# Utilities for Tokenizers¶

This page lists all the utility functions used by the tokenizers, mainly the class PreTrainedTokenizerBase that implements the common methods between PreTrainedTokenizer and PreTrainedTokenizerFast and the mixin SpecialTokensMixin.

Most of those are only useful if you are studying the code of the tokenizers in the library.

## PreTrainedTokenizerBase¶

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PreTrainedTokenizerBase(**kwargs)[source]

Base class for PreTrainedTokenizer and PreTrainedTokenizerFast.

Handles shared (mostly boiler plate) methods for those two classes.

Class attributes (overridden by derived classes)
• vocab_files_names (Dict[str, str]) – A ditionary with, as keys, the __init__ keyword name of each vocabulary file required by the model, and as associated values, the filename for saving the associated file (string).

• pretrained_vocab_files_map (Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]) – A dictionary of dictionaries, with the high-level keys being the __init__ keyword name of each vocabulary file required by the model, the low-level being the short-cut-names of the pretrained models with, as associated values, the url to the associated pretrained vocabulary file.

• max_model_input_sizes (Dict[str, Optinal[int]]) – A dictionary with, as keys, the short-cut-names of the pretrained models, and as associated values, the maximum length of the sequence inputs of this model, or None if the model has no maximum input size.

• pretrained_init_configuration (Dict[str, Dict[str, Any]]) – A dictionary with, as keys, the short-cut-names of the pretrained models, and as associated values, a dictionnary of specific arguments to pass to the __init__ method of the tokenizer class for this pretrained model when loading the tokenizer with the from_pretrained() method.

• model_input_names (List[str]) – A list of inputs expected in the forward pass of the model.

• padding_side (str) – The default value for the side on which the model should have padding applied. Should be 'right' or 'left'.

Parameters
• model_max_length (int, optional) – The maximum length (in number of tokens) for the inputs to the transformer model. When the tokenizer is loaded with from_pretrained(), this will be set to the value stored for the associated model in max_model_input_sizes (see above). If no value is provided, will default to VERY_LARGE_INTEGER (int(1e30)).

• padding_side – (str, optional): The side on which the model should have padding applied. Should be selected between [‘right’, ‘left’]. Default value is picked from the class attribute of the same name.

• model_input_names (List[string], optional) – The list of inputs accepted by the forward pass of the model (like "token_type_ids" or "attention_mask"). Default value is picked from the class attribute of the same name.

• bos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the beginning of a sentence. Will be associated to self.bos_token and self.bos_token_id.

• eos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the end of a sentence. Will be associated to self.eos_token and self.eos_token_id.

• unk_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing an out-of-vocabulary token. Will be associated to self.unk_token and self.unk_token_id.

• sep_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token separating two different sentences in the same input (used by BERT for instance). Will be associated to self.sep_token and self.sep_token_id.

• pad_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token used to make arrays of tokens the same size for batching purpose. Will then be ignored by attention mechanisms or loss computation. Will be associated to self.pad_token and self.pad_token_id.

• cls_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the class of the input (used by BERT for instance). Will be associated to self.cls_token and self.cls_token_id.

• mask_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing a masked token (used by masked-language modeling pretraining objectives, like BERT). Will be associated to self.mask_token and self.mask_token_id.

• additional_special_tokens (tuple or list of str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A tuple or a list of additional special tokens. Add them here to ensure they won’t be split by the tokenization process. Will be associated to self.additional_special_tokens and self.additional_special_tokens_ids.

__call__(text: Union[str, List[str], List[List[str]]], text_pair: Optional[Union[str, List[str], List[List[str]]]] = None, add_special_tokens: bool = True, padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = False, truncation: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False, max_length: Optional[int] = None, stride: int = 0, is_split_into_words: bool = False, pad_to_multiple_of: Optional[int] = None, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, return_token_type_ids: Optional[bool] = None, return_attention_mask: Optional[bool] = None, return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False, return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False, return_offsets_mapping: bool = False, return_length: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, **kwargs) → transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding[source]

Main method to tokenize and prepare for the model one or several sequence(s) or one or several pair(s) of sequences.

