The Helmsley Building was developed as part of the original "Terminal City" complex above Grand Central Terminal's rail yards. Architecture The Helmsley Building was designed by Warren & Wetmore. The design is influenced by that of the Manhattan Municipal Building, which spanned Chambers Street in Lower Manhattan, with side wings projecting to the west and east. The wings slightly resemble the "court of honor" designed by Reed and Stem, another collaborator in the Grand Central project. Inside the base are two S-ramps carrying Park Avenue to the Park Avenue Viaduct. The western ramp carries southbound traffic and the eastern ramp carries northbound traffic. The building's lobby is between the two ramps, while pedestrian arcades run to the outside of either ramp; the arcades connect 45th and 46th Streets. The arcades contain storefronts on the sides facing away from the viaduct's ramps: the west side of the western arcade and the east side of the eastern arcade. The arcades are connected to Grand Central North, a system of passageways that lead to Grand Central, which opened in 1999. The eastern and western wings are each 15 stories tall, while a centrally positioned tower rises another 20 stories. The lowest four stories comprise the base, which include the lobbies and the viaduct ramps. The eleven stories above it comprise an office block with a floor plan shaped like an irregular "H" aligned west–east. The western wings project further than the eastern wings, and the center of the northern facade curves slightly inward. The 20-story tower has a floor plan measuring . It terminates in a pyramidal roof with an octagonal base. Facade The facade of the four-story base is composed of limestone and Texas pink granite. It includes bronze grilles as well as sculptures depicting industrial progress. There is a clock atop the base, located above the ground with a diameter of . The clock is flanked by a figure of the god Mercury on the left, representing transportation, and a figure of the goddess Ceres on the right, representing agriculture. The composition measures tall by wide and was designed by Edward McCartan. The windows on the base contain one of four types of display-window designs: the original designs installed with the rest of the building in 1929, and one of three modifications. The pedimental sculptures were carved by the Ardolino Brothers. The upper stories are faced with brick. The northern facade of the fifth through 15th stories curve along the wings. The facade of this section contains paired sash windows with decorative metal spandrels, as well as limestone keystones above the windows on the 15th story. Above the 15th floor is a cornice with terracotta bison heads, which symbolize industry. There are 78 bison heads in total. The cornice also contains images of Mercury's winged helmet, winged wheels representing advancement, scrolls of wisdom, wheels of progress, and other motifs. The 15th story of the eastern facade had a sky bridge that connected to 466 Lexington Avenue until the bridge was demolished in 1982. The 16th through 35th-story facades contain identical decorative elements on all sides. Like the lower stories, these are faced with brick and contain paired sash windows. Above the 28th floor are limestone keystones over the windows, as well as a cornice with brackets. There is an ornate entablature above the 31st floor; keystones above the 32nd-floor windows; bracketed keystones above the 33rd floor windows; and an observation deck on the 33rd floor. The last full floor, the 34th floor, has three pairs of windows on all sides, protruding from the roof as dormers. The top of the Helmsley Building is a pyramid with an ornate cupola. The roof was lit at night by electric floodlights and torches with up to 100,000 candlepower. At the pinnacle were "32-marine-type fixtures" that each had a capacity of up to 100 watts. The cupola had oval openings and was topped by a glass ball with a 6,000 watt lantern. Eight projectors, one from each corner of the octagon's base, also illuminated the roof. The lighting made the Helmsley Building into a point of interest that could be seen from several miles away. When the Helmsley Building was completed, the copper roof was gilded, but by the late 1950s had been painted green. The gilding was restored in the 1970s and removed in 2002. Features The building has of office space. Of this, the lower 15 floors each have an area of and the upper 20 floors each cover . The building was erected with 40 elevators, only 25 of which were in use . Structural features The building uses of steel, of which went into the foundation. There are two levels of tracks underneath the building. Due to the different track layouts on each level, the columns on each level were offset, preventing through-columns from being built. Furthermore, the tracks were electrified and more than 700 trains passed through each day. As a solution, girders were installed above the lower track level, and the steel frame for the building was placed upon these girders and insulated with vibration-proof mats and cork tubes. The Helmsley Building did not have basements because that space was occupied by the tracks. Because of this, the machinery, utilities, and storage areas were installed on the 15th floor. Lobby The lobby's interior is designed to evoke New York Central's "prowess". This is evidenced in the walls, which are made of marble, as well as the detailing of the bronze,
\section{Introduction} The exploration of the QCD phase diagram is not only a task for heavy-ion physics as there are strong relations to astrophysics of extremely dense matter and even to cosmology. The conditions in the early universe are similar to the ones probed at the heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC, high temperatures and low net baryon densities. Supernova matter and neutron star matter is located in the QCD phase diagram at moderate temperatures and high net baryon densities. In this region of the QCD phase diagram one expects to have a strong first order phase transition which is related to the restoration of chiral symmetry% \footnote{In the following, we will refer to the new phase at high densities generically to 'quark matter' although matter is not necessarily deconfined as the phase transition is related to chiral symmetry restoration.}. QCD matter at extreme baryon densities will be investigated by heavy-ion experiments with FAIR at GSI Darmstadt. \begin{figure} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=0.6\textwidth]{phasediagram.eps} \caption{The QCD phase diagram, the lines denote first order phase transition which are due to chiral symmetry breaking and/or the formation of color superconducting quark matter (taken from \cite{SchaffnerBielich:2007mr}).} \label{fig:qcdphase} \end{center} \end{figure} The QCD equation of state (EoS) is an essential input in astrophysical systems. In core-collapse supernovae simulations temperatures of about $T=10-20$ MeV with densities slightly above normal nuclear matter density are reached at core bounce, the newly born proto-neutron star is heated up to $T=50$ MeV with densities a few times normal nuclear matter densities, the final cold neutron stars then has central densities of up to ten times normal nuclear matter densities for a soft equation of state. Finally, neutron star mergers simulations can achieve temperatures of typically $T=30$ MeV, even higher temperatures have been noticed for some equations of states. Note, that the dynamical timescales involved are usually not much less than around a few 100 microseconds so that they are always much larger than the timescale to establish equilibrium with respect to weak interactions involving strange particles of about $10^{-8}$ seconds or less. Hence, the matter for astrophysical applications is necessarily in weak equilibrium with respect to strangeness and always includes strange matter! Except for cold neutron stars, there is a subtlety here, as protons and neutrons are not in weak equilibrium. Hence, for dynamical astrophysical scenarios, the matter is characterized by a given temperature $T$, baryon density $n$ and proton fraction $Y_p$. For hunting down strange quark matter in the heavens several signals have been suggested in the literature as exotic mass-radius relation of compact stars, rapidly rotating pulsars due to r-mode {\em stability} window, enhanced cooling of neutron stars, and gamma-ray bursts by transition to strange quark matter. Let us first concentrate on strange quark matter in