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Wav2Vec2

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Wav2Vec2

Overview

The Wav2Vec2 model was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

The abstract from the paper is the following:

We show for the first time that learning powerful representations from speech audio alone followed by fine-tuning on transcribed speech can outperform the best semi-supervised methods while being conceptually simpler. wav2vec 2.0 masks the speech input in the latent space and solves a contrastive task defined over a quantization of the latent representations which are jointly learned. Experiments using all labeled data of Librispeech achieve 1.8/3.3 WER on the clean/other test sets. When lowering the amount of labeled data to one hour, wav2vec 2.0 outperforms the previous state of the art on the 100 hour subset while using 100 times less labeled data. Using just ten minutes of labeled data and pre-training on 53k hours of unlabeled data still achieves 4.8/8.2 WER. This demonstrates the feasibility of speech recognition with limited amounts of labeled data.

Tips:

  • Wav2Vec2 is a speech model that accepts a float array corresponding to the raw waveform of the speech signal.
  • Wav2Vec2 model was trained using connectionist temporal classification (CTC) so the model output has to be decoded using Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer.

This model was contributed by patrickvonplaten.

Wav2Vec2Config

class transformers.Wav2Vec2Config

< >

( vocab_size = 32 hidden_size = 768 num_hidden_layers = 12 num_attention_heads = 12 intermediate_size = 3072 hidden_act = 'gelu' hidden_dropout = 0.1 activation_dropout = 0.1 attention_dropout = 0.1 feat_proj_dropout = 0.0 feat_quantizer_dropout = 0.0 final_dropout = 0.1 layerdrop = 0.1 initializer_range = 0.02 layer_norm_eps = 1e-05 feat_extract_norm = 'group' feat_extract_activation = 'gelu' conv_dim = (512, 512, 512, 512, 512, 512, 512) conv_stride = (5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2) conv_kernel = (10, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2) conv_bias = False num_conv_pos_embeddings = 128 num_conv_pos_embedding_groups = 16 do_stable_layer_norm = False apply_spec_augment = True mask_time_prob = 0.05 mask_time_length = 10 mask_time_min_masks = 2 mask_feature_prob = 0.0 mask_feature_length = 10 mask_feature_min_masks = 0 num_codevectors_per_group = 320 num_codevector_groups = 2 contrastive_logits_temperature = 0.1 num_negatives = 100 codevector_dim = 256 proj_codevector_dim = 256 diversity_loss_weight = 0.1 ctc_loss_reduction = 'sum' ctc_zero_infinity = False use_weighted_layer_sum = False classifier_proj_size = 256 tdnn_dim = (512, 512, 512, 512, 1500) tdnn_kernel = (5, 3, 3, 1, 1) tdnn_dilation = (1, 2, 3, 1, 1) xvector_output_dim = 512 pad_token_id = 0 bos_token_id = 1 eos_token_id = 2 add_adapter = False adapter_kernel_size = 3 adapter_stride = 2 num_adapter_layers = 3 output_hidden_size = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_size (int, optional, defaults to 32) — Vocabulary size of the Wav2Vec2 model. Defines the number of different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed when calling Wav2Vec2Model or TFWav2Vec2Model. Vocabulary size of the model. Defines the different tokens that can be represented by the inputs_ids passed to the forward method of Wav2Vec2Model.
  • hidden_size (int, optional, defaults to 768) — Dimensionality of the encoder layers and the pooler layer.
  • num_hidden_layers (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of hidden layers in the Transformer encoder.
  • num_attention_heads (int, optional, defaults to 12) — Number of attention heads for each attention layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • intermediate_size (int, optional, defaults to 3072) — Dimensionality of the “intermediate” (i.e., feed-forward) layer in the Transformer encoder.
  • hidden_act (str or function, optional, defaults to "gelu") — The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the encoder and pooler. If string, "gelu", "relu", "selu" and "gelu_new" are supported.
  • hidden_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout probability for all fully connected layers in the embeddings, encoder, and pooler.
  • attention_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout ratio for the attention probabilities.
  • final_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The dropout probability for the final projection layer of Wav2Vec2ForCTC.
  • initializer_range (float, optional, defaults to 0.02) — The standard deviation of the truncated_normal_initializer for initializing all weight matrices.
  • layer_norm_eps (float, optional, defaults to 1e-12) — The epsilon used by the layer normalization layers.
  • feat_extract_norm (str, optional, defaults to "group") — The norm to be applied to 1D convolutional layers in feature encoder. One of "group" for group normalization of only the first 1D convolutional layer or "layer" for layer normalization of all 1D convolutional layers.
  • feat_proj_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout probability for output of the feature encoder.
  • feat_extract_activation (str, optional, defaults to “gelu”) -- The non-linear activation function (function or string) in the 1D convolutional layers of the feature extractor. If string, “gelu”, “relu”, “selu”and“gelu_new”` are supported.
  • feat_quantizer_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout probabilitiy for quantized feature encoder states.
  • conv_dim (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (512, 512, 512, 512, 512, 512, 512)) — A tuple of integers defining the number of input and output channels of each 1D convolutional layer in the feature encoder. The length of conv_dim defines the number of 1D convolutional layers.
  • conv_stride (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (5, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2)) — A tuple of integers defining the stride of each 1D convolutional layer in the feature encoder. The length of conv_stride defines the number of convolutional layers and has to match the length of conv_dim.
  • conv_kernel (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (10, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3)) — A tuple of integers defining the kernel size of each 1D convolutional layer in the feature encoder. The length of conv_kernel defines the number of convolutional layers and has to match the length of conv_dim.
  • conv_bias (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether the 1D convolutional layers have a bias.
  • num_conv_pos_embeddings (int, optional, defaults to 128) — Number of convolutional positional embeddings. Defines the kernel size of 1D convolutional positional embeddings layer.
  • num_conv_pos_embedding_groups (int, optional, defaults to 16) — Number of groups of 1D convolutional positional embeddings layer.
  • do_stable_layer_norm (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to apply stable layer norm architecture of the Transformer encoder. do_stable_layer_norm is True corresponds to applying layer norm before the attention layer, whereas do_stable_layer_norm is False corresponds to applying layer norm after the attention layer.
  • apply_spec_augment (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether to apply SpecAugment data augmentation to the outputs of the feature encoder. For reference see SpecAugment: A Simple Data Augmentation Method for Automatic Speech Recognition.
  • mask_time_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.05) — Percentage (between 0 and 1) of all feature vectors along the time axis which will be masked. The masking procecure generates ”mask_time_problen(time_axis)/mask_time_length” independent masks over the axis. If reasoning from the propability of each feature vector to be chosen as the start of the vector span to be masked, mask_time_prob should be `prob_vector_startmask_time_length. Note that overlap may decrease the actual percentage of masked vectors. This is only relevant if apply_spec_augment is True`.
  • mask_time_length (int, optional, defaults to 10) — Length of vector span along the time axis.
  • mask_time_min_masks (int, optional, defaults to 2), — The minimum number of masks of length mask_feature_length generated along the time axis, each time step, irrespectively of mask_feature_prob. Only relevant if ”mask_time_prob*len(time_axis)/mask_time_length < mask_time_min_masks”
  • mask_feature_prob (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — Percentage (between 0 and 1) of all feature vectors along the feature axis which will be masked. The masking procecure generates ”mask_feature_problen(feature_axis)/mask_time_length” independent masks over the axis. If reasoning from the propability of each feature vector to be chosen as the start of the vector span to be masked, mask_feature_prob should be `prob_vector_startmask_feature_length. Note that overlap may decrease the actual percentage of masked vectors. This is only relevant if apply_spec_augment is True`.
  • mask_feature_length (int, optional, defaults to 10) — Length of vector span along the feature axis.
  • mask_feature_min_masks (int, optional, defaults to 0), — The minimum number of masks of length mask_feature_length generated along the feature axis, each time step, irrespectively of mask_feature_prob. Only relevant if ”mask_feature_prob*len(feature_axis)/mask_feature_length < mask_feature_min_masks”
  • num_codevectors_per_group (int, optional, defaults to 320) — Number of entries in each quantization codebook (group).
  • num_codevector_groups (int, optional, defaults to 2) — Number of codevector groups for product codevector quantization.
  • contrastive_logits_temperature (float, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The temperature kappa in the contrastive loss.
  • feat_quantizer_dropout (float, optional, defaults to 0.0) — The dropout probabilitiy for the output of the feature encoder that’s used by the quantizer.
  • num_negatives (int, optional, defaults to 100) — Number of negative samples for the contrastive loss.
  • codevector_dim (int, optional, defaults to 256) — Dimensionality of the quantized feature vectors.
  • proj_codevector_dim (int, optional, defaults to 256) — Dimensionality of the final projection of both the quantized and the transformer features.
  • diversity_loss_weight (int, optional, defaults to 0.1) — The weight of the codebook diversity loss component.
  • ctc_loss_reduction (str, optional, defaults to "sum") — Specifies the reduction to apply to the output of torch.nn.CTCLoss. Only relevant when training an instance of Wav2Vec2ForCTC.
  • ctc_zero_infinity (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to zero infinite losses and the associated gradients of torch.nn.CTCLoss. Infinite losses mainly occur when the inputs are too short to be aligned to the targets. Only relevant when training an instance of Wav2Vec2ForCTC.
  • use_weighted_layer_sum (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether to use a weighted average of layer outputs with learned weights. Only relevant when using an instance of Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification.
  • classifier_proj_size (int, optional, defaults to 256) — Dimensionality of the projection before token mean-pooling for classification.
  • tdnn_dim (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (512, 512, 512, 512, 1500)) — A tuple of integers defining the number of output channels of each 1D convolutional layer in the TDNN module of the XVector model. The length of tdnn_dim defines the number of TDNN layers.
  • tdnn_kernel (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (5, 3, 3, 1, 1)) — A tuple of integers defining the kernel size of each 1D convolutional layer in the TDNN module of the XVector model. The length of tdnn_kernel has to match the length of tdnn_dim.
  • tdnn_dilation (Tuple[int], optional, defaults to (1, 2, 3, 1, 1)) — A tuple of integers defining the dilation factor of each 1D convolutional layer in TDNN module of the XVector model. The length of tdnn_dilation has to match the length of tdnn_dim.
  • xvector_output_dim (int, optional, defaults to 512) — Dimensionality of the XVector embedding vectors.
  • add_adapter (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether a convolutional network should be stacked on top of the Wav2Vec2 Encoder. Can be very useful for warm-starting Wav2Vec2 for SpeechEncoderDecoder models.
  • adapter_kernel_size (int, optional, defaults to 3) — Kernel size of the convolutional layers in the adapter network. Only relevant if add_adapter is True.
  • adapter_stride (int, optional, defaults to 2) — Stride of the convolutional layers in the adapter network. Only relevant if add_adapter is True.
  • num_adapter_layers (int, optional, defaults to 3) — Number of convolutional layers that should be used in the adapter network. Only relevant if add_adapter is True.
  • output_hidden_size (int, optional) — Dimensionality of the encoder output layer. If not defined, this defaults to hidden-size. Only relevant if add_adapter is True.