Parameters
• text (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) – The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).

• text_pair (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) – The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).

• add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.

• is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words), in which case the tokenizer will skip the pre-tokenization step. This is useful for NER or token classification.

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) – If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) –

Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

What are token type IDs?

• return_attention_mask (bool, optional) –

Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

• return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences.

• return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Wheter or not to return special tokens mask information.

• return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) –

Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

• return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.

• verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to print informations and warnings.

• **kwargs – passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

• input_ids – List of token ids to be fed to a model.

What are input IDs?

• token_type_ids – List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

What are token type IDs?

• attention_mask – List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

• overflowing_tokens – List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• num_truncated_tokens – Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• special_tokens_mask – List of 0s and 1s, with 0 specifying added special tokens and 1 specifying regual sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

• length – The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Return type

BatchEncoding

batch_decode(sequences: List[List[int]], skip_special_tokens: bool = False, clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True) → List[str][source]

Convert a list of lists of token ids into a list of strings by calling decode.

Parameters
• sequences (List[List[int]]) – List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.

• skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.

• clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.

Returns

The list of decoded sentences.

Return type

List[str]

batch_encode_plus(batch_text_or_text_pairs: Union[List[str], List[Tuple[str, str]], List[List[str]], List[Tuple[List[str], List[str]]], List[List[int]], List[Tuple[List[int], List[int]]]], add_special_tokens: bool = True, padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = False, truncation: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False, max_length: Optional[int] = None, stride: int = 0, is_split_into_words: bool = False, pad_to_multiple_of: Optional[int] = None, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, return_token_type_ids: Optional[bool] = None, return_attention_mask: Optional[bool] = None, return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False, return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False, return_offsets_mapping: bool = False, return_length: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, **kwargs) → transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding[source]

Tokenize and prepare for the model a list of sequences or a list of pairs of sequences.

Warning

This method is deprecated, __call__ should be used instead.

Parameters
• batch_text_or_text_pairs (List[str], List[Tuple[str, str]], List[List[str]], List[Tuple[List[str], List[str]]], and for not-fast tokenizers, also List[List[int]], List[Tuple[List[int], List[int]]]) – Batch of sequences or pair of sequences to be encoded. This can be a list of string/string-sequences/int-sequences or a list of pair of string/string-sequences/int-sequence (see details in encode_plus).

• add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.

• is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words), in which case the tokenizer will skip the pre-tokenization step. This is useful for NER or token classification.

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) – If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) –

Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

What are token type IDs?

• return_attention_mask (bool, optional) –

Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

• return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences.

• return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Wheter or not to return special tokens mask information.

• return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) –

Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

• return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.

• verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to print informations and warnings.

• **kwargs – passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

• input_ids – List of token ids to be fed to a model.

What are input IDs?

• token_type_ids – List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

What are token type IDs?

• attention_mask – List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

• overflowing_tokens – List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• num_truncated_tokens – Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• special_tokens_mask – List of 0s and 1s, with 0 specifying added special tokens and 1 specifying regual sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

• length – The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Return type

BatchEncoding

build_inputs_with_special_tokens(token_ids_0: List[int], token_ids_1: Optional[List[int]] = None) → List[int][source]

Build model inputs from a sequence or a pair of sequence for sequence classification tasks by concatenating and adding special tokens.

This implementation does not add special tokens and this method should be overriden in a subclass.

Parameters
• token_ids_0 (List[int]) – The first tokenized sequence.

• token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) – The second tokenized sequence.

Returns

The model input with special tokens.

Return type

List[int]

static clean_up_tokenization(out_string: str) → str[source]

Clean up a list of simple English tokenization artifacts like spaces before punctuations and abreviated forms.

Parameters

out_string (str) – The text to clean up.

Returns

The cleaned-up string.

Return type

str

create_token_type_ids_from_sequences(token_ids_0: List[int], token_ids_1: Optional[List[int]] = None) → List[int][source]

Create the token type IDs corresponding to the sequences passed. What are token type IDs?

Should be overriden in a subclass if the model has a special way of building those.