neutron star before we discuss the implications of the formation of strange quark matter for core-collapse supernovae. \section{Strange Quark Matter in Neutron Stars} Neutron stars are produced in core-collapse supernova explosions and are extremely compact, massive objects with radii of $\approx$ 10 km and masses of $1-2M_\odot$, involving extreme densities, several times nuclear density: $n\gg n_0 = 0.16$~fm$^{-3}$. More than 1700 pulsars, rotation-powered neutron stars, are presently known. The best determined mass is the one of the Hulse-Taylor pulsar, $M=(1.4414\pm 0.0002)M_\odot$ \cite{Weisberg:2004hi}, the smallest known mass is $M=(1.18\pm 0.02)M_\odot$ for the pulsar J1756-2251 \cite{Faulkner:2005}. Note, that the mass of the pulsar J0751+1807 has been corrected from $M=2.1\pm 0.2 M_\odot$ to $M=1.14-1.40M_\odot$\cite{Nice:2008}. We note that the extremely large neutron star masses extracted from pulsars found in globular clusters \cite{Freire:2007jd} can only give an upper bound. Only the periastron advance of the pulsar PSR J1748-2021B has been determined so far, the inclination angle $i$ of the orbital plane is still unknown. A statistical analysis for that angle is not really appropriate for one pulsar. For an inclination angle of $i=4-5$ degrees, two neutron stars with a mass of $M\sim 1.4M_\odot$ are possible. A measurement of a second effect from general relativity is needed to draw a firm final conclusions. The spectral analysis of the closest isolated neutron star known, RX J1856.5-3754, hints at more complex surface properties than initially expected. Fits with a two-component blackbody as well as with a condensed surface and a small layer of hydrogen result in rather large radiation radii $R_\infty = R/\sqrt{1-2GM/R} = 17 (d/140 pc)$~km. With an inferred gravitational redshift of $z_g\approx 0.22$, the neutron star would have a true radius of $R\approx 14$ km and a mass of $M\approx 1.55M_\odot$ \cite{Ho:2006uk}. A large uncertainty resides in the still not well known distance $d$, but clearly more data and analysis is needed to understand the atmosphere and the radiation of neutron stars. In binary systems of a neutron star with an ordinary star accreting material falling onto the neutron star ignites nuclear burning which is observable as an x-ray burster. The analysis of \"Ozel \cite{Ozel:2006km} for the x-ray burster EXO 0748--676 arrived at mass-radius constraints of $M\geq 2.10\pm 0.28 M_\odot$ and $R\geq 13.8 \pm 1.8$ km. The values derived have to be taken with great care, as a multiwavelength analysis of Pearson et al.\ \cite{Pearson:2006zy} concludes that the data is more consistent with a mass of $M=1.35M_\odot$ than with $M=2.1M_\odot$. Even if such large masses and radii are taken for granted, quark matter can still be present in the interior of neutron stars as demonstrated by Alford et al.\ \cite{Alford:2006vz}. The limits would rule out soft equations of states, not quark stars or hybrid stars, compact stars with a hadronic mantle and a quark matter core. Future telescopes and detectors will probe compact stars in more details as the International X-ray Observatory IXO, the James Webb Space Telescope JWST, the Square Kilometre Array SKA, LISA and UNO, an underground neutrino observatory. With the future x-ray satellites one can measure the profile of the burst oscillations which is modified from the space-time warpage around the compact star. By this method a model independent measurement of the mass and radius of the compact star can be extracted. It was claimed that one could determine the mass-radius ratio to within 5\% with Constellation-X with this method \cite{Bhattacharyya:2005ge}. \begin{figure} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=0.6\textwidth]{hybrid_vs_bagconstant.ps} \caption{The phase structure of hybrid stars within the MIT bag model and using a HDL approximation for different values of the MIT bag constant. HP: Hadronic phase, MP: mixed phase, QP: Quark phase. Reprinted from \cite{Schertler:2000xq}, Copyright (2000), with permission from Elsevier.} \label{fig:hybrid_klaus} \end{center} \end{figure} Quark matter in neutron stars has been widely described by using the MIT bag model with basically one free parameter, the MIT bag constant $B$. The onset of the mixed phase from the hadronic to the quark phase occurs between $(1-2)n_0$ even for large values of the bag constant $B$ and then sufficiently high densities are reached in the core of a $1.3M_\odot$ compact star to have quark matter (see Figure~\ref{fig:hybrid_klaus}). Corrections from hard thermal loop calculations do not change these numbers significantly. So called hybrid stars consist of hadronic matter and quark matter and there are three phases possible: a hadronic phase, a mixed phase and a pure quark phase. The composition depends crucially on the parameters as the bag constant $B$ and the interaction strength $g$ between quarks as well as the total mass of the compact star. In addition, there exists a third solution to the TOV equations besides the one for the white dwarfs and the one for ordinary neutron stars, which is stabilized by the presence of a pure quark matter phase \cite{Gerlach68,Kaempfer81,Haensel82,Glendenning:1998ag,Schertler:2000xq,Fraga:2001id}. The third family of compact stars is generically more compact than ordinary neutron stars and is possible for any first order phase transition. \section{Strange Quark Matter in Supernovae} Stars with a mass of more than 8 solar masses end in a core-collapse supernova (type II, Ib or Ic). New generation of simulation codes now have multidimensional treatments and improved neutrino transport. Still, until recently, no explosions could be achieved (see e.g.\ \cite{Buras:2003sn}) suggesting missing physics either with respect to neutrino transport or to the nuclear equation of state. Only after sufficiently long simulation runs with a quasi unconstrained geometry a standing accretion shock instability could develop which leads to an explosion after 600ms \cite{Marek:2007gr}. The conditions of core-collapse supernova matter at bounce are as follows: energy densities slightly above normal nuclear matter density $\epsilon \sim (1-1.5)\epsilon_0$, temperatures of $T\sim 10-20$ MeV and a proton fraction of $Y_p \sim 0.2-0.3$. The standard lore for the onset of the quark phase in core-collapse supernovae is that it happens during the evolution of the proto-neutron star and not at bounce. The timescale for quark matter to appear would then be typically
Showing results for tags 'windows 10'. Site / Forum Feedback Member Introduction FileSharing News Security & Privacy News Filesharing Chat Mobile Mania Entertainment Exchange Off-Topic Chat The Chat Bar Jokes & Funny Stuff Polling Station Found 1,120 results Microsoft Begins Testing Windows 10 Controlled Feature Rollout steven36 posted a topic in Software News Microsoft has started testing the new Window 10 Controlled Feature Rollout feature with Windows Insiders in the Slow ring. This feature allows Microsoft to slowly roll out new features without releasing entirely new builds. Earlier this month, Microsoft announced that starting with Windows 10 Insider 19H2 builds, Microsoft would be testing a new feature called Controlled Feature Rollout or CFR. Using this feature Microsoft can ship builds with disabled features that are gradually enabled by Microsoft to small groups of users. This allows Microsoft to test these new features against smaller groups to get better feedback, bug reports, and an overall better build quality. On July 15th, Microsoft released Windows 10 19H2 build 18362.10006 to Windows Insiders in the Slow Ring. This build included four new features that were disabled by default, but would be enabled at a later date using the CFR feature. Windows containers require matched host and container version. This restricts customers and limits Windows containers from supporting mixed-version container pod scenarios This update includes 5 fixes to address this and allow the host to run down-level containers on up-level for process (Argon) isolation. A fix to allow OEMs to reduce the inking latency based on the hardware capabilities of their devices rather than being stuck with latency selected on typical hardware configuration by the OS. Key-rolling or Key-rotation feature enables secure rolling of Recovery passwords on MDM managed AAD devices upon on demand request from in-tune/MDM tools or upon every time recovery password is used to unlock the BitLocker protected drive. This feature will help