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AirDialogue, is a large dataset that contains 402,038 goal-oriented conversations. To collect this dataset, we create a contextgenerator which provides travel and flight restrictions. Then the human annotators are asked to play the role of a customer or an agent and interact with the goal of successfully booking a trip given the restrictions.
We provide an Amazon product reviews dataset for multilingual text classification. The dataset contains reviews in English, Japanese, German, French, Chinese and Spanish, collected between November 1, 2015 and November 1, 2019. Each record in the dataset contains the review text, the review title, the star rating, an anonymized reviewer ID, an anonymized product ID and the coarse-grained product category (e.g. ‘books’, ‘appliances’, etc.) The corpus is balanced across stars, so each star rating constitutes 20% of the reviews in each language. For each language, there are 200,000, 5,000 and 5,000 reviews in the training, development and test sets respectively. The maximum number of reviews per reviewer is 20 and the maximum number of reviews per product is 20. All reviews are truncated after 2,000 characters, and all reviews are at least 20 characters long. Note that the language of a review does not necessarily match the language of its marketplace (e.g. reviews from are primarily written in German, but could also be written in English, etc.). For this reason, we applied a language detection algorithm based on the work in Bojanowski et al. (2017) to determine the language of the review text and we removed reviews that were not written in the expected language.
Abu El-Khair Corpus is an Arabic text corpus, that includes more than five million newspaper articles. It contains over a billion and a half words in total, out of which, there are about three million unique words. The corpus is encoded with two types of encoding, namely: UTF-8, and Windows CP-1256. Also it was marked with two mark-up languages, namely: SGML, and XML.
The BrWaC (Brazilian Portuguese Web as Corpus) is a large corpus constructed following the Wacky framework, which was made public for research purposes. The current corpus version, released in January 2017, is composed by 3.53 million documents, 2.68 billion tokens and 5.79 million types. Please note that this resource is available solely for academic research purposes, and you agreed not to use it for any commercial applications. Manually download at
The Bosnian web corpus bsWaC was built by crawling the .ba top-level domain in 2014. The corpus was near-deduplicated on paragraph level, normalised via diacritic restoration, morphosyntactically annotated and lemmatised. The corpus is shuffled by paragraphs. Each paragraph contains metadata on the URL, domain and language identification (Bosnian vs. Croatian vs. Serbian). Version 1.0 of this corpus is described in Version 1.1 contains newer and better linguistic annotations.
This corpus is an attempt to recreate the dataset used for training XLM-R. This corpus comprises of monolingual data for 100+ languages and also includes data for romanized languages (indicated by *_rom). This was constructed using the urls and paragraph indices provided by the CC-Net repository by processing January-December 2018 Commoncrawl snapshots. Each file comprises of documents separated by double-newlines and paragraphs within the same document separated by a newline. The data is generated using the open source CC-Net repository. No claims of intellectual property are made on the work of preparation of the corpus.
ChrEn is a Cherokee-English parallel dataset to facilitate machine translation research between Cherokee and English. ChrEn is extremely low-resource contains 14k sentence pairs in total, split in ways that facilitate both in-domain and out-of-domain evaluation. ChrEn also contains 5k Cherokee monolingual data to enable semi-supervised learning.
A dataset consisting of 502 English dialogs with 12,000 annotated utterances between a user and an assistant discussing movie preferences in natural language. It was collected using a Wizard-of-Oz methodology between two paid crowd-workers, where one worker plays the role of an 'assistant', while the other plays the role of a 'user'. The 'assistant' elicits the 'user’s' preferences about movies following a Coached Conversational Preference Elicitation (CCPE) method. The assistant asks questions designed to minimize the bias in the terminology the 'user' employs to convey his or her preferences as much as possible, and to obtain these preferences in natural language. Each dialog is annotated with entity mentions, preferences expressed about entities, descriptions of entities provided, and other statements of entities.
CodeSearchNet corpus contains about 6 million functions from open-source code spanning six programming languages (Go, Java, JavaScript, PHP, Python, and Ruby). The CodeSearchNet Corpus also contains automatically generated query-like natural language for 2 million functions, obtained from mechanically scraping and preprocessing associated function documentation.
We study negotiation dialogues where two agents, a buyer and a seller, negotiate over the price of an time for sale. We collected a dataset of more than 6K negotiation dialogues over multiple categories of products scraped from Craigslist. Our goal is to develop an agent that negotiates with humans through such conversations. The challenge is to handle both the negotiation strategy and the rich language for bargaining.
This dataset contains 14K dialogs (181K utterances) where users and assistants converse about geographic topics like geopolitical entities and locations. This dataset is annotated with pre-existing user knowledge, message-level dialog acts, grounding to Wikipedia, and user reactions to messages.