Parameters
• token_ids_0 (List[int]) – The first tokenized sequence.

• token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) – The second tokenized sequence.

Returns

The token type ids.

Return type

List[int]

decode(token_ids: List[int], skip_special_tokens: bool = False, clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True) → str[source]

Converts a sequence of ids in a string, using the tokenizer and vocabulary with options to remove special tokens and clean up tokenization spaces.

Similar to doing self.convert_tokens_to_string(self.convert_ids_to_tokens(token_ids)).

Parameters
• token_ids (List[int]) – List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.

• skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.

• clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.

Returns

The decoded sentence.

Return type

str

encode(text: Union[str, List[str], List[int]], text_pair: Optional[Union[str, List[str], List[int]]] = None, add_special_tokens: bool = True, padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = False, truncation: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False, max_length: Optional[int] = None, stride: int = 0, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, **kwargs) → List[int][source]

Converts a string to a sequence of ids (integer), using the tokenizer and vocabulary.

Same as doing self.convert_tokens_to_ids(self.tokenize(text)).

Parameters
• text (str, List[str] or List[int]) – The first sequence to be encoded. This can be a string, a list of strings (tokenized string using the tokenize method) or a list of integers (tokenized string ids using the convert_tokens_to_ids method).

• text_pair (str, List[str] or List[int], optional) – Optional second sequence to be encoded. This can be a string, a list of strings (tokenized string using the tokenize method) or a list of integers (tokenized string ids using the convert_tokens_to_ids method).

• add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.

• is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words), in which case the tokenizer will skip the pre-tokenization step. This is useful for NER or token classification.

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) – If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• **kwargs – Passed along to the .tokenize() method.

Returns

The tokenized ids of the text.

Return type

List[int], torch.Tensor, tf.Tensor or np.ndarray

encode_plus(text: Union[str, List[str], List[int]], text_pair: Optional[Union[str, List[str], List[int]]] = None, add_special_tokens: bool = True, padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = False, truncation: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False, max_length: Optional[int] = None, stride: int = 0, is_split_into_words: bool = False, pad_to_multiple_of: Optional[int] = None, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, return_token_type_ids: Optional[bool] = None, return_attention_mask: Optional[bool] = None, return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False, return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False, return_offsets_mapping: bool = False, return_length: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, **kwargs) → transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding[source]

Tokenize and prepare for the model a sequence or a pair of sequences.

Warning

This method is deprecated, __call__ should be used instead.

Parameters
• text (str, List[str] or List[int] (the latter only for not-fast tokenizers)) – The first sequence to be encoded. This can be a string, a list of strings (tokenized string using the tokenize method) or a list of integers (tokenized string ids using the convert_tokens_to_ids method).

• text_pair (str, List[str] or List[int], optional) – Optional second sequence to be encoded. This can be a string, a list of strings (tokenized string using the tokenize method) or a list of integers (tokenized string ids using the convert_tokens_to_ids method).

• add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.

• is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words), in which case the tokenizer will skip the pre-tokenization step. This is useful for NER or token classification.

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) – If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) –

Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

What are token type IDs?

• return_attention_mask (bool, optional) –

Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

• return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences.

• return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Wheter or not to return special tokens mask information.

• return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) –

Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

• return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.

• verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to print informations and warnings.

• **kwargs – passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

• input_ids – List of token ids to be fed to a model.

What are input IDs?

• token_type_ids – List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

What are token type IDs?

• attention_mask – List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

• overflowing_tokens – List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• num_truncated_tokens – Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• special_tokens_mask – List of 0s and 1s, with 0 specifying added special tokens and 1 specifying regual sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

• length – The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Return type

BatchEncoding

classmethod from_pretrained(*inputs, **kwargs)[source]

Instantiate a PreTrainedTokenizerBase (or a derived class) from a predefined tokenizer.

Parameters
• pretrained_model_name_or_path (str) –

Can be either:

• A string with the shortcut name of a predefined tokenizer to load from cache or download, e.g., bert-base-uncased.