This is the configuration class to store the configuration of a Wav2Vec2Model. It is used to instantiate an Wav2Vec2 model according to the specified arguments, defining the model architecture. Instantiating a configuration with the defaults will yield a similar configuration to that of the Wav2Vec2 facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h architecture.

Configuration objects inherit from PretrainedConfig and can be used to control the model outputs. Read the documentation from PretrainedConfig for more information.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Model, Wav2Vec2Config

>>> # Initializing a Wav2Vec2 facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h style configuration
>>> configuration = Wav2Vec2Config()

>>> # Initializing a model from the facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h style configuration
>>> model = Wav2Vec2Model(configuration)

>>> # Accessing the model configuration
>>> configuration = model.config

Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer

class transformers.Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer

< >

( vocab_file bos_token = '<s>' eos_token = '</s>' unk_token = '<unk>' pad_token = '<pad>' word_delimiter_token = '|' replace_word_delimiter_char = ' ' do_lower_case = False **kwargs )

Parameters

  • vocab_file (str) — File containing the vocabulary.
  • bos_token (str, optional, defaults to "<s>") — The beginning of sentence token.
  • eos_token (str, optional, defaults to "</s>") — The end of sentence token.
  • unk_token (str, optional, defaults to "<unk>") — The unknown token. A token that is not in the vocabulary cannot be converted to an ID and is set to be this token instead.
  • pad_token (str, optional, defaults to "<pad>") — The token used for padding, for example when batching sequences of different lengths.
  • word_delimiter_token (str, optional, defaults to "|") — The token used for defining the end of a word.
  • do_lower_case (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to accept lowercase input and lowercase the output when decoding.

    **kwargs — Additional keyword arguments passed along to PreTrainedTokenizer

Constructs a Wav2Vec2CTC tokenizer.

This tokenizer inherits from PreTrainedTokenizer which contains some of the main methods. Users should refer to the superclass for more information regarding such methods.

__call__

< >

( text: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str], typing.List[typing.List[str]]] text_pair: typing.Union[str, typing.List[str], typing.List[typing.List[str]], NoneType] = None add_special_tokens: bool = True padding: typing.Union[bool, str, transformers.utils.generic.PaddingStrategy] = False truncation: typing.Union[bool, str, transformers.tokenization_utils_base.TruncationStrategy] = False max_length: typing.Optional[int] = None stride: int = 0 is_split_into_words: bool = False pad_to_multiple_of: typing.Optional[int] = None return_tensors: typing.Union[str, transformers.utils.generic.TensorType, NoneType] = None return_token_type_ids: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_attention_mask: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_overflowing_tokens: bool = False return_special_tokens_mask: bool = False return_offsets_mapping: bool = False return_length: bool = False verbose: bool = True **kwargs ) BatchEncoding

Parameters

  • text (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) — The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).
  • text_pair (str, List[str], List[List[str]]) — The sequence or batch of sequences to be encoded. Each sequence can be a string or a list of strings (pretokenized string). If the sequences are provided as list of strings (pretokenized), you must set is_split_into_words=True (to lift the ambiguity with a batch of sequences).
  • add_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to encode the sequences with the special tokens relative to their model.
  • padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) — Activates and controls padding. Accepts the following values:

    • True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).
    • 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.
    • False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).
  • truncation (bool, str or TruncationStrategy, optional, defaults to False) — Activates and controls truncation. Accepts the following values:

    • True or 'longest_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will truncate token by token, removing a token from the longest sequence in the pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • 'only_first': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the first sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • 'only_second': Truncate to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided. This will only truncate the second sequence of a pair if a pair of sequences (or a batch of pairs) is provided.
    • False or 'do_not_truncate' (default): No truncation (i.e., can output batch with sequence lengths greater than the model maximum admissible input size).
  • max_length (int, optional) — Controls the maximum length to use by one of the truncation/padding parameters.

    If left unset or set to None, this will use the predefined model maximum length if a maximum length is required by one of the truncation/padding parameters. If the model has no specific maximum input length (like XLNet) truncation/padding to a maximum length will be deactivated.

  • stride (int, optional, defaults to 0) — If set to a number along with max_length, the overflowing tokens returned when return_overflowing_tokens=True will contain some tokens from the end of the truncated sequence returned to provide some overlap between truncated and overflowing sequences. The value of this argument defines the number of overlapping tokens.
  • is_split_into_words (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not the input is already pre-tokenized (e.g., split into words). If set to True, the tokenizer assumes the input is already split into words (for instance, by splitting it on whitespace) which it will tokenize. This is useful for NER or token classification.
  • pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) — If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value. This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability >= 7.5 (Volta).
  • return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) — If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

    • 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.
    • 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.
    • 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.
  • return_token_type_ids (bool, optional) — Whether to return token type IDs. If left to the default, will return the token type IDs according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

    What are token type IDs?

  • return_attention_mask (bool, optional) — Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific tokenizer’s default, defined by the return_outputs attribute.

    What are attention masks?

  • return_overflowing_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return overflowing token sequences. If a pair of sequences of input ids (or a batch of pairs) is provided with truncation_strategy = longest_first or True, an error is raised instead of returning overflowing tokens.
  • return_special_tokens_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return special tokens mask information.
  • return_offsets_mapping (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return (char_start, char_end) for each token.

    This is only available on fast tokenizers inheriting from PreTrainedTokenizerFast, if using Python’s tokenizer, this method will raise NotImplementedError.

  • return_length (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to return the lengths of the encoded inputs.
  • verbose (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to print more information and warnings. **kwargs — passed to the self.tokenize() method

Returns

BatchEncoding

A BatchEncoding with the following fields:

  • input_ids — List of token ids to be fed to a model.

    What are input IDs?

  • token_type_ids — List of token type ids to be fed to a model (when return_token_type_ids=True or if “token_type_ids” is in self.model_input_names).

    What are token type IDs?

  • attention_mask — List of indices specifying which tokens should be attended to by the model (when return_attention_mask=True or if “attention_mask” is in self.model_input_names).