The Dutch Book Review Dataset (DBRD) contains over 110k book reviews of which 22k have associated binary sentiment polarity labels. It is intended as a benchmark for sentiment classification in Dutch and created due to a lack of annotated datasets in Dutch that are suitable for this task.
DialogRE is the first human-annotated dialogue based relation extraction (RE) dataset aiming to support the prediction of relation(s) between two arguments that appear in a dialogue. The dataset annotates all occurrences of 36 possible relation types that exist between pairs of arguments in the 1,788 dialogues originating from the complete transcripts of Friends.
Contains Farsi (Persian) datasets for Machine Learning tasks, particularly NLP. These datasets have been extracted from the RSS feed of two Farsi news agency websites: - Hamshahri - RadioFarda
When humans read or listen, they make implicit commonsense inferences that frame their understanding of what happened and why. As a step toward AI systems that can build similar mental models, we introduce GLUCOSE, a large-scale dataset of implicit commonsense causal knowledge, encoded as causal mini-theories about the world, each grounded in a narrative context.
This repository contains a dump of thousands of public domain works in Hebrew, from Project Ben-Yehuda, in plaintext UTF-8 files, with and without diacritics (nikkud). The metadata (pseudocatalogue.csv) file is a list of titles, authors, genres, and file paths, to help you process the dump. All these works are in the public domain, so you are free to make any use of them, and do not need to ask for permission. There are 10078 files, 3181136 lines
The Hindi Discourse Analysis dataset is a corpus for analyzing discourse modes present in its sentences. It contains sentences from stories written by 11 famous authors from the 20th Century. 4-5 stories by each author have been selected which were available in the public domain resulting in a collection of 53 stories. Most of these short stories were originally written in Hindi but some of them were written in other Indian languages and later translated to Hindi.
The Hong Kong Cantonese Corpus (HKCanCor) comprise transcribed conversations recorded between March 1997 and August 1998. It contains recordings of spontaneous speech (51 texts) and radio programmes (42 texts), which involve 2 to 4 speakers, with 1 text of monologue. In total, the corpus contains around 230,000 Chinese words. The text is word-segmented, annotated with part-of-speech (POS) tags and romanised Cantonese pronunciation. Romanisation scheme - Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) POS scheme - Peita-Fujitsu-Renmin Ribao (PRF) corpus (Duan et al., 2000), with extended tags for Cantonese-specific phenomena added by Luke and Wang (see original paper for details).
The Croatian web corpus hrWaC was built by crawling the .hr top-level domain in 2011 and again in 2014. The corpus was near-deduplicated on paragraph level, normalised via diacritic restoration, morphosyntactically annotated and lemmatised. The corpus is shuffled by paragraphs. Each paragraph contains metadata on the URL, domain and language identification (Croatian vs. Serbian). Version 2.0 of this corpus is described in Version 2.1 contains newer and better linguistic annotations.
The dataset contains around 500K articles (136M of words) from 7 Indonesian newspapers: Detik, Kompas, Tempo, CNN Indonesia, Sindo, Republika and Poskota. The articles are dated between 1st January 2018 and 20th August 2018 (with few exceptions dated earlier). The size of uncompressed 500K json files (newspapers-json.tgz) is around 2.2GB, and the cleaned uncompressed in a big text file (newspapers.txt.gz) is about 1GB. The original source in Google Drive contains also a dataset in html format which include raw data (pictures, css, javascript, ...) from the online news website
KdConv is a Chinese multi-domain Knowledge-driven Conversionsation dataset, grounding the topics in multi-turn conversations to knowledge graphs. KdConv contains 4.5K conversations from three domains (film, music, and travel), and 86K utterances with an average turn number of 19.0. These conversations contain in-depth discussions on related topics and natural transition between multiple topics, while the corpus can also used for exploration of transfer learning and domain adaptation.\
KILT tasks training and evaluation data. - [FEVER]( | Fact Checking | fever - [AIDA CoNLL-YAGO]( | Entity Linking | aidayago2 - [WNED-WIKI]( | Entity Linking | wned - [WNED-CWEB]( | Entity Linking | cweb - [T-REx]( | Slot Filling | trex - [Zero-Shot RE]( | Slot Filling | structured_zeroshot - [Natural Questions]( | Open Domain QA | nq - [HotpotQA]( | Open Domain QA | hotpotqa - [TriviaQA]( | Open Domain QA | triviaqa - [ELI5]( | Open Domain QA | eli5 - [Wizard of Wikipedia]( | Dialogue | wow To finish linking TriviaQA questions to the IDs provided, follow the instructions [here](
MetaLWOz: A Dataset of Multi-Domain Dialogues for the Fast Adaptation of Conversation Models. We introduce the Meta-Learning Wizard of Oz (MetaLWOz) dialogue dataset for developing fast adaptation methods for conversation models. This data can be used to train task-oriented dialogue models, specifically to develop methods to quickly simulate user responses with a small amount of data. Such fast-adaptation models fall into the research areas of transfer learning and meta learning. The dataset consists of 37,884 crowdsourced dialogues recorded between two human users in a Wizard of Oz setup, in which one was instructed to behave like a bot, and the other a true human user. The users are assigned a task belonging to a particular domain, for example booking a reservation at a particular restaurant, and work together to complete the task. Our dataset spans 47 domains having 227 tasks total. Dialogues are a minimum of 10 turns long.
