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sentence (string)label (int)
Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is black.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is blue.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is brown.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is green.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is grey.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is orange.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is pink.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is purple.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is red.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is white.
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Q: What is the color of a sunflower? A: It is yellow.
1
Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is black.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is blue.
0
Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is brown.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is green.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is grey.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is orange.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is pink.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is purple.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is red.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is white.
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Q: What is the colour of a sunflower? A: It is yellow.
1
What is the color of a sunflower? black.
0
What is the color of a sunflower? blue.
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What is the color of a sunflower? brown.
0
What is the color of a sunflower? green.
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What is the color of a sunflower? grey.
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What is the color of a sunflower? orange.
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What is the color of a sunflower? pink.
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What is the color of a sunflower? purple.
0
What is the color of a sunflower? red.
0
What is the color of a sunflower? white.
0
What is the color of a sunflower? yellow.
1
What is the colour of a sunflower? black.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? blue.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? brown.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? green.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? grey.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? orange.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? pink.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? purple.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? red.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? white.
0
What is the colour of a sunflower? yellow.
1
The color of a sunflower is black.
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The color of a sunflower is blue.
0
The color of a sunflower is brown.
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The color of a sunflower is green.
0
The color of a sunflower is grey.
0
The color of a sunflower is orange.
0
The color of a sunflower is pink.
0
The color of a sunflower is purple.
0
The color of a sunflower is red.
0
The color of a sunflower is white.
0
The color of a sunflower is yellow.
1
The usual color of a sunflower is black.
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The usual color of a sunflower is blue.
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The usual color of a sunflower is brown.
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The usual color of a sunflower is green.
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The usual color of a sunflower is grey.
0
The usual color of a sunflower is orange.
0
The usual color of a sunflower is pink.
0
The usual color of a sunflower is purple.
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The usual color of a sunflower is red.
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The usual color of a sunflower is white.
0
The usual color of a sunflower is yellow.
1
a sunflower usually has the color of black.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of blue.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of brown.
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a sunflower usually has the color of green.
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a sunflower usually has the color of grey.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of orange.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of pink.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of purple.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of red.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of white.
0
a sunflower usually has the color of yellow.
1
What is the usual color of a sunflower? black.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? blue.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? brown.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? green.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? grey.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? orange.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? pink.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? purple.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? red.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? white.
0
What is the usual color of a sunflower? yellow.
1
What is the typical color of a sunflower? black.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? blue.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? brown.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? green.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? grey.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? orange.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? pink.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? purple.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? red.
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What is the typical color of a sunflower? white.
0
What is the typical color of a sunflower? yellow.
1
Q: What is the color of the ocean? A: It is black.
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End of preview (truncated to 100 rows)
@inproceedings{norlund-etal-2021-transferring,
    title = "Transferring Knowledge from Vision to Language: How to Achieve it and how to Measure it?",
    author = {Norlund, Tobias  and
      Hagstr{\"o}m, Lovisa  and
      Johansson, Richard},
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the Fourth BlackboxNLP Workshop on Analyzing and Interpreting Neural Networks for NLP",
    month = nov,
    year = "2021",
    address = "Punta Cana, Dominican Republic",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://aclanthology.org/2021.blackboxnlp-1.10",
    pages = "149--162",
    abstract = "Large language models are known to suffer from the hallucination problem in that they are prone to output statements that are false or inconsistent, indicating a lack of knowledge. A proposed solution to this is to provide the model with additional data modalities that complements the knowledge obtained through text. We investigate the use of visual data to complement the knowledge of large language models by proposing a method for evaluating visual knowledge transfer to text for uni- or multimodal language models. The method is based on two steps, 1) a novel task querying for knowledge of memory colors, i.e. typical colors of well-known objects, and 2) filtering of model training data to clearly separate knowledge contributions. Additionally, we introduce a model architecture that involves a visual imagination step and evaluate it with our proposed method. We find that our method can successfully be used to measure visual knowledge transfer capabilities in models and that our novel model architecture shows promising results for leveraging multimodal knowledge in a unimodal setting.",
}