    What are attention masks?

  • overflowing_tokens — List of overflowing tokens sequences (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

  • num_truncated_tokens — Number of tokens truncated (when a max_length is specified and return_overflowing_tokens=True).

  • special_tokens_mask — List of 0s and 1s, with 1 specifying added special tokens and 0 specifying regular sequence tokens (when add_special_tokens=True and return_special_tokens_mask=True).

  • length — The length of the inputs (when return_length=True)

Main method to tokenize and prepare for the model one or several sequence(s) or one or several pair(s) of sequences.

save_vocabulary

< >

( save_directory: str filename_prefix: typing.Optional[str] = None )

decode

< >

( token_ids: typing.Union[int, typing.List[int], ForwardRef('np.ndarray'), ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), ForwardRef('tf.Tensor')] skip_special_tokens: bool = False clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True output_char_offsets: bool = False output_word_offsets: bool = False **kwargs ) str or Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput

Parameters

  • token_ids (Union[int, List[int], np.ndarray, torch.Tensor, tf.Tensor]) — List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.
  • skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.
  • output_char_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output character offsets. Character offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed characters.

    Please take a look at the example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets.

  • output_word_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output word offsets. Word offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed words.

    Please take a look at the example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets.

  • kwargs (additional keyword arguments, optional) — Will be passed to the underlying model specific decode method.

Returns

str or Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput

The list of decoded sentences. Will be a Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput when output_char_offsets == True or output_word_offsets == True.

Converts a sequence of ids in a string, using the tokenizer and vocabulary with options to remove special tokens and clean up tokenization spaces.

Similar to doing self.convert_tokens_to_string(self.convert_ids_to_tokens(token_ids)).

Example:

>>> # Let's see how to retrieve time steps for a model
>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoFeatureExtractor, AutoModelForCTC
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import datasets
>>> import torch

>>> # import model, feature extractor, tokenizer
>>> model = AutoModelForCTC.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> feature_extractor = AutoFeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")

>>> # load first sample of English common_voice
>>> dataset = load_dataset("common_voice", "en", split="train", streaming=True)
>>> dataset = dataset.cast_column("audio", datasets.Audio(sampling_rate=16_000))
>>> dataset_iter = iter(dataset)
>>> sample = next(dataset_iter)

>>> # forward sample through model to get greedily predicted transcription ids
>>> input_values = feature_extractor(sample["audio"]["array"], return_tensors="pt").input_values
>>> logits = model(input_values).logits[0]
>>> pred_ids = torch.argmax(logits, axis=-1)

>>> # retrieve word stamps (analogous commands for `output_char_offsets`)
>>> outputs = tokenizer.decode(pred_ids, output_word_offsets=True)
>>> # compute `time_offset` in seconds as product of downsampling ratio and sampling_rate
>>> time_offset = model.config.inputs_to_logits_ratio / feature_extractor.sampling_rate

>>> word_offsets = [
...     {
...         "word": d["word"],
...         "start_time": round(d["start_offset"] * time_offset, 2),
...         "end_time": round(d["end_offset"] * time_offset, 2),
...     }
...     for d in outputs.word_offsets
... ]
>>> # compare word offsets with audio `common_voice_en_100038.mp3` online on the dataset viewer:
>>> # https://huggingface.co/datasets/common_voice/viewer/en/train
>>> word_offsets[:3]
[{'word': 'WHY', 'start_time': 1.42, 'end_time': 1.54}, {'word': 'DOES', 'start_time': 1.64, 'end_time': 1.9}, {'word': 'MILISANDRA', 'start_time': 2.26, 'end_time': 2.9}]

batch_decode

< >

( sequences: typing.Union[typing.List[int], typing.List[typing.List[int]], ForwardRef('np.ndarray'), ForwardRef('torch.Tensor'), ForwardRef('tf.Tensor')] skip_special_tokens: bool = False clean_up_tokenization_spaces: bool = True output_char_offsets: bool = False output_word_offsets: bool = False **kwargs ) List[str] or Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput

Parameters

  • sequences (Union[List[int], List[List[int]], np.ndarray, torch.Tensor, tf.Tensor]) — List of tokenized input ids. Can be obtained using the __call__ method.
  • skip_special_tokens (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to remove special tokens in the decoding.
  • clean_up_tokenization_spaces (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to clean up the tokenization spaces.
  • output_char_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output character offsets. Character offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed characters.

    Please take a look at the Example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets. batch_decode works the same way with batched output.

  • output_word_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output word offsets. Word offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed words.

    Please take a look at the Example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets. batch_decode works the same way with batched output.

  • kwargs (additional keyword arguments, optional) — Will be passed to the underlying model specific decode method.

Returns

List[str] or Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput

The list of decoded sentences. Will be a Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizerOutput when output_char_offsets == True or output_word_offsets == True.

Convert a list of lists of token ids into a list of strings by calling decode.

Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor

class transformers.Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor

< >

( feature_size = 1 sampling_rate = 16000 padding_value = 0.0 return_attention_mask = False do_normalize = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • feature_size (int, defaults to 1) — The feature dimension of the extracted features.
  • sampling_rate (int, defaults to 16000) — The sampling rate at which the audio files should be digitalized expressed in Hertz per second (Hz).
  • padding_value (float, defaults to 0.0) — The value that is used to fill the padding values.
  • do_normalize (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to zero-mean unit-variance normalize the input. Normalizing can help to significantly improve the performance for some models, e.g., wav2vec2-lv60.
  • return_attention_mask (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not call() should return attention_mask.

    Wav2Vec2 models that have set config.feat_extract_norm == "group", such as wav2vec2-base, have not been trained using attention_mask. For such models, input_values should simply be padded with 0 and no attention_mask should be passed.

    For Wav2Vec2 models that have set config.feat_extract_norm == "layer", such as wav2vec2-lv60, attention_mask should be passed for batched inference.

Constructs a Wav2Vec2 feature extractor.

This feature extractor inherits from SequenceFeatureExtractor which contains most of the main methods. Users should refer to this superclass for more information regarding those methods.

__call__

< >

( raw_speech: typing.Union[numpy.ndarray, typing.List[float], typing.List[numpy.ndarray], typing.List[typing.List[float]]] padding: typing.Union[bool, str, transformers.utils.generic.PaddingStrategy] = False max_length: typing.Optional[int] = None truncation: bool = False pad_to_multiple_of: typing.Optional[int] = None return_attention_mask: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_tensors: typing.Union[str, transformers.utils.generic.TensorType, NoneType] = None sampling_rate: typing.Optional[int] = None **kwargs )

Parameters

  • raw_speech (np.ndarray, List[float], List[np.ndarray], List[List[float]]) — The sequence or batch of sequences to be padded. Each sequence can be a numpy array, a list of float values, a list of numpy arrays or a list of list of float values.
  • padding (bool, str or PaddingStrategy, optional, defaults to False) — Select a strategy to pad the returned sequences (according to the model’s padding side and padding index) among:

    • True or 'longest': Pad to the longest sequence in the batch (or no padding if only a single sequence if provided).
    • 'max_length': Pad to a maximum length specified with the argument max_length or to the maximum acceptable input length for the model if that argument is not provided.
    • False or 'do_not_pad' (default): No padding (i.e., can output a batch with sequences of different lengths).
  • max_length (int, optional) — Maximum length of the returned list and optionally padding length (see above).
  • truncation (bool) — Activates truncation to cut input sequences longer than max_length to max_length.
  • pad_to_multiple_of (int, optional) — If set will pad the sequence to a multiple of the provided value.

    This is especially useful to enable the use of Tensor Cores on NVIDIA hardware with compute capability

    = 7.5 (Volta), or on TPUs which benefit from having sequence lengths be a multiple of 128.

  • return_attention_mask (bool, optional) — Whether to return the attention mask. If left to the default, will return the attention mask according to the specific feature_extractor’s default.

    What are attention masks?

    Wav2Vec2 models that have set config.feat_extract_norm == "group", such as wav2vec2-base, have not been trained using attention_mask. For such models, input_values should simply be padded with 0 and no attention_mask should be passed.

    For Wav2Vec2 models that have set config.feat_extract_norm == "layer", such as wav2vec2-lv60, attention_mask should be passed for batched inference.