prevent accidental recovery password disclosure as part of manual BitLocker drive unlock by users. A change to enable third-party digital assistants to voice activate above the Lock screen. In a July 17th update, Microsoft stated that they have started to rollout build 18362.10006 that enables these features for a small subset of users who installed the previous build. "Today we have released 19H2 Build 18362.10006 for a subset of Windows Insiders that turns on the features delivered as part of Build 18362.10005 (noted in the below blog post) earlier this week. Please note that Build 18362.10006 is only going out to a subset of Insiders in the Slow ring. That means not everyone in the Slow ring will get this update." As you can see, the overall build number of 18362 is the same for both the original build and the new build with the enabled features. The subversion, though, went from 10005 to 10006. This indicates that for users on CFR releases, the subversion number will increment to reflect the new build with features enabled for that group. Unfortunately, at this time there is no known policy or method that can be used to control CFR or even disable it entirely. BleepingComputer has asked Microsoft for more information when the feature was first announced, but was told there was no further information available at the time. Furthermore, the recent release of the Administrative Templates (.admx) for Windows 10 May 2019 Update (1903) does not appear to contain any related policies. Source Windows 10 Version 1903 (19H1; May 2019 Update) FINAL Build 18362 Discussion DR_ADHAM posted a topic in Software Chat Windows 10 Version 1903 (19H1; May 2019 Update) FINAL Build 18362 Discussion 【 General information 】 - Official announcement - How to get the Windows 10 May 2019 Update - New features - New features for IT pros - Windows 10, Version 1903 Known issues - Microsoft makes Windows 10 1903 available on MSDN - Windows 10 May 2019 Update includes .NET Framework 4.8 - Microsoft updates the Windows 10 CPU requirements for the May 2019 Update - How to install, reinstall, upgrade and activate Windows 10 - Frequently asked questions (FAQs) ---> Include: additional info, error reporting, error solving, ...and similar staff =========================================================================================================== 【 Downloads 】 - RTM Build 18362.30 UUP (All Languages): mkuba50 project -- adguard project ESD (All Languages): HERE SVF (All Languages): SVF2ISOConverter (Credits to @s1ave77) -- GezoeSloog Repository -- mehdibleu Repository (Credits to @mehdibleu) ISO: Enterprise Evaluation ISOs (Credits to @DiamondMon and WZT) TechBench (All Languages) MSDN (English only) VLSC (English only): The same as MSDN Media Feature Pack for N versions of Windows 10: HERE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - RTM Build 18362.175 ESD (All Languages): HERE SVF (All Languages): GezoeSloog Repository -- ISO (English only): HERE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - RTM Build 18362.239 ESD (All Languages): HERE SVF (All Languages): N/A Yet ISO (English only): HERE =========================================================================================================== 【 Checksums 】 - RTM Build 18362.30 - RTM Build 18362.175 - RTM Build 18362.239 =========================================================================================================== 【 Updates 】 - May 21, 2019—KB4505057 (OS Build 18362.116) - May 29, 2019—KB4497935 (OS Build 18362.145) - June 11, 2019—KB4503293 (OS Build 18362.175) - June 27, 2019—KB4501375 (OS Build 18362.207) - July 9, 2019—KB4507453 (OS Build 18362.239) =========================================================================================================== 【 Activation 】 - Windows 10 Activation Keys ---> Credits to @vyzzer - Windows 10 Digital License (HWID) & KMS38 Generation ---> Credits to @s1ave77 - Microsoft Activation Scripts ---> Credits to @WindowsAddict =========================================================================================================== 【 Tools 】 - svfx v2.1.11 - Windows and Office Genuine ISO Verifier - SVF2ISOConverter v0.51.01 (SVF.ISO.CONVERTER-master) - decrypt-multi-release_v190521 ⇝ update revision: "Fix names for 19H1 (18362.30)" =========================================================================================================== 【 Tutorials 】 - How to use SVF patches - How to download with @s1ave77's tool "SVF.ISO.CONVERTER-master" - How to convert ESD to ISO =========================================================================================================== Here will be the discussion related ONLY to the final Windows 10 version released to the production; If you want to discuss pre-release versions released to insiders in the fast ring, slow ring or release preview ring, I suggest you to open a new thread where you can freely discuss such pre-release versions. Here will be shared ONLY official releases; please don't share here homebrew ISOs. version 1903 [19h1] By Ed Bott for The Ed Bott Report Four years after the debut of "Windows as a service," Microsoft continues to tweak the Windows Update for Business rules. And if you don't know how to play the game, you're likely to be surprised with unexpected updates. We are days away from the fourth anniversary of Windows 10's initial release, which also marks the beginning of the "Windows as a service" era. By this time, you'd think Microsoft would have settled on an easy-to-understand set of rules that IT pros can follow for managing updates. Think again. For 2019, Microsoft has changed the rules you painstakingly mastered last year. And if you're not paying attention, you could end up with a network full of update headaches. Effective with version 1903, which is now rolling out via Windows Update, Microsoft is no longer supplying updates on separate channels for consumers and business customers. Instead, the initial public release goes to the Semi-Annual Channel, with no more Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted) option. (And even those names represented changes from the original November 2015 designation of Current Branch and Current Branch for Business.) For anyone administering Windows 10 PCs in a business who used the older Windows Update for Business settings to manage feature updates, these latest changes require immediate action. On systems where the Branch Readiness Level is set to Semi-Annual Channel and no additional deferral is specified, Microsoft says your devices will begin updating to Windows 10, version 1903 in one week, on Tuesday, July 23, 2019. Or at least that's when they'll be eligible to receive that update. Exactly when each device will receive the update is an AI-driven mystery. Some devices, including Microsoft's top-of-the-line Surface Book 2 models that contain a discrete Nvidia GPU, are currently blocked from
Bargain Store downtown!" "But Madam," said the salesman, "You'll find that the dress at Klein's is recycled wool. This original is 100% pure virgin wool." "Nu! So for $800 I should be caring what the sheep at night do?" Deleting old Windows updates Man tasered by police for refusing to stop having sex with car exhaust "My fear is if North Korea nukes us, Trump is gonna get us into a war." --- Maxine Waters.......2017 "We are all born ignorant, but one must work very hard to remain STUPID!" --- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Q: How do we know that the democrats sent themselves bombs? A: None of them worked. >From Millie We purchased an old home in Northern New York State from two elderly sisters. Winter was fast approaching and I was concerned about the house's lack of insulation. "If they could live here all those years, so can we!" my husband confidently declared. One November night the temperature plunged to below zero, and we woke up to find interior walls covered with frost. My husband called the sisters to ask how they had kept the house warm. After a rather brief conversation, he hung up. "For the past 30 years," he muttered, "they've gone to Florida for the winter." to work with lenses that are a hundreths of an inch thick." "I can handle it," the applicant said, "I used to slice meat in a delicatessen, I can slice ham so thin it is kosher." Trash Passing is illegal in 'Bama [ view entry ] | permalink | print article | ( 3.1 / 570 ) DeLand man arrested for stealing over $50,000 in airplane parts, fuel Steven Wright (1955 - ) I believe that people would be alive today if there were a death