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---
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language: zh
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datasets:
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- common_voice
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metrics:
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- cer
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tags:
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- audio
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- automatic-speech-recognition
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- speech
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- xlsr-fine-tuning-week
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license: apache-2.0
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model-index:
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- name: XLSR Wav2Vec2 Large 53 - Chinese (zh-CN), by Yih-Dar SHIEH
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  results:
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  - task: 
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      name: Speech Recognition
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      type: automatic-speech-recognition
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    dataset:
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      name: Common Voice zh-CN
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      type: common_voice
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      args: zh-CN
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    metrics:
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       - name: Test CER
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         type: cer
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         value: 20.90
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---
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# Wav2Vec2-Large-XLSR-53-Chinese-zh-cn-gpt
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Fine-tuned [facebook/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53](https://huggingface.co/facebook/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53) on Chinese (zh-CN) using the [Common Voice](https://huggingface.co/datasets/common_voice), included [Common Voice](https://huggingface.co/datasets/common_voice) Chinese (zh-TW) dataset (converting the label text to simplified Chinese). 
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When using this model, make sure that your speech input is sampled at 16kHz.
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## Usage
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The model can be used directly (without a language model) as follows:
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```python
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import torch
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import torchaudio
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from datasets import load_dataset
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from transformers import Wav2Vec2ForCTC, Wav2Vec2Processor
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test_dataset = load_dataset("common_voice", "zh-CN", split="test")
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processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("ydshieh/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53-chinese-zh-cn-gpt")
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model = Wav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained("ydshieh/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53-chinese-zh-cn-gpt")
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resampler = torchaudio.transforms.Resample(48_000, 16_000)
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# Preprocessing the datasets.
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# We need to read the aduio files as arrays
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def speech_file_to_array_fn(batch):
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    speech_array, sampling_rate = torchaudio.load(batch["path"])
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    batch["speech"] = resampler(speech_array).squeeze().numpy()
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    return batch
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test_dataset = test_dataset.map(speech_file_to_array_fn)
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inputs = processor(test_dataset[:2]["speech"], sampling_rate=16_000, return_tensors="pt", padding=True)
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with torch.no_grad():
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    logits = model(inputs.input_values, attention_mask=inputs.attention_mask).logits
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predicted_ids = torch.argmax(logits, dim=-1)
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print("Prediction:", processor.batch_decode(predicted_ids))
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print("Reference:", test_dataset[:2]["sentence"])
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```
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## Evaluation
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The model can be evaluated as follows on the zh-CN test data of Common Voice.
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Original CER calculation refer to https://huggingface.co/ctl/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-cantonese
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```python
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#!pip install datasets==1.4.1
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#!pip install transformers==4.4.0
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#!pip install torchaudio
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#!pip install jiwer
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import torch
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import torchaudio
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from datasets import load_dataset, load_metric
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from transformers import Wav2Vec2ForCTC, Wav2Vec2Processor
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import re
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import jiwer
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def chunked_cer(targets, predictions, chunk_size=None):
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    _predictions = [char for seq in predictions for char in list(seq)]
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    _targets = [char for seq in targets for char in list(seq)]
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    if chunk_size is None: return jiwer.wer(_targets, _predictions)
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    start = 0
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    end = chunk_size
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    H, S, D, I = 0, 0, 0, 0
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    while start < len(targets):
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        _predictions = [char for seq in predictions[start:end] for char in list(seq)]
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        _targets = [char for seq in targets[start:end] for char in list(seq)]
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        chunk_metrics = jiwer.compute_measures(_targets, _predictions)
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        H = H + chunk_metrics["hits"]
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        S = S + chunk_metrics["substitutions"]
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        D = D + chunk_metrics["deletions"]
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        I = I + chunk_metrics["insertions"]
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        start += chunk_size
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        end += chunk_size
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    return float(S + D + I) / float(H + S + D)
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test_dataset = load_dataset("common_voice", "zh-CN", split="test")
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processor = Wav2Vec2Processor.from_pretrained("ydshieh/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53-chinese-zh-cn-gpt")
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model = Wav2Vec2ForCTC.from_pretrained("ydshieh/wav2vec2-large-xlsr-53-chinese-zh-cn-gpt")
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model.to("cuda")
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chars_to_ignore_regex = '[\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\!\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\-\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\;\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\:"\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\“\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\%\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\‘\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\”\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\�\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\.\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\⋯\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\!\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\-\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\:\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\–\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\。\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\》\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\)\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\?\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\;\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\~\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\~\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\…\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\︰\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\,\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\(\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\」\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\‧\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\《\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\﹔\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\、\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\—\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\/\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\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+ "\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\']"
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resampler = torchaudio.transforms.Resample(48_000, 16_000)
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# Preprocessing the datasets.
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# We need to read the aduio files as arrays
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def speech_file_to_array_fn(batch):
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    batch["sentence"] = re.sub(chars_to_ignore_regex, '', batch["sentence"]).lower().replace("’", "'") + " "
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    speech_array, sampling_rate = torchaudio.load(batch["path"])
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    batch["speech"] = resampler(speech_array).squeeze().numpy()
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    return batch
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test_dataset = test_dataset.map(speech_file_to_array_fn)
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# Preprocessing the datasets.
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# We need to read the aduio files as arrays
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def evaluate(batch):
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    inputs = processor(batch["speech"], sampling_rate=16_000, return_tensors="pt", padding=True)
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    with torch.no_grad():
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        logits = model(inputs.input_values.to("cuda"), attention_mask=inputs.attention_mask.to("cuda")).logits
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    pred_ids = torch.argmax(logits, dim=-1)
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    batch["pred_strings"] = processor.batch_decode(pred_ids)
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    return batch
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result = test_dataset.map(evaluate, batched=True, batch_size=8)
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print("CER: {:2f}".format(100 * chunked_cer(predictions=result["pred_strings"], targets=result["sentence"], chunk_size=1000)))
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```
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**Test Result**: 20.902244 %
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## Training
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The Common Voice zh-CN `train`, `validation` were used for training, as well as Common Voice zh-TW `train`, `validation` and `test` datasets.
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The script used for training can be found [to be uploaded later](...)