  • return_tensors (str or TensorType, optional) — If set, will return tensors instead of list of python integers. Acceptable values are:

    • 'tf': Return TensorFlow tf.constant objects.
    • 'pt': Return PyTorch torch.Tensor objects.
    • 'np': Return Numpy np.ndarray objects.
  • sampling_rate (int, optional) — The sampling rate at which the raw_speech input was sampled. It is strongly recommended to pass sampling_rate at the forward call to prevent silent errors.
  • padding_value (float, defaults to 0.0) —

Main method to featurize and prepare for the model one or several sequence(s). sequences.

Wav2Vec2Processor

class transformers.Wav2Vec2Processor

< >

( feature_extractor tokenizer )

Parameters

Constructs a Wav2Vec2 processor which wraps a Wav2Vec2 feature extractor and a Wav2Vec2 CTC tokenizer into a single processor.

Wav2Vec2Processor offers all the functionalities of Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor and PreTrainedTokenizer. See the docstring of call() and decode() for more information.

__call__

< >

( *args **kwargs )

When used in normal mode, this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor’s call() and returns its output. If used in the context as_target_processor() this method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s call(). Please refer to the docstring of the above two methods for more information.

pad

< >

( *args **kwargs )

When used in normal mode, this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor’s pad() and returns its output. If used in the context as_target_processor() this method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s pad(). Please refer to the docstring of the above two methods for more information.

from_pretrained

< >

( pretrained_model_name_or_path **kwargs )

save_pretrained

< >

( save_directory push_to_hub: bool = False **kwargs )

Parameters

  • save_directory (str or os.PathLike) — Directory where the feature extractor JSON file and the tokenizer files will be saved (directory will be created if it does not exist).
  • push_to_hub (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to push your processor to the Hugging Face model hub after saving it.

    Using push_to_hub=True will synchronize the repository you are pushing to with save_directory, which requires save_directory to be a local clone of the repo you are pushing to if it’s an existing folder. Pass along temp_dir=True to use a temporary directory instead.

    kwargs — Additional key word arguments passed along to the push_to_hub() method.

Saves the attributes of this processor (feature extractor, tokenizer…) in the specified directory so that it can be reloaded using the from_pretrained() method.

This class method is simply calling save_pretrained() and save_pretrained. Please refer to the docstrings of the methods above for more information.

batch_decode

< >

( *args **kwargs )

This method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s batch_decode(). Please refer to the docstring of this method for more information.

decode

< >

( *args **kwargs )

This method forwards all its arguments to PreTrainedTokenizer’s decode(). Please refer to the docstring of this method for more information.

as_target_processor

< >

( )

Temporarily sets the tokenizer for processing the input. Useful for encoding the labels when fine-tuning Wav2Vec2.

Wav2Vec2ProcessorWithLM

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ProcessorWithLM

< >

( feature_extractor: FeatureExtractionMixin tokenizer: PreTrainedTokenizerBase decoder: BeamSearchDecoderCTC )

Parameters

Constructs a Wav2Vec2 processor which wraps a Wav2Vec2 feature extractor, a Wav2Vec2 CTC tokenizer and a decoder with language model support into a single processor for language model boosted speech recognition decoding.

__call__

< >

( *args **kwargs )

When used in normal mode, this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor’s call() and returns its output. If used in the context as_target_processor() this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer’s call(). Please refer to the docstring of the above two methods for more information.

pad

< >

( *args **kwargs )

When used in normal mode, this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor’s pad() and returns its output. If used in the context as_target_processor() this method forwards all its arguments to Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer’s pad(). Please refer to the docstring of the above two methods for more information.

from_pretrained

< >

( pretrained_model_name_or_path **kwargs )

Parameters

  • pretrained_model_name_or_path (str or os.PathLike) — This can be either:

    • a string, the model id of a pretrained feature_extractor hosted inside a model repo on huggingface.co. Valid model ids can be located at the root-level, like bert-base-uncased, or namespaced under a user or organization name, like dbmdz/bert-base-german-cased.
    • a path to a directory containing a feature extractor file saved using the save_pretrained() method, e.g., ./my_model_directory/.
    • a path or url to a saved feature extractor JSON file, e.g., ./my_model_directory/preprocessor_config.json. **kwargs — Additional keyword arguments passed along to both SequenceFeatureExtractor and PreTrainedTokenizer

Instantiate a Wav2Vec2ProcessorWithLM from a pretrained Wav2Vec2 processor.

This class method is simply calling Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor’s from_pretrained(), Wav2Vec2CTCTokenizer’s from_pretrained, and pyctcdecode.BeamSearchDecoderCTC.load_from_hf_hub.

Please refer to the docstrings of the methods above for more information.

save_pretrained

< >

( save_directory )

batch_decode

< >

( logits: ndarray num_processes: typing.Optional[int] = None beam_width: typing.Optional[int] = None beam_prune_logp: typing.Optional[float] = None token_min_logp: typing.Optional[float] = None hotwords: typing.Optional[typing.Iterable[str]] = None hotword_weight: typing.Optional[float] = None alpha: typing.Optional[float] = None beta: typing.Optional[float] = None unk_score_offset: typing.Optional[float] = None lm_score_boundary: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_word_offsets: bool = False )

Parameters

  • logits (np.ndarray) — The logits output vector of the model representing the log probabilities for each token.
  • num_processes (int, optional) — Number of processes on which the function should be parallelized over. Defaults to the number of available CPUs.
  • beam_width (int, optional) — Maximum number of beams at each step in decoding. Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_BEAM_WIDTH.
  • beam_prune_logp (int, optional) — Beams that are much worse than best beam will be pruned Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_PRUNE_LOGP.
  • token_min_logp (int, optional) — Tokens below this logp are skipped unless they are argmax of frame Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_MIN_TOKEN_LOGP.
  • hotwords (List[str], optional) — List of words with extra importance, can be OOV for LM
  • hotword_weight (int, optional) — Weight factor for hotword importance Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_HOTWORD_WEIGHT.
  • alpha (float, optional) — Weight for language model during shallow fusion
  • beta (float, optional) — Weight for length score adjustment of during scoring
  • unk_score_offset (float, optional) — Amount of log score offset for unknown tokens
  • lm_score_boundary (bool, optional) — Whether to have kenlm respect boundaries when scoring
  • output_word_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output word offsets. Word offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed words.

    Please take a look at the Example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets. batch_decode works the same way with batched output.

Batch decode output logits to audio transcription with language model support.

This function makes use of Python’s multiprocessing.

decode

< >

( logits: ndarray beam_width: typing.Optional[int] = None beam_prune_logp: typing.Optional[float] = None token_min_logp: typing.Optional[float] = None hotwords: typing.Optional[typing.Iterable[str]] = None hotword_weight: typing.Optional[float] = None alpha: typing.Optional[float] = None beta: typing.Optional[float] = None unk_score_offset: typing.Optional[float] = None lm_score_boundary: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_word_offsets: bool = False )

Parameters

  • logits (np.ndarray) — The logits output vector of the model representing the log probabilities for each token.
  • beam_width (int, optional) — Maximum number of beams at each step in decoding. Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_BEAM_WIDTH.
  • beam_prune_logp (int, optional) — A threshold to prune beams with log-probs less than best_beam_logp + beam_prune_logp. The value should be <= 0. Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_PRUNE_LOGP.
  • token_min_logp (int, optional) — Tokens with log-probs below token_min_logp are skipped unless they are have the maximum log-prob for an utterance. Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_MIN_TOKEN_LOGP.
  • hotwords (List[str], optional) — List of words with extra importance which can be missing from the LM’s vocabulary, e.g. [“huggingface”]
  • hotword_weight (int, optional) — Weight multiplier that boosts hotword scores. Defaults to pyctcdecode’s DEFAULT_HOTWORD_WEIGHT.
  • alpha (float, optional) — Weight for language model during shallow fusion
  • beta (float, optional) — Weight for length score adjustment of during scoring
  • unk_score_offset (float, optional) — Amount of log score offset for unknown tokens
  • lm_score_boundary (bool, optional) — Whether to have kenlm respect boundaries when scoring
  • output_word_offsets (bool, optional, defaults to False) — Whether or not to output word offsets. Word offsets can be used in combination with the sampling rate and model downsampling rate to compute the time-stamps of transcribed words.

    Please take a look at the example of decode to better understand how to make use of output_word_offsets.

Decode output logits to audio transcription with language model support.