penalty. "What am I supposed to do with this?" grumbled a motorist as the cop handed him a speeding ticket. "Keep it," the cop said, "when you collect four of them you get to buy a bicycle." The thunder god went for a ride, upon his favorite filly. "I'm Thor," he cried. The horse replied, "You forgot your thaddle, thilly." The young lady walked over to the hospital room where she knew her friend was. "May I see Irving, please?" she asked the woman blocking the door. "We don't allow anyone but relatives to see the patients," replied the woman. "Are you a member of the family?" "Why-er-why, yes. I'm his sister," said the lady. "Oh, I'm so glad to meet you," said the woman. "I'm his mother!" Noella's Swan, Bolivar, MO Inkjet or Laser? Liberal students in Arizona State University majoring in Wimpology claim they got PTSD because of Hillary losing the election and Trump being President. Woman shoots grandson for repeatedly putting cup of tea on her good furniture 1955 The microwave oven, for home use, was introduced by The Tappan Company. The more you find out about the world, the more opportunities there are to laugh at it. --- Bill Nye Two priests and a rabbi are playing poker in the park. Suddenly, a police officer approaches the trio and asks the first priest, "Father, were you gambling?" The padre glances skyward and mumbles, "Forgive me, Jesus," then turns to the officer and says, "No, my son, I was not gambling." The lawman then turns to the second priest and asks him if he was gambling. The priest looks toward Heaven and says under his breath, "Forgive me, Jesus," then tells the officer, The policeman then turns to the rabbi and says, "Rabbi, were you gambling?" The rabbi looks from one priest to the other, then turns to the officer and asks, "With who?" Minister at a funeral service, "Friends, let us say goodbye to our beloved, departed friend. Let us remember that here lies only the shell--the nut has gone!" >From Lise When we put our house up for sale, I stressed emphatically that my sons make their beds each morning. I left for work before they left for school, and I wanted to be sure that the house looked presentable when the agent showed it to prospective buyers. I was surprised and impressed that my 15-year-old son's bed was perfectly made each day. One night when I went into his room, I discovered his secret. He was fast asleep on the floor in his sleeping bag. Alabama mother charged after 5 children test positive for cocaine 1939 Nylon stockings were sold to the public for the first time in Wilmington, DE. They say such nice things about people at their funerals that it makes me sad to realize that I'm going to miss mine by just a few --- Garrison Keillor (1942 - ) ______________________________________________________5 Dear Ma and Pa: Am well. Hope you are. Tell Brother Walt and Brother Elmer the Army beats working for old man Minch. Tell them to join up quick before all the places are filled. I was restless at first because you got to stay in bed till nearly 6 a.m.( but am getting so I like to sleep late. All you do before breakfast is smooth your cot and shine some things -- no hogs to slop, feed to pitch, mash to mix, wood to split, fire to lay. Practically nothing. The guys have to shave, but they say it is not bad in warm water, and after I thumped a few of them, they don't tell nobody about why I don't need to shave. Breakfast is strong on trimmings like fruit juice, cereal, eggs, bacon, etc., but kind of weak on chops, potatoes, beef, ham steak, fried eggplant, pie and regular food, but you can always sit between two city boys that live on coffee. Their food plus yours holds you till noon, when you get fed. It's no wonder these city boys can't walk much. We go on "route marches," which, the Sgt. says, are long walks to harden us. If he thinks so, it is not my place to tell him different. A "route march" is a casual stroll about as far as to our mailbox at home. Then the city guys all get sore feet and we ride back in trucks. The country is nice, but awful flat. The Sgt. is like a schoolteacher. He nags some. The Capt. is like the school board. Kernels. and Generals just ride around and frown. They don't bother you none. I keep getting medals for shooting. I don't know why, the bull's-eye is near big as a chipmonk and don't move and it ain't shooting at you, like the Higsett boys at home. All you got to do is lie there all comfortable and hit it, you don't even load your own cartridges. They come in boxes. Be sure to tell Walt and Elmer and Mary to hurry and join before others get onto this setup and come stampeding in. Your loving daughter, The Installation Commander and his wife were out having dinner at the officers club a good-looking blonde came over and open-mouth kissed the husband right in front of the wife and said "I'll see you tomorrow for a nooner right sweetie?" And walked away. The wife couldn't believe her eyes, "Who was that?" She demanded. He replied: "My mistress" The wife then told her husband she wanted a divorce. "That's fine," Said the base commander. "But that means no more shopping at the commissary and base exchange, no more assignments in Europe, and you'll no longer be president of the Officer's Wives Club, and won't be able to lord it over the other wives." At that moment in walked a colonel with a woman on his arm. When the wife asked who the woman with the colonel was the base commander said, "That's Peter's mistress" The wife looked back at colonel and his mistress and grinned, "Ours is prettier." Great Comeback This has got to be the all-time classic comeback. This is a recount of a National Public Radio (NPR) interview between a female broadcaster, and US Army General Reinwald who's about to sponsor a boy scout troop visiting his military installation. (Note: While this has been presented as a "true story" for several years, some people dispute that it actually happened). FEMALE INTERVIEWER: "So, General Reinwald, what things are you going to teach these young boys when they visit your base?" GENERAL REINWALD: "We're going to teach them climbing, canoeing, archery, and shooting." FEMALE INTERVIEWER: "Shooting! That's a bit irresponsible, GENERAL REINWALD: "I don't see why, they'll be properly supervised on the rifle range." FEMALE INTERVIEWER: "Don't you admit that this is a terribly dangerous activity to be teaching children?" GENERAL REINWALD: "I don't see how, ....we will be teaching them proper rifle range discipline
the librarians that she works with don't read anymore! "In other words, literacy today is defined less by how English departments or a librarian might teach Wordsworth or Faulkner than by how we find our way through the digital forest of information overload." As with most jobs that increasingly involve surfing the net, she finds that this new orientation is over-hyped: "The buzzword in the trade is "information literacy," a misnomer, because what it is really about is mastering computer skills, not promoting a love of reading and books." She cites the common argument that kids will start reading when they get to university. She doesn't buy it. I don't either. Our kids don't read. Even our grad students have started to read the on-line reviews of books instead of the books themselves. Libraries have started replacing books with DVDs and even video games. Nobody knows what to do. Here's the cold, hard truth: Reading is dying out. Ever since the introduction of TV, active literacy rates have declined. That is the number of people who are regularly reading (not just those who can read) has steadily dropped. With the introduction of the Internet, it kept declining, but at a faster rate. Reading rates took a nose dive. According to the despairing librarian, most of the strategies to get people reading aren't working. So what is to be done? Why not give up? I mean, you can lead a jackass to water, but you can't make him drink. It seems to me that there's as much shame in the fact that you have a smarty wasting her time trying to make professional shoppers read books as there is in the fact that most people don't actually read books. In other words, we don't have that many smarties as it is, and we're telling them to waste their time trying to get non-readers to read? It also seems to me that our terror over the death of reading is due to a mistaken teleology that says that "Decline leads inevitably to collapse". In other words, because the culture is declining and becoming trite, because people are turning into these weird trained animals that return dutifully to