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Stochastic Karras VE


Elucidating the Design Space of Diffusion-Based Generative Models by Tero Karras, Miika Aittala, Timo Aila and Samuli Laine.

The abstract of the paper is the following:

We argue that the theory and practice of diffusion-based generative models are currently unnecessarily convoluted and seek to remedy the situation by presenting a design space that clearly separates the concrete design choices. This lets us identify several changes to both the sampling and training processes, as well as preconditioning of the score networks. Together, our improvements yield new state-of-the-art FID of 1.79 for CIFAR-10 in a class-conditional setting and 1.97 in an unconditional setting, with much faster sampling (35 network evaluations per image) than prior designs. To further demonstrate their modular nature, we show that our design changes dramatically improve both the efficiency and quality obtainable with pre-trained score networks from previous work, including improving the FID of an existing ImageNet-64 model from 2.07 to near-SOTA 1.55.

This pipeline implements the Stochastic sampling tailored to the Variance-Expanding (VE) models.

Available Pipelines:

Pipeline Tasks Colab Unconditional Image Generation -


class diffusers.KarrasVePipeline

< >

( unet: UNet2DModel scheduler: KarrasVeScheduler )


  • unet (UNet2DModel) — U-Net architecture to denoise the encoded image.
  • scheduler (KarrasVeScheduler) — Scheduler for the diffusion process to be used in combination with unet to denoise the encoded image.

Stochastic sampling from Karras et al. [1] tailored to the Variance-Expanding (VE) models [2]. Use Algorithm 2 and the VE column of Table 1 from [1] for reference.

[1] Karras, Tero, et al. “Elucidating the Design Space of Diffusion-Based Generative Models.” [2] Song, Yang, et al. “Score-based generative modeling through stochastic differential equations.”


< >

( batch_size: int = 1 num_inference_steps: int = 50 generator: typing.Optional[torch._C.Generator] = None output_type: typing.Optional[str] = 'pil' return_dict: bool = True **kwargs ) ImagePipelineOutput or tuple


  • batch_size (int, optional, defaults to 1) — The number of images to generate.
  • generator (torch.Generator, optional) — A torch generator to make generation deterministic.
  • num_inference_steps (int, optional, defaults to 50) — The number of denoising steps. More denoising steps usually lead to a higher quality image at the expense of slower inference.
  • output_type (str, optional, defaults to "pil") — The output format of the generate image. Choose between PIL: PIL.Image.Image or np.array.
  • return_dict (bool, optional, defaults to True) — Whether or not to return a ImagePipelineOutput instead of a plain tuple.


ImagePipelineOutput or tuple

~pipelines.utils.ImagePipelineOutput if return_dict is True, otherwise a `tuple. When returning a tuple, the first element is a list with the generated images.