Multi-Domain Wizard-of-Oz dataset (MultiWOZ), a fully-labeled collection of human-human written conversations spanning over multiple domains and topics. MultiWOZ 2.1 (Eric et al., 2019) identified and fixed many erroneous annotations and user utterances in the original version, resulting in an improved version of the dataset. MultiWOZ 2.2 is a yet another improved version of this dataset, which identifies and fizes dialogue state annotation errors across 17.3% of the utterances on top of MultiWOZ 2.1 and redefines the ontology by disallowing vocabularies of slots with a large number of possible values (e.g., restaurant name, time of booking) and introducing standardized slot span annotations for these slots.
Our goal is to build systems that collaborate with people by exchanging information through natural language and reasoning over structured knowledge base. In the MutualFriend task, two agents, A and B, each have a private knowledge base, which contains a list of friends with multiple attributes (e.g., name, school, major, etc.). The agents must chat with each other to find their unique mutual friend.
NumerSense is a new numerical commonsense reasoning probing task, with a diagnostic dataset consisting of 3,145 masked-word-prediction probes. We propose to study whether numerical commonsense knowledge can be induced from pre-trained language models like BERT, and to what extent this access to knowledge robust against adversarial examples is. We hope this will be beneficial for tasks such as knowledge base completion and open-domain question answering.
OPUS-100 is English-centric, meaning that all training pairs include English on either the source or target side. The corpus covers 100 languages (including English).OPUS-100 contains approximately 55M sentence pairs. Of the 99 language pairs, 44 have 1M sentence pairs of training data, 73 have at least 100k, and 95 have at least 10k.
ParaPat: The Multi-Million Sentences Parallel Corpus of Patents Abstracts This dataset contains the developed parallel corpus from the open access Google Patents dataset in 74 language pairs, comprising more than 68 million sentences and 800 million tokens. Sentences were automatically aligned using the Hunalign algorithm for the largest 22 language pairs, while the others were abstract (i.e. paragraph) aligned.
This new dataset is the large scale sentence aligned corpus in 11 Indian languages, viz. CVIT-PIB corpus that is the largest multilingual corpus available for Indian languages.
This is the Penn Treebank Project: Release 2 CDROM, featuring a million words of 1989 Wall Street Journal material. This corpus has been annotated for part-of-speech (POS) information. In addition, over half of it has been annotated for skeletal syntactic structure.
NLM produces a baseline set of MEDLINE/PubMed citation records in XML format for download on an annual basis. The annual baseline is released in December of each year. Each day, NLM produces update files that include new, revised and deleted citations. See our documentation page for more information.
dataset consisting of parsed Parsed ASTs that were used to train and evaluate the DeepSyn tool. The Python programs are collected from GitHub repositories by removing duplicate files, removing project forks (copy of another existing repository) ,keeping only programs that parse and have at most 30'000 nodes in the AST and we aim to remove obfuscated files
Question Answering in Context is a dataset for modeling, understanding, and participating in information seeking dialog. Data instances consist of an interactive dialog between two crowd workers: (1) a student who poses a sequence of freeform questions to learn as much as possible about a hidden Wikipedia text, and (2) a teacher who answers the questions by providing short excerpts (spans) from the text. QuAC introduces challenges not found in existing machine comprehension datasets: its questions are often more open-ended, unanswerable, or only meaningful within the dialog context.
The Schema-Guided Dialogue dataset (SGD) was developed for the Dialogue State Tracking task of the Eights Dialogue Systems Technology Challenge (dstc8). The SGD dataset consists of over 18k annotated multi-domain, task-oriented conversations between a human and a virtual assistant. These conversations involve interactions with services and APIs spanning 17 domains, ranging from banks and events to media, calendar, travel, and weather. For most of these domains, the SGD dataset contains multiple different APIs, many of which have overlapping functionalities but different interfaces, which reflects common real-world scenarios.
The SOFC-Exp corpus consists of 45 open-access scholarly articles annotated by domain experts. A corpus and an inter-annotator agreement study demonstrate the complexity of the suggested named entity recognition and slot filling tasks as well as high annotation quality is presented in the accompanying paper.