• A string with the identifier name of a predefined tokenizer that was user-uploaded to our S3, e.g., dbmdz/bert-base-german-cased.

• A path to a directory containing vocabulary files required by the tokenizer, for instance saved using the save_pretrained() method, e.g., ./my_model_directory/.

• (Deprecated, not applicable to all derived classes) A path or url to a single saved vocabulary file (if and only if the tokenizer only requires a single vocabulary file like Bert or XLNet), e.g., ./my_model_directory/vocab.txt.

• cache_dir (str, optional) – Path to a directory in which a downloaded predefined tokenizer vocabulary files should be cached if the standard cache should not be used.

• force_download (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to force the (re-)download the vocabulary files and override the cached versions if they exist.

• resume_download (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to delete incompletely received files. Attempt to resume the download if such a file exists.

• proxies (Dict[str, str], optional) – A dictionary of proxy servers to use by protocol or endpoint, e.g., {'http': 'foo.bar:3128', 'http://hostname': 'foo.bar:4012'}. The proxies are used on each request.

• inputs (additional positional arguments, optional) – Will be passed along to the Tokenizer __init__ method.

• kwargs (additional keyword arguments, optional) – Will be passed to the Tokenizer __init__ method. Can be used to set special tokens like bos_token, eos_token, unk_token, sep_token, pad_token, cls_token, mask_token, additional_special_tokens. See parameters in the __init__ for more details.

Examples:

# We can't instantiate directly the base class PreTrainedTokenizerBase so let's show our examples on a derived class: BertTokenizer
tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('bert-base-uncased')

tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('dbmdz/bert-base-german-cased')

# If vocabulary files are in a directory (e.g. tokenizer was saved using save_pretrained('./test/saved_model/'))
tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('./test/saved_model/')

# If the tokenizer uses a single vocabulary file, you can point directly to this file
tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('./test/saved_model/my_vocab.txt')

# You can link tokens to special vocabulary when instantiating
tokenizer = BertTokenizer.from_pretrained('bert-base-uncased', unk_token='<unk>')
# You should be sure '<unk>' is in the vocabulary when doing that.
assert tokenizer.unk_token == '<unk>'

get_special_tokens_mask(token_ids_0: List[int], token_ids_1: Optional[List[int]] = None, already_has_special_tokens: bool = False) → List[int][source]

Retrieves sequence ids from a token list that has no special tokens added. This method is called when adding special tokens using the tokenizer prepare_for_model or encode_plus methods.

Parameters
• token_ids_0 (List[int]) – List of ids of the first sequence.

• token_ids_1 (List[int], optional) – List of ids of the second sequence.

• already_has_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Wheter or not the token list is already formated with special tokens for the model.

Returns

1 for a special token, 0 for a sequence token.

Return type

A list of integers in the range [0, 1]

property max_len

Deprecated Kept here for backward compatibility. Now renamed to model_max_length to avoid ambiguity.

Type

int

property max_len_sentences_pair

The maximum combined length of a pair of sentences that can be fed to the model.

Type

int

property max_len_single_sentence

The maximum length of a sentence that can be fed to the model.

Type

int

pad(encoded_inputs: Union[transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding, List[transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding], Dict[str, List[int]], Dict[str, List[List[int]]], List[Dict[str, List[int]]]], padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = True, max_length: Optional[int] = None, pad_to_multiple_of: Optional[int] = None, return_attention_mask: Optional[bool] = None, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, verbose: bool = True) → transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding[source]

Pad a single encoded input or a batch of encoded inputs up to predefined length or to the max sequence length in the batch.

Padding side (left/right) padding token ids are defined at the tokenizer level (with self.padding_side, self.pad_token_id and self.pad_token_type_id)

Note

If the encoded_inputs passed are dictionary of numpy arrays, PyTorch tensors or TensorFlow tensors, the result will use the same type unless you provide a different tensor type with return_tensors. In the case of PyTorch tensors, you will lose the specific device of your tensors however.