Example:

>>> # Let's see how to retrieve time steps for a model
>>> from transformers import AutoTokenizer, AutoProcessor, AutoModelForCTC
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import datasets
>>> import torch

>>> # import model, feature extractor, tokenizer
>>> model = AutoModelForCTC.from_pretrained("patrickvonplaten/wav2vec2-base-100h-with-lm")
>>> processor = AutoProcessor.from_pretrained("patrickvonplaten/wav2vec2-base-100h-with-lm")

>>> # load first sample of English common_voice
>>> dataset = load_dataset("common_voice", "en", split="train", streaming=True)
>>> dataset = dataset.cast_column("audio", datasets.Audio(sampling_rate=16_000))
>>> dataset_iter = iter(dataset)
>>> sample = next(dataset_iter)

>>> # forward sample through model to get greedily predicted transcription ids
>>> input_values = processor(sample["audio"]["array"], return_tensors="pt").input_values
>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     logits = model(input_values).logits[0].cpu().numpy()

>>> # retrieve word stamps (analogous commands for `output_char_offsets`)
>>> outputs = processor.decode(logits, output_word_offsets=True)
>>> # compute `time_offset` in seconds as product of downsampling ratio and sampling_rate
>>> time_offset = model.config.inputs_to_logits_ratio / processor.feature_extractor.sampling_rate

>>> word_offsets = [
...     {
...         "word": d["word"],
...         "start_time": round(d["start_offset"] * time_offset, 2),
...         "end_time": round(d["end_offset"] * time_offset, 2),
...     }
...     for d in outputs.word_offsets
... ]
>>> # compare word offsets with audio `common_voice_en_100038.mp3` online on the dataset viewer:
>>> # https://huggingface.co/datasets/common_voice/viewer/en/train
>>> word_offsets[:4]
[{'word': 'WHY', 'start_time': 1.42, 'end_time': 1.54}, {'word': 'DOES', 'start_time': 1.64, 'end_time': 1.88}, {'word': 'A', 'start_time': 2.12, 'end_time': 2.14}, {'word': 'MILE', 'start_time': 2.26, 'end_time': 2.46}]

as_target_processor

< >

( )

Temporarily sets the tokenizer for processing the input. Useful for encoding the labels when fine-tuning Wav2Vec2.

Wav2Vec2 specific outputs

class transformers.models.wav2vec2_with_lm.processing_wav2vec2_with_lm.Wav2Vec2DecoderWithLMOutput

< >

( text: typing.Union[typing.List[str], str] logit_score: typing.Union[typing.List[float], float] = None lm_score: typing.Union[typing.List[float], float] = None word_offsets: typing.Union[typing.List[typing.List[typing.Dict[str, typing.Union[int, str]]]], typing.List[typing.Dict[str, typing.Union[int, str]]]] = None )

Parameters

  • text (list of str or str) — Decoded logits in text from. Usually the speech transcription.
  • logit_score (list of float or float) — Total logit score of the beam associated with produced text.
  • lm_score (list of float) — Fused lm_score of the beam associated with produced text.
  • word_offsets (list of List[Dict[str, Union[int, str]]] or List[Dict[str, Union[int, str]]]) — Offsets of the decoded words. In combination with sampling rate and model downsampling rate word offsets can be used to compute time stamps for each word.

Output type of Wav2Vec2DecoderWithLM, with transcription.

class transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2BaseModelOutput

< >

( last_hidden_state: FloatTensor = None extract_features: FloatTensor = None hidden_states: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[torch.FloatTensor]] = None attentions: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[torch.FloatTensor]] = None )

Parameters

  • last_hidden_state (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.
  • extract_features (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, conv_dim[-1])) — Sequence of extracted feature vectors of the last convolutional layer of the model.
  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Output type of Wav2Vec2BaseModelOutput, with potential hidden states and attentions.

class transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput

< >

( loss: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None projected_states: FloatTensor = None projected_quantized_states: FloatTensor = None codevector_perplexity: FloatTensor = None hidden_states: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[torch.FloatTensor]] = None attentions: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[torch.FloatTensor]] = None contrastive_loss: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None diversity_loss: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None )

Parameters

  • loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — Total loss as the sum of the contrastive loss (L_m) and the diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper . (classification) loss.
  • projected_states (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Hidden-states of the model projected to config.proj_codevector_dim that can be used to predict the masked projected quantized states.
  • projected_quantized_states (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Quantized extracted feature vectors projected to config.proj_codevector_dim representing the positive target vectors for contrastive loss.
  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

  • contrastive_loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — The contrastive loss (L_m) as stated in the official paper .
  • diversity_loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — The diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper .

Output type of Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining, with potential hidden states and attentions.

class transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2BaseModelOutput

< >

( last_hidden_state: ndarray = None extract_features: ndarray = None hidden_states: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[jax._src.numpy.ndarray.ndarray]] = None attentions: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[jax._src.numpy.ndarray.ndarray]] = None )

Parameters

  • last_hidden_state (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.
  • extract_features (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, last_conv_dim)) — Sequence of extracted feature vectors of the last convolutional layer of the model with last_conv_dim being the dimension of the last convolutional layer.
  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Output type of FlaxWav2Vec2BaseModelOutput, with potential hidden states and attentions.

replace

< >

( **updates )

“Returns a new object replacing the specified fields with new values.

class transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput

< >

( projected_states: ndarray = None projected_quantized_states: ndarray = None codevector_perplexity: ndarray = None hidden_states: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[jax._src.numpy.ndarray.ndarray]] = None attentions: typing.Optional[typing.Tuple[jax._src.numpy.ndarray.ndarray]] = None )

Parameters

  • loss (optional, returned when model is in train mode, jnp.ndarray of shape (1,)) — Total loss as the sum of the contrastive loss (L_m) and the diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper . (classification) loss.
  • projected_states (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Hidden-states of the model projected to config.proj_codevector_dim that can be used to predict the masked projected quantized states.
  • projected_quantized_states (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Quantized extracted feature vectors projected to config.proj_codevector_dim representing the positive target vectors for contrastive loss.
  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

Output type of FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput, with potential hidden states and attentions.

replace

< >

( **updates )

“Returns a new object replacing the specified fields with new values.

Wav2Vec2Model

class transformers.Wav2Vec2Model

< >

( config: Wav2Vec2Config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The bare Wav2Vec2 Model transformer outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None mask_time_indices: typing.Optional[torch.FloatTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2BaseModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

A transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2BaseModelOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

  • extract_features (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, conv_dim[-1])) — Sequence of extracted feature vectors of the last convolutional layer of the model.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Wav2Vec2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, Wav2Vec2Model
>>> import torch
>>> from datasets import load_dataset

>>> dataset = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_demo", "clean", split="validation")
>>> dataset = dataset.sort("id")
>>> sampling_rate = dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2Model.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")

>>> # audio file is decoded on the fly
>>> inputs = processor(dataset[0]["audio"]["array"], sampling_rate=sampling_rate, return_tensors="pt")
>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     outputs = model(**inputs)

>>> last_hidden_states = outputs.last_hidden_state
>>> list(last_hidden_states.shape)
[1, 292, 768]

Wav2Vec2ForCTC

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ForCTC

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Wav2Vec2 Model with a language modeling head on top for Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC). Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, target_length), optional) — Labels for connectionist temporal classification. Note that target_length has to be smaller or equal to the sequence length of the output logits. Indices are selected in [-100, 0, ..., config.vocab_size - 1]. All labels set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size - 1].

Returns

transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_outputs.CausalLMOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Language modeling loss (for next-token prediction).

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Wav2Vec2ForCTC forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, Wav2Vec2ForCTC
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import torch

>>> dataset = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_demo", "clean", split="validation")
>>> dataset = dataset.sort("id")
>>> sampling_rate = dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")

>>> # audio file is decoded on the fly
>>> inputs = processor(dataset[0]["audio"]["array"], sampling_rate=sampling_rate, return_tensors="pt")
>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     logits = model(**inputs).logits
>>> predicted_ids = torch.argmax(logits, dim=-1)

>>> # transcribe speech
>>> transcription = processor.batch_decode(predicted_ids)
>>> transcription[0]
'MISTER QUILTER IS THE APOSTLE OF THE MIDDLE CLASSES AND WE ARE GLAD TO WELCOME HIS GOSPEL'
>>> with processor.as_target_processor():
...     inputs["labels"] = processor(dataset[0]["text"], return_tensors="pt").input_ids

>>> # compute loss
>>> loss = model(**inputs).loss
>>> round(loss.item(), 2)
53.48

Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Wav2Vec2 Model with a sequence classification head on top (a linear layer over the pooled output) for tasks like SUPERB Keyword Spotting.

Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.SequenceClassifierOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

Returns

transformers.modeling_outputs.SequenceClassifierOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_outputs.SequenceClassifierOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Classification (or regression if config.num_labels==1) loss.