the mall three times a week, and because all indicators of "higher culture" are in the doldrums, we assume that civilization as we know it will end, a pretty common refrain these days. But, what if, and this is the optimistic possibility(!), we're just entering the Dark Ages? It seems to me that there will always be a few remaining "bookish" types left. Sure, maybe they'll be regularly beaten by the Master's students from my university! But, they will be there. In fact, I've taught about 300 students now, and I know that one of them was an active reader. So, why not behave like they did during the last Dark Ages and keep reading alive through secret societies, a monkish clerisy, and lending libraries? It's occurred to me that the best thing that us bookish types can do today is to drop out of society. Of course, we'll have to be careful that the feds don't think we're terrorists! But, why not form secret societies based around esoteric knowledge? Why not become the Rosicrucians of reading? Of course, we'll have to find storage to keep the books in. But, it seems to me that most libraries are throwing piles of stuff out right now. So, what we'll do is snap up all of the old books and store them in a cold, dry place. The reason for this is that they won't be consumed by fires and we can still live in a relatively normal way. I'm thinking that we should rent those store-all garages and fill them with books. Also fuck the Internet! We shouldn't waste our time posting books to the net because, as far as I can tell, most online users don't read them anyway. It just takes too much time and allows people to say: "Why are you holding on to that there old book for? It's online!" Most importantly, we need to form real-world social relationships! I know that this is hard for most of us, but we need a network of book people to borrow from and to discuss books with. We need to create the sort of free and spontaneous communal joy that consumer culture is inherently opposed to! We need to be exuberant- instead of wasting our lives away trying to 'reach' the militantly stupid, we need to return to the real work of culture- creating worlds and ideas and societies out of whole cloth. So, let's start today. More from R.A.W. (R.I.P.) Incidentally, I got that "intellectual suicide" line from our dear, departed brother Robert Anton Wilson, and this essay of his: In Doubt We Trust: Cults, Religions, and BS in General It's a good place to begin with R.A.W. and one of his core ideas: Human brains are as individualized and unique as human fingerprints. We all live in different sensory universes, and nobody has a guarantee that his/her universe corresponds more exactly to the alleged "real universe" than anybody else's. Europe: Still Not Dead One thing I've been skeptical about for some time is the reported 'death' of Europe. For a few years now, I've been hearing that the European countries are collapsing, or dying, or otherwise in decline. I saw some serious social concerns in France, especially in regards to the highly isolated Paris banlieu that I wandered around one day after researching; but I didn't see a society that was in decline, or showing any serious signs of collapse. I've said before that I think Western Civilization might well die of boredom! But, I didn't get the feeling that the center isn't holding. Anyway, the European Union isn't declining economically. Does anyone remember when the Euro first came out and people were warning that we shouldn't take any because the Euro was going to decline in value? Anyway, it's done quite the opposite, and is currently worth more than the dollar. And Europe's productivity increased sharply last year. So, where's the problem? Is their culture declining? We're the ones who produced Brittney Spears remember. Posted by Rufus at 12:18 PM 4 comments Hrant Dink Turkish Armenian journalist Hrant Dink, who was previously arrested for "insulting Turkishness" in his writings on the 1915 massacres of Armenians, has been murdered. He called the massacres a genocide, which is still a touchy suject in Turkey especially among Turkish nationalists. But, of course, murdering him is a greater insult to "Turkishness" than anything he could have written. And an attack on Turkey as well, not to mention human decency. Christian Nationalists 'Aint that something? I blather on here about how the born-agains that Andrew Sullivan calls "Christianists" would be better described as "Christian Nationalists" because that avoids associating them with the violence of fascism (they're not violent) and it highlights what's offensive about them: not their religion, but their desire to 'reclaim' the nation. Anyway, I'm thinking I'm so clever for coining a phrase and then someone points me to this book: Kingdom Coming: The Rise of Christian Nationalism by: Michelle Goldberg From what I can tell, Goldberg is more afraid of these people than I am. I think the warning about how they're going to conquer America is overly paranoid. Those people that pretend to be Klingons have a better chance of conquering this country and I'm guessing that, after eight years of the born again in chief, most Americans are pretty sick of these people. Like it or not, we're heathens. What can I say? We like booze, sex, and all sorts of other bad things. So, yeah, I think they want to 'reclaim the nation' as well. But, I'm just bemused by them, if anything. I'm guessing that there will be other people
Disability Act does not include autism. There are still few doctors able to diagnose autism. And there are no autism-specific schools whatsoever." Qazi has set up his own autism organization in Karachi, the Pakistan Autism Meetup Group, and feels there is a pressing need for more awareness in services: "In a few years' time, there will be more people with autistic spectrum disorders than without," he said. This was a reference not only to the increase in diagnoses but to the broadening of the spectrum to include other conditions. The stigma attached to autism remains strikingly potent in Pakistan. In 2001, in an unprecedented ruling, Chicago immigration officials granted political asylum to a 10-year-old autistic boy, Umair Choudhry, whose mother had claimed his disability was so misunderstood in Pakistan— their homeland—that he would be tortured and persecuted if they returned there. In her application for asylum, Farah Choudhry said her son was subjected to discrimination and persecution because of his autism, which in Umair's case includes compulsive behavior and mystifyingly violent, self-abusive outbursts. Today the boy routinely wears a hockey helmet and mittens for his own protection. "He was forced to undergo various degrading and dangerous mystical treatments consistent with the 'curse of Allah,' which is how the Islamic majority in Pakistan view his condition," Choudhry wrote in her asylum application. Among the treatments was making the boy drink dirty water meant for crows. At the time, Islamic experts warned against confusing traditional cultural mores with religious beliefs. Although the notion of God's will was consistent with Islam, there was nothing in the religion that ascribed a physical or mental limitation to a curse from God, they said. Bangladesh is even further behind than Pakistan. The chairman of SWAC (Society of the Welfare of Autistic Children) there, Anwar Hossain, told me: "The concept of autism started in 1995 or 1996. Before that, these children were labeled as insane or idiots. After 1996, when a small school of five or six students was opened up, people started talking about autism. But that was only in the capital, Dhaka." The center is part-residential and the funding comes largely from the fees charged to parents. Since Bangladesh is one of the poorest nations on earth, it seems surprising that parents are able to pay these fees, but Hossain told me: "Funnily enough, most of the autistic children come from rich, intellectual parents." This observation struck an odd echo of Leo Kanner's comment in his 1943 paper about such parents predominating. As elsewhere, the social stigma remains powerful in Bangladesh: "We must fight this. That's why we take our children to parties. Let people stare at them, so at least they learn what autism is," said Hossain. There remains no legal protection for individuals with autism in Bangladesh, where the condition is not recognized as a disability. And people with Asperger's condition are routinely bullied. Sadly, this is true in even the most advanced of nations. The situation in Vietnam is an