Parameters
• encoded_inputs (BatchEncoding, list of BatchEncoding, Dict[str, List[int]], Dict[str, List[List[int]] or List[Dict[str, List[int]]]) –

Tokenized inputs. Can represent one input (BatchEncoding or Dict[str, List[int]]) or a batch of tokenized inputs (list of BatchEncoding, Dict[str, List[List[int]]] or List[Dict[str, List[int]]]) so you can use this method during preprocessing as well as in a PyTorch Dataloader collate function.

Instead of List[int] you can have tensors (numpy arrays, PyTorch tensors or TensorFlow tensors), see the note above for the return type.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

index) among:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• max_length (int, optional) – Maximum length of the returned list and optionally padding length (see above).

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) –

If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value.

This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_attention_mask (bool, optional) –

Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to print informations and warnings.

prepare_for_model(ids: List[int], pair_ids: Optional[List[int]] = None, add_special_tokens: bool = True, padding: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy] = False, truncation: Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False, max_length: Optional[int] = None, stride: int = 0, pad_to_multiple_of: Optional[int] = None, return_tensors: Optional[Union[str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType]] = None, return_token_type_ids: Optional[bool] = None, return_attention_mask: Optional[bool] = None, return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False, return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False, return_offsets_mapping: bool = False, return_length: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, prepend_batch_axis: bool = False, **kwargs) → transformers.tokenization_utils_base.BatchEncoding[source]

Prepares a sequence of input id, or a pair of sequences of inputs ids so that it can be used by the model. It adds special tokens, truncates sequences if overflowing while taking into account the special tokens and manages a moving window (with user defined stride) for overflowing tokens

Parameters
• ids (List[int]) – Tokenized input ids of the first sequence. Can be obtained from a string by chaining the tokenize and convert_tokens_to_ids methods.

• pair_ids (List[int], optional) – Tokenized input ids of the second sequence. Can be obtained from a string by chaining the tokenize and convert_tokens_to_ids methods.

• add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.

• padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).

• 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.

• False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).

• truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

• True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.

• is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words), in which case the tokenizer will skip the pre-tokenization step. This is useful for NER or token classification.

• pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) – If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).

• return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) –

If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

• 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.

• 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.

• 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.

• return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) –

Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

What are token type IDs?

• return_attention_mask (bool, optional) –

Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

• return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences.

• return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Wheter or not to return special tokens mask information.

• return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) –

Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

• return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) – Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.

• verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) – Whether or not to print informations and warnings.

• **kwargs – passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

• input_ids – List of token ids to be fed to a model.

What are input IDs?

• token_type_ids – List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

What are token type IDs?

• attention_mask – List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

• overflowing_tokens – List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• num_truncated_tokens – Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

• special_tokens_mask – List of 0s and 1s, with 0 specifying added special tokens and 1 specifying regual sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

• length – The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Return type

BatchEncoding

save_pretrained(save_directory: str) → Tuple[str][source]

Save the tokenizer vocabulary files together with:

• special tokens to class attributes mapping,

• tokenizer instantiation positional and keywords inputs (e.g. do_lower_case for Bert).

This method make sure the full tokenizer can then be re-loaded using the from_pretrained() class method.

Warning

This won’t save modifications you may have applied to the tokenizer after the instantiation (for instance, modifying tokenizer.do_lower_case after creation).

Parameters

save_directory (str) – The path to adirectory where the tokenizer will be saved.

Returns

The files saved.

Return type

A tuple of str

truncate_sequences(ids: List[int], pair_ids: Optional[List[int]] = None, num_tokens_to_remove: int = 0, truncation_strategy: = 'longest_first', stride: int = 0) → Tuple[List[int], List[int], List[int]][source]

Truncates a sequence pair in-place following the strategy.

Parameters
• ids (List[int]) – Tokenized input ids of the first sequence. Can be obtained from a string by chaining the tokenize and convert_tokens_to_ids methods.

• pair_ids (List[int], optional) – Tokenized input ids of the second sequence. Can be obtained from a string by chaining the tokenize and convert_tokens_to_ids methods.

• num_tokens_to_remove (int, optional, defaults to 0) – Number of tokens to remove using the truncation strategy.

• truncation (str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) –

The strategy to follow for truncation. Can be:

• 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.