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, config.num_labels)) — Classification (or regression if config.num_labels==1) scores (before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor, Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import torch

>>> dataset = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_demo", "clean", split="validation")
>>> dataset = dataset.sort("id")
>>> sampling_rate = dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate

>>> feature_extractor = Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("superb/wav2vec2-base-superb-ks")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2ForSequenceClassification.from_pretrained("superb/wav2vec2-base-superb-ks")

>>> # audio file is decoded on the fly
>>> inputs = feature_extractor(dataset[0]["audio"]["array"], sampling_rate=sampling_rate, return_tensors="pt")

>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     logits = model(**inputs).logits

>>> predicted_class_ids = torch.argmax(logits, dim=-1).item()
>>> predicted_label = model.config.id2label[predicted_class_ids]
>>> predicted_label
'_unknown_'
>>> # compute loss - target_label is e.g. "down"
>>> target_label = model.config.id2label[0]
>>> inputs["labels"] = torch.tensor([model.config.label2id[target_label]])
>>> loss = model(**inputs).loss
>>> round(loss.item(), 2)
6.54

Wav2Vec2ForAudioFrameClassification

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ForAudioFrameClassification

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Wav2Vec2 Model with a frame classification head on top for tasks like Speaker Diarization.

Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.modeling_outputs.TokenClassifierOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

Returns

transformers.modeling_outputs.TokenClassifierOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_outputs.TokenClassifierOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Classification loss.

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.num_labels)) — Classification scores (before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings, if the model has an embedding layer, + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the optional initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Wav2Vec2ForAudioFrameClassification forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor, Wav2Vec2ForAudioFrameClassification
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import torch

>>> dataset = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_demo", "clean", split="validation")
>>> dataset = dataset.sort("id")
>>> sampling_rate = dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate

>>> feature_extractor = Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("anton-l/wav2vec2-base-superb-sd")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2ForAudioFrameClassification.from_pretrained("anton-l/wav2vec2-base-superb-sd")

>>> # audio file is decoded on the fly
>>> inputs = feature_extractor(dataset[0]["audio"]["array"], return_tensors="pt", sampling_rate=sampling_rate)
>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     logits = model(**inputs).logits

>>> probabilities = torch.sigmoid(logits[0])
>>> # labels is a one-hot array of shape (num_frames, num_speakers)
>>> labels = (probabilities > 0.5).long()
>>> labels[0].tolist()
[0, 0]

Wav2Vec2ForXVector

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ForXVector

< >

( config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Wav2Vec2 Model with an XVector feature extraction head on top for tasks like Speaker Verification.

Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None ) transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.XVectorOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • labels (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size,), optional) — Labels for computing the sequence classification/regression loss. Indices should be in [0, ..., config.num_labels - 1]. If config.num_labels == 1 a regression loss is computed (Mean-Square loss), If config.num_labels > 1 a classification loss is computed (Cross-Entropy).

Returns

transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.XVectorOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.XVectorOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,), optional, returned when labels is provided) — Classification loss.

  • logits (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, config.xvector_output_dim)) — Classification hidden states before AMSoftmax.

  • embeddings (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, config.xvector_output_dim)) — Utterance embeddings used for vector similarity-based retrieval.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The Wav2Vec2ForXVector forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor, Wav2Vec2ForXVector
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import torch

>>> dataset = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_demo", "clean", split="validation")
>>> dataset = dataset.sort("id")
>>> sampling_rate = dataset.features["audio"].sampling_rate

>>> feature_extractor = Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("anton-l/wav2vec2-base-superb-sv")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2ForXVector.from_pretrained("anton-l/wav2vec2-base-superb-sv")

>>> # audio file is decoded on the fly
>>> inputs = feature_extractor(
...     [d["array"] for d in dataset[:2]["audio"]], sampling_rate=sampling_rate, return_tensors="pt", padding=True
... )
>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     embeddings = model(**inputs).embeddings

>>> embeddings = torch.nn.functional.normalize(embeddings, dim=-1).cpu()

>>> # the resulting embeddings can be used for cosine similarity-based retrieval
>>> cosine_sim = torch.nn.CosineSimilarity(dim=-1)
>>> similarity = cosine_sim(embeddings[0], embeddings[1])
>>> threshold = 0.7  # the optimal threshold is dataset-dependent
>>> if similarity < threshold:
...     print("Speakers are not the same!")
>>> round(similarity.item(), 2)
0.98

Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining

class transformers.Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining

< >

( config: Wav2Vec2Config )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

Wav2Vec2 Model with a quantizer and VQ head on top. Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from PreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving etc.).

This model is a PyTorch torch.nn.Module sub-class. Use it as a regular PyTorch Module and refer to the PyTorch documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

forward

< >

( input_values: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] attention_mask: typing.Optional[torch.Tensor] = None mask_time_indices: typing.Optional[torch.BoolTensor] = None sampled_negative_indices: typing.Optional[torch.BoolTensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type torch.FloatTensor. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (torch.LongTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

    attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.
  • mask_time_indices (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices to mask extracted features for contrastive loss. When in training mode, model learns to predict masked extracted features in config.proj_codevector_dim space.
  • sampled_negative_indices (torch.BoolTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, num_negatives), optional) — Indices indicating which quantized target vectors are used as negative sampled vectors in contrastive loss. Required input for pre-training.

A transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — Total loss as the sum of the contrastive loss (L_m) and the diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper . (classification) loss.

  • projected_states (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Hidden-states of the model projected to config.proj_codevector_dim that can be used to predict the masked projected quantized states.

  • projected_quantized_states (torch.FloatTensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Quantized extracted feature vectors projected to config.proj_codevector_dim representing the positive target vectors for contrastive loss.

  • hidden_states (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(torch.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of torch.FloatTensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

  • contrastive_loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — The contrastive loss (L_m) as stated in the official paper .

  • diversity_loss (optional, returned when sample_negative_indices are passed, torch.FloatTensor of shape (1,)) — The diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper .

The Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> import torch
>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor, Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining
>>> from transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_wav2vec2 import _compute_mask_indices
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> feature_extractor = Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("patrickvonplaten/wav2vec2-base")
>>> model = Wav2Vec2ForPreTraining.from_pretrained("patrickvonplaten/wav2vec2-base")

>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> input_values = feature_extractor(ds[0]["audio"]["array"], return_tensors="pt").input_values  # Batch size 1

>>> # compute masked indices
>>> batch_size, raw_sequence_length = input_values.shape
>>> sequence_length = model._get_feat_extract_output_lengths(raw_sequence_length)
>>> mask_time_indices = _compute_mask_indices((batch_size, sequence_length), mask_prob=0.2, mask_length=2)
>>> mask_time_indices = torch.tensor(mask_time_indices, device=input_values.device, dtype=torch.long)

>>> with torch.no_grad():
...     outputs = model(input_values, mask_time_indices=mask_time_indices)

>>> # compute cosine similarity between predicted (=projected_states) and target (=projected_quantized_states)
>>> cosine_sim = torch.cosine_similarity(outputs.projected_states, outputs.projected_quantized_states, dim=-1)

>>> # show that cosine similarity is much higher than random
>>> cosine_sim[mask_time_indices.to(torch.bool)].mean() > 0.5
tensor(True)

>>> # for contrastive loss training model should be put into train mode
>>> model = model.train()
>>> loss = model(input_values, mask_time_indices=mask_time_indices).loss

TFWav2Vec2Model

class transformers.TFWav2Vec2Model

< >

( *args **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

The bare TFWav2Vec2 Model transformer outputing raw hidden-states without any specific head on top.

This model inherits from TFPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a tf.keras.Model subclass. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or
  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_values only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)
  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_values, attention_mask]) or model([input_values, attention_mask, token_type_ids])
  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({"input_values": input_values, "token_type_ids": token_type_ids})

call

< >

( input_values: Tensor attention_mask: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None token_type_ids: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None position_ids: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None head_mask: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None inputs_embeds: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None training: bool = False ) transformers.modeling_tf_outputs.TFBaseModelOutput or tuple(tf.Tensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (np.ndarray, tf.Tensor, List[tf.Tensor] `Dict[str, tf.Tensor] or Dict[str, np.ndarray] and each example must have the shape ({0})) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using BertTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.call() and PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]:

    • 0 corresponds to a sentence A token,
    • 1 corresponds to a sentence B token.

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional) — Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • inputs_embeds (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_values you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_values indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail. This argument can be used only in eager mode, in graph mode the value in the config will be used instead.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail. This argument can be used only in eager mode, in graph mode the value in the config will be used instead.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple. This argument can be used in eager mode, in graph mode the value will always be set to True.
  • training (bool, optional, defaults to `False“) — Whether or not to use the model in training mode (some modules like dropout modules have different behaviors between training and evaluation).