interesting one. One of the world's leading autism authorities, Professor Margot Prior, of the University of Melbourne, Australia, spent three weeks in Hanoi in October 2001. At the Institute of Psychology in Hanoi she found that many of the 24 social scientists had received their basic degrees in Russia, and their postgraduate training in France. Prior wrote The demand for clinical psychology services in Vietnam is very high, with virtually no services available for the population unless they suffer from a florid psychiatric condition. The courage, enthusiasm, dedication, and keen desire for learning in these predominantly young research psychologists in the Institute of Psychology was truly remarkable. The conditions in which they work can only be described as Spartan; they lack access to books, journals and up-to-date research information, which we take for granted. Prior said that services and special education opportunities for autistic children in Vietnam were minimal and the families were in a desperate plight. "Their situation is parallel to that obtaining in the 1960s in Australia, when autism was first recognized and the first services were developed." During her stay in Vietnam, Prior helped in the formation of an Autistic Childrens' Parents Association to lobby for services for their children. The Public Medicine Association estimates that of Vietnam's 83 million population, 160,000 people are autistic. Dr. Do Thuy Lan of the association said in 2007 that parents who sought help from the Vietnam Association for Handicapped Children in Hanoi admitted they did not know what to do when faced with their child's developmental problems. Many also said they were embarrassed to let other people know their children were not developing or behaving normally. "Some don't even want to acknowledge the doctor's diagnosis that their child is autistic and keep going for behavior and development check-ups at different places. When they finally decide to cooperate [for therapy], it is too late for effective intervention." This process of intervention required cooperation between pediatricians, psychologists, and educators but this was especially difficult because there was no special educational model for them in Vietnam, Lan said. One Asian country stands out in terms of how early it began to talk about autism and approach the disorder seriously: Japan. This was because some of its leading professionals actually worked with either Leo Kanner or Hans Asperger. Dr. K. Makita studied with Kanner at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore. Dr. Nobuyoshi Hirai met Asperger in Vienna in 1962 and invited him to give a talk on "Probleme des Autismus im Kindesalter" (Problems of Autism in Childhood) to the newly formed Japanese Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JSCAP) three years later. Dr. Tokio Uchiyama, one of Japan's leading child psychiatrists and autism authorities, told me that, throughout the 1960s, a fascinating debate took place between Makita and Hirai over which constituted the "true autism"—Kanner's or Asperger's. In Japan, the health services have traditionally been excellent and on the whole this has permitted early recognition and diagnosis of autism. Some of the earliest prevalence studies took place here. Nevertheless, there are still serious misconceptions. A 2005 poll conducted by the Tokyo-based Autism Society Japan showed that about 30% of Japanese believe that autism is an emotional disorder or is caused by poor parenting. The same poll found that about 20% of parents were uneasy about their children playing with autistic children. Culturally, there is a powerful drive in Japan to conform to the norm, which explains why it is still difficult for parents to come to grips with having a child who is "different." A particular educational approach to autism has its origins in Japan. The Higashi (Japanese for "hope") or Seikatsu Ryouhou (Daily Life Therapy) method was developed in Tokyo in 1964 by Dr. Kiyo Kitahara, who said it had reduced the symptoms of autism in more than 3,000 children. It was based on Dr. Kitahara's experience of teaching autistic children and normal children in the Musashino Higashi Kindergarten. Higashi is based on a strong belief that physical education and vigorous exercise should play an essential role in teaching autistic children. A school based on Higashi principles opened in Boston, in the United States, in 1987, with much of the funding coming from Kitahara. Prior's Court School, established in the United Kingdom by Dame Stephanie Shirley in the 1990s, also largely used Higashi principles, although it now adopts a more eclectic approach. In South Korea, many professionals continue to view autism as an emotional condition. As Roy Grinker has pointed out, it is frequently misdiagnosed as reactive attachment disorder. But the situation is improving and parents are fighting to improve understanding. On January 12, 2006, a new group, the Love Autism Society of Korea, held its inaugural meeting in the capital, Seoul. Its president, Kim Yong-jik, 51, himself the father of a 22-year-old
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"Transdisciplinary Research: Characteristics, Quandaries and Quality." Futures 38 (2006): 1046-59. Wood, Robert, and Albert Bandura. "Social Cognitive Theory of Organizational Management." Academy of Management Review 14.3 (1989): 361-84. Yang, Baiyin. "Toward a Holistic Theory of Knowledge and Adult Learning." Human Resource Development Review 2.2 (2003): 106-29. Young, LJ. "John Lasseter on Pixar's Early Days–and How 'Toy Story' Couldn't Have Happened without Tim Burton". 2011. Website. Entertainment Weekly (EW.com). July 4 2011. <http://insidemovies.ew.com/2011/06/16/pixar-john-lasseter-burton/>. [1] Henagulph, 2000; Ramadier, 2004; Klein, 2004; Nicolescu, 1993; Morin, 1992; Wickson et al. 2006 Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano, EdD, PhD is an assistant professor of Clinical Research, Leadership and Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. He is a member of the Center for Neuroscience Research within the Children's Research Institute at Children National Medical Center. He is the Principal Investigator of the District of Columbia Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (DC LEND).and Director of Education for the Khalifa Bin Zaven al Nehavan Foundation initiative to create a sustainable rehabilitation center and professional education in the United Arab Emirates. As a member of the education faculty at Children's and teaching faculty at the George Washington University School of Medicine he teaches in multiple clinical and translational science graduate venues as well as within the the Innov@N (Innovation) for
-- Add to pattern let mbCons = maybe id (:) rhs_ticks = rhs_tick `mbCons` fst (pat_ticks pat') patvar_tickss = zipWith mbCons patvar_ticks (snd (pat_ticks pat') ++ repeat []) return $ L pos $ pat' { pat_ticks = (rhs_ticks, patvar_tickss) } -- Only internal stuff, not from source, uses VarBind, so we ignore it. addTickLHsBind var_bind@(L _ (VarBind {})) = return var_bind addTickLHsBind patsyn_bind@(L _ (PatSynBind {})) = return patsyn_bind bindTick :: TickDensity -> String -> SrcSpan -> FreeVars -> TM (Maybe (Tickish Id)) bindTick density name pos fvs = do decl_path <- getPathEntry let toplev = null decl_path count_entries = toplev || density == TickAllFunctions top_only = density /= TickAllFunctions box_label = if toplev then TopLevelBox [name] else LocalBox (decl_path ++ [name]) -- allocATickBox box_label count_entries top_only pos fvs -- Note [inline sccs] -- -- It should be reasonable to add ticks to INLINE functions; however -- currently this tickles a bug later on because the SCCfinal pass -- does not look inside unfoldings to find CostCentres. It would be -- difficult to fix that, because SCCfinal currently works on STG and -- not Core (and since it also generates CostCentres for CAFs, -- changing this would be difficult too). -- -- Another reason not to add ticks to INLINE functions is that this -- sometimes handy for avoiding adding a tick to a particular function -- (see #6131) -- -- So for now we do not add any ticks to INLINE functions at all. -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Decorate an LHsExpr with ticks -- selectively add ticks to interesting expressions addTickLHsExpr :: LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExpr e@(L pos e0) = do d <- getDensity case d of TickForBreakPoints | isGoodBreakExpr e0 -> tick_it TickForCoverage -> tick_it TickCallSites | isCallSite e0 -> tick_it _other -> dont_tick_it where tick_it = allocTickBox (ExpBox False) False False pos $ addTickHsExpr e0 dont_tick_it = addTickLHsExprNever e -- Add a tick to an expression which is the RHS of an equation or a binding. -- We always consider these to be breakpoints, unless the expression is a 'let' -- (because the body will definitely have a tick somewhere). ToDo: perhaps -- we should treat 'case' and 'if' the same way? addTickLHsExprRHS :: LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExprRHS e@(L pos e0) = do d <- getDensity case d of TickForBreakPoints | HsLet{} <- e0 -> dont_tick_it | otherwise -> tick_it TickForCoverage -> tick_it TickCallSites | isCallSite e0 -> tick_it _other -> dont_tick_it where tick_it = allocTickBox (ExpBox False) False False pos $ addTickHsExpr e0 dont_tick_it = addTickLHsExprNever e -- The inner expression of an evaluation context: -- let binds in [], ( [] ) -- we never tick these if we're doing HPC, but otherwise -- we treat it like an ordinary expression. addTickLHsExprEvalInner :: LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExprEvalInner e = do d <- getDensity case d of TickForCoverage -> addTickLHsExprNever e _otherwise -> addTickLHsExpr e -- | A let body is treated differently from addTickLHsExprEvalInner -- above with TickForBreakPoints, because for breakpoints we always -- want to tick the body, even if it is not a redex. See test -- break012. This gives the user the opportunity to inspect the -- values of the let-bound variables. addTickLHsExprLetBody :: LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExprLetBody e@(L pos e0) = do d <- getDensity case d of TickForBreakPoints | HsLet{} <- e0 -> dont_tick_it | otherwise -> tick_it _other -> addTickLHsExprEvalInner e where tick_it = allocTickBox (ExpBox False) False False pos $ addTickHsExpr e0 dont_tick_it = addTickLHsExprNever e -- version of addTick that does not actually add a tick, -- because the scope of this tick is completely subsumed by -- another. addTickLHsExprNever :: LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExprNever (L pos e0) = do e1 <- addTickHsExpr e0 return $ L pos e1 -- general heuristic: expressions which do not denote values are good break points isGoodBreakExpr :: HsExpr Id -> Bool isGoodBreakExpr (HsApp {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (OpApp {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (NegApp {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (HsIf {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (HsMultiIf {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (HsCase {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (RecordCon {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (RecordUpd {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (ArithSeq {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr (PArrSeq {}) = True isGoodBreakExpr _other = False isCallSite :: HsExpr Id -> Bool isCallSite HsApp{} = True isCallSite OpApp{} = True isCallSite _ = False addTickLHsExprOptAlt :: Bool -> LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addTickLHsExprOptAlt oneOfMany (L pos e0) = ifDensity TickForCoverage (allocTickBox (ExpBox oneOfMany) False False pos $ addTickHsExpr e0) (addTickLHsExpr (L pos e0)) addBinTickLHsExpr :: (Bool -> BoxLabel) -> LHsExpr Id -> TM (LHsExpr Id) addBinTickLHsExpr boxLabel (L pos e0) = ifDensity TickForCoverage (allocBinTickBox boxLabel pos $ addTickHsExpr e0) (addTickLHsExpr (L pos e0)) -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Decoarate an HsExpr with ticks addTickHsExpr :: HsExpr Id -> TM (HsExpr Id) addTickHsExpr e@(HsVar id) = do freeVar id; return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsIPVar _) = return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsOverLit _) = return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsLit _) = return e addTickHsExpr (HsLam matchgroup) = liftM HsLam (addTickMatchGroup True matchgroup) addTickHsExpr (HsLamCase ty mgs) = liftM (HsLamCase ty) (addTickMatchGroup True mgs) addTickHsExpr (HsApp e1 e2) = liftM2 HsApp (addTickLHsExprNever e1) (addTickLHsExpr e2) addTickHsExpr (OpApp e1 e2 fix e3) = liftM4 OpApp (addTickLHsExpr e1) (addTickLHsExprNever e2) (return fix) (addTickLHsExpr e3) addTickHsExpr (NegApp e neg) = liftM2 NegApp (addTickLHsExpr e) (addTickSyntaxExpr hpcSrcSpan neg) addTickHsExpr (HsPar e) = liftM HsPar (addTickLHsExprEvalInner e) addTickHsExpr (SectionL e1 e2) = liftM2 SectionL (addTickLHsExpr e1) (addTickLHsExprNever e2) addTickHsExpr (SectionR e1 e2) = liftM2 SectionR (addTickLHsExprNever e1) (addTickLHsExpr e2) addTickHsExpr (ExplicitTuple es boxity) = liftM2 ExplicitTuple (mapM addTickTupArg es) (return boxity) addTickHsExpr (HsCase e mgs) = liftM2 HsCase (addTickLHsExpr e) -- not an EvalInner; e might not necessarily -- be evaluated. (addTickMatchGroup False mgs) addTickHsExpr (HsIf cnd e1 e2 e3) = liftM3 (HsIf cnd) (addBinTickLHsExpr (BinBox CondBinBox) e1) (addTickLHsExprOptAlt True e2) (addTickLHsExprOptAlt True e3) addTickHsExpr (HsMultiIf ty alts) = do { let isOneOfMany = case alts of [_] -> False; _ -> True ; alts' <- mapM (liftL $ addTickGRHS isOneOfMany False) alts ; return $ HsMultiIf ty alts' } addTickHsExpr (HsLet binds e) = bindLocals (collectLocalBinders binds) $ liftM2 HsLet (addTickHsLocalBinds binds) -- to think about: !patterns. (addTickLHsExprLetBody e) addTickHsExpr (HsDo cxt stmts srcloc) = do { (stmts', _) <- addTickLStmts' forQual stmts (return ()) ; return (HsDo cxt stmts' srcloc) } where forQual = case cxt of ListComp -> Just $ BinBox QualBinBox _ -> Nothing addTickHsExpr (ExplicitList ty wit es) = liftM3 ExplicitList (return ty) (addTickWit wit) (mapM (addTickLHsExpr) es) where addTickWit Nothing = return Nothing addTickWit (Just fln) = do fln' <- addTickHsExpr fln return (Just fln') addTickHsExpr (ExplicitPArr ty es) = liftM2 ExplicitPArr (return ty) (mapM (addTickLHsExpr) es) addTickHsExpr (HsStatic e) = HsStatic <$> addTickLHsExpr e addTickHsExpr (RecordCon id ty rec_binds) = liftM3 RecordCon (return id) (return ty) (addTickHsRecordBinds rec_binds) addTickHsExpr (RecordUpd e rec_binds cons tys1 tys2) = liftM5 RecordUpd (addTickLHsExpr e) (addTickHsRecordBinds rec_binds) (return cons) (return tys1) (return tys2) addTickHsExpr (ExprWithTySigOut e ty) = liftM2 ExprWithTySigOut (addTickLHsExprNever e) -- No need to tick the inner expression -- for expressions with signatures (return ty) addTickHsExpr (ArithSeq ty wit arith_seq) = liftM3 ArithSeq (return ty) (addTickWit wit) (addTickArithSeqInfo arith_seq) where addTickWit Nothing = return Nothing addTickWit (Just fl) = do fl' <- addTickHsExpr fl return (Just fl') -- We might encounter existing ticks (multiple Coverage passes) addTickHsExpr (HsTick t e) = liftM (HsTick t) (addTickLHsExprNever e) addTickHsExpr (HsBinTick t0 t1 e) = liftM (HsBinTick t0 t1) (addTickLHsExprNever e) addTickHsExpr (HsTickPragma _ _ (L pos e0)) = do e2 <- allocTickBox (ExpBox False) False False pos $ addTickHsExpr e0 return $ unLoc e2 addTickHsExpr (PArrSeq ty arith_seq) = liftM2 PArrSeq (return ty) (addTickArithSeqInfo arith_seq) addTickHsExpr (HsSCC src nm e) = liftM3 HsSCC (return src) (return nm) (addTickLHsExpr e) addTickHsExpr (HsCoreAnn src nm e) = liftM3 HsCoreAnn (return src) (return nm) (addTickLHsExpr e) addTickHsExpr e@(HsBracket {}) = return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsTcBracketOut {}) = return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsRnBracketOut {}) = return e addTickHsExpr e@(HsSpliceE {}) = return e addTickHsExpr (HsProc pat cmdtop) = liftM2 HsProc (addTickLPat pat) (liftL (addTickHsCmdTop) cmdtop) addTickHsExpr (HsWrap w e) = liftM2 HsWrap (return w) (addTickHsExpr e) -- explicitly no tick on inside addTickHsExpr e@(HsType _) = return e addTickHsExpr (HsUnboundVar {}) = panic "addTickHsExpr.HsUnboundVar" -- Others dhould never happen in expression content. addTickHsExpr e = pprPanic "addTickHsExpr" (ppr e) addTickTupArg :: LHsTupArg Id -> TM (LHsTupArg Id) addTickTupArg