• 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).

• max_length (int, optional) –

Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

• stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) – If set to a positive number, the overflowing tokens returned will contain some tokens from the main sequence returned. The value of this argument defines the number of additional tokens.

Returns

The truncated ids, the truncated pair_ids and the list of overflowing tokens.

Return type

Tuple[List[int], List[int], List[int]]

## SpecialTokensMixin¶

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.SpecialTokensMixin(verbose=True, **kwargs)[source]

A mixin derived by PreTrainedTokenizer and PreTrainedTokenizerFast to handle specific behaviors related to special tokens. In particular, this class hold the attributes which can be used to directly access these special tokens in a model-independant manner and allow to set and update the special tokens.

Parameters
• bos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the beginning of a sentence.

• eos_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the end of a sentence.

• unk_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing an out-of-vocabulary token.

• sep_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token separating two different sentences in the same input (used by BERT for instance).

• pad_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token used to make arrays of tokens the same size for batching purpose. Will then be ignored by attention mechanisms or loss computation.

• cls_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing the class of the input (used by BERT for instance).

• mask_token (str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A special token representing a masked token (used by masked-language modeling pretraining objectives, like BERT).

• additional_special_tokens (tuple or list of str or tokenizers.AddedToken, optional) – A tuple or a list of additional special tokens.

add_special_tokens(special_tokens_dict: Dict[str, Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken]]) → int[source]

Add a dictionary of special tokens (eos, pad, cls, etc.) to the encoder and link them to class attributes. If special tokens are NOT in the vocabulary, they are added to it (indexed starting from the last index of the current vocabulary).

Using : obj:add_special_tokens will ensure your special tokens can be used in several ways:

• Special tokens are carefully handled by the tokenizer (they are never split).

• You can easily refer to special tokens using tokenizer class attributes like tokenizer.cls_token. This makes it easy to develop model-agnostic training and fine-tuning scripts.

When possible, special tokens are already registered for provided pretrained models (for instance BertTokenizer cls_token is already registered to be :obj’[CLS]’ and XLM’s one is also registered to be '</s>').

Parameters

special_tokens_dict (dictionary str to str or tokenizers.AddedToken) –

Keys should be in the list of predefined special attributes: [bos_token, eos_token, unk_token, sep_token, pad_token, cls_token, mask_token, additional_special_tokens].

Tokens are only added if they are not already in the vocabulary (tested by checking if the tokenizer assign the index of the unk_token to them).

Returns

Number of tokens added to the vocabulary.

Return type

int

Examples:

# Let's see how to add a new classification token to GPT-2
tokenizer = GPT2Tokenizer.from_pretrained('gpt2')
model = GPT2Model.from_pretrained('gpt2')

special_tokens_dict = {'cls_token': '<CLS>'}

# Notice: resize_token_embeddings expect to receive the full size of the new vocabulary, i.e., the length of the tokenizer.
model.resize_token_embeddings(len(tokenizer))

assert tokenizer.cls_token == '<CLS>'

add_tokens(new_tokens: Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken, List[Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken]]], special_tokens: bool = False) → int[source]

Add a list of new tokens to the tokenizer class. If the new tokens are not in the vocabulary, they are added to it with indices starting from length of the current vocabulary.

Parameters
• new_tokens (str, tokenizers.AddedToken or a list of str or tokenizers.AddedToken) – Tokens are only added if they are not already in the vocabulary. tokenizers.AddedToken wraps a string token to let you personalize its behavior: whether this token should only match against a single word, whether this token should strip all potential whitespaces on the left side, whether this token should strip all potential whitespaces on the right side, etc.

• special_token (bool, optional, defaults to False) –

Can be used to specify if the token is a special token. This mostly change the normalization behavior (special tokens like CLS or [MASK] are usually not lower-cased for instance).

See details for tokenizers.AddedToken in HuggingFace tokenizers library.

Returns

Number of tokens added to the vocabulary.