A transformers.modeling_tf_outputs.TFBaseModelOutput or a tuple of tf.Tensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

  • hidden_states (tuple(tf.FloatTensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The TFWav2Vec2Model forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, TFWav2Vec2Model
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> model = TFWav2Vec2Model.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")


>>> def map_to_array(batch):
...     speech, _ = sf.read(batch["file"])
...     batch["speech"] = speech
...     return batch


>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> ds = ds.map(map_to_array)

>>> input_values = processor(ds["speech"][0], return_tensors="tf").input_values  # Batch size 1
>>> hidden_states = model(input_values).last_hidden_state

TFWav2Vec2ForCTC

class transformers.TFWav2Vec2ForCTC

< >

( *args **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.

TFWav2Vec2 Model with a language modeling head on top for Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC).

This model inherits from TFPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a tf.keras.Model subclass. Use it as a regular TF 2.0 Keras Model and refer to the TF 2.0 documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

TF 2.0 models accepts two formats as inputs:

  • having all inputs as keyword arguments (like PyTorch models), or
  • having all inputs as a list, tuple or dict in the first positional arguments.

This second option is useful when using tf.keras.Model.fit method which currently requires having all the tensors in the first argument of the model call function: model(inputs).

If you choose this second option, there are three possibilities you can use to gather all the input Tensors in the first positional argument :

  • a single Tensor with input_values only and nothing else: model(inputs_ids)
  • a list of varying length with one or several input Tensors IN THE ORDER given in the docstring: model([input_values, attention_mask]) or model([input_values, attention_mask, token_type_ids])
  • a dictionary with one or several input Tensors associated to the input names given in the docstring: model({"input_values": input_values, "token_type_ids": token_type_ids})

call

< >

( input_values: Tensor attention_mask: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None token_type_ids: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None position_ids: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None head_mask: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None inputs_embeds: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None labels: typing.Optional[tensorflow.python.framework.ops.Tensor] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None training: typing.Optional[bool] = False ) transformers.modeling_tf_outputs.TFCausalLMOutput or tuple(tf.Tensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (np.ndarray, tf.Tensor, List[tf.Tensor] `Dict[str, tf.Tensor] or Dict[str, np.ndarray] and each example must have the shape ({0})) — Indices of input sequence tokens in the vocabulary.

    Indices can be obtained using BertTokenizer. See PreTrainedTokenizer.call() and PreTrainedTokenizer.encode() for details.

    What are input IDs?

  • attention_mask (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Mask to avoid performing attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks?

  • token_type_ids (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Segment token indices to indicate first and second portions of the inputs. Indices are selected in [0, 1]:

    • 0 corresponds to a sentence A token,
    • 1 corresponds to a sentence B token.

    What are token type IDs?

  • position_ids (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}), optional) — Indices of positions of each input sequence tokens in the position embeddings. Selected in the range [0, config.max_position_embeddings - 1].

    What are position IDs?

  • head_mask (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape (num_heads,) or (num_layers, num_heads), optional) — Mask to nullify selected heads of the self-attention modules. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 indicates the head is not masked,
    • 0 indicates the head is masked.
  • inputs_embeds (np.ndarray or tf.Tensor of shape ({0}, hidden_size), optional) — Optionally, instead of passing input_values you can choose to directly pass an embedded representation. This is useful if you want more control over how to convert input_values indices into associated vectors than the model’s internal embedding lookup matrix.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail. This argument can be used only in eager mode, in graph mode the value in the config will be used instead.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail. This argument can be used only in eager mode, in graph mode the value in the config will be used instead.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple. This argument can be used in eager mode, in graph mode the value will always be set to True.
  • training (bool, optional, defaults to `False“) — Whether or not to use the model in training mode (some modules like dropout modules have different behaviors between training and evaluation).
  • labels (tf.Tensor or np.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Labels for computing the masked language modeling loss. Indices should be in [-100, 0, ..., config.vocab_size] (see input_values docstring) Tokens with indices set to -100 are ignored (masked), the loss is only computed for the tokens with labels in [0, ..., config.vocab_size]

A transformers.modeling_tf_outputs.TFCausalLMOutput or a tuple of tf.Tensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (Wav2Vec2Config) and inputs.

  • loss (tf.Tensor of shape (n,), optional, where n is the number of non-masked labels, returned when labels is provided) — Language modeling loss (for next-token prediction).

  • logits (tf.Tensor of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of tf.Tensor (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(tf.Tensor), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of tf.Tensor (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The TFWav2Vec2ForCTC forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> import tensorflow as tf
>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, TFWav2Vec2ForCTC
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")
>>> model = TFWav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-base-960h")


>>> def map_to_array(batch):
...     speech, _ = sf.read(batch["file"])
...     batch["speech"] = speech
...     return batch


>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> ds = ds.map(map_to_array)

>>> input_values = processor(ds["speech"][0], return_tensors="tf").input_values  # Batch size 1
>>> logits = model(input_values).logits
>>> predicted_ids = tf.argmax(logits, axis=-1)

>>> transcription = processor.decode(predicted_ids[0])

>>> # compute loss
>>> target_transcription = "A MAN SAID TO THE UNIVERSE SIR I EXIST"

>>> # wrap processor as target processor to encode labels
>>> with processor.as_target_processor():
...     labels = processor(transcription, return_tensors="tf").input_ids

>>> loss = model(input_values, labels=labels).loss

FlaxWav2Vec2Model

class transformers.FlaxWav2Vec2Model

< >

( config: Wav2Vec2Config input_shape: typing.Tuple = (1, 1024) seed: int = 0 dtype: dtype = <class 'jax._src.numpy.lax_numpy.float32'> _do_init: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.
  • dtype (jax.numpy.dtype, optional, defaults to jax.numpy.float32) — The data type of the computation. Can be one of jax.numpy.float32, jax.numpy.float16 (on GPUs) and jax.numpy.bfloat16 (on TPUs).

    This can be used to enable mixed-precision training or half-precision inference on GPUs or TPUs. If specified all the computation will be performed with the given dtype.

    Note that this only specifies the dtype of the computation and does not influence the dtype of model parameters.

    If you wish to change the dtype of the model parameters, see to_fp16() and to_bf16().

The bare Wav2Vec2 Model transformer outputting raw hidden-states without any specific head on top. Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from FlaxPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a Flax Linen flax.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular Flax Module and refer to the Flax documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Finally, this model supports inherent JAX features such as:

__call__

< >

( input_values attention_mask = None mask_time_indices = None params: dict = None dropout_rng: PRNGKey = None train: bool = False output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None freeze_feature_encoder: bool = False return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2BaseModelOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type jnp.ndarray. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks? .. warning:: attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • mask_time_indices (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices to mask extracted features for contrastive loss. When in training mode, model learns to predict masked extracted features in config.proj_codevector_dim space.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

A transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2BaseModelOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.wav2vec2.configuration_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2Config'>) and inputs.

  • last_hidden_state (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size)) — Sequence of hidden-states at the output of the last layer of the model.

  • extract_features (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, last_conv_dim)) — Sequence of extracted feature vectors of the last convolutional layer of the model with last_conv_dim being the dimension of the last convolutional layer.

  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The FlaxWav2Vec2PreTrainedModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, FlaxWav2Vec2Model
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-lv60")
>>> model = FlaxWav2Vec2Model.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-lv60")


>>> def map_to_array(batch):
...     speech, _ = sf.read(batch["file"])
...     batch["speech"] = speech
...     return batch


>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> ds = ds.map(map_to_array)

>>> input_values = processor(
...     ds["speech"][0], sampling_rate=16_000, return_tensors="np"
... ).input_values  # Batch size 1
>>> hidden_states = model(input_values).last_hidden_state

FlaxWav2Vec2ForCTC

class transformers.FlaxWav2Vec2ForCTC

< >

( config: Wav2Vec2Config input_shape: typing.Tuple = (1, 1024) seed: int = 0 dtype: dtype = <class 'jax._src.numpy.lax_numpy.float32'> _do_init: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.
  • dtype (jax.numpy.dtype, optional, defaults to jax.numpy.float32) — The data type of the computation. Can be one of jax.numpy.float32, jax.numpy.float16 (on GPUs) and jax.numpy.bfloat16 (on TPUs).

    This can be used to enable mixed-precision training or half-precision inference on GPUs or TPUs. If specified all the computation will be performed with the given dtype.