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evaluate the experiment: an objective measure of syntactic maturity and a holistic rating of writing guality. The results revealed that the combination of sentence combining and free writing was the most effective in two areas: expository writing reguiring syntactic manipulation and narrative writing reguiring writing production. An elementary study, in which the researcher Laframboise (1990) sought to include word processing with sentence combining, was conducted with low-level 4th-grade students. The design was quasi-experimental with a pretestposttest hierarchical design. Students within 6 intact classes were randomly assigned to treatment. Dependent variables were (a) reading comprehension, measured by a traditional cloze test and a structural cloze test; and( b) syntactic fluency measured by the mean number of words per T-unit on a free writing sample. Pretest scores on the structural cloze test served as the covariate. The statistical analysis was multivariate analysis of covariance. The results showed that the differences were greater among type of task than between pretest and posttest among treatment groups. There were no significant differences between the three levels of treatment at the. 05 alpha level. 42 The last elementary study reviewed was by Bordonaro (1991) The researcher investigated the use of the John Collins Cumulative Writing Folder Program with sentence combining as a revision strategy to see if 5th graders would improve their writing in six areas: topic development, organization, supporting details, sentence structure, word choice, and mechanics. Both experimental and control groups used the Collins program; only the experimental group used sentence combining as a revision strategy. The writing samples from all groups were analytically scored by independent scorers. The overall writing performance of the experimental group showed significant improvement. The five variables that showed no significant difference were: organization, mechanics, supporting details, sentence structure and word choice. There were seven studies found in the literature that dealt specifically with middle or junior high school students. The first of these was conducted by Combs (1975) who tested the effect of sentence-combining practice as part of a language arts curriculum on the reading and writing performance of 100 7th graders in four classes. These classes, controlled for ability, sex, and teacher effect, followed a single curricular format excepting the sentencecombining exercises completed by the two experimental classes between pretest and posttest. 43 Effects of the sentence-combining treatment on students' writing performance were measured at pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest times. Effects on students' reading performance were measured by pretest and posttest only. A t-test comparison of control and experimental groups indicated that the experimental group wrote compositions at posttest that were (a) syntactically more mature than those of the control group, and (b) syntactically more mature than those they had written at posttest. The differences were significant at .001. A t-test comparison of judgment by teacher-raters showed that the quality of writing of the experimental group was not different from that of the control group at pretest, but significantly different at posttest. The same raters also judged the posttest writing of the experimental group significantly better than its pretest writing. No such differences were found between pretest and posttest writings of the control group. Results from the two reading measures indicated that the treatment produced no significant differences in reading rate nor comprehension scores on the Gates-MacGinitie Test. A t-test comparison of the posttest group means on the comprehension of the specially-constructed reading measure showed that the experimental group scored significantly (p=<.001) higher than the control group. 44 The researcher concluded that results from his experiment made a strong case for using sentence-combining practice as an integral part of a language arts curriculum. The study indicated that sentence-combining practice increases syntactic maturity and guality of writing, but its effects are lessened when instruction and practice are withdrawn (as shown on delayed posttest) The study also provided evidence that sentence-combining practice positively affects reading comprehension as measured by a specially-constructed reading measure. Simmons (1981) investigated whether sentence-combining activities had an effect on the reading and listening comprehension of 7th graders. She also investigated correlations among reading, listening, and mean T-unit length in writing and attitudes. The 12-week study involved 87 students in 4 classrooms. The experimental and control groups were each divided into regular and advanced language arts classes by reading ability. Each of the teachers taught an experimental and a control class. The treatment consisted of one and a half hours per week of open and closed, written and oral sentence-combining exercises as well as cloze exercises. Three measures were used before and after the treatment to measure its effects. Reading achievement was measured by the SRA Achievement Series, Level E, Forms 1 and 2. Listening comprehension was measured by the Stanford Achievement Test, Intermediate 45 Level II, Forms A and B. Syntactic fluency was measured by free writing in the narrative mode. A two-way analysis of variance yielded results showing no significant differences among reading, listening, and mean T-unit length in writing. The students did indicate they enjoyed the sentencecombining exercises, particularly the open and oral aspects of these exercises. Trivelli (1983) sought to determine whether traditional grammar instruction or a transformational-generative, sentence-combining program would improve the reading comprehension and written syntactic maturity of 8th-grade students. Reading comprehension was measured by the Stanford Achievement Test, a grade-level cloze test, and a difficult cloze test controlled for readability and syntactic maturity levels. Syntactic maturity was measured by mean words per T-unit calculated from a 300-word writing sample of three modes of discourse. About 3 hours of class time as well as 8 hours of homework were spent in cued and noncued sentence-combining of traditional grammar lessons. Campbell and Stanley's Solomon Four-Group Design was used for the study with random assignment of classes to one of the four treatment groups. The statistical procedure used to analyze the data was multiple linear regression. The researcher found nonsignificant differences in the scores from the Stanford Achievement Test and the mean words per T-unit. Results 46 indicated significance for written syntactic ability in favor of students using the sentence-combining method of instruction. Also, statistically significant correlations were found between written syntactic maturity and the Stanford Achievement Test in reading comprehension and the difficult cloze test. These correlations were not reported. Finally, correlations between the standardized and the cloze scores were nonsignificant. Neville and Searls (1985) elected to use a 10-week treatment time period for their study of the effect of sentence combining and kernel-identification practice on the syntactic component of 6th-graders' reading comprehension, as measured by a cloze instrument developed by the authors and by two subtests from the norm-referenced Test of Reading Comprehension (TORC) The experimental group completed 8 open sentence-combining exercises, 7 kernel-identification exercises, and 8 cloze exercises. Analysis of covariance was used and results revealed that gains made on immediate posttest scores on the cloze instrument were significant for the experimental group; gains on a 6-week delayed posttest on the cloze instrument were not significant. There was also no significant difference between experimental and comparison groups on the two TORC subtests. The researchers inferred that sentence combining and kernel-identification practice helped the experimental group to comprehend longer, syntactically more 47 complex sentences. The researchers concluded the following and suggested some direction for future research: Sentence combining has been found to be an effective means of improving writing performance; the research evidence for the effect of sentence combining on reading comprehension is not as definite. This study has confirmed earlier research that showed significantly different student performance on cloze tests but not on standardized reading tests. Future research with sentence combining should include criterion measures of both writing and reading, (p. 58) Spilton (1987) compared the effects of individualized language arts to the effects of sentence combining and to the effects of traditional grammar on
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