An unannotated Spanish corpus of nearly 1.5 billion words, compiled from different resources from the web. This resources include the spanish portions of SenSem, the Ancora Corpus, some OPUS Project Corpora and the Europarl, the Tibidabo Treebank, the IULA Spanish LSP Treebank, and dumps from the Spanish Wikipedia, Wikisource and Wikibooks. This corpus is a compilation of 100 text files. Each line of these files represents one of the 50 million sentences from the corpus.
The Serbian web corpus srWaC was built by crawling the .rs top-level domain in 2014. The corpus was near-deduplicated on paragraph level, normalised via diacritic restoration, morphosyntactically annotated and lemmatised. The corpus is shuffled by paragraphs. Each paragraph contains metadata on the URL, domain and language identification (Serbian vs. Croatian). Version 1.0 of this corpus is described in Version 1.1 contains newer and better linguistic annotations.
The Swahili dataset developed specifically for language modeling task. The dataset contains 28,000 unique words with 6.84M, 970k, and 2M words for the train, valid and test partitions respectively which represent the ratio 80:10:10. The entire dataset is lowercased, has no punctuation marks and, the start and end of sentence markers have been incorporated to facilitate easy tokenization during language modeling.
Taskmaster-1 is a goal-oriented conversational dataset. It includes 13,215 task-based dialogs comprising six domains. Two procedures were used to create this collection, each with unique advantages. The first involves a two-person, spoken "Wizard of Oz" (WOz) approach in which trained agents and crowdsourced workers interact to complete the task while the second is "self-dialog" in which crowdsourced workers write the entire dialog themselves.
Taskmaster is dataset for goal oriented conversations. The Taskmaster-2 dataset consists of 17,289 dialogs in the seven domains which include restaurants, food ordering, movies, hotels, flights, music and sports. Unlike Taskmaster-1, which includes both written "self-dialogs" and spoken two-person dialogs, Taskmaster-2 consists entirely of spoken two-person dialogs. In addition, while Taskmaster-1 is almost exclusively task-based, Taskmaster-2 contains a good number of search- and recommendation-oriented dialogs. All dialogs in this release were created using a Wizard of Oz (WOz) methodology in which crowdsourced workers played the role of a 'user' and trained call center operators played the role of the 'assistant'. In this way, users were led to believe they were interacting with an automated system that “spoke” using text-to-speech (TTS) even though it was in fact a human behind the scenes. As a result, users could express themselves however they chose in the context of an automated interface.
Taskmaster is dataset for goal oriented conversations. The Taskmaster-3 dataset consists of 23,757 movie ticketing dialogs. By "movie ticketing" we mean conversations where the customer's goal is to purchase tickets after deciding on theater, time, movie name, number of tickets, and date, or opt out of the transaction. This collection was created using the "self-dialog" method. This means a single, crowd-sourced worker is paid to create a conversation writing turns for both speakers, i.e. the customer and the ticketing agent.
ThaiSum is a large-scale corpus for Thai text summarization obtained from several online news websites namely Thairath, ThaiPBS, Prachathai, and The Standard. This dataset consists of over 350,000 article and summary pairs written by journalists.
Thai Literature Corpora (TLC): Corpora of machine-ingestible Thai classical literature texts. Release: 6/25/19 It consists of two datasets: ## TLC set It is texts from [Vajirayana Digital Library](, stored by chapters and stanzas (non-tokenized). tlc v.2.0 (6/17/19 : a total of 34 documents, 292,270 lines, 31,790,734 characters) tlc v.1.0 (6/11/19 : a total of 25 documents, 113,981 lines, 28,775,761 characters) ## TNHC set It is texts from Thai National Historical Corpus, stored by lines (manually tokenized). tnhc v.1.0 (6/25/19 : a total of 47 documents, 756,478 lines, 13,361,142 characters)
The Wikicorpus is a trilingual corpus (Catalan, Spanish, English) that contains large portions of the Wikipedia (based on a 2006 dump) and has been automatically enriched with linguistic information. In its present version, it contains over 750 million words.
Large scale, unlabeled text dataset with 39 Million tokens in the training set. Inspired by the original WikiText Long Term Dependency dataset (Merity et al., 2016). TL means "Tagalog." Originally published in Cruz & Cheng (2019).
Wizard-of-Oz (WOZ) is a dataset for training task-oriented dialogue systems. The dataset is designed around the task of finding a restaurant in the Cambridge, UK area. There are three informable slots (food, pricerange,area) that users can use to constrain the search and six requestable slots (address, phone, postcode plus the three informable slots) that the user can ask a value for once a restaurant has been offered.
Dataset built from pairs of YouTube captions where both 'auto-generated' and 'manually-corrected' captions are available for a single specified language. This dataset labels two-way (e.g. ignoring single-sided insertions) same-length token differences in the `diff_type` column. The `default_seq` is composed of tokens from the 'auto-generated' captions. When a difference occurs between the 'auto-generated' vs 'manually-corrected' captions types, the `correction_seq` contains tokens from the 'manually-corrected' captions.