    Note that this only specifies the dtype of the computation and does not influence the dtype of model parameters.

    If you wish to change the dtype of the model parameters, see to_fp16() and to_bf16().

Wav2Vec2 Model with a language modeling head on top for Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC). Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from FlaxPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a Flax Linen flax.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular Flax Module and refer to the Flax documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Finally, this model supports inherent JAX features such as:

__call__

< >

( input_values attention_mask = None mask_time_indices = None params: dict = None dropout_rng: PRNGKey = None train: bool = False output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None freeze_feature_encoder: bool = False return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type jnp.ndarray. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks? .. warning:: attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • mask_time_indices (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices to mask extracted features for contrastive loss. When in training mode, model learns to predict masked extracted features in config.proj_codevector_dim space.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

Returns

transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

A transformers.modeling_flax_outputs.FlaxMaskedLMOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.wav2vec2.configuration_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2Config'>) and inputs.

  • logits (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.vocab_size)) — Prediction scores of the language modeling head (scores for each vocabulary token before SoftMax).

  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The FlaxWav2Vec2PreTrainedModel forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> import jax.numpy as jnp
>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2Processor, FlaxWav2Vec2ForCTC
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-960h-lv60")
>>> model = FlaxWav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-960h-lv60")


>>> def map_to_array(batch):
...     speech, _ = sf.read(batch["file"])
...     batch["speech"] = speech
...     return batch


>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> ds = ds.map(map_to_array)

>>> input_values = processor(
...     ds["speech"][0], sampling_rate=16_000, return_tensors="np"
... ).input_values  # Batch size 1
>>> logits = model(input_values).logits
>>> predicted_ids = jnp.argmax(logits, axis=-1)

>>> transcription = processor.decode(predicted_ids[0])
>>> # should give:  "A MAN SAID TO THE UNIVERSE SIR I EXIST"

FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTraining

class transformers.FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTraining

< >

( config: Wav2Vec2Config input_shape: typing.Tuple = (1, 1024) seed: int = 0 dtype: dtype = <class 'jax._src.numpy.lax_numpy.float32'> _do_init: bool = True **kwargs )

Parameters

  • config (Wav2Vec2Config) — Model configuration class with all the parameters of the model. Initializing with a config file does not load the weights associated with the model, only the configuration. Check out the from_pretrained() method to load the model weights.
  • dtype (jax.numpy.dtype, optional, defaults to jax.numpy.float32) — The data type of the computation. Can be one of jax.numpy.float32, jax.numpy.float16 (on GPUs) and jax.numpy.bfloat16 (on TPUs).

    This can be used to enable mixed-precision training or half-precision inference on GPUs or TPUs. If specified all the computation will be performed with the given dtype.

    Note that this only specifies the dtype of the computation and does not influence the dtype of model parameters.

    If you wish to change the dtype of the model parameters, see to_fp16() and to_bf16().

Wav2Vec2 Model with a quantizer and VQ head on top. Wav2Vec2 was proposed in wav2vec 2.0: A Framework for Self-Supervised Learning of Speech Representations by Alexei Baevski, Henry Zhou, Abdelrahman Mohamed, Michael Auli.

This model inherits from FlaxPreTrainedModel. Check the superclass documentation for the generic methods the library implements for all its model (such as downloading or saving, resizing the input embeddings, pruning heads etc.)

This model is also a Flax Linen flax.nn.Module subclass. Use it as a regular Flax Module and refer to the Flax documentation for all matter related to general usage and behavior.

Finally, this model supports inherent JAX features such as:

__call__

< >

( input_values attention_mask = None mask_time_indices = None gumbel_temperature: int = 1 params: dict = None dropout_rng: PRNGKey = None gumbel_rng: PRNGKey = None train: bool = False output_attentions: typing.Optional[bool] = None output_hidden_states: typing.Optional[bool] = None freeze_feature_encoder: bool = False return_dict: typing.Optional[bool] = None ) transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput or tuple(torch.FloatTensor)

Parameters

  • input_values (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length)) — Float values of input raw speech waveform. Values can be obtained by loading a .flac or .wav audio file into an array of type List[float] or a numpy.ndarray, e.g. via the soundfile library (pip install soundfile). To prepare the array into input_values, the Wav2Vec2Processor should be used for padding and conversion into a tensor of type jnp.ndarray. See Wav2Vec2Processor.call() for details.
  • attention_mask (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Mask to avoid performing convolution and attention on padding token indices. Mask values selected in [0, 1]:

    • 1 for tokens that are not masked,
    • 0 for tokens that are masked.

    What are attention masks? .. warning:: attention_mask should only be passed if the corresponding processor has config.return_attention_mask == True. For all models whose processor has config.return_attention_mask == False, such as wav2vec2-base, attention_mask should not be passed to avoid degraded performance when doing batched inference. For such models input_values should simply be padded with 0 and passed without attention_mask. Be aware that these models also yield slightly different results depending on whether input_values is padded or not.

  • mask_time_indices (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length), optional) — Indices to mask extracted features for contrastive loss. When in training mode, model learns to predict masked extracted features in config.proj_codevector_dim space.
  • output_attentions (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the attentions tensors of all attention layers. See attentions under returned tensors for more detail.
  • output_hidden_states (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return the hidden states of all layers. See hidden_states under returned tensors for more detail.
  • return_dict (bool, optional) — Whether or not to return a ModelOutput instead of a plain tuple.

A transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2.FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTrainingOutput or a tuple of torch.FloatTensor (if return_dict=False is passed or when config.return_dict=False) comprising various elements depending on the configuration (<class 'transformers.models.wav2vec2.configuration_wav2vec2.Wav2Vec2Config'>) and inputs.

  • loss (optional, returned when model is in train mode, jnp.ndarray of shape (1,)) — Total loss as the sum of the contrastive loss (L_m) and the diversity loss (L_d) as stated in the official paper . (classification) loss.

  • projected_states (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Hidden-states of the model projected to config.proj_codevector_dim that can be used to predict the masked projected quantized states.

  • projected_quantized_states (jnp.ndarray of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, config.proj_codevector_dim)) — Quantized extracted feature vectors projected to config.proj_codevector_dim representing the positive target vectors for contrastive loss.

  • hidden_states (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_hidden_states=True is passed or when config.output_hidden_states=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for the output of the embeddings + one for the output of each layer) of shape (batch_size, sequence_length, hidden_size).

    Hidden-states of the model at the output of each layer plus the initial embedding outputs.

  • attentions (tuple(jnp.ndarray), optional, returned when output_attentions=True is passed or when config.output_attentions=True) — Tuple of jnp.ndarray (one for each layer) of shape (batch_size, num_heads, sequence_length, sequence_length).

    Attentions weights after the attention softmax, used to compute the weighted average in the self-attention heads.

The FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTraining forward method, overrides the __call__ special method.

Although the recipe for forward pass needs to be defined within this function, one should call the Module instance afterwards instead of this since the former takes care of running the pre and post processing steps while the latter silently ignores them.

Example:

>>> import optax
>>> import numpy as np
>>> import jax.numpy as jnp
>>> from transformers import Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor, FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTraining
>>> from transformers.models.wav2vec2.modeling_flax_wav2vec2 import _compute_mask_indices
>>> from datasets import load_dataset
>>> import soundfile as sf

>>> feature_extractor = Wav2Vec2FeatureExtractor.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-lv60")
>>> model = FlaxWav2Vec2ForPreTraining.from_pretrained("facebook/wav2vec2-large-lv60")


>>> def map_to_array(batch):
...     speech, _ = sf.read(batch["file"])
...     batch["speech"] = speech
...     return batch


>>> ds = load_dataset("hf-internal-testing/librispeech_asr_dummy", "clean", split="validation")
>>> ds = ds.map(map_to_array)

>>> input_values = feature_extractor(ds["speech"][0], return_tensors="np").input_values  # Batch size 1

>>> # compute masked indices
>>> batch_size, raw_sequence_length = input_values.shape
>>> sequence_length = model._get_feat_extract_output_lengths(raw_sequence_length)
>>> mask_time_indices = _compute_mask_indices((batch_size, sequence_length), mask_prob=0.2, mask_length=2)

>>> outputs = model(input_values, mask_time_indices=mask_time_indices)

>>> # compute cosine similarity between predicted (=projected_states) and target (=projected_quantized_states)
>>> cosine_sim = optax.cosine_similarity(outputs.projected_states, outputs.projected_quantized_states)

>>> # show that cosine similarity is much higher than random
>>> assert np.asarray(cosine_sim)[mask_time_indices].mean() > 0.5