Return type

int

Examples:

# Let's see how to increase the vocabulary of Bert model and tokenizer
tokenizer = BertTokenizerFast.from_pretrained('bert-base-uncased')
model = BertModel.from_pretrained('bert-base-uncased')

# Notice: resize_token_embeddings expect to receive the full size of the new vocabulary, i.e., the length of the tokenizer.
model.resize_token_embeddings(len(tokenizer))

property additional_special_tokens

All the additional special tokens you may want to use. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

List[str]

property additional_special_tokens_ids

Ids of all the additional special tokens in the vocabulary. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

List[int]

property all_special_ids

List the ids of the special tokens('<unk>', '<cls>', etc.) mapped to class attributes.

Type

List[int]

property all_special_tokens

All the special tokens ('<unk>', '<cls>', etc.) mapped to class attributes.

Convert tokens of tokenizers.AddedToken type to string.

Type

List[str]

property all_special_tokens_extended

All the special tokens ('<unk>', '<cls>', etc.) mapped to class attributes.

Don’t convert tokens of tokenizers.AddedToken type to string so they can be used to control more finely how special tokens are tokenized.

Type

List[Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken]]

property bos_token

Beginning of sentence token. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property bos_token_id

Id of the beginning of sentence token in the vocabulary. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property cls_token

Classification token, to extract a summary of an input sequence leveraging self-attention along the full depth of the model. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property cls_token_id

Id of the classification token in the vocabulary, to extract a summary of an input sequence leveraging self-attention along the full depth of the model.

Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property eos_token

End of sentence token. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property eos_token_id

Id of the end of sentence token in the vocabulary. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property mask_token

Mask token, to use when training a model with masked-language modeling. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property mask_token_id

Id of the mask token in the vocabulary, used when training a model with masked-language modeling. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property pad_token

Padding token. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property pad_token_id

Id of the padding token in the vocabulary. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property pad_token_type_id

Id of the padding token type in the vocabulary.

Type

int

sanitize_special_tokens() → int[source]

Make sure that all the special tokens attributes of the tokenizer (tokenizer.mask_token, tokenizer.cls_token, etc.) are in the vocabulary.

Add the missing ones to the vocabulary if needed.

Returns

The number of tokens added in the vocaulary during the operation.

Return type

int

property sep_token

Separation token, to separate context and query in an input sequence. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property sep_token_id

Id of the separation token in the vocabulary, to separate context and query in an input sequence. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

property special_tokens_map

A dictionary mapping special token class attributes (cls_token, unk_token, etc.) to their values ('<unk>', '<cls>', etc.).

Convert potential tokens of tokenizers.AddedToken type to string.

Type

Dict[str, Union[str, List[str]]]

property special_tokens_map_extended

A dictionary mapping special token class attributes (cls_token, unk_token, etc.) to their values ('<unk>', '<cls>', etc.).

Don’t convert tokens of tokenizers.AddedToken type to string so they can be used to control more finely how special tokens are tokenized.

Type

Dict[str, Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken, List[Union[str, tokenizers.AddedToken]]]]

property unk_token

Unknown token. Log an error if used while not having been set.

Type

str

property unk_token_id

Id of the unknown token in the vocabulary. Returns None if the token has not been set.

Type

Optional[int]

## Enums and namedtuples¶

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.ExplicitEnum(value)[source]

Enum with more explicit error message for missing values.

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.PaddingStrategy(value)[source]

Possible values for the padding argument in PreTrainedTokenizerBase.__call__(). Useful for tab-completion in an IDE.

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TensorType(value)[source]

Possible values for the return_tensors argument in PreTrainedTokenizerBase.__call__(). Useful for tab-completion in an IDE.

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy(value)[source]

Possible values for the truncation argument in PreTrainedTokenizerBase.__call__(). Useful for tab-completion in an IDE.

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.CharSpan(start: int, end: int)[source]

Character span in the original string.

Parameters
• start (int) – Index of the first character in the original string.

• end (int) – Index of the character following the last character in the original string.

class transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TokenSpan(start: int, end: int)[source]

Token span in an encoded string (list of tokens).

Parameters
• start (int) – Index of the first token in the span.

• end (int`) – Index of the token following